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25.1.3 Two-dimensional solid element library

25.1.3 Two-dimensional solid element library

Page 1 of 26

Products: Abaqus/Standard Abaqus/Explicit Abaqus/CAE

References

Solid (continuum) elements,Section 25.1.1

*SOLID SECTION

Element types

Plane strain elements

CPE3

CPE3H (S)

CPE4 (S)

CPE4H (S)

CPE4I (S)

CPE4IH (S)

CPE4R

CPE4RH (S)

CPE6 (S)

CPE6H (S)

CPE6M

CPE6MH (S)

CPE8 (S)

CPE8H

CPE8R

CPE8RH (S)

(S)

(S)

Active degrees of freedom

1, 2

3-node linear

3-node linear, hybrid with constant pressure

4-node bilinear

4-node bilinear, hybrid with constant pressure

4-node bilinear, incompatible modes

4-node bilinear, incompatible modes, hybrid with linear pressure

4-node bilinear, reduced integration with hourglass control

4-node bilinear, reduced integration with hourglass control, hybrid with constant pressure

6-node quadratic

6-node quadratic, hybrid with linear pressure

6-node modified, with hourglass control

6-node modified, with hourglass control, hybrid with linear pressure

8-node biquadratic

8-node biquadratic, hybrid with linear pressure

8-node biquadratic, reduced integration

8-node biquadratic, reduced integration, hybrid with linear pressure

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Additional solution variables

The constant pressure hybrid elements have one additional variable relating to pressure, and the linear pressure hybrid elements have three additional variables relating to pressure.

Element types CPE4I and CPE4IH have five additional variables relating to the incompatible modes.

Element types CPE6M and CPE6MH have two additional displacement variables.

Plane stress elements

CPS3

CPS4 (S)

CPS4I (S)

CPS4R

CPS6 (S)

CPS6M

CPS8 (S)

CPS8R (S)

3-node linear

4-node bilinear

4-node bilinear, incompatible modes

4-node bilinear, reduced integration with hourglass control

6-node quadratic

6-node modified, with hourglass control

8-node biquadratic

8-node biquadratic, reduced integration

Active degrees of freedom

1, 2

Additional solution variables

Element type CPS4I has four additional variables relating to the incompatible modes.

Element type CPS6M has two additional displacement variables.

Generalized plane strain elements

CPEG3 (S)

CPEG3H (S)

CPEG4 (S)

CPEG4H (S)

CPEG4I (S)

CPEG4IH (S)

CPEG4R (S)

3-node linear triangle

3-node linear triangle, hybrid with constant pressure

4-node bilinear quadrilateral

4-node bilinear quadrilateral, hybrid with constant pressure

4-node bilinear quadrilateral, incompatible modes

4-node bilinear quadrilateral, incompatible modes, hybrid with linear pressure

4-node bilinear quadrilateral, reduced integration with

25.1.3 Two-dimensional solid element library

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CPEG4RH (S)

CPEG6 (S)

CPEG6H (S)

CPEG6M (S)

CPEG6MH (S)

CPEG8 (S)

CPEG8H (S)

CPEG8R (S)

CPEG8RH (S)

hourglass control

4-node bilinear quadrilateral, reduced integration with hourglass control, hybrid with constant pressure

6-node quadratic triangle

6-node quadratic triangle, hybrid with linear pressure

6-node modified, with hourglass control

6-node modified, with hourglass control, hybrid with linear pressure

8-node biquadratic quadrilateral

8-node biquadratic quadrilateral, hybrid with linear pressure

8-node biquadratic quadrilateral, reduced integration

8-node biquadratic quadrilateral, reduced integration, hybrid with linear pressure

Active degrees of freedom

1, 2 at all but the reference node

3, 4, 5 at the reference node

Additional solution variables

The constant pressure hybrid elements have one additional variable relating to pressure, and the linear pressure hybrid elements have three additional variables relating to pressure.

Element types CPEG4I and CPEG4IH have five additional variables relating to the incompatible modes.

Element types CPEG6M and CPEG6MH have two additional displacement variables.

