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COA OOUIRE LL RCT TU POTTS TR UD OSM R ARTO Reo NUESUR SUNG. @ Oe) Peay mpexgbepabii Pyp2on. Hosmocmto cboi 3a pect nocnesoeHHtix neT raBHesit Koncrpyktop M3MA Anexcanap Senoposny Avaponon cynen coSpare woul none "a Koncrpykropoe w HanaguTe nonvt ‘win pa6oT no cosmaHnio HoBLIX Monenelt aarono6wnei, Ha 2aBone pelicTeosann He ‘CKONSKO KOHCTPYKTOpCKUX 6QpO, y KaKOrO va NoTopux Guin cBoe Hanpabnenue pa6orst: xyaosa, genravenn, xopo6ic nepega, yams "TpaMoMcci, nogsecks, pynesoe ynpas- rene, snexrpooSopygosanne. Ho oco60e nnnanne AneKcanap Senoposns yRensa ONCTDyxUMH H suBaliny KyB0808. ANapOKOS aM aanmanca xHBOnHCHe, CHHTAR KNEE weit 2agavel conepuevcraosavue eheunero o6nuka Bbinyckaembix 3a80R0M aBToMOGHnel M npnnnan Wenocpencraenwoe ysacrie 8 x npoekruposanin, orga nocne softs 22809 oceauean nepsyio gens «Mocxawa>, 8 TOREKO «To cOBqAHHON Orpene rnaBworo KOHCTpyKTOpa «C HyNAD Foroshau veprenu yanoe warperaros, paspabarueann wopmanu, agantHposana ONCTpyk4We K Texwonorun npowaBoACTea Kans arperaron satinwanace ceo rpynna, 0 COOWM BeayWN KONCTPYKTOPON. Ho 30 Guna pa6ora no Konposaxo synoro aBr0- 6x, a He no coapanino co6crBenHoro — TaKoe Gun nprKas ecBepxy>. A801 anToNo Guns sropor0 noxonenns ANapoHO® TeepRO Pewnn paspabarieare CaMOCTOATENLHO. Ha aasoge vcnuirueani yenyo KonoHKy 32- pyGensisx ananoroe, no rabHb KOHCTpYR- Top crporo Hacrporo sanpetun nogsHeN Wun aannwarace KonipoRannen. Npexae cero, 370 KACANOCK Ky3OBWKOR: HOR ‘dockews onsen Gun crars nonHocrso ‘orevecreenviod paapa6oreoit. Optaxo onira waracrpogwuecn we xearano, npoexnnposa- te pactahiynoce Ha Hecxonsno ner W 6isn0 abepuievo C nowowsio 6onee onsTAi onner 1a Fopexoro. Ten we wexee, 6230808 Mogens novoro cenelicrsa eocKons-402> cowna cKoneliepa secvoli 1956-ro,nowrn a ron onepeans ocooenne «Bosra Topsnoe- aun asroazeogon. Cepuined aamonobune-pype0n eocaaun-4300 eunycxa 1961-1963 20006 cmox wasweoen ‘erst Gopmow TUTTO) ARLE DARL CePA TCT PT LO UUEScTMLIU LLU LOLOL cP ed NRL Om gepeBa k Memasuy Korna sonpoc c 6a3084n nerkoB4n aBrOMO- anew Gun pew, ecrana npo6nena 2anevit xonnepueckoji womwiuxaui. 32 soceM ner 8 waponvon xoaiicrse crpant copmpo ance craGnnsni enpoc Ha rpys0B4e yp ron eMocnaw4-400-422», Ha stax aunvax so3wsn novty, megutamente, HeGoneune naprin npowTosapos H npoaykroe, axe mowers — auipysy, coBpaniyo va Tene- ‘borioe-aeronavos. M Avgpowos aan saganne 3an0ACRHM KySOBUIKAM CnpoeKTHpOSaTS Kommepwecknit aBToOMOGHs Ha 6a3e Ceqana. Paspa6orkoli nepsoro yenbHomerananyecKo- £0 Fpyaosna sakwnanoce Konerpykropcvoe Gro xyaoK08, Koropoe soarnaensa Cepre [wurpnesis Yypasos. Mawnny npoexripo: ban seayue Kowcrpyxrops KE: eon Benci, Cranucnas Slo6os, Apkaquit Hocos, Cepatun Tapacos, Banevruva Benoea u ewe eckonsxo we Konner. OW HpeRROMUAK cxeny yantbnuuposanoro rpexaBeproro xy3oba ana yhugepcana u yprona Ha 6a3e eMociana-402>. 8 rpy2oaom eapuanre neperoponka, o7aense- ‘wan Ka6mny OT rpysoBoro oTceKa, ycraHa- suanace 4a To NecTo, rae y 6320800 Cemava waxonnTca nepepwixpai noayukn 2anvero cess. Hactua nona rpyao8or0 orcesa npaapubancn va WexoTopon paccroRHink Co anya xy208a — nog Hi ocTaBanAce Tyiens apgasnoro gana, scryn Ham 2anvnn nocron w aanacwoe Koneco. Npak- "HECK TAK He Gn CKONNOHOBAK Ky308 «eMocuswsa-400-422, TOMO y Hero nepe- ropoqKaw non Gunn nepessnnsinn ay HsOR awl wx, paayneercs, cRenant cranbii- Wu, wTamnosawnis c pe6pas mecrKocTH, Y o6enx wonnsuxay, yawsepcana n dypro- a, ocraswann Toneko nepentine nBepi: wii va wx npoewios ysennswsace no cpasnensio 6086 cemavion 4a 200 nM — Kax pas no neperoponkn