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9 ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~° ã¨fiÉ’kèx

(JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞)


9
Ü«∞<£. ã¨∞jÖ Nx"åã¨∞
(Dance Diploma in Kuchipudi)

9 ` `
9

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N. Suseela Sreenivas (Dance Diploma in Kuchipudi)
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Rs : 200/-
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D.T.P. by Cover page
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SARASWATHI Graphics nanda
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Vijayawada
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Publishers:
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First Edition
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January 2008 rachana publication
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vijayawada
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JOH˜`«O
Ü«∞^ŒÌ#ѨÓ_ç ‰õΩã¨∞=∂O|..........
JOH˜`«O
D ã¨Ow`« ѨÙã¨ÎHõ=Ú#∞ ##∞fl ÃÑOz ÃÑ^ŒÌKÕã≤# =∂ J=∞‡=∞‡ QÍÔ~·#
''N=∞u Ü«∞^ŒÌ#ѨÓ_ç ‰õΩã¨∞=∂O|QÍi——
áê^ŒÑ¨^Œ‡=ÚʼnõΩ JOH˜`«q∞=fi_»"≥∞ÿ#k.
HÍ=Ù# g∞Ô~Å¡~°∞#∞ ‰õÄ_® Pj~°fikOK«=Åã≤#kQÍ „áêi÷OѨq#flѨ=Ú.

W@∞¡
Ü«∞<£.ã¨∞jÖ Nx"åã¨∞

q+¨Ü∞« ã¨∂zHõ
q¿Ñ∞¶ flâ◊fi~°ã∞¨ uÎ .......... 5 QÀqO^Œ™ê=∞Ü«∞º =~°‚=Ú .......... 130
N =∞ǨQÆ}Ѩ`«ÜÕ∞#=∞ó =O^Œ#=Ú .......... 6 âߺ=∞âß„ã¨∞ÎÅ =~°‚=Ú .......... 137
~åQÆã¨fi~å=o =~°∞ã¨Å∞ .......... 7 ÔH.q Nx"åã¨JÜ«∞ºOQÍi=~°‚=Ú .......... 144
[O@ =~°∞ã¨Å∞ .......... 17 *Ï=à◊√§ .......... 140
JÅOHÍ~°=ÚÅ∞ .......... 29 J#fl=∞Ü«∞º ã¨OH©~°Î#Å∞ .......... 156
K«„Hõ"åHõ=Ú .......... 44 ™ê=∞=~åo– ~°∂ѨHõ=Ú .......... 158
Ñ≤àϧi w`«=ÚÅ∞ .......... 46 nH˜Δ`«∞Å"åi Hõ$u .......... 170
Ѷ¨∞#~åQÆw`åÅ∞ .......... 51 ˆHΔ„`«Ü«∞º Ѩ^Œ=ÚÅ∞ .......... 174
ÅHõΔ}w`åÅ∞ .......... 59 `åºQÆ~å[ H©~°Î#Å∞ .......... 177
ã¨fi~°[`«∞Å∞ .......... 65 N J#fl=∂Kå~°∞ºÅ H©~°Î#Å∞ .......... 179
z\ì`å#=ÚÅ∞ .......... 73
Ѩ^Œ=~å‚Å∞ .......... 75
`å#=~å‚Å∞ .......... 84
>>
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 5
q¿Ñ¶∞flâ◊fi~°ã¨∞Îu
â◊√HÍ¡O|~°^èŒ~°O q+¨μ‚O â◊t=~°‚O K«`«∞~°∞ƒù["£∞
„Ѩã¨#fl=^Œ#O ^蕺ÜÕ∞`ü ã¨~°fi qѶ¨∞’flѨâßO`«ÜÕ∞
FO #"≥∂ qѶ¨∞fl~å*ÏÜ«∞ ã¨~°fi ™œYº„Ѩ^•~Ú<Õ
^Œ∞+¨ì ^•i„^Œº q<åâßÜ«∞ Ѩ~åÜ«∞ Ѩ~°=∂u‡<Õ
ÅOÉ’^Œ~°O =∞Ǩg~°ºO <åQÆÜ«∞*’˝Ñ¨â’aè`«"£∞
J~°÷ K«O„^Œ ^èŒ~°O ^Õ=O qѶ¨∞fl =ÓºÇ¨Ï q<åâ◊#"£∞
FO „ǨO „Ç‘ÏO „Ǩ˙O „ÃÇ·ÏO „ǨÏ∫O „ǨÏó
¿ÇÏ~°OÉÏÜ«∞ #"≥∂#=∞ó
ã¨~°fiã≤kú „Ѩ^Àã≤`«fiO ã≤k÷|∞k÷ „Ѩ^ÀÉèí=ó
zxÎ`å~°÷ „Ѩ^Œã¨Î fiO ã¨`«`«O "≥∂^ŒHõ„Ñ≤Ü«∞ó
ã≤O^èŒ∂~å~°∞} =„ÃãÎâ◊Û Ñ¨Ól`À =~°^•Ü«∞Hõó
W^ŒO QÆ}Ѩu ™È΄`«O Ü«∞ó Ѩˆ~î~°ƒùH˜Î=∂#fl~°ó
`«ã¨º ^ÕǨÏOK« ˆQǨÏOK« ã¨fiÜ«∞O ÅH©Δ ‡~°fl=ÚºK«ºu.

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 6

N =∞ǨQÆ}Ѩ`«ÜÕ∞#=∞ó =O^Œ#=Ú
''K≥·`«#ºO ã¨~°fiÉèí∂`å<åO x~°fi$u~°˚QÆ^•`«‡<å"£∞
<å^Œ„|Ǩχ`«^•#O^Œ =∞kfifÜ«∞=Úáê㨇¿ÇÏII——
''„|Ǩχ„QÆOkè[ =∂~°∞`Õ#∞ QÆu<å z`ÕÎ#ǨÏ$`«fiOHõ*Ë
ã¨∂s}Ï =∞#∞~°O[Hõâ◊$uѨ^ŒO Ü≥∂Ü«∞O ã¨fiÜ«∞O~å[`Õ
Ü«∞™ê‡„^•æ=∞ qÉèÏQÆ=~°‚ ~°K«<åÅOHÍ~° *Ïu„Hõ"≥∂
=O^Õ <å^Œ `«#O `«=Ú^Œ∞Ì~°[QÆnÌ`«O =Ú^Õâ◊O——
<åaèHõ=∞Å=Ú#∞O_ç L^ŒƒùqOK«∞#\˜ì <å^Œ=Ú â◊$u,ã¨fi~°=ÚÅ∞QÍ ~°∂á⁄Ok =∞iÜ«Ú "åx #∞O_ç „QÍ=∞ qÉèÏQÍÅ∞, =~å‚Å∞, JÅOHÍ~åÅ∞,
*Ï`«∞Åx „Hõ=∞OQÍ qã¨Î$u K≥Ok#@∞=O\˜ ã¨Ow`«"Õ∞ ~°∂áêHÍ~°=ÚQÍ „ѨHÍtOK«∞K«∞#flk Jx D â’¡HÍ~°÷=Ú.
w`«=Ú, "å^Œº=Ú, #$`«Î=Ú D =¸_çO\˜x HõeÑ≤ ã¨Ow`«=∞xÜ«Ú, ã¨fi~°=Ú, ~åQÆ=Ú, `åà◊=ÚÅ KÕiHõ, w`å"å^Œº=Ú ã¨fi~°~åQÆ `åà◊=ÚÅ
KÕiHõ#∞ g\˜ Jxfl\˜x HõeÑ≤ ã¨Ow`«=∞x ‰õÄ_® K≥ѨC^Œ∞~°∞.
FOHÍ~°=Ú Ñ¨~°„|Ǩχã¨fi~°∂Ѩ=Ú. P FOHÍ~°=∞O^Õ Ü«∂=[˚QÆ`«∞ΠѨÙ>ˇì#∞. JO^Œ∞Ö’ JHÍ~°,LHÍ~°, =∞HÍ~°=ÚÅ<Õ =¸_»HõΔ~°=ÚÅ #∞O_ç ã¨Ow`«=Ú
ѨÙ>ˇì#x, JHÍ~°=Ú q+¨μ‚=xÜ«Ú, LHÍ~°=Ú „|Ǩχ JxÜ«Ú, =∞HÍ~°=Ú =∞¿ÇÏâ◊fi~°∞_»xÜ«Ú K≥ѨÊ|_»∞#∞. D „u=¸~°∞ÎÅ ã¨fi~°∂Ѩ"Õ∞ FOHÍ~°=∞x
K≥ѨÊ|_»∞#∞. ã¨Ow`«=ÚÖ’<Õ Ô~O_»∞ ~°Hõ=ÚÅ∞ HõÅ=Ù. Jq =∂~°æ=Ú. ^Õt J#∞#q. Dâ◊fi~°„Ѩ}˜`«"≥∞ÿ#@∞=O\˜ ã¨Ow`«=Ú ''=∂~°æ=∞x—— PÜ«∂^Õâ◊=ÚÅÖ’
=∞<ÀǨÏ~°=ÚQÍ #∞O_»∞ ã¨Ow`«=Ú ''^Õt—— Jx J#|_»∞#∞. <å^Œ=Ú J#QÍ P`«‡, =∞#ã¨∞û, Jyfl, "åÜ«Ú=ÙÅ #∞O_ç <å^Œ=Ú Ñ¨Ù>ˇì#∞.
â◊$u J#QÍ ã¨fi~å~°OÉèíHÍ=Ü«∞=^èŒfix â◊$u J#|_»∞#∞.ã¨fi~°=Ú J#QÍ (ã¨fi) ã¨fiH©Ü«∞=ÚQÍ (~°) ~°OlOK«∞#k Hõ#∞Hõ Jk ã¨fi~°=∞x K≥ÃÑÊ#∞.
=∞#∞+¨μºÅ â◊s~°=Ú #∞O_ç HõeÔQ_ç <å^Œ=Ú Ç¨Ï$^ŒÜ«∞ HõO~î° t~°ã¨∞ûÅ=∞O„^Œ =∞^茺 `å~°=ÚÅ#∞ =¸_»∞ ™ê÷~ÚÅ Ü«∞O^Œ∞ ÃÑiy P
<å^Œ=Ú XH˘¯Hõ¯ ™ê÷~Ú#O^Œ∞ W~°∞=k Ô~O_»∞ „â◊√`«∞Å∞QÍ ÉèÏyOѨ|_≥#∞. P „â◊√u ã¨=¸Ç¨Ï=ÚÅ<Õ ã¨Ñ¨Îã¨fi~°=ÚÅx, â◊√^Œú(„ѨHõ$u) ã¨fi~°=ÚÅx
K≥ÃÑÊ#∞.
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 7

~åQÆã¨fi~å=o =~°∞ã¨Å∞
1. =∂Ü«∂=∂à◊=Q“à◊–Pk`åà◊=Ú– 8 JHõΔ~°=ÚÅ∞
ã¨~°mã¨fi~åÅ∞ :– ã¨~°à◊O JO>Ë ã¨∞ÅÉèíO, ã¨~°mã¨fi~åÅ∞ JO>Ë KåÖÏ ã¨∞ÅÉèíOQÍ LO_Õ ~°K«#Å∞. g\˜`À<Õ q^•º~°∞÷ʼnõΩ ã¨Ow`«O
<Õ~Ê° _»O "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ ÃÑ_»`å~°∞. Wq <Õ~Ê° _»O =Å¡ ã¨fi~°™ê÷<åÅ∞ ѨÅHõ_O» , `åà◊O "ÕÜ∞« _»O H˘OK≥O H˘OK≥O JÅ"å@∞ J=Ù`«∞Ok. Wq Hˆ =ÅO
ã¨fi~åÖË áê_»`å~°∞. JO>Ë D ã¨fi~åÅH˜ |^Œ∞Å∞QÍ áê_»\ÏxH˜ ZÖÏO\˜ JHõ~Δ åÅ∞ LO_»=Ù. D JHõ~Δ åÅ<Õ ™êÇ≤Ï`«ºO JO\Ï~°∞. ã¨~m° ã¨fi~åʼnõΩ
™êÇ≤Ï`«ºO LO_»^#Œ fl=∂@.
1. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– ã¨x^ŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠II
2. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒ ã¨
ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II
3. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ã¨iã¨i – ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨xã¨x – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II
4. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – áêã¨i – ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∂ã¨x – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II
5. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ=∞QÆi – ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞Ѩ^xŒè – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 8
6. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ=∞^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞ѨQ=Æ ∞ – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II
7. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ã¨=∞QÆi – ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨Ñ^¨ xŒè – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II
8. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – áêQÆ=∞ – áê,, – áê,,
QÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè – x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – QÆ=∞ѨQÆ – =∞QÆiã¨II
9. ™êx^èŒ – h^èÑŒ ¨ – ^è•Ñ¨=∞ – áêáê
QÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè – x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – QÆ=∞ѨQÆ – =∞QÆiã¨II
10. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– i ™ê – x^èxŒ ã¨
hh – ^èÑŒ ^¨ xŒè – ^• ^è• – Ѩ=∞Ѩ^Œè
áê áê – =∞QÆ=∞Ѩ – =∂ =∂ – ã¨iQÆ=∞
ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠– ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 9

2. "≥∂ǨÏ# ~åQÆ=Ú – Pk `åà◊O


㨠i QÆ Ñ¨ ^èŒ ã¨ ã¨ ^èŒ Ñ¨ QÆ i ã¨
II K« JO II K« II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
1. ™êiQÆ – Ѩ^™Œè ê – ™ê^èÑŒ ¨ – QÆi™ê II
2. ã¨iQÆѨ – QÆÑ^¨ ãŒè ¨ – ã¨^èŒÑ¨QÆ – ѨQÆi㨠II
3. ™êiQÆ – sQÆѨ – QÍѨ^èŒ – áê^è㌠¨
™ê^èÑŒ ¨ – ^è•Ñ¨QÆ – áêQÆi – QÍi㨠II
4. ã¨ãi¨ QÆ – áêѨQÆ – ^è^Œ áŒè ê – QÆQÆáê
Ѩ^™Œè ê – ã¨^^Œ ÑŒè ¨ – ã¨^^Œ ÑŒè ¨ – ѨQÆiã¨II
5. ã¨iQÆi – QÆѨQÆѨ – QÆѨ^èŒã¨ – ™ê ™ê
iã¨^ÑŒè ¨ – ã¨^ÑŒè Q¨ Æ – ^èŒÑ¨QÆi – ѨQÆiã¨II
6. ã¨iQÆѨ – ^èÑŒ Q¨ iÆ – ã¨iQÆѨ – QÆÑ^¨ ãŒè ¨
ã¨^ÑŒè Q¨ Æ – iQÆÑ^¨ Œè – ã¨^ÑŒè Q¨ Æ – ѨQiÆ ã¨II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 10
7. ã¨iQÆi – QÆÑ^¨ ÑŒè ¨ – ã¨iQÆѨ – QÆÑ^¨ ãŒè ¨
ã¨^ÑŒè ^¨ Œè – ѨQÆiQÆ – ã¨^èŒÑ¨QÆ – ѨQÆi㨠II
8. ã¨iQÆi – QÍiQÆ – áê,, – áê,,
QÆÑ^¨ ÑŒè ¨ – ^è㌠^¨ ÑŒè ¨ – QÆÑ^¨ ÑŒè ¨ – QÆQÆiã¨II
9. ã¨iQÆi – QÆѨQÆi – ã¨iQÆѨ – QÆÑ^¨ ãŒè ¨
ã¨^ÑŒè ^¨ Œè – ѨQÑÆ ^¨ Œè – ã¨^ÑŒè Q¨ Æ – ѨQiÆ ã¨II
10. ã¨iQÆi – QÍiQÆ – ѨQáÆ ê – ^èÑŒ ^¨ •è
QÆÑ^¨ ÑŒè ¨ – ^è㌠^¨ ÑŒè ¨ – QÆѨ^èŒÑ¨ – QÆQÆi㨠II
3. `À_ç ~åQÆ=Ú– Pk`åà◊=Ú
㨠i QÆ =∞ ^èŒ x 㨠㨠x ^èŒ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
II â◊√ ™ê â◊√ â◊√ ÔH· II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
1. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ^èxŒ ™ê – ã¨x^è=Œ ∞ – QÆi™ê II
2. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – QÆ=∞QÆ=∞ – QÆ=∞^è=Œ ∞ – ^èxŒ ™ê
ã¨x^è=Œ ∞ – x^è=Œ ∞QÆ – ^è=Œ ∞QÆi – =∞QÆi㨠II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 11


3. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ^è=Œ ∞QÆi – ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ^èxŒ ™ê
ã¨x^è=Œ ∞ – QÆ=∞^èxŒ – ã¨x^è=Œ ∞ – QÆi™ê II
4. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – iQÆ=∞^èŒ – QÆ=∞^èxŒ – =∞^èxŒ ã¨
ã¨x^è=Œ ∞ – x^è=Œ ∞QÆ – ^è=Œ ∞QÆi – =∞QÆi㨠II
5. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – =∞x^è=Œ ∞ – ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ^èxŒ ™ê
ã¨x^è=Œ ∞ – QÆiQÆ=∞ – ã¨x^è=Œ ∞ – QÆi™ê II
6. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ^è=Œ ∞QÆ=∞ – ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ^èxŒ ™ê
ã¨x^è=Œ ∞ – QÆ=∞^è=Œ ∞ – ã¨x^è=Œ ∞ – QÆi™ê II
7. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ^è•QÆ=∞ – ^è• II – ^è• II
QÆ=∞^èxŒ – ã¨x^è=Œ ∞ – QÆ=∞QÆi – QÆi™ê II
8. ã¨iQÆi – iQÆ=∞QÆ – QÆ=∞^è=Œ ∞ – ^èxŒ ™ê
ã¨x^èxŒ – x^è=Œ ∞^èŒ – ^è=Œ ∞QÆ=∞ – QÆi™ê II
9. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ^è=Œ ∞x^èŒ – ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ^èxŒ ™ê
ã¨x^è=Œ ∞ – QÆ=∞iQÆ – ã¨x^è=Œ ∞ – QÆi™ê II
10. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ^èxŒ ™ê – iã¨ãx¨ – x^Œ^=Œè ∞
x^Œ^=Œè ∞ – =∞QÆ=∞ – x^èŒ=∞QÆ – =∞QÆi㨠II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 12
4. nè~°â◊OHõ~åÉèí~°}=Ú– Pk `åà◊=Ú
㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠㨠x ^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
II K« JO â◊√ II K« HÍ II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
1. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– ™ê, , – ™ê, ,
^èxŒ ã¨i – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II
2. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– ™ê, , – ™ê,,
^èxŒ ã¨i – ã¨ãi¨ 㨠– ã¨iã¨x – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ
^èxŒ ã¨i – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠II
3. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– ™ê,, – ™ê ,,
^èŒxã¨i – QÆiã¨x – ã¨iã¨x – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ
^èxŒ ã¨i – ã¨ãi¨ 㨠– ã¨iã¨x – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ
^èxŒ ã¨i – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠II
4. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– ™ê ,, – ™ê ,,
^èŒxã¨i – QÆ=∞QÆi – ã¨iã¨x – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 13


^èŒxã¨i – QÆiã¨i – ã¨iã¨x – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ
^èxŒ ã¨i – ã¨ãi¨ 㨠– ã¨iã¨x – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ
^èxŒ ã¨i – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II
5. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– ™ê ,, – ™ê,,
^èxŒ ã¨i – QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞ – QÆ=∞QÆi – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨
^èŒxã¨i – QÆ=∞QÆi – ã¨iã¨x – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ
^èŒxã¨i – QÆiã¨i – ã¨iã¨x – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ
^èxŒ ã¨i – ã¨ãi¨ 㨠– ã¨iã¨x – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ
^èxŒ ã¨i – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠II
6. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– ™ê ,, – ™ê,,
ã¨iQÆii㨠– xã¨iã¨ã¨x – ^èŒxã¨x x^茖
Ѩ^xŒè ^Œ^ÑŒè ¨ – =∞Ѩ^ÑŒè Ѩ =¨ ∞ – QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞=∞QÆ
=∞Ѩ^xŒè – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 14
7. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– ™ê ,, – ™ê,,
QÆiiã¨ãx¨ – iã¨ãx¨ ^èxŒ – ã¨xx^è^Œ ÑŒè ¨
x^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ =¨ ∞ – ^èÑŒ Ѩ =¨ ∞=∞QÆ – =∞ѨQ=Æ ∞Ѩ^Œè
ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠II
8. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– ™ê,, – ™ê,,
ã¨ãû¨ iã¨x – xxflã¨x^èŒ – ^Œ ^Œúx^èŒÑ¨
ѨÑʨ ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – =∞=∞‡Ñ¨=∞QÆ – =∞ѨQ=Æ ∞Ѩ^Œè
ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠II
9. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– ™ê,, – ™ê,,
ã¨iQÍi㨠– xã¨iã¨x – ^èŒx™êx^èŒ
Ѩ^hŒè ^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞Ѩ^•è Ѩ=∞ – QÆ=∞áê=∞QÆ
=∞Ѩ^xŒè – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 15


10. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– ™ê,,– ™ê,,
™êiQÆi㨠– hã¨iã¨x – ^è•xã¨x^Œ –
áê^èxŒ ^èÑŒ ¨ – =∂Ѩ^ÑŒè =¨ ∞ – QÍ=∞Ѩ=∞QÆ
=∞Ѩ^xŒè – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠II
5. =∞^茺=∂=u~åQÆ=Ú– Pk
㨠i =∞ Ѩ x 㨠㨠x Ѩ =∞ i ã¨
II K« â◊√ II ÔH· II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
1. ™êi=∞ – Ѩx™ê – ™êxѨ – =∞i™ê II
2. ã¨i=∞Ѩ – =∞Ѩx㨠– ã¨xѨ=∞ – Ѩ=∞i㨠II
3. ã¨i=∞㨠– xѨx㨠– ã¨xѨ=∞ – i=∞i㨠II
4. ã¨i=∞i – =∞ѨxѨ – ã¨xѨx – Ѩ=∞i㨠II
5. ã¨i=∂ – Ѩ=∞xѨ – ã¨i=∞Ѩ – =∞Ѩxã¨
ã¨xáê – =∞Ѩi=∞ – ã¨xѨ=∞ – Ѩ=∞i㨠II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 16
6. ã¨i=∞i=∂ – =∞ѨxѨh – ã¨x™ê –
Ѩxã¨x – ã¨iã¨x – Ѩxã¨x – Ѩ=∞i㨠II
7. ã¨i=∞Ѩ – xѨ=∞i – ã¨i=∞Ѩ – xѨxã¨
ã¨xѨ=∞ – i=∞Ѩx – ã¨xѨ=∞ – i=∞i㨠II
8. ã¨i=∞i – i=∞Ѩ=∞ – =∞ѨxѨ – xx™ê
ѨxѨx – xѨ=∞Ѩ – Ѩ=∞i=∞ – ii™ê II
9. ™êi=∞ – Ѩ=∞i㨠– ã¨i=∞Ѩ – xx™ê
™êxѨ – =∞Ѩx㨠– ã¨xѨ=∞ – ii™ê II
10. ã¨i=∞Ѩ – i=∞Ѩx – =∞Ѩx㨠– ™ê ™ê
ã¨i=∞iã¨x – Ѩxã¨xѨ=∞ – i=∞i㨠II

HHHHHH

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 17


[O@ ã¨fi~°=ÚÅ∞
[O@ ã¨fi~åÅ∞ :– [O@ JO>Ë Ô~O_»∞. [O@ ã¨fi~åÅ∞ JO>Ë Ô~O_»∞ ã¨fi~åÅ∞. XˆH ã¨fi~åxfl Ô~O_»∞™ê~°∞¡ áê_»`å~°∞. Wq ‰õÄ_® ˆH=ÅO
ã¨fi~åÖË. g\˜H˜ ‰õÄ_® ™êÇ≤Ï`«ºO LO_»^Œ∞. ˆH=ÅO ã¨fi~åÅ<Õ áê_»`å~°∞.
1. =∂Ü«∂=∂à◊=Q“à◊– Pk`åà◊=Ú
㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠㨠x ^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
II â◊√ JO â◊√ II â◊√ HÍ II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
1. ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQ=Æ ∞=∞ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè – xxã¨ã¨
ã¨ã¨xx – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨ II
2. ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆ=∞=∞ – iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞ѨѨ
QÆQ=Æ ∞=∞ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè – =∞=∞ѨѨ – ^Œ^èŒxx
ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè – xxã¨ã¨ – ã¨ãx¨ x – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨
xx^ŒŒ^èŒ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ
ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – QÆQÆii – =∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨ II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 18
3. ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆii – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆ=∞=∞
iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞ѨѨ
QÆQÆ=∞=∞ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – QÆQ=Æ ∞=∞ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè
=∞=∞ѨѨ – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – =∞=∞ѨѨ – ^Œ^èŒxx
ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè – xx^Œ^Œè – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè – xxã¨ã¨
ã¨ãx¨ x – ^Œ^xŒè x – ã¨ãx¨ x – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨
xx^Œ^Œè – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè – xx^Œ^Œè – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞
^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – =∞=∞ѨѨ – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ
ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – QÆQÆ=∞=∞ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – QÆQÆii
=∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨ II
4. ã¨iiQÆ – ã¨iiQÆ – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆ=∞=∞
iQÆQÆ=∞ – iQÆQÆ=∞ – iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞ѨѨ
QÆ=∞=∞Ѩ – QÆ=∞=∞Ѩ – QÆQ=Æ ∞=∞ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè
=∞ѨÑ^¨ Œè – =∞ѨÑ^¨ Œè – =∞=∞ѨѨ – ^Œ^èŒxx

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 19


Ѩ^^Œ xŒè – Ѩ^^Œ xŒè – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè – xxã¨ã¨
ã¨xx^èŒ – ã¨xx^èŒ – ã¨ãx¨ x – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨
x^Œ^ÑŒè ¨ – x^Œ^ÑŒè ¨ – xx^Œ^èŒ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞
^èÑŒ Ѩ =¨ ∞ – ^èÑŒ Ѩ =¨ ∞ – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ
Ѩ=∞=∞QÆ – Ѩ=∞=∞QÆ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – QÆQÆii
=∞QÆQÆi – =∞QÆQÆi – =∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiã¨ãI¨ I
2. "≥∂ǨÏ#~åQÆ=Ú– Pk `åà◊=Ú
㨠i QÆ Ñ¨ ^èŒ ã¨ ã¨ ^èŒ Ñ¨ QÆ i ã¨
II K« JO II K« II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
1. ã¨ãi¨ iQÆ – ã¨iQÆ – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆѨѨ
iiQÆQÆѨ – iQÆѨ – iiQÆQÆ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè
QÆQÑÆ Ñ¨ ^¨ Œè – QÆÑ^¨ Œè – QÆQÑÆ Ñ¨ ¨ – ^Œ^ãŒè 㨠¨
ã¨ã^¨ ^Œ ÑŒè ¨ – ã¨^ÑŒ ¨ – ã¨ã^¨ ^Œ Œè – ѨѨQÆQÆ
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 20
^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ Q¨ Æ – ^èÑŒ Q¨ Æ – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – QÆQÆii
ѨѨQÆQÆi – ѨQÆi – ѨÑQ¨ QÆ Æ – iiã¨ãI¨ I
2. ™ê㨠– siQÆQÆ – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆѨѨ
si – QÍQÆѨѨ – iiQÆQÆ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè
QÍQÆ – áêѨ^^Œ Œè – QÆQÆѨѨ – ^Œ^ãŒè 㨠¨
™ê㨠– ^•^èÑŒ Ѩ ¨ – ã¨ã^¨ ^Œ Œè – ѨѨQÆQÆ
^•^èŒ – áêѨQÆQÆ – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – QÆQÆii
áêѨ – QÍQÆii – ѨѨQÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨ II
3. ã¨ãi¨ – ™êiã¨i – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆѨѨ
iiQÆ – sQÆiQÆ – iiQÆQÆ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè
QÆQÆѨ – QÍѨQÆѨ – QÆQÆѨѨ – ^Œ^ãŒè 㨠¨
ã¨ã^¨ Œè – ™ê^è㌠^¨ Œè – ã¨ã^¨ ^Œ Œè – ѨѨQÆQÆ
^Œ^ÑŒè ¨ – ^è•Ñ¨^ÑŒè ¨ – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – QÆQÆii
ѨѨQÆ – áêQÆѨQÆ – ѨѨQÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨ II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 21


4. ã¨™ê – sQÆã¨i – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆѨѨ
is – QÍѨiQÆ – iiQÆQÆ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè
QÆQÍ – áê^èQŒ ÑÆ ¨ – QÆQÑÆ Ñ¨ ¨ – ^Œ^ãŒè 㨠¨
ã¨™ê – ^è•Ñ¨ã^¨ Œè – ã¨ã^¨ ^Œ Œè – ѨѨQÆQÆ
^Œ^•è – áêQÆ^ÑŒè ¨ – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – QÆQÆii
Ѩáê – QÍiѨQÆ – ѨѨQÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨ II
3. `À_ç ~åQÆ=Ú– Pk `åà◊=Ú
㨠i QÆ =∞ ^èŒ x 㨠㨠x ^èŒ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
II â◊√ ™ê â◊√ â◊√ ÔH· II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
1. ã¨ãi¨ – ã¨ãi¨ ã¨i – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆ=∞=∞
iiQÆ – iiQÆiQÆ – iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞^Œ^Œè
QÆQÆ=∞ – QÆQÆ=∞QÆ=∞ – QÆQÆ=∞=∞ – ^Œ^èŒxx
=∞=∞^èŒ – =∞=∞^è=Œ ∞^èŒ – =∞=∞^Œ^Œè – xxã¨ã¨
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 22
ã¨ãx¨ – ã¨ãx¨ ã¨x – ã¨ãx¨ x – ^Œ^=Œè ∞=∞
xx^èŒ – xx^èŒx^èŒ – xx^Œ^èŒ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ
^Œ^=Œè ∞ – ^Œ^=Œè ∞^è=Œ ∞ – ^Œ^=Œè ∞=∞ – QÆQÆii
=∞=∞QÆ – =∞=∞QÆ=∞QÆ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨ II
2. ã¨ã㨠¨ – iiiQÆ – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆ=∞=∞
iii – QÆQÆQÆ=∞=∞ – iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞^Œ^Œè
QÆQÆQÆ – =∞=∞=∞^Œ^Œè – QÆQÆ=∞=∞ – ^Œ^èŒxx
=∞=∞=∞ – ^Œ^^Œè xŒè x – =∞=∞^Œ^Œè – xxã¨ã¨
ã¨ã㨠¨ – xxx^Œ^èŒ – ã¨ã¨xx – ^Œ^=Œè ∞=∞
xxx – ^Œ^^Œè =Œè ∞=∞ – xx^Œ^Œ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ
^Œ^^Œè Œè – =∞=∞=∞QÆQÆ – ^Œ^=Œè ∞=∞ – QÆQÆii
=∞=∞=∞ – QÆQÆQÆii – =∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨ II
3. ã¨ã㨠i¨ QÍ – ã¨iQÆ – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆ=∞=∞
iiQÆ=∂ – iQÆ=∞ – iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞^Œ^Œè

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 23


QÆQÆ=∞^è• – QÆ=∞^èŒ – QÆQÆ=∞=∞ – ^èŒ^èŒxx
=∞=∞^èhŒ – =∞^èxŒ – =∞=∞^Œ^Œè – xxã¨ã¨
ã¨ãx¨ ^è• – ã¨x^Œ – ã¨ãx¨ x – ^Œ^=Œè ∞=∞
xx^èŒ=∂ – x^è=Œ ∞ – xx^Œ^Œè – =∞=∞QÆQÆ
^Œ^=Œè ∞QÍ – ^è=Œ ∞QÆ – ^Œ^=Œè ∞=∞ – QÆQÆii
=∞=∞QÆs – =∞QÆi – =∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨ II
4. 㨙êi – ™êiQÆ – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆ=∞=∞
isQÆ – sQÆ=∞ – iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞^Œ^Œè
QÆQÍ=∞ – QÍ=∞^èŒ – QÆQÆ=∞=∞ – ^Œ^èŒxx
=∞=∂^èŒ – =∂^èŒx – =∞=∞^Œ^Œè – xxã¨ã¨
㨙êx – ™êx^èŒ – ã¨ãx¨ x – ^Œ^=Œè ∞=∞
xh^èŒ – h^è=Œ ∞ – xx^Œ^Œè – =∞=∞QÆQÆ
^Œ^•è =∞ – ^è•=∞QÆ – ^Œ^=Œè ∞=∞ – QÆQÆii
=∞=∂QÆ – =∂QÆi – =∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨ II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 24
4. nè~°â◊OHõ~åÉèí~°}=Ú– Pk`åà◊=Ú
㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠㨠x ^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
II K« JO â◊√ II K« HÍ II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
1. ã¨ãi¨ i – QÍã¨i – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆ=∞=∞
iiQÆQÆ – =∂iQÆ – iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞ѨѨ
QÆQ=Æ ∞=∞ – áêQÆ=∞ – QÆQ=Æ ∞=∞ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè
=∞=∞ѨѨ – ^è•=∞Ѩ – =∞=∞ѨѨ – ^Œ^èŒxx
ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè – hѨ^Œè – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè – xxã¨ã¨
ã¨ãx¨ x – ^è•ã¨x – ã¨ãx¨ x – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨
xx^Œ^èŒ – áêx^èŒ – xx^Œ^èŒ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞
^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – =∂^èÑŒ ¨ – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ
ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – QÍѨ=∞ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – QÆQÆii
=∞=∞QÆQÆ – s=∞QÆ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 25


2. ã¨ãi¨ QÆ – ã¨iQÆi – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆ=∞=∞
iiQÆ=∞ – iQÆ=∞QÆ – iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞ѨѨ
QÆQ=Æ ∞Ѩ – QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞ – QÆQ=Æ ∞=∞ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè
=∞=∞Ѩ^Œè – =∞Ѩ^ÑŒè ¨ – =∞=∞ѨѨ – ^Œ^èŒxx
ѨÑ^¨ xŒè – Ѩ^xŒè ^èŒ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè – xxã¨ã¨
ã¨ãx¨ ^èŒ – ã¨x^èxŒ – ã¨ãx¨ x – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨
xx^èÑŒ ¨ – x^èÑŒ ^¨ Œè – xx^Œ^èŒ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞
^Œ^ÑŒè =¨ ∞ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ
ѨÑ=¨ ∞QÆ – Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – QÆQÆii
=∞=∞QÆi – =∞QÆiQÆ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨ II
3. ã¨iQÍ – ™êiQÆ – ã¨ãi¨ i – QÆQÆ=∞=∞
iQÆ=∂ – sQÆ=∞ – iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞ѨѨ
QÆ=∞áê – QÍ=∞Ѩ – QÆQÆ=∞=∞ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè
=∞Ѩ^•è – =∂Ѩ^Œè – =∞=∞ѨѨ – ^Œ^èŒxx
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 26
Ѩ^hŒ – áê^èhŒ – ѨÑ^¨ ^Œ Œè – xxã¨ã¨
ã¨x^è• – ™êx^èŒ – ã¨ãx¨ x – ^Œ^ÑŒè Ѩ ¨
x^Œáê – h^ŒÑ¨ – xx^Œ^èŒ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞
^èÑŒ =¨ ∂ – ^è•Ñ¨=∞ – ^è^Œ ÑŒè Ѩ ¨ – =∞=∞QÆQÆ
Ѩ=∞QÍ – áê=∞QÆ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – QÆQÆii
=∞QÆs – =∂QÆi – =∞=∞QÆQÆ – iiã¨ã¨ II
4. ã¨ã㨠¨ – iii – QÆQÆQÆ – =∞=∞=∞
iii – QÆQÆQÆ – =∞=∞=∞ – ѨÑѨ ¨
QÆQÆQÆ – =∞=∞=∞ – ѨÑѨ ¨ – ^Œ^^Œ Œè
=∞=∞=∞ – ѨÑѨ ¨ – ^Œ^^Œ Œè – xxx
ѨÑѨ ¨ – ^Œ^^Œ Œè – xxx – ã¨ã㨠¨
ã¨ã㨠¨ – xxx – ^Œ^^Œ Œè – ѨÑѨ ¨
xxx – ^Œ^^Œ Œè – ѨÑѨ ¨ – =∞=∞=∞
^Œ^^Œ Œè – ѨÑѨ ¨ – =∞=∞=∞ – QÆQÆQÆ
ѨÑѨ ¨ – =∞=∞=∞ – QÆQÆQÆ – iii
=∞=∞=∞ – QÆQÆQÆ – iii – ã¨ã㨠¨ II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 27


5. =∞^茺=∂=u– Pk`åà◊=Ú
㨠i =∞ Ѩ x 㨠㨠x Ѩ =∞ i ã¨
II K« â◊√ II ÔH· II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
1. ã¨ãi¨ i – ã¨ãi¨ i – ã¨ãi¨ i – =∞=∞ѨѨ
ii=∞=∞ – ii=∞=∞ – ii=∞=∞ – ѨѨxx
=∞=∞ѨѨ – =∞=∞ѨѨ – =∞=∞ѨѨ – xxã¨ã¨
ã¨ãx¨ x – ã¨ãx¨ x – ã¨ãx¨ x – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞
xxѨѨ – xxѨѨ – xxѨѨ – =∞=∞ii
ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – iiã¨ã¨ II
2. ã¨ãi¨ i – ã¨iã¨i – ã¨ãi¨ i – =∞=∞ѨѨ
ii=∞=∞ – i=∞i=∞ – ii=∞=∞ – ѨѨxx
=∞=∞ѨѨ – =∞Ѩ=∞Ѩ – =∞=∞ѨѨ – xxã¨ã¨
ã¨ãx¨ x – ã¨xã¨x – ã¨ãx¨ x – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 28
xxѨѨ – xѨxѨ – xxѨѨ – =∞=∞ii
ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – Ѩ=∞Ѩ=∞ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – iiã¨ã¨ II
3. ™êi㨠– ™êi㨠– ã¨ãi¨ i – =∞=∞ѨѨ
s=∞i – s=∞i – ii=∞=∞ – ѨѨxx
=∂Ѩ=∞ – =∂Ѩ=∞ – =∞=∞ѨѨ – xxã¨ã¨
™êx㨠– ™êx㨠– ã¨ãx¨ x – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞
hѨx – hѨx – xxѨѨ – =∞=∞ii
áê=∞Ѩ – áê=∞Ѩ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – iiã¨ãI¨ I
4. ã¨s – i=∂i㨠– ã¨ãi¨ i – =∞=∞ѨѨ
i=∂ – =∞áê=∞i – ii=∞=∞ – ѨѨxx
=∞áê – ѨhѨ=∞ – =∞=∞ѨѨ – xxã¨ã¨
ã¨h – xáêx㨠– ã¨ãx¨ x – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞
xáê – Ѩ=∂Ѩx – xxѨѨ – =∞=∞ii
Ѩ=∂ – =∞s=∞Ѩ – ѨÑ=¨ ∞=∞ – iiã¨ã¨ II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 29

