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TECHNICAL NOTE 3520A

XAXX

ABS/ESP (Electronic Stability Program)


Bosch 5.7

77 11 305 002 JUNE 2001 EDITION ANGLAISE

"The repair methods given by the manufacturer in this document are based on the All copyrights reserved by Renault.
technical specifications current when it was prepared.
Copying or translating, in part or in full, of this document or use of the service part
The methods may be modified as a result of changes introduced by the manufacturer reference numbering system is forbidden without the prior written authority of Renault.
in the production of the various component units and accessories from which his
vehicles are constructed."

© RENAULT 2001
138 HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
INTRODUCTION

The ESP (Electronic Stability Program) is a mechanism that complements the ABS system.

AFTER ANY OPERATIONS ON THE ESP SYSTEM, YOU MUST ROAD TEST THE VEHICLE TO CONFIRM
REPAIR.

DESCRIPTION

The ESP (Electronic Stability Program) is made up of the following elements:


– a brake servo assembly,
– a pump assembly made up of:
– a hydraulic pump,
– a pressure modulation unit (twelve solenoid valves),
– a computer,
– a pressure sensor.
– a steering wheel angle sensor,
– the yaw and transverse acceleration sensor,
– the four wheel sensors,
– a disconnection button.

OPERATING PRINCIPLE

The ESP (Electronic Stability Program) establishes reference conditions for the vehicle and applies corrective
braking action when these references are deviated from.

The reference conditions are continually monitored from measurements taken from the vehicle and refer to the
desired correct behaviour.

These measurements are:


– the wheel speed,
– the steering wheel angle.

These reference conditions are compared to the actual condition of the vehicle, determined by measuring:
– the yaw speed,
– the tranverse acceleration.

The ESP (Electronic Stability Program) assesses the difference between these measurements to calculate the
braking force to apply to one or more wheels according to the distribution strategy selected.

The resultant forces applied by braking generate rotation moments on the vehicle which restore it to a course
corresponding to the behaviour desired.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
When does ESP intervene?

Steering selected by the driver Where is the vehicle going?

Calculation of the driver's intention Course determined

Determine DEVIATION from COURSE

CORRECTIVE MEASURES
BRAKES AND ENGINE

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38

1 Hydraulic unit
2 Computer
3 Mechanical component-based brake servo
4 Steering wheel angle sensor
5 Yaw speed and transverse acceleration sensor
6 Vehicle speed
7 CAN network
8 Wheel sensor
9 Diagnostic socket
A CAN network on the steering wheel angle sensor

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
YAW SPEED AND TRANSVERSE ACCELERATION
SENSOR TIGHTENING TORQUES (in daNm)

Sensor mounting nut 0.8 ± 0.1

REMOVAL

Disconnect the battery.

Remove the mounting bolts (1) from the sides of the


central console.
Unclip the sides of the central console where indicated
by the arrow (2) and then remove them by pulling in the
direction shown by the arrow.

ALLOCATION OF SENSOR TRACKS

1 Yaw speed sensor reference signal


2 Yaw sensor test signal
3 +12 V after ignition supply
4 Yaw speed signal
5 Transverse acceleration signal
6 Transverse acceleration sensor and yaw speed
sensor earth

This sensor is located in the central console, in front of


the handbrake lever.
It houses both a transverse acceleration sensor and a
yaw speed sensor.

IMPORTANT:
Handle this sensor with care.
This sensor must be positioned in the direction of
movement of the vehicle to work correctly (see the
arrow on the sensor facing the front of the vehicle).

IMPORTANT: you must handle the sensor with care.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
Remove: REFITTING
– the ice box mounting bolts (3),
– the ice box. Refit the sensor, ensuring that it is facing in the right
direction (arrow 7 should be pointing towards the front
Unclip: of the vehicle).
– the gear lever gaiter (4), Torque tighten the sensor mounting nuts to
– the trim surrounding the central console storage 0.8 ± 0.1 daNm.
compartment (5).

