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Unique Transmission Node Nokia MetroHub Technical Overview

Unique Transmission Node Nokia MetroHub

Technical Overview

MetroHub - freedom for the operator

MetroHub - freedom for the operator • Unique transmission node for Nokia MetroSite Capacity Solution •

Unique transmission node for Nokia MetroSite Capacity Solution

Flexible capacity evolution

Access in an instant

Cost-optimized and reliable transmission network

FreedomFreedom forfor networknetwork configurationsconfigurations andand capacitycapacity additionsadditions

All-in-one transmission node Nokia MetroHub

All-in-one transmission node Nokia MetroHub From complexity Cross Connect e.g. DN2 + Interface types for media

From complexity

All-in-one transmission node Nokia MetroHub From complexity Cross Connect e.g. DN2 + Interface types for media

Cross

Connect

e.g.

DN2

node Nokia MetroHub From complexity Cross Connect e.g. DN2 + Interface types for media change /

+

Interface types for media change / 19" Radio Indoor Unit

types for media change / 19" Radio Indoor Unit Outdoors cabinet with rectifiers and battery back-up
types for media change / 19" Radio Indoor Unit Outdoors cabinet with rectifiers and battery back-up
types for media change / 19" Radio Indoor Unit Outdoors cabinet with rectifiers and battery back-up

Outdoors cabinet with rectifiers and battery back-up

+

Unit Outdoors cabinet with rectifiers and battery back-up + To expansion freedom and cost efficiency Nokia
Unit Outdoors cabinet with rectifiers and battery back-up + To expansion freedom and cost efficiency Nokia

To expansion freedom and cost efficiency

Nokia MetroHub
Nokia
MetroHub
Unit Outdoors cabinet with rectifiers and battery back-up + To expansion freedom and cost efficiency Nokia

=

MetroHub with SDH/PDH Access

Effective micro cellular cross connect and grooming configurations with MetroHopper

Integrated transmission node for SDH/PDH backbones with FlexiHopper

Interfacing with Nokia radios, indoor units and MetroSite components

Gives access flexibility and protection capabilities at attractive price level

units and MetroSite components • Gives access flexibility and protection capabilities at attractive price level

MetroHub Unique Features

Exceptional installation freedom:

indoors/outdoors, local/remote

All configurations: loops, stars, chains

Allows independent transmission configurations with long power back-up time

Exceptionally compact format

Attractive price/performance ratio

configurations with long power back-up time • Exceptionally compact format • Attractive price/performance ratio

Nokia MetroHub in:

star

chain

loops as a slave

loops as a master of several Nokia MetroHub transmission nodes

loops as a master of several BTS’s

Examples of MetroHub in a GSM Network

BSC n x E1 Upper layer loop = BTS = Nokia MetroHub
BSC
n x E1
Upper layer loop
=
BTS
=
Nokia
MetroHub

Flexible Capacity Evolution

= MacroSite + MetroHub = MetroHub
= MacroSite + MetroHub
= MetroHub

= MetroSite Base

Station

Flexible transmission capacity reserve

Smooth capacity evolution

Instant network expansion

BSC

site

capacity evolution • Instant network expansion BSC site Keep Keep pace pace with with capacity capacity

KeepKeep pacepace withwith capacitycapacity toto staystay aheadahead ofof demanddemand

= Protected (8-16 x 2M)

= Protected (8-16 x 2M)

= Unprotected (4 x 2M)

= Unprotected (4 x 2M)

= Leased line (1 x 2M)

= Leased line (1 x 2M)

MetroHub for hot spots and loop protection

Nokia Nokia UltraSite UltraSiteMetroHub for hot spots and loop protection Nokia Nokia MetroSite MetroSite Nokia Nokia MetroHub MetroHub TM

Nokia Nokia MetroSite MetroSitespots and loop protection Nokia Nokia UltraSite UltraSite Nokia Nokia MetroHub MetroHub TM TM TM TM

Nokia Nokia MetroHub MetroHubNokia UltraSite UltraSite Nokia Nokia MetroSite MetroSite TM TM TM TM TM TM EDGE EDGE BTS

TM TM

TM TM

TM TM

EDGE EDGE BTS BTS

EDGE EDGE BTS BTS

Nokia MetroHopper T M Radio TM Radio

Nokia FlexiHopper T M Microwave Radio TM Microwave Radio

Protected loop with MetroHub &FlexiHopperEDGE BTS BTS EDGE EDGE BTS BTS Nokia MetroHopper T M Radio Nokia FlexiHopper T M