syprona. B rpyzonacca: ulpexon sapianre Ky308a Tanne aBepu coGecrevneann naccaxnpan yao6xsll nocryn x aagweny cnenbo, Ten Gonee sro y 633080- ro cenana M-402 paspensnuie cranny nepep, ero cugenin serko orknawsanice snepen B cepegne 50-x ronos TaKan KONCTPyKunR yhaepcansnoro xy308a suirnegena Bnon- we no-esponelickn. Yausepcansi na 6a3e asrono6wnel nanoro xnacca — Opel Olympia Rekord, Ford Tounus 12H, SINCA Aronde w py rx noneneli — genann nwehHo Tpexnben Hun, Gone newessne 8 nponseoncree. (Crown apexun axcnopra e eeponeiicxne Crpanis, tpexnsepnsi Mockan» suragen enone KoHKypenTocnocoGHBi. A rnasHoe, suewnati sng aroro yruGuypposannoro xy308a, co2panworo ycunnann xoncrpykop cxoro 6opoC. A. ypazoea, ovens nonpaBin H.A.®,Angpowony. [apn KONCTpyKTOp fcnonuan, TO npexcte MaUINh CO Cnewn- anwitann kysoann — ToT Me aepessMnt «Mocxon4-400-422» nnn a2poaponiit niyckoeoit arperar ANIA-7 — npunopnoce cosqasae Kak $HCTO yruawTapHe KOHCTPYK wy, He sapymuieance 06 acreTHKe H KAKI _nvGo xynOKecTBeHHx pewennax. J\Ge uu vembipe? B cepenue 50-x rfo8 xopowo noMNiaM aeicreosaouee npx Cranuve npauno of2arenbvo noKa3bieaTs BHM pyKo- sopyrennn crpavs ace woeke paapa6ora orevecraesoro asronpona, 8 Tom wNCne monmmxaunn. Munnctp asToMobuabHol npowsiwnenwocra CCCP Hikonait Meavoows Crpoxns npeaynpeaun Arpoviosa, sro n0- Iycrar K npovdeogeray Hoeue Macken C kyaonan eynunepcano v «dyprov» Tonbxo c cormacna H.C.Xpyweea. Wen 1956 con 8 oxganin ccuorpio 33809 Tepan epena, irr a DEMME CMTE UOC TAA EEA cee NU ORME ARAL ART co CL oan Toor TO Toamomy ¢ mouku spenus akenopma 6 eBponetickue Cony LOU Ce ne enn CN Tons ETUC UeUAMC DOU TA) EEL CTR UUCAOA LIER OTR ALCL COR 6.11 CL CU TC DCT eo6xonHWoe Ha noaroroBKy npowaBoRcTEa rpys08ux maw. pnwnocs, pasvepHye eb yck nernosor0 M-402, eapenenvo» coxpa- Hie nponseoncrBo KoMMepseckor0 Wacen og nepessniui xy308 M-400-422. Hawoveu, Hasqavian spema ocxorpa Hoh ok. K waaHaNeHHoMy Yacy ANApoNo® npH {un na Crapyo nnowaRs Mocks 3AaHi0 UK KNICC, a saBoqckwe venwirarenn nogo- ran onuirase oGpaaus. MnnNCrp nirancn npwenes enumanne mass rocynapcTea A OnuTH MauNaH, nosTOpAR eTaK nenaTs au me nenars2y, AxppoHOs noTOM acro- uwan: eTaxag nocranosKa Bonpoca HeHs we ycTpaweana, » 8 oGxachin 3anayy, 8 onvenyo anw ana HapoRHoro xossicrea Torga Xpywes cxazan npocto: «cam HyHhis, ‘ecnm xopouine, to aenaire, 3a¥en aM woe nen? Pewaire canu>, Avapowos octanca TUS NUL ae numa o6pazey 293208020 dyp2oro mpexdeepriss 4y2080n na 6a3e camonabuan ocuaus-402o (1956 200) ‘osonek pesynerarow, a Crponun — Her, fee Tenepe npununate pewenne o cepuit= Mom nponsBogcrBe npeacronno ey KaK NHNCTpy, W HCH OTBETCTBEHHOCTE xB CayNae ero» noxcwnace 4a Hero. Bpens win, aCrpo- sw no-npexwewy Mesan, Bnonwe 6osMoxbo, nnMncTp «ocTopox- wvan> nmeHHo wa-2a Ky308a yhnBepcana ABya Gonosun agepann. HuxTo He 33- Gun annsoa, norga ewe no sola Cran sabpaKosan rorosuit x npowssoqcrey avyxnoepuisl xy20e KMN-10 w noron we pas rogwepxwsan, 470 Opel Kadett, no o6paauy oToporo Gyner cnenaM nepaui eMocksus, onxen Guire crporo verupexnsepHsi, Coit nopsw 0 cepenuis 50-x roo #8 CCCP umnero ne nutrance paspa6ar's- fare Ky30Ba AAR rpaxqaHcKnx nerKoRux astowo6ieneit c aByhs peepanu. B KORE onyos, H.M.Crpoxn sunec coor Bepawnr: paspeunTs M3MA sunyck yaneepcana dyprowa, Ho Tonsko aoGwawnce waKcH ankHoi yhuwayun xy30808 2THx au 6as08un cenanon. Munucrp norpe6osan nepepa6oravs yansepcan w 6yprok c uenbio aNchManHoro HcromssosaHus HMeSUIDCR ® nponseoncrse gevaneii, 8 nepayo ovepent saphnx Goxossrx qsepet saphux xpuinee. Cepuinat asmogypeon «Mocxsu-430» us nepawax ‘mocopusirnapmuid 1958 2000 cHeobivH