Coupled temperature-displacement plane strain elements

CPE3T

CPE4T (S)

CPE4HT (S)

CPE4RT

CPE4RHT (S)

3-node linear displacement and temperature

4-node bilinear displacement and temperature

4-node bilinear displacement and temperature, hybrid with constant pressure

4-node bilinear displacement and temperature, reduced integration with hourglass control

4-node bilinear displacement and temperature, reduced integration with hourglass control, hybrid with constant pressure

25.1.3 Two-dimensional solid element library

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CPE6MT

CPE6MHT (S)

CPE8T (S)

CPE8HT (S)

CPE8RT (S)

CPE8RHT (S)

Active degrees of freedom

1, 2, 11 at corner nodes

6-node modified displacement and temperature, with hourglass control

6-node modified displacement and temperature, with hourglass control, hybrid with constant pressure

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear temperature

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear temperature, hybrid with linear pressure

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear temperature, reduced integration

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear temperature, reduced integration, hybrid with linear pressure

1, 2 at midside nodes of second-order elements in Abaqus/Standard

1, 2, 11 at midside nodes of modified displacement and temperature elements in Abaqus/Standard

Additional solution variables

The constant pressure hybrid elements have one additional variable relating to pressure, and the linear pressure hybrid elements have three additional variables relating to pressure.

Element types CPE6MT and CPE6MHT have two additional displacement variables and one additional temperature variable.

Coupled temperature-displacement plane stress elements

CPS3T

CPS4T (S)

CPS4RT

CPS6MT

CPS8T (S)

CPS8RT (S)

Active degrees of freedom

1, 2, 11 at corner nodes

3-node linear displacement and temperature

4-node bilinear displacement and temperature

4-node bilinear displacement and temperature, reduced integration with hourglass control

6-node modified displacement and temperature, with hourglass control

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear temperature

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear temperature, reduced integration

25.1.3 Two-dimensional solid element library

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1, 2 at midside nodes of second-order elements in Abaqus/Standard

1, 2, 11 at midside nodes of modified displacement and temperature elements in Abaqus/Standard

Additional solution variables

Element type CPS6MT has two additional displacement variables and one additional temperature variable.

Coupled temperature-displacement generalized plane strain elements

CPEG3T (S)

CPEG3HT (S)

CPEG4T (S)

CPEG4HT (S)

CPEG4RT (S)

CPEG4RHT (S)

CPEG6MT (S)

CPEG6MHT (S)

CPEG8T (S)

CPEG8HT (S)

CPEG8RHT (S)

Active degrees of freedom

1, 2, 11 at corner nodes

3-node linear displacement and temperature

3-node linear displacement and temperature, hybrid with constant pressure

4-node bilinear displacement and temperature

4-node bilinear displacement and temperature, hybrid with constant pressure

4-node bilinear displacement and temperature, reduced integration with hourglass control

4-node bilinear displacement and temperature, reduced integration with hourglass control, hybrid with constant pressure

6-node modified displacement and temperature, with hourglass control

6-node modified displacement and temperature, with hourglass control, hybrid with constant pressure

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear temperature

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear temperature, hybrid with linear pressure

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear temperature, reduced integration, hybrid with linear pressure

1, 2 at midside nodes of second-order elements

1, 2, 11 at midside nodes of modified displacement and temperature elements

3, 4, 5 at the reference node

Additional solution variables

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The constant pressure hybrid elements have one additional variable relating to pressure, and the linear pressure hybrid elements have three additional variables relating to pressure.

Element types CPEG6MT and CPEG6MHT have two additional displacement variables and one additional temperature variable.

Diffusive heat transfer or mass diffusion elements

DC2D3

DC2D4

DC2D6

DC2D8

(S)

(S)

(S)

(S)

Active degree of freedom

11

3-node linear

4-node linear

6-node quadratic

8-node biquadratic

Additional solution variables

None.

Forced convection/diffusion elements

DCC2D4 (S)

DCC2D4D (S)

4-node

4-node with dispersion control

Active degree of freedom

11

Additional solution variables

None.

Coupled thermal-electrical elements

DC2D3E

DC2D4E

DC2D6E

DC2D8E

(S)

(S)

(S)

(S)

Active degrees of freedom

3-node linear

4-node linear

6-node quadratic

8-node biquadratic

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9, 11

Additional solution variables

None.

