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TyMaHuTapHble Vu lopvanyeckue UCCAeAOBaHUA YAK327.73341.1 B. H. CaaueHxo Ertl lei Li elt tat opal een sage e Rati Zl Ud agaist LAE Le ZEA B ctatbe wocneayiorcr HeKoTopele pe- synsTaTel HW OcoGeHHOCTH MHTerpalWHoHHEr Apoueccos, npotekalouwx 8 pernoHe ATP, Ha ocHose aHannsa ocHOBHeIX MaKpOsKOHO- Museckhx nokagaTeneli ACEAH 3a nepwon 2000-2013 1. (aanibie BTO, BoenupHoro Gavika u opymos ACEAH). Kntovesbie caosa: ATSC, HAOTA, EC, ACEAH, miTerpaua, BBM, nokasarens BBN Ha ayy HaceneHHR, NpAMBIE HHOCTpAHHbIC wHBecTHumn (TN), Toprosbit Ganatc, coor HowleHve skcnopTa/unnopTa, O6uwHi OBEN Toprosan. V.N. Sadchenko ‘THE EFFICIENCY OF INTEGRATION PROCESSES IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION OMB as ua kom a The article examines some of the results and features of the integration processes taking place in the Asia-Pacific region. It is based on the analysis of key macroeconomic indicators of ASEAN for the period of 2000 - 2013 (data of WTO, the World Bank and ASEAN forums) Mnrerpauna a cospementiom atane cra- Aa OCHOBHEIM BeKTOPOM pasaKTAA MApoBO! SKOHOMHKH H MeKAYHApOAHDIX OTHOWeHHi. Ha witterpaunontible npouecce! BAKRIOT pas- AMuHbIe akTopbI: roGannsaunA 8 oGnacTH XOSAIICTBEHHOM XHSHH, PasAeNeHHe TpyAa, MexayHapoaHan HTP, HHTeHCHBHBI Nepexoa CoTpali oF saMKHYTBIX HaLMOHANSHbIX xosAHCTE. KoKoHOMHKaM orkpbrToro THN, O6paLieHHIM K BHeUIHeMy Mupy, 6nMsOCTH ypoBHel SKOHO- MvMeckoro pasBHTHA M CreneHH pbIHONHOM SPENOGTH HHTerPHPYIOWWHXCA cTpAH HB CBASH © aTHM pocT BsaMMosasHCHMOCTH 3KOHOMHK asnHUHbyx CTPA, POpMHPOBAHHE HOBEIX SoH BAMAHIA rocyAapeTs H Np. YaéHbIe BbigenAIOT ABE hopMeI MiTerpa- UMW: pernoHanbHyioM orpacneBylo. Pernonant Han wiTerpauna HaHGonee pacnpocrpaxeHa, ee ocobenHocToIo ABARETcA TeppHTopHant- Hoe coceacrso crpan, Hane OBWIMX rpaHHl, MW COBMeCTHUIK nDOGAeM, OcHoBHBIe HiTerDa- LUMOHHDIE TPYNNHPOBKH cAOKHAMC B PAsBH- Twix erpaax - 370 EC (Esponeitcxuii Coios) HA®TA (Cesepoamepnkarickoe cornaweHne © cB06onHO! ToproBne). Cpean pasBnsato- Key words: APEC, NAFTA, EU, ASEAN, in- tegration, GDP, GDP per capita, foreign direct investment (FDI), trade balance, the ratio of exports / imports, total trade volume, LUMxR cTpall K SHAY KPYNNbIX perMoHANbHbIX ‘pyNNHPOBOK MOXHO oTHECTA MEPKOCYP (06- Luma piHOK cTpaH fOxHoro KoHyca (Mercado. Comindel Sur) 8 Gopme TaMoxeHHoro co- foza, 8 cocTas KoToporo BxOAAT ApreHTHHa, Bpasnnua, Mlaparsaii, Ypyreaii w Benecyana); YHACYP (Cols toxHoamepHkanckix Haul, PerMoHanbHaA NOAMTHNECKAA H 3KOHOMHYE- kan opranneauA rocyaapers FOxHon AMe- piKw); Coos apaGcKoro Marpi6a (Amu, ‘Ansa, Maspuraxnn, MapoxKo, Tyxhc); Coser apaGckoro corpyaHnecrsa (Ervner, UpaK, Vopaanna, WAP); ATSC (AswaTcKo-TwxooKe- alicKoe oKOHOMMYeCKOe —coTPYANHYeCTBO); KOMECA - O6uuit ppiHok BocTouHok H KOx- Ho Abpnku (Common Marketfor Easternand Southern Africa (COMESA)) ACEAH, nocaea- Han amaMpyeT cpeaw cTpaH c passneaiowtelicn KOHOMMKOH. Crpalbi ACEAH sanMMator BbiroAHoe reo- cpatermsieckoe M reononuTaNecKoe nonoKe- five, pachionarance Ha nepeKpEcrke MAPOBLIX KOMMYHIAKAWNHH MH Ha CaMOM KOpOTKOM NYTH 13 Wnauitcxoro & Taxi okeax, Bcneactene sToro. FOro-Bocrounan ASHA HCTOPHYECKH Bbina AO ve VICTOPUYECKME HAYKN Ete) CTaTONHO MAOTHO MHTerpHpOBAHA B cHcTeMy MupoBoitToproann,Aaxe ceroaHAcebite 25% MMPOBbIX TOPFOBLIK NoTOKOB NpoxoAAT Yepes ManakkeKuit nponws. Anonin, KuTali m Ko- er, HanpoTH, orpaxaann ceGA oT BHELIHerO, B TOM 4HCRe SKOHOMMUECKOrO, NPOHKKHOBE- HA MOCPEACTBOM NOAMTMKM «cAMOHZONRLIAM®. AswaToKo-THXooKealcKilt perHoH ABAR- TCR TPeTHM 0 SKOHOMAYECKON MW MMpOBOK SHAWHMOCTA eHTPOM HHTerpaUMM cTpAH NO- cre Esponbi 1 Cesepron Amepnki. Accoun- allua rocyaapers tOro-BocrouHon Aan (ACE- AH) ABnReToR coobulecTom, rAe npoxMBaeT 616,614 muannoHos YenoBex & AecaTH cTpa- HaXx c AMHaMMNHO passHBaloUlelicn SKOHOMM- voi (4, p. 1] FOpwansiecko Gas ssaumoorHouie- nit cTpaH Accounaumn cayxat Aeknapauna cornacua ACEAH 1976 r., Bropas AeKnapa- uA cornacHA ACEAH («Banwiickoe corna- cite-2») 2003 r,, a Takxe AoroBop 0 AyKbe W cotpyannuectae & Hro-BocTouHoh A3nM (Bannitcnnii acrogop) 1976 r., aonycKarounit ¢ 1987 fF. BosMoxHocTs nprcoeanHeHna BHepernoHAnbHEIX rocysapeTs. B oKrAbpe 2003 r. K Hemy npHcoeAMHAAHoe KuTar h Mi Ais, 8 Hone 2004 . - ANOKA M NakucTaH, 8 HoRGpe 2004 r. - Poccua 4 OxHan Koper, 8 mione 2005 r, - Hopan Senaliana M MoHro- ‘Awa, 8 AeKa6pe 2005 r. - Aacrpanua, a TaK- xe EC x Nporpanma paseiria Oprannsaunn OGbenmHéHHsix Haumit (POOH). B bespane 2009 r. roccekpetaps CILIA Xaaapn Kank ToH aABHna o HaMepeHHH e€ crpalibl npH- coeamHuteca K Aorosopy. B 2004 r. Gino pwHATO peweHNe 0 paspaboTKe Yoraa ACEAH ana Gonee abpeKrHsHoi paGorsi Ac- couwauin. Xaptaa (Yeras) ACEAH, sctynve- wan 8 cay 15 aeKa6pa 2008 F. Gbina Ha- Npaanetia Ha cosaahne Gone apbexTHBHoro MexaHnaMa coTpyAHKuecTBa K KOOpAMHaLMM aeiicrsni ctpak OBA, npoTHs AaBAeHHA fO- Ganvaaumi, a Take Ha BbicTpaMBaHne c6a- AAHCMPOBAHHBIK OTHOWEHMA C COCeARMM, He BXOAALILMMM 8 aTY FpynnMpoBky. ACEAH He a8 AMETOR ACHOPOM, BIAEARIOLIMM HeKOTOPLIM BOHM YneHaM PeryAApHy!O H HEManyIo 9KO- HoMMMeckyio NoMolb, KaK 8 EaponelicKon colose. Crpakbi-ywacTHMub! paccuHTuIBaloT npexae acero Ha ce6s H Ha BsanMonoMoUtb, Ha cHHepreTaueckAit 