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Rise to Power

A. World War I ends in 1918

1) Two political parties fight for control in the new government.

a. Right Wing
b. Left Wing

B. 1919

1) Treaty of Versailles was signed in

a. Germany is disarmed.

b. Germany is forced to pay for war reparations in France and Britain.

2) Nazi Party is formed.

C. 1923

1) Hitler’s Beer Hall Putsch

a. Failed miserably.

b. Tried for high treason

c. Trial provided Hitler with propaganda platform

d. Wrote Mien Kampf (My Struggle).

D. 1925

1) Hitler is released on parole.

2) Mein Kampf is published.

3) Hitler re-forms the Nazi party.

4) SA and SS formed.

II. Nazi Germany.

A. 1933

1) President Paul Von Hindenburg appoints Hitler to Chancellor of Germany.

2) Hitler creates Dachau, the first concentration camp.

3) Reichstag passes the Enabling Act.

B. 1934

1) President Hindenburg dies; Hitler becomes Reich president as well as


2) Night of The Long Knives

B. 1935

1) Nuremburg Laws passed.

2) Hitler passes over 120 laws, decrees, and ordinances stripping the remaining

rights of the German Jews.

B. 1936

1) Berlin hosts the Olympics.

a. Gretel Bergmann

b. Jesse Owens

c. Leni Riefenstahl

i. Triumph of the Will


B. 1938

1) Germany takes over Austria.

2) Germany takes Sudetenland

3) Krystallnacht

B. 1939

1) Germany invades Poland.

2) New Order put into Place.

III. Jewish Persecution Gets Worse

A. 1939
1) Polish concentration camps set up.

a. Warsaw

b. Lodz

c. Krakow

d. Lublin

e. Lvov

2) Jews older than ten were required to wear the Star of David.

A. 1940

1) Germany invades Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg,

and the Soviet Union.

2) Italy and Japan joins the war on the side of Germany.

3) The Warsaw ghetto is sealed off from the world.

III. Final Solution Begins

A. 1941

1) The Nazis established the Theresienstadt.

2) First experimental use of Zyklon B at Auschwitz I.

3) Gassing vans used until death camps were completed

4) Chelmno started up operations.

B. 1942

1) Wannsee Conference takes place to decide the “Final Solution” to the Jewish


2) Auschwitz II, Treblinka, Belzec, and Sobibor began operations as death

a. Train rides

b. Selektion

c. Mengele

i. Experiments


IV. Jewish Resistance

A. 1943

1) Chelmno killing center is shut down and all evidence is eliminated.

2) Uprisings and Revolts

a. Warsaw Ghetto uprising.

b. Treblinka killing center uprising.

c. Sobibor armed revolt.

d. Vilna Ghetto revolt.

B. 1944

1) One of the four Auschwitz crematories is sabotaged.

2) Theresienstadt is inspected by the International Red Cross.

3) Auschwitz Demolition is ordered by Heinrich Himmler

4) Schindlers List

V. Liberation Begins

A. 1945

1) Evacuation of Auschwitz by the SS.

a. death marches.

2) Hitler commits suicide.

3) Germany and Japan surrender.

4) World War II and the Holocaust ends.

VI. Jews after Liberation.

A. 1946

1) Nuremberg Trials.

B. 1948

1) Jews claimed Palestine for themselves.

2) U.S. Congress passed the Displaced Persons Act.