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Министерство образования Российской Федерации

ГОУ ВПО «УГТУ-УПИ» имени первого Президента России


Б.Н.Ельцина

Английский язык

Часть1

Методические указания и контрольные задания


для студентов 1 курса
заочной формы обучения

Екатеринбург 2010
Составители: М.Я.Поммерс, Н.Н. Ковальчук

Научный редактор: Е.Д. Завьялова

Методические указания и контрольные задания. Английский язык:


/М.Я.Поммерс. Екатеринбург: ГОУ ВПО УГТУ-УПИ имени первого
Президента России Б.Н. Ельцина, 2010,Ч.1. 40 с.

Студенты заочного обучения УГТУ изучают иностранный язык по


программе, утвержденной Министерством образования Российской Федерации
для высших учебных заведений.
Целью изучения иностранных языков в вузе является овладение
студентом системой знаний, умений и навыков в области изучаемого
иностранного языка, позволяющей ему самостоятельно читать и понимать
общественно-политическую и специальную литературу.
Это умение позволяет специалисту быть в курсе последних изменений и
усовершенствований, которые происходят за рубежом.

Подготовлено кафедрой иностранных языков


в области экономики и управления.

ГОУ ВПО Уральский государственный


технический университет – УПИ имени
первого Президента России Б.Н. Ельцина,
2010.
Аннотация

На заочном факультете УГТУ иностранный язык изучают все студенты I


и II курсов.
В конце I курса студенты сдают зачет.
В конце II курса - экзамен.
За полный курс обучения (1-й курс) студент должен изучить:
• грамматический материал: времена в действительном и страдательном
залогах, модальные глаголы, система предлогов, неличные формы глагола,
сложные предложения;
• лексический материал: лексика страноведческого характера, общенаучная
лексика, терминология по специальности, фразеологические сочетания,
список правильных и неправильных глаголов;
• разговорные темы: I курс - семья, институт, город, образование; II курс -
заочный факультет, завод, специальность, Великобритания.
Пользуясь методическими указаниями и контрольными заданиями по
английскому языку, следует знать, что студенты выполняют 2 контрольные
работы (по 1 контрольной работе в семестр).
До зачета студенты I курса всех специальностей должны сдать 20 тыс.
печ. знаков из учебников и методических указаний (список литературы
выдается на установочной лекции).
Порядок выполнения контрольных работ на II
курсе для студентов всех специальностей

Контрольная работа №3 включает контрольное задание №3.


Контрольная работа №4 сдается устно на сессии или консультации и
состоит из перевода 20 тыс. печ. знаков технического текста по
общетехническому профилю специальности и 15 тыс. печ. знаков
ознакомительного научно-популярного или общественно-политического
характера.
К экзамену допускаются студенты, сдавшие зачет, нормы чтения (20
тыс. печ. знаков технического текста, 15 тыс. печ. знаков ознакомительного
чтения) и получившие зачет по вышеперечисленным контрольным работам.
Примечания:
1. При проработке грамматического материала можно пользоваться
любым учебником.
1. При сдаче преподавателю технического и общественно-
политического текстов словарем пользоваться нельзя.
2. Выполненные контрольные работы действительны в течение
одного года.
Выполнение контрольных заданий и оформление контрольных работ

1. На I курсе студент должен выполнить контрольные задания №1 (срок


выполнения - октябрь) и №2 (срок выполнения - апрель).
2. Контрольные задания даны в пяти вариантах. Студент выполняет
вариант согласно последней цифре шифра: 1,2- вариант 1; 3, 4 - вариант 2; 5,
6 - вариант 3; 7, 8 - вариант 4; 9, 0 - вариант 5.
3. Контрольные работы выполняются в отдельной тетради. На обложке
надо написать свою фамилию, имя, отчество, шифр, адрес, номер
контрольной работы и ее вариант.
4. Работы следует писать чернилами, аккуратно, четким почерком; на
клетчатой бумаге пишите через клетку. Оставляйте поля для замечаний,
не пользуйтесь красными чернилами или пастой - этим цветом
пользуется рецензент.
5. Выполняйте задания в той последовательности, в которой они даны, и
под указанными номерами,
6. Необходимо полностью писать формулировку задания, точно и
полностью выполнять его.
7. Текст для перевода нужно переписать и рядом дать его перевод.
8.Выполненные контрольные работы направляйте в институт в
установленные сроки. Во избежание повторения ошибок выполняйте и
высылайте на рецензию одну контрольную работу.
Контрольное задание №1.

