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APA Citation Exercise

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Book
1. Book with 1 author:
Author's last name, First and Second Initial. (Year). Title italicized. Publication location:
Publishing company.
Example:
Townsend, R. M. (1993). The medieval village economy. Princeton: Princeton University
Press.
Example:
1. You need to cite a book that you read. The author is William K. Klingaman and the
title is Abraham Lincoln and the Road to Emancipation. The book was published in 2001
by Viking Press in New York.

a. Klingaman, W. K. Abraham Lincoln and the road to emancipation. New York: Viking
Press, 2001.

b. Klingaman, William K. (2001). Abraham Lincoln and the road to emancipation. New
York: Viking Press.

c. Klingaman, W. K. (2001). Abraham Lincoln and the road to emancipation. New York:
Viking Press.

2. Book with 2 authors:

First Author's last name, First and Second Initial., & Second Author's last name, First and
Second Initial. (Year). Title italicized. Publication location: Publishing company.
Example:
Gonzalez, A., & Norwine, J. (1998). The New Third World. Boulder, CO: Westview
Press.
Example:

2.You want to include in your bibliography an article or a book written by two


people.

a. Becker, M. B., & Rozek, S. J.

b. Becker, M. B. & S. J. Rozek

c. Becker, Mark B. & Rozek, Susan J.

Magazine /Journal citations: APA states that if the pagination of each issue is
continuous throughout the volume, you don't need to use the issue number.
However, if each issue begins with page 1, then the issue number is needed in the
citation. The authors of this tutorial believe that this is a very difficult distinction to
make and so we are always using the issue numbers with our examples.

. Article from journal with 1 author:


Author's last name, First and second Initial. (Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume
number italicized(issue number), page numbers.
Example:
Wann, D. L. (1998). A Preliminary Investigation Of The Relationship Between Alcohol
Use And Sport Fandom. Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, 26(3),
287-291.
Example:

3. You have an article with one author from a journal that you want to include your
bibliography.
Here is the information about the journal.

journal title: Issues in Law and Medicine


volume and issue: volume 46, issue 4
page numbers: 125-136.

How would you write just the journal part of your citation in APA style? This is the
information you put after the author and the article title. (See APA example, #5, Journal)

a. Issues in Law and Medicine, v.46, issue 4, pg. 125-136

b. Issues in Law and Medicine, 46(4), 125-136.

c. Issues in Law and Medicine, 46 (4), 125-136.

Online Journal / Newspaper


8. Online journal article from a database or index:
Author's last name, First and Second Initial. (Year). Article title. Journal title, volume
number italicized(issue number), page numbers. Retrieved month day, year, from source.
Example:
Tolson, N. (1998). Making books available: The role of early libraries, librarians, and
booksellers in the promotion of African American children's literature. African American
Review. 32(5), 9-16.Retrieved October 1, 2002 from Academic Search Premier.
9. Online newspaper article from a database or index:
Author's last name, First and Second Initial. (Year, Month and date). Article title.
Newspaper title italicized, page numbers. Retrieved month, day, year from source.
Example:
Raspberry, W. (2003, Sep 8). No choice but rescue. Washington Post. A21. Retrieved
September 9, 2003 from Lexis Nexis Academic.
Example:
4. You found several articles that you used for your paper that were full-text from the
library's databases. The one below was from the database Academic Search Premier:

Credit Card Debt On College Campuses: Causes, Consequences, And Solutions. By:
Norvilitis, Jill M.; Santa Maria, Phillip. College Student Journal, Sep2002, Vol. 36 Issue
3, p356-364.

a. Norvilitis, J. M., and Santa Maria, P. (2002) "Credit card debt on college campuses:
Causes, consequences, and solutions." College Student Journal 36(3), 356-364. Database
on-line. Retrieved September 8, 2003 from Academic Search Premier
http://www.epnet.com/.

b. Norvilitis, J. M. & Santa Maria, P. (2002). Credit card debt on college campuses:
Causes, consequences, and solutions. College Student Journal 36(3), 356-364. Retrieved
September 8, 2003 from Academic Search Premier database.

c. Norvilitis, J. M. and Santa Maria, P. (2002). Credit card debt on college campuses:
Causes, consequences, and solutions. College Student Journal 36(3), 356-364. Available
from Academic Search Premier database: http://www.epnet.com/. [September 8, 2003].