Pore pressure plane strain elements

CPE4P (S)

CPE4PH

(S)

CPE4RP

(S)

CPE4RPH (S)

CPE6MP (S)

CPE6MPH (S)

CPE8P (S)

CPE8PH

(S)

CPE8RP

(S)

CPE8RPH (S)

4-node bilinear displacement and pore pressure

4-node bilinear displacement and pore pressure, hybrid with constant pressure stress

4-node bilinear displacement and pore pressure, reduced integration with hourglass control

4-node bilinear displacement and pore pressure, reduced integration with hourglass control, hybrid with constant pressure

6-node modified displacement and pore pressure, with hourglass control

6-node modified displacement and pore pressure, with hourglass control, hybrid with linear pressure

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear pore pressure

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear pore pressure, hybrid with linear pressure stress

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear pore pressure, reduced integration

8-node biquadratic displacement, bilinear pore pressure, reduced integration, hybrid with linear pressure stress

Active degrees of freedom

1, 2, 8 at corner nodes

1, 2 at midside nodes for all elements except CPE6MP and CPE6MPH, which also have degree of freedom 8 active at midside nodes

Additional solution variables

The constant pressure hybrid elements have one additional variable relating to the effective pressure stress, and the linear pressure hybrid elements have three additional variables relating to the effective pressure stress to permit fully incompressible material modeling.

Element types CPE6MP and CPE6MPH have two additional displacement variables and one additional pore pressure variable.

Acoustic elements

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AC2D3

AC2D4 (S)

AC2D4R (E)

AC2D6

AC2D8

(S)

(S)

3-node linear

4-node bilinear

4-node bilinear, reduced integration with hourglass control

6-node quadratic

8-node biquadratic

Active degree of freedom

8

Additional solution variables

None.

Piezoelectric plane strain elements

CPE3E

CPE4E

CPE6E

CPE8E

CPE8RE (S)

(S)

(S)

(S)

(S)

3-node linear

4-node bilinear

6-node quadratic

8-node biquadratic

8-node biquadratic, reduced integration

Active degrees of freedom

1, 2, 9

Additional solution variables

None.

Piezoelectric plane stress elements

CPS3E

CPS4E

CPS6E

CPS8E

CPS8RE (S)

(S)

(S)

(S)

(S)

3-node linear

4-node bilinear

6-node quadratic

8-node biquadratic

8-node biquadratic, reduced integration

Active degrees of freedom

25.1.3 Two-dimensional solid element library

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1, 2, 9

Additional solution variables

None.

Nodal coordinates required

X, Y

Element property definition

For all elements except generalized plane strain elements, you must provide the element thickness; by default, unit thickness is assumed.

For generalized plane strain elements, you must provide three values: the initial length of the axial

material fiber through the reference node, the initial value of

fiber through the reference node, the initial value of (in radians), and the initial value of

(in radians), and the initial value of

the initial value of (in radians), and the initial value of (in radians). If you do

(in radians). If you do not provide these values, Abaqus assumes the default values of one unit as

values, Abaqus assumes the default values of one unit as and . In addi tion, you

and

values, Abaqus assumes the default values of one unit as and . In addi tion, you

. In addition, you must define the reference point for

the initial length and zero for generalized plane strain elements.

Input File Usage:

Use the following option to define the element properties for all elements except generalized plane strain elements:

*SOLID SECTION

Use the following option to define the element properties for generalized plane strain elements:

*SOLID SECTION, REF NODE=node number or node set name

Abaqus/CAE Usage:

Property module: Create Section: select Solid as the section Category and Homogeneous or Generalized plane strain as the section Type

Generalized plane strain sections must be assigned to regions of parts that have a reference point associated with them. To define the reference point:

Element-based loading

Part module: Tools

reference point: Element-based loading Part module: Tools Reference Point : select reference point Distributed loads

Reference Point: select reference point

Distributed loads

Distributed loads are available for all elements with displacement degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Distributed loads,Section 30.4.3.

Load ID (*DLOAD): BX

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Body force

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Units: FL 3

Description: Body force in global X-direction.

Load ID (*DLOAD): BY

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Body force

Units: FL 3

Description: Body force in global Y-direction.

Load ID (*DLOAD): BXNU

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Body force

Units: FL 3

Description: Nonuniform body force in global X-direction with magnitude supplied via user subroutine DLOAD in Abaqus/Standard and VDLOAD in Abaqus/Explicit.

Load ID (*DLOAD): BYNU

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Body force

Units: FL 3

Description: Nonuniform body force in global Y-direction with magnitude supplied via user subroutine DLOAD in Abaqus/Standard and VDLOAD in Abaqus/Explicit.

