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SULIT 4541/1

Kertas 1
1 ¼ Jam




Kertas 1

Satu jam lima belas minit


1. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan.

2. Jawab semua soalan.
3. Jawab dengan menghitamkan ruangan yang betul pada kertas jawapan
4. Bagi setiap soalan hitamkan satu ruangan sahaja
5. Sekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan, padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat.
Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru.
6. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala.
7. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 20 halaman bercetak

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1 This question paper consists of 50 questions.

2 Answer all questions.
3 Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.
4 Blacken only one space for each question.
5 If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then
blacken the space for the new answer.
6 The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
7 You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.

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Question 1 to Question 50 are followed by four options A, B, C or D.

Choose the best option for each question and blackened the corresponding space on the
objective answer sheet.

1 The diagram shows a model of an atom.

Who introduced this model?

A Neils Bohr
B John Dalton
C J.J. Thomson
D Ernest Rutherford

2 How many times are 2 copper atoms heavier than an oxygen atom?
Given that the relative atomic mass of O=16, Cu=64.

A 4
B 8
C 16
D 64

An oxide of D can reacts with both hydrochloric acid and
sodium hydroxide solution.

Which of the following elements may be D?

A Phosphorus
B Magnesium
C Aluminium
D Sulphur

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4 The electron arrangement of atom Y is 2.6. Atom Y can form covalent compound
with another atom by

A receiving two electrons

B sharing two electrons
C releasing six electrons
D sharing two pairs of electrons

5 The diagram shows the set-up of the apparatus for electrolysis.

Which of the following compounds could be used as an electrolyte?

A Pure ethanol
B Ethyl ethanoate
C Dilute ethanoic acid
D Tetrachloromethane

6 Which of the following is true about a strong acid?

A Unable to neutralize alkali
B The pH value is more than 7
C Able to change red litmus paper to blue.
D Ionizes completely in water to produce hydrogen ions

7 Which of the following best defines the term ‘salt’?

A Formed when a hydrogen ion in an acid is replaced by a metal ion or ammonium
B Formed when a metal ion reacts with a non- metal ion
C That contains sodium ions and chloride ions
D It is salty in taste

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8 The diagram shows the arrangement of atoms of a substance.

Which of the following substances has the same arrangement of atoms as in the

A Aluminium
B Copper
C Brass
D Iron

9 The diagram shows the particles arrangement of a substance at room temperature.

What is the substance?

A Water
B Helium
C Chlorine
D Nitrogen

10 X, Y and Z are three different elements in the same period of The Periodic Table of
the Elements.
X is a non metal, Y is a metal and Z is a transition metal.
Which is the correct order of these elements in The Periodic Table of Elements?
across the period from left to right?

A X, Y, Z
B X, Z, Y
C Y, Z, X
D Z, Y, X

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11 The diagram shows the set up of the apparatus for an experiment to determine the
empirical formula of a metal oxide.

Burning of excess
hydrogen gas Metal oxide


Which of the following information is not needed to determine the empirical

formula of the metal oxide?

A Mass of the metal oxide

B Mass of the hydrogen
C Mass of the oxygen
D Mass of the metal

12 The diagram shows the electron arrangement of a compound formed between atoms X
and Y.

Which of the following statements is true about compound?

A It is an ionic compound
B The compound has a high boiling point
C The compound is formed by covalent bonds
D The compound is formed by electron transfer

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13 In the electrolysis of 2.0 moldm-3 copper (II) chloride solution using carbon
electrodes, the ions that are selectively discharged at the cathode and anode are

Cathode Anode
B H+ Cl-
C Cu2+ OH-
D Cu2+ Cl-

14 The diagram shows a test tubes containing ammonia solution.

1 mol dm-3 ammonia solution and

methyl orange indicator

What is the colour of the solution?

A Orange
B Yellow
C Blue
D Red

15 Which of the following is a diprotic acid?

A Hydrochloric acid
B Sulphuric acid
C Ethanoic acid
D Nitric acid

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16 Which of the following pairs is correct monomer for the polymer?

Monomer Polymer
A Ethene Polythene
B Glucose Protein
C Amino acid Carbohydrate
D Isopropene Nylon

17 Which of the following substances sublimes when heated?

A Ammonium chloride
B Potassium chloride
C Lead (II) chloride
D Zinc chloride

18 The chemical equation below shows the reaction between ammonia and copper (II)

aNH3 + bCuO  cN2 + dCu + eH2O

What are the values of a, b, c, d and e?

