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ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ БЮДЖЕТНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ

ВЫСШЕГО ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ


«СТАВРОПОЛЬСКАЯ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННАЯ МЕДИЦИНСКАЯ АКАДЕМИЯ»
МИНИСТЕРСТВА ЗДРАВООХРАНЕНИЯ И СОЦИАЛЬНОГО РАЗВИТИЯ
РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ

Кафедра иностранных языков

ПРАКТИКУМ
ПО УСТНОЙ РЕЧИ ПО
АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ
УЧЕБНОЕ ПОСОБИЕ ДЛЯ СТУДЕНТОВ-МЕДИКОВ

ENGLISH

Ставрополь
2012
ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ БЮДЖЕТНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ
ВЫСШЕГО ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ
«СТАВРОПОЛЬСКАЯ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННАЯ МЕДИЦИНСКАЯ АКАДЕМИЯ»
МИНИСТЕРСТВА ЗДРАВООХРАНЕНИЯ И СОЦИАЛЬНОГО РАЗВИТИЯ
РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ

Кафедра иностранных языков

ПРАКТИКУМ
ПО УСТНОЙ РЕЧИ ПО
АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

УЧЕБНОЕ ПОСОБИЕ ДЛЯ СТУДЕНТОВ-МЕДИКОВ

Ставрополь
2012
УДК 371.3:802.0(075.5)
ББК 74.268.1:81.2 англ я73

ПРАКТИКУМ ПО УСТНОЙ РЕЧИ ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ.


Учебное пособие для студентов-медиков. – Ставрополь: Изд-во: СтГМА. –
2012. –188 с.
Составители:
Знаменская Стояна Васильевна, к.п.н., доцент, заведующая кафедрой
иностранных языков, декан факультета иностранных студентов СтГМА.
Бирюкова Татьяна Ивановна, к.п.н., доцент кафедры иностранных
языков СтГМА.
Анисимова Наталия Александровна, к.п.н., доцент кафедры
иностранных языков СтГМА.
Чернобривая Татьяна Геннадьевна, старший преподаватель кафедры
иностранных языков СтГМА.
Паршинцева Наталия Николаевна, старший преподаватель кафедры
иностранных языков СтГМА.
Финенко Татьяна Николаевна, старший преподаватель кафедры
иностранных языков СтГМА.
Науменко Валентина Анатольевна, старший преподаватель кафедры
иностранных языков СтГМА.
Агафонова Елена Сергеевна, к.п.н., старший преподаватель кафедры
иностранных языков СтГМА.

Учебное пособие по устной речи предназначено для студентов-медиков,


изучающих английский язык. Оно включает основные профилированные
медицинские темы, а также наиболее распространенные темы повседневно-
обиходной тематики.
Учебное пособие составлено в соответствии с рабочими учебными
программами по дисциплине и является дополнением к централизованным
учебникам по английскому языку.
УДК 371.3:802.0(075.5)
ББК 74.268.1:81.2 англ я73
Рецензенты:
Шибкова О. С., д. ф. н., профессор, заведующая кафедрой иностранных
языков естественнонаучных и экономических специальностей Ставропольского
государственного университета.
Маяцкая Н.К., к. пед. н., доцент, заведующая кафедрой русского языка
Ставропольской государственной медицинской академии.

Рекомендовано к печати редакционно-издательским советом


Ставропольской государственной медицинской академии

 Ставропольская государственная медицинская академия, 2012


ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ

Практикум по устной речи для студентов-медиков включает 19 тем


повседневного общения, страноведческого характера, а также профессионально
ориентированные устные темы на английском языке.
Целью данного пособия является развитие у студентов умений и навыков
иноязычного общения в различных сферах и ситуациях.
Тематика устных тем соответствует предложенной программе по
дисциплине «Иностранный язык» для медицинских вузов и ФГОС-III.
Изучение тем пособия будет способствовать развитию у учащихся следующих
общекультурных и профессиональных компетенций:
 владеть навыками коммуникации в иноязычной среде на уровне
профессионального и бытового общения;
 использовать различные формы устной и письменной коммуникации на
английском языке в учебной и профессиональной деятельности;
 быть способным использовать навыки публичной речи, ведения
дискуссии и полемики;
 иметь представление о культуре и традициях стран изучаемого языка, о
медицинском образовании и обслуживании, об особенностях
межкультурного общения на английском языке.

Структура пособия
Каждая тема пособия включает полный топиковый вокабуляр, базовый
текст и дополнительные тексты и диалоги. Система упражнений и творческие
задания темы разработаны для усвоения и закрепления изучаемого материала, а
также для развития дискутивных умений и навыков.
Основными видами речевых упражнений, представленных в пособии,
являются: вопросно-ответные, ситуативные, подстановочные, дискутивные и
инициативные задания (ролевые игры, ситуационные задачи, диалоги,
интервью).
Работа в лингафонном кабинете по каждой теме предполагает отработку
правильного произношения, интонации и выполнения заданий с
использованием видео и аудио технических средств.
Авторы считают, что практическое применение данного пособия будет в
большой степени способствовать развитию у студентов-медиков иноязычной
коммуникативной компетенции и поможет им владеть английским языком на
уровне и объеме, достаточным для общения и ведения дискуссии.

Методические рекомендации по работе с пособием


Все темы пособия имеют определенную структуру. Порядок подачи
материала каждой темы одинаков, задания четко сформулированы, что
нацеливает и дает установку учащимся на их выполнение. Рекомендуется
следующая методика работы по каждой теме:
- тщательная отработка произношения вокабуляра темы;
- заучивание значения слов, словосочетаний темы и речевых клише;
- отработка чтения основного текста темы, его адекватный перевод на
русский язык;
- выполнение всех упражнений и заданий к теме в письменной и устной
форме (при необходимости – повторение соответствующего
грамматического материала);
- текст на аудирование и диалоги дополняют лексически и тематически
основной текст темы. Работа над ними проводится под руководством
преподавателя на занятии;
- ознакомление с заданиями в конце темы и их выполнение;
- для самоподготовки – прослушивание записи лабораторной работы в
лингафонном кабинете;
- заключительным этапом работы по каждой теме является участие в
беседе, составление монологов и диалогов в разнообразных ситуациях
общения по заданной тематике с использованием дополнительных аудио
и видео материалов.
Тема 1. Студент-медик о себе
THE MEDICAL STUDENT ABOUT HIMSELF

Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. to be born родиться
2. secondary school средняя школа
3. General State Examinations единые государственные
экзамены
4. successfully успешно
5. to enter поступать
6. the General Medicine Faculty лечебный факультет
7. the Faculty of Dentistry стоматологический
факультет
8. the Faculty of Pediatrics педиатрический факультет
9. the Faculty of Humanities and факультет гуманитарного
Medical-Biological Education и медико-биологического
образования
10.good-looking красивый, миловидный
11.to be clever with иметь умелые руки
smb’s hands
12.to be handy with smth. уметь делать что-либо
13.upbringing воспитание
14.to run the house вести хозяйство
15.accountant бухгалтер
16.joint venture company совместное предприятие
17.fair-haired светловолосый
18.even-tempered уравновешенный
19.to be in a good mood быть в хорошем
настроении
20.to be deeply attached to smb. быть сильно привязанным
к кому-либо
21.to get on well быть в хороших
отношениях, ладить друг
с другом
22.household duties домашние обязанности
23.to be married быть замужем (женатым)

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

THE MEDICAL STUDENT ABOUT HIMSELF


My name is …. I was born in … in Stavropol. I am … years old.
This year I finished the secondary school. From earliest schooldays I had
dreamed to become a doctor. This year I passed the General State Examinations
successfully and entered the General Medicine Faculty of the Stavropol State Medical
Academy. Now I’m a first-year student of the Academy.
I want to tell you a few words about my family. My family is large. I have got
a mother, a father, a sister, a brother and a grandmother. My mother is a pediatrician.
She works at a clinic. She is a good-looking woman with brown hair. She is forty-
four but she looks much younger. My mother keeps house and takes care of me, my
brother and my father. She is very good at cooking and is clever with her hands. My
father and I try to help her with the housework. I wash the dishes, go shopping and
tidy our flat.
My father is a computer programmer. He is a broad-shouldered, tall man with
fair hair and grey eyes. He is forty-six. He is also handy with many things. When we
are at home and have some free time, we watch video or football matches together.
My parents have been married for twenty-six years. They have much in
common, but they have different views on music, books, films, and sports. But they
have the same opinion about my education and upbringing.
My grandmother is a pensioner. She lives with us and helps to run the house.
My sister Helen is twenty-three. She is married and has a family of her own.
She works as an accountant at a joint venture company. Her husband is a lawyer.
They have a son. They live not far from us.
My brother Alex is fifteen. He is a schoolboy. He wants to become an
economist, but he is not sure yet. And some words about me. I’m tall, fair-haired and
even-tempered. I always try to be in a good mood.
We have a lot of relatives. We are deeply attached to each other and we get on
very well.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на следующие вопросы по теме:


1. What is your name?
2. Where and when were you born?
3. How old are you?
3. When is your birthday?
4. Is your family large? How many are you in the family?
5. Have you got any brothers or sisters?
6. What are your parents? Where do they work?
7. How long have your parents been married?
8. Do they have much in common?
9. How much time do you spend with your family?
10. What sort of things do you do together?
11. Do you go out with your parents?
12. Who runs the house in your family?
13. What are your household duties?
14. What can you say about your relatives?

Задание 2. Закончите предложения логически, найдя окончание в правом


столбце. Переведите на русский язык.
1. From earliest schooldays… 1. we watch video
2. This year I passed… 2. for twenty-six years
3. My mother is… 3. the General State Examinations
4. My father and I… 4. try to help мother with the housework
5. When we are at home… 5. about my education and upbringing
6. My parents have been married… 6. I had dreamed to take up medicine
7. They have the same opinion… 7. and we get on very well
8. We are deeply attached to each other… 8. a pediatrician

Задание 3. Расскажите о своем друге или подруге, о его (ее) характере.


Используйте следующие слова:
1. tall высокий
2. small маленький
3. strong сильный
4. quiet спокойный
5. noisy шумный
6. honest честный
7. true преданный, верный
8. dull скучный (невеселый)
9. polite вежливый
10.interesting интересный
11.industrious трудолюбивый
12.hardy прилежный
13.serious серьезный

Задание 4. Поставьте глагол в скобках в нужную форму. Переведите


предложения на русский язык:
1. My sister not (to work), she (to study) at a college. 2. His grandmother (to
live) in Moscow. 3. We always (to help) our mother about the house. 4. I often (to
prepare) dinner for my family. 5. Where (to do) your father work? 6. My brother and
sister (to spend) their holidays in the country. 7. When (to do) Nick come home from
school? 8. Her relatives often (to visit) us. 9. My sister (to teach) physics at the
Institute. 10. My uncle and my aunt (to live) in the countryside.

Задание 5. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык.


1. Я родился в … году. 2. Сколько вам лет? – Мне восемнадцать лет. 3. У
вас большая семья? 4. Мой старший брат женат. Его жена – педиатр. 5. У моей
мамы приятная внешность. 6. Мое хобби – чтение. 7. Мой отец любит играть в
футбол, а мама – готовить. 8. Мои родители вместе уже 25 лет. 9. Его бабушка
на пенсии, но все еще продолжает работать. 10. У них много общего. 11. У нас
много родственников и все мы ладим друг с другом. 12. Я практически все
умею делать своими руками. 13. Мой младший брат мечтает стать
экономистом. 14. У них единое мнение по поводу воспитания детей. 15. Моя
подруга – высокая светловолосая девушка.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их


значения.
1. to wake up просыпаться
2. to take a shower принимать душ
3. to dress одеваться
4. to have breakfast завтракать
5. to have lunch обедать
6. to have supper ужинать
7. to try стараться
8. to worry беспокоиться
9. to get to the academy by bus добираться в академию
на автобусе
10.to deliver a lecture читать лекцию
11.it takes me half an hour to… я трачу полчаса на…
12.a practical class практическое занятие
13.a dream мечта
14.to come true сбываться
15.a break перерыв
16.bacon бекон
17.stewed meat тушеное мясо
18.chop отбивная котлета
19.steak бифштекс
20.chat болтовня
21.dissecting-room анатомка
22.to chat болтать, беседовать

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание:

MY WORKING DAY
My working day begins about seven o’clock. I put on my dressing gown and
slippers and go to the bathroom. I brush my teeth and wash my face. Then I take a
shower and go back to the bedroom to dress.
I have breakfast at a quarter to eight. I always cook breakfast myself and try to
make something special. I like bacon and eggs, sausages and cheese and a cup of tea
or coffee. I wish mother wouldn’t worry about me.
After breakfast I go to the Academy by bus. It takes me half an hour to get to
the Academy. I never arrive late. I can say that my study at the Academy is very
interesting. Every day I have one lecture and two practical classes which are
delivered by our qualified teachers (assistants) and professors. They are very good
specialists. My dream is to become a good doctor and I hope it will come true.
At 13 o’clock we have a break for lunch. I usually have lunch with a friend of
mine. I take stewed meat or beefsteak or chops with salad and a cup of coffee or tea.
My friend likes a proper meal. He has soup, steak, or fish with vegetables and juice.
We have a chat before beginning our lessons again.
Sometimes after classes I go to the library where I read additional literature on
Anatomy, Biology, History and other subjects. Twice a week I go to the dissecting-
room. Here I prepare for my Anatomy classes.
Sometimes I help my mother to do some shopping. I prefer to buy vegetables
and fruit, milk, butter and cheese, bread and sugar. I help her to clean the flat.
At half past seven we have supper. I like this time best of all. Sometimes we
talk, listen to music or watch television. But usually I have a lot of work to do. I have
to prepare for my classes. I go to bed at 12 o’clock.
I like swimming and once a week I go to the swimming pool.

Задание 3. Изложите основное содержание текста на русском языке.

Задание 4. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:


1. At what time do you usually get up?
2. Do you take a shower, brush your teeth?
3. At what time do you generally have breakfast?
4. What do you like for breakfast?
5. How long does it take you to get to the Academy?
6. How do you get there?
7. What classes do you have at the Academy?
8. When do you have a break for lunch?
9. What do you have for lunch?
10. Where do you go after classes?
11. What do you prepare at the dissecting-room?
12. What are your hobbies?
13. Do you help your mother?
14. What do you usually do when you stay at home in the evening?
15. Do you often meet with your friends?
16. What do you do in your days off?

Задание 5. Закончите следующие предложения:


1. I wake up…
2. I have breakfast at…
3. For my breakfast I always have…
4. I always get to the academy…
5. My dream is…
6. For my dinner I prefer…
7. After classes I go to the…
8. It takes me 4 hours to…
9. In the evening I usually…
10. Usually I go to bed at…

Задание 6. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык.


1. Мой рабочий день начинается в 8 часов утра. Я встаю обычно в 6
часов, а в воскресенье я встаю немного позже. 2. А когда вы встаете? 3. Мы
завтракаем и ужинаем дома, а обедаем в столовой. 4. Где вы обычно проводите
свой выходной день? 5. Как он добирается в академию? 6. Я трачу на домашнее
задание 4 часа каждый день. 7. Он делает по утрам зарядку. 8. Мы всегда
помогаем маме по дому. 8. У нас 4 занятия каждый день. 9. Когда ты
возвращаешься из академии домой? 10. По вечерам я обычно смотрю телевизор
или общаюсь с друзьями. 11. Когда ты обычно ложишься спать?

The Dialogue
Задание 1. Запомните значения следующих словосочетаний:
1. the Head of the hostel заведующая общежитием
2. to perform under the guidance of проводиться под руководством
3. competent teaching staff штат компетентных преподавателей
Задание 2. Прослушайте диалог. Воспроизведите его в парах:

In The Student’s Hostel


— Hello, my name is Alexander. The Head of our hostel directed me in your
room for living there.
— How do you do. My name is Vladimir. I’ve been living in this hostel for two
years already. And what faculty do you study at?
— I’m the first-year student. I study at the General Medicine Faculty. And what
about you?
— I’m nineteen years old. I study at the Faculty of Pediatrics and want to become
a pediatrician. I like my studying at our Medical Academy because all lectures
and practical classes are performed under the guidance of competent teaching
staff.
— I see. What can you say about yourself? You know, I have got a big family and
a lot of relatives. We are deeply attached to each other and we get on very well.
My parents are doctors, that’s why I dreamed to become a doctor from early
schooldays. I attend all classes and try to do my best in clinical subjects. I have
a lot of friends and we often spend our free time together.
— Well, I want to become a good doctor too. I’m going to study well and I hope
we’ll be good friends.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.
Тема 2. Медицинская академия
The Medical Academy

Задание 1. Запомните произношение следующих слов. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. Humanities 10.chemistry
2. defectology 11.propaedeutic
3. biotechnology 12.neurology
4. deviation 13.traumatology
5. therapy 14.dermatovenereology
6. surgery 15.otorhinolaryngology
7. obstetrics 16.ophthalmology
8. gynecology 17.urology
9. physics

Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. to found основывать
2. educational образовательный
3. scientific научный
4. the Faculty of General Medicine лечебный факультет
5. the Faculty of Pediatrics педиатрический факультет
6. the Faculty of Dentistry стоматологический факультет
7. the Faculty of Humanities and факультет гуманитарного и
Medical-Biological Education медико-биологического
образования
8. the Foreign Students’ Faculty факультет иностранных
студентов
9. the Institute of Postgraduate институт последипломного
and Additional Education и дополнительного образования
10. the Faculty of Pre-University факультет довузовского
Education образования
11.to prepare готовить
12.preparation подготовка
13.deviation отклонение
14.physician терапевт
15.specialty специальность
16.specialist специалист
17.internal diseases внутренние болезни
18.surgery хирургия
19.obstetrics акушерство
20.gynecology гинекология
21.propaedeutics пропедевтика
22.neurology неврология
23.urology урология
24.traumatology травматология
25.dermatovenereology дерматовенерология
26.otorhinolaryngology оториноларингология
27.ophthalmology офтальмология
28.chemistry химия
29.subject дисциплина, предмет
30.pre-clinical доклинический
31.dentist стоматолог
32.orthopedist ортопед
33.to graduate from заканчивать высшее учебное
заведение
34.graduation окончание учебного заведения
35.to consist of состоять из
36.to improve улучшать
37.improvement улучшение
38.annual ежегодный
39.to enable способствовать, позволять
40.preliminary training предварительное обучение
41.academic year академический (учебный) год
42.created conditions созданные условия
43.mastering овладение (навыками)
44.student’s scientific society студенческое научное
общество, кружок
45.to take part in принимать участие в
46.to obtain the research work skills приобрести умения (навыки)
исследовательской работы
47.quest зд. стремление
48.retraining - переподготовка
49.facilities for … - условия для…
50.gym - спортивный зал
51.health supporting - поддержка здоровья
52.to get grant - получать стипендию
53.to award - присуждать, награждать
54.establishment - учреждение

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

THE STAVROPOL STATE MEDICAL ACADEMY


The Stavropol State Medical Academy was founded in 1938 . Since that time
thousands of highly skilled specialists working all over the world were prepared at
the Academy. The Academy is one of the largest educational and scientific medical
centres of Russia. It is listed in the World Directory of medical schools published by
the World Health Organization (WHO) that gives the chance to graduates to get a job
in any country of the world after passing the national exam.
The Academy was awarded with the international awards: «The Gold Medal of
the International Biography Centre», «The Cannes Silver Medal» and the title «The
Flagman of the XXI Century» as the most dynamically developing enterprise. In
2010 the Academy became the winner of the All-Russia economic project «Leaders
of Modernisation».
The main faculties in the Academy are: the Faculty of General Medicine, the
Faculty of Pediatrics, the Faculty of Dentistry, the Faculty of Humanities and
Medical-Biological Education, the Foreign Students’ Faculty. There are also the
Faculty of Pre-University Education and the Institute of Postgraduate and Additional
Education.
Rector is at the head of the Academy. Each faculty is headed by the dean.
The General Medicine Faculty is the biggest one. It trains physicians for adult
population in three main specialties: Therapy, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology.
The training lasts six years.
The Faculty of Pediatrics trains doctors of two specialties: Pediatrics and
Children’s Surgery. The course of study here lasts six years.
The Faculty of Dentistry trains dentists. The course of study lasts five years.
The graduates of this faculty are prepared in such dental specialties as dental
therapeutists, dental surgeons, and dental orthopedists.
The foreign students from Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America are trained
at the Foreign Students’ Faculty. The English-speaking students are taught in English
and it enables them to study without preliminary training at the Preparatory Courses.
New lines for preparation of specialists at the Faculty of Humanities and
Medical-Biological Education are opened in the Academy in 2011. They are:
Defectology, Biology, Biotechnology, Physical Training for Persons with Health
Deviations (Adaptive Physical Training), Economics, and Social Work.

For the first two years, the students of the Academy study pre-clinical subjects
such as Anatomy, Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Latin, Russian and Foreign
Languages.
Clinical subjects are taught beginning from the third year. They are
Propaedeutics of Internal and Children’s Diseases, General Surgery, Neurology,
Urology, Traumatology, Dermatovenerology, Otorhinolaryngology, Ophthalmology,
Clinical Pharmacology, Obstetrics and Gynecology, and others.
The academic year consists of two terms. At the end of each term the students
pass examinations and tests. There are all created conditions for successful mastering
of doctor’s profession at the Academy. Many students attend the students’ scientific
societies and take part in annual scientific conferences. They carry out a lot of
laboratory and clinical researches. The students who study well get grants, which are
paid monthly.
The teaching staff of the Academy is highly skilled. The Academy has the
modern material and technical base, providing a high educational level. The
Academy has modern learning and medical equipment, computer classes, and
electronic library.
The main task of the Faculty of Pre-University Education is to help to the
prospective applicants in their quest to become the students of the Medical Academy.
Training at the Faculty of Pre-University Education gives an opportunity for
schoolchildren to become better acquainted with the medical profession and to obtain
the research work skills, to meet the prominent scientists and clinicians, to learn
about the past and the future of medicine, to visit departments and museums of the
Academy.
The Institute of Postgraduate and Additional Education of the Stavropol State
Medical Academy carries out preparation, retraining and improvement of
professional skills of doctors and medical staff within 46 specialties in the area of
postgraduate training (clinical residency and internship) and within 73 specialties of
additional training.
The students of our Academy have all facilities for sports and health
supporting: there is a camp on the Black Sea, sports complex with a swimming-pool
and gyms, the students’ health centre, the students’ polyclinic and the stomatological
polyclinic.
Graduates of the Stavropol State Medical Academy work in all corners of our
country and abroad, they lead the departments of alma mater and many other
universities, they are the heads of public health service establishments and research
institutes.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:


1. When was the Stavropol State Medical Academy founded?
2. What new lines for preparation of specialists were opened in 2011?
3. Who is at the head of our Academy?
4. Who is each faculty headed by?
5. What faculties are there in the Academy?
6. What specialties does each faculty train?
7. What subjects do the students study during the first two years?
8. What clinical subjects are taught beginning with the third year?
9. How many terms does the academic year consist of?
10.What is the course of training at each faculty?
11.What faculty do the foreign students study at?
12.What created conditions are there for successful mastering of the doctor’s
profession at our Academy?
13.What is the teaching staff of the Academy?
14.What facilities for sport and health supporting have the students of our
Academy?
15.Where may graduates of the Academy work?

Задание 2. Вставьте пропущенные слова и переведите предложения на русский


язык.
1. Our Academy … in 1938.
2. The Faculty of … is the biggest one.
3. It trains physicians for … population in three … .
4. The first two years the students study … subjects.
5. … subjects are taught beginning with the third year.
6. The Faculty of … trains therapeutists.
7. The Faculty of … trains dentists.
8. The foreign students are trained at the ….

Задание 3. Спросите своего собеседника.


Ask your friend - when our Academy was founded.
- what students are trained at our
Academy.
- what faculties are in the Academy.
- if the Faculty of General Medicine is
the biggest one.
- if it trains physicians for adult
population.
- how long the training lasts.
- what subjects the students study during
the first two years.
- when clinical subjects are taught.
- if the Faculty of Pediatrics trains the
doctors of two specialties.
- at what faculty the English-speaking
students study.
- when the students pass examinations
and tests.

Задание 4. Прочитайте и определите, на каком факультете учится студент


медицинской академии.
1. I receive the knowledge of development and growth of a child’s
organism. This faculty trains doctors of two specialties. The course of training
here takes six years.
2. I study at the biggest faculty of our Academy. The course of training
here takes six years. This faculty trains physicians for adult population in three
specialties.
3. I am an English-speaking student of the Academy. I am from India. But
some of my friends came from different countries of the world for training here.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их


значение:
1. to limit ограничивать
2. to perform arts выступать (с
представлениями)
3. to develop развивать
4. choreography хореография
5. folk народный
6. to participate участвовать
7. competition соревнование
8. volunteer волонтерский
9. to devote посвящать
10.celebration празднование
11.to support поддерживать
12.to win выигрывать
13.improvement улучшение
14.opportunity возможность
15.comprehensive комплексный,
всесторонний
16.nutrition питание
17.canteen столовая
18.refreshment room закусочная, буфет
19.students’ hostel студенческое общежитие
20.kitchen кухня
21.shower room душевая комната
22.washing room постирочная комната
23.to be equipped with быть оборудованным
24.facilities средства обслуживания,
удобства, приспособления
25.have a rest отдыхать

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание.

EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
The students’ life is not limited to lectures, practical classes, tests and exams.
Studying at the Academy students can develop their hobbies by singing, performing
arts, choreography, and folk dance.
There are many talented students at our Academy They can take part in a
«KVN» team, and festivals. The students participate in the volunteer movement.
Besides, Russian and foreign students can take part in the organized actions devoted
to celebration of different holidays in our town and in the Academy.
In order to support their health and to be in a good physical form the students
go in for sports. They like to take part in sport competitions and to win them. The
Academy has a sports complex with a swimming pool, and gyms.
There are all created conditions for improvement and supporting of the
students’ health: the Students’ Polyclinic, the Stomatological Polyclinic, and the
Students’ Health Centre. The Students’ Health Centre of the Academy carries out
monitoring of the students’ health. There is a sanatorium, where the students receive
comprehensive treatment.
One of the main components of the young people’s health is their nutrition. For
this purpose, canteens and refreshment rooms are opened in the educational buildings
and students’ hostels. The Academy has four students’ hostels with furnished
apartments for 2-3 persons. Kitchens are equipped with all necessary facilities. There
are shower rooms, washing rooms at the hostels.
Annually within summer vacations, the students have an opportunity to have a

rest at the camp on the Black Sea.

Задание 3. Вставьте необходимые по смыслу слова.


1. The students’ life at the Medical Academy … to lectures.
2. There are many … students studying at our Academy.
3. When studying the students can develop their ….
4. The students participate in the … movement.
5. Russian and foreign students can take part in celebration of ….
6. The students go in for ….
7. There are all created conditions for … and … of the students’ health.
8. The Academy has four … with furnished apartments.
9. The students have an opportunity to have a rest at ….

Задание 4. Расположите предложения соответственно содержанию текста.


1. The Students’ Health Centre of the Academy carries out monitoring of the

students’ health.

2. They like to take part in sport competitions and to win them.

3. The students have an opportunity to have a rest at the camp on the Black Sea.

4. The students participate in the volunteer movement.


5. The Academy has four students’ hostels with furnished apartments for 2-3
persons.
6. There are many talented students at our Academy.
7. There are all created conditions for improvement and supporting of the students’
health.

Задание 5. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста.


1. Is the students’ life limited to lectures and practical classes?
2. What hobbies can the students develop?
3. What do the students take part in?
4. Why do the students go in for sport?
5. What facilities has the Academy for health supporting?
6. What centre carries out monitoring of the students’ health?

Задание 6. Составьте план к тексту. Передайте содержание текста сначала на


русском языке, а затем на английском.

The Dialogue

Задание 1. Прослушайте диалог. Воспроизведите его в парах:


A Talk between Two Students
B. – I want to introduce myself. I’m Boris and what’s your name?
S. – My name is Sergei. Glad to meet you. Are you a student?
B. – Yes, I am. I’m a first-year student of the Stavropol State Medical Academy, and
what about you?
S. – I’m a first-year student of the Stavropol Medical College. Did you enter the
Academy straight from the school?
B. – No, I didn’t. First I worked at a hospital as a nurse during a year.
S. – I see. I want to continue my study at the Academy too. How many faculties are
there at your Academy?
B. – There are many faculties at our Academy. The Faculty of General Medicine is
the biggest one. It trains physicians for adult population in three specialties.
S. – How long does the course of studies last there?
B. – The course of studies at this faculty and at the Faculty of Pediatrics takes 6 years
and it takes 5 years at the Stomatological Faculty.
S. – What faculty do you study at?
B. – I study at the Faculty of General Medicine.
S. – How long does the academic year run?
B. – It runs from the first of September till the end of June.
S. – When are examinations and tests held at your Academy?
B. – We have examinations and tests at the end of each term.
S. – How many examinations will you pass this winter term?
B. – This winter term we shall not pass examinations, we shall pass tests.
S. – Good luck to you.
B. – Thank you. Good luck to you too.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.

Тема 3. Медицинское образование в России


THE MEDICAL EDUCATION IN RUSSIA

Задание 1. Запомните произношение следующих слов. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. Physics
2. Chemistry
3. Biology
4. Latin
5. Histology
6. Microbiology
7. therapeutic
8. Candidate of Medical Sciences

Задание 2. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором.
1. medical education медицинское образование
2. establishment учреждение
3. to finance финансировать
4. to guide руководить
5. to train обучать
6. institution of higher education высшее учебное заведение (вуз)
7. pharmaceutical фармацевтический
8. pharmacy фармация
9. entrant абитуриент
10.ability способность
11.to introduce вводить, представлять
12.General State Exam Единый Государственный
Экзамен (ЕГЭ)
13.to allow позволять
14.paramedical personnel средний медицинский персонал
15.nurse медсестра
16.midwife акушерка
17.dental technician зубной техник
18.doctor’s assistant фельдшер
19.attendance of lectures посещение лекций
20.compulsory обязательный
21.semester семестр
22.grant стипендия
23.curriculum учебный план
24.pre-clinical subjects доклинические, теоретические
предметы
25.to teach (taught, taught) учить, преподавать
26.social sciences общественные науки
27.surgical хирургический
28.to master овладевать
29.practical skills практические навыки
30.to record записывать, заполнять
31.patient’s case history история болезни пациента
32.to carry on medical examination проводить медицинский осмотр
33.to make diagnosis ставить диагноз
34.to treat лечить
35.to prescribe прописывать
36.medical procedure медицинская процедура
37.facilities возможности
38.research work научно-исследовательская
работа
39.scientific society научное общество, кружок
40.department отделение, кафедра
41.modern guidelines современные направления
42.state examinations государственные экзамены
43.graduate выпускник
44.to apply подать заявление
45.clinical internship клиническая ординатура
46.post graduate course аспирантура
47.post graduate student аспирант
48.the Institute of Post-Diploma институт последипломного
and Additional Education и дополнительного образования
49.to improve улучшать, совершенствовать
50.to prepare a thesis готовить диссертацию
51.to defend a thesis защитить диссертацию
52.to obtain a degree получить степень

Задание 3. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

MEDICAL EDUCATION IN RUSSIA


All establishments of higher medical education are financed and guided by the
Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation.
Doctors of different specialties are trained at medical institutions of higher
education, at medical universities and academies. There are also pharmaceutical
academies, which train specialists in pharmacy.
Medical institutions of higher education offer various faculties and specialties
which an entrant may choose according to his or her abilities and wishes. Nowadays a
new examination system is being introduced. The so-called «The General State
Exam» allows pupils to enter any institution of higher education according to its
results.
Medical colleges train paramedical personnel: nurses, midwives, dental
technicians and doctor’s assistants. The course of studies is 3-4 years.
The training at medical institutions of higher education takes 5 or 6 years. It
consists of lectures, practical classes and medical practice. The attendance of lectures,
practical classes and seminars is compulsory. Academic year begins on September
the 1st and is divided into two semesters of four months each. At the end of each
semester the students have to pass examinations and tests. If a student passes the
exams well he gets a grant paid monthly.
The curriculum includes theoretical and clinical subjects. For the first two
years students study pre-clinical subjects such as: Physics, Chemistry, Biology,
Social Sciences, Latin and so on. They also study Human Anatomy, Physiology,
Histology, and Microbiology. Clinical subjects are taught from the third to the fifth or
sixth year.
The students have practical course at therapeutic, surgical and other
departments in hospitals and clinics. They master practical skills in clinical
conditions. They are taught how to take and record the patient’s case history, to carry
on medical examination of the patient, to make diagnosis, to prescribe treatment and
carry on different medical procedures.
There are all facilities for talented students to carry on research work. They
attend scientific societies at different departments where they are offered modern
guidelines for research activity.
Having passed state examinations graduates receive their diplomas and can
apply for clinical internship.
The post graduate course and the Institute of Post-Diploma and Additional
Education are for doctors, who want to improve their qualification. During three
years the post-graduate students prepare a thesis, defend it and obtain the degree of
Candidate of Medical Sciences.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту:


1 Who finances and guides the higher medical education in Russia?
2. Where are the doctors trained?
3. Where are the specialists in pharmacy trained?
4. Who may enter a medical institution of higher education?
6. Whom do the medical colleges train?
7. What is the course of training at the medical institution of higher education?
8. How many semesters has the academic year?
9. What subjects does the curriculum include?
10. Where do the students have medical practice?
11. What are the students taught during medical practice?
12. Where do the students carry on research work?
13. When do the graduates receive their diplomas?
14. Where can the doctors improve their qualification?
15. For what degree does the post-graduate student defend a thesis?

Задание 2. Закончите предложения логически, найдя окончание в правом столбце.


Переведите их на русский язык.
I. In all Russian medical institutions of I. where they are offered modern
higher education… guidelines for research activity.
2. Clinical subjects are taught… 2. at therapeutic, surgical and other
departments.
3. The students attend scientific 3. the training takes five or six years.
societies…
4. The students have practical course… 4. for the doctors, who want to improve
their qualification.
5. The post-graduate course is… 5. from the third year.

Задание 3. Задайте специальные вопросы, ответами на которые будут


следующие предложения:
Model: – The course of training at medical institutions of higher education is six
years.
– What is the course of training at medical institutions of higher education?
1. Medical schools train paramedical personnel. 2. The attendance of lectures is
compulsory for all students. 3. Clinical subjects are taught from the third year. 4. The
students have medical practice in clinics and hospitals. 5. Doctors can improve their
qualification at the Institute of Post-Diploma and Additional Education.

Задание 4. Продолжите следующие утверждения. Выразите свое согласие или


несогласие. Начните свое высказывание фразами: I agree with you that… I think
you are not right saying that…
1. All entrants take entrance examinations.
2. Medical schools train doctors.
3. For the first two years students study pre-clinical subjects.
4. The students have medical practice from the second year.
5. After the State Examinations the graduates can apply for clinical internship.
6. Post-graduate student obtains the Degree of Doctor of Medicine.

Задание 5. Вы учитесь на 6 курсе лечебного факультета. Расскажите о своих


занятиях, используя следующие словосочетания:
The final year of medical training, medical practice at the hospital, clinical
internship, surgical department, to assist at operations, clinical conferences, to treat
patients, to attend lectures, to take final examinations.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Запомните значение следующих слов и словосочетаний:


1. in oral form в устной форме
2. tuition обучение
3. charge плата, расходы
4. assistance помощь
5. grant стипендия
6. dissection препарирование
7. history taking сбор анамнеза
8. teaching hospital клиническая база
9. ward больничная палата
10. degree of Bachelor степень бакалавра
of Medicine (B.M.) медицины (присваиваемая
врачам-терапевтам)
11. degree of Doctor of степень доктора медицины
Medicine (M.D.)
Задание 2. Прослушайте текст, постарайтесь понять его содержание.
Medical Education in Great Britain
In Great Britain physicians are trained in medical schools or faculties of
universities.
To enter a medical school in Great Britain the candidates must pass entrance
examinations in oral form. Tuition is charged. Most students receive financial
assistance in the form of grants.
The academic year is divided into 3 terms each of 10-11-week duration.
Two pre-clinical years are occupied by Human Anatomy, Biology, Physiology,
Biochemistry and other subjects.
Students attend lectures, do dissections and practical work in labs.
Beginning from the third year, students study the methods of clinical
examinations and history taking; they have practical training in teaching hospitals.
Besides the work in the wards the students attend lectures and study clinical subjects.
After passing the finals the students are given the degree of Bachelor of
Medicine (B.M.) or Bachelor of Surgery (B.S.). Besides these degrees there is the
degree of Doctor of Medicine (D.M.). This degree is a post graduate qualification
obtained by a thesis.

Exercises

Задание 1. Расскажите на русском языке, что вы поняли, прослушав текст.

Задание 2. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту.


1. Where are doctors trained in G.B.?
2. What examinations is it necessary to pass?
3. Is education in G.B. charged?
4. How many terms has the academic year?
5. What subjects do the students study?
6. What degrees are given to students in G.B. after passing the finals?
Задание 3. Расскажите на английском языке, чем отличается подготовка врачей
в нашей стране и в Великобритании.

Dialogue

Задание 1. Вы беседуете со студентом из Индии. Ответьте на его вопросы в


форме диалога на английском языке.
1. Question: Look, I told my parents that I’d like to become a doctor. They advised
me to go to Russia. Medical education in Great Britain costs a lot of
money. And what about your country?
1. Answer: … .
2. Question: What subjects shall we study in the first two years?
2. Answer: … .
3. Question: What about the clinical subjects?
3. Answer: … .
4. Question: Shall we take examinations every year?
4. Answer: … .
5. Question: Where do the students have medical practice?
5. Answer: … .
6. Question: When shall we begin our specialization?
6. Answer: … .
7. Question: When do the graduates receive their diploma?
7. Answer: … .
8. Question: Where do foreign students live?
8. Answer: … .
ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.

Тема 4. Путешествие
TRAVELLING

Задание 1. Запомните произношение следующих слов:


1. ancient 7. luggage
2. art 8. quickly
3. nothing 9. advantage
4. bath 10.berth
5. hour 11.picturesque
6. through 12.that is why

Задание 2. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. ancient towns древние города
2. means of transport транспортные средства
3. as quickly as possible как можно быстрее
4. to book in advanсе заказать заранее
5. single ticket билет в один конец
6. return ticket билет «туда и
обратно»
7. to go through the Customs пройти таможню
8. to fasten seat belts пристегнуть ремни
9. advantage преимущество
10. It's not boring не скучно
11. upper berth верхнее спальное место
12. gate выход на посадку
13. checking-in регистрация
14. you are required вам надлежит
15. to announce объявлять
16. delay on the flight задержка на рейс
17. to see off провожать
18. long distance train поезд дальнего
следования
19. compartment купе
20. carriage вагон
21. to get out выходить
22. to carry luggage нести багаж
23. to change the train сделать пересадку

Задание 3. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание:

TRAVELLING
Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling. They
travel to see other countries, modern cities or the ruins of ancient towns.
Some people like to go to a big city and spend their time visiting museums and
art galleries, other people prefer a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains.
There are various means of transport. If you want to get somewhere as quickly
as possible, the best way is to travel by plane. It gives you comfort and saves your
time. It's better to book tickets in advance. You may book a single, return or open
return ticket. When booking a ticket you should mention what class you are going to
travel: first, business or economy class. Keep in mind, you have to come to the
airport one and a half hour before the flight. Before boarding the plane you should
check-in (register) your luggage at a check-in desk. Here you are required to have
your luggage weighed and a clerk attaches a special tag to it. There is no need to
worry about your luggage any longer.
Then you must go through the security check, passport and Customs control
(when you go abroad). Now you may go to the gate, where your flight is boarding.
It often happens that a delay on a flight is announced. In this case you have to
wait till you hear the announcement that your flight is boarding.
When the plane is taking off, the passengers fasten their seat belts and listen to
the information about the flight. An air-hostess (stewardess) offers you mineral water,
juice, or something to eat. You may look down on the earth. It’s like a geographical
map. The time passes quickly. The plane usually arrives at the airport on time.
Travelling by railway is slower than by plane but it has its advantages. You can
see the countryside around you, read books or magazines, play chess or cards. It's not
boring if you have good companions in the compartment. I'm fond of travelling by
fast long-distance train. It has got a lot of carriages, a dining-car, and a luggage van. I
prefer an upper berth. When the train goes out, I say «Good bye» to my friends and
relatives who usually come to see me off. When the train comes in, I get out and ask
the porter to carry my luggage. I’m not tired after a long journey by train.
Travelling by car and hitch-hiking are the cheapest and most popular ways of
travelling.
As for me I like to spend my days off in the country, closer to nature. I can
drive a car and enjoy picturesque places with forests, lakes and rivers. I am fond of
fishing and hunting that’s why I walk a lot. In summer we often go camping. I think it
is a very useful thing for my health.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста.


1. Do many people spend their holidays travelling?
2. What means of transport do you know?
3. Do you often go camping?
4. To what places do you usually go?
5. Have you ever travelled by air?
6. What are the advantages of travelling by plane?
7. When did you travel by train?
8. Do you prefer a lower or an upper berth in the compartment?
9. Was your last journey pleasant?

Задание 2. Составьте вопросы, используя вопросительные слова, данные в


скобках:
1. My friend is fond of hiking. (who)
2. He often goes camping in spring and summer. (when)
3. Last year during my winter vacation I travelled by train. (when, how)
4. I look forward to seeing many interesting places. (who, what)
5. We had an opportunity to visit many interesting places last year. (who, what)
6. We spent five days in Riga. (how many)

Задание 3. Заполните пропуски необходимыми по смыслу словами и


словосочетаниями:
1. You may take a single, return or … ticket.
2. You may travel by … or economy class.
3. Before boarding the plane you are required … your luggage at a … desk.
4. There is no need … about your luggage.
5. … is the cheapest way of travelling.
6. Some people prefer to take … berth.
7. I am fond of … and … .
8. I can drive … .
9. I think … is a very useful thing for people’s health.
10.The plane usually arrives at the airport … .

Текст на аудирование
Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их
значение:
1. cockney горожанин (простолюдин)
2. darkness темнота
3. slap шлепок, пощечина
4. to emerge появиться
5. a bleeding nose кровотечение из носа
6. a swollen eye припухший глаз
7. to hit ударить
8. to play a trick сыграть с кем-либо шутку
9. the back of the hand тыльная сторона ладони

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

What Happened While the Train Was in the Tunnel?


In the compartment of a train travelling through the countryside, there were four
people — a young girl, an old lady, an army officer and a young cockney. Suddenly
the train went into a tunnel: for half a minute the carriage was in complete darkness
and in the darkness came the sound of a large kiss followed almost immediately by a
loud slap.
When the train emerged and it was light again, everybody saw the officer with a
bleeding nose and a swollen eye. The old lady thought that the young girl hit the
officer for stealing a kiss.
The young girl thought it was strange that the officer kissed the old lady and
not her. The poor officer thought that the cockney kissed the girl and the girl hit him.
And the cockney laughed silently at the trick he had played. «I’m a clever chap,» he
thought to himself. «I kissed the back of my hand, hit the officer in the face and
nobody said a word».
Задание 3. Найдите предложения, не соответствующие содержанию
прослушанного текста:
1. Which of the following is not true?
a) Both the kiss and the slap were in complete darkness.
a) As soon as the train left the tunnel there was a kiss and then a slap.
b) The kiss was followed by the slap.
c) The slap followed the kiss.
2. What actually happened in the tunnel?
a) The young lady hit the officer because he dared to kiss her.
b) The officer kissed the old lady and she hit him.
c) The cockney kissed the girl and the girl hit the officer.
d) The cockney kissed the back of his hand and hit the officer in the face.
3. Why did the cockney hit the officer?
a) He hated officers.
b) He wanted to kill the officer.
c) Не accidentally hit the officer.
d) He wanted to play a joke.
4. How did the four passengers react to what happened in the tunnel?
a) Everybody except the cockney was at a loss — they didn't really know what
had happened.
b) Nobody noticed it.
c) There was a scandal as soon as the train emerged out of the tunnel.
d) Everybody liked the situation.
5. Who was surprised at the thought that the officer kissed the old lady?
a) The cockney.
b) The old lady.
c) The young lady.
d) Everybody.

The Dialogues
Задание 1. Прослушайте диалоги. Воспроизведите их в парах:

In the plane
Stewardess: – May I have your seat number? It’s given in your boarding pass.
Passenger: – Here you are.
Stewardess: – This way, please. Your seat is over there third row on the right, next to
the porthole. You may put your hat and raincoat on the rack.
Stewardess: (to passengers) – Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seatbelts and
refrain from smoking.
(Some hours later)
Stewardess: – How are you? Quite comfortable? Enjoying the flight?
Passenger: – Yes, thanks. When do we get to London?
Stewardess: – We should touch down shortly after 3, very soon.

At the booking office


- I want a ticket to Moscow, please. Which train must I take?
- If I were you, I should take the 9 a.m. train.
- Do I have to change anywhere?
- No, no change, it’s a through train.
- Thank you. A ticket to Moscow, please.
- Here it is.

Задание 2. Запомните следующие фразы:


1. What’s it? В чём дело?
2. I’m a stranger here Я здесь приезжий
3. I’m completely lost Я совсем заблудился
4. Can you direct me to…? Вы можете указать мне дорогу к…
5. How can I get to… ? Как мне добраться до …
6. Could I get there by bus? Могу я доехать (добраться) туда на
автобусе?
7. You’d better ask a policeman Лучше спрoсите полицейского
8. You’d better take… Вам лучше сесть на …
9. Keep straight on Продолжайте идти прямо
10.Go straight along this road Идите прямо по этой дороге
11.Go past (the church) Идите мимо (церкви)
12.Take this road Идите по этой дороге
13.Take the next turning Сверните на следующем повороте
14.Take this bus Садитесь на этот автобус
15.Go straight across the square Идите прямо через площадь
16.Turn (to the) right (left) Сверните направо (налево)
17.Get on Садитесь (в транспорт)
18.Get off Выходите
19.Fares, please! Платите за проезд!
20.Do you think I’ll make it? Вы думаете, я успею?
21.How long will it take? Сколько это займёт времени?
22.It’ll take you some (10) minutes На это уйдёт окoло (10) минут
23.It’s within walking distance Туда можно дойти пешком
24.You don’t have to change Вам не надо пересаживаться

Задание 3. Прослушайте следующие диалоги. Воспроизведите их в парах.

In the street
Foreigner: – Excuse me…
Londoner: – Yes, what’s it?
F.: – I’m a stranger here and I’m completely lost. Could you please tell me the way
to the Paddington Railway Station?
L.: – I’m going in that direction myself. So I might show you the way.
F.: – Oh, don’t bother… Just explain me the nearest way there, please.
L.: – Well, then you must go down this street, and turn right at the second corner.
F.: – Can I see the station from there?
L.: – Yes, you can. It’s that large three-storied building right across the square.
F.: – Thank you so much. I’m sure I’ll find it now.

Asking the way


Foreigner: – Could you tell me the way to the Paddington Station, please? The
underground station, I mean.
Passer-by: – Yes, certainly. Go straight along this road, past the traffic lights and the
church…
F.: – Yes.
P.: – And then turn to the right, and keep straight on until you come to more traffic
lights…
F.: – Yes.
P.:– Turn left there, and you’ll see the station a little way along on the right hand side
of the road.
F.: – I see. I go straight along this road, past the church and the traffic lights.
P.: – Yes.
F.: – And then I turn to the right, I think you said?
P.: – Yes, that’s it. And after that you take the next turning to the left.
F.: – Is it very far?
P.: – No, not really. It’s about a ten minutes’ walk from here.
F.: – Oh, dear. Could I get there by bus?
P.: – Yes, but in this case you must go back a little way. Keep on this side of the road
until you come to the bus stop. All the buses from there pass the station.
F.: – Thank you very much.

Задание 4. Составьте диалоги на английском языке по следующим ситуациям:


— Извинившись, обратитесь к прохожему. Скажите, что вы приезжий,
спросите, как проехать к Гайд-парку.
— Извинившись, спросите у прохожего, можно ли доехать автобусом до
вокзала Виктория.
— Извинившись, спросите у прохожего, сколько займёт времени доехать
автобусом до Трафальгарской площади.
— Извинившись, попросите прохожего указать вам ближайший путь до
станции метро.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.

Тема 5. Еда
MEALS

Задание 1. Слушайте и запоминайте следующие слова и словосочетания:


1. jam варенье; джем
2. honey мед
3. ham ветчина, окорок
4. sausage колбаса
5. fried eggs яичница
6. porridge (овсяная) каша
7. scrambled eggs омлет, яичница-болтунья
8. break перерыв
9. canteen столовая
10.roast жареный
11.cutlets отбивная котлета
12.abundant обильный
13.dessert десерт
14.beet свёкла
15.mushroom гриб
16.meat мясо
17.vegetables овощи
18.pork свинина
19.veal телятина
20.chop небольшой кусок мяса, отбивная
(котлета)
21.chicken цыплёнок
22.meal приём пищи; еда
23.sugar сахар
24.boiled вареный
25.fried жареный
26.marmalade джем, конфитюр; повидло
27.instead of вместо
28.juice сок
29.biscuit сухое печенье
30.poultry домашняя птица
31.carrot морковь
32.bean боб; фасоль
33.pudding пудинг, запеканка
34.cream сливки
35.cabbage капуста

ЗАДАНИЕ 2. Прочитайте и переведите текст. Повторяйте за диктором в паузу:


MEALS
People in different countries have different ideas about what is good to eat and
what is the best diet for them. So, we live in a country where breakfast is a very rich
meal. We have not only a roll with butter, jam or honey, but ham or sausage and fried
eggs or porridge for breakfast.
In the morning I have my typical breakfast. It may be a cup of tea with some
sandwiches or scrambled eggs with milk.
Lunch is not very popular in our country but when we have some breaks at the
University called “windows” we have lunch in our University canteen. We may take
fried fish, roast meat, cutlets, beefsteak with potatoes and different salads. For dessert
we may take compote, tea with lemon, ice-cream or fruit.
The main and the most abundant meal of the day is dinner, but as we are students
it’s better to call it supper. A full typical dinner consists of soup, a main course and a
dessert. My favourite soups are: red beet and mushroom soups. For the main course I
usually have some meat or fish, potatoes and vegetables. The most typical meat is a
pork or veal chop or chicken. Some other dishes are different kinds of salads.
As for the British, there are four meals a day in an English home: breakfast,
lunch, tea, and dinner.
Breakfast is the first meal of the day. It is at about 8 o'clock in the morning,
and consists of porridge with milk and salt or sugar, eggs – boiled or fried, bread and
butter with marmalade or jam. Some people like to drink tea, but others prefer coffee.
Instead of porridge they may have fruit juice, or they may prefer biscuits.
The usual time for lunch is 1 o'clock. This meal starts with soup or fruit juice.
Then they have some meat or poultry with potatoes, carrots and beans. Then a
pudding comes. Instead of the pudding they may prefer cheese and biscuits. Last of
all is coffee – black or white. Some prefer juice or lemonade.
Tea is the third meal of the day. It is between 4 or 5 o'clock, the so-called 5
o'clock tea. On the table there is tea, milk or cream, sugar, bread and butter, cakes and
jam. Friends and visitors are often present at tea.
Dinner is the fourth meal of the day. The usual time is about 7 o'clock, and all
the members of the family sit down together. Dinner usually consists of soup, fish or
meat with vegetables – potatoes, green beans, carrot and cabbage, sweet pudding,
fruit salad, ice-cream or cheese and biscuits. Then after a talk they have black or
white coffee.
This is the order of meals among English families. But the greater part of the
people in the towns and nearly all country-people have dinner in the middle of the
day instead of lunch. They have tea a little later – between 5 and 6 o'clock, and then
in the evening, before going to bed, they have supper.

