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Указывает на общие истины или признанное положение вещей. Он только констатирует факты,
которые происходят и имеет обязательный характер. Союз if в таких конструкциях можно
заменить на союз when (когда).

Present Simple in the main and if-clause

If you take the ice out of the fridge, it melts. 

1. If they __ (not / eat) well, they __ (not / be) healthy.

2. If __ (I / go) on a ferry, I always feel sick.

3. I __ (feel) very good the following day if I __ (have) enough sleep.

4. If __ (I / not / know) a word, I __ (look) it up in my pocket dictionary.

5. They play video-games if __ (they / not / have) any homework.

6. If you bring the temperature down, this water __ (turn) into ice.

7. She __ (like) to visit the museums if she __ (be) in a new country.

8. Vasya always __ (buy) expensive clothes if he __ (go) shopping.

9. Tamara, our maths teacher, gets angry if __ (we / not / work) hard enough.

10. If you __ (press) this button here, the light __ (go) on.

1. If she (to come) home late, she (to be) always tired

2. If you (to mix) black and white, you (to get) gray

3. If he (to eat) a lot, he (to feel) good

4. If they (to come), they always (to bring) wine

5. If I (to be) sick, I always (to take) pills

6. If she (not to do) her homework, her mother (to scold) her

7. If he (not to apologize), I (not to talk) to him

8. If he (to say) he (to love) you, you (to say) you (to love) him back?

9. If he (not to do) what you (to say), what you (to do)?

10. If you (to go), he (to follow)?

11. If you (not to eat), your stomach (to hurt)?

12. If she (to be) at an exam, she (to be) nervous?
13. If the children (to stay) home alone, they (to be scared) at night?
14. If the medicine (not to help), what you usually (to do)?
15. If you (to wake up) late, you usually (to skip) breakfast before going to work?

1. Если я начинаю работать поздно, я быстро устаю

2. Если ты не приносишь книги вовремя, она расстраивается

3. Если он не пишет ей, она злится?

4. Если я ухожу, я всегда выключаю свет

5. Если ты плачешь, он всегда успокаивает тебя

6. Если он не приходит вовремя, они начинают смотреть фильм без него

7. Если увидишь ее, позвони мне

8. Когда я сдаю экзамены, я всегда чувствую себя отлично

9. Если я нервничаю, я пью зеленый чай

10. Если я не выпью чашку кофе с утра, я чувствую себя плохо

11. Если я много пишу, мои глаза болят

12. Если он много разговаривает, у него болит горло

13. Если тебе нравится девушка, ты начинаешь разговор с ней?

14. Если ты плохо разговариваешь с кем-то, ты потом извиняешься?

15. Если ты не очень хорошо работаешь, что твой босс обычно говорит тебе?

First Conditional

В нем заключается предположение о ходе событий. При этом вероятность осуществления

события оказывается высокой. Суть использования условных предложений первого типа —
сообщить о вероятном ходе событий, однако оставляя неуверенность в том, что ситуация
обязательно произойдет. .

Use Present Simple in the if-clause and Future Simple in the main one.

If  I  see  her  tomorrow,  I  will  ask  her  about  it

1. If Peter __________ (come) to my place, we__________  (go) to play in the yard.

2. If Peter__________ (not  come) to my place, I __________ (watch) TV.

3. If Frank’s parents__________ (have) their holidays in summer, they __________ (go) to the

4. If they __________ (have) their holidays in winter, they __________ (stay) at home.
5. If the fog _______ (thicken), Harold _______ (put up) the tent for the night.

6. When I _______ (finish) my work, I_______ (go) to the cinema.

7. We_______ (buy) this book as soon as our mother_______ (give) us some money.

8. When we _______ (come) to your place you_______ (show) us your present.

9. I_______ (return) you your ring when you_______ (ask) me.

10. I_______ (wait) for my friend until he_______ (come) from the shop.

11. My father_______ (start) writing before the sun _______ (rise).

12. As soon as you _______ (finish) your study I_______ (present) you with a new flat

Make up conditional 1 sentences with if-clauses.

Example: Molly leave now / catch the bus .

