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Tentative Program as for 20 May 08

12th Asia Expert Meeting on Motorcycle Safety (R53, R78, and R113)
- DAY 1 -
Date: June 4, 2008 (WED) 08:30 - 17:00
Place: Siam City Hotel (Kamoltip Ballroom 1), Bangkok

08:30 - 09:00 Registration

09:00 - 09:15 Opening Address


Director-General, DLT

09:15 – 09:45 Keynote Speech


Mr.Kenichi Tsujimura, JASIC

09:45 - 10:15 Coffee Break (30 minutes)

10:15 – 10:45 Motorcycle Safety : Governmental policy


Ms. Jiraporn Kaewkraisorn, DLT

10:45 – 11:15 Motorcycle Safety : Industry’s position and situation


Industry’s Representative

11:15 – 11:45 R78 (Braking system; L3): General information


Mr. Kenichi Tsujimura, JASIC

11:45 - 13:00 Lunch

13:00 – 14:30 R78 (Braking system; L3): Technical Requirements


Mr. Makoto Matsuo, Brakes and Running gear subcommittee of JASIC

14:30 - 15:00 Coffee Break (30 minutes)

15:00 - 16:00 R78 (Braking system; L3): Testing Method & Equipments (video by JAMA)
Mr. Makoto Matsuo, Brakes and Running gear subcommittee of JASIC

16:00 - 17:00 Q&A

1
Tentative Program as for 20 May 08

12th Asia Expert Meeting on Motorcycle Safety (R53, R78, and R113)
- DAY 2 -
Date: June 5, 2008 (THU) 09:00 - 17:00
Place: Siam City Hotel (Kamoltip Ballroom 1), Bangkok

09:00 - 9:30 R53 (Installation of Lighting and Light-Signaling devices) & R113 (Symmetric
headlamps): General information
Mr. Kenichi Tsujimura, JASIC

09:30 - 10:00 R53 (Installation of Lighting and Light-Signaling devices): Technical Requirements
Mr. Shinji Doi, Lighting and Light-signaling devices subcommittee of JASIC

10:00 - 10:30 Coffee Break (30 minutes)

10:30 - 11:00 R53 (Installation of Lighting and Light-Signaling devices): Technical


Requirements(cont)
Mr. Shinji Doi, Lighting and Light-signaling devices subcommittee of JASIC

11:00 – 12:00 Q&A

12:00 - 13:30 Lunch

13:30 - 15:00 R113 (Symmetric headlamps): Technical Requirements, Testing Method &
Equipments
Mr.Tadashi Suzuki, Lighting and Light-signaling devices subcommittee of JASIC

15:00 - 15:30 Coffee Break (30 minutes)

15:30 – 16:30 Q&A

16:30 - 17:00 Closing address

2
Opening Address
12th Asia Expert Meeting on Motorcycle Safety Regulations
by
Mr. Suchart KLINSUWAN
Director of Engineering and Safety Bureau,
Department of Land Transport
on
June 4, 2008
Kamolthip Room I, Siam City Hotel, BANGKOK, Thailand
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Your Excellency Mr. Ronnayuth Tangruamsub, Deputy Director-


General, Department of Land Transport.

On behalf of all participants, I would like to express our heartfelt


appreciation and grateful thanks for presiding the opening ceremony of the
12th Asia Expert Meeting on Motorcycle Safety Regulations today.

The 12th Asia Expert Meeting on Motorcycle Safety Regulations is a


consequence from 12th Government and Industry Meeting (G/I Meeting)
held in the Philippines, November 2007. Thailand, by Department of Land
Transport, hosts this meeting because the importance of motorcycle which
new registration each year over two millions and its involvement in accident
with highest toll.

This meeting brings together 50 participants from government


agencies and the automotive industry. DLT co-host the meeting with Thai
Automotive Industry Association (TAIA) and Thai Automotive Parts
Manufacturer Association (TAPMA) with a kind support of experts from
Japan Automobile Standards Internationalization (JASIC). The main

/ objective of this ….
-2-

objective of this meeting is to employ the knowledge of motorcycle safety


regulations concerning braking system, lighting and light-signaling device
installation and headlamp under Motor Vehicle Act (B.E. 2522). In addition,
this meeting is considered as the essential step to achieve future
international harmonization of vehicle regulations and mutual recognition
under the 1958 Agreement of WP.29 concerning vehicle construction,
under the Economic Commission for Europe of United Nations (UN/ECE).

At this auspicious moment, may I now take this opportunity to invite


Mr. Ronnayuth Tangruamsub, Deputy Director-General, Department of
Land Transport, to declare the meeting open.

Thank you.

------------------
Keynote Speech for
12th JASIC Asia Expert Meeting
= Motorcycle safety =
Jun 4-5, 2008, Siam City Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand

Kenichi Tsujimura
Director of Technical section
Japan Automobile Standards Internationalization Center
What’s JASIC?
Secretariat Committee
• Ministry of Land, Infrastructure,
Transport and Tourism
Head Office/Tokyo • Light Motor Vehicle Inspection
Organization
• Japan Automobile Manufacturers
Administration section Association, Inc.
• Japan Auto Parts Industries Association
• Japan Automobile Importers
Technical section Association
• Japan Automotive Service Equipment
Association
• Automobile Inspection & Registration
Geneva Office Association
• Japan Auto-Body Industries Association,
Inc.
• The Japan Automobile Tyre
Manufacturers Association, Inc.
• Flat Glass Manufacturers Association of
Japan
Washington Office • Japan Land Engine Manufacture
Association
What’s JASIC?
Consultative Council
Advisory Committee

International Cooperation
Committee Regulation and
Certification Systems
Support Asian Countries Committee
- to participate WP29
- to accede the 1958 agreement
WP 29 SC
- to introduce ECE regulations
Noise SC
1.1. JASICG/I
JASIC G/IMeeting
Meeting
2.2. JASICExpert
JASIC ExpertMeeting
Meeting Lighting and Light-signaling Devices SC
3.3. Seminar
Seminar Breaks and Running Gear SC
4.4. PublicRelations
Public Relationsetc
etc
Pollution and Energy SC

Inspection and Passive Safety SC


Maintenance Systems
Research Committee General Safety SC
JASIC Asia G/I meeting
JASIC ASIA Government and Industry meeting is a
annual event to improve internationalization of
vehicle regulations and certification systems in Asia.

12th G/I meeting


• 27-29, November
• in Manila, Philippines
• 150 participants from 14 countries
• Discussion on
– Reporting on relative activities
and country’s situation.
– Establishment of the vehicle type
approval systems.
– Future G/I meeting
JASIC Asia Expert meeting
•To improve the understanding / knowledge of particular
items such as the 1958 Agreement or a ECE Regulation.

•To strengthen the cooperation among Asian countries.

G/I meeting
G/I meeting G/Imeeting
G/I meetingmember
member
• Brunei Darussalam
•• Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
•• Cambodia
China
•• China
Chinese Taipei
•• Chinese Taipei
Hong Kong
•• Hong
IndiaKong
• Proposal •• India
Indonesia
• Reporting ••
••
Indonesia
Japan
Japan
Korea
& ••
••
••
Korea
Lao PDR
Lao PDR
Malaysia
Malaysia
• Agreement ••
••
Myanmar
Myanmar
Philippines
Philippines
Singapore
• Participation
••
••

Singapore
Thailand
Thailand
Vietnam
Vietnam

Exp meeting
Exp meeting • Expert JASIC
JASIC
JASIC Asia Expert meeting
Lecture

• the 1958 agreement


• Type approval
systems
• Environmental
regulation
• Safety regulation
• etc
JASIC Asia Expert meeting
Demonstration test

• Lighting
• Noise
etc
JASIC Asia Expert meeting
‘03 ‘04 ’05 ’06 ‘07

♠♠“Installation
“Installationofoflamps”
lamps”ininThailand
Thailand

♣♣“Accession
“Accessiontotothe
the1958
1958Agreement”
Agreement”ininIndonesia
Indonesia

♥♥“Brakes(R13H)”
“Brakes(R13H)”ininThailand
Thailand

♦♦“WP29
“WP29Participation”
Participation”ininPhilippines
Philippines
♪“Type
♪ “Typeapproval
approvalsystems”
systems”ininHong
HongKong
Kong

♠♠“Seats,
“Seats,Safety
Safetybelts,
belts,Belt
Beltanchorages
anchorages
andHead
and Headrestraint”
restraint” ininThailand
Thailand

♣♣“Motor
“Motorvehicle
vehicletypetypeapprovals”
approvals”ininPhilippines”
Philippines”

♥♥“Accession
“Accessiontotothe
the1958
1958Agreement”
Agreement”ininIndonesia”
Indonesia”

♦♦“Accession
“Accessiontotothe
the1958
1958Agreement”
Agreement”ininVietnam”
Vietnam”
♪“The
♪ “The1958
1958Agreement”
Agreement”ininIndia
India““

♫♫“Noise
“Noiseon
on22and
and44wheelers”
wheelers”ininIndonesia”
Indonesia”
The 1958 agreement
• Situation of the 1958 agreement of Asia
and Pacific area
As for Asia and pacific n countries, only
6 countries have acceded to the
agreement.

Japan E43 in 1998


Australia E45 in 2000
New Zealand E48 in 2002
Korea E51 in 2004
Malaysia E52 in 2006

Thailand E53 in 2006


UNECE regulations
R60 R62 R39
R50 R81

R113
R53
R10 R37

R53
R50

R53
R50
R3

R28

R78 R78

R75 R75
R41 R40

These regulations are developed by various experts from many countries at the
working group of the world forum, UNWP29.
UNECE regulations
• Use of the UN/ECE regulation leads benefit to
your country.

To be able to apply latest technical requirement which


was developed by worldwide experts.
Æ To Improve Safety and Environment

To be able to Apply common requirement among


contracting parties.
Æ To reduce market price
Æ To reduce production cost
Æ To remove trade barrier
Æ To improve export
Motorcycle in Thailand
Motorcycle in Thailand
Expectation
• Improve safe traffic
• Start to adopt the UN/ECE regulations.
though this meeting…
Thank you for attention
Engineering and Safety Bureau
Department of Land Transport
€ Increasein the number of road traffic
accident which consistent with economic
development each period

€ Increase in the number of fatalities

€ Distribution
of fatalities by age group
between 15-29 about 40%
€ High number of vehicle type registration

€ Most affordable for vehicle owner due to cheaper


prices compare to other vehicle types

€ Motorcycle involved in accident with highest toll


(32%) compare to other vehicle types (M1-30%,
N1 – 18%)

€ Younger driver only at 15 year of age up

€ No technical regulations in details for new


motorcycle requirement – more general and no
testing requirement
€ Thailand Road Safety Action Plan
2004-2008 approved by the cabinet
in July 2003

€ 5E’s Strategies
- Law Enforcement
- Engineering
- Public relations, Education and public
participation
- Emergency Medical Services
- Evaluation and Information
€ Technicalregulation in line with UNECE
regulations and Vehicle Type Approval
System as the activities under Engineering
Strategy

€ Planfor Setting up Vehicle Type Approval


System 2000-2009 – DLT’s frame work of
UNECE regulation harmonisation and
vehicle/vehicle parts type approval system
€ M1, N1 & L3 – highest priority of vehicle type
for studying and implementing for UNECE
regulations and type approval system

€ 20regulations include in L3 type approval


system
- 13 ECE regulations
- 6 EU directives
- 1 ISO standard
ISO ECE EU
VIN R41 R112 EC97/24 (Ch.5)
R75 R50 EC93/32
R60 R53 EC97/24 (Ch.6)
R81 R28 EC93/31
R39 R78 EC93/94
R3 R10 EC95/1
R113

• MR on dimension, mass and engine power


• Amendment of MR22 (e.g. L3 parts/system)
€ Some ECE regulations finished the study e.g.
R41, R75, R60 & R81 – in drafting process

€ ECE reg. is studying – R113

€ Some ECE regulations studied by M1&N1


Working Group - R28, R39 &R10

€ Next ECE reg. require the expert to help for


more knowledge and understanding – R78,
R53, R41
12th Asia Expert Meeting on Motorcycle Safety

Motorcycle Safety:
Industry’s position and situation

Adisak Rohitasune
June 4, 2008
Siam City Hotel, Bangkok
Contents

1. About Thai Automotive Industry

2. Thailand Motorcycle Market Outlook

3. Traffic Accident

4. Safety Measures
About Thai Automotive Industry
Organization in Thai Automotive Industry

FTI
Federation of Thai Industries

AIC APIC
Automotive Parts
Automotive Industry Club
Industry Club

TAPMA
Thai Automotive Parts
Manufacturer
Association
4W
TAIA
Thai Automotive Industry Association
TMEA
Thai Motorcycle 2W
Enterprise Association Parts Makers

Truck
TAIA & International Automotive Organization

UN-WP29 OICA
World Forum For Organisation Int’l Constructeur d’Automobile
IMMA
Harmonization of Vehicle Int’l Motorcycle Manufacturers Association
Regulations

Europe America Asia Japan USA


Others
44 Associations 4 Associations JPN, Korea,
China, Australia
JAMA USMA

APEC
AAF FAMI
ASEAN Automotive
Federation Federation of Asian
ASEAN-CCI Motorcycle Industries

BATA FO AFM PAF AFS VEAM SIAM AISI JAMA MASAAM MDPPA SMCTA TTVMA
GAIKINDO MMVAA PAA SMVAA
PASMI MASAAM AMII MTA
GIAMM MACPA MASMAP SMTA
PAABI MMTA CPPAI Manufacturing TAIA
ASKINDO TMA Association
APLINDO CAMPI
HINABI MDPPA
IATO MVPMA
Brunei Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Vietnam India Indonesia Japan Malaysia Philippines Singapore Taiwan
Thailand Motorcycle Market Outlook
Revolving Trend by Brand (Jan’00 – Apr’08) ALL THAILAND

Sales Volumes (x 1,000 units) Number Plate All


2400

2100

▲ ▲
1800 TOTAL
TOTAL (103.0%)
(117.3%) 1980.4 (97.3%)
1922.5 1926.8 (86.6%)
1500 ▲ ▲ 1610.0
(141.6%) (83.0%)
1639.0
(136.5%) 1598.9
1200 1157.2

(123.8%)
900 847.8
(138.1%) ▼
684.9

600

300

0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Source: Registration Figure , from 2006 = Number Plate Revised : May 7, 2008 by Tanataj S. Product Planning

The demand for motorcycle declined, when market enter to mature condition
Category Movement
Support market from middle-income
02500 Thousand units people (buy AT model)
Mature market
AT
OTHERS
Low Price CUB
Introduced low-price model to Honda Air Blade
02000 gain low-income people. From
their purchasing, resulted market
rapidly expanded.
AT
Clearly seen the recovery from
01500 bubble period in 1997, especially
4-stroke model