Exercises

Задание 1. Выберите правильный ответ в правой колонке:


1. What do we call a meal-time? 1. One of the several parts of a meal.
2. What do we call a sandwich? 2. Breakfast, lunch, dinner, supper
3. What do we call a course? 3. Two pieces of buttered bread with
something between them.
4. What do we call meals? 4. Usual time for taking a meal.
5. What do you say if you want to have 5. I am hungry as a hunter.
another cup of tea?
6. What do you say when you are very 6. Pass me the salt, please.
hungry?
7. What do you say if there is not enough 7. May I ask you for another cup of
salt in the soup? tea?

Задание 2. Закончите следующие предложения:


1. Students may have dinner at … .
2. Dinner consists of … .
3. For dessert we may have … .
4. I'm hungry as … .
5. The salt is too far from me, … .
6. May I ask you for…?

Задание 3. Начните следующие вопросы с вопросительных слов “why”,


“where”, “when”, “who”, “what”, так чтобы они соответствовали
предложенному ответу:
1. … do you have dinner? – I have dinner in the canteen. 2. … do you usually
have dinner? – I usually have dinner at two o'clock. 3. … do you usually have for
dinner? – I usually have chipped potatoes and a cup of coffee. 4. … do you do after
dinner? – I go to the reading hall. 5. … do you have dinner in the canteen? – I have
no time to go home. 6. … can you have dinner at home? – I can have dinner at home
on Sundays. 7. … is coming to the canteen? – I am.

Задание 4. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:


1. When do you have breakfast?
2. What do you have for breakfast?
3. When do you have dinner?
4. Where do you have dinner?
5. What do you usually have for dinner?
6. What kind of soup do you prefer?
7. What do you usually have for the main course?
8. What do you like to have for dessert?
9. What kind of vegetables do you like?
10.Do the English keep to their meal times?
11.How many meals a day do the English usually have?
12.What are these meals?
13.What is the usual English breakfast?
14.At what time do the English have lunch?
15.What do they usually have for lunch?
16.Where do they have their lunch?
17.At what time do the English have dinner?
18.What do they usually have for dinner?

Текст для аудирования

Задание 1. Прослушайте следующие слова, запомните их:


1. get to know узнавать, знакомиться
2. restaurant ресторан
3. occasion случай, событие
4. wedding свадьба
5. anniversary годовщина; юбилей; празднование
6. customer клиент
7. relaxed atmosphere непринужденная обстановка
8. eating out еда вне дома
9. feeling of London ощущение Лондона
10.the Ritz «Риц» (название ресторана)
11.to be in fashion быть в моде

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание:


BRITISH RESTAURANTS
When a man and a woman want to get to know each other better, they often go
out to a restaurant together. After all, it's easier to talk in a quiet atmosphere with soft
music, wine and good food. Most British families go to restaurants only on special
occasions, like birthdays or wedding anniversaries. The restaurants' best customers
are business people, who meet in them to talk business in a relaxed atmosphere away
from the telephone. They can eat what they like because the company pays the bill.
For visitors to London, eating out can be fun. But if you want that special
feeling of London, go to the Ritz in Piccadilly for tea any afternoon at about half past
four. And you'll see that the prices are very high. Then you can try England's
favourite food – fish and chips. Take it away and eat where you like — in the park,
on the bus or while you walk down the street.
British restaurants have not always been famous for their good food. Too often,
they offered only fried food and chips with everything. But now healthy food is in
fashion.

Задание 3. Ответьте на вопросы:


1. Where do the British men and women go when they want to get to know each
other better?
2. When do British families go to a restaurant?
3. Why do businessmen prefer to go to restaurants?
4. Do the businessmen pay the bill?
5. Are the British restaurants famous for their food?
6. What do they often offer a customer?
7. What can you tell about the Ritz?
8. What is the Englishmen's favourite food and where can you eat it?
9. Is healthy food in fashion now?

Задание 4. Воспроизведите текст на английском языке.

Dialogues
Задание 1. Прослушайте диалоги. Воспроизведите следующие диалоги в парах:

AT DINNER
Mother: Glad to see you, Pete. We are going to have dinner. Will you join us?
Pete: Thank you, very much. I'm not hungry as I've had a late breakfast.
Mother: What did you have for breakfast?
Pete: Boiled eggs, a cheese sandwich and a cup of tea.
Mother: Dinner is ready. Take your seat, please. For the first course I'll give you
cabbage soup.
Pete: Oh, it is to my taste.
Mother: Help yourself, Pete. Do you want a piece of ham? I think it is tender
today. Here is a very nice piece.
Pete: Oh, it is so delicious. Thank you very much, Mother. I think I'll help you
to wash up the dishes.

AT A RESTAURANT
Nick: Is this table free, waiter?
Waiter: Yes, sir. The menu, please.
Nick: Well, Mary, are you hungry?
Mary: I'm not very hungry. I think I'll have some meat with vegetables and
something for a sweet.
Waiter: What do you wish, sir?
Nick: Please, give us roast beef, salad, mushrooms, two coffees and ice-cream.
Waiter: Will you have anything to drink?
Mary: Mineral water and a bottle of wine, please.
Nick: What have we to pay, waiter?
Waiter: Here is the bill.
Nick: Thank you very much.

Задание 2. Составьте предложения, пользуясь образцами:


1) A. : - I want some coffee, please.
B. : - I haven't got any coffee. Would you like some tea instead?
: - Yes, please. I'll have some tea.
Используйте слова: tea, milk, lemonade, beer.

2) A. : - Shall I bring you some tea now?


B. : - No, bring me some coffee instead.
Используйте слова: orange juice, cornflakes, wheat flakes, bacon and eggs,
sausages and eggs.
3) A. : - I want some bananas, please.
B. : - I haven't got any bananas. Would you like some apples instead?
: - Yes, please. I'll have some apples.
Используйте слова: plums, oranges, pears, apricots, peaches.

Задание 3. Составьте диалог, используя следующие слова и выражения:


a menu, what would you like to start with?, will you have …, the main course, let me
see…, to hate, I'd rather, for a change I'll start with … and have …, to have the same,
what will you have to follow?, can I have the bill?

Задание 4. Выучите следующие пословицы:


1. Hungry as a hunter. – Голодный как волк.
2. The fat is in the fire. – Дело уже сделано.
3. The nearer the bone, the sweeter the flesh. – Чем ближе к кости, тем слаще
мясо.
4. As the tree, so the fruit. – Яблоко от яблони недалеко падает.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.

Тема 6. Великобритания
GREAT BRITAIN
Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за
диктором.
1. The United Kingdom of Great Соединенное Королевство
Britain and Northern Ireland Великобритании и Северной
Ирландии
2. the British Isles Британские острова
3. Wales Уэльс
4. Scotland Шотландия
5. Edinburgh Эдинбург
6. Cardiff Кардифф
7. Belfast Белфаст
8. the Strait of Dover Па-де-Кале
9. the English Channel Английский канал (принятое
в Великобритании название
пролива Ла-Манш)
10.to separate разделять
11.11. coast побережье
12.the Atlantic Ocean Атлантический океан
13.the Irish Sea Ирландское море
14.surface поверхность
15.the Highlands Северо-шотландское нагорье
16.valley долина
17.the Lowlands Шотландская низменность
18.mountainous гористый
19.plain равнина
20.the Severn р. Северн
21.the Thames р. Темза
22.the Gulf Stream Гольфстрим
23.mild мягкий, умеренный
24.suburb пригород
25.highly developed высокоразвитый
26.producer производитель
27.exporter экспортер
28.machinery машинное оборудование
29.aircraft самолеты
30.navigation судоходство
31.chief главный, основной
32.shipbuilding кораблестроение
33.coal уголь
34.oil нефть
35.wheat пшеница
36.oats овес (обыкновенно pl.)
37.raw materials сырье
38.wool шерсть
39.monarchy монархия
40.law закон
41.the head of the state глава государства
42.queen королева
43.to reign царствовать
44.to rule править
45.chamber палата
46.the Labour Рarty лейбористская партия
47.the Conservative Рarty консервативная партия
48.the Liberal Рarty либеральная партия

Задание 2. . Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

GREAT BRITAIN
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the
British Isles. It consists of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern
Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast.
The North Sea, the Strait of Dover and the English Channel separate Great
Britain from the continent. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the
Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.
The surface of the British Isles varies very much. The north of Scotland is
mountainous and is called the Highlands. The south has beautiful valleys and plains
and is called the Lowlands. There are numerous lakes in Scotland. The north and
west of England are mountainous, but all the rest is a vast plain. Mountains are not
very high.
There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. The Severn
is the longest river; the Thames is the deepest, busiest, and most important one.
The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of the Gulf Streаm
influence the climate of the British Isles. It is mild the whole year round. It is not too
hot in summer or too cold in winter. It often rains in England. Snow falls only in the
North and West of the country.
The U.K. is one of the world's smaller countries. Its population is nearly 60
million people. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and their suburbs.
The U.K. is a highly developed industrial country. It is known as one of the
world's largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, aircraft and
navigation equipment. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding. The
main industrial centers are Sheffield, Birmingham and Manchester. The U.K. has
some mineral resources. Coal and oil resources are the most important of them.
Agriculture is an important sector in economy of the country. The British
people grow wheat, fruit, vegetables, and oats. The U.K. buys more goods than sells.
It has to import food products and raw materials from many countries of the world.
Scotland is famous for its wool industry.
The U.K. is a constitutional monarchy. In law, the head of the state is the
Queen. In practice, the Queen reigns, but does not rule. The country is ruled by the
elected government with the Prime Minister at the head. The British Parliament
consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour, the
Conservative and the Liberal parties.
There are many universities, colleges, libraries, museums and theatres in the
country. The most famous universities are Cambridge University, Oxford University,
Glasgow University.
London is the capital of Great Britain. Its population is over 10 million.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста:


1. The U.K. is an island state, isn’t it? Where is it situated?
2. What countries does the U.K. consist of? What are their capitals?
3. What channel separates the British Isles from the European continent?
4. The surface of the British Isles varies very much, doesn’t it?
5. What is the north of Scotland called?
6. What is the south of Scotland called?
7. Are there a lot of long and deep rivers in Great Britain?
8. Why is the climate of the British Isles mild?
9. Is the U.K. a large country?
10.What is the U.K.’s population?
11.The U.K. is a highly developed industrial country. What does it produce
and export?
12.The U.K. is a constitutional monarchy. What does it mean?
13.What are the main political parties in Great Britain?
14.What chambers does the English Parliament consist of?

Задание 2. Закончите предложения логически, найдя окончание в правом столбце.


Переведите на русский язык.
1 The United Kingdom of Great …varies very much.
Britain and Northern Ireland is …influence the climate of the
situated … British Isles.
2 Great Britain consists of four …is called the Highlands.
countries: … …the longest river.
3 The surface of Great Britain … …on the British Isles.
4 The north of Scotland is …is shipbuilding.
mountainous and … …does not rule.
5 The Severn is … …England, Wales, Scotland and
6 The mountains, the Atlantic Northern Ireland.
Ocean and the Gulf Stream …
7 The Queen reigns, but …
8 One of the chief industries of the
country …

Задание 3. Составьте общий и специальный вопросы к предложениям.


Переведите их на русский язык:
1. There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain. 2. The rivers are long. 3. The
mountains are not high in Great Britain. 4. Great Britain is very densely populated. 5.
It imports a lot of food-stuffs: meat, butter, tea. 6. Great Britain exports motor-cars,
aircraft, electrotechnical apparatus and chemicals. 7. Ship-building and motor
industry is highly developed. 8. Sheffield is famous for steel and metal goods. 9.
Scotland is situated in the north of the country. 10. The British Parliament consists of
two chambers.

Задание 4. Заполните пропуски необходимыми по смыслу словами. Переведите


их на русский язык:
1. The British Isles … … two large islands. 2. The United Kingdom consists of
four countries: …, …, …, and … . 3. The North Sea, the Strait of Dover and the
English Channel … Great Britain from the … . 4. The surface of the British Isles …
very much. 5. The south has beautiful … and … and is called … . 6. There are
numerous … in Scotland. 7. The north and west of England are … . 8. The climate is
… the whole year round. 9. Its … is over 60 million. 10. One of the chief industries
of the country is … .

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их


значение:
1. numerous многочисленный
2. firm фирма
3. governmental правительственный
4. association ассоциация
5. to crown короновать
6. crown корона
7. more … than больше, чем
8. king король
9. queen королева
10.the seat of the British Parliament заседание Британского
парламента
11.rich (richer, the richest) богатый
12.wealth богатство
13.luxury роскошь

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

LONDON
London is the capital of Great Britain. Its population is over 10 million. It is
one of the oldest and most interesting cities in the world.
Traditionally it is divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West
End and the East End.
The heart of London is the City, its financial and business center. Numerous
banks, offices and firms are situated there.
Westminster is the historic, the governmental part of London. It has more
historic associations than any other building in Britain. Nearly all English kings and
queens have been crowned here.
Across the road from Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace, or the Houses
of Parliament, the Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament is famous for its big hour
bell, known as «Big Ben».
Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen.
The West End is the richest and most beautiful part of London. It is the symbol
of wealth and luxury. The best hotels, shops, restaurants, clubs are situated there.
Trafalgar Square is the geographical center of London.
The East End is the poorest district of London. There are many factories,
workshops and docks there. The streets are narrow, the houses are poor. It is a
densely populated district where working-class families live.
London is the center of Britain's cultural life. There are many museums and art
galleries in London.

Задание 3. Изложите содержание текста на русском языке.

Задание 4. Ответьте на вопросы по тексту:


1. What is the capital of Great Britain?
2. Into what parts is it divided?
3. What is the City?
4. What is Westminster Abbey famous for?
5. What is Buckingham Palace famous for?
6. What part of London is a symbol of wealth and luxury?
7. What is the poorest district of London?
8. Is London the center of Britain’s cultural life?

Задание 5. Вставьте нужные слова вместо пропусков:


1. London is … .
2. It's one of the … and most … cities in the world.
3. Traditionally it is divided into several parts: …, …, … and … .
4. The … of London is the City.
5. Westminster is the …, the … part of London.
6. Buckingham Palace is the official … of the Queen.
7. The West End is the … and the most … part of London.
8. It's the symbol of … and … .
9. The East End is the … district of London.

Задание 6. Перескажите текст на английском языке.

The Dialogue
Задание 1. Прослушайте диалог. Повторяйте его за диктором:

A VISIT TO LONDON
A. – Have you been to London?
B. – Certainly. First of all it is the capital of England. It is a great port on the
Thames.
A. – What is London like?
B. – It's a great political, business, industrial and cultural center. London is one
of the largest cities of the world with the population of over 10 million
people.
A. – Tell me more about London, please.
B. – With pleasure. London consists of several parts: the City, the West End
and the East End.
A. – What are they like?
B. – The City is a business part of London. The East End is the poorest part of
London. Docks, factories, poor houses are there. The West End is the part
where rich people live.
A. – What's your impression of the sights of London?
B. – There are many places of interest in London: the Houses of Parliament,
first of all, with Big Ben, St. Paul’s Cathedral, Westminster Bridge, and the
British Museum. In general, I was impressed by all historical buildings,
museums, parks and art galleries.
A. – What else will you advise me to see in London?
B. – Trafalgar Square and Hyde Park. Hyde Park is the largest park in London.
There is a famous Speaker's Corner there.
A. – Have you seen the Queen's Palace?
B. – Certainly. Buckingham Palace is the residence of the Queen of Great
Britain.
A. – Thank you very much for your information.
B. – Not at all. I wish you a pleasant trip to England.

Задание 2. Воспроизведите диалог в парах.

Задание 3. Спросите своего друга:


1) хочет ли он поехать в Англию, Лондон; 2) был ли ваш друг в Лондоне,
Англии; 3) какие достопримечательности он советует своему другу посмотреть;
4) знает ли он что-нибудь об Англии, Лондоне; 5) на каких островах
расположена Англия; 6) что влияет на климат Британских островов; 7) каков
политический строй Великобритании; 8) посоветуйте своему другу посетить
Великобританию и Лондон.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ


1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.
2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.

Тема 7. Магазин. Покупки


SHOPS AND SHOPPING

Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. shopping посещение магазина с целью
покупки
2. supermarket супермаркет
3. department отдел
4. department store универсальный магазин
5. baker’s булочная
6. butcher’s мясной магазин
7. chemist’s аптека
8. fishmonger’s рыбный магазин
9. grocer’s бакалея
10.greengrocer’s овощной магазин
11.dairy молочный магазин
12.pet shop зоомагазин
13.counter прилавок
14.brand марка (одежды, продукта)
15.customer покупатель
16.cheap дешевый
17.expensive дорогой
18.clothes одежда
19.cash-desk касса
20.purchase покупка
21.present подарок
22.retail розничная продажа, в розницу
23.taste вкус
24.sour cream сметана
25.grapes виноград
26.berry ягода
27.tangerine мандарин
28.pineapple ананас
29.banana банан
30.plum слива
31.pear груша
32.peach персик
33.grapefruit грейпфрут
34.watermelon арбуз
35.carrot морковь
36.cucumber огурец
37.ring бублик
38.rusk сухарь
39.bun булочка с изюмом
40.curds творог
41.ham окорок, ветчина
42.pork свинина
43.veal телятина
44.mutton баранина
45.smoked fish копчёная рыба
Задание 2. Запомните значение следующих словосочетаний и выражений:
1. to go shopping on weekdays идти делать покупки среди недели
2. to do the shopping at weekends делать покупки в выходные
3. for the whole week на целую неделю
4. to have a choice иметь выбор
5. with a good taste с хорошим вкусом
6. to feel grown-up чувствовать себя взрослым человеком
7. to be at one’s disposal быть в чьем-то распоряжении

Задание 3. . Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

SHOPPING
Shopping takes much time in everybody’s life. It means going to some place
to buy things. For some people it is a hobby. They go shopping in their free time.
Some people go shopping on weekdays to buy food.
My family and I do the shopping at weekends. My family is not very big, but
my parents work hard and they have no time to go to buy things during a week. On
Sunday we usually go to a large supermarket and buy food for the whole week. I
don’t like going there, because there are usually many people.
The supermarket has a lot of departments: a food department, a grocer’s, a
butcher’s, a fishmonger’s, and even a chemist’s department. Sometimes my mother
goes to the cosmetics department while my father and my brother go to the pet shop,
which is situated there. My father likes to do the shopping in the butcher’s and in the
fishmonger’s. The meat counters look very attractive. Chicken, ham, pork, bacon,
beef, veal and mutton are at your disposal there. You will find a variety of sausages
in this section, too.
In the fishmonger’s a special counter handles frozen and fresh fish; smoked
and dry fish is also offered to the customers. Besides, the counter is full of sea
products, quite exotic and unseen before.
There is a wide network of department stores and specialized shops in every
town or city. Some of them are expensive, others are cheap and you have a choice. I
don’t understand those people who go to some specialized shops to buy things of a
certain brand. Such things are rather expensive.
I prefer going to a department store to buy things. A department store has
many departments: ready-made clothes, shoes, sports goods, toys, linen, etc. You can
buy everything you like there. The things for sale are on the counters so they can be
easily seen.
In the women’s clothing department you can find dresses, costumes, blouses,
skirts, coats and many other things.
In the men’s clothing department you can choose suits, trousers, overcoats,
ties, shirts, socks, etc.
I prefer doing the shopping alone when I need clothes or books. My favorite
bookshop is in the centre of our town. I can spend hours there looking at different
books and choosing the most interesting ones to read. I like to go shopping when I
need to buy present for my family or friends. Sometimes my friend helps me to
choose a present. She is a very nice girl with a good taste and she knows what things
are good.
I also like to buy fruit and vegetables. They smell good and you feel as if you
are in an exotic country. The section where fruit and vegetables are for sale is called a
greengrocery. It always attracts a lot of customers because irrespective of the season
the counters are full of fresh fruit and vegetables grown in Russia or brought from
other countries. When you enter a greengrocery you feel you would eat everything
they sell: grapes, berries, tangerines, oranges, pineapples, bananas, plums, pears,
peaches, grapefruits, watermelons, carrot, cucumbers, etc.
Sometimes I have to go to the baker’s to buy bread, buns, rolls, rings, rusks,
pies and to a dairy shop to buy cheese, curds, milk or sour cream.
The method of shopping may vary. It may be a self-service shop where the
customer goes from counter to counter, selects and puts into a basket everything what
he wishes to buy. At the cash-desk he pays money for purchases. It is not a self-
service shop where the shop assistant helps the customer in finding what he wants.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:


1. What does shopping mean?
2. When does your family go shopping?
3. Do you like to do shopping?
4. When do you do shopping?
5. What shops do you usually go to if you need anything?
6. What can we buy in the supermarket?
7. What department do you prefer to visit?
8. Where do we go to buy fish? (fruit, meat, bread)
9. Where one can buy clothes?
10.Do you prefer to buy presents alone?
11.What methods of shopping do you know?

Задание 2. Выразите свое мнение, отвечая на следующие вопросы:


Используйте фразы: I think…, To my mind…, In my opinion…, I
consider… .
1. Are apples, pears, oranges and other fruit sold by the kilo, the dozen or by tons
in our country?
2. What do you prefer: fat pork, chicken, beef mutton or turkey?
3. What do you usually buy for: breakfast, dinner, supper, a birthday party?
4. What are the advantages of selling foods ready-packed or ready-bottled?
5. Do you like exotic foodstuffs? Where can you buy them?
6. Is the price for foodstuffs at the supermarket higher than that in small shops or
in the market?
Задание 3. Переведите следующие словосочетания на английский язык:
Покупать вещь; делать покупку; выходные дни; нет времени для того,
чтобы ходить покупать вещи; покупать продукты на целую неделю; бакалея;
мясной отдел; рыбный отдел; дорогой; дешевый; специализированный магазин;
конкретная марка; одежда; виноград; мандарины; сливы; груши; персики;
арбуз; ананас; магазин самообслуживания; прилавок; покупка; продавец; касса.

Задание 4. Закончите следующие предложения, используя информацию,


содержащуюся в тексте.
1. On Sunday we usually go to a large supermarket…
2. The supermarket has a lot of departments…
3. There is a wide network of …
4. I don’t understand those people …
5. The things for sale are …
6. I can spend hours there …
7. When you enter a greengrocery…
8. It may be a self-service shop …
9. It is not a self-service shop …

Задание 5. Найдите в тексте синонимы следующих слов и словосочетаний:


1. to buy something
2. goods
3. the days when we work
4. products
5. crowd
6. to be not cheap
7. a check out counter
8. a section of the shop

Задание 6. Выберите ответы, соответствующие следующим вопросам:


1. What is shopping?
a) This is an academic discipline, studying where, how and why people do
shopping.
b) This is an all-new business in which salespeople phone up familiar people and
read them a prepared script promising some free goods if they buy a certain
product or service.
c) It means going to some place to buy things.
2. What are sections?
a) They are shops where everything is permanently on sale.
b) These are the parts of supermarket where people can choose and buy certain
things or products.
c) These are popular supplies of sporting equipment for yuppies.
3. What can catalogues provide?
a) They provide hours of reading pleasure.
b) They open up a world of possibilities.
c) They not only provide hours of reading pleasure, but open up a world of
possibilities, moreover, you can buy everything you want.

Задание 7. Задайте к следующим предложениям вопросы, начиная их с


указанных вопросительных слов:
1. They go shopping in their free time.
Who…
When…
2. They have no time to go to buy things during a week.
Who…
What…
When…
3. My father likes to do the shopping in the butcher’s and in the fishmonger’s.
Who…
What…
Where…
4. I prefer going to the department store to buy things.
Who…
Where…
What…
5. You will find a variety of goods in this section.
What…
Where…

Задание 8. Составьте предложения, используя следующие слова и


словосочетания:
To do the shopping, for sale, to be sold, a lot of departments, supermarket, to
be expensive, to have a choice, specialized shops, to buy things, favorite, to choose, a
wide network, to like to buy, a certain brand, the counter, self-service.