— If Molly leaves now, she’ll catch the bus.

1. stay in bed / feel better

2. work hard / get a job

3. go shopping / spend much money

4. ride a bike / get there quickly —

5. eat carrots/see well in the dark .

6. come now/go out together

Connect the sentences with when or if to form the first conditional.

Jack will come. We shall play chess. — When Jack comes, we shall play chess.

1. All the pupils will come to school tomorrow. We shall write a test then.

2. I’ll meet Ann after school. I’ll give her my album.

3. You’ll not do your homework. The teacher will be angry.

4. Mike won’t come today. We’ll play football without him.

5. I’ll finish school with good marks. My father will take me to the seaside. .

6. My school record may not be very good. Mom will be very upset.

Continue the chain stories. Use conditional 1.

If Brian has a lot of money, he’ll buy a bike.

If he buys a bike, he’ll ...

If he rides it ...

If …


If you don’t do well at school, you’ll become a bad pupil.

If you become a bad pupil, you’ll stay ...

If you stay ...

Answer the questions in conditional 1.

What will you do

 if it rains on Sunday?

 if your friends don’t play with you?

 if your TV doesn’t work this evening?

 if you lose your school record-book?

 when the lessons are over?

 when your holiday comes?

 when your friend comes to see you tonight?

 when you finish your homework?

Second Conditional

Описывает нереальные ситуации в настоящем или будущем времени, вероятность которых очень
мала (мечты, желания).

Use Past Simple in the if-clause and would + infinitive(without to) in the main one.

If  I  had  a  thousand  years  to  live,  I  would  become  an  expert  in  many  spheres

1. If he … (be) my friend, I … (invite) him to the party.

2. If I … (be) taller, I … (become) a basketball player.

3. If an asteroid … (hit) our planet, it … (cause) an ice age.

4. John … (travel) around the world if he … (win) a lottery prize.

5. We … (go) to Spain this winter if we … (have) enough money.

6. She … (not mind) if you … (borrow) her car.

7. If you … (move) to another city, I … (phone) you every day.

8. They … (laugh) at me if I … (sing) this song.

9. If we … (have) free time, we … (start) a new hobby.

10. If I … (know) her secret, I … (not tell) it to anyone.

Choose the correct option to form second conditional sentences.

1. No mother would have sent/would send a child to anything so awful if she is not/ were not in
such misery herself!

2. I wouldn’t / mustn’t be surprised if we will turn / turned out to be ordinary humans, after all.

3. If Maggie looked/ would look out his eyes, would she / did she come away from the terrifying

4. If the captain were / had shipwrecked, and you wanted/ want to rescue him in a boat, he would
want / will want to know who was rowing the boat before he would get / got in.

5. The transfer will / would be easier if she would have /had no idea what was happening.

6. The East India Company can / could break Miguel’s control, if it can increase / increased the
coffee amount on the market.

7. If my brother were / had to blame he will/ would ask your forgiveness.

8. If this could / was be arranged there will be/ would be nothing left for Chris to do.

9. It would look / will look as if we were / had been conspiring.

10. If it weren't / wouldn’t be for the pain and disgrace Sue would be / will be willing to end it all.

Insert the verbs in the appropriate form to form second conditionals.

1. If the police__________ (turn) the robber out he ___________ (do) it again.

2. Molly’s face says 'I __________ (love) you if (can) ______ I but I can't...’

3. These legends ___________ (draw) them on, if only they _________ (have) no time to think

4. If the King __________ (employ) an agent it (certainly be) you.

5. If Greg ____________ (not have) money enough to move to another town, we____________
(give) it to him.

6. If Mollenhauer and Butler ___________ (can) get together, it ___________ (be) a very different
7. If it ____________ (be) up to me, I _________ (have) my helicopter airborne.

8. '___________ (not can) you know more, if you _________ (think) proper?'

9. You _________ (can) write every month if you _________ (like).

Translate the second conditional sentences into English.

1. Если бы я был актером, я бы ненавидел это.

2. Я была бы очень признательна, если бы Вы дали мне какую-нибудь чистую тряпочку,

чтобы завязать палец.