Honda Wave125
01000

Honda Wave125 FI

0500 CUB
Low Price CUB
Honda Wave100
0
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

0 4-stroke Cub Boom Low price Wave100 Boom AT Boom Matured


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
Market expanded rapidly from low price cub, however,
starting from 2005, users has shifted to AT for new value model
Motorcycle Demand Forecast

250

198 193
200 192

164 160 160


154 150
150

116

100 85
68
60
53
50

0
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

From 2005 (the highest sales since 1998), total demand has decreased due to the market has
been forecasted to enter to mature condition.
Category Shifted Forecast
Remark: Market price = Price + Registration fee
2500 Thousand units

Mature market
2000

Added value
model
1500 Middle – High
income group
AT
0) (THB 38,500 – 56,000)
ts 00
or 6,
1000 Sp 0 –
8
& ,00
FS 45
HB
(T
High Price CUB
Low income (Middle price from THB 45,001 - 51,000)
500 group (High price from THB 51,001 – 53,000)

Low Price CUB


(THB 38,000 – 45,000)

0
1

13

25

0437

0549

0661

0773

0885

0997

109

121
10

11
02
01

03

The mature market will shift from Cub to AT, which customer intended for not only new
value added but also easy riding model
Traffic Accident
Summary of fatality and injury from traffic accident in 1996 - 2007

2539 2540 2541 2542 2543 2544 2545 2546 2547 2548 2549 2550
Traffic Accident 88,556 82,336 73,735 67,800 73,737 77,616 91,623 107,565 124,530 122,040 111,635 101,752
Injure 50,044 48,711 52,538 47,770 53,111 53,960 69,131 79,692 94,164 94,364 83,290 79,029
Death 14,405 13,836 12,234 12,040 11,988 11,652 13,116 14,012 13,766 12,858 12,693 12,492
MC Accident 43,989 41,939 37,414 34,943 37,498 41,215 53,732 66,110 77,642 78,830 75,752 68,140
MC Accident % 50% 51% 51% 52% 51% 53% 59% 61% 62% 65% 68% 67%
Resource: R&D, Research and International Cooperation Bureau, Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation

The accidental rate has decreased, however, accidental rate from motorcycle has
increased. 12
Traffic Accident Cause Analysis

Thailand:

Result from motorcycle accident survey,


in cooperate with Police Department and 74% of Total Cases : Drunk riding
Chulalongkorn University 80% of Injury : Helmet unused

Environment:5% Drunk 分らない 5%

Vehicle:0.4% 40%
飲酒 40% No
Drunk
飲酒無し 59.5%

Details of human error


◆ Drunk Riding
Human error:94% ◆ Poor Riding Skill
◆ Does not keep distance
◆ High speed

94% of traffic accident caused by human error


Safety Measures
Safety Riding Activities

Safety Riding Center


• Prevent motorcycle user from traffic
accident
• Offering the accumulate driving safety
know-how and knowledge
• Disclose safety riding skill and launch
worthwhile campaign nationwide
Safety Riding Training Center

Safety Riding Center dealer shops:


• To reach the local people thoroughly,
• Simplified riding simulator to
for them to be trained how to ride
expand safety riding education.
safely
• The trainer will be installed at
the dealership for the direct
communication with customers.

-Safety Riding Program (School)


-Road Safety for Kids Project
• Educate children to ride safely,
traffic sign, basic traffic law, etc.

Provide safety riding know-how nationwide from kids to adults


Safety Equipment in Motorcycle
Distance to stop
Combination brake system (CBS)

Rear brake
only Front Brake Rear Brake

Front brake
only

Front & rear


brake Left-side
Left-side brake
brake lever
lever
Combi brake (used to be rear brake)
(used to be rear brake)
operates
operates inin conjunction
conjunction
with
with front brake.
front brake.

More safety and secure braking regardless riding skills

Parking Brake Side stand switch


safer
A parking brake lock lever
Side stand switch is installed to
that locks the rear brake,
prevent the sudden move when
preventing the scooter from
starting the engine.
moving forward or
backward when the engine
is started or is on slope.
Safety Equipment in Motorcycle

Daytime Running Light

Objective : To reduce the number of crashes by making it easier to see


motorcycle in traffic

Motor Vehicle Act


Ministerial Regulation No. 41
(Motorcycle Daytime Running Light)

New motorcycle produced from 1 Jan 2005

• Fit with headlamp which come on automatic with ignition


Establish Type Approval System

Reference:
Motorcycle Type Approval Framework
Directive 92/61/EEC

Minimum Technical Regulations (20 items)

Electromagnetic Compatibility Audible warning device

Braking Rear view mirror

Identification controls Handholds

Lighting Installation Stand

Headlamp Fuel tank

Engine power Retro-reflector

Speedometer VIN/Data plate

Tyre Noise Mass & Dimension

Exhaust Emission Registration plate space

Position/stop/direction indicator lamp/rear registration plate lamp


ECE Regulation Adoption Plan
No Reg. No. 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

1 Ministerial
Reg.No.22
2 ECE 41.03
3 ECE 75.00
4 VIN
5 Emission
6 ECE 60.00
7 ECE 81.00
8 ECE 39.00
9 ECE 3.02
10 ECE 113.00
11 ECE 112.00
12 ECE 50.00
13 ECE 53.01
14 ECE 28.00
15 ECE 78.02
16 ECE 10.02
17 EC93/32
18 EC97/24
19 EC93/31
20 EC93/94
21 EC95/1

Draft Gazette Enforcement New Model Enforcement Existing Model


12th Expert Meeting

‰ For more understand in ECE technical regulation, need


support and experience sharing from JASIC.

R78 Braking System

R53 Lighting Installation

R113 Symmetric Headlamps

‰ Good co-operation between government and industry


to promote safety regulation for motorcycle in Thailand.
General information
on R78
Kenichi Tsujimura
JASIC
UN/ECE/WP29/GRRF
UN/ECE/WP29
U N / General Assembly

ECOSOC
Economic and Social Council

ECE ESCAP
Economic Commission for Europe E. C. for Asia & the Pacific

ITC
Inland Transport Committee

WP29 AC1,AC2
AC3,AC4
World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations

G R B G RR EE GRPE
G GRRF GRSG GRSP
GRRF

Chairman :
Mr. I. Yarnold ( United Kingdom )
Government :26
Belgium, Canada, China, Croatia, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India,
Italy, Japan, Korea,Netherlands, Norway, South
Africa ,Russian Federation, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, United Kingdom, USA & EC

Non Government :6
ISO, IEC, OICA, IMMA, CLEPA,
Item discussed at GRRF
ECE R13 Braking
ECE R13-H Braking (13-H)
ECE R30 Pneumatic tyres (Passenger Vehicle )
ECE R54 Pneumatic tyres (Commercial Vehicle )
ECE R55 Mechanical Coupling
ECE R64 Temporary-Use Spare Wheels/Tyres
ECE R68 Measurement of the Maximum Speed
ECE R75 Pneumatic tyres (Moped, Motorcycle) 18
ECE R78 Braking (Category L)
ECE R79 Steering equipment ECE regulations
ECE R88 Retro reflective Tyres ( Motorcycle )
ECE R89 Speed Limitation Devices are discussed
ECE R90 Replacement Brake Lining assemblies
ECE R102 A Close-Coupling Device
ECE R106 Pneumatic tyres (Agricultural Vehicles
ECE R108 Retreaded Pneumatic tyres for Motor Vehicle)
ECE R109 Retreaded Pneumatic tyres for Commercial Vehicle
ECE R111 Tank vehicles category N and O with regard to Rollover stability
Recent topics at GRRF
• ESC (Electric stability control)

X
• TPMS
(Tyre pressure monitoring system)
O Warning

X X
R78
Motorcycle brakes
Purpose of R78
• This regulation requires minimum
requirement of performance or
specification of Motorcycles.

Ensure Motorcycle safety on braking point of view.


History of R78

Series 00 01 02 03
Entry into force 15 October 22 November 8 January 18 June 2007
from 1988 1990 1995

For the 03 series of amendment,


technical requirement which was
developed as get No.3 motorcycle
brake system has been introduced.

•Addition of requirement on warning lamp.


•Revision of requirement on dynamic performance
and technical specifications.
Countries adopting R78
•40 countries adopt
and realize MRA for
ECER78.

•There are 29
administrative
authorities and 59
technical services.
Conetnts
1.SCOPE
2.DEFINITIONS
3.APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
4.APPROVAL
5.SPECIFICATIONS
6.TESTS
7.MODIFICATIONS OF VEHICLE TYPE OR BRAKING
8.CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
9.TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
10.PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTI
11.PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
12.NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICE
Annex 1 COMMUNICATION
Annex 2 ARRANGEMENTS OF APPROVAL MARKS
Annex 3 TEST CONDITIONS, PROCEDURES AND PERFORMANCE
REQUIREMENTS
Scope
• This Regulation applies to vehicles of categories L1, L2,
L3, L4 and L5. 1/

These categories do not include:


(a) Vehicles with a Vmax of < 25 km/h;
(b) Vehicles equipped for disabled riders.

We will
We will discuss
discuss only
only about
about category
category
L3 at
L3 at this
this occasion
occasion considering
considering
motorcycle fleet
motorcycle fleet in
in Thailand.
Thailand.
Vehicle category L
L1 L2 L3 L4 L5
No. of wheels 2 3 2 3 3
Asymmetrical Symmetrical

Seating capacity N.A.


Vehicle mass N.A.
Eng. displacement ≤50cm3 >50cm3
Type of body N.A.
Maximum speed ≤50kmh >50kmh
Application for approval
The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to braking shall
be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by his duly accredited
representative.

Document
A description of the vehicle type
with regard to the Components of the braking system
•The numbers and/or symbols identifying the vehicle and the engine type
•A list of components
•A diagram of the braking system
•An indication of the position of its components
•Detailed drawings of each component to enable it to be easily located
and identified.

•Vehicle
A vehicle, representative of the vehicle type to be approved, shall be
submitted to the technical service responsible for conducting the
approval tests.
Approval
•If the vehicle type submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation
meets the requirements, approval of that vehicle type shall be granted.

•An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved.

•Its first two digits (at present 03 corresponding to the 03 series of


amendments) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the
most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the
time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party shall not assign
the same number to the same vehicle type equipped with another type of
braking device, or to another vehicle type.

•Notice of approval or refusal or extension or withdrawal of approval or


production definitely discontinued of a vehicle type pursuant to this
Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement which
apply this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in Annex
1 to this Regulation.
Approval mark
•There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on
the approval form, to every vehicle conforming to a vehicle type approved under this
Regulation an international approval mark consisting of

A circle surrounding the letter "E"


The distinguishing number of country
which has granted approval
The number of this Regulation
The letter "R",
A dash, and the approval number
Its first two digits shall indicate the series of amendments
Approval mark
• The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.

• The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle data


plate affixed by the manufacturer.
Communication

•Trade name or mark of the vehicle:


•Vehicle type designation by the manufacturer:
•Name and address of the manufacturer:
•Name and addressinformation
Necessary
Necessary of the manufacturer's
information representative
toidentify
to identify type (if applicable):
type
•Summarized
approved description:
vehiclearearelisted
listedininthe
the
approved
•Vehicle: vehicle
communication form.
–communication
Category of vehicle: form.
– Gross vehicle mass of vehicle:
•Engine:
•Transmission:
– Number and ratios of gears:
– Final drive ratio:
– Tyre dimensions:
Communication (cont)
•Braking system:
– Make(s) and type(s) of linings:
– Service brake(s) (front, rear, combined)
– Secondary braking, parking brake (if applicable) 2/
– Other systems (anti-lock brakes, etc.)
•Technical service conducting approval tests:
•Date of test report:
•Number of test report:
•Reason for extension of approval (if applicable):
•Other remarks (if applicable), (right or left hand driven):
•Place:
•Date:
•Signature:
•Annexed the list of parts constituting the approval documents, which
can be obtained on request, submitted to the Administrative Service
which has delivered the approval.
MODIFICATION OF TYPE
AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL
• Every modification of its braking system shall be communicated to the
administrative department which approved the vehicle type. That
department may then either:

– consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have appreciable


adverse effects and that in any case the vehicle still complies with the
requirements;

or

– require a further test report from the Technical Service responsible for
conducting the tests.

• Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be


communicated by the procedure specified in paragraph 4.3., to the Parties
to the Agreement which apply this Regulation.

• The Competent Authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a


series number to each communication form drawn up for such an extension.
COP
• Every vehicle (system) approved to this Regulation shall be so
manufactured as to conform to the type approved by meeting the
requirements set forth in paragraph 5 “Specifications”.

• In order to verify that the requirements above are met, suitable controls of
the production shall be carried out.
COP
The holder of the approval shall in particular:

– Ensure existence of procedures for the effective control of the quality of


products;
– Have access to the control equipment necessary for checking the
conformity to each approved type;
– Ensure that data of test results are recorded and that annexed
documents shall remain available for a period to be determined in
accordance with the Administrative Service;
– Analyse the results of each type of test, in order to verify and ensure the
stability of the product characteristics making allowance for variation of
industrial production;
– Ensure that for each type of product at least the tests prescribed in
Annex 3 TEST CONDITIONS, PROCEDURES AND PERFORMANCE
REQUIREMENTS to this Regulation are carried out;
– Ensure that any sampling of samples or test pieces giving evidence of
non-conformity with the type of test considered shall give rise to another
sampling and another test. All the necessary steps shall be taken to re-
establish the conformity of the corresponding production.
COP
• The Competent Authority which has granted type approval may at any time
verify the conformity control methods applicable to each production unit.

– In every inspection, the test books and production survey records shall
be presented to the visiting inspector.
– The inspector may take samples at random which will be tested in the
manufacturer's laboratory. The minimum number of samples may be
determined according to the results of the manufacturer's own
verification.
– When the quality level appears unsatisfactory or when it seems
necessary to verify the validity of the tests carried out in application of
paragraph 8.4.2., the inspector shall select samples to be sent to the
technical service which has conducted the type-approval tests.
– The Competent Authority may carry out any test prescribed in this
Regulation.
– The normal frequency of inspections authorized by the competent
authority shall be once every two years. In the case where negative
results are recorded during one of these visits, the Competent Authority
shall ensure that all necessary steps are taken to re-establish the
conformity of production as rapidly as possible.
Transitional provision
• As from the official date of entry into force of the 03 series of amendments
no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse an application for
approval of the 03 series.
At the request
Date of the
of entry intomanufacturer,
force Contracting Parties
24m 48mmay agree to the
application before the official date of their entry into force.