Задание 9. Закончите предложения переводом слов, данных в скобках.


1. Sugar, salt and matches are sold (в бакалее). 2. Bread is sold (в булочной).
3. We buy meat (в мясном магазине). 4. We go to (в кондитерскую) for cakes, pies
and sweets and (в рыбный магазин) for fish. 5. In a dairy shop you can buy (сыр,
творог, молоко, сметану). 6. Fruit and vegetables are sold in the (овощной
магазин). 7. (Универмаг) has many specialized sections.

Задание 10. Составьте на английском языке ситуации посещения магазина,


используя следующие слова и словосочетания:
a) Self-service shop, a shop-assistant, a shop window, to serve the customer, a
basket, a counter, a cashier, to cost, to give back the change;
b) A blouse, to fit, to suit, a fitting room, to try on, to be of the latest fashion and
style;
c) A bookshop, to book for, is on sale, to be sold out, to recommend, a newspaper
stale, to be lucky.
Задание 11. Переведите на английский язык:
1. Я куплю баранину, если она не очень жирная, немного ветчины и
сосисок.
2. В рыбном отделе можно купить свежую и замороженную рыбу, там
также продаются рыбные консервы.
3. Где можно купить ягоды? – В том же отделе, где продаются овощи и
фрукты.
4. По дороге домой мне нужно зайти в универсам и купить пачку
индийского чая, кофе и буханку белого и черного хлеба.
5. В этом универсаме продаются экзотические фрукты и овощи. Вы найдете
их в шестом ряду.
6. Мне нужно зайти в сувенирный отдел и купить подарок на день рождения
брату.
7. Я советую вам взять этот костюм; он модный и вам очень подходит.
8. Очень удобно делать покупки в универмаге: там большой выбор товаров
широкого потребления.
9. Если вы хотите купить дорогую вещь, вы можете приобрести её в кредит.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их


значения:
1. majority большинство
2. to distinguish отмечать
3. to afford позволять себе
4. site площадка, место
5. cub детёныш

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание:


TEXT
Most of London’s big department stores are in Oxford Street and Regent
Street. They are always crowded, but at sale times, in January and July, there are so
many people that it is difficult to move and it is usually safer to go in the direction of
the majority.
These days, it is often difficult to distinguish the goods in the large store from
those in another. If you are looking for something “different” it is certainly worth
going to New Covent Garden. This used to be England’s biggest fruit and vegetable
market, but a few years ago, the market was moved to a new site on the other side of
the River Thames. The old market, now called “New Covent Garden”, was restored
and converted into a shopping centre. There are now more than forty shops of many
different kinds and there are several places to eat and drink. The opening hours are
different from most other shops: they open at 10 a.m. and close at 8 p.m. As well as
shopping, there is entertainment with lunch-time theatre groups and classical, jazz,
folk and pop music.
Kensington and Knightsbridge is an exclusive area of London. There you can
find the department store that is the symbol of expensive and high-class living –
Harroads. People say you can buy anything in Harroads, including wild animals –
they even have a zoo, which will sell you lion cubs as well as more common pets
such as dogs, cats or parrots.

Задание 3. Расскажите, что вы поняли, прослушав текст.

Задание 4. Озаглавьте текст, задайте вопросы к тексту.

Задание 5. Заполните пропуски в предложениях, используя слова и выражения,


данные в скобках:
(in Oxford Street and Regent Street, New Covent Garden, a shopping centre, to eat
and drink, Kensington and Knightsbridge).
1. The old market, now called “New Covent Garden”, was restored and converted
into… .
2. … is an exclusive area of London.
3. Most of London’s big department stores are … .
4. If you are looking for something “different” it is certainly worth going to … .
5. There are now more than forty shops of many different kinds, and there are
several places … .
6. The opening hours are different from most other shops; they open … .

The Dialogues
Задание 1. Прослушайте и запомните следующие слова и словосочетания:
1. the price цена
2. trousers брюки
3. frock дамское или детское платье
4. shirt рубашка (мужская)
5. shoes обувь
6. gloves перчатки
7. to match сочетать, подбирать под …,
соответствовать
8. skirt юбка
9. scarf шарф
10.coat пиджак, куртка, пальто
11.suit костюм
12.purse кошелек
13.dress платье
14.leather кожа
15.May I help you? Могу я Вам помочь?
16.to be looking for искать
17.dozen дюжина
18.aisle проход (ряд)
19.cart тележка
20.suitcase чемодан
21.to cost стоить
22.cashier кассир
23.cash register кассовый аппарат
24.consumer goods потребительские товары
25.How much is it? Сколько это стоит?
26.How much does it cost? Сколько это стоит?

Задание 2. Прослушайте диалоги. Воспроизведите их в парах.

1. At the Ready-Made Clothes Department


Shop-assistant: - What can I do for you?
Customer: - I’m looking for skirt. I’d like something in green.
Sh.-as.: - What size are you?
C.: - I’m not sure but I think … 14.
Sh.-as.: - Here is an excellent skirt in green silk. Will you try it on?
C.: - Yes. Where is the fitting-room?
Sh.-as.: - Come this way.
(Some minutes later)
C.: - How does it look?
Sh.-as.: - It looks great. It’s exactly your size.
C.: - How much is it?
Sh.-as.: - It’s only 15 dollars.
C.: - All right. I’ll take it. Thank you.
Sh.-as.: - Thank you. Come again.

2. In a shop
Customer: - Good morning.
Assistant: - Yes, madam.
C.: - Show me the brown suitcase.
A.: - This one?
C.: - Yes, that one. Tell me how much does it cost?
A.: - $50.
C.: - It is very expensive. I would like one for about $35.
A.: - Look at this one. It costs $40. A very good suitcase.
C.: - I’ll take it. Pay at the cashier, please.
A.: - Thank you.
C.: - Come again.

3. At the supermarket
A.: - Let’s go to the meat counter.
B.: - O.k. I think we need some veal, ham and a chicken.
A.: - … and a turkey. Don’t forget about the Christmas holiday.
B.: - We also need half a pound of butter, a packet of sour cream and a dozen of eggs.
Dairy products are in aisle 3.
A.: - How about fruit and vegetables? There are no apples in our fridge and not many
vegetables. Let’s find this counter.
B.: - Oh, fruit is in aisle 8, and vegetables are next.
A.: - I wonder what apples and tangerines cost now.
B.: - They are cheap because it’s the height of the season.
A.: - We’ll take three pounds of apples and two pounds of tangerines. And I want to
buy half a pound of berries. I’m going to make a pie. O.k. Our cart is full. Let’s
go to the cash register.

Задание 3. Составьте мини диалоги, используя образец:


a) - What is the price of the pair?
- They are 3.50. They wear very well.
(trousers – 20; frock – 25; jacket – 30; shirt – 10; shoes – 25)
b) - Can you show me a brown purse to match the gloves?
- Here is a nice one.
(a silk tie – the skirt; a blouse – the skirt; a scarf – the coat; a shirt – the suit)
c) - I like that purse. Why don’t you buy it?
- All right.
(bag, shirt, skirt, shoes, dress, jacket)
d) - May I help you?
- I’m looking for a grey suit.
(a brown bag, a leather jacket, a winter coat, a suit for everyday wear, jeans)

Задание 4. Составьте диалог по ситуации.


Situation I
You are at a men’s ready-made clothes department. You want a suit for everyday
wear, some shirts and a tie to match the suit. The shop assistant is ready to help you.
Situation II
You are at a shoe department. You want a pair of good summer walking shoes. The
shop assistant is very helpful.
Situation III
Tomorrow is your mother’s birthday. You’ve come to the grocer’s. You want to buy
a lot of food. The grocer is eager to help you.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.
Тема 8. Гостиница
AT THE HOTEL

Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их


за диктором.
1. to stay in a hotel останавливаться в гостинице
2. in advance предварительно
3. to reserve (book) a room заказывать (резервировать)
номер
4. to experience certain difficulties испытывать определенные
трудности
5. at the height of the season в разгар сезона
6. no vacancies свободных мест нет
7. receptionist дежурный администратор
8. to hand вручать, давать
9. arrival card листок прибытия
10.guest человек, останавливающийся
в гостинице, гость
11.permanent постоянный
12.accommodation помещение с удобствами
13.key ключ
14.single room номер на одного
15.double room номер на двоих
16.complete suite or de luxe апартаменты «люкс»
17.to remind напоминать
18.to leave at the desk оставлять у портье
19.key rack стенд для ключей
20.lobby фойе, вестибюль
21.newspaper stall газетный киоск
22.souvenir сувенир
23.porter носильщик
24.to run a laundry service осуществлять услуги по стирке
белья
25.maid горничная
26.to notify предупреждать, уведомлять
27.bill счет

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание:

AT THE HOTEL
Nowаdays people have an excellent chance to travel all over the world. It is not
surprising, because we are living in a world of growing international trade and
technical cooperation.
When traveling, it is convenient to stay in a hotel. The best way is to reserve a
room in advance by phone or by Internet. Those who travel much know that
sometimes tourists experience certain difficulties with booking a room at a suitable
hotel. At the height of the season a sign «No vacancies» can be often seen at the
desk-clerk.
But if you are lucky with booking a room you will enjoy your rest. In this case
you must first go through some formalities. The receptionist will hand you an arrival
card which all guests are required to fill in.
After having filled in the arrival card you must pay for accommodation. The
receptionist will answer all your questions and give you any information you need.
The price depends on the duration of your staying at the hotel and the number of
hotel “stars”. The hotel may have from two to five «stars». When all the formalities
are over the receptionist hands you the key and you may go upstairs to occupy the
room. At the hotel you will find rooms with or without bath, air conditioner, single
rooms, double rooms, complete suites consisting of two or more rooms, de luxe or
top class rooms. In the rooms you can find some modern conveniences such as TV,
DVD, telephone, and a safe.
Once you decide to stay in the hotel you are referred to as a «guest». You will
find notices everywhere reminding guests to leave their keys at the desk when going
out. All the keys are hung on a special key rack.
In the lobby you will usually find a newspaper stall and stalls where cigarettes
and souvenirs are sold. Guests are given Internet, telephone services as well: you may
book or reserve railway and airline tickets from your room telephone.
Most of hotels have bars and restaurants. If you want to have a bite or a dinner
you can go there or order it in your room.
All hotels run a special laundry service for their guests. The maid does your
room every morning so you needn't even make your bed.
Guests are required to notify the clerk in advance about leaving so that he
could have the bill ready for them in time.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста:


1. Why do people travel so much nowadays?
2. Do tourists experience difficulties with booking a room?
3. Is it easy to reserve a room at the hotels in your city?
4. What are the duties of a receptionist?
5. What kinds of rooms are available at the hotels?
6. What is usually located downstairs at the hotels?
7. What services do hotels usually run?
8. What are guests required to?

Задание 2. Замените выделенные обороты синонимичными из текста:


1. If you have a chance to put up at a hotel you are lucky.
2. We'd like a room for two with bath for the night.
3. When travelling it is better to reserve a room in advance.
4. At the newsstand one can buy newspapers, cigarettes and souvenirs.
5. When staying at the hotel we had our breakfast in the refreshment room
downstairs.
6. Guests must tell the clerk in advance about leaving.
7. Very often at our hotels tourists can see a notice «All reserved».

Задание 3. Дополните предложения фразами, данными в скобках, переведите


их на английский язык.
1. The best way is to reserve rooms (по телефону или интернету
заблаговременно).
2. When you stay in the hotel you (должны заполнить листок прибытия).
3. At the hotel guests will find (номера на одного, на двоих, а также «люкс» с
двумя или более комнатами).
1. When going out guests (должны оставлять ключи у портье).
4. (В фойе у газетного киоска) you can find a lot of guests buying newspapers,
cigarettes and souvenirs.
5. At the hotel the following services are available: (стирка белья, уборка номеров,
заказ железнодорожных билетов, телефонные переговоры).
6. The duties of the receptionist are (регистрировать посетителей, предоставлять
им номера, вручать ключи от номера).

Задание 4. Расскажите о:
1) the formalities when reserving a room at a hotel;
2) the duties of a receptionist;
3) special services which all hotels run.
Следующие фразы помогут вам:
1) to go through some formalities;
to take an arrival card from the receptionist;
to fill in the arrival card;
to pay for all accommodation;

2) to hand an arrival card to the guest;


to give the key to the room;
to answer the questions and to give all the information one needs;
to book tickets for the theatre;
to order railway and airline tickets;

4) to run a laundry service;


to iron clothes;
to call a porter;
the maid ... to do the room;
the doorman ... to help with a taxi;

Задание 5. Представьте, что Вы в отеле. Используя образец, попросите …


1. Дежурного по этажу (the floor manager):
to call a taxi for you;
to wake you up at 7 o'clock;
to give you your room key;
to book a ticket for a concert
Model: Please, do this, madam.
2. Горничную (the maid):
to wash and iron your shirt;
to bring you another blanket (одеяло);
to change the sheets (простыни);
to make the bed;
to clean the room;
to bring you a cup of coffee in the room;
Model: Could you do this, madam?
3. Портье (the porter):
to take your luggage upstairs;
to see to (присмотреть) your suitcase;
to take your trunk (чемодан) downstairs;
to take your suitcases to the taxi;
Model: Porter, will you do this?

Задание 6. Переведите на английский язык:


1. Я заказал в вашей гостинице номер на одного с ванной. Могу я его
занять?
2. Сколько дней вы предполагаете пробыть в нашей гостинице?
3. Заполните листок прибытия, предъявите паспорт и уплатите за пять дней.
4. Все номера на двоих находятся на пятом этаже. Вот ваш ключ.
5. Мне нужен номер на двоих с ванной. Мы собираемся пробыть здесь
неделю.
6. Могу я заказать междугородный разговор из своего номера?
7. Вы можете получить любую информацию у администратора гостиницы.

Задание 7. Составьте мини монолог по следующим темам:


1. How you once stayed in a hotel.
2. One of the hotels of your city.

Dialogues

Задание 1. Прослушайте и запомните следующие слова и словосочетания:


1. How much is it? Сколько стоит?
2. excluding services исключая обслуживания
3. not counting the service не считая услуг
4. Fair enough. Прекрасно.
5. overlooking the sea с видом на море
6. Come this way. Пройдите сюда.
7. a twin-bedded room номер с двуспальной кроватью
8. a private bath отдельная (личная, своя) ванная
9. a little cheaper подешевле

Задание 2. Прослушайте следующие диалоги, воспроизведите их в парах.

AT THE HOTEL
I
A: I wonder whether you have any vacancies for tonight.
B: Yes, I can offer you room 24 on the first floor.
A: How much is it?
B: £ 29 a night excluding service.
A: Can I see it please?
B: Certainly. Would you take a seat for a moment?
II
A: Have you a single room for two nights?
B: Yes, but only on the top floor.
A: What price is it?
B: £ 45 with service and TV.
A: Fair enough. Can you show me the room, please?
B: Of course. Would you like to follow me?
III
A: Can I book a double room from now until Friday?
B: You can have room 33 overlooking the sea.
A: What's the price?
B: £43 not counting the service.
A: Can I look at it, please?
B: Yes, of course. Come this way.
IV
A: Have you got a twin-bedded room for one night?
B: I can let you have a room at the back.
A: What does it cost?
B: With private bath £ 50, service included.
A: Can you show me something a little cheaper?
B: Yes, of course. I won't keep you a moment.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их


значение:
1. to be in the habit of иметь привычку
2. an entrance hall вестибюль
3. constantly постоянно
4. the boot boy мальчик, обслуживающий
посетителей
5. to state заявлять, указывать

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание.

AT A HOTEL
When I travel, I always put up at a hotel. I’m in the habit of booking rooms
beforehand. Booking rooms beforehand is very convenient as rooms are expensive in
England and cheap hotels are usually full up.
You’ll find London hotels just the same as hotels in all large cities. As a rule
you go into a large entrance-hall where visitors are constantly coming and going.
On arriving at a hotel you must first ask for the reception clerk and he or she
will tell you, which is your room, which floor it is on, and will give you the key.
Usually you don’t get your keys without signing in at the hotel.
If stating at a hotel, you have to sign in at the desk, stating your name and address.
You give your luggage to the porter, who takes it up in the lift to your room.
After washing and changing in your room you can walk about the town. On
returning before going to bed you can put your shoes outside the bedroom and the
boot-boy will clean them.

Задание 3. Вставьте вместо пропусков, слова, данные в скобках.


(boot-boy, as a rule, put up, to sign in, luggage, very convenient, signing in, stating,
outside, it, entrance-hall)
1. When I travel I always … at a hotel.
2. Booking rooms beforehand is… … .
3. … … you go into a large… …
4. Usually you don’t get your keys without … … at the hotel.
5. If staying at a hotel you have … … at the desk, your name and address.
6. You give your … to the porter, who takes … up to your room.
7. You can put your shoes … the bedroom and the … … will clean them.

Задание 4. Изложите содержание прослушанного текста кратко на английском


языке.

СИТУАЦИОННЫЕ ЗАДАЧИ

Задание 1. Вы собираетесь остановиться в гостинице.


а). Спросите о том, какая комната вам нужна и на какой срок.
Model: Can I book a room for a week?
a single room - three nights
a double room - from now until Monday
a twin-bedded room - the weekend
two double rooms - a week
a single room - tonight
б). Спросите о стоимости номера.
Model: - How much is the room?
or
- What does the room cost?
- Forty pounds a night excluding service.
The price for the room is:
44 pounds a night with service and TV
52 pounds a night without service
25 pounds a night excluding service and TV
50 pounds a night including service

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.

Тема 9. Средства связи


TELEPHONING. POST OFFICE. INTERNET

Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. modern современный
2. to telephone = to phone звонить по телефону
3. means of communication средства связи
4. to make a phone call позвонить
5. apartment квартира
6. city phone number городской номер
7. digit однозначное число
8. area code код региона
9. inside внутри
10. cellular service сотовая связь
11. phone card телефонная карточка
12. to pass a message отправить сообщение
13. to receive a message получить сообщение
14. to dial a number набирать номер
15. charge плата
16. to be free быть бесплатным
17. to cost стоить
18. to be fixed быть фиксированным
19. commonly обычно
20. long tone протяжный гудок
21. to place a call сделать звонок
22. landline phone проводной телефон
23. long distance call междугородний звонок
24. phone box телефонная будка
25. to deposit помещать
26. beeping signal короткий гудок
27. constant tone протяжный гудок
28. to book a call заказывать
телефонный
разговор
29. a caller лицо, которое звонит
по
телефону
30. the line is engaged телефон занят
31. the line is free телефон свободен
32. to answer the call подойти к телефону
33. taxophone таксофон
34. telephone directory телефонная книга
35. to connect соединять
36. extension добавочный номер
37. to hang up положить трубку

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

TELEPHONING
Telephoning is one of the most characteristic features of modern civilization.
The modern telephoning is characterized by a high degree of automation. The
telephone is necessary means of communication in everyday life. It is also for
professionals in business, commerce and administration who need to make and
answer phone calls.
Almost every apartment in Russia has a telephone number. The city phone
number itself usually has from 5 to 7 digits. All countries, regions and cities have
their code; it is called an area code.
If for instance, you want to telephone your friend inside any Russian city, you
should dial the phone number without any codes. Normally, all phone calls inside the
city are free or cost very little. The charges are commonly covered by a regular fixed
flat monthly payment.
If you make a phone call from Russia to any Russian city, you should dial 8,
wait for a long tone, and then dial a phone number itself.
If you want to make a phone call from Russia to abroad, you should dial 8, wait
for a long tone, then dial 10 (international access), then dial the code of the country
you are phoning to, then dial the code of the city you are phoning to and then the city
phone number. (8 10 33 62 237 65 36). Calls from the landline phone, usually have
different rates at different time of a day. Usually a call costs cheaper if you call
before 08:00 or after 20:00 on weekdays, or anytime at weekends.
To place a call from your home phone, you can do also with a phone card. All
instructions how to make a call you can find on the card.
And one more variant to make a long-distance call – it is to ask the operator to
connect you.
Besides the landline phones, there are the telephones in public places. They are
phone boxes or pay phones. To place a call, you have to deposit a phone card into the
slot and dial the number you wish to reach.
All over the world there is a cellular service. It was designed to keep people in
touch, not just in the area, but throughout the world or the region. It is very
convenient. You can pass or receive a message. Besides, you may also do some
photos, listen to music, use the Internet and gain any information.
There is also a video telephone in the world. You can speak over the telephone
and see a person who you speak with.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста.


1. What is the telephoning?
2. How many digits has a city phone number?
3. How can you make a call inside Russia?
4. How can you make a call from Russia to abroad?
5. What kinds of rates has the landline phone?
6. How can you make a call from pay phones or from phone boxes?
7. What are the advantages of cellular service?

Задание 2 . Запомните следующие фразы. Повторяйте их за диктором.


1. You’ve got the wrong number. Вы неправильно набрали номер.
2. Sorry to have troubled you. Простите за беспокойствo.
3. You are wanted on the phone. Вас к телефону.
4. Hold the line. Не вешайте трубку.
5. Can I speak to….. ? Я могу поговорить с …. ?
6. Which number do you have? Какой номер вам нужен?
7. Put me through to the Manager. Свяжите меня с руководителем.
8. Can you hold? Вы можете подождать?
9. Can you ring me back? Вы можете перезвонить?
10.May I take a message? Могу ли я что-то передать?
11.Could you speak more slowly, please? Пожалуйста, говорите
медленнее.
12.It is a very bad line. Связь очень плохая.
13.Who would you like to speak to? С кем вы хотели бы поговорить?
14.We were cut off. Нас разъединили.
15.This is Mrs. Krause speaking. Вы говорите с госпожой Краузе.
16.Speaking. Я вас слушаю.
17.Speak louder. Говорите громче.
18.I’ll call back later. Я перезвоню позже.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их


значения:
1. gadget, device устройство, приспособление
2. network сеть
3. provider провайдер
4. coverage зона действия
5. to offer предлагать
6. quite similar достаточно похожи
7. incoming call исходящий звонок
8. outcoming call входящий звонок
9. additional дополнительный
10.voice mail голосовая почта
11.number identification определитель номера
12.call diverting переадресация
13.free of charge бесплатный
14.access доступ
15.cellphone сотовый телефон
16.facility услуга
17.to download загрузить
18.additional дополнительный
19.to explore исследовать, изучать
20.accessory аксессуар
21.mobile cover чехол
22.guarantee гарантия

Задание 2 . Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

MOBILE PHONES
Now there are various means of communications but mobile phones are
considered the easiest, fastest and one of the cheapest means of communicating.
There are many mobile phone gadgets brands available in the market. Some of them
are the Nokia, Samsung, LG, Motorola and many others.
There are as well three major mobile network providers in Russia: MTS,
BeeLine, and Megafon. The prices, coverage and the service offered by these
operators are quite similar.
The pricing system in Russia for cellular services is the following: you should
pay for all outcoming calls, outcoming text messages, and additional services, such as
voice mail, number identification, call diverting, etc. All incoming calls and messages
are free of charge. The price of the phone call depends on where you are calling from
and where you are calling to. So if you are traveling with your own cellphone and
SIM-card, you will be able to use it, if your provider has «roaming» agreement with
one of the local mobile operators.
We are now, what we call, in the age of communications. We choose the mobile
phone gadgets for communicating and also for other purposes like listening to music,
playing games, Internet access, sending texts, etc. So mobile phones are used for
several reasons. Other features include the camera, video, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, infrared
port, etc. In a single gadget we use all these features which we need all the day. We
don’t need a separate music player or a gaming device. Mobile phones have it all.
There are many new mobile phones which also have Internet facility for sending
e-mails or downloading any music files and playing online games. Many phones are
now coming with this additional service, namely GPS, which has maps of about 150
countries which can be explored by you. These days’ mobile phones have many
accessories like the Bluetooth, earphones, headphones, mobile covers and so on.
Today there is a wide choice of the mobile phone gadgets and if you want to buy
one, it is better to go to a specialized shop, where you can buy phone with all
accessories and get a guarantee.

Задание 2. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста.


1. What brand of a mobile phone do you have?
2. What kind of cellular operator do you use?
3. Whom do you usually call?
4. How long do you usually speak over the telephone?
5. For what purposes do you use your mobile phone?
6. How much do you usually pay for your phone monthly?

Задание 3. Подберите синонимы к выделенным словам. Переведите


предложения:
1. I’ll ring you up tomorrow, just at about the same time.
2. A frequent signal showed that the number was engaged.
3. I was mistaken when I had phoned my friend.
4. Wait a minute, don’t hang up.
5. Has anybody phoned today and asked you to tell me anything?
6. When I was speaking over the phone I was suddenly disengaged.

Dialogues

Задание 1. Прослушайте диалоги к теме «Telephoning» и воспроизведите их в


парах:
Dialogue 1
A: - Good afternoon, Fowler’s, can I help you?
B: - Extension 237 please.
A: - I’m sorry, the line is busy, will you hold?
B: - Yes, I’ll hold.
……………………….
A: - I’m putting you through.
C: - Marketing, Harry Webb speaking.
A: - Could I speak to George Garrison, please?
C: - I’m sorry; he is at a meeting now.
A: - Do you know when he’ll be back?
C: - He should be back around four. Can I take a message?
A: - Yes, please ask him to call David Jones on 629 3478.
C: - Ok, I’ll see he gets your message.