JÅOHÍ~°=ÚÅ∞
JÅOHÍ~åÅ∞ :– ã¨~m° Å∞, [O@Å∞ <Õ~∞° ÛH˘<åflHõ q^•º~°∞Å÷ ∞ JÅOHÍ~åÅ∞ <Õ~∞° Û‰õΩO\Ï~°∞. Wq ‰õÄ_® =∂Ü«∂=∂à◊=Q“à◊ ~åQÆOÖ’<Õ
LO\Ï~Ú. Wq <Õ~°∞ÛHÀ=_»O =Å¡ ~°Hõ~°HÍÅ `åàÏÅ∞ q^•º~°∞÷ʼnõΩ J~°÷O J=Ù`å~Ú. ã¨Ñ¨Î`åàÏÅÖ’#∞ JÅOHÍ~åÅ∞ <Õ~°Ê_»O =Å¡ `åà◊O
ZÖÏ "≥Ü«∂ºÖ’ J~°÷O J=Ù`«∞Ok. nxH˜ ‰õÄ_® ™êÇ≤Ï`«ºO LO_»^Œ∞. ˆH=ÅO ã¨fi~åÖË áê_»`å~°∞.
1. =∂Ü«∂=∂à◊=Q“à◊ ~åQÆ=Ú
㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠㨠x ^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
II â◊ JO â◊√ II â◊√ HÍ II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
K«`«∞~°„â◊*Ïu– ^èŒ$=`åà◊=Ú
1 O 1 1
1. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – QÆi – ã¨iQÆi – ã¨iQÆ=∞
iQÆ=∞Ѩ – =∞QÆ – iQÆ=∞QÆ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ
QÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè – Ѩ=∞ – QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞ – QÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè
=∞Ѩ^xŒè – ^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞Ѩ^ÑŒè ¨ – =∞Ѩ^xŒè
Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– x^èŒ – Ѩ^xŒè ^èŒ – Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 30
ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ^èxŒ – ã¨x^èxŒ – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨
x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – Ѩ^Œè – x^èÑŒ ^¨ Œè – x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ – =∞Ѩ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ
Ѩ=∞QÆi – QÆ=∞ – Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞ – Ѩ=∞QÆi
=∞QÆi㨠– iQÆ – =∞QÆiQÆ – =∞QÆi㨠II
u„â◊*Ïu– „^èŒ∞=`åà◊=Ú
2. ã¨iQÆ – i㨠– ã¨iQÆ – iQÆ=∞
iQÆ=∞ – QÆi – iQÆ=∞ – QÆ=∞Ѩ
QÆ=∞Ѩ – =∞QÆ – QÆ=∞Ѩ – =∞Ѩ^Œè
=∞Ѩ^Œè – Ѩ=∞ – =∞Ѩ^Œè – Ѩ^èŒx
Ѩ^xŒè – ^èÑŒ ¨ – Ѩ^xŒè – ^èxŒ ã¨
ã¨x^èŒ – x㨠– ã¨x^èŒ – x^èÑŒ ¨
x^èÑŒ ¨ – ^èxŒ – x^èŒÑ¨ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 31


^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – Ѩ^Œè – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – Ѩ=∞QÆ
Ѩ=∞QÆ – =∞Ѩ – Ѩ=∞QÆ – =∞QÆi
=∞QÆi – QÆ=∞ – =∞QÆi – QÆiã¨II
3. q∞„â◊*Ïu– „^èŒ∞=`åà◊=Ú
ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè – ^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ^ÑŒè ¨ – ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè
iQÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– x^èŒ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè ^èŒ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi – QÆ=∞ – ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ=∞ – ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi
x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi㨠– iQÆ – x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆiQÆ – x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆiã¨II
4. YO_»*Ïu– „^èŒ∞=`åà◊=Ú
ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ – =∞QÆ – ã¨iQÆ=∞QÆ – ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ
iQÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè – Ѩ=∞ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ=∞ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè
QÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè – ^èÑŒ ¨ – QÆ=∞Ѩ^ÑŒè ¨ – QÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè
=∞Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– x^èŒ – =∞Ѩ^xŒè ^èŒ – =∞Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 32
ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – Ѩ^Œè – ã¨x^èÑŒ ^¨ Œè – ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞
x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ – =∞Ѩ – x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ – x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi – QÆ=∞ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ=∞ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi
Ѩ=∞QÆi㨠– iQÆ – Ѩ=∞QÆiQÆ – Ѩ=∞QÆi㨠II
5. ã¨OH©~°‚*Ïu–„^èŒ∞=`åà◊=Ú
™êsQÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè – ^èÑŒ ¨ – ™êsQÆ=∞Ѩ^ÑŒè ¨ – ™êsQÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè
sQÍ=∞Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– x^èŒ – sQÍ=∞Ѩ^xŒè ^èŒ – sQÍ=∞Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
™êh^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi – QÆ=∞ – ™êh^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ=∞ – ™êh^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi
h^è•Ñ¨=∞QÆi㨠– iQÆ – h^è•Ñ¨=∞QÆiQÆ – h^è•Ñ¨=∞QÆi㨠II

1
.
II. ǨÏ#∞=∞`À_ç~åQÆ=Ú
㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠㨠x ^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
II â◊√ ™ê â◊√ II â◊√ ÔH· II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 33


K«`«∞~°„â◊*Ïu– =∞~î°º`åà◊=Ú
1
. ã¨iQÆi – ã¨i – ã¨iQÆ=∞
iQÆ=∞QÆ – iQÆ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ
QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞ – QÆ=∞ – QÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè
=∞Ѩ^ÑŒè ¨ – =∞Ѩ – =∞Ѩ^xŒè
Ѩ^xŒè ^èŒ – Ѩ^Œè – Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
ã¨x^èxŒ – ã¨x – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨
x^èÑŒ ^¨ Œè – x^èŒ – x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ – ^èÑŒ ¨ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ
Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞ – Ѩ=∞ – Ѩ=∞QÆi
=∞QÆiQÆ – =∞QÆ – =∞QÆiQÆII
u„â◊*Ïu– =∞~î°º`åà◊=Ú
2. ã¨iQÆ – ã¨i – ã¨iQÆ
iQÆ=∞ – iQÆ – iQÆ=∞
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 34
QÆ=∞Ѩ – QÆ=∞ – QÆ=∞Ѩ
=∞Ѩ^Œè – =∞Ѩ – =∞Ѩ^Œè
Ѩ^xŒè – Ѩ^Œè – Ѩ^èŒx
^èxŒ 㨠– ^èxŒ – ^èxŒ ã¨
ã¨x^èŒ – ã¨x – ã¨x^èŒ
x^èÑŒ ¨ – x^èŒ – x^èÑŒ ¨
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – ^èÑŒ ¨ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞
Ѩ=∞QÆ – Ѩ=∞ – Ѩ=∞QÆ
=∞QÆi – =∞QÆ – =∞QÆi
QÆi㨠– QÆi – QÆi㨠II
q∞„â◊*Ïu– =∞~î°º`åà◊=Ú
3. ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ^ÑŒè ¨ – =∞QÆ – ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè
iQÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè ^èŒ – Ѩ=∞ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ=∞ – Ѩ^Œè – ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi
x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆiQÆ – =∞Ѩ – x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi㨠II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 35


YO_»*Ïu– =∞~î°º`åà◊=Ú
4. ã¨iQÆ=∞QÆ – ã¨i – ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ
iQÆ=∞Ѩ=∞ – iQÆ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè
QÆ=∞Ѩ^ÑŒè ¨ – QÆ=∞ – QÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè
=∞Ѩ^xŒè ^èŒ – =∞Ѩ – =∞Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
ã¨x^èÑŒ ^¨ Œè – ã¨x – ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞
x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ – x^èŒ – x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ=∞ – ^èÑŒ ¨ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi
Ѩ=∞QÆiQÆ – Ѩ=∞ – Ѩ=∞QÆiã¨II
ã¨OH©~°‚*Ïu– =∞~î°º`åà◊=Ú
5. ™êsQÍ=∞Ѩ=∞ – QÆ=∞ – ™êsQÍ=∞Ѩ^Œè
sQÍ=∂Ѩ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞Ѩ – sQÍ=∂Ѩ^èŒx
QÍ=∂áê^èŒx^èŒ – Ѩ^Œè – QÍ=∂Ѩ^èŒxã¨
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 36
™êh^è•Ñ¨=∞Ѩ – ^èÑŒ ¨ – ™êh^è•Ñ¨=∞QÆ
h^è•áê=∞QÆ=∞ – Ѩ=∞ – h^è•áê=∞QÆi
^è•áê=∂QÆiQÆ – =∞QÆ – ^è•áê=∂QÆiã¨II
III. nè~°â◊OHõ~åÉèí~°}=Ú
㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠㨠x ^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
II K« JO â◊√ II K« HÍ II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú

K«`∞« ~°â„ *◊ Ïu– ~°∂ѨH`õ åà◊=Ú x^èŒ – x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞


1. ã¨i – ã¨iQÆ=∞ ^èÑŒ ¨ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ
iQÆ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ Ѩ=∞ – Ѩ=∞QÆi
QÆ=∞ – QÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè =∞QÆ – =∞QÆi㨠II
=∞Ѩ – =∞Ѩ^xŒè
Ѩ^Œè – Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
u„â*◊ Ïu– ~°∂ѨHOõ
ã¨i – ã¨iQÆ
ã¨x – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨
iQÆ – iQÆ=∞

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 37


QÆ=∞ – QÆ=∞Ѩ Ѩ^Œè – Ѩ^xŒè Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
=∞Ѩ – =∞Ѩ^Œè ã¨x – ã¨x^è㌠x¨ ^èÑŒ ¨
Ѩ^Œè – Ѩ^xŒè x^èŒ – x^èÑŒ x¨ ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞
^èÑŒ ¨ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ
^èxŒ – ^èxŒ ã¨
Ѩ=∞ – Ѩ=∞QÆÑ=¨ ∞QÆi
ã¨x – ã¨x^èŒ =∞QÆ – =∞QÆi=∞QÆi㨠II
x^èŒ – x^èÑŒ ¨ 4. YO_»*Ïu– ~°∂ѨHõO
^èÑŒ ¨ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞
ã¨i – ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ
Ѩ=∞ – Ѩ=∞QÆ
=∞QÆ – =∞QÆi iQÆ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè
QÆi – QÆiã¨II QÆ=∞ – QÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè
3. q∞„â◊*Ïu– ~°∂ѨHõ~ =∞Ѩ – =∞Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
ã¨i – ã¨iQÆ ã¨iQÆ=∞ ã¨x – ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞
iQÆ – iQÆ=∞iQÆ=∞Ѩ x^èŒ – x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ
QÆ=∞ – QÆ=∞ѨQ=Æ ∞Ѩ^Œè ^èÑŒ ¨ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi
=∞Ѩ – =∞Ѩ^=Œè ∞Ѩ^xŒè Ѩ=∞ – Ѩ=∞QÆi㨠II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 38
ã¨OH©~°‚*Ïu– ~°∂ѨHõO
5. ã¨i – ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ
iQÆ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè – QÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè
QÆ=∞ – QÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè – =∞Ѩ^xŒè
=∞Ѩ – =∞Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
ã¨x – ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞
x^èŒ – x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ
^èÑŒ ¨ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi – Ѩ=∞QÆi
Ѩ=∞ – Ѩ=∞QÆi㨠– =∞QÆi㨠II
IV. "Õ∞K« HõàϺ}˜
㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠㨠x ^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
II K« JO „Ѩ II K« HÍ II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
K«`«∞~°„â◊*Ïu– ~°≠OÃÑ`åà◊O
1. ã¨iQÆi – QÆ – =∂
iQÆ=∞QÆ – =∞ – áê

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 39


QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞ – Ѩ – ^è• Ñ¨^èŒx – ^èŒ – h
=∞Ѩ^ÑŒè ¨ – ^èŒ – h ^èxŒ 㨠– x – ™ê
Ѩ^xŒè ^èŒ – x – ™ê ã¨x^èŒ – x – ^è•
ã¨x^èxŒ – ^èŒ – áê x^èŒÑ¨ – ^èŒ – áê
x^èÑŒ ^¨ Œè – Ѩ – =∂ ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – Ѩ – =∂
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ – =∞ – QÍ Ñ¨=∞QÆ – =∞ – QÍ
Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞ – QÆ – s =∞QÆi – QÆ – s
=∞QÆiQÆ – i – ™êII QÆi㨠– i – ™êII
u„â◊*Ïu– ~°≠OÃÑ`åà◊O 3. q∞„â◊*Ïu– ~°≠OÃÑ`åà◊O
2. ã¨iQÆ – i – QÍ ã¨iQÆãi¨ ã¨i – QÆ – =∂
iQÆ=∞ – QÆ – =∂ iQÆ=∞iQÆiQÆ – =∞ – áê
QÆ=∞Ѩ – =∞ – áê QÆ=∞ѨQ=Æ ∞QÆ=∞ – Ѩ – ^è•
=∞Ѩ^Œè – Ѩ – ^è• =∞Ѩ^=Œè ∞Ѩ=∞Ѩ – ^èŒ – h
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 40
Ѩ^xŒè Ѩ^ÑŒè ^¨ Œè – x – ™ê x^èŒÑ¨x^èŒ – Ѩ – =∂
ã¨x^è㌠x¨ ã¨x – ^èŒ – áê ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞ – QÍ
x^èŒÑ¨x^èŒx^èŒ – Ѩ – =∂ Ѩ=∞QÆÑ=¨ ∞ – QÆ – s
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞^èÑŒ ^¨ ÑŒè ¨ – =∞ – QÍ =∞QÆiQÆ=∞ – i – ™êII
Ѩ=∞QÆÑ=¨ ∞Ѩ=∞ – QÆ – s ã¨OH©~°‚*Ïu– ~°≠OÃÑ`åà◊=Ú
=∞QÆi=∞QÆ=∞QÆ – i – ™êII 5. ™êsQÆ=∞ã¨iQÆ – =∞ – áê
YO_»*Ïu– ~°≠OÃÑ`åà◊=Ú sQÍ=∞ѨiQÆ=∞ – Ѩ – ^è•
4. ã¨iQÆã¨i – QÆ – =∂ QÍ=∂Ѩ^èŒQÆ=∞Ѩ – ^èŒ – h
iQÆ=∞iQÆ – =∞ – áê =∂áê^èxŒ =∞Ѩ^Œè – x – ™ê
QÆ=∞ѨQ=Æ ∞ – Ѩ – ^è• ™êh^èÑŒ 㨠x¨ ^èŒ – Ѩ – =∂
=∞Ѩ^=Œè ∞Ѩ – ^èŒ – h h^è•Ñ¨=∞x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞ – QÍ
Ѩ^xŒè Ѩ^Œè – x – ™ê ^è•áê=∞QÆ^ÑŒè =¨ ∞ – QÆ – s
ã¨x^è㌠x¨ – ^èŒ – áê áê=∂QÆiѨ=∞QÆ – i – ™êII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 41


V. #@Éèˇ·~°q ~åQÆ=Ú
㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠㨠x ^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
II K« ™ê â◊√ II â◊√ ÔH· II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
K«`∞« ~°â„ *◊ Ïu– u„ ѨÙ@ (Pk) u„â*◊ Ïu– u„ ѨÙ@
1. ã¨iQÆi – ã¨i – QÆ=∞ 2. ã¨iQÆ – ã¨i – QÆ=∞
iQÆ=∞QÆ – iQÆ – =∞Ѩ iQÆ=∞ – iQÆ – =∞Ѩ
QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞ – QÆ=∞ – Ѩ^Œè QÆ=∞Ѩ – QÆ=∞ – Ѩ^Œè
=∞Ѩ^ÑŒè ¨ – =∞Ѩ – ^èxŒ =∞Ѩ^Œè – =∞Ѩ – ^èxŒ
Ѩ^xŒè ^èŒ – Ѩ^Œè – x㨠Ѩ^xŒè – Ѩ^Œè – xã¨
ã¨x^èxŒ – ã¨x – ^èÑŒ ¨ ã¨x^èŒ – ã¨x – ^èÑŒ ¨
x^èÑŒ ^¨ Œè – x^èŒ – Ѩ=∞ x^èÑŒ ¨ – x^èŒ – Ѩ=∞
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ – ^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆ ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – ^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆ
Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞ – Ѩ=∞ – QÆi Ѩ=∞QÆ – Ѩ=∞ – QÆi
=∞QÆiQÆ – =∞QÆ – i㨠II =∞QÆi – =∞QÆ – i㨠II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 42

q∞„â*◊ Ïu– u„ ѨÙ@ =∞Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– Ѩ^Œè – xã¨


3. ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ=∞QÆ – iQÆ – =∞Ѩ ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – x^èŒ – Ѩ=∞
iQÆ=∞Ѩ^ÑŒè =¨ ∞ – QÆ=∞ – Ѩ^Œè x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ – ^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆ
QÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè ^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞Ѩ – ^èxŒ ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi – Ѩ=∞ – QÆi
=∞Ѩ^xŒè ã¨x^èŒ – Ѩ^Œè – x㨠Ѩ=∞QÆi㨠– =∞QÆ – i㨠II
ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ^Œè – x^èŒ – Ѩ=∞ ã¨OH©~*‚° Ïu– u„ ѨÙ@
x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ=∞Ѩ – ^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆ 5. ã¨iQÆ=∞ Ѩ=∞ QÆi㨠– iQÆ – =∞Ѩ
iQÆ=∞ Ѩ^èŒ Ñ¨=∞QÆi – QÆ=∞ – Ѩ^Œè
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆiQÆ=∞ – Ѩ=∞ – QÆi
QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒ x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ – =∞Ѩ – ^èxŒ
Ѩ=∞QÆiã¨iQÆ – =∞QÆ – i㨠II =∞Ѩ^Œè xã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – Ѩ^Œè – xã¨
YO_»*Ïu– u„ ѨÙ@ ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ =∞Ѩ^xŒè 㨠– x^èŒ – Ѩ=∞
4. ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ – iQÆ – =∞Ѩ x^èŒÑ¨=∞ QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒx – ^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆ
iQÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè – QÆ=∞ – Ѩ^Œè ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆiQÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè – Ѩ=∞ – QÆi
QÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè – =∞Ѩ – ^èxŒ Ѩ=∞QÆi ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ – =∞QÆ – iã¨II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 43


ǨÏiHÍOÉè’l ~åQÆ=Ú
㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠㨠x ^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
II K« JO â◊√ II K« ÔH· II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
K«`∞« ~°â„ *◊ Ïu– J@`åà◊O u„â*◊ Ïu– P@`åà◊O
1. ã¨iQÆ=∞ – ã¨iQÆ=∞ – áê – áê 2. ã¨iQÆ – ã¨iQÆ – =∂ – =∂
iQÆ=∞ – iQÆ=∞ – áê – áê
iQÆ=∞Ѩ – iQÆ=∞Ѩ – ^è• – ^è•
QÆ=∞Ѩ – QÆ=∞Ѩ – ^è• – ^è•
QÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè – QÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè – h – h =∞Ѩ^Œè – =∞Ѩ^Œè – h – h
=∞Ѩ^xŒè – =∞Ѩ^xŒè – ™ê – ™ê Ѩ^èŒx – Ѩ^èŒx – ™ê – ™ê
ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ – =∂ – =∂ ã¨x^èŒ – ã¨x^èŒ – áê – áê
x^èŒÑ¨ – x^ŒÑ¨ – =∂ – =∂
x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – QÍ – QÍ
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ – QÍ – QÍ
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ – s – s Ѩ=∞QÆ – Ѩ=∞QÆ – s – s
Ѩ=∞QÆi – Ѩ=∞QÆi – ™ê – ™ê =∞QÆi – =∞QÆi – ™ê – ™ê
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 44

q∞„â◊*Ïu– J@`åà◊O ã¨h^è• – ™êx^è• – áê – áê


3. ã¨sQÍ=∞Ѩ – ™êiQÍ=∞Ѩ – ^è• – ^è• x^è•áê – h^èŒáê – =∂ – =∂
iQÍ=∂Ѩ^èŒ – sQÆ=∂Ѩ^èŒ – h – h ^èጠê=∂ – ^è•Ñ¨=∂ – QÍ – QÍ
QÆ=∂áê^èŒx – QÍ=∞Ѩ^èŒx – ™ê – ™ê Ѩ=∂QÍ – áê=∞QÍ – s – s
ã¨h^è•Ñ¨=∞ – ™êx^è•Ñ¨=∞ – QÍ – QÍ =∞QÍs – =∂QÆs – ™ê – ™ê
x^è•áê=∞QÆ – h^èŒáê=∞QÆ – s – s ã¨OH©~°‚*Ïu– J@`åà◊O
^èŒáê=∂QÆi – ^è•Ñ¨=∂QÆi – ™ê – ™ê ã¨sQÍ=∂Ѩ^èŒ – ™êiQÍ=∂Ѩ^èŒ – h –h
YO_»*Ïu– J@`åà◊O iQÍ=∂áê^èŒx – sQÆ=∂áê^èŒx – ™ê –™ê
4. ã¨sQÍ – ™êiQÍ – =∂ – =∂ ã¨h^è•áê=∞QÆ – ™êx^è•áê=∂QÆ – s –s
iQÍ=∂ – sQÆ=∂ – áê – áê x^è•áê=∂QÆi – h^èŒáê=∂QÆi – ™ê –™ê
QÆ=∂áê – QÍ=∞áê – ^è• – ^è• K«„Hõ"åHõ=Ú
=∞áê^è• – =∂Ѩ^•è – h – h
㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠㨠x ^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
Ѩ^•è h – áê^èhŒ – ™ê – ™ê II â◊√ JO â◊√ II K« ÔH· II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 45


K«`«∞~°„â◊*Ïu– UHõ`åà◊O Ѩ^èŒx 4. YO_»*Ïu– UHõ
^èxŒ 㨠=∞Ѩ^xŒè ã¨Ñ^¨ xŒè ã¨
1. ã¨iQÆ=∞ ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ
iQÆ=∞Ѩ ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞
ã¨x^èŒ iQÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè
QÆ=∞Ѩ^Œè x^èŒÑ¨ x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ^ÑŒè =¨ ∞QÆ
=∞Ѩ^xŒè QÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆiѨ=∞QÆi
Ѩ^xŒè 㨠^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ =∞Ѩ^xŒè ã¨
ã¨x^èÑŒ ¨ Ѩ=∞QÆ Ñ¨=∞QÆiã¨=∞QÆiã¨II
ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞
x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ =∞QÆi x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ
^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ
QÆiã¨II ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi
Ѩ=∞QÆi
=∞QÆiã¨II 3. q∞„â◊*Ïu– UHõ Ѩ=∞QÆiã¨II
2. u„â*◊ Ïu– UHõ ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè 5. ã¨OH©~°‚*Ïu– UHõ
ã¨iQÆ iQÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè 㨠ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ iQÆ=∞Ѩ
iQÆ=∞ ã¨x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi iQÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒQÆ =∞Ѩ^èŒ
QÆ=∞Ѩ
=∞Ѩ^Œè x^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi㨠QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒx =∞Ѩ^èŒx
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 46

2
Ñ≤àϧi w`«=ÚÅ∞
=∞ÅǨÏi~åQÆO– ~°∂ѨHõ`åà◊O
㨠i =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ ã¨ ã¨ ^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ QÆ i ã¨
,, â◊√ â◊√ ,, â◊√ ,, 㨠^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ JO i ,,
1. =∞Ѩ – ^èŒã¨ã¨iI i㨠– ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ѨI i=∞ – Ѩ^èŒ=∞Ѩ I ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I
NW – QÆ}#^èŒI ã≤O^èŒ∞– L~°=~°‚ Hõ~°∞ – }ã¨QÆ~°I Hõi – =^ŒJ#I
™ê – i=∞QÆiI ã¨i – QÆi™êI i=∞ – Ѩ^=Œè ∞ѨI ^èÑŒ ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II ™êII
ÅO – ÉÁX^èŒ~°I ʼnõΩ – q∞Hõ~åI JO – |Jã¨∞`«I J=∞ – ~°q#∞`« II ÅOII
=∞Ѩ – ^èŒã¨ã¨iI i㨠– ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ѨI i=∞ – Ѩ^=Œè ∞ѨI ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠II™êII
ã≤^Œú – K« P~°}I QÆ} – ÃãZq`«I ã≤kú – q#Ü«∞HõI `≥Z – #"≥Ú#"≥Ú IIÅOII
=∞Ѩ – ^èŒã¨ã¨iI i㨠– ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ѨI i=∞ – Ѩ^=Œè ∞ѨI ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠II™êII
ã¨Hõ – Åq^ŒºPI Pk – ѨÙLl`«I ã¨J – ~˘fiX`«=Î ∞I `≥Z – #"≥Ú#"≥Ú IIÅOII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 47


=∞ÅǨÏi~åQÆ=Ú–~°∂ѨHõ`åà◊=Ú
2. ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I i=∞ – Ѩ^=Œè ∞ѨI ^èŒi – iã¨^èŒÑ¨I ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I
‰õΩO^Œ– QÆ L L~° QÆ L – i W=~°I =∞O – k~°JÜ«∞I =∞J – #=∞‰õΩ@I
™ê – s sI ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I ã¨i – =∂QÆiI ã¨i – QÆi™ê II
=∞O – ^• ~åI ‰õΩã¨∞ – =∞JHõ~I° =∞Hõ – ~°O^ŒOI =J – ã≤`«∞"å II
^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I i=∞ – Ѩ^=Œè ∞ѨI ^èŒi – iã¨^ŒÑ¨I ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I
ÃÇÏ=∞– ‰õΩLL@I ã≤O – ǨJã¨#I q~°∞ – ѨJJHõIΔ Hõ~°∞ – }JHõ~°I
™ê – s sI ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I ã¨i – =∂QÆiI ã¨i – QÆi™êII
=∞O – ^•~åI ‰õΩã¨∞ – =∞JHõ~I° =∞Hõ – ~°O^ŒOI =J – ã≤`«∞"åII
^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I i=∞ – Ѩ^=Œè ∞ѨI ^èŒi – iã¨^èŒÑ¨I ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II
K«O^Œ– =∞JJ=∞I =∞O – ^ŒJH˜xI =∞O – k~°JÜ«∞I =∞J – #=∞‰õΩ@I
™ê – s sI ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I ã¨i – =∂QÆiI ã¨i – QÆi™ê II
=∞O – ^•~åI ‰õΩã¨∞ – =∞JHõ~I° =∞Hõ – ~°O^ŒOI =J – ã≤`«∞"åII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 48
=∞ÅǨÏi~åQÆO– „uѨÙ@`åà◊O
3. ^èŒã¨ã¨– ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ѨI ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞=∞áêI ^Œ^èŒã¨ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ѨI ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I
ÔH~°Ü«∞– xW~°#∞I ÔH~°∞QÆ – [Jb¡I =~°= – Ѩ_^» =Œ I ~°Ou – HõJ}˜~˘I
ã¨ii– ã¨iã¨iI ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I ^èŒÑ¨^èŒ – ™ê^ŒÑ¨I ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II
JiÜ«∞–Hõ~°∞}^ŒI à◊J^Œ – ÉèíJQƺѨÙI ǨÏi㨠– =∂~°Ê}I =∞J_ç – „|uÔH~°∞II
^èŒã¨ã¨– ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ѨI ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞=∞áêI ^Œ^èŒã¨ – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ѨI ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II
NWѨٖ ~°O^Œ~°I q~îÅ° – ~°JÜ«∂I K«~°} – Hõ=∞Å=I <˘X_ç – „|uÔH~°∞I
ã¨ii– ã¨iã¨iI ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I ^èŒÑ¨^èŒ – ™ê^èŒÑ¨I ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨II
JiÜ«∞–Hõ~°∞}^ŒI à◊J^Œ – ÉèíJQƺѨÙI ǨÏi㨠– =∂~°Ê}I =∞J_ç – „|uÔH~°∞II
=∞ÅǨÏi~åQÆO–„uѨÙ@`åà◊O
4. iã¨^茖 ™ê™êI =∞QÆi – =∞=∞áêI ã¨^è• – ^èŒÑ¨=∞Ѩ ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I
Ѩ^Œ∞=∞–<åÉèÏ Ñ¨~=° ∞– ѨÙ~°∞ëê Ѩ~O° – *ÁºXXu ã¨fi~°∞L – ѨJJJI
q^Œ∞~°– =O^•º q=∞Å– K«i`å qǨÏO – QÆJJkè ~˘XÇ¨Ï – }JJJI
Ѩ=∞Ѩ– ^èŒã¨^èŒã¨ iã¨^èŒ – ^èŒã¨^èŒÑ¨ ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – áêѨÊ=∞ i=∞=∞ – áêáêI

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 49


L^Œkè– x=J㨠L~°QÆ – â◊Ü«∞J# LL#fl – `À#fl`« =∞Ç≤ÏW– =∂PI
^Œ^èŒÑ¨– áêѨÊ=∞ s=∞ – =∞QÆi㨠™êã¨û – ^Œ^èŒ^èŒÑ¨ áêÑ¨Ê – =∞QÆi㨠II iII
Ü«∞^Œ∞‰õΩ–Ö’`«Î=∞ Ü«∞[˝ – ~°JHõΔHõ Ü«∞[˝ – tWHõΔHõ ~å=∞ – #JJ=∞IIѨ II
^èŒ™ê– ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆi㨠^èŒ™ê – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiã¨I
qcè – +¨}ѨJ ÅHõJ – #"≥Ú#"≥Ú WÉèÏ – =~°^ŒJ Ü«∞HõJ – #"≥Ú#"≥ÚI
Ѩ=∞Ѩ– ^èŒã¨^èŒã¨ iã¨^èŒ – ^èŒã¨^èŒÑ¨ ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – áêѨÊ=∞ i=∞=∞ – áêáêI
â◊√ÉèíJ– „Ѩ^Œã¨∞=∞ <˘X~°– ^èŒJÜ«∞ã¨∞ Ô~O„^Œ – =∂<˘X ~°O[ – <åPI
^Œ^èŒÑ¨– áêѨÊ=∞ s=∞ – =∞QÆi㨠™êã¨û – ^Œ^èŒ^èŒÑ¨ áêÑ¨Ê – =∞QÆi㨠IIiII
JaèW– <å=fiѨ٠~°O^Œ – ~°JJq ~îåÅ¡ – ÉèíJÅ¡Ô~ ~å=∞ – #JJ=∞IIѨII
5. ^ÕâßH˜Δ~åQÆO–„uѨÙ@`åà◊O
㨠i QÆ Ñ¨ ^èŒ ã¨ ã¨ x ^èŒÑ¨ =∞ QÆiã¨
II K« JO II â◊√ II II ÔH· II â◊√ QÆiã¨
=∞QÆi–=∞QÆi㨠㨠x ^茖 ™êii =∞QÆi – ã¨x^èŒÑ¨ ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiQÆI
ÉèíÜ«∞㨖=∞Ü«∞^≥= LLx – ^Õ=„t "≥OHõ – @JK«Å ^≥Z= – #ÅJÔ~I
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 50
QÆѨ^茖 Ѩ^èŒÑ¨^èŒ ã¨x^èŒ – ™ê™ê II
ˆH~°à◊–=∞}˜^Œ}˜ ã¨∞=J– ˆ~ˆ~ II
=∞QÆi– =∞QÆi㨠ã¨x^èŒ – ™êii =∞QÆi – ã¨x^èŒÑ¨ ^èŒ^èŒÑ¨ – =∞QÆiQÆI
NWѨٖ ~°O^Œ~° q~îÅ° – ~åÜ«∞„t "≥OHõ – @JK«Å ^≥Z= – #ÅJÔ~I
QÆѨ^茖 Ѩ^èŒÑ¨^èŒ ã¨x^èŒ – ™ê™êII
ÔH~°à◊– =∞}˜^Œ}˜ ã¨∞=J– ˆ~ˆ~ II
6. â◊√^茙ê"Õi~åQÆO– „uѨÙ@`åà◊O
㨠i =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ ã¨ ã¨ ^èŒ Ñ¨ =∞ i ã¨
II K« â◊√ II K« J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
i=∞i– iã¨^èŒã¨ ™êã¨û – ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞Ѩ ^Œ^èŒã¨ – ^è•^èŒÑ¨ Ѩ=∞i – ^Œ^èŒ^èŒÑ¨I
JJ#– ÖˇZHõ~° =Óxfl– ÉÁXÅ¡u ã¨HÅõ – âßGѨ٠~°J} – kèW#OI
áêѨʖ ^Œ^èŒ^èŒÑ¨ áêÑ¨Ê – =∞Ѩ^ÑŒè ¨ Ѩ=∞i – ã¨iã¨i Ѩ=∞Ѩ – ã¨iã¨iI
`åà◊ – kèW#O `åà◊ – ѨiѶ¨∞`«∞ Ô~ZÔ~ – JJJJI JJJ – JJJJ

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 51


ѨÑ^¨ –Œè ѨÑ=¨ ∞i iã¨i – =∂=∂ ^èŒÑ¨^èŒ – ™ê™ê ii㨠– ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞ѨI
JJJ– JJJJ ÃãZ`«∞– "åǨ ѨiѶ∞¨ – `«O#O [@J – ALL@I
^Œ^èŒã¨– ^è•^èŒÑ¨ Ѩ=∞i– ^Œ^èŒ^èŒÑ¨ áêÑ¨Ê – ^Œ^èŒ^èŒÑ¨ áêÑ¨Ê – =∞Ѩ^ÑŒè I¨
ã¨HõÅ– âßGѨ٠~°J}– kèW#O `åà◊ – kèW#O `åà◊ – ѨiѶ¨∞`«∞I
Ѩ=∞i– ã¨iã¨i Ѩ=∞Ѩ – ã¨iã¨i ѨÑ^¨ Œè – ѨÑ=¨ ∞i iã¨i – =∂=∂I
~Ô ZÔ~– JJJJ JJJ– JJJJ JJJ – JJJJ ÃãZ`«∞ – "åǨI
^èŒÑ¨^茖 ™ê™êII
ѨiѶ¨∞–`«O#OII
Ѷ¨∞#~åQÆ w`«=ÚÅ∞
Éèˇ·~°q~åQÆO–„^èŒ∞=`åà◊O
1. 㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠ã¨x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆiã¨
II K« ™ê â◊√ II â◊√ ÔH· II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 52
QÆiQÆ=∞áê –=∞QÆiQÆ–=∞Ѩ=∂ Ѩ^èŒxx^èŒÑ¨ – =∞x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆiã¨I
NW~°J=∂ –K«O„^ŒJ–„t`«áê Ji[JJ`« – ã¨~°∞JJ–JJJã¨ÎI
ã¨i㨖Ѩ=∞Ѩ –QÆiQÆ=∞–QÆQÆi㨠iiQÆQÆ – =∞=∞QÆQ–Æ iQÆ=∞Ѩ=∞=∞I
HõJJ–à◊ºJ}–QÆ∞}Jaè–~°JJ=∞ ã≤W`«J – =ÚYJO–ÉèÁXXX~°∞ǨÏI
ѨѨ^茖xx㨖Ѩ^èŒx㨖xQÆi㨠xi㨠– QÆi㨖xx^èŒ=∞–Ѩ^èŒxã¨I
K«OK«–iWW–WWWW–WWW‰õΩ x~°O – `«~°O–=∞OQÆà◊–=∞JJ`«I
Ѩ^èŒÑ¨–ã¨x㨖Ѩ^èŒ=∞Ѩ–=∞QÆi㨠IIQÆiII
<˘XX–`«∞ LL–LLLL–LLLL IINWII
nè~°â◊OHõ~åÉèí~°}O– =∞~î°º`åà◊O
2. 㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠ã¨x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆiã¨
II K« JO â◊√ II K« HÍ II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
ã¨x™ê–^èŒxã¨x^èŒÑ¨ =∞QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆi㨠ã¨ã¨áê–=∞QÆ=∞iQÍI
Q˘XqO–^ŒJJJJJ ǨÏÔ~ZZ=∞^èŒ∞–ã¨∞L^èŒ# =#=∂–JJJJÖÏI

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 53

ã¨ã¨™êx㨖^èŒh㨠sã¨x–^èŒxã¨x^èŒÑ¨ ™ê™ê™ê–ã¨x^èŒÑ¨I


QÆ~°∞_®^èŒfi[–=Ú‰õΩO^Œ N^èŒ~°–„tW~°Ñ¶¨∞Ѩ`≥ ã¨OOO–Hõ~°+¨}I
=∞QÆ=∞áêѨʖ=∞QÆi㨠iix–ã¨ã¨^茖xxѨ–^èŒ ^è=Œ ∞–ѨÑQ¨ –Æ =∞=∞iQÍI
ã¨∞O^Œ~åOQÆ–[Ü«∞[Ü«∞ „tWW–~°J=∞–ã≤WW–`« Jaè–~°JJ–=∞JJJI
ã¨iQÆ=∞áê–^èŒx™ê iiã¨x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆiã¨IIã¨xII
=∞JJJPO–ѨJÇ‘Ï Ñ¨J@ìJJaè–~°JJ=∞IIQ˘XII
HÍOÉè’l~åQÆO–Pk`åà◊O
㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ ã¨ ã¨ x ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆiã¨
3. II K« JO â◊√ II K« II II ÔH· J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
™êxѨ–^èŒ^茙ê ^èŒã¨iQÆ–=∞QÆQÆi ã¨iã¨ã¨–xx^èŒÑ¨I
=∞O^Œ~°–^èŒJˆ~ "≥ÚXHõ=Δ Ú–~°JJÔ~ kW`«º‰õΩ–ÅO`«HõI
^Œ^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆ=∞áê QÆѨ^èŒã¨–xx^èŒÑ¨ ^Œ^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨–=∞QÆiã¨I
ѨJ=#–=Ú~°∞`Õ Ñ¨^Œâ◊√Éèí–Ô~ZZY =∞‰õΩ@=∞–Ü«ÚLL~°II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 54
QÆѨѨ^茖^Œã¨ã¨i iѨ=∞QÆ–iQÆi㨠ã¨iã¨ã¨–xx^èŒÑ¨I
JJJJ–JJJJ JJJJ–JJJJ ^ŒW`«º‰õΩ–ÅO`«HõI
^Œ^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆ=∞áê QÆѨ^èŒã¨–xx^èŒÑ¨ ^Œ^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨–=∞QÆi㨠II™êII
ѨJ=#–=Ú~°∞`Õ Ñ¨^Œâ◊√Éèí–Ô~ZZY =∞‰õΩ@=∞–Ü«ÚLL~° II=∞OII
"Õ∞K«Hàõ Ϻ}˜–u„ ѨÙ@`åà◊O
4. 㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ ^èŒ x 㨠ã¨x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆiã¨
II K« JO „Ѩ II K« HÍ II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
ã¨ã¨ã¨–x^èŒx㨠x^èŒÑ¨–^èŒÑ¨=∞Ѩ QÆ=∞Ѩ–Ѩ^Œ^èŒx ^èŒÑ¨=∞–ѨQÆiã¨II
Hõ=∞Å–[J^Œà◊ q=∞Å–ã¨∞#Ü«∞# Hõi=–~°^ŒHõ~°∞ }O|∞–^èÕZZZI
^Œ^èŒ^茖QÆQÆQÍ =∞áê–=∞QÆi㨠s,–™ê , , QÆ=∞Ѩ–=∞Ѩ^ÑŒè I¨
Hõ~°∞}–â◊~°^èÕ Hõ=∂–ÅJJP HÍO–`å , , ÔHZt–#~°HõJI
x^èŒÑ¨–^èŒÑ¨=∞Ѩ QÆ=∞Ѩ–Ѩ^Œ^èŒx ^èŒÑ¨=∞–ѨQÆi㨠^èŒ^èŒ^茖QÆQÆQÍI
ã¨∞~°q–ÉèËZ^Œ# =~°^–Œ "≥ZÅJ ã¨∞~°Ñ¨Ù–~˘X`«Î=∞ Hõ~°∞}–â◊~°^èÕI

