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Module II

Short Questions

1. Differentiate between Wet and Dry compression.

2. Explain wet, dry and superheated compression.

3. Define (i) Theoretical COP. (ii) Actual COP and (iii) Relative COP.

4. Draw T-s and p-h diagrams of simple saturation vapour compression cycle and name the

processes.

5. What is the necessity of multistage compression in Refrigeration system

6. Explain flash chamber multiple compression system.

7. Represent a two-stage vapour compression system on p-h diagram.

8. Discuss the effect of the following on the performance of a vapour compression cycle (a)

Suction pressure (b) Super Reading of suction vapour.

9. What is meant by flash intercooling in multi-stage refrigeration system ?

10. Draw the p-h diagram for a simple vapour compression cycle.

11. Show the simple vapour compression cycle on T -s diagram.

12. Explain the working principle of vapour compression refrigeration system with a neat

diagram and also plot the same on a P-h and T-s diagram

Long Answer Questions

13. A Freon 12 condensing unit is specified to give 40 TR with operating conditions of 40° C

and 5° C. What would be its capacity in TR if the evaporator temperature is reduced to

-20° C?

14. A Freon 22 simple salinated cycle operates at 35° C and -15° C. Determine the COP and

HP/TR. If a liquid-vapour heat exchanger is installed in the system with the temperature

of leaving the heat exchanger at 15° C. What will be the change in COP and HP/TR.?

15. A food storage requires a refrigeration system of 12 tons capacity at an evaporator

temperature of 10° C and condenser temperature of 25° C. The refrigerant NH3, is sub-

cooled by 5° C before passing through throttle valve. The vapour leaving the evaporator

coil is 0.97 dry. Find the COP and HP required.

16. Explain the different methods of improving the COP of a simple compression

refrigeration cycle.

17. A vapour compression machine is used to maintain a temperature of -23ºC in a

refrigerated space. The ambient temperature is 37ºC. The compressor takes in dry

saturated vapour of R12. A temperature difference of 10ºC is required at the evaporator

as well as the condenser. There is subcooling of the refrigerant by 5ºC in the condenser.

If the refrigerant flow rate is 1kg/min, find tonnage of refrigeration, power requirement

and COP.

18. Discuss multi pressure system with one compressor and two evaporators operating at

different pressures. Draw a schematic diagram.

19. A vapour compression machine is used to maintain a temperature of – 23º C in a

refrigerated space. The ambient temperature is 37º C. The compressor takes in dry

saturated vapour of F-12 A minimum 10º C temperature difference is required ar the

evaporator as well as at condenser. There is no subcooling of liquid. If the refrigerant

flow rate is 1 kg/min, find :

(i) Tonnage of refrigeration

(ii) Power requirement

(iii) Ratio of COP of this cycle to COP of Carnot cycle

20. With the help of a neat sketch explain a multistage vapour compression system

21. An ammonia ice plant operates between 35° C and - 15° C. produces 10 tons of ice per

day from water at 30° C. to ice at - 5° C. Assuming simple saturated cycle using only

tables of properties of ammonia, find (i) the capacity of the plant; (ii) the mass flow rate

of refrigerant; (iii) the discharge temperature; (iv) the compressor cylinder diameter and

stroke if its volumetric efficiency is 0.65, speed is 1,200 r.p.m., and L/D = 1.2 ; (e) the

power of the motor if the adiabatic and mechanical efficiencies are 0.85 and 0.95

respectively ; (f) the theoretical and actual COP. Take Cp of ice = 1.94 kJ/kg.K.

22. With the help of a neat sketch and p-h diagram explain the complete multistage

refrigeration system with flash gas removal, flash intercooling and water intercooling.

23. A refrigerator using Ammonia works between the temperatures -10 deg. C and 25 deg. C.

The gas is dry at the end of compression and there is no under cooling of liquid. Using

the tables, Calculate the theoretical COP of the cycle.

24. A refrigerator works between -70C and -270C. The vapour is dry at the end of isentropic

compression. There is no under cooling, and the evaporation is by throttle valve. Find:

(i) C.O.P;

(ii) Power of the compressor to remove 175 kJ/min.

25. An ammonia vapour compression refrigerator works between temperature limits of

-6.7oC and 26.7oC. The vapour is dry at the end of compression and there is no under

cooling of the liquid, which is throttled to the lower temperature. Estimate the C.O.P of

the machine.

26. Determine the theoretical coefficient of performance for CO2 refrigerating machine

working between the limits of pressures of 65.1 bar and 30.8 bar. The CO2 during

the suction stroke has a dryness fraction of 0.6. How many tonnes of ice would a

machine, working between the same limits and having a relative coefficient of

performance of 40%, make in 24 hours? The water for the ice is supplied at 10oC and

compressor takes 6.8kg of CO2 per minute. Latent heat of ice is 333kJ/kg.

27. Under what circumstances superheating of refrigerant vapour before compression is

objectionable?

28. An ammonia refrigerator produces 30 tonnes of ice form and at 0oC in 24 hours. The

temperature range of the compressor is 250C to -150C. The vapour is dry saturated at

the end of compression and an expression and an expansion value is used. Assume

a coefficient of performance to be 60% of the theoretical value. Calculate the power

required to drive the compressor.

Latent heat of ice = 335 kJ/kg.

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