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Refit in the reverse order to removal for the other


Disconnect the transverse acceleration and yaw speed refitting operations.
sensor.
You must road test the vehicle to confirm the
Remove: repair.
– the sensor mounting nuts (6),
– the sensor.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
STEERING WHEEL ANGLE SENSOR
TIGHTENING TORQUES (in daNm)
The ESP uses a steering wheel angle sensor to
Steering wheel bolt 4.5
measure the course selected by the driver. This signal
is interpreted as a command made by the driver. Steering column universal joint eccentric
bolt 2.5
The steering wheel angle sensor is more than a simple
Steering column intermediate shaft bolt 2.1
sensor. It should be considered as a computer in its
own right. It has two processors which, being Steering column mounting nut 2
redundant, ensure that the signal delivered on a
private CAN network is reliable.
REMOVAL

IMPORTANT: All operations on air bag and


pretensioner systems must be carried out by
qualified, trained personnel.

Before attempting any operations on the air bag


systems, you must lock the computer using the
diagnostic tools (see section 88).

Once the air bag system computer is locked,


disconnect the battery.

Remove:
– the driver's air bag,
– the steering wheel.

ALLOCATION OF SENSOR TRACKS

1 Earth
2 +12 V supply delivered by the ESP computer
3 CAN H
4 CAN L

This sensor is located on the steering column. It is


clipped to the lower section of the upper body of the
column, next to the upper universal joint.

IMPORTANT: this sensor must be calibrated after


removal or replacement.

– the three mounting bolts (1) from the lower half


cowling,
– the lower cowling,
– the fuse box cover (2).

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
Remove: Remove:
– the mounting bolts (3) from the steering column trim, – the steering column mounting nut (7),
– the steering column trim, – the metal protector mounting bolts (8),
– the mounting bolts (4) from the switch support, – the steering wheel angle sensor metal protector (9),
– the switch support, by disconnecting the connectors. – the two bolts (10) and then disconnect the tie-rod
from the sensor and remove the tie-rod.

Disconnect:
– the ignition switch connector (5),
– the steering wheel angle sensor connector (6), then
unclip the switch from its support.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
Remove: Unclip and remove the steering wheel angle sensor.
– the accelerator pedal (11),
– the accelerator stop (12).

Move the carpet aside and remove the gaiter (13) from
the intermediate shaft.

Note: the sensor has three clips. It may be necessary


to turn the steering column to reach the clips at the
back.

Remove:
– the steering column intermediate shaft bolt (14),
– the universal joint eccentric bolt (15),
– the steering column intermediate shaft.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
REFITTING IMPORTANT:

Refit the sensor, ensuring that the indexing pin (1) is Remember to lock the air bag computer using the
correctly positioned in the plastic insert on the steering diagnostic tools (see section 88).
column.
You must calibrate the sensor after any operations
Also make sure that the three clips (2) on the steering (removal or replacement) on the steering wheel
wheel angle sensor are fitted correctly to the steering angle sensor itself.
column.
You must road test the vehicle to confirm the
repair.

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Refit the other components in the reverse order to


removal.

IMPORTANT: the steering wheel splines are fitted with


foolproofing devices. The steering wheel should slip
easily into the splines. Be careful not to damage
them.

The steering wheel bolt must be replaced and


torque tightened after each removal operation.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
STEERING WHEEL ANGLE SENSOR Clear any faults that have been stored in the
CALIBRATION computer.

You must calibrate the sensor after any operations on ROAD TEST THE VEHICLE TO CONFIRM REPAIR.
the steering wheel angle sensor itself, the steering
column or the front axle.

For calibrating the steering wheel angle sensor,


you MUST place the vehicle on an axle assembly
repair bench, to determine the steering centre
point as precisely as possible.

Steering wheel angle sensor calibration:


! connect a diagnostic tool (NXR, OPTIMA 5800 or
CLIP),
! switch on the ignition,

1 Select the Renault vehicle fault finding menu.


2 Select and confirm the vehicle type.
3 Select and validate the system to be diagnosed ABS/
ABR.
4 Choose the Command mode menu.
5 Select the Parameter menu.
6 Select and confirm the line VP 003 or Steering
wheel angle sensor.
7 Use the following procedure described on the axle
assembly repair bench and the diagnostic tool:
– turn the steering wheel to the left and then to the
right, as described on the repair bench,
– position the vehicle with its wheels straight and
align the steering to centre point with the help of
the repair bench (with a tolerance on the angle of
± 5°),
– use the parameter command on the diagnostic tool
to set the sensor parameters.
8 Return to the main menu to select the List of
parameters menu.
9 Check that parameter PR 033 or Steering wheel
angle falls between -5° and +5°. If it does not, exit
fault finding mode, switch off the ignition for a few
seconds and then restart the steering wheel angle
sensor calibration procedure.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
PRESSURE SENSOR REPLACEMENT

If you replace the sensor, you must also replace the


hydraulic unit (see the hydraulic unit removal-refitting
method).