36qeKT OT cAOKeHHMA younni tia Baxneiulx HanpasnenAAx cB0e- ro paseutus (11, c. 5-6]. Pykosoanuinm Koopaninpyrouhn op- TaHoM sbictynaiot exeroaHbie cosewanna MuHMCcTpOB MHOcTpAHHEIX AeA (CMMAA). Kax- Abii TOA NPOXOART COBELIAHAR MAHACTPOB OH- HalCOB, SKOHOMMKH H CeAbCKOrO xossiicTBa, OaHaKO BaKHeMWMe HX pewleHMA noaexaT YIBEPXACHIIO MHHeTPOB HHOCTPAHHbIK AEA MosceaHeaHoe pyxoaoactao ocyulectanserca TOCTORHHGIM KOMMTETOM & CocTase MAHMCTPA MHOCTpAaHHbIX AeA Npeacenarenbcrayiouten CTPaHbI M NOCROB OCTANBHBIX cTpaH-NAeHoS. Mlocroniieit —Cekperapnat _ pacnonoxent 8 Axakapte 1 BosrnasaneTcn TeHepanbHbim cekperapém. Take paGora seaéron 8 29 Ko- Mutetax, 122 pa6ounx rpynnax, 410 nosBonA- eT npoBoAHTs exeronHO Gonee 300 MeponpH- TMi & pawkax ACEAH. OTAMMMTeRSHOM HepToit MHCTHTYUMOHANS Horo passuTun ACEAH 6xin0 To, 470 B pa6oTe Bcex crpykryp crpalbl Accoumaunh yaotBy- oT 8 NonHOM cocrase, AaKe ecan nosectka AHA He saTparMeaer HiTepecbl BceX rocy- Aapot-neHos. ViccnenoBaten oTMeNator Nog Tak HasbigaeMbim MeToAOM ACEAH npe- WMyWeCTBeHHO HeGopManbHbili CTHAb OBCYX- AeHHs| BonbuIMHcTBA NPHHHMaeMBIx pewieHHi WakueHT Ha KOANeKTHBHOM fopMare BeAeHitA AeA C BHEWHMMM NaprHépamit [3, p. 97]. Crpyxrypsi, nogo6Hsie *ACEAH naioc Tp, BOSHMKUNHE NYTEM BbIAEREHHA WS SHC ‘a AAAROTOBEIX NapTHEpoS ACCOUKAUMH, Ha- XOARTCR Moka Ha cTaAMH popMupoBaHNA, Mo mnenmio A. A. Barikosa, ynpabnenyeckan Mauna ACEAH caykuT OcHOBOM $yHKUKOHH- powawiia Kak ana ANT, Tak H ana BocrosHoa- shaToKnx caMmuros (BAC) [12, ¢. 153]. OHM He HMetor cBoero annapata, AONKHOCTHEIX AML, WAM HBIX @AMHHHCTpATHBHbIX MexaHHsMos. Vix HHeTATyWWOHaAbHbIe NoTpEGHOCTA NOAKO- cruto «o6cryxnBaioToR® annapatom ACEAH B 1992 6 Ha camMure 8 CuHranype cTpasit ACEAH npiiiann pewienne 0 dopm1- posaHnn sone! cBo6oAHOA ToproBaN AOTA (ASEAN Free Trade Agreement- AFTA). Crpa- Ternueckimn sanaamn AOTA 6bini npoBOs- TyMaHuTapHble 4 lopManyeckne UCCAeAOBaHUA FaWIeHbI: NoBbIMeHHe KoHKypeHTocnoco6- HOCTA cTpaHineHos Ha ocHoBe yoTpaHeHHA Toprosix 6apbepos, pocta npHBAeKaTeAs- HOCTA rocyaapeTs AAR sapyGexHbIX WHEE CTMUNI; AOCTHKEHME 2KOHOMMMECKOR cra GunbHocT 8 perMone; coKpauleHne cTaBoK OWAKH Ao O-5 % Ha NOMBILIAEHHYIO. CenbckoxosAlicTBEHHYIO NpoAYKUMIO; BBERE- Hive oGulero s6GeKTHBHOTO NpedepeHUM anbHoro Tappa (CENT). SKoHOMMMEcKAR MHTerpAuKA B ACEAH Hatianace ¢ pagan npovsBoacTseHHOro Co- TPYAHHYECTBA, KoTAa NO PeKOMeHAaLMK rpyn- bl akcneptos OOH 80 rnaBe ¢ O. PobuHcoHOM 6bino npeanoxeHo 13 npoeKTos cosaaHHA COBMECTHLIK NPOMDILIAEHHBIX NpeANPHATHH 8 chepe MalIMHOCTpOEHHA M xXHMIMYeCKOM ApombiwineHHocTH, PasBHTHiO coTpyAHHYC- cTBa 8 NPOMBILINeHHO Koonepauwn