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Dat) eee nes aa) sna CCCP poet clok yi] | Racer tay Daa COT SLI) Cran) Magarens u yspenurens: ripe esi Rota Seats ool beueonr Geka Mcp plaleaat ead Creer ineunttn en? omar etre nny rents Da ars Oey ees ty pa rg Ce sane Nees ee eae trate cone foram) OM ree tt) Deo ec ne icon ited Cer a aarrieae e ens Bee SSE Se er eR eee eed ree ers ec RUA Nay E Pry erence cacy Lee ee on Pee Rtg eons oat iapaa tal Screed Cee erent Enno te Ca evo toe ti) rs o oy Popreece tees Con as keer) ea ee nd Ce ene eee T ea Pr eM es aa e reas en eee tor) betel =~ pope gd) nor pe Lc Cette mies See en Ter Corts Lc Seu aay De sere cer en ee) Ceara td ots) Poteet) COnSrer Cel toe ant ouvert) a See COI ey res Bx CO Teas Lanes Cer ae aa es Pe ee Np stete Sane) ere nr t RESUS ea Tee) rao Sa eeu eo Ose oe A ces Cee Nia Ce cr ee eas Nee PMA ccs Le ey Eat ett ry aos Gee ar Ces aE cry ee ae ary Dr ee nos roses een cy PN ten ry een ed en erecta Prost ees) Des nese Sete Li Bree mtenns tin oeate eae carrtt rene Ce CC Rem GLU Be cre ererceticonen te remerinanis SLC) Scenes Paterna Coe ee WiC en hon a uur Preset Eo Ca ay pe Den tre) Cee cect pl ch Td | PTT SCH OS ALR ne TE TOLL 6 CumBoa cmpanbl Wecroro sHeapa 1942 roga euuno no cranosneswe focyzapcTeesoro xowurera ‘o6oponss CCCP 0 soccraHosnennn aBTomo- Gwnsworo npowssogcrea Ha azoge wenn Cranuwa (3MC) 8 Mockse, a 14 cenra6p Toro xe ropa Hapnonar cpeqHero naunocrpoe: twa wapan npnxas o co3panny va 30Ce wo8o: fo nernotoro abronoGun sscwero Knacca Nlocne sixxona npukaza N! 723, nognucanvo FOW.A.Minxaveasn 19 centa6pn 1942 ropa, ta 3aBoge 670 opranusoBano KowcrpykTop- C40 -Texwonorieckoe 6inpo no npoexTupo: anno 3MC-110 B rexinvecnow sanani pevb una He CTOnKO 0 KONCTpYKUOKHDX H aKcnayara Uvonnaix ocoBenwoctax «3aKa2a, cKomKo 0 ero maeonoraveckow 3wavenut: Crannn xoren nonyste aeToNo6Hn, cnoco6Hsh Tare cuMBOnOM crpavs,saKMMa!OWei saxvioe wecto s reononsriveckoi «Ta6em 0 panraxo, Koncrpykrops noxNNanN, 470 STM Ce eo npegnowumabuier ae ANTRAL CL A npoekTuposanine asrono6uns c Hymna NOmeT 2aTAHYTECA Ha FOR, NOBTONY OnTHMANEHEIM rnocyirani Teopveckoe nepeocnsicnenie ovepennoro sapyBexworo axanora, Yurre fas musnuie npennovrenna Crania, npHBbik ero K anepukavicki aerowo6unsm Packard, 3a ochosy 6yzyutero 3MCa ssann Packard Super Eight 180 1942 wonensHoro ropa 8 cocras 6eopo no npoexTHposanio 3MC-110 sown B.M. Ourtepnat,A.T1 34 rene (pa6ors no geurarent),8.A, B26NHH (waccn),B. ©. Poguowios u apyrve n¥mewepes Kowerpyxuuio ky308a paspaarwsan onuH inex cnewanucTos npeanpuaua Mean Gegoposus fepnan, 2a pusain akcrepsepa w whrepsepa orBevan Banewtn HnwonaesiesPocrkos. Jlerow 1943 ropa onnexras 6o3rnasun Anapelt Hikonaesns Ocrposues. C caworo navana 6sno uaaecrHo, #70 ha ocnose 623080 monenn nanyaua 6ynet stunyckarbce ero Gponnposannan sepcnn TTA NU TU UN A EU FUTON ELMO NOU (GNC-110C, enocneacrewn — 3HC-115) wa TOMOGHn® c OrxpsTEIM Hy30B0N — éa3TON nu xa6puoner (3AC-1105), 06 wenonss082 in Taki Hawi Wa BoeNBK napagax 8 Ty py HnkrO He nowswnan — emuHoro sepxaenworo nporoKona npoBenenns noz06- ax meponpuaiti go Benno Orevecrsen- HOM Borin nonpacry He cytecrsosano, 3aro ‘apni 3aKan4ne, Crann, n06un oTKpuTHe aunts, CaaTonU, KOTOpEINN BOK. OREO sanca no Havana 30-x rogoe, — Packard Twin Six Rolls-Royce 40/50 Silver Ghost — 2 62 3080M sapiaire nmenH OTApuTELe Kys0Ea ‘or 6onee noapvve cayme6ube Maui Mocudba Buccaprowosisa — Packard 533 1 Pockard Twelve — ebinyckanice Kak COT pura, TAK ¢ 3aKpATHMH KyZOBaNH Cran oraasan npeanosrenue gaarovan. Nepesin saxpisroitaBromoGune oxasanca 8 pacnopaxenun BoxAR nvul8 oKTa6pe 1935 ropa, Mora anepnwaHckwit nonATk ‘Azepenn Tappiman nepegan eny nonapox npesngenra CWA Opaninnia Pysnensra — 6ponnposannuit many Packard Twelve 14-i cepm. Hlorwano 6uino npepnonoxur, ‘To w orxpuran sepcns HoBoro ovevecraeH- Horo nunysuna npeacraswrenscxoro knacca oxaxetcs socrpesosannoi Marowunku konempykuuu PaGora wna yaapatinu rewnawu, B despa ‘ne 1944 roga rpynnoit Ocrposyesa bunk conpants ga wakera aBToNo6uAR 8 Ha- Typansiy senwsiny, no Koropux pexuun saB0Ra buGpana oxoHvarenswuit Bapvai. A acero wepes napy mecayes, «1 Map, ro ToBWnK 48a NonvoweNnbx onuTHs o6pasua 2HC-10 B ochose KoNcrpyKuMK nexana Nowa snowxepowvan pana cX-o6pa3voltycunn: sa0uel specroBnok, 3anuan nopsecka Tit ec CUTE UROL SCN Rem CRO eT eed COME CIEL AURAL OU COMP Veen EMR COS OR ee SUD CLC CURD keh OC ToT Ua a EAU LUCERO ECE CGC UREN TU 6sina sanncnmoi, seaywni nepaspesHoi SaaHuit MOCT NOKOWNIC Ha By npoRONbMAIX ony3nnunruvecaux peccopax. Nepeawon nogsecky 3MC-110 cpenann vezancn4ok, pevvaxxwoi, wa meyx winnapHvecKix "pyaar, c nonepesio KavaouMHcA /puvarann w npononbiinn peaKTHBHMM Uwranrann. Takaa xondirypayus 6 npaKtH- ke orevecrsenworo astomoGunecrpoeHia cnonssosanace snepsue. Taxxe snepeule 6unv npumenenu cra6unusaropu nonepeu- oil ycrofiisoctu nepegweitu zane mogsecox. lnasvocts xoga oGecnewnsann "apasnuvectue puvaxwo-nopunesue amoprusaropy qeycroponuero pelican, Bnepeue 8 ucropun oTevecreenHoro asromo6wnecrpoenita Guinn wcnoneaoeanls Topwo3a c rwapasaNveckiM NpHBOROM H KO- niogkw naasaowero Tuna, Mapua FX. Mywoe @ asmowo6une 3HC-1106 npunumaem nepeowolicrul ngpaa # Mocnee Cronnosnui ropmos c mexannveckny np '80R0" Grokpoean a2qine Koneca, Povar CcrosHowworo topmoxa e 3HC-110 naxonnnca oR Topnego, cnesoit croponL oT BopwTERR. Tavoe pacnonoxenue 6uin0 nporpeccnsHtin ‘Ans caoero Bpewenn pewenwen, Xpomupo ‘ankan pykosra, cnpaTaniaR nog npMBop- oii naHenbio, aKoHOMMAa MecrO B TeCHOM BoRWTenscKow oTceKe canona, 3a ochoay gaurarena 3HC-110 e3nnm pra BOCEMIUNRHAApOBMT HiOMHeKNanaHHeth NaK= apaoscnnit moTop, KoHcrpykyun KeTOpOrO 6uina ocvosatensHo nopa6orasa u ycopep- lwencrsosana. [pynnoi wuxeHepoe-aBira- Tenucros pyxosogwn AneKcaNap flerposuy Buren B pesynsrare «anrpeiigan amepnKanckoro ‘cunosoro arperara orevecraenHl nanysnA ‘63a8enca qanrarenen c peKopaHsinn Ana cosercrix apronoGuneit Tex ner nokaaaTe- ‘Arn: paGouni o6 xem — 6002 cw’, mou Hocrs — 140 a.c, 3ToH Mowocta xearano, ‘706 pasornats mawnny Maccolt 2,67 ‘a0 100 kw/ 3a 28 cexyna, voniaxom