Load ID (*DLOAD): CENT (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: FL 4 (ML 3 T 2 )

Description: Centrifugal load (magnitude is input as

volume,

Centrifugal load (ma gnitude is input as volume, , where is the mass density per unit

, where

Centrifugal load (ma gnitude is input as volume, , where is the mass density per unit

is the mass density per unit

is input as volume, , where is the mass density per unit is the angular velocity).

is the angular velocity). Not available for pore pressure elements.

Load ID (*DLOAD): CENTRIF (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Rotational body force

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Units: T 2

Description: Centrifugal load (magnitude is input as

2 Description: Centrifugal load (ma gnitude is input as , where is the angular velocity). Load

, where

Centrifugal load (ma gnitude is input as , where is the angular velocity). Load ID (*DLOAD):

is the angular velocity).

Load ID (*DLOAD): CORIO (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Coriolis force

Units: FL 4 T (ML 3 T 1 )

Description: Coriolis force (magnitude is input as

is the angular velocity). Not available for pore pressure elements.

velocity). Not avai lable for pore pressure elements. , wh ere is the mass density per

, where

Not avai lable for pore pressure elements. , wh ere is the mass density per unit

is the mass density per unit volume,

Load ID (*DLOAD): GRAV

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Gravity

Units: LT 2

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Gravity Units: LT – 2 Description: Gravity loading in a specified direction

Description: Gravity loading in a specified direction (magnitude is input as acceleration).

Load ID (*DLOAD): HPn (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: FL 2

Description: Hydrostatic pressure on face n, linear in global Y.

Load ID (*DLOAD): Pn

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Pressure

Units: FL 2

Description: Pressure on face n.

Load ID (*DLOAD): PnNU

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: FL 2

Description: Nonuniform pressure on face n with magnitude supplied via user subroutine DLOAD in

25.1.3 Two-dimensional solid element library

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Abaqus/Standard and VDLOAD in Abaqus/Explicit.

Load ID (*DLOAD): ROTA (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Rotational body force

Units: T 2

Description: Rotary acceleration load (magnitude is input as

Load ID (*DLOAD): SBF (E)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: FL 5 T 2

Load/Interaction: Not supported Units: FL – 5 T 2 , where is the rotary acceleration). Description:

, where

Not supported Units: FL – 5 T 2 , where is the rotary acceleration). Description: Stagnation

is the rotary acceleration).

Description: Stagnation body force in global X- and Y-directions.

Load ID (*DLOAD): SPn (E)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: FL 4 T 2

Description: Stagnation pressure on face n.

Load ID (*DLOAD): TRSHRn

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface traction

Units: FL 2

Description: Shear traction on face n.

Load ID (*DLOAD): TRSHRnNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: FL 2

Description: Nonuniform shear traction on face n with magnitude and direction supplied via user subroutine UTRACLOAD .

25.1.3 Two-dimensional solid element library

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Load ID (*DLOAD): TRVECn

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface traction

Units: FL 2

Description: General traction on face n.

Load ID (*DLOAD): TRVECnNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: FL 2

Description: Nonuniform general traction on face n with magnitude and direction supplied via user subroutine UTRACLOAD .

Load ID (*DLOAD): VBF (E)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: FL 4 T

Description: Viscous body force in global X- and Y-directions.

Load ID (*DLOAD): VPn (E)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: FL 3 T

Description: Viscous pressure on face n, applying a pressure proportional to the velocity normal to the face and opposing the motion.

Foundations

Foundations are available for Abaqus/Standard elements with displacement degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Element foundations,Section 2.2.2.

Load ID (*FOUNDATION): Fn (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Elastic foundation

25.1.3 Two-dimensional solid element library

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Units: FL 3

Description: Elastic foundation on face n.

Distributed heat fluxes

Distributed heat fluxes are available for all elements with temperature degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Thermal loads,Section 30.4.4.

Load ID (*DFLUX): BF

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Body heat flux

Units: JL 3 T 1

Description: Heat body flux per unit volume.

Load ID (*DFLUX): BFNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Body heat flux

Units: JL 3 T 1

Description: Nonuniform heat body flux per unit volume with magnitude supplied via user subroutine DFLUX .

Load ID (*DFLUX): Sn

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface heat flux

Units: JL 2 T 1

Description: Heat surface flux per unit area into face n.