BSC
BSC
T M Radio Nokia FlexiHopper T M Microwave Radio Protected loop with MetroHub &FlexiHopper BSC hot
hot spot
hot spot
T M Radio Nokia FlexiHopper T M Microwave Radio Protected loop with MetroHub &FlexiHopper BSC hot
T M Radio Nokia FlexiHopper T M Microwave Radio Protected loop with MetroHub &FlexiHopper BSC hot

Line Of Sight to the street canyons

hub hub BTS BTS Macro BTS & hub BTS BTS
hub
hub
BTS
BTS
Macro BTS
& hub
BTS
BTS
MetroHub
MetroHub

MetroSite BTS

ITN C2.2 topologies

SDH ring, chain and p-to-p are supported PDH dropping/branching is supported

BSC site

STM-1 ring
STM-1 ring
PDH dropping/branching is supported BSC site STM-1 ring PDH sites with wire line or Nokia Hopper

PDH sites with wire line or Nokia Hopper connection from the STM-1 ring !

MetroHub with FXC STMwire line or Nokia Hopper connection from the STM-1 ring ! BSC site MetroSite with FC

BSC siteconnection from the STM-1 ring ! MetroHub with FXC STM MetroSite with FC STM UltraSite with

MetroSite with FC STMfrom the STM-1 ring ! MetroHub with FXC STM BSC site UltraSite with FXC STM BTS

UltraSite with FXC STMfrom the STM-1 ring ! MetroHub with FXC STM BSC site MetroSite with FC STM BTS

BTS sites with E1 or Nokia Hopper radiosNokia Hopper connection from the STM-1 ring ! MetroHub with FXC STM BSC site MetroSite with

Loop Protection Principle

Protects:

Payload

Synchronisation

Network management

Transmission network Loop master = Loop slave
Transmission network
Loop
master
= Loop slave

Pilot bits

Pilot bits

Normal receive direction Reverse receive direction

Most efficient way to protect traffic!

MetroHub - Transmission Optimization

MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •

BTS

BTS BTS
BTS
BTS
MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •

BTS

MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •
MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •

BTS

MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •
MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •
MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •
MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •
MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •
MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •
MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •
MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •
MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •
MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •
MetroHub - Transmission Optimization BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS • 8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability •

8 kbit/s channel cross-connection capability

reduced transmission capacity need (typically -30

flexibility for changes and media change

capability • reduced transmission capacity need (typically -30 • flexibility for changes and media change -70%)
capability • reduced transmission capacity need (typically -30 • flexibility for changes and media change -70%)
capability • reduced transmission capacity need (typically -30 • flexibility for changes and media change -70%)
capability • reduced transmission capacity need (typically -30 • flexibility for changes and media change -70%)
capability • reduced transmission capacity need (typically -30 • flexibility for changes and media change -70%)
capability • reduced transmission capacity need (typically -30 • flexibility for changes and media change -70%)
capability • reduced transmission capacity need (typically -30 • flexibility for changes and media change -70%)

-70%)

MetroHub Modular Structure

Transmission units (1-5 pcs)

FXC STM-1

FXC Bridge

FXC RRI

FXC E1

FXC E1/T1

Unit Shields

Cover and mechanical chassis

Power Interface Panel

Shields Cover and mechanical chassis Power Interface Panel Chassis Interface Unit Plug-in units • Power Interface

Chassis

Cover and mechanical chassis Power Interface Panel Chassis Interface Unit Plug-in units • Power Interface Panel

Interface Unit

Plug-in units

Power Interface Panel

1 - 2 identical Power Supply Units

Power Unit Shield (if only one Power Unit)

Fan Unit

Interface Unit

Optional Battery Back-up Unit

Power Supply Unit

Unit • Optional Battery Back-up Unit Power Supply Unit Redundant Power Supply Unit Fan Unit Transmission

Redundant Power Supply Unit

Fan Unit

Transmission Units

Optional

Battery Backup Unit

MetroHub Dimensions

Dimensions

Height:

Depth:

Width:

Volume:

Weight:

Chassis without battery with battery

Height: Depth: Width: Volume: Weight: Chassis without battery with battery 830 mm 210 mm 309 mm

830 mm

210 mm

309 mm

49 l

8 kg

28kg

41kg

MetroHub Cross connections & Granularities

Cross connection & interfacing capability:

Cross-connection bus capacity 56 x 2 Mbit/s with 8 kbit/s granularity (non-blocking)

Max. interface capacity of the node 222 x 2 Mbit/s

Basic cross-connection types & granularities:

B2 Bi-directional 2M / nx64k / 64k / 32k /16k / 8k

M2 Bi-directional masked 64k

D Uni-directional fixed 64k / 32k / 16k / 8k

Protected cross-connection type(s) & granularity:

