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wgúis nqoaO úia;rh iys;

uyd fndaê mQcdj


m<uq uqøKh (
2011 fjila ui

msgm; ieliqu (
fndai;a mdró mqrk
iuka lxldkïf.a uy;d

uqøKh (

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fmrjok

wfkal ÿCL fodaukiaihka lrmskakd .ksñka


fndÿ u. ;=< .uka.kakd jQ ;j;a iqjyila
msßilf.a ÿla.ekú,a,g h:d¾:hla jkakg
fndaêmQcdj" wdñY mQcdjka ;=< ld,hla mqrd msxis;a
wjÈ lrjkakls'

meka l<hla" iqj| u,aálla" mykla" iqj|


l+re lSmhla /.;a fndÿ yoj;a orK msxj;=ka
fndaëka jykafia jgd tlafjñka ;u msysg wdrCIdj
m;d mQcdlroa§ thg ksjerÈ u.fmkaùula ksismßÈ
fkd,eîfuka wfmaCIs; m%;sM, w;afkdú¢oa§
we;eï úg fkdfmfkk foúfoaj;djqka miqmi fyda
wkH wd.ï o¾Yk ms<sirK hkakg ;rï fm<öu
mqÿuhg ldrKdjla fkdfõ' tneúka —iqu.˜
msxìfï§ isÿlrk uyd wdkqNdjkSh mQcdl¾uhg
uilg jrla isÿjk neúka yd fndai;a oE;ska isÿjk
ld¾hhla ksid wka whg o myiqfjka lr.ekSug
u.la f,i fuu fmd;a msxp ieliqKs'

fuu fmd;a msxp uqøK ñ,la hgf;a


,ndfokakg fya;= jQfha fkdñ,fha ,nd§u ;=<ska
fujeks fohl w.hla jgyd.kakg ;rï msxis;a
fudaÿ fkdjk neúks'

ii
m%d¾:kdj
fuu fmd; mßYS,kh lrk W;=ï
msxj;a msßig" mhg mEf.k ÿyqú,a,la
ÿyqú,a,la .dfka" .; oejfgk iq<x
fmdola fmdola .dfka iifrys flf,ia
ksfjñka W;=ï nqoaO iNd uKavmhl
Ôjudk nqÿisßh ú¢ñka ish¿ flf,ia
ksjd uyry;a fndaêh ,nd.ksñka
—ksjka˜ idmsmdidj ksjd.ekSug
jdikdj fõjd''''æææ

iii
ms<s.ekaùu

W;=ï nqoaO iNd uKavmhla


olskakg ud iuÕ fjfyfiñka
—iquÕ˜ iudê wimqfjys Wkak;sh m;d
? Èjd fjfyfik
W;=ï mskaj;=ka fj;
Nla;Hdorfhka ms<s.kajñ'

- mdró mqrk fndai;dfKda -

iv
nqÿu.
h:d¾:h

01
wfkal ÿlaL .x.djl r< myrg yiqj .uka
lrkakd jQ ñksia i;ajhd fjkqfjka we;sjk uyd
lreKdfjka m%uqÈ;j iir wixfLHh lma ,CI
.Kkska mdró mqrd iïud iïfndaêhg m;ajkakd jQ
nqÿka jykafia,d ;u mdró u. fndai;a .uka u.la
f,i iksgqyka lrñka .uka .ksoa§ ;ukaf.a l¢ka
fjka jQ ysia .Kkg" ;u lhska fjka jQ reysre ì÷
.Kkg" ;ukag wysñ jQ weia .Kkg" ;u lhska
uqody, weg uia ñÿ`M .Kkg iu lrkakg fï
uy;a f,dalfha we;s .ia .,a" id.r" ;re je,a
uÈfõúu h' Wkajykafia,d t;=jla ;rï kï
m%udKhla ;u f,a uia" weg kyr mQcd lrñka
isÿlf<a ;ukag fï iißka tf;r jkakg u.la
fidhd .kakg muKlau fkdfõ' ;u u. wjfndaO
lr.;a W;a;u W;a;udúhka o tA W;=ï .uka u.
;=<§ iir ÿlska uqojd yeÍu msKsiu h' nqÿjrfhl=
nqoaO;ajhg m;ajk úg ish`M i;ajfhda o tA
nqÿkajykafiaf.ka O¾uh wid ksjk olskafkda
fkdfj;s' tA fndai;a W;=ukaf.a .uka u. wjfndaO
lr.;a YS,fhys" iudêfhys" m%{dfjys yeisfrñka
.uka.;a Y%djl Y%dúldfjdau muKla tA u.
olskafkau h' wm uyd fndai;=ka jykafia
idrdixfLHh lma ,CIhla mdró oï mqroa§ ;uka
,`. fkdfjkia wêYaGdkfhka .uka l< W;a;u
W;a;udúfhda o ;uka jykafiag iïnqÿ újrK
mQcdjka ,efnoa§ mshqu;=rd nqÿka jykafiaf.ka
újrK ,efnk wjia:dfõ§ isg ^ry;a u.g
msúfikakg kï lma ,CIhla mdró msÍ ;sìh hq;=h'
mshqu;=rd nqÿka jykafiaf.ka miqj f.!;u
nqÿrcdKka jykafia olajd jeà we;s l,amhka
,CIhls'& wêYaGdk lrñka ;uka jykafia miqmi

02
wd msßi;a uu nqÿ fjkjdh lshd ;uka jykafia
.uka .;a iir u.§ ;uka jykafiag oafõY l<"
ffjr l<" mSvd l< wh o f.!;u nqÿka jykafia
nqÿjk Njfha bmso isáhy' tA yefrkakg iir ÿl
ch.kakg wjYHh hk ye`.Su we;sj wkH jD;"
YS,hka wkq.ukh l< Ydia;Djre yd wkq.dñlfhda
o issáhy' nqÿka jykafia oEiska ÿgqj;a nK mohla
wikakg is;a ri fkdue;s msßila o bm§ isáhy'
nqÿka jykafia uOH foaYfha bmso isák úg
ima;uyd id.rfhka jg jQ wksl=;a Èjhskaj, o
ñksiqka bm§ isáhy' mqxÑ ìï mKqjdf.a isg úYd,
zwe;aZ YÍr olajd jQ i;=ka o isáhy' N+;" fm%a;" msidp
isg hCI" foaj" n%yau i;ajfhda o isáhy' wmdh
N+ñj, i;aj fldgia isáhy' fï ish,af,da w;ßka
nqÿka oel fyda oyï wid oek fyda wo olajd zksjkZ
,oafoda ljqrekao@ wm uyd fndai;dfKda ;uka
jykafia mdrñ;d mqroa§ ;u u. wkq.ukh
lrjQfjdau fkdfõo@ tA u. .ksñka isf;ys flf,ia
u, lma ,CI .Kkska fidaod yeß wh fkdfõo@ odk
mdró isg WfmaCIdj olajd mdró msrefjda fkdfõo@
u;= ffu;%S nqÿka jykafia olsñka ksjka olskakg
mqridrï fodvk we;af;da i;H f,iu ffu;%S nqÿka
oel ksjka olSo@ we;eï úg nqÿka olSú' zksjkZ
olskakg kï" fï mqridrï fodvk we;a;ka kshu
f,i nqoaOldrld§ O¾uhka mqrkjdo@ uia
udxYfhka" ryfußka" ÿIapß;fhka" f,daNfhka"
oafõYfhka f.jkd fujeks we;a;ka tA W;=ï nqoaO
ld,fha§ bmfoaúo'''@ fï ukqi;a f,dj''' fudayfhka
wfuday ù'''
tneúka is;g .kak''' YS,fha" iudêfhys"
m%{dfjys yeisfrñka iir mdró u. wdf,dal

03
lr.kakjd yefrkakg ÿIapß;fhys"
lkiai,af,ys" ÿla fõokdjkays ri n,ñka
isákjdg jvd ,enQ ukqi;a Njh w¾:dkaú;
lr.kakg Tn úiska mshjr .; hq;=uh'
rd." oafõY" fuday wd§ flf,iqkaf.ka
ioygu ;=rka jQ" foõ ñksiqkaf.a W;=ï mQcdjg md;%
jQjd jQ" iir ne¢ Nj ÿl .sksh fkdyels ;rul
W;=ukaf.a is;a ;=<ska m,jd yer W;=ï ry;a
fndaêhg m;a l<d jQ wud uEKshka jykafiaf.a
iam¾Yh jQjd jQ W;=ï foa wo o wm yg wmf.a mj;sk
ÿlaL fodaukiaifhda ksùug Wmldr lr .ekSug
yelshdj ;sìh§" uxuq,d jQ is;ska hq;=j isák ;dla
l,a wiSrefjka ,nd .;a ukqi;a Njh iq.;shl kï
flfia msysgqjkako@
iir§ Èfkl nqÿkajykafia flfkl= oel"
oE;a tla fldg wfka idÿ lshQ Tn ;=< mj;sk tA
W;=ï l=Y,h wjÈjkafka l, ueá rejlg fyda
Ôjudk nqÿka jykafia hehs is;d .ksñka jkaokSh
lrk úg§ hehs fkdokS kï" u,la mykla mQcd
lrk úg wjê jkafka tjeksu h;d¾:hla nj Tn
fkdokS kï" fyd| O¾u foaYkdjla wioa§ Tn ;=<
wjê jkafka tjeksu h;d¾:hla nj fkdokS kï"
iudê Ndjkdjl§ Tn ;=< wjê jkafka iir§ Tn
,nd.;a oeyekl" OHdkhl" wNs{djl n,h hehs
Tn fkdokS kï" mdmfha .ef,k úg" lkiai,a,
ÿl fõokdj ;=<" ;DIaKdj fmdÈ ne| .ksoa§ Tn ;=<
wjê jkafka iir l< wl=i,hu nj wjfndaO
lr.kafka flfiao@
Tn fufia lshdú' iir ÿl ch .kakg
m<uqfjka bm§ we;s fï Njfha we;s f,v ÿla wd§
foa ;=<ska .e,fjkafka flfiao@ tA Tn fkdokakd

04
fohla we;s ksidu fyda oek.;a;;a th wjfndaO
lr.kakg jqjukdjla fkdue;s ksidu we;sjk
m%Yakhls' i;aj YÍrh hkq l=ulao@ Ôú;h hkq
l=ulao@ iajNdj oyu ;=< i;ajhd ljfrlao@ flfia
ks¾udKh jQjd o hkak .ek o, ye`.Sula fyda Tn
;=< we;s jQjd kï Tn oyÿla ú¢kafka ke;' Tn
oyÿla ú¢kjd kï Bg fya;=jla o ;sfí' fya;=jla
fkdue;sj M,hla ksYamdokh fkdjk neúks' iir
mqrd l< wl=i,fha fya;=j Tnj fï Njfha§
mhsmamhlska j;=r /ia lrkjd fia" /ia lr.kafka
kï tl;= lr.kafka kï jro we;af;a Tn wf;auh'
mr mk kiñka" wkai;= foa .ksñka" mxp ldufhys
.ef,ñka" fndre fí.,a ;=<ska wka whf.a iqN
isoaêh úkdY lrñka" iqrdfjys iQÿfjys .e,S
we;akï" fl%daOh" ffjrh" ;DIaKdj weúf,k
tjeks ye`.Sï rdYshla Tn is; ;=< we;akï tAjd
tls k a tl" fmdl= r e ms á ka fï Njfha §
wjqiaid.kakg Tn lghq;= lrkjd kï''' Tng we;s
ù we;s oy ÿlg j.lsj hq;af;a Tnuh' fyd¢ka
is;kak'''
flfkla orejka jod Wkaf.ka mSvd ú¢hs'
flfkla orejka ke;sj tA fidúka isà' flfkla
fmdfydi;a" tA;a is;g i;=gla ke;sj ú|jhs'
;jflla iqjl< fkdyels frda.hlska" ;jflla
yÈis wk;=rl" ;jflla kS;sfha mSvdjl" ;jflla
wukqIH ìh" Wmøjj,'
by; oelajQfha iaj,amhls' fï ish,a, ;=<
fmdÈ .efikafka fldhs;rï kï Nj ixidrhl
tl;= lr.;a l¾uhka jkafka o hkak fidhd
ne¨jfyd;a bmfok bmfok yeu Njhlu kej;
bmÿk;a ljodj;a f.jd ksu l< yels l¾uhka kï

05
fkdjk nj Tng;a jegfyaú' tA uyd wf|dakdjg
mqxÑ wiajeis,a,la fkdj ñ, l< fkdyels
wiajeis,a,la nqÿ mqofha wdñY mQcdjkays o mj;sk
nj Tn okafkao@ lrorhla" frda.dndOhla we;s jQ
úg muKla mxif,a fndaêh;a" nqÿ ms,suh;a"
ffp;Hh;a u;la jk wfma we;af;da f,vd mk
wÈoa§ fndaêh kyjhs' kslïu fkdfõ''' meáhdg
îug we;s lsß ál o W!g îug fkd§ fnda .ig
j;alrñks' úNd.h w; ,`.''' blaukg mxi,g ÿjhs'
myka ;nhs" u,a mQcd lrhs' wêIaGdk m%d¾:kd''' bgq
fkdjk úg jro fnda ê fha o @ ms , s u fha o @
ffp;Hfhao@

06
frda.dndO
we;s ùu

07
ñksidg je<f|k frda.dndOj,ska 85]lau
udkisl ixl+,;d fya;=fjka we;sjkakls' 15]
muK iajNdj oyfï n,mEu ;=< we;sfjñka th o
l¾uhla f,i ú|jñka mj;S' zÈhjeähdjZ udkisl
wd;;sh" lkiai,a," ÿl fõokdj ;=< fud<hg
we;sjk n,mEfuka fud<h ;=< isÿjk ridhksl
úm¾hdihla u; we;s ù tu ridhkslhka w.akHdi"
wdudY" reêr.;j .uka lrñka YÍrfha we;sjk
wdid;añl;djhla ;=< reêrfha .aÆfldaia idkaøKh
by< hduls' fufia isÿjk úg mqoa.,hd ldhslj"
udkislj mSvd ú¢hs' ldhsl wmyiq;djh ;=< ;j
;j;a thg ydkslr wdydrhkays ;DIaKdj rc lrhs'
oeka iqj lsÍug lD;Suj m%;sldr ,nd Èh hq;=h'
fud<fhka jEfyk tu úI ridhkslhka yoj;g
.shd kï yoj;a f,vla" wdudYfha§ w¾Yia reêrfha
ms<sld''' jl=.vqfõ kï tyss f,vla''' b;ska l=ula
lruqo@ fï W;aikak Ndjh ;=< fldf;la m%;sldr
l,;a iqj fkdjkafka <s|l W,am;la ;=<ska c,h
Wkkakd fia isf;ys fkdyslauqkq nj ksid
fud<fhka Wkk ridhkslhka ksid fkdfõo@
is; yeufoagu m%Odk fjñka lh ;=<
widudkH;d we;sjk nj wojk úg ffjoH
úoHd;aulj ;yjqre lrñka frda.Skaf.a udkisl
iqjhg uq,a ;ekla §ug W;aidy lr;s' kuq;a u;l
;nd .kak'''
i;ayg jk nj ÿlg fjodKka jQ wm
;sf,da.=re iïud iïnqÿ mshdKka yer fjk;a lsisÿ
ffjoHjrfhl= fuf,dj ìys jQjd kï tA''' ;j;a
iïud iïnqÿjrhl= muKs'

08
flfia fj;;a''' wysxil i;=ka urdf.k uia
lñka flfia fyda Ôj;a jkakg W;aidy lrk
ñksiqkag wo je<f|kafka fidhd.; yels
frda.dndOo@ ke;' Tn tla fohla wjfndaO lr.;
hq;=j we;' —yeu i;ajfhl=u ;ukaf.a Ôú;j,g
wdorh nj˜ tjeks oyula Tn w.h lrkjd kï'''
fuh;a is;kak' wysxil if;l=f.a uia udxYfhka
Tnf.a lh ika;¾mkh lrf.k Ôj;a ùfuka we;s
M,h l=ulao@ wksla w;g Tn lkafka zuiaZo@ ke;'
tA wysxil i;d urk fõokdfjka lE.ioa§ tu
i;df.a fud<fhka urk Nhg ksl=;ajk úI
ridhksl iys; udxY ffY, fkdfõo@ b;ska
yefok frda.dndO .ek fldfydu lshkako@ tjeks
wh uefrkakg bv fokjd kï ;j;a wysxil
i;=kaf.a Ôú; fyda b;sß jk nj Tng is;kakg
fkdyelso@

««««

09
31 ;,fha
bmÿk i;a;ajhd

10
lreKq fufia fyhska wm tla fohla úuid
ne,sh hq;=h' ñksid iy wks;a i;ajhska yefudau
bm§ we;af;a wehs o hkakhs'