Dialogue 2
O: - Hello, Frank and Brothers. How can I help you?
P: - This is Peter Jackson. Can I have extension 3421?
O: - Certainly, hold on a minute, I’ll put you through…
F: - Bob Peterson’s office, Frank speaking.
P: - This is Peter Jackson calling, is Bob in?
F: - I’m afraid he’s out at the moment. Can I take message?
P: - Yes, Could you ask him to call me. I need to talk to him, it is urgent.
F: - Could you remind the number please?
P: - Yes, that’s 456 7865 and this is Peter Jackson.
F: - Thank you Mr. Jackson, I’ll make sure Bob gets it.
P: - Thanks, bye.
F: - Bye.

Задание 2. Переведите следующие фразы на английский язык:


1. Вас к телефону.
2. Не вешайте трубку.
3. Вы набрали неправильный номер.
4. Телефон занят.
5. Повесьте трубку.
6. Номер свободен.
7. Простите за беспокойство.
8. Можно мне господина Смита?
9. Алло, это говорит Браун.
10.Соедините меня с номером 891.
11.Не могли бы вы мне сказать код Лондона?

Ситуационные задачи

Задание 1. Составьте высказывание по модели в соответствии с


ситуациями:
Model: In this case I’ll say….
What will you say:
1. if you’ve got the wrong number?
2. if somebody has dialed your number by mistake?
3. to a person making a call wants to speak to somebody else, not to
you?
4. to a person who answers your call?
5. if somebody is interested to know who you are?
Задание 2. Продолжите следующие диалоги в соответствии с
ситуациями:
№1.
– Hello, can I speak to Mr. Black?
– Mr. Black, you are wanted on the phone.

№2.
– Hello, my name is Steve Johnson. Could I speak to Miss Maxwell?
– Sorry, Miss Maxwell isn’t available. She won’t be back till 3 o’clock.

№3.
– Is this 890165?
– No, you’ve got the wrong number.

POST SERVICE

Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. post, mail почта
2. communication связь
3. to carry out осуществлять
4. transfer пересылка
5. correspondence корреспонденция
6. periodicals периодическое издание
7. remittance почтовый перевод
8. parcel posts отдел посылок
9. to post посылать, отправлять
10.letter письмо
11.post card открытка
12.pillar-box почтовый ящик
13.to empty вынимать
14.operations handled выполняемые операции
15.Air Mail авиапочта
16.registered letters заказное письмо
17.post restante до востребования
18.money order денежный перевод
19.envelop конверт
20.value ценность
21.letter-box почтовый ящик
22.delivery доставка
23.receipt квитанция
24.to trace следить
25.charge плата
26.urgent срочный
27.to maintain поддерживать
28.to pick up забирать
29.to handle справляться с
30.package пакет
31.amount сумма
32.weight вес
33.to insure страховать
34.to be double sure быть вполне уверенным
35.packing service услуга упаковки
36.to fill in заполнять
37.to check up проверять
38.to hand нести
39.to subscribe to подписаться на что-то
40.P.O. box абонентский ящик
41.expensive дорогой
42.bill счет
43.e-mail электронная почта
44.postage стоимость почтового
отправления

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

POST SERVICE
Post communication or mail is a kind of communication which carries our
regular transfer of items of mail – the written correspondence, periodicals,
remittances, parcel posts.
In the post office there is a number of windows with a sign showing the
operations handled. You can buy here all kinds of stamps, post cards, and envelops.
There are post offices in every town and nearly every village in the country. If
you want to post an ordinary letter or a post card, you need not go to the post office;
you can drop it into the nearest pillar-box. Pillar-boxes are emptied twice a day. If
you want to send a telegram, you can either take it to the nearest post-office or dictate
it over the telephone.
When sending a letter of special value, you should have it registered. Registered
letters are not left with the ordinary mail in the letter-box, but delivered personally.
The sender is given a receipt at the post office, so he can always trace the letter. Of
course, there is a special charge for this service.
At the post-office we can send all kinds of telegrams: photo-telegrams, express-
telegrams, ordinary and urgent telegrams. You can subscribe to different newspapers
and magazines at the window «Printed matter». At the post office, there are also P.O.
boxes. P.O. box means a post office box, it is a numbered box to which someone’s
mail can be sent.
The «Post Restate» window keeps mail until called for. The post-office
maintains this service for those who prefer to pick up the mail in person.
The window marked «Parcel Post» handles all parcels or packages. The amount
you have to pay depends on the weight of the parcel. You must not forget to insure
your parcel if you have got something valuable in it. The larger post offices maintain
a wrapping and packing services.
At the «Money Order» window we can send the money. If a remittance is
received to our name we can get the money there. We are given a printed form to fill
in. The clerk asks for our passport, checks it up with the filled printed form, returns
the passport and hands us the money.
At some post-offices there is a special window where you may pay bills for your
telephone, gas and electricity.
Today, besides the ordinary post service we have the express mail delivery
services, such as DHL, FedEx. These services can deliver your letter or parcel during
1-3 days to any part of the world. Of course such kind of service is more expensive
than ordinary post service.
And finally, with the development of new technologies a new type of mail «e-
mail» has appeared. Nowadays people use it wider for personal and professional use
than any other kind of service.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста.


1. What kinds of service does the post communication carry out?
2. Do you need to go to the post-office, if you want to send a letter?
3. What can you buy at the post-office?
4. What are the windows at the post-office?
5. What is the difference between the ordinary letter and registered letter?
6. How can you get the remittance?
7. What is a P.O. box?
8. Where may you pay your telephone, gas and electricity bills?
9. What do you know about the «e-mail»?
Задание 2. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык:
1. Отправляя письмо, не забудьте наклеить на конверт марку, иначе письмо не
дойдет до адресата.
2. За границу удобнее всего посылать письмо авиапочтой.
3. Подписка на газеты и журналы производится на любом почтовом отделении.
1. Выемка почты из уличных почтовых ящиков производится несколько раз в
день.
2. Пожалуйста, дайте мне бланк телеграммы.
4. Я надеюсь, что телеграмма прибудет вовремя.
5. Почтовые расходы зависят от веса посылки и от расстояния, на которое она
посылается.
6. Запишите, пожалуйста, почтовый индекс.
7. Мне нужны авиамарки для отправки письма в Европу.
8. Вы хотите отправить их бандеролью или посылкой?

Dialogues

Задание 1. Прослушайте диалоги к теме и воспроизведите их в парах:

Dialogue 1
R: - I would like to send this letter to Japan by airmail, how much is the charge?
G: - It is $1.2. Do you need extra stamps?
R: - I do, I’ve been also expecting a package from New-York. Here is my identity
card and the receipt.
G: - Would you mind signing this form? Here is the package.
R: - Finally, I would like to send this registered letter to London.
G: - Please fill in the complete address in capital letters.

Dialogue 2
G: - I’ve got a telegram to send. Please give me a message form.
C: - Here you are, sir. Please write legibly, and make out the address and the
addresser’s name in block capitals.
G: - Ok. I’ll.
C: - Shall it be ordinary, urgent or express, sir?
G: - Oh, let’s have it urgent. What’s the charge?
C: - Let me see… It’ll be ninety pence.

Задание 2. Задайте вопросы по модели в соответствии с ситуациями:


A. You don’t know at what counter of the post office you can do one or another
thing. Ask for help.
You want:
a) to send a parcel
b) to cash a money order
c) to send a telegram
d) to subscribe to newspapers
Model: Excuse me, where can I get a form for a money order?

B. You are going to send something. Ask what the postage is.
You are sending:
a) a registered letter to France
a) two albums by book-post to London
b) a parcel insured to Japan
c) an ordinary letter to New York
Model: I’d like to send a letter to England by air mail. What’s the postage on it,
please?

Текст на аудирование
Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их
значения:
1. source источник
2. access доступ
3. global мировой, всемирный
4. network сеть
5. embrace охватывать
6. military военный
7. to design проектировать, разрабатывать
8. to survive выжить, пережить
9. nuclear ядерный
10.path путь
11.available доступный
12.host главный, основной
13.rest остальное
14.to locate располагать
15.to count насчитывать, считать
16.fairly довольно
17.accurately точно
18.to grow pасти
19.worldwide всемирный
20.user пользователь, потребитель
21.message сообщение
22.fast быстро
23.easy легко
24.to save экономить, беречь
25.to receive получать
26.to leave покидать
27.desktop настольный
28.reliable надежный
29.cheap дешевый
30.to increase увеличивать
31.to conduct экспортировать, сопровождать
32.transaction дело, сделка
33.beforehand заранее

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

THE INTERNET
The Internet gives access to a lot of information. It is possible to find data and
descriptions, chapters from necessary books…, to make a long story short, everything
you need. The Internet, a global computer network, which embraces millions of users
all over the world, began to function in the United States in 1969 as a military
experiment. It was designed to survive in a nuclear war. Information sent over the
Internet takes the shortest path available from one computer to another.
Most of the Internet host computers (more than 50%) are in the United States,
while the rest are located in other countries. Although the number of host computers
can be counted fairly accurately, nobody knows exactly how many people use the
Internet. There are millions and their number is growing by thousands each month
worldwide. Users of computers in the network can send messages to each other, to
communicate online and to do a lot of other things. In many offices and organizations
computer messages have replaced messages written on paper, and they are now called
e-mail or electronic mail. E-mail is not only fast and easy, but it also saves paper and
the work of moving paper from one place to another. Workers can send and receive
e-mail without leaving their desks and their desktop computers.
The Internet may provide businessmen with a reliable alternative to the
expensive and unreliable telecommunication systems of their communities.
Commercial users can communicate over the Internet with the rest of the world
and can do it very cheaply. But saving money is only the first step. If people see that
they can make money from the Internet, they increase the commercial use of this
network. For example, some American banks and companies conduct transactions
over the Internet.
If you do not have your own computer, but want to use the Internet, you can use
an Internet café. These cafés will charge for the amount of time you spend on the
Internet and you will either pay after you have finished or buy credits beforehand. If
you don’t have easy access to an Internet café, your library may have computers with
Internet access and sometimes you can even use it for free for a limited period of
time.

Задание 2. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту.


1. What is the Internet?
2. What was the Internet originally designed for?
3. What country has the most of the Internet host computers?
4. What can you do thanks to the Internet?
5. Where can you find the Internet if you haven’t it at home?

Задание 3. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык:


1. Я проверяю почту, читаю новости, общаюсь со своей семьей и друзьями.
2. Я тоже собираюсь подключиться к высокоскоростному Интернету.
3. Ты общаешься с ними посредствам текстовых сообщений?
4. Это выглядит как общение по телефону, только намного дешевле.
5. Это хороший метод для практики английского языка.
6. Информацию об автобусных маршрутах по городу, ты можешь найти на
специальном сайте.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.

Тема 10. Дом. Квартира


MY FLAT

Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их


за диктором:
1. flat квартира
2. three-room flat трехкомнатная квартира
3. house дом
4. high-storied house многоэтажный дом
5. to wove (зд.) переезжать
6. floor этаж, пол
7. to face (the park, the square) (зд.) выходить на (парк,
площадь)
8. ground floor первый этаж (брит.)
9. first floor второй этаж (брит.)
10.elevator лифт
11.modern conveniences современные удобства
12.gas газ
13.central heating центральное отопление
14.running water водопровод
15.pretty миленький
16.cozy уютный
17.roomy просторный
18.living-room гостиная
19.carpet ковер
20.arm chair кресло
21.furniture мебель
22.bedroom спальня
23.double bed двухместная кровать
24.single bed одноместная кровать
25.wardrobe шкаф для одежды
26.dressing table туалетный столик
27.bedside stand прикроватная тумбочка
28.shelf полка
29.sunny side солнечная сторона
30.kitchen кухня
31.electric appliance электроприбор
32.refrigerator холодильник
33.microwave oven микроволновая печь
34.stove плита
35. mixer миксер
36.mincer мясорубка
37.coffee-maker кофеварка
38.dish washer посудомоечная машина
39.bathroom ванная
40.washing machine стиральная машина
41.sink раковина
42.glass shelf стеклянная полка
43.toilet articles туалетные
принадлежности
44.mirror зеркало
45. hot whirlpool джакузи
46.ceramic керамический
47.hall (зд.) прихожая
48.rack крючок
49.key rack крючок для ключей
50.hall stand вешалка для одежды
51.umbrella stand стойка для зонтов
52.corner угол
53.pleasant приятный
54.atmosphere атмосфера
55.friendship дружба
56.mutual взаимный
57.understanding понимание
58.to move переезжать
59.to face выходить фасадом на
60.that is why поэтому

Задание 2. Запомните употребление предлогов в следующих выражениях:


on the first floor - на втором этаже
on the sunny side - на солнечной стороне
in the middle of smth - посредине чего-либо
in the corner - в углу
on the left - налево
on the right - направо
on the wall - на стене
at the window - у окна
to the left of - налево от …
in front of the door - перед дверью
around the table - вокруг стола
above the table - над столом

Задание 3. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.


MY FLAT
My family lives in a large town. There are many modern high-storied
buildings in it. Recently we moved into a new flat of the eight-floor house. Our flat is
on the seventh floor. It faces the park. There is an elevator and all conveniences in
our house. We have gas, central heating, hot and cold running water. They make our
life more comfortable.
We live in a three-room flat. It is not very large but pretty, comfortable and
roomy. Our flat is on the sunny side of the house and each room has a wide window.
That is why all rooms of it are light.
The living-room is the largest in our flat. The walls of it are light-green. There
is a big red-and-green carpet on the floor in the middle of the room. To the right of
the window there is a sofa and two armchairs. The furniture in the living-room is very
comfortable. In front of the sofa there is a TV set and a DVD recorder. On the
window there are nice stripped red and green curtains.
In my parents’ bedroom there is a double bed with bedside stands, a wardrobe
and a dressing table with a mirror above it. On the walls of coral colour there are
some pictures of flowers. There are two lamps on the wall above the bed. The
curtains on the window are white.
My own room is very cozy. There is a single bed and a desk in it. The wall
papers of it are coloured. The ceiling is blue with many single lamps. I like music
very much, that is why I have a CD player. There is a computer to the left of the desk.
On the wall behind the computer there are two shelves with books on them. On other
walls there are many photos of my friends, my family, and me.
Our kitchen is modern equipped, too. There is a refrigerator, microwave oven,
stove, mixer, mincer, coffee-maker, and dish washer in it. Of course, all these electric
appliances make our life easier and more comfortable. To the right of the door there
is a table and six chairs around it.
In the bathroom there is a washing machine. To the right of the washing
machine there is a sink and a glass shelf for toilet articles with a mirror above it. To
the right of the door there is a big hot whirlpool. The floor and the walls of the
bathroom are ceramic.
Our hall is not large. In the hall there is a hall stand for coats. An umbrella
stand is in the left corner and a key rack is on the left wall.
I like my flat very much. It is so pleasant to come home, when working day
has gone. Of course, for me my home is not only a flat or a house, but also it is
people who live there and the atmosphere of love and mutual understanding.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:


1. Where does your family live?
2. How many floors does your house have?
3. Where does your house face?
4. What floor is your flat on?
5. What is there in your house?
6. What conveniences do you have in your house?
7. What makes your life more comfortable?
8. How many rooms are there in your flat?
9. Why are all rooms of your flat light?
10.What is there in your living-room?
11.What curtains are there at the window?
12.What is the bedroom of your parents?
13.What furniture is there in the parents’ bedroom?
14.Have you got your own room in the flat?
15.What is your room?
16.What furniture is there in your room?
17.What electric appliances are there in the kitchen?
18.What is there in your bathroom?
19.What is there in your hall?
20.What is your house for you?

Задание 2. Вставьте необходимые предлоги:


1. My family lives … a large town.
2. Recently we moved … a new flat.
3. Our flat is … the seventh floor.
4. Our flat is … the sunny side of the house.
5. There is a big red-and-green carpet … the floor.
6. To the right … the window there is a sofa and two armchairs.
7. … the bedroom of my parents there is a double bed.
8. There is a dressing table with a mirror … it.
9. There are two lamps … the wall … the bed.
10.There is a computer … the left … the desk.
11.There are many photos … my friends.
12.To the right there is a table and six chairs … it.

Задание 3. Задайте вопросы к выделенным словам и ответьте на них.


1. My family lives in a large town.
2. There are many modern high-storied buildings in this town.
3. Recently we moved into a new flat.
4. Our house has eight floors and faces the park.
5. Our flat is on the seventh floor.
6. In our house there is an elevator, and all modern conveniences.
7. They make our life more comfortable.
8. Our three-room flat is pretty and roomy.
9. Our flat is on the sunny side of the house.
10.There is a big red-and-green carpet on the floor in the middle of the room.
11.To the right of the window there is a sofa and two armchairs.
12.In the bedroom of my parents there is a double bed with bedside stands, a
wardrobe and a dressing table.
13.My own room is very cozy.
14.The wall papers of it are coloured.
15.On the wall behind the computer there are two shelves with books on them.
16.There is the refrigerator, microwave oven, stove and dish washer in our kitchen.
17.In the bathroom there is a washig mashine.
18.In the hall there is a hall stand for coats to the right of the door.
19.An umbrella stand is in the left corner and a key rack is on the left wall.

Задание 4. Составьте специальные вопросы.


Ask your friend where he lives.
if he lives in a modern high-stored
building.
what house he (she) has.
what floor the flat is.
what conveniences the house has.
what side of the house the flat is.
what her living-room is.
if there is a sofa in it.
what his own room is.
if he likes music.
where there is a refrigerator.

Задание 5. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык:


1. Моя семья живет в современном многоэтажном доме.
2. Наш дом выходит фасадом в парк.
3. Наша квартира имеет все современные удобства.
4. У нас есть газ, электричество и водопроводная вода.
5. В комнате на полу большой ковер.
6. В правом углу гостиной – телевизор и видео.
7. В спальне моих родителей есть двуспальная кровать.
8. У меня есть моя собственная квартира.
9. На столе у окна вы можете видеть компьютер.
10.Занавески в этой комнате светлые.
11.Зеркало висит над маленьким столиком в спальне родителей.
12.Стиральная машина находится в углу ванной комнаты.
13.На кухне находятся современные электроприборы.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их


значения:
1. suburb пригород
2. the ground floor 1-й этаж
3. the first floor 2-й этаж
4. lavatory туалет
5. fireplace камин
6. to warm обогревать
7. garden сад
8. tulip тюльпан
9. to grow выращивать
10.a lawn газон
11.at the side со стороны
12.garage гараж
13.castle крепость

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

Suburban House
Many families in London live in flats but most people like to live in their own
houses in suburbs. A suburban house consists of only two floors: the ground floor and
the first floor.
On the ground floor there is a dining-room, a sitting room, a kitchen and a hall.
In the hall there is a stand for hats, coats and umbrellas.
On the first floor there are usually four bedrooms, a bathroom and a lavatory.
The fireplace warms the house. In front of the house there is a small garden in which
roses, tulips and many flowers are grown. At the back of the house there is a large
garden with a lawn and some fruit trees. At the side of the house there is a garage.
The English people usually say «My house is my castle».

Задание 3. Ответьте на вопросы:


1. Where do many families live in London?
2. What houses do most people live?
3. What rooms are there on the ground floor?
4. Where is a stand for hats and coats?
5. What is there on the first floor?
6. What warms the house?
7. Where is a small garden?
8. What are there in a larger garden?

Задание 4. Закончите предложения, исходя из содержания текста.


1. Most people live in houses in …
2. Suburban houses … of only two floors.
3. In the hall there is a … for hats, coats and umbrellas.
4. ... there are four bedrooms, a bathroom and a lavatory.
5. … warms the house.
6. Roses, tulips and many flowers …
7. … of the house there is a much larger garden.
8. … of the house there is a garage.
Dialogue

Задание 1. Прослушайте диалог. Воспроизведите его в парах:


- Good afternoon, Ann.
- How do you do, Kate? I am glad to see you.
- Where are you going?
- The lecture is over, and I'm going home. We moved into a new flat in Mira Street.
- My great congratulations to you. What floor is your flat on?
- It is on the fifth floor in a new six-storeyed house.
- How many rooms are there in your flat?
- Our flat has three rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a corridor.
- Are there all modern conveniences in your flat?
- Of course, there is gas, electricity, running water and a central heating in it.
- Have you got your own room in the flat?
- Yes, I have got it. I like my room very much. There is a sofa, a bookcase, a small
desk, and a wardrobe in it. It is very cozy.
- Is it enough for you?
- Yes, it is quite enough for me.
- It's no use to describe our flat. I invite you to our house.
- Thank you very much. I'll visit you with pleasure.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.

Тема11. Город
TOWN

Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. founder основатель
2. to found основывать
3. fortress крепость
4. boundary граница
5. settlement поселение
6. Khoper Хопер
7. Cossaсks казаки
8. to turn into превращаться
9. strategic point стратегическая точка
10.North Caucasus Северный Кавказ
11.Greek греческий
12.city of a cross город креста
13.Forecaucasus предгорья Кавказа
14.east восток
15.extensive обширный
16.picturesque живописный
17.plateau плато
18.surrounded окруженный
19.endless бесконечный
20.steppes степи
21.to attract привлекать, притягивать
22.shady тенистый
23.alley аллея
24.Victory park Парк Победы
25.Alexandrovsky park Александровский парк
26.Central park Центральный парк
27.science наука
28.exhibit экспонат
29.library библиотека
30.machine машинный
31.branch ветвь
32.to reflect отражать
33.outstanding выдающийся
34.event событие
35.eparchy епархия
36.Orthodox Church православная церковь
37.cathedral собор
38.flowerbed цветочная клумба
39.to enjoy наслаждаться, получать
удовольствие
40.sight вид
41.scene пейзаж, вид
42.blossom цветение
43.to strike поражать
44.diversity разнообразие

Задание 2. . Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

STAVROPOL
Stavropol was founded in 1777 as a fortress on the southern boundaries of
Russia under the decree of Empress Ekaterina II. The first settlements around the
Stavropol fortress were formed by Khoper Cossaсks. The fortress turned into a town
in 1785.
Originally it was founded as a strategic point, but later the town became a
cultural centre of the North Caucasus. The word «Stavropol» is a Greek word
meaning «а city of a cross». The first street, which is now called Karl Marx Prospekt,
was built in 1785.
The town is located in the center of the Forecaucasus. It is on the east side of
the extensive picturesque Stavropol plateau. It is like a green island, surrounded in
woods and located among endless steppes. Stavropol is one of the greenest towns of
Russia. Beautiful parks attract visitors, opening shady alleys in front of them. Among
them are: «Victory Park», «Alexandrovsky Park», «Central Park» and others.
Now Stavropol is a town of students and science. There are many colleges and
higher educational institutions in the town such as: the Stavropol State Medical
Academy, the State Stavropol University, the North Caucasian Technical University,
the Stavropol State Agricultural University and many others.
There are some museums, for example: the Museum of Fine Arts, the Lopatin
Home-Museum and the Grechishkin Museum of Paintings. The largest museum of
the town is the Regional Museum. Its collection includes over 200 000 exhibits.
Stavropol is the centre of cultural life. There is the Lermontov Drama Theatre,
the Concert Hall and a big library, many schools and kindergartens, a good Palace for
Children, where children can go and do many interesting things. Young people can
visit different night clubs and cinemas. They can dance, listen to the music, meet their
friends and chat with them there.
Stavropol is an economic and industrial center of the Region. The machine
building and agriculture are especially strong branches of the economy.
There are many historical monuments which reflect the outstanding events of
the town. They are: the Lenin Square, the Komsomol Hill, the Central Flame and the
Monument for Unknown Soldier.
The town is also the centre of the Stavropol and Vladikavkaz Eparchy of
Russian Orthodox Church. There are many churches and cathedrals in the town.
In the streets there are a lot of trees and flower-beds. From early spring till late
autumn visitors may enjoy the sights and the scenes of exotic flowers in blossom. In
spring and summer the flower-beds strike with their diversity. Stavropol is a fast
growing town. Its population is over 450 thousand people. More than 130
nationalities and people of different religions live in friendship and they are always
willing to help each other.

Задание 3.Ответьте на вопросы к тексту:


1. When was Stavropol founded?
2. Where was Stavropol founded as a fortress?
3. What were the first settlements around the Stavropol fortress?
4. When did the fortress turn into a town?
5. What was the town originally founded as?
6. What is the meaning of the word “Stavropol”?
7. Where is the town located?
8. What does the town look like among endless steppes?
9. What attract visitors in the town?
10.What parks are there in the town?
11.Why is Stavropol a town of students?
12.What museums are there in the town?
13. What is the largest museum in the town?
14.What proves that the town is a center of culture?
15.What are the main economic branches in the town?
16.What monuments are there in the town?
17.What do historical monuments reflect?
18.What proves that Stavropol is the center of Stavropol and Vladikavkaz
Eparchy of Russia?
19.What may the visitors enjoy from spring till autumn?
20.What is the population of the town?
21.How do people of different nationalities and religions live in the region?
Задание 4. Задайте вопросы к выделенным словам:
1. The founder of Stavropol is Suvorov.
2. It was founded in 1777 as a fortress.
3. The first settlements around the Stavropol fortress were Khoper Cossaks.
4. Originally it was founded as a strategic point.
5. The word «Stavropol» is a Greek word meaning «а city of a cross».
6. It is like a green island, surrounded by woods.
7. Beautiful parks attract visitors.
8. Stavropol is a town of students and science.
9. Stavropol is an economic and industrial center of the region.
10.The machine building and agriculture are especially strong branches of the
economy.
11.In the streets there are a lot of trees and flower-beds.
12.In spring and summer the flower-beds strike with their diversity.

