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SELECTED FACTORS AFFECTING THE CONTINUATION OF THE NURSING COURSE DESPITE THE RELUCTANCE OF NURSING STUDENTS OF ANGELES UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION, ACADEMIC YEAR 2009-2010: IMPLICATION FOR NURSING EDUCATION

A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the College of Nursing ANGELES UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN NURSING

David, Bernard Ian T. Esguerra, Jerico J. Gonzales, Betina Carla A. Guevarra, Janette Kohl E. Jaramillo, Cherry Lyn M. Lacap, Ma. Kathleen M.

Submitted by:

Manansala, Kevin Edward K. Ricafort, Jefferson D. Sherwood, Misty Jewell B. Songco, Andre Ivan M. Tizon, Laverne Bernadette E.

GROUP 11, B.S.N. IV-11

September 2010

APPROVAL SHEET

This thesis entitled “SELECTED FACTORS AFFECTING THE CONTINUATION OF THE NURSING COURSE DESPITE THE RELUCTANCE OF NURSING STUDENTS OF ANGELES UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION, ACADEMIC YEAR 2009- 2010: IMPLICATION FOR NURSING EDUCATION”, prepared and submitted by Group 11, B.S.N. IV-11 in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN NURSING, has been found in order and is hereby recommended for acceptance and approval for ORAL EXAMINATION.

ELMER D. BONDOC, R.N., M.N. Adviser

PANEL OF EXAMINERS

Passed by the PANEL OF EXAMINERS on oral examination on September 17, 2010.

DEBBIE Q. RAMIREZ, R.N., MAN Chairman

JASLEEN S. YUMANG, R.N., M.N. Member

MARIE EMERALD S. RONCAL, R.N., M.N. Member

DOROTEO S. DIZON, R.N., MAN Research Coordinator

Accepted and approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN NURSING.

Date

ZENAIDA S. FERNANDEZ, R.N., Ph.D. Dean

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We would like to thank the following who shared their time, effort to make this study:

To our dear adviser Sir Elmer Bondoc who patiently guided us in every step we took. His ideas and suggestions regarding our thesis are exceptionally indispensable and his constant advice that we can do it kept us on a positive attitude.

For batch Sanlingan and Gilas, who patiently answered our questionnaire despite their tight and busy schedule during their lecture hours. Your cooperation is what made our data collection a breeze. We honestly and deeply thank you from the bottom of our hearts.

To our dear panel Ma’am Debbie, Ma’am Ems and Ma’am Jasleen for helping us critique our study and giving us pointers to further improve our study.

To Sir Ted for being available during consultations especially on critical times and when don’t know the next step.

We would like to also extend our heartfelt gratitude to our parents and family who supported us and understood our situations especially on financing our meetings and needs and understanding our reasons on extending our time at school.

To a hundred more individuals, dear friends and clinical instructors who supported and helped us indirectly and directly even during the final processing of our thesis. Thank you.

And last but not the least to God for guiding us, for giving us this knowledge, for letting us be part of this opportunity to make a thesis, for keeping us safe, for being the subtle voice when making decisions, for being the reason why we are not giving up, for always giving us the strength we needed and for just being there.

DEDICATION

We dedicated this to all our fellow nursing students who inspired us to pursue this kind of study. To our parents who supported us all the way. To our clinical instructors who guided us and to God whom we hope that this thesis would bring greater glory to His name.

ABSTRACT

Increase in the demand for nurses in the international community brought about an extraordinary increase in the number of nursing students this past decade. With an increased in the number of nurses being hired abroad and being employed in different countries, nursing has been a demand career choice which resulted in the rapidly increasing of nursing schools. However, the question of personal choice is at hand upon students who are taking up nursing. In line with this, the researchers would want to know what factors primarily influence the student’s continuation of nursing course despite their reluctance.

The study employed a descriptive correlation research design. It was conducted in Angeles University Foundation. A total of 243 nursing students participated in the study. Questionnaires were distributed utilizing a four-item Likert scale. First and second questionnaires were allotted for the initial level of reluctance and level of reluctance at present respectively. While the last questionnaire was allotted for the intrinsic (motivation to learn, motivation towards financial benefits, motivation to help others and self- efficacy ) and extrinsic factors (family support system, peer and mentor’s influence, relationship with the opposite sex, allowance and job opportunities in Nursing). Frequency and percentage on level of agreement each factor. The scores per intrinsic and extrinsic factor were correlated to the corresponding level of reluctance using the Chi- Square and Contingency Coefficient.