Вариант №1

1. Прочитайте текст и сделайте письменный перевод.

Education in Russia.

Our educational system is not very complex. It is divided into three stages:
preschool education, secondary education and higher education. Each of them has
its own peculiarities.
The preschool education is provided by nursery schools and it depends upon
the parents to send their children or not. There children learn the fundamentals of
reading, writing, counting.
There are different types of secondary schools: general secondary, technical
schools, and vocational schools.
Every boy or girl must get secondary education. They go to school at the age
of six or seven and must stay there until they are 14-17 years old. At schools pupils
study academic subjects, such as Russian, Literature, Mathematics, History,
Biology, a foreign language and other.
Higher education in our country is available to those having secondary
education who have passed entrance examinations. Most colleges, universities and
institutes are state ones, but there are also private colleges. They train specialists in
different branches of science and technology.
Most higher schools have their own hostels and living and recreation
complexes for students.
Our educational system is in the process of perfection to meet the
requirements of our developing economy.
Our enterprises work in close collaboration with foreign enterprises of the
same field and carry out the exchange of specialists.

Образование в России.

Наша образовательная система не является очень сложной. Он


разделен на три этапа: дошкольного образования, среднего и высшего
образования. Каждый из них имеет свои особенности.
Дошкольного образования обеспечивается детсадов и это зависит от
родителей отправлять своих детей или нет. Там дети учатся основам
чтения, письма, счета.
Существуют различные типы общеобразовательных школ:
общеобразовательных, технических школ и профессионально-
технических училищ.
Каждый мальчик или девочка должны получить среднее
образование. Они идут в школу в возрасте шести или семи лет и должны
оставаться там, пока они не 14-17 лет. В школах ученики изучают
академические предметы, такие как русский язык, литература,
математика, история, биология, иностранный язык и другие.
Высшее образование в нашей стране доступна лицам, имеющим
среднее образование, которые прошли вступительные экзамены.
Большинство колледжей, университетов и институтов являются
государственными из них, но есть и частные колледжи. Они готовят
специалистов в различных отраслях науки и техники.
Большинство высших школ имеют свои общежития и жилые
комплексы и отдыха для студентов.
Наша система образования находится в процессе
совершенствования, чтобы соответствовать требованиям нашей
развивающейся экономики.
Наши предприятия работают в тесном сотрудничестве с
зарубежными предприятиями одной и той же области и осуществляют
обмен специалистами.

2. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Our educational system is very complex, isn’t it?


2. What are the main stages of our educational system?
3. Is higher education available for everybody?
4. Are all the colleges in our country private?
5. Where do young specialists work after their graduation?
6. What do you know about the exchange of specialists?
7. Do high-school students usually apply to more than one college
or university?
8. How do the university students spend their summer holidays?
9. Do you have to pay for your education?
10. Do students of higher and secondary specialised education
establishments get grants?
11. Are graduates of your institute given degrees?
12. If you have a chance would you prefer private or slate college?
1. Наша образовательная система очень сложна, не так ли?
2. Каковы основные этапы нашей образовательной системы?
3. Является ли высшее образование доступным для всех?
4. Являются ли все колледжи в нашей стране частный?
5. Где молодые специалисты работать после их окончания?
6. Что вы знаете об обмене специалистами?
7. Есть ли старшеклассники, как правило, относятся к более чем одного
колледжа или университета?
8. Как студенты университета проводят свои летние каникулы?
9. Есть ли у вас платить за образование?
10. Должны ли учащиеся высших и средних специальных учебных
заведений получают гранты?
11. Являются ли выпускники вашего института даны в градусах?
12. Если у вас есть шанс вы бы предпочли частный или шифер колледж?

3.Составьте вопросы с данными словами, используя нужную форму


глагола to be в настоящем времени.

1. /at home / your mother?/ ………… Is your mother at home?