cnocos- cTaogana opraknsauvin OuHaHcoBOl Kop- nopauwh ACEAH 6 1981 r., obveaninswen cpeacraa ctpa# - €¢ vneHos (13, c. 227]. Cornawenne 0 ¢opmuposaninn MHBecTHUHOH- HOW goHib! ACEAH (ASEAN Investment Area AIA)noanncanHoe 7 oKra6pa 1998 r. conei CTBOBANO AOCTHXEHMIO Uenel AccouMaMH 8 Gnwxaiiulee spems. SdoeKTHBHOCT. wETerpAUMOHHbX npo- ueccos ACEAH oarsepxaaercn MaKpooKOHO- MvMecknMM nokasaTenaMi pervoHa 3a nepy- 02000-2013 rr. Tak, no AaHHbIM exeronHHKA *Accounauns ACEH 8 um@paxe, BBN ACEAH (8 TeKyuwnx weHaXx B MAPA, AONA.) 3a 2000 Fr. cocragin 606, 448 mapa. AonA., 8 2005 1. = 915, 801 Mapa. aona. (1, p. 4], 8 2008. ~ 1528, 871 mapa, Aon, 68 2009 r. - 1526,846 MAPA. AOAA., 6 2010 r. - 1 884, 0676 mapa. Aon. 8 2011 r. -2 184, 4986 wapa. aonn., 8 2012 r. - 2 311, 315 mapa, Aon, [7]. Abr Mv crosaM, 3a 12 net oGbeM BBM ctpak Ac- Counaunn yaennunner 8 3,8 pasa, Maxponokasarenn aKoHoMMuecKoro pas- autia BcemupHoro Balika HeMHoro pasHAToR OT AaHibix ACEAH, 110, TeM He Metiee, MApO- BbIM AHAEPOM NO OGLEMY SKOHOMMKK OCTAIOF cn CWUA~ 15, 094 wpa, aona., BBM Kutan - 7, 298 mapa. aona., AnoHKH ~ 5, 867 MAPA. AonA., Pocen ~ 2, 014 Mapa AOAA., HAMM ~ 1, 841 mapa, aon. [1, p. 3) Vis crpait Accoumaunn HanGonee sbico- Kuve nokasatenn BBM y MHaoHesnn ~ 0, 878 MAPA. AOM., AANee MayT TamnaHn - 0, 366 MApA. AONA., Manaiigna - 0, 305 MAPA. AOKA., Citnranyp - 0, 277 MApA. AOAA., @AAKNNAHBI = 0,250 mapa. aona., BoeTiam - 0, 141 mapa. AONA., Mbsitia - 0,052 MAPA. AOAA., BpyHen - Aapyccanam- 0,017 mapa. aonn., KaMGonxa ~ 0,014 MApA. AONA., HaHMeHbUMHA NoKasaTENS BBM y Naoca ~ 0,009 Mapa. AOMA. [7]. Apyram Mapkepom passutua skoHoMM- Kx sBAReTcA AOAS BBI Ha AyWY HaceneHHA, B otWx nokasarenax ACEAH Takxe AeMoHeTpH- pyeT TeHneHumlo K pocty. Tak, 8 2000 r. Aona BBN Ha ayuly HaceneHWA coctasnna 1,172 AON, 8 2005 f. - 1,641 aonn, 8 2008 r. - 2,591 A0an.,8 2010F. ~3,139 non.,82011r.- 3,591 Aon, @ 2022 r. - 3,748 aon. Ana cpaBHeHia 9TH noKasaTenn 8 2012. ana EC-28 - 16,584 aonn,, CUA - 15,685 ponn., KHP ~ 8,227 aona,, Ano ~ 5,964 Aon, Poccnn - 2,022 aona., MHAMh - 1,825 aona (1, p. 3] BaXHbIM KDHTepHeM skoHOMMMeCKorO pasautia crpak ACEAH seasiercn Toprosbid Gana, cooTHoWeHMeM MMNopTa K akcnop- Ty. O6uKi oGuem Toprosan crpak ACEAH 8 2000 Fr. coctasHa 759, 101 Mn. AoM., 8 2009 F. oH yike NepeBAAKA Ha MMAAKAPA - 1 536, 877 MAH. AOAA., 8 2012 r. cocTaan 2.476, 427 mak. AOnA. Ho B NPOeHTHOM cooT- HoweHiM 3TH NokazaTenk Hecra6HabHsl. Tak, 8 2000 F. poct cocraann 21,1 %, 8 2005 r. 15%, 8 2009 ¢. HaGatonanoce sHaunTenbHoe nageHve 43-2a MUpoBoro KpHaHca 4 noKaa- TeAK cOCTaBUAK yke 19%, 8 2010 F. o6 Hit OGBeM