P2 Protected bi-directional nx64k / 64k / 32k/16k

MetroHub Features Overview 1/2

Support for up to 10 Nokia FlexiHopper or MetroHopper radios or 20 E1/T1 connections or a mixture of any various topologies

56 x 2 Mbit/s non-blocking PDH cross connection bus with 8kbit/s granularity

Outdoor and indoor, vertical and horizontal installation on wall, roof top, pole for flexible and easy network implementation

Compatible with Nokia’s GSM PDH transmission equipment (also in loop networks) to secure earlier investments

• Compatible with Nokia’s GSM PDH transmission equipment (also in loop networks) to secure earlier investments

MetroHub Features Overview 2/2

Power System

AC / DC dual input (85…276VAC / -48…-60VDC )

Maximum input power is 750VA or 500W

Redundant outputs and functions

Battery testing, heating and charging control

Battery System

10 years design float lifetime at 25 o C (5 years @ 35 o C)

48V / 8 Ah capacity

Redundant

Power

Typical Battery Back-Up times of some configurations:

Configurations:

+25 o C

-10 o C

-40 o C

5

x FXC E1

380

300

95

6

x MetroHopper

170

130

70

2

x STM-1

490

360

130

Battery Back-Up
Battery
Back-Up

Supply

FXC STM-1 & FXC Bridge Transmission Units

General:

2 x optical STM-1 interfaces

SDH cross-connect capability on VC-12 level (non-blocking)

PDH cross-connect capability on 8k level (non-blocking)

Both chain and ring

S12 SNC protection at VC 12 level, single ended, non revertive supported

Max 20 x 2Mbit/s add/drop capacity

Asynchronous and byte synchronous VC-12 mapping modes

FXC STM-1 and FXC Bridge are always used together Interface:

Optical LC connector

L1.1 Long Haul (1310nm)

G.826

and FXC Bridge are always used together Interface: • Optical LC connector • L1.1 Long Haul

FXC E1/T1 & FXC E1 Transmission Units

General:

4 interfaces per unit

Each interface configurable as E1 or T1

Free interface can be used for measurements and external synchronization

E1- interface:

G.703, G.704 (20dB)

FXC E1 with 75 Ω interface (BT43 connector, asymmetric)

FXC E1/T1 with 120 Ω interface (TQ connector, symmetric)

T1- interface:

ANSI T1.403 NI

ANSI T1.102 DSX

100 Ω interface (TQ connector, symmetric)

symmetric) T1- interface: • ANSI T1.403 NI • ANSI T1.102 DSX • 100 Ω interface (TQ

FXC RRI Transmission Unit

General:

For connecting to the outdoor units of the Nokia FlexiHopper and MetroHopper or to another radio indoor unit

Two Flexbus interfaces per card

Operating mode: Single use supported

Interface:

The capacity of Flexbus interface is software-selectable between 2 x 2, 4 x 2, 8 x 2 and 16 x 2 Mbit/s

With Nokia MetroHopper outdoor unit, the capacity always 4 x 2 Mbit/s

Distance to radio outdoor unit up to 300m

Power feed to radio via Flexbus cable

Connector type TNC, impedance 50 Ω

to radio outdoor unit up to 300m • Power feed to radio via Flexbus cable •
to radio outdoor unit up to 300m • Power feed to radio via Flexbus cable •

Traffic By-Pass with FXC RRI

Traffic By-Pass with FXC RRI FXC RRI 8k XC 16 x 2 8 x 2 2M

FXC RRI

8k XC

Traffic By-Pass with FXC RRI FXC RRI 8k XC 16 x 2 8 x 2 2M

16 x 2Traffic By-Pass with FXC RRI FXC RRI 8k XC 8 x 2 2M XC 8 x

8 x 2 2M XC 8 x 2 8 x 2
8 x 2
2M XC
8 x 2
8 x 2
FXC RRI FXC RRI 8k XC 16 x 2 8 x 2 2M XC 8 x
FXC RRI FXC RRI 8k XC 16 x 2 8 x 2 2M XC 8 x

16 x 2FXC RRI FXC RRI 8k XC 16 x 2 8 x 2 2M XC 8 x

XC Bus

Capacity which is not dropped to the cross-connection bus can be by-passed at 2Mbit/s level

Site applications

2 4 x x FlexBusFXC E1

2 4 x x FlexBus FXC E1 FXC Bridge FXC STM E1/T1 FXC RRI Internal D-buses
2 4 x x FlexBus FXC E1 FXC Bridge FXC STM E1/T1 FXC RRI Internal D-buses