pyensim wopynen 3epaaon Wiuinn cnoBaM, MuKuCTepcTeO BugeHAyno yenoane — cqenare yansepcan narunsep- Hun, NpuBoguace «xkeneaHtiio» @ npAKOX cmuicne cosa apryneNT: TaK npowe H Re- tesne ana npowssoncrsa — we npwneTca oceawsars opnranansnbie peep, GoKOBMHEL W kpuinga, He go sememuku ¥ KowcrpyxTopo8-kyzoeusH08 He ocTaEa- ‘cs Horo eisx0R2, HpONe KAK COsARBATD vee ene eapnant rpyaosoro M rpy20- raccanpexoro wy30808.Y HoBOi NORM awn yprova 2aqne GoxoBwe aBepx npu- sapnBanicek nyaoey, a mecro npoena crekna we euceranoce, ynnepeana 28 3aqnnun Gokossinn aaepain npweapneance Hostll 3a OX, yannurposanisic aKoM Oyprova Flonysunace npocran KoWCTpyxuHa, yao6Na8 48 nponaeoncrea. YanBepcanu bypron co- xpaninn waorsytee sogocTosuie meno6kA cegana. ¥ o6enx moqmpuKayni Kpuwy C3anK ononcuisan ovgensiisi nend60x Ewe oni Konnpomice 2aKm0¥anc8 8 TOR, ‘ro Konmepweckine monitpwxaupiocranacs 2anHn mann xy306a ceqana, 32 Cer vero norpya0%Han BuCOTa noMy¥Hnact OveHE Gonswof. Bnpoven, y onstHsix TpexnBep- lx maw Guo 10 xe caWoe. BuicoKas sagwaa nanene oGecnewneana HeoBxonMAyio -MeCTKOCTE Ky308a — ee 22/0XHAN B KOH CCTpYUWO Kak HeoTBeNeN4tt cAnO8OH snenen, Korma npoekriposann cegan H ewe ne 3aqymuleanuce 06 yansepcane 1 dyprove. K tomy me ha avo saqHeit nanenn Haxoan- ‘ace sanpasosnan ropnosina Gens06aKa, Toprosuny, nawnnas cM-402, cneywanbno ycTangenweann no ueHrpy, sT06u HOKKO uno cao6opno nogeeaKars x 6eH20K0ROH- xe m064n GoproM. 4106 nownanTs nopor Topuesoi azeps yrwsepcana u yprova, norpeboBanoce 6x nepewocims roproaiy, a3vaunr, npoekuposars gononnurenenie eran Geva06aea sue Ha nonyanewencn neTugeepHon yansepcane 370 HeynOBCTe WaCTHHO KONNeHCHDO- fan0cb: Noxnaky MOKKO Osino SaHOCHT ‘yepes Goxoetienseph. Y dyproxa saqwmne Goxoswe avepu orcyrcrsosanv, no3ToMy ‘Rocryn kjanbHemy KOHUY Ky308a nonysincs He oven® yaoGwin. pn norpyaKe m pasrpy3- ie nprxomunoce nepenocurs noxnamy vepes ‘ucoxuil nopor, a 3aren TaMyrece Yepes Bece rpyaoaoi orcex, 2aqeuran rpys x neperopop- ke unu, na06opor, esaewras ero. FogoBoit srogakem Kaxuitrog sasoay eugenics Gonxer a ocsoene HoBkX Moneneh H MonwipnKa ui, Ma-2a saranyawnxcs enopos Nexay [NnMHCTPON M rmaBHLOX KOHCTPYKTOPON ©1956 roay Hi oka ns Mon nKauut «4dockauvay go Konseiiepa ne nobpanace. Ha 1957 rog nnanuposanoce oceoewne ewe Convo’ HoBHHKH — nonvonpwBomHoro (4x4) “dlockawsa-410>, Ha co3paHi xoTOporo 8 caoe apewa xareropweckn Hacrawean ‘can H.C.Xpyuses, 3t0 64a noporocro sun npoexr aerowo6una c Gonkwnn KomnecreoM opirnvansitix nevanei, yanoe w arperaros. Cpeacte ns roaosoro Gnoqwera ocrasanoce ewe Tonbxo Ha OAMY noantbmxaunio —aw6o yansepcan, a6o sypron. BuGop nan wa rpyaonaccanwp: uw sapnant, npununiansno HoBsiR AA ypoon «Mocreus-430» aunycna 1959 2000 Kjaoe ewe youbuyuposon cyrueepcanom ebocvau-4239 coserexoro asTowo6unecrpoenus. BosHKnn onacewns, #70 yansepcan sooGue MomeT we Ro6pataca no cepniworo npowsB0qcr8a, cnn nponyctars anepen dyprox: HoBsit asTowo6uns, Gonee cnoxnik u goporo ¥en ‘o6uhslrpyB0BNNOK, no KaKiH-T0 np sam 8 nocnegpih wowexT worn npocTo caanepiyrb>. B KOHUe KOHO®, Bo3HTb rpysu via yhgepcane eMecTO pyprova MOKKO, ‘a vcnons308ars @yprox smecTo yamBepcana ‘ana nepesosKu naccaxnpos HenbaA, TaKiM ‘06pa30M, yanaepcan, nony4NeWMA WHReKC «Mocksn-423y,cran cepniinofi wonenso 8 mone 1957-r0, a dypron octanca KAaTS cael ovepepu. Ho nepsoovepenwoi saqaveli M3MA a 1958 rog cunranoce ocaoeHwe HoBOro ‘epxHexnananHoro jsurarens N-407 — ero npoektaposanne Kak pa3 sasepwnno KB peurarenel, eoarnasnaewoe MH. Oky- eBun. HyXkHO Oto Kak MOXHO cKopee aMeHTe HinkHeKnanaHHull MoTop M-402, ‘ockonbky oH He oGecnesnean