ñksid
iifrys l< l¾uhka f.jd yeÍug yd
l=i,a is;a we;slr .ekSughs' tfia kï we;sjkakg
wl=i,a we;s ùfuka je<lSu;a" we;sj we;s wl=i,a
ke;slr .ekSu;a" bmÿk l=i,a j¾Okh lr .ekSu;a
fkdbmÿk l=i,a Wmojd .ekSu;a u ñksidf.a
hq;=lu fjhs'

foúhd
iifrys isÿl< —mska˜ ksujk f;la
m%d¾:kdjka u; iem ,nd .ekSuhs' Tyqg w¨;a mska
l< fkdyel' l=i,a l< fkdyel'

;sßika i;ajhd iys; N+;" fm%a;" ksß i;ajfhda (-


iifrys mdmhka f.jñka isà' w¿;a
l=i,hka" mska lr.ekSug fkdyelsh'

n%yau i;ajfhda (-
hgm;a l< wl=i,hka ksid tys M,h ú§'
Èkl wl=i,a u;=jk úg f.jkakg we;s B<Õ mdm
l¾ufha isg ÿla úÈñka iir .ukg tl;= fõ'
lreKq tfia kï ñksid jk wmf.a hq;=lu
iajNdj oyu ;=<§ idlaId;a lrf.k we;ao@ ke;'
yeu ñksidu isÿ lrkafka ;u is; l=ula fyda
mis÷rka f.daprfhys fhdojñka i;=gq lr .ekSug
W;aidy lsÍuhs' wksldg ,efnk foag B¾IHd
lrñka ;ukag ,efnk foa ys wvq ¨yq`vqlï olsñka
11
wksldg ffjr lrkakg ;rï oafõY is;la we;s
lrñka ñksid ÿlaL fodaukiaifhys fhfokafka
fuf,dj §u wmdfha .skso< w;r ;efjkjdg jvd
;eùulsks' B¾IHdj" fl%daOh" ffjrh ;=< fkdj"
kshu iemh we;af;a ffu;%sh" lreKdj" uqÈ;dj"
WfmaCIdj" ;=< nj jgyd fkd.kakd w{dk ñksia
i;a j hd ;s ß ika if;l= g ;rïj;a yoj;a
wkqlïmdjla fkdue;s ;rugu ñf,aÉP ù we;'
;ukag mSvdjla fkd,efnkf;la" ;ukag frda.d
mSvdjla fkd,efnk f;la flfia fyda iqr iem
úÈkakg W;aidy lrk ñksid ;ukag mSvd úm;a;Ska
tk úg muKla iajNdj oyfï wdYs¾jdoh
fidhkakg" úYaj Yla;Ska" úYaj n,hka Ydia;% hka;%
uka;% miqmi .uka .kafka f,djla fojla
ke;sjuh' ta jk úg .sh kqjK wef;la ,jdj;a weo
.kakg neßjQjdfia hï Ydia;%hlska nv úh; /l
.kakd jQ msßila Tjqkaf.a wirKlñka m%fhdack
.ksñka uäh ;r lr .kS' uqo,a f.jd fndaê mQcd
lr.kS' flakaø n,d fnrf.ä ;rï —iqr˜ lr me<|
.kS' hd." n,s fydau" f;dú,a mú,a j,ska —msfoaks˜
j,ska wvqjla ke;' ;uka <Õ ;sfnk ish¨ foa
úhoï lr fyda f.dv tkakg fkdyels ;ek brg"
y|g ia j Ndj oyug foúhka g " wd.ñl
ks¾udmlhkag neK jÈñka b;sß Ôú; ld,h;a ueß
ueÍ Ôj;a fjñka urKh je<|.kafka wmd fodr
újr lr.ksñks'

12
ÿlska ;efjk is;a i;kays l¾uh
.s,ajd ;nk fndÿ ms<sfj;a

wêIa G dkh" n,dfmdfrd;a ; = j hul


iM,;djhg;a" bIag isoaêhg;a" we;sjk uy;a
Yla;shls' W;=ï f,dõ;=rd nqoaO;ajh i|yd mdró
mqrk fndai;ajre nqoaO;ajh n,dfmdfrd;a;=fjka
wêIaGdkhl isáhy' yeu ñksidgu n,dfmdfrd;a;=
;sfí' kuq;a tajd bIag fkdjkafka ;u ;ukaf.a
jrÈka u h' hï n,dfmdfrd;a;=jla bIag lr.kakg
kï ta wêIaGdkh fkdfjkiaj ;nd .ksñka ta
fjkqfjka isÿl< hq;= ld¾h ldrld § m%ia;=;hka
bgq l< hq;=h' nqÿjkakg" ry;a jkakg" odkd§
mdrñ;djka isÿlrñka wksl=;a ish¨ nqoaOldrld§
O¾uhka msßh hq;=h' th —m%{dfjka˜ isÿl< hq;=
fohls' isjqre ms<s fmdrjd .;a muKska iqÿj; ord.;a
muKska j%;" YS,hka wkq.ukh l< muKska
—ksjk˜ fkd,efí' úoiqka jvd f,dal h;d¾:h"
úYaj h:d¾:h wjfndaO lr.; hq;=uh' ta f,iu
ffoksl Ôú;fha§ we;sjk wksl=;a .eg¨
ksrdlrKh lr .ekSu i|yd wjYH u. mshjßka
mshjr wkq.ukh l< hq;=h' wOHd;añl jgmsgdjla
;=< hula bIag isoaê lr.kakg kï mqoa.,hdf.a
mdßY=oaO Ndjh b;d jeo.;a idOlhls' yeu
mqoa.,fhl=u Wm;ska hï úoHq;a Odß;djla fud<h
iu. iqir lr.kS' th 100mv ^ñ,s fjdÜ& ;rï l=vd
Odß;djla jqj;a uq¿ uy;a YÍrhg fud<h iu.
ix{d wdfõ. ,nd §ug;a" iajNdj oyu" úYajh iu.
wñ, ne£ula we;s lr .ekSug;a iir ne£u iu.

13
iudfhdackh ùug;a m%udKj;a fjhs' yeu ukqIH
i;ajfhl=gu ;u tÈfkod lghq;= isÿ lr .ekSug
fuh m%udKj;a jqj;a fkdfmfkk f,dalh ;=< we;s
h:d¾:h ú| ord .ekSug fuh m%udKj;a fkdfõ' 31
;,hl bmfok i;ajhka w;r ñksid m%uqL jkafka
;ukag u fuys úoHq;h jeä lr .ekSug wjldYh
;sîuhs' fkdikaiqka ukila we;s" mSvdldÍ ukila
we;s" ÿIapß;fha .ef,k ´kEu wfhl=g fuys
úoHq;h wvq ùu;a" iqpß;fhys .ef,k" wruqKl
msysgqjd.;a isf;ys isg u. M,fhka u. M,hg fuys
úoHq ; h jeäfjhs ' flfia fj;;a yeu
mqoa.,fhl=f.au YÍrh jgd fuys n,h ;u ;ukag
;sfnk muKska iQCIu foayhla f,i l%shd lrhs'
fuh we;eï úg frda.d mSvdj,ska wdrCId jk
m%;sYla;slrK moaO;shla f,iska o" úYajfha
kqjukd woaN+; Yla;Skaf.ka wdrCId jk Yla;s
m%Njhla f,io l%shd;aul fjhs' wmg wjYH
jkafka thhs' iqpß;fhys .ef,k is,aj;a
mqoa.,hdg iajNdj oyu ;=< wk.s ms<sirKla ,nd
.; yelsh' wêIaGdkh" n,dfmdfrd;a;=j ;=< Tyq
m%d¾:kd lrk yeu foa bIaG jkafkauh' mxp
ÿIapß;fhka wE;a ù" uia udxYfhka wE;a ù ks;r
iajNdj oyu iu. Ôj;a jk mqoa.,hdj oeä l¾u
úm;a;Ska j,ska mjd wdrCId lr fohs' —oyfuys
yeisfrkakd oyu úiskau wdrCId lrhs˜ hkafkys
w¾:h thhs'
fn!oaOhka jk wmg iajNdj oyu ;=<
ms<sirK n,dfmdfrd;a;= úh yels jia;+ka
fudkjdo@ B<Õ m%Yakhhs'
nqÿrcdKka jykafia u wkqoek jod<d jQ
jkaokSh wjia:djka ;=kla wm fjkqfjka ie§
14
meye§ isá;s' ta YdÍßl ffp;Hh" mdßfNda.sl
ffp;Hh" WoafoaYsl ffp;Hhs'

YdÍßl ffp;Hh
wm iïud iïnqÿ nqÿrdcKka jykafia
wkqmdÈfYaI mßks¾jdK Od;=fjka msßksjka mE miq
ta Y%S foayh wdodykh lsÍfuka ,enqKq ish¨u Od;=
fldgia oeä f.!rjfhka mQcd lsÍug yd ñksia is;a
i;ka ksjd myka lsÍu i|yd iqÿiqh' Ôjudk
nq ÿ rcdKka jyka f ia g je÷ï ms ÿ ï lrk
wdldrfhkau mqo mQcd lrk wdldrfhkau mqomQcd
lsÍu ;=, iifrys nqÿjrfhl= oel .;a uyd mska
fl;u kej; ;u is;a ;=<g wjÈ lr .ekSug
yelsuh' tu Od;= fldgia ksoka lsÍfuka lr`vq .;
lsÍfuka —ffp;Hh˜ hk jpkh WoD; fjhs'
wdkkao ysñhka nqÿka jykafia Ôjudkj jev ys¢oa§
;:d.; Y%S foayh msßksjkska miq lghq;= l< hq;=
wdldrh úuiSh'
wdkkaoh" ;:d.; YÍrh ojd y¿ ù b;sß
jk fldgia isõ uxikaêhla mdid ia;+m idod je÷ï
msÿï lsÍug ckhdg wjir §ug iqÿiqjk nj
jod<y'
—p;a;dfrd fu wdkkao :Qmdry l;fu
p;a;dfrd@
;:d.f;d wryx iïud iïnqoafOd :Qmdrfyd
mÉfpl iïnqoafOd :Qmdrfyd
;:d.;iai idjflda :Qmdrfyda
rdcd plalj;a;s :qmdrfyd;s˜
ta wkqj iïud iïnqÿ rcdKka jykafiag"
mfia nqÿrcdKka jykafia,dg ry;a W;=uka
jykafia,dg" ilaú;s rcqka yg ia:Qm idod jkaokd
15
lsÍug iqÿiqh hkak wkqoek jod<y'

wm jdih lrk Èjhsk


³ mQckSh ,,dg Od;=ka jykafia
³ mQckSh oka; Od;=ka jykafia,d fokula
³ mQckSh ol=Kq wl= Od;=ka jykafia
³ fødakhla i¾j{ Od;=ka jykafia,d ksoka l<
ffp;Hhla
³ flaI Od;= yd Y%Sjd Od;=ka jykafia ksoka l<
ffp;Hhka
³ W!¾K frdau Od;=j jev jik ffp;H
rdchdKka jykafia
³ ksh Od;=ka jev fjfik ffp;H rdchdKka
jykafia
³ ,laÈj fhdÿkla fhdÿkla mdid
foajdkïmsh;siai rcq i¾j{ Od;=ka ;eïm;a l<
ffp;Hhla
³ fkdfhla wdldrfhka ,enqKq ;eïm;a l<
Od;=ka jykafia,d ksoka l< ia;+m
³ nqÿka jykafiaf.a ol=Kq o<odjg ol=kq miska
we;s oka; fldgi ;eïm;a l< iqu. wimqfõ
Od;= ukaÈrh
³ i¾j{ Od;=ka jykafia,d i;a kula ;eïm;a lr
ksujd we;s iqu. mska ìfuys is¿ñKs iE rcqka
jykafia'
iïnqoaO mßks¾jdKfhka blaì;s wdodykh
l< i¾j{ foayh ;=<ska ,,dg Od;=ka jykafia o"
oka; Od;=ka jykafia,d i;r ku o wl= Od;=ka
jykafia,d foku o ksremøs;ju b;sßúh' wksla
Od;=ka jykafia,do wn msh<s" uqx msh<s" wd§ f,i

16
len,s ù b;sß úh' ish¨u oka; fldgia" ksh
fldgia" W!¾K frdau od;=j y÷kd.; yels mßÈ
b;sß úh' fødak kï nuqKd rka ke,shla od;=
fldgia fnod §u isÿl< w;r úYd, m%udKfha Od;=
fldgia ke,s 5 la o uOHu m%udKfha Od;= fldgia
ke,s 5 la o l=vd m%udKfha Od;= fldgia ke,s 6la o
jk fia ke,s 16 la i¾j{ Od;= fjkalr .kakd
,ÿj" k.r wgl rcorejkag ke,s 2 l ne.ska fnod
fok ,§' m% : u ffp;Hh wg nq ÿ ka f .a
mßks¾jdKfhka miq we;s jk whqßka ta ta k.rj,
tu Od;=ka ;eïm;a fldg jkaokd lrkakg iQodkï
lr.;af;a ta whqßks' Od;=ka jykafia,d fnod ÿka
fødak nuqKdg Od;=ka jykafia,d fkd,enqK
fyhska fødak nuqKd úiska Od;=ka jykafia,d fn¥
rka ke,sh ;eïm;a lr ffp;Hhla lrùh' msmaM,S
kqjr fu!¾h rcqg Od;=ka fkd,enqK fyhska
;:d.; YÍrh wdodykh lrk ,o ia:dkfha w¿
f.kf.dia ffp;Hhla lrùh' th —wx.dr
ffp;Hh˜hs túg ffp;H oyhls'

,,dg Od;=ka jykafia (-


Od;=ka jykafia,d fn§ .sh wdldrh ;=<
u,a, rc orejkag ysñ jQ ke,s 2 ys ,,dg Od;=ka
jykafia fyj;a k,,a;,h o ysñ úh' uyd ldYHm
uy ry;ka jykafia rcqg lreKq meyeÈ,s lr
Ôjudk nqÿka jykafia Ôjudkj jod<d jQ b,a,Sulg
wjir m;d tu Od;=ka jykafia ,nd .kakd ,§'th
uyd kkao f;reka yg Ndr lrñka'''' —uyd kkao
fuu Od;=ka jykafia wkd.;fha ,laÈj rc lrk
ldjka;siai kï rcl=g Ndr l< hq;= jia;=jla' th
/lf.k Tyqg ,efnkakg i,iajkak˜' tu
17
uydkkao f;reka mrïmrd.;j th wdrCId lrñka
,efnk fia wdrCId lr ,laÈj rclï lrkakg
fhÿk ldjka;siai rcqg Ndrÿka miq i;arejkska hq;=
nqoaO m%;sudjl k,,a ;,h ;=, ;eïm;a lr
fiarekqjr ux., uyd ffp;Hh rdchdKka
jykafia bÈ l<y'

mQckSh oka; Od;=ka jykafia,d foku (-


fødak nuqKd nqÿka jykafiaf.a oCIsK
o<odj ;u yssfiys cGdj u;=fhys iÕjd .kakjd ÿgq
il% foúfhda th rka lr`vqjlg ,nd f.k f.dia
is¿ñKs iEfha ;eïm;a lrùh'
ld,sx. foaYfha jev isá wksla o<odjla miq
l,l ,la Èjg jevujd f.k f.dia ,xldjg f.k
wdfõh' th wo jk úg fndfyda .re;ajfhka
uykqjr Y%S o<od ud,s.dfõ ;eïm;a lr ;sfí'
ñysÿ kñka m;,j isá f;reka jykafia
kula jeÿï msÿï l< wks;a o<odjla fidaudj;sh
ffp;Hh rdchdKka jykafia ;=< o" wks;a o<odj
kd. f,dalfhao ;eïm;a j mj;S'

mQckSh ol=Kq wl= Od;+ka jykafia (-


jï wl= Od;=ka jykafia n%yau f,dalfha
;eïm;ah' ol=Kq wl= Od;=ka jykafia il%
foúhkaf.ka ,nd .;a ñysÿ uyry;ka jykafia
iquk idufkarhka jykafia úiska ,la Èjg
f.kú;a wkqrdOmqrfha :Qmdrdu ffp;Hhfha
;eïm;a fldg we;'

