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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

Temporary Railway Bridges made


of UHPFRC

Michael Reichel, Johann Glatzl,


Guido Altersberger, Hannes Kari,
Bernhard Freytag, Josef Teufner,
Lutz Sparowitz Markus Vill

Graz University ÖBB


of Technology Infrastruktur
Institute of Bau AG,
Structural Austria
Concrete

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

High Speed Temporary Rail Bridge - OBB

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

modelling, analysis and design


SLS: decompression in segments and segmental joints under
charakteristic loads in longitudinal direction – adaquate
durability !!!!
c ≤ 0,45*fck  0,45*fck = -63,00 MPa (act. c = -25,3 MPa)
c ≤ 0,60*fck  0,60*fck = -84,00 MPa (act. c = -51,7 MPa)

in segments no tensile stresses under charakteristic loads -


fatigue !!!!

prestressing and/or reinforcement!!!!

traffic safety for 240 km/h (deformation) crucial!!!

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

modelling, analysis and design


ULS: longitudinal direction:
segments  - for tension+compression, segmental joints
 only compression (gaping joint)
gaping of segments limited to 2/3 of section height
shear transfer by friction in the compression zone of the
segmental joints (µk ≥ 0,35)
shear force requires stirrups in segments – bearing
capacity of fibers is neglected - verfication EN 1992 – 1 – 1
fatigue (50 years)  increased ratio of traffic/dead load!!!
• unbonded prestressing – no impact
• shear reinforcement – enhancement 1,5 – times

due to high fatigue transverse direction (trussed framed slab):


loads bearing verification compression-/tension flange
capacity of compression strut, diagonal tie  reinforcement due to
fatigue loads!
fibers neglected !!
verification of fatigue by palmgren miner rule:
• enhancement of transverse prestressing 1,1 – times
• enhancement of reinforcement in diagonal ties 1,2 – times
• time-step analysis of train passage for short spans < 16m
• detailed investigation of lateral instability of the
compression flange
Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

utilisation of cross section

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

required material properties

characteristic compressive strength cylinder fck ≥ 140 MPa


(ø/h = 150/300 mm)
modulus of elasticity Ecm ≥ 50.000
MPa
characteristic flexural tensile strength fctk,flex,0,5 ≥ 18 MPa
mm (four point bending test 150 x 150 x 600 cm;
DBV)
characteristic direct tensile strength at loss of ≥ 7 MPa
linearity behaviour fctk
characteristic direct tensile strength (fibre ≥ 7 MPa
bridging) fctk
characteristic friction coefficient at joint surface ≥ 0,35
k
evenness at surface of segmental joint 0,1 mm

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

1,6‰
a b
Local investigations
7,6‰

FP
Plastic duct
z

x
A c Local-Zone 1,80MPa

A
z 6,15MPa
x FP
y Plastic duct
A z

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

Local investigations

Lifting device:

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

Full-Scale Specimen with 4 different


grades of splitting reinforcement

conservative no reinforcement
reinforcement

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

Testing Program

final test: quasi total assembly 2. test: entire group

1. test Series: outermost bars

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

Comparison of the splitting stress via FE-analysis to get the


minimum number of bars to be taken into account

5 bars

9 bars

15 bars

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete 4. Anchorage of post-tensioning tendons

Test
Setup

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

Instrumentation for lateral expansion


measurement

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

Main Topics of the full scale experiment on the


standard element

1. Lateral deformation behaviour of the trussed plate

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

Main Topics of the full scale experiment on the


standard element

2. Tensile behaviour of the reinforced diogonal tie

3. Ultimate load

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete 5. Full-Scale Experiments for bridge design

Instrumentation

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete

Load Path
loading plan

2500

2000
ultimate load test
ULS +
testing load [kN]

material safety
1500 1302 kN

ULS 1050kN Inspection


ca. 100 load
1000 cycles Inspection
SLS 664kN ΔF=522 kN

Inspection Inspection
500

time
0
Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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Graz University of Technology – Institute of Structural Concrete 5. Full-Scale Experiments for bridge design

Thank you for your attention!

Michael Reichel
Professor Horst Cerjak, 19.12.2005 6th CCC Congress Marianske Lazne 2010
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