A 2, 2, 1, 3, 3
B 2, 3, 1, 3, 3
C 2, 3, 1, 3, 1
D 2, 3, 2, 3, 3

19 Which of the following statements is true of Group 1 elements when going down the

A Reactivity Decreases
B Atomic size Decreases
C Melting point Increases
D Electropositivity Increases

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20 The food container of the canned food does not rust easily because it has been
electroplated with a layer of

A tin
B zinc
C aluminium
D magnesium

21 Two elements P and Q have proton numbers of 12 and 17 respectively. Which of the
following formulae and type of bond is true for the compound formed between
elements P and Q?

Formula Types of bond

A PQ2 Ionic bond

B P2 Q Ionic bond
C PQ2 Covalent bond
D P2 Q Covalent bond

22 The following equation represents a neutralization reaction.

Acid + Base Salt + Water

Which pairs are reactants in the neutralization reactions?

I Sulphuric acid + Solid calcium carbonate
II Hydrochloric acid + solid copper (II) oxide
III Sulphuric acid + sodium hydroxide
IV Hydrochloric acid + Potassium carbonate solution

A I and III only

B I and IV only
C II and III only
D II and IV only

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23 The diagram shows steps taken to test the presence of ion in the solution K

Dilute sulphuric acid

Iron (II) sulphate

A few drops of concentrated sulphuric acid

Brown ring formed

Which of the following substances could be K?

A Magnesium nitrate
B Potassium chloride
C Sodium sulphate
D Sodium oxide

24 Some synthetic polymers are known to be biodegradable. These polymers are

A not harmful to living organisms

B easily broken down by bacteria
C resistant to corrosion
D flammable

25 The table shows the melting point and boiling point of four substances,
W, X, Y and Z.

Substance Melting point (oC) Boiling point (oC)

W -187 -126
X 75 130
Y 114 444
Z -79 68

Which of the substances is a liquid at 60oC?


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26 The diagram shows the formula of the sulphate of metal L.

What is the formula of the nitrate of metal L?
A L(NO3)3
B L(NO3)2

27 Which of the following shows the number of protons of an element in Group 1 of the
Periodic Table of the Elements?

A 3
B 7
C 13
D 17

28 The table shows the proton numbers of elements T, U, V, W and X.

Elements Proton Number

T 3
U 6
V 14
W 17
X 18

Which of the following pairs of elements will form a covalent compound?

A T and V
B T and W
C U and W
D U and X

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29 The diagram shows the set-up of the apparatus of simple voltaic cell. The reading on
the voltmeter is 0.3 V.

Zinc plate

Iron plate
Iron (II) sulphate

Which of the following will increase the reading on the voltmeter?

I Increase the volume of iron (II) sulphate solution

II Substitute the iron plate with a silver plate
III Use a more dilute iron (II) sulphate solution
IV Substitute the zinc plate with a magnesium plate

A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and IV only
D II, III and IV only

30 Glacial ethanoic acid is put into four test tubes A, B, C and D.

In which test tube does a reaction occur?


Dry glacial Dry glacial

ethanoic acid ethanoic acid
pH paper Magnesium


Dry glacial
Dry glacial ethanoic ethanoic acid
acid Sodium carbonate
Calcium carbonate solution

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31 Which of the following ions would liberate a gas that turns damp red litmus paper
blue when added with sodium hydroxide solution?

A H+
B NH4+
C Zn2+
D Fe2+

32 Which of the following substances is found in a photochromic glass?

A Plastic and ceramic

B Glass and silver chloride
C Plastic and sodium chloride
D Ceramics and silver chloride

33 The graph shows the heating curve of solid R.

Temperature / oC

y M
Time ( min)

Which of the following statements is true?

A The melting point of R is x.

B At L, substance R exists as liquid only
C The process that occurs at O is freezing
D At N, energy is used to break up the bonds between particles

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34 The table shows the relative atomic mass of elements M and N.

Element Relative atomic mass

M 80
N 16

Which of the following statements is true?

A The mass of an atom N is 16g

B The number of protons of an atom M is 80
C The mass of 5 mol of N is the same of the mass of 1 mol of M
D Density of atom M is five times more than the density of atom N

35 The proton number of atom A is 15. Atom Z has 7 valence electrons.

What is the formula of the compound formed between A and Z?


36 Covalent compounds do not conduct electricity because they consist of

A neutral atoms
B free moving ions
C ions in fixed positions
D covalent molecules only

37 Which of the following voltaic cells can be recharged?

A Dry cell
B Mercury cell
C Alkaline cell
D Lead –acid accumulator

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38 The diagram shows the set–up of apparatus for the titration of sodium hydroxide
solution with sulphuric acid.