18
fødakhla i¾j{ Od;+ka ksOka l< ffp;Hh (-

fødakhla rc orejka úiska ie¥ ffp;Hh


wg ck;d mQcdjka ;=< úrdcudk ù ;sfnk ld,fha
uyd ldYHm ry;ka jykafia úiska wkd.;h
Èjeiska n,d tu Od;= ffp;Hhj,g wkH
,íÈlhskaf.ka we;sjk wk;=re .ek wcdi;a rcq
oekqj;a fldg rdu .%dufha yer wksla Od;=ka
jykafia,d msysá i;a ia:dkfhau Od;=ka jykafia,d
kej; rc.ykqjr wdrCId iys;j ksOka lrk ,§'
miq l,l§ O¾udfYdal rc;=ud úiska rc.ykqjr
;snQ Od;=ka jykafia,d /f.k oUÈj fhdÿkla
fhdÿkla mdid ffp;H lrjd Od;=ka jykafia,d
ksoka l<y' bka Od;=ka jykafia,d md;%hla mqrjd
,xldjg o ,nd fok ,§' foajdkïmsh;siai rc;=ud
fhdÿkla fhdÿkla mdid tu Od;=ka jykafia,d
ksoka fldg ffp;Hh lrùh'

rdu .%dufha ;snQ ffp;Hfha úkdYh (-

oUÈõ ;,hg we;s jQ .xj;=r l§ tu rdu


.%dufha by;ska b;sÍ jQ Od;=ka jykafia,d ;snQ
ffp;Hh .xj;=rg yiqj lr`vqj uy uqyqog .id
f.k hk ,§' kd. f,dalfhka meñKs kd.fhda th
wdrCId lrñka ;nd f.k isáh § fidakq;a;r kï
Roaê n, iïmkak f;reka jykafia úiska
kd.f,dalfhka tu lr`vqj iys; fødakhla muK jQ
Od;=ka jykafia,d ÿgq .euqKq rc;=ud úiska lr jQ
iaj¾Kud,s uyd iEfha ksoka lrk ,§' ta wkqj
n,k úg f,dj jeäfhka u i¾j{ Od;=ka
jykafia,d jev fjfikafka rejkaje,s uyd iEfha
19
ùu Y%S ,xldjgu úfYaI jkafkah'
Y%sjd Od;=ka jykafia uyshx.kfha uyd
ffp;Hfha ;ekam;a lr ;sfnkafka Ôjudk nqÿka
jykafia f.a flaY Od;=ka m%udKhla o iu.sks'
ñyska;,fha ffp;Hfha jev fjfikafka
nqÿka jykafiaf.a W!¾K frdau Od;=ka jykafiah'
§>jdmS ffp;Hh rdchdKka jykafia ;=<
nqÿka jykafiaf.a ksh Od;=ka jykafia,d jev ji;s'
ol=Kq o<odjg ol=Kq miska msysá oka;
fldgi tu Od;=ka jykafia iqu. msx ìfuys Od;=
ukaÈrfha rka lr`vqjl jev fjfihs' iEu jirla
mdid iy,a 7 l n;a j¾. j,ska jHxck 32 l
jHxckj,ska mQcd øjH 2000 lg jvd mQcd lrñka
isÿlrk wdkqNdjkSh o<od mQcdjla iu.ska Èkm;d
udiam;d úfYaI mQcdjkag ,lajk Od;=ka jykafia
fu;a is;ska meñfKk ieoeyej;=kag uyd
wdYs¾jdohlau ,nd fokafkauh' fndai;a mdró u.
wêIaGdk fm<yefrys" mdró fm<yefrys h:d¾:h
jQ tu Od;=ka jykafia fndai;=kaf.a fï Njfhys
mdrñ;d mQ¾K nj m%ldY ùfï iqN ksñ;a; uyd
iudm;a;s wjia:djl ;%sl=kdu,h uyd Èidm;;s
fïc¾ ckrd,a à' à' wd¾' is,ajd uy;d m%uqL
fldg.;a iqúfYaIs msßila bÈßfha fk¿ï fm;a;la
u;g jeä wdkqNdjkSh Od;=ka jykafiah'
iqu. iudê wimqfjys fndai;a oE;ska ksu jQ
is¿ñKs iE rdchdKka jykafia ;=< ;eïm;a lr
;sfnkafka o wdkqNdjkSh i¾j{ Od;=ka jykafia,d
i;a kuls'
fï yer Y%S ,xldoaùmfha bmerKs mQckSh
ia:dk rdYshl ñksia fk; .efgñka yd wm%lgj
mj;sk Od;=ka jykafia,d m%udKh .ssksh
20
fkdyelsuh'
tfia kï wm Èjhsk fld;rï
jdikdjka;o@ YsIaG iïmkak jQ iqpß; msßila Y%S
,xldoaùmh ;=< we;s lr.;fyd;a nqoaO Yla;sfhys
wdkqNdjh f,djg fmkaúh yels wdYap¾hu;a Y%S
,xldjla wmg ;kkakg yels jkjduh' ta i|yd
u;ska f;dr" uia udxYfhka f;dr" ukiska Wiia
iudchla we;s lr,Su i|yd Tng o Tnf.a muKska
odhl úh fkdyels ukao@

mdßfNda.sl ffp;Hh(-
uyd ldreKslhdKka jykafia Ôjudk
ld,fha mßfNdackhg m;alr.;a mdßfNda.sl
jia;+ka fï kñka y÷kajhs' f,dõ;=rd iïud
iïfndaêhg m;a jkakg ;uka jykafiag fijK
jQjd jQ wei;= fndaêh;a" md;%h" isjqr" wokh"
ksiSokh" bÈlgq .=,dj wdÈh o óg we;=<;a fjhs'

Y%S uyd fndaêka jykafia(-


f,dj hï;dla ;rula nq ÿ rcdKka
jykafia,d Y%S iïud iïnqoaO;ajhg m;a jQ fialao@ ta
yeu nqqÿrcdKka jykafia flfkl=u iïud
iïnqoaO;ajhg m;a jkafka oUÈj uOH foaYfha ùu
iqúfYaIs isoaêhls' yeu nqÿjrfhl=u nqoaO;ajhg m;a
jkafka iajNdj oyfï u msysá rela fijKla hg§h'
ta rela uQ,h fndai;=ka nqÿjk Njfha § bmÿk úgu
yg .kakd rella ùu B<Õ iqúfYaIs ldrKdjh'
idrdixfLHh jQ lma ,CIhla fmreï oï
msrjQ wm uyd fndai;dKka jykafia jir 2500 lg
by; § ^2012 iurkafka 2600 jeks nqoaO chka;shhs&
21
;=iS mqrfhka kslaó fuf,dj bm§ jir 29 § ish¨
iem;a yer W;=ï nqÿmoúh i|yd .sysf.hska kslañks'
mqrd jir 6 la W.% ÿIalrl%shdfjys fh§ wcm,a kq.
rel uq,§ iqcd;d isgq foaúh ÿka lsßn;la j<od"
Ndjkdjg iqÿiq ia:dkhla fidhd .ukal<
Wkajykafiag w;= m;r úys§ .sh wei;= .ila yuq
úh' fid;aÓh nuqKdf.a l=i;k wg ñg o tys t,d
.;a fndaêi;ajhdKka jykafia"
—udf.a YÍrfha iï" uia" úhf,f;d;a
úhf<ajdæ" weg kyr b;sß fjf;d;a b;sßfj;ajdæ"
mqreI ù¾hfhka" mrdl%ufhka hï O¾uhla wjfndaO
lr .; hq;= kï th wjfndaO fkdfldg fï
wdikfhka fkdke.sáñ'˜ hkqfjka wêYaGdk
lrñka p;=rx. iukakd.; ù¾hfhka hq;=j jev
isá njqka jeãu wrUd" wúoHdj ;Kaydj uq¿ukskau
m%ydkh fldg ish¨ flf,iqka kid f,dõ;=rd
iuHla iïfndaêhg m;a jQ Wka jykafiag fijKg
isá" ;uka jykafiaf.a mdró .=Kh ÿgq tlu l<K
ñ;=rd jQfha ta wei;= fnda relhs' tneúka wm wud
uEKS jQ nqÿrcdKka jykafia úiskau f.!;u nqoaO
Ydikfha m<uq fndaê mQcdj isÿ lrkakg fhÿk
fial' i;shla mqrd ;u fka;% mqcdj isÿ lsÍfuka uyd
n,hla tu fndaê jDCIh jgd we;sl< Wkajykafia
foi;shlg miqjh ;u l<K ñ;=rdf.ka uE;a jQfha'
tkï m<uq i;sfha tu relgu msg § úfõlfhka
isàu;a fojk i;sfha fka;% mQcdj isÿ lsÍu;a jk
neúks'

22
Ôjudk nqÿka jykafiaf.a ld,fha§
fndaê jDCIhla m%d;syd¾h mE j.hs'

wm iajdó orejdfKda kslrefka ;u ld,h


kdia;s fkdl< fial' foõ ñksia ckhd fjkqfjka
pdßldfjys fhfoñka oyï il me;=rE fial' tjka
wjia:dj, fÊ;jkdrdu mQcd N+ñhg meñfKk
ieoeyej;=ka nqÿka jykafia fkdoelu wdmiq
hkakg isÿjk úg Tjqka i|yd hï úl,amhla
fhdokakg wdkkao ysñfhda l,amkd l< fial' tA
wkqj wdkkao ysñfhda nqÿka jykafiaf.ka fufia
úuiQy'
;:d.;hka jykai" Tn jykafia fkdue;s
wjia : djka j , meñfKk ñks i q k a hka f ka
lk.dgqfjka" ysia w;ska' Tjqkag tA i|yd úl,am
l%uhla we;s l< fkdyelso@ Tnjykafiag fuka
.re nqyquka olajkakg'''
nqÿka jykafia (- —yelshs wdkkao yelshs'''
wdkkao''' ffp;H j¾. 3la ;=<ska mQcd l< yelshs'
mdßfNda.sl" WoafoaYsl" YdÍßl ffp;H tA ;=ka
fldgihs'˜
wdkkao ysñ (- iajdóks" Tnjykafia
Ôjudkj isáh§ fï ffp;Hh ilid mQcdl< yels
l%uhla ;sfhkjdo@
nqÿka jykafia (- —wdkkao Ôjudkj ud isák
;dla l,a YdÍßl ffp;H l< fkdyelshs'
;:d.;hka jykafia mßfNda. lr.;a Y%S uyd
fndaêh Ôjudkj jev isá l,ays;a" msßksùfuka
miqj;a jkaokd udk l< yelshs' th jkaokdudk
l< hq;=u mdßfNda.sl jia;=jla' udf.a mia ureka
mrdch ish iam¾Yfhkau ú¢ tlu l<HdKslhd tu
fndaê jDCIhu jk neúks' hehs jod< fial'˜
wdkkao ysñ (- —tfia kï''' iajdókS''' Tn

23
jykafia fÊ;jkdrdufha ke;s wjia:djkays yq§
ckhdg ;u is;a ksjd .ekSu i|yd mQcd jia;=jla lr
.ekSug yelsjk f,i tu uyd fndaêfhka îchla
f.kú;a isgqjkakg wjir fokq uekú'˜
nqÿka jykafiaf.ka ,enqKq wjirfhka
blaì;s wdkkao ysñfhda fldfid,a rc;=udg;a wkd:
msKaäl isgq;=udg;a úYdLdjkag;a tA nj mjid
fÊ;jkdrdufha j,la idrjd îchla f.k tAug
uq.,ka uyry;ka jykafiag Ndr l<y' uq.,ka
ysñfhda o iDêfhka jevu fldg kgqfjka .s,syqkq
zfndaZ îchla Y%S uyd fndaêfhka ;u isjqrg ìug
m;s; fkdjk fia ,ndf.k wdkkao ysñhka fj;
Ndr l<y' tA wjia:dfõ fmr iQodkï lr ;snQ l=vd
Ndckhla jf,ys ;nd th isgqjkakg fldfid,a
rc;=udg Ndr lf<ah' fldfid,a rcq l,amkdjl
ksu.ak ù isg" ysñhks fuh ud isgqjqjfyd;a uf.ka
miqj rcjk ug wys;j;a flfkl= fuh úkdY
lrkakg neß ke;' tneúka iqÿiq flfkl=g Ndr
fokak''' th wkd:msKaäl isgq;=ud w;g m;a l<
miq fnda îch rka lgdrfuys ;nkjd;a iu.
uyck;dj n,d isáh§u w;=m;r úys§ .sh uyd fnda
rella ks¾udKh úh' m%d;syd¾hh ÿgq uyck;djf.a
idÿldr kdoh fkdkj;ajd /õ ms,s /õ fokakg
úh'
fldfid,a rcq úiska rka yd ߧ l,
wgishhlska iqj| meka mqrjd" iqj| u,a oud fndaëka
jykafia jgd ;nd uyd mQcdjla lrjd" fndaêh jgd
i;a rejka fõÈldjla lrjd" rka ñY% je,s /f.k
ú;a fndaê uQ,h jgd w;=rd mQcdjka lf<ah'
wdkkao ysñf.a b,a,Su u; nqÿka jykafia o
fuu fndaêh mdßfNda. lsÍu isÿ l< fial' tA wkqj
tla /hla fndaêuQ,h hg iudm;a;s iqjfhka l,a
f.jd nqoaO iam¾Yh o uyd wêIaGdk n,hla o
ia:dmkh l< fial' th ieoeyej;=ka wo;a mQcdjg
md;% lr.kakd wdkkao fndaêh kñka m%lg úh'

24
Y%S ,xld oaùmhg
Y%S uyd fndaêh
f.k wd wdldrh

25
ñys÷ uy ry;ka jykafia úiska Y%S ,xld
oaùmhg jevu fldg foajdkïmsh ;siai uy rcq yd
tlaj fn!oaO m%fndaOfha f;da;ekak we;s l<
wdldrh fn!oaOfhda jk yeu okakd lreKls' kuq;a
we;eï ie`.jqkq úia;r l;khka tA ;=< ke;=jd
fkdfõ' wkq,d foaúh iu. wka;#mqr ìijqka 500
fokd yg meúÈ jkakg wjYH;d we;s úh' ñys÷ uy
ry;ka jykafiaf.a wkqoekqu u; Y%S uyd fndaëka
jykafia kula ,xldjg f.kajd .ekSug;a"
ix>ñ;a;d ry;a f;rKsh jevujd .ekSfï
wjYH;djfhka —wßÜG˜ kï weu;sjrhd bkaÈhdj
n,d keõ ke. O¾udfYdal uy rc;=udg ikaki
ms,s.ekaùh' tys jQfha Y%S uyd fndaëka jykafiaf.ka
YdLd fndaêhla ,nd .ekSu;a ix>ñ;a;d uy ry;a
f;rKsh ,xldjg jevujd .ekSu;ah' O¾udfYdal
rcq tA wjia:dfõ fud.a.,Smq;a; ;siai uy ry;ka
jykafia yuq ù tfia Y%S uyd fndaê YdLdjla heúh
hq;= o hkak oek.;hq;= nj mejiSh'
túg uy ry;ka jykafia ms<s;=re fokafka'''
tfiah rc;=uks' Ôjudk nqÿka jykafiaf.a
wêIaGdkhg wh;a tla fohla''' tA ksid th hjkakg
mshjr .kak'
tA wjirh ,;a O¾udfYdal rcq w`.,a wgl
>klñka hq;=" ßhka kjhl jg m%udKhlska hq;a
;=ka ßhka úIalïNhlska hq;a lgdrula rkska idod
ry;a W;=uka fmrgqlr .ksñka Y%S uyd fndaêhg mQcd
mj;ajoa§ ch Y%S uyd fndaêfhys oCIsK YdLdj
w;=reoka ù fm<yr mdk úg O¾udfYdl rcq'''
—fndaêrdchdKka jykai" udf.a fï rdcH Tn
jykafiag mQcd lrñ'''˜ hehs mjid fndaëka
jykafiag rdcHh wNsfIal lr Ndr ÿks' oyia
26
ixLHd; ry;a W;=uka fmrgq lr f.k isá wfYdal
rcq ry;a W;=ukaf.a wkqYdikd mßÈ rka lgdru
fndaëka jykafia wi, ;nd oCIsK YdLdj fjka úh
hq;= ;ek rka m;lska brla we| fï oCIsK YdLdj
,xldoaùmhg hd hq;= o tfia kï yd udf.a is;
iïnqoaO Ydikfha iel rys; fõ o" fï oCIsK
YdLdj ;ud úiskau is£ rka lgdrfuys msysàjd'''
hehs wêIaGdk lf<ah' tA iu.u bß we¢ ;ekska
fjka jQ ch Y%S uyd fndaêfha oCIsK YdLdj rka
lgdrug fjka ù meñK m%d;syd¾hh isÿ lf,ah'
oi; mqrd idÿldr kef.oa§ fojk jr o O¾udfYdal
rcq ;u rdcHh;ajh Y%S uyd fndaêhg msÿfõh'
fndaëka jykafia o ijkla >k nqoaO rYañh
úysÿjñka Èk 7la wyfia m%d;syd¾hh mdñka ck;dj
úYauhg m;a lrñka fmdf,da ;,hg <x ù ;j;a
i;shla olajd mqo mQcdjkag ,la úh' foi;shla .sh
miq tkï ch Y%S uyd fndaêh fjka l< Èk isg Èk 17
.sh miq m%Odk fndaêfhka wxl=rh fjkalr .;a ;ek
;j;a wxl=r kjhla yg.;a wdldrh ÿgq O¾udfYdal
rcq 3jk j;djg o ;u rdcHh mQcd lr mQcdjka
meje;aùh'
.x.d kï .xf;frys irijk ,o
fk!ldjl Y%S uyd fndaêfha oCIsK YdLdj ;ekam;a
lr ix>ñ;a;d ry;a f;rKsh iu. ;j;a
fufyKska jykafia,d tfldf,dia kula o wßÜG
weu;shd o tu kefjys kxjd uqyqÿ ;Srh olajd mqo
mQcd lrñka meñK wßÜG yd ix>ñ;a;d f;rKska
jykafia we;=¿ msßig iuq fok ,§' foõ nUqkaf.a
mqo mQcd uOHfha fk!ldj uyd id.rh ;rKh
lrñka meñfKoa§ kd. f,dalfha kd.hka Y%S uyd
fndaêh w;am;a lr.kakg W;aidy lrk ,§' w;sYh
27
iDê iñmkak ry;a f;rKshla jQ ix>ñ;a;d uy
ry;a f;rKsh .=re¿ fjia .ksñka Tjqka ìh joaod
Èk 7lg miq ,xldfõ oUfld< mgqk kï ia:dkhg
kej fiakaÿ úh' uy;a wdYdfjka n,d isá
foajdkïmsh ;siai rcq c,hg nei uy msßila iu.
Y%S uyd fndaêh Tijd uKavmhl ;nd m%:u jrg Tyq
o rdcH;ajfhka mQcd lf<ah' fmr ll=i|"
fldkd.uk" ldYHm nqÿ rcdKka jykafia,df.a
fndaëka frdamkh lrk ,o ia:dkfhau Y%S uyd
fndaëka jykafia frdamkh lrk ,§'