• As fromCP24can
months
grant
after the official date of entry into force
Contracting CP can not refuse
03 seriesParties
approvalshall grant approvals only by the 03 series of
amendments.
depend on request 03 series application

• 02 series approvals granted before the end ofCP thecan


24-month
grant period following
the official date of entry into force approvals only for
it shall cease to be valid 48 months after the date ofapplication
03 series entry into force.
unless the Contracting Party which granted the approval notifies the other
Contracting Parties that type-approved vehicle meets the requirements of
as amended by the 03 series.
02 series approval Invalid
• Notwithstanding the transitional provisions above, Contracting Parties
whose application of this Regulation comes into force after the date of entry
into force of the most recent series of amendments are not obliged to
accept approvals which were granted in accordance with any of the
preceding series of amendments to this Regulation.
PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY
• The approval granted in respect of a vehicle type pursuant to this
Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirements laid down in
paragraph 8.1. are not complied with or if a vehicle of this type has
failed to pass the checks prescribed in paragraph 8.3.
Approvalmay
Approval maybe bewithdrawn
withdrawnififthe thevehicle
vehicleis is
• If a Party to the Agreement which applies this Regulation withdraws
not
annot comply.
comply.
approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the
other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation, by means of a
copy of the approval form bearing at the end, in large letters, the
signed and dated annotation "APPROVAL WITHDRAWN"..
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY
DISCONTINUED
• If the holder of an approval completely ceases to
manufacture a vehicle type approved in accordance with
this Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which
granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant
communication that authority shall inform thereof the
other Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation,
by means of a copy of the approval form bearing at the
end, in large letters, the signed and dated annotation
"PRODUCTION DISCONTINUED".
• .
Theapproval
The approvalholder
holder(Manufacture
(Manufactureor orits
its
representative)have
representative) haveto toinform
informthe
thetype
type
approvalauthority
approval authorityifif they
theycompletely
completely
discontinueto
discontinue toproduct.
product.
Today’s item
• This presentation which consist
administrative information would be
followed by presentations made by a
expert regarding technical matter arising
these regulation.
• Technical presentation focuses only on L3
vehicle without combined brake systems
and antilock brake system.
Thank you for attention.
Reference
Combined brake system

Anti lock brake system

ECU
ECE Regulations 78-03
BRAKING
(Category L)
JASIC
Braking and Running Gear Subcommittee
Makoto Matsuo

Presentation with
・video ( test demonstration to administrative member in JAPAN)
・illustration, and picture

1
CONTENTS of Regulation

REGULATION Note: Sections 3-4 and 7-12 relate to approval


1. Scope
2. Definitions
5. Specifications
5.1. Brake system requirements
5.2. Durability
5.3. Measurement of dynamic performance
5.4. Brake lining materials
6. Tests
ANNEXES Note: Annexes 1-2 relate to approval procedures
Annex 3 Test conditions, procedures and performance requirements
1. General
2. Preparation
3. Dry stop test - single brake control actuated
4. Dry stop test - all service brake controls actuated
5. High speed test
6. Wet brake test
7. Heat fade test
8. Parking brake system test - for vehicles equipped with parking brakes
9. ABS tests
10. Partial failure test - for split service brake systems
11. Power - assisted braking system failure test
1. Scope

This Regulation applies to vehicles of categories


L1, L2, L3, L4and L5.
This is defined in Annex 7 to the Consolidated Resolution on the
Construction of Vehicles ( R.E.3 )

wheel Engine Max


capacity speed
L1 two ≦50cm3 ≦50km/h

L2 three ≦50cm3 ≦50km/h

L3 two 50cm3< 50km/h<

L4 Three 50cm3< 50km/h<


( asymmetrically arranged )
( motor cycle with sidecars )
L5 Three 50cm3< 50km/h<
( symmetrically arranged )
2. Definitions – 1/5 ( definition of brake parts )

・”Brake system” means


the combination of parts consisting of the control, transmission, and brake,
but excluding the engine,
whose function it is to progressively reduce the speed of a moving vehicle,
bring it to a halt, and keep it stationary when halted.
・”Control” means
the part actuated directly by the rider in order to supply or control the
energy required for braking the vehicle to the transmission.
・”Transmission” means
the combination of components that provide the functional link
between the control and the brake.
・“Brake” means those parts of the brake system where the forces opposing
the movement of the vehicle are developed.
・”Service brake system” means a brake system which is used for slowing the
vehicle when in motion.
・“Single brake system” means a brake system which acts on only one axle.
・”Components of the braking system” means one of the individual parts
which, when assembled, constitute the braking system.
2. Definitions – 2/5
Components of the braking system and position Master
reservoir cylinder

Rear brake Front brake Brake


Master lever
Brake cylinder
lever

reservoir

Brake
hose
caliper

Brake
Master disc
cylinder caliper
Brake
disk
Brake
pedal

Brake
pedal
2. Definitions – 3/5
Brake system ( Service brake system )
Definition of brake parts
Single brake Single brake
Brake lever system ( Front ) system ( Rear )
Control
Transmission

Master cylinder
Brake hose
Transmission

Caliper
Brake disc
Control
Brake

Brake
2. Definitions – 4/5 ( Definition of test weight )
・”Laden” means so loaded as to attain the gross vehicle mass which is the
technically permissible maximum laden mass as declared by the
manufacture.
・“Lightly loaded” means mass in running order plus 15 kg for test equipment,
or the laden condition, whichever is less.
・”Mass in running order” means the sum of the unladen vehicle mass and
driver mass.
・”Unladen vehicle mass” means the nominal mass of the vehicle as indicated
by the manufacturer(s) including all factory fitted equipment for normal
operation of that vehicle, plus coolant, oil, 90% of fuel and 100% of other gas
or liquids, as specified by the manufacturer.
・”Driver mass” means the nominal mass of a driver that shall be 75kg
( subdivided into 68kg occupant mass at the seat and 7kg luggage mass )
Laden
Lightly loaded
Mass
in running order
Driver 15kg Passenger
Unladen vehicle ( test
mass mass equipment ) ,etc
2. Definitions – 5/5 ( other definition )
・“Engine disconnect” means when the engine is no longer connected to
the drive wheel(s).
・”Test speed” means the vehicle speed measured the moment the driver
begins to actuate the brake control(s).
For tests where the simultaneous action of two controls is specified,
the vehicle speed is taken from the point the first control is actuated.
・”Stopping distance” means the distance travelled by the vehicle from
the point the rider begins to actuate the brake control to the point at
which the vehicle reachs a full stop.
For tests where the simultaneous action of two controls is specified,
the distance travelled is taken from the point the first control is
actuated.
5.1. Brake system requirements
1. Vehicles shall have configurations that enable a rider to actuate the
service brake system control while seated in the normal driving position
and with both hands on the steering control.
2. Vehicles shall be equipped with two separate service brake system,
with at least one brake operating on the front wheel and at least one
brake operating on the rear wheel.
3. For vehicles that use hydraulic fluid for brake force transmission, the
master cylinder shall:
(a) Have a sealed, covered, separate reservoir;
(b) Have a minimum reservoir capacity equivalent to 1.5 times the total
fluid displacement required to satisfy the new to fully worn lining
condition with the worst case brake adjustment condition;
(c) Have a reservoir where the fluid level is visible for checking without
removal of the cover.
5.1. Brake system requirements
Brake system requirements Front brake
reservoir
Front brake
lever

Steering
control

Rear brake
reservoir
5.2. Durability

1. Wear of the brakes shall be compensated for by means


of a system of automatic or manual adjustment.
2. The friction material thickness shall either be visible
without disassembly, or where the friction material is
not visible, wear shall be assessed by means of
a device designed for that purpose.
3. During all tests in this Regulation and on their
completion, there shall be no friction material
detachment and no leakage of brake fluid.
5.3. Measurement of dynamic performance – 1/3
1. MFDD ( Mean Fully Developed Deceleration )
MFDD = ( Vb2 - Ve2 ) / 25.92 ( Se - Sb ) in m/s2
where;
V1 = vehicle speed when rider actuates the control
Vb = vehicle speed at 0.8 V1 in km/h
Ve = vehicle speed at 0.1 V1 in km/h
Sb = distance travelled between V1 and Vb in meters
Se = distance travelled between V1 and Ve in meters
2. Stopping distance;
To calculate the corrected stopping distance ( Ss ) using
the actual vehicle test speed,
Ss = 0.1Vs + ( Sa – 0.1Va )・Vs2/ Va2
where;
Vs = specified vehicle test speed in km/h
Sa = actual stopping distance in metres
Va = actual vehicle test speed in km/h
Note; This equation is only valid when the actual test speed( Va )
is within ±5km/h of the specified test speed ( Vs ).
3. Continuous deceleration recording
For the burnishing procedure and tests such as wet brake,
heat fade-heating procedure, there is a continuous recording of the
vehicle’s instantaneous deceleration from the moment a force is
applied to the end of the stop.
5.3. Measurement of dynamic performance – 2/3 ( MFDD )

V1 Vb Ve STOP

Rider actuates = 0.8V1 = 0.1V1


the control

Braking

Distance travelled
Sb Between V1 and Vb

Se
Distacce travelled
Between V1 and Ve

MFDD = ( Vb2-Ve2)/25.92 ( Se – Sb ) in m/s2


5.3. Measurement of dynamic performance – 3/3
( Stopping distance )

Specified test
Vs speed in km/h
Braking
Actual test
Va speed in km/h STOP
Should be within
±5km/h of the Vs

Sa
Actual stopping
distance in metres

Ss: corrected stopping distance


= 0.1Vs + ( Sa – 0.1Va ) ・ Vs2/Va2
5.4. Brake lining materials

・Brake linings shall not contain asbestos.


Annex 3 1. General 1/6

1.Test surfaces
(1) Clean and level surface, with a gradient ≦1% . ( 0.57°)
(2) Has a nominal peak braking coefficient (PBC) of 0.9,
(3) Measurement of PBC
( “PBC” means the measure of tyre to road surface friction based
on the maximum deceleration of a rolling tyre )
(a) The American Society for Testing and Material ( ASTM ) E1136
standard reference test tyre, in accordance with ASTM Method
E1337-90, at a speed of 40 mph without water delivery;or
(b) The method specified in the Appendix to Annex 4 of UNECE
Regulation No.78, 01 series of amendments.
2.Test lane width 2.5 m
3.Ambient temperature 4℃ ~ 45℃
4.Wind speed not more than 5 m/s
5.Test speed tolerance ±5 km/h
In the event of the actual test speed deviating from the specified test
speed, the actual stopping distance is corrected using the formula in
paragraph 5.3. .
Annex 3 1. General 2/6

6.Automatic transmission
Vehicles with automatic transmission shall complete all tests –
whether they are for “ engine connected “ or “ engine disconnected “.
If an automatic transmission has a neutral position, the neutral
position is selected for tests where “ engine disconnected “ is specified.

7.Vehicle position and wheel lock;


(1) The vehicle is positioned in the centre of the test lane for the beginning
of each stop;
(2) Stops are made without the vehicle wheels passing outside the
applicable test lane and without wheel lock.
Annex 3 1. General 3/6
The American Society for Testing and Material ( ASTM )

• The American Society for Testing and Material ( ASTM )

Vehicle
( tow the trailer) Test
trailer

ASTM
E1136
Radial
standard
reference Fifth wheel for
Test tire speed-measuring
Annex 3 1. General 4/6
The American Society for Testing and Material ( ASTM )

Summary of Test Method


1. The measurements are conducted with a standard reference test tire
( Specification E1136 ) mounted on a test trailer towed by a vehicle.
The trailer contains a transducer, instrumentation, and actuation
controls for the braking of the test tire.
2. The test apparatus is normally brought to a test speed of 40 mph ( 64
km/h ). The brake is progressively applied until sufficient braking
torque results to produce the maximum braking force that will occur
prior to wheel lockup. Longitudinal force, vertical load, and vehicle
speed are recorded with the aid of suitable instrumentation and data
acquisition equipment.
3. The peak braking coefficient of the road surface is determined from
the ratio of the maximum value of braking force to the simultaneous
vertical load occurring prior to wheel lockup as the braking torque is
progressively increased.

For more detail information


See ASTM Method E1337-90
Annex 3 1. General 5/6
The method specified in the Appendix to Annex 4 of UNECE
Regulation No.78, 01 series of amendments.
1. The coefficient of adhesion shall be determined from the maximum
braking rate, without wheel lock, braking both wheels simultaneously.
2. Test condition
・Initial speed of about 60 km/h ( or, 0.9Vmax if unable to attain 60 km/h )
・Lightly loaded
・Constant brake control forces
3. A series of tests may be carried out up to the critical point reached
immediately before the wheel(s) lock by varying both the front and the
rear brake forces, in order to determine the maximum braking rate of
the vehicle.
4. The braking rate( Z ) will be determined by reference to the time taken for
the speed of the vehicle to reduce from 40km/h to 20km/h, using the
formula;
z = 0.56/ t
where t is measured in seconds.
The maximum value of Z = K.
Annex 3 1. General 6/6
The method specified in the Appendix to Annex 4 of UNECE
Regulation No.78, 01 series of amendments.

Braking to the critical point reached immediately


before the wheel(s) lock

Initial speed
About 60km/h 40km/h 20km/h STOP

t
second 0.56/t = K
Annex 3 2. Preparation 1/4
1.Engine idle speed ; manufacture’s specification.
2.Tyre pressures ;manufacture’s specification for loading condition.
3.Control application points and direction
・For a hand control lever,
the input force(F) is applied on 50mm
the control lever’s forward sur- F
-face perpendicular to the axis Lever
fulcrum 90°
of the lever fulcrum and its out-
-ermost point on the plane alo-
-ng which the control lever
rotates.
The input force is applied to a
point located 50mm from the
outermost point of the control
lever, measured along the axis
between the central axis of the
fulcrum of the lever and its outermost point.