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ALLOCATION OF SENSOR TRACKS

1 Earth
2 Pressure signal
3 Stabilized supply

The pressure sensor (1) informs the computer of the


brake fluid pressure at the hydraulic unit intake.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
FRONT WHEEL SENSOR Remove the connector from the support.

Disconnect the wheel sensor connector.


TIGHTENING TORQUE (in daNm)
Remove the sensor.
Sensor mounting bolt 0.8 ± 0.2

The target/sensor air gap should be between 0.3 mm


and 1.4 mm.

REMOVAL

Remove:
– the wheel,
– the T30 sensor mounting bolt (1) (with star-shaped
indentation).

REFITTING

Coat the sensor with multi-purpose lubricant, part


number: 77 01 422 308.

Refit the sensor in the reverse order to removal.

Check the air gap over one revolution of the target with
a set of shims.

NOTE: It is vital to make sure the connectors are


perfectly connected to prevent risk of
breakdowns.

The sensor must be fitted manually. Do not knock it


during installation.

Do not use the wiring harness to lever up or take the


weight of components.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
REAR WHEEL SENSOR RIGHT-HAND SIDE

TIGHTENING TORQUE (in daNm)

Sensor mounting bolt 0.8 ± 0.2

The target/sensor air gap should be between 0.3 mm


and 1.4 mm.

REMOVAL

Remove:
– the wheel,
– the T30 sensor mounting bolt (1) (with star-shaped
indentation).

LEFT-HAND SIDE

Remove the connector from the support.

Disconnect the wheel sensor connector.

Remove the sensor.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
REFITTING

Coat the sensor with multi-purpose lubricant, part


number: 77 01 422 308.

Refit the sensor in the reverse order to removal.

Check the air gap over one revolution of the target with
a set of shims.

NOTE: It is vital to make sure the connectors are


perfectly connected to prevent risk of
breakdowns.

The sensor must be fitted manually. Do not knock it


during installation.

Do not use the wiring harness to lever up or take the


weight of components.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
HYDRAULIC UNIT

TIGHTENING TORQUE (in daNm)

Brake pipes on unit 1.4

The Bosch 5.7 hydraulic unit is made up of twelve


solenoid valves.

The computer is fitted with a more powerful processor


(it manages more parameters).

A Master cylinder (primary circuit)


B Master cylinder (secondary circuit)
C Rear left wheel output
D Rear right wheel output
E Front right wheel output
F Front left wheel output

The hydraulic unit is positioned on the front right-hand


side of the vehicle, behind the front bumper.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
REMOVAL

Put the vehicle on a two post lift.

Disconnect the battery.

Remove:
– the front wheels,
– the two wheel arch protector bolts (A),
– move the wheel arches aside carefully to make way
for the spanner and remove the side mounting bolts
on the bumper,

– the two mounting bolts (1) from the right-hand wing


reinforcing bracket,
– the right-hand wing reinforcing bracket,
– the three mounting bolts (2) from the right-hand lens
unit,
– the lens unit and disconnect it.

– the two bolts from the front section of the underbody


protection,
– the bolt in the centre of the bumper.

Remove and disconnect the fog lights, if fitted.

Remove:
– the bumper,

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
Disconnect:
– the petrol vapour absorber solenoid valve,
– the petrol vapour absorber pipes.

Remove:
– the petrol vapour absorber mounting nuts (3),
– the petrol vapour absorber.

Disconnect the ABS/ESP computer connector (5).

Remove:
Fit a pedal press to limit brake fluid flow when opening – the hydraulic unit mounting bolts (6),
the circuits. – the hydraulic unit.

Disconnect the braking pressure sensor (4).

Disconnect the hydraulic unit brake pipes.

IMPORTANT: remember to anticipate that brake fluid


will flow out; protect the mechanical parts and
bodywork around the braking system to prevent
damage.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
REFITTING

Refitting is the reverse of removal.

Proceed to the braking system bleed operation (refer


to the bleeding method).