HeoBxoAN- Ix AMHAMMECKINE, CROPOCTHMX H TAFOBEIX xapakrepucTnk, 470 6uino acoBeHHo samerHo ypzou « 24cnopmom ucnonwenus «ocxsu-43213>, potomaauiil a ¥apodHoM oanicmee (CP sa yruepcane v nonvonpyBoanoi Nomen. Tenbko 80 sropom nonyronun 1958 rona, paz06paeuincs, WaKOweU, c peuraTeneM, pOHaBORCTEEHAKM SaKAHCE GyprOHOM ‘«Mocxons-430>, Taxum o6pa30%, Gyprow 6 ocsoeH, Korn 6asonuti ceaan ye Hocun napxy «Mo- ckeu-407o: rpy308oH eapwanr yansen caer 45-cHabhBIM BepxHeKnanaHHu MOTOPOX Hoswxa ornmyanacs or wonenm M-400-422 nacnoptwoll rpysonogsexocTeo, eupoculel Topyesas dsepe uzpysoeod omcex pypzona Mocuau430» € 200 no 250 xr. No nposwocra w repmerns- HOcTH yensHoMeTannnveckiit Ky30B He wen i xaxe cpasHenite co CBOnN nepeBAKHM npeawecraennnnon. 8 1958 1 1959 ronax 3a0g suinyckan posHo no 707 asTono6unek 1-630 8 r0q. Cepnitie monnebunauyn rpysostix «Mo- cxsivels yerpansann scex,Kpowe rnasworo oucrpykropa saeoga: Anexcanapy Senopo- any He Hpaswnncs dopa xy30808 yanBep cana u yprona cpa2neneHitini xen06KaKH cxpyrnewnisnn npoemann 6oxOBSx OKOK. On waswsan xya0na M-423 n M-430 nepeu uinycKos «Ged06pa3HbiMn c TO¥KH SpeHHA acreriu,Nloagwee A¥apowios wanuer: «Kpacora 8 arwx xy308ax orcyrcrsosana. Buecto Hee npnwra enpowseogcTeeHHan eobxoanwocTe». Ho wapoaHony xosaicTey ymin Gein Taxwe aBToNoGuaM, roBOpmAM, ‘To a6uno we go xpacoru (Orwactu w can 32808 Crapanc «c3KOHOMMTS a npacore», Hanpuep, 8cxope nocne oce ens cenana M-407 Gow MauinH yxpacnant onmuntn, KoTopsix we Guino y M-602. TowKHit Gnecrawi opvanenr nenan astoMoGwnb vapnayee. [pysonun «Moctansan TaKoi evop we nonarance Ho ecnn ynsepcanst oMTMexTOBaNH NORAMHFANH nO cnewHan- ony 3aK23y ann 3xcnopra, Towa Qypronss M430 wx we craBinn wnKOrAa,KaK w Ha MH Banani cenansi M-4076. ‘yprow ochacrunn wenkith opirHHanbHbsMn evanswu, OntsrHu TpexasepHth o6pa3ey He nen ni omHoro 3epxana. pn aeixe- Hh 3aqiinn xonoN wodepy npinxoAHoc® aweopuposats sucysyeuNce 13 OTKpHTOM ‘ABepw. Bnpoven, Tak 8 Te roms nocrynanw ‘ace soqiTenw rpys0nkos. Y cepniiHoro yprona M-430 wratwoe canowoe 3epxano oxavanoce 6ecronessun. Ha npencepniinx fpaauax npoGosans ycraHopiTe Ha ne ane xpbino xpacueoe o6reKaeNoe 2epKan0 a anno Hoxke. B cepwiioe npowse0R- ‘Bo nowen KownnexT w3 AByx HesarelinMB6KK xpyenux 2epKar, KoTopstecTaBMnM Ha 06a niepeawix xpsina. CHoBa npaxTiveckwe co o6pamennn s3anh sepx Haq 2crerH¥ecknMn, 2avo aru aepiana or M-430 nepexnmn ace hoKonen MockoBcknx GyproHos BnACTD 0 M-2734 n name yxpawann M-403M3 — ce aN 8 2KcnOpTHOM wcnonHenWh, Ana éyprova npnuinoce npoexruposars W opnrinvansiih KOMNAeKT O61B0X, 3aKp ‘anu crofien Mexay REeANH H nepero OAKOR. Cany neperopoaky BunonANNK H3 yx nonosnit: HikHaA BeapHEanact 8 NpO- en, npngabas neGonsuloe aonoasurensHoe yonnenite,COBCeN He nnutee 8 rpy3080H Ky209¢, a Bepxhiow nonosity C OKOUKON Ccpenann ceennoi. oxwno MonaHFOS, 13 xonnnesraui gyprova Wckmowinit v pagno: pnewnink, O6a3aTenbH fa BCeX nerKoBbiX “Mockanvelin, Ha ero mecTo nocraBwaw nna crwxosy aarayuky ¢ Hagnucoi «SMA» — 3anoq nanonurpannirx aBToMo6uned, Henpnas Gokobuna Yepea vevoropoe spews nocne acaoenia cepivoro eunycxa M-430 ANapowo sce .e npmaywan, KaK BepiyrsaBronOGHRN cexpacory» —x0rn 6u vacruswo, 81959 rony 2xcnopr «Mocxanvei npeebicun 20 aces axsennnapos, w M3MA yganoce nonysiTs crarye 228048 — npowasoqytena ToBapo8 wn akcnopra 8 kanuranucriseckwe crpaHs, ‘ro cynino Rononirenstoe buvancuposa ve wa wopepnnaaynn npoaykyi. Tenepe pywosogcrao MBNA worno paccsnrars wa nonywese ot Cera mntucrpos i Foc nav eveXtiax cpenCra Rane Ha TaKHE SENT EEO BU ee Aeon TU Cec B wonue 50- 2008 Mockse noxwo Bvino ‘acmpemums spro