WoafoaYsl ffp;Hh
YdÍßl Od;+ka jykafia,dg fyda mdßfNda.sl
jia;+kag wh;a fkdjk nqÿrcdKka jykafia
fjkqfjka ksujd we;s m%;sud" isßmd i,l=Kq"
fjfyr wd§ foa WoafoaYsl ffp;Hfhdah' fï udf.a
W;=ï nqÿrcdKka jykafiah" fï udf.a W;=ï nqÿ
rcdKka jykafiaf.a Od;= ;ekam;a iEhla h
hkqfjka is;d jkaokd lrk ld yg;a hym;la u
fjhs'

28
fndaê mQcdjg fmr
is;g .kak

29
w;s W;a;Í;r jQ nqÿ myi ,;a fndaëka
jykafia wNshi ;=kafodr yslaujd iqpß;j;a whl=
f,i fkdfõ kï mQcdfjka Tng ,efnkafka isf;a
iykhla ;djld,slj ,eîu muKlau úh yelsh'
w;sYh Nla;shlska ye`.Sfuka rg rdcH mjd mQcd
lrñka mQcdjg ,la jQ fndaëka jykafia,df.a
wdkq N djh wkHdfhka ld ygj;a ,eìh
fkdyelsuh' fndaêhla ÿgq ÿgq ;ek fndrejg
wiqkska ke.sÜg;a" uq,a l=Kq ù hkf;la lsß l<"
j;=r l< oeïu;a jevla kï fkdfõ' ldhsl"
udkisl" jdÑl wyxNdjh ;=< rc lrk ÿIaG
is;sú,sj,ska msß is;a fkdj YS,fhys yslauqKq hym;a
fu;a is;a we;s whgu M, m%fhdackh .; yelshs' ;u
is,aj;a Ôú;h Wkajykafiag mQcd lrkak' kuq;a
Tnf.a mj;sk Ôú;h Tng;a tmd jQ fudfyd;l
l=Kq mxpialkaOh lr.y .kakg tjka W;a;Í;r
fndaêhla fm<fUkaafka ke;' wvqu ;rfï Tng tmd
jQ Ôú;h ;=;a;sß .ilaj;a ndr fkd.kS' i;H
l%shdjla we;slr.kakg m<uqj wêIaGdk lrkak'
Tnf.a Ôú;fha we;s i;H l%shd fudkjdo n,kak'
wvqu ;rfï mxpYS,fha fyda yslafukjd lshd Tng
lshkakg mq¨jkao@ uf.a is;ska" lhska" jpkfhka
uu wl=i,a lf,a kE lshd lshkakg mq¨jkao@ uu
Ôú; ld,fha ljodj;a f,daNfhka" oafõYfhka
lghq;= fkdl,d lshkakg mq¿jkao@ neye fkao@
tlla kï i;Hhhs' tA''' Tn ,`. i;Hhla l%shdjla
we;ehs lshkakg l%shdjla ke;s nju fkdfõo@ th
kï i;Hhs' tneúka msxj;''' is;g .kak''' wvqu
;rfï mxp YS,hj;a wdrCId lrkakg' tA i;H
wdkqNdjh ;=< Tng fndaê mQcdjl fukau wkH
fn!oaO mQcdjl W;=ï m%;sM, fk,d.; yelsuh'
30
tneúka Tnf.a Ôú;h jvd;a ieye,a¨fjka
yd i;=áka f.jkakg wOHd;añl iqjh fidhkjd
kï wdñY mQcdjkays n,h o Ôú;hg tla lr .;
yelshs' tA ksidu m<uqj Tnf.a Ôú;h ks¾udxY lr
.kak' B<`.g Tnf.a ÿIapß;hka tlska tl fyda
iïmQ¾K bj;a lr.kak' B¾IHdj" fl%daOh" ffjrh
is; ;=<ska wE;a lrkak' fldákau''' Tn ñfhk
mqoa.,fhl= nj olsñka Ôj;a jkak' is; mSvdjkag
,lajkakg yels wjia:d wju lr.kak' Ôú;h hkq
ú|ùu fkdjk nj f;areï .kak' ;uka fukau wka
wh o wka i;ajhska o ;u ;ukaf.a Ôú;hg wdorh
nj is;kak' th f;areï .ksñka mrd¾:ldó jkak'
.re lghq;= whg .re lrkakg;a foudmshka
jeäysáhka iïnkaOj ukd ixhuhla we;s
lr.kak' Tnf.ka wka whg úkd wka whf.ka Tng
hula hkak fkdis;kak' Èklg fojrla j;a nqÿka
oyï i`.=ka irK hkak' Èklg mehla follaj;a
iudê Ndjkdjlg fhduq jkak' yels yeu úgu
hym;a ioaO¾u foaYKdjlg weyqïlka fokak' mdm
ñ;% fiajkfhka wE;a ù l,K ñ;=rka weiqre
lrkak' iajNdj oyug wdorh lrkak' .ila
isgqjkak' ^.ila lmk flkdg fndaêhlska M,hla
.; fkdyels neúks'& uilg jrlaj;a wvqu ;rñka
mQckSh ia:dkhl YS,hl yslaó njqka jvkak' uu o
Tng fmdfrdkaÿ fjñ''' Tnf.a —Ôú;h˜ isák
;ek;a hk ;ek;a iqjnr jk njg'''

-fndai;dfKda-

31
ksjerÈj
fndaê mQcdjlg
iyNd.s fjuq

32
mQ¾j l%shdldÍ;ajh (-
fyd¢ka mqo mQcd mj;ajk úydria:dkhla
f;dard.kak' ^tys NsCIQKa jykafia,df.a .re;ajhg
md;%jk" Wjei Wjeishkaf.a .re;ajhg md;%jk
ia:dkhla kï th fyd| ia:dkhls'& l,ska Èkfha
t;ekg f.dia fndaëka jykafiag je| kuialdr lr
—is;ska" lhska" jpkfhka jrola jqjfyd;a iudjqj
uekú˜ wdhdpkhla lrkak' fyd¢ka fnda u¿j
weuo iqoaO mú;% lr fnda u¿fjys ;kfld< wdÈh
we;akï tAjd bj;a lr msßisÿ l< fnda u¿j ;=<
fndaëka jykafia jev fjfik whqre n,d ;ukag
fyda wd;= r hdg ^fnda ê mQ c dj lrka k g
n,dfmdfrd;a;= jk flkd& fujeksu ÿla fodïkia
ke;s is;la ,nkakg" msßisÿ jQ is;la ,nkakg
f,dõ;=rd nqoaO rdcHhg meñKs nqÿka jykafiaf.a
Yla;sh u ,nd fokq uekú''' hkqfjka mjid miqÈk
meñfKk wêIaGdkfhka fu;a is;ska oeä
úYajdihlska .uka lrkak'

fndaê mQcd øjH (-


³ msßisÿ ia:dkhlska .;a .f`.a je,s fidaod
^20 úgla j;a fidaod& fmfkarhlska fyda frÈlvlska
y,d ls'.%Eï tlla muK'
³ wn weg" B;k" iqÿ y÷ka" r;a y÷ka"
iejekak uq,a" miaf,da l=vq .%Eï 10la muK'
³ wn f;,a myka 7lg m%udKj;a f,i'
³ mia f;,a myka 7lg m%udKj;a f,i'
³ msßisÿ b÷,a fkdl< Èh l< 7la'
³ fndaêh jgd weÈh yels kQ,a fmdgj,a 7la'
³ iqj| u,a j._ 7la' ^yels ;rï m%udKhlska&

33
ksjerÈ fndaê mQcdjla kï'''
mQcdj" ia;+;sh" jkaokdj hk ;=ka jeoEreï
lD;Hh iïmQ¾K úh hq;=h'

mQcdj (-
mqKHuh l%shdldÍ;ajhka ;=kls' tkï l<
yels mskalï 3ls' odkh" YS,h" Ndjkdj fjhs'
m%;s.%dyl ye`.Sfuka f,daNfhka f;dr ù hula §u
odkhls' tneúka ;uka úiska .s,kamiska" iqj|
u,ska" iqj| ÿñka" oe,a jQ mykska W;a;u jQ fndaëka
jykafiag mQcd lsÍu odkuh mQcdjla o fjhs' ish¿
flf<ia keiQ f,dõ;=rd nqÿrcdKka jykafiag
fijk jQjd jQ W;=ï jQ fndaëka jykafiag lrk
mQcdjlah hk W;=ï w¾:fhka mqcd lrk úg
wdksYxi fndfyda fldg ,nd .ekSu fukau we;sjk
Ñ;a; m%fudaofha§ fndaëka jykafiaf.ka ksl=;a jk
lsrK Odrj kshu ffu;%sfhys lreKdfjys lsrK
Odrdjuh' th ,nd .ekSug ;rï msx is;la fndaëka
jykafiaaf.a fijk ;=< fu;a is;ska isàu mjd uy;a
Nd.Hhls' wei;= .i fukau ´kEu .ila ,`. tu
.ig ys;j;aj ;u Ñ;a; ;rx. fufyhjkjd kï
tu .fika o fmr<d hym;a lsrK ;ukag uqod yÍ'
.ila ,`.g f.dia uu fï .i lmkjd hehs i|yka
lf,d;a tA .i i,s; ù hhs' úoHd;aulj mjd th
Tmamq lr yudrhs' .i <`.g f.dia uu WUj lmkjd
hehs lSj;a .i lE .ykak o@ tneúka fndaê mQcdjl§
fndai;=kag nqoaO;ajhg fijK jQjd jQ fndaê
jDCIhg ud Nla;Hdorfhka mQcd lrkakd jQ ish¨
foa mQcd fõjd hehs mQcd lsÍu ;=< W;a;u jQ
nqÿjrfhl=g idÿ kolska fyda l< mQcdjl iir msk
o u;= ù tkafkah'

34
ia;+;s mQcdj (-
fndaëka jykafia nqÿrcdKka jykafiag l<
W;a;Í;r jQ iyfhda.hg wm úiska ia;+;s lsÍu
wrNhd iaf;%da;%" lú .dhkd bÈßm;a lrñka uyd
Yío mQcdjla f,i isÿ lsÍu ia;+;s mQcdjhs' Y%S uyd
fndaêfhka .;a M,hl" wxl=rhl" W;=ï nqoaO Yla;sh
msysgd ;sfí' tA M,hlska kej; kej; jefvk
fndaêhl o tu .=Kh u msysgd ;sfí' tneúka tjeks
fndaêhla wi, § ia;+;s mQcdjla lrk úg fndaëka
jykafiaf.a tu .=Khka ieoeyej;a okkag
fkdwvqj ,efí'

jkaokdj (-
jkaokdj hkq ;ukag jvd .=Kfhka Wiia
wh i|yd is;ska" lhska" jpkfhka lrk .re
Wmpdrhls' pdß;% YS,hla f,i isÿ lrk jkaokdj
odk" YS," Ndjkd hk ;%sfldgi ;=<§ YS,hgu wh;a
jkakls' oY mqKH l%shd jia;+kays§ o i|yka jk
wmpdhk l=Y,hg wh;a jkakls jkaokdj' tneúka
W;=ï nqÿrcdKka jykafiag fijk jQ mia urejka
mrdcfha§ fkdie,S isá fndaëka jykafiag uu j¢ñ"
mQcd lrñ hkqfjka is;ska je¢h yelsh' lú .dhkd
lrñka jpkfhka je¢h yelsh'

lhska j¢k úg (-
ysgf.k fow;a tla fldg yoj;g
,xjkakg fyda k<,;g ;nd je¢h yelsh' oksia ìu
Tnd tjeks f,iu fyda oksia je,ñg k<,; ìu
;nd mi`. msysgqjd je¢h yelsh'
tneúka mQcd øjH mQcd lrñka uy;a
Nla;Hdorfhka is;ska" lhska" jpkfhka .=K
lshñka jkaokd lsÍu ieoeyej;a ish,a,kaf.au
n,dfmdfrd;a;= id¾:l jk ud¾.hla u h'

35
fndaê jkaokd
.d:d

36
m<uqj nqÿka jykafiag" Y%S ioaO¾uhg" wd¾h
ry;a W;=ukag Wkajykafia,df.a .=K .dhkdjlska
wdrïN lruq'
WoEik mgka mxpYS,fha" wIaGYS,fha" oYdx.
YS,fha yslaó fkdue;s whl= kï"
« kuialdr mdGh ;=kajrla lshñka
« nqÿka" oyï" iÕ=ka ;=kajrla irK hñka ;%súO
r;akfha .=K .dhkdj wdrïN lrkak'
YS,fha yslaó we;akï ;%súO r;akfha .=K
.dhkdj wdrïN lsÍu;a Bg fmr
iqj| u,a" myka o,ajd" iqj| ÿï w,a,d$o,ajd"
.s,kami øjH" oeye;a" p;=uOqr wdÈh fndaëka
jykafia wi, mQcdjg ;eîu;a fnfy;a øjH uqiql,
je,s jÜáh" mekal<" kQ,a fjku ;nd.ekSu;a
isÿlrkak'

37
;%súO r;akfha
.=K .dhkdj

38
nqoaOr;akh je£u

b;smsfida N.jd wryx iïud iïnqoafOda


úÊcdprK iïmkafkda" iq.f;da" f,dalúÿ"
wkq;a;frda mqßiOïu idrÒ" i;a;d foajukqiaidkx
nqoafOda N.jd;S
kudñ nqoaOx .=Kid.rx;x
i;a;d iodfydka;= iqÇ wfõrd
ldfhdað.=Éfcda ilf,daiq.kafoda
.ÉPka;s iífí urKx wyxp
nqoaOx Ôú;x mßhka;x - irKx .ÉPdñ
fhap nqoaOd w;S;dp - fhap nqoaOd wkd.;d
mÉPqmkakdp fha nqoaOd - wyx jkaodñ iínod
k;aÓ fï irKx w[a[x - nqoafOda fï irKx jrx
tAf;ak iÉp jÉfÊk - fyda;= fï chux.,x
W;a;uxf.ak jkafoayx - mdomx iqjre;a;ux
nqoafOda fhda p,sf;da fodafida - nqoafOda pu;=;xuux

39
Oïu r;akh je£u

iajdlaLdf;da N.j;d Oïfuda


ikaÈÜÀflda wld,sflda tAysmiaisflda
´mkhsflda mÉp;a;x fõÈ;ífnda úC¥yS;s
kudñ Oïux iq.f;ak foais;x
i;a;d iodfydka;= iqÇ wfõrd
ldfhdað.=Éfcda ilf,daiq.kafOda
.ÉPka;s iífí urKx wyx p

Oïux Ôú;x mßhka;x - irKx .ÉPdñ


fhap Oïud w;S;dp - fhap Oïud wkd.;d
mÉPqmkakdp fha Oïud - wyx jkaodñ iínod
tAf;ak iÉp jÉfÊk - fyda;= fï chux.,x
W;a;uxf.ak jkafoayx - Oïuxp ;%súOx jrx