Web Site
10. An entire website with an author:
*Note: if you use a source from a website that is associated with a department of a
university, then you must include the name of the university and the department in
the citation
Author's Last Name, First and Second initial (if given). (Year, Month and date, if given).
Title of the web site italicized. Retrieved month day, year, from source: URL.
Example:
Mandell, L. (1999). Romantic Chronology. Retrieved June 22, 2003, from University of
California, Santa Barbara English Department Web site:
http://english.ucsb.edu:591/rchrono/.
11. An entire website without an editor or author:
Title of the web site italicized. (Year, Month and date, if given). Retrieved month day,
year) from source.
Example:
CNN.com. (2002, August 24). Retrieved February 18, 2003 from http://www.cnn.com.

12. An article, document, or short work from a website with an author


Author's Last Name, First and Second Initial. (Year, Month and date if given). Title of
article, document, or short work. In Title of the website (italicized). Retrieved month, day,
year, from URL.
Example:
Shiva, V. (2002, July 11). Bioethics: A Third World issue. In NativeWeb. Retrieved
September 15, 2003, from http://www.nativeweb.org/pages/legal/shiva.html.
13. An article, document, or short work from a website without an author
Title of article, document, or short work. (Year, Month and date if given). In Title of the
website (italicized). Retrieved month day, year, from URL.
Example:
The media today: Truth or lies? (2002, May 14). In Flashpoints USA. Retrieved
September 14, 2003, from http://www.pbs.org/flashpointsusa/20030916/infocus/.
Example:

5. You used information for a research paper from a website that is part of the
Web4Health Web site that you viewed on Sept. 15, 2003. The page you want to use is
written by Gunborg Palme called: How Media Affect Body Image of Women. It was
most recently updated on August 9, 2003 and the URL is
http://web4health.info/en/answers/ed-causes-culture-example.htm.

What is the correct way to cite this Web site? (See APA Examples #12, Web Site.)

a. Palme, G. (2003, August 9) "How media affect body image of women." Web4Health.
Retrieved September 15, 2003, from .

b. Palme, Gunborg. (2003) How media affect body image of women. In Web4Health .

c. Palme, G. (2003, August 9). How media affect body image of women. In Web4Health.
Retrieved September 15, 2003, from http://web4health.info/en/answers/ed-causes-
culture-example.htm

6.You are writing a paper on the ethics of downloading music from the Internet. One
article you used in your research comes from the Wall Street Journal. The article is titled
"Will the Music Industry Sue Your Kid?" It appeared in the September 10, 2003 issue on
page 1D and was written by Carl Bialik. You want your professor to know that you are
using ideas from this article or paraphrasing, but you are not quoting directly

What is the correct way to make a parenthetical reference when you are quoting or
paraphrasing another author's work?

a. Since the music industry has begun to sue young people who are helping download
huge amounts of music from the Internet, some parents fear that they will have to pay
large sums of money to protect themselves. Parents do not have to worry about being
sued if they are unaware what their kids are doing. (Bialik, 2003)

b. Since the music industry has begun to sue young people who are helping download
huge amounts of music from the Internet, some parents fear that they will have to pay
large sums of money to protect themselves. Parents do not have to worry about being
sued if they are unaware what their kids are doing. (Bialik, 1D)

c. Since the music industry has begun to sue young people who are helping download
huge amounts of music from the Internet, some parents fear that they will have to
pay large sums of money to protect themselves. Parents do not have to worry about
being sued if they are unaware what their kids are doing. (Bialik, 2003, 1D) Answers
to APA Exercises 1
Here are the questions and answers all in one!