KoncTpykuM Geinn rHapaanit- seckvte Tonkarenm xnanaHo8, shawnTensHo ‘CHMKaBUINE WYK H ReNABUME HeHyAHO perynuposky 2asopos Knananioro Mexa- sma. Cuwxenuio wywa cnocoScraosano ‘Yen covemexo2o npasumenscmaa 80 2n08e 0.Cmanuvism ocuampusoom camouo6une 31C-1106 (Mocksa, Koen wnpumenenne 8 npweoge pacnpensana nacrunvaroii yenn Mop3e. Cantan cepeeshinn, no cpasHenio ¢npo: TOTHNON, HaMeHeHMEN KOHCTPYRUNH CTanO yeenvenwe paccroniina Mexay \unntapa wn: Gnaronapa 2ToMy sonsHaR pyGauna enratena yaenuunaace # o6eNe M, coorBeT- CrBeHHo, yayswnnoce oxnaxenne arperara. 3ra noseonnno va6asuTecR OT «@poxgeHKoro ‘iopoka» nakKapAoBcKoro MoTOpa — CKAOHL HocTH x neperpeay. MMewKo oT Packard ‘eurarens 3MC yracnegosan.opurmnanbuyo Cocreny Tepwoperynayun panwaropa CnewnansHo ana woropa 3MC-110 Guino Ha ‘naxeHo npowssoncre0 Genawna c oxraHoBsim wcnom «74s, Aynannsecine xapaxrepncrawn cunosoro arperara no3agonunu ackactus TpaHcAnccnio pexcrynenvaroi KIN. Bnepewe 8 oTeve- Creennoii npaxtuxe puvar nepexniovennn repegas pacnonoxina Ha pynesoit KononKe, ‘To noazonnno C2KoHOMHTS HeMHOrO Mecra ' nepenwelt nonosnne canoKa, ue ogiun HoBwecteon crana runowqHaR rmasnan nepegava. Ee npumexene no2s0- ‘wna pacnonoxure Kapaanniit san Wume 3a cuer aToro cqenars non canova posHui. yaoe 3MCa nonysnca Heckonsxo anuinee wpe aepnxancxoro npororwna. fla sanac- vax koneca, Koropsie y Packard paamewanice y 6oxoeun xanora 8 Hnwax nepeaHix Kpeibes, ‘nwiann 2kcrepbep aeToNOGuna npepcTaBH: ‘TembHocTH, noaToMy 3anacky ocTaBHAN ni onvy, cnparae ee @ sicrynanowen 6aramiune ‘kyWHTenbix paaMepoe. NloseneHie Bupa -eHHOro TpeTeero oGsewa npyjano connaHo- Cru 3apy npororuna, Bonee pecnexra6ensHo Cranu auirnagere xpaine. 20 cenra6pa 1944 ropa o6pasey woBoro nerxoBoro abrowa6une euculero Knacca 6un yraepynen Tocynapcreeniism KoMuTeTOM ‘oGopon a yame 20 mons 1945 roga Havanace ‘CGopxa nepsoit napran maw, ‘Uygecuoe npebpamenue C 6ponmposannoit w orKpbTod moguduKa- ‘UWAMH npMuNoct nosoauTécR: OHM Buin wacronono eneyuveckn, sro npouece KoHTpynposaHua aHanTenbHo YCROKHNRCE: B nepeyio ovepens peve nger 06 yanKanb- ocr apxnTeKTyps Ky30808. BpoHHposaKie, 8 ornmune oF 3apyGexHoi npaKT¥KH, NaH osanoce ocywecrenTs nyren o6seUMEaHiA 6powexancyns cepwinuinn Ky308MHIMH rrawensnn, TaxyioTextonorno 6pownposa- {us npnwnoce ysurktears npu paspaorKe ondurypaywn ky20ea w o6upx rabapnTos ‘asTomo6ns, CaOKHOCTE coamaHina baaTOHa 3aKiovanace 8 TOM, WTO aMepHKAHCKNI npo: ‘ovun (kax u G6nswas vacrs ero 2apybex- ux oRHoKaaccHiKo8) He HMen OTKpHTOM ‘epcnit — 3a oxeaHOM Takwe asToMoGuan BUN HS Mom. MoamnKayino 63 MecrKOM pun npeactorno coaqaears caMocTon- Teno, 3 onops Ha ye cywecrayiowne ananorn. Mpoawan#3p08as BO3MOXHME B2- [phasa KoHurypaunn sepxa, KoNcTpyKTOpHL ‘Npiunn k BueOAY, 170 onTHMaNHEM GyaeT H.C Xpyues ¢ omxpsimon aamoxobure 3MC-1105 ‘0 epens noeadnu no cmpore * Rao ya08 6e3 mecrKnx Goxostix panox, TO ecTe ‘aston, xoTR W sepcun cxaGpwoner> He Guina oreeprayra, TIpeo6pasosanie nunysnia 8 dasT0H He CBO: ‘Annoce K npocTom «annyrauyi> Kpeun H Go: Bux cToek. pu npoeKrMposani