40
wd¾h ix>r;akh je£u

iqmámkafkda N.jf;da idjl ixf>da


Wcqmámkafkda N.jf;da idjl ixf>da
[dhmámkafkda N.jf;da idjl ixf>da
idóÑmámkafkda N.jf;da idjl ixf>da
hÈox p;a;dß mqßihq.dks wÜGmqßi mq.a.,d
tAi N.jf;da idjl ixf>da
wdyqfkhafhda mdyqfkhafhda olaÅfkhafhda
w[ac,slrKSfhda wkq;a;rx mq[a[alafL;a;x
f,daliaid;s'
kudñ ix>x uqksrdc idjlx
i;a;d iodfydka;= iqÇ wfõrd
ldfhda ð.=Éfcda ilf,daiq.kafOda
.ÉPka;s iífí urKx wyxp

ix>x Ôú;x mßhka;x - irKx .ÉPdñ


fhap ix>d w;S;dp - fhap ix>d wkd.;d
mÉPqmkakdp fha ix>d - wyx jkaodñ iínod
k;aÓ fï irKx w[a[x - ixf>da fï irKx jrx
tAf;ak iÉp jÉfÊk - fyda;= fï chux.,x
W;a;uxf.ak jkafoayx - ix>xp ;%súOx jrx

idÿ ''''' idÿ '''' idÿ ''''

41
udf.a iajdó jQ''' nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a odk
YS,d § mdrñ;djka iïmQ¾K lsÍu''' wdYap¾h jQ
fial' weia Wmqgd okaÿka fial' wUqorejka okaÿka
fial' udf.a iajdó jQ nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a
lreKd .=Kh fldaáhla uõjrekaf.a" fldaáhla
mshjrekaf.a lreKd .=Kh" tl ms~la l< o"
Nd.Hj;=ka jykafiaf.a lreKd .=Khg iul<
fkdyelsu h' fufia wkka; jQ" wm%udK jQ .=K
we;a;d jQ" wiuiu jQ foúhkag foú jQ" nUqkag nUq
jQ" ugu iajdó jQ" uf.au nqÿ wuduEKshka jQ" uf.au
nqÿmshdKka jQ" fudy÷rg <ysre uv,la jQ" flf,ia
.skakg uyd fï>hla jQ" wkd: kd: jQ" wirK
irK jQ" w.% oCIsfKHh jQ nqÿmshdKka jykafiag
lreKd .=Kh fldaáhla uõjrekaf.a" fldaáhla
mshjrekaf.a lreKd .=Kh" tl ms~la l< o"
Nd.Hj;=ka jykafiaf.a lreKd .=Khg iul<
fkdyelsu h' fufia wkka; jQ" wm%udK jQ .=K
we;a;d jQ" wiuiu jQ foúhkag foú jQ" nUqkag nUq
jQ" ugu iajdó jQ" uf.au nqÿ wuduEKshka jQ" uf.au
nqÿmshdKka jQ" fudy÷rg <ysre uv,la jQ" flf,ia
.skakg uyd fï>hla jQ" wkd: kd: jQ" wirK
irK jQ" w.% oCIsfKHh jQ nqÿmshdKka jykafiag

fï myka mQcd lrñ - mQcd fõjd


fï iqj| u,a mQcd lrñ - mQcd fõjd
fï iqj| mQcd lrñ - mQcd fõjd
fï oeye;a mQcd lrñ - mQcd fõjd

42
nqÿrcdKka jykafia úiska ukdfldg foaYkd l<d
jQ ioaO¾uh" i;aajhd úiska wjfndaO lr.; hq;=
fyhska o" ff;ld,fha u fjkia fkdjkakd jQ
oyula jk neúka o" úuid n,d isyskqjKska
wjfndaO l< hq;= fyhska o" ksjkg tlu u.
fyhskao" mKaä;hska úiska ^m%{djka;hska& wjfndaO
l< hq;= fyhska o w;s .dïNSr jQ fudaydkaOldrh
kikakd jQ tA Y%S ioaO¾uhg

fï myka mQcd lrñ - mQcd fõjd


fï iqj| u,a mQcd lrñ - mQcd fõjd
fï iqj| mQcd lrñ - mQcd fõjd
fï oeye;a mQcd lrñ - mQcd fõjd

nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a Y%S ioaO¾uh uekúka


wjfndaO lr.;a;d jQ" u.M,hg msúishd jQ" wd¾h
ry;a W;=fuda" ks¾jdK.dó wd¾h wIaGdx.sl
ud¾.hg ukdj meñKs fyhska o" iDcqj u tA u.
ms<smÈk fyhska o" {dK ud¾.hg meñKs fyhska o"
f.!rj Wmia:dkhg meñKs fyhska o" is,aj;=ka
Wfoid ÿrisg f.kú;a ms§ug iqÿiqjk fyhska o tA
wd¾h ry;a W;=fuda uu kuialdr lrñ' tA ry;a
W;=ukag
fï myka mQcd lrñ - mQcd fõjd
fï iqj| u,a mQcd lrñ - mQcd fõjd
fï iqj| mQcd lrñ - mQcd fõjd
fï oeye;a mQcd lrñ - mQcd fõjd

43
fndaëka jykafiag
.=K lshd
mQcd lsÍu

44
01' hiaiuQf,a uyd i;af;da
fc;ajd udrx uyín,x
m;af;da iín[Cÿ;x fiÜGx
jkafoa ;x fndaê uq;a;ux
hï fndaê uQ,hl § W;=ï nqÿka jykafia uy;a
n, mrdl%ufhka hq;a udrhd merÿfõ o" W;=ï
nqÿnjg meñK ish,a, o;a jQ fiala o tA fndaëka
jykafiag j¢ñ' mQcd lrñ'

02' hiaiuQf,a ksiSÈ;ajd


i;a;dyx f,dalkdhflda
úuqla;s iqL ixfõ§
jkafoa;x fndaêuq;a;xu
f,dal kdhl jQ W;=ï nqÿka jykafia hï fndaê
uQ,hl úuqla;s iqj úkaod o tA W;=ï fndaëka
jykafiag kuialdr lrñ'

03' hiai mQfÊis iïnqoafOda


i;a;dyx ilf,dapfka
mQð;x krfoafõys
jkafoa;x fndaêuq;a;ux
W;=ï nqÿrcdKka jykafia hï fndaê uQ,hlg
i;shla mqrd fka;% mQcd lf<a o tA fndaëka jykafiag
kuialdr lrñ'

04' wdhqx wdfrda.;x jKaKx


hix ls;a;sx Okx n,x
jâfVka;x mqchka;dkx
jkafoa;x fndaêuq;a;ux

45
mQcdlrk whj¨ka i|yd wdhq" iem" n," j¾K"
hii" lS¾;sh" Okh fokakd jQ W;a;u fndaëka
jykafiag kuialdr lrñ'

05' ÿCLx frda.x Nhx fõrx


fidalx cdksx Wmoaojx
yrka;x mQchka;dkx
jkafoa;x fndaêuq;a;ux
mQcdlrk whj¨kaf.a ÿl" frda." ìh" ffjrh"
fYdalh" msßySu" Wmøj ÿrelrkakd jQ W;=ï fndaëka
jykafiag kuialdr lrñ'
06' mq[a[dldóys ú[aCÿys
krfoafõys idorx
jkaÈ;x mQð;x fiÜGx
jkafoa;x fndaêmdomx
mska leu;s kqjKe;s foõ ñksiqka mqokakd jQ
W;a;u fndaëka jykafiag kuialdr lrñ'

07' iínldu ofoda fndaë


iín ÿlaL úkdiflda
jkaof;da foa;= fï ika;sx
fndaêrdc ku;a:qf;
ish¨ leu;s oE fokakd jQ ish¨ ÿla kikakd jQ
fndaëka jykafiag j¢kakd jQ ud yg Ydka;sh
f.kfoajd æ fndaêrdchdKka jykai Tn jykafiag
kuialdr fõjdæ

08' hiaiuQf,a ksiskafkdaj


iíndß úchka wld
m;af;da iín[Cÿ;x i;a;d
jkafoa;x fndaêmdomx
46
hï fndaê uQ,hl jevys¢hd jQ wmf.a Ydia;Dka
jykafia ish¨ i;=rka mer¥ fial' ish,a,
wjfndaOfhka W;=ï nqoaO;ajhg m;ajQ fiala o tA
fndaëka jykafiag kuialdr lrñ'

09' bkaokS, jKaKm;a; fia; LkaO Ndiqrx


i;a:qfk;a; mxlcd;s mQð;.a. ido;x
w.a.fndaê kdujdu foajrelaL jKaKs;x
;x úYd, fndaêmdomx kudñ iínod

b÷ks,a jeks m;aj,skao" iqÿ meye jQ l¢ka o


nn<kakd jQ Ydia;Dka jykafia úiska fk;a
mshqïj,ska mqok ,oaod jQ o" w.% ñysr fokakd jQ o"
w.%fndaê kï jQ iqkaor jQ foõ rella jYfhka
j¾ks; jQ úYd, jQ fndaëka jykafiag ieul,ays
kuialdr lrñ'

47
fndaëka jykafiag
u,a ms§u

48
fiaú;x OïurdfÊk - m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
mQfÊñ fndaêrdcdKx - mqmafMfkaf;ak idorx

OïurdchdKka jykafia úiska W;a;u iuHla


iïfndaêhg meñKSu msKsi fiajkh lrk ,oaod jQ
fndaêrdchdKka jykafiag fï u,ska idorfhka
mQcd lrñ'

49
fndaëka jykafiag
myka mQcd lsÍu

50
k;aÓ fï irKx w[a[x - Oïfuda fï irKx jrx
fiaú;x Oïu rdfÊk - m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
mQfÊñ fndaêrdcdKx - §fmafkaf;ak idorx
OïurdchdKka jyka f ia úis k a W;a ; u
iïfndaêhg meñKSu msKsi fiajkh lrk ,oaod jQ
fndaêrdchdKka jykafiag fï myka idorfhka
mQcd lrñ'

51
fndaëka jykafiag
iqj| ÿï
mQcd lsÍu

52
fiaú;x Oïu rdfÊk - m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
mQfÊñ fndaêrdcdKx - OQfmafkaf;ak idorx

OïurdchdKx jyka f ia úis k a W;a ; u


iïfndaêhg meñKSu msKsi fiajkh lrk ,oaod jQ
fndaêrdchdKka jykafiag fï iqj| ÿï idorfhka
mQcd lrñ'

53
fndaëka jykafiag
meka mQcd lsÍu

54
fiaú;x Oïu rdfÊk - m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
mQfÊñ fndaêrdcdKx - oflafkaf;ak idorx

OïurdchdKka jyka f ia úis k a W;a ; u


iïfndaêhg meñKSu msKsi fiajkh lrk ,oaod jQ
fndaëka jykafiag fï meka idorfhka mQcd lrñ'

55
ia;=;s mQcdj
^Ydka;slu_hla f,iska&

56
fndaëka jykafiag jkaokd l< Tn" mQcd øjH
mQcd l<d jQ Tn" oeka ish¨ wm, Wmøj ÿreùu msKsi"
frda.dndOfhka ñfokq msKsi" lror ÿreùu msKsi"
i;=g fi!Nd.H we;sùu msKsi fï .d:d lshùu
isÿlrkak'

01' uydofhda uyd i;af;da - fndaêuQf,a ksiSÈh


mxpudf¾ mrdfc;ajd-m;af;da iïfndaê uq;a;ux
tAf;ak iÉpjÉfÊk - fid;a;s fï fyda;= iínÞ
^wkqkag lshk úg —fï˜ fjkqjg —f;a˜ fhdod lshkak&

f;areu (- uy;a ohdfjka hq;a uyd i;ajhka jykafia


fndaê uQ,fha jevys| miaureka mrojd W;=ï
iïfndaêhg meñKs fial' tA i;H jpkfha
wdkqNdjfhka ud yg iemfõjd æ

02' cfhdays nqoaOiai isßuf;da whx


udriaip mdmsuf;da mrdcfhda
W.af.daihqx fndaêuKafâ mfudaÈ;d
chx ;od kd..Kd ufyaifkda
tAf;ak iÉfþk iqj;a;s fyda;=
f;areu (- Y%Su;a jQ nqÿrcdKka jykafiag ch jQ fial'
mdmS udrhdg mrdch w;ajQfhah' fï fnda uev /iajQ
kd. fiakdj nqÿrcdKka jykafiag chf>daIdj
lf<ah' tA wdkqNdjfhka iqjfõjd æ

57
03' cfhdays nqoaOiai isßuf;da whx
udriaip mdmsuf;da mrdcfhda
W.af.daihqx fndaêuKafâ mfudaÈ;d
chx ;odfoaj .=Kd ufyaisfkda
tAf;ak iÉfþk iqj;a;s fyda;=
f;areu (- Y%Su;a jQ nqÿrcdKka jykafiag ch jQ fial'
mdmS udrhdg mrdch w;ajQfhah' i;=gg m;a foaj
iuQyhd o tod Nd.Hj;=ka jykafiag chf>daId
lf<ah' tA wdkqNdjfhka iqjfõjd æ

04' cfhdays nqoaOiai isßuf;da whx


udriaip mdmsuf;da mrdcfhda
W.af.daihqx fndaêuKafâ mfudaÈ;d
chx ;od n%yau.kdms;dÈfkda
tAf;ak iÉfþk iqj;a;s fyda;=
Y%Su;a jQ nqÿrcdKka jykafiag ch w;ajQ fial'
mdmS udrhd mrdch jQfhah' fnda uev§ i;=gq jQ n%yau
iuQyfhda Nd.Hj;=ka jykafiag chf>daId lf<dah'
tA i;H wdkqNdjfhka ud yg iqjhla fõjd æ

58
oeka
fndaëka jykafiag
lú .dhkdjlska
mQcdjla"
ia;=;shla"
m%d¾:kdjla
iys;j isÿlrkak'

59
` fï uyd Nø l,amfha Y%S iïnqoaO;ajhg m;ajQjd jQ
nqÿrcdKka jykafia,df.a W;=ï Y%S ioaO¾uh wm
wikakg we;s' Wkajykafia,dg fijK jQ tA fndaëka
jykafia,d fmr Njhkays wms;a mqokakg we;s' tA
wdkqNdjfha isg .dhkd lruq'

01' ll=i| ysñi| msgÿka fndaêh


uyß kñka jQ tA uy fndaêh
,xld ;,fha isgjQ fndaêh
wms;a j¢kake;s tA uy fndaêh

02' fldaKd.u ysñ msgÿka fndaêh


mf,d,a kñka jQ tA uy fndaêh
,xld ;,fha isg jQ fndaêh
wms;a j¢kake;s tA uy fndaêh

03' lYHm nqÿysñ msgÿka fndaêh


kq. fndaêh jQ tA uy fndaêh
,xld ;,fha isg jQ fndaêh
wms;a j¢kake;s tA uy fndaêh

04' f.!;u nqÿysñ msgÿka fndaêh


wei;= fndaê kï jQ tA fndaêh
,xld ;,fha oeka we;s fndaêh
wms;a j¢uq tA Y%S uy fndaêh

05' oUÈõ ;,fha yg.;a fndaêh


i>ñ;a f;rKska f.k jeä fndaêh
f.!;u uqks÷ka msgÿka fndaêh
wms;a j¢uq tA Y%S uy fndaêh

60
06' nqÿjk od Èßhla jQ fndaêh
jeiaig mskakg fijK jQ fndaêh
uqksfk;a mshqfuka mqo,o fndaêh
j¢uq j¢uq ch Y%S uy fndaêh

07' nqÿjk Èk tys th ÿgq fndaêh


úYajh yelsf,kq ÿgq tA fndaêh
ìh iel ÿr,d <Õ isá fndaêh
uqks.=K Yla;sh ;ekam;a fndaêh

08' f.!;u nqÿysñ msgÿka fndaêh


wei;= fndaê kï jQ tA fndaêh
,xld ;,fha oeka we;s fndaêh
wms;a j¢uq tA Y%S uy fndaêh

09' Njfhka Njhg hkjd tkjd


ÿlaú| ÿla ieu kSri fjkjd
iykh fnda iñ÷ka f.k tkjd
iudj § uf.a mõ wrjkjd

10' fmrl< mõ yeu isysm;a fjkjd


ud is; ud <Õ blsì| ,kjd
ysre /ia mrod isis,i fokjd
iudj § uf. mõ wrjkjd

11' iqÿ nqÿ/ia ieuod me;sfrkjd


foõ ñksiqka Tfn .=K isysflrejd
iir ksjkakg u. fy<s flrejd
iñ÷ks Tfn .=K fnda uq, jQjd