Journal article
Au: Faith, R

Ti: Poverty, a History

So: Journal of Rural Studies

Yr: 1996

Vol: 12

Iss: 2

Pgs: 212-214

ISSN: 0743-0167

Answer
Faith, R. (1996). Poverty, a history. Journal of Rural Studies, 12(2), 212-214

Book
Au: John Friedmann, Rebecca Abers, and Lilian Autler (editors)

Ti: Emergences: Women's struggles for livelihood in Latin America

Yr: 1996

Pub: UCLA Latin American Center Publications, University of California

Plc: Los Angeles

Pgs: 207
Answer
Friedmann, J., Abers, R., & Autler, L. (Eds.). (1996). Emergences: Women’s struggles for
livelihood in Latin America. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center Publictions.

Book chapter
Au: Brockmeier, Jens; Harre, Rom

Ti: Narrative: Problems and promises of an alternative paradigm (pp. 39-58)

So: Brockmeier, Jens (Ed); Carbaugh, Donal (Ed). (2001). Narrative and identity : Studies
in autobiography, self and culture… Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing
Company. vi, 307

Answer
Brockmeier, J., & Harre, R., (2001). Narrative problems and promises of an alternative
paradigm. In J. Brockmeier and D. Conal (Eds.), Narrative and identity Studies in
autobiography, self and culture (pp. 39-58). Amsterdam: John Benjamins

Book
Au: Romano Harre, Jens Brockmeier, and Peter Mulhauser

Ti: Greenspeak : a study of environmental discourse

So: Thousand Oaks, Calif. : Sage Publications,

Yr: 1999

Pgs: 204

Answer
Harre, R., Brockmeier, J., & Mulhauser, P. (1999). Greenspeak a study of environmental
discourse. Thousand Oaks, Calif.,: Sage Publications.

Journal Article
Au: LeLieuvre, Robert B

Ti: "Goodnight Saigon": Music, fiction, poetry, and film in readjustment group
counseling

So: Professional Psychology: Research & Practice

Yr: 1998

Vol 29(1) 74-78

Answer
Leliuevre, R. B. (1998). “Goodnight Saigon”; music, fiction, poetry and film in
readjustment group counselling. Professional Psychology, 29(1), 74-78

Answers to APA referencing exercises 2

Book
Clone : the road to Dolly and the path ahead / Gina Kolata

Allen Lane published it in London in 1997

It is 218 pages long with a bibliography 212-218.

Answer
Kolata, G. (1997) Clone: the road to Dolly and the path ahead. London: Allen Lane

Journal articles
Volume 42
Issue 2

Start Page 401-415

The role of inventories in oil market stability


Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance; Greenwich; 2002; Amy Myers Jaffe; Ronald
Soligo

Answer
Jaffe, A. M, & Soligo, R. (2002). The role of inventories in oil market stability. Quarterly
Review of Economics and Finance. 42(2), 401-415

Newspaper articles
By Lyndall Crisp.
1,600 words
22 February 2003
Australian Financial Review
Factiva seen on 3 march 2003

English
(c) 2003 John Fairfax Holdings Limited. Not available for re-distribution.

Title of article: Observer, - Solo traveller.

Answer
Crisp, L. (2002, February 22). Observer, - Solo traveller. Australian Financial Review.
Retrieved March 3, 2003, from Factiva.

Newspaper articles
The Australian – Australia’s national daily newspaper

Superstar sheep shuffle off, leaving scientists split.


By LEIGH DAYTON.
18 February 2003
The Australian
9
(c) 2003 Nationwide News Proprietary Ltd

Answer
Dayton, L. (2003, 18 February). Superstar sheep shuffle off, leaving scientists split. The
Australian. p. 9

Television Broadcasts
Human cloning [videorecording]

Off air recording of the ABC program Aftershock broadcasted on May 17, 2001. Copied
under Part VA, Copyright Act 1968. Writer and presenter, Richard Fidler ; producer and
director, Rod Partner Originally released by Jigsaw Entertainment in association with the
Australian Broadcasting Corporation

2001

Answer
Partner, R. (Producer). (2001, May 17). Aftershock [Television broadcast]. Sydney: Jigsaw
Entertainment & Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

Television Broadcasts
The Clone age [videorecording] [Sydney] : Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 2000

1 videocassette (VHS) (50 min.) : sd. col. ; 1/2 in


Off-air recording of the ABC Four Corners program, broadcast 3rd July 2000. Copied under
Part VA of the Copyright Act

Reporter, Jill Colgan

Answer
The Clone Age [television series episode] (2000). In Four Corners. Sydney: Australian
Broadcasting Corporation.

note – you don’t have the information on the producer, director or writer. If you view a tv
program, try to find this information out at the time of the viewing.