Задание 5. Вставьте пропущенные предлоги в следующих предложениях:


1. Stavropol was founded … 1777.
2. The fortress turned … a town in 1785.
3. It is … the east side of the extensive picturesque Stavropol plateau.
4. It is like a green island, surrounded … woods and located … endless steppes.
5. … them are: «Victory Park», «Alexandrovsky Park», «Central Park» and others.
6. Its collection includes … 200 000 exhibits.
7. There is the Lermontov Drama Theatre, the Concert Hall, a big library, and a
good Palace … Children in the town.

Задание 6. Закончите предложения согласно содержанию текста.


1. It … in 1777.
2. Stavropol was founded as a … on the southern … of Russia.
3. The first … around the Stavropol fortress were …
4. Originally it was founded as a … point.
5. …. Prospect was the first street built in 1785.
6. The town is located in the centre of the …
7. It is on the east side of the … picturesque Stavropol plateau.
8. It is like a green island … by woods.
9. Stavropol is one of the … towns of Russia.
10.… parks attract visitors.
11.Stavropol is an … centre of region.
12.There are many … monuments ….
13.There are many trees and … in the streets.

Задание 7. Составьте план к тексту.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их


значения:
1. administrative административный
2. economic экономический
3. political политический
4. educational centre центр образования
5. to be first mentioned быть впервые упомянутым
6. in the chronicles в летописях
7. to grow into превратиться в
8. wealthy city процветающий город
9. the present-day Moscow современная Москва
10.the seat of the government местонахождение
правительства
11.a government office правительственное учреждение
12.to be located быть расположенным
13.the leading industry ведущая отрасль
промышленности
14.engineering машиностроение
15.chemical industry химическая промышленность
16.light industry легкая промышленность
17.unique уникальный
18.a city of science and learning город науки и образования
19.a higher education institution вуз

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание:

MOSCOW
Moscow is the capital of Russia, its administrative, economic, political and
educational centre. The city was founded by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky and was first
mentioned in the chronicles. By the 15th century Moscow had grown into a wealthy
city.
The present-day Moscow is the seat of the government of the Russian
Federation. President of Russia lives and works here; government offices are located
here, too.
Moscow is a major industrial city. Its leading industries are engineering,
chemical and light ones.
Moscow is known for its many historical buildings, museums and art galleries,
as well as for the famous Bolshoi, Maly and Art Theatres.

Задание 3. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту:


1. What is the capital of Russia?
2. What centre is Moscow in Russia?
3. Who was the city founded by?
4. What is the present-day Moscow?
5. What are located in this city?
6. What leading industries are in Moscow?
7. What is Moscow known for?

Задание 4. Сообщите информацию о:


1. The founder of Moscow.
2. The present-day Moscow.
3. Industries of Moscow.
4. Cultural life of Moscow.

Задание 5. Согласитесь или не согласитесь с данными утверждениями. Начните


предложения с выражений:
You are right …. You are not right ….
1. Moscow is the capital of Russia.
2. The city was founded by Ivan the Terrible.
3. Moscow is a major agricultural city.
4. Its leading industries are engineering and light industries.
5. Moscow is a city of science.

Задание 6. Перескажите текст на русском и английском языках.

Dialogues

Задание 1. Прослушайте диалоги и воспроизведите их в парах.

Dialogue 1
- Is it possible to see anything of Moscow in one or two days?
- Well, yes, but of course, not half enough.
- What do you think I ought to see first?
- Well, if you are interested in historical places, you should go to the Red
Square. Do you like art galleries?
- Rather.
- Then why not to go to the State Tretyakov Gallery? But you could spend a
whole day there. It’s much too big to be seen in an hour or so.
- What about going to the Bolshoi Opera House?
- That’s not a bad idea. How can I get there?
- Let me see. I think your best way from here is to walk across the square.
- Is it much of a walk?
- Oh, no, a quarter of an hour or so.

Dialogue 2
- Where did you come from, Nick?
- Well, I came from a place called Stavropol.
- Mmm… . Sounds great. But I've never heard of it.
- Many people haven’t. It is in the south of our country. It was a small, sleepy
sort of place hundred years ago.
- And now it's changed, hasn't it?
- Oh, yes, now it's a town. It's expanded a lot: new shops, offices, factories.
- Well, every town is growing now. One day the whole world is going to
become one great town or city.
- I agree with you.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.
Тема 12. Медицинское обслуживание в России
MEDICAL SERVICE IN RUSSIA

Задание 1. Запомните произношение следующих слов. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. population 9. roentgenographic
2. ambulant 10.roentgenoscopic
3. therapeutist 11.ultrasonic
4. neurologist 12.analysis
5. otholaryngologist 13.physical examination
6. apparatus 14.injection
7. diagnostic laboratory 15.procedure
8. roentgenologic

Задание 2. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. unit единица
2. district polyclinic участковая поликлиника
3. district doctor участковый врач
4. adult взрослый
5. medical insurance card страховой медицинский
полис
6. free of charge бесплатно
7. assistance помощь
8. staff штат
9. surgeon хирург
10.to make an appointment with the doctor записаться на прием к
врачу
11.registry регистратура
12.to call in a doctor вызвать врача на дом
13.(to) record запись, делать запись
14.patient’s medical history история болезни пациента
15.consulting room кабинет врача
16.treatment лечение
17.diagnostic laboratory диагностическая
лаборатория
18.blood кровь
19.urine моча
20.gastric juice желудочный сок
21.sputum мокрота
22.ultrasonic ультразвуковой
23.investigation исследование
24.to make diagnosis ставить диагноз
25.сomplaint жалоба
26.to complain of … жаловаться на …
27.to examine осматривать
28.to listen to heart and lungs прослушать сердце,
легкие
29.to count the pulse rate измерить частоту пульса
30.to measure blood pressure измерить артериальное
давление
31.to palpate abdomen пальпировать живот
32.lymph nodes лимфатические узлы
33.findings, data данные, результаты
34.case-history история болезни
35.account отчет
36.current illness настоящее заболевание
37.past history анамнез
38.hereditary diseases наследственные
заболевания
39.additional дополнительный
40.to have at one’s disposal иметь в ч.-либо
распоряжении
41.to gain information получать информацию
42.to prescribe treatment прописывать лечение
43.to put a patient on a sick list выдать больному
больничный лист
44.medical check-up медицинский осмотр
45.to give an injection сделать инъекцию
46.to put a bandage накладывать повязку
47.range зд. спектр, круг
48.to make procedure выполнять процедуру
49.maternity consultation женская консультация
50.expectant mother беременная женщина
51.pregnancy беременность
52.delivery роды

Задание 3. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание:

AT THE POLYCLINIC
The basic medical unit in our country is а polyclinic. There are district
polyclinics for the adult population and for the children. The medical insurance cards
guarantee people free of charge medical assistance.
The staff of the polyclinic consists of different specialists: therapeutists,
neurologists, otholaringologists, eye doctors, surgeons and others. Patient makes an
appointment with the doctor at the registry or calls him to his home. Personal
information of any patient is kept on a computer now. Computers contain detailed
records of the patient’s medical history.
Ambulant patients are seen at the polyclinic by the district doctors. Doctors
receive their patients in the consulting rooms, which have modern apparatuses and
equipment for patients' examination and treatment. Besides the consulting rooms
there is a diagnostic laboratory for making analyses of blood, urine, gastric juice,
sputum, an electrocardiography room, rooms for various roentgenologic,
roentgenographic, roentgenoscopic, ultrasonic investigations of organs and a
procedure room.
Before making a diagnosis, the doctor asks about the patient's complaints,
examines him thoroughly. He listens to his heart and lungs, counts his pulse rate,
measures his blood pressure and palpates his abdomen and lymph nodes. All findings
of physical examination are recorded into the patient’s case-history. A case history is
a detailed account of patient’s current illness. It also includes information about his
past history, history of familial and hereditary diseases.
Sometimes additional investigations are necessary. Nowadays doctors have at
their disposal modern diagnostic apparatuses which help them to gain information
required to make a proper diagnosis.
On the basis of all data the doctor makes a diagnosis and prescribes a proper
treatment. In serious cases a doctor puts a patient on a sick list or refers him to a
hospital.
Prevention of diseases is important. That‘s why population must undergo
regular medical check-ups at polyclinics.
Nurses help doctors to examine patients, to fill in case-histories. They also give
injections, put bandages and make a wide range of medical and diagnostic
procedures.
Doctors at a maternity consultation centres look after the health of expectant
mothers from the early months of pregnancy up to delivery.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста:


1. What is the polyclinic?
2. How do people receive medical assistance at the polyclinic?
3. What specialists work at the polyclinic?
4. Where do the doctors receive their patients?
5. What rooms are there at the polyclinic?
6. How does the patient make an appointment with a doctor?
7. How does the doctor perform a patient’s physical examination?
8. Where does the doctor record all data of the examinations?
9. What does the doctor do in serious case?
10.What are the duties of nurses?
11.Where do the expectant mothers receive their regular observations?

Задание 2. Переведите следующие слова и словосочетания на английский язык:


Участковая поликлиника, штат поликлиники, кабинет врача, жалобы
больного, записаться на прием к врачу, кабинет ЭКГ, история болезни,
медицинский полис, дополнительные исследования, выдать больничный лист,
делать инъекции, вызвать врача на дом, ультразвуковые исследования,
регистратура, медицинские и диагностические процедуры, хирург, бесплатно.

Задание 3. Поставьте личные местоимения в скобках в нужную форму.


Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Let (I) listen to your heart and lungs. 2. Let (he) take your temperature. 3. Ask
(she) to stay in bed for some days. 4. Let (I) palpate your abdomen. 5. Ask (he)
to be X-rayed to-day.

Задание 4. Вставьте модальные глаголы «must», «can», «may» по смыслу.


Переведите предложения на русский язык:
1. … I make an appointment with Dr. Smirnov?
2. The doctor … have your blood analysis to be sure of a diagnosis.
3. As my sister is ill, she … stay in bed.
4. You … follow the doctor’s instructions.
5. … I count your pulse rate?
6. You … take your case-history from the table.

Задание 5. Поставьте общие и специальные вопросы к следующим


предложениям:
1. My sister complains of a bad headache.
2. Doctor Smirnov receives patients in his consulting room.
3. The nurse took the patient’s temperature.
4. Ultrasound apparatuses help doctors to make diagnosis.
5. The staff of the polyclinic consists of many specialists.

AT THE CHEMIST'S

Задание 1. Запомните произношение следующих слов. Повторяйте их за


диктором:

1. medicine 7. antibiotics
2. department 8. vitamins
3. pill 9. antiseptics
4. tablet 10.bandage
5. mixture 11.plaster
6. tincture 12.thermometer

Задание 2. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. prescription рецепт
2. chemist’s shop аптека
3. chemist’s department отдел ручной продажи
4. prescription department рецептурный отдел
5. to order drugs заказать лекарства
6. solid form твердая форма
7. liquid form жидкая форма
8. powder порошок
9. ointment мазь
10.syrup сироп
11.solution раствор
12.pain-killer болеутоляющее
13.lexative слабительное
14.label этикетка, наклейка
15.to indicate указывать, обозначать
16.for internal use для внутреннего употребления
17.for external use для наружного применения
18.manufacturer производитель
19.composition состав
20.side effect побочный эффект
21.precautions меры предосторожности
22.overdosage передозировка
23.cotton-wool вата
24.dressing material перевязочный материал
25.adhesive plaster лейкопластырь
26.mustard plaster горчичник
27.hot-water bottle грелка
28.medicine dropper медицинская пипетка
29.thermometer термометр
30.syringe шприц
31.hygienic means гигиенические средства

Задание 3. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание:


TEXT
When you receive a prescription from the doctor or need some medicines you
go to the chemist’s shop.
There are two departments at a big chemist’s shop. At the chemist’s
department one can have medicines right away; other drugs can be ordered at the
prescription department.
At the chemist’s one can buy drugs in solid and liquid forms such as: pills or
tablets, capsules, powders, mixtures, drops, ointments, tinctures, syrups, and so on. It
may be pain-killers, antibiotics, antiseptics, laxatives, tonics, vitamins, and other
drugs and solutions.
Every small bottle, tube or box of medicine has a label on it. The labels
indicate drugs for internal, external use or injections. The annotation to the drug
contains essential information about it: the name of a drug, manufacturer, and
composition, directions for use, possible side effects and precautions. It is very
important, because any overdosage may cause side effect or even death.
At the chemist’s we may buy things necessary for patients’ care: cotton-wool,
dressing material, adhesive plasters, mustard plasters. One can get hot-water bottles,
medicine droppers, thermometers, tonometers, syringes and so on.
There is also a big choice of hygienic means for children and adults.

Exercises
Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста.
1. Where do you go if you need some medicine?
2. What departments are there at the chemist’s?
3. In what forms can you order or buy drugs at the chemist’s?
4. Where is the name of the drug and the dose to be taken usually indicated?
5. What information does the annotation to a drug contain?
6. What one can buy at the chemist’s?

Задание 2. Найдите в тексте эквиваленты следующим словосочетаниям:


1. a department where one can order drugs;
2. a small slip of paper on which the name of a medicine is written;
3. drugs taken orally;
4. an excessive dose of a drug;
5. an instrument by which a medicine is introduced into the vein;
6. an instrument for measuring a temperature.

Задание 3. Перефразируйте предложения согласно модели. Переведите на


русский язык.
Model: I stick a label.
The label is stuck by me.
1. The overdosage may cause a death.
2. This drug caused a side effect.
3. I bought vitamins at the chemist’s shop.
4. My sister applied a hot-water bottle to her feet.
5. The doctor administered a cough mixture.

Задание 4. Составьте вопросы к следующим предложениям (общий и


специальный вопросы):
1. The nurse made him an intramuscular injection.
2. This drug caused allergic reaction on the skin.
3. This child takes this medicine three times a day.
4. The doctor will prescribe some sleeping drugs to her.
5. The name of the drug is indicated on a label.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их


значение:
1. to fall ill заболеть
2. turn очередь
3. sore throat больное горло
4. armpit подмышка
5. swollen опухший, припухший
6. to strip to the waist раздеться до пояса
7. râle хрип
8. quinzy ангина
9. to relieve облегчить
10.to gargle полоскать

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание:

MY VISIT TO A DOCTOR
I fell ill and went to our district polyclinic. At the registry a registering clerk
asked my name and address and found my case-history. I took it and went to my
district doctor, who was receiving her patients in the Consulting Room Number 5.
Several patients were waiting until it was their turn. Soon a nurse asked me to come
in.
I must say, that Dr. Ivanova is an experienced therapeutist. She treats all the
members of our family. First of all she asked me about my complaints.
I felt badly. I had temperature and a sore throat. The nurse asked me to keep
the thermometer in my armpit for some minutes. It was 38°C! My tonsils were
swollen and red. The doctor asked me to strip to the waist and listened to my heart
and lungs. There were no râles in the lungs. The doctor said that it was quinzy. She
prescribed me a bed regimen for some days, medicines and vitamins. To relieve the
pain in the throat she advised me to gargle my throat with an antiseptic solution
several times a day. I always follow the prescribed treatment to be well again as soon
as possible.

Задание 3. Расскажите, что Вы поняли, прослушав текст (на русском языке).


Задание 4. Составьте план пересказа текста на русском языке.
Задание 5. Перескажите текст на английском языке.

Dialogue
Задание 1. Прослушайте диалог. Воспроизведите его в парах.
Ann – Good morning, Kate! I’m seriously ill and want you to go to the nearest
chemist’s, to buy drugs.
Kate – Certainly Ann, I’ll help you with pleasure, what drugs do you need?
Ann – Doctor thinks, that I have grippe. I have a bad headache, temperature, cough
and pains in joints.
Kate – Well I’ll go to the chemist’s immediately, because grippe is a very serious
disease for its complications.
(Kate comes to the chemist’s. She addresses to the chemist):
Kate – What will you advise for grippe? My friend has high temperature and cough.
Chem– Take these drugs to relieve the symptoms of grippe and this cough mixture
must be taken, a tablespoonful, three times a day. I also advise to take
vitamins. She must follow doctor’s instructions and stay in bed.
Kate - Thank you very much, I think my friend will recover soon, good-bye.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.

Тема 13. Больница


HOSPITAL

Задание 1. Запомните произношение следующих слов. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. maternity 6. anaesthesia
2. surgical 7. heart
3. certain 8. blood
4. burn 9. pressure
5. therapeutic 10.procedure

Задание 2. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. the Public Health System система здравоохранения
2. medical institution медицинское учреждение
3. curative лечебный
4. emergency hospital - больница скорой помощи
5. maternity home родильный дом
6. urgent medical treatment скорая (неотложная) помощь
7. resuscitation specialists реаниматологи
8. ENT-specialist (ear, nose, throat) отоларинголог
9. surgical department хирургическое отделение
10.burns’ department ожоговое отделение
11.clinical chair клиническая кафедра
12.on hospital ground на базе больницы
13.under the guidance of под руководством
14.to be admitted to the hospital поступать в больницу
15.associate professor доцент
16.reception ward приемное отделение
17.preliminary предварительный
18.morning round утренний обход
19.ward палата
20.doctor in charge палатный врач
21.medical treatment room физиотерапевтический кабинет
22.to fill in a case history заполнять карточку больного
23.to carry out выполнять
24.assignment назначение
25.to put bandages делать повязки
26.a surgery block хирургический блок
27.to perform the operation сделать операцию
28.shadowless lamp бестеневая лампа
29.blood transfusion переливание крови
30.a marked improvement значительное улучшение
31.to discharge the patient from the hospital выписать пациента из
больницы

Задание 3. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание:

HOSPITAL
The medical service in our country is based on the principle of qualified
medical aid. The public health system includes a variety of medical institutions.
There are polyclinics, hospitals and other curative and preventive institutions.
Hospital is a medical institution where in-patients are treated. There are general
hospitals and specialized ones such as infection hospitals, children’s hospitals,
mental, oncological, emergency and other hospitals and clinics. Babies are born in
maternity homes. Urgent medical treatment is provided by the physicians and
resuscitation specialists of the first-aid ambulance centres.
Each general hospital has several departments. There are surgical, therapeutic,
cardiac, neurology, burns and other departments. Medical staff of the hospital
consists of a head doctor, physicians, surgeons, neurologists, ENT-specialists,
cardiologists, gynecologists, psychiatrics, oncologists and other specialists. Nursing
staff consists of doctors’ assistants and nurses.
Medical Academy has some clinical chairs on the hospital grounds. The
medical students study here under the guidance of professors, associate professors
and assistants.
When the patient is admitted to the hospital he is taken to the reception ward.
After a preliminary examination the patient is directed to a certain department. There
are several wards, doctors’ and nurses’ rooms, a medical treatment room, a dining-
room, a sterilizing- and a bath-rooms, toilets in each department.
Every day the doctors make the morning rounds. The doctor in charge
examines the patient, listens to the heart and lungs, takes blood pressure, palpates the
abdomen etc. Then the doctor fills in a case-history and gives instructions to the nurse
as to the treatment of the patients.
Nurses carry out doctors’ assignments: they make injections, take the patients'
temperature, feel the pulse, put bandages, apply compress etc. They also sterilize
instruments and prepare everything for the operations. Operations are performed in
the surgery block. It's equipped with an operating table, a shadowless lamp, an
apparatus for anesthesia, blood transfusion.
Every hospital has its laboratory for making analyses. Laboratory assistants
make blood, urine and other analyses.
When the doctors see a marked improvement in patients’ condition they can
discharge them from the hospital.

Exercises

Задание 1. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты данных слов и


словосочетаний:
Медицинское учреждение, детская больница, больница скорой помощи,
родильный дом, отделение, палата, обучаться под чьим-либо руководством,
приемное отделение, предварительный осмотр, физиотерапевтический кабинет,
обход, лечение больного, прослушать сердце и легкие, аппарат для анестезии,
быть оборудованным.

Задание 2. Расположите вопросы соответственно содержанию текста, ответьте


на них устно:
1. Where are the operations performed?
2. Are there any laboratories at the hospital?
3. What are the hospital’s departments?
4. When do the doctors make their rounds?
5. What are the duties of a nurse?
6. What is the surgery block equipped with?
7. What is the main principle of medical service in Russia?

Задание 3. Поставьте сказуемое в соответствующую форму:


1. The patients (to treat) at the in-patient department.
2. Medical staff (to consist) of various doctors.
3. Nurses (to carry out) doctor’s assignments.
4. Operation (to perform) in the surgery block.
5. Every hospital (to have) a laboratory.
6. The doctor (to see) a marked improvement in patients’ condition.
7. The doctor in charge is allowed (to discharge) the patients from the
hospital.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их


значение:
1. National Health Service (the NHS) - национальное здравоохранение
в Великобритании
2. taxes налоги
3. general practitioner врач общей практики
4. to make an appointment to see the doctor записаться на прием к врачу
5. the cost of drugs стоимость лекарств
6. free treatment бесплатное лечение
7. to have private health insurance иметь полис частной
страховой компании
8. to wait for a long time ждать долгое время
9. to call an ambulance вызвать машину скорой
помощи
10.free urgent medical treatment бесплатная скорая
медицинская помощь

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание:

Medical Service in Britain


In Britain there is a National Health Service (the NHS), which is paid for by
taxes and national insurance, and in general people do not have to pay for
medical treatment. Every person is registered with a doctor in their local area,
known as a general practitioner or GP. This means that the patient’s name is on the
GP’s list, and the patient may make an appointment to see the doctor or may call
the doctor out to him if he is ill. People sometimes have to pay part of the cost
of drugs that the doctor prescribes. GPs are trained in general medicine but are
not specialists in any particular subject. If a patient needs to see a specialist
doctor, he must first go to his GP and then the GP will make an appointment for the
patient to see a specialist at a hospital or clinic.
Although everyone in Britain can have free treatment under the NHS, it is
also possible to have treatment done privately, for which one has to pay. Some
people have private health insurance to help them to pay for private treatment.
Under the NHS people who need to go to hospital may have to wait for a long
time on a waiting list for their treatment. If they pay for the treatment, they will
probably get it more quickly. Anyone who is very ill can call an ambulance and
get taken to hospital for free urgent medical treatment. Ambulances are a free
service in Britain.

Задание 3. Ответьте на следующие вопросы по содержанию текста:


1. Является ли здравоохранение платным для граждан Великобритании?
2. Каким образом пациент может обратиться к узкому специалисту?
3. Существует ли частное медицинское страхование в Великобритании?
4. Можно ли вызвать машину скорой помощи бесплатно?

Задание 4. Закончите предложения в соответствии с содержанием текста:


1. In Britain people do not have to pay for…...
2. Every person is registered with a doctor known as…….
3. If a patient needs to see a specialist doctor, he must first go to his ……
4. Some people have private health…..
5. Anyone who is very ill can call an ambulance and get free …..

Dialogue
Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их
значение:
1. to do smb’s best сделать все возможное,
постараться
2. in-patient стационарный больной
3. As far as I know. насколько я знаю.
4. kindergarten детский сад
5. prevention профилактика
6. cure лечение
7. staff штат
8. as for … что касается …
9. to meet the requirement удовлетворять потребности
Задание 2. Прослушайте диалог и воспроизведите его в парах:
A.: - A lot of people in Britain don’t know very much about the Russian Health
Service. Could you tell me some words about its structure?
B.: - I'll certainly do my best. As you know, I’m a medical student and know the
system of medical aid in our country. Well, where should I begin?
A.: - First of all, I’d like to know something about Hospital Service. Is it free of
charge?
B.: - If you have Insurance Policy you can get medical services free of charge with
the exception of some types of stomatologic aid.
A.: - What departments are there in the hospital?
B.: - As far as I know there are many departments in each hospital: therapeutic,
neurology, cardiac, burns, etc. There are also specialized clinics: mental,
oncological, infectious and others.
A.: - That’s excellent. But what about children? Where are they treated?
B.: - There are special children’s hospitals where they have got all sorts of
treatment. Besides in kindergartens and at schools children are given regular
medical examination. “Prevention is better than cure”, as we say.
A.: - You are quite right. What’s the medical staff at the hospital?
B.: - As a rule, medical staff consists of a chief-doctor, therapeutists, surgeons,
cardiologists, neurologists and many other specialists. They work in the
departments. As for nurses, they assist the surgeons during operations, take the
patient's temperature, provide medical procedures.
A.: - I suppose, a general hospital has necessary equipment, hasn't it?
B.: - Yes, of course. Each hospital is modern equipped and has necessary
instruments.
A.: - I know your state is doing all it can to meet the requirements of a modern
Health Service. Thank you for the information. Good-bye!
B.: - Good-bye!
ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.