・For a foot control pedal, the input force is applied to the centre of, and at
right angles to, the control pedal.
Annex 3 2. Preparation 2/4

4.Brake temperature measurement


The brake temperature is measured on the approximate centre of the
braking path of the disc or drum using;

(a) A rubbing thermocouple that is in contact with the surface of


the disc or drum; or
(b) A thermocouple that is embedded in the friction material.
Thermo
Disc brake Drum brake couple

Caliper Brake shoe

Thermo
couple

Friction material
Friction material

1mm
Additional Information
Test item & measurement item table

Burni- Dry Dry High Wet Heat


Test item -shing Stop Stop Speed Brake Fade
Measurement Proce- Single All test test test
item method -dure Brake brake
Brake ・Hydraulic
actuation conversion ○ ○ ○ ○ ○
force ・strain gauge
Brake ・Thermo-
Temperature couple ○ ○ ○ ○ ○
Test ・GPS
speed ・Third wheel ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○
Vehicle ・GPS
Deceleration ・Third wheel ○ ○ ○
Stopping ・GPS
distance ・Third wheel ○ ○ ○ ○
MFDD ・GPS
or or or
・Third wheel ○ ○ ○
GPS: Global Positioning System
measurement method Additional Infomation
Brake actuation
Test force
speed

Water
pump

To hydraulic
conversion
Water
tank

Third wheel
Annex 3 2. Preparation 3/4

5.Burnishing procedure
( This procedure may be completed by the manufacture )
・Vehicle lightly loaded;
・Engine disconnected;
・Test speed; Braking

Initial Final
50km/h or 0.8Vmax, lower 5 ~ 10km/h
・Brake application;
Each service brake system control actuated
separately;
・Vehicle deceleration;
Front 3.0~3.5m/s2
Rear 1.5~2.0m/s2

・Number of decelerations; 100 per brake system


・Initial brake temperature before each brake application;
Less than 100℃
Annex 3 2. Preparation 4/4
Burnishing procedure table

① Accelerate the vehicle to the initial speed


(50km/h or 0.8Vmax )

② Actuate the brake control until the final speed ( 5 ~ 10km/h )


Vehicle deceleration: Front 3.0 ~ 3.5 m/s2
Rear 1.5 ~ 2.0 m/s2

③ Reaccelerate to the initial speed ( 50km/h or 0.8Vmax ) and


maintain that speed until the brake temperature falls to less than
100℃
④ → ② 100 times braking

⑤ After burnishing,
Adjust the brakes in accordance with the manufacture’s
recommendations.
Annex 3 3. Dry stop test - single brake control actuated
(1)Vehicle condition
・Laden
・Engine disconnected
(2)Test condition & procedure
・Initial brake temperature: 55℃~100℃
・Test speed: 60km/h or 0.9Vmax, lower

・Brake application:
Each service brake system control actuated separately
・Brake actuation force Hand control ≦200N
Foot control ≦350N
・Number of stops: until the vehicle meets the performance
requirements, with a maximum of 6 stops
(3)Performance requirements

Stopping distance or MFDD


Front S≦0.1V + 0.0087V2 Min. 4.4

Rear S≦0.1V + 0.0133V2 Min. 2.9


Dry stop test - single brake control actuated result
Additional Information

Result table
Result Performance
requirement

Brake 73℃ 55℃~100℃ OK


temperature
Test speed 59.4 km/h 60 km/h OK

Brake actuation 95 N ≦200 N OK


force

Stopping 20.9 m S≦0.1V+0.0087V2 OK


distance ( = 37.3 m )
MFDD 7.51 Min 4.4 OK
Annex 3 4. Dry stop test – all service brake controls actuated

(1)Vehicle condition
・Lightly loaded
・Engine disconnected
(2)Test condition & procedure
・Initial brake temperature: 55℃~100℃
・Test speed: 100km/h or 0.9Vmax, lower
・Brake application: Simultaneous actuation of both brake

・Brake actuation force Hand control ≦250N


Foot control ≦400N
・Number of stops: until the vehicle meets the performance
requirements, with a maximum of 6 stops
(3)Performance requirements

Stopping distance MFDD


S≦0.0060V2 -
Annex 3 5. High speed test
( not required for vehicles with Vmax ≦ 125km/h )
(1)Vehicle condition
・Lightly loaded
・Engine connected with the transmission in the highest gear
(2)Test condition & procedure
・Initial brake temperature: 55℃~100℃
・Test speed: Vehicle max speed Test speed
125km/h< <200km/h 0.8 Vmax
200km/h≦ 160 km/h
・Brake application: Simultaneous actuation of both service brake
system controls
・Brake actuation force Hand control ≦200N
Foot control ≦350N
・Number of stops: until the vehicle meets the performance
requirements, with a maximum of 6 stops
(3)Performance requirements
Stopping distance or MFDD
S≦0.1V + 0.0067V2 Min. 5.8
Annex 3 6. Wet brake test 1/6
(1)General
・For each brake system.
・Drum brakes or fully enclosed disc brakes are exempt from this test
unless ventilation or open inspection ports are present.
・Continuous recording of brake control force and vehicle deceleration.
(2)Vehicle condition
・Laden ・Engine disconnected
・Each brake is fitted with water spray equipment
・Disk brakes;Sketch of water spray equipment
・Drum brakes with ventilation and open inspection ports;
(3)Baseline test
・Dry stop test
With the brake control force that results in a vehicle deceleration of
2.5 ~ 3.0m/s2 , and the following is determined;
①The average brake control force measured when the vehicle is
traveling between 80% and 10 % of the specified test speed.
②The average vehicle deceleration in the period 0.5 to 1.0 seconds
after the point of actuation of the brake control;
③The maximum vehicle deceleration during the complete stop but
excluding the final 0.5 seconds;
・Conduct 3 baseline stops and average the values
Annex 3 6. Wet brake test 2/6- Annex ①
Water spray equipment
Disc
1.Disc brakes Disk Disc
rotation
Sketch of equipment
This installed as following; Water tank

・Water is sprayed onto each


brake with a flow rate of
15 liters/hr. A
The water is equally
L 2/3 L
distributed on each side of
the rotor; Friction 45°
・ If the surface of the rotor has surface Pad
5
any shielding, the spray is Spray point
applied 45 degrees prior to Spray pipe A 2/3 L from
circumference
the shield; Spray hole
・ If it is not possible to locate Φ1
the spray in the position
shown on the sketch, or if the
spray coincides with a brake
ventilation hole or similar,
the spray nozzle may be advanced by an additional 90 degrees maximum
from the edge of the pad, using the same radius;
Annex 3 6. Wet brake test 3/6- Annex ①
Water spray equipment

2.Drum brakes with ventilation and open inspection ports;

The water spray equipment is installed as follows;


・ Sprayed equally onto both sides of the drum brake assembly with
a flow rate of 15 liters/hr.
・ The spray nozzles are positioned two thirds of the distance from the
outer circumference of the rotating drum to the wheel hub center.
・ The nozzle position is > 15 degrees from the edge of any opening
in the drum back plate.
Annex 3 6. Wet brake test 4/6 ( Measurement result sample )
Measurement result sample
Before starting Dry stop test need to find
the connection between the brake actuation ②The average vehicle deceleration
force and the vehicle deceleration by several in the period 0.5 to 1.0 seconds after the point
times braking for finding target force for test of actuation of the brake control
( 2.6 + 2.5 + 2.8 + 3.0 + 3.0 ) / 5 = 2.78
Braking
Time 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8
( second )
Deceleration 0.0 2.6 2.5 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.8
( m/s2 )
Speed 60. 60. 59. 58. 57. 56. 55. 54. 53. 52. 51. 50. 48. 47. 46. 45. 44. 43. 42.
( km/h ) 3 0 1 4 4 3 0 1 4 3 1 0 6 5 5 4 3 1 2

4.8 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.2

2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.5

12. 11. 11. 10. 9.2 8.3 7.4 6.6 5.8 4.9 4.1 3.2 2.4 1.5 0.0
8 8 0 1

③The maximum vehicle deceleration


during the complete stop but Final 0.5 seconds
excluding the final 0.5 seconds.
Annex 3 6. Wet brake test 5/6

(4)Wet brake stop


(a)The vehicle is ridden at the test speed used in the baseline test with
the water spray equipment operating on the brake(s) to be tested and
with no application of the brake system;
(b)After a distance of ≧500m, apply the averaged brake control force
determined in the baseline test for the brake system being tested;
(c)Measurement the average vehicle deceleration in the period 0.5 to 1.0
seconds after the point of actuation of the brake control;
(d)Measure the maximum vehicle deceleration during the complete stop
but excluding the final 0.5 seconds.
(5)Performance requirement

Average vehicle deceleration in the


period 0.5 to 1.0 seconds after the point ≧60% of the baseline test
of actuation of the brake control

and
The maximum vehicle deceleration
during the complete stop but excluding ≦120% of the baseline test
the final 0.5 seconds
Annex 3 6. Wet brake test 6/6
Wet brake test step table
test step Baseline test Calculate the
average of each Wet brake test
( Dry stop test )
measurement
Measurement 1 st 2 nd 3 rd wetting Brake
item test
Vehicle deceleration 2.5 ~ Vehicle is
← ← ridden
3.0 m/s2
・with water
Average brake F1 F2 F3 (F1+F2+F3)/3 spray Fb
control force during = Fb operating
80% to 10% of test
speed ・no brake
apprication
Average vehicle D1 D2 D3 (D1+D2+D3)/3 Dw
deceleration during ・≧500m
= Db
0.5 to 1.0 seconds
after brake actuation
Maximum vehicle MD1 MD2 MD3 (MD1+MD2+MD3) MDw
Deceleration during /3
stop excluding final = MDb
0.5 sec.

Performance requirement
Dw ≧60% of Db
MDw≦120% of MDb
Annex 3 7. Heat fade test 1/4

(1)General
・ Vehicle; laden.
・ Each service brake system control actuated separately
(2)Baseline test
・Dry stop test - single brake control actuated
・Measurement of either MFDD or the stopping distance.
(3)Heating procedure
・Test speed
Front brake 100km/h or 0.7Vmax, lower
Rear brake 80km/h or 0.7Vmax, lower

・Engine transmission Braking


Test speed V 0.5V 0
Engine connect with
the highest Disconnected
transmission appropriate
gear

・Initial brake temperature prior to first stop only; 55℃ ≦ ≦ 100℃


Annex 3 7. Heat fade test 2/4

・Brake actuation force;


First stop Remaining stops
( 9 stops )
・ Constant control force ・ Same as the first stop
・ Vehicle deceleration rate of 3.0-3.5m/s2
between 80% and 10% of the specified
speed

If unable to achieve this deceleration rate,


Carry out to meet the deceleration requirements of Dry stop test
・Carry out a stop , then immediately use maximum
acceleration to reach the specified speed and maintain that
speed until the next stop.
Number of stop; 10
Interval between stops; 1000m
・Continuous recording;
Brake control force
Vehicle deceleration
Annex 3 7. Heat fade test 3/4

(4)Hot brake stop


・Conditions used in the baseline test.
・Within one minute of the completion of the heating procedure.
・Brake actuation force less than or equal to the force used in the
baseline test.
・Measurement of either MFDD or the stopping distance.

Heat fade test table


STOP 1st 2nd
~ 11th Within 1 min 12th
Test name Baseline Heating Hot brake stop
test procedure

Test condition Same as Heating ・Same as


Dry stop test procedure Baseline test
・Brake actuation
force less than or
equal to baseline
test
Annex 3 7. Heat fade test 4/4

(5)Performance requirements

Stopping distance or MFDD

S ≦1.67S1-0.67×0.1V More than 60% of the MFDD


where in the baseline test
S1; stopping distance in
the baseline test
V ; specified test speed in km/h
Heat fade test
Additional Information

Result table
Baseline Performance Hot brake
test requirement stop

Test speed 59.6 km/h 61.0 km/h

Brake 77 N Less than or 75 N OK


actuation force Equal to
baseline
Stopping 24.3 m S≦1.67S1 – 20.4 m OK
distance ( S1 ) 0.67×0.1V
= 36.5 m
MFDD 6.64 60% of 7.32 OK
Baseline =
3.98 <
END
Thank you so much
for your attention!
General information
on R53 and R113
Kenichi Tsujimura
JASIC
UN/ECE/WP29/GRE
UN/ECE/WP29
U N / General Assembly

ECOSOC
Economic and Social Council

ECE ESCAP
Economic Commission for Europe E. C. for Asia & the Pacific

ITC
Inland Transport Committee

WP29 AC1,AC2
AC3,AC4
World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations

G R B G RR EE GRPE
G GRRF GRSG GRSP
GRE

Chairman :
Mr. M. Gorzkowski ( Canada )
Government :23
Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, France,
Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Korea, South Africa,
Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, United
Kingdom, USA & EC

Non Government :6
ISO, IEC, OICA, IMMA, CLEPA, GTB
Item discussed at GRE
ECE R1&2 Headlamps ECE R65 Special Warning Lights
ECE R3 Reflex Reflectors ECE R69 Rear marking plates
ECE R4 Rear Registration Plate Lamps ECE R70 Rear Marking Plates for Heavy
and Long Vehicles
ECE R5 Sealed Beam Headlamps
ECE R72 Halogen Headlamps
ECE R6 Direction Indicators
ECE R74 Installation of Lights (Moped)
ECE R7 Front and Rear Position ( Side )
Lamps, Stop Lamps and End-Outline
Marker Lamps 40 ECE R76 Headlamps (Moped)
ECE R77 Parking Lamps
ECE R8 Halogen Headlamps
ECE R82 Halogen Headlamps
ECE regulations
ECE R10 Radio Interference Suppression
ECE R86 lighting and light-signalling devices
ECE R19 Front Fog Lamps (agricultural or forestry tractors)
ECE R20 Halogen Headlamps ( H4 ) are discussed ECE R87 Daytime Running Lamps
ECE R23 Reversing Lamps ECE R91 Side-Marker Lamps
ECE R27 Warning Triangles ECE R98 Gas-Discharge Headlamps
ECE R31 Halogen Sealed Beam Headlamps ECE R99 Gas-Discharge Light Sources
ECE R37 Filament Lamps ECE R104 Retro-Reflective Markings for Heavy and
Long Vehicles
ECE R38 Rear Fog Lamps
ECE R112 Headlamps
ECE R45 Headlamp Cleaners
(with an Asymmetrical Passing Beam)
ECE R48 Installation of Lights
ECE R113 Headlamps
ECE R50 Lights ( Moped, Motorcycle )
(with a Symmetrical Passing Beam)
ECE R53 Installation of Light( Motorcycle )
ECE R119 Cornering Lamps
ECE R56 Headlamps ( Moped )
ECE R123 Adaptive Front-lighting system
ECE R57 Headlamps (Motorcycle )
Latest topics at GRE
• R123 AFS (Adaptive Front lighting System )
Vehicle speed
Steering angle

Controller
AFS

• Night vision system


Human eyes Using a infrared rays camera
R53
Installation of Light( Motorcycle )
Purpose of R53
• This regulation requires minimum
requirement of location, arrangement and
color of the lights and light signaling
devices to ensure visibility and awareness.
Ensuremotorcycle
Ensure motorcyclesafety
safetyon
on
Toget
To getcommon
commonunderstanding
understanding
Tokeep
To keepVisibility
Visibility
Toensure
To ensureconspicuousness
conspicuousness

How do you think running direction of these motorcycles ?


