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12/30/2010 Minimal Services on CentOS 5 Mini-H…

Minimal Services on CentOS 5 Mini-HowTo


Friday, 24 November 2006 15:23 Gene Cooper

Reference
Andrew Mitry's Blog

Looking for a Minimal Installation Howto?

Mini-Howto to Free Resources on a Server


This will improve the performance of a system by disabling unneeded services. Another benefit is reduced hardware
requirements for your server.

This is for a minimal install of CentOS 5 but will be nearly identical for any Red Hat-based distro and similar for most Linux
distros.

Methodology
Perform minimal OS installations
Install additional software as needed after installation
Minimal installations are more secure
Minimal installations reduce the number of packages requiring updates
No graphical environment needed on servers (generally)
Single CD installation instead of multiple CDs or a DVD

Limiting the Number of Running Services


Here is a list of services (daemons) to help you decide what to axe. Here is another list.

After performing a minimal installation, the machine reboots. When you login disable as many services as possible with the
following commands:

chkconfig anacron off


chkconfig apmd off
chkconfig atd off
chkconfig autofs off
chkconfig cpuspeed off
chkconfig cups off
chkconfig cups-config-daemon off
chkconfig gpm off
chkconfig isdn off
chkconfig netfs off
chkconfig nfslock off
chkconfig openibd off
chkconfig pcmcia off
chkconfig portmap off
chkconfig rawdevices off
chkconfig readahead_early off
chkconfig rpcgssd off
chkconfig rpcidmapd off
chkconfig smartd off
chkconfig xfs off
chkconfig ip6tables off
chkconfig avahi-daemon off
chkconfig firstboot off

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chkconfig yum-updatesd off
chkconfig sendmail off
chkconfig mcstrans off
chkconfig pcscd off
chkconfig bluetooth off
chkconfig hidd off

The next group of services is more useful to servers in some circumstances.

xinetd

may be needed for some servers

acpid

needed for power button to shut down server gently

microcode_ctl

not needed on AMD machines

irqbalance

not needed unless running SMP


multiple cores, multiple processors, hyperthreading

haldaemon and messagebus

support for plug and play devices

mdmonitor

not needed unless running software RAID

Evaluate their worth even more closely before disabling them.

chkconfig xinetd off


chkconfig acpid off
chkconfig microcode_ctl off
chkconfig irqbalance off
chkconfig haldaemon off
chkconfig messagebus off
chkconfig mdmonitor off

Run the following to see what else is enabled:

chkconfig --list |grep "3:on" |awk '{print $1}' |sort

If you want to compare the list before and after, you can:

chkconfig --list |grep "3:on" |awk '{print $1}' |sort > before

and

chkconfig --list |grep "3:on" |awk '{print $1}' |sort > after

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run the block of chkconfig commands, then

diff before after

On one machine the above command lists:

auditd
crond
iptables
kudzu
network
restorecond
sshd
syslog

anacron and kudzu only run at startup and will not stay loaded when finished.

Virtual Terminals
You may also minimize on virtual terminals. The default is six virtual terminals. You can probably do with two.

To disable them, edit the /etc/inittab file and comment out the ones that you don't want running like this:

# Run gettys in standard runlevels


1:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty tty1
2:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty tty2
#3:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty tty3
#4:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty tty4
#5:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty tty5
#6:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty tty6

Updating and Rebooting


On any new install, it is a good idea to run "yum update" and then reboot the machine to apply the latest security and
software updates.

It's a good idea to reboot after the update to make sure that the system comes up properly.

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Last Updated on Friday, 21 August 2009 10:48

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