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 55


=∞áê–=∞QÆi㨠s , – ™ê , , II 㨠㨠ã¨II
Hõ=∂Ö–ÅJJJ HÍO–`å , , II Hõ =∞ ÅII
`À_ç~åQÆO–„^èŒ∞=`åà◊O
5. 㨠i QÆ =∞ ^èŒ x 㨠ã¨x^èŒ=∞QÆiã¨
II â◊√ ™ê â◊√ â◊√ ÔH· II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
™êx^èŒ^è• – ^èŒxã¨i–QÍQÍ QÆ=∞^èŒ=∞QÆi – QÍix–™ê™êI
~Ô ZÔ~ – ^Œâ◊~°^茖~å*Ï HõÅâ◊O|∞kè – K«O„^Œ=Ú–ˆ~ˆ~I
hã¨QÆiQÆ – =∞QÆi㨖™êx^èŒ ^è•ss – QÆQÆiQÆ–ix™êI
`å@HõJJ – QÆJ~°fiq–ÉèË^Œ# QÍ^èÕÜ«∂ – „Hõ`«∞ѨJ–Å#∞ˆ~I
QÍ=∂^è• – ^èŒ=∞QÆi–QÍQÍ =∞QÆiQÆi㨠– xQÆi㨖™êx^èŒI
áêëê}Ï – „ѨJ}^Œ–áê^• Hõ=∞ÅѨ~J ° – JQÆHõ}∞–ˆ~Ô~ZI
^èŒxã¨iQÍ – iQÆ=∂–=∞QÆQÍ QÆiss – QÆiã¨x–™ê™êI
Éèí=H˘X^ŒO – _»qYO–_»#ѨO _ç`«∞ˆ~ˆ~ – H˜Δu[J–<å^è•I
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 56
QÆiQÆ=∞ – =∞x^èŒ=∞–QÆ=∞QÍQÍ =∞QÆiQÆi㨠– xQÆi㨖™êx^èŒII
Éèí$QÆ∞~°J – =∞J=Öˇ–Ü«∞Ѩ~Àáê Hõ~°}K«}J – Hõ$Ѩ}[–<å=#II
^è•ss – QÆ=∞QÆ^茖^è•^è• ^è•^èŒ=∞QÆi – QÍix–ã¨iQÆ=∞I
Pˆ~ˆ~ – ^Œâ◊~°^茖~å*Ï ÉèÏ+¨}Ѩi – áêÅ#∞–Ô~ZÔ~ZI
^èŒxã¨iQÆ=∞ – ™êix–ã¨iQÆ=∞ QÆ=∞^è•=∂ – QÆQÆiQÆ–ix™êI
=JeÉèZˇ Z – U^Œ#–~°q`«# Ü«∞J"≥∂^• – ѨJÅ#∞–Ô~Zˆ~I
QÆi㨙êx – ^è•^èŒQÆ–QÍi㨠h ã¨iQÍ – =∞QÆi㨖™êx^èŒI
ã≤O^èŒ∞~å[ – |O^èŒ#–|O^èŒ∞Ô~ ~å=}g – „^ŒJ=}∞–ˆ~Ô~ZI
^èŒ^èŒii – QÆQÆ=∞=∞–^Œ^èŒh™ê xã¨x^Œ^è• – ^èŒ=∞QÆ=∞–QÆQÆiã¨I
qaèWW – WW+¨}–™êO„ÉÏ*Ϻ aèÃ+ZZ‰õÄ – =∞Ç≤ÏѨJ–Å#∞Ô~ZI
QÆiã¨x^èŒ^èŒ – QÆiQÆ㨖ix^èŒ^èŒ =∞QÆiQÆi㨠– xQÆi㨖™êx^èŒ II™êII
ã¨∞=∞Ç≤Ï`«#Ü«∞ – ã¨∞=∞Ç≤Ï`«–#Ü«∞„tW ~°Ñ¶¨Ú#JÜ«∞Hõ – [Ü«∞=~°–^•Ü«∞Hõ IIJII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 57


6. N~åQÆO–„^èŒ∞=`åà◊O
㨠i =∞ Ѩ x 㨠ã¨xѨ ^èŒ xѨ=∞i QÆ iã¨
II K« â◊√ II HÔ · II II K« II ™ê II
=∞=∞áêáêxѨ–xx™ê™ê QÆiã¨ã¨xѨ–=∞Ѩxx–™ê™êI
q∞W<åH©[Δ Ü«∞–HõJ=∂H˜Δ HõOHõ\˜WHõ–=J=∞JH©Δ˜DI
sQÆi™ê–s™ê–ã¨ã¨xѨ Ѩãx¨ Ѩãx¨ –Ѩ=∞Ѩx–ѨÑ=¨ ∂I
P„ѨuÉèÏ–„áêÉèÏ–"˘X#fl`« =∞^èŒ∞~°=∞^èŒ∞~°–ã¨JÅO–HõJ~åI
s=∂áê–xã¨s–iQÆi㨠sѨÊ=∂Ѩ–iѨѨ=∞–iQÆiã¨I
FOHÍ~å–Hõe`å–ÅJJѨ Ü«¸^Œúq∂„`«–=∞^èŒ∞HõW–WW@ÉèíI
QÆi㨖ã¨xѨ–xѨѨ=∞–iQÆi㨠ã¨xѨxx㨖i=∞=∞Ѩx–ѨѨ=∞I
YO_»–K«O_»–^ŒO_»#∞–[JJ}∞ =∞^ŒÜ«∞JJP–JJJ=à◊√–Ü«∞J#I
sѨѨ=∞i–iQÆi㨖™ê™ê siQÆi㨖xã¨iQÆ–iiã¨xI
HÍiÎÔHZÜ«∞–[#xW–ˆ~ˆ~ HÍ`«ºJÜ«∞x–HõJo~°∞–„^ŒJJ}˜I
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 58

áêháê–áêxx–™ê™ê xã¨iQÆi㨖ã¨iã¨ã¨xѨ–=∞ѨI
g}Ïh–HÍfiJJ–P}© HõJ~°}Hõ~°–#YtY~°O–[Ü«∞I
Ѩxáê=∂–ѨѨ=∞i–iQÆi㨠iѨ=∞–iѨ=∞–i=∞=∞Ѩ–Ѩã¨ã¨xI
=∞^èŒ∞~åѨO–„ÃÑZZ}–lWLÔ~ JWº–uWº–JWºO–=JWºI
Ѩã¨xѨã¨x–Ѩxã¨i–iQÆi㨠xã¨i=∞Ѩx–ѨѨ=∞i–iQÆiã¨I
JWºuWº–JWºO–=Wº JJJJJJ–JJJJ–JJJJI
™êã¨ã¨xѨ–xѨѨ=∞–iQÆiã¨II=∞=∞II
KÀHõ¯#J^茖ã¨JJq∞–[WLÔ~IIq∞WII

LLLLL

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 59

ÅHõ}
Δ w`åÅ∞
1. ^èŒ<åºã≤~åQÆO–„^èŒ∞=`åà◊O
㨠QÆ =∞ Ѩ x 㨠ã¨x ^èŒ Ñ¨=∞QÆ i ã¨
II ™ê â◊√ II HÔ · II II â◊√ II â◊√ II
ѨѨxx™ê–xã¨QÍ–=∞QÆi㨠x^èŒÑ¨x™ê–xã¨=∞QÆ–QÆi™êI
[Ü«∞Hõ~°∞}Ï–ã≤OO–~O^è˘X `«=ѨJ^•O–|∞[=∞`«∞–ÅOOI
QÍ=∂áê–QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞–QÆi™ê h ™êx^茖Ѩxã¨QÆ–QÆi™êI
^蕺ܫ∂q∂–„jWWW–HõO~îå ÉèÏHÍÎ=o–ѨJÅ#–K«}ˆ~I
QÆQÆ=∂=∞=∞–xxã¨ã¨–QÆQÆ=∂ QÆ=∂Ѩ=∞Ѩ–QÆ=∞ѨQÆ–=∞QÆiã¨I
^èŒO<åºJã≤–~°JJJ–JJQÆO QÆ PJJJ–Ü«∞JJJ–JJJq∞I
x^èŒÑ¨x™ê–QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞–QÆi™ê Ѩ=∞Ѩ–QÆ=∞Ѩ–xѨQÆ=∞–QÆQÆiã¨I
„â◊√}∞`«JÖÏ–HõΔ}=∞–ÅOO JJ+¨ì–=∞Jkè–HõJJi–[O#ºOI
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 60

x™êQÆ=∞Ѩ–QÆ=∂QÆ–QÆii㨠™êx^èŒÑ¨x–ã¨QÆQÆi–ã¨i™êI

BTLLL–LTL–LL_»∞= ã¨OOOOO–ѨÙLLL–LL~°‚OII

™ê™êQÆQÆ–=∂Ѩ=∞–QÆ=∞áê 㨙êx^èŒÑ¨–™êx^茖Ѩx™êI

PPJJ–~ÀXX–XX¿ÇÏ i^è•HõκJJ–PJJ–JJHõÎOI

Ѩxã¨QÆQÍ–xѨx㨖=∞QÆi㨠=∞QÆÑ=¨ ∞Ѩx–QÆQ=Æ ∞=∞–ѨÑx¨ xI

P=~˘XF–ÃÇÏZZZ–ZZZZ ѨÙLLLLL–LLLL–LL~°‚OII

QÆ=∞ѨQÆi㨖=∞QÆ=∞Ѩ–xx™ê Ѩx™êx㨖ѨѨ™ê–xx^èŒÑ¨I

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 61

=∞OOOO„^Œ–=∞JJJ–JJJ ^茺`«PJ~°–Hõe`«O–OOOOI
áê=∞Ѩ=∞QÆ–=∂QÆQÆ–ii™ê ™êx^èŒÑ¨x–ã¨QÆ=∞Ѩ–=∞QÆiã¨I
QÍ^èŒJJJ–PÅã≤–`«OO <å^ŒÉèˇZ^Œ–^èŒ∞iWW–WWW}I
Ѩ=∞QÆ–iã¨Ñ¨–=∞Ѩ=∞QÆ–QÆii㨠x^èŒÑ¨xx㨖QÆQÆi㨖ã¨i™êII
QÆ∞~°∞=Ú–LLL–LLLL–LLÔ~ÎZ „Ѩã≤WWWW–WWWW–WW^•úII

2. â◊ǨÏ#~åQÆO–=∞~î°º`åà◊O
㨠i QÆ =∞ Ѩ =∞ ^èŒ x 㨠ã¨x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ=∞iQÆiã¨
II K« JO â◊√ II â◊√ K« ÔH· II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
™êh–^è•–x^èŒáê Ѩ=∞^è•–x㨖xi™ê ^èŒxã¨i–QÆ=∞–iQÆiã¨I
HõOO–™ê–JJP ã¨∞~°YO–_»#–[Ü«∞ˆ~ =Ú~°JJ–JJ–JJÔ~ZI
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 62

xQÆi㨖x㨖^Œ^è•x ^èŒÑ¨=∞^茖^è•–xã¨i㨠=∂=∞^茖^茖hxã¨I


Q˘XXÑ≤–HõJ–[P~° #=xW–D–`«K˘X~° Ü«∂^Œ=–aú–K«OO„^ŒI
x=∂,–QÍ–iQÆi㨠iiQÆQÆ–=∞=∞–xxã¨ã¨ Ѩ=∞=∞QÆ–ii–Ѩ=∞áêI
Hõ$áê,–P–ã¨OO„^Œ #~°HõJ–JJ–JO`«Hõ ~°∞ L LH˜‡–}˜W–WWD
iQÆ=∞Ѩ–=∂–QÍiQÆ iã¨xQÆ–i㨖h^è• x^èŒÑ¨=∞–^è•–^èŒx™êI
ã¨JJ`«º–ÉèÏ–=∂qÅ ã≤`«"≥Z–Z}∞–<åP JJJJ–^•–„Ñ≤Ü«Úˆ~
xx=∂–QÍ–iQÆi㨠h^èŒx–ã¨i–QÆiã¨x ^èŒxã¨i–xi–™ê, , I
ã¨∞~°¿ã–U–ZZZ=º áêJJ–JP–JJJÇ≤Ï =∞JJJ–JJ–PO,,I
áê=∂–=∞QÆ–QÆiáê sQÆ=∞–áê–=∞QÆ=∞i x^èŒáê–iQÆ–=∞Ѩ=∂I
âß<å–~°J–JJQÆO H˘OOO–O–ÉèÁXXl [ J#ºO–HõOO–OOOI
^èŒÑ¨=∂–QÍ–iiQÆi ™êh–QÆi–ã¨x^èŒx ã¨iã¨=∞–QÍ–iQÆiã¨I
Ñ≤`«QÍO–^è•–JJ~°O nD–WW–WWW~°… =∞JJ^茺–=∞O–OOOOI
ѨsQÆ–=∞Ѩ–^èŒx^èŒÑ¨ =∞x^èŒÑ¨–=∞Ѩ–=∞=∞QÆi iѨ=∞=∞–áê–iã¨=∂I

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 63


^èŒD W–WW–WW=`« =JJJ–JJ–JJJ„Hõ x+¨JJ–P–J^ŒHõO
QÆix^茖áê–iQÆ=∞Ѩ i™ê=∞–QÆi–Ѩ=∞^èŒÑ¨ =∞^èŒ^è•–xx–™êxiI
Ñ≤`«Åã≤–`«O–=JJ„Hõ ã¨OOO–OO–ѨÙLLL LLT–LL–~°‚OQÆ∞~°∞I
™êã¨i–x㨖^è•h ^è•x^茖áê–sQÆ=∞ Ѩ^èŒx^茖áê–=∂QÍI
=¸LL–LL–ˆ~Îcè „^Œ∂LL–T–TLѨ JJ~°∞˚#–™ê–PPI
sQÆi–™ê–xQÆi㨠h^èŒÑ¨–=∂–^è•x㨠x=∞QÍ–s–QÆiã¨xI
P~°^ä≥–U–ÉèíJ+¨J JOQÆJ–~å–QÆOOO OOO–O–â◊$}∞[Ü«∞I
^èŒxã¨i–xi–™ê , , II
Hõ$ѨJJ–JJ–à’ , , II
3. suQ“à◊~åQÆO–~°≠OÃÑ`åà◊O
㨠QÆ i QÆ =∞ x ^èŒ =∞ Ѩ x 㨠ã¨x^èŒÑ¨^èŒ=∞QÆiã¨
II ™ê K« ™ê â◊√ ÔH· â◊√ â◊√ II ÔH· II J=~ÀǨÏ}=Ú
ã¨ã¨ã¨–™ê^ŒÑ¨=∞QÆi QÆ=∂–QÆi=∞QÆi™ê x™ê–ã¨=∞‡QÆiQÍ–
â◊OY–Kå„HõJJJO Hõ}Ï–`«ºJK«Ô~Zˆ~ qÉèË–g„â◊JWáê
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 64
QÆ∞~°∞L–QÀqO^ŒkW H˜Δ`å–dÅã¨=ÚLǨ [ÖÏ–ˆ~ѨÙL~°‚K«O–
QÆi㨖xѨxxã¨xx ™êx–ã¨QÆQÆ=∂=∂ hh–hx^Œ=∞QÆi–
JJÇ≤Ï–|$ǨÏkWâ◊=∞Ç¨Ï eOQÆ–=J㨈~ˆ~ Ѩs–áêÊÅ#O=W
OO„^Œ–"≥OHõ@JkèW Dâ◊–QÆJÜ«∞EQÍ ‰õΩÖÏ–™êfiJJq∞[Ü«∞
QÆi㨖™ê , , ã¨xx QÆQÆi–™ê, , , , ã¨II
Ü«∞J~°∞–ˆ~ , , Ô~=∞# ã≤[J–<å, , , ,uII
^≥Z=Ù–ˆ~ , , Ô~=∞# ã≤[J–<å , , , , uI
x™ê–=∞QÆQÆiã¨xѨ xx㨖xx™êã¨ûxx ™ê㨖ã¨QÆQÆQÆQÍQÆ–
Ü«∞=∂–„`«JJJ}Ô~J [QÆJ–„`«JP}ã¨O áêk–Hõ~=° Ùxˆ~Ü«∞
i™ê–^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆiQÆ=∞ Ѩ=∞QÆ–iQÆ=∞ QÆiã¨QÆ QÆix–ã¨QÆQÆ=∂=∂–
Jˆ~–JJJJJJJ JJJ–ѨJ~°∞HõOiîq Ü«∞JÔ~–^ŒJ㨈~ˆ~
xh–hx^Œ=∞QÆi QÆi㨙ê , , 㨠xx QÆQÆi–™ê,, ,, 㨠II
Hõs–HͯJJà◊K˘X à‹Zà◊â◊√–ˆ~ , , Ô~=∞# ã≤[J–<å, , ,uII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 65


ã¨fi~°[`«∞Å∞
1. K«„Hõ"åHõ=Ú–Pk`åà◊O
ѨÅI¡ I =∂, QÍ, s–™ê™ê,^èŒh s, ™ê,–^è•. h ™ê,– is II=∂II
=∞O, p, 㨖=∂Ü«∂,q∞^Õ ~å, ~å, – <å =∞<À, – ǨÏ~å II =∞OII
1. =∂ѨÊ=∂QÍ–=∂,QÆsã¨i– QÍ, i™ê h– ™ê, x–^èŒxã¨i II=∂II
=∂Oz=∂\Ï–ÖˇO,z##∞flL– QÍO, K« "Õ q∞– HÍO, K«–# JOQÆ II=∞OII
2. =∂Ѩ=∞QÆiã¨i–QÍ=∞QÆiã¨x㨖 s 㨠^è• x ã¨i– QÍiã¨hã¨i II=∂II
ѨOK«â◊~°∞_»∞qÅ∞–=Ozâ◊~°=Úe@∞– á⁄Oz"ÕÜ«∞xHõ– xOK«∞Hõ<À~°fi#∞ II=∞OII
3. =∞x^è•Ñ¨=∞–Ѩ^èŒáê=∞QÆ–=∞QÆi㨖 ^è•x™êx–^èŒx s , , – ™ê , , –
=∞~°∞ÉÏiH˜–~ÚHõ`åà◊QÆ–ÖˇZ#∞~°– =∂~°∞|ů–~Úk "Õ∞, , –~å, , –
^è•x™êx–^èŒxã¨s㨖xã¨iQÆ– =∂QÆ–QÍi–s 㨖™êx–^èŒxã¨i– II=∂II
"Õ~°∞=∂@–=Å^Œ∞h=Ù–#PxflHõ – "åi, – *ÏHõΔ–<Õ ~°–"Õ∞q∞–„É’X=~° II=∞OII
4. áê^茖Ѩ^èŒx^è•Ñ¨–QÍ=∞QÆiã¨x– s, ™ê,– ^èŒ x ã¨iã¨x–^èŒxã¨i–
h^Œ∞–㨇~°}QÍHõ–"ÕÔ~Z~°∞QÆ#∞ ÖË, ~å,–=∞i =∞ix#∞–ÉÁQÆ_≥^Œ–
QÍ,=∂–QÆ=∞–Ѩ^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆiã¨i =∂QÆQÍiã¨i– QÍisã¨x㨖
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 66
~å, ~å,–ã¨^ŒÜ«Ú_»=x–=Ú^Œ=Ú# ã¨∞O^Œ~åOQÆx#∞– á⁄O^ŒQÀiux–
s㨙êx^è•–x™êiQÍ,, – QÍ=∞ áê=∞– Ѩ^èŒ x^è•Ñ¨–^èŒx™ê–
WO^Œ∞~å=^Õ–=∞#O^Œ∞~å, , – =∞O^ŒÜ«∂#–xO ^Œ*ËÜ«∞–`«QÆ∞~å–
s㨖™êx–h^茖^è•Ñ¨–Ѩ=∞Ѩ^茖 h, ^è•, –Ѩ=∞ Ѩ^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆiã¨i II=∂II
U~°–`åà◊–*ÏÅ–ÖË~°–=~°ã¨∞‰õΩ– =∂, ~å,–=∞# qxQÆ#∞–Q˘#∞q∞Hõ II=∞OII
5. áê^èŒxáê , , – Ѩ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÍ , , sQÆã¨s , , – QÆ=∞ QÆi™ê , , –
*ÏÅ=Ú¿ã , , – Ü«∞Hõq#~å, , – ™êq∞QÆ<å, , – =∞kQÆ#~å, , –
^è•xѨ^è•, , – ^èŒxã¨iQÍ, , – QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞áê, , – ^èŒxã¨x^è• , , –
KåÅ∞~°~¸, , –=QÆ`«QÆ∞~å , , ã¨=∞Ü«∞q∞^Õ, , – ã¨~°ã¨‰õΩ~å, ,–
Ѩ^èŒáê–=∞Ѩ=∂–QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞QÍ,,– QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞QÆiã¨x– ^èŒxã¨i™ê, , –
K«Å"Õ∞– Å~°`å– à◊QÆÖˇZ~å ,, – =∞~°∞_≥^Œâ◊~°=ÚÅ∞– |~°ÃÑ#∞~å, , –
^è•h™êi– h, ™êsQÆ– ™ê,s QÍ =∞– s, QÍ=∂Ѩ–
ÜÕ∞, ~å##∞fl–^Œ∂, ~å<å_»– "Õ∞, ~åQÍ^Œ∞– =∂, ~å HÍ~°–
Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞áê, , –áê^èŒx^è•, ,– Ѩ^èŒx㨖x^èŒÑ¨=∞– Ѩ^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆiã¨i II =∂II
ã¨∞‰õΩ=∞J~å,,–QÀiu~å ,, – "≥OHõ@–=~°^Œ∞_»∞ "ÕZQÆ"≥∞–QÆÅÜ«∞~° II=∞OII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 67

2. =ÚMÏi–Pk`åà◊O
2
ѨII ™ê , ,– , , – ^èŒiã¨ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–=∂Ѩ^èŒ áê,, –,,–=∞x ^èŒÑ¨–=∞Ѩ=∞QÆQÆi
*Ï, , –, ,– Åq∞Hõ=Å^Œ∞–~åѨ^èŒ ~å, , –, , –K≥e Ѩ~Ú–#Å∞QÆ=Å^Œ∞
™ê, , – , , – s, =∂ѨѨ^茖=∂ , áê^Œ^èŒã¨–áê ,^è•–ã¨x^èŒÑ¨^èŒ II™êII
~å, , – , , – U, ~å K«Å=Ú–"Õ∞ , – ~å |Å∞Hõ–"Õ , ~å–~°ã≤Hõ=∞}˜ II*ÏII
1. s,, – ,, – ã¨i=∞QÍi– ã¨iQÍ is㨖ã¨x^茖㨠,x^茖=∂Ѩ^èŒã¨–
P,,– ,,– ã¨dÜ«∞<å=–Å#<Õ ~°"Õ∞q∞–Ü«∞#∞K«∞–"Õ ,=∞~°∞–|Å∞¯#∞~°–
h^èŒQÍi–iѨ=∞QÍi™ê–iQÆ iiã¨ã¨x^茖^èŒã¨ x^茖=∞áê^èŒÑ¨^èŒ II™êII
Ü«∂ã¨~À[–‰õΩã¨∞=∞â◊Ü«∞ºÃÑ·–x@∞ Å@∞Å^˘~°Å∞–#∞~° ^ŒÜ«∞ #∞~åQÆ^Œ~° II*ÏII
2. =∂,, ,, Ѩ^èŒã¨i=∞QÆ–iã¨x^èŒ ™ê ,, – ,, ã¨x ^èŒ=∂–QÍiã¨i–
ÖË ,, – , , =∞#q ^≥Å∞Ѩٖ=Ú##∞x ~°O,, –,, `«~° ^ŒÜ«∞<£–„É’=Ù=∞x–
QÍi=∂=∞‡–i=∞Ѩh^茖Ѩ^èŒã¨i QÍi™ê–x^èŒ=∞ ,QÆiã¨i=∞Ѩ^èŒ II™êII
ÖË=∞<å^Œ∞–K≥eq∞=∂#–ã¨=Ú##∞ QÍ#"Õ–QÆ#"Õ ,ã¨^ŒÜ«∞–xWq@∞II*ÏII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 68
3. h,,–,,^è•,,–ã¨x^èŒ=∞–Ѩ^èŒ ã¨x^èŒ=∞QÆi–ã¨i =∂iáê–i=∞Ѩ
ÉèÏ,,–,,=∂,,–HõÅ#~Ú–#x #∞q_»∞=#x–=Ú#∞ ÉÏã¨b–H˜Δux
h^èŒ^è•ã¨–™êisQÆã¨QÍi ™ê–x^è•=∞QÆi ™ê,–ã¨i=∞Ѩ^èŒ II™êII
^Õq∞<å^Œ∞–áêѨ=∂â◊√Hõâßi HÍ–xHÍÜ«∞=ÚÅ HÍ,–Ü≥Úã¨yu<≥ II*ÏII
4. QÆQÆi™ê–i=∞Ѩ–=∞QÆi™ê–x^èŒ=∞– =∞QÆi™ê–=∞QÆi– ã¨QÆi™ê–^èŒã¨i–
QÆ#^Œ∞~å–K≥Å∞Å–Q˘#^Œ∞~å–x^Œ∞~°– [#^Œ∞~å,|Å∞‰õΩ– Å#^Œ∞~å–~Ú@x–
QÆi=∞QÆi–Ѩ=∞QÆi–^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi–x^èŒ Ñ¨=∞QÆs–=∞áê =∂QÆ–i=∞áê^èŒ II™êII
x#∞q_»z–=∞i=∞i–q~°Ç¨Ï=Ú#–^Œ# Ô~K≥e~å–~°N Hõ$+¨‚–QÆ∞~°∞^Õ= II*ÏII
3. aÅǨÏi~åQÆO–Pk`åà◊O
3 ѨII QÍáê,,–^ŒÑ¨=∞QÆ–iQÆiã¨x^茖 ™ê,i–QÍ, i– ™ê, ã¨,–x^èŒã¨i IIQÍII
~å~å,,–~°ã≤Hõ`«–~°ã¨~°ã¨K«Å– "Õ∞,Å–`å,à◊– *Ï,Å–ã¨^ŒÜ«Ú_» II~åII
1. QÍáê,,–^èŒÑ¨^è•™ê,, i㨠sQÍ,,–=∞QÆ iã¨x^茖Ѩ=∞QÆi IIQÍII
U~å,,–QÆ∞}Ǩ~å,,–~Úk "Õ∞~å,,–q~° ã¨=∞Å^Œ∞–ã¨^ŒÜ«Ú_»II~åII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 69

2. ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆs–Ѩ=∞QÆi™ê–x^èŒã¨i– QÆѨ^茙êx–^èŒQÆ iã¨x^茖Ѩ=∞QÆi IIQÍII


Ѩ~°=∞^ŒÜ«∂–Hõ~°∞_»x~¸–=ã¨∞^èŒÖÁ– á⁄QÆ_»∞K«∞O_»–QÆ#∞ x#∞<≥~°–#Jq∞‡u II~åII
3. QÆQÆi™ê㨖iiã¨h^茖ã¨ã¨ii– QÆQÆѨ=∂QÆQÆi–QÆQÆ^èŒÑ¨^è•,,–
=∞~°∞_»∞KåÅ–=Ú^Œ=Ú`À#∞–x~°`«=Úq~°∞Å`«∂ѨÙÖˇ^Œ– QÆ∞i~Ú_»QÍ,, –
QÆQÆѨ^è•Ñ¨–^Œ^èŒã¨h^茖QÆiã¨i– ã¨iã¨h^茖Ѩ^èŒ Ñ¨áê=∞–QÆiã¨i IIQÍII
Jà◊√Å∞„"≥∂Ü«∞–=∞ÅÜ«Ú"åÜ«Ú–qã¨~°QÆ –q~°Ç¨Ï`åѨ–=∞_» ѨÖË#∞–ã¨^ŒÜ«Ú_» II~åII
4. ^è•Ñ¨=∞–QÆQÆáê,,–^èŒáê=∞QÆi– QÍiã¨x^èŒs ,,–QÆsã¨x^茖
UÅ~°–~ÚHõh,–=ÚMÏO|∞[=Ú EÑ≤Hõ~°∞}`À ,, QÆ∞iOz^ŒÜ«∞
áê^èŒã¨–Ѩ^èŒã¨i–™êiQÆ–ã¨iQÆѨ QÍ^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞QÆi QÍѨ^茙ê ,, –
E_»Hõ–##∞Ü≥∞_»–ÉÏÜ«∞Hõ–=∞QÆ∞=Å Kå_ç#∞_»∞Åx[– "≥∞OK«‰õΩ~å,,–
ã¨s„i–ã¨QÍQÆ–ã¨s„i–ã¨hxfl– ^èŒáêѨʖ=∞QÍQÆæ i™êiQÆáê,,–
qѨÙÅ¡–ã¨∞=∞e¡–ã¨∞Ѩš–=`«ÅÊ– =Ú#∞Å¡–ã≤fi^ŒÅ¡– Éèíã¨Å¡e`«O,–
^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi™ê,–QÆiã¨x^èŒáê,– 㨙ê–Ѩáê–^èŒx áê,–=∞QÆiã¨i IIQÍII
|∞QÆã¨∞=∞~°∞ˆH,–oxHõÅÜ«∞~å,– x~å–Ѩ~å–kèW ~å,–QÆOaèWW~° II~åII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 70
4. Éèˇ·~°q~åQÆO–KåѨÙ
ѨII h,–,, ,, II^è•., –,, ,, IIáê, –,, ^èŒx II ™ê,,–^èŒx IIã¨iQÆ–=∞Ѩ=∞QÆ IIs, –,,–hII
HÍ, –,,,,II=∂,–,, ,, H©Δ, –,, – POIIÉÏ–J#∞IIk#=Ú–=∞~°∞=Hõ II<Õ,–, –hII
™êi–QÆ=∞áêII^èŒx㨖h^èŒÑ¨II=∞QÍ,sã¨IIhII
áê^Œ–=ÚÖËnIIHõ¯#∞K«∞–<åq∞‡uIIx„j,HõOzIIHÍII
1. ™êixã¨s II – xiã¨x^èŒÑ¨ II=∂, – ,,áêII ,,, – ^è•. II IIx, ™ê, i IIhII
‰õΩO^Œ~°^Œ<å II – ‰õΩ=ÅÜ«∞#Ü«∞ II<å, – ,,`åII ,,, –b¡ ,, II ~°,H˜ΔOK«∞ IIHÍII
2. sQÆ – iQÆ™ê II, xQÆiã¨s II, – xiã¨x^è• II h, QÍ, i IIhII
HõO|∞ – QÆà◊h II, ~°^Œz‰õΩ~å II, – q^èŒ∞=^Œ<å II =∂, Ü«∞,=∞‡ IIHÍII
3. QÍ=∞QÆiã¨i II hã¨xã¨iQÆ II =∂ѨÊQÆiQÆ=∞ IIáê^èŒ=∞QÆiã¨IIhã¨hQÍII iQÍ=∂Ѩ^èŒII
‰õΩOÉèí‰õΩK«=∞^ŒII =∞`«ÎQÆ[QÆ=∞ II Ѩ^Œ‡Éèí=ǨÏi II â◊OÉèí∞#∞`«Ñ¨^ŒII â◊OHõih II =Ù<åzO`«Å II
hh^èŒáê II áê=∂QÆi㨠IIhII
"Õ"ÕQÆn II ~°Û=∂‡~ÚѨÙ_»∞ IIHÍII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 71


4. =∂Ѩx^èŒ=∂ II Ѩ^èŒÑ¨=∂QÆi II QÍ=∞áê –QÆ=∞ II áê – QÆѨ=∞QÆi IIhã¨s – x㨠II
ÉèíHõÎ[#Hõ II ÅÊÅuHÍHõ~°∞ II }ÏÅÜ«∂ – ã¨^Œ IIÜ«∂ – yi`«#Ü«∞ IIHÍ="Õ – â◊~° II
s – xã¨iQÆ=∞ II áê^èŒx㨠–áê II ã¨x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi IIhII
}Ï – QÆ`«∞_»∞QÆ^Œ – `å=∞ã¨=Ú – ¿ã II Ü«∞Hõ=~°"≥Úã¨QÆ∞ IIHÍII
5. áê^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi II QÍ=∞áê=∞QÆ IIsQÆ=∂QÆi IIhã¨s,, IIQÍ=∞QÆi™ê II – Ѩ=∞QÆi™ê II
áê`«Hõ=ÚÅ#∞ IIniÛhѨ^Œ IIÉèíH˜Îã¨O`«`« IIq∂Ü«∞"Õ,, IIáê=xQÆ^• II, "≥Ú~°q#^• II
s™êh^è• II Ѩ=∂QÆi™ê IIhII
Ѩ~åˆHÖÏ II#=∂‡q#=∂‡ IIHÍII
6. ^èŒÑ¨x^è• – Ѩ=∞ IIQÆs – QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒ IIáê, – ,, =∞QÆ II =∞Ѩ=∞ – QÆiQÆ=∞ IIQÍ, iQÆ II=∞QÆ – iQÆ –
HõÅ∞+¨Ç¨ – i}˜ – IIã¨^• – #`«Ñ¶¨Å II^•, – ,, Ü«∞H˜ IIÜ«∞xa – ~°∞^Œ∞Éèí∞q IIÖ’, QÆe IIy#– ^˘~° –
ã¨i x II™ê, – ,, QÆi II ã¨x^èŒ – Ѩ=∞QÆi IIhII
Ü«∞#∞K«∞ II"Õ, –,,^Œ=Ú II"≥Ú~°e – _»QÆqx IIHÍII
7. hiã¨i – xi II – h^èŒÑ¨^èŒ – =∞Ѩ IIQÍiã¨i – x㨠IIiQÆ=∞áê – =∞Ѩ II ã¨x^èŒáê – =∞QÆIIi™ê– h^èŒx
hѨ=# – xÅ II Ü«∂ã¨∞~°ã¨ – =Ú^Œ II Ü«∂Hõ~°q –^èŒ$`« IIã¨∞=ÅÜ«∂ – =∞^Œ II ^Œ#∞["å – ~°} II=∞$ˆQO–„^•iÛ`«II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 72

ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ=∞QÆIIs, – ,, xã¨IIiQÆ=∞áê – ã¨i IIQÆ=∞Ѩ^è• –=∞Ѩ II QÆiQÆ=∂ – Ѩ=∞ II Ѩ^èŒx ™ê – Ѩ^èŒ II


HõÅ∞+¨^ŒÇ¨Ï#Ѷ¨∞ –<å, –,,JѨII iq∞`«"≥·, Éèí==ÚQÆÅ h – 㨇~° II}=∞kÖ’ – ^ŒÅ IIz#[<å – ^Œ∞Å II
xã¨iQÍ,, II=∞QÆi™ê – h II^èŒÑ¨QÆs,, IIã¨x^èŒáêQÆi IIhII
‰õΩ|Ǩïã¨O, IIѨ^ŒÅh– KÕÛII qѨÙ_»∞=∂,, IIHõÉèíÜ«∞q∂Ü«∞º"≥ IIHÍII
8. ™êQÆs – ã¨i II ™êih^èŒ=∞ IIáê^èŒh – ^èŒx II™ê,–,,QÆiIIã¨iã¨h^èŒÑ¨ II=∞QÍ=∞QÆiã¨II
âߺ=∞„H© – +¨‚ ã¨II Ǩϟ^Œst= II â◊OHõs – Ѩ~° II"Õ∞,–,,â◊fii IIǨÏiǨÏ~å^Œ∞Å II‰õΩh=∞Ç≤Ï=∞Å∞II
x™ê – ,, ,, IIiQÆ=∞áê – QÆ=∞ IIQÍ,s,, IIã¨x™ê ,,, IIQÆ=∞áê,,, II^è•, –, , h II
QÆ}˜O – ,, ,, IIѨ`«~°=∂ – ã¨∞`«∞ II_», =∂‡,, IIJaè=∂, , , II#=ÚÖË,,, II^•, –, ,,<åII
, , , – ™ê ,, IIs, – ,,, , II QÍ=∞QÍ,, II sQÆs, , II ™êih^èŒÑ¨ II=∞QÍsQÆi IIhII
, , , ÃÑ· , , – ,, ^Õ, – ,,, IIgѨ~å, , IIˆHÅ<Õ, , II„É’="Õ~ÚѨ٠II _»∞ NÉèˇ·~°q IIHÍII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 73

è z\ì`å#=ÚÅ∞
~åQÆ=Ú – P~°a
1. ™êã¨x^茖 ^Œ^èŒÑ¨– =∞Ѩ– ^Œ^èŒã¨– ^Œ^茙ê,,– ™ê,II
2. ã¨x^Œ^Œ^èŒÑ¨– =∞Ѩ^Œ^èŒÑ¨– Ѩ=∞=∞QÆi– ã¨i=∞QÆi– i=∞Ѩ^茖 ã¨x^茖 ^Œ^èŒÑ¨– =∞Ѩ
–^Œ^èŒã¨– ^Œ^茙ê,, ™ê,II
3. ã¨ã¨i㨖 =∞QÆii㨖 i=∞Ѩ^茖 ã¨i=∞Ѩ– ^Œ^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨– =∞QÆii– ã¨i=∞QÆi– ã¨iã¨x^茖 ii㨖
=∞QÆi– Ѩ=∞Ѩ– ^èŒã¨^èŒÑ¨– =∞QÆi– ii㨖 ã¨x^茖 ^èŒ^èŒã¨– =∞Ѩ^èŒ^èŒã¨– ^Œ^茙ê,, ™ê,II
4. ™ê–™ê–iã¨ã¨–i㨖 x^茖 i㨠– ã¨x^茖 Ѩ^茖 ã¨x^茖 ™ê㨖 ã¨x^茖 ^èŒÑ¨=∞Ѩ–^èŒã¨s–
=∞QÆi–ii㨖 ã¨x^茖 ^Œ^èŒÑ¨– =∞Ѩ–^èŒ^èŒã¨– ^Œ^茙ê,,™ê,–II
5. ã¨i=∞– Ѩ^茖 ã¨i=∞– Ѩ^èŒ™ê– s=∞QÆi– ã¨ã¨i– ^Œ^èŒã¨– Ѩ^èŒ
ã¨=∞Ѩ^茖 i=∞Ѩ^茖 ã¨x^茖 ^Œ^èŒÑ¨– =∞QÆi– ã¨i=∞QÆi– ã¨iã¨x^茖 sã¨x^èŒÑ¨^èŒã¨Ñ¨^茖™ê,,™ê,II
6. ™êáêѨ– ã¨áêѨ=∞=∞Ѩ– =∞QÆi– ã¨i=∞QÆi– =∞Ѩ– ^èŒ™ê– ã¨ã¨x^茖 sã¨ã¨x^茖 ^èŒii– ™êã¨
–^èŒã¨ã¨– ã¨x^茖 =∞Ѩ– iѨ=∞QÆi– ã¨i– ã¨=∞– iѨ– =∞^茖 Ѩ㨖 ã¨x^茖 ^Œ^èŒÑ¨– =∞QÆi
–ii㨖 ã¨x^Œ– ^Œ^èŒÑ¨– =∞Ѩ^Œ^èŒã¨– ^Œ^茙ê,,™ê,II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 74
N~åQÆ=Ú
2.
1. ™êã¨xѨ– =∞Ѩx㨖 xx™ê,,™ê,II
2. ã¨ã¨xáê– =∞Ѩhã¨s– QÆiiQÆ– iiQÆ– ii㨖 xã¨iQÆ– iiã¨x– Ѩxã¨i– ã¨ã¨xѨ–
=∞Ѩxã¨i– i=∞Ѩx㨖 ã¨i=∞ѨxѨ¨– ã¨xѨ– Ѩ=∞iQÆii㨖 i=∞– ã¨iQÆ– ii㨖
ã¨xѨ– =∞Ѩxx㨖 xx™ê,,™ê,II
3. ™ê™êi㨖 ã¨iã¨ã¨xѨ– iã¨ã¨xѨ– Ѩ™êã¨xѨ– Ѩ™êã¨xѨ– ™êã¨ã¨xѨ– =∞ѨxxѨ– Ѩ=∞i
QÆii㨖 i=∞Ѩx– ã¨iQÆ– ii㨖 ã¨xѨ– =∞Ѩxx㨖 xx™ê,,™ê,II
4. sѨ=∞Ѩ– i=∞Ѩ=∞– iiQÆii™ê– xã¨i=∞áêѨ– ™êi– =∞iѨ=∞– i=∞Ѩx– ã¨xѨ=∞– Ѩ™ê
ã¨ûxѨ– sQÆiã¨x– iã¨xѨ– ã¨xѨ=∞– Ѩx㨖 i=∞Ѩx– ã¨i=∞Ѩ– xáêѨ=∞– iiQÆ–
ii㨖 ã¨xѨ– =∞Ѩxx㨖 xx™ê,,™ê,–II
5. ™êáêѨ– ã¨áê– =∞=∞Ѩ– Ѩ=∞i– ii㨖 ii㨖 xã¨i=∞– áêѨ– ã¨i=∞Ѩxh– i=∞Ѩx
–™ê™ê– =∞Ѩxã¨si– Ѩxã¨i– QÆiã¨x– =∞Ѩx㨖 iã¨xѨ– i=∞Ѩx– ã¨xѨ=∞–
ã¨i=∞Ѩ– xѨ=∞i– xã¨i=∞– Ѩ=∞iiQÆ– ii㨖 ã¨xѨx– =∞Ѩxx㨖 xx™ê,, ã¨û–II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 75