The results of the study reveal that majority of the respondents agreed on the selected factors. It also reveals that there is a significant difference between the initial level of reluctance and present level of reluctance of the respondents. This means that majority of the students were motivated to pursue the course despite their reluctance. And among the intrinsic and extrinsic factors, motivation to learn, motivation to help others and self- efficacy have significant relationship with the respondents’ level of reluctance.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CONTENTS

Page

Title Page

 

i

Approval Sheet

ii

Acknowledgement

iii

Dedication

iv

Abstract

v

Table of Contents

vi

List of Tables

viii

List of Figures

ix

List of Appendices

x

CHAPTER

I THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING Introduction

1

Conceptual Framework

4

Paradigm of the Study

5

Statement of the Problem

7

Statement of Hypotheses

9

Significance of the Study

10

Scope and Limitations

11

Definition of Terms

13

II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES Related Literature

18

 

Related Studies

35

Similarities and Differences of the Previous Studies to the Present Study

36

III RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES

 

Research Design……………….………………………………………

38

Research

Locale…………………

…………………………………….

39

Respondents of the Study………………………………….……………

39

Research Instruments…………………………

……………………….

………………………….

……………….

40

Data Collection Procedure…………………

Statistical Treatment of Data…………………………

41

43

IV

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

 

Problem No. 1 Initial Level of Reluctance

50

Problem No. 2 Level of Reluctance at Present

51

Problem No. 3 Intrinsic Factor Motivation to learn

53

Problem No. 4 Intrinsic Factor Motivation towards Financial Benefits

55

Problem No. 5 Intrinsic Factor Motivation to help others

56

Problem No. 6 Intrinsic Factor Self Efficacy

58

Problem No. 7 Extrinsic Factor Family Support System

59

Problem No. 8 Extrinsic Factor – Peer and Mentor’s Influence

60

Problem No. 9 Extrinsic Factor Relationship with the opposite sex

62

Problem No. 10 Extrinsic Factor Allowance

63

Problem No. 11 Extrinsic Factor Job Opportunities in Nursing

64

Problem No. 12 Difference between Initial level of Reluctance and Level of Reluctance at Present

66

Problem No. 13 Correlation of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factor to Level of Reluctance

67

Implication for Nursing Education

70

V

SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary

73

Major Findings

75

Conclusions

78

Recommendations

80

Bibliography

81

Appendices

83

Curriculum Vitae

125

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE

Page

1 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents’ Initial Level of Reluctance

51

2 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents’ Level of Reluctance at Present

52

3 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents’ Level of Agreement on Intrinsic Factor Motivation to learn

55

4 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents’ Level of Agreement on Intrinsic Factor Motivation towards financial benefits

56

5 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents’ Level of Agreement on Intrinsic Factor Motivation to help others

57

6 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents’ Level of Agreement on Intrinsic Factor Self Efficacy

59

7 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents’ Level of Agreement on Extrinsic Factor Family Support System

60

8 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents’ Level of Agreement on Extrinsic Factor – Peer and Mentor’s Influence

61

9 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents’ Level of Agreement on Extrinsic Factor Relationship with the opposite sex

63

10 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents’ Level of Agreement on Extrinsic Factor Allowance

64

11 Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents’ Level of Agreement on Extrinsic Factor Job Opportunities in Nursing

65

12 Difference between Initial Level of Reluctance and Present Level of Reluctance

66

13 Correlation of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors to Level of Reluctance

67

LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE

1 Paradigm of the Study

Page

5

LIST OF APPENDICES

APPENDIX

Page

A Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Questionnaires

83

B Certificate of Validation by Psychometrician

95

C Certificate of Validation by Guidance Counselor

96

D Certificate of Validation by an English Teacher

97

E Certificate of Validation by Clinical Instructors

98

F Communication Letter for Data Collection- Level III

99

G Communication Letter for Data Collection- Level IV

100

H Communication Letter for Data Collection- Respondents

101

I Sample Pre Survey

102

J Sample Questionnaire

103

K Cronbach’s Alpha Results

107

L Sample Paired t-Test Results

123