FXC Bridge

FXC STM

E1/T1

FXC RRI

Internal D-buses (up to 3x2M)

CS100/US BTS

FXC RRI Internal D-buses (up to 3x2M) CS100/US BTS Max 12 * E1 (3* FXC E1)
Max 12 * E1 (3* FXC E1) or FIU 19E Max 20 * E1 (FXC
Max 12 * E1 (3* FXC E1) or FIU 19E Max 20 * E1 (FXC
Max 12 * E1
(3* FXC E1)
or
FIU 19E
Max 20 * E1
(FXC E1+ FXC RRI+ FIU
19)
Metro
Hub
DIUA
FXC Bridge
FXC STM
4 x 2M
FXC empty E1/T1
2 x FlexBusFXC
empty RRI
EMPTY

BS

C

FXC empty E1/T1 2 x FlexBusFXC empty RRI EMPTY BS C BSC site solution 2 x

BSC site solution

2 x FlexBusFXC

4 x 2M

2 x FlexBus FXC 4 x 2M *) 3 x 2M D-Bus chaining VIF empty *)
2 x FlexBus FXC 4 x 2M *) 3 x 2M D-Bus chaining VIF empty *)

*)

3 x 2M D-Bus chaining

2 x FlexBus FXC 4 x 2M *) 3 x 2M D-Bus chaining VIF empty *)

VIF

empty

*)

CS10/MSB

TS

x 2M *) 3 x 2M D-Bus chaining VIF empty *) CS10/MSB TS FXC Bridge FXC

FXC Bridge

FXC STM

FXC empty E1/T1

RRI

EMPTY

DIUA

Metro

Hub

BTS site solution

*) US/MS BTS will support SDH units with CX(M) 4.1 release

HSB Traffic protection with FXC RRI

Hot Stand-By provides protection against equipment faults

Basic HSB traffic protection:

against equipment faults • Basic HSB traffic protection: RRI E1/T1 E1/T1 E1/T1 E1/T1 • 1IU (FXC
RRI E1/T1 E1/T1 E1/T1 E1/T1
RRI
E1/T1
E1/T1
E1/T1
E1/T1

1IU (FXC RRI) + 2OU (Nokia Hopper)

One active transmitter

“Dual Receiver" principle

Both receivers are active

The better of the two frames is selected

Transmitter switching time typically < 500ms

One frame (of both of the 2M signals) is buffered

Can enhance BER as much as 1-2 decades

typically < 500ms • One frame (of both of the 2M signals) is buffered • Can

MetroHub C2.2 new features with ITN C2.2

Cost effective integrated PDH/SDH conversion

Integrated PDH-signal add/dropping (ADM)

Possibility to use MetroHub as a head-end SDH node at BSC-sites

Efficient use of 2M-connections with Nokia Optical Abis

Wire line/SDH/Wire line conversions become plug-and-play

Radio/SDH/Radio conversions become plug-and-play

Value

Less equipment – direct cost savings

Better reliability – less maintenance

Simplified site configurations - easier planning, site hunting and implementation

MetroHub Node Management

One manager for cross-connect, interfaces, radios and cabinet

Commissioning wizard

PC-based MetroHub Manager

User-friendly cross-connection view

Remote management via NMS

Local management access possible without disturbing the NMS and without any additional hardware

Node configurations and cross connections off-line

Local SW download without traffic interruption and slow speed remote SW download

and cross connections off-line • Local SW download without traffic interruption and slow speed remote SW

MetroHub Operational Environment

Temperature range –40 to

+50°C

Solar radiation 1120 W/m 2

IP 55 (water and dust)

No air conditioner or heat exchanger required

to +50°C • Solar radiation 1120 W/m 2 • IP 55 (water and dust) • No

MetroHub Benefits

Planning

Easy site hunting and acquisition

Compact design and blending into the city environment, new site locations

Network planning: one device - virtually unlimited configurations

Implementation

Installation outdoors or indoors; vertically or horizontally; wall, roof top or pole; no floor space occupied

Only electricity and grounding needed

Highly compact

Light weight

Operations and maintenance

Minimized operation such as site rental cost and transmission costs via high trunking efficiency

Low maintenance costs due to compact design

MetroHub Summary

Unique and independent transmission node for indoor/outdoor and remote/local configurations: loops, stars, chains

Highly compact all-in-one node:

cross connect and media change in outdoor housing with optional power system redundancy and battery back-up

Easy and fast network evolution with flexible capacity expansions and protection capability

For Nokia UltraSite, MetroSite and Talk BTS environments

flexible capacity expansions and protection capability • For Nokia UltraSite, MetroSite and Talk BTS environments