KysoBa 3H1C-110 6uina wcnonssosana TpannuwoHKaR xiTpocrs: wT064!cHuaHTS O6uIyO NaCCy aBTO uo6na, pany, Hackonbxo 3T0 tino BO3NOM- Wo, o6neranni, a vacre Hecyix OyHKu ‘Gecrewnaaeunx KoHCrpyKunn HeoBxoRN- ‘myo Mecrkocts, soanaMuni Ha canosue anenenral Kya082. MlocKonbxy asTox Gain ‘AnueH weTannnveckoi ypu M CTOeX, Np lunoce ycanus pany w HeKoTopHe 37eNeHTS! y208a— Hanpumep, yeennnrs cevenne Dans 106 080r0 crexae, Mlonaunuce anewen, cansamnbiec xpenne- Hew BepxHux nonoeun gaepel n Kapxaca ‘cunapworo Tewra, a Take c ero «napxosKoit. lepea xpstuxoi 6araminka pacnonaranca AWNK AR Tea, CHOMENHON BRE MaKpLs ‘aBweroca KOKAHUM YexNOM, a 8 BepxHet ‘acta pants noGosoro crekna Guinn caenanil ‘oreepcran, HeoGxonMnwe Ana Kpennenna riepenwero 6pyca reura. Hsmenwrace v KOH CTpykua agepel, anwenHenx anexrpornapae- wvecking cTeknonogpensnkos. 8 328HcHNO: CTW OF Hcronvenins eepxhix GoxoBHH Ky3082 ‘AbepH ocnawannce nuGo «éypHnTypOi, ‘nosBonaaweii xpenvre Gpexexrosuie Gapryx Bonsunun yennynonpbinn oxHaMU, 60 yma exanutvecknMn crexnonogben- ikaw, Heo6xoqMMn, TOG! noaHMaT® W onyckars crekna 8 yskix xpomnposaHineix pawvax. NosopoTatx prover He Gino Hit '8 ogHoN ua eapnano. Kpowe Toro,y sacra Maw TeAT HMen He rny- te Goxoenit 8 3aqNel actA, a oTKpHTE, noaeonseuve ycravaenvsaTs YennynonaNie oxia cnOxMOR nsTHyronbHo opm Bee paswosngHocrn o6venwiana onka ‘ocofenwocTs — marauitrewr ns sogoor- ranueawuero warepiana Bwecto KpMUN, ceopavneare KoTopul npixonwnOce np no- ow™ pysoro exanuana. B paanoMeHHow ‘ange Tent wien gozansHo cnoxnyo Gopay (wane nporynovnas sepens npegcrasuTens~ ‘Koro aunyavva AOnKHa Guna sutnageT (6a3mows 3M(-1106 uenons2oaanuceKoxnapadnee wo wrozuxcopodax CCCP ‘nocrotiio),nosrony ero Kapxac cocroan M3 NowecTea CHAOBLIX M HarsKHBNX I1eMEH- Tos — nepegnero 6pyca, CoxoBbix croet, no: repeanunx ayr nosyTopa AecRTKa anepses>, oGecnesnsaewinx npasinsayn pacxnanKy Hyaona aarovoe » aaauchnocra or mecra ‘cayxGu wornn 6isre Hertpex yseTo8: Yep ute, cepue,cepo-ronyGuie unn Gexesse Canon ornnvancs or cranapTworo He- oTopuinn jeransnn. Crinxa nepemwero ‘wean, wrpaswan pont neperoponki MexAY ‘BoRWTeNBCKi OTCEKON canoxa ero JaqNeH ‘nonosnwoli, Gina ycuneva v o6opyposana ‘RONONNITENSHUMN HopySHAMM pasnNSHOR owgurypayun. Mo oco6ony saKasy 8 cnuiny orna acrpaneaTeck BuABHHAR 3acTeKeN- van neperopoaxa, Kpowe Toro, npuuinoce ameniTe KONCTpYKUWO OBEN CMHHOK W333 YyeTaHososHix mecT CoenHixx GoKOBuX cTOeK Teva, a 3agweli — ewe n3-3a nonanenin sa well usta ana cnoNeHHoro TexTa M ero Nogbennoro nexannane, 3M Co1-110B rak me, KaK W AMMYSHNH, OcHaa nce crpanonrenann, onhaxo packnagnue Copenba OaaTonO® HNenn opurHHansHy OHCTpYKUHO, B ornwsne or 3MC-110 canox GasToH08 uenuvon oTgenuibance sbicoKoxa¥ectBenvon {veel KOMeH («cnonssoBare cyKHO ANA apTonoSuna c OTKpUITHM BepxOM Guin0 6 preety Henpaxtuvno). Koxa, npnmenaawanca ana o6wakw 3MC-1106, nena wupoxye ysero aye ranny: ~ 8 6aa0Biix bazToKax c ky30804 vepHoro sera canos o6ueanca cupeneeoi, Gexe- ‘80, KopmuneBoli una cnveli Koxelt ~ a aaronax-raxci, KaK npasino, vow Guna