2. /your parents / well?/
3. /interesting / your job?/
4. /the shops / open today?/
5. /interested in sport / you?/
6. /near here / the post office?/
7 /at school / your children?/
8. /why / you / late?/
1. / у себя дома / вашей матери? / ............ Твоя мать дома?
2. / родители / хорошо? /
3. / интересно / ваша работа? /
4. / магазины / открыт сегодня? /
5. / заинтересованы в спорте / вы? /
6. / рядом здесь / почтовое отделение? /
7 / в школе / ваши дети? /
8. / почему / вы / поздно? /
4. Переведите следующие предложения и определите, к каким частям
речи относятся выделенные слова в предложении.
1. We usually measure volume in cubic centimetres.
2. The students were measuring the temperature in the laboratory.
3. Measuring temperature is necessary in a lot of experiments.
4. The operating speed of these systems will be measured in nano -seconds.
5. The distance measured enabled scientists to correct mistakes.
1. Мы обычно измеряют объем в кубических сантиметрах.
2. Студенты измерения температуры в лабораторных условиях.
3. Измерение температуры необходимо в большом количестве
экспериментов.
4. Скорость работы этих систем будет измеряться в нано -seconds.
5. Расстояние измеряется позволили ученым, чтобы исправить ошибки.

5. Выберите для этих отрицательных предложений нужную форму


глаголов be или do: am not / isn't / aren't / don't / doesn't.

1 Tom doesn't work in the evenings.


2 I'm very tired. I .......want to go out this evening.
3 I'm very tired. I........going out this evening.
4 George.........working this week. He's on holiday.
5 My parents are usually at home. They...............go out very often.
6 Barbara has travelled a lot but she................speak any foreign languages.
7 You can turn off the television. I.................watching it.
8 There's a party next week but we............going.
1 Том не работает в вечернее время.
2 Я очень устал. Я ....... хочу выйти в этот вечер.
3 Я очень устал. Я ........ выходить в этот вечер.
4 Джордж ......... работать на этой неделе. Он в отпуске.
5 Мои родители, как правило, в домашних условиях. Они ............... выходят
очень часто.
6 Барбара много путешествовал, но она ................ говорить иностранными
языками.
7 Вы можете выключить телевизор. Я ................. смотреть.
8 Там вечеринка на следующей неделе, но мы ............ собираемся.
6. Составьте предложения. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках,
во времена группы Simple (Present, Past, Future), используйте данные
наречия. Предложения переведите.
Always, often, rarely, frequently, sometimes, hardly, ever, usually,
occasionally, never.
1. We/provide / good service.

2.I / have / face-to-face meetings / new customers.


3.Our company / employ / external consultants.
4. I / be / busy in summer.
5. We / write / reports.
Всегда не часто, редко, часто, иногда, вряд ли, когда-либо, как правило,
иногда, никогда.
1. Мы / обеспечить / хорошее обслуживание.
                                                                                                      
2. I / есть / лицом к лицу встреч / новых клиентов.
3. Наша компания / Наймите / внешние консультанты.
4. I / быть / занят летом.
5. Мы / записи / отчеты.
7.Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) What is the girl doing now?


b) What the girl is doing now?
c) What doing the girl now?
d) What does the girl doing now?

2. a) What those people arc looking for?


b) What are those people looking for?
c) What is those people looking for?
d) What do those people looking for?
3. a)When are you going to have a meal?
b) When do you going to have a meal?
c) When going you to have a meal?
d) When you are going to have a meal?
4. a) Why do they looking at me like that?
b) Why is they looking at me like that?
c) Why are they looking at me like that?
d) Why they are looking at me like that?
5. a) Is die girl speaking rudely or politely?
b) Are the girl speaking rudely or politely?
c) Does the girl speaking rudely or politely?
d) The girl is speaking rudely or politely, isn't she?
, а) Что такое девушка делает сейчас?
б) Что девушка делает сейчас?
         в) Что делать девушке сейчас?
d) Что девушка делает сейчас?
2. а) Что эти люди ищут дуги?
б) Что эти люди ищут?
в) Что такое эти люди ищут?
d) Что эти люди ищут?
3. а) Если вы собираетесь перекусить?
б) Когда вы собираетесь перекусить?
с) При переходе вас перекусить?
d) Когда вы собираетесь перекусить?
4. а) Почему они смотрели на меня, как это?
б) Почему они смотрит на меня так смотришь?
в) Почему они смотрят на меня так?
                d) Почему они смотрят на меня так смотришь?
5. а) Является ли умереть девушка говорить грубо или вежливо?
б) девушка говорить грубо или вежливо?
в) Не говоря девушка в грубой форме или вежливо?
d) Девушка говорит грубо или вежливо, не так ли?

