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ч Конструкция to be going to

To be going to в английском языке дословно переводится, как «собираться что-нибудь


сделать».
Эту конструкцию мы используем в:
1. Когда заранее планируем что-либо сделать. (она собирается испечь торт)
2. Когда говорим о том, что что-то произойдет с большой вероятностью и для этого
есть все признаки. (собирается дождь, посмотри на эти облака)
Оборот to be going to состоит из двух частей: изменяемой и неизменяемой.
Изменяемая часть — глагол to be, меняется в зависимости от лица исполняющего
действия и от времени в котором используется предложение.
Неизменяемая часть - going to.
Если в предложении присутствует глагол to go, его опускают.
He goes to you– he is going to you.
Таблица построения утвердительного, отрицательного, вопросительного
предложения с употреблением конструкции to be going to в Present Simple
Раскройте скобки и поставьте глаголы в нужном времени. Используйте оборот be going to.
1. Mary says she (present) me a book for Christmas.
2. John’s brother (not/take) his exam this year.
3. Miss Smith (sing) after dinner.
4. The government (build) a new hospital near here.
5. He (live) in a warm climate when he retires.
6. They (get married) in the spring.
7. The Browns (sell) their house at the end of the year.
Задайте вопросы к предложениям, начиная со слов в скобках.
1. I am going to phone him tomorrow. (When …?)
2. That tower is going to collapse soon. (Why …?)
3. My friends are going to arrive today. (How many friends …?)
4. We are going to pay for her. (How much …?)
5. Mum is going to see her dentist on Monday. (When…?)
6. I am going to wear a white dress tonight. (Why…?)
Раскройте скобки, используя оборот be going to.
1. I (finish) it next week. 2. He (go) there tomorrow. 3. We (be) at the meeting. 4. I (return) and (ask) him.
5. The teacher (explain) the next lesson to us tomorrow. 6. We (attend) that conference in St Louis next
month. 7. I (study) my English lesson with my friends tonight. 8. Mr Wilson and Mr Johnson (be) in the
office all afternoon. 9. The men (repair) the roof of the house the day after tomorrow. 10. There (be) an
important meeting here next Thursday evening.
Переведите предложения, используя оборот be going to.
1. Я буду водителем.
2. Он собирается смотреть телевизор.
3. Они идут в школу.
4. Я куплю фрукты и овощи,
5. Бабушка приготовит овощной пирог.
6. Посмотри! Собирается дождь.
7. Ты будешь помогать?
8. Я не останусь (to stay) дома.
9. Мы уезжаем завтра.
10. Они собираются работать этим летом.
11. Он собирается пить чай.
Daily Routine – распорядок дня на английском языке

 wake up – просыпаться


I wake up at 7 o’clock every day. – Я просыпаюсь в 7 утра каждый день.
Есть еще вариант wake smb up – разбудить кого-то.
Don’t wake my cat up. – Не разбуди мою кошку.

 get up – вставать (с кровати)


It’s easy to wake up, but it’s hard to get up. – Проснуться – это легко, а вот встать с кровати – трудно.

 take a shower – принять душ


I was taking a shower when you called. – Я принимал душ, когда вы позвонили мне.

 brush one’s teeth – чистить зубы


Don’t forget to brush your teeth! – Не забудь почистить зубы!
Wait a sec, I just need to brush my teeth. – Секундочку, мне только нужно почистить зубы.

 floss one’s teeth – чистить зубы нитью


In some countries people don’t floss their teeth, it’s just not common there. – В некоторых странах люди
не чистят зубы нитью, там это просто не принято.

 shave – бриться (или брить что-то, кого-то)


I can’t shave without hot water. – Я не могу бриться без горячей воды.
He shove his head. – Он побрил себе голову.

 wash one’s face – умываться


I was running late and didn’t even have time to wash my face. – Я опаздывал, у меня не было даже
времени умыться.

 put on make-up, do make-up – делать макияж


She puts on a lot of make-up. – Она сильно накрасилась (букв. нанесла много макияжа)

 get dressed/undressed – одеваться/раздеваться


I got dressed and went out. – Я оделся и вышел (из дома).
I got undressed and fell on the bed. – Я разделся и упал на кровать.

 comb one’s hair – расчесывать волосы


You can’t go to the meeting like this! Comb your hair! – Ты не можешь идти на встречу вот
так! Причеши волосы!