xpacworo ysera ~ 8 napannexx aaTonax c Ky2080M cepo-ro- ny6oro Ysera ucnonbsoBanact cepas KOKA. Buinw w apyrue ornmans or 6830) nnyauta. Tak, aHTeHHa pagwonpnemnnka no npunepy aaToWo8 3MC-102 eunecena a nesyi cropoty pankn noGosoro Kpone Toro, no 3aKaay aatoHts wornn oc awarsca gononkiTensHoi npoTuBoTyKak= Holi Papo 8 yeHrpansnon vacru Gaxnepa (kax Ha 3MC-115) w apoii-npoxexropon C nesoi nnn npasor cropoMss pankn n060 oro crexna. Kpennenus nog pnarurorut Ha nepenHix xpbineax cangerenscraosann 0 Tox, 470 astomoGuns ncnonsayercs #8 Me- onpwarnax npasurenscreenvoro ypoewa nu oGcnyaueaer euicwee pykoBoRcTEO crpanus Tepatsi onsiruu o6paneu paarona 6un npegcrasnen npasvrensctBeHHok Ko: uccnw 8 1947 rony, ono6pex w nepenan 8 na6oparopne onurHol 3Kcnayarauin ann npoGerossix nensirannil, Menkocepntinoe npowsBoRCcTe0 HoBOro OTApEsTOrO aaTOKo: Guna npeacrasurenscKoro knacca Havanoce 21949 roay. Hobbie mpaguuuu Men orcaan poaucrixckanyvos s Kavecrae Tpacnopra An RONaWay OWN BoenHNH napagann va Kpacvoit naowage n 3amewe nowazeh dazronann 3HC noannKna ewe np Crane, opwaKo Bone ary 2aTe0 we ono6pin. Bor aK nican 06 2TOm 8 xwure BocnoMMNaHH eBcapunnu wa Kpacnoi nnowaan» nonkos nk 8 orcraene npogeccop M.@.Bo6wnes, a Tevewe fecaTn ner cayxnBui 8 ManeMe Muwuctepcrea o6opowi CCCP ywacreo: ‘abu 8 noaroroeke nowanelt x Boennim napagan: «Bor eue oni npnnepweeapas asoro orHowenun MB. Crannta x Kazane pickin rpagnuin,ceAzanun cnowsagb- ut, Xoropul a y3van nnsno wa yer 6uawero {8 Ty nopy MuKHCTpOM Boopy mene cin CCCP mapwana Cosercxoro Cowaa H. A. Byn- rani, Nlocnensni pacckaaan me fo cnoBHo cnenyrowee: «B¥epa ma! c HikuTor Cepreesnven Xpyuessin Grin y MB. Cran Ha W npeanomian eny 2amenwTe napaHerx nowagel asrono6unsun. Tosapnuy Crannn ewnoro nogywan w oreerua: «He Gyaem ensTe xopowyn rpaqiywo CosercKoit apni. Tipu arom npsmoro sanpeva na wenone- aonanne gaaTovioe Ha napagax e apyrux Topopax Cranwk He qaean, noaTomy 3MC-1108 #8 xavectae asrowo6una napanworo pacsera ‘eGroTuposan Tay, rfc novoeHHx ner enenavaneHiki oBxesKann wepeHrH congat podonmenue Ha cmp. 10 Tone 1 MCL eta onoannsio waeecrio, x70 8 1950 rony Ha azrone 3MC Komakaytow TaxooKeay ‘nm enoToM KoKTp-aampan H.T. Ky3HeUOs npninwan aoennui napan ao Braawaocroxe. 4 anpens roro we rona 3MC-1105 yvacrsosan 8 oGvesge soick wa napage 8 Byaanewre, Connye Bexrpun. Cyaa no apxusniin oro ‘pawn w xanpan KiHoxpOMNK, nepBoe penn aaron 3MC nacraenanice & oF Janene oxpyra He no tea 2k3ennaapa, ‘2 n0 onHOMy. oaroMy 2X60 KoMaHAyOWH W npnanwaouni napag o6xesMann solicia 8 onHol mawnke (sax 20 Bnagnsacroe), _aw6o nopsicknsanw ewe opin orKpeiTat ‘asTomoGwns apyroi napa. Co spenenen, ora cnnawn 3asona wwenu Cran Ou ‘anxenamposan nednunt napannix da>- ToHO®, K pave nocraBneMHeIM MaunHaM ‘ao6aaunnce sropwle axzennaspe 3HC-1105, ne aT art ny eee ed Tea eee Bénsuan vacre arax aunt Suna en Ha Kpacwoit nnowapn 3HC-110 ae6rorupo: anu na nepeonai 1953 roga. «Xopowyeo tpaqnywo CopeTcKoh fe nocne cnepta Crannia (Om BoeHHOM napane orwenna H.A, Bynranit, ABTONOBHAM, CHE vawne GenochemHx