61
12' fï u,a ñg iqj¢ka b;sfrkjd
nqÿ ysñ ud is; ÿla ksujkjd
iif¾ l< l¾uh o f.jkjd
iudj § uf. mõ wrjkjd

13' fï u,a fuka is; msßisÿ fjkjd


ÿl ixld frda ìh ÿre fjkjd
l¾u úmdlh meyeÈ,s fjkjd
fï iifru ksjkg fhduq fjkjd

14' mykais,la uqks÷g o,ajkjd


tA t<sfhka .K w÷r ksjkjd
ud is; tA f,i t<sh lrkjd
tA mykska ud mQcd lrkjd

15' iqj| ÿñka mßirh jefikjd


iñ÷ks Tfn ;=< mQcd fjkjd
ud is; tA f,i iqj| yukjd
is; iekiS Njÿl ksu fjkjd

16' fujka .s,kami uqks÷g fjkjd


uOqr riska th mQcd fjkjd
isf;ys i;=g ug ks;r ,efnkjd
fnda iñ÷ka ug msysgg tkjd

17' fmr l< mõ yeu f.jñka bkafka


urKh fj; <xfjñka isákafka
fmdÈ ne|.;a wh w;yer ,kafka
wd f,iuhs hk úgÈ;a hkafka

62
18' f,daNh oafõYh bj; oukafka
fudayh ke;slr wfuday fjkafka
ieß ihqf¾ ne¢ ne÷ï ,sykafka
fu;a isisf,ka ksjkg wms hkafka

19' is; lh jpkh msßisÿ lró


miamõ oi wl=i,a ÿre lró
wß wgu. wkq.ukh lró
fu;a isisf,ka ksjkg md k.ó

20' nqoaO Yla;sfhys n, me;sf¾jd


úYajh ;=< ieu ;ek b;sf¾jd
uqks .=Kfhka is;a myka flf¾jd
ish¨u i;ajfhd ÿlska ñfo;ajd

21' fnda iñ÷ks ud Tfn .=K .ehqjd


mQcd úÈfhka mQcd flrejd
Tfn .=Kfhka ud ÿl ksufõjd
uf.a me;=ï yeu wo bgqfõjd

22' is; i;=áka uf. mqnqÿ flf¾jd


ish¨ wm, ÿla ÿre ù h;ajd
yÈis úm;a lror fkdu fj;ajd
ksjkamqrh fj; ud meñfK;ajd

fuu lú ish,a, fyd¢ka is;g .ksñka


Yíofhka .dhkd lr msßisÿj ilid .;a fnfy;a
øjH uqiq jQ je,sjÜáh;a" meka l< 7;a" kQ,a mgj,a
7;aa /iaj isák msßfiys isák hym;a wh w;g yd
fndaêmQcd Ydka;sfhys n,h wjYH wh w;g ,nd§
tAjd wf;ys ;ndf.k ish¨ fokd kj.=K Ydka;sh
63
Yío k.d .dhkd lrkak' tla wfhla mofhka moh
lshk úg wksla wh lshkafka kï jvd WÑ; fõ'

01' wryx nqÿ.=fKka uf.a


ish¨u ÿla ÿrefõjd
f,vÿla ìh fkdù lsis;a
iem; i;=g <xfõjd
iïud iïnqoaO f;Èka
ksjkg u. mEfoajd
udrl ndOl je<lS
uf.a me;=ï bgqfõjd

02' úÊcdprfKa n,fhka


frdaìh ug ke;sfõjd
ji úi .sks i;=re úm;a
ud fj; <xfkdu fõjd
iq.f;da nqÿ.=fKka uf.a
ish¨ úm;a ÿrefõjd
.=K kqjKska jeã ish¨
iem iïm;a we;sfõjd

03' f,dalúÿ f;Èka uf.a


iifr l¾u ÿrefõjd
i;=g iudodkh ug
ksfrda.s iqj jeäfõjd
wkq;a;frda nqÿ .=Kfhka
l=i, is;la we;sfõjd
yÈis úm;a frdaìh ke;s
Ôú;hla ysñfõjd

64
04' mqreI Oïu idrÓ n,
uysfuka ÿl ÿrefõjd
wl, úl, N+; fodaI
.egqï jegqï ke;sfõjd
ÿ/r ish¨ fulS fodaI
ch udj; <xfõjd
ðkmxcrhla fõjd
is; ksjkg m;afõjd

05' i;a;d nqÿ.=fKka uf.a


f,daN oafõY ke;sfõjd
hCI fm%a; úk nkaOk
uf.a .;g fkdoefkajd
N.jd hk nqÿ .=Kfhka
is; fudafyka ÿrefõjd
;%sfya;=lj yeu Njhl
ud i;=áka bmfoajd

06' f;rejka irKska ieu Èk


ud yg isßiem fõjd
uf.a f.or whg ug o
chisß fi; <xfõjd
{d;s ys;j;=ka ish¨u
i;=ka o bka iekfiajd
ch fnda rel uqks msgÿka
ish¨ iem; f.k tAjd

idÿ ''' idÿ ''' idÿ '''

65
fndaêhg
meka j;alsÍu

66
fï lúh lshñka j;alrkak'

wkq;a;r mqßidÈ .=Kfhka


mqo,enq foõ nUq úiska
iq.; uqks isßmd lu,hq.
wk| ysñ keyejQ f,iska
fodfyd;a uqÿfka ;nd j¢ñka
iqj| meka bi isis,iska
wms;a kyjuq wfma isßuy
fnda rodKka ikaf;diska

67
fndaêh jgd
iqÿje,s we;sÍu

68
fidaod 20 úgla y,d.;a fnfy;a ñY% je,s jÜáh
fndaêh jgd biskak'''

tA ÿyqú,s wxY=jla wxY=jla .dfka iir l¾u


ksfõjdæ m%d¾:kd bgqfõjd æ ksÿla ksfrda.S fõjd æ
wd§ Tnf.a m%d¾:kd wêIaGdk isysle|jñka
isÿlrñka fkdkj;sk idÿ kdohlska úkdä 05la
muK idÿ mQcdjla o mj;ajd uy;a f.!rjfhka
msú;=re is;lska fnda u¨fjka wE;ajkak'

ish¨ i;ajfhda iqjm;a fj;ajd æ

69
wgúis nqoaO mQcdj
wgúis nqÿka jykafia,d
Wkajykafia,df.a .=Kh
Wkajykafia,df.a fndaêh
irK hñka mQcdlsÍu

70
wgúis nqoaO mQcdj
wgúis nqÿka jykafia,d"
Wkajykafia,df.a .=Kh"
Wkajykafia,df.a fndaêh irK
hñka mQcdlsÍu

fï uyd Nø l,amfha wdrïNhg u;af;ka


jQjd''' idruKavk kï jQ uyd l,amfha§ W;=ï jQ
nqoaO;ajhg m;a W;=ï jQ nqÿrcdKka jykafia,d
irK hñka o Wkajykafia,d i;rfokd úiska W;=ï
fndaê ,nd.;a;d jQ ms<sfj,ska wm uyd fndai;dfKda
§mxlr mdo uQ,fha isg W;=ï újrK iïm;a;sh ,nd
.ksñka f,dõ;=rd nqoaO;ajh ,nd .;a jQ wkqyiska
msxj;a ish¨ fokd fï uyd Nø l,amfha wjika nqÿka
jykafia jk ffu;%S nqÿrcdKka jykafia olajd
jkakd jQ fï uyd Nø l,amh ;=<§ msxj;a fï ish¨
fokd wud uyd ksjkg m;ajkakg ;rï jdikd
we;a;d jQ neúka tA W;=ï nqÿka jykafia,d fufia
je| mqoñka irK hñ''' wg úis nqÿka o'''
Wkajykafia,df.a .=Kh o wgúis fndaêh o''' tla
f,iu irK hñ'''

;Kayxlfrda uyd ùfrda


fïOxlfrda uyd hfida
irKxlfrda f,dal ysf;da
§mxlfrda cq;skaOfrda

71
fldkav[af[da ckmd fudlafLda
ux.f,da mqßidifNda
iqufkda iqufkda ëfrda
f¾jf;da r;s joaOfkda

fidaNsf;da .=K iïmkafkda


wfkdauoiaiS ckq;a;fuda
mÿfuda f,dal mÊfcdaf;da
kdrfoda jr idrÒ

mÿuq;a;frda i;a: idfrda


iqfïfOda w.a. mq.a.f,da
iqcdf;da iín f,dal.af.da
mshoiaiS krdifNda

w;a;oiaiS ldreKsflda
OïuoiaiS ;fudakqfoda
isoaO;af:da wifuda f,dafla
;siafida jro ixjfrda

Mqiafida jro iïnqoafOda


úmiaiSp wkQmfuda
isÇ iín ysf;da i;a;d
fjiaiN+ iqn odhflda

ll=ikafOd i;a;jdfyda
fldakd.ufkda rkxcfkda
liaifmda isß iïmkafkda
f.da;fuda ilH mqx.fjda

72
f;aix iÉfÉk iSf,ak
Lka;s fu;a; nf,akp
f;ams ux wkqrlaLka;=
wdf,daf.Hk iqfÄkp

fï uyd Nø l,amhg uy u.la jQ'''


idruKavk kï jQ uyd l,amfha§ ;Kayxlr kï jQ
o fïOxlr kñka jQ o''' irKxlr kï jQ o §mxlr
kï jQ o uyd wdkqNd jQ nqÿka jev isáhd jQ uyd
l,amfha§ nqoaO Èjdlrfhda i;r kula my, jQjd jQ
fï msxj;a uy fmdf,dfõ''' wjikg W;=ï nqoaO;ajh
,enqjd jQ''' ;=ka f,djg fÄuxlr jQ o" uq¨ f,djg
Èjdlr jQ o''' uq¿ i;akg Ydka;slr jQ o" msxj;akg
Ysjxlr jQ o" ur fik.g Nhxlr jQ o W;=ï jQ
§mxlr nqÿrcdKka jykafia f,dj my< jQ fial'''
ziqfoúZ kï rcqf.a''' ziqfïOdZ kï w. ìijqkaf.a
l=i ;=< yeu nqÿka ms,sis÷kd mßoafoka o''' fuf,da
t<sh olsñka rka mshqula n÷ jQ uqj mshqula we;s jQ
zmshqñZ kï ìijqka w. fufyis lr .ksñka
zWiNlalkaoZ kï mq;a rejkla fuf,djg ìys
lrñka tu mq;=ka je¥ od u.=,a lvqfjka flfyjg
lmd yeu nqÿka nqÿ jkakd jQ fji`. ueo§ oY uila
ÿYalrfhys fhfoñka uq, mgka w. olajd u,ska nr
jQ fkr¿ fnda uq, nqÿ jQ fial''' iqux.,h" ;siaih
hk w.iõ fofokd iu.ska o''' zid.;Z kï uy
f;r flfkl=kaf.ka w;a md fufy ú¢ñka iu
;%sxY;a mdrñ;d nqoaO ldrl Ou_hka fh§''' kdro kï
jQ hCIhka wd§ jQjka oukh lrñka wud uyd ksjka
wjfndaO lr .;a;d jQ''' tA §mxlr nqÿka jykafia
,CIhla wjqreoaog wdhq Y%S we;sj uq¿ f,djg ke.+
mykla fia o'''uq¨ f,djg ke.+ ;s,lhla fia o''' uq¨
73
f,djg uejQ uqÿka u,a lvla fia o''' uq¿ f,djg wUd
Æ wud ms`vla fia o''' oyï jyf¾ jiajd ish¿ i;=ka
wud uyd ksjka oelajQ tA §mxlr nqÿka jykafia iod
irK hñ'
tl, wm uyd fndai;dfKda iqfïO kï
;dmi fjñka ;u YÍrh tAoKavla fia foñka W;=ï
§mxlr iñ|dKkag jäkg u. fy,s lr ÿkakd jQ'''
wjia:dfõ wm uyd fndai;dKkag m<uq újrKh
ÿkakd jQ''' §mxlr nqÿka irK hñ'''

01' ;Kayxlfrda kdu ðfkda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
i;a; mkaks fndaêrdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx'''
;Kayxlr kï ysñ nqÿ jQjd
relaw;a;k kï fndaêh jQjd
;Kayxlr ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿreù isß fi; ie,fiajd

02' fïOxlfrda kdu ðfkda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
lsxiqfLd kdu fndaê rdcdKx
kudñ isrid wyx
fïOxlr kï ysñ nqÿjQjd
lE, .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
fïOxlr ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isß fi; ie,fiajd

03' irKxlfrda kdu ðfkda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
mq,s, fndaê rdcdKx
74
jkaodñ isrid wyx
irKxlr kï ysñ nqÿ jQjd
mf,d,a .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
irKxlr ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

04' §mxlfrda kdu ðfkda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
fkr¿ fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
§mxlr kï ysñ nqÿ jQjd
fkr¿ .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
§mxlr ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿreù isßfi; ie,fiajd

W;=ï jQ §mxlr nqÿka jykafiaf.ka miqj


Y=kH jQ tA nqoaO l,amh wixLH lma .sh ;ek zidrZ
kï lfml fldkav[a[ nqÿka jykafia''' ruHj;S
kqjr ziqkkaoZ rcyqf.a ziqcd;dZ ìijf.a mq;a l=urd
fjñka wksl=;a nqÿka jykafia,d my, jk whqßka o
fu f,da t<sh olsñka oi oyila wjqreÿ rc isßh
ú¢ñka zreÑZ kï w. ìijqka yd nef|ñka
zúð;fiakZ kï mq;a l=urd bmÿk Èfka§ .sys iem
bj; ,ñka oi uila ÿla ri n,ñka hfYdaOrd kï
isgq ÿj mQcd l<d jQ ó lsß ms`vq j<|d u,ska msß i,a
.i fijfka W;=ï nqÿ moúh ,en''' Nøh" iqNøh hk
w. iõ iu.ska wkqreoaO uy f;rf.a w;a md fufy
ú¢ñka''' uq¿ f,dj tla ksjka ms`vla lrkd fial'''
tl, wm uyd fndai;dfKda''' zúð;dùZ kï
ilaú;s rcj''' fjfyrla lrjd nqÿ md fudla uy
i`.kg ;=ka uila oka foñka újrK iïm;a;shg
75
iqÿiq jQ fõf,a wm uyd fndai;dkkag fojk
újrKh ÿkakd jQ fldkav[a[ nqÿ ysñ irK hñ'''

05' fldKav[af[da kdu ðfkda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
—i,a˜ l,HdKx fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
fldKav[a[h kï ysñ nqÿ jQjd
i,a.i isß uyd fndaêh jQjd
fldKav[a[h ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

W;=ï jQ fldkav[a[ nqÿka jykafiaf.a


nqoaO ld,fhka miq nqÿka ke;s jQ f,dalfha wixlhla
Y=kH lma .sh ;eka mgka we;sjQ idruKavk kï
lfma§ ux., nqÿka jykafiah" iquk nqÿka
jykafiah" f¾j; nqÿka jykafiah" fidaNs; nqÿka
jykafiah kñka nqÿjre i;r kula my< jQ fï
mskaj;a f,da ;,fha W;=ï nqoaO Yla;sh msxj;a
okkaf.a ks¾jdK msmdih ixis÷jd jQ fial'''
W;a;rd kï kqjr§ W;=re kï rcyqf.a"
W;=re kï rc ìijf.a l=iska wksl=;a nqÿka
jykafia,d ms,sis¢ka ,;a fiau fuf,dj t<sh
olsñka o''' kj oyila wjqreÿ rc isß ú¢ñka hij;S
kï ìijqka w. fufyish lr .ksñka iS,j kï mq;a
rejk je¥ od ;sia fl,la fik. iu.ska tl od
uyK oï mqrñka o''' wguila ÿla ú¢ñka W;=re kï
isgq ÿj ÿka lsß ms`vq mQcdj j<|ñka o''' W;=ï
nqoaO;ajh kd isß fnda .i wNshi§ ,nd .ksñka o'''
iqfoajh" O¾ufiakh hk w.iõ fofokd iu.ska
md,s; kï uy f;r w;ska w;a md fufy ú| oïila
76
mj;ajoa§ wm uyd fndai;dfKda ziqreÑZ kï nuqKqj
fl, ,CIhla nqÿ md fudla ry;=ka jykafia,dg
meka fkdjel+ lsß n;ska i;a Èkla oka foñka o
ux., kï nqÿka jykafiag iqúfYaIS ms,slr yd fl,
,CIhla ry;=kag ,nd ÿka wg msßlr mQcdfõ
fhfooa§ W;=ï ux., nqÿka jykafia ;=kajk nqoaO
újrKh ÿkakd fial'

06' ux.f,a kdu iïnqoafOda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
kd.relaL fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
ux., kï wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
kd.i isßuy fndaêh jQjd
ux., nqÿysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