BHOBb abipoc Ha 34 %, @ 2014 r. - Mule Ha 18,9 %, B 2012 r. o6uyni o6kem Toprosn ACEAH yaeausincn Ha 3,7 % no CPaBHEHHIO C NPEABIAYLIAM FoAOM. OTHOWE- Hive ToproBay K BBM cHuannace ¢ 109,3 % Ao 107.4%, H3-2a CHKEHHA ADAM akcnopra 8 BBM TeveHve ropa. Toprosbilt npoduunT SHAWHTEABHO COKDaTHAGA MOUTH Ha ABE Tpe- TH ero yposHa @ 2011 r. oF 95,9 MADA. AOAA. AO 32,7 MAPA. AONA., WTO cAMAETenbcTBYET © pacwumpexne mumopra Toaapos no cpasHe- iio ¢ akcnoprom [1, p. 9 1st Dy VICTOPUYECKME HAYKN NOKA3ATEAM TOPFOBO AKTMBHOCTH 3a 2009-2022 rr. * ‘SKOHOMHKH ‘Sxenopr Wnanopt ‘OGuHi oGeem ToproBAn paseusaio- (@ 1paH. gona) (8 1pAH. gona) (8 TpAM. gona) uyexen erpaH | 2009 2012 2009 2012 2009 2012 EC 1525 2,166 1672 2,301, 3197, 4467 ACEAH 814 1,254 724 4,221 1538 2,475 MEPKOGYP 247 340 186, 325 403 665 O6bem BsavMHOM ToproBak ctpan ACE- AH g 2000 F. coctasnan 166,8 MAPA AOAA, To 8 2009 Fr, oH AocTur 304, 825 mapa Aona., yoennuneuncs & 1,8 pasa, Aaxe B ycnosnax MMpoROrO aKOHOMMYeCKOTO KpHsHCa CTpaHbl ACEAH yaepxusator o60por B3aKMHO; ToproB- ‘AM Ha AOCTOMHOM yposHe. Mo ophuAnbHEIM oueHkaM, 8 2012 Fr. oH cocTaBnia yxe 602, 048, MAPA. AOAA., YBEYHBLUMCb B 3,6 pasa no cpaB- HeHnio c 2000 r. A ero AoAA B O6uleM OGbéme BHEWHeM TOproBAM rpynnMpoBKk ocTaBanach AOcTATONHO BbICOKOM (24 %) [1, p. 14 Pactyt koHoMmweckne cansH ACEAH cKuaem. C cetta6pa 2008 r. Ha6ntoaanoce sa- MeMmeHHe 832/MHOM ToproBAH NOA BANAKHEM MMpoBoro uHaHcosoro KpK3ica. B pesyabraTe ACEAH He cmorna BOHTH B TPOMKy KpynHenWwHx Toprosiix napriépoa Kian, yeryne EC, CLA w AinoHmn, & To BpemA Kak KHP noreckiaa 97H cTpals, 3aHB epayio NosHuMio CpeAM BHEL- HMX pbIHkoB ACEAH [8, p. 174). Cebinarch Ha AaHHbie EC, MoxkHO 3a- kavounte, TO ockoBHAN cTpaHa-nwnoprep & 2012 Fr. 6bina KHP (19,2 %), aanee cneaytoT Anons (14,4 %), EC (12,5%), CWA (9,7), 1Ox- Han Kopen (8,1 %). Uto kacaeTca akcnopTa, To AMAepoM BbICTyNaeT BHOBb Kuali (15,3 %) nanee cneayior Finonna (13,9 %), EC (13,6 %), CWA (11,8 %), fonKoHr (8,5 %) 4 np.[4, p. 9). C 2009 Fr, Habatloaaeren norecHeHne Kutaem EC b Kavectae ocHosHoro Toprosoro napre- pa ACEAH (11,6 % nporme 11, 2% 8 2009 r. 12,9 % npotua 9,8 % 8 2012 r. - cootRer- crgenxo) (1, p. 14). Ha6nonaetca yeennyeHne MoKasatenen cpeavero pocra Toproann ACEAH ¢ Poceuel Unaveit, Pecny6ankoi Kopeei, a TawxKe c Ho- Bolt Senananeri sa nepvoa 2009-2012 rr, € 2000 r. BeAéTeA paGora no cosnaniio Boc- TouHOAsHaTcKO! 