cxaKyHoB, yme Guinn cepo-rony6oro weera, craewero eno Cranw Tpannunoniun (camaercs, ¥70 04 Guin Ceuwansio noaoGpan x ysery napaaweix lweneli euicwero koMangHoro cocrasa), Ho ewe He ocnawance cneunansHin o6pyAo- ‘annem — nopy'naw u cucTeNoit ps Ccnnu aya, Crofikn ¢ muxpospoxan paccraensauce Wa naowagM B onpeneneHiesx 3apanee mecTax OCTaHOBKN Maun Cycre wevoropoe spens napagsiie aaron! Geinu panwocpuynposanul. Mnxpoponss Keexaxe pa3Mewanw Ha panne serposoro creKna HAM a cneuansiuix crofixax 8 canoe. Nepe- adouwe akTens ycraHasnneann 8 3aqHeil ‘acta xyz0pa — nw6o no3aqu TeHTa, M60 va 3aqnix xpbinbax, nu6o wa 3aqNen Ganne- pe. epeaaroue pagwocranun aaHnmann ‘ect Baraxnnk. Kpone Toro, Ha cnHAKe eDeRHerO CHEHER NORBHACR NpY¥EHS, AepnaTeca 28 KorOputi pi ABiKeH 60 ropasno yRobwee, ex 3a cnniy. Heckonsxo naam nopy¥eHs ycrynna mecTo CneuNand- wot ye, ycraHOBneHHOl Ha MACCHBHON xpowureine Mlapaanie Qazrows noaqinx abinycKo8 ocHawannch cneunaneHinn 38yx08siMit corvananw C-12 0 C16 (Tak waaioaeMsinn xykyuxan),KoTopste Kpennnice nepes wemy Bannepy no o6e cropows oF npoTHBo: mani Gaps. Mit et aT ae Gasoboz y ne TORU etage nn cede y Be = 8 3HC-110M hasTon. HasecrHo, ro H.C.Xpywee moro eHusania yaenan anBiTao cencKoro xosAicTEa, 8 TOM GHC Ha WenMHHAX JENN, re He 6uino o6ycrpoennexx aopor: AR NOeSAOK & Take paiony HyKN Gunn npeacrasurenscxve asTono6unM nosbwenHoit npoxoguNocT. Mio ero saxasy na 3M 8 1956 roay Gvinn nocrpoeMsi nonkonpHBoAKse -uwyannsi w a3roMss 3HC-I10N. Crpowsuice Onn c wcnonsa0eaHieN Tomno oTe¥ecrsewisx arperaros, 8 ocHoBHos or rpyaosnka TA3-63 Tlpw atom nepeawaa nonsecka Ha 3MC-L110N ocrasanace HesaBucHMOR, ‘To oGecnewwsano Komtpopr naccaKupos H nonoRTenso cKaasiBanoce PO SD TO ay OU UD PT a Be ened PCL COO sRPIAUYN a ycroitwneocra Hosoro asTonoGuns.B orni4ue OF craHAaprneix 3MC-110, romana 3MC-110N wwens e010 pany 6e3 X-o6paaHoro yoltnenits # pynesoi mexanism apyrol KOMCTpyk. Ha MaUINHaX crORA Gonee wow aewrarens or 6pomuposanon sepcnn 3MC-115 c Gonee a3euroiicucTewoi oxnaxenns To AnR BHeROpOXHOrO aBTOMOBANA ‘sino Tonsxo nnocow, 3axpHTAsi MNYSHM NSTOTOBNEN 8 emNHICTREHHON sxaennnape a oTkpuTex aaTovoe 3MC-110N cgenanw nea. KHacronwe- My MOMeNTY CoxpaNMCR AMMYSHH W OANM WS GbasTOHOE, KOTOPHE BPMR oT Bpewenit norenaiotca ha sicTaexax perpoasroMaGwnel 3MC-31108 Ka6pwoner. Bo sropoii nonoeune 50-x rogoe Guna npea- Ipwwara nonuitka asronarwanposare npoyecc ceopasieahina w paa- ‘Bopavneanina Tenra astoMa w cnenare canoH Gonee 2awnWeHHim (or xonoga van nnoxoitnoroqu. B 1967 roay KOHCTpykrops W wioKeHepL ‘eneps yae 3H Mla (fonoM panee yep MA. lnxaves, w wocKoecKouy ‘asTozasoay 6tino npuceoeHo ero nus) apeacrasHnk WoBy! NoRNEK- vaya «cro pecsToron ky3080M «xa6pwoner» — 3HC-31108, Nrepa G» osnavana «axcnepimenransubito, flsepu nonysinu Hecwennle ‘orepssaiunecs nepensne GopTosKn, npHMbKaIouNe K pane noGo8oro rekaa,u craywowapnie Beprivansxtie HanpaBnniowe, O6pasyouNe ‘ kaxoi croponss nono6ie caBoeHHoi cpeawel croikn, Hnewno ‘n0M 3Tw% HanpaBARIOUMK MOrNK NoRHANATACR H onycKaTECA GoKOBbE Ctexna 6 xpomuposanntrx pankax, ocHauenHse anekTpoMexaHeCKi npnopon. 