 do one’s hair – делать прическу


It took her forever to do her hair. – Я нее ушла целая вечность на то, чтобы сделать себе прическу.

 make the bed – заправлять кровать


I got up and made the bed. – Я встал и заправил кровать.

 take a bath – принимать ванну


I need to take a bath and drink a cup of coffee. – Мне нужно принять ванну и выпить чашечку кофе.

 go to bed – идти спать


Turn off the TV, it’s time to go to bed. – Выключайте телевизор, пора (идти) спать.

 make breakfast (lunch/dinner) – готовить завтрак (обед, ужин)


I make breakfast every day, but I don’t make lunch, I just buy something pre-made in a store. – Я готовлю
завтрак каждый день, но я не готовлю обед, я просто покупаю что-нибудь готовое в магазине.

 have breakfast (lunch/dinner) – завтракать (обедать, ужинать)


I have breakfast at home and luch at work, with my colleagues. – Я завтракаю дома, а обедаю на
работе, с коллегами.

 do the cooking / cook – готовить еду


I can’t cook. – Я не умею готовить.
Who does the cooking today? – Кто сегодня готовит?

 do the dishes – мыть посуду


I’ll do the cooking, you’ll do the dishes, okay? – Я приготовлю еду, ты вымоешь посуду, хорошо?

 do the cleaning / clean / clean up – убираться


What a mess! You need to clean up! – Что за беспорядок! Тебе нужно прибраться!
Some people do the cleaning every day, I think it’s a little too much. – Некоторые
люди убираются каждый день, я думаю это немножко перебор.

 do the vacuuming / vacuum – пылесосить


I can’t hear you, because my neighbors are doint the vacuuming very louldy. – Я не слышу тебя, потому
что мои соседи очень громко пылесосят.

 do the laundry – заниматься стиркой


Most people do the laundry once or twice a week. – Большинство людей занимаются стиркой один-
два раза в неделю.

 do the ironing / iron – гладить вещи


I was doing the ironing and dropped a hot iron on my foot. – Я гладил вещи и уронил горячий утюг себе
на ногу.

 watch TV – смотреть телевизор


Don’t watch TV all day. – Не смотри телевизор целый день.

 surf the Internet – сидеть в Интернете


I was surfing the Internet when the electricity went out. – Я сидел в Интернете, когда отключилось
электричество.
 listen to music – слушать музыку
I listen to music in my car. – Я слушаю музыку в машине.

 go to work / get back from work (come back from work, return from work) – идти на работу /
возвращаться с работы
I go to work with my neighbor, we work in the same building. – Я хожу на работу с соседом, мы
работаем в одном здании.
He was coming back from work, when he was robbed. – Он шел домой с работы, когда его ограбили.

 work out / exercise – заниматься спортом, тренироваться


My friend works out five times a week. – Мой друг занимается спортом пять раз в неделю.

My Daily Routine
Each of us has his own daily routine. I want to tell you about my usual day. I am a late riser, and that is why
I get up at about 10-11 o’clock in the morning. I wake up and then I surf  the Internet for some news. Then
I go to the bathroom, wash my face, brush my teeth and comb my hair. After that, I have breakfast. After
breakfast, I clean my room and finish my homework. I also draw a lot every day, because I like drawing very
much.
I study in the second shift. My classes start at 2 p.m., so I'm not in a hurry. At one o'clock I have lunch, then
I change, put on some makeup, take my backpack, and go to school. The school is 400 meters from the
house, so I leave the house at a quarter to two.
My lessons end at 5 or 6 o'clock. After that, I go straight to art school. I spend there an hour and a half or
two hours. I really like to draw, so sometimes I go to art school even in the morning.
I get home at 8 o'clock or eight-thirty. I go straight to dinner and then go to do my homework. If there
aren't many lessons, I play with my sister, talk to my parents, or chat with a friend on Skype. Late in the
evening, I read a little, watch Japanese cartoons, or draw. Around midnight, I wash my face, brush my
teeth, and go to bed. I don't need to get up early, so I can go to bed later. That's all I wanted to tell you
about my daily routine.

