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Shiloh Chronology

The times and information here are all taken from the
following sources:

1. Bloody April, by Wiley Sword;

2. Shiloh, by Larry Daniel

3. Shiloh: In Hell Before Night, by James McDonough

4. Articles in the Winter and Spring, 1997, issues of Blue &

Gray Magazine, written by Stacy Allen, Historian at the Shiloh
National Military Park.

April 6th, 1862 (Sunday):

Time: Events:
3:00 a.m. 250 man patrol from 25th Missouri and 12th Michigan advances
from Peabody's (of Prentiss) camp.
4:55 a.m. Patrol fired on by Confederate cavalry near Seay Field.
Skirmish fight begins.
6:00 a.m. Patrol discovers Hardee's main line of battle, begins to withdraw.
7:00 a.m. Sherman fired on (slightly wounded) in camp of 53rd Ohio
by Cleburne's brigade.
7:00 - 9:30 a.m. Cleburne, Anderson, Russell each attack Sherman's line at
Shiloh Church in turn, and are repulsed.
7:15 a.m. Sound of cannon fire reaches Grant's headquarters at Savannah.
Grant orders Nelson's division of Buell's Army of the Ohio to
march south along the east bank of the river to opposite
Pittsburg Landing, then boards the steamer Tigress for the front.
7:30 a.m. Hurlbut receives message from Sherman asking for support.
Veatch's brigade is dispatched.
7:30 - 8:00 a.m. Wood, Shaver, Gladden, and Chalmers engage Prentiss
in front of his camps.
8:00 a.m. Grant speaks with Lew Wallace at Crump's Landing.
Raith (of McClernand) moves to support Sherman's left.
Hurlbut's other two brigades (Lauman and Williams),
plus artillery, move to Prentiss's support.
8:45 a.m. Peabody killed during the defense of his brigade camps.
9:00 a.m. Prentiss defeated in front of his camps; begins to withdraw.
Hurlbut begins to form line in Sarah Bell's cotton field,
in front of the Peach Orchard.
Tuttle and Sweeny (of W.H.L. Wallace) form along
Sunken Road near the Duncan Field.
Grant arrives at Pittsburg Landing; sends Capt. A.S.
Baxter with orders for Lew Wallace to march to the Landing,
and sends a message to Nelson to "hurry up" his troops
"as fast as possible."
9:30-10:00 a.m. Five brigades (Wood, Shaver, Stewart, Gibson, Stephens)
shifted left to attack Raith (of McClernand), who is in
position on Sherman's left. Two brigades (Chalmers and Jackson)
dispatched to the right to deal with Stuart's (of Sherman)
brigade, posted near the river.
Bushrod Johnson's brigade, supported by Anderson and Russell,
attacks Hildebrand (of Sherman) in Rhea Field, carrying the
position. Hildebrand's brigade collapses.
10:00 a.m. Prentiss's survivors file into line between Wallace and
Hurlbut, along the Sunken Road.
Sherman withdraws to the Hamburg-Purdy Road, where
he is joined by McClernand's division. Williams and
Lauman (of Hurlbut) are attacked by Adams (Gladden), Jackson,
and Chalmers in the Sarah Bell cotton field. The Confederates,
after a brief fight, are withdrawn to confront Stuart's brigade
in their right rear. Bowen and Statham are committed to the
right; Trabue to the left. Grant sends courier to order Lew
Wallace to march to the battle.
10:30 a.m. McArthur (of W.H.L. Wallace) joins Hurlbut's line on the left.
Cheatham leads Stephens's brigade in the first assault on the
Sunken Road position, across Duncan Field.
10:30-11:30 a.m. Sherman and McClernand are attacked along the Hamburg-Purdy
Jones Field. Chalmers and Jackson attack and defeat
Stuart's lone brigade along the river.
11:30 a.m. Sherman and McClernand counterattack south from Jones Field;
after initial success, they are repulsed and fall back by about
1:00 p.m. Capt. Baxter finds Lew Wallace and delivers
Grant's orders to march to Pittsburg Landing.
12:00 noon A.P. Stewart leads a mixed brigade against the right of the
Sunken Road position and is repulsed.
12:00-2:00 p.m. Bragg orders Randal Gibson's brigade to make four separate
unsupported attacks on the center of the Sunken Road position,
which becomes known as the Hornet's Nest.
12:30 p.m. Grant returns to Pittsburg Landing after meeting with division
commanders along the front.
1:30 p.m. Nelson's division of the Army of the Ohio, having been briefly
detained by Buell, begins his march down the river to Pittsburg
2:00 p.m. Gen. A. S. Johnston leads Statham's brigade in an attack on
the Peach Orchard position.
2:30 p.m. Tennessee Gov. Isham Harris, a volunteer aide on Johnston's
staff, finds the general reeling in his saddle. U.S. Grant instructs
his chief of artillery, Col. Joseph D. Webster, to begin establishing
Grant also sends aides McPherson and Rawlins to find Lew