Ѩ^Œ=~å‚Å∞
^èŒ<åºã≤~åQÆO – Pk`åà◊O
1
U =∞QÆ∞= É’kèOK≥~å ZO^Œ∞H˜O`« "≥∂_ç*Ë¿ã=ÙII UII
âߺ=∞~å[Éèí∂áêÅ`«#Ü«∞ã¨~°ã¨NHõ$+¨‚~å*ËO„^Œ
h ã¨i㨠xã¨h^èŒÑ¨– ã¨x^èŒÑ¨– =∞QÆ=∞Ѩ– h^èŒÑ¨– =∞QÆi™ê–
h, =∞#ã¨∞– Hõ#∞Q˘O\˜x– x[=ÚQÆ– xÅ∞=x– "≥∂ǨÏ=Ú– ^≥eÃã~å–
QÆ=∞ѨI QÍ=∞Ѩ– =∞QÆѨ^èŒÑ¨=∞– QÆ=∞QÆ=∞– Ѩxã¨i– ™êxѨ–
<≥Å`«I ^Œ∂é˜#– ѨÅ∞‰õΩ K≥qH˜– Ç≤Ï`«=ÙQÆ– qx##∞– ÉÏÜ«∞Hõ–
h^èŒÑ¨=∞– QÍ=∞ѨxII
<åºÜ«∞=∞x – Ü≥∞Ozu"˘ IIUII
F~°fi=â◊=∂ D`«=∞Hõ=Ú
1. ™ê,,,, – QÍ ,, =∂ ,, áê– h,, ™êáê,, ^è•áê=∂,,
ÉÏ,,,, –ÖÏ,, #,, q∞‡– <å,, #∞~å,, – W@∞Å IIFII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 76

2. h,, ™ê áê,, – ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi㨖 hhfl™ê㨖 QÍQÆ=∂=∞– áêxã¨,I


WO,, `«QÍII =∞#ã¨∞^≥eÃã– <Õ~°"≥∞OK«– "Õ∞~°QÍ^Œ∞ – f~°x,I
áê, xã¨i– =∂, Ѩx㨖 QÍ, =∞Ѩx– ™êx^èŒáê– =∞QÆi™êQÍ=∞II
„¿Ñ, =∞=Ú# – <Õ, |_çe– "Õ,_»∞H˘x– „"≥ÚH˜¯#E– _»∞=Ù~°D"Õà◊IIFII
3. ™ê,, – ,,,, – x^èŒÑ¨=∞– QÆiã¨x™ê,, – ã¨ixã¨Ñ¨^èŒ=∞Ѩ–
D,, – ,,,, – K«Åq∞@∞– Å#`«QÆ∞<å,, – J|ÅÅѨ~Ú<≥~°–
^Œ=∞Ѩx– ™êã¨QÍQÆ=∂– QÍ,s㨖 h, ^è•Ñ¨– QÍ, s㨖
ã¨~°ã¨∞_»I *∫~°Ãã·Ñ¨QÍ– "Õ∞, ^•i– <Õ, QÍ#, h, ^•#–
h, ™êã¨I QÍ, =∂=∞– áê,^èŒÑ¨=∞– =∂, Ѩ=∞QÆ– QÍ=∞QÆi㨖 ™êáê™ê– QÆ=∞áê, xã¨i–
<å,Ü«∂#I "≥∂,"åºx– H“Oy@#∞– #, #flkq∞– HÀiHõÅ~°– Éèí∂áêÖÏ– ~°uQÆ∂, _çã¨i–
xã¨QÍ=∞QÆi㨖 xih^èŒÑ¨– =∞ѨQÍi㨖 x™êQÍ=∞II
ã¨iQÍɡ#QÆ∞=Ú– =∞~°∞ÉÏiH˜– =∞k^•i#– k<å™êq∞IIFII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 77

™ê"Õi – Pk`åà◊O
2
WO`«Hõ#fl_»¿ã`«∞~å– ~ÚOuÃÑ·h=ÙIIWOuII
ã¨O`«`«=Ú<åQÆѨÙi– ™êq∞ã¨∞O^Œ~°~å[II
™ê, ix^茖 áê, =∞QÆi– ™ê, x^è•– ã¨i=∂, – Ѩ^èŒx^è•, – =∞Ѩ^èŒI ã¨iQÆs㨖 i㨠x^èŒÑ¨=∞
™ê, q∞~Ú@∞– ~¸, K«Å=Ú– ÖË, Å~å– [`«ÉÏ, – ã≤~Ú^≥™ê, – =∞~°`«I ã¨`«∞Å=∂Ü«∞–ʼnõΩÖÁX|_≥
Ѩ^茖 ™êix^茖 áê=∞QÆi– ™ê, s=∞Ѩ^èŒII
QÆ^Œ– ™êÔ~‰õΩ#∞– =∂K≥ex– ^Œ∂, ˆ~=Hõ@IIWOII
x#∞flÉÏã≤– x=Úã¨=Ú`åà◊√#II
1. ^è•, áê, =∂– QÍ, s, ™ê– h, ^è•, ™ê– s, =∂áê^èŒII
U, ~å, ~å – ~å, áê, "À– ~À, i, ~å– ~å, „"≥ÚÔH¯#∞II x#∞flII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 78
2. x^è•=∞QÆi– QÆsã¨x^茖 ã¨s=∞Ѩ^茖 i=∞Ѩ^茖 ™ê,,, x^èŒ=∞Ѩ^èŒII
q~åoQ˘x– #∞~å~°=∞‡x– ~Ú~À[=ÚÅ– QÆ∞iQ˘x– ™ê,,, Ü«∞Hõ=ÚʼnõΩII x#∞flII
3. Ѩ^èŒã¨ x^è•, =∂, – Ѩ^èŒx^èŒ=∞QÆi– ã¨iQÆã¨ix^è•, – ã¨iã¨Ñ¨=∞– x^èŒ=∞QÆi– ã¨i=∞Ѩ^èŒ
HõÅHõÅ<Õ, ~å, – zÅ∞HõÅ|Å=Ú– <≥Åq∞ÉÅ∞HõQÍ, – K≥eq#QÆ– Jà◊√‰õΩK«∞#∞– `«ÅѨÙ#<≥
–i=∞Ѩ^èŒã¨– iã¨x^茖 x^è•=∂,,, – x^èŒ=∞Ѩ^èŒII
–`«QÆ∞=ÅѨٖ xÅ∞Ѩ`«– ~°=∞ø<å,,, – |Å∞`«q∞xIIx#∞flII
4. i™êx^èŒ=∞– x^è•=∞QÆi– QÆsã¨x^茖 ã¨s=∞Ѩ^茖 i=∞Ѩ^èŒã¨i㨖 =∞QÆi–
ã¨∞^è•Hõ~°∞_»∞– x^•#=ÚQÆ– ã¨^•Ñ¨^Œ~°∞– ã¨∞^•Ç≤ÏQÆu– K«∞~°∞HõQÆ∞H˜~°}– =ÚÅ#∞–
x^èŒÑ¨– ã¨x^茖 QÆiã¨ix^茖 ã¨iã¨Ñ¨=∞– ^èŒÑ¨x^è•,– iã¨x^èŒ=∞QÆiI ã¨x^èŒ=∞QÆi–
|~°ÃÑ– "≥~°z– Hõ~°Hõi=∞~°∞– _ç~°=ÙQ˘x– =∞i=∞s, – q~°Ç¨Ï=Ú^Œ#~°I JÅã≤™⁄Åã≤–
ã¨i=∞Ѩ^茖 s, h, ^•, =∂, QÍ, – s, =∞Ѩ^èŒII
#kQÆ^Œ~° – N~å, =∂, ~å, =∂, – =∂, ã¨∞^ŒuIx#∞flII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 79

`À_ç – ~°∂ѨHõ=Ú
3
"åx"≥`«QÆ∞*Ï}~°h=Ù– ^ŒÜ«∞Ü«ÚOK«~°– D"Õà◊–
=∞#Ѷ¨∞#∞_≥·#N– =∞Ǩ^Õ=Ùx ѨÓlOK«∞– Nx^èÕ–
h"Õ~å– t"Àl=∞ǨÏ~å*ËO„^ŒII
^•, –xã¨x^è•, –iã¨xI ^è•, –QÆiã¨^è•, –iã¨xI ™ê,x– ^èŒxx㨖 ã¨iã¨ã¨I x^èŒÑ¨=∞–
^•, –x`«q∞^•, –xã¨iI ^•, –ã¨^Œ~°∞^•, –#Éèí∞qI Ö’, #– ^˘~°Hõ^Œ∞– ^˘~°Ü«∞xI ^˘iÔH#∞–
Ѩ^èŒxѨ^èŒ=∞Ѩ– QÆI =∞QÆi㨖 ^èŒxã¨iQÆ=∞– ã¨iI QÆ=∞Ѩ^茖 xQÆix™ê– x^èŒI ѨQÍ–
~ÚHõ#∞~°uã¨Å∞– ѨI ã¨=∞Ü«∞=Ú– Ѩ^Œ~°~ÚѨÙ_»∞– ã¨^ŒI #=Ú#‰õΩ– J~°=∞~°âß– Ü«∞^ŒI QÆ∞<å–
xã¨iQÍ, –=∞Ѩ=∞II
=∞#qÔQ·, –H˘#∞=ÚII^•II
HÍ=ÚxˆHoÔH·# ÉèÏ=∞#∞KÕ~°~å~°II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 80

1. QÍiQÍiI ^è•x™êxI ^è•QÆsQÆI ™êixã¨xII


QÍ~°qOK«I "ÕQÆ~å~°I QÍ~°_»O|∞I âßÜ«∞`«QÆ^Œ∞II HÍ
2. QÍ, =∞– QÆQÆiã¨s,,I s, QÆ– iiã¨x™ê,,I ™ê, i–ã¨ã¨x^èŒh,– xI ^è•, iã¨x^èŒÑ¨– ^èŒxã¨i
=∞ø, ~°∞– |Å∞Hõ^Œ∞~å,,I =∞Oz– QÆ∞}xkè~å,,I "Õ, ~°∞– ^ŒÅK«‰õΩ~å, – xI qO`«Å‰õΩ`«y– #ã¨u~°IIHÍII
3. ™ê, x– ^èŒx™ê, x– ^èŒxI h, ^茖 =∞^èŒ^è•, Ѩ^èŒxI ^è•, –^èŒxã¨^è•, – iã¨xI ^èŒxã¨i–
HÀ, 㨖 ʼnõΩÖÏaú – ѨuI h, "≥– Ü«∞x`å, – =ÅzI Ü«Ú, –#flkã¨^•, –q#∞=ÚI Hõ~°∞}`À–
ã¨x^èŒÑ¨QÍ,,I QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞– Ѩ=∞QÆi™ê,,I ^èŒxã¨i– ã¨iQÆ=∞=∂,,I QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞– QÆiiQÆQÍ,,I
H“QÆeOK«~å,,I Ѷ¨∞#∞_»h– ÔH·#*Ï}~å,,I ~°`«∞ʼnõΩ– "Õ∞\˜QÆ^Œ~å,,I q`«~°}– âßeJ^≥~å,,I

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 81

^Œxã¨iQÆ=∞– ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒI QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒx^茖 Ѩ^èŒx^èŒiã¨I xQÆi– xix– ^èŒx^茖 =∞^èŒ=∞I


Ü«∞O`˘á⁄QÆ_ç#– ~ÚOuÔH`«QÆ∞#∞I ã¨fiO`«=Ú#^•x– zO`«Å∞n~°Û~°I ÜÕ∞Å~°– *ÏÅ~°– KåÅ∞~°– *ÏÅ=ÚI
QÆ=∞QÆ– iQÆi– ^èŒxã¨iQÆ=∞II
ÜÕ∞Å~°– ã‘Å~°– "Õà◊~°~ÚѨÙ_»∞IIHÍII
â◊OHõ~åÉèí~°}=Ú–~°∂ѨHõ=Ú
4
=#*ÏH˜Δ~À "åx ã¨~°ã¨‰õΩ ~°=∞‡<ÕI Ѷ¨∞#∞_≥·# J=∞~°
ã≤O¿ÇÏO„^Œ∞x =~°`«#Ü«Ú_Ò N„Ѩ`åѨã≤O¿ÇÏO„^Œ∞xII
s,–s, IiQÆ=∞Ѩ™êI áê=∞QÆiã¨I ã¨sQÆ=∞ѨI iQÍ=∞Ѩ^èŒI QÆ=∂Ѩ^èŒxI =∞áê^èŒxã¨I
"Õ,–"Õ,I QÆ"≥∞W@∞~åI~å^ŒÜ«∞#∞K«∞I q~åoQ˘xI a~å#HõxI Hõ~å#aÅI z<åQÆi=∞I
h, QÆæs– h, „i™êI h, ã¨ûh– áê, ^èŒhI ™ê, ^èŒáê=∂I áê, =∞QÍsI QÍ, i™êhII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 82
Ü«∂Å~å– ™êq∞QÍI Ü«∞O`«h– "Õ, _≥^•I *Ï, Åq∂HÍI ¿ã, Ü«∞`«QÆ∞I <å, ~ÚѨÙ_»∞II =#*ÏII
=∂=∂QÆiI Ѩ=∞QÆ– ã¨iQÆI QÍ – iQÆ=∂– =∞QÆQÆiI Ѩ=∞QÆ– ã¨iQÆII =∂– Ѩ^èŒx^茖 ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆI
~å J"≥ZI =∞#q– ^≥eÑ≤I <å– JPP– =JJJI _≥@∞Å– |eÔHII ~å– JJJJ– JJ"≥ZI
Ѩ=∞QÆ– ã¨iQÆI QÍ– iQÆ=∂– =∞QÆQÆiI Ѩ=∞QÆ– ã¨iQÆII
=∞#q– ^≥eÑ≤I <å– JJP– = JJJI _≥@∞Å|eÔHII
1. áêáê=∞QÆIiã¨s–iQÆI=∞–iQÆ㨖iQÆII
D =∂~°∞xI "≥`«<Õ– ã¨~ÚI Ѩ– `«~°=∞– q#∞II ~åII
2. =∞QÆi㨖 Ѩ=∞I QÆi– ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆI ã¨x^èŒÑ¨– =∞QÆI i㨖 h, ã¨iQÆII
^Œ∞~°∞ã¨∞QÆ – J~°I qiâ◊~°=ÚÅ∞I x~°`«=Ú– QÆ∞iI Ü«∞QÆ – <å, `«~°=∞II ~åII
3. áê, –^èŒÑ¨=∞I =∂, –Ѩ=∞QÆI QÍ, –=∞iQÆI ™ê, –iQÆ=∞I Ѩ=∞^èŒÑ¨– ã¨xi㨖 Ѩ^èŒxã¨I
D, – =∞ÅÜ«∞I =∂, – ~°∞`«=ÚI _®, –Ü«∞~ÚkI "Õ, –à◊#∞K«∞I zÅ∞HõÅ∞– HõÅHõÅ– =∞#∞K«∞#∞I
áê=∞QÆiã¨I ^è•xã¨iQÆII
‰õÄÜ«∞QÆqxI `åà◊=â◊=∞II~åII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 83

4. ™ê,, x^èŒI Ѩ=∞QÆiQÆ=∞I áê,, –™êI iQÆ=∞– Ѩ^èŒxI ™ê, i–QÆQÍs™êI h, 㨖i„s™êhI
Z,,Å<≥I W@∞ÅK«Å=ÚI<å,,–ÃÑ·I ^≥Å∞Ѩٖ =∞#"≥I ÜÕ∞q∞– <Õ~å=¸<ÕI *Ëã≤– <å=#∞K«∞I
^è•, x–㨙êûh^è•I áê,QÆ– =∂áê^•hI ™ês™ê– h™êhI ^è•hfl^è•– áê^è•áêI =∂áêÊ=∂–
xO`«– ѨO`å=Ú™êI kOz– #\Ï¡ÜÕ∞#∞I ~ÚOHÍ<å– ÃÑ·^•Ü«∂I =zÛ# –<Õflb`ÕI ѨKåÛq–
QÍ=∂QÍI sQÍs–™êsQÍII
Öϯ_»∞ÜÕ∞I \Á¡K«∞Û<Õ– K≥eÜ«∞II~åII
DDDDD

ǨÏOã¨^èŒfix–Pk`åà◊O
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 84
*Ï`«∞Å q=~°} `åà◊=ÚÅ JOQÆ
K«`«∞~°„â◊ u„â◊q∞„âß YO_»ã¨ûOH©~°‚ Hõã¨Î^è• ã¨OYº ¿Ñ~°∞¡ ™œO[˝Å∞
ѨOK«^è•*Ï`«Ü«∞ ã¨ûˆ~fi`«`«ûfi ~°∂ѨO x~°∂Ѩº`Õ II 1 „^è∞Œ ==Ú 1011
*Ï`«∞Å ¿Ñ~°∞¡ JHõΔ~°=ÚÅ∞ 2 =∞~ =Ú 101
K«`∞« ~°„ã¨=Ú 4 3 ~°∂ѨH=õ Ú 01
u„â◊=Ú 3 4 ~°≠OѨ 1U0
YO_»=Ú 5 5 „uѨÙ@(Pk) 100
q∞„â◊=∞=Ú 7 6 J@ 1100
7 UHõ`åà◊=Ú 1
ã¨OH©~=‚° Ú 9
`å#=~å‚Å∞
ǨÏOã¨^èŒfix–Pk`åà◊O
1 Ѩ. [Å*ÏH˜Δ x<≥fl_»ÉÏã≤ KåÖÏ=∞~°∞Å∞H˘#flk~å ([)
J. K≥eÜ«∞<ÕÅ~å=^Õq∞~å K≥Å∞=Ù_≥·# N"ÕOHõ>Ëâ◊ ([)
K«. h™ê\˜ ^˘~°<ÕQÍ# ([)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 85


Ѩ. QÍs–™ê,,– xã¨iQÆ– iiã¨x– ã¨i㨖ã¨xѨ–x㨠i–áêh–™êiII
*ÏÖÏ–*Ï,,–H˜Δ.... –x... – <≥fl. – ... – _». P– ÉÏ.– ã‘WII
QÆi㨖xã¨i–Ѩxã¨i–QÆѨQÆxáê –ã¨xã¨s– ã¨xѨ ѨQÍs– ™êiII(QÍ)
K«..–Å..–=∞...–,.~°∞..Å∂ –H˘.. F–#fl.. .n. – ~å. II(*Ï)
J. ѨQÆi㨖xã¨s–QÍii–ã¨ã¨xѨ– xã¨iQÍ–ã¨QÆi QÆáê–x™ê,,–II
K≥.. e– WWÜ«∂–.<≥.– Å... – ~°.. "å– .^≥. .U–q∞~å,,–II
iã¨x–Ѩxã¨iQÆ–ã¨iQÆѨ–QÆiã¨x –is–ã¨xѨ–ѨQÆ , iã¨x– Ѩxã¨i–II
K≥..–Å∞.. =Ù. –_≥·... – #... –ND– "≥O. –Hõ>ˇ , ... – â◊... –II
QÍiQÆ–iã¨s–xã¨iQÆ–iiã¨x– shQÆi– xã¨i– Ѩxã¨i–QÍ,–ѨII
QÆiã¨s–QÆѨx–iQÆѨ–xã¨iQÆѨ– Ѩxã¨s–QÆѨx– iQÆѨx–™ê, –iII
iã¨xáê– xQÆiã¨h– Ѩxã¨iQÆ– áêx™ê– iQÆi– Ѩxã¨i– QÆixiII
QÆѨQÆiã¨x–ã¨iã¨xѨQÆ–iQÆѨx QÆsã¨xѨ–i㨠,x– ѨQÍiã¨iII(*Ï)
K«. h,, ,,–™ês– ã¨xѨ– ѨQÆi QÍ, –QÆiã¨s– iã¨x– ã¨iQÍѨII(h)
h,, ,, –™ê.–\˜.. –^˘.. ~å, –... <Õ– Z..– QÆ JP# II(h)
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 86
1. h, áê, QÍ,, – s™êh– áê,s, –h ,–™ês–QÍѨII(h)
2. hѨQÆi㨖 sQÆiã¨x– áêix ,–QÆix – Ѩxã¨i ,–iQÆ– xã¨iQÆѨII(h)
3. xѨQÆi– xQÆix– ѨxѨ㨖 xiã¨QÆ iѨQÆx– Ѩã¨xi –xQÆi– xixѨQÆII
Ѩxã¨iQÆ– QÆѨxã¨i– iQÆѨx㨖 x QÆiã¨xѨ– iã¨x ѨQÆi– xã¨iQÆѨII(h)
4. ™ê–,,,, – xiã¨x– ѨQÆi㨖 iQÆ áê,,– ,, ã¨x– ѨQÆi㨖 iQÆѨxII
ã¨s– xixѨQÆ– Ѩs– QÆѨQÆi㨖 ihQÆi– ѨQÆx– iQÆѨx–™ê,,–II
xѨQÆáê, – iQÆѨh– QÆѨxã¨i Ѩxã¨sQÆ–x㨠xQÆiih – ѨxII
QÆsxã¨i – ѨQÍiã¨x– Ѩxã¨i– ™ê, áê, – xѨ QÆi㨖 x ã¨iQÆѨII (h)
2. HÍOÉè’l – Pk
Ѩ. `«~°∞}˜ x#∞flÉÏã≤ `åà◊ÖË^Œ∞~° (`«)
J. ^èŒ~°Ö’ "≥Åã≤# N`庈Qâ◊[QÆnâ◊(`«)
K«. ã¨~°ã¨‰õΩ~å~° (`«)
Ѩ. áê^è•™ê – ix^èŒÑ¨– ^èŒã¨iQÆ– =∞=∞ QÆQÆ–is㨖=∞QÆ iQÆ㨖ã¨h^èŒÑ¨II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 87

`å~°∂}©–W... –x... – .. #∞. –LTL –|J ... – . ã‘WWII


^èŒã¨i–=∞=∞QÆ–ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ^茖=∞QÆѨ^èŒ i™êx^èŒÑ¨– ^èŒÑ¨ , =∞QÆi–i™êxII(áê)
`«.. – ... –à◊.....–Öˇ... ZUZ.. – .^Œ∞ ,... –.~åJII (`å)
J. xx^Œ^èŒÑ¨=∞– Ѩx^茖 áê^èŒ=∂–QÆ=∞ Ѩ^èŒx – Ѩx^茖 =∞QÆ Ñ¨Ñ¨– ^Œ^èŒ™ê– iQÆII
^èŒ.....– ~°.. –PJÖ’–.. ...–"≥.. –Å. ã≤.–#.N–W.II
=∞=∞QÆ–ã¨iQÆ–^èŒã¨i–Ѩ^èŒã¨–=∞QÆѨ^èŒ ã¨iQÆ–™êx^èŒÑ¨– x^èŒÑ¨– =∞QÆiã¨xII
`«º..– ÔQ.. – ...–â◊..–[... QÆ..–nW.. – .â◊.– .....–II
xѨ^茙ê㨖 Ѩ^èŒã¨si– ^èŒis ^èŒã¨^èŒs㨖^èŒQÆ ,QÆiQÆ–ã¨ix^èŒII
ã¨iQÆ™ê㨖i=∞QÆ™ê–iѨ=∞QÆ㨖 i=∞QÆ=∂–Ѩ=∞QÆ ã¨=∞QÆ=∞–áê,,–II
=∞QÆi–™ê㨖xx^èŒáê^茖=∞ѨQÍ– =∞Ѩ^èŒxx^茖Ѩx ^èŒÑ¨^茖=∞QÆѨ^èŒã¨II
iQÆ=∞–sQÆ–ã¨iQÆ™êi– x^èŒÑ¨^茖 i™ê㨙ê,–㨠^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ –i™êxII(`«)
K«. ™ê™ê– xx^è•– =∞Ѩ^Œ^茖 xx^èŒÑ¨– =∞Ѩx^茖Ѩ^èŒ=∂ Ѩ–QÍ=∂–áê^èŒII (™ê)
™ê~å– ã¨.P –J... – .. .. – ‰õΩ... – .. ~å J– ~åP– PJII(™ê)
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 88

1. ™ê, –h, ^è•, áê, –=∂QÍ s, –™ê, –s ,–QÍ=∂–áê^èŒ II(™ê)


2. ã¨x^èŒáê– x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi– ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi– iã¨x–áê^èŒã¨i QÆ–ã¨iQÆ=∞–áê^èŒII(™ê)
3. x^èŒÑ¨=∂, –Ѩ^èŒÑ¨=∂Ѩ–=∞QÆ=∞QÆ– =∞^èŒÑ¨–=∂Ѩx^茖 =∞Ѩã¨x^茖ã¨iQÆII(™ê)
4. ^è•II – II xѨ– ^èŒxx^茖 =∂Ѩ^茖 áê,,,, –=∞Ѩ ^茖=∂Ѩ –=∞QÆ=∞ѨII({)
^èŒÑ¨=∞– x^èŒÑ¨– ã¨x^茖 =∞QÆáê^茖 ã¨i QÆ™êx^èŒáê–=∞ QÆi㨖 iQÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒII (™ê)
5. ™ê,,–,,– ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆi㨖iQÆ ™ê,,–,,–ã¨x ^èŒÑ¨^èŒ=∞QÆ–áê^èŒII({)
iQÆ=∞áê=∞–QÆ=∞Ѩ^è•–QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒx– Ѩ^èŒxx^茖=∞Ѩx ^茖 Ѩ^èŒáê–,, –^èŒII
Ѩ=∞QÆ=∂ – Ѩ=∞Ѩ^•^茖 Ѩã¨xx^茖 Ѩ^èŒã¨–QÆѨ^èŒã¨–i QÆ=∞Ѩ^茖™êx^èŒII
ã¨sã¨x^茖 iã¨x^茖 QÆsã¨x^茖 Ѩ^èŒã¨iQÍ–QÆѨ ^èŒã¨i–iQÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒII(™ê)
GGGGGG

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 89

3. N~åQÆ=Ú – Pk
Ѩ.™êq∞ x<Õfl HÀiÜ«Ú<åfl~°, K«Å=Ú¿ãÜ«∞"Õ∞~°QÍ^Œ∞~° (™ê)
J. Éèí∂q∞"≥ÅÜ«Ú NQÆ~°ƒùѨÙix"å㨠Ѩâ◊√Ѩfâ◊ (™ê)
K«.HÍ=∞HÀ\˜ã¨∞O^Œ~° #<ÕflÅ∞HÀ~° (™ê)
Ѩ.áêѨ=∞i–QÆiã¨h–Ѩxã¨i–x ™ê,,,,–x㨠iQÆi㨖i=∞ѨxII
™ê,q∞..–x..<Õfl–H˘...–F s,,,,–Ü«ÚL ....–#fl..~°II
Ѩ=∂–xѨx=∞Ѩ–iQÍi–xã¨iQÆ i™êx–Ѩxã¨i QÆs, –ã¨i=∞Ѩx–II(áê)
K«P–JÅ..=Ú –ÃãUÜ«∞–"≥∞... ZU~°–QÆ...– J^Œ∂,–L~°,,,,II(™ê)
J. h,,,,–ã¨xѨ=∂–iQÆi–ã¨i ™ê–,,,,–=∞i Ѩ=∞xѨ–ã¨x=∞Ѩ–II ({)
Éèí∂.,,,–q∞..D–"≥ZZ–ÅJ Ü«¸–,,,,–NW QÆ.~°ƒù.–ѨÙ.i.–II
xã¨iQÍi–ã¨ix™êx–Ѩxã¨i ã¨h–Ѩ^èŒxѨ=∞– iQÆi㨖i=∞Ѩx–II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 90
x..D W –=....–ã¨... Ѩ P –â◊√..Ѩ.– u...–â◊...–II
áêѨ=∞i–iQÆii㨖ã¨xxѨ–xx ™ê–ã¨xxѨ–x㨠iQÆi㨖i=∞ѨxII
Ѩ=∞xѨ–ã¨xi㨖QÆiã¨x–Ѩxã¨i QÆs㨖xáê=∞ iQÆi㨖i=∞ѨxII(™ê)
K«. ™ê–,,–ã¨xxѨ=∞–iQÆiã¨i– ™ê†™ê–x㨠iQÆi㨖i=∞ѨxII
HÍ–††–=∞JH˘..–\˜..ã¨∞O– ^•,~å–#J <≥flZWÅ∞–H˘..~°II (HÍ)
1. ™ê,†–sháê–=∂s QÍs–™ê™ê s=∂áêhII(HÍ)
2. h††–ã¨xѨ=∞–iQÆi㨖h †–ã¨xѨ=∞–Ѩx ã¨i–xã¨i=∞ѨxII(HÍ)
3. =∂††–Ѩx=∞Ѩ–iQÆi–iQÆi ™ê††–x㨠iQÆi㨖i=∞ѨxII
Ѩxã¨i–QÆiiQÆ–iiã¨x–Ѩx™ê s–hѨ=∞–iQÆ i㨖xã¨i=∞ѨxII (HÍ)
4. hѨ=∞iQÆi㨖xѨ=∞Ѩxã¨i– hã¨i–QÆii㨠h–ã¨i–=∞iQÆiII
hã¨i–Ѩ=∞iѨ–hã¨i–Ѩ=∞xѨ hã¨i–xã¨xѨ hѨ=∞–i=∞ѨxII(HÍ)
5. ™ê††–ã¨ix㨖Ѩx=∞Ѩ–iQÆ i–iQÆi™ê–x㨠iQÆi㨖i=∞ѨxII
ã¨h–Ѩ^èŒxѨ=∞–iQÍi–ã¨i™ê– ã¨hѨ–xxã¨i ã¨i=∞i–i=∞áêII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 91


ã¨iQÆ–xã¨i–Ѩx㨖=∞Ѩx–i=∞Ѩ–㨠–i=∞–xã¨i=∞Ѩx– ã¨iQÆi–iã¨ã¨xII
ih㨖Ѩx=∞Ѩ–x=∂Ѩ–iQÆi㨖 ih㨖Ѩxã¨i– xã¨i㨖i=∞ѨxII(HÍ)
6.P~°a–è Pk
Ѩ. ã¨~°ã≤[=Úd~À h‰õΩ ã¨iÜ≥∞=fiˆ~ (ã¨)
J. Ѩ~°=∂`«∞‡_≥·# N ã¨∞„|Ǩχ}∞º_Õ hÃÑ·
=∞~°∞Å∞H˘x KåÖÏ Ñ¨~°=â◊√_≥· Ü«ÚO_»QÆ (ã¨)
K«. #o<åH˜Δ x<≥flO`À(ã¨)
Ѩ. s=∞QÆs–ã¨i™ê,x ^•^è• áê–=∞Ѩ^èŒã¨ã¨i– ^è•ã¨ã¨i–=∞QÆiII
™ê~°.ã‘–WW*Ï,J–=¸T v–~˘.....– hWWW–‰õΩ..II
^èŒáê=∞QÆi–ã¨sã¨x^茖ã¨ã¨ii– =∞QÆii–ã¨ã¨^èŒi s,,–™ê,,II
ã¨sWWW–Z....–....– ....–=fi.. ˆ~,,U,,II (™ê)
J. ^Œ^èŒáê–=∞Ѩ=∞QÆii–=∞QÆiiã¨ã¨– ^èŒã¨^èŒsi–™ê ii=∞QÆi–=∞=∞ѨII
Ѩ.~å–=∞....–`«∞‡....– _»..D#–N W....–ã¨∞..II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 92
iѨ=∞QÆii–^Œ^èŒÑ¨áê–ã¨x^Œ^èŒÑ¨ =∞Ѩ=∞QÆii–=∞Ѩ ^èŒã¨–^èŒã¨™ê,,–II
„|O....–ǨχO.–}∞ºL.. _≥.....–xW ..–..ÃÑ·,,–II
^Œ^èŒã¨ã¨s–ã¨i=∞QÆi–sã¨x^茖 ^è•Ñ¨=∞Ѩ–^èŒii iã¨ã¨–Ѩ^Œ^茖=∞Ѩ–II
=∞...J–~°∞....–Å∂...– HÀ..x–K«.. ...–...–ÅJ–II
iѨ=∞QÆi–=∞QÆisi–Ѩ^èŒi–Ѩ^èŒ ã¨–i=∞Ѩ^èŒã¨^èŒÑ¨– =∞QÆi™ê–^èŒã¨iII
Ѩ.~°..–=..PJ–â◊√..–_» W W–Ü«ÚO.....O– _»JJP–QÆJJII
=∞QÆii–ѨѨ=∞QÆii–^Œ^èŒÑ¨áê=∞– =∞QÆis–ã¨x^èŒ ,–ã¨ã¨i–ã¨i=∂II
QÆi–=∞=∞Ѩ–s=∞=∞Ѩ–ã¨x^èŒi–ã¨i =∞QÆi–^èŒÑ¨–iѨ=∞ QÆi–=∞=∞áê,,–II
=∞QÆii㨙ê–^èŒs–ã¨=∂–iáê– =∞^Œ^èŒÑ¨–^茙ê–㨠x^茖^èŒsi–ã¨iII
=∞QÆis–ã¨iã¨ã¨–^èŒsi–s=∞– Ѩ^茙ê–^Œ^èŒáê– =∞QÆi™ê–^èŒã¨iII(™ê)
K«. s™ê–^è•,,–^è•^è•áê,,– =∞Ѩ^èŒã¨ã¨–^Œ^èŒÑ¨ =∞Ѩ=∞QÆi–=∞Ѩ^IŒè I
<åm–<å,,–H©Δ,.,,– x....–... <≥O...–`å..II(#)
1. s™ê,,–^è•,,–áê,,–=∂ QÍ,s,–™ê ,,–i=∂Ѩ^è•–II
^è•.㨖™ê, i–=∂, QÆ–s™ê ,x^è•–áê,=∞– QÍs,–=∞Ѩ^èŒII(#)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 93

2. ã¨x^Œ^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨–=∞QÆi㨖iѨ=∞QÆi㨖 ã¨x^茖ii㨖=∞QÆ i–Ѩ=∞Ѩ–^è•,,–II


=∞Ѩ^èŒã¨x^茖ii㨖=∞QÆs–iã¨ã¨– ^èŒii™ê㨖^Œ^èŒ Ñ¨Ñ–¨ =∞QÆi–=∞Ѩ^IŒè I(#)
3. s,,–,,–iã¨x^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨–=∞QÆi㨠s,,–,,–=∞QÆ i–Ѩ=∞^èŒÑ¨–ã¨x^茖II
i=∞Ѩ^•^茖=∞Ѩ^茙ê㨖^èŒsi– ã¨ã¨i–™êiã¨x– ^èŒsi–ã¨ã¨x^茖II
ã¨ã¨is–=∞QÆi–=∞QÆis㨖™ê iã¨x^茖^è•Ñ¨Ñ¨ =∞–Ѩ^èŒsi–Ѩ^èŒII
™ê㨖i=∞Ѩ^•^茖si™ê㨖^Œ ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi㨖=∞QÆ si–ã¨iã¨x^èŒII(#)
4. áê,,–,,–=∞Ѩ=∞QÆii–ã¨ã¨^èŒi– ™ê,,–,,ã¨ã¨ ii=∞QÆi–=∞Ѩ^茖II
=∞áê=∞QÆi–ã¨s=∞=∞Ѩ–i=∞=∞Ѩ– ^Œ^èŒÑ¨=∞Ѩ–^èŒã¨ã¨– ^èŒã¨ã¨ii–=∞QÆi–II
=∞QÆiii㨖ã¨ã¨iã¨x^茖i™ê^èŒ Ñ¨–áê=∞QÆi™ê– x^è•ã¨–i=∞Ѩ^èŒII(#)
5. ^Œ^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨–=∞QÆii–=∞QÆiiã¨ã¨x^茖 ii㨖=∞QÆi–ѨѨ =∞QÆi–=∞QÆiã¨i–II
=∞Ѩ^Œ^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨–=∞QÆi㨖i=∞=∞ѨѨ^茖 ã¨i=∞QÆi–Ѩ=∞–^Œ ^èŒÑ¨=∞Ѩ–^èŒã¨x^èŒII
^Œ^èŒã¨ã¨i–ã¨ã¨iã¨x^茖iã¨ã¨x^茖 iã¨i=∞QÆi–ã¨QÆ =∞QÆi–ã¨iã¨x^茖II
ii㨖ã¨x^茖ã¨x^Œ^èŒÑ¨–=∞Ѩ^茖=∞Ѩ ^èŒã¨^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆi㨠x^èŒiã¨i–=∞Ѩ^èŒII(#)
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 94
Éè~·ˇ q° –Pk
Ѩ.=x`«x<ÕflHÀi =ÅzÜ«Ú#flk~å (=)
J. Ѷ¨∞#∞_Ò =∂ K«Hõ¯x "Õ^ŒÑ¨Ùsâ◊ (=)
K«.=∂x`«QÆ∞}™êO„^Œ (=)
Ѩ.s=∂–QÆiQÆQÆs–ã¨ã¨ii–QÆQÆ i㨖h^茖QÆix ã¨i–Ѩ=∞=∞QÆiã¨II
"åh–`«....–x...–.. ..–<ÕflZ–H˘.. ..–..i...II
QÆQÆiQÆ–=∞Ѩ^茖^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞QÆ–=∞QÆi㨖 xx^èŒÑ¨=∞–iã¨x ^èŒÑ¨–=∞Ѩ=∞QÆiã¨II
=...–Å..–z....–Ü«Ú.L.– #fl....–k.. ..–..~°...II(=)
J. xx^Œ–^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞QÆ–=∞Ѩ=∞QÆ–iã¨x㨖 QÆQÆi–QÆ=∞ѨQÆi– QÆ=∞Ѩ^è•–x™ê–II
Ѷ¨∞..–#∞....–.._»=Ù–..=∞– ...–...K«.– ...P–JP–II
xã¨iQÆi–xã¨ih^èŒÑ¨–=∞=∞Ѩ^茖 xã¨ix^èŒÑ¨–=∞Ѩ =∞–^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞QÆiã¨II
Hõ¯....–...h W.–"≥..^Œ– ѨÙ.....–i. .–â◊......II
QÍi㨖iã¨h^èŒÑ¨–^èŒx™êix– ã¨iQÍ–iQÆ=∂– QÆáê=∞–x^èŒÑ¨^èŒII
=∞QÆi–Ѩ=∞^èŒÑ¨–x^èŒÑ¨–ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–i㨠QÆi™ê–x^èŒáê– =∞x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆiã¨II(=)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 95