pacxpoweaase npodyxmosve ypeones eMocraus-430» sevecywecraense>, Ho 2aTparHve ana npo veaaopcraa npoeKra, KaK ynysenie sHeuie ro snga aBroxo6una. HaKoHeu-TO nORBHACR secon aprynent«aav: 370 He06xORMNO {ANA noBuiwenu cnpoca a «MocKsunn a 2apyGexax pana, 8 1960 rogy ace «Mocksnsn> nonysnnn Nosy oBnnyoexy pazwaropa 8 ange cork emecro 6pyca c wapon w noBwe asyxce Uvone sapine GoHapn es2NeH TpeX- cexyuonnne H TonKo yprok yAOCTONRCA ano c Tosa apena npowssogcréa ogepHbaun KyB08HOr0 «Mene3a» — 13 eweva wrannosod ochactau w nepena nant! coapoenix onepauyit Koncrpytopet xya0008 20 rae c Yypasosuin ¥ Benknnton ‘podonneHue wa cmp. 10 yo8an Nodens ypzona «Mocweun-432>, ymurpuuyposcrnozo c cedanow «Mocxeus-403>. ‘mom aemono6unesunycxasu 8 1966-1965 zodax Cenpoekriposani Tak Hastieaenyo YenbHylo Gokoenay, Bogoctosniih wenoGok y byprona cran He pepweHLin, onoscuBa\OWNN KpLIM C3AK no aceny nepymerpy. BepxWon 4acTe Kamo: ro Gopra aunonsunn # ange yensHoH nanenn MaRUIHNM BbIMTANNOBKANH Ha MEcTE OKOH, Takaa navens nero npaapneanact nosepx COcTaBUINXCR HeNSMeHHDIMM, OMWHAKOBEIX c ynmBepcanon Hecyunx ocrO808 3aqKiK croeK. B npoen 2anHel GoxoBoi neepH Te eps ssapnsanace TonsKo ee HIOKHAR NaC. 3pec ocranuce «@TaevaMe» yYHAMKAUMI ‘yprona c cenanon n yrueepcanon — Kptino (or nanenn neepx oTaenan Gontwor, peny- unit rma wos, a Ha mecTe py4kn sHaNencA zameTHuil euicryn. 3a cver yenbHoro Gopra cepuiinush «Mo cxBi¥-430> no BHeWMeNy Bay NpHONHSHACR K WcxoRHOMY TpexABePHONY rpy30B0HY ‘nporornny 1956 ropa. MxTepecto, sro cyue: CTBoan npoekr aHanorasnon wonepHisa4N vyhwtgepcana. Buin nocrpoes KaK MMKUMYK ‘nm xoqoBoH| o6paseuy rpysonaccaxpcKo- ro narupeepHoro Ky20ea Ha Gase M-423H C yenbitt onoscusaroum mend6xOM, KaK a yprone, wo «cnpsdenBini» pankamn ‘okoW 3aqHix Bepel. Ho apexa qna peanwsa ‘yn npoexra 6ssno ynywjeno — @ Tor moneMT ace cis Guinn 6powents Ka cosnanne nepenexrwsHoi nogens M-408 n BHeppenne ee yanos Ha cywectayiuen astomo6une. Boxoewis yaeepcana npwuinocs ocrasure ak eC. B akcnopmuom uenosmenuu € 1960 roga cver dyprovan c yensvort GoKosnuoi nowen na TucRUM. [py20ayi> mawwny MonepHuaupoBanm acnen 3a ner- onoli, 3HaunTensHo wameHnnack Mexa: tanxa «Mocksnveit» oro noxoneHus. K 1962 roy Ayapowos npuwan pewenne ‘aHeApHtTe Ha auinyckaeMOM aBToNoGune ye rorosbe K nponssoacray arperaru 6yaywe +o M-408. [pynna KoNCrpykTopos 60 ra6e cB.M. Eenawosuim v MB. Hosocenosum cxoncrpynposana HoByi nepeawiow Noa secky. Mog pyxosogcraon 10. M.Henyosa {6sno nogroroaneHo Hosoe pynesoe ynpas- enue, 11.P.Topenos samen Mexanive- cxnii npnaog cyenneHus rnapasnnvecki B.H. Tanmicxnit sannnanca topmosann. Kysoeunkw JI, Benknn u B.B, Ben08a oreevann 3a HoBue nepenHHe noHMePOHE W moTopHd wir Tepatie 280 ceganos Hosoi moaenu M-403 3aa0q co6pan # Kone 1962 roa. Becs ‘cneayiowi fog napannensHo ssinycKanics Ccrapuii M-407 u HoBsii M-403, rorna xe yeugenn caer nepatie 374 yansepcana M-424 a Wosoit Gaze. Oyprow noxa sunycKann Ha npexeit nnarfopue. Hoeas rpy3oean ‘pepcua M-432, yanuyuposanian c M-403, ‘cxoquma c wonseiiepa 8 1966 (8548 mau) 1965 rogax (2967 maw) ro6u1 oranuute Gaz0ayio sepcwe M-432 or (M430 nosawero euinycKa, KaplO 3arnaHyTe 8 OnHO: y aTAx AByx Monenelt paaHwie pyns, xonowKa, phar nepeknowenua nepenay wneganu. Ha npowarne — nepen sanenoi cero cenelicrsa Ha M-408 — rnasnuil Kon CcTpykrop pacnopaauacs monepHnauposar® ‘BHewHOCTE cepwinoro «MocKeH¥an, yxpacns ero HOBUN HapyMHN AeKOPON. B navane 60-x rogos A.. Axppowos nnpmsnes x paapa6oTke sHewnero OGnuKa mnepcnexrsHtix asronoGnneh npopec- ‘Cnowanbnsrx xynOMHKO8, BuNYCKHUKOE Mockoscxoro sticwero xygoxecteenHo-npo- oiuinennoro