Wallace and his division. Bragg orders Shaver's brigade to

attack the Sunken Road; the attack fails.
2:45 p.m. Johnston dies in a ravine southeast of the Peach Orchard.
3:00 p.m. Sherman and McClernand withdraw across Tilghman Branch.
3:00 - 4:00 p.m. Beauregard shifts Confederate strength from the left to the
right to crush the Hornet's Nest-Sunken Road-Peach Orchard
3:00-4:30 p.m. Confederate Brig. Gen. Daniel Ruggles assembles 53 cannon
opposite the right (C.S. left) of the Sunken Road position.
3:30 p.m. Patton Anderson attacks the Sunken Road position. This is the
eighth single brigade attack that is made between 10:30 a.m. and
3:30 p.m.; all fail.
4:00 p.m. Hurlbut withdraws from left of Peach Orchard position.
Confederates do not pursue.
4:30 p.m. "Ruggles's battery" opens fire.
5:00 p.m. Hurlbut takes up new position just north of the Dill Branch ravine.
Under pressure from 14 of the 16 Confederate brigades on the
field, Prentiss and W.H.L. Wallace issue orders to withdraw from
the Hornet's Nest. Confusion reigns in "Hell's Hollow" as fleeing
units lose all organization in the attempt to flee. W.H.L. Wallace
shot, left for dead. Nelson's division of Buell's Army of the Ohio
arrives opposite Pittsburg Landing.
5:30 p.m. Confederate left and right wings join at the junction of the
Hamburg-Savannah and Corinth roads, behind the Hornet's Nest.
Prentiss surrenders in the Hornet's Nest. Approximately 2,300
Federals are taken prisoner. Approximately 20,000 Federal
troops man "Grant's Last Line."
6:00 p.m. Part of Ammen's brigade (of Nelson) forms on the left of
"Grant's Last Line."Chalmers and Jackson attempt to charge
across Dill Branch to attack Federal position, but are repulsed.
Beauregard sends orders to suspend the attack and withdraw
to the Federal camps for the night.
7:15 p.m. Lew Wallace arrives with Grant's missing division, forms on the
Federal right.
7:30 p.m. Ammen's brigade (of Nelson) completes its crossing of the river.
9:00 p.m. Nelson's division completes its crossing of the river.
10:00 p.m. Rain begins to fall.
1:00 a.m. Crittenden's division completes its crossing of the river.
Buell's remaining division, under McCook, arrives throughout
the night.
April 7, 1862 (Monday):

3:00 a.m. Rain begins to slacken.

4:00 a.m. Nelson's division begins to advance along the Federal left.
5:30 a.m. Hazen (of Nelson) encounters Confederate skirmishers
(from Chalmers and Jackson) near Hurlbut's old headquarters.
6:00 a.m. Lew Wallace's artillery opens fire on Federal right. Grant
instructs Wallace to attack the Rebels in his front (across
Tilghman Branch). Nelson's line is astride the Hamburg-
Savannah Road, halfway between Cloud Field and the Peach
Orchard. Crittenden's division (on Nelson's right) begins to
6:30 a.m. Lew Wallace attacks Pond's brigade west of Tilghman Branch.
7:00 a.m. Crittenden's advance joins up with Nelson. McCook's division
is following behind Crittenden.
8:00 a.m. Sherman (reinforced by Lauman) and McClernand begin to
advance, and are held up by heavy artillery fire from near
Jones Field. Lew Wallace occupies the north end of Jones Field.
Nelson reaches Wicker Field.

9:00 a.m. Pond retires toward the Hamburg-Purdy Road.

9:30 a.m. Gibson and Wood attack Wallace in Jones Field, are repulsed.
10:00 a.m. Confederate line finally is formed, running roughly
northwest to southeast, from Jones Field to Sarah Bell's cotton
field. Nelson's advance checked along the Sunken Road position,
roughly. Sherman and McClernand join Lew Wallace in the fight
for Jones Field.
11:00 a.m. Lew Wallace turns the Confederate left flank in Jones Field
and forces the Rebel left to retire. Hazen (of Nelson) and Smith
(of Crittenden) attack the Davis Wheat Field west of Sarah Bell's
cotton field. After a brief success, they are driven back with
heavy losses. Ammen and Bruce (of Nelson) engage several
makeshift Confederate brigades under Hardee for control of
Sarah Bell's cotton field, but are stalemated.
12:00 noon Cheatham attacks Sherman and McClernand at Water Oaks
Pond, and drives them north about 300 yards, is slowly driven
back. McCook and Hurlbut attack west and southwest across
Duncan Field and drive to the Hamburg-Purdy Road. Nelson
again attacks Hardee along the Hamburg-Savannah Road.
12:00 noon -- Confederate counterattacks briefly shake the Federals near
1:00 p.m. Water Oaks Pond, but reinforcements (Veatch's and Wagner's
brigades) bolster the line and it holds.
1:00 p.m. Beauregard determines to withdraw from the field.
2:00 p.m. Nelson drives Hardee to the Hamburg-Purdy Road.
Orders issued to Confederate troops to retire to Corinth.
Breckinridge establishes a rear-guard 800 yards south of Shiloh
5:00 p.m. Breckinridge's rear-guard begins to retire.