8.Заполните пропуски, иcпользуя 2 или 3 форму предложенных


глаголов:

сost drive fly meet sell speak swim tell think weak up win

1 I have made some coffee. Would you like some?


2 Have you................................ John about your new job?
3 We played basketball on Sunday. We didn't play very well but we..............
4 I know Gary but I've never...................his wife.
5 We were........... by loud music in the middle of the night.
6 Stephanie jumped into the river and......................................to the other side.
7 'Did you like the film? 'Yes, I.....................................it was very good.
8 Many different languages are..................................in the Philippines.
9.Our holiday...................a lot of money because we stayed in an expensive hotel.
10.Have you ever...........................a very fast car?
11 All the tickets for the concert were……………very quickly.
12 A bird ................in through the open window while we were having our dinner.
сost диск летать встречаются продавать говорить плавать сказать думать,
слабый до победы
1 Я сделал кофе. Хочешь ли ты немного?
2 Вы ................................ Джона о вашей новой работе?
3 Мы играли в баскетбол в воскресенье. Мы не играли очень хорошо, но
мы ..............
4 Я знаю, что Гэри, но я никогда ................... свою жену.
5 Мы были ........... громкой музыкой в середине ночи.
6 Стефани прыгнула в реку и ...................................... на другую сторону.
7 'Вам понравился фильм? «Да, я ..................................... это было очень
хорошо.
8 Много различных языков .................................. на Филиппинах.
9.Our праздник ................... много денег, потому что мы остались в дорогой
гостинице.
10.Have вы когда-нибудь ........................... очень быстрый автомобиль?
                                                                                                                    
11 Все билеты на концерт были ............... очень быстро.
12 Птица ................ через открытое окно в то время как у нас были наш обед.

9. Выверите правильную форму глагола.


1. Everything is going well. We / haven't had any problems so far (haven't had is
right).
2. Margaret didn’t go\has`n’t gone to work yesterday. She wasn't feeling well.
3. Look! That man over there wears /is wearing the same sweater as you.
4. Your son is much taller than when I last saw him. He grew / has grown a lot.
5. I still don't know what to do. ] didn't decide / haven't decided yet.
6. 1 wonder why Jim is / is being so nice to me today. He isn't usually like that.
7. Jane had a book open in front of her but she didn't read / wasn't reading it.
8. I wasn’t very busy. 1 didn’t have / wasn't having much to do,
9. Mary wasn't happy in her new job at first bin she begins/ is beginning to enjoy
it now.
10. After leaving school, Tim found / has found it very difficult to get a job.

1. Все идет хорошо. Мы / не было никаких проблем до сих пор (не была
справедливой).
2. Маргарет не пошел \ has`n't пошел в работу вчера. Она не чувствует себя
хорошо.
3. Посмотрите! Этот человек там носит / носить тот же свитер, как вы.
4. Ваш сын гораздо выше, чем когда я в последний раз видел его. Он вырос /
вырос много.
5. Я до сих пор не знаю, что делать. ] Не решил / еще не решили.
6. 1 удивительно, почему Джим / в настоящее время так хорошо ко мне
сегодня. Он обычно не так.
7. Джейн была книга открытая перед ней, но она не читала / не читал его.
8. Я не был очень занят. 1 не было / не имея много сделать,
9. Мария не была счастлива в своей новой работе в первом бункере
начинается она / начинает наслаждаться его сейчас.
10. После окончания школы, Тим нашел / нашел его очень трудно получить
работу.

Вариант №2

1. Прочитайте текст и сделайте письменный перевод.

University Course at Cambridge

The University course itself lasts 3 years and leads to a Bachelor's Degree
(=first University degree) (=B. Sc.). Some of our graduates undertake further study
either at Cambridge or at other Universities to obtain after one further year a
Master's Degree (=second University degree) (M. Sc.) or after at least three years a
Doctor оf Philosophy degree (Ph, D.) (=third University degree) which is
approximately equal to your Candidate's degree. 0f the remaining graduates, the
large majority enter industries where they receive at least 2 years of further training
before becoming qualified in their special field.
Science is taught largely through lectures and laboratory work. In addition
there is a system of supervision at Oxford and Cambridge in which students spend
a few hours each week with a University lecturer (a tutor) who is responsible for
the individual student's academic progress.
There is a faculty of science in all British Universities although its name
varies. This faculty includes the subjects usually blown as the sciences or, strictly
speaking, the natural (physical) sciences: biology, chemistry, physics and their
branches. In addition it often includes subjects related to these: geography,
geology, mathematics, etc.
Most English Universities have a separate faculty of engineering although
sometimes it is combined with the science faculty, it may be called (he faculty of
technology or the faculty of applied (-put to practical use) science. The faculty of

engineering does not correspond to any faculty at a Russian University since


in Russia engineering and technology are studied not at Universities but at
polytechnical, technological or other more specialized Institutes.

