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Dr Azuraien Jaafar

Dr M Zaki Abdullah
A. Jaafar (2010)
Course Objectives
Describe and understand the steps
involved in drilling and completing a
well
Describe and understand the steps
involved in production, well
intervention, well stimulation and
artificial lift methods

A. Jaafar (2010)
Textbook
Bourgoyne, A.T., “Applied Drilling
Engineering”, SPE Textbook Series
(Vol. 2) – additional reference
Allen T.O., Roberts A.P., “Production
Operation”, Vol. 1 & 2, Fourth
Edition, (1993), OGCI – additional
reference

A. Jaafar (2010)
Grading

Final Examination 50%


Coursework: 50%
Tests (2) 30%
Assignments (2) 10%
Quizzes (10) 10%

A. Jaafar (2010)
Drilling?

Drilling process
Formation pressure
Casing and cementing
Drilling fluids
Well control procedure

A. Jaafar (2010)
What is drilling engineering?

A. Jaafar (2010)
Drilling engineering
Subset of petroleum engineering
Involves in drilling of oil wells
Before drilling, planning (by the drilling
engineering group) takes place
Estimating value of sought reserve
Estimating cost to access reserve
Acquiring property by a mineral lease
Geologic survey
Well-bore plan
Layout of equipment needed
A. Jaafar (2010)
Drilling program
Proposal for drilling Drilling program
Objective of the well Drilling rig to be used
Depth Proposed location for
Location (longitude the drilling rig
and latitude) Hole sizes and depths
Geologic cross-section Casing sizes and depths
Pore pressure profile Drilling fluid
prediction specialization
Directional drilling
information
Well-control equipment
and procedures
Bits and hydraulic
programs
A. Jaafar (2010)
Exploration and production process
Aerial survey
if favourable features revealed

Seismic survey
provides detailed information on geology

Exploratory drilling (wildcat)


verifies the presence or absence of hydrocarbon reservoir and
quantifies the reserves

Appraisal
determines if the reservoir is economically feasible to develop

Development and production


produces oil and gas from the reservoir
A. Jaafar (2010)
Drilling
EXPLORATORY
drilling Further
drilling
+ ve
Dry - ve
Results Further Results Quit &
Recover studies Plug
APPRAISAL
drilling
Yes
Unattractive or
No
Results inconclusive
Further Quit &
appraisal? Plug
Attractive

DEVELOPMENT
A. Jaafar (2010)
Rig Establishment & Reporting Lines
Service Operating Drilling
Companies Company Contractor

SHORE BASED Senior Drilling Drilling


Geologist Superintendent Superintendent

Senior Drilling
RIG BASED Supervisor
Mud
Engineer
Wellsite Drilling
Cementer Geologist Engineer

Senior
Mud Toolpusher
Loggers

Subsea Chief Night Radio Barge


Electric Medic
Engineers (2) Engineer Toolpusher Ops (2) Captain
Loggers

Wellhead
Specialist
Day & Night Rig Crew C.Room Ops (2)
Mechanics (2)
Coring Driller (2) Crane Ops (2)
Motormen (2)
Engineers Ass driller (2) Deck Crew (6)
Electrician (1)
Derrickmen (2)
Roughnecks (6)
Directional
Engineer

A. Jaafar (2010)
Drilling rig team
Service
Company

Scomi Oiltools
Drilling Fluids /Solids
Control Weatherford
Casing

Schlumberger
MWD /LWD

Baker Oil Tools

Halliburton
Directional Drilling
BJ
Cementing
Geoservices
Mud Logging

A. Jaafar (2010)
Drilling a Hole

Drilling out formation


with bit

The MUD brings the


cutting up to surface

A. Jaafar (2010) Credit to Scomi oils


Logging in Production Hole
Circulation condition
hole – prepare MUD in
the hole for static
condition before logging
operation
Pulling Out Of Hole
(POOH) the Drilling
Assembly

Running-In Logging
Tools
Logging-up the
formation
A. Jaafar (2010) Credit to Scomi oils
Casing & Cementing
SURFACE CASING
Circulation condition hole –
prepare MUD in the hole for
static condition before
running-in casing
Pulling Out Of Hole (POOH)
the Drilling Assembly
Running - In Hole (RIH)
the Intermediate Casing
Pumping Cement
Displacing Cement with MUD
Waiting On Cement (WOC)
to dry
INTERMEDIATE CASING
A. Jaafar (2010) Credit to Scomi oils
Completion
(completing the well)
OIL $$
Displacing MUD to
Completion Fluids SURFACE
(BRINE) CASING
Running – in Completion
Assembly INTERMEDIATE
Set the Packer to isolate CASING
& divert the oil flow into
production tubing
Perforate the casing ( to
PRODUCTION
let the oil in to the CASING
wellbore )
Oil flows into the wellbore
Producing Oil
A. Jaafar (2010) Credit to Scomi oils