Sulphuric acid 1.0 mol dm-3

20 cm3 of sodium hydroxide

solution 1.0 mol dm-3 and
phenolphthalein as an

What is the volume of sulphuric acid at the end point of the titration?

A 10 cm3
B 20 cm3
C 30 cm3
D 40 cm3

39 A metal carbonate, XCO3, is green in colour. When it is heated strongly, the

remaining solid is black. Which of the following metals could be X?

A Zinc
B Lead
C Copper
D Aluminium

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40 Atom Y consists of 17 protons and 20 neutrons. Which of the following symbols

represent the ion of Y ?

A 17

B 17

C 20

D 17

41 The diagram shows three balloons with hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen gas

2.5 g of 7.0g of 2.5 g of

hydrogen nitrogen oxygen
gas gas gas

Arrange the gases in an ascending order of volume.

[Given that the relative atomic mass of H=1, N=14, O=16 and 1 mol of gas occupies
24 dm 3 at room temperature and pressure]

A Hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen

B Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
C Nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen
D Oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen

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42 Table shows the nucleon number and number of neutrons of element R and
element T.

Element Nucleon number Number of neutrons

R 23 12
T 35 18

Which of the following statements is true for elements R and T?

A R is more electronegative than T.

B R and T exist as diatomic molecules.
C R and T are in the same period of the Periodic Table of the Elements.
D R and T are in the same group of the Periodic Table of the Elements.

43 The diagram shows the electrons arrangement of atom of element Q.

Element P can reacts with element Q to form an ionic compound with the formula PQ.
What is the electron arrangement of atom P?

A 2
B 2.1
C 2.8.1
D 2.8.2

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44 The diagram shows the set-up of the apparatus of simple cell


Metal Y

Metal X Lead (II) nitrate


What are the metals X and Y?

Metal X Metal Y
A Zinc Magnesium
B Lead Zinc
C Aluminium Magnesium
D Zinc Lead

45 Which of the following solution has the highest concentration of hydrogen ions?

A 50 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 H2SO4 solution

B 50 cm3 2.0 mol dm-3 H2SO4 solution
C 100 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 HNO3 solution
D 150 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 HNO3 solution

46 When sodium hydroxide is added dropwise until in excess to a solution, a white

precipitate soluble in excess is formed. The ions that could be present in the solution

I Al3+
II Zn2+
III Mg2+
IV Pb2+

A I and II only
B I and IV only
C I, II, and IV only
D I, II, III and IV

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47 Propene, C3H6 burns in oxygen as follows.

2C3H6 + 9O2  6CO2 + 6H2O

What is the number of carbon dioxide molecules produced from a complete burning
of 21g of propene?
Given that relative atomic mass of H=1, C=12, O=16 and
Avogadro constant = 6.02 x 1023 mol-1

A 3.01 x 1023
B 6.02 x 1023
C 9.03 x 1023
D 12.04 x 1023

48 The diagram shows the set-up of the apparatus used to electroplate iron spoon with

Silver plate
Iron spoon
Silver nitrate

What is observed at the anode and cathode after 30 minutes?

Anode Cathode
A Silver plate becomes thinner Silvery deposit formed
B Silvery deposit formed Gas bubbles released
C Silver plate becomes thinner Gas bubbles released
D Gas bubbles released Gas bubbles released

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49 0.3 mole of magnesium reacts with 0.9 mole of hydrochloric acid to produce
hydrogen gas.
How many moles of hydrochloric acid are left unreacted?

A 0.1
B 0.3
C 0.6
D 0.9

50 The diagram shows the set-up of the apparatus used for the purification of a metal
through electrolysis.


Solution S

Which of the following combinations is suitable to be used for the purification of


Electrode P Electrode R Solution S

A Pure copper Impure copper Copper (II) sulphate
B Impure copper Pure copper Copper (II) nitrate
C Pure copper Impure copper Sulphuric acid
D Impure copper Pure copper Sulphuric acid


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Paper 1
1 C 21 A 41 D

2 B 22 C 42 C

3 C 23 A 43 D

4 D 24 B 44 D

5 C 25 D 45 B

6 D 26 B 46 C

7 A 27 A 47 C

8 C 28 C 48 A

9 B 29 C 49 B

10 C 30 D 50 B

11 B 31 B

12 C 32 B

13 D 33 D

14 B 34 C

15 B 35 A

16 A 36 D

17 A 37 D

18 B 38 A

19 D 39 C

20 A 40 B

Paper 1 (50) + Paper 2 (100) + Paper 3(50)