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1.

A simply supported beam is loaded with a distributed load of 25kN/m and at the same
time a concentrated load of 50kN creating a moment, as illustrated in Figure Q1.

a) Calculate the vertical support forces


b) Draw the Shearing Force Diagram (SFD) and the Bending Moment Diagram (BMD)
of the beam.

Figure Q1

2. A rectangular cross section 40 mm × 90 mm steel shape is used to support the loads


shown on the beam in Figure Q2. Consider the entire 6 m length of the beam.
a) Calculate the vertical support forces
b) Draw the Shearing Force Diagram (SFD) and the Bending Moment Diagram (BMD)

Figure Q2
3. A simply supported beam is loaded with two concentrated load of 120 N as
illustrated in
Figure Q3

(a) Draw the free body diagram (FBD) of the beam.


(b) Calculate the vertical support forces.

(c) Draw the Shearing Force Diagram (SFD) and the Bending Moment
Diagram (BMD) of the beam.

(d) Determine the maximum absolute value of the shear and the bending
moment.

Figure Q3

4. A simply supported beam is loaded with a distributed load of 4 kN/m, a


concentrated load of 6 kN and a moment of 20 kNm, as illustrated in Figure Q4.

(a) Draw the free body diagram (FBD) for the beam.

(b) Calculate the vertical support forces.

(c) Draw the Shearing Force Diagram (SFD) and the Bending
Moment
Diagram (BMD).
Figure Q4

Answer Scheme for Question 1

25 kN

25 kNm

1.0 m 1.0 m 1.0 m

C
RB RD

Support Reaction
Total moment at point D (+ CCW), ∑M D = 0 ∑F = 0
Total Force (+upward)
25 X 2.5 − RBX 2 − 25 = 0 RB + RD − 25 = 0
62 .5 − 2 RB − 25 = 0 18 .75 + RD = 25
37 .5 − 2 RB = 0 ⇒ RD = 25 −18 .75 = 6.25 kN
37 .5 = 2 RB
⇒RB =18 .75 kN

V(0)=0, V(1)=-25(1)=-25
Total Force (+ve downward) ∑F =0
25x kN
V + 25 x = 0
V M ⇒V = −25 xkN

V(0)=0kN, V(1)= −25(1)=−25kN

x
Total moment (+ve CCW), ∑M =0
M + 25 x ( x / 2) = 0
2
x
⇒ M = −25 kNm
2

M(0)=0kNm, M(1)= −25(0.5)=−12.5kNm

Total Force (+ve downward) ∑F =0

V + 25 − RB = 0
V + 25 −18 .75 = 0
25 kN V + 6.25 = 0
⇒V = −6.25 kN
0.5 V M
V(1)=−6.25kN, V(2)= − 6.25kN

1.0
RB
x Total moment (+ve CCW), ∑M = 0
M + 25 ( x −0.5) − RB ( x −1) = 0
M + 25 ( x −0.5) −18 .75 ( x −1) = 0
M + 25 x −12 .5) −18 .75 x +18 .75 = 0
M + 6.25 x + 6.25 = 0
⇒M = −6.25 −6.25 xkNm

M(1)= −12.5kNm, M(2)=−18 .75kNm

Total Force (+ve downward) ∑F =0

V + 25 − RB = 0
V + 25 −18 .75 = 0
V + 6.25 = 0
⇒V = −6.25 kN
25 kN
V(2)=−6.25kN, V(3)= − 6.25kN
0.5 25 kNm V M

1.0 1.0

RB
Total moment (+ve CCW), ∑M =0
M + 25 ( x −0.5) − RB ( x −1) − 25 = 0
M + 25 ( x −0.5) −18 .75 ( x −1) − 25 = 0
x M + 25 x −12 .5) −18 .75 x +18 .75 − 25 = 0
M + 6.25 x −18 .75 = 0
⇒M =18 .75 −6.25 xkNm

M(2)= 6.25kNm, M(3)=0kNm

25 kN

25 kNm

F.B.D
A
C

1.0 1.0 1.0


RD
RB

S.F..D
-6.25

-25

6.25
B.M.D
-12.5

-18.75

Answer Scheme for Question 2


Free body diagram

3 kN 6 kN

4 kNm

A B

RB
RA 3m 3m

Imbangan daya:

+ ↑ ∑ FY = 0
RA + RB − 3 − 6 = 0
R A + R B = 9 kN

Momen pada titik B:


∑ Mb = 0
− 4 kNm − ( R A × 6m ) + ( 3 × 3m ) + ( 6 × 1.5m ) = 0 R A + R B = 9 kN
− 4 − 6R A + 9 + 9 = 0 R A = 2.333kN
R A = 2.333kN R B = 6.667 kN

Keratan rentas (SFD dan BMD)


3≤ x ≤6

3 kN 2 (x- 3)

4 kNm M

C
A
x
V
2.333 kN

Daya:

+ ↑ ∑ Fy = 0
2.333kN − 3kN − ( 2kN / m × ( x − 3)m ) − v = 0
− 0.667 − 2x + 6 − v = 0
v = 5.333 − 2x

Momen:
∑M = 0
  x − 3m  
− 4kNm − 2.333kN ( x ) + 3kN ( x − 3m )  +  2kN / m ( x − 3m )   + Mb − b = 0
  2 
− 4 − 2.333x + 3x − 9 + x 2 − 6x + 9 + M b − b = 0
M b − b = − x 2 + 5.333x + 4

Bila x = 3
v = −0.667 kN
M b − b =10.999 kNm ≈ 11kNm

Bila x = 4
v = −2.667kN
M b − b = 9.332 kNm ≈ 9kNm

Bila x = 5
v = −4.667 kN
M b − b = 5.665kNm ≈ 5.7 kNm
Bila x= 6
v = −6.667 kN
M b − b = − 0.002kNm ≈ 0 kNm

Gambarajah

2.33 kN

-0.667 kN

-6.667 kN
M

11 kNm

4 kNm
Answer Scheme for Question 3

Free Body Diagram


7.2N 7.2N

Fa 120N 120N Fb
Answer Scheme for
Question 4