K«. =∂,,–,, hx^Œ^èŒ=∞–=∞QÆi㨖 s,QÆ–iQÆ=∂ ,–QÆ=∞Ѩ–=∞QÆiQÆII
=∂,,–,,hW...–`«...– QÆ∂,}–..™êO ,–„^ŒJ.–....II(=∂)
1. ™ê,,,,–™ê,, hh^è•– háê,,–^è• h™êsh–II
s,,,,–s,,sQÍ=∂– QÍ,s,™ê ,–h™êsQÆII(=∂)
2. hh–^è•áê,,–^è•h™ê s–h™ês ,,–sQÍ=∂–II
=∞QÍs㨖xh^è•Ñ¨–^èŒxã¨i– QÆsh–ã¨iQÆQÆ ,–=∞x^茖=∞QÆiQÆII(=∂)
3. QÍ,,–,,=∞QÆ–QÆ=∞QÆQÆ–=∂=∂– QÆQÆisã¨x㨖 iQÆ=∞QÆ–=∂QÆi–II
QÆ=∞áêQÆi–QÆ=∞=∂QÆi–QÍi㨖 ™êxQÍiQÆ=∞– QÆáê–Ѩ=∞QÆiQÆII(=∂)
4. h,,–,, ^Œ^èŒxx^茖 x^èŒÑ¨^èŒ=∞ áê,,–,,–=∞Ѩ x^èÑŒ Ѩ –¨ =∞QÆÑ=¨ ∞–II
áê=∞QÆi㨖h^èŒÑ¨^茖=∞Ѩ^èŒx㨠=∞Ѩ^èŒx™ê–QÆi QÆ=∞áê–xã¨iQÆ–II(=∂)
5. ™ê,™ê㨖xã¨ih^茖Ѩ^èŒ=∞Ѩ– QÍ, sQÆ=∞Ѩ ^茖=∞x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆiII
™ê–=∞QÆi™ê–Ѩ=∞QÆi™ê–^èŒ=∞– QÆs–ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–=∞ QÆiQÆ–=∞áê,–^èŒII
=∞QÆiQÍ–=∞x^èŒÑ¨^è•–xã¨i–x㨠QÆs–xQÆiã¨i– xã¨xi–™ê,,–II
Ѩ^èŒxã¨iQÆ–iQÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒx–ã¨iQÆi 㨖™êix^èŒÑ¨–Ѩ ,^èŒ=∞QÆi–sQÆII(=∂)
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 96
8. aÅǨÏi–Pk
Ѩ.WO`«KÒHõ¿ãÜ«∞ Wk "Õ∞~°QÍ^Œ∞~å ™êq∞ (WO)
J. ѨO`«"Õ∞Å~å <å`À "Õ}∞QÀáêÅ~å~å D"Õà◊ (WO)
K«.x<ÕflHÀiÜ«Ú<åfl~° (WO)
Ѩ.™ê,ã¨x^茖Ѩ^èŒx–Ѩ^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆQÆi ã¨iQÆ–ã¨x^茖™ê iQÆ–ã¨sQÆ Ñ¨^èŒII
D,W.O–`«..–KÒL.–.... Hõ..–...–¿ã Z.–.UÜ«∞QÆ.II
sã¨QÆi㨖xã¨x^èŒÑ¨^茖=∞QÆѨ^茖 i™êx^èŒÑ¨–^èŒÑ¨ ,=∞QÆi–=∞QÆѨ^èŒII
Dk...–"≥∞.....–~°...– QÆ P J..–.^Œ∞ ,~°..–ã¨JJq∞II(WO)
J. ^Œ^èŒÑ¨^èŒ=∞QÆ–^èŒáê=∞QÆi–iã¨x^èŒ Ñ¨^èŒã¨–=∞QÆѨ–™ê iQÆѨ^茖ã¨iQÍII
ѨO..`«.–"≥∞UÅ..–~°... #..–`˘..–"Õ }∞...–Q˘..II
=∞=∞QÆQÍi–ã¨iQÆ™ê–ã¨x^èŒáê ,–=∞QÆi™ê–i㨠x^èŒÑ¨^茖=∞QÆѨ^èŒII
Ѩ....–...Å–...~å ,–~°..D–"≥. ....–à◊...II
™ê,ã¨x^èŒÑ¨^茖iã¨x^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆ^èŒ áê,–=∞QÆi–ã¨i QÆѨ–=∞QÆiã¨x^èŒII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 97

ã¨iQÆ™ê㨖iQÆáê=∞QÆ–^èŒáêѨ– ã¨x^茖sã¨x㨠^èŒxѨ^茖=∞QÆѨ^茖II


iã¨x^è•, QÆiã¨h^茖ã¨iQÍ– ã¨iQÆ–=∞QÆQÆi㨖 iQÆã¨sã¨x^茖II
i™êx^èŒÑ¨–^èŒáê=∞QÆi–QÆѨ^èŒi ™ê–x^èŒáê–=∞QÆ i™ê–iQÆѨ^èŒiII(WO)
K«. h,,–ã¨x^èŒxáê,,–^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ i㨖iQÆiã¨x^茖 iQÆã¨iQÆáê^èŒII
h,,–W...<Õfl,,–H˘... ..–i.....– Ü«Ú.–...<åfl~°II(h)
1. ™ê, áê, –^èŒxáê–=∞QÆiQÆáê =∂,QÍ,s– ™ê, sQÆѨ^èŒII(h)
2. xã¨x^èŒáê–Ѩ^èŒ=∞QÆs–iQÆ™ê x^茖ã¨iQÆ–™êi QÆѨ–ã¨sQÆѨ^èŒII(h)
3. ™êxѨ^èŒx–Ѩ^èŒáê–=∞QÆiã¨iQÆ ã¨x^èŒi™ê–QÆi Ѩ=∞QÆ–^èŒáê–,,–II
iã¨x^茖Ѩ^茙ê–Ѩ^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆi™ê ã¨h^茖^Œxáê =∞QÆi–^èŒ=∞QÆѨ^èŒII(h)
4. ™ê,,–,,^èŒiã¨x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆiQÆ– áê,,–,,^èŒÑ¨ =∞QÆi㨖iQÆѨ^茖II
ã¨áê–^èŒxѨ=∞QƖѨsQÆ=∞–iQÆ=∞– iQÆã¨i–^èŒQÆi–Ѩ =∞QÆ^èŒÑ¨–ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–II
=∞QÆi™ê–ã¨iQÆáê–=∞QÆѨ^èŒ™ê– Ñ¨^èŒã¨iQÍ–ã¨i QÆ=∞–QÆQÆix^è•–II
QÆix^è•–ix^茖áê=∞QƖѨѨ^Œ^èŒ ã¨™êx^èŒÑ¨–áê =∞QÆ–s,QÆѨ^èŒII(h)
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 98

5. áê^èŒi–™ê,,Ѩ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÍ,, sQÆã¨s,,– ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–™ê,,II


iã¨x^茖QÍ,,–Ѩ=∞QÆi^è•,,– ã¨x^èŒÑ¨s,,– ã¨x^èŒxáê,,–II
ã¨ã¨™ê–ѨѨáê–^èŒxáê–=∞QÆs– iQÆ^è•–=∞QÆi㨖 xѨ^èŒi™ê,,–II
áê,,–™ê,,–s,,–QÍ,,– =∞QÆi㨖x^èŒáê– =∞QÆi㨖iQÆѨ^èŒII(h)
10.ÉËQÆ_» – Pk
Ѩ.WO`«K«Å=Ú *Ëã≤ `Õ U=∞x `åà◊√^Œ∞~å(WO)
J. JO`«~°OQÆ∞_»x"≥∂q P#=zÛ`≥<å`À
ѨO`«"Õ∞Å~åN"Õ}∞QÀáêÅ^•ã¨Ñ¨iáêÖÏ(WO)
K«. ѨQÆ"åi É’^èŒ#qx(WO)
Ѩ. ^èŒÑ¨=∂–QÆi™ê–ix^Œ^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨–™ê ™ê–ã¨xQÆiQÍ =∂=∂–QÆiQÆ=∞II
W.O–`«
10.ÉË QÆ_.P–K«
» – Pk.....–ÖÏ .–=Ú...*Ë ã‘.–`≥...II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 99

áê=∞–^è•Ñ¨–ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–ã¨x^èŒx™ê– Ѩ^ÑŒè –¨ h^è•Ñ¨ =∂QÍi–QÆ=∞ѨII


UZ–=∂J–x...–....`å– ...–à◊¥.L ^Œ∂.L–~°..II(WO)
J. ™ê^Œ^èŒÑ¨–xx^茖=∞Ѩ^èŒx^èŒÑ¨–=∂ QÆi㨖=∞QÆ=∞–iQÆ =∞Ѩ–Ѩ^=Œè ∂,,–II
JO...–`«..–~°O...QÆ∞.–T _»..–x..–.. ..–"≥ÚXg,,–II
Ѩ^•^èŒÑ¨=∞–=∞áêѨ=∞QÆ–iQÆ=∞Ѩ– Ѩ^è•Ñ¨–ã¨x^èŒÑ¨– ã¨x^èŒx–™ê,,–II
JP#..–= PJ..–zÛ...– WDW–`≥...– #...–`À,,–
^èŒxã¨s㨖QÆiQÆ=∞–QÆ=∞s–Ѩ=∞ s,–iã¨ã¨–^Œ^èŒ Ñ¨–™êx–^èŒxã¨i–II
ѨO.`åJ–"≥∞...–..ÖÏ–.J ~å,–...–N. .–"ÕZ–}∞...–II
i™êx^èŒÑ¨–^èŒ=∂QÍi–QÆ=∞Ѩ^茖 Ѩ™ê–Ѩ^èŒÑ–¨ h ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆi–QÆ=∞ѨII
Q˘FѨ..–Å^•.㨖Ѩ...– iD–...–áê .....–Å..II
^è•Ñ¨=∂–^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆs–QÍ=∞Ѩ^茖 =∞QÍiã¨x–i㨠,ix^茖Ѩ^èŒÑ¨ã¨–II
xs㨖QÆi–Ѩ=∞ѨQÆi–QÆ=∞Ѩ^茖 Ѩ–h^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆi– QÆ=∞Ѩ^茖áê,–=∞II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 100
QÆi™ê,–QÆiQÆ=∞Ѩ=∞–QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒÑ¨– ™êx–s㨖ix ^èŒÑ¨–ã¨xi㨖QÆiII
=∞=∂QÆi㨖xh^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆs㨖 㨙êix^茖^èŒÑ¨ ,=∞QÆ–sQÆ=∞ѨII(WO)
K«. áê=∂,,áê,,––,,=∞Ѩ^è•– Ѩ^èŒh–^èŒx^èŒÑ¨– =∞ѨQÍ=∞–iQÆ=∞II
ѨQÆ,,"å,,–,,–i..– É’..–^èŒ...– #...–q.xII(ѨQ)Æ
1. áê,=∂^èŒ=∂QÆs–™êx^è• áê,–™êxs 㨖QÍsQÍ=∞II(ѨQ)Æ
2. Ѩ=∞^èŒáê=∞QÆi–ã¨xi™êix^èŒ Ñ¨^èŒÑ¨–™êxi㨠QÆiQÆ=∞áê–=∞ѨII
^èŒ=∂QÆi㨖QÆiQÆ=∞Ѩ=∞–^èŒÑ¨ã¨x– i™êx–Ѩ^èŒh ^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÍ–iQÆ=∞II(ѨQ)Æ
3. =∞QÆ=∞Ѩ^茖=∞^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi–QÆ=∞Ѩ–ã¨Ñ¨ =∞QÆi–Ѩ=∞QÆi–㨠x^èŒÑ¨i–ã¨xQÆi–II
ã¨=∞QÆi–Ѩ=∞QÆ^èŒÑ¨–ã¨x^èŒi㨖=∞QÆ i–ã¨ixi㨖Ѩ^èŒ =∞^èÑŒ –¨ QÆ=∞iQÆ=∞II(ѨQ)Æ
4. h,,–,,^èŒÑ¨^èŒ=∂=∞–QÆiQÆ=∞ áê,=∞Ѩ^茖=∞^èŒ Ñ¨=∞QÆi–QÆ=∞Ѩ^茖II
h^èŒáê=∞–Ѩ^èŒáê=∞QÍi–Ѩ=∞ QÍi–™êx^èŒÑ¨ ã¨xQÆi–QÍ,,–II
iã¨=∞QÍ=∞QÆi–Ѩ=∂Ѩ–^Œ^èŒ=∞QÆ =∞Ѩ=∞–Ѩ^èŒÑ¨–™ê x^è•Ñ¨–ã¨xiã¨II
QÆiQÆ=∂QÆi㨖ã¨h^Œ^èŒÑ¨–ã¨x s㨖x^èŒÑ¨–áê =∞QÆi–ã¨QÆiQÆ=∞II(ѨQÆ)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 101

12. `À_ç–Pk
Ѩ.U~å <åÃÑ· WO`« KÒHõ¿ãÜ«∞, "Õ∞~°QÍ^Œ∞~å<å™êq∞ (U)
J. =∂~°∞xQÆ#fl N"ÕOHõ>Ëâ◊, ã¨∞‰õΩ=∂~å, #<ÕflÅ∞HÀ~Àã¨~°ã¨∞_®(U)
K«.^•x =∂@Å∞ qx WO`« ™êǨÏã¨"Õ∞Å~å (U)
Ѩ.™ê,–ã¨x^茖Ѩ^èŒxx^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆ=∞x– x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆi–ã¨i QÆ=∞Ѩ–QÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè II
U,–~å..–<å..ÃÑ·..–..WO`«– KÒ..–Hõ..–¿ã. ...–Ü«∞....II
ã¨iQÆ–xã¨i–^èŒx^茖QÆiã¨x^èŒÑ¨=∞ ^è•,,,,–ã¨x ^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒxII
"Õ∞..–~°..–QÍ..–^Œ∞..~°... <å,,,,–™ê ...–q∞....II(U)
J. x^Œ^èŒx–^Œ^èŒx–QÆ=∞x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆi㨖 =∞QÆ=∞–Ѩ^èŒxã¨x– ^èŒÑ¨^èŒx™ê–^èŒÑ¨II
=∂..–~°∞..–x.QÆ..–#fl...– N..–"ÕO.Hõ.– >Ë...âß–ã¨∞‰õΩII
^èŒxã¨i–QÆi–QÆ=∞QÆi–xQÆi㨖x^茖 xã¨i–^èŒx^茖QÆi ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–=∞Ѩ^èŒx–II
=∂..–~å–#...–<Õfl..–Å∞.– HÀ..–~°..–ã¨. ~°.ã¨∞.–._»..–II
ã¨iã¨x–^èŒx™ê–xix^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆ=∞ Ѩ^èŒx–^èŒxã¨x^èŒ xã¨xi™ê,,–II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 102
^èŒx^茖QÆii–=∞QÆi㨖xQÆiã¨x^茖 xQÆi–xix–^èŒx ^茖QÆix^èŒÑ¨^èŒxII(U)
K«. ^è•,x–iã¨ã¨x–x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆi–ã¨i QÍ,=∞–QÆ=∞–Ѩ^èŒ x™ê–ã¨xѨ^èŒ=∞II
^•,x–=∂..–@..–Å∞q–x. WO,`«–..–™ê. ǨÏ㨖"Õ∞.Å.~°II(^•)
1. QÍ,,,,–=∂,,–QÍ,,–s– ,,–h,,–s ,,–QÍ,,–=∂II(^•)
2. ^è•x^茖Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞–^èŒáê–QÍiã¨i ™ê–iQÆ=∞Ѩ–^èŒx ã¨h^茖Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞II(^•)
3. ^èŒx^èŒ=∞–QÆ=∞–x^èŒ=∞QÆi㨖^èŒ=∞QÆi 㨖QÆix–^èŒxix ^èŒxã¨iQÆ=∞–^èŒ=∞II
^èŒx–ã¨ix–^èŒx㨖QÆix–^èŒx^èŒ=∞– QÆi㨖QÆix^èŒ=∞ QÆi㨖xã¨iQÆ=∞II(^•)
4. Ѩ^èŒx™êx–^èŒxã¨h^茖iã¨x^èŒ áê=∞–QÍ=∞x^èŒ Ñ¨^èŒxã¨^è•,–xII
^èŒ=∞QÆi㨖^èŒ=∞QÆi㨖iQÆ=∞^èŒx–㨠iQÆsx–^èŒx^Œ =∞QÆi–xã¨iQÆ=∞II(^•)
5. ™ê,x–^èŒx™ê,x–^èŒxh,^茖 =∞^èŒx^è•–iã¨x ^èŒ=∂–QÍ=∞^èŒxII
ix^èŒ=∞QÆi–x^èŒ=∞QÆi–^èŒ=∞QÆi–x ã¨iQÆ=∞^茖ã¨iQÆ =∞^茖=∞^èŒxã¨sII
ã¨iQÆsx–^èŒxQÆsx–^èŒxix ,^茖=∞^èŒx™êx ^èŒ=∞–QÆ=∞^Œ^èŒhII
ã¨iQÆ–xã¨i–^èŒx㨖=∞^èŒx–QÆ=∞^èŒx– ã¨iQÆ=∞–QÆix^èŒ =∞QÆi–xã¨iQÆ=∞–II(^•)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 103

#=~åQÆ=∂eHÍ=~°‚O–Pk
Ѩ. =Åz=zÛÜ«Ú#fl <åÃÑ·, K«Å=Ú ¿ãÜ«∞"Õ∞~å? ™êq∞<Õ (=)
J. K≥Å∞=Ù_≥·# N"ÕOHõ>Ëâß, HõÅã≤"≥∞Åã≤ H“QÆeOK« (=)
K«. Ѩ^Œã¨~À[=ÚÅ<Õ #q∞‡ (=)
~åQÆO–ˆH^•~°O
Ѩ. áêx™ê,,Iã¨xã¨i–ã¨ã¨xx– ã¨=∞QÆ=∞–ѨxѨѨ =∞=∞QÆQÆ–iiã¨xII
=Åz,,–=...–zÛ..– Ü«Ú...–#fl... <å...–ÃÑ·...II
Ѩx㨖=∞QÆ=∞–Ѩx–Ѩã¨x–áê=∞–=∞QÆ i™ê,ã¨xѨ=∞ QÆ–xѨ=∞–QÆiã¨xII
K«..–Å..–=Ú.–¿ã..–Ü«∞.–"Õ∞. .~å,™ê... .–q∞..–<Õ...II
~åQÆO â◊OHõ~åÉèí~°}O
J. ™ê–áê–Ѩ=∞QÆi–QÍ=∂áê,,– QÆ=∞Ѩ–^Œ^èŒÑ¨–=∞Ѩ ^èŒxã¨x–™ê,,II
K≥–Å∞–=Ù...–_≥·.#,,– N..–"ÕO.–Hõ. >Ë...–âß,,II
x㨖QÆiã¨x–ã¨iQÍ–=∞QÆiã¨xѨ– ^èŒx㨙ê,=∞Ѩ ^èŒáê–=∞QÆiã¨xII
Hõ–Å...,ã≤..–"≥∞..Å..– ã≤..H“,QÆ. .eO–K«....II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 104
~åQÆO–HõÖϺ}˜
^èŒxã¨sQÆ–ã¨iQÆ=∂–^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi– xQÆi–xix^èŒx ã¨iQÆ=∞áê,,II
^èŒ=∞QÆi™ê–^èŒxã¨s–QÍ=∞Ѩ^茖 QÆ=∞Ѩ^è•x–Ѩ^èŒ =∞Ѩ^èŒx™ê,,II
~åQÆO–ÉËQÆ_»
x^èŒÑ¨–=∂QÆiQÆ–^èŒ=∂QÆi–ã¨x^èŒ Ñ¨–™êx–iã¨QÆi Ѩ=∞^èŒÑ¨–ã¨xiã¨II
QÆiQÆ=∞–QÆ=∞s–ã¨xiã¨i–x^èŒÑ¨ =∞=∂–QÆiã¨™ê– ,=∞QÆQÆ–iiã¨xII
~åQÆO–HÍOÉè’l
K«. áê^è•™ê–ã¨x^è•–^èŒxáê,,– =∞Ѩ^茖xx^茖Ѩx ^茖^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨–=∞QÆ=∂II
Ѩ^Œã¨–~À..–..[,,– =Ú..–Å..–<Õ. .–#O..–q∞..II
~åQÆO–Ü«∞^Œ∞‰õΩÅHÍOÉè’l
1. áê,,,,–=∂QÍs–QÍs ™êáê,,–^è• ,,™ê,s=∞II(Ѩ)
~åQÆO–aÅǨÏi
2. Ѩ^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆiQÍ–^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ–iã¨x^èŒ Ñ¨^èŒã¨i–QÆѨ=∞QÆ iã¨iQÆ–áêII
Ѩ¨=∞QÆs– QÆѨ^茙ê–iQÆѨ^èŒ™ê– ã¨iQÆѨ^èŒã¨–^èŒã¨ iQÆáê–=∞QÆiQÆII(Ѩ)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 105

~åQÆO–"≥∂ǨÏ#O
3. áê^èŒÑ¨–QÆiQÍ–^èŒÑ¨QÆi–QÆѨQÆi ™ê–QÆiã¨i™ê– iã¨^èŒã¨–iQÆѨ^èŒII
ã¨^èŒÑ¨–QÆi㨖^èŒÑ¨QÆi㨖iQÆѨ^èŒã¨ iQÆi–ã¨^èŒã¨–^èŒã¨ ^èŒÑ¨QÆi–ã¨iQÆQÆII
~åQÆO–N~åQÆO
4. áê,Ѩ=∞iQÍ,QÆi㨖xã¨QÆi ™ê,–ã¨xѨh ,™ês–=∂=∞II
Ѩ=∞iQÆi㨖xã¨i=∞Ѩ–ã¨i=∞Ѩx– Ѩã¨xáê=∞–iQÆ– i™ê–i=∞Ѩxã¨II
Ѩxã¨si–xã¨iQÍ–QÆi㨖xx QÆiQÆ–™êi–i㨠ih㨖Ѩxã¨iII
xQÍQÆi㨖xs–sã¨x–Ѩ^èŒxѨ =∞–iQÆi™ê–QÆi ã¨xѨ–iã¨xѨ=∞II(Ѩ)
Éè̌·~°q,q^Œà◊–YO_»*Ïu J@`åà◊O
Ѩ. qiÉ’}˜ x<ÕflHÀi =∞~°∞Å∞H˘#flk~å (q)
J. ã¨~°ã¨∞_Ò ^ŒH˜Δ}^•fi~°Hõ™êq∞N~å[QÀáêÅ^Õ"å (q)
K«. z~°∞#=Ùfi "≥∂=Ú# (q)
Ѩ. ™ê,i–h^è•h™ês,–QÆ™ês–
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 106
J,.–..qiÉ’,–...–
ã¨iQÆQÆs,,–QÆQÆiQÆ–=∞Ѩ^èŒ=∞–ѨQÆi㨖 xã¨=∞QÆi㨖x㨠iQÆ–ã¨ixx^èŒxII
....}˜,,–x...–....–....– <Õfl....–HÀ. ..–......II
ã¨QÆix–ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–Ѩ^èŒÑ¨^茖xx^èŒÑ¨–^èŒxã¨i–
i...–....–=∞.~°∞.–Å∞...–....–
Ѩ^èŒx㨖iQÆ=∞Ѩ–=∞QÆiQÆ–=∞x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆix– ã¨iQÆ=∞QÆi–QÆQÆ s,,–ã¨x^èŒÑ¨II
H˘...–....–#fl.k.–....–.... ...~å..–.. .,,–....II
J. =∞QÆi–™êix^èŒ ã¨x^èŒÑ¨– =∞QÆiQÆ– =∞x^èŒÑ¨–
...–....ã¨.~°.–ã¨∞...–_Ò..–
=∞QÆi–Ѩ=∞QÆi㨖Ѩ^èŒxã¨iQÆ–xã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ– xx^茖áê^èŒ=∞Ѩ– QÆiQÆ=∞–Ѩ^èŒxã¨II
...–.....–^Œ.....–H˜Δ.}...– ^•fi.–....– ....–~°.Hõ.II
Ѩ^èŒx㨖iQÆ=∞QÆ–iQÆã¨i–xQÆi㨖x^èŒx㨖
™ê...–..q∞.–....–N...–....–

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 107

QÆii㨖ã¨xx^Œ^èŒÑ¨–=∞x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆiQÆi㨖 xã¨iQÆ–=∞Ѩ^èŒx– ã¨x^Œ^èŒÑ¨=∞–áêII


~å...–....[QÀ–....–áê....Å– ^Õ...–....– =.....–.II
,=∞QÆi–ã¨ix^èŒQÆQÆi㨖iã¨xx–^èŒxã¨i–
,...–....
=∞=∞ѨѨ–^Œ^èŒxx–ѨѨѨ–^Œ^Œ^茖xxx–ã¨ã¨i Ѩ^èŒx㨖iQÆ=∞Ѩ– ^èŒÑ¨=∞^èŒáê–xxII
^Œ^茖^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞–x^èŒx–Ѩ^èŒx–=∞Ѩ^èŒx–ã¨ix^èŒ
=∞QÆiã¨i–xã¨i–iQÍ=∞Ѩ^茖=∞áê^èŒx㨖 xsã¨x^茖™ê ,x^èŒÑ¨–áê,=∞II
QÆi–™ê,ix^èŒ(qi)
K«. ,,,,–,,,,=∂=∂–^èŒÑ¨^èŒ=∞ѨQÆ=∂
,,,,–,,,,z~°∞–#=Ùfi....
áê,, –áê,,–=∞Ѩxx^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ – =∞x^èŒÑ¨ =∞QÆiQÆ–=∞Ѩ^茖=∞ Ѩ–=∞^è•áê–=∞ѨII
.,,–.,,–"≥∂.......–.... ....–...–=Ú #–...–..II
ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆiQÆ
....–....(qi)
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 108
1. QÍ,s㨖h,^è•Ñ¨=∂,–Ѩ^è•x㨖
xs–xã¨iQÆ=∞QÆ=∂–xx^Œ^茖h^Œ^èŒ=∞– =∞Ѩ=∞–=∂QÆiQÆ xx^Œ^è•–=∞=∂–II (^è•)
QÆi㨖x™êiQÆ(z~°∞)
2. xx^茖^è•x^Œ^èŒ=∂–x^èŒÑ¨=∂,–^èŒÑ¨=∞
QÆs–QÍ=∞Ѩ^茖=∞áê^茖Ѩ^èŒx–^èŒxã¨i㨠xQÆi–h^èŒÑ¨^茖 =∞áê=∞–QÆiã¨i–II
x^è•h–ã¨QÆiQÆ(z~°∞)
3. ™êiQÆ–ã¨iQÍ–s,,–hã¨i–xã¨s–
™ê,i–xxfl^茖QÍ,s㨖h,^è•x áê,–^è•xã¨i Ѩ^èŒxã¨s,,II
^èŒÑ¨QÆsi–x^èŒi™ê㨖=∞QÍi–Ѩ=∂QÆ–
iQÍ=∞–Ѩ^èŒÑ¨=∞–xx^Œ^è•x–^Œ^èŒÑ¨áê=∞– QÆs–QÍ=∞Ѩ^èŒ =∞ѨQ=Æ ∞–áê,,–II
x㨖xQÆ–i=∞–QÆѨ–=∞^茖Ѩx^èŒx–Ѩ^èŒ=∞ Ѩ–QÆi
QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞–Ѩ^èŒx㨖xã¨xQÆiQÆ–xã¨xiã¨i xiã¨x–^èŒÑ¨^èŒ=∞– Ѩ^èŒxx™ê–xxII
ã¨ã¨iiQÆQÆ–=∞QÆQÆi–=∞QÆi㨖xQÆi㨖xi–,

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 109


ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–^èŒxã¨i–=∞=∞ѨѨ–^Œ^èŒxx–ã¨QÆix, –^èŒiã¨h–^èŒx ^Œ^èŒx–^Œ^èŒ=∞–=∂II
QÆi㨖x™êiQÆ(z~°∞)
15. `À_ç,q^Œà–◊ YO.J@
Ѩ. Hõ#HÍOy h K≥eq∞ HÀi HÍzÜ«Ú#flk~å (Hõ)
J. ^èŒ#^Œ∞_≥·#N`«∞à◊*ËO„^Œ∞x `«#Ü«Ú_≥·# â◊~°Éè’l =∞Ǩ~å*ËO„^• (Hõ)
K«. =∞QÆ∞= ~°=∞‡<≥~å (Hõ)
Ѩ. ,,,,–,,,, QÍ=∂–^è•,,–h,,
,,,,–,,,, Hõ#–HÍ,,–O,,
™ê,,–™ê,,–xxã¨h^茖^èŒx^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ =∂,–QÆ=∞^Œ^è• ,–=∞^èŒx^è•–™êII
y,,–.,,–.h...–..K≥... .,–...e ,–...q∞–.II
x^èŒÑ¨–QÍiã¨i ^Œ^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞–QÆѨ=∞QÍ,–i
...–HÀ..i HÍ...–....,–.
ã¨x^è•,–xã¨i–^èŒQÍQÆ=∂–^Œ^èŒxx–ii ã¨ã¨–xx^èŒÑ¨–Ѩ=∞ QÆiã¨i–QÆ=∞ѨQÆII
..z, –...–Ü«Ú...–....–.. ..–....–.. ....–#fl..kII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 110
J. =∂,–Ѩ=∞QÆi㨠ã¨x^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆ=∞^Œ^èŒx–=∞QÆ
~å,–..... ^èŒ.#..–^Œ∞....–_≥·.
Ѩ=∞–^Œ^èŒ=∞QÆi㨖=∞QÆ=∞™êi–xã¨^Œ^èŒÑ¨=∞– ã¨hx–^èŒiã¨x ^èŒÑ¨^èŒx™ê,–iII
..–...#..–N....–`«∞.à◊...– *Ë..–.O„^Œ∞.– ....x,–.II
iã¨ã¨–xx^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ=∞Ѩ^茖xã¨i–^èŒxã¨s
...–.....`«.#.–Ü«Ú..–_≥·...
i–^Œ^èŒQÆQÆiiQÆ–=∞QÆii–QÆii㨖iiã¨x– QÆiã¨x–^èŒx™ê ,–x^èŒÑ¨QÍ,–iII
.–#......–â◊.~°.–Éè’...–l...– =∞....–ǨÏ.~å ,–...*ËO,–.II
ã¨x^è•,–xã¨iQÍ, =∞Ѩ– QÆ=∞^Œ^è•=∞–QÆ
..„^•,–...
=∞áê=∞QÆi–=∞QÆi™ê–QÆix–^è•x–^èŒx ã¨s–xã¨^èŒQÆi QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞QÍ–x^èŒII
=∞QÆihã¨iQÆ=∞–^èŒQÆi=∞QÆx^è•–QÆ=∞^èŒ
^èŒx–^Œ^èŒxx㨖^èŒixi–™êix㨖^Œx^茖QÆ iã¨x^è•–=∞QÆQÆ i–ã¨x^è•–=∞QÆiII
ã¨x^è•.,–xã¨i(Hõ#)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 111


K«. ,,,,–,,,,=∂QÍ–QÍ,i–s™ê–
,,,,–,,,, =∞QÆ∞–=,.–..–
=∂QÍ=∂,,–=∞=∞QÆQÆ–iiQÆQÆi㨖QÆi ã¨x–iã¨x^èŒh– ^èŒQÆiiQÍ–QÆ=∞II
~°O..,,–=∞...–..<≥...–.. ..–~å...– .....–..II
^Œ^èŒ=∞–QÆiã¨iQÆ
...–.....(=∞QÆ∞)
1. s™ê–h,,–,,,,–s™ê–™êh–
^è•,,–,,h–™ê,,–^è•,,h™ê s–hs™ê ,,h–^è•,xII
,,™ê–sQÍ(=∞QÆ∞)
2. ™êii–ã¨x^è•,,–xã¨iiQÆ–ã¨ix^è•
,–ix^茖QÆiã¨iQÍ,–=∂QÆ=∞^Œ^èŒx–^èŒx ã¨sx㨖^èŒh ^èŒ=∞–QÆ=∂QÆi㨖II
x^è•–^èŒx ã¨iQÆ(=∞QÆ∞)
3. QÆ=∞x^•^茖QÆ=∞^èŒ=∂QÆ–iQÆ=∂QÆi–ã¨i
QÆ–™êix㨖^èŒhQÆiiQÍ–^èŒxã¨i–QÆ=∞ QÆ^è•x–^èŒQÆix ,^茖^èŒ=∂QÆ–x^èŒII
=∞QÆi–x™êiQÆ(=∞QÆ∞)
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 112
4. ^è•x–Ѩ^èŒx–Ѩ^èŒhx^茖Ѩ^Œx㨖hh
x^茖iiã¨ã¨x^茖QÆiQÆ ™êiã¨x– ^èŒh–i iã¨ã¨–xx^Œ^èŒÑ¨ Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞^è•,–xII
^èŒã¨x^èŒÑ¨–QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞QÆi㨖iQÆ=∞QÆѨ=∞–QÆ=∞
^Œ^èŒx–^èŒxx㨖^èŒxã¨i–ã¨iQÆ–iQÆ=∞–QÆix– ã¨iQÆi㨖^èŒx㨠x^茖QÆsx^èŒII
QÆi㨖^èŒxã¨iQÆ(=∞QÆ∞)
16. HÍOÉè’l,q^Œà–◊ J@
Ѩ. ã¨~°ã≤[<åÉèÏ x#∞fl ã¨#∞fl ã¨#∞flu *Ë¿ã#∞~å– KåÖÏHõ$ѨܫÚOK«∞@H˜k ã¨=∞Ü«∞=Ú~å (ã¨)
J. x~°`«=Ú h áê^Œ"Õ∞ QÆuÜ«∞x Ü«Ú<åfl~å– x[=∞x Ü≥∞Oz <å =∞#q ÔQ·HÀ~å (ã¨)
K«. ™ê~°fiÉè∫=∞ ã¨HõÅ Ö’HÍaè~å=∞ (ã¨)
Ѩ. ,,,,–,,,,=∂QÍ–™ê,x–áê^è•
,,,,–,,,,ã¨~°–ã≤,.–[.
™ê,,–™ê,,–ã¨iQÆi–iQÆii㨖x^èŒÑ¨– =∞QÆѨ^èŒã¨–Ѩ^èŒã¨ iQÆ–ã¨iQÆ–=∞QÆQÆII
<å,,–.,,–ÉèÏ...–..x..–#∞fl..– ã¨....–#∞fl.. u.–*Ë..–¿ã..II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 113


iã¨x–Ѩ^èŒã¨iQÆ =∞=∞QÆQÆ–iiã¨ã¨x–Ѩ^èŒã¨–
#∞..–~å....Kå...–ÖÏ...–...–
=∞QÆ=∞Ѩ–ã¨i㨖=∞=∞QÆ–ã¨ã¨^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ–ã¨ã¨ã¨x ^èŒÑ¨–Ѩ^茖iã¨x^茖 ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ–QÆi™ê–II
Hõ$...–Ѩ.–Ü«ÚO.–K«∞..@..–H˜..k ..–..–.ã¨..– =∞...–Ü«∞..–II
J. iã¨x–Ѩ^èŒã¨iQÆ xx^è•– Ѩ=∞^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆ=∂–
=Ú..–~å....x.~°–`«.=Ú.–h..–
áê,,–áê,,–ѨѨ^Œ^茖xx^茖^èŒÑ¨–Ѩ=∞QÆ –=∞Ѩ=∞–Ѩ^èŒÑ¨–^èŒã¨ x–iã¨x–áê^è•–II
áê,,–.II–^Œ...–"Õ∞.QÆ.–u..– Ü«∞..–x..–Ü«Ú. .–...–<åfl.–II
™ê,,–™ê,,x^èŒã¨ã¨–iiQÆQÆ–=∞=∞QÆQÆ–
~å,,–.,,x...–....[..=∞–
ii㨖ã¨x^èŒÑ¨=∞–Ѩ^èŒã¨i–QÆ™êx^茖=∞Ѩ^èŒ áê–=∞QÆi™ê–i ã¨x^茖^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ–QÆII
...–x....–....–ZOz..–<å.. =∞–...#–. q..–..ÔQ·.–.II
iã¨x–Ѩ^èŒã¨iQÆ.QÍ,=∞–QÆQÆii™ê,–i
HÀ..–~å....
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 114
QƖѨiã¨x^茖Ѩ^茙ê㨖Ѩ^èŒã¨si–^èŒã¨i QÍQÆ–ã¨iQÆs i–^èŒã¨i™ê㨖=∞II
QÆiã¨x–Ѩ^èŒã¨i–QÆ=∞QÆi㨖Ѩ=∞QÆi㨖^èŒÑ¨
=∞QÆ–x^èŒÑ¨–ã¨x^茖iã¨QÆi–=∞QÆiQÆã¨i–^èŒi ™ê,x^èŒ,=∞Ѩ^èŒ áê,=∞QÆi–ã¨iII
™êx–Ѩ^èŒã¨iQÆ(ã¨~°)
K«. ,,,,–,,,,™ê,,ã¨x^Œ^茖Ѩ=∞QÆQÆ–
,,,,–,,,,™êII~°fi..–Éè∫...–
™ê,,–™ê,,Ѩ^èŒã¨iQÍ–ã¨iQÆ=∞áê– =∞QÆѨ^茙ê–Ѩ^èŒ i™êx^茖^èŒÑ¨=∞II
=∞,,–.IIã¨....–Hõ....–. Å....–Ö’. .HÍ..–aè..II
QÆi㨖 =∞QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒ
~å.–=∞....(™ê~°fi)
1. ™ê,,,,–h,,^è•–áê,,–,,^è•
=∂QÍsQÍ™ê,,–s™êháê
,,–=∂áê^è•(™ê~°fi) II–^è•,,™ê ,,–s,,QÍ