3ania KpOMKa pankn crexna saqMeR ABepn y Ka6pwonera Guna we seprianeHo ac Haxnowow enepen. MweHHo 3TH xapaKrepHUe ani, oprosnn Ha nepennix asepss, a TaKMe orcyTcTENe BoxoBLax (OXON Ha Tete nosBonANH OTnMTe Ka6pHoneT 3HC-31108 or ha3roHa 3NC-1106. Ho rnapnoe — opens o6zabenace aneKrpornppasnnvecki exannsmok, npHEORMBWHM 8 eHoKeHME KPA. MaMeNiTe KONEUrypa- lo Bepxweit nonosniu Ky3oBa soAHTeNS Mor He BEXOAR H3 aBTONOGH- | — namarwew xHonkn. Buino NocTpoeHO TpH ax3eNNAApa aKCTepHNEH- Tarboro Ka6pwonera. Cosnanwe 3MC-3110B nossonnno KoHCTpykTopaM mackoscxoro asosasona HaKon#Te GecueHil onsiT, npHrORABUMiICR ‘pu paspaGorke xaGpwonera cnenyowero noxonenus — 34-1118, tr SSNWTUOVOCUMIUR ILO om ATU UNTT ECA OD TEA UIST RAUL NLA ELLOS UR Coo GUL CT NTN. URL Moduwiell, Komopbie Bou ‘Anaronnit Kpurep (1910-1984) pogwnce ‘8 ropoge Kpaxaropexe (Vepawta). 8 1924 rony COKOHHB Cenwerky, ycrpOHNCR Ha KpaMa TOPCKNI nawNHOcTpoKTenbiBIA 32608, Fe paGoran ero creu, yuennwon anexrpia, B 1925-m no npopcoosHod nyreske nocrynnn #8 npodumony Myrancke, ano oKOHYaHW ‘ran pa6orare wepTexnikon-KoHcrpykTopoM a Jyravckow naposoaocrpowrensHon 2280ne. 8B 1928 roay Kpurep cran crygeKrow Xaps KOBCKOrO TexHonOrMecKorO HHCTATYTA, B 1930-m ero cneywansnocre Guina nepesene wa 8 Mockosckni asTorpakropisit wicraTyr went MowoHocosa, a 6 1932 roay npaxtave- ‘an Beck aunyck wncrrTyra pacnpeRenun a Hioxeroponckwil aevozaeoa. Mononomy KONCTPyKTOpy nocvactnuennoce ysacreoBare ‘8 COsmaMuN «MKHD: OM CKONCTPYMPOBAN AR TA3-M1 pynesoe ynpasnenne u cyennenue, 8 1937 roay Kpurepa waaxauwnn wavansiut KOM KB ganrareneiin waccn FopexoBcxoro aToaanoga. Mog ero pyxoBogcteon co3za: ‘ance 6a30awil ceqan Tperber0 noKoneHns Fopsxoacunx nernosywex — fA3-11-73. B rogu Bennxoi OrevectaeHHot soit Kpu rep yvacrsosan 8 gopaGorae KONCTpyKUH Takia T-60, npoextuposan cwnosoi arperar Taka T-70, 2a 410 Gu ypocroex Crannickot peu. On Bowen 8 «z0n0Ty0 O6oliNy> oneTpyeropos, 81943-1944 rogax navaewnx paGorars Hap nepcnextasHiinn nonenaNu asTono6unel nupworo epenenn — TA3-51 weloGega». 8 wncne apyrux cosnarenei NT AU COU TL OTR nS UU TA3-51 nonysnn eropye Crannicryio npenw, B 1946 roay Kpurep cran aamecrurenen. Awapes Mlunrapra — rnasvoro Konctpyxtopa Topekoscxoro asrosasoga. 8 mae 1948 rona ero wa3Ha¥Hnn rmaBHio KONCTPyKTOPOM a eHo86 oprannaoBannti KyTaNccKMA asroxaeog, a8 wone 1954 roa nepesenn a 3 — cvavana wenonhmowin 06822H HOCTH rmasnoro KoNrpykropa, a c AeKa6pa 1954 roga — rnasntum KONcTpyKTOPOM. Ha woeoit gonxwocru Avaronwii MappwKi esi sosrnasin paGoTu no monepHiaayie ogensHoro pag: O6HOBneHHWE MaUNHAL CTann xnaccnkoh oTevecTeeKHoro a8TOMOOH- 3/1164 w 3HN1-157. Kparep camoro wavana pykosonin co3panwen xonews — 3001-130 w 3M/1-131. B 1967 roy rapay a npor AA Kpnrap Gu ripenuw CCC. osnKo8 sToporo nocnesoeHHoro no Ry KOHCTPYKUMN M NOCTAHOBKY 300-130 cToeH FocypapcreenHon BORCTBO aBTONOGM; rpykropa nonysnn saganne papa6orare innardpopmy ansenbHbr mori rpys0BnKoB — saqHenpnBoaHoro W nonwonpusoqNoro, sunycKats