W;=ï jQ iquk nqÿka fïL,d kï kqjr


ziqo;a;Z kï rcyqf.a zisßudZ kï w. ìijf.a l=i
ms,sis¢ñka ;=ka f,da ;s,lhla fia ìys fjñka o''' oi
oyila rc isß ú| zjgixldZ kñ ìijqka yd .sys iem
ú¢ñka zwkqmuZ kï mq;a rejk je¥ od ;sia fl,la
fokd iu. uykj''' oi uila ÿla ú¢ñka wkqmu
kï ìijqka ÿka ksreol jQ lsßms`vq j<|d kd isß fnda
msg nqÿ jQ fial''' zirKZ yd zNdú;a;Z w.ijq
lr.ksñka zWfoaksZ uy f;rf.ka w;a md fufy ú|
wkQ oyila wdhq Y%S ú¢oa§ wm uyd fndai;dfKda
zw;=,Z kï kd rcj iqjyila kd.hka iu. tlaj
fl, ,CIhla uy ry;kag oka foñka Èj i¿ mqooaoS
W;=ï iquk nqÿka jykafia i;r jk újrKh ÿkakd
fial'''
77
07' iqufkda kdu iïnqoafOda
m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
kd.relaL fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
iquk kñka wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
kd.i isßuy fndaêh jQjd
iquk nqÿ ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

tA idruKavk kï l,amfha§ f¾j; nqÿka


jykafia iqo[a[j;S kqjr úmq, kï rcqf.a o úmq,d
w. ìijf.a o l=i ms,sis¢ñka''' Ñ;%l+g m¾j;fhka
neis iaj¾K yxi rdcfhl= fia ìysj oi oyila
wjqreÿ rc iem ú| iqkkaod ìij yd iu.ska tlaj
jreK kï mq;a rejk je¥ od fl, ,CIhla msßi
iu. uykj wg uila mgka ieß ird idOq foaúh
ÿka lsßn;a j<|ñka o kd. Y%S fndaêhg msg§
flf,iqka urd W;=ï nqÿ moúh ,nñka''' zjreKZ yd
zn%yaufoajhZ hk w. iõjka iu. ziïNjZ kï
f;rf.ka w;a md fufy ú|''' oïila mj;ajoa§'''
zw;s f oa j Z kï n% d ya u Kj bm§ wm uyd
fndai;dfKda''' oyila jákd W;=re i¿fjka mqod nqÿ
.=K .hoa§ f¾j; nqÿka jykafia o''' mia jk nqoaO
újrKh ÿka fial'''

08' f¾jf;da kdu iïnqoafOda


m;af;da iïfndaê uq;a;ux
kd. relaL fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx

78
f¾j; kï wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
kd .i isß uy fndaêh jQjd
f¾j; nqÿ ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

W;=ï f¾j; nqÿka jykafiaf.a nqoafOda;amdo


ld,fhka miq tu nqoaO l,amfha§ fidaNs; nqÿka
jykafia iqO¾u rcyqf.a iqO¾ud kï ìijqkaf.a l=i
ms<sis¢ñka o''' fuf,da t<sh olsñka oi oyila wjqreÿ
rdc Y%S ú¢ñka o''' uÅ,d kï ìijqka iu. .sys f.h
jiñka isxy kï mq;a rejk je¥ od rka mdfhysu
meúÈ nj ,nñka tÈku OHdk i;rla Wmojd i;a
ojila tu f.hsu moka ieß ird Åu,d kï w.
ìijqka msiÿka ó lsß n;a j,|ñka o''' uyìkslauk
lrñhs is;+ l,ays fmr l=i,a n,fhka rka mdh
wyig mek ke.S kd. fndaê uQ, fnda f.hla
iefooa§ kd. fndaêhg msg § flf,iqka urd W;=ï
iïfndaêh ,nd .ksñka wiuh" iqkkaoh hk w.
iõjka iu. wdkkao kï uy f;rf.a w;a md fufy
ú| Oïila mj;ajoa§ wm uyd fndai;dfKda iqcd;
kï nuqKqj nqÿka oel nK wid ;=ka uila oka §" ;u
l=i,a mqroa§ wm fndai;a W;=udkkag 6 jeks nqoaO
újrKh ,nd ÿkakd jQ fidaNs; nqÿka jykafiag
kuialdrh fõjd'''

09' fidaNsf;da kdu iïnqoafOda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
kd. relaL fndaê rdcdKx
kudñ isrid wyx

79
fidaNs; kï wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
kd .i isßuy fndaêh jQjd
fidaNs; nqÿ ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

10' wfkdau oiaiS iïnqoafOda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
mshx.= fndaê rdcdKx
kudñ isrid wyx
wfkdau oiais kï ysñ nqÿ jQjd
l=Uqla .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
wfkdau oiais ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

wfkdauoiaiS ysñ nqÿ jQ jr kï nqoaO l,amfha


fojk nqÿka jykafia jQjd jQ mÿu nqÿka jykafia
pïmd kï kqjr wiu kï rcyqf.a wiud kï
ìijqkaf.a l=i ms,sis|ñka fu f,d t<sh olsñka oi
oyila wjqreÿ rc fldg W;=re kï ìij ruH kï
mq;a l=urejd je¥ od .sys f.hska kslau wg uila ÿla
foñka Okj;S kï isgqÿj ÿka ó lsß ms`vq j<|d
fjkqisß fndaê kï jQ uqre; .ila msg§ mia ureka
mrod W;=ï iïfndaêh ,nd .ksñka id,h" Wm
id,h kï w.iõ msysgqjñka jrek kï ia:úr
flfkl=f.a w;a md fufy ú| i;a ojila OHdk
iqjfhka uy jk ueo isáoa§ tl, wm uyd
fndai;dfKda isxy rdcj bmso jk ueo yqka nqÿka oel
;=ka h,la meol=kq lrñka o''' ;=ka h,la flaIr kdo
lrñka o i;a Èku nqÿka jykafia foi weismsh
fkdfy,d n,d isáoa§ mÿu nqÿysñ jykafia jod<
fial'''
80
uyfKks''' fï isxy rdchd''' u;= f.!;u kï nqoaO
rdcHfha W;=ï jQ iïfndaêh ,nd ud fukau f,da
jev lrhs'''
Wkajykafia úiska wg jk újrKh ÿka fial'''

11' mÿfud kdu iïnqoafOda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
fidaK relaL fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
mÿu kñka wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
uqre; .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
mÿu nqÿ ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

jr kï nqoaO l,amfha ;=kajk nqÿka


jykafia jQ kdro kï nqÿka jykafia iqo[a[j;S
kqjr iqfoú kï rcyqf.a wkqmud w. ìijf.a l=i
ms,sis| fuf,da t,sh olsñka kj oyila wjqreÿ rc
isßh ú¢ñka o''' úð;fiakd kï w. ìijqka
kkaÿ;a;r kï mq;a rejkla je¥ od ,CIhla
weu;shka yd meúÈj i;a Èkla moka ieß ird w.
ìijqka ÿka ó lsß n;a j<|d uyd fidaK kï uqre;
fndaêh msg§ mia ureka mrod Nøid,h" iqfka;%h hk
w.iõ fofokd iu.ska yd jdYsIaG kï uy
f;rl=kaf.a w;a md fufy ú| oïila mj;ajoa§ wm
uy fndai;dfKda W.% ;mia Èúhla f.jñka OHdk
,dNSj uy jkfhka kslau nqÿ mdfudla i`. rejkg
ie;mSug mkai,a ujd rd;%sfhys nK wid Wofha ÈjH
wdydr f.keú;a mQcd fldg Wkajykafiaf.ka kj
jk újrKh ,o fial'''

81
12' kdrfoda kdu iïnqoafOda
m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
uyd fidaK fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
kdro kï wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
uqre; .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
kdro nqÿ ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

jr kï nqoaO l,amfhka miq Y=kH jQ


fuf,dj fudydkaOldrfhka msfrñka wixLHhla
lma nqoaO Y=kHj .sh ;ekays§ fï uyd Nø l,amhg
,CIhla lmj tmsg§ zidrZ kï l,amfhys mÿuq;a;r
nqÿka jykafia yxij;S kqjr wdkkao kï rcyqf.a
iqcd;d kï w. ìijf.a l=i ms,sis¢ñka fuf,da t<sh
olsñka jdiqo;a;d w. fufyish iu. .sys iem
ú¢ñka W;a;r kï mq;= bmÿkq od uyìkslauka
lrñka i;a Èkla moka ießird fji`. ueo fmdfyda
Èk reÑ kkaod kï isgq ÿj ÿka ó lsß n;a j<|d i,,
fndaê kï jQ lsßm¿ kq. rel msg§ mia ureka mrod
W;=ï nqÿ moúh ,o Èk ;nk ;nk mshjrg fk¿ï
u,a mdjvhla fia u;= fjoa§ mshqu;=rd nqÿka jykafia
kñka kï ,o fial''' foaj,h" iqkS;h hk w.
iõjka iu.ska o iquk kï jQ uy f;rf.a w;a md
fufy ú| oïila m;=roa§ wm uyd fndai;dfKda
cá, kï uy reáj mshqu;=rd nqÿka jykafiag uy
oka isjqre msßlr § oi jk újrKh ,o fial''' wm
nq ÿ ka jyka f ia f .a wiQ uyd Y% d jlhka o
Wkajykafiaf.ka újrK ,;a fial'''

82
13' mÿuq;a;frda kdu ðfkda
m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
i,, fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
mÿuq;a;r kï ysñ nqÿ jQjd
m¿ .i isßuy fndaêh jQjd
mÿuq;a;r ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

W;=ï mÿuq;a;r nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a


W;=ï jQ oïila meje;aùfï wejEfuka fï fmdf,da
;,fha ie;a;E oyila lma olajd jQ nqoaO Y+kH
ld,hla ùfï wksgq úmdlfhka fudaydkaOldrh
f,da ;,h jid isáoa§ fï Nø l,amhg 30 000 la jk
idruKavk kï l,amfhys iqfïO yd iqcd; kï
W;=ï nqÿjrfhda my< jQ fial'''
tA flfiao h;a'''
iqo;a; kï kqjr iqo¾Yk kï uy rcyqf.a o
iqo;a;d kï jQ w.ìijqka l=iska fuf,da t<sh olsñka
o kjoyila wjqreÿ rcisß ú¢ñka iqukd kï ìijqka
mqk¾Niqñ;% kï mq;arejk je¥ od we;amsg ke.S
uyìkslauk l< iqfïO nqÿka jykafia wguila ÿla
l%shd lrñka o kl=,d kï isgqÿj ÿka lsßms~q j<|d
kSm kï jQ nlaó fndaêhg msg § oiureka mrod W;=ï
iïfndaêh ,nd.kakd fial' idrk" iínldu hk
w.iõ fofokd yd id.r uyf;rf.a w;a md fufy
ú¢ñkao''' oïila m;=roa§ wm uy fndai;dfKda
W;a;r kï udkjlj wiQ fl<la Ok úhoï lrñka
uyoka fooa§ wm fndai;dKkag 11 jk újrKh ÿka
iqfïO nqÿka jykafia kuialdr lrñ'''

83
14' iqfïfOda kdu iïnqoafOda
m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
ksfmdkdu fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
iqfïO kï wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
nla ó .i uy fndaêh jQjd
iqfïO nqÿysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

W;=ï jQ iqfïO nqÿka nqÿ jQ l,amfha fojk


nqÿka jykafia jk iqcd; kï nqÿka jykafia'
iqux., kqjr W.a.; rc;=uka yd m%Ndj;S kï
ìijqka l=i ms<sis| fuf,da t<sh olsñka kjoyila
wjqreÿ rcisß ú¢ñka o Y%S kkaod kï foaùka Wmfiak
kï mq;arejk je¥ od uyNskslauka lrñka kj uila
ÿla l%shdfjys fhfoñka Y%S kkaod kï isgqÿj ÿkakd
jQ lsßms~q j<|d yqK .ig msg § oiureka mrod W;=ï
iïnqoaO;ajh ,en.ksñka o iqo¾Yk yd iqfoaj hk
w.iõ fofokd iu.ska kdro kï uy f;rf.a
w;amd fufy ú¢ñka oïila mj;ajoa§''' wm uy
fndai;dfKda pl%j¾;s rcj ;u ilaú;s rch mQcd
lrñka uyKj fodf<diajk újrK iïm;a;sh ,o
fial''' tA W;=ï iqcd; nqÿka jykafia kuialdr
lrñ''''

15' iqcd; kdu iïnqoafOda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
uyd fõKq fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx

84
iqcd; kï wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
yqK .i isßuy fndaêh jQjd
iqcd; nqÿ ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

16' mshoiaiS kdu ðfkda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
mshx.= fndaê rdcdKx
kudñ isrid wyx
mshoiaiS kï ysñ nqÿ jQjd
l=Uqla .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
mshoiais ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

mshoiaiS nqÿka nqÿ jQ jr kï nqoaO l,amfha


fojk nqÿka jykafia jk w;a:oiaiS nqÿrcdfKda'''
fidaNk kqjr id.r kï rcyqf.a yd iqoiqka kï
w.ìijf.a l=i ms<sis|ñka fuf,da t<sh olsñka oi
oyila wjqreÿ rcisß j<|d úYdLd kï w.ìijqka
fia, kï mq;arejk je¥ od .sysf.hska kslaó wg
uila ùH_ fldg iqúkaord kï kd. lkHdj ÿka
uOqmdhdih j<|d imq isßfnda msg oiureka mrod
iïfndaêh ,nd.ksñka Ydka; yd WmYdka;
w.iõjka yd úNjwNh kï uyf;rf.a w;a md
fufy ú¢ñka oïila m;=roa§ wm uy fndai;dfKda
iqiSu kï n%dyauKj bmso jk.;j OHdk Wmojd
.kakd fial' W;=ï w;a:oiaiS nqÿka jykafia nqÿ jQ
neõ ie,jQjd jQ tA wmuyd fndai;dfKda uy;a jQ u,a
uvqjla ujd mri;= u,a f.kjq;a nqÿkag mqo § uq¿
ilaj,g wefik fia y~k.d lshk ,oafoah''' ud o
fuf,i nqÿ ù oï foiïjd''' wduka;%Kh jk
85
wjia:dfõ wmuyd fndai;dKkag 14 jk újrKh
,ndÿkakd jQ w;a:oiais nqÿka jykafia kuildr
lrñ''''

17' w;a:oiais kdu ðfkda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
pïmflda fndaê rdcdKx
kudñ isrid wyx
w;a:oiais kï ysñ nqÿ jQjd
imq .i isßuy fndaêh jQjd
w;a:oiais ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

mshoiaiS w;a:oiaiS nqÿka jykafia,d nqÿ jQ


jr kï nqoaO l,amfha ;=kajekakd jQ Oïuoiais nqÿka
jykafia irK kï kqjr irK kï kf¾Jøhdf.a yd
iqkkaod kï w.ìijqka l=i ñKsrejkla fia
ms<sis|ñka fuf,da t<sh olsñka o''' wg oyila
wjqreÿ rcoï mqrjd úÉmld,s kï ìij mQ¾Kj¾Ok
kï mq;arejk je¥ od .sysiem w;ayßñka i;a Èkla
ÿlal%shd lrñka w.ìijqka msi ÿka ó lsßn;a j<|d
r;alrõ fnda msg § miaureka mrod W;=ï nqÿ moúh
,nñka mÿu yd Mqiaifoaj hk w.iõjka fofokd
iu.ska o iqfka;%d kï uyf;rf.a w;a md fufy ú|
oïila mj;ajoa§ wm uy fndai;dfKda Yl% foafõJøj
bmso foõ nUqka iu. meñfKñka Wka jykafiag
iqj| u,ska mqo fooa§ 15 jk újrKh ,nd ÿka
Oïuoiais nqÿka jykafiag kuialdrh fõjd '''

86
18' Oïuoiais kdu ðfkda
m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
ìïncdf,da fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
OïuoiaiS kï yssñ nqÿ jQjd
lrõ .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
OïuoiaiS ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

fï W;=ï jQ uyd Nø l,amhg fmr Y+kH


l,amhka úisy;rl wejEfuka idr kï lfml
;j;a W;=ï jQ nqÿka jykafia flfkl= my< jQjd
fial''' fjNd;sl kqjr Wfoak kï rcyqf. yd
iqMiaid kï ìijqkaf.a l=i ms<sis|ñka fuf,da t<sh
ÿgqjd jQ ta W;=ï nqÿka jykafia isoaOd¾: kï jQjdyqh'
oi oyila wjqreÿ rcissß ú¢ñka fidaukiaid kï
w.ìijqka wkQmu kï mq;a rejk je¥ od
uyìkslauka fldg oiuila ÿIalßka miq iqfka;%d
kï neñKsh ÿka uOqmdhdih j<|ñka lsKsysß isß
fnda msg miaureka mrod W;=ï jQ nqÿnj ,nñka
iïnyq," iqñ;a; kï w.iõ fofokd iu. f¾j;
kï uyf;rf. w;a md fufy ú¢ñka''' oïil
m;=roa§ wm uyd fndaêi;ajfhda ux., kï ;dmij
nqÿka ÿgq i;=áka iDoaêfhka jäñka uy oU .i M,
/f.k Wkajykafiag j<|jd nK wik fõf,a wm
uyd fndai;dKkag 16 jk újrKh ,ndÿkakd jQ
isoaOd¾: nqÿysñhkag kuialdr fõjd''''