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 115


2. s,,,,–sQÆi–iQÆis㨖x^èŒÑ¨^èŒ
™ê,,–,,™ê–Ѩ^èŒã¨iQÆ™ê–iQÆ=∞Ѩ㨠,–iQÆ=∞Ѩ^茖™ê x^èŒ=∂QÆ™ê–ѨII
^è•ã¨–iQÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒ(™ê~°fi)
3. =∂,, ,,–Ѩ^èŒ=∂– Ѩ^èŒx^èŒ=∂– Ѩã¨x^èŒ
=∂–^èŒ=∂Ѩ–QÆ=∞áê,, ,,x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi QÆ™ê–iã¨x™ê ^茙ê–iQÆ=∞–iQÆ–II
=∞QÆ=∞–iQÆ㨖Ѩ=∞Ѩ–QÆ=∞QÆ–x^èŒx–Ѩ^èŒÑ¨–ã¨x
^茖iã¨QÆiã¨x^茖Ѩ^èŒã¨i–QÆ=∞QÆ™êx^茖=∞ Ѩ^èŒã¨–QÆѨ^èŒã¨–㨠iQÆ=∞Ѩ–x^èŒã¨iII
QÆ=∂–Ѩ^èŒã¨iQÆ(™ê)
4. ™ê,,–iQÆi㨖x^èŒáê–=∞QÆi™êx–Ѩ^èŒ
™ê,,–,,áê^èŒÑ¨–^è•ã¨^茖™êi㨖 sQÆi–QÍ=∞QÆ =∂Ѩ=∞–áê^èiŒ II
ã¨iã¨x–^èŒÑ¨=∞Ѩ–^èŒã¨x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi–ã¨iQÆi–
ã¨iã¨x–Ѩ^èŒÑ¨^茖ã¨iã¨i–ã¨iQÆ–iQÆ=∞–QÆ=∞ Ѩ–=∞Ѩ^茖ã¨xi㨠x^茖Ѩ^茙ê,,–II
ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ^茖=∞QÆѨ^èŒã¨x–Ѩ^èŒã¨iQÆi–QÆ=∞
QÆi–ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆѨ^èŒã¨i–QÆ=∞QÆi™ê† Ѩã¨x^茖Ѩ=∞QÆi ™ê,,–Ѩ^èŒã¨i–II
ã¨iQÆ=∞–QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒ(™ê~°fi)
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 116
17. â◊OHõ~åÉèí~°}O–J@`åà◊O
Ѩ.K«Å"Õ∞Å*Ë¿ã=Ù~å ã¨~°ã¨‰õΩ~å~° ™êq∞ (K«)
J. [Å*ωõΔΩ_≥·# K«Hõ¯x ã¨~°ã≤[<åÉèí ^Õ"å (K«)
K«.áêѨ*Ïu =∂~°∞_»∞ (K«)
Ѩ.,,,,–,,,,™êh–áê, =∞–QÍs
,,,,–,,,, K«Å–"Õ∞,.–..
™ê,,–,,^èŒis,,–ã¨iQÆi–iQÆii h,–ã¨iQÆ™ê– ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ–^èŒxã¨II
Å,,–,,..*Ë,,–¿ã...–.... .,–....– =Ù....–...II
h㨖^èŒxѨ^èŒx, ixã¨^èŒxѨ– ^èŒ=∞ѨQÆ=∞i–
~å.–.....,ã¨.....–~°.....–
QÆ™ê–iã¨x^èŒx–ã¨ã¨iiQÆQÆ–=∞=∞ѨѨ^èŒx ã¨i™ê,x–^èŒx áê,–=∞Ѩ=∞QÆiII
ã¨.–.....–‰õΩ.....–~å..... ~°..,.–.. ™ê,–q∞....II
J. ™ê–iQÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒx ™ê^è•áê,,–Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞–
.–......[Å*Ï,,–....–

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 117

áê,,–áê,,–Ѩ^èŒx^茖=∞Ѩ^èŒÑ¨–QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞– ã¨xiã¨QÆi–=∞QÆ =∞Ѩ–=∞Ѩ^xŒè –ã¨iII


‰õΔΩII–.II–_≥·...–....–#...– K«.....Hõ¯. ..–....–..II
™êx–^èŒxѨ^èŒx ™êh–™ês–iã¨h–
h.–..... ã¨~°–ã≤.–...–
™ê™ê–ss–iQÆ=∞QÆ–QÆiã¨x–^èŒÑ¨^èŒx– i™ê^èŒÑ¨=∞–^èŒÑ¨ ,=∞QÆi™ê–™êII
[.–..–<å..–....–....– Éèí....–^Õ. ,....–"åII
ã¨^èŒÑ¨–=∞áê^èŒx ™êx^èŒÑ¨=∞–^èŒáê=∞–QÆ=∞
...–....
áê,=∞QÆi–ã¨iQÆ–iQÆs㨖xiã¨x–^èŒx áê,–^èŒxã¨i ,–ã¨iQÆ™ê–iQÆII
=∞Ѩ=∞–QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒx ã¨iQÆi㨖 xã¨s㨖xi
™êx–^èŒxã¨i^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆ=∞Ѩx^èŒx–ã¨^èŒx–Ѩ ^èŒx–=∞Ѩ^èŒx–QÆ=∞ Ѩ^èŒx–iQÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒII
x–ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒx(K«Å)
K«. ,,,,–,,,, áê,,–,,Ѩ=∞QÆi–QÆ=∞
,,,,–,,,,áê,,–,,Ѩ...–..
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 118

QÍ,,–=∞QÆQÆi–™êiQÆ–iiã¨x–^èŒÑ¨^èŒx– ã¨=∂=∞QÆi–ã¨Ñ¨ ,Ѩ=∞QƖѨ™êiII


*ÏII–....–u..–....–....– =∂....–~°∞. ,...–_»∞..II
x^茖Ѩ=∞QÆiQÆ=∞
x.–......(áê)
1. áê,,–,,=∂QÍs–™ê,,h–™ê
s™êh™ê^è•,,h–áê^è•h– ™êsh,,– ™êsQÍ™êII
II–sQÍ=∂(áê)
2. QÍ,=∞QÆi–ã¨QÆii㨖xã¨s㨖xã¨^èŒx
áê,–^èŒxã¨ix™ê,iQÆiQÍ,=∞QÆ=∞– ^èŒáê=∞QÆi–Ѩ=∞ QÆi–=∞QÆi㨖QÆiII
ã¨x–ã¨sQÍ=∞(áê)
3. áê,–^èŒÑ¨=∞áê,=∞QÆ=∞áê,–QÆiã¨x^èŒ
áê,–^èŒxã¨iã¨áê,–=∞Ѩ^èŒáê,–x^èŒx áê,–ã¨x^èŒáê ,–x^èŒ=∞áê,–^èŒII
xã¨áê,–iQÆ=∞(áê)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 119

4. ™ê,™ê㨖Ѩ™ê㨖^èŒxã¨h^茖Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞–
^è•,, –=∂s–QÆ=∞QÆi™ê–áê™ê™ê– hs–QÍ=∂– ^è•,x–QÍ,i–II
™êxsã¨QÍ–iQÆ=∞QÆi™ê–iQÆiã¨x–
ixã¨^èŒxѨ^èŒx–ã¨iQÆ=∞QÆi–ã¨i™êx^茖 Ѩ^èŒxã¨x^茖Ѩ^èŒ áê=∞QÆi㨖hII
,ã¨iQÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒx(áê)

–––––––––
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 120
22. K«„Hõ"åHõO–Pk
Ѩ.ã¨~°ã¨∞_»x<ÕflHÀi–KåÖÏ =∞~°∞Å∞ H˘#flk~åII
J. ^èŒ~°Ö’"≥ÅÜ«Ú N"ÕOHõ>Ëâß–^ŒÜ«∞Ü«ÚOz<ÕÅ∞HÀ~åII
K«.~å~å K≥e `åà◊ÖË^Œ∞~°II
Ѩ.™ê,–x^èŒxѨ^茖h^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆiQÆ㨠s,™êx–^èŒx ™ê,–Ѩ=∞Ѩ^èŒxII
™ê,–~°JJJJ–ã¨∂LL–_»JJJ– h,<ÕflZ–H˘X F,–XXXiWII
ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆ=∞–iQÆ=∞Ѩ=∞–QÆi™ê– x^èŒx㨖iQÆ=∂– QÆ=∞Ѩ^茖h^èŒxII™êII
K«JJJ–ÅJJ–=∞JJ~°∞L–LLÅ∂– H˘XXX–XXF– #flJJJ–nW~°II™êII
J. =∞=∞Ѩ=∞–=∂QÆi–ã¨x™ê–=∞QÆ=∂– Ѩ=∞áê–Ѩ^èŒx^茖 h^èŒÑ¨–^èŒx™ê
^èJ
Œ ~°J–Ö’XX–"≥JÖÏ–Ü«ÚLT– „tWD–"≥ZZO– HÍ>ˇZ–ZZâß–
iQÆ=∂–QÆiã¨x–™êx^茖Ѩ^èŒh– Ѩ^èŒx㨖iã¨x^茖 Ѩ=∞Ѩ^茖h^èŒxII
^ŒJJ–Ü«∞JJJ–Ü«¸LO–zWD– <≥ZZZ–Å∞LLL, H˘XXX–~åJJII
™ê,–iã¨x^èŒx–Ѩ^èŒx㨖x^èŒÑ¨=∞– áê^è•–x^èŒÑ¨=∞– áêQÆ=∞–s,,–
ã¨iQÆ–iQÆ=∞QÆ=∞–Ѩ^èŒx^茖^è•x^茖 áê^茖=∞Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞– ã¨iQÆ=∞–áê^èŒxII™êII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 121


K«. ^è•,,–Ѩ^èŒx㨖x^èŒÑ¨=∞–áê,=∞ QÆiã¨x–^èŒxã¨i– QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞–áê^èŒxII
~å,,~°JJJ–K≥ZeW–`å,J– à◊JJJ–ÖˇZZZ– ^Œ∞LLL–~åJJII
1. áê,=∂,QÍ–s,™ê,h ^è•,h,™ê– s,QÍ=∞ѨxII~åII
2. ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi㨖Ѩ=∞QÆi㨖=∞QÆiã¨x– ^èŒxã¨iQÆ–iQÆ=∞– QÆ=∞Ѩ–QÆ=∞Ѩ^xŒè II~åII
3. h^è•–x^èŒÑ¨=∞–áêáê–^ŒÑ¨=∞QÆ– =∂ѨÊ=∞–QÆiã¨x– ã¨iQÆ=∞áê,,–
=∞QÆ=∞Ѩ–^èŒxã¨x–s™ê–x^èŒÑ¨=∞– Ѩ^èŒx㨖iã¨x^è–Œ Ѩ=∞Ѩ^–Œè h^èÑŒ I¨ I~åII
4. ™ê,,–xã¨i㨖h™ê–h^è•– ^èŒx™ê,,x^茖 Ѩ=∞QÆi–ã¨x™ê–
Ѩ=∞áê–ѨÊ=∞QÆ=∞–Ѩ^èŒx^茖^èŒxã¨x– s,™êx–^èŒx– ™ê,,–ã¨ii㨖
xã¨ã¨x–^èŒx^èŒÑ¨–=∞QÆi㨖s,㨠,x–^èŒx™ê,,– iQÆ=∞–QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒxII~åII
23. =∞ÅÜ«∞=∂~°∞`«=Ú–Pk
Ѩ. =∞ÅÜ«∞=∂~°∞`«=ÚKÕ–=∞k~°≠Å∞¡=∞<≥~åII
J. WÅNQÆ∞O@∂iѨÙsâ◊–WÉèí~å[=~°^Œ~å~°
K«. =∞~°∞_»∞<åÃÑ· "≥_»Öˇ~°II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 122
Ѩ. QÍs™ê,x–^è•h™ê,,– ã¨iQÆi–iQÆi㨖 xiã¨x–^èŒxã¨iII
=∂ÖÏÜ«∂,J–=∂P~°∂,, `«JJJ–JJJJ– =ÚLLL–K≥ZZZII
QÆiã¨x–^èŒxã¨i–QÍѨ^茖x^èŒáê– QÍѨ^茖x^Œ^èŒÑ¨– QÆѨQÆi–ã¨xã¨iIIQÍII
=∞JJJ–kWWW–~°≠ÏJJ–Å∞¡LT– =∂JJ–ÃãZZZ– ZZZZ–~°JJJII=∂II
J. xx^Œ^茖áêѨQÆ– QÆѨ^èŒx^è•,,– QÆѨ^èŒx–Ѩx^èŒÑ¨– QÆѨ^èŒx™ê,,–
WWWW–ÖÏ„tW–QÆ∞LLO@∂,,– iWWW–ѨÙLLL– iWWWâß,,–
xã¨i㨖QÆiã¨x–^èŒxã¨x–^•,x– Ѩ^èŒx^茖QÍѨ^茖 x^Œ^èŒÑ¨–QÆiã¨iII
WWWW–ÉèíJJJ–~°JJJ–P,[ =JJJ–~åJJ– ^ŒJJJ–~°JJ~°II
QÍi㨖x^èŒháê–^èŒx™êix– ã¨iQÍ–iQÆáê– QÆáê^茖x^èŒÑ¨^茖
UÅ~°–~ÚHõ ~¸*ÏÅ=Ú KåÅ∞~°– `«q∞`å–à◊#∞~å– =^Õ~–° ѨÅ∞Hõ~–°
ã¨iQÆiã¨x^茖™ê^èŒx–ã¨x^èŒÑ¨– QÆѨ^èŒx™êII– x^èŒáê–QÆiã¨iIIQÍII
x~°O`«~°=Úx#∞–ã¨#∞flu–ã¨Å∞ѨQÆ– #Å∞QÆ∞@ÜÕ∞,,– Å@~å–ѨÅ∞=∞~°∞II=∂II
K«. ^è•,,–,,Ѩ^èŒh–x^Œ^èŒÑ¨–ѨQÆ áê,,–,,–QÆѨ ^èŒã¨x^茖QÆѨ^èŒx–
=∂,,–,,–~°∞LT–_»∞LLL–#J ÃÑ·,,–,,–"≥Z _»JJJ–ÖˇZZ~°II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 123


1. áê,QÍ,s–™ê,h,^è•– h,–™ê,s– QÍáê,^è•xII
=∂,ÉèÏ,QÍ–ÜÕ∞,ÖË,~å– =∞O,^•,Ç‘Ï– ™ê"Õ∞,ÖÏ~°II=∂II
2. h,^è•,áê–QÆѨ^èŒx–ã¨x^èŒÑ¨– QÍ,s,™ê– ^èŒxã¨i–QÆѨ^èŒxII
ѨO`å,=Ú–=Å^Œ∞~°–~ÚHõ~°J– =fiO`≥·,<å– ^ŒÜ«∞^ŒÅ–K«QÆ^Œ~°II=∂II
3. h,^è•xѨ^茖x™êx^èŒÑ¨–QÆѨ QÍ,s㨖ã¨i QÆáê^茖x^èŒÑ¨^茖
h,^•#x@∞–x~å^Œ~°}–##∞ áÈ,~å_»–`«QÆ ^Œ∞~å~°–ã≤Hõ=~°–
QÍ,s㨖xi™ê,x–^èŒxѨ^茖 ã¨iQÆiã¨x–^èŒx ã¨x^èŒÑ¨–QÆѨ^èŒxII
<å,<Õ~°–q∞HõÃã·,z–K«#∞=Ù#– ɡ#Q˘#ã¨=∞–Ü«∞=Ú ã¨~°QÆ∞#–QÆÅÜ«∞~°II=∂II
4. ™ê,,ã¨xx^茖^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨QÆ–QÆii㨠s,,–ã¨x^èŒx– ã¨iQÆi–QÆáêѨ–
âß,,iHõ=ÚÅ∞–â◊√Hõ=∞^èŒ∞–Hõ~°=ÚÅ∞– HÀ,,–H˜Å=ÚÅ∞– HõÅHõÅ–xQÆ∂Ü«∞
QÆѨ^èŒx–ã¨iã¨x^èŒx–Ѩ^èŒx–Ѩx^茖 QÆ^èŒÑ¨–QÆѨQÆi㨖 iQÆѨQÆ–áê^èŒx–
=ÚÅ∞‰õΩŖѨykK≥=ÙÅ–*Á~°Q–Æ =QÆÅ– <˘QÆÅ–`«QÆ∞Å∞^Œ=_ç– HõÅ∞=Å–~åÜ«Ú_»∞–
™êiQƖѨQÆi㨖x^èŒÑ¨^茖QÆѨ^èŒx– ã¨i™ê–x^èŒáê– QÆѨ^èŒx–Ѩx^èŒÑ¨II
"≥<≥flÅ–Ü«Ú_»∞‰õΩÅ∞–<≥~°Ñ¨QÆ–"≥~°Ñ¨Ù#– ^Œi*Ë–iu~å– H“Oy@–#^Œ∞=∞~°II=∂II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 124
27. =ÚMÏi–Pk
Ѩ.U~å <åÃÑ· xO`«HÀѨ"Õ∞Å~°–Z"åfiiÉ’^èŒ# q<åfl=Ù~°II
J. nè~°∞_≥·#Nã¨∞„|Ǩχ}º–~å~°#<ÕflÅ∞HÀ~° ~¸"Õà◊II
K«.h~°*ÏHΔÍ<åÃÑ·^ŒÜ«∞Ü«ÚOK«~åII
Ѩ.™êã¨ûx^茖Ѩx^Œ^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆi=∞Ѩ– x^èŒÑ¨=∂=∞–Ѩ=∞ QÆi㨖i=∞Ѩx^èŒII
U,~°JJ–#JѨ WWW–xWO`«– H˘XXáêJ–"≥∞Z ZZZ–ÅJ~°JJII
ã¨x^èŒáê=∞–^èŒÑ¨=∞QÍi–=∞QÆi㨖 x^èŒã¨s㨖Ѩ=∞ QÍi–ã¨i=∞Ѩ^èŒII™êII
ZZZ"åfiJ–iWWÉ’X–^èŒJJJ– #JJgW–#flJ PJ–=ÙL~°JJIIUII
J. áê^èŒÑ¨=∞QÍi–ã¨i=∞–QÍiã¨x– ^èŒã¨i=∂QÆ–i=∞ Ѩh^茖=∞Ѩ^èŒã¨
nè~°∞ LL_≥·W–#JJ–NWWW– ã¨∞ LL„|OO–ǨχL LTL–}ºJJJ–
s,=∞QÆi–ã¨iQÆ–™êx^茖=∞Ѩ^èŒ ™ê,h^èŒ,=∞Ѩ ^茖=∂QÆ–i=∞Ѩ^èŒII
~å,~°JJ–#JJ–<ÕflZZ–Å∞ LL HÀ,~åJ–WW W–"ÕZ–à◊JJJII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 125

ã¨h^èŒÑ¨=∞–^èŒáê=∞QÆi–=∞QÆi㨖 ^茙ê–i=∞QÆi–Ѩ ,=∞x^èŒÑ¨–=∞Ѩ^茖


ã¨i=∞QÍ–ã¨iQÆ–™êx^èŒÑ¨–=∞Ѩ^茖 ã¨iQÆ–™êx^èŒÑ¨– =∞QÆi–s=∞Ѩ^IŒè IU~°II
K«. h,,^è•–ã¨x^èŒáê=∞–QÆiѨ=∞– áê,,–,,Ѩ=∞ QÆi㨖s=∞Ѩ^èŒII
h,,~å–[JJHΔÍJ–#JJJ– ÃÑ·,,–,,^ŒJ Ü«∞JJ–Ü«ÚOK«J~°II
1, h,^è•,áê–=∂,QÍ,s– ™ê,h,^è•.– ™ê,–s=∞Ѩ^èŒ IIhII
2. x^èŒÑ¨=∂QÆ–i=∞Ѩ^è•x–^èŒã¨x^茖 i™ê–QÆiã¨x^茖 Ѩ=∂QÆ–i=∞Ѩ^IŒè IhII
3. Ѩ^èŒ=∞Ѩ–=∞QÆi㨖iѨ=∞QÆ–iã¨x^茖 ã¨i=∞QÆi–x^èŒÑ¨– ã¨x^茖iã¨QÆiã¨IIhII
4. ^èŒáê=∞QÆi–ã¨sѨÊ=∞QÆ–iã¨x^茖 Ѩ^è•–ã¨iQÆ™ê– iѨ=∞QÆ–i=∞Ѩ^茖
ã¨i=∞QÍi–ã¨iã¨h^èŒÑ¨–=∞Ѩ^茖 㨙êû–x^èŒáê=∞– QÆs㨖i=∞Ѩ^èŒ IIhII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 126

28. suQ“à◊–J@`åà◊O
Ѩ. =#*ÏHΔÍ x<ÕflHÀi#"Õã¨@niÛ „É’==Ü«∂º
J. =∞#ã≤AxQÆ#fl K«Hõ¯x=∂"Õ}∞QÀáêÅ~¸"Õà◊
K«. Jxfl\˜H˜ h"ÕkHõ¯x
Ѩ. ™ê,–xQÆiQÆ=∞ IIáê=∂–QÍs™ê,,–
P,–JJJJJII"å<å–*Ï P– HΔÍ,,II
xã¨QÆiã¨ã¨xx–xѨxxã¨x–ã¨QÍQÆ=∂– QÆ=∞Ѩ^ÑŒè =¨ ∞–QÆ=∞ Ѩ–Ѩ=∞=∞QÆi–Ѩ=∞
xWWWWWWW–<≥ZZZZZ–ZUZU– ZZZH˘XX–XX X–iWWWW–WW

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 127


QÆiã¨x–ã¨QÆQÆ=∞IIáê^Œ^èŒ=∞–QÆ=∞ѨѨ=∞QÆi
#JJJ–JJJJII"ÕZZZ–ã¨JJ–@JJJ
QÆ=∞–QÆ=∞xx^Œ^茖xx^èŒ=∂,–QÆ=∞QÆ™ê,– xã¨x–ã¨QÆiQÆ=∞– Ѩ^èŒ=∞Ѩ–QÆ=∞QÆi
JJ–kWWWWW–iÛWW„É’,–XXX"å,– JJJ–=W WWW– WWWW–WWWW
J. Q͖Ѩ=∞QÆiQÆ=∞II™êx^èŒx–^Œ^èŒxx^èŒ=∞–QÆ
Ü«∂–JJJJJ II=∂#JJ–ã≤WWWWW–A
=∞^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆiQÆ=∞–^èŒáê=∞QÆi–Ѩ=∂QÆi㨖 x™ê–xQÆiQÆ=∞– =∞xx^èŒ=∞–QÆ=∞x
LLLL–LLLL–LhWWW–QÆOOOO– OO–#JJJJ– K«JJJJ–Hõ P J
hã¨x™ê,, IIxã¨QÆQÆ=∞–QÆ=∞QÆi–QÍQÆ
PJJh,,II=∞JJJJ–"≥ZZZ–U Z
i㨖xxã¨QÆi㨖xã¨xx^èŒ=∞–QÆ=∞QÆiQÆ=∞ x^èŒ=∞–xxã¨™ê– x^èŒ=∞–QÆ=∞^èŒÑ¨=∞–
ZZ–}∞ LLLLL–Q˘XXXXX–ѨJJJJJ ÅJJ–JJJD WWW–"≥ ZZZZ–
QÆiã¨x–ѨQÆQÆ=∞II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 128
à◊JJJ–JJJJIIáê^Œ^èŒ=∞QÆ=∂–Ѩ=∞QÆi
QÆ=∂–^Œ^èŒ=∞QÆ=∂–=∞QÆii–QÍQÆi㨖xѨ xx㨖xQÆiQÆ=∞– Ѩ^ÑŒè Ѩ =¨ ∂II–
QÆi㨖QÆQÆ=∞QÆ=∞–x^èŒ=∞hx㨖xã¨QÍQÆ–
iQÆ=∞QÍQÆi㨖ã¨xã¨QÆi㨖xx™ê,–㨠x^èŒ=∂,–=∞QÆi 㨖h^è•=∞QÆi
㨖hã¨QÆQÍ=∞ II=II
K«. ,,,,–,,,,–™ê,,–x^èŒh–x^èŒ=∂–
,,,,–,,,,–JO,,–xWD–\˜WD–
=∞QÆ=∞Ѩ–Ѩ=∞QÆi–QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞QÆi–QÍQÆiã¨x– ã¨QÆi–QÆ=∞QÆQÆѨ Ѩ=∞–QÆQÆ=∂,–=∞
H˜WWW–WWWW–xWWWWW–"ÕZZZZ– kWW–WWWHõJ JJ–JJh,–W
QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞–QÆiã¨x II
WWWW–WWWW
1. =∂,, QÍs–QÍs™ê,,–™ê
h áê,,hh™ê,,hQÍs QÍ,=∂,–^• ^è•=∂QÍs–
™êQÍsh IIJII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 129

2. xѨxxã¨x–ã¨QÆQÆ=∞–ã¨=∞=∞‡QÆi㨖QÍQÆ
i㨖QÆQÆ=∞QÍ=∞–xxã¨h㨖Ѩ=∂ѨQÆi– QÆ=∂x^èŒ=∞–h xfl^èŒ=∞–=∂QÆi㨖
™êxáê–Ѩxx IIJII
3. ã¨ã¨Ñ¨=∞QÆi–ã¨=∞QÆi–QÆQÆ=∞=∞Ѩ=∞–^èŒÑ¨=∞Ѩ–
QÆѨ=∞QÆi–Ѩ=∞QÆi–™êix㨖QÆQÆ=∞–ã¨QÆQÆ =∞–x^èŒ=∞–xx㨖x ™êx^èŒ=∞–=∂QÆ–
i–x^èŒ=∞QÆiã¨x IIJII
4. Ѩ^Œ^èŒ=∞QÆQÆ–=∞ѨQÆi㨖=∞QÆix㨖xQÆi㨖
xã¨xx^èŒ=∞–xxã¨QÆi㨖=∞QÆi–Ѩ=∞QÆx^èŒ =∞–QÆ=∞xx㨖xQÆ i–xiã¨x^èŒ=∞–x
^èŒ=∞Ѩ–QÆiã¨ix IIJII
5. xx^èŒ=∞QÆQÆ–=∞^Œ^èŒ=∞QÆi–QÆQÆ=∞=∞Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞
QÆQÆi㨖QÆiã¨i–xã¨xx^èŒ=∞–xx㨖xQÆi QÆQÆ=∞–QÆѨ=∞–^èŒÑ¨ =∞QÆix–ã¨QÆQÆ=∞–
Ѩ=∂QÆi㨖x^è•=∞QÆ=∞–xhã¨x㨖QÆQÆ
=∞QÆi–QÆQÆi™ê–iã¨ã¨x–hx^èŒ=∞–QÆQÆ ,=∞QÆi–㨙ê㨠x^茖=∞h^èŒ=∞QÆ–
=∞QÍQÆi–ã¨ix IIJII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 130

QÀqO^Œ™ê=∞Ü«∞º =~°‚=Ú
29. "≥∂ǨÏ#–Pk
Ѩ. ã¨iQÍ ^•xÃÑ· <≥#~°∞Oz x<Õfl ã¨~°ã¨‰õΩ ~°=∞‡<≥~° (ã¨)
J. ã¨~°™ê„ˆQâ◊ ã¨^Œ∞æ}™êO„^Œ ™êq∞N"ÕOHõ@ ÃÑ~°∞=∂àò ~å*ËO„^Œ (ã¨)
K«. QÍ~°qOz ^•x<ÕÅ∞HÀ~° (ã¨)
Ѩ. QÆQÆiã¨^èŒ ã¨sQ͆– QÆiQÍ áꆖáê† QÆQÆ^èŒÑ¨–QÆQÆs
J.... ã¨iQ͆–... ^•†–.† x...–...
iã¨QÆi–QÆi™ê™ê–^èŒQÆQÆi ™ê–™êiQÆs™ê–^èŒÑ¨ ^èŒã¨ã¨^茖ã¨iiã¨
ÃÑ·....–....–<≥..# ..–~°∞O....–.. z...–....
iQÆQÆѨ–QÆQÆiQÆs†–QÆ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ QÆQÆáê–QÆQÆiQÆ s,–ã¨ã¨ii
x....–.....<Õfl†–ã¨.~°. ã¨..–‰õΩ.... .,– ~°O..
x...–....<Õfl†–ã¨.~°. ã¨..–‰õΩ... .,–~°O..
ã¨ã¨^èŒÑ¨^蕆–QÆQÆQÆi–iQÆQÆѨ– QÆQÆiQÆs†– iã¨QÆi–QÆQÆiã¨

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 131

.....†–=∞...–<≥...– ....~冖 ....–......


QÆQÆiã¨^èŒ.
.....
J. QÆQÆiQƖѨQÆ áêáꆖQÆѨ^èŒã¨ ^Œ^Œ^èŒÑ¨–QÆQÆ^èŒÑ¨ QÆQÆiQÆs†–
ã¨.~°.–™ê...†–„ˆQ... ....–â◊... .....†–
ã¨ii㨖iQÆQÆi–QÆѨѨQƖѨ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ QÆQÆѨ^茖ã¨^èŒ™ê ™ê†–ã¨^èŒÑ¨^èŒ
ã¨...–....–^Œ∞æ....}..... ™êO..–.... „^•†–J....
™ê†iQ͖ѨQÆs–iQÆi㨖 ^èŒã¨^èŒã¨–áê^è• áêQÍ–áê^è•
™ê†...–q∞...–N.... "ÕO..–Hõ@ ÃÑ~°∞–=∂àò
^èŒQÆQÆi™ê–^èŒã¨^Œ^èŒáê–ѨQÆѨ^èŒ ã¨^èŒi㨙ê–QÆѨ ^èŒã¨^èŒÑ¨–QÆQÆiã¨
~å....–.....–.... *ËO.......–„^Œ. ....–.....
QÆQÆsQÆ–ã¨iQÆ–ã¨i–ã¨QÆis㨠^èŒã¨áê^茖^è•ã¨ Ѩ^Œ^茖QÆQÆsã¨
qiÉ’}˜–<≥#Ü«Ú–q∞Hõ–K≥eq∞q∂~° q@~åÜ«∞–ÖË~° K«#"˘ã¨QÆ"Õ~°
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 132

iQÆsQÆ–^èŒQÆis㨖ã¨Ñ¨^茙ê i–QÆiiQƖѨii QÆ㨖iiQÆQÍѨ


Hõ~°∞}˜Oz–H“yb~°–zÅ∞Hõ`Õ l–ÃÑ·.H˘x–<≥é= _çQÆ–K≥é‰õΩqO\˜
QÆi–QÆѨiQÍQÆ–iQÆã¨si–ã¨Ñ¨ QÆQÆ^茖QÆѨQÆQÆi ^èŒÑ¨^èŒÑ¨–QÆáêQÆ
^˘~°–<≥#~°∞=∂x–Hõ#~°∞|∂x–Hõ~° Hõxi–#∞~°∞=_çQÆ =∞i=∞i–ÅHÀ~°∞
ѨѨ–sQÆ™êiQÍ–QÆ^•^è•Ñ¨–QÆ áêáêQÆ–iQÍ ã¨s–QÆ^èŒÑ¨^èŒã¨
Å∞~°–=∂#<ÕÜ«∞QÆ–=~å~ÀǨϖ<≥ ~å"≥∂Ǩϖ=~°O |∞KÕ–"≥~°z##∞
ѨQÆѨ^èŒã¨–Ѩ^è•™êi–ã¨iQÆi 㨖iã¨^èŒÑ¨^茖QÆѨ ^èŒQÆs㨖s㨖
â◊~°}x#–qKåiOѨ–=ѨÙ~°UO `˘–aÅz##∞–ѨÅ∞ Hõ=^Õq∞–™êq∞
ã¨iã¨ã¨^è•–^èŒã¨^Œ^茙ê–^Œ^èŒã¨û–^èŒ ^èŒi–^èŒQÆi–QÆi㨠s,iã¨^èŒÑ¨^èŒ
<≥~°`«#=∂–^˘~°`«#=∂–JÅ∞QÆ–= Å^Œ∞–K«Å=Ú–`«QÆ^Œ∞ h,Ü≥∞_»Å#k
QÆiã¨ã¨^è•™ê–ã¨áê–^èŒQÍQÆѨ ,–ѨQÆiã¨^è•–QÆ iã¨^è•–iã¨^è•
x~°Ñ¨~åkè~å–^èŒ~å–ѨÙ~°O^Œ~å ,–ã¨~°ã¨Hõ~å–~° ã¨Hõ~å–ã¨Hõ~å
ã¨^蕖Ѩ^è•™êi–QÆѨ^èŒã¨–ã¨iQÆ– ã¨^èŒÑ¨–Ѩ^èŒiã¨i ^èŒã¨–Ѩ^èŒQÆѨ–^èŒÑ¨
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 133

Hõ~å–Ѩ~åˆHq∞–^≥Å∞Ѩ~–° =ÅѨٖ xÅ∞Ѩ–xkã¨=∞Ü«∞ q∞Hõ–K≥Å∞=Ù_»–=∞#∞


㨖^èŒÑ¨QÆi
Ѩ–\˜=Ö<≥ (ã¨iQÍ)
K«. † † † †– † † –QÍ † iQÆѨQÆáêáê QÆ^Œ^èŒÑ¨–QÆѨQÆi
† † † † –† †– Q͆ ~°....qOz ^•....–x...
ã¨siQÆ–QÆѨQÆi–QÆi™ê–^Œ^Œ^èŒÑ¨ ^茙ê^茖ã¨iQÆѨ QÆQÆiQÆ–s–†
<Õ....–....–Å∞..–..... HÀ..–...... .....–~å–†
™ê^èŒÑ¨QÆ–^èŒáêQÆiã¨i
....–..........(QÍ)
1. QÍs†–™êiQÆs–ã¨QÆs– ã¨sQÆ–ã¨sQÆ– QÆiѨQÍi–ã¨i
~å~冖P~°_Qç Í–=_çQÍ =~åo–=∞~åo– =∞~°∞â◊~åo–K≥e
QÆáêѨ–^Œ^è•Ñ¨QÆiã¨i
H˜ÉÏo–q~åo*ËÃã.#∞ (QÍ)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 134

2. QÍQÆi–iã¨s–iã¨^èŒÑ¨^茙ê㨖 iã¨iQÆ–áêã¨ã¨– ^è•^èŒQÆsã¨i


"Õ=∞~°∞–=∞kÖ’–=∞~°∞Å.}Ѩ*ÏÅ– ^Œe‰õΩÅ–"Õ}Å– "≥<≥flÅ"Õ^Œ#
QÍQÆѨQÆQÆi㨖QÆiã¨i
"Õ_çq∞.Ãã·K«^Œ∞–"ÕQÆ"Õ∞. (QÍ)
3. QÆiQÆ–ã¨iQÆ–™êi㨖iQÆѨ–ã¨iQÆ Ñ¨–ã¨iQÆѨ^茖ã¨i QÆѨ^èŒã¨–™êiQÆ
q∞QÆ∞Å–`˘QÆÅ–™ÈQÆÅ–=QÆÅ–#QÆQÆ Å–q∞QÆ∞Å`«y–™⁄QÆ ã¨∞QÆ∞Å∞‰õΩ–h^Œ∞Hõ
Ѩ^èŒã¨i–ã¨^èŒÑ¨QÆ–iQÆã¨i
#∞QÆ=Å–=∞QÆ∞=#∞–Hõ#∞Q˘x(QÍ)
4. ™êisQÆ–ã¨QÆs㨖^è•ã¨áê ^è•ã¨™ê–sQÆ QÍѨQÆ–iQÆQÆ
WOK«∞É’_ç–#Å~ÚOK«–"Õ∞~°QÍ– ^ŒOK«∞<Õ–q#fl qOz#–<åѨÅ∞
™êQÆsѨQÍ–^è•Ñ¨QÆiQÆ–™ê sQÆáê,–áê QÍѨ^蕆–^Œ^èŒ
H˜OK«∞ÔH·#ÖÏ–eOzq#=Ù–=∞ xflOK«~å–ÖÏ eOK«~å,–<≥#
áê^茙ê,–QÍsã¨iã¨^茖áê ^è•ã¨–^è•i^èŒQÆ sQÆ∞–^è•Ñ¨–™ê
308
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 135
~°∞OK«~å,–h=OK«#eHõ–Kå eOK«∞–=∞Oz^˘~° =OK«∞–x#∞fl–HÍ
^è•Ñ¨^茖ѨQÆѨ^茖™êi㨖ã¨^èŒÑ¨^èŒ QÍisã¨™ê ™êiã¨ã¨^èŒÑ¨^èŒ
q∞Oz#–K≥e ò x~°–ã≤OK«∞@–`«QÆ^ŒÅ K«OK«ÖÏH˜ΔÉ’ kèOK«∞#∞_»∞Åx[
^è•Ñ¨^èŒã¨^è•Ñ¨–QÆiã¨i (QÍ)
=∞OK«∞=∞k<≥OK«–=Å^Œ∞~°(QÍ)
5. iã¨iQÆiã¨s–ã¨QÆsã¨ã¨^è•– ^èŒQÆsã¨iQÍ QÍ,ѨQÍQÆi
k#k#=∞#∞=∂–#=∞=∂#=Ù=∂– #==∂x`«=∂ ÉÏ,eHÍ=∞}˜
s,QÆ™êi㨖sQÆi–QÍѨQÆ áꆆ–QÆ^Œ ^蕆†–QÆѨ
`Õ,<≥"å`≥~°–™œ~°kè–K«Hõ¯# ~円–Hõ# ~円–q#
áêQÆi–QÍ^èŒÑ¨–áê^èŒã¨–^èŒQÍQÆ ,i–ã¨ii,㨖 ™ê,㨖^•^èŒQÆ
~å~ÚHõ–=∂\˜H˜–=∂\˜H˜–K«Å"Õ∞ ,\˜–HõÅÉ’,\˜– =∂,@–ÔQ·H˘#
s–ã¨i™ê–ã¨s^茙ê–^Œ^èŒQÆQÆ i㨖iiã¨ã¨–i㨠ã¨^茖™ê,ã¨^èŒÑ¨
~å–q#~å–^èŒ~å=~å–x#∞q_» #x–=Ú#∞K≥e–H˘ã¨ y#–#O,q∞HõÅ∞

