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ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd.

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Missiles & NCW Division

R & D and Engineering Directorate

Design and Optimization of an Antenna using CST Microwave Studio and Mode

Frontier

CST UGM2010 , Darmstadt 19-21 April 2010

S. Poles, F. Bernasconi Esteco , E. Leroux CST , Y. Kaldor - Rafael

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– Esteco , E. Leroux – CST , Y. Kaldor - Rafael 1 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary

RAF#3030180

UNC/8/30783/10

– CST , Y. Kaldor - Rafael 1 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael - Armament Development
– CST , Y. Kaldor - Rafael 1 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael - Armament Development

Proprietary of Rafael - Armament Development Authority Ltd

12 April 2010

ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd.

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Overview

Missiles & NCW Division

R & D and Engineering Directorate

The following slides describe the design process of a small antenna located on a large cylindrical platform.& NCW Division R & D and Engineering Directorate The platform dimensions are : 13 λ

The platform dimensions are : 13λ x 3 λ x 3 λ λ x 3λ x 3λ

The platform dimensions are : 13 λ x 3 λ x 3 λ 2 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10

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ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd.

Requirements

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Missiles & NCW Division

R & D and Engineering Directorate

The Antenna is required to perform over a 30%& NCW Division R & D and Engineering Directorate Frequency Bandwidth. Matching Specification – over the

Frequency Bandwidth.

Matching Specification – over the full Bandwidth: over the full Bandwidth:

Matching Specification – over the full Bandwidth: Return Loss : -8 dB max VSWR 2.2:1 max

Return Loss : -8 dB maxMatching Specification – over the full Bandwidth: VSWR 2.2:1 max Difficulties Tight Space – therefore

VSWR 2.2:1 max– over the full Bandwidth: Return Loss : -8 dB max Difficulties Tight Space – therefore

Difficulties

Tight Space – therefore required small antenna dimensions therefore required small antenna dimensions

The environmental conditions under which the antenna is required to perform are harsh.Space – therefore required small antenna dimensions 3 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael -

under which the antenna is required to perform are harsh. 3 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael

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The Solution

Missiles & NCW Division

R & D and Engineering Directorate

& NCW Division R & D and Engineering Directorate ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd. The antenna chosen
& NCW Division R & D and Engineering Directorate ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd. The antenna chosen

ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd.

The antenna chosen as a solution is a combination of a Slot Antenna and Travelling Wave Antenna.D and Engineering Directorate ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd. The Antenna was modeled and simulated using CST

The Antenna was modeled and simulated using CST Microwave Studio for return loss and radiation pattern performance.a combination of a Slot Antenna and Travelling Wave Antenna. 4 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael

Studio for return loss and radiation pattern performance. 4 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael -

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Missiles & NCW Division

ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd.

Initial Simulation Results

R & D and Engineering Directorate

Simulation Results R & D and Engineering Directorate Specification Optimization design Goal Matching over the

Specification Optimization design Goal

Matching over the fullDirectorate Specification Optimization design Goal frequency range was nearly impossible due to dimension

frequency range was nearly

impossible due to dimension

constraints and coupling from the platform

Simulated Return loss was initially very poor.due to dimension constraints and coupling from the platform Sufficient performance was obtained over 6% bandwidth

Sufficient performance wasthe platform Simulated Return loss was initially very poor. obtained over 6% bandwidth only. 5 RAF#3030180

obtained over 6% bandwidth only.

Sufficient performance was obtained over 6% bandwidth only. 5 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael -

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ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd.

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Missiles & NCW Division

R & D and Engineering Directorate

The parameterized CST model

Initially the parametersD and Engineering Directorate The parameterized CST model which mostly effect the matching performance were

which mostly effect the

matching performance were identified.

The CST model was regenerated using these parameters.mostly effect the matching performance were identified. r p h H L Input port 6 RAF#3030180

r p h H L
r
p
h
H
L

Input port

regenerated using these parameters. r p h H L Input port 6 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of

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Missiles & NCW Division

ADVANCED DEFENCE

SYSTEMS Ltd.

mF - Optimization Workflow

R & D and Engineering Directorate

Optimization Workflow R & D and Engineering Directorate Input Variables slot_length stub r_stub pin_dist

Input Variables

slot_length

stub

r_stub

pin_dist

partstub

slot_h

Output Variables

R_loss_f_low

R_loss_f_cen

R_loss_f_high

Design Objective

Design Constraint

e s i g n O b j e c t i v e Design Constraint

Minimize(maximum)

Maximum < -10 dB

maximum ) M a x i m u m < - 1 0 d B 7

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ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd.

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Missiles & NCW Division

R & D and Engineering Directorate

& NCW Division R & D and Engineering Directorate mF - Design Space Post Processing Bubble

mF - Design Space

Post Processing

Bubble Chart

Directorate mF - Design Space Post Processing Bubble Chart 8 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael -

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Missiles & NCW Division

ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd.

R & D and Engineering Directorate

mF - Design Space Post Processing
mF - Design Space
Post Processing

Parallel Coordinate Chart

mF - Design Space Post Processing Parallel Coordinate Chart 9 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael -

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ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd.

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Missiles & NCW Division

mF - Design Space

post processing charts

R & D and Engineering Directorate

The various post processing charts help uspost processing charts R & D and Engineering Directorate understand the physics of the problem. In

understand the physics of the problem.

In this sense the design space charts arecharts help us understand the physics of the problem. valuable decision making tools. The various charts

valuable decision making tools.

The various charts depict the full design space, the history of the optimization an its progress towards the optimal solutionthe design space charts are valuable decision making tools. Optimization using mF allows Robust Design 10

Optimization using mF allows Robust Designoptimization an its progress towards the optimal solution 10 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael -

optimal solution Optimization using mF allows Robust Design 10 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael -

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Missiles & NCW Division

Before Optimization

R & D and Engineering Directorate

Return Loss and VSWR Performance

Specification Optimization Goal Flow Fcenter Fhigh
Specification
Optimization Goal
Flow
Fcenter
Fhigh

ohm50

Optimization Goal Flow Fcenter Fhigh ohm 50 11 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael -

11

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ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd.

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Missiles & NCW Division

After Optimization

R & D and Engineering Directorate

Return Loss and VSWR Performance

Specification Optimization Goal Flow Fcenter Fhigh
Specification
Optimization Goal
Flow
Fcenter
Fhigh

ohm50

Optimization Goal Flow Fcenter Fhigh ohm 50 12 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael -

12

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ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd.

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Missiles & NCW Division

R & D and Engineering Directorate

Summary and Results

The Return loss and VSWR performance were highly improved using the optimizationR & D and Engineering Directorate Summary and Results process. 34% bandwidth was obtained!! 13 RAF#3030180

process.

34% bandwidth was obtained!!were highly improved using the optimization process. 13 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael -

using the optimization process. 34% bandwidth was obtained!! 13 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael -

13 RAF#3030180

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ADVANCED DEFENCE SYSTEMS Ltd.

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Missiles & NCW Division

R & D and Engineering Directorate

Thank You

NCW Division R & D and Engineering Directorate Thank You 14 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael
NCW Division R & D and Engineering Directorate Thank You 14 RAF#3030180 UNC/8/30783/10 Proprietary of Rafael

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12 April 2010