3OHsI cBOGOAHO! ToproBaN, 8B KOTOPOM npuliuMaior ywacTHe ACEAH, Kurai, Ainowws W PecnyGanka Kopen. B oTHOWeHKAX ACEAH W Poco npvopyreTibiMi chepann corpyannuectea sBasiorea Tpaxcnopr, oHep- TeTHka, SOeHHO-NPOMBILIAEHHBIA KOMMAeKC, koommueckne paspa6orkn, MawinHocrpoeHHe, HedTexamns, pasBnTue manoro npeanpHHHMa- TenscTaa, oxpalia oKpyxatouleh cpepbl Tloxasatenn coorHowenme aKcnopra/ wnnopta erpak ACEAH 3a 2011 r. - 1242, 19/1146, 245 max. aona, coorsercrseHko, 3a 2012 r. 1254, 580/121, 846 Mav. AoAA coorsercraeHHo; o6uyKii Toprosbilt GanaHc 3a 2011 r. cocraswa 2388, 4440, a 6 2012 r. - 2476,427 mn. Aona. [2]. 31H noKasaTenn FoBopRT 0 NOCTORHHOM pooTe ToproBoro 6a- navica ctpal ACEAH, Hecmorpa Ha Muponoh uHaHCOBLI KDMSHC. B coBoKynHOM s3aMMioM skcnopre Wnnopte GoxbwmHcTsa rocyaapers ACEAH Tpeo6ragaioT SAeKTPOHMKa, BLINMCAMTENL- Ha® Texkitka, O6opyaosanne, OaropoaHocr> pecypcos crpax ACEAH m abicokan creneHb CosnagekHA ToBapHbix crpyKTyp akcnopra M WnnopTa OBycAOBMAa HeBbICOKHA yneAbHi Bec B2aMMHOM ToproBAH, KoTopan 8 2004 r, cocrasma 22,5 %, Ochosian e€ YacTb npH- xoantes Ha 2 erpant: CHHranyp (Ao 40 %) 4 Manaiisnio (ao 25 %) (1, p. 36]. Creayer o6patuTe BHHMaHNe Ha To, WTo 20 KpynHeviwx akonopTHbix ToBapoB cocTasARIOT uytb MeHiee 50 % or o6uieri crouMocrH aKcnop- Ta, TO cavAeTenbcTayeT 0 aMBepeHonKALHK SKOHOMMK crala ACEAH, 0 pacwaperinn cBoHx * castaaneno no warepnanan: WordTradeRepor 2010. Factors shapina the Zalure of word Wade; Word Trade Repor 2013. Facto reshapingthefutoretworlstradel,p. 28; 10, p. 22) TyMaHuTapHble 4 lopManyeckne UCCAeAOBaHUA SKCOPTHBIK NPOAYKTOB. AAS yaOBAETOpEHHA BO3HHKAIOUWX rROBanbHBNX NoTpebHOCTeR. 20 AYMWX HMMOPTHBX TOBAPHBIX NosHUKA cocta- BuAMeHee 47 % or o6 welt cToHMocTH UMOpTa, Uo KacaeToR NDRMBIX MHOCTPAHHEIX Hit secTauuit (TIAN wan FD), To crpats! ACEAH akraBHo conepiwator ¢ KiTaem. Aan npgne- Melia BHYTDEHHMX H BHEWHHX HlIBeCTHUWA 8 1998 F. Gbino noanHeaHo cornauieHie 0 cos: AaHMiM HHBECTHUMOHHOM 3oHbi ACEAH (AMA). Crpaiisi oGasanvcb npenocrasnars HHBeCrO- pam BpemeHHoe ocsoGoxAcHHe OT ynnaTel WAM cokpaulelne craBkn Hanora Ha npH6bInb, GecnownMHHbiA 8803 OGopyAOBaHHA M coIpes, ynpouleHwe TaMoKeHHEIx npoueAyp, npaBo Ha HaeM HHocTpanHoro nepoonana, ExeroaHbili 66M npHToKa HHOCTpAHHEIX MilBeCTHUM B 3KOHOMMKH cTpaH ACEAH 8 2004 FB cpenHeM cocraaA 21,808 MAH. AON, 8 2009 r, - 49,045 ma. sonn., 8 2012 r. - 110,291 man. aon. [4, p. 36].OnpaBnewiner 8 2009 r. or Kpusvca 2008 , MMM x 2010 r. 8 BocTounyio Asito H TixooKealickiit perioH choga ynanh 8 2011 &. Mprnuntoi Tomy nocay- XNA NOTPACEHMA B SoHE eBpO H CTUKHMHBIE GeacreH B ANOHHH, NpHToK NpAMbIX MiHBECTH- unit 82021 r. Goin Ha 17 % HiOKe, Mem 8 2010 F. Uncroie NAM notoKn chusManch Ha 5 %, 8 70 BPEMA Kak NPHTOK NOPTENbHEK MHBECTHUMA cHusinen Ao 1/5 oT yposHa 2010 r. (6, p. 941 Metiee scero 8 ATP