History of R53

Series 00 series 01 series


Entry into 1 February 1983 7 February 1999
force
from
Original •Color of head lamp
Contents
(White or Yellow -> White)
•Minimum separation
between direction indicators
•Side reflex reflector
(Option -> Compulsory)

Etc.
Countries adopting R53
•38 countries
adopt and
realize MRA for
ECER53.
Technical services
27 administrative authorities designate 56
technical services.
GERMANY DEKRA Automobil Test Center
TÜV Automotive GmbH
Typprüfstelle Fahrzeuge/Fahrzeugteile im Technologiezentrum Verkehrssicherheit der TÜV Kraftfahrt GmbH
TÜV Rheinland Group
Automotive TÜV Technische Überwachung Hessen GmbH
Technologiezentrum/Typprüfstelle der TÜV Pfalz Verkehrswesen GmbH
FAKT GmbH Kraftfahrtechnisches Prüf- und Ingenieurzentrum
TÜV Österreich Geschäftsbereich Kraftfahrtechnik und Verkehr
FRANCE Laboratoire de l'Union technique de l'automobile, du motocycle et du cycle (U.T.A.C.)
ITALY Omologazioni (Vehicle Type Approvals) Servizi Integrati Infrastrutture e Trasporti (S.I.I.T.)
NETHERLANDS RDW
TNO AUTOMOTIVE
TÜV Automotive GmbH
TÜV Nord Strassenverkehr GmbH
TÜV Kraftfahrt GmbH
RWTÜV Fahrzeug GmbH
IDIADA Institute for Applied Automotive Research etc.
Conetnts
1. SCOPE
2. DEFINITIONS
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
4. APPROVAL
5. GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
6. INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS
7. MODIFICATIONS OF THE VEHICLE TYPE OR OF THE INSTALLATION OF
ITS LIGHTING AND LIGHT-SIGNALLING DEVICES
8. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
9. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
10. PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
11. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
12. NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR
CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS, AND OF ADMINISTRATIVE
DEPARTMENTS

Annex 1 COMMUNICATION
Annex 2 ARRANGEMENT OF APPROVAL MARKS
Annex 3 LAMP SURFACES, AXIS AND CENTRE OF REFERENCE, AND ANGLES OF
GEOMETRIC VISIBILITY
Annex 4 FORWARD VISIBILITY OF RED LIGHTS AND REARWARD VISIBILITY OF
WHITE LIGHTS
Annex 5 CONTROL OF CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
Scope
• This Regulation applies to vehicles of category
L3 1/ with regard to the installation of lighting and
light-signalling devices.

1/ As defined in Annex 7 to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles


(R.E.3), (document TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.1/Amend.2 as last amended by Amend.4).
* URL
http://www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/wp29wgs/wp29gen/wp29re3.html
Vehicle category L
L1 L2 L3 L4 L5
No. of wheels 2 3 2 3 3
Asymmetrical Symmetrical

Seating capacity N.A.


Vehicle mass N.A.
Eng. displacement ≤50cm3 >50cm3
Type of body N.A.
Maximum speed ≤50kmh >50kmh
Application for approval
The application for approval shall be submitted by the vehicle
manufacturer orby his duly accredited representative.

Documents
•A description of vehicle type
•A list of the devices intended by the manufacturer
•A layout drawing on the vehicle
•A layout drawing or drawings of each lamp (if necessary)
the illuminating surface
the light-emitting surface
the axis of reference and
the centre of reference
•Statement of the method used for the definition of the apparent surface

Vehicle
•an unladen vehicle fitted with a complete set of lighting and light-
signalling equipment and representative of the vehicle type to be
approved shall be submitted to the technical service responsible for
conducting approval tests.
Approval mark
•An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved.

•There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on


the approval form, to every vehicle conforming to a vehicle type approved under this
Regulation an international approval mark consisting of

A circle surrounding the letter "E"


The distinguishing number of country
which has granted approval
The number of this Regulation
The letter "R",
A dash, and the approval number
Its first two digits shall indicate the series of amendments
Communication

•Trade name or mark of the vehicle:


• Manufacturer's name for the type of vehicle:
• Manufacturer's name and address:
• If applicable,
Necessary
Necessary nameinformation
and address ofto
information the
to manufacturer's
identify
identify type representative:
type
• Submitted for approval
approved vehicleon: are listed in the
approved vehicle
• Technical service responsiblearefor
listed in the
conducting approval tests:
communication
• Datecommunication
of test report:
form.
form.
• Number of test report:
• Concise description:Lighting devices on the vehicle:
Driving lamps: yes/no
Passing lamps: yes/no
Front fog lamps: yes/no
Direction-indicators: yes/no
Repeating side direction-indicators: yes/no
Hazard warning signal: yes/no
Communication (cont)
Concise description : Lighting devices on the vehicle:
Stop lamps: yes/no
Rear-registration-plate illuminating device: yes/no
Front position (side) lamps: yes/no
Rear position (side) lamps: yes/no
Rear fog lamps: yes/no
Rear retro-reflectors, non-triangular: yes/no
• Side retro-reflectors, non-triangular: yes/no
• Equivalent lamps: yes/no
• Any comments:
• Position of the approval mark:
• Reason(s) for extension (if applicable):
• Approval granted/refused/extended/withdrawn:
• Place:
• Date:
• Signature:
• The list of documents deposited with the Administrative Service which
has granted the approval is annexed to this communication and may be
obtained upon request.
COP
• The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set
out in the Agreement, Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-
E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2)(http://www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/w
p29regs.html), with the following requirements:
Basic idea is mentioned in Appendix 2 of
Basic idea is mentioned in Appendix
• Motorcycles approved under this Regulation shall be2soof
the1958
the 1958
manufactured agreement.
asagreement.
to conform to the type approved, by meeting the
requirements set out in General specification and Individual
Particularmethod
specification.
Particular methodfor forthis
thisregulation
regulationis is
mentionedin
mentioned inannex
annex55of ofthis
thisregulation
regulation
• The minimum requirements for conformity of production control
procedures set forth in annex 5 CONTROL OF CONFORMITY OF
PRODUCTION to this Regulation shall be complied with.

• The authority which has granted type approval may at any time
verify the conformity control methods applied in each production
facility. The normal frequency of these verifications shall be once a
year.
PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY
• The approval granted in respect of a vehicle type pursuant to this
Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirement laid down in
paragraph 8.1. above is not met or if the vehicle has failed to pass
the checks prescribed in paragraph 8 above.

• If a Party to the Agreement which applies this Regulation withdraws


an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the
other Contracting Parties to the Agreement which apply this
Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the
model in annex 1 to this Regulation.

Approvalmay
Approval maybe
bewithdrawn
withdrawnififthe
thevehicle
vehicleis
is
notcomply.
not comply.
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY
DISCONTINUED
• If the holder of an approval completely ceases to
manufacture a vehicle type approved in accordance with
this Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which
granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant
communication that authority shall inform thereof the
other Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation,
by means of a communication form conforming to the
model in annex 1 to this Regulation.
Theapproval
The approvalholder
holder(Manufacture
(Manufactureor orits
its
representative)have
representative) haveto toinform
informthe
thetype
type
approvalauthority
approval authorityifif they
theycompletely
completely
discontinueto
discontinue toproduct.
product.
TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
• As from the official date of entry into force of the 01 series of amendments,
no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approvals
under this Regulation as amended by the 01 series of amendments.
Date of entry into force 24m 48m
• As from 24 months after the date of entry into force mentioned in paragraph
11.1. above, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant
CP can
approvals onlygrant
if the vehicle type withCP
regard to the number and mode of
can not refuse
03 series
installation ofapproval
the lighting and light-signalling devices corresponds to the
depend on request 03 series application
requirements of the 01 series of amendments to this Regulation.
CP can grant
• Existing approvals granted under this Regulation before
approvals onlythe
fordate mentioned
in paragraph 11.2 above shall remain valid.
03In the case
series of vehicles first
application
registered more than four years after the date of entry into force mentioned
in paragraph 11.1. above Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may
refuse the vehicle type with regard to the number and mode of installation of
02 series
the lighting and approval devices which do not meet Invalid
light-signalling the requirements
of the 01 series of amendments to this Regulation.
R113
Headlamps
(with a Symmetrical Passing Beam)
Purpose of R113
• This regulation requires
minimum requirement
of lighting performance,
characteristics and
toughness.

Toensure
To ensuremotorcycle
motorcyclesafety
safetyusing
using
headlampshaving
headlamps havingenough
enoughilluminating
illuminating
performance,lighting
performance, lightingdistribution,
distribution,
durability,etc.
durability, etc.
History of R113

Series 00 series
Entry into R8 21 September
force 2001
from R57
Contents Technical
R20 requirements for
symmetrical head
lamps
R56
Countries adopting R113
•43 countries
adopt and be
realize MRA for
ECER53.

•There are 21
administrative
authorities and
47 technical
services.
Contents
A. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
0. SCOPE
1. DEFINITIONS
2. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL OF A HEADLAMP
3. MARKINGS
4. APPROVAL

B.TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR HEADLAMPS


5. GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
6. ILLUMINATION
7. COLOUR

C.FURTHER ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS


8. MODIFICATION OF THE HEADLAMP TYPE AND EXTENSION OF
APPROVAL
9. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
10. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
11. PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
12. NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICE
Contents
Annex 1 COMMUNICATION
Annex 2 EXAMPLES OF ARRANGEMENT OF APPROVAL MARKS
Annex 3 MEASURING SCREEN
Annex 4 TESTS FOR STABILITY OF PHOTOMETRIC PERFORMANCE ON
COMPLETE CLASS B, C AND D HEADLAMPS
Annex 5 MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
CONTROL PROCEDURES
Annex 6 REQUIREMENTS FOR LAMPS INCORPORATING LENSES OF PLASTIC
MATERIAL - TESTING OF LENS OR MATERIAL SAMPLES AND OF
COMPLETE LAMPS
Annex 7 MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR SAMPLING BY AN INSPECTOR
Annex 8 OVERVIEW OF OPERATIONAL PERIODS CONCERNING TEST FOR
STABILITY OF PHOTOMETRIC PERFORMANCE
Annex 9 DEFINITION AND SHARPNESS OF THE "CUT-OFF" LINE FOR
SYMMETRICAL PASSING-BEAM HEADLAMPS AND AIMING
PROCEDURE BY MEANS OF THIS CUT-OFF LINE
Scope
This Regulation applies to headlamps for vehicles of categories L and T

• CATEGORY L - MOTOR VEHICLES WITH LESS THAN FOUR


WHEELS
• CATEGORY T - AGRICULTURAL AND FORESTRY TRACTORS
Thismeeting
This meetingfocus
focuson
onLLcategory.
category.
Application for approval
The application for approval shall be submitted by the owner of the trade name
or mark or by his duly accredited representative. It shall specify:.

Documents
•Intention of headlamp;
A passing and driving beam or only one of these beams
•Class A or B or C or D
•Category of the filament (in Regulation No. 37)
•Drawings in triplicate in sufficient detail to permit identification of the type and
representing a frontal view of the headlamp, with details of lens ribbing if any,
•Drawing of a Cross-section;
*the drawings shall indicate the space for the approval mark
•A brief technical description;

Samples
•Two samples of the type of headlamp;
Application for approval
For Class B, C or D headlamps only, for the test of plastic material of which the
lenses are made:

•Thirteen lenses;

•Six of these lenses may be replaced by six samples of material at least 60 x


80 mm in size, having a flat or convex outer surface and a substantially flat
area (radius of curvature not less than 300 mm) in the middle measuring at
least 15 x 15 mm;

• Every such lens or sample of material shall be produced by the method to be


used in mass production;

•A reflector to which the lenses can be fitted in accordance with the


manufacturer's instructions.

• The materials making up the lenses and coatings, if any, shall be


accompanied by the test report of the characteristics of these materials and
coatings if they have already been tested.
Approval
If all the samples of a type of headlamp submitted pursuant to
paragraph 2. above satisfy the provisions of this Regulation, approval
shall be granted.

Where grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps satisfy


the requirements of more than one Regulation, a single international
approval mark may be affixed provided that each of the grouped,
combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps satisfies the provisions
applicable to it.

An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first


two digits (at present 00) shall indicate the series of amendments
incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the
Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting
Party may not assign the same number to another type of headlamp
covered by this Regulation.

Notice of approval or of extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval


or production definitely discontinued of a type of headlamp pursuant to
this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the 1958
Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a form conforming to
the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
Marking
The marks and symbols shall be clearly legible and be indelible.

•Trade name or mark of


the applicant.

•Spaces of sufficient size


for the approval mark and
the additional symbols on
the lens and on the main
body

•Category of filament
lamp On the back of the
headlamp
Markings
The mark, an approval mark shall be affixed in the spaces referred to drawings
to every headlamp conforming to a type approved under this Regulation.

a circle The distinguishing A horizontal The


surrounding the number of the arrow with a approval
letter "E" country head on each number
which has granted end, pointing to
approval the left and to
the right
Marking

Class A Class B Class C Class D


Passing C-AS C-BS WC-CS WC-DS
beam only

Driving R-BS0 WR-CS WR-DS


beam only

Both CR-BS WCR-CS WCR-DS


C/R-BS WC/R-CS WC/R-DS
Headlamps are designed that the filament of the passing beam shall not be lit
simultaneously with that of any other lighting function with which it may be
reciprocally incorporated:
“ / “ shall be placed behind the passing lamp symbol in the approval mark.
Marking

A lens of plastic material, "PL"

The two digits of the approval number (at present 00)


which indicate the series of amendments to the Regulation

Other than Class A, The driving beam only


the maximum luminous intensity expressed by a
reference mark,
Marking

Approval holder’s name ?


Approval number ?
Series of the regulation 113 ?
Type of the head lamp ?
Switching combination of the
driving and passing beam ?
Material of the lens ?
Type of filament lamp ?
Communication

•A type of headlamp
•Approval No.:
•Extension No.:
•Trade name or mark
Necessary
Necessary of the device:to
information
information toidentify
identifytype
type
•Manufacturer's
approved name for the type
headlamp of listed
are device: in the
approved headlamp
•Manufacturer's name and address: are listed in the
communication
communication
•If applicable,
form.(Approval)
form.
name and address
(Approval)
of manufacturer's representative:
•Submitted for approval on:
•Technical Service responsible for conducting approval tests:
•Date of report issued by that service:
•Number of report issued by that service:
•Brief description:
Communication

•Category as described by the relevant marking


•Number and category(ies) of filament lamp(s):
•The determination of cut-off sharpness yes / no
If yes, it was carried out at 10 m / 25 m
•Approval mark position:
•Reason(s) for extension of approval:
Approval granted/extended/refused/withdrawn
•Place:
•Date:
•Signature:
•The list of documents deposited with the Administrative Service which
has granted approval is annexed to this communication and may be
obtained on request.
MODIFICATION OF TYPE
AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL
• Every modification of the headlamp type shall be notified to the
administrative department which approved the headlamp type. The said
department may then either:

– consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have appreciable adverse
effects and that in any event the headlamp still complies with the requirements;

or

– require a further test report from the Technical Service responsible for
conducting the tests.

• Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be


communicated by the procedure specified in paragraph 4.1.4. above to the
Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation.