2. Ответьте на вопросы.

1. What does the Cambridge University course for science students look like?
2. How long is the University course for science students at Cambridge?
3. How is science taught?
4. Is there a faculty of science (science faculty) in all British Universities?
5. What about a faculty of engineering?
6. Can yon draw a comparison between certain aspects of our country and British
systems of education?
7. What does the student do with his graduation paper when he has finished it?
8. How do they acquire research skills?
9. Why do the contacts between the scientific personnel and the students play a
very significant role?
10. What practical use has mathematics for astronomy, medicine, linguistics and
other sciences?

3. Вставьте нужную форму глагола to be (is am are)

1 The weather ..is.... nice today.


2 I..............not tired.
3 This bag.............heavy.
4 These bags............heavy.
5 Look! There.............Carol.
6 My brother and I.............good tennis players.
7 Ann............at home. Her children.............at school.
8 I...........a taxi driver. My sister...........a nurse.

4. Переведите следующие предложения и определите, к каким частям


речи относятся выделенные слова в предложении.

1. A kilogramme is a unit of weight measure in the metric system.


2. Barometer is an instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure.
3. Heat is a form of energy and may be measured in the units in which energy is
measured.
4. All measurements were accurate.
5. By means оf radioactive elements we were able to measure the thickness of
various materials.

5. Вставьте нужную форму глагольную форму was/were/did/have/has

1.Where…..your shoes made?


2...........you go out last night?
3What..............you doing at 10.30?
4Where.............your mother born?
5...........Barbara gone home?
6 What time ........................she go?
7 When..................these houses built?
8 ……………Jim arrived yet?
9 Why...............you go home early?
10 How long...............they been married?

6. Составьте предложения. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, во


времена группы Simple. Используйте данные наречия.

never, seldom, usually, often, always.

1. He / to work / hard at his English.


2. She / to speak / to me on the phone.
3. He / to tidy up / the room.
4. She / to go / to work by bus.
5. In the evening after supper, they / to listen / to music together.

7. Употребите глаголы в скобках во времена группы Simple или


Continuous.

1. I /tо think/ of selling my car. Would you be interested in buying it?


2. I /to think/ you should sell your car. You /not use/ it very often.
3. What /you/ do? Be quiet! I /to think/.
4. We can go out now. It /not to rain/ any more.
5. Do yon still smoke?' No, I gave it up. I /not / to smoke/ for any more.

8. Употребите одну из предложенных форм глаголов в каждом


предложении. Предложения переписать.

Had forgotten, haven't, are, is, do, have (just) arrived, are going, had gone

1. There are so many problems in my life and I ___decided yet what to do.
2. -___you Still learning English? - Yes, 1 am.
3. - Why didn’t you telephone? – I ____your number.
4. Two weeks____ since 1 started my letter to you.

5. 1’m going straight home after the lesson ___over.


6. .___to see a new film. Do you want to come with us'?
7. Are your friends here yet? - Yes, they__.
8. What ____you favourite pop group?
9. What languages _____ you speak?
10.__you know what time it__?

9. Выберите правильную форму глагола.

1. When Sue heard the news, she wasn't/hasn't been very pleased.
2. 'This is a nice restaurant, isn't it? Is this the first time you are /you've been here?
3. I need a new job. I'm doing / I've been doing the same job for too long.
4. 'Ann has gone out.' 'Oh, has she? What time did she go / has she gone?'
5. 'You look tired.' 'Yes, I've played / I've been playing basketball.'
6. Where are you coming / do you come from? Are you American?
7. I'd like to see Tina again. It's a long time since I saw her / that I didn't see her.
8. Bob and Alice have been married since 20 years / for 20 years.
9. Next month she shall be / will be 20 years old.
10. - Are they still having dinner? No, they finished / have finished.

Вариант №3

1. Прочитайте текст и сделайте письменный перевод.