Load ID (*DFLUX): SnNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: JL 2 T 1

Description: Nonuniform heat surface flux per unit area into face n with magnitude supplied via user subroutine DFLUX .

Film conditions

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Film conditions are available for all elements with temperature degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Thermal loads,Section 30.4.4.

Load ID (*FILM): Fn

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface film condition

Units: JL 2 T 1 1

film condition Units: JL – 2 T – 1 – 1 Description: Film coefficient and sink

Description: Film coefficient and sink temperature (units of

Film coefficient and sink temperat ure (units of ) provided on face n . Load ID

) provided on face n.

Load ID (*FILM): FnNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: JL 2 T 1 1

Not supported Units: JL – 2 T – 1 – 1 Description: Nonuniform film coefficient and

Description: Nonuniform film coefficient and sink temperature (units of magnitude supplied via user subroutine FILM .

Radiation types

supplied via user subroutine FILM . Radiation types ) provided on face n with Radiation conditions

) provided on face n with

Radiation conditions are available for all elements with temperature degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Thermal loads,Section 30.4.4.

Load ID (*RADIATE): Rn

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface radiation

Units: Dimensionless

Description: Emissivity and sink temperature (units of

Distributed flows

Emissivity and sink temperature (units of Distributed flows ) provided on face n . Distributed flows

) provided on face n.

Distributed flows are available for all elements with pore pressure degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Pore fluid flow,Section 30.4.6.

Load ID (*FLOW/ *DFLOW): Qn (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: F 1 L 3 T 1

Description: Seepage (outward normal flow) proportional to the difference between surface pore

25.1.3 Two-dimensional solid element library

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pressures and a reference sink pore pressure on face n (units of FL

2 ).

Load ID (*FLOW/ *DFLOW): QnD (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: F 1 L 3 T 1

Description: Drainage-only seepage (outward normal flow) proportional to the surface pore pressure on face n only when that pressure is positive.

Load ID (*FLOW/ *DFLOW): QnNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: F 1 L 3 T 1

Description: Nonuniform seepage (outward normal flow) proportional to the difference between

surface pore pressures and a reference sink pore pressure on face n (units of FL supplied via user subroutine FLOW .

2 ) with magnitude

Load ID (*FLOW/ *DFLOW): Sn (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface pore fluid

Units: LT 1

Description: Prescribed pore fluid effective velocity (outward from the face) on face n.

Load ID (*FLOW/ *DFLOW): SnNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: LT 1

Description: Nonuniform prescribed pore fluid effective velocity (outward from the face) on face n with magnitude supplied via user subroutine DFLOW .

Distributed impedances

Distributed impedances are available for all elements with acoustic pressure degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Acoustic and shock loads,Section 30.4.5.

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Load ID (*IMPEDANCE): In

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: None

Description: Name of the impedance property that defines the impedance on face n.

Electric fluxes

Electric fluxes are available for piezoelectric elements. They are specified as described in Piezoelectric analysis,Section 6.6.3.

Load ID (*DECHARGE): EBF (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Body charge

Units: CL 3

Description: Body flux per unit volume.

Load ID (*DECHARGE): ESn (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface charge

Units: CL 2

Description: Prescribed surface charge on face n.

Distributed electric current densities

Distributed electric current densities are available for coupled thermal-electrical elements. They are specified as described in Coupled thermal-electrical analysis,Section 6.6.2.

Load ID (*DECURRENT): CBF (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Body current

Units: CL 3 T 1

Description: Volumetric current source density.

Load ID (*DECURRENT): CSn (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface current

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Units: CL 2 T 1

Description: Current density on face n.

Distributed concentration fluxes

Distributed concentration fluxes are available for mass diffusion elements. They are specified as described in Mass diffusion analysis,Section 6.8.1.

Load ID (*DFLUX): BF (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Body concentration flux

Units: PT 1

Description: Concentration body flux per unit volume.

Load ID (*DFLUX): BFNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Body concentration flux

Units: PT 1

Description: Nonuniform concentration body flux per unit volume with magnitude supplied via user subroutine DFLUX .

Load ID (*DFLUX): Sn (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface concentration flux

Units: PLT 1

Description: Concentration surface flux per unit area into face n.