• The Competent Authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a


series number to each communication form drawn up for such an extension
and inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this
Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in
Annex 1 to this Regulation.
COP
• The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set
out in the Agreement, Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-
E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2)(http://www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/w
p29regs.html), with the following requirements:

• Headlamps approved under this Regulation shall be so


Basic idea
manufactured is conform
as to mentioned
to the in
typeAppendix
approved by2 meeting
of the
the 1958set
requirements agreement.
forth in paragraphs 6. and 7

• TheParticular method for


minimum requirements this regulation
for conformity is control
of production
procedures set forth
mentioned in in Annex55 of
annex CONTROL OF CONFORMITY OF
this regulation
PRODUCTION to this Regulation shall be complied with.

• The authority which has granted type approval may at any time
verify the conformity control methods applied in each production
facility. The normal frequency of these verifications shall be once
every two years.
PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY
• The approval granted in respect of a type of headlamp pursuant to
this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirements are not
complied with or if a headlamp bearing the approval mark does not
conform to the type approved.

• If a Contracting Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation


withdraws an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so
notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation by
means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1
to this Regulation.

Approvalmay
Approval maybe
bewithdrawn
withdrawnififthe
thevehicle
vehicleis
is
notcomply.
not comply.
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY
DISCONTINUED
• If the holder of the approval completely ceases to
manufacture a type of headlamp approved in
accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the
authority which granted the approval. Upon receiving the
relevant communication, that authority shall inform
thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying
this Regulation by means of a communication form
conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

Theapproval
The approvalholder
holder(Manufacture
(Manufactureor orits
its
representative)have
representative) haveto toinform
informthe
thetype
type
approvalauthority
approval authorityifif they
theycompletely
completely
discontinueto
discontinue toproduct.
product.
Today’s item
• This presentation which consists
administrative information would be
followed by presentations made by two
experts regarding technical matters arising
from these regulation.
Thank you for attention.
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

12th Asia Expert Meeting on Motorcycle Safety in Thailand

ECE Regulations №53


Installation of lights
(Motorcycle)
Lighting and light-signalling devices subcommittee in JASIC
Shinji Doi
June , 2008

JASIC do not take care of any disadvantages, which might be


caused by using this materials.
Contents
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53


Ⅱ. Influence by introduction of R53
Ⅲ. Trend of ECE regulations for lighting
Ⅳ. Extra
Contents
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53


Ⅱ. Influence by introduction of R53
Ⅲ. Trend of ECE regulations for lighting
Ⅳ. Extra
Ⅰ.Explanation of the ECE R53
ECE R53 Contents
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

1. Scope
2. Definitions
3. Application for approval
4. Approval
5. General specifications
6. Individual specifications
7. Modifications of the vehicle type or of the installation of its lighting
and light-signalling devices
8. Conformity of production
9. Penalties for non-conformity of production
10. Production definitely discontinued
11. Transitional provisions
12. Names and addresses of technical services responsible for
conducting approval tests, and of administrative departments
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
ECE-R53 Annexes
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Annex 1- Communication concerning the approval or extension or


refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely
discontinued of a type of category L3 vehicle with regard to
the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices,
pursuant to Regulation No.53
Annex 2- Arrangement of approval marks
Annex 3- Lamp surface, axis and centre of reference, and angle of
geometric visibility
Annex 4- Forward visibility of red light and rearward visibility of white
lights
Annex 5- Control of conformity of production
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
1. SCOPE
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

This Regulation applies to vehicles of


category L3 1/ with regard to the installation of
lighting and light-signalling devices.

1/ As defined in Annex 7 to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction


of Vehicles (R.E.3), (document TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.1/Amend.2 as last
amended by Amend.4).

Category L3 :
A two-wheeled vehicle with an engine cylinder capacity
in the case of a thermic engine exceeding 50 cm3 or
whatever the means of propulsion a maximum design
speed exceeding 50 km/h.
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
2.DEFINITIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2.1. Approval of a vehicle


2.2. Vehicle type
2.3. Transverse plane
2.4. Unladen vehicle
2.5. Lamp
2.5.1. Equivalent lamps
2.5.2. Independent lamps
2.5.3. Grouped lamps
2.5.4. Combined

2.6. Light-emitting surface


…..

2.7. Illuminating surface of a lighting devices


2.8. Apparent surface
2.9. Axis of reference or reference axis
2.10. Centre of reference
2.11. Angle of geometric visibility
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
2.DEFINITIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2.5.2. Independent lamps


2.5.3. Grouped lamps
2.5.4. Combined
Lens Light Housing
(illuminating Example
surface) source (Lamp body)
Lens
2.5.2.
Independent Separate Separate Separate
Lamps
Housing
Light-Source
2.5.3.
Grouped Separate Separate Common
Lamps

2.5.4.
Combined Separate Common Common
Lamps
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
2.DEFINITIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2.5.5. Reciprocally incorporated lamps

Lens Light Housing


(illuminating Example
surface) source (Lamp body)

2.5.5.
Reciprocally Common Separate Common
Incorporated
Lamps
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
2.DEFINITIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2.6. Light-emitting surface

All or part of the exterior


surface of the
transparent material
(lens) declared by the
design of the
manufacturer.
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
2.DEFINITIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2.7. Illuminating surface

- Head Lamp, F. Fog Lamp,

Orthogonal projection of
the full aperture of the
reflector. (lighting devices)

If the lighting device has no


reflector, apply to illuminating
surface definition for signal lamp
(light-signalling devices)
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
2.DEFINITIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2.7.1. Illuminating surface of lighting device

Effective
Reflecting Area for
Lo-Beam

H4 inner shade Lower Limit

In case of a Lo-beam headlamp, the illuminating


surface is limited by the apparent projection of
the cut-off on to the lens.
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
2.DEFINITIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2.7.2 Illuminating surface of light- Light Intensity [%]


%
signalling device other than RR

98
100
xx Cm

90
98% line Center of
refrence

80
Light emitting surface

Illuminating surface is that each side of the rectangle of the


light emitting surface allowing only 98% of the total
luminous intensity of the light in the direction of the axis of
reference.
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
2.DEFINITIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2.7.3. Illuminating surface of Retro-reflector (RR)

Orthogonal projection of a RR in a plane perpendicular to its axis


of reference and delimited by planes contiguous to the outermost
parts of the RR's optical system and parallel to that axis.
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
2.DEFINITIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2.8. Apparent surface

Light Emitting Surface ?


OR
Illuminating Surface ?

Declare by the manufacturer


Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
2.DEFINITIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2.9. Axis of reference or reference axis


2.10. Centre of reference
Axis of Reference (H=0 V=0)
- Photometric measurement
- Installing the lamp on vehicle
Use both value as the basic
H=0 V=0

Center of Reference
Intersection of the axis of
reference on the lens
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
2.DEFINITIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2.11. Angle of geometric visibility

α
β
α

-The field of the minimum solid angle in which the


apparent surface of the lamp must be visible.
-There must be no obstacle on the inside of the
angles of geometric visibility .
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
5.GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

5.9, 5.9.1~5.9.3.2
Visibility of red lamps from the front
- There must be no direct visibility of the light-emitting surface
of red lamps in the area shown in figure.

F 1m
R 15º
Zone 1

O
N 15º
T 25m
2.2m
Observing height 1m & 2.2 m
above the ground

- No red light which could give rise to confusion shall be emitted


in a forward direction.
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
5.GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

5.9, 5.9.1~5.9.3.2
Visibility of white lamps from the rear
- There must be no direct visibility of the light-emitting surface
of white lamp in the area shown in figure.

1m R
E
15º
A

Zone 2
R
15º
25m 2.2m

Observing height 1m & 2.2 m


above the ground

- No white light which could give rise to confusion shall be


emitted in a rearward direction.
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
5.GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

5.11.1. The headlamp shall automatically


be on when engine is running.

Automatic Headlamp ON (AHO)


Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
5.GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

5.13. Colors of the lights


5.14. Every vehicle submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation
shall be equipped with the following lighting and light-signalling
devices
5.17. The fitting of any lighting and light-signalling devices other than
those mentioned in paragraphs 5.14. and 5.15. is prohibited for the
purposes of type approval
driving beam headlamp: white
passing beam headlamp: white
direction-indicator lamp: amber RED: mandatory lamps
stop lamp: red
rear-registration plate lamp: white BLUE: optional lamps
front position lamp: white
rear position lamp: red
rear retro-reflector, non-triangular: red
side retro-reflector, non-triangular: amber at the front, amber or red at the rear
vehicle-hazard warning signal: amber
front fog lamp: white or selective yellow
rear fog lamp: red
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
6.INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Contents
6.1. Driving beam headlamp
6.2. Passing beam headlamp
6.3. Direction-indicator lamp
6.4. Stop lamp
6.5. Rear-registration-plate illuminating device
6.6. Front position lamp
6.7. Rear position lamp
6.8. Rear retro-reflector, non-triangular
6.9. Vehicle-hazard warning signal
6.10. Front fog lamp
6.11. Rear fog lamp
6.12. Side retro-reflector, non-triangular
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
6.INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

< Mandatory lamps>


Lamp Color Number Position Others
driving beam white 1 or 2 500 – 1300 mm Max 225,000 cd
passing beam white 1 or 2 500 – 1200 mm

direction-indicator amber 2 / side 350 – 1200 mm Min separation


Fr : 240 mm
Rr : 180 mm
stop red 1 or 2 250 – 1500 mm

rear-registration-plate white 1 *1 500 – 1200 mm


illuminating device
front position white 1 or 2 350 – 1200 mm

rear position red 1 or 2 250 – 1500 mm

rear retro reflector red 1 or 2 250 – 900 mm

side retro reflectors Fr : amber 1 or 2 300 – 900 mm


Rr : red or amber / side
*1 : may consist of several optical components
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
6.INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

< Optional lamps>


Lamp Color Number Position Others
hazard warning signal amber 2 / side 350 – 1200 mm Min separation
Fr : 240 mm
Rr : 180 mm
front fog lamp white 1 or 2 350 – 1200 mm
rear fog lamp red 250 – 1500 mm
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
6.INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

6.1. Driving beam headlamp


6.1.3.1.1. an independent driving lamp may be fitted above or below or
to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are on top of the
other the reference centre of the driving lamp must be located within
the medium longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side
by side their reference centre must be symmetrical in relation to the
median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

Passing beam
headlamp
An independent
driving lamp
An independent
driving lamp
Only for the purpose of explanation
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
6.INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

6.1.3.1.2. a driving beam headlamp, that is reciprocally incorporated with


another front lamp, must be fitted in such a way that its reference
centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.
However, when the vehicle is also fitted with an independent passing
beam headlamp, or a passing beam headlamp that is reciprocally
incorporated with a front position lamp alongside the driving beam
headlamp, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to
the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

Driving beam Passing beam

The median longitudinal plane

Front position lamps,


which are reciprocally
incorporated
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
6.INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Head lamp Stop lamp

(driving beam)
Max.:1,300mm
(passing beam) Max.:1,200mm
Min.:250mm
Min.:500mm Max.:1,200mm
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
6.INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

direction-indicator lamp
≥ 180mm
≥ 240mm
≥a
WL min. luminous
a (mm)
intensity (cd)
90 75
175 40
250 20
400 ≤ 20 FR/RR
FR/RR
Max.:1,200mm
Min.:350mm

80゜
20゜
20゜
80゜
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
6.INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

front position lamp rear position lamp

Min.:350mm Max.:1,200mm

Min.:350mm Max.:1,200mm
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
6.INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

rear retro reflector

15°
15°

Max.:900mm
Min.:350mm

30°
30°
Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53
6.INDIVIDUAL SPECIFICATIONS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

side retro reflectors

Max.:900mm Min.:350mm Min.:350mm Max.:900mm

30° 30° 30° 30°

30° 30° 30° 30°


Contents
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53


Ⅱ. Influence by introduction of R53
Ⅲ. Trend of ECE regulations for lighting
Ⅳ. Extra
Ⅱ. Influence by introduction of R53
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Specifications need
Specifications need to
to be
be changed
changed to
to
comply with
comply with the
the Regulation.
Regulation.

For most motorcycles currently on the market in Asia,


the specifications need to be modified because they do
not conform to some of the requirements for installing
lighting devices (including the performance requirement
of single lighting devices).

In particular, scooter-type motorcycles need extensive


modification.
Ⅱ. Influence by introduction of R53
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

≥ 240mm Width between front


direction-indicator lamps

Width between front


direction-indicator
lamp and headlamp

Required
Required modification in
drastic stays and wires
modification in (such as a
cowls, etc. vibration test)

Frontal view of scooter Frontal view of motorcycle


Withregard
With regardtotoscooters,
scooters,the
theabove
abovemodification
modificationof
ofwidth
widthwill
willlead
leadto
to
modificationof
modification ofthe
thecowl
cowlbody.
body.
Ⅱ. Influence by introduction of R53
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Examples
Examples

Parts required to be modified.

In addition, single lighting devices


need to be modified.
Contents
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53


Ⅱ. Influence by introduction of R53
Ⅲ. Trend of ECE regulations for lighting
Ⅳ. Extra
Ⅲ. Trend of ECE regulations for lighting
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

1.R113
•New light distribution class E for HID headlamp is approved at 59th GRE.
•LED headlamp is now under discussion at GTB

2.R112
•LED headlamp is approved at 57th GRE (need automatic leveling device,
regardless of luminous flux)

3. R53
•Rear registration-plate lamp: Approved as a category 2 device according
to ECE R50. (approved at 57th GRE)
•Definition of single lamp: It’s the same as R48 (approved at 57th GRE)
Contents
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Ⅰ. Explanation of the ECE R53


Ⅱ. Influence by introduction of R53
Ⅲ. Trend of ECE regulations for lighting
Ⅳ. Extra
Ⅳ. Extra
1.Subject of lighting
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

1.Driving safety
•Visibility: Appropriate light distribution
•Conspicuity: Clear detection and accurate indication of information
2.Requirements from vehicle
•Low electricity consumption: generator downsizing and lightweight
•Free design: Lighting device downsizing and novelty
•Long lifetime: maintenance frequency reduction
3.Technical innovation and regulation
•Regulation needs fulfilling the appropriate requirements, because
lighting devices are very important parts for safety.
•Regulation needs amendment with technical innovation.
Ⅳ. Extra
2.Conclusion
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

1. Lighting is very important to motorcycle


for improvement of safety.
2. ECE regulation needs amendment with
technical innovation.
3. It is important to improve in motorcycle
safety and to harmonize standards by
introducing the newest regulation into
each countries.
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

END

Thank you for your attention


JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

ECE Regulations No.113


Headlamp for Motorcycle
Symmetrical Low Beam

JASIC Lighting Subcommittee


Tadashi SUZUKI

1/62
CONTENTS
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

1. History of Motorcycle headlamp Regulation


2. Scope and contracting parties
3. Features of No.113
4. Photometric requirements
5. Other requirements
6. Application for approval and Marking
7. Influence by introduction of No.113
8. Current situation of No.113
9. Extra
2/62
1. History of Motorcycle headlamp Regulation
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

1-1 Before ECE


Headlamp for motorcycle can be divided into two kinds.
- For big motorcycle
- For middle and small motorcycle
Big motorcycle have been equipped with the headlamp
approved by No.8 or/and No.20, which are the
regulation for motor vehicle headlamp.