KoTopwe anA3, Bexope noseunuce nepawe xoposue 06: ‘onwex Gun Wosuil aerorurant paausi — onuThue rpyaosnKn cenelicraa 3W/1-170; Goprosoh KamA3-5320, cenentHuit raw KaMA3-5410, camocean KanA3-5510 W nonwonpusoawoe waccn KanA3-431 NOU a) FU TAT LUDT ieiieaa! aA) enter ceca) Pee ener er! Ore Cee ea ear iericea UA Co ee ee esa) T a ET Pee reer PEA Cresta etait Sei cae Seen PPA oe fa 8 1972 rogy 3a paspaGoray cemelicrea KamA3 Kpwrepy Guino npwcaoeHo seanue «3acaymcen- ud eens Wayxn W-Texnan CCCP, B TOM Me roay nog ero pykoBOACTsOM Havanace pas ppaGoTka ovepemHoro noKoneWIR SHNOBCKHX. Fpyzoenxon — 3M0-169 (304-4331) Anaronnit Maspuanesws Kpurep saHmxan ocr rnasHoro KoHcrpyxropa 3MVa 28 ner, a ero o6 unit tpyaosol crax e orevecraeHHom aromoSunecrpoeHnn cocrasun nonsexa, wr MOR powe 6 paione Mee ra sofia, osnnan npoGnems c onnaroi W nocTasKof oGopygoBahis ana sasona, B pesynsrare x 1918 roy wa ANO Guinn co OpyKeHs! TonEKO NpoHBORCTBEHHL 3RaHH, a o6opygozanus noaysewo mevee rionosHns! or Heobxoqnnoro, TeM He mewee, Ha 3a80Re 6uno 500 Hoseltunx anepnKaHcknx craKKoe, 1917 roga spect cobypann 1,5-roxnee rpyaoenku Fiat 15ter wa wranbancknx gevanedi rere ey yy TREES th ia aie (wexoropie geray anu canocro. sTenbiHo — nanpamep, Goproswe nna nu). B 1917 rony co6pann 432 maunnts 5 anpens 1918 roga Mpeanquy™ Bucwero ‘cosera naponvoro xosaiicrea (BCHX) paccworpen ronaraicro pesonouwvowko nacTpoenHlx paGosux o Haynonannaayint sasona AMO wnepenan ero nna gansweiiue- ro o6cyxaenia & Konurer xosaiicrsenoit TE ETL Te eT APOE DE CeO CCL. B.C. w& NLR. 4 Pocyaarcrsennuii asTomocnaunh 3a3oa A.M.6. ronwweu, Taxw o6pason, AMO cran ofHin is nanuitaropos HauMOKanHsayn H nepe- ‘aw ynpaanenus 2a80gann @ pyku pabo- sx. B pesynsrare ye 9 anpens 1918 rona a AMO ycravoennoce «gsoesnactHe: € ogvoi croponsi — npasnene tosapnye- rsa AMO, ¢ apyroit — npaswrenscteeHHoe Inpasnenne, Hashavennoe MockoRckm pali- Becnoii 1918 roga saBon AMO cawranca oni 9 CaMUix CoBpeMenbux n paboracnocoBHExx aogo8 & Poccin, Ero TonBKo sro OTcrponaM, OCHACTHAK HOBUMK CTAHKANK, 2 NPEKHNE xosaesa npwrnacunw Ha pa6ory cneywanwcros 3 a8ToMoGunsHoro oTaena PyccKo-BanTui- cworo saronnoro sasopa (PBB). He yawen- TeneHo, 4T0 nonysurs KOKTpom HaR NpeANpH: ATWeM HH paBMECTIT Ha HeM CBOM 3aKa3b1 nTanice MHorne KOMNCCapwaTE (mHHNCTeD roa). Hanpwnep, 20 anpena na sacenannn asvTenscrsenHoro npasnenna saBoRa nog npeacegarenscraow M.A. Coxonoga pac ‘marpwanca sonpoc 0 3aKa3e Wa 3eMze ‘Renseckwe tpaxtope or oraena cHa6MeHHR Konnccapnara sennegenua, Bykeaneno ¥epes Hecronsko AHeli, 29 anpena 1918 ropa, Ha 2480, AMO o6parunce aaseny- ‘owt wockaecknn aBToNOBKRGHUM cknaZOM FBTY (nucemo N2419) c npeanomennen ‘copranna0sars Gonswoi penour nowanux astonoGuneli. pegromenne npnisnm, AMO Hagonro 2aB83 6 pewowTe au, 8 TOM sucne KanwTanbHOM. 15 asrycra BCHX Ha ocwosannn gexpera Cosera waponHinx Komiccapos 0 HauWoNani ZAWUH Kpynx NpONLiUNEHHEDX npeANpHATHIT 028 wow 1918 ropa oGeaBin sce nnywecTB0 sasoga AMO co6craenocTae pecnySniKi. 27 won 1919 roga Ha AMO coGpax moroUNKn ‘