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 136

^èŒáê^茖Ѩ^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨–QÆiã¨i (QÍ)
h.ˆH–`≥eÜ«∞^Œ– K≥Å∞=Ù_» (QÍ)
6. QÍQÍѨQÆs–QÍQÆѨQÍiQÆ s–ã¨i™ê–^Œ^èŒ ™êi–QÍѨQÆi
P<å\˜=Öˇ–=∂#=f=∞}˜ ÃÑ·–Hõ~°∞}˜O–ѨÙ=Ú "Õ~Ú–<Àà◊§H˘x
^•^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨QÆáê–QÆѨáê–QÆiQÍ áêѨ^ÑŒè –¨ QÍѨ ^茖Ѩ^茙ꖙêi
Ü«∂_≥^ŒQÆ^Œ~å–Jk~å–K≥e"Õ∞ <≥Å¡ã¨QÆ–=∂Ü«∞ #∞–QÆ^Œ~å–^•x
ã¨ã¨^è•–^è•,ã¨^Œ^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨–QÆQÆѨѨ ^Œ^èŒã¨ã¨–™êiQÆ s–ã¨i™ê–^èŒã¨
H˜@∞h–ÃÑ·, xQÆÅ`«q∞–WO`«x ^≥Å∞ѨQÆ–<å`«~° =∂Éèí~°=∂–Ü«∞~°
^蕖Ѩ^èŒáê–^Œ^èŒÑ¨^•^茖QÆѨQÆ^èŒ ,^茖Ѩ^èŒã¨^茖Ѩ^茖 ѨѨQÆi–QÆѨ^èŒQÆ
=∂–=~°=∂–xxHõâı+¨–Hõ#HõÉèí∂ ,+¨–}=ÚÅ∞~°=Ú# ÃÑ#Q˘#–ã¨~°=ÚÅ∞
iã¨^èŒÑ¨–^èŒã¨^èŒÑ¨QÆiã¨i (QÍ)
q_»=Ú#–‰õΩÜ≥∂yOK«∞#∞ (QÍ)
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 137
âߺ=∞âß„ã¨∞ÎÅ =~°‚=Ú
31. P#O^ŒÉèˇ·~°q– P@`åà◊O P#O^ŒÉèˇ·~°q – q^Œà◊, YO_»*Ïu J@`åà◊=Ú
Ѩ. † † – † † Ѩ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi– QÆ=∞Ѩ=∞QÆ=∞
† † – † † ™ê . . . . . – . . . . q∞.
QÆiQÆi™ê† – – xã¨QÆi–ã¨iã¨x– h † † – ã¨QÍiQÆ=∞ , QÆ– =∞^èŒÑ¨–=∞Ѩ=∞
x. . . . † – ~°O . . . – . . . .– † † – . . . =∞ . , . – #....–. . .
QÆ QÆ =∂ † – xh㨠– xã¨QÆi– QÆ=∂QÆ
. . "Õ † – 㨠. . . – . . . – . . .
=∞áê^èŒ=∞Ѩ–QÆ=∞QÆi–QÆi™ê†^èŒáê^èŒ =∞ѨQÆ=∂QÆi㨠x™ê–^èŒÑ¨Ñ¨QÆѨQÆ=∞
~° . . . . – . . . .– . . ™ê † H˜Δ... ...D... . . – . . . . . ."Õ.
QÍ s QÍ †
à◊ . . † (™êq∞)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 138

J. † † – † † ã¨ã¨^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆѨ=∂, – QÆѨ
† † – † † HÍ. . . . . . . . , – =Ú.
=∞QÆ=∞QÍ, – QÆ=∞ѨQÆi™ê, – ã¨iã¨ã¨xx † – ã¨xã¨QÆiQÆ QÆ=∂–^èŒÑ¨=∞Ѩ=∞
. . . . , – x . . . . . , – QÆ . . . . . †–..... . . – #fl . . .
QÆQÆ=∂ † † Ѩ=∞Ѩ™êx – ã¨=∂QÆ=∞QÆ
. . =∂† † HÍO . . z – "å. . . .
iQÆi™ê, ã¨QÆi– ã¨iã¨xxh† ™ê † ™ê†– ã¨x ^èŒáê–^èŒÑ¨=∂QÆ
. . . . , ã¨∞. ,. – _≥· . . . #. .†N † . †– =~° ^Œ~å– . . . [
Ѩ=∞QÆѨ=∞QÆixã¨QÆi™ê㨖xxã¨xã¨QÆ
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 139
. . . . . . . . . ã¨~°ã¨*Ëi–ã¨=∞~°`«∞Å"Õ∞
, i –QÆQÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒáê=∞–QÆQÆ=∞ѨQÆ–=∂QÆix ã¨QÆiQÍ=∞Ѩ^èŒ ^èŒÑ¨=∞–áê=∞QÆQÆ
, \˜–Ü«ÚѨ~°`«∞ÅKÕÃã– #QÆQÆi=∞–q∂~°QÆ#∞ Ѷ¨∞#=Ú*ËÜ«ÚK«∞#∞ `«o~°∞–É’}˜|à◊
=∂† – xã¨=∞QÆi™ê – QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒÑ¨ã¨x
=∂ † – xxq#"≥™ê – ~°ã¨#Ü«∞#ã¨ÉèÏ
, 㨠– =∞QÆiQÆi– ™êQÆi㨖iã¨xi㨖Ѩ^èŒ Ñ¨–™êã¨x^茖Ѩ^èŒ Ñ¨–=∂^èÑŒ =¨ ∞QÆ=∞
, ã¨∞– =~°ã¨∞QÆ∞}– ™ê=∞[QÆ–=∞#qâßÅ–[Ѷ¨∞ #–™ê>ˇ=~°∞–^èŒ~° #∞–hã¨iQÆÃã#fl
ѨQ͖Ѩ=∞QÆix
_»∞QÍ–~°==ÚQÆÅ (™êq∞)
K«. † † – † † =∞QÆ=∂† – QÆ=∞áê† ^èŒ
† † – † † =∂ . . †–. . . , ~°∞
Ѩ=∞QÆi™ê, xx㨖 xQÆi㨖 ã¨iã¨ã¨x h, – ã¨xã¨iQÆ QÍ,. =∞QÆ=∞áê
. . . . . . , x . . – . . . .– ÉÏ. . . . .,–}... . , =Ú . . Å∞
™ê , ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆQÆ
. , "Õ . . . (=∂~°∞)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 140

1. † † – † † – † † – † † – † † † † –† † † † –áê^è•
† † – † † – † † – † †– † † ††–†† † † – ѨQÆ
áê † † – QÆ=∞^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÆ=∞ѨQÆi–ã¨hã¨
áê† † – \˜Ü«∞x=∞k– K«Å=ÚQ˘x–ã¨~À[
xã¨QÆi™ê † † – xã¨xQÆ– i=∞QÆiã¨x ã¨QÍsQÆ=∞Ѩ ^èŒáê=∂QÆiã¨
â◊~°=ÚÅ™ê† † – Ô~‰õΩѶ¨∞#– ‰õΩK«=ÚÅ^èŒ~° =~åmQÆ=ÚÅ∞ q~åoOHõÅQÆ
h, ã¨QÆiQÆQÆ
h, ã¨∞Q˘#∞#Å (=∂~°∞)
2. áê^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ=∂,– Ѩ=∞QÆiQÍ, –=∂Ѩ
QÆi™ê, – hã¨QÆiQÍ,– =∞QÆiQÆ=∞áê † † – ^èŒÑ¨áê † † – Ѩ=∞QÆQÍ
† , – Ѩ=∞QÆix (=∂~°∞)
3. =∞Ѩ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ=∂, – ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆiQÍ, – =∞Ѩ=∞
QÆi™ê, – xã¨xQÆiQÍ, – =∞QÆiQÆ=∞áê , – ã¨x^èŒÑ¨^èŒ=∂ , – ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi™ê
, – ™êh^è•Ñ¨ (=∂~°∞)
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 141
4. =∂ † , – QÆ=∞^èŒÑ¨QÍ– Ѩ=∞QÍ=∞QÆiQÆi
=∂† † – =∞QÆ∞=řȖ =ÚxHÍHõÅHõ^èŒi
™ê† , hã¨QÆi– xã¨QÆQÆ=∞– QÍ=∞Ѩ^èŒ áê=∞QÍs㨠hã¨QÍiQÆQÆ
™ê† † q∞<£^ŒÅz– x~°`«=Ú#∞– ¿ãq~°Ç¨Ï "Õ^Œ# ò "Õ㨠iOѨh`«ix
=∂, áêã¨x^èŒ
~¸, ÖÏQÆ∞#~°∞ (=∂~°∞)
5. xã¨Ñ¨=∞QÆi㨖hã¨=∞QÆi–xã¨QÆQÆ=∞Ѩ=∞
<≥Å`«ÅQÆ∞=ÚÅ∞–h@∞Å#Å–iQÆ∞Å∞=QÆã¨^•
† – QÆáê=∞QÆ^èŒáê– QÆ=∞^èŒÑ¨=∂QÆiã¨x ,– ã¨QÆiQÍ, – =∞ Ѩ=∞QÍ, – QÆiã¨
† – =∞^•à◊√ÅQÆ=ÚÖò – Hõ~°Hõi„"≥∂Ü«∞QÆ#∞~¸ , – ~°ã¨=ÚQÍ– =∞ kx`å, – ^ŒÅz
™ê, 㨖 xxã¨QÍi– QÆQÆ=∂, –^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆѨ
™ê, Ǩϖ ã¨=Ú#q∂i– Ѷ¨∞#~À, – ã¨=Ú#â◊√HÍ
† – =∞QÆi™ê– ã¨xã¨áê, – ã¨x^èŒ=∂, – Ѩ QÆi™ê, – ™êx ^èŒÑ¨=∂, QÆiã¨

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 142


† – oѨHõ¿ã– #Å#∞`å, – ^ŒÅz=∂, – # Hõ#∞™ê, – "≥∂^Œ =Ú#=∂, Ü«∞Q˘x
h, ã¨QÆiQÆQÆ=∂† † –QÆ=∞áê, ^èŒ
~¸, ã¨=∞Ü«∞=Ú#=∂† † – . . . , ~°∞
Ѩ=∞QÆi™ê , – xxã¨xã¨QÆi㨖 ã¨iã¨ã¨x † , –ã¨xã¨QÆi QÍ, – =∞QÆ=∞áê
. . . . . , – x . . . . . . . – ÉÏ. . . . †.–}.... . , – =Ú . . .
†, . – ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆQÆ – =∞ ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi – QÆ=∞ѨQÆ=∞Ѩ
† . – "Õ . . . . – "≥∂ . . . . . ´ . . . ~°∞ . .
QÆi – hã¨QÆiã¨ã¨–ã¨QÆii™êx– xã¨x– ã¨=∞QÆiQÍ, =∞ QÆ=∞áê, ^èŒÑ¨=∞
. . , – <Õ . . . . – `å. . . . . . . à◊QÆ – . . . . . . . , `≥ . . . . , #∞ . .
=∞QÆQÍ=∞ † – Ѩ=∞Ѩã¨x^èŒáê– x^èŒáê
. . . . † – ‰õΩ . . . . . i . .
^èŒÑ¨=∂– ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆiQÆ=∂– QÆ=∞áê, – 㨠xx™ê† – x㨠QÆiã¨i– ã¨xh
q∞. .–`À . . . . . #O . . , – . . . . . , <≥. ....–..e
™ê † ™ê† – QÆ=∞Ѩ™ê– xã¨=∂QÆ=∞QÆ
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 143

# † . . † – QÆ∞ . . . – } . . . . .
iQÆi™ê– ã¨QÆi™êiã¨x– xh † – ™ê † † † – ã¨x ^èŒáê– ^èŒÑ¨áêQÆ
. . . . – `«∞ . . _≥· . . . – # . † – N † † † – =~° ^Œ~å– . . . A
Ѩ=∞QÆѨ=∞QÆix (ã¨QÆi™êã¨)
J. . . . . . . WK«@ (ã¨~°ã¨*Ëi) Ü«∞#∞ =ÚHÍÎ~Úã¨fi~° ™êÇ≤Ï`«º=ÚÅ#∞ áê_ç "≥#∞Hõ Ѩšqx Ü≥∞`«Î=Öˇ#∞.

OOOOOO

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 144

ÔH.q Nx"åã¨JÜ«∞ºOQÍi=~°‚=Ú
32. HõÖϺ}˜– Pk
Ѩ. zQÆ∞~°∞É’}˜ x#∞flKÕ~° ~°=∞‡<≥~° K≥Å∞=Ù_» (z)
J. aQÆ∞"ÕÅ*ËÃã^Œ=ÙQÆOcè~°NHõ$+¨‚~å*ËO„^Œ (z)
K«. "≥∂qÜ«∂#~å~°^•x (z)
Ѩ. QÍ=∂áê † áê † – Ѩ=∞Ѩ^èŒ Ñ¨=∞–QÆ=∞áê=∞–QÆ Ñ¨=∞QÆi– QÆQÆii
zQÆ∞~°∞ † . † É’ . . . . . – . . }˜. – x . . . #∞– KÕ. . .
™ê– ã¨x^è• – xã¨iã¨s , – QÆѨ=∞ QÍ – † † – xx ^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÍѨ=∞i
. – ~°. . – ~°O. . . ,– =∞<≥. ~å – † † – K≥. Å∞ . . – =Ù. _».
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 145
J. ã¨x^Œ^èŒÑ¨=∞– Ѩx^è•Ñ¨–QÆѨ=∞QÆi QÆ=∞Ѩ^•è Ѩ=∞Ѩ x^è–Œ ã¨x™ê †
a. QÆ∞. . . – "Õ. – Å . . . . *Ë . . Ãã. ^Œ. =Ù. . – . . QÆO †
^è•, ã¨xã¨QÆi– =∞QÆi㨖 x^èŒx㨖 ^èŒQÆQÆi™ê– ^èŒx x^èŒáê– ^èŒ=∞QÆi
cè, ~°. . . N. – Hõ$...– +¨‚....– ~å. . . . . *ËO . . . – „^Œ. . . .
QÍ=∞áê=∞–QÆ^èŒáê=∞– ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆi ™ê, QÆ– i=∞QÍ ^茖QÆѨ=∞QÍ– iã¨
"ÕQÆÖË~°– q@~åÜ«∞– QÆi`« WÅ h, QÆ– i=∞ÔH· #– kQÆ^Œ~å– ã¨~°
h, ã¨sã¨QÆi–Ѩ=∞^è•Ñ¨=∞QÆi– QÍ,– áê=∞QÆi QÆ=∞–QÆ^èŒáê – †
™ê, „ˆQâ◊. Jk– =∞~°∞ÉÏiH˜Éˇ^Œ– Ô~, – *ÏQÆ∞WHõ =Å–^Œ∞~°=∂– †
x^èŒÑ¨=∂QÆ– áê=∞x^è•Ñ¨=∞–QÆ=∞ x^èŒÑ¨–=∂Ѩ^èŒx =∞Ѩ^èŒx™ê, ã¨
ã¨~°ã≤*ÏHõΔ– x ò <≥^ŒÃÑ·Q˘x– |Å∞ ã¨~°ã¨–=∂_»x#∞ aÅK≥#∞~å, ~°
xxã¨s– QÍi– =∞QÆiã¨x^èŒx㨠^èŒã¨x^è•– =∞^è• QÆ^è•Ñ¨=∂QÆi
=~°^ŒN– Kå=∞– Éèí∂Ѩ=~°`«#Ü«∞. #~°=~å– ^èŒ~å ѨÙ~°O^Œ~å JÅ (z)
K«. ™ê † † – ã¨x^èŒÑ¨– =∂ † ™ê áê, – † † xx ^èŒÑ¨– ^蕆 h
"≥∂ † † – q . . . – Ü«∂† # ~å, – † † – ~°. . . – ^•† x

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 146

1. ™ê † † – s † † † – ™ê † † † =∂ † – ^è• † x
㨠† † – i † † † –QÆ † † † =∂ † – ^•† x ("≥∂)
2. h, ã¨i™êx– ^è•x– =∂^è•x h– QÆi=∞– ã¨i 㨖 =∂QÆ=∂=∞x
h, ã¨i™êx–^è•x– =∂^è•x h, – QÆi=∞–ã¨i 㨖=∂QÆ=∞=∞x ("≥∂)
3. ^è•x– ^èŒx^èŒ=∞QÆ–^èŒ=∂QÆix–ã¨i ™êi–ã¨iQÆ–^èŒx ã¨iQÆ–xã¨iQÆ=∞
^•x–Hõ#∞QÆ=Å∞–ѨÙ~åO`«‰õΩx–ѨQÆ ^è•i–â◊~°=Ú–Å#∞ #QÆ∞~°–Ñ≤~°∞^Œ∞ʼnõΩ
^è•xã¨iQÆ–xQÆi–=∞QÆix^èŒQÆi ^è•ix^èŒ=∞–^èŒ=∞ QÆix–iQÆ=∞^èŒx
^•xHõK«‰õΩ–K«=ÚÅ–‰õΩ#∞ã¨=∞=ÚQÆÅ ^•=∞QÆ∞=x–K«`«∞ ~°`«#∞–##=Öˇ# ("≥∂)
4. ™ê, ™ê – ã¨x^èŒÑ¨=∞–QÍiã¨i ™ê – , , –x㨠QÆi–Ѩ=∞^èŒÑ¨–=∞x
~å, ~å , – iã≤.HÍaú– ™È=∞"≥# ~å – , , – ~°=∞ }˜K«– `«∞~°`«#∞– QÆ#
^蕆 –xx^èŒÑ¨=∞áꆖ =∞QÆiQÆ=∞ áê, –QÆ=∞x^èŒx áê, – xix^èŒ=∞
~å† ã¨~°ã¨=u~å, – Éèí∞qÖ’~°u ~å, – =Åz#k ~å, – K≥é‰õΩQÆ^Œ
áê , –^è•Ñ¨^èŒx™ê, – s, QÍ † – =∂– s† QÍ, i,– ™ê
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 147

~å, –h‰õΩHõ#~å, – =∂, ~å †–=∂–`å† <Õ, ~å, – ^Œ∞


^è•, h, ™ê– QÍ, iã¨x^èŒÑ¨ QÍ, =∞QÆi–QÆ=∞ áê, – =∂Ѩ^èŒx
~å, ÖË, ~°– ™ê, Ô~‰õΩ#∞aQÆ∞ "å, U.\˜– `≥QÆ∞ =, – =∂=∞QÆ∞= ("≥∂)
5. QÍQÆ=∂Ѩ–QÆx^蕖Ѩ^èŒ=∞=∞QÆi =∂QÆi–QÍi㨠sã¨x–^èŒxã¨i
áê@ÖÏ^茖ixáê–\˜OK«HõJÅ É’@∞Å– Kå._ç =∂@Å–qxã¨~°
QÍQÆѨ–siQÆ–^è•Ñ¨=∞–QÍQÆi ™êiQ͆–Ѩ=∞ ^è•Ñ¨áê=∞QÆi
™ê@Å∞–=∂x^Œ∞–~å@#–*ËÜ«Ú@ áê\˜Ü«∂†–h. ™ê\˜"Õ∞\˜H˜k
^•^è•Ñ¨=∞–Ѩx^è•,Ѩ–QÆ=∞s ^è•Ñ¨^è•Ñ¨–s QÍ=∞–iQÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒ
áê@K«Û~°∞–_»Å=∂,~°∞–_»kQÀ áê@áê@–h HÀ@–Hõ"å.@=Ú
QÍ=∞áê^è•Ñ¨–h^èŒ=∞Ѩ=∞–QÆi– QÍiáê=∞–^èŒÑ¨ x^èŒã¨x^•^è•
^•\˜Ñ¨ÓÉ’\˜–áê@∞#|_»–Hõ@– =∂\˜=∂\˜–H˜â◊ ~å@#. *ËÜ«∞
h^èŒÑ¨áê–=∞x^è•Ñ¨=∞–QÍ=∞i QÍ=∞Ѩ–^Œ^èŒÑ¨=∞ ^èŒÑ¨hã¨ã¨™ê
h@∞q∞~îå–iǨÏ$^ŒO|∞#–h~°[ áê@#–=ÚÅ∞â◊~° P\’Ѩ=Ú–KÕ
hã¨QÍi–QÆ=∞s, – QÆsã¨ã¨– ^èŒix^è•, – ã¨x ^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ=∞Ѩ^èŒx
p\˜=∂\˜–H˜K«\Ï, – Ѩ\ÏÜ«∞#– <Õ\˜H˜. ,– ã¨~° ã¨∞_»K«Å, "Õ∞\˜H˜ ("≥∂)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 148

1 *Ï=à◊√§
"≥∂ǨÏ#–Ѩu–Î K«`∞« ~°â„ ~◊ ∂° ѨH=õ Ú
Ѩ. "≥∂ǨÏ"≥∞Å¡^≥eÃã#∞QÆ^Œ~å! "≥∂ǨÏ<åOQÆ! q#~° ("≥∂)
J. ^•Ç¨Ï=O`«∞x™ê\˜ <åˆQǨÏ=Ú# Hˆ `≥Oz#h ("≥∂)
K«. =∞kÖ’=OK«#Å<ÕÜ≥∞Oz =^Œ#=Ú# =∂^èŒ∞~°º=ÚOz
ã¨∞^ŒuÃÑ· h<≥#~°∞#∞Oz ã¨^ŒÜ«Úxf~°∞ #\˜OK≥h ("≥∂)
2. Ѩ~°∞=ÙÃÑ· <åHõ~°=Ú#∞|\˜ì =∞~°∞=#x <åt~°=ÚQ˘\˜ì
ã¨~°ã¨=∂_ç ѨÓÅ∞A\˜ì `«~°∞}˜<≥Oz `«`«ÎiOK≥ h ("≥∂)
3. `åÅ=#Ö’Å ##∞fl ÖÏÅ#`À <ÕÅ∞"Õà◊
KåÅ„¿Ñ=∞`À#∞ ÖËz Ü«∂ÉÏÅ<≥ÅÉ’~Ú#h ("≥∂)
Ѩ. † Ѩ^èŒ I ™ê–™ê^è•áê II ѨQÆ^èŒÑ¨I ѨQÆ–QÆi㨖ã¨^è• II
† "≥∂.I Ǩϖ "≥∞.Å¡ II `≥. e. I Ãã. – #∞. . – QÆ^Œ II
™ê † I † † – QÆiã¨^èŒ II ã¨iQÍ I QÍ– iQÆQÆѨѨ^èŒ II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 149
~å † I † † – "≥∂. ǨÏ. II <åO. . I QÆ– q. #. ~°. II
^èŒã¨ Ѩ^èŒ I ã¨iQÍ– iã¨™ê– ã¨^èŒáê II ѨQÆ^èŒÑ¨ I ѨQÆQÆi㨖 ã¨^è• II
. . "≥∂. I ǨÏ. . – "≥∞. . – . . Å¡ II ^≥. e I Ãã. #∞. . – QÆ^Œ II
™ê † I
~å † I
J. † 㨠i I QÍ QÍ QÍ QÆ i II iQÆ– ™ê I † – ã¨ã¨^èŒÑ¨^è• II
† ^• . I Ç¨Ï =O. `«∞. II x. – ™ê I † – \˜ . . . <å II
† ã¨iI QÍ– iQÆѨQÆQÆi II iã¨i㨠I i㨖ã¨ã¨^èŒÑ¨^è• II
† ^•. I Ǩϖ =O. . `«∞ . II x . ™ê I . . –\˜. . . . <åII
† QÆ i I i㨖ã¨^Œ^èŒÑ¨–ѨQÆ II áê † I áê áê– QÆѨ^è• II
† ˆQ . I Ç¨Ï . – =Ú. #. ˆH. II `≥O † I z#– h . . II ("≥∂)
K«. † QÆ QÆ I QÍ – QÍ QÍ QÍ II QÆQÆs I QÍ– áê † áê II
† =∞k I Ö’– =O. K« II #.Å I <Õ– Ü≥∞O† z II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 150

† ѨQÆ I áê^è•áê^è• II ™ê † I ™ê ™ê † ™ê II
† =^Œ I #=Ú#=∂ II ^èŒ∞ † ~°º=ÚO† z II
'ã¨∞^ŒuÃÑ·h— <≥#~°∞Oz ã¨^ŒÜ«Úx f~°∞ #\˜OK≥h—— J#∞ Ѩšq f~°∞# áê_»=ÅÜ«Ú#∞. (Hõ_»=∞ Ô~O_»∞
K«~°}=ÚÅ#∞ D f~°∞#<Õ áê_»=Öˇ#∞.)
2. <å@‰õΩ~°Ol– Pk
Ѩ. U HÍq∞x É’kèOK≥<À ? (U)
J. Uq∞ `≥eÜ«∞x <å ™êq∞H˜Ñ¨Ù_»∞ (U)
K«. áê@Å^•iÜÕ∞ áê@∞##∞#fl <å=∂@ ÖˇÑ¨Ù_»∞ [=^•@x"åx (ˆH)
2. `ÀÜ«∞[=Úv! xÉÏÜ«∞QÆÅ<åÜ«∞x ˆ~~Ú|QÆÅ∞ <≥_»ÉÏÜ«∞x"åx (ˆH)
3. =ÚO^Œ∞ #<Õfle Ü«∂#O^Œ=Ú *ˇOk# ã¨∞O^Œ~°∞_ÒÉÏÅK«O„^Œ<å™êq∞(ˆH)
Ѩ. † † † ã¨xi™ê–ã¨x^茖xѨ I † – Ѩx™êh I ™ê† † † II
† † † † U. HÍ.– q∞. . –x. I † †– É’kèOK≥ I <À† † † II
㨠x ^èŒ Ñ¨ ^èŒ x
. . . . . . (UHÍq∞x)
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 151

J. †††† x™ê–iQÍ=∂ I QÍ™ê–hx㨖I s , QÆ ™ê† – h II


†††† U . – q∞. `≥ I eÜ«∞–x<å. –I ™ê, . q∞ †– H˜ II
^èŒxã¨x^èŒ=∞ ^èŒxi™ê–ã¨x^茖x^èŒ I =∂–^èŒx™êh I ™ê † – † † II
Ѩ٠. . _»∞ . . U. HÍ. – q∞. . – x . I . – É’kèOK≥ I <À † – † † II
K«. ††††† – ã¨QÆsQÍ I iQÆ=∞Ѩ=∂QÍI QÍiQÍ– =∞QÍ II
††††† – áê@Å I ^•i. . . ÜÕ∞I áê. @∞– #. II
=∞QÆ™ê, ™ê, – ã¨iQ͆ =∂I =∞QÆ™ê– h™ê I s, QÆ – ™ê† h II
#∞. <åfl, <å. – =∂. @. † ÖˇI ѨÙ. _»∞– [= I ^•† – @ † x II
^èŒxã¨x^èŒ=∞
"å. . x. . . (ˆHHÍq∞x) (W`«~° K«~°}=ÚÅ∞ WÖÏ<Õ áê_»∞H˘#=Öˇ#∞.)
3. ™ê"Õi– Pk
Ѩ. =Ú@ì~å^Œ>Ë? "≥∂ǨÏ<åOy~À x#∞fl (=Ú)
J. =∞@∞ìq∂i <å^Œ∞Hõ~°=Ú|\˜ì D_»∞Û^Àã¨HÍi (=Ú)

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 152

K«. JO^ŒHõ`≥Î"Òh^Œ∞ á⁄O^Œ∞ *Ëã≤<Õ|Å∞–xO^ŒÅ‰õΩÖ’|_ç# ã¨∞O^Œ~åOQÆ∞_≥·# ™êq∞ (=Ú)


2. „Ñ‘uq∂~°QÍ h^Œ∞ÖË`«QÆ∞|ƒÅ<å^Œ∞– KÕ`«#∞Oz<Õ|Å∞MϺu *ˇOk#^˘~°<≥ (=Ú)
3. ~°OQÆ∞q∂~°QÍ h^Œ∞ JOQÆ~°OQÆ=Ú#– á⁄OQÆ∞K«∞~°`«∞Å "≥∞ÅOQÆ∞K«∞#fl DqÉèí∞_»∞ (=Ú)
Ѩ. † † † ™ê ™ê 㨠x ^èŒ =∞ QÆ I s , ™ê, – QÆi I 㨠^èŒè – ã¨i=∂áê II
† † † =Ú @ì ~å. . . ^Œ . I >Ë † . † – "≥∂. I ǨÏ. – <åO. y II
^è• † ^èŒÑ¨^èŒ II ™ê ™ê ã¨x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆ I s, ™ê, – QÆi I ã¨^茖 ã¨i=∂áê II
~À † x. #∞fl II =Ú@ì~å . . . . ^Œ. I >Ë , , ,– "≥∂.I ǨÏ. – <åO. y II
^è•, ^èŒÑ¨^èŒ II ã¨QÆs㨖 x^èŒÑ¨=∞QÆI s, ™ê, – QÆi I ã¨^茖 ã¨i=∂áê II
~À, x. #∞fl II =Ú. @ì. – ~å. . ^Œ. I >Ë, . , – "≥∂. I ǨÏ. – <åO. y II
^•, ^èŒ Ñ¨ ^èŒ II
~À, x. #∞fl II (=Ú@ì)
J. † † † ã¨iQÍ, – QÆ s s I ã¨x^茖 =∞Ѩ^茖 ^èŒxI ^蕆 áê^è• II
† † † =∞@∞ì, – q∂. i I <å. ^Œ∞ – Hõ~°=Ú– |I \˜ì† D_»∞ÛII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 153

=∞QÆi=∞Ѩ^èŒ
^À 㨠HÍ. . i (=Ú@ì)
K«. † † † áê^è•– áê† ^è•I Ѩ^èŒx^èŒÑ¨=∞– áêI ^è•ã¨x^•^è• II ™ê, ™êã¨
† † † „Ñ‘u– q∂, ~° I QÆ . h. ^Œ∞. – ÖË I `«QÆ∞. . |ƒ II Å, <å ^Œ∞
㨠i QÍ – QÆs™ê I ^è•, áê^茖 ^èŒxI ^è•–áê, ^è•, II s, =∞Ѩ^èŒ
KÕ. `«. – #∞Oz I <Õ, – |Å∞– MϺI u– *ˇO, k, II #, ^˘~°<≥ (=Ú@ì)
4. Y=∂ã¨∞– Pk
Ѩ. U~å? ~å~å! K≥~Ú`Õ~å! ~¸=∞~°∞ÉÏiH˜ `åà◊QÆÖË^•! (U~å)
J. =∂~°[#Hõã¨∞‰õΩ=∂~°ã¨∞O^Œ~° (U~å)
K«. =Åzx#∞fl aÅz# ##∞fl ã¨ÖÏ¡Ñ≤Oz=∞é˜Ü«Ú#∞Å¡ã≤OK«=Ù (U~å)
2. ã¨~°ã¨∞_»x KåÅHÀi<å~°I a~å###∞fl H“QÆeOK«"Õ~°? =^ŒÌH˜ (U~å)
3. Ѩ~°=∞^ŒÜ«∂Hõ~°∞_Ò N^èŒ~°‡áœ~åkèѨN"ÕOHõ>Ëâ◊ KÕ~°#∞ (U~å)
Ѩ. † † † ã¨x™ê† † – ã¨x I ™ê† † – x㨠I iQÆQÆi™ê † II
† † † U. ~å † † – ~å. I ~å † † – K≥~ÚI `Õ. . . . ~å† II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 154

xã¨^èŒh, Ѩ^è•– ^èŒx㨖 ã¨^Œ^èŒ=∂ I† –^èŒáêQÆ=∂ I =∞QÆiQÆ=∂ II ã¨x^èŒÑ¨^èŒx


D . . . . , =∞~°∞– ÉÏ. . – i. . H˜ I† `å. à◊QÆ I ÖË . . . ~å II . . . . . . . (U~å)
J. † † † † † – ã¨=∂QÆ=∂ I áê^è•h™ê I ã¨xi–ã¨x^茖h II x^èŒÑ¨^è•,
† † † † † – =∂. ~°[ I #Hõã¨∞‰õΩ . I =∂. . – ~°. . – ã¨∞O II ^Œ. . ~°, ( U~å)
K«. † † † Ѩ^èŒh, h, h I ^è•– † † – h I ã¨xi–ã¨xx^è• II Ѩ^èŒx^èŒÑ¨=∞
† † † =. Å, z. x I #∞fl– † † – aI Å . . –z. . # II #. . #∞fl. .
™ê, =∂, QÍ, =∂ I áê^è•h™êI iQÆQÆi–ã¨iiã¨II x^èŒh †
ã¨ÖÏ¡, Ñ≤O, z I =∞iÜ«Ú#∞ I ÖÏ¡. . . – ã≤O. . II K« . =Ù † (U~å)
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 155

ѨÓiHõÖϺ}˜ – q∞„â◊ÅѶ¨Ú
Ѩ. h=∂@ÖË=∂Ü«∞#∞~°? ™êq∞Ѩů~° ! (h)
J. U"Õ∞"≥∂É’kèOz#<Õfl=∂~°*Ë¿ã=Å (h)
K«. K«Hõ¯x ™êq∞=Öˇ K≥H˜¯e<˘H˜¯~°==ÚÔH¯~°hH˜KÕÛ#x @‰õΩ¯ÅKÕ™⁄H˜¯Oz# (h)
2. =∂\˜=∂\˜H˜ =∞~°∞<å@ÖÏ_»aÅ∞ÛK«∞áê\©Å∞<ÕѨOÃÑ#x`å\’@=ÚÖ’h\˜<å (h)
3. *ÏÅ=ÚKÕã≤ HõÅ¿ãe ~°`«<åÅ*Ïq∞ˆHÅ[`«Ñ¨O¿Ñ##fl `åÅ=#Ö’ÅJÅ (h)
Ѩ. áêh– Ѩ=∂ I QÆ=∂QÆs II ™ê † –, xã¨I ã¨iQÆi– QÆ=∂ II
h =∂– . @I ÖË=∂Ü«∞#∞II ~å† – , ™ê. I q∞. Ѩ. –ů~° II (h)
J. ã¨iQÍ–i㨠I x^èŒx^èŒÑ¨=∂ II QÍh^èŒ=∂I QÍ=∂iQÍ II
U. "Õ∞– . "≥ÚI É’kèO.z# II <Õfl=∂. ~° I *Ë¿ã=Å II
K«. † áêѨ=∂ I ^è•hѨ^• II † – ™ê㨙ê I sQÍi™ê II
† K«Hõ¯x I ™êq∞=Öˇ II †– K≥H˜¯eI <˘H˜¯~°= II
™êQÍi™ê I ^è•hѨ=∂ II QÍ^è•Ñ¨=∂I QÍ=∂iQÍ II
=ÚÔH¯~°hI H˜K≥Û#x II @‰õΩ¯ÅKÕI ™⁄H˜¯Oz# II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 156

J#fl=∞Ü«∞º ã¨OH©~°Î#Å∞
1. aÖÏ<£Yh`À_ç – Pk`åà◊O
Ѩ. <å~åÜ«∞}`Õ #"≥∂ #"≥∂
<å~°^Œã¨#∞fl`« #"≥∂ #"≥∂ II
K«. 1. =Ú~°Ç¨Ï~° Éèí= ǨÏ~° =Ú‰õΩO^Œ =∂^èŒ=
QÆ~°∞_» QÆ=∞# ѨOHõ[ <åÉèÏ
Ѩ~°=∞ ѨÙ~°∞+¨ Éèí= |O^èŒ q"≥∂K«#
#~°=∞$QÆ â◊s~° #"≥∂ #"≥∂ II <å~åÜ«∞}`ÕII
2. [Åkè â◊Ü«∞# ~°qK«O„^Œ qÖ’K«#
[Å~°∞Ç¨Ï Éèí=#∞`« K«~°}Ü«ÚQÍ
|e|O^èŒ# QÀѨ =^èŒ∂=Å¡Éèí
#e<À^Œ~°`Õ #"≥∂ #"≥∂II <å~åÜ«∞}`ÕII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 157

3. Pk^Õ= ã¨HõÖÏQÆ=∞ ѨÓl`«


Ü«∂^Œ=‰õΩÅ "≥∂ǨÏ#~°∂áê
"Õ^À^Œú~° N "ÕOHõ@<åÜ«∞Hõ
<å^Œ„Ñ≤Ü«∞`Õ #"≥∂#"≥∂ II <å~åÜ«∞}`ÕII
Ѩ. ã¨iQÍI iã¨ixII #™êiI =∂ – – II
<å–~åI Ü«∞}`Õ –II #"≥∂#I"≥∂ – – II
QÆѨ^ŒxI ^Œ=∞QÆiII QÆsxI ™ê –– II
<å– ~°^Œ– 㨖 #∞fl`«II #"≥∂#I "≥∂–– II <å~åÜ«∞}`ÕII
K«. ѨѨ^ŒxI ^Œ=∞QÆiII QÆsxI ã¨i=∞=∞II
=Ú~°Ç¨Ï~°I #~°Ç¨ÏéII =Ú‰õΩO^ŒI =∂–^èŒ=II
QÆѨ^Œã¨I ã¨ã¨™êII iQÆixI ™ê – – II
QÆ~°∞_»QÆI =∞#ѨOII Hõ[<å– I ÉèÏ – – II
Ѩ^Œã¨iI QÆQÆQÆQÆII sxxI ã¨i=∞=∞II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 158

Ѩ~°=∞ѨÙI ~°∞+¨Éèí=II |O^èŒqI "≥∂–K«#II


QÆQÆiiIIx^•=∞II QÆQÍiI ™ê––II
#~°=∞$QÆI â◊s~°II #"≥∂#I"≥∂– –II <å~åÜ«∞}`ÕII
™ê=∞=~åo– ~°∂ѨHõ=∞
2Ѩ. U=∞x q#flqOKÕ=Ú ~Ú>Ëì Hõ#∞Q˘#=Ü«∂º
"≥∂=Ú# *Ë`«∞ÅÖ’# "≥Ú‰õΩ¯Å∞#flqII
K«.1. <≥Å`«=∞#ã¨∞Ö’# xO_»∞=ÅѨÙÅ∞#flq
ÃãÅq#=ÙfiÅÖ’# ã≤QÆ∞æÅ∞#flq
`«e~°∞"≥∂qg∞^Œ `«ifѨÙÅ∞#flq
HõÅ∞= Hõ#∞flÅÖ’# HÍOHõΔÅ∞#flq IIU=∞xII
2. JOQÆ# =∂@ÅÖ’# x_çÜ«∂ã¨Å∞#flq
~°OQÆQÆ∞K«#∞flÅÃÑ· Hõ~°QÆ∞Å∞#flq
JOQÆѨٿã=ÅÖ’ „aÜ«∞=Ú ÖˇÖÏ¡#∞#flq
ã≤OQÍ~°OѨ٠Q˘Ñ¨Êg∞^Œ ¿ã#Å∞#flq IIU=∞xII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 159

3. HõÑ≤ÊÜ«∞Å"Õ∞Å∞=∞OQÆ H“y@ h"Õ∞#∞#flk


zÑ≤ÊÅ *ˇ‰õΩ¯Åg∞^Œ zǨÏflÅ∞#flq
~ÚѨC_≥ N "ÕOHõ>Ëâ◊ ~Ú^ŒÌ~°∞#∞ QÆ∂_çui
<≥ѨC# hÔH"ÕÅ h =ÙOQÆ~° =Ú#flk II U=∞xII
Ѩ. áê^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞II Ѩ=∞QÍQÆis™êII
U=∞x q#flII qO– – KÕ––=ÚII
ã¨iiã¨ã¨xã¨iII =∞=∞áê^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞II
W– >Ëì– – – Hõ#∞IIQ˘#=Ü«∂º–––II
Ѩ^Œã¨ã¨hII ^ŒÑ¨^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞áêII
"≥∂– =Ú#KÕII`«∞ÅÖ’–––<åII
Ѩ^ŒÑ¨=∞=∞=∞QÆQÆII QÆis™ê– i=∂II
"≥Ú––‰õΩ¯Å∞––#flIIq – – – – – II U=∞xII
K«. i=∞ѨѨ^Œ^ŒII ^ŒÑ¨áêѨ=∞QÍiã¨II ã¨x^ŒÑ¨^Œ™êiII =∂. . . . . . II
<≥Å`«=∞#ã¨∞IIÖ’. . #. xO_»∞. II =. Å. ѨÙÅ∞#flII q. . . . . . II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 160