Bibliographic list
The Clone Age* [television series episode] (2000). In Four Corners. Sydney: Australian
Broadcasting Corporation.

Crisp, L. (2002, February 22). Observer, - Solo traveller. Australian Financial Review.
Retrieved March 3, 2003, from Factiva.

Dayton, L. (2003, 18 February). Superstar sheep shuffle off, leaving scientists split. The
Australian. p. 9

Jaffe, A. M, & Soligo, R. (2002). The role of inventories in oil market stability. Quarterly
Review of Economics and Finance. 42(2), 401-415

Kolata, G. (1997) Clone: the road to Dolly and the path ahead. London: Allen Lane

Partner, R. (Producer). (2001, May 17). Aftershock [Television broadcast]. Sydney: Jigsaw
Entertainment & Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

* Articles such as A, an or the are passed over when putting things in alphabetical order.
Order by the first ‘real’ word, in this case – clone.

Answers to APA citation exercises 2b


Answers to exercises 2b with a reference list at the end. If you have problems or
questions, please contact me, Celia – celia.munro@newcastle.edu.au

1 Journal article (this is really a newsletter – format


accordingly)
Societies look at changing the face of science & engineering; Ann Thayer; Chemical &
Engineering News, Washington; Nov 25, 2002; Vol. 80, Iss. 47; pg. 39

Answer
Thayer, A.. (2002, November). Societies look at changing the face of science &
engineering.Chemical & Engineering News, 80(47), 39.

2 Book
Beyond the republic: meeting the global challenges to constitutionalism / editors Charles
Sampford, Tom Round. Leichhardt, N.S.W. : Federation Press, 2001 xvii, 344 p. ; 25
cm.Includes index.

Answer
Sampford, C., & Round, T. (Eds.). (2001). Beyond the republic: meeting the global
challenges to constitutionalism. Leichhardt, N.S.W.: Federation Press.

3 Web page
Looked at on 12th February 2003 http://www.who.int/en/ World Health Organisation
Home Page No author but date = 2003

Answer
World Health Organization. (2003). Retrieved February 12, 2003, from
http://www.who.int/en/

4 Web page
Amnesty International Report 2002 Kuwait. Viewed September 15th 2002 at
http://web.amnesty.org/web/ar2002.nsf/mde/kuwait!Open
Answer
Amnesty International Report 2002. Kuwait. (2002). Retrieved September 15, 2002, from
http://web.amnesty.org/web/ar2002.nsf/mde/kuwait!Open

5 Online article from a database


From Science Direct database the full text of:

Global and local threats to coral reef functioning and existence: review and predictions

Marine and Freshwater Research Volume: 50, Issue: 8, 1999, pp. 867 – 878 Wilkinson,
Clive R.

Answer
Wilkinson, C. R. (1999). Global and local threats to coral reef functioning and existence:
review and predictions. Marine and Freshwater Research, 50(8), 867-878. Retrieved June
23, 2002, from Science Direct.

6 Book
Wednesday's children : a study of child neglect and abuse / by Leontine Young

Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press,

Answer
Young, L. (n.d.). Wednesday’s children: a study of child neglect and abuse. Westport,
Conn.: Greenwood Press.

Reference List
Amnesty International Report 2002. Kuwait. (2002). Retrieved September 15, 2002, from
http://web.amnesty.org/web/ar2002.nsf/mde/kuwait!Open

Sampford, C & Round, T. (Eds.). (2001). Beyond the republic: meeting the global
challenges to constitutionalism. Leichhardt, N.S.W.: Federation Press.
Thayer, A.. (2002, November). Societies look at changing the face of science &
engineering. Chemical & Engineering News, 80(47), 39.

Wilkinson, C. R. (1999). Global and local threats to coral reef functioning and existence:
review and predictions. Marine and Freshwater Research, 50(8), 867-878. Retrieved June
23, 2002, from Science Direct.

