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Exam 1 Friday, 25 March 110 minutes
Bring to the exam:
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NOTE: IN ADDITION TO THIS STUDY GUIDE, YOU AE ENcOUAGED TO LOOK OVE THE SOLUTIONS
TO EXAM 1 GIVEN DUING WINTE QUATE 20102. THESE AE POSTED ON MYcOUSES.

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Field line sketching: USE METHOD OF 8 ³OPENINGS´ PE cHAGE Q FOM cLASS
(a)Ê Sketch the field lines for a dipole distribution +q and -q which are separated by a distance d. Use 8
field lines for charge q.
(b)Ê Sketch the field lines for the distribution +q and +qseparated by a distance d.
(c)Ê Sketch the field lines for the distribution ±q and +2q separated by a distance d.
(d)Ê How is it possible to create an electric field which is approximately uniform over a certain region of
space? Explain with a picture.

Units: The SI units are meters, kilograms, seconds, and coulombsm, kg, s, c
Know the basic definitions of the SI units for the Newton, the Joule, the Volt. Know the two SI units which
can be used for the electric field and how to show that they are equivalent.

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Given an electron at the point x = +4.00 nm on the x-axis. Let the test point P be at y = +3.00 nm on the y-
axis. Note: 1 nanometer = 1 nm = 10-9 meters.See formula sheet for the mass and charge of the electron.

(a) Sketch the electric field vector at the point P.Label the magnitude |E|, the Xcomponent Exand the
Ycomponent Ey.
(b) calculate the x and y components of the electric field at the point P.

|E| = 5.76 å107 N/c, Ex = + 4.61 å 107 N/c, Ey = ± 3.46 å 107 N/c

## Suppose a proton is placed at the test pointP.

(c) Sketch and label the force on this proton on the above diagram.
Label the magnitude |F|, the Xcomponent Fx and the Ycomponent Fy.

(d) Use the electric field definition to calculate the magnitude |F|, the Xcomponent Fx and the
Ycomponent Fy. Use Fx = qEx, Fy = qEy, and |F| = |q| |E|

àÊ Use Newton¶s Second Law to determine the SI units for force in terms of the m, kg, and s.

àÊ Use the equation that defines the electric field to determine the SI units for the electric field.

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àÊ Similar to Example 20.5 Finding the field off the axis of a dipole

## (a)Ê Show that the net electric field at the observation

point (x = +2.40 cm, y = 0.00 cm) is Edipole = [1.07 å 104 N/c,
toward negative Y ]

## (b)Ê If an electron were placed at the observation point P,

what would the electric force on it be? Give direction and
magnitude.

(c) Use the parallelogram rule to find the net dipole field
at the point shown and at other off axis points in the XY
plane.efer to in-class worksheet.

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àÊ POBLEM From WOKSHOP: Parabolic motion of an electron in an electric field.

Given a uniform electric field Ey = ± 2.00 å 104 N/c between two very long parallel horizontal conducting
plates. The top plate is 3.00 meters above the x-axis and the bottom plate is 3.00 meters below the x-axis.
At timet = 0, the electron is at the origin and moving in the positive x-direction with a speed of 5.00 å 107
m/s.
(a)Ê Make an accurate and labeled sketch of the information provided.

## (b)Ê Draw the electric field lines on your sketch.

(c)Ê Sketch and label the force on the electron when it is at the origin.

(d)Ê Sketch the trajectory of the electron. Show the force on the electron at three points of the
trajectory.

(e) How long will it take the electron to hit one of the plates? (4.13å 10-8 s)

(f)Ê What are the x and y components of the velocity of the electron when its hits one of the plates?
(5.00 å 107 m/s, 1.45 å 108 m/s)

(g)Ê What are the X and Y coordinates of the electron when it hits one of the plates?(2.07 m, 3.00 m)

(h)Ê Explain with a simple calculation why we can neglect the force of gravity in this problem.
(compare the acceleration ay = 3.44 å 1015 m/s2 to g = 9.80 m/s2. Which is bigger and by how
much?)

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Given the two charges q1= ± 2 q and q2 = +q where ³q´ is a positive number.

(a)Ê Sketch and labelE1 (the field due to q1) , E2 (the field due to q2) , and E = E1 + E2 at the points A ,
B , and c on the x-axis of the above drawing. At each point, be sure that the magnitudes of E1 and
E2 have the correct relative size.

(b) Based on part (a), the total field can be zero only in one of the following region of the x-axis.

## (circle one): (1) x< 0 (2) 0 <x< 5 m (3) x> 5 m

(c) Setup and solve, the quadratic equation to determine the x-coordinate of the point P on the x-axis
where the total electric field is zero.

The solution is in egion (3)atX = + 17.1 m. (There is another root in egion (2) at X = 2.93 m, which
represents a point where E1 and E2 are equal in magnitude but point in the same direction.)

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àÊ Suppose there is a proton (mass = 1.67 å 10-27 kg, qƍ = + e) in the potential field of an Iron
nucleus (mass ü 9.40å 10-26 kg, q = + 26 e).

(a)Ê calculate the potential of an iron nucleus at a radial distance of 15.0 nm. (This is the potential on
the inner circle above.) 2.49 Volts

(b)Ê calculate the potential of an iron nucleus at 30.0 nm. (This is the potential on the ³in-between´
circle above.) 1.25 Volts

(c)Ê calculate the potential of an iron nucleus at 45.0 nm (This is the potential on the outer circle
above.) 0.831 Volts

(d)Ê On the above diagram, sketch the corresponding electric field lines for the iron nucleus.

(e)Ê calculate the magnitude of the electric field on the ³in-between´ circle. 4.16å 107 N/c

(f)Ê Suppose we now put a proton, initially at rest, on the inner circle above. What is the speed of the
proton when it reaches the outer circle? ecall that U =q- where U is potential energy and
-is potential. Use energy conservation the way we did in class! (1.78 å 104 m/s)

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