yannnua (Guewero Crporanos- ‘ckoro). Heckonsxu ranavTnMasin MonoguM Ccnewnanncran, sa4ucnennun 8 wrat Biopo xy30908, nopynan HaiirH HoBoe pewenne ‘sHewnero euga cepuitHoro asToMoGn- ‘aa — wave rosopR, nposecTu pecraliau. B kavectoe maxera wcnonbsosann ceputi ye maumny M-407, eHewnWe noBepxHocrH «Mocnsn4-430m (6x4) ry208a KoTopolt Guinn TaKHMH Me, KaK y M403, Mononiie xyaoxnin nomi GunK Ipwayware ceo sapwant sxewNero siaa asrono6uns. B svoi paGore npuwann ywactne n 6yayune spnenitien xyaoxnnni-KoHcrpycTopy ARIK — Bop Cepreesws Meavion u Mapar Anronoons En6aee. Bnaronapa wx ycunnan 1 aexa6pe 1963 roga Ha vonseiep nocrasnnn oqnéncaywto asTono6uns 8 2kcnoprHoK cronhennn — «Mocken-403M3o. Npaena, 8 peansnolt xuSHH O6oaMavenHe «oKc- ‘oprioe ucnonwenwes We o2KavaNO, ¥T0 Bce 100% asTowoGnneit c monepwsuposannoh ‘vewHocToo ornpasaTca na axcnopt — wx oxo 6uno acrpeTuTs 8 no6ox perowe CCCP. H cHosa namenennire o6nnyoeny sappe bowapn n Goxosue Monamirn acneR 33 Cegavion npnuepun yruBepcan,2227eN ‘owe osepen® « Ro yprona. M sHo8s, yae 10 TpaRKWNY, aKcnopTHBiN BapwaKT M-432H9 ‘HoBKINK O6nyOoROH H 2agHiNN oKapAN owen c Konseiiepac «nycrimn» Goxosma- nu — Ges mongnnro Tpysobuk 6 omemabke ‘yprons M-430 n M-432 paborann wa abr: 6a3ax rpysosoro u rproaorotpaxcnopra ‘AlyM3-945 60% 0 60x c onsunnw> aarogypronann wa waCcn nonwopasmepHix rpys08nK0 Vc Honepa cooreercrsosanu cepiam, npea- aawavennan Ana rpy30soro tpancnopra, 8 60-e row atx wawwne Gunn xapaxtepHol npnneroiirpaHcnoprioro noroka,vacro enaxanu sa ororpagpuax m 8 xaqpax xnwoxponn. Bro Bpens NomHo 6s:n0 crpeTnTs npwanneRaune saCTHuOM nnaM ynBepcanu M-423/424, a sor yprox iAWBWAyanSHHM BranenbuaM He nponasa- nN, Bo BcRKOM cnysae HoBHE. MuTepecHO, «70 opuuansns okyweet — Npwkas MBA CCCP, saxononarensio sanpewasuni perncrpauno dyprovos n nnKanos Ha 6a3e ‘erkoniux anTono6wnel vacrvoe non620- anne, — peiicreosan c 1975 no 1986 ron, xorma M-430 n M-432 ye npaKraveckh su wa ynorpeBnewns. Ho wer npasuna 6e3 wcknovennti, Eena waywrre crapue au paniix TAN, ACHTCR TO HNeHKO 8 wonye 70-x u navane 80-x rogoe @ Mockse Mocnoscroi ofsacru a6conrio neran Wo Guino nocrasneno wa y4er WecKonsKo ‘actwix abrono6wnelt M430 H M432. Torga 23TH Maw yRe C¥ITARNCE He KONMED- ‘ecknm Tpancnoprox, a npocro crapuimn eMoceananin, mento nog araw o6oakavenHew nonHonpiBoANoR Gypron c arpera- Tan M-610H Guin npeacrasnew wa auicraexe 8 HAMM. Ky308 ynuu- \rposan c xpaniinn M-430 1958 roga ssinycxa. Onsiritt o6pasey npeacrasnan co6oi tunwskye KONBHHaMWO M3 OCBORHHX 8 npoVD Bogcrae yanos, newONCrpyposasuyr, 470 22609 roro8 yaosnereopuTs omenaninn canx paaHux norpe6wrenel. Ecnn Gu bypron «4nd» n0- len 8 cepio, oH mor 6x cTaTe «TexHuNNOln Cenkcxie MexaHH3aTOpOB, Gonee newesoi n Gonee npucnocoBnexHof K peanbHuin ycnoBNAK oxcnayarauns, en onarhuitTA3-M73. lo KonBeiepa bypron We no- len, nockonsxy ciavana nnannposanoce 2aMensTs ceneicrBO M-, 22TH 32KoHshn ABTOROGHAGHO-AOpOMHti xnnnyh npn Noco6saeroROprpaNce W 6un pacnpenenen asrourcnexropow na ANTat Bepryeuics a cromuy, Aapowos nocrynian wa pa6ory 8 ATI 8 1936 rony 80 spens wcnuirarensHoro npo- Gera araensitix rpy20annos Mocioa-Tuipnrc ‘Mocsa nonan s asapito +5 c senrepcxn avaenen «lane», Worpepa apectorann 2a @pepurenscreo, Ho Kowanaup 2xHnaNa -Avgpowioe ao6uncs, wr06k ero ocBo6oqHnA Bn Howe ow ceoun pyran penonTuposan awn, yTPOM OH@ cHoea Buna Wa Tpaccy orga avanace solva, Avqpowo peancs a bpOMT, Ho ero He ornyckanh — Kax He2- enimoro cneyianHcTa. B KORYE KOHUOE, O8 sce-Takn nonan wa nepegosyio — nog Cra suuirpag,coBupars cBeqenia ana TabHoro ynpasnenin aprunnepHiicix slick 06 axc riayarauyn nonyrycenssd 3MC-42. Mo 2: jepaueni ero Haanawunn ka wockoscKa 3ab0q «Asroaanvacti»,pacnonaraswniica B wexax Gusuero sasona vneni KHM. Cara npeanpustven, sipocuun 8 M3MA w AIK, Gynercensata cA ero Ki3H 19 was 1945 roga e Kpeune genoncrpuposa rw Hosuee coverckne aBroMO6unn W 3apy- Sexe avanori. 