World Health Organization. (2003). Retrieved February 12, 2003, from


http://www.who.int/en/

Young, L. (n.d.). Wednesday’s children: a study of child neglect and abuse. Westport,
Conn.: Greenwood Press.

Answers to APA referencing exercises 3

1 Myers, John E. B. Risk management for professionals working with maltreated


children and adult survivors. [Chapter] Myers, John E. B. (Ed); Berliner, Lucy (Ed); et al.
(2002). The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (2nd ed.). (pp. 403-427). Thousand
Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications, Inc. xvi, 582pp.

Answer
Myers, J. E. B. (2002). Risk management for professionals working with maltreated
children and adult survivors. In J. E. B. Myers, & L.Berliner et al (Eds.), The APSAC
handbook on child maltreatment (2nd ed., pp. 403-427).) Thousand Oaks, CA,: Sage
Publications

Note: If you have more than 6 authors or editors, you may use et al in a bibliography.
Here you had to because I gave you no choice. In real life - go check the book to see who
the others are and include them in the reference, unless there are 6 or more of them.

2 Herbert, Martin. Parenting skills interventions. Reder, Peter (Ed); McClure, Mike
(Ed). (2000). Family matters: Interfaces between child and adult mental health. (pp. 237-
256). New York, NY, US: Routledge. xii, 347pp
Answer
Herbert, M. (2000). Parenting skills interventions. In P. Reder & M. McClure (Eds.), Family
matters: Interfaces between child and adult mental health. (pp. 237-256). New York:
Routledge

How did I know it was Herbert, M and not Martin, H? Because of the comma. -
Commas come after surnames (or last names) but not after first or given names!

3 Hendricks, Cindy S. Children in crisis. [Chapter] Hendricks, James E. (Ed); Byers,


Bryan D. (Ed). (2002). Crisis intervention in criminal justice/social service (3rd ed.). (pp.
170-225). Springfield, IL, US: Charles C. Thomas, Publisher. xvi, 427pp.

Answer
Hendricks, C. S. (2002). Children in crisis. In J. E. Hendricks & B. D. Byers. Crisis
intervention in criminal justice/social service (3rd ed. pp. 170-225). Springfield, IL,:
Charles C. Thomas

4 Why children's suggestibility remains a serious concern. (child abuse


litigation) Amye R. Warren, Dorothy F. Marsil. Law and Contemporary Problems Wntr
2002 v65 i1 p127(21) (9473 words)

Answer
Warren, A. R. & Marsil, D. F. (2002). Why children's suggestibility remains a serious
concern.Law and Contemporary Problems 65(1) p127(21)

5 What to do with the angry toddler. Morris Green, Paula D. Sullivan, Carolyn G.
Eichberg. Contemporary Pediatrics August 2001 v18 i8 p65 (5573 words)

Answer
Green, M., Sullivan, P. D., & Eichberg, C. G. (2001). What to do with the angry toddler.
Contemporary Pedicatrics 18(8), 65.
Reference List

Green, M., Sullivan, P. D., & Eichberg, C. G. (2001). What to do with the angry toddler.
Contemporary Pedicatrics 18(8), 65.

Hendricks, C. S. (2002). Children in crisis. In J. E. Hendricks & B. D. Byers. Crisis


intervention in criminal justice/social service (3rd ed. pp. 170-225). Springfield, IL,:
Charles C. Thomas

Herbert, M. (2000). Parenting skills interventions. In P. Reder & M. McClure (Eds.), Family
matters: Interfaces between child and adult mental health. (pp. 237-256). New York:
Routledge

Myers, J. E. B. (2002). Risk management for professionals working with maltreated


children and adult survivors. In J. E. B. Myers, & L.Berliner et al (Eds.), The APSAC
handbook on child maltreatment (2nd ed., pp. 403-427).) Thousand Oaks, CA,: Sage
Publications

Warren, A. R. & Marsil, D. F. (2002). Why children's suggestibility remains a serious


concern.Law and Contemporary Problems 65(1) p127(21)