My Daily Routine 2
My daily routine starts pretty early, at 6 a.m. I get up and go outside to do some exercise or ride a bike.
When I finish I go home, have a shower and get dressed. My clothes and my bag are always ready from the
night before.
Then I generally make a cup of coffee, check my e-mail inbox and have a look at the news in the Internet. I
eat my breakfast. Sometimes I oversleep and if so – I skip my breakfast and rush to the university. I leave
my home at half past 8, take a bus and normally get to the university at 8.50 as there are no traffic jams on
my way.The lectures start at 9 in the morning, so I have some time to talk to my fellow-students. I like the
atmosphere at my college: the teachers are cool and I meet my friends there. We go for lunch to our
university canteen at 2 o’clock. I usually finish my studies at about 4 p.m. Though sometimes we need to
stay late to do some laboratory research or work in the library. Then I go home, make myself some dinner,
switch my laptop on and surf the net. I do my homework if I didn’t manage to do that during my free
periods at the university. I also try to read for a bit every evening. I go to bed at about midnight.
The best part of my day is the evening when I eat my dinner, watch TV, play computer games or go out
with my friends, watch football at a sports bar and just relax after a busy day. That’s my favourite time of
the day.
Greg’s Daily Routine
   Greg is an American boy. He lives in Arlington, Texas. He lives with his family in a modern house. He is
eleven years old and he has got an older brother, Alex, and a younger sister, Emma.
   He starts his day at about half past six. He gets up, goes to the bathroom, takes a shower, brushes his
teeth and get dressed. Then he has breakfast and at a quarter to seven he leaves home and catches the
bus to school.
Classes begin at half past seven. He usually has lunch at the school canteen at half past twelve. After
school, at a quarter past five, he goes home. There he does his school homework and when he finishes it
he helps his Mum laying the table. At half past seven the family dines together.
   Greg is a very helpful boy, so he helps his mother cleaning up everything after dinner.
   He usually watches TV for a while after dinner and at about ten o’clock the most he brushes his teeth
again, puts on his Spider Man pajamas and goes to bed. His parents always kiss him good night before he
gets asleep. Greg is a very happy boy!
True or False.
1. Greg is an American boy.
2. Greg lives in a modern flat.
3. Greg is eleven years old.
4. Greg has got two brothers.
5. Greg wakes up at eight o’clock.
6. Greg walks to school.
7. Greg classes begin at half past eight.
8. Greg and his family have dinner at half past seven.

Answer the questions


Where does Greg live?
What’s his sister’s name?
What time does he wake up?
Does he have breakfast at home?
What time does he leave home?
Where does he have lunch?
When does he return home?
Does he do his homework at school or at home?
Is he a helpful boy?
Раскройте скобки, используя Present Simple.
Roberto (1) __________ (start) his day at 8.00.  He (2) __________ (have) breakfast in the kitchen with all
the family.  Roberto (3) __________ (like) orange juice, toast and milk.  He always (4) __________ (have)
an apple. After breakfast Roberto (5) __________ (make) his bed and (6) __________ (tidy) up his
bedroom.  He (7) __________ (get) ready for lessons.  He mustn’t be late, as mother (8) __________ (be)
very strict.
At 9.00 the Hanson kids (9) __________ (start) their lessons.  At midday they (10) __________ (have)
lunch.  Then it’s sport time: they (11) __________ (love) playing basketball, in-line staking and skate-
boarding. 
Roberto and his brothers (12) __________ (not/have) dinner with their parents as their father is always
late.  Their mother (13) __________ (not/like) it very much.  So, at weekends they (14) __________ (be)
always together.
Раскройте скобки, используя Present Simple.
Mary (1) __________ (wake) up at 7.00.  Then she (2) __________ (get) up at 7.30 and she (3)  __________
(go) to the bathroom.  She (4) __________ (have) a shower, (5) __________ (brush) her teeth and (6)
__________ (comb) her hair.  Afterwards she (7) __________ (have) breakfast.  Ten minutes later she (8)
__________ (take) her bag, (9) __________ (kiss) her mother and (10)  __________ (catch) a bus to school
with her friend Diana.  They (11) __________ (start) school at 9.00.  They (12) __________ (not/have)
lunch at the school canteen.  At three o’clock they (13) __________ (return) home.
In the afternoon, she (14) __________ (study) her lessons and (15) __________ (ride) her bicycle.  In the
evening she (16) __________ (help) her mother prepare the dinner.  After dinner she (17) __________
(watch) TV, her mother (18)  __________ (read) a magazine and her father (19) __________ (go) to bed
earlier since he (20) __________ (be) always the first in the family to get up.
Посмотрите на картинку и расскажите о том как Джэйми проводит день.

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