87
19' isoaO;af;da kdu iïnqoafOda
m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
lksldfrda fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
isÿy;a kï wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
lsKsysß .i uy fndaêh jQjd
isÿy;a nqqÿysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

W;=ï isÿy;a nqÿka jykafiaf.a nqoaO


l,amfhka nqoaO Y+kH jQ f,da ;,h ksjka ihqfrys
chlsre< oelajQ uKav kï l,amhla ùh' ;siai nqÿka
jykafia Mqiai nqÿka jykafiah hk nqÿka
jykafia,d f,dj my< jQ fial' fÄud kï kqjr
ckiJok kï rcyqf.a yd mÿud kï ìijqkaf.a l=i
ms<sis|ñka fuf,d t<sh ÿáñka i;a oyila wjqreÿ
rdc iem ú¢ñka iqNød kï w.ìijqka wdkkao kï
mq;arejk je¥ od wYaj hdkdjlska uyìkslauka
fldg .ksñka wguila ÿla l%shd foñka ùrd kï
isgqÿj ÿka ó lsßn; j<|ñka o''' fldfydU .ila msg
§ miaureka mrod W;=ï nqoaOFjh ,;a fial'''' oïila
m;=roa§ wm uy fndai;dfKda iqcd; kï ;jqiaj
nqÿka oel nK wid Yl% mqrhg iDoaêfhka jevujd
Èju,a mqod uy mshqula nqÿkaf.a isri u,a l+vhla fia
r|jd nK wioa§ 17 jk nqoaO újrKh ÿkakd jQ ;siai
nqÿka jykafiag kuialdr fõjd '''

88
20' ;siafida kdu iïnqoafOda
m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
wifkda fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
;siai kñka wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
fldfydU .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
;siai nqÿ ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

W;=ï jQ ;siai nqÿka jykafia nqoaO;ajhg m;a


jQ l,amfha fojk nqÿka jykafia jQ Mqiai nqÿrcdKka
jykafia liS kï kqjr chfiak kï rcyqf.a isßud
kï w.ìijqka l=i ms<sis|ñka fuf,da t<sh olsñka
lsidf.da;ó kï foaùka wkQmu kï mq;arejk je¥ od
.sysf.hska kslaó iuila ÿlal%shd lrñka isßjâvk
kï isgqÿj ÿkakd jQ ó lsß ms~q mQcdj j<|d weU,
.ila uq, miaureka mrod W;=ï nqÿmoúh ,nñka
iqrCIs;" Oïufiak w.iõ fofokd iu.ska o iNsh
kï uyf;r flfkl=f.a w;a md fufy ú¢ñka o
oïila m;=roa§ wm uy fndai;dfKda úð;dù kï
rcj Mqiai nqÿkag uy oka § rch yer uyKj
m%;sm;a;s mQcdfjka mQcdfldg .;a wjia:dfõ 18 jk
újrK ÿkakd jQ Mqiai nqÿka jykafiag kuialdr
fõjd ''''

21' Mqiafida kdu iïnqoafOda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
wdu,ls fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx

89
Mqiai kñka wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
weU, .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
Mqiai nqÿysñf. msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

fï uyd Nø l,amhg 91 jk l,amfhys idr


kï nqoaO l,amhl nkaOqu;S kï kqjr nkaOqu;S kï
rcyqf.a nkaÿu;S kï w.ìijqka l=i ms<sis|.;a uyd
úmiaiS nqÿka jykafia fuf,da t<sh ÿgq fial' wg
oyila wjqreÿ .sys iem ú¢ñka iq;kq kï foaúh
iuj;a l| kï mq;Kqjka je¥ od .sys iem w;yßñka
wguila ÿla l%shdfjys fhfoñka iqoiqka kï isgqÿj
uOqmdhdih j<|ñka m¿ isß fnda uq,a miaureka mrod
W;=ï fndaêh ,nñka LKav yd ;siai w.iõ
fofokd iu.ska yd wfidal kï f;r flfkl=f.a
w;a md fufy ú¢ñka oïila m;=roa§ wm uyd
fndai;dfKda w;=, kï ÈjH kd.rdchdj bmfoñka
W;=ï nqÿka jykafia oel i|uv,la yd i;arejka
uKavmhla ujd i;aÈkla ÈjH odk § nK wioa§ 19
jk újrKh ,ndÿkakd jQ uyd úmiaiS nqÿka
jykafia kuialdr lrñ'

22' úmiaiS kdu iïnqoafOda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
mq,s, fndaê rdcdKx
kudñ isrid wyx
úmiaiS kï wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
m¿ isß fnda fnda .i fndaêh jQjd
úmiais nqÿ ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

90
uyd úmiaiS nqÿka jykafiaf.ka miqj f,dj
fudaydkaOldr lrñka nqoaO Y+kH wjia:dfõ
l,amhka 50la f.jd hdfï§ isÇ yd fjiaiN+ nqÿka
jykafia f,dj my, úh' wurdj;S kqjr wreKj;S
rcyqf.a yd m%Ndj;S kï ìijqka l=i ms<sisf|ñka
fudf,da t<sh ÿgq isÇ fndai;dKka iínldu ìijqka
w;=, kï mq;Kqjka je¥ od .sysf.hska kslaó
wguila ÿla l%shd lrñka m%sho¾Yk kï isgqÿj ÿka ó
lsßn; j<|ñka wegU isß fnda msg miaureka mrod
W;=ï nqÿnj ,nd wNsN+ yd iïNj w.iõ fofokd
iu.ska jiñka flïlr kï uy f;rf.a w;a md
fufy ú¢ñka o oïila m;=roa§ wm uy fndai;dfKda
wßkaou kï rc j bms§ u.=,e;= irid mqod wk¾>
i¿ mQcd lrñka Tyq nrg lmamsh NdKav mQcd lrñka
Y%S ioaO¾uh wioa§ 20 jk újrKh ÿkakd jQ isÇ
nqÿka jykafia kuialdr lrñ''''

23' isÇ kdu iïnqoafOda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
mqKav,Sl fndaê rdcdKx
kudñ isrid wyx
isÇ kñka wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
wegU .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
isÇ nqÿ ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿreù isßfi; ie,fiajd

W;=ï isÇ nqÿka jykafiaf.a nqoaO l,amfha


fojk wka;r l,amfha § fjiaiN+ kï nqqÿka
jykafia iqmam;S; kï rcyqf.a iS,j;S kï
w.ìijqkaf.a l=i ms<sis¢ñka fuf,da t<sh olsñka
oi oyila wjqreÿ rcisß ú¢ñka o''' iqÑ;%d kï
91
foaùka iqm%nqoaO mq;Kqjka je¥ od .sysf.hska kslaó
iuila ÿla l%shd lrñka isßjâvk kï kd.dx.kdj
ÿka ó lsßn;a j<|d i,a isß fnda msg § miaureka
mrod W;=ï nqÿ nj ,nñka fidaK yd W;a;r
w.iõjka iu. yd Wmidka; kï uyf;r
flfkl=f.a w;a md fufy ú¢ñka Oïila mj;aj;a§
wm uyd fndai;dfKda iqoiqka kï uyrcj
nqÿmdfudla iÕrejkg uy oka § wjg úydr oyila
lrjd mQcd lrñka W;=ï Y%S ioaO¾uh wioa§ wm uy
fndai;dKkag 21 jk nqoaO újrKh ÿkakd jQ
fjiaiN+ nqÿka jykafiag kuialdr fõjd''''

24' fjiaiN+ kdu iïnqoafOda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
id, fndaê rdcdKx
kudñ isrid wyx
fjiaiN+ kï wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
i,a.i isßuy fndaêh jQjd
fjiaiN+ nqÿ ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿreù isßfi; ie,fiajd

W;=ï fjiaiN+ nqÿka jykafiaf.a W;=ï


nqoaOdf,dalfhka miq fudaydkaOldrhg m;ajQ f,da
;,h lma 30la .sh l< wmf.a fï uyd Nø l,amfhys
ll=i|" fldakd.uk" ldYHm" f.!;u hk nqÿka
jykafia,d i;r kula nqÿ jQ fial' wkd.;fha §
W;=ï nqÿ moúh ,nkakd jQ ffu;%S nqÿka jykafia o
iu.ska tlajk fï uyd mxp nqoaOFjh uyd Nø
l,amh kï jk fial' ll=i| kï nqÿka jykafia
fïL,d kï kqjr w.a.so;a; kï mqfrdays;
n%dyauKhdf.a yd úYdLd kï neñKs foaúhf.a l=i
92
ms<sis¢ñka fuf,da t<sh olsñka idroyila wjqreÿ
.sys iem ú¢ñka frdaÑkS kï w. neñKsh W;=re kï
mq;arejk je¥ od .sysf.hska kslaó wguila ÿla l%shd
lrñka pJøj;S kï neñKsh ÿkakd jQ ó lsßn;a
j<|d u.,sudrd .ila uq, miaureka mrod W;=ï nqÿ
moúh ,;a fial' úÿr yd ixÔj kï w.iõ fofokd
iu. yd nqoaêc kï uyf;r flfkl=f.a w;a md
fufy ú¢ñka oïila mj;aj;a§ wm uyd
fndai;dfKda fÄu kï krm;sj uy oka § isjqre
i;,sia oyila" w÷ka fnfy;a mqod uyKj ioaO¾uh
Y%jKh lroa§ 22 jeks jk W;=ï újrKh ÿka
ll=i| nqÿka jykafiag kuialdr fõjd ''''

25' ll=ikafOda kdu ðfkda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
isßfida fndaê rdcdKx
kudñ isrid wyx
ll=i| kï wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
udr .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
ll=i| nqÿ ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

tA W;=ï jQ ll=i| nqÿka jykafiaf.ka miqj


fojk wka;r l,amfha § fldakd.uk nqÿysñ nqÿjk
fia l ''' fida N dj;S kï kq j r h[a [ o;a ;
n%dyauKhdf.a yd W;a;rd kï w. neñKshf.a l=i
ms<sis¢ñka fuf,da t<sh olsñka ;=kaoyila wjqreÿ
.sys iem ú¢ñka reÑ.d;%d kï neñKsh idF:_jdy
kï mq;arejk je¥ od .sysf.hska kslaó iuila ùH_h
fldg w.a.sfiak kï neñKsh ÿka ó lsßn;a j<|d
ÈUq,a isß fnda msg § miaureka mrod NShHi yd W;a;r
93
w.iõ fofokd iu.ska fid;a;sc kï uyf;rf.a
w;a md fufy ú¢ñka oïila m;=roa§ wm uy
fndai;dfKda''' mj_; kï kf¾Jøj jia ;=kaui uy
oka § i¿ msßlr yd wk.s rejka ñßjeä iÕ,la mqod
ioaO¾uh wioa§ 23 jeks újrK ÿkakd jQ
fldakd.uk nqÿka jykafia kuialdr lrñ''''

26' fldakd.ufkda kdu ðfkda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
Wÿïnfrda fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
fldakd.ukï ysñ nqÿ jQjd
ÈUq,a .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
fldakd.u ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

tA W;=ï jQ fldakd.uk nqÿ ysñ nqÿùfuka miq


tu lm ;=kajk wka;r l,amfha § W;=ï ldYHm
nqÿka jykafia nqÿ jQ fial''' nrKei n%yauo;a; kï
w. nuqKdf.a yd Okj;S kï neñKshf.a l=i ms<sis|
fuf,da t<sh olsñka fooyila wjqreÿ .sysiem
ú¢ñka iqkkaod kï neñKsh úð;fiak kï
mq;arejk je¥ od .sysf.hska kslaó i;a Èkla moka
ießird iqkkaod kï neñKsh ÿkakd jQ ó lsßms~q
j<|d kq. isß fnda msg § miaureka mrod W;=ï nqÿ
moúh ,;a fial' ;siai yd Ndroajdc kï w.iõ
iu.ska yd i¾jñ;% kï uyf;r flfkl=f.a w;ska
w;a md fufy ú¢ñka oïila m;=roa§ wm uy
fndai;dfKda fcda;smd, kï nuqKqj nqÿka lrd
f.dia uyKj ;=kamsglh f.jd oek úÑ;%
m%;sm;a;sfhka mQcd fldg ioaO¾uh wioa§ 24 jeks
94
újrKh ,ndÿka ldYHm nqÿka jykafia kuialdr
lrñ''''

27' liaifmda kdu iïnqoafOda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
kSf.%dfOd fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
liaim kï wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
kq. .i isßuy fndaêh jQjd
liaim nqÿ ysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿre ù isßfi; ie,fiajd

W;=ï ldYHm nqÿka jykafiaf.ka wjik


újrK .kakd úg wm W;=ï iajdñ ore jQ Y%S uyd
f.!;u fndaêi;ajfhda Ok mß;Hd.h" mq;%
mß;Hd.h" NdH_d mß;Hd.h" wx. mß;Hd.h" Ôú;
mß;Hd.h hk mx[ap mß;Hd.fhys fldaá m%dma;j''
f,dald¾: p¾hd" {d;H:_ pdhH_h" nqoaê phH_dh hk
;%súO jQ p¾H_dfhys fl< meñfKñka o''' odkh"
YS,h" ffkIal%uHh" m%{dj" ùH_h" CIdka;sh" i;H"
wêIaGdkh" ffu;%sh" WfmaCId hk oY mdrñ;djka o
Wmmdrñ;djka o" mru;a; mdrñ;djka o jkakd jQ
iu ;%sxY;a fmreï mqrñka mdrñ;d id.rfhka
f.dvke.s úYajka;rd;au Ndjfhka f.dvke.S
úYajka;rd;au Ndjfhka pq;j ish¨ nqÿkag fojk
wd;au Ndjfhys ùis mqr jQ ;=iS mqrhg ke.S ;=ka.jq
.Õ fia uq;= mdrla ord wm%udK jQ ÈjH fidaNdfjka
hqla;j" uq¿ f,djg ke.+ chfla;=jla fia ;=ka f,da
;s,lhla fia ika;=Is; kï ÈjH rdcj ;=iS mqrfhys
Y%S Yla;sh úoyd,ñka isáoa§ wÈka jir 2550 lg
fmrd;=j iqoafOdaOk yd uydudhd l=i ms<sis¢ñka 29
95
wjqreÿ .sysiem ú¢ñka hfidaordj rdyq, kï
mq;arejk je¥ od .sysf.hska kslaó ih jirla ÿla
l%shd lrñka iqcd;d isgqÿj ÿka lsßms~q mQcdj
j<|ñka wei;= fnda rel uq, miaureka mrod W;=ï
nqÿ moúh ,;a fial' ießhq;a" uq.,ka w.iõ
fofokd yd ry;a" uyry;a" wdH_h W;=ï
mqoa.,hkaf.a W;=ï nqoaO rdcH ;=< wdkkao
uyf;reka jykafiaf.a w;a md fufy ú¢ñka oïila
m;=rñka wx.=,sud," kd,d.sß" wd,jl wd§ jQjka
oukh lrñka f,da ;,h tlu ksjka mqrhla lrñka
wm Y%S ,xldoaùmhg md ;nñka ieß ihqr ;rKhg
u. lshdÿka tA W;=ï nqÿka jykafia u;= nqoaO;ajh
i|yd ffu;%S wd§ jQ wiQ wgla jQ W;=ï fndai;=ka
msßilg ksh; újrK ,ndfoñka o fl, fldaáhla
muKg nqÿùug" ry;aùug wd§ wdH_ ud¾.hg
iqÿiaika ks¾udKh lrñka o f,dj
fudaykaOldrfhka W;=ï nqoaOdf,dalhg m;alr jQ
W;=ï f.!;u nqÿka jykafia jkaokd lrñ''''

28' f.!;fuda kdu iïnqoafOda


m;a;=x iïfndaê uq;a;ux
wiai;a: fndaê rdcdKx
jkaodñ isrid wyx
f.!;u kï wm ysñ nqÿ jQjd
wei;= .ila uy fndaêh jQjd
f.!;u nqÿysñ msysg ,efíjd
ÿla ÿreù isßfi; ie,fiajd

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