noctpaqan Kurait: o6BeM TMM 8 Kuntar Ha aBaps-bespans 2014 r. co- crasin - 19,31 MApA AonA., Te caMbIM cBH ACTEABCTBYR 0 NHBAEKATEABHOCTH SKOHOMAKH Kura M nocTonHHoM yBenYeHHK BHAMAHMR iigectopos B cropory crpaH ACEAH. XapaktepHo, To WB MoTOKe npsMbix wHooTpaHHLKx HHBecTHUHi (NH), HayWeM & chai! ACEAH, Wx coBcrselian AONA HMeeT TeHAeHUMIO K POCTY, K AOBOADHO saMeTHOMy. Ecan 8 nepvoa 2000 r. o6ueM BsaMMHbIx Hit BecTAUIAl cocraBiMn Bcero 0,853 MAH. AOA, To & 2009 F. - 6,664 MAH. Aona., 8 2012 r. - 20 160 Max. Aona., T. @. yBennunnca Gonee vem 8 23 pasa sa AecarunetHe. ona BsaHMr HbIx HHBECTHUNT B NPOCHTHOM COOTHOWIEHAH 8a nepvon 1995-2004 rr. AemoHIcrpHpoBana TeHACHUMIO K YMeHBIEHMIO ¢ 16,5 % A0 9,5 %, Ho yxe ¢ 2005 r, BHOBL HaGalonaeTcR pocT - 69, 9 % no 18, 3%, HeomoTpA Ha mMpoBO Kpwaic. 3TOT pocT cBMAETeNbcTAyeT o AMHaMHY- Ho passneaiou.eiicn skoHOMMKe cTpani ACEAH. B OTAeABHBIX Ke CAYMARX AOA BHYTPMDE- TMoHaneHLIX TIM HaMHoro BbiWe cpeaHero nokasarena no ACEAH. Tak, 6 2008 r. 3f@ AONA cocrasina 8 MHjoHesHn 37,3 %, 8 KaMGoaxe - 29,5 %, 80 BeetHame - 28,2 %, 8 Tanai ne - 24,9 %, 8 Manalisnn - 22 %.CeroaHa, B OTAMNME OT KOROHHANDHEIK BPEMEH, CBbILE 50 % NKM # BHeUNe ToproBAH crpalt OBA NIpMxoAMTER Ha COceAHHE BOCTOUHOASHATCKHE cTpavibi [5], 310 oaHO Ms cBMACTeRBCTE MAY leit 8 perHoHe SkOHOMHYECKOH HHTerpALINH Kak wcrouHnk MVM ann ctpal - wAeHos Accounauni, cam 3TH crpabt B 2000 Fr. yerynann AMillb EC 4 CWA (853 MAH. AOMA. 13 004 mak. AONA.; 7 490 wal. aOnA. cooTser- erBenHo). B 2009 r. no yposnio MMM crpaist ACEAH Gtinn oGorHaibi crpaann EC (6 664 Mai. AONA. npoTHB 8 BOO MAH, AOA), 8 2012. noKasatens crpal ACEAH coctas#a 20 160 Mai. AONA, NpoTHE 23 305 MAH. AON. EC 23.113 man. nora. - NAM Ainonne (1, p. 36]. B 2012 6. yaennuenne npuroka TMM 8 PerMOHe & SHANMTEABHOM cTeneHH CBRsaHO © COBCTBEHHBIMM HHBECTAUMAMH, HHBECTAUV- amit EC-28 w AnoHnn, MpwToK NAM ws Fino- HMM YBeAMMHACA NONTH 6 ABA pasa sa 2012 r,, KoMneHcHpyA yMeHbUleHMe npHToKa TIM 43 EC-28, Kuran u CUA, Pecny6ankn Kopen np. ‘3TO caMneTeNBCTByeT O TOM, HTO B ocheAHHe Toni BHyTpH ACEAH sameTHo KpenHyT cans 110 AMHHH TpalcnopTa, KOMMYHIMKALIN W TYPHS- Ma, YCKOPRETCR M YBEAMMMBAETEA & OOBEME TpaliorpaHMuHoro ABMKEHHA pabovel CMAbs Bonbwuoe BHMManWe 6 ACEAH npHaator TpoMBILIAeHHO! Koonepaunn, yunTBIBaR He OGxoAMMOcTS —MHAYCTPMAAWSAUWK 3KOHOMH- KA. MpMMepaMn MOIYT cAYKHTS COBMECTHBIE sasonbl Mo npoHssoacTay MovesMHb! 