Тема 14. Признаки и симптомы болезни


DISEASE: SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. acute острый
2. malignant злокачественный
3. benign доброкачественный
4. duration продолжительность
5. to cause death приводить к смерти
6. abruptly внезапно
7. vomiting рвота
8. to require требовать
9. to refer зд. относиться
10.ulcerative colitis язвенный колит
11.relapsing attacks повторяющиеся приступы
12.to alternate чередоваться
13.complication осложнение
14.cancer рак
15.to indicate указывать на что-либо
16.sign признак
17.manifestation проявление
18.fever высокая температура
19.lack недостаток, отсутствие
чего-либо
20.severe burn сильный ожог
21.heart malfunction сердечная дисфункция
22.significant значительный
23.to be modified изменяться, модифицироваться
24.to lower снижать

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание:

DISEASE: SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS


Disease may be acute, chronic, malignant, or benign. Of these terms,
chronic and acute have to do with the duration of a disease, malignant and benign
with its potentiality for causing death.
An acute disease usually begins abruptly and is over soon. Acute appendicitis, for
example, is characterized by vomiting, and pain usually localized in the lower right side.
It usually requires immediate surgical treatment. The term chronic refers to a process
that often begins very gradually and then persists for a long period. For example,
ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease. Its peak incidence is early in the second decade of
life. The disease is characterized by relapsing attacks of bloody diarrhea that persist for
weeks to months. These attacks alternate with asymptomatic periods that can last from
weeks to years.
The terms benign and malignant, most often used to describe tumours, can be
used in a more general sense. Benign diseases are generally without complications,
and a good prognosis is usual. Malignancy implies a process that, if left alone, will
result in fatal illness. Cancer is the general term for all malignant tumours.
Diseases usually are indicated by signs and symptoms. A sign is defined as an
objective manifestation of disease that can be determined by a physician; a symptom is
subjective evidence of disease reported by the patient. Each disease has a lot of signs and
symptoms; individual sign such as fever, however, may be found in a great number of
diseases.
Fever is an abnormal rise in body temperature. It is most often a sign of
infection but can be present when there is tissue destruction, as, for example, from a
severe burn or when large amounts of tissue have died because of lack of blood supply.
Fever is a highly significant indicator of disease.
The pulse rate is important information. The heart rate varies with the level of
physical activity: the heart beats are faster during exercise and more slowly during
rest. An abnormal pulse or heart rate may indicate a disease. The heart rate increases
in the feverish patient. A weak, rapid pulse rate may be a sign of severe blood loss
or of disease within the heart itself. Irregularity of the pulse is an important indicator
of heart malfunction.
The respiratory rate (rate of breathing) is modified by disease. Persons with
fever have an increased respiratory rate, which serves to lower body temperature.
Temperature, pulse, and respiratory rate – called the vital signs — may be
important manifestations of disease. A fourth vital sign, blood pressure, is equally
significant. Among other things, it indicates the amount of blood in circulation.

Exercises

Задание 1. Найдите правильные ответы на вопросы и закончите предложения


соответственно содержанию текста:
1. Which of the following is not characteristic for chronic disease?
b) The process is developing little by little.
c) Chronic diseases require immediate surgical treatment.
d) The process lasts a long period of time.
e) The acute condition may alter with periods when a patient feels well.
2. According to the text, … .
b) benign diseases result in severe complications;
c) a wart if left alone may result in cancer;
d) some benign tumours may be caused by a virus;
e) benign tumours produce illnesses that may be fatal.

3. Which of the following is not true?


b) Fever is one of the most important signs of the disease.
c) Symptoms are subjected to doctors.
d) Fever is an unusual increase in body temperature.
e) There is a great number of signs and symptoms in every illness.

4. Irregularity of the pulse shows everything except … .


b) bleeding;
c) the rise in temperature;
d) a heart disease;
e) the cause of disease.

5. Which of the following is not true?


b) The higher the temperature is, the quicker one breathes.
c) Temperature, pulse, blood pressure and rate of breathing are significant
manifestations of disease.
d) Fever shows the lack of blood supply.
e) Blood pressure shows the amount of blood in circulation.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание:


ACUTE APPENDICITIS
Acute appendicitis is known to occur in all age groups. It is more frequent in
women from 20 to 40 years old. Cases of appendicitis may occur even in infants and
in very old age. Acute appendicitis begins suddenly with sharp pain which is at first
felt in epigastrium but then becomes generalized in the abdomen. The pain becomes
worse on deep breathing in and coughing. It is accompanied by nausea, vomiting,
retention of stools and gases. Sometimes constipation or diarrhea may be present. The
temperature is normal or subfebrile. With the development of the disease temperature
elevation is observed. The pulse is quick, 90-100 beats per minute. The tongue is
coated and dry.
The attack of appendicitis may last to 3-4 days. Then the temperature returns to
normal, abdominal pains decrease and only a moderate tenderness is felt in the right
lower part of the abdomen on palpation. Palpation should be done with great
gentleness to avoid rupture of the abscess.
Acute appendicitis is treated surgically. The operation is performed either
under local or under general anesthesia.
The appendix is removed immediately to prevent its rupture which may result
in peritonitis. Such forms of appendicitis as gangrenous and perforating are
particularly dangerous to life. But sometimes even a mild form of appendicitis has a
severe course and results in perforation.

Задание 2. Укажите, какие из перечисленных симптомов относятся к острому


аппендициту:
Nausea, constipation, headache, fatigue, sharp pain in the abdomen, toothache,
diarrhea, coated tongue, dizziness.

Задание 3 .Поставьте глагол в нужную форму:


1. Acute appendicitis is (to know) to occur in all age groups.
2. It (to begin) suddenly.
3. The pain (to become) generalized in the abdomen.
4. Acute appendicitis (to accompany by nausea.
5. The temperature (to be) normal.
6. The attack usually (to last) 3-4 days.
7. A moderate tenderness is (to feel) in the right lower part of the abdomen.

Задание 4. Составьте предложения по модели:


Model: Grippe is characterized by pains in the limbs, high temperature, malaise,
headache.
Grippe – pains in the limbs, high temperature, malaise, headache.
Scarlet fever – sore-throat, elevated temperature, rash.
Chicken-pox – general malaise, temperature, eruption, itching.
Appendicitis – severe pain, gastric disturbances, nausea, vomiting.
Tuberculosis – cough, night sweats, low grade temperature, weakness, malaise,
anorexia, loss of weight.
Heart failure – dyspnea, radiating pains, edema, palpitation.
Gastritis – pains, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation.
Pleurisy– dry cough, sharp pains, fever, malaise.
Mumps– swelling of the parotid glands, difficulties in swallowing, sweating, loss of
appetite, temperature.
Dialogue

Задание 8. Прослушайте диалог, постарайтесь понять его содержание.


Обратите внимание на ключевые слова и словосочетания.
1. to suffer страдать, болеть
2. illness болезнь
3. insomnia бессоница
4. indigestion нарушение пищерарения
5. to catch a cold простудиться
6. to cough кашлять
7. to sneeze чихать
8. to guess догадываться
9. to be run down быть разбитым, больным
10. a nervous breakdown нервный срыв, расстройство
11.to give up smoking бросать курить
12.evil зло
13.to keep off smth. держаться подальше, избегать ч-л.
14.to hurt повредить

Dialogue
Задание 1. Прослушайте диалог. Воспроизведите его в парах.

A Visit To The Doctor


Doctor: Well, what is the trouble? You are looking rather unwell, I must say.
Mr. Brown. You had better ask me what is not trouble with me, sir. It seems to me I
am suffering all the illnesses imaginable: headache, earache, insomnia,
indigestion, pains in the stomach, muscle pain, appetite loss. And to make
things worse I’ve caught a cold, I’ve got a sore throat, so I am sneezing
and coughing all the time. I feel hot and feverish. I got short of breath.
Actually, I feel more dead than alive.
Doctor: I am sorry to hear that. Anyway, I don’t think things are so bad as you can
imagine. Let me have a look at you. I’d like to sound your chest. Your heart,
chest and lungs seem to be not bad. Now let me see your throat. Yes, it looks
a bit sore. Show me your tongue. Have you taken your temperature?
Mr. Brown. Not yet, but I guess I should.
Doctor: Well, I don’t find anything radically wrong with you. But it is clear that
you’re down, and if you don’t take care of yourself, you may have a
nervous breakdown. So, first of all I advise you to stop worrying. Take
some rest, have regular meals, keep off alcohol. If possible, give up
smoking, at least for a time. Have this tonic made up and take 1
tablespoon three times a day before meals.
Mr. Brown. What about diet, doctor?
Doctor: Well, keep to a diet of salads and fruit, and a bit meat. If you do this I can
promise you soon full recovery.
Mr. Brown. But if I don’t?
Doctor: You have to decide what is the lesser evil – to follow my advice or prepare
for a better world! And one more thing. Keep off accidents so that your
neck, arms and legs were not hurt!

Задание 2. Найдите перевод следующих клише и выражений в правом столбце:


- What’s the trouble? Мне кажется, …
- It seems to me … Позвольте на вас взглянуть
- to make things worse В чем дело?
- Let me have a look at you Я скорее мертв, чем жив
- I feel more dead than alive Ухудшить положение
- I guess I should stop worrying Я думаю, что мне не стоит
волноваться
- if possible соблюдать диету
- give up smoking брось курить
- at least for a time если возможно
- keep a diet хотя бы на время
- what is the lesser evil что меньшее зло
- keep off accidents избегай катастроф

Задание 3. Составьте вопросы, ответы на которые приводятся ниже:


- I am suffering all the illnesses imaginable
- Yes? I have a sore throat
- I feel hot and feverish
- Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day before meals
- Come to me in some days
ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.

Тема 15. Клинические методы обследования больного


CLINICAL METHODS OF PATIENT’S EXAMINATION

Задание 1. Запомните произношение следующих слов. Повторяйте их за


диктором:

1. symptom 9. cytologic
2. auscultation 10. allergy test
3. palpation 11. Mantoux’s test
4. percussion 12. tuberculosis
5. crepitation 13. roentgenologic
6. hypertension 14. ultrasound
7. hypotension 15. biopsy
8. tonometer

Задание 2. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. method of examination метод осмотра, обследования
2. clinical examination клиническое обследование
3. physical examination физикальное обследование
4. treatment лечение
5. to make diagnosis поставить диагноз
6. cause of a disease причина заболевания
7. to reveal обнаруживать, выявлять
8. complete полный
9. inquiry опрос, расспрашивание
10. inspection осмотр
11. to count pulse rate измерять частоту пульса
12. to measure blood pressure измерять артериальное давление
13. X-ray examination рентгеновское исследование
14. laboratory study лабораторное исследование
15. to complain of жаловаться на
16. complaint жалоба
17. onset начало, приступ (заболевания)
18. past history анамнез перенесенных
заболеваний
19. family history семейный анамнез
20. hereditary наследственный
21. disorder расстройство, нарушение
22. immediate relatives близкие родственники
23. to assess, assessment оценить, оценка
24. mental умственный
25. valuable ценный
26. appearance внешний вид
27. build телосложение
28. skin кожа
29. mucous membrane слизистая оболочка
30. tongue язык
31. pupil зрачок
32. salivary gland слюнная железа
33. elasticity упругость
34. rigidity неподвижность
35. outline контур
36. swelling припухлость
37. oedema отек
38. growth новообразование, опухоль
39. heart sound сердечный тон
40. crepitation хруст, крепитирующие звуки
41. râle хрип (в легких)
42. dullness притупленность (звука)
43. to ascertain установить, выяснить
44. to suffer from страдать от
45.method of investigation метод исследования
46. blood кровь
47. urine моча
48. sputum мокрота
49. bile желчь
50. swab, smear мазок
51. cytologic examination цитологическое
исследование
52. allergy аллергия
53. biopsy биопсия
54. specimen образец
55. to specify уточнить
56. tumour опухоль
57. valuable ценный
58. investigation исследование
59. shape очертание, контур
60. internal внутренний
61. patient’s case history история болезни пациента
Задание 3. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание:

CLINICAL METHODS OF PATIENT’S EXAMINATION


Before the treatment of a disease it is necessary to make diagnosis, to
determine the cause of the disease, and all symptoms by which it can be revealed.
Correct diagnosis must be based on a complete clinical examination of the
patient.
The usual methods of physical examination which doctors use in daily practice
are: inquiry, inspection, auscultation, palpation, percussion, taking the temperature,
counting the pulse rate, taking the blood pressure, making X-ray examinations and
various laboratory studies.
By questioning the patient the doctor learns about his complaints, the onset and
duration of present illness. It is important to take a careful past history, family
history, to reveal hereditary disorders and causes of death of immediate relatives.
Assessment of mental and emotional state of a patient may also give valuable
information to the doctor.
Inspection is the method by which doctor reveals the appearance of the patient,
his build, the state of his skin, mucous membranes, tongue, pupils, etc. Doctor must
observe the patient’s hands, feet, shape of the chest. He must palpate lymphatic and
salivary glands.
By palpation the doctor determines elasticity or rigidity of the abdomen, the
outlines or the enlargement of the abdominal organs, swelling, edema and existence
of growth.
While auscultating the patient, the physician can determine the abnormal heart
sounds, crepitations and râles in the lungs.
Percussion reveals dullness of sound and distribution of fluids in the body.
The temperature is taken by means of thermometer to ascertain whether the
patient has or has no temperature.
The blood pressure is measured by means of tonometer to find out whether the
patient is suffering from hypertension or hypotension.
The patient’s pulse is counted to assess its rate and rhythm. The normal pulse
rate is 65-70 beats per minute.
In diagnostics of diseases various laboratory and instrumental methods of
investigation are applied.
The laboratory investigations such as various blood and urine tests, stool
studies and sputum, bile examinations may be very informative.
Patient’s swabs or smears are taken for cytologic examination. If the patient
suffers from any kind of allergy it is necessary to make allergy tests. Mantoux’s test
is used to detect the presence of tuberculous infection.
Biopsy specimens are taken to specify the character of tumour.
Valuable information may be obtained using modern roentgenologic,
endoscopic and ultrasound methods of investigation. With the help of these
investigations it is possible to determine position, shape, size, structure and pathology
of the internal organs.
The methods of instrumental investigations require special preparation of the
patients.
The results of physical examination, laborаtоry and instrumental investigations
аre recorded into the patient’s case history.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на следующие вопросы по содержанию текста:


1. What is correct diagnosis based on?
2. What are the usual methods of patient’s examination?
3. What does inquiry reveal?
4. What does inspection reveal?
5. What can be determined by palpation, auscultation and percussion?
6. How does the doctor take the patient’s temperature, blood pressure?
7. What is the patient’s normal pulse?
8. Which are the usual laboratory studies?
9. In what case is it necessary to make biopsy?
10.What modern methods of investigation do you know?

Задание 2. Переведите следующие слова и словосочетания на английский язык:


Осмотр пациента, частота пульса, пальпировать лимфатические и слюнные
железы, жалобы пациента, страдать от, цитологические исследования, тоны
сердца, начало заболевания, рентгенологическое исследование, мазок,
внутренние органы, внешний вид пациента, мокрота, причина смерти,
перкуссия, определять, современные методы исследования.

Задание 3. Выберите нужное слово или словосочетание для того, чтобы


закончить предложение:
1. Inquiry reveals … (past history, patient’s appearance, family history).
2. Palpation reveals … (edema, family history, growth).
3. Counting the pulse reveals … (blood count, pulse rate, respiratory rate).
4. X-ray examination reveals … (hypertension, bone lesions).
5. Inspection reveals … (heart sounds, past history, appearance of the patient).

Задание 4. Ответьте на предложенные вопросы согласно модели:


Model: A.: - When do we ask the patient “How old are you?”
B.: - We ask it if we want to find out his age.
1. Who are you? – (name).
2. What are you? – (occupation).
3. When did you fall ill? – (date of the onset of the disease).
4. What are you complaining of? – (patient’s symptoms and complaints).
5. What diseases have you had? – (patient’s past history).
Задание 5. Согласно модели, назовите инструменты, которые используются
при осмотре и обследовании больного:
Model: a) Bronchoscope – to inspect the interior of the bronchi.
b) A broncoscope is an instrument used for inspecting the interior of the
bronchi.
1. Gastroscope – to inspect the interior of the stomach.
2. Phonendoscope – to perform auscultation.
3. Cystoscope – to examine the bladder.
4. Otoscope – to inspect the ear.
5. Thermometer – to take the patient’s temperature.
6. Opthalmoscope – to visualize the eyeground.
7. Reflex hammer – to check the patient’s reflexes.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Запомните значения следующих слов и словосочетаний.


1. vital(ly) жизненный
2. device устройство, механизм
3. accurate точный
4. screen экран
5. to stress подчеркивать
6. to possess владеть, обладать
7. to enable давать возможность, позволять
8. proper нужный, необходимый

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст и постарайтесь понять его содержание:


TEXT
Great progress of medical science and technology made it possible to control
over the vitally important functions of the human organism using advanced
diagnostic apparatuses and instruments.
Computer ultrasound devices make an accurate diagnosis of a great variety of
diseases of the heart, blood vessels, lungs, stomach, etc.
Everything happening in the patient’s organs is immediately registered and
shown on screens and indicators. By studying the results of these investigations the
physician can make a correct diagnosis and plan the necessary treatment. For
example, doctors know much about cardiovascular diseases thanks to radiographic
examination of the heart and other methods of ultrasound diagnostics.
It must be stressed that each hospital now possesses new ultrasonic
apparatuses, which enable physicians to make diagnosis and administer proper
treatment.

Задание 3. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту.


1) What diagnostic apparatuses help doctors to control over the functions of the
human organism?
2) Do you know the examples of using ultrasonic devices for diagnostics?
3) Are there any ultrasonic apparatuses in hospitals and clinics in your town?

Задание 4. Воспроизведите текст на английском языке.

Dialogue
1. substernal area загрудинная область
2. to strip to the waist раздеться до пояса
3. to catch a bad cold сильно простудиться

Задание 1. Прослушайте диалог. Воспроизведите его в парах:

Patient: - How do you do, Doctor?


Doctor: - How do you do. Sit down. What is the matter with you?
P.: - You see, I feel a bad pain in the substernal area and I have temperature and bad
cough.
D.: - Please, take the temperature. Oh, it is 37.8°C! Now I want to listen to your
lungs and heart. Strip to the waist, please.
(Doctor listens to his lungs and heart).
P.: - Tell me, Doctor, is it very serious?
D.: - It will be serious, if you don’t follow my instructions. You have only caught a
bad cold. I want you to make blood and urine analyses and X-ray examination.
P.: - All right. I shall.
D.: - I’ll give you a prescription. Take a dose of this drug three times a day. You
must follow a bed regimen. Come and see me again in 3-4 days. Good-bye for
the present.
P.: - Good-bye, Doctor. Thank you very much.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.

Тема 16. Стоматологическая поликлиника


DENTAL CLINIC

Задание 1. Запомните произношение следующих слов. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. atmosphere 4. computerized
2. comfortable 5. technician
3. information 6. professionally
7. diagnosis 9. modern-equipped
8. method 10.autoclave

Задание 2. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором.
1. dental стоматологический, зубной
2. toothache зубная боль
3. welcoming радушный, приятный
4. reception (area, room) регистратура
5.receptionist регистратор, администратор
6. polite вежливый
7. head doctor главный врач
8. nurse медсестра
9. dental technician зубной техник
10. to wear носить (одежду)
11. uniform спецодежда
12. attractive styles and colors привлекательного фасона и
цвета
13. to make an appointment with the doctor записываться на прием к врачу
14. dental team, dental staff команда (штат) стоматологов
15. to make a correct diagnosis поставить правильный диагноз
16. preventive treatment профилактическое лечение
17. restoration восстановление
18. to put a filling пломбировать зуб
19. inlay вкладка, реставрационная
вставка
20. to treat лечить
21. to extract удалять
22. to correct malocclusion исправлять неправильный
прикус
23. to make a crown (a prosthesis) изготовить коронку, протез
24. to remove dental plaque удалять зубной налет
25. calculus зубной камень
26. bleaching of teeth отбеливание зубов
27. oral hygiene гигиена ротовой полости
28. dental material(s) материалы для лечения и
восстановления зубов
29. dental chair зубоврачебное кресло
30. technical laboratory зуботехническая лаборатория
31. X-ray room рентген кабинет
32. to sterilize in autoclave стерилизовать в автоклаве
33. to assist ассистировать
34. “Good health is above wealth.” «Здоровье дороже денег»
35. twice дважды

Задание 3. . Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

DENTAL CLINIC
When I have toothache or dental problems, I go to the dental clinic «Denta-
Luxe». It is a modern dental clinic. The atmosphere in it is really warm and
welcoming. The walls in the office are light, there are some nice pictures on them.
There are some comfortable armchairs and sofa where patients can read magazines
and watch TV.
In the reception room you can see a receptionist, who speaks to you in a polite
manner and gives you necessary information. Her working place is fully
computerized.
Dental staff consists of a head-doctor, dentists, dental nurses, dental
technicians and receptionists. All of them wear uniforms of attractive styles and
colors.
The working day starts at 8 o'clock in the morning. Patients can make an
appointment with the doctor in the reception, or over the telephone.
Every member of dental team does his job very good and professionally. The
work of the dentists consists of making correct diagnosis, preventive treatment of
dental and oral diseases and treatment leading to full restoration of oral health.
Doctors of this clinic give patients all kinds of treatment: they put fillings or
inlays, treat gum diseases; extract bad teeth; correct malocclusion and make crowns
and prosthesis. They also remove dental plaque and calculus, carry out bleaching of
teeth and give instructions on oral hygiene. In their work they use modern methods of
treatment and modern dental materials.
This dental clinic is also modern-equipped. There are five dental chairs in it,
technical laboratory and X-ray room.
Dental instruments are prepared and sterilized in an autoclave by dental nurse.
She also prepares the working place of every dentist and if it is necessary, assists him.
I remember that «Good health is above wealth» and I do my best to visit this dental
clinic twice a year.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста:


1. Where do you go if you have toothache?
2. What can you say about modern dental clinics?
3. What is the atmosphere in such clinics?
4. How do patients make an appointment with the doctor?
5. What are the members of the dental staff?
6. What does the work of dentists consist of?
7. What do the nurses do?
8. What equipment has modern dental clinic?
9. How often must people visit dental clinic for prophylactic examination?
Задание 2. Переведите следующие словосочетания на русский язык:
Dental treatment, dental clinic, dental examination, dental instruments, dental chair,
dental equipment, dental nurse, dental health, dental practice, dental disease, dental
plaque.

Задание 3. Выберите в правой колонке эквиваленты следующим словам и


словосочетаниям:
1. head-doctor 1. неправильный прикус
2. toothache 2. регистратор
3. dental chair 3. стерилизовать инструменты
4. to put a filling 4. рентген кабинет
5. malocclusion 5. главврач
6. receptionist 6. стоматологическое кресло
7. to sterilize instruments 7. ставить пломбу
8. X-ray room 8. заболевания зубов
9. dental diseases 9. зубная боль

Задание 4. Поставьте глагол в скобках в нужную форму. Переведите


предложения на русский язык:
1. This dental clinic (to work) from 8 o'clock in the morning.
2. My brother (to have) a bad toothache yesterday.
3. Dental instruments (to sterilize) by dental nurse.
4. He (to make) an appointment with doctor already.
5. Dental team (to wear) uniforms of blue color.
6. Doctor Ivanov (to use) modern dental materials in his work.

Задание 5. Составьте общий и специальный вопросы к следующим


предложениям. Переведите их на русский язык:
1. My brother works in modern dental clinic.
2. Dental surgeon extracts bad teeth.
3. Dental films are made in X-ray room.
4. Dental technicians make crowns and prosthesis.
5. The receptionist speaks to patients in a polite manner.

Текст на аудирование
Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их
значение:
1. dental mirror стоматологическое зеркало
2. an explorer (dental probe) зонд для измерения глубины
кармана и наличия кариозных
полостей
3. pincers пинцет
4. an excavator экскаватор
5. scaler инструмент для удаления
зубного камня
6. dental bur бор
7. handpiece наконечник
8. canal filler каналонаполнитель
9. reamer инструмент для расширения
каналов
10.disk диск
11.syringe шприц
12.extraction forceps щипцы для удаления зубов
13.elevator элеватор
14.scalpel скальпель
15.scissors ножницы
16.spatula шпатель

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.


DENTAL INSTRUMENTS
In daily practice dentists use a great number of dental instruments for examination
and treatment of the patients. The commonly used set of dental instruments is:
- dental mirror is used for examination of oral cavity. It reflects the area being
worked on and is used to retract lips, cheeks and tongue;
- an explorer or dental probe – is used for detection of carious cavities, the depth of
gum pockets the presence of tooth deposits;
- an excavator – is used for removal of carious dentin during cavity preparation and
for removal of calculus deposits;
- reamer – is used for enlargement of root canals;
- dental bur – is fixed into handpiece of dental engine and is used to prepare the
hard tooth tissues;
- disks – are used for removal of tissues and for fine polishing;
- canal filler – is used to introduce dental materials into the canals;
- syringes – are necessary for making injections;
- spatula – is used to mix dental materials.
Dental instruments are of different shape and form. Instruments, used in oral
surgery are: scalpels, surgical scissors, extraction forceps and elevators.

Задание 3. Расскажите на английском языке, какими инструментами


пользуются врачи-стоматологи в своей ежедневной практике.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.