3a pynen Opel KedettK28 WaxORNNCR HaNanbhink 2KCNEpHMEHTaNGHOFO uexa NocKoscnoro 3as0na «Asrosansacta ‘AO, Avgponoe. anni ovens xoren angers a mop om boea NUMA UAL DNCH US OA TVIHMITULLORUAL TUTTI S NN MCU ATUL RDU LULL aTy wogent Ha KonReliepe, Ho ANapowos yoexnan soxas, To y asnrarens v xopoGKn neepega MHOro HenocTarkos. Cranw npi xa3an abmnyckars exax ete». MpowaeogcTe0 waxcnnyarauia noarsepawaK npaBory /Aunpovioga: morop, KopoBKy K nae Ky208 nepsoro «Mocxsivay npyustoce cepbesHo onepniauposare. B noxa32x HORI Maun Cranwy Axaponos ysacteosan cems pa. 3umoit 1965 roa I. Bpexes w AH, Koc ‘nv co6panu wa BIX conewanne c pyro ‘ogtTenanu Kowureva no asrorpakropHony aWMHOCTPOeHNIO K rnaBHBiNH KOKCTpYKTOpE~ nn abro2aeoqoe. Bus npnisro McropM¥eckKoe ewenne o crpovrenscree 2ag0poe-rurairos no npowaBoacrey nervoBsx u Gonswerpy3kx awit, omHorO» 3aBopa C naprHepoM v2 Crpanti C38 u ay6nuposanus euinycka «Mo- cxewveli & Mnescxe, Fash KOHCTPYKTOD M3MA A.©.Anapovoe «npogasin» ewe onto ewenne —o crpowrenscrae @ Mockse HoBoro 3asona, pAROM c cyweCTEyOWH, sTOGL!yse usu npowaeoncrso «Mackenselty erpoe. B 1966 rogy # Mranun copercKan nenera i noxyriana nvwensio Ha nerKoBOR FIAT. Ocnarpnsax npowssoqcTeo, ANapowoe ‘npawen x suaoay, #70 enageney KonepHa Brrropwo Banerra m masnll KOMCrpyKTOp ane Dpxaxosa wassateair copercKim fapriepan ycTapesuine KOHCTpyK\NM yan. Awapowos nouen Ha KonepnuT c wranbs att, MMAHCTPON aBTONOGHNENOA NpO uwnenwiacra CCCP A.M. TapacoBsin 1 ero 3amecritenaM, esa He COpsan CAeNKY, HO oGunca, 706. Gyaywuit aoTomoGwne BA3 PAT ATCO IOUT AUC UDA ARAN aco AE De ea res) aE ror. oir Poe Een Sees eee ee een Preece Seer AT) ocr, eT) Cy RA een onytnn cospenenmiil asurarens c BepxAMm acnpegenuensnuin eanow. Ha MBMA Awapowos swenpua ruOxyio cucre My MORepHuSauNu asToMoGuned, enucHBaR 8 cywecrayoue wogenn Hosue ABHrareny, opo6xn nepegas, nepenHne nogeecki wmashise nepenawn. B pesynsrate — Gu: Crpoe o6Hosnehine NogensHoro papa, PoMaenute yhisepcanos, dypronos, Haun coaqahie opHoro wa nysuine oTevecraeHix. snrareneli M-412. Korga Anexcahap eno: Posi yusen c sasona, ocranace xomanaa ero ysenkos — TanaHTnwei, TpyAOne6HBX OHCTpykTOpO®, cnocoBHuX npoekTupoEaTS aaToxo6inw ne6oi KoNnOHOBKN, yr —~ | 9 ya Penn RP TUIIBIMUATUU NY ROL its Keegeo 1) ou EVAN Ur LEG eRe TU CLL CT Ten TMU W AUST one Re EUE Oe CSU Coca UU ETE ST a a EU 3avoa rpeGosan cepeesHok pexoncrpyk- Ui — Ha ero TeppuTopin RomKis Bui Aelicroosats 15 yexos: aanrareneh npeccoeui,Tepmuveckwit, waccr, KyS0BHoi W, KOHeWHO me, rraBiiil xowBeep. pn 370M KPynAble WTAMNOBKM M niToe ReTanW finanwposanoce npnsoanre cFopeKoBcKoro asTomo6unworo 3280Ra, a noKoBKK, pec- cops w pani — c 3280ga nment Crannta Trani KonBefep w Ky308HON Yex crponnn 8 1939-1940 rogax, Tow Yncne 3¥MO;, 8 morwi wopo3. 4ro6u Havarb BunycK aTomo6uneli, tpeGosanoce ycranosuTe 1766 enwny o6opynoBanus, waroTOBHTE NMcTpyMeNT naTH TECHS HanMeHOBaHIL Ha KitMe 6un oprannaoean c6om KoHcrpye Topcno-skcnepnmenransisit oraen, OAHaKO npoekruposann wanonutpaxky HATH w (43, a nepatie tpn o6pa3ua co6upann na 3HCe, Ochosatie KoHcrpyxTopcxne paGorw nernit a nnesn asrooraena HATH. Boornaenan Gori Benywwit KoHcTpykrop ANapen Huxonaesns Ocrposyes. O6uyro KonnO- osky 4eprin Bopuc Bacnnsesn Lnuxni, Beayun kowcrpykropow no pBurateno suictynan Cepreit Bopucosns YucrossoHos, no wecTepsm cinosoit nepenasn — Apmex MEU ce a no Bapranosn OcinAt, no noasecke — Bopuc ‘Anexcanaposns fnyx, no 3nektpooSopyAo- ‘anno — Muvecnas KoncraTawosns Mpo- Unica, Ornensiie arperars n mexaHiGNEL paspa6atusann A.C. AfaeNGepr, A.B. Pay 8.9. Poqnowos, A.A. Cecnasn, H.C. Tpenen wnkos. 