8 MH- AonesHn (Ava) H Manaiisnn (BHHTYAY), 3aB0- AbI MO NPOMSBOACTAY ANSEAbHEIX ABHTATENEH 8 CyHranype, npowssoacTso «aceakoscKoro aBiomo6unse MpotoH-Cara. B aBnaliwonHor TPOMBILIAeHHOCTH cosAAH AsvaTCKO-THxOOKe- alicKiit aspoKocMMuecknit KoHCOpUMYM no Tuny esponelickoro «SpGacnHaacrpH. Paspa- Garoigaeton pag sHepreTauecknx nporpamm, 71 1st iy) VICTOPUYECKME HAYKN 7) peAM KoTOPEIK cTpoMTeNbeTBO. MarMeTpaNb- Huix ragonposogos ACEAH - 1Oxnbit Kiraii v Asctpanua - ACEAH. B 2006 roy cipalibi- ywacramust ACEAH npverynann K crpowtent- cray KenesHoR Aoporn CnHranyp-KyHEMM, KoTopar nporinét Hepes oem crpak MpnseaéHibie HeKoropsie MakponoKasa- TeAH CBMAETENDCTBYIOT O ANHaMH4Ho pasBHBa- rouleticn SKoHOMMKH crpaH ACEAH, HeBaipan Ha MMpoBOH KpHsKe, cTAxMiiHble GeacTanA 8 FinoHnn 8 2011 FW Hx nocaencTBMs. Bra- ToRAPA CHHYKEHIIO TOprOBLIK H MHIBeCTHLIMOH- Hioix Gapbepos HaGwogacTeR pocr BsaMNAHtix MHBECTHUMH B 2KOHOMMKE ACEAH. Yaeanun- BaloToA ToproBbie KOHTAKTH GaaronapA npe- TBopeHIN & KHSHb Cornawenni o cBo6OAHOM Toproane crpai+-ywacTHny ACEAH ¢ napraépa- Mn no avanory Ascrpanwelt, Kataem, Pecny- Gaukoli Koper 4 Hosoi Senananeli. Pactyt nokasareav BBM v BBM Ha aywy HaceneHin, NosBonA nonoiita ACEAH K crpatian c AOXo- OM sbiwle cpeaHero no KAaccHpuKaunM Bce- MupHioro Ganka, Te He MeHee, crpanaMmne- Ham ACEAH Hago nosbiciTs sKOHOMHMECKyIO KonkypeHTocnoco6HocTb, 4To6ui cnpasHTaca © Gakropamn HeonpenenéHHOcTH 6 robanb- Holt akoHOMMKe. Co spemenn cosaannn ACEAH 6bin ao- CTMTHyT sHaMMTenbHOIA Nporpece 8 oGAacTH SKOHOMMMECKH: MH MOAMTAECKOH MOAepHH- sauni, K GeccnopHbim aocTAmeHHAM cneAY- eT OTHECTA SopMApoBaHte OCOGOI KyABTYPbI MexAyHapOAHOTO OBLICHMA yHaCTHHKos AC- coUMaUMH, HE NpeATONaraioULeh AOMMHHpO- BaHMA KaKOV-AMGO cTpaHbl - yHaCTHMUB! npo- ueccos wiTerpaunn. 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Global Economic Prospects 2005: Trade, Regionalism, and Development. - Washington, DC: World Bank, 2008. 6 Gross domestic product 2012 - World Data Bank. (Electronic resource] URL: http://databank. worldbank.org/data/download/GDP,paf (Accessed: 09.04.2014). 7 Gross domestic product in ASEAN, at current prices (nominal), in US dollars. [Electronic resource] URL: _http://www.asean.org/images/resources/2014/Jan/StatisticUpdate28Jan/ Macroeconomiesindicator/Tables.pdf (Accessed: 08.04.2014). 8. World Development indicators 2013 ~ World Data Bank [Electronic resource] URL:http://databank. worldbank.org/data/download/WDI-2013-ebo0k.pat (Accessed: 20.04.2014). 9. World Trade Report2010. Factors shaping the future of world trade. [Electronic resource] URL: http:// www. wto.org/english/res_e/booksp_e/anrep_e/world_trade_report10_e,pdf (Accessed: 08.04.2014). 10. World Trade Report2013. Factors shaping the future of world trade. 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