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
ABS/ESP COMPUTER To do this:
! connect a diagnostic tool (NXR, OPTIMA 5800 or
REPLACEMENT CLIP),
! switch on the ignition,
If you replace the ABS/ESP computer, you must also
replace the entire hydraulic unit (see the hydraulic 1 Select the Renault vehicle fault finding menu.
unit removal-refitting method). 2 Select and confirm the vehicle type.
3 Select and validate the system to be diagnosed ABS/
ABR.
REFITTING 4 Select the Command mode menu.
5 Select the Parameter menu.
Refitting is the reverse of removal.
Select and confirm these lines in succession to
After refitting a new computer, you must calibrate the configure the computer:
steering wheel angle sensor and configure the vehicle
type and the vehicle's tachometric index. 1 Select and confirm the line VP 003 or Steering
wheel angle sensor and follow the procedure
described on the tool for calibrating the steering
wheel angle sensor.
2 Select and confirm the line VP 007 or Tachometric
index and follow the procedure described on the tool
for configuring the tachometric index.
3 Select and confirm the line VP 004 or Vehicle
parameter and follow the procedure described on
the tool for configuring the vehicle type.

Clear any faults that have been stored in the


computer.

ROAD TEST THE VEHICLE TO CONFIRM REPAIR.

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
ALLOCATION OF ABS/ESP (Electronic Stability Program) COMPUTER TRACKS

1 Pump earth 23 + after ignition


2 + battery (protected by a 60 A fuse) 24 Steering wheel angle sensor CAN H multiplex
5 Computer earth connection
6 + battery (protected by a 60 A fuse) 25 Pressure sensor earth
7 ABS fault warning light control 26 Pressure sensor signal
8 Transverse acceleration sensor signal 27 ESP on/off push-button
9 Yaw speed sensor test signal 28 Front left wheel speed sensor signal
10 Yaw speed sensor reference supply 29 Rear left wheel speed sensor earth
11 Fault finding line 30 Rear right wheel speed sensor earth
13 Front left wheel speed sensor earth 31 Rear right wheel speed sensor signal
14 Rear left wheel speed sensor signal 32 Brake switch signal (on closing)
15 Front right wheel speed sensor earth 33 Vehicle speed signal
16 Front right wheel speed sensor signal 37 Brake switch signal (on opening)
17 Brake fault warning light control 38 Handbrake signal
21 Transverse acceleration sensor/yaw speed 39 Transverse acceleration sensor/yaw speed
sensor and steering wheel angle sensor earth sensor and steering wheel angle sensor +12 V
22 ESP multi-function fault warning light control supply
40 Steering wheel angle sensor CAN L multiplex
connection
41 Yaw speed sensor signal
42 Pressure sensor stabilized supply

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ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
ABS/ESP Bosch 5.7 38
BLEEDING PROCEDURE

NOTE: the hydraulic unit is pre-filled.

This bleeding procedure must be used when one of the following components has been removed:
– the hydraulic unit,
– the master cylinder,
– the pipework (between the hydraulic unit and the master cylinder).

NOTE: the braking circuit with ABS must be free from faults and must operate correctly. If it does not, the ABS circuit
must be repaired from both a hydraulic and electrical point of view.

1) Bleed the braking circuit in the normal way using your foot or a bleeding kit.

NOTE: if, after a road test with ABS regulation, the pedal travel is not correct, bleed the hydraulic unit.

2) Bleeding the hydraulic unit

IMPORTANT: the bleeding order must be observed, beginning with the rear right brake, then the rear left, the
front left and finally the front right.

a) Bleed the rear right-hand brake by bleeding the hydraulic unit secondary circuit using the diagnostic tool:

– position the bleed container and the hose, open the brake bleed screw,

– pump the brake pedal (approximately ten times),

– keep the brake pedal depressed and start the bleed command with the fault finding tool (refer to the fault
finding help section),

– pump the brake pedal during the diagnostic bleed phase,

– at the end of the bleed cycle using the fault finding tool, continue to pump the brake pedal and close the
brake bleed screw.

b) Follow the procedure as described in a) for the rear left brake, the front left and the front right.

c) Check the pedal travel and if it is incorrect, restart the bleeding procedure.

IMPORTANT: ensure that there is sufficient brake fluid in the tank.

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