Тема 17. У стоматолога


AT THE DENTIST

Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за


диктором.
1. toothache зубная боль
2. disturbance нарушение, расстройство
3. to make an appointment записываться на прием
4. reception (area, room) регистратура
5. receptionist администратор
6. complaint жалоба
7. to complain of жаловаться на …
8. to suffer from страдать, испытывать
(боль)
9. allergy аллергия
10.heart disease заболевание сердца
11.diabetes диабет
12.to examine осматривать
13.surrounding tissues ткани, окружающие зуб
14.to check проверять
15.check-up осмотр, проверка
16.bite прикус
17.X-ray examination рентген
18.restoration восстановление,
реставрация
19.suitable подходящий
20.therapeutist терапевт
21.to put a filling пломбировать
22.inlay вкладка
23.gum десна
24.to correct malocclusion исправлять прикус
25.surgeon хирург
26.to extract tooth удалять зуб
27.orthopedist ортопед
28.crown коронка
29.bridge мост
30.prosthesis протез
31.to cause pain вызывать боль
32. discomfort неприятное ощущение,
дискомфорт
33.local anesthesia местная анестезия
34.to reduce устранять
35.twice a year дважды в год

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

AT THE DENTIST
When you have a toothache or some mouth disturbance, you go to a dentist.
A patient can make an appointment with the doctor at the reception himself or
over the telephone. The reception area at a dental clinic is very nice and the
atmosphere of this room is warm and welcoming.
When a patient comes to the dentist for the first time, the doctor asks him some
questions about his present complaints, his dental history and his health in general.
He must know if the patient suffers from any kind of allergy, heart diseases, diabetes
and so on. Then doctor examines his teeth and surrounding tissues, checks his bite. If
it is necessary, the doctor directs the patient for X-ray examination, or to other
specialist. Then the doctor must decide what type of treatment or restoration is the
most suitable for the case.
Dental therapeutist puts fillings, inlays and treats gum diseases. He also
corrects malocclusion. If the tooth is too bad, the dental surgeon extracts it. The
dental orthopedist makes crowns, bridges and prosthesis.
We know that dental treatment can cause pain and discomfort. That's why local
anesthesia is used to reduce these unpleasant sensations.
We must take care of our teeth and undergo regular check-ups twice a year.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста:


1. Where do you go if you have a toothache?
2. How does a patient make an appointment with the dentist?
3. What does the doctor ask the patient?
4. What must the dentist know about the patient's health in general?
5. How does the doctor examine his patient?
6. What is used to reduce pain and discomfort?
7. How many times a year must the patient come to a dentist for regular check-
ups?

Задание 2. Выберите в правой колонке эквиваленты следующим словам и


словосочетаниям:
1. to make an appointment with 1. жалоба
the doctor
2. X-ray examination 2. терапевт-стоматолог
3. receptionist 3. записаться на прием к врачу
4. complaint 4. заболевание десен
5. to suffer from 5. администратор
6. local anesthesia 6. страдать от
7. dental therapeutist 7. рентген
8. to feel pain and discomfort 8. местная анестезия
9. gum diseases 9. чувствовать боль и дискомфорт

Задание 3. Поставьте глагол в скобках в нужную форму. Переведите


предложения на русский язык:
1. I … a bad pain in the tooth yesterday. (to feel)
2. The dental nurse … you an injection. (to make)
3. I usually … my teeth twice a day. (to brush)
4. He … allergy to anesthetics. (to have)
5. There … a computer in the reception room. (to be)
6. The dentist … his patients in Room № 6. (to receive)

Задание 4. Составьте общий и специальный вопросы к следующим


предложениям:
1. A dental therapeutist treats gum diseases.
2. The doctor examined that patient thoroughly.
3. The word “dentist” appeared in English language in 17th century.
4. Nurses wear gloves when they assist during dental procedures.
5. My sister works in a modern dental clinic.

Dialogues

Задание 1. Выучите слова и выражения к диалогам. Повторяйте их за


диктором:
1. check-up осмотр, проверка
2. urgent срочно
3. Hold on, please. Не кладите трубку,
пожалуйста.
4. to keep awake будить, не давать спать
5. to tap (the tooth) постукивать (по зубу)
6. X-ray film рентгеновский снимок
7. to appreciate ценить
8. to make an injection сделать инъекцию
9. Spit out, please. Сплюньте, пожалуйста.
10.bleeding кровотечение

Задание 2. Прослушайте диалоги. Воспроизведите их в парах.

Dialogue 1
Receptionist: - Dental clinic «Denta-Lux». Good morning.
Patient: - Good morning. My name is Ann Smirnova. I'd like to make an
appointment with the dentist.
R.: - Is it for a check-up or a dental work?
P.: - I have a bad toothache, so it is rather urgent.
R.: - Hold on, please.
(after a short pause)
Doctor can see you at 11 a.m. Can you come at this time?
P.: - Certainly. Thank you very much.
R.: - You are welcome.

Dialogue 2
Patient: - Good morning, doctor.
Doctor: - Good morning. Sit here, please. What are your complaints?
P.: - I have a terrible toothache. It kept me awake the whole night.
(The doctor begins to examine the patient)
D.: - Open your mouth a bit wider, please. Does the pain get worse when I tap this
tooth?
P.: - Oh, yes. The pain is bad.
D.: - Let's make an X-ray of this tooth.
(Some minutes later, after examining the X-ray film)
I'm afraid you've come too late. Nothing can be done. This tooth must be
extracted. So I'll send you to our surgeon. In future I advise you to come for
regular check-ups.
P.: - Thank you ever so much, doctor. I really appreciate your advice.

Dialogue 3
Surgeon: - So, what's the trouble?
Patient: - I have to extract this tooth.
S.: - Make yourself comfortable in the chair. Let me have a look. Open your mouth
wider. That's it.
P.: - Will it be painful?
S.: - I'll make you an injection of anesthetics and you will not feel anything. Do you
have allergy to any anesthetics?
P.: - No, I don't.
(The surgeon extracts the tooth)
S.: - That's done. Spit out, please. There will be some bleeding after extraction. Do
not eat for 2 hours.
P.: - Thank you, doctor. Good-bye.
S.: - Good-bye.

СИТУАЦИОННЫЕ ЗАДАЧИ

Задание 1. Представьте, что Вы посещаете стоматолога. Составьте вопросы на


английском языке, которые вам могут задать администратор и стоматолог при
составлении истории болезни. Используйте данные слова и словосочетания.
Вопросы могут быть следующие: What is your name (surname)? How old are
you? и т.д.
I. Information about a patient:
- name, address, telephone number;
- sex, age, place of work, occupation;
- present complaints;
- habits – the most common questions about habits are the following: tooth cleaning
habits; what toothpaste is used; what type of a toothbrush is used; smoking or not
smoking.
- diet – because it plays an important role in dental caries.

II. Questions about present complaints and general health condition:


- to complain of…;
- known allergies;
- heart diseases, diabetes, hepatitis;
- other diseases;
- pregnancy;
- any difficulty to stop bleeding after tooth extraction.

III. Questions about previous dental treatment:


- how regularly does the patient come for check-ups;
- the time of putting fillings and other restorations;
- any kind of periodontal or other treatment.

Задание 2. Выучите следующие идиомы и фразы, в которых употребляется


слово «зубы»:
1. To have a sweet tooth - «Быть сластеной»
2. To talk through one's teeth - «Говорить сквозь зубы»
3. To show one's teeth - «Показывать зубы»
4. To fight tooth and nail - «Сражаться не на жизнь, а на смерть»
5. Teeth chatter - «Зубы стучат»

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ


1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.
2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.

Тема 18. Методы обследования в зубоврачебной практике


METHODS OF DENTAL EXAMINATION OF THE PATIENT

Задание 1. Слушайте и запоминайте следующие слова и словосочетания:


1. examination осмотр
2. perfect совершенный, полный
3. professional профессиональный
4. check-up проверка, контроль
5. to be responsible for быть ответственным за
6. prevention предупреждение,
профилактика
7. to obtain приобретать, получать
8. data данные, результаты
9. proper правильный
10.procedure процедура
11.to take a case-history составлять историю болезни
12.additional добавочный, дополнительный
13.investigation исследование
14.thoroughly тщательно, основательно
15.to establish устанавливать
16.family history семейный анамнез
17.complaint жалоба
18.to complain of жаловаться на …
19.systemic diseases общие заболевания (организма)
20.disorder расстройство, болезнь
21.to contribute to способствовать чему-либо
22.inspection осмотр
23.visual examination визуальный осмотр
24.skin кожа
25.lymphatic nodules лимфатические узлы
26.mobility подвижность
27.plaque налёт, бляшка
28.tartar зубной камень
29.to proceed приступать, перейти
30.tooth row зубной ряд
31.sign признак, симптом
32.gum pocket десневой карман
33.breath дыхание
34.bleeding кровотечение; кровоточить
35.to suspect подозревать
36.to confirm подтверждать
37.precise точный
38.ultrasound ультразвук
39.to reduce уменьшать, сокращать
40.to save сохранять, беречь
41.to foster благоприятствовать
42.overall общий

Задание 2. Прочитайте и переведите текст. Повторяйте за диктором в паузу:

METHODS OF DENTAL EXAMINATION OF THE PATIENT


Every dentist must know how to do a perfect and professional check-up. He is
responsible for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the teeth and
mouth.
Obtaining all data of examination doctor makes a diagnosis. For making a
proper diagnosis the following procedures are used: patient’s questioning, taking a
case-history, patient’s examination and additional investigations. Questioning the
patient thoroughly the dentist establishes the family history and present complaints.
Doctor must know how systemic diseases influence the disorders in the mouth.
The dentist should pay attention to the patient’s health status, his systemic disorders
including cardiac condition. Dental diseases may also contribute to many health
problems.
The physical examination of the patient includes: inspection, palpation,
percussion and X-ray examination.
Carrying on visual examination the dentist observes the patient’s skin colour.
He must palpate the lymphatic nodules in the submaxillary region.
The examination of the oral cavity includes the inspection of the lips and their
colour, the tongue and its mobility, the floor of the mouth, the hard palate, the
mucous membrane of the cheeks. Dentist must detect the presence of plaque and
tartar, especially in hard-to-see areas.
Then doctor proceeds to the examination of the maxillo-dental apparatus for
establishing the following:
a) whether the tooth rows are full or some teeth are absent;
b) normal occlusion and articulation;
c) signs of any abnormalities of the teeth and jaws;
d) mobility of separate teeth;
e) presence of carious teeth and gum pockets.
If the patient complains of bad breath, bleeding of gums during brushing, the
feeling that one of the teeth is longer, doctor must suspect the diseases of the gums.
In most cases dentists use X-ray examination and laboratory tests to confirm the
diagnosis.
Today dentists use very precise high-tech ultrasound instruments in their practice.
Modern methods of dental care and regular professional cleaning help to protect from
dental diseases. The risk of pain is reduced to a minimum.
The dentists must instruct their patients that regular preventive examinations, early
diagnosis and treatment will save their teeth and fosters overall health.

Exercises
Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста:
1. What is the dentist responsible for?
2. What procedures do the dentists use to make a diagnosis?
3. What does the doctor determine while questioning the patient?
4. What procedures does the examination of the oral cavity include?
5. What does the doctor establish while examining of maxillo-dental apparatus?
6. What additional investigations do the doctors use in their practice?
7. What modern instruments do the dentists use in their practice?
8. What instructions must the doctors give to the patients to save their teeth?

Задание 2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты следующим словам и


словосочетаниям:
профилактика заболеваний зубов; ставить диагноз; процедура; настоящие
жалобы; расстройства ротовой полости; проблемы со здоровьем; пальпация;
перкуссия; рентгеновское обследование; визуальное обследование; дно ротовой
полости; слизистая оболочка; труднодоступные области; нормальный прикус;
кариозные зубы; плохое дыхание (запах изо рта); заболевания десен;
лабораторные анализы; современные методы; инструктировать больных;
регулярный профилактический осмотр.

Задание 3. Составьте общий и специальный вопросы к следующим


предложениям. Переведите их на русский язык:
1. The dentist makes a professional check-up.
2. The doctor asked the patient about his complaints.
3. The patient made X-ray examination of his bad tooth.
4. The dentist should pay attention to patient’s systemic disorders.
5. Nick complains of gum bleeding during teeth brushing.

Задание 4. Поставьте следующие предложения в Present Indefinite Passive.


Переведите их на русский язык.
1. Dentist disclosed caries and tartar.
2. Doctor must make a correct diagnosis in every case.
3. Dentist establishes family history and present complaints.
4. Doctor palpated the patient’s lymph nodes.
5. Dentists use high-tech instruments in their dental practice.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Слушайте и запоминайте следующие слова и словосочетания:


1. healthy здоровый
2. professional профессионал
3. to be able to быть в состоянии, мочь
4. to detect обнаружить, определять
5. plaque налет, бляшка
6. tartar зубной камень
7. advance успех, достижение
8. precise точный
9. to cool охлаждать
10.image образ, имидж

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание:

TEXT
Just because your teeth look great doesn’t mean that they are healthy. For your
teeth to be healthy, your gums must be healthy as well. Only a professional is able to
detect whether or not your teeth and gums are healthy. You have to see your dentist
regularly to remove plaque and tartar.
Advances of modern dentistry offer absolutely precise cooled instruments for
comfortable, painless tooth cleaning and treatment. With new methods, there is no
need to be a hero in the dental chair.
Beautiful white teeth, great smile now are an important part of modern image
not only for «stars», but ordinary people too.

Задание 3. Передайте краткое содержание прослушанного текста на русском


языке.

Задание 4. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста:


1. Who can detect that your teeth and gums are healthy?
2. How often have you to see your dentist?
3. What advances does modern dentistry offer to the patients?
4. What is important for modern image now?

Задание 5. Передайте содержание текста на английском языке.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.


2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
Тема 19. Болезни полости рта и их лечение
ORAL DISEASES AND THEIR TREATMENT

Задание 1. Слушайте и запоминайте следующие слова и словосочетания:


1. periodontal относящийся к периодонту
2. to attack поражать
3. gum десна
4. ligament связка
5. pregnancy беременность
6. filling пломба
7. bridge мост
8. bleeding кровотечение
9. swollen опухший
10.permanent постоянный
11.to become loose расшатываться
12.rapidly быстро
13.adult взрослый
14.mild слабый, умеренный
15.plaque бляшка, налет
16.to irritate раздражать
17.tender болезненный
18.to detach отделять, отсоединяться
19.pocket карман
20.to expose обнажать, оголять
21.susceptible восприимчивый
22.decay налет, гниение
23.sensitive чувствительный
24.touch прикосновение
25.socket гнездо, лунка
26.extraction удаление
27.thorough тщательно
28.scaling снятие зубных отложений
29.planing сглаживание, выравнивание
30.tartar зубные плотные отложения,
зубной камень
31.to restore восстанавливать
32.to smooth шлифовать
33.graft трансплантат
34.splint шина

Задание 2. Прочитайте и переведите текст. Повторяйте за диктором в паузу:

PERIODONTAL DISEASES AND THEIR TREATMENT


Periodontal diseases are caused by bacterial infections that attack gums,
ligaments and the bone structure. Poor oral hygiene, smoking or poor diet, some types
of drugs, pregnancy, defective fillings and bridges can increase risk of periodontal
diseases. The signs of periodontal diseases are:
• easy bleeding from gums;
• swollen and red gums;
• permanent teeth become loose;
• persistent bad breath or bad taste;
• gums pull away from the teeth;
• any changes in the fit of dentures.
There are several kinds of periodontal diseases. Some of them develop slowly and
without any pain, while others progress rapidly. These diseases may occur at any age,
but for adults they are the main cause of tooth loss.
Gingivitis is a mild periodontal disease, which develops when toxins in plaque
irritate the gums, making them red, tender, swollen and easy to bleed.
Periodontitis is a serious periodontal disease. The gums detach from teeth, and
pockets are formed. Exposed teeth roots become susceptible to decay and sensitive to
cold and touch. If not treated, the affected teeth become loose in their sockets. They
may fall out or require extraction by a dentist.
Treatment methods depend on the type of disease and the patient's condition.
The first stage usually involves thorough cleaning. Sometimes dentists place antibiotic
fibers into periodontal pockets after scaling and planning tooth roots. To restore
periodontal health, dentists use different ultrasound instruments to reach areas
requiring removal of tartar, which causes chronic infection. Tooth roots are cleaned
and smoothed.
Sometimes bone surgery is required. Gums are returned back to their usual
position or are placed into a new position. Grafts of the patient's bone or artificial bone
may be used, as well as membranes. To stabilize loose teeth dentists often use splints.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста:


1. What are periodontal diseases caused by?
2. What factors can increase risk of periodontal diseases?
3. What are the signs of periodontal diseases?
4. Do all kinds of periodontal diseases develop the same way?
5. What is gingivitis?
6. What infringements is periodontitis characterized by?
7. What are treatment methods at periodontitis?
8. When are bone grafts and splints sometimes used?

Задание 2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты следующим словам и


словосочетаниям:
относящийся к периодонту, бактериальная инфекция, десны, костная структура,
плохая гигиена полости рта, плохое питание, пломбы и мосты с дефектом,
кровотечение, опухший, дурной запах изо рта, дурной привкус, частичные
протезы, быстро прогрессировать, в любом возрасте, основная причина, потеря
зуба, гингивит, бляшка, раздражать десны, болезненный.

Задание 3. Составьте общий и специальный вопросы к следующим


предложениям. Переведите их на русский язык:
1. Periodontal diseases are caused by bacterial infections.
2. Easy bleeding from gums is one of the signs of periodontal disease.
3. Some of periodontal diseases develop slowly and without any pain.
4. The gums detach from teeth.
5. Exposed teeth roots become susceptible to decay and sensitive to cold and touch.
6. The first stage usually involves thorough cleaning.
7. Sometimes bone surgery is required.
8. Dentists often use splints to stabilize loose teeth.

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Слушайте и запоминайте следующие слова и словосочетания:


1. caries кариес
2. widespread широко распространенный
3. demineralization деминерализация
4. enamel эмаль
5. to approach приближаться
6. inflammation воспаление
7. periapical периапикальный
8. density плотность
9. medication медикаментозное лечение
10.filling пломбирование
11.fluorine фтор
12.restriction ограничение
13.sugar intake употребление сахара
14.oral hygiene гигиена полости рта
15.immediately немедленно

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание:

DENTAL CARIES
Dental caries is a widespread disease. Caries is caused by microorganisms and is
characterized by demineralization of the mineral part of enamel. When the disease
approaches the pulp it may cause inflammation and death of the pulp. The infected pulp
causes changes in the periapical tissues.
The objective signs of caries are: hard tooth tissues changes in colour and density,
and development of defects. Carious process may progress rapidly or slowly due to the
general state of the organism.
Dental caries is treated by tooth preparation, medication and filling. The
pathologic changed tissues are removed surgically. Anatomic form and function of the
tooth is restored by filling.
The dentists must pay much attention to the fluorine prophylaxis, restriction of
sugar intake, a balanced diet, thorough oral hygiene, and cleaning the teeth
immediately after meals.

Задание 3. Передайте краткое содержание прослушанного текста на русском


языке.
Задание 4. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста:
1. What is caries caused by?
2. What is caries characterized by?
3. What are the objective signs of caries?
4. Does carious process develop rapidly or slowly?
5. What are treatment methods of dental caries?
6. What preventive factors must the dentists pay much attention to?
Задание 5. Передайте содержание текста на английском языке.

Dialogues
Задание 1. Слушайте и запоминайте следующие слова и словосочетания:
1. cavity полость
2. sensitive чувствительный
3. heat тепло
4. to get loose расшататься
5. ache боль
6. checkup проверка, осмотр
7. to restore восстанавливать
8. temporary временный
9. to spread распространяться

Задание 2. Прослушайте диалог:


At the Dentist's
Dentist: What's wrong, David?
Patient: I have a toothache. It's a lower tooth on the right.
D.: Is there a cavity?
P.: I don't think so. It is sensitive to heat and cold; besides I can t sleep at night.
D.: Let me have a look at it. There is a filling here, but I am afraid it has got loose.
When did the ache appear?
P.: Two weeks ago.
D.: You should have come for a checkup long ago. You'd better have it X-rayed.
(The dentist has the tooth X-rayed and then examines the picture).
D.: I am afraid I'll have to fill the root canal.
P.: Is it possible to restore the tooth?
D.: Yes, I'll clean the root canal and put a temporary filling because the inflammatory
process has spread on the surrounding tissues. You'll come to me again tomorrow.
Задание 3. Вставьте пропущенные реплики. Воспроизведите диалог:
a) Dentist: Sit down, please. What's wrong?
Patient:...
D.: Is there a cavity?
P.:...
D.: Let me have a look at it. When did the ache appear?
P.:...
D.: You'd better have it X-rayed.

b) D.: I'm afraid I'll have to fill the root canal.


P.:...
D.: Yes, I'll clean the root canal and put a temporary filling.

c) P.: Good morning, doctor.


D.:...
P.: For some days I have been having a pain in my tongue. I fractured one of my
teeth. It causes a terrible pain.
D.:...

Задание 4. Переведите реплики на английский язык. Воспроизведите диалог:


Nick: Проходи, Петр. Рад тебя видеть. С тобой что-то случилось? Ты очень
бледен.
Peter: I haven't had an accident, but I have had a dreadful time.
N.: Ты болен?
P.: I have just come from the dental surgery.
N.: У тебя болит зуб?
P.: I woke up in the night with violent toothache. In the morning I rang up the dentist.
I saw him in the afternoon and he gave me a temporary filling. But the tooth has
been aching. It hurts dreadfully.
N.: He лучше ли его удалить?
P.: Yes, perhaps, but the dentist says that it is the last alternative in the treatment.

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ


1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.
2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.
3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.
4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте
графологическую структуру к теме).
5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.
БИБЛИОГРАФИЯ

1. Смирнов Ю.А. 55 устных тем по английскому языку. Изд-во АСТ


Астрель. Владимир 2009.
2. Мухортов Д.С. Учебное пособие по английскому языку повседневного
общения. ООО «Ленад» Москва, 2008.
3. Дудорова Э.С. Практический курс разговорного английского языка. Изд-
во «Союз» Санкт-Петербург, 2008.
4. Радовель В.А. Разговорный английский. Изд-во «Феникс» Ростов-на-
Дону, 2010.
5. Маслова А.М. Учебник английского языка для студентов медицинских
вузов. Москва «Лист Нью», 2003.
6. Мухина В.В. Английский язык для студентов-стоматологов. Москва
АСТ-Астрель, 2003.
7. Хведченя Л.В. Базовый курс. Английский язык. Минск : ООО
«Современная школа» 2009.
8. Парахина А.В., Базилевич В.Г. Познакомьтесь – Великобритания и США:
Пособие по обучению чтению на английском языке: Учеб. пособие для
сред. спец. учеб. заведений. – М.: Высш. шк., 1988.
9. Каверина В., Бойко В., Жидких Н. 100 тем английского устного. –
Москва: ЗАО «БАО-ПРЕСС», 2000.
10.Рыжков В.Д. Разговорный английский язык в бытовых и деловых
ситуациях/ Под ред. Е.М. Емельяновой. – Калининград: Янтар. сказ, 2002.
11.1000 устных тем по английскому языку: Учебное пособие. – М., «Родин и
К°» «Издательство Астрель», 2000.
12.Романова Л.И. Английская лексика в текстах. – 2-е изд. – М.: Айрис-
пресс, 2004.
13.Гичева Н.Г., Дворжец О.С., Черкашина Л.П. 1200 тестов по английскому
языку – 2-е изд. – М.: Айрис-пресс, 2004.
14.Занина Е.Л. 95 устных тем по английскому языку. – 9-е изд. – М.: Айрис-
пресс, 2008.
15.Бережная О.А. 300 современных тем по английскому языку / О.А.
Бережная. – Изд. 3-е. – Ростов н/Д: Феникс; Донецк: ООО ПКФ БАО,
2008.
СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

Предисловие………………………………………………….……………....
Тема 1. Студент-медик о себе……………………………………………...
Тема2. Медицинская академия……………………………………………
Тема 3. Медицинское образование в России…………………………….
Тема4. Путешествие ………………………………………………………..
Тема 5. Еда…………………………………………….……………………..
Тема 6. Великобритания……………………………………………………
Тема 7. Магазин. Покупки…………………………………………………
Тема 8. Гостиница………………………………………………….……….
Тема 9. Средства связи…………………………………………….……….
Тема 10. Дом. Квартира…………………………………………….………
Тема 11. Город……………………………………………………………….
Тема 12. Медицинское обслуживание в России…………………………
Тема 13. Больница…………………………………………………………..
Тема 14. Признаки и симптомы болезни………………………………...
Тема 15.Клинические методы обследования больного………………...
Тема 16. «Стоматологическая поликлиника»…………………………..
Тема 17. У стоматолога……………………………….…………………….
Тема 18. Методы обследования в зубоврачебной практике…….……..
Тема 19. Болезни полости рта и их лечение……………………………..
Библиография………………………………………………………………..

ПРАКТИКУМ
ПО УСТНОЙ РЕЧИ ПО
АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

УЧЕБНОЕ ПОСОБИЕ ДЛЯ СТУДЕНТОВ-МЕДИКОВ

Составители:
Знаменская Стояна Васильевна
Бирюкова Татьяна Ивановна
Анисимова Наталия Александровна
Чернобривая Татьяна Геннадьевна
Паршинцева Наталия Николаевна
Финенко Татьяна Николаевна
Науменко Валентина Анатольевна
Агафонова Елена Сергеевна

ЛР № 020326 от 20 января 1997 г.

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