As for middle and small motorcycle, European


countries had their own requirements and approval
system for headlamp.
Ex. Germany, France, Netherlands, Austria, etc.
3/62
1. History of Motorcycle headlamp Regulation
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

1-2 Establishment of ECE


In 1983, ECE regulation No.56 & 57 have
been established.

No.56 Headlamp for moped with S3


S3:Single filament bulb, 15W

No.57 Headlamp for motorcycle with S1&S2


S1:Dual filaments bulb, 25W/25W
S2:Dual filaments bulb, 35W/35W
No.57 is based on DIN standards.
4/62
1. History of Motorcycle headlamp Regulation
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

1-3 Establishment of ECE No.113


In old days, optical technology was limited, so ECE
regulations for headlamp have been made in
relation to filament lamp.
Improvement of optical technology have given much
freedom for headlamp design with no relation
to filament lamp.
Then No.113 have been established in 2001, as
consolidated one of No.56 and No.57.
After, newly developed photometric pattern,
class C and class D have been introduced.
5/62
2.Scope and contracting parties
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2-1 Scope

No.113 applies to headlamps for vehicles of


categories L and T.
(Definition of categories are shown in
TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.1/Amend.2)

Roughly say L: Motorcycle


T: Agricultural Vehicle

6/62
2.Scope and contracting parties
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

2-2 Contracting Parties are shown in WP.29/343/Rev.16


E 1 GERMANY, E 2 FRANCE, E 3 ITALY,
E 4 NETHERLANDS, E 5 SWEDEN,
E 6 BELGIUM, E 7 HUNGARY,
E 8 CZECH REPUBLIC, E 9 SPAIN,
E 10 SERBIA, E 11 UNITED KINGDOM,
E 12 AUSTRIA, E 13 LUXEMBOURG,
E 14 SWITZERLAND, E 16 NORWAY,
E 17 FINLAND, E 18 DENMARK,
E 19 ROMANIA, E 20 POLAND,
E 21 PORTUGAL, E 22 RUSSIAN
FEDERATION,
E 23 GREECE, E 24 IRELAND, E 25 CROATIA,
E 26 SLOVENIA,
E 27 SLOVAKIA, E 28 BELARUS,
E 29 ESTONIA, E 31 BOSNIA AND
HERZEGOVINA,
E 32 LATVIA, E 34 BULGARIA,
E 36 LITHUANIA,
E 37 TURKEY, E 39 AZERBAIJAN,
E 40 THE FORMER YUGOSLAV
REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
7/62
3. Features of No.113
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

1) Symmetrical low beam


2) Photometric requirements are classified into
four class, A, B, C and D.
(No.53 specifies the application of headlamp class.)
3) Any filament lamp for headlamp listed in
No.37 can be used.
4) Definition, application for approval and test
methods are completely same as No.112.
5) Definition of cut-off quality by instrumental
method have been introduced.
8/62
3. Features of No.113
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

3-1) Symmetrical low beam


No.113

v-v line
v-v line
Asymmetrical low beam
by No.112 as reference

v-v line
HV h-h line

0.57
0.57DD line
line
HV h-h line

0.57
0.57DD line
line

9/62
3. Features of No.113
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

3-2) Class of low beam in No.113

Class A: Former No.56. Low beam only.


Class B: Former No.57.
Class C: Newly developed beam.
Mainly for motorcycle less than 125cc.
Class D: Newly developed beam.
Beam itself is same as class C but
higher intensities are required.
Mainly for motorcycle more than 125cc.
10/62
3. Features of No.113
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

3-3) Filament lamp


Any filament lamp listed in No.37 can be used.
Condition:
For class A & B, less than 600 lm at reference value
For class C & D, less than 2000 lm at objective value

Practical use of filament lamp are;


For class B & C: 35 W filament lamp
S2, HS1, HS5, HS6
For class D : 55 W filament lamp
H4, HB4, H7, H11
(HB3, H9 can be for High beam) 11/62
3. Features of No.113
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

3-3) Filament lamp for class B and C


Example of filament lamp

S2
12V 35/35W HS1 HS5
650/465 lm@13.5V 12V 35/35W 12V 35/30W
825/525 lm@13.2V 620/515 lm@13.2V
12/62
3. Features of No.113
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

3-3) Filament lamp for class D


Example of filament lamp

H4 HB4 H11
12V 60/55W 12V 51W 12V 55W
1600/1000 lm@13.2V 1095 lm@13.2V 1350 lm@13.2V
13/62
3. Features of No.113
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

3-4) Definition

1.1. "Lens"
1.2. "Coating"
1.3. "Headlamps of different "types""
1.3.1. the trade name or mark;
1.3.2. the characteristics of the optical system;
1.3.3. the inclusion or elimination of components
1.3.4. the kind of beam produced
1.3.5. the materials constituting the lenses and coating, if
any;
1.3.6. the category of filament lamp used;
1.4. "Headlamps of different "Classes" (A or B or C or D)"
14/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-1 Photometric measurement equipments

Photo receiver
Power supply
Overview of photometric measurement room
25 m Screen
& Control Dark room size 300m
2

h : 4m Shade
パソコン
30m
Goniometer
8m
25m PC10m
Rotating table
Screen Blackout
board
No glossy black paint floor

15/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-1 Photometric measurement equipments


Example of symmetrical low beam on the 25m screen

v-v line
HV h-h line

0.57
0.57DD line

16/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-1 Photometric measurement equipments


Test jig, which demonstrate installed
condition of lamp on the vehicle

Test sample
Standard
filament lamp

Center of Goniometer

Goniometer

Reference line of Goniometer


17/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-1 Photometric measurement equipments

List of major equipments for photometric measurement

-Dark room (length 25m, width 8m)


-Goniometer (rotating table)
-Photometer
-Power supply
-Standard filament lamp for calibration
-Standard filament lamp for photometric measurement
-PC with software

18/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-2 Standard filament lamp: HS5 as example


To verify photometric performance,
standard filament lamp shall be used.
A
50max
e
3/
Standard filament lamp:
Ø24.5
max
Location of filament is within small
Reference axis 2 /
tolerance specified as standard one,
and voltage & current are confirmed
B
Reference plane 1 /
to have reference luminous flux.
Dimension(mm) Mass production Standard
e 26.0±0.30 26.0±0.15

Mass production Standard


Filament High Low High Low
Rated voltage(V) 12 12
Rated wattage(W) 35 30 35 30
Test voltage(V) 13.2 approximately 12
Luminous flux(lm) 620 515 460 380
Tolerance(%) 15 -
19/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-3 Photometric requirements for class B high beam


Point on measuring screen

H-V At least 80% of maximum


illumination
Any point on line H-H between 2.57L and >12
2.57R
Any point on line H-H between 5.14L and >3
5.14R
Maximum illumination 32<Max.<240
V

H H
5.14L 2.57L 2.57R 5.14R

V H-V 20/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-3 Photometric requirements for class C & D high beam


Primary High Beam

21/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-3 Photometric requirements for class C & D high beam


Primary High Beam

(1) Intensity at H-V shall be equal to or greater than 80 per cent of the maximum
intensity in the beam pattern.
(2) Intensity at 4d-v shall be equal to or less than 30 per cent of the maximum
intensity in the beam pattern. 22/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-3 Photometric requirements for class C & D high beam


Secondary High Beam

23/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-3 Photometric requirements for class C & D high beam


Secondary High Beam

(1) Intensity at H-V shall be equal to or greater than 80 per cent of the
maximum intensity in the beam pattern.
(2) Intensity at 4D-V shall be equal to or less than 30 per cent of the maximum
intensity in the beam pattern.
24/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-3 Photometric requirements for high beam

Requirement of H-V

Area of 80% intensity V


of maximum maximum illumination
X
H H

V H-V

25/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-3 Reference mark for High Beam


・Reference mark(I’M) maximum illumination
I’M=0.208EM of driving beam
ex. 12.48 =0.208 x 60 (lx)

・This value shall be rounded off


to the value
7.5 - 10 - 12.5 - 17.5 - 20 - 25 - 27.5 - 30 -37.5 - 40 - 45 - 50.

WC/R-DS PL

E4 12.5

00 2493 26/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-4 Photometric requirements


v
for class A low beam
On the screen at 25 m
Any point on and above the line H-H: ≤ 0.32 lux
Any point on line 25L-25R ≥ 1.28 lux
Any point on line 12.5L-12.5R ≥ 0.64 lux
HV
h h
Cut-off Line 250 750

25L 1.72 D 25R

1500
12.5L 12.5R
3.43 D
2250 2250
5.14 R
v
27/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-4 Photometric requirements for class B low beam


On the screen at 25 m Any point on and above the line H-H: ≤ 0.7 lux
v Any point on line 50L-50R except 50V ≥ 1.5 lux
Point 50V ≥ 3 lux
Any point on line 25L-25R ≥ 3 lux
Any point in zone IV ≥ 1.5 lux

ZONE III B50


250 HV
h h
250 H ZONE II
Cut-off Line 375
50L 50V 50R
750
ZONE IV
25L 25R

2250 2250

ZONE I
28/62
v
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-4 Photometric requirements for class C & D


On the screen at 25 m

29/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-4 Photometric requirements for class C & D


Required illumination in lux at 25 m
TEST
Position in B-β Grid in angular degrees Minimum Maximum
POINT/
Vertical β**
LINE/ Class D Class C Class D Class C
Horizontal B**
ZONE
> 125cc ≤ 125cc > 125cc ≤ 125cc
1 0.86 D 3.5 R 2.3 15.4
2 0.86 D 0 5.8 2.9 -
3 0.86 D 3.5 L 2.3 15.4
4 0.50 U 1.50 L & 1.50 R - 1.08
6 2.00 D 15 L & 15 R 1.28 0.64 -
7 4.00 D 20 L & 20 R 0.38 0.19 -
8 0 0 - 1.92
Line 11 2.00 D 9 L to 9 R 1.6 -
Line 12 7.00 U 10 L to 10 R - 0.3; but 0.96 if within 2° cone
0.15; but 0.64 if within 2°
Line 13 10.00 U 10 L to 10 R -
cone
0.15; but 0.64 if within 2°
Line 14 10 U to 90 U 0 -
cone
1U/8L-4U/8L-4U/8R-1U/8R-0/4R-0/1R-0.6U/0-0/1L-
Zone 1 - 1.08
0/4L-1U/8L
0.3; but 0.96 if
Zone 2 >4U to <10 U 10 L to 10 R -
within 2° cone
0.15; but 0.64 if
Zone 3 10 U to 90 U 10 L to 10 R -
within 2° cone
30/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-5 Comparison of symmetrical low beam

Example of
conventional one

Example of
No.113 class B by S2

31/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-5 Comparison of symmetrical low beam

Example of
No.113 class C by HS5

Example of
No.113 class D by H4

32/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-6 Requirements of cut-off


To define the cut-off specifically, instrumental method have been added.
Procedure for measurement is as follows,

1. Vertical scanning shall be made at 1.5L, 2.5L, 3.0L, 1.5R, 2.5R and 3.0R.
2. Measurement distance shall be 10m or 25m.
3. Angular steps of scanning shall not exceed 0.05 degrees.
4. Using following formula, G value shall be calculated.
G = (log EV - log E(V + 0.1°) )
5. Position of maximum value of G measured at 2.5L and 2.5R shall be deemed
as location of cut-off.
6. G value shall be not less than 0.13 for class B, and 0.08 for class A, C and D.

33/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-6 Requirements of
cut-off

Class B
G is more than 0.13

Class C
G is more than 0.08
34/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-6 Requirements of
cut-off

v-v line
Extreme example of
cut-off line
HV h-h line

3.0L 1.5L 1.5R 3.0R


2.5L 2.5R

Nominal position
of cut-off

35/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

36/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-6 Requirements of cut-off

Position Intensity (cd) G value


0.4 1850.5 0.092
0.35 2062.4 0.078
0.3 2345.4 0.075
Example of measured data 0.25 3090.0 0.089
0.2 3127.7 0.108
G value shall be calculated with 0.15 3471.7 0.135
0.1 3975.3 0.161
formula, 0.05 4625.5 0.185
0 5574.5 0.198
G = (log EV - log E(V + 0.1°) ) -0.05 6785.9 0.195
-0.1 8956.0 0.180
-0.15 10307.6 0.160
-0.2 12222.0 0.143
-0.25 14213.3 0.119
-0.3 16311.9 0.104
-0.35 18562.0 0.092
-0.4 22953.4 0.078

37/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-6 Requirements of cut-off

Data on graph paper Calculated G value


0.5 0.5
0.4 0.4
0.3 0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
Angle

Angle
0
-0.1
-0.1
-0.2
-0.2
-0.3
-0.4 -0.3

-0.5 -0.4
0.0

5000.0

10000.0

15000.0

20000.0

25000.0

-0.5

0.05

0.1

0.15

0.2

0.25
Intensity (cd) G value

38/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-6 Requirements of cut-off


Linearity of cut-off
In addition to the minimum value of G, linearity of cut-off line is specified.
1. Location of maximum G value measured at 2.5L and 2.5R are regarded as
nominal position of cut-off line.
2. Linearity will be confirmed if the location of maximum G value measured at
1.5L, 3.0L, 1.5R and 3.0R are within +/-0.2 degrees from nominal position.