ã¨i=∂áêII ^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞áê. ^Œ™êII ã¨xѨ^Œ^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞Ѩ^ŒII áê. . . . . . II
ÃãÅq#II =Ùfi. Å. Ö’. . . . # II ã≤. . .QÆ∞æÅ∞. .. #fl. II q. . . . . . II
Ѩ^Œã¨ã¨i=∞=∞II =∞QÆQÍiã¨II ã¨xѨ^Œ^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞Ѩ^ŒII ™ê. . . . . . . II
`«e~°∞"≥∂ . . . qII g∞. ^Œ`«iII f. . ѨÙÅ∞. . . . #flII q. . . . . .II
ã¨iQÍQÆisII ã¨x^ŒÑ¨^•II ^ŒÑ¨=∞=∞Ѩ=∞QÆQÆII QÆisã¨iã¨i=∂II
HõÅ∞"åHõ. . II #∞flÅÖ’. <åII HÍO. . HõΔÅ∞. . . #flII q. .. . . .II U=∞xII
3. Éèí∂áêà◊O– Pk
Ѩ. Éè’y â◊Ü«∞#=Ú# |∞㨠H˘>ˇì_çx
Ü≥∂QÆ x„^ŒáêÜ«Ú#∞ "Õ∞ÖÁ¯#"ÕII
K«. Hõ#∞flÅ∞ ^≥é=Hõ Hõ=∞Å ÉÏO^èŒ=Ù_»∞
"≥<≥flÅ ˆ~_»∞#∞ "≥ÅÜ«∞i^Õ
J#∞fl= =∞Å¿ã #~°∞}À^ŒÜ«∞ q∞^Õ
q∞#flHõ hq@∞ "Õ∞Å∞H˘#"Õ I Éè’yII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 161
2. `≥Å¡x Hõ#∞flÅ∞ ^≥~°=Hõ qiÜ«∞QÆ
<˘Å¡Hõ [Å[=Ú Å∞#flq"Õ
HõÅ¡x^Œ∞~°x#∞ QÆqÜ«∞QÆ xÜ«∞ºHõ
"≥∞Å¡ <åÜ«∞ x@∞ "Õ∞Å∞H˘#"Õ II Éè’yII
3. `≥~°=QÆ∞ Ô~ѨÊÅ ^≥Å¡ "åé=Öˇ
`≥é=Hõ pHõ\˜ n~°k^Õ
`≥éQÆ∞ "ÕOHõ\ÏkèѨ<Õ"≥é∞QÆ∞^Œ∞
"≥∞é∞QÆ∞Å∞ K«Å∞¡K«∞ "Õ∞Å∞H˘#"Õ II Éè’yII
Ѩ. ™êiQÆQÆiiã¨I ã¨^Œ^Œ^ŒI ã¨ã¨™êII
Éè’yâ◊Ü«∞#=Ú#I |∞ã¨H˘.I >ˇì_çhII
ã¨iQÆѨѨѨ^•I ^Œ. ^ŒáêI QÆiQÍII
Ü≥∂.QÆx.„^ŒáêIÜ«Ú#∞"Õ∞I– ÖÁ¯#"ÕII Éè’yII
K«. ѨѨ^Œ ^Œ^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨QÆI QÆѨѨѨI ^Œ^Œ^Œ^ŒII
Hõ. #∞flÅ^≥é=HõI Hõ=∞ÅÉÏOI ^èŒ=Ù_»∞II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 162

QÆѨѨ^Œ^Œã¨^Œ^ŒI ѨQÆѨ^ŒI áê. . . II


"≥. <≥flň~. _»∞#∞I "≥ÅÜ«∞iI ^Õ. . . . II
áê^Œ^Œã¨ã¨iiI ã¨ã¨iiI QÆQÆiiII
J#∞fl==∞Å¿ã. I #~°∞}À. I^ŒÜ«∞q∞^ÕII
ã¨ã¨iiã¨ã¨^Œ^ŒI ѨQÆѨѨI ^•. . . II
áêQÍiQÆiiI ™êsI QÍ. . . . II sã¨ã¨^•sI ™ê. . . I . . . . . II Éè’yII
. . . . . . . I "Õ∞ÖÁ¯#I "Õ. . . . I "Õ∞ÖÁ¯#"Õ. I . . . . . I . . . . . II
4. ^èŒ<åºã≤– Pk
Ѩ. ã¨O^Œ_ç q_»∞=Ù=Ú ™êã¨=ÚMÏ
=∞O^Œ~° ^èŒ~°∞#‰õΩ =∞[˚#"ÕàÏII
K«. 1. J=∞~åkèÑÙ¨ e_»∞ _®ÅѨ@=ì ÚÅ
Hõ=∞Å[ Ѩ@∞ì=Ú HÍàÏOl
[=∞oKå=∞~°Å∞ K«O„^Œ∞_» ã¨∂~°∞º_»
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 163
J=∞~°x_»∞_»∞ Ѩ~°=∂`«∞‡#‰õΩ II ã¨O^Œ_çII
2. J}˜=∂k ã≤~°∞Å #ÅÔ~_»∞ âı+¨μ_»
=∞}˜áê^Œ∞Hõ e_»∞=∞u K≥ÖQÍ
„Ѩ}uOѨ٠Hõkã≤ ÉèÏ~°u ~°=∞}
QÆ∞}ÏkèѨ٠=∞~°∞QÆ~°∞ |Å∞=∞~°∞#∞ II ã¨O^Œ_çII
3. "Õ^ŒÑ¶¨∞’+¨}=Ú q_»∞=Hõ ¿ãÜ«Ú_»∞
Pk=Ú#∞Å∞ x`åºkè‰õΩÅ∞
N^Õ=Ù_»QÆ∞ N "ÕOHõ@Ѩu
P^Œ~°=Ú# ã≤~°∞ÅOn"å_Õ II ã¨O^Œ_çII
Ѩ. QÍ=∞=∞Ѩã¨xxI ™êixI ™ê. . II
ã¨O^Œ_ç q_»∞=Ù=ÚI ™êã¨=ÚI MÏ. . II
hã¨ã¨iã¨ã¨xI ^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞I QÆi™êII
=∞O^Œ~°^èŒ~°∞#‰õΩI =∞.[˚#I "Õ. àÏII IIã¨O^Œ_çII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 164


K«. Ѩx™êã¨ã¨iã¨I hã¨xI ^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞II
J=∞~åkèѨÙe_»∞I _®ÅѨI . @ì=ÚÅII
Ѩxã¨ã¨™êiã¨I x^ŒÑ¨xI ™ê. . . .. II
Hõ=∞Å[Ѩ@∞ì=ÚI HÍ. oO.I l. . . . II
Ѩxã¨ã¨=∞QÆiQÆI ã¨QÆiã¨I ixã¨ã¨II
[=∞oKå. =∞~°Å∞I K«O.„^Œ∞_»∞I ã¨∂.~°∞º_»∞II
Ѩxã¨xã¨xã¨x^ŒÑ¨I Ѩ=∞QÆiI ™ê™êII
J=∞~°x_»∞. _»∞. Ѩ~°I =∂. `«∞‡#I‰õΩ#∞II ã¨O^Œ_çII
5. PÇ≤Ïi– ~°∂ѨHõO
Ѩ. áê~°‰õΩ g∞"À =∞#™ê ѨO`«=Ú q_»∞=‰õΩ g∞ =∞#™ê
áêi# h"Õ |_»QÆÜ≥∞º^Œ=Ù KÕ~°∞=<å_Õ K≥ѨÊ<≥ =∞#™êII
K«. 1. zOuOK«‰õΩ g∞ t=Ùx"≥·iKÕ z‰õΩ¯=_»‰õΩ g∞"À =∞#™ê
HõO`«∞ "å~°Hõ=Ú =Ü«∞ã¨∞ „ÉÏÜ«∞=ÚÅ∞ HÍ=\˜‰õΩO_»Å∞ "À =∞#™ê
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 165
Ü≥∞O`À "Õ∞Å∂w_ÕHÍÅ=Ú ZѨC_»∞ #∞O_»^Œ∞ "À =∞#™ê
ã¨O`«iOK«∞HÀ "åxx =∞#ã¨∞# ã¨O`À+¨=ÚQÍ "À =∞#™êII áê~°‰õΩg∞II
2. ZxflHõÖË `«ÅáÈÜ«∞‰õΩg∞ ÜÕ∞=∞~°‰õΩO_»∞q∞ "À =∞#™ê
Hõ#fl q#fl "åiÖ’ <≥ѨC_»∂ H͉õΩѨ_»‰õΩg∞ "À =∞#™ê
ѨÙ#fl=∞ =∂ã¨Å∞ ѨÙ_»q∞Ö’ |^Œ∞‰õΩÅ∞ áÈ~Ú=KÕÛq "À =∞#™ê
q∞<Àfl <ÕÅx =∞#fl k#=ÚÖ’ g∞^Œ∞ K«∂_»‰õΩq∞ "À =∞#™ê II áê~°‰õΩg∞II
3. Hõ#∞flÅã¨OQÍ`«=Ú "ÕÜ«∞‰õΩg∞ Hõà◊=oOK«‰õΩq∞ "À =∞#™ê
=<≥flÅ =∂@Å K≥=ÙÅ |@ìHõ "åã≤ q_»∞=‰õΩ q∞ "À =∞#™ê
=Úxfl\˜ã¨∞~°Å∞ „|Ǩ‡^Œ∞ÖÔH·##∞ =ÚH˜Î ™ê^èŒ#=Ú "À =∞#™ê
"≥#∞flx "ÕOHõ@yiѨu ^ŒÅK«∞=Ú "Õ™ê~°‰õΩg∞ "À =∞#™ê II áê~°‰õΩg∞II
Ѩ. áê^Œx™êII ã¨x^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞II =∞QÆ=∞Ѩ^ŒxII
áê~°‰õΩg∞II F =∞#™ê. II ѨO. `«=Ú q_»∞II
^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞QÆã¨II ix™ê. . II ã¨QÆ=∞=∞=∞QÆII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 166


=‰õΩg∞. . . II =∞#™ê. . II áê. i#h. II
QÆ=∞ѨѨáêII ^Œx^ŒÑ¨áêII x^Œxx™êII iã¨ã¨xxѨII ^ŒÑ¨áê. . II
"Õ. Ѩ_»QÆII Ü≥∞º^ŒÑ¨Ù. II KÕ. ~°∞=<åII_Õ. K≥. ѨÊ<≥II =∞#™ê. . . II áê~°‰õΩg∞II
K«. =∂=∂ =∞=∞II =∞QÆ=∞QÆã¨iII ™êx™ê.II
zOuOK«‰õΩII g∞. . t=ÙxII "≥·iKÕ. II
™ê=∞=∞QÆ=∞II áê^Œx^ŒÑ¨II áê. . . . . II
z‰õΩ¯Ñ¨_»‰õΩII F =∞#™ê. II . . . . . . .II
^Œx㨙ê㨠II ã¨ã¨iã¨ã¨xII ^Œxã¨ã¨ã¨xII
HõO.`«∞"å~°II Hõ=Ú=Ü«∞ã¨∞.II „ÉÏ.Ü«∞=ÚÅ∞.II
ã¨=∞QÆã¨iã¨II ã¨x^Œxã¨ã¨II ™ê . . . . . II
HÍ. =_ç‰õΩO.II_»∞Å∞ F. =∞#II ™ê. . . . . . II
™êi™êxII x^Œx^ŒÑ¨=∞II Ѩ^Œx™êã¨II
ZO`«"Õ∞Å∞II w._Õ. HÍ. II Å. . =Ú. II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 167

hx^Œ^ŒxII ã¨iã¨x^ŒÑ¨II áê. . . . . II


Ü≥∞ѨC_»∞#∞O.II _»∞^Œ∞F. =∞#II ™ê. . . . . II
Ѩ^Œx™êã¨II ã¨x^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞II QÆ=∞ѨѨ^ŒxII
ã¨O.`«iOK«∞IIHÀ. "å. xxII =∞#ã¨∞#ã¨O. II
^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨=∞QÆ=∞II QÆã¨iã¨QÆ=∞II áê. . . . . . . II
`À. +¨=ÚQÍ. II F. . . . . =∞# II ™ê. . . . . II áê~°‰õΩg∞II
6. ™ê=∞O`«=Ú– u„â◊ UHõ
Ѩ. WO^ŒiH˜ #ÉèíÜ«∞O|∞eK«∞Û*Ë~Ú
HõO^Œ∞=QÆ∞ =∞Oz |OQÍ~°∞ KÕ~Ú
K«. 1. "≥ÅÖËx "Õ^Œ=ÚÅ∞ "≥^ŒH˜ `≥zÛ# KÕ~Ú
zÅ∞‰õΩ QÆ∞|ƒeH˜O^Œ *Ë~°∞Û KÕ~Ú
HõeH˜Ü«∞QÆ∞ Éèí∂HÍO`« Q“QÆeOz# KÕ~Ú
=Å<≥·# H˘#QÀà◊§ "å_ç KÕ~Ú II WO^ŒiH˜II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 168


2. `«x"ÀHõ |eKÕ`« ^•#=∞_çy# KÕ~Ú
X#~°OQÆ Éèí∂^•# "≥Úã¨QÆ∞ KÕ~Ú
"≥Ú#ã≤ [Åxkè Ü«∞=Ú‡ "≥Ú#‰õΩ ^≥zÛ# KÕ~Ú
Ü≥∞#Ü«∞ <åˆQÅ∞ ^èŒi~ÚOK«∞ KÕ~Ú II WO^ŒiH˜II
3. ѨÙ~°ã¨`«∞Å =∂#=ÚÅ∞ á⁄Å¡¿ãã≤# KÕ~Ú
`«∞~°QÆO|∞ |~°ÃÑ_ç ^˘_»¤ KÕ~Ú
u~°∞"ÕOHõ\ÏK«ÖÏnèâ◊√_≥· "≥∂HõΔO|∞
`≥~°∞=Ù„áê}∞Å ÔHÅ¡ ^≥eÃÑ_ç KÕ~Ú II WO^ŒiH˜II
Ѩ. =∞QÆ=∞ѨáêI Ѩxã¨ã¨ã¨xII ™êiiQÍII QÆ™ê™ê. II
~ÚO.^ŒiH˜I #ÉèíÜ«∞O. |∞II eK«∞ÛKÕ. II ~Ú. . . .II
x^Œxã¨ã¨xI áê^Œáê=∞II QÍii™êII ™ê. . . . .II
HõO.^Œ∞=QÆ∞.I =∞Oz|O.II QÍ~°∞KÕ. II ~Ú. . . . II ~ÚO^ŒiH˜II
K«. =∞QÆ=∞=∞áêI Ѩ=∞QÆQÆQÆQÆ II QÆiQÆQÆ=∞QÆI QÆiã¨ã¨™êII
"≥ÅÖË. xI "Õ. ^Œ=ÚÅ∞. II "≥^ŒH˜. `≥. I zÛ# KÕ. ~ÚII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 169

=∞QÆ=∞=∞áêI ѨѨѨѨѨ=∞II áêã¨ã¨hI ™ê. . . . II


zÅ∞‰õΩ. QÆ∞I |$Å„H˜O.^Œ.II *Ë~°∞Û. KÕI ~Ú. . . . . II
ã¨xã¨ã¨sI QÍã¨ã¨™êII ã¨xã¨ã¨sI QÆQÆQÆ㨙êII
HõqH˜Ü«∞QÆ∞I Éèí∂HÍO.`«II H“.yeO.I z#KÕ.~ÚII
^Œxã¨ã¨ã¨xI Ѩ^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨Ñ¨=∞II QÆ=∞QÆQÆQÆiI ™ê. . . . . . II
=Å<≥·.#.I H˘#QÀ.à◊§. II "å. _ç. KÕ. I ~Ú. . . . . . II ~ÚO^ŒiH˜II

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JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 170

nH˜Δ`«∞Å"åi Hõ$u
1. ǨÏOã¨^èŒfix– Pk`åà◊O
Ѩ. QÍ, –I siã¨x– Ѩs–x– s– ã¨xã¨iII
"å,–`åÑ≤QÆ}– ѨuO–Éèí– *Ë– ǨÏOOOII
QÍѨ–QÍiã¨x–Ѩs– x– s– ã¨xã¨iII
"åJ– `åÑ≤QÆ}– ѨuO–Éèí–*˖ǨÏOOOII
QÍѨQÆQÍѨQÆQÍ, , – sQÆisQÆis,, – ã¨x– Ѩs– x– s– ã¨xã¨iII
"å JJ PJJP, , – `å JJPJJÑ≤, , – QÆ}– ѨuO–Éèí– *Ë– ǨÏOOOII
QÆѨQÆQÆs– iQÆii™ê– ã¨xã¨x–Ѩh–x–s–ã¨xã¨iII
=JJJP– `«JJJÑ≤–QÆJ}J–ѨuO–Éèí–*˖ǨÏOOOII
QÍã¨iQÆѨsi– ã¨iã¨x–Ѩs–x–s–ã¨xã¨iII
"åJJJJ`åÑ≤– QÆJJJ–ѨuO–Éèí–*˖ǨÏOOOII
QÆѨx–ѨQÆi–ã¨ã¨ix–Ѩs–x–s–ã¨xã¨iII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 171
=JJ–`«JÑ≤–QÆJ}J–ѨuO–Éèí–*˖ǨÏOOOII
QÆѨxã¨s–ã¨xѨQÆi–ã¨iã¨x–Ѩs–x–sã¨xã¨iII
=JJJP– `«JJJÑ≤–QÆJ}J–ѨuO–Éèí–*ËǨÏOOOII
s, – ã¨xѨQÆs–ã¨iã¨x–Ѩs–x–s–ã¨xã¨iII
"å,– `« JJJÑ≤– QÆJ}J– ѨuO–Éèí–*˖ǨÏOOOII
,sQÆ–áêh– xáê–QÆѨ–s–ã¨xã¨iIIQÍII
, "å~°–}Ï㨺O– =~å– „ѨJ– ^ŒO–„tWWWII"åII
áê, QÍi™ê– iã¨x㨖 iQÆáê–
Éèí∂,`åkã¨O– ÃãZq`«– K«~°}O–
hã¨sã¨h– ѨáêQÆ– sQÆѨs–
Éèí∂`«Éè∫uHÍ– „ѨѨOK«– Éèí~°J}O–
™êQÆ–sxáê–QÆi㨖hi™ê–sx–áêxQÍ–áêi–hQÆs IIQÍII
g`«– ~åy}˜O– q#∞`«–Ü≥∂y}O– qâ◊fi– HÍ~°}O– qѶ¨∞fl– "å~°}O II "åII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 172

iQÍsx™ê– xѨix–QÆs, –
ѨÙ~å‰õΩOÉèíã¨O–Éèí==Úx– =~å,–
QÆáêQÆs–x㨖x㨖s–QÆã¨s–
„ѨѨÓl`«O–„uH˘–X}–=∞–^茺QÆ`«O–
Ѩsi–QÆi™ê–xáê–QÆ–s,,–
=Ú~åi– „Ѩ=ÚMÏ–^Œ∞ºáê–ã≤–`«O, , –
QÍáê–QÍs–™êx㨖x–i™ê–
=¸ÖÏ–^è•~å– ˆHΔ„`«J–J– ã≤÷`«O–
Ѩã¨x㨖 sQÍ–i–áêQÆ– , xáê–
Ѩ~°Ji– K«`åfi–i–"åQÆ– , `«‡HõO–
Ѩã¨ã¨xh–ѨhѨ– , si– ã¨x™ê–
„Ѩ}=JP–ã¨fi~°∂Ѩ–, =„Hõ–`«∞O_»O–
ã¨sQÆs–x㨖i–áêx–™êh–
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 173

x~°O`«~°O– x@– Å– K«O„^Œ– YO_»O–


Ѩã≤áê–QÆiã¨x–ѨQÍi– ã¨i™ê II
x["å–=∞Hõ~°q– ^èŒ$`Õ‰õΔΩ– ^ŒO_»OII
ѨQÍi㨖hѨ– sã¨x– ™ês– ѨQÆѨQÆ– háê– xã¨s– ã¨x™ê–
Hõ~åO|∞[–áêâ◊– c[Ǩϖ ѨÓ~°O– HõÅ∞+¨q– ^Œ∂~°O– Éèí∞ L`å– HõJ~°O–
ã¨QÍi– ã¨iã¨x– áêxã¨ss– ™ê™êixáê– QÆiã¨x– Ѩxã¨i IIQÍII
J<åk– QÆ∞~°∞QÆ∞Ǩϖ `À+≤`«aO|O– ǨÏOã¨^èŒfixÉèí∂–+≤`«ÃÇÏZ– ~°O|O II "åII

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JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 174

É∫o – „uѨÙ@ ˆHΔ„`«Ü«∞º Ѩ^Œ=ÚÅ∞


Ѩ. HÀ_ç ‰õÄÃã #Ü«∞ºÜ≥∂º <å – QÆ∞O_≥ ~°≠Å∞¡~°≠Å∞¡=∞<Õ≥ #=∂‡II
J. KÕ_≥~À <å™êq∞=^ŒÌKÕi– <Õ<Õ=∂\Ï_»∞#O`«Ö’ IIHÀ_çII
K«. K≥Å∞=Ùx ÔH^Œ∞ˆ~y– K≥ÅyOz `À_ç`≥zÛ
HõÅѨ=Ú"≥∞ÿxO_»– JÅk Hõã¨∞Îi <å=∞=Úɡ\˜ì
HõÅ∞=ˆ~x`À– HõÅǨÏ=Ú =Úy~ÚOz
K«Å∞= K«Ñ¨Ê~°=ÚÖ’– ã¨~°ã¨=∂_Õ@O`«Ö’ IIHÀ_çII
2. q~°∞Å∞ tYxO_» A\˜ì– qO`«QÍ ™⁄=Ú‡Å∞ɡ\˜ì
|∞~°∞ã¨∞~°∞=∂Å∞A\˜ì– á⁄O^Œ∞QÍ `«∞~å~ÚK≥H˜¯
ã¨~°ã¨∞x "≥∂qEz– ™êÔ~ ™êÔ~‰õΩ =Ú^Œ∞Ìɡ\˜ì
QÆ∞~°∞ ‰õΩK«=ÚÅ`À ~˘=Ú‡– QÆ∞q∞‡ÃÑ·H˘<Õ@O`«Ö’ IIHÀ_çII
3. „"≥ÚH˜¯ "Õ_çH˘x Ü≥∞O`À– "≥∂ǨÏ=Ú# =Ú^Œ∞Ìɡ\˜ì
JHõ¯~À ã≤yæO`«ÖËHõ– P"Õà◊ hq=^ŒeOz
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 175
=∞‰õΩ¯= g∞~° =∞^Œ#– =∞O. . . . . . xÅ∞¡ *ËiÛ
K«Hõ¯x =Ú=fiQÀáêÅ– ™êq∞`À HõÅ¿ã@O`«Ö’ IIHÀ_çII
Ѩ. . . ™ê 㨠i I QÍ. . . I áê.. I . . áê. . I Ѩ^Œ^ŒÑ¨Ñ¨QÆI Ѩ QÆ^ŒÑ¨II
. . HÀ. . I _ç. . I ‰õÄ..I ¿ã... I #. . . . I Ü«∞º. . . . . II
^•. . . . . . I áê. . . . II QÆѨ^Œ™êI ã¨xxѨI ^•.. . II
Ü≥∂º. . . . I . . . II <å. . . .I QÆ∞O. . . I _≥. . . .II
^•. . QÆQÆI áê. ^ŒxI ^•áêI áêQÆQÆ^ŒÑ¨I ѨѨQÆiI ™ê. . II
. . . . ~°≠Å∞¡I ~°≠. . . . I .Å∞ I =∞.<Õ. .I #. . . I =∂‡. . II
J. . . . . . ѨQÆI ^ŒÑ¨^ŒÑ¨I ^•. . II ™ê. iQÍѨQÆI QÆisI ™ê. . .II
. . . . . KÕ.I _Õ. . . I ~À...II <å. . . . .I ™ê. . . .I q∞. . . II
. . . . . . sI ™ê™êiQÆI i㨙êII ã¨x^•. . I áê^ŒQÆI áê. . . II
. . . . =I ^ŒÌ. . . . I . . . .*Ë II i. . . . . I <Õ. . . . . I <Õ. . .II
. . . . . .QÍI áê.^ŒxI ^•áêII áêQÆQÆ^ŒÑ¨I QÆQÆѨQÆiI™ê.. II
. . . . =∂I \Ï. . . . I _»∞. . .II #O.. . . . I `«. . . .I Ö’. . . IIHÀ_çII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 176


K«. . . . . QÆQÆI áê. . I áê. . II áê^Œ^ŒáêI ^•.. I ^ŒÑ¨^ŒÑ¨II
. . . . K≥Å∞I =Ù. . I x. . IIÔH. ^Œ∞. I ˆ~. . I y... II
^ŒÑ¨^ŒÑ¨QÆQÆI áêáê^ŒxI ^•áêII áêQÆQÆ^ŒÑ¨I ѨѨQÆiI ™ê. . . II
. . . . . . K≥ÅI yO. . . . I . . zII `À. _ç. . I `≥. . . I zÛ . . .II
. . . . . ã¨iI QÍ. ѨI QÆisII i㨙ê. . . I ã¨xxѨI ^è•. . . II
. . . . HõÅI Ѩ. . . I =Ú. . . II "≥∞ÿ. . . . . I xO. . . .I _». . II
™ê. . . ã¨iI QÍ. Ѩ I QÆis II s™êã¨iI ã¨i^è•. I ™ê. . . II
. . .. . JÅI k. . . I Hõ. . . II ã¨∞Îs. . I <å. . I . . . . .II
™êiQÍ. I áê. . I áê. . II áê. . ѨQÆI ^ŒÑ¨^ŒÑ¨I ^•. . II
=∞. =Ú. I ɡ. .I \˜ì. . II . . . HõÅ∞I = . . . I Å. . . II
™ê. iQÍ. ѨQÆI QÆisI ™ê. . . II ™ê. . ã¨sI QÍ. ѨI QÆisII
ˆ~. . . . . I x. . . . I `À. . . . II . . . HõÅI Ǩ. . I =Ú. . II
s™ê. . . I ã¨xxѨI ^•. . II ^•. . QÆQÆI áêѨ^ŒI ™ê. . II
=Úy. . . I ~ÚO. . . . I z. . . .II . . . K«Å∞I =. . . K«..II
ã¨x^Œ^Œx^ŒI ^•áêI Ѩ^ŒQÍII áê. .QÆQÆI áê. ^ŒxI ^•áêII
ѨÊ. . . ~°. . . I =Ú. . . I Ö’. . . II . . . . ã¨~°I ã¨. . . . I .=∂II
áêQÆQÆ^ŒÑ¨I ѨѨQÆiI ™ê. . . II
_Õ. @O. . . I `«. . . . I Ö’. . . .II HÀ_çII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 177

`åºQÆ~å[ H©~°Î#Å∞
|OQÍàÏ– Pk
Ѩ. yi~å[ ã¨∞`å`«#Ü«∞ ã¨^Ü Œ ∞« (yi)
J. ã¨∞~°<å^èŒ =ÚMÏiÛ`« áê^ŒÜ«ÚQÆ Ñ¨iáêÅÜ«∞
=∂q∞Éèí ~å[=ÚY (yi)
K«. QÆ}<å^èŒ Ñ¨~å`«Ê~° â◊OHõ~åQÆ=∞ "åixkè ~°[hHõ~°
Ѷ¨}˜~å[HõOHõ} qѶ¨∞fl x"å~°} âßOÉèí= N `åºQÆ~å[#∞`« (yi)
Ѩ. † † – † sáê=∂† –s QÍs†–™ê h™ê†– iQÆ
† † – † yi~冖[ ã¨∞`冖`« #Ü«∞†–ã¨.
=∞Ѩ=Ú† sáê=∂†–s QÍs†– ã¨i ã¨xáê†s
^Œ.Ü«∞ yi~冖[ ã¨∞`冖`«. #.Ü«∞.ã¨
sQÆ=∞áêsáê=∂†–s QÍs†–ã¨i QÆi–ã¨xáê–s
^ŒÜ«∞. . . yi~冖[ ã¨∞`冖`«. #.–Ü«∞..–ã¨

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 178


sQÆ=∞áê sáê=∂†–s QÍs†– ã¨i QÍ™ê† †
^ŒÜ«∞. . yi~冖[ ã¨∞`冖`«. #Ü«∞† †
J. † † –† áê™ês†–s ã¨iQ͆– iQÆ =∂s†–QÍ
† †– † ã¨∞~°<冖^èŒ =Ú.Mφ– iÛ. `«áꆖ^Œ
QÆi™ê† ã¨iã¨xáꆖ=∂ sáꆖã¨x áê=∂†–s
Ü«Ú.QƆѨ.iáꆖŠܫ∞=∂†–q∞. Éèí~冖[
QÍs† ã¨iã¨xáꆖ=∂ sáꆖã¨i QÆi–ã¨iã¨x–Ѩi
=ÚMφ Ѩ.i.áꆖŠܫ∞=∂†–q∞. Éèí.–~å. . . –[.
ã¨x–ѨxѨ=∞
=Ú.–Y . . . (yi)
K«. † † – † áêáêáê† áê s™ê†– ã¨i ã¨x–ѨxѨ=∞–s
† † – † QÆ}<å†^èŒ Ñ¨~冖`«Ê ~°.–â◊O. . . –.
QÍs†–™ês–QÆ=∞áê–=∂ sáꆖã¨x áê=∂†–s
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 179

Hõ~å† QÆ=∞–"å. . –i xk膖~° [h†– .


QÍs†
Hõ~†°
Ѷ}
¨ ~˜ å[ HõOHõ} qѶ∞¨ flx"å~°} âßOÉè=í N `åºQÆ~å[#∞`«.( D ™êÇ≤Ï`«º=Ú#∞ J#∞ѨÅq¡ =Öˇ áê_»∞H˘#=ÅÜ«Ú#∞.)
Ñ N J#fl=∂Kå~°∞ºÅ H©~°Î#Å∞
=ÚMÏi–Pk
Ѩ. <å<å\˜ |^Œ∞‰õΩ <å@Hõ=Ú
HÍ#Hõ Hõ#flk ÔH·=ź=Ú II<å<å\˜II
K«. ѨÙ@∞ì@Ü«Ú x[=Ú áÈ=Ù@Ü«Ú x[=Ú
#\ì#_çq∞ Ѩx <å@Hõ=Ú
Ü≥∞@ì <≥^Œ∞@QÆÅ n„ѨѨOK«=Ú
Hõ@ì QÆ_»Ñ¨\˜k ÔH·=ź=Ú II<å<å\˜II

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 180


2. ‰õΩ_çKÕ ^Œ#fl=Ú HÀHõK«∞>ˇì_çk
#_»∞=∞O„`«Ñ¨Ù Ѩx <å@Hõ=Ú
"˘_çQÆ@∞ìH˘x# =ÙÉèíÜ«∞ Hõ~°‡=ÚÅ∞
QÆ_ç^•>ˇ#ѨÙ_Õ ÔH·=ź=Ú II<å<å\˜II
3. `≥QÆ^Œ∞ áêѨ=Ú f~°^Œ∞ ѨÙ}º=Ú
#y#yHÍÅ=Ú <å@Hõ=Ú
Ü≥∞QÆ∞=<≥ N "ÕOHõ>Ëâ◊fi~°∞_ÕeHõ
QÆQÆ#=Ú g∞kk ÔH·=ź=Ú II<å<å\˜II
=ÚMÏi– Pk
Ѩ. â◊~°}∞ â◊~°}∞ ã¨∞ˆ~O„^Œã¨#∞fl`« â◊~°}∞ NѨu =Å¡ÉèÏ
â◊~°}∞ ~åHõΔã¨QÆ~°fiã¨OǨ~°
â◊~°}∞ "ÕOHõ@ <åÜ«∞HÍ IIâ◊~°}∞II
K«. Hõ=∞Å^èŒ~°∞_»∞#∞ Hõ=∞Å q∞„`«∞_»∞
Hõ=∞Åâ◊„`«∞_»∞ Ѩل`«∞_»∞
„Hõ=∞=Ú`À g∞ H˘Å∞=Ù H˜Ñ¨C_»∞
HÍz<å Ô~K«ÛiHõÜ«∂ IIâ◊~°}∞II
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 181
2. Pxq∞¿+O„^Œ∞Å∞ =Ú#∞Å∞ kHõû`«∞
Å=∞~° H˜<≥fl~° ã≤^Œ∞úÅ∞
Ѷ¨∞#`«`À~° KèåkHÍO`«Å∞
HÍz<å Ô~K«ÛiHõÜ«∂ IIâ◊~°}∞II
3. Z#flQÆÅ „ѨǨ¡^Œ=ÚY∞ºÅ∞
x#∞flQ˘Å∞=QÆ =zÛs
q#flѨ=Ú q#=Ü«∞º u~°∞Ѩu
"ÕOHõ\ÏK«Å <åÜ«∞HÍ IIâ◊~°}∞II
=∞OQÆà◊"£∞– ѨO`«∞=~åo–Pk
Ѩ. =∞~°e =∞~°e =∞OQÆà◊=Ú
á⁄ik xK«ÛÅ∞#∞ â◊√Éèí =∞OQÆà◊=Ú
K«. Hõ=∞ÖÏ ~°=∞}˜H˜ Hõ=∞ÖωõΔΩ#‰õΩ#∞
=∞=∞`«Å [Ü«∞[Ü«∞ =∞OQÆà◊=Ú

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 182


J=∞~° [#xH˜x J=∞~°=O^Œ∞º#‰õΩ
ã¨∞=ÚǨ˙~°Î=Ú`À â◊√Éèí =∞OQÆà◊=Ú II=∞~°eII
2. [Åkè Hõ#º‰õΩ#∞ [Åkè âß~ÚH˜x
=∞ÅÜ«ÚK«∞#∞ â◊√Éèí =∞OQÆà◊=Ú
Hõeq∞ HÍO`«HÍHõeH˜ qÉèí∞xH˜x
ã¨∞à◊√=ÙÅ Ü«∂~°u â◊√Éèí =∞OQÆà◊=Ú II=∞~°eII
3. z`«ÎA`«e¡H˜ N "ÕOHõ@ѨuH˜
=∞uÎe¡# [Ü«∞ =∞OQÆà◊=Ú
~Ú`«ÎÅ #`«ÎÅ x~°∞=Ùi H“y@
*Á`«∞ÎÅ ~°`«∞ʼnõΩ â◊√Éèí =∞OQÆà◊=Ú II=∞~°eII
=∞OQÆà"◊ ∞£ –™œ~åR–Pk
Ѩ. áê^èŒã¨x^èŒáê=∞^•Ñ¨=∞QÆ=∞i ,ih–™ês ,áê=∞–QÆiQÆ=∞ IIáêII
h#JJ=∞P....J~°∂LѨ=ÚʼnõΩ ,x`庖*ÏÜ«∂ ,=∞OQÆIà◊OOO IIhII
JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 183
J. Ѩ=∞^è•h™ê,iã¨i=∞QÆi㨠,㨙ê–x™ê ,h^茖x^èŒÑ¨=∞ IIáêII
Ѩ==∂P<å,ã¨∞`«∞_»∞ ѨJ@∞ìL ,Ѩ^•, J~å qO^Œ–=ÚʼnõΩL IIhII
K«. #==ÚHÍÎǨ~°=ÚÅ∞– #\˜~ÚOKÕÜ«Ú~°=Ú#‰õΩ IIhII
#o<åif~°∞ˆQ~°∞–#=Ùfi "≥∂=Ú#‰õΩ IIhII
ѨOHõ*ÏH˜Δ <≥ÅH˘#fl– JOHõÜ«ÚQÆ=Ú#‰õΩIIhII
„ѨǨ¡^Œ<å~°^•k Éèí‰õΩÎÅ∞ á⁄QÆ_»∞K«∞O_Õ IIhII
~år=#Ü«∞#`åºQÆ– ~å[q#∞`«"≥∞ÿ# IIhII
=∞OQÆà"◊ ∞£ –ã¨∞~°\–˜ q∞„âQ◊ uÆ KåѨÙ
ѨII áê, áêáêII Ѩáê–Ѩ=∞áêII Ѩ™ê–h^ä• IIѨáê–s=∂II
=∂,‰õΩÅII =Ú#– WH˜Ç¨ÏII =~°– "≥Úã¨IIy#–h‰õΩII
áê,^•x^èŒáêII, , – =∂Ѩ^èŒII áê– =∞QÆQÆiII, ,, ™ê,,II
=∞O,QÆJJà◊OII, , , â◊√ÉèíJ–=∞O,QÆJà◊OII , , ,O,,II
JII s,–=∂=∂IIáê,–h™êIIi=∂–s™êIIx^è•–xã¨sII
=∂, –‰õΩÅII „É’,–z#II=∞^Œ–#[II#Hõ–xW‰õΩII

JѨÙ~°∂Ѩ ã¨Ow`« ã¨fi~åÅ∞ 184

™ê,–x^èŒáêII,,,–=∂Ѩ^èŒIIáê,=∞QÆQÆiII,,,–™ê,,II
=∞O,–QÆJà◊OII,,,–â◊√ÉèíJII =∞O,QÆJà◊OII, , ,–O,,II
K«. =∞^ŒQÆ[–QÆ=∞#=∂–x`«ã¨^Œ∞æ–}Ïh‰õΩII =∞OQÆà◊O–â◊√Éèí–=∞OQÆà◊OII
=∞^Œ"≥∂Ǩϖ ~°Ç≤Ï`«=∞O–AÅ~°∂Ѩ–^èŒ~°h‰õΩII =∞OQÆà◊O–â◊√Éèí–=∞OQÆà◊OII
2. =∞#ã≤[–"≥·i=∂–#ã¨ã¨^Œ–<åh‰õΩII =∞OQÆà◊O–â◊√Éèí–=∞OQÆà◊OII
=∞#qx –qx=∞–"Õ∞‡Å∞H˘–#flh‰õΩII =∞OQÆà◊O–â◊√Éèí–=∞OQÆà◊OII
3. =∂=∞x–=Ú#"≥Å–H˘#flHõ$–+¨‚h‰õΩII=∞OQÆà◊O–â◊√Éèí– =∞OQÆà◊OII
=∂=∞<À–ǨÏ~°áê–e`«`庖QÆ~å[II =∞OQÆà◊O–â◊√Éèí–=∞OQÆà◊OII
D =¸_»∞ K«~°}ÏÅ∞ Ѩšq J#∞Ѩšq =Öˇ<Õ áê_»∞H˘#=ÅÜ«Ú#∞.

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