Load ID (*DFLUX): SnNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface concentration flux

Units: PLT 1

Description: Nonuniform concentration surface flux per unit area into face n with magnitude supplied via user subroutine DFLUX .

25.1.3 Two-dimensional solid element library

Surface-based loading

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Distributed loads

Surface-based distributed loads are available for all elements with displacement degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Distributed loads,Section 30.4.3.

Load ID (*DSLOAD): HP (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Pressure

Units: FL 2

Description: Hydrostatic pressure on the element surface, linear in global Y.

Load ID (*DSLOAD): P

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Pressure

Units: FL 2

Description: Pressure on the element surface.

Load ID (*DSLOAD): PNU

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Pressure

Units: FL 2

Description: Nonuniform pressure on the element surface with magnitude supplied via user subroutine DLOAD in Abaqus/Standard and VDLOAD in Abaqus/Explicit.

Load ID (*DSLOAD): SP (E)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Pressure

Units: FL 4 T 2

Description: Stagnation pressure on the element surface.

Load ID (*DSLOAD): TRSHR

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface traction

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Units: FL 2

Description: Shear traction on the element surface.

Load ID (*DSLOAD): TRSHRNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface traction

Units: FL 2

Description: Nonuniform shear traction on the element surface with magnitude and direction supplied via user subroutine UTRACLOAD .

Load ID (*DSLOAD): TRVEC

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface traction

Units: FL 2

Description: General traction on the element surface.

Load ID (*DSLOAD): TRVECNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface traction

Units: FL 2

Description: Nonuniform general traction on the element surface with magnitude and direction supplied via user subroutine UTRACLOAD .

Load ID (*DSLOAD): VP (E)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Pressure

Units: FL 3 T

Description: Viscous pressure on the element surface. The viscous pressure is proportional to the velocity normal to the element surface and opposing the motion.

Distributed heat fluxes

Surface-based heat fluxes are available for all elements with temperature degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Thermal loads,Section 30.4.4.

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Load ID (*DSFLUX): S

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface heat flux

Units: JL 2 T 1

Description: Heat surface flux per unit area into the element surface.

Load ID (*DSFLUX): SNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface heat flux

Units: JL 2 T 1

Description: Nonuniform heat surface flux per unit area applied on the element surface with magnitude supplied via user subroutine DFLUX .

Film conditions

Surface-based film conditions are available for all elements with temperature degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Thermal loads,Section 30.4.4.

Load ID (*SFILM): F

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface film condition

Units: JL 2 T 1 1

film condition Units: JL – 2 T – 1 – 1 Description: Film coefficient and sink

Description: Film coefficient and sink temperature (units of

Load ID (*SFILM): FNU (S)

sink temperature (uni ts of Load ID (*SFILM): FNU ( S ) ) provided on the

) provided on the element surface.

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface film condition

Units: JL 2 T 1 1

film condition Units: JL – 2 T – 1 – 1 Description: Nonuniform film coefficient and

Description: Nonuniform film coefficient and sink temperature (units of surface with magnitude supplied via user subroutine FILM .

Radiation types

supplied via user subroutine FILM . Radiation types ) provided on the element Surface-based radiation conditions

) provided on the element

Surface-based radiation conditions are available for all elements with temperature degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Thermal loads,Section 30.4.4.

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Load ID (*SRADIATE): R

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface radiation

Units: Dimensionless

Description: Emissivity and sink temperature (units of

Distributed flows

Emissivity and sink temperat ure (units of Distributed flows ) provided on the element surface. Surface-based

) provided on the element surface.

Surface-based flows are available for all elements with pore pressure degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Pore fluid flow,Section 30.4.6.

Load ID (*SFLOW/ *DSFLOW): Q (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: F 1 L 3 T 1

Description: Seepage (outward normal flow) proportional to the difference between surface pore

pressures and a reference sink pore pressure on the element surface (units of FL

2 ).

Load ID (*SFLOW/ *DSFLOW): QD (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: F 1 L 3 T 1

Description: Drainage-only seepage (outward normal flow) proportional to the surface pore pressure on the element surface only when that pressure is positive.

Load ID (*SFLOW/ *DSFLOW): QNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Not supported

Units: F 1 L 3 T 1

Description: Nonuniform seepage (outward normal flow) proportional to the difference between surface pore pressures and a reference sink pore pressure on the element surface (units of FL 2 ) with magnitude supplied via user subroutine FLOW .