Figure 1: Shape and position of the “cut-off” line


v
-4° -3° -2° +2° +3° +4°
h h
Linearity within ± 0.2° -1°
from nominal position
-2°
nominal position
of the cut-off line
v
39/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-6 Requirements of cut-off


Linearity of cut-off

v-v line
Extreme example of
cut-off line +0.2 degrees
HV h-h line

3.0L 1.5L 1.5R 3.0R -0.2 degrees


2.5L 2.5R

Nominal position
of cut-off

40/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-7 Colour of light emitted

CIE coordinate of color


indication

CIE coordinate is gotten by


small x and small y.
As for small z, it can be
gotten by following
formula.
x+y+z=1

41/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-7 Colour of light emitted

Coordinate of White
Limit towards blue x => 0.310
Limit towards yellow x =< 0.500
Limit towards green y =< 0.150 + 0.640x
Limit towards green y =< 0.440
White
Limit towards purple y => 0.050 + 0.750x
Limit towards red y= > 0.382

Colour of light emitted will be checked


by visually. In the case of doubt,
instrumental measurements shall be
done by spectrum colour analyzer.
42/62
4. Photometric requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

4-7 Colour of light emitted


Spectro-
radiometer Test equipments for color degree White color
White color diffusion board
Spectro- diffusion board
radiometer

Rotating table
43/62
5.Other requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

In addition to photometry and colour, other endurance


tests are specified in No.113, same as No.112.
1. Test for Stability of Photometric Performance:
To check the durability of headlamp with heat caused by continuous
steady burning. With dirt on the lens 1 h, without dirt 12 h.
2. Tests for change in vertical position of the cut-off line under the
influence of heat:
To check whether cut-off is shifted and photometry is influenced as a
result that reflector, body and lens are deformed by lamp lighting heat
3. Tests for Resistance to mechanical deterioration of plastic lens:
To check the durability of lens surface against mechanical
deterioration like sand and soil.
44/62
5.Other requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

5-1 Test for Stability of Photometric Performance


Specified in Annex 4

45/62
5.Other requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

5-1 Test for Stability of Photometric Performance


Annex 8 - Overview of operational periods concerning test for stability of
photometric performance
1.P or D (HC or HR) P or D

0 6 12 h
2.P+D(HCR) D
P
0 6 12 h
3.P+D(HC/R) D
P
Abbreviations:
P: passing beam lamp
0 6 12 h
D: driving beam lamp
--------: means a cycle of 15 minutes off and 5 minutes lit. 46/62
5.Other requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER
5-2 Tests for change in vertical position of the cut-off line under the
influence of heat: Specified in Annex 4

Purpose : Check whether cut-off is shifted and photometry is influenced as a


result that reflector, body and lens are deformed by lamp lighting heat

v
Measure the h h
vertical change v
of cut-off line in
degree

47/62
5.Other requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

5-3 Tests for Resistance to mechanical deterioration of plastic lens:

Other than mechanical deterioration, Annex 6 specifies following


test for lamps incorporating lenses of plastic material.
• Tests
– Resistance to temperature changes
– Resistance to atmospheric and chemical agents
To perform atmospheric test, xenon weather meter
machine is necessary and it will take at least 2
month as test period.
– Resistance to detergents and hydrocarbons
– Resistance to mechanical deterioration
– Test of adherence of coatings
– Tests of the complete headlamp
48/62
5.Other requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

5-3 Tests for Resistance to mechanical deterioration of plastic lens:

Appendix 1 of Annex 6 - Chronological order of approval tests On plastic materials


Samples Lenses or samples of material Lenses
Tests 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
1.1. Limited photometry (para. 2.1.2.) x x x
1.1.1. Temperature change (para. 2.1.1.) x x x
1.1.2. Limited photometry (para. 2.1.2.) x x x
1.2.1 Transmission measurement x x x x x x x x x
1.2.2. Diffusion measurement x x x x x x
1.3. Atmospheric agents (para. 2.2.1.) x x x
1.3.1. Transmission measurement x x x
1.4. Chemical agents (para. 2.2.2.) x x x
1.4.1. Diffusion measurement x x x
1.5. Detergents (para. 2.3.1.) x x x
1.6. Hydrocarbons (para. 2.3.2.) x x x
1.6.1. Transmission measurement x x x
1.7. Deterioration (para. 2.4.1.) x x x
1.7.1.Transmission measurement x x x
1.7.2. Diffusion measurement x x x
1.8. Adherence (para. 2.5.) x

49/62
5.Other requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

5-3 Tests for Resistance to mechanical deterioration of plastic lens:

Appendix 1 (of Annex 6)


- Chronological order of approval tests on complete Headlamps
Complete headlamp
Tests Sample No.
1 2
2.1. Deterioration (para. 2.6.1.1) x
2.2. Photometry (para. 2.6.1.2.) x
2.3. Adherence (para. 2.6.2.) x

50/62
5.Other requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

5-3 Tests for Resistance to mechanical deterioration of plastic lens:


Appendix 2 of Annex 6 - Method of measurement of the diffusion and
transmission of light

Equipment to measure the diffusion and transmission


51/62
5.Other requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

5-3 Tests for Resistance to mechanical deterioration of plastic lens:

Appendix 3 (of Annex 6)- Spray testing equipments for mechanical deterioration
Device spraying dirt & water

Transmission
measurement device

52/62
5.Other requirements
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

5-3 Tests for Resistance to mechanical deterioration of plastic lens:


Appendix 4 (of Annex 6)- Adhesive tape adherence test
Purpose and necessity
Lens is discolored and damaged as a result that hard coat paint
peels off easily. And then photometry is influenced.

Judge based on the number of lattice unit peeled off


Cut the coating
Tape Cutter on lens into a grid of
2 x 2mm within the lens
area of 20 x 20mm
Adhere regulated
tape onto lens
Keep it for 5mins
Peel it off at regulated
speed53/62
6.Application for approval and Marking
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Flow chart of approval


Submission of application documents
Applicant
and samples

Initial inspection for conformity will be carried out by authority of its representative.

Test and issue of report


Labo

Authority Issue of certificate

Applicant Certificate

Certificate of headlamp will be used


Vehicle manufacturer as part of vehicle type approval.
54/62
6.Application for approval and Marking
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Required Marking
No.113 requires that approved headlamp shall have following
markings.
3.1. Trade name or mark of the applicant
Example:
3.2. Approval mark given by authority
Example: See next slide
3.3. Category of filament lamp
Example: HS5

55/62
6.Application for approval and Marking
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Required Marking
Composition of approval mark

a
W : World
WC/R-DS PL 3

C/R : Driving and Low beam a


DS : Class D headlamp
a 2 E4 12.5
a
3

PL : Plastic lens
a
00 2493 3

a>5mm for class A


a>8mm for class B, C, and D
56/62
7.Influence by introduction of No.113
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Requirements of No113, especially other than photometry will affect


headlamp design and materials, particularly.
To assure the conformity of headlamp to No.113, materials for lens
and reflector will be required to be changed.

Lens Reflector
Conventional Acrylic resin Polycarbonate resin

↓ ↓ ↓
No.113 Polycarbonate resin PBT
With hard coating Polybutyleneterephtalate
(Depend on the case,
BMC shall be used.)
57/62
8.Current situation of No.113
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Introduction of new low beam, class E for HID

-Photometric requirements are based on class D low


beam with higher intensities.
-59th GRE held this April, approved class E.
-It will be possible to use HID around middle of 2009.
-But automatic leveling system will be mandatory from
five years after entry into force of class E.

58/62
8.Current situation of No.113
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Introduction of provisions of LED light source

-This proposal is under discussion within GTB.


-It is proposed to allow LED light source for class C, D
and E.
-So photometric requirements are same as class C, D
and E.
-Provisions for LED light source, which is completely
same as No.112 will be added.

59/62
9.Extra
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Organization of WP.29
WP29:World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations

GRB GRE GRPE GRRF GRSG GRSP


Noise Lighting Pollution Brake General Passive
and Energy Safety Safety

Japan GTB Other countries


JASIC

Japan UK France Germany USA OICA CLEPA IEC


JSAE
Other countries
60/62
9.Extra
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

ECE Regulation for Headlamp


Asymmetrical Low Beam Symmetrical Low Beam
No.1 for R2 No.56 for S3
No.8 for H1, H2, H3 No.57 for S1, S2 Sealed Beam Headlamp
No.20 for H4 No.76 for S4 No.5 for Incandescent
No.72 for HS1 No.82 for HS2 No.31 for Halogen
These sealed beam
regulations are still
exist, but unnecessary.
No.112 No.113
No.1 and No.72 were No.56 was designated as class A.
designated as class A.
No.57 was designated as class B.
No.8 and No.20 were
Under No.113, class C and D
designated as class B
were newly created.
No.76 and 82 are still exist, but
unnecessary. 61/62
JAPAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS INTERNATIONALIZATION CENTER

Thank you so much


for your attention !

62/62
第12回JASICアジア専門家会議

二輪車安全

‹ 日時 2008年6月4-5日
‹ 場所 タイ・バンコク・ サイアムシティーホテル会議場
‹ 主催者 タイ運輸省・陸上交通局(DLT)
‹ 出席者 JASIC : 灯火器分科会 鈴木委員、土井委員
ブレーキ分科会 松尾委員、事務局 辻村
タイ : DLT、TISI、TAIA、TAPMA他関係者
インドネシア : 二輪メーカー関係者
合計約50名

‹ 結果概要
・ タイ当局および業界より、今後のECE規則の採用計画について報告があり、今後の
動向が明らかになった。
・ R53(灯火器取付け)、R78(ブレーキ)、R113(対称ビームヘッドランプ)
の各基準の認証手続きと技術要件の両面について、タイ官民の出席者から一定の理解
が得られた。

‹ 議事
第一日目
・ 開会宣言
Mr.Suchart Klinsuwan, Director, Engineering and safety bureau / Department of
Land Transportation
~ 会議の開催概要や目的について宣言

・ 開会挨拶
Mr.Ronnayuh Tangruamsub, Deputy Director, Department of Land Transport
~ DLTとしての国際基準調和の取組みや専門家会議に対する期待が述べられた。

・ キーノートスピーチ
JASIC 辻村
~ JASIC の組織および専門家会議についての紹介、タイの交通事情における二輪車
安全対策の重要性、基準調和によるメリット、当会議から期待することなどについて
紹介。
・ 二輪車安全基準に関する政府取り組み
Ms.Jiraporn Kaewkraisorn, Chief, International vehicle regulations, Engineering
and safety bureau / Department of Land Transportation
~2010年以降に順次予定している、二輪車に関するECE規則の導入計画につい
て紹介。

・ 二輪車安全基準に関する業界取り組み
Mr.Adisak Rohitasune, President of TAIA.
~タイにおける市場動向、交通事故状況、二輪車に関するECE型式認証の運用に関
する運輸省令No.22とECE規則の導入計画について紹介された。(添付)

・ R78二輪車ブレーキ基準の一般要件
辻村、JASIC 事務局
スコープ、認証申請、マーキング、COP規定など、技術要件以外の事項について法
規詳細を解説した。

・ R78二輪車ブレーキ基準の技術要件
松尾委員、JASIC ブレーキ分科会
R78-03の導入に当たり、JAMAで作成したデモテスト風景のビデオを織り込
みながら、法規要件を解説した。(CBS、ABSを除くL3について)

R78関連質問
Q: 車体速度測定はなぜ第三輪が必要なのか、実車のホイールではいけないのか?
A: 制動時にはタイヤと路面の間には制動力によってスリップが生じる。正確な速度の
測定を行うには、制動力のかかっていないホイールの回転を検出する必要がある。
Q: ウェット試験の最大減速度をベースラインテストの120%までに規制しているの
はなぜか?
A: ウエット時には必ずしも制動力が落ちるわけではなく、品質によってはパッドがデ
ィスクに張り付いたりする可能性がある。そこを評価している。
Q: 試験路面はどのくらいのサイズが必要か?
A: フェード試験時の加熱手順の実施に、片道1000mは必要。幅は2.5m以上。
Q: COPで法規不適合が発生した場合、市場の車両はどうなるのか?
A: メーカーは、問題を検証し、リコールなどによって市場の車両に対して必要な対策
を講じることが必要である。
Q: K値の測定は、一般的にASTM方式と実車方式のどちらを使用するのか。
A: どちらで実施しても問題ない。
Q: K値が合わないときはどうするのか?
A: タイヤの要因も考えられるので、タイヤを交換して再確認等実施する。
第二日
z R53、R113の一般要件
辻村、JASIC 事務局
両法規のスコープ、認証申請、マーキング、COPなどの技術以外の事項について法
規詳細を解説した。
z R53二輪車灯火器取り付け基準の技術要件
土井委員、JASIC 灯火器分科会
R53の灯火器のカテゴリー区分、色、個数、取付位置などの要件について、図など
を用いて説明

R53関連質問
Q: 灯火器取付はgtrで議論しないのか。
A: 国連GREでハーモナイズ可能な基準は検討しているが、gtrではない。
Q: 測定はなぜ非積載なのか?
A: GREで専門家が検討した結果である。古い議論なので根拠は不明。
Q: 測定ラボの大きさに要件はないか
A: 法規によると赤色光と白色光の前後からの確認に20mが必要だが、同じ比の中で
縮小して確認も可能。10mで行う例もあり、そのくらいの長さの試験室が必要。
幅は灯火器の取り付け位置の測定などができるだけの広さが必要。
Q: 測定室のその他の要件は?
A: 視認性の確認に、暗くできることが必要。
Q: 前方からの赤色光、後方からの白色光の確認時に光の反射は考慮しないのか?
A: 直接光で判断するので、反射しても構わない。
Q: ランプ間隔は、最短直線距離か?水平距離か?
A: 法規文面では明確ではないが、目的から考えると水平距離では不合理がある。
参考に、このような法規解釈の問題を解決するため方法を定めた文書がWP29で
承認されているので見て欲しい。
Q: 方向指示器はイエローではいけないのか?アンバーをどう定義するのか?
A: 灯火器の用途について共通理解をするための色指示なので、アンバーとされていれ
ばアンバーである必要がある。イエローはフロントフォッグランプで規定されてい
るので、それとの誤認の恐れがある。
灯火器の色は、色温度で規定される。
Q: ヘッドランプの光度要件は、最高光度だけか?最低はないのか?
A: R53では幻惑防止の意味で、最高を規定している。最低性能はR112/113
で規定されている。
z R113ヘッドランプ基準の技術要件
鈴木委員、JASIC 灯火器分科会
R113のカテゴリー、マーキング表示、配光などの技術要件について、図、写真、
動画などを用いて解説

R113関連質問
Q: ヘッドランプ基準で定められた明るさと、実車性能に相関性はあるのか?
A: 実車電圧は一定では無いので差はある。ヘッドランプの基準値を現在の12V時の
値から13.2V時の値に変更する案が検討されている。
Q: インドネシアでは走行ビームの光度は12000cd以上と規定されているが、
R113を導入した場合に支障が出ないか?
A: クラスBでも12000cd以上はあるのでR113での包含は可能。但し、レギ
ュレーションの話なので整合するための検討はインドネシア政府による。
Q: タイの道交法ではH/L合計50W以下との規定があるというが、R113と矛盾
するのではないか?
A: (DLT)警察の領域であるが、R113を導入する際にはアナウンスをし、問題
が発生しないように改正をしてもらう。

z その他
Q:今後の導入計画で紹介された、MR22とは車両型式認証制度についての法令か?
A:MR22は部品、装置認証制度に関する法令である。
Q:2010年以降のECE採用計画は、1958協定に基づく相互承認を行うものか?
A:まずは、国内法として扱う。数年間、タイの制度に問題がないか確認した後、国連で
サインする。車両認証制度もその後で検討する。
・JASICより、WP29ウェブサイトの紹介。
ECE規則、1958協定、RE3、WP29に関するFAQなど、出席者に有用
と思えるコンテンツの閲覧方法について紹介した。
付録
‹ 会議写真
‹ タイDLT資料より、ECE導入の準備状況
‹ タイ自工会TAIAの資料より、今後のECE規則の導入計画