3. Билли злился бы еще больше, если бы Моли не заплакала.

4. Если бы даже я и была влюблена в Грега, то вы были бы последним человеком, которому

бы я призналась.

5. У нас было бы даже больше шансов, будь мы на острове

6. Во всем можно было бы разобраться, если бы люди говорили бы друг с другом.

7. Убийца бы даже сильно удивился, если бы полицейские не вели за ним пристального


8. Может, Катя была бы добрее к мужчине, будь он её родственником.

Third Conditional

Конструкция третьего условного также относится к нереальному плану. Однако в отличие от

второго типа, речь здесь идет о прошедшем времени. Часто такие предложения используются,
чтобы передать сожаление о совершенных или несовершенных поступках или для критики
произошедших событий. Из конструкции третьего условного предложения мы узнаем, что в
реальности события развивались не так, как они подаются в предложении.

Use Past Perfect in the if-clause and would + Present Perfect in the main one.

If  I  had  known  it  in  advance,  I  wouldn’t  have  said  such  things 

Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form (Conditional 3).

1. If the government ____________ (give) more money to the factory it _____________ (not
2. If the government ___________ (build) flood barriers, we __________ (not have) the floods last

3. If Dan ___________ (know) how to swim, he ____________ (not drown).

4. If Molly __________ (listen) to the weather- forecast, she ______________ (know) it was going
to rain.

5. If Greg _____________ (tell) me he was ill, I  ____________  (be) more sympathetic. .

6. If she __________ (prepare) for the exam, she  __________ (pass) it.

7. If Bill _________ (see) the house, he ________ ( not buy) it.

8. These words ___________ (roughly express) Bob’s feelings, if he __________ (be) capable of

9. But what ___________ (you do), if you ________ (see) what I saw

10. It ___________ (be) all done though, if Jill __________ (help) at the right time.

Do you ever think about what would or would not have happened if ... ? Make a chain story, using the

If I _____________ (not use) so much gas, I _____________ (not have) such a big gas bill.

If I _____________ (must not) pay my gas bill, I  _____________ (not go) out in the rain.

If I_____________ (not go) out in the rain, I _____________ (not catch) a cold.

If I  _____________ (not catch) a cold, I _____________ (not carry) a handkerchief.

If I_____________ (not carry) a handkerchief, I_____________ (not drop) it.

If I _____________  (not drop) my handkerchief, Juan _____________ (not pick) it up.

If Juan_____________ (not pick) up my handkerchief, we_____________ (never meet).

Correct the  third Conditional sentences  if you see any mistakes. Some of the sentences are correct.

1. Molly might have thought that Paul was enjoying the weather, if there had been any to enjoy.

2. If Krassotkin had known what an effect his words might have on the child, nothing would have
had induced him to play this trick on him.

3. Even if Jack had died, he wouldn’t just the same has escaped from his horrible position.

4. It can all have gone off more harmoniously if Peter had taken the trouble to embellish his story.

5. I wonder what might have happened if a Gatling (скорострельное стрелковое оружие) had
been used.

6. But if Molly had stayed in her home, she wouldn’t have any home left to stay in.
7. Bill dreamed of it at the age when everyone would laugh to his face if they could have guessed
what was in his head.

8. If the robber had been someone like Molly Smith, she'd simply have put the chain straight in her
pocket and get away as fast as she could.

9. If Greg could move, Greg would have leapt upon me.

10. If Sally had been with us, the sense of complicity would be cloying.

Перевод. Translate the sentences using the third conditional.

1. Питер не смог бы попасть туда, не встреть он мальчиков.

2. Впрочем, если призрак был бы просто иллюзией, он должен был бы полностью исчезнуть,
но он не исчез.

3. Мужчина наверняка бы застрелил жену, если бы полицейский не оттолкнул его руку.

4. Если Джека поймали, то, возможно, его взяли в плен.

5. Cтарик стал так раздражителен, что, если бы Катя сказала бы ему, что не собиралась
навестить его, он бы непременно обиделся.

6. Если бы у Порфирия были хорошие карты, он бы показал их.

7. Молли бы никогда не поставила себя в такое положение, если бы не доверяла Салли


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