Load ID (*SFLOW/ *DSFLOW): S (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface pore fluid

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Units: LT 1

Description: Prescribed pore fluid effective velocity outward from the element surface.

Load ID (*SFLOW/ *DSFLOW): SNU (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface pore fluid

Units: LT 1

Description: Nonuniform prescribed pore fluid effective velocity (outward from the surface) on the element surface with magnitude supplied via user subroutine DFLOW .

Distributed impedances

Surface-based impedances are available for all elements with acoustic pressure degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Acoustic and shock loads,Section 30.4.5.

Incident wave loading

Surface-based incident wave loads are available for all elements with displacement degrees of freedom or acoustic pressure degrees of freedom. They are specified as described in Acoustic and shock

loads,

Section 30.4.5. If the incident wave field includes a reflection off a plane outside the boundaries

of the mesh, this effect can be included.

Electric fluxes

Surface-based electric fluxes are available for piezoelectric elements. They are specified as described in Piezoelectric analysis,Section 6.6.3.

Load ID (*DSECHARGE): ES (S)

Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface charge

Units: CL 2

Description: Prescribed surface charge on the element surface.

Distributed electric current densities

Surface-based electric current densities are available for coupled thermal-electrical elements. They are specified as described in Coupled thermal-electrical analysis,Section 6.6.2.

Load ID (*DSECURRENT): CS (S)

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Abaqus/CAE Load/Interaction: Surface current

Units: CL 2 T 1

Description: Current density applied on the element surface.

Element output

Output is in global directions unless a local coordinate system is assigned to the element through the

section definition (Orientations,

(which rotates with the motion in large-displacement analysis). See State storage,Section 1.5.4 of the Abaqus Theory Manual, for details.

Section 2.2.5) in which case output is in the local coordinate system

Stress, strain, and other tensor components

Stress and other tensors (including strain tensors) are available for elements with displacement degrees of freedom. All tensors have the same components. For example, the stress components are as follows:

S11

S11 , direct stress.

, direct stress.

S22

S22 , direct stress.

, direct stress.

S33

S33 , direct stress (not availa ble for plane stress elements).

, direct stress (not available for plane stress elements).

S12

S12 , shear stress.

, shear stress.

Heat flux components

Available for elements with temperature degrees of freedom.

HFL1

Heat flux in the X-direction.

HFL2

Heat flux in the Y-direction.

Pore fluid velocity components

Available for elements with pore pressure degrees of freedom.

FLVEL1

Pore fluid effective velocity in the X-direction.

FLVEL2

Pore fluid effective velocity in the Y-direction.

Mass concentration flux components

Available for elements with normalized concentration degrees of freedom.

MFL1

Concentration flux in the X-direction.

MFL2

Concentration flux in the Y-direction.

Electrical potential gradient

Available for elements with electrical potential degrees of freedom.

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EPG1

Electrical potential gradient in the X-direction.

EPG2

Electrical potential gradient in the Y-direction.

Electrical flux components

Available for piezoelectric elements.

EFLX1

Electrical flux in the X-direction.

EFLX2

Electrical flux in the Y-direction.

Electrical current density components

Available for coupled thermal-electrical elements.

ECD1

Electrical current density in the X-direction.

ECD2

Electrical current density in the Y-direction.

Node ordering and face numbering on elements

t i o n . Node ordering and face numbering on elements For generalized plane strain

For generalized plane strain elements, the reference node associated with each element (where the

generalized plane strain degrees of freedom are stored) is not shown. The reference node should be the same for all elements in any given connected region so that the bounding planes are the same for that region. Different regions may have different reference nodes. The number of the reference node is not

incremented when the elements are generated incrementally (see

elements by generating them incrementally” in “Element definition,Section 2.2.1).

Creating elements from existing

Triangular element faces

Face 1 1 – 2 face Face 2 2 – 3 face Face 3 3 – 1 face

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Quadrilateral element faces

Face 1 1 – 2 face Face 2 2 – 3 face Face 3 3 – 4 face Face 4 4 – 1 face

Numbering of integration points for output

4 4 – 1 face Numbering of integration points for output For heat transfer appl ications

For heat transfer applications a different integration scheme is used for triangular elements, as described

in Triangular, tetrahedral, and wedge elements,

Section 3.2.6 of the Abaqus Theory Manual.