3amecturens rnasHoro KOHCTpyKTOpa TA3a H.M.Gopwcos m rnasnuii wumenep Fopsxosckoro astoMoGunsnoro 3280K8 B. 0. fap6ysoe snecre c yenoi aeneraynen omenepoe KMMa eaqnnn 6 CWA saKaaueaTe waves B anpene 1940 rona s sxcnepnmenransHon uexe 3MC2 nocrpown Tpx xy3o8a KMN-10. Cpean pyxosonirenen pa6ot — wnxene- iB. H. Poctkoe w HO A. flonmarosce B apyrux yexax 3HCa warorosnnn Konewsa- Tue m pacnpegeniTensiie ean, nopUIHK, nanan, rapRannuii san, nonyocn W KHO- ectao apyrinx aeTaneit. Pansi npwwnoce senate spyanyeo, K1 wan Maui Geni ToToski — 7px Host KHM-10 ywacreosann ‘8 nepsonalicroi aemoncrpaynn Ha KpacHoi nnowann. Mo sasepuenns pexorcrpynunn KMMa Guino eute naneo.flerow cocTosncs «npo- anbitiln noxas asvono6uaek 8 Kpenne OYE UCU COTES ORSILLUT DUTT 0D TUBULE RTA cco AV EUR TNGLOMUOR ORL WIO RLISTTTLY PORE DUCOUeoRLe WB, Crannny n saewan npasirenscrsa, 6 asrycra suuino nocraHosnenne UK BKMI(6) n Cosera wapoaHsix xownccapos CCCP nepevepxnysuee ocHoshye acts ONCTpykTopexwx pa6or. Buino npwkasano co3qasarb HoBsii Ky308 c HeTupbMR Aseps- nn, Hexoropue nynkra stirnaasT a6cypaNo: NOMMSHTS KPH, YMENBUUHTE GaraxHink. 3nmoi 1961 roga [3 waroTosnn ogw Wn sa o6pasua.serupexasepneix KHM-10-52, npeacrasnseunx coGoi oTKposeHH¥iA war a3@j no cpaswenio c MCKOAHOA MoReNbO. ‘canoe crpauiioe saKnio¥an0c® 8 TOM, 470 amepikanckoe obopyRosanie ana npov- soactea asyxnsepHoro KMM-10-50 6uino yyxe 2aKa3aHo m onnaveno, npoGile wraN- ‘oskn waroTosnens, EAWHCTEeHHEI CnOCO6 onpasgars 2arparsi — ocsowre «canpeweH- ssi ky308. Tax nosBnnca «asTomoGwns~ Kownponnce», Cornacho aBrycrosckomy nocTaHOBAHWO, OH AMUMNCR ROANOKE, ongwniros, TAensHO Cromuox ap w nepe- eran 3aqnero CTeK:a, HO OCTANCR BEICOKHM, Ccasywa nBepant n Gonee noporoi oTaen xoit, wen KiM-10-52 wna Opel Kadett K38. B ranom euge ero cranu coGupars Ha no Ccpoenvon sasone. B 1940 rony ysnnenn 0 2 mpex onimssx asmono6ured KHH-10 rocmpoewnssx ¢onpene 1960 200 set 16 mawwn, 8 napre 1941-r0 — 120, ‘ anpene — 70,6 nae — romeno 42, 2270 '5 move — 80 asTonoGunel locnenune 53 axsewnnapa KiMa 3a80n coGpan yxe no: ne nayana BennKon OrevecrseHHol eofnt ' mone. MuTepecvo, 4T0 noMiMO 2BTOMO6H- neii KMM suinycxan Kopo6kn nepegas ana orouwkna M-72, Bone 1941 rona KM oceoun maccossit sumnycx Kopnycos peakrwentix cHapagos ka nu6pa 132 mw ana Tonbxo sto npunaTax Ha Boopymenine ycraHosoK aannosoro ori BM. 13 «Kariowa», levow astonoGunbiil 80, ment KM oGvennnnnt c MocKoacKnH TaH: XoBkIN 3aa090M 137 va Npeobpamencxont sacrase, a 8 oxTaGpe, Korma NemeuKne sollexa noaxogwan x Mockse, 3eaKynpoeann lnecte c wim s Ceepanoscx. B mone Toro xe 1942 roga no pewenwio Focynapcreennoro xomitera oGoponti KM w «3a60q N37» awa 8 on «3ab0g N50» TaHwoBoit npo- nuenwocra, Ha 3TOM wcropur Mockos- cxoro asrono6unsHoro sa8oqa nwenn KAM saKanunaerca, Nocae soiinn nnorue 6ueume pabornun Kita sosspauianuce ¢ @ponra w 3 3eanya wu Ha Ty xe TeppuTopw, BxOANAN B Ty Ke H-10-52 cvemupexdeepris ‘npoxonnyo, nucann sanenenwe 8 TOT Me OF ‘Ren Kagpos. Mu cHoea npegcroano Hanaxit saTb ebmnyck manoneTpaxwex aToNO6uned Ho aro 6un yae covcem apyroil 23802, c apy ‘wm waasanien — kax cxazanu 6u1 ceroaun, ‘capyroe opnanvectoe nnyon. [eon wncne no mecauan: nar [120 | anpens [70 ath sna iad g ROSIN OU aS) Ne ds gasps eg) 7 ® eats DEAGOSTINI