The System of Primary and Secondary Education in England

In England schooling is compulsory for children of 5 to 16 years of age. Any


child may attend, without paying fees, a school provided by the public authority,
and the great majority attend such schools. Yet, a limited number of schoolchildren
attend fee-paying schools called "public", though they are in fact private schools.
Primary Schools. (A Primary school - начальная школа). At five years old,
the age at which education becomes compulsory, children go to infant schools until
they arc seven and then on to junior schools until the age of 11. Over 80% of all
primary schools are mixed.
Some junior schools carry out. a policy of streaming. Pupils are streamed,
according to their abilities to learn, into А, В, С and D streams - the brightest
children go to the A stream and the least gifted to the D stream.

There are some types of secondary schools in England. They are: grammar
schools, modern schools and comprehensive schools.
Secondary Schools. At the age of 11 when children leave junior school to
start the second stage of their education they go to assessment centers or for
interviews at local secondary schools. This system has replaced the old selective
examination (it was called "Eleven Plus Examination") which was much criticized
by teachers and parents. Nowadays most of the secondary schools in Great Britain
have gone over to be comprehensive system. Almost 50% of all secondary schools
are single sex.
The Comprehensive Schools take all children over eleven regardless of their
supposed intelligence. In these schools children are not separated according to
ability. On graduating, the students can enter universities, colleges, polytechnics or
other higher educational establishments.
The organization of state schooling is not centralized as in most European
countries. Firstly, there is no prescribed curriculum. Secondly, the types of school
available and the age ranges vary in different parts of the country. State schooling
in the United Kingdom is financed partly by the government and partly by local
rates.
Pupils going on to higher education or professional training usually take "A"
level examinations in two or three subjects. Universities accept students mainly on
the basis of their "A" level results.
There are forty-seven universities in Britain and thirty former polytechnics,
plus 350 colleges and institutes of higher education.
The most famous universities are Oxford and Cambridge, called "Oxbridge".

2. Ответьте на вопросы.

1. Is schooling compulsory in England?


2. Do children and people in this country have to pay for education?
3. What is State schooling in the United Kingdom characterized by?
4. What are the stages of schooling in the United Kingdom?
5. What arc the disadvantages of streaming?
6. What is necessary to go on to higher education?
7. At what age do children start the second stage of their education?
8. How many universities are there in Britain?
9. What ate the most famous universities?
10. What do British Universities aim to?

3. Составьте предложения используя is/isn't/are/aren't.

1 /your shoes very dirty/ your shoes are very dirty.


2 /my brother a teacher/ My..............................................................
3 /this house not very big/.......................................................................

4 /the shops not open today/ ..................................................................


5 /my keys in my bag/..................................................................................
6 /Jenny 18 years old/...................................................................................
7 /you not very tall/.......................................................................................

4. Переведите следующие предложения и определите, к каким частям


речи откосятся выделенные слова в предложении.
1. The exam results were very bad. Hardly anybody in our class passed.
2. I tried hard to remember her name but I couldn't,
3. Are you interested in buying a ear? Tin trying to sell mine.
4. Did you meet anyone interesting at the party?
5. The solar energy must light and heat our houses.

5. Вставьте is/are/was/were/have/has

1. Joe. ..has.....lost his passport.


2. This bridge..............built ten years ago.
3................you finished your work yet?
4. This town is always clean. The streets............cleaned every day.
5. Where...............you born?
6. I............just made some coffee. Would you like some?
7. Glass................made from sand.
8. This is a very old photograph. It.............taken a long time ago.
9. Joe..........bought a new car.

6.Составьте предложения. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, во


времена группы Simple. Используйте данные наречия.

Never, usually, often.

1. Mary / to take / a bus to the office but today she / to drive / because she is late.
2. She / to drink / coffee.
3. John / to play / tennis once or twice a week.
4. Every morning he / to brush / his teeth. He / to brush / his teeth in the morning.
5. For breakfast I / to have / hard-boiled eggs or an omelette, bread and butter, tea
or coffee.

7. Употребите глаголы в скобках во времена группы Simple или


Continuous.

1. - Excuse me /Anybody / tо sit) here? - No? It’s free.


2. - What /you / to do/? - I'm an electrical engineer.
3. The sun / to go / round the earth.

4. Can you ring me back in half an hour? /I / to have / dinner/.


5. It's a nice day. I / to suggest / we go out for a walk.

8. Выберите ту форму глагола, котирую необходимо употребить при


переводе следующих предложений.

1. Я просмотрела все журналы, но не нашла статью, которая меня интересует.


a) had looked through
hadn’t found;
b) have looked through
haven’t found
c) was looking through
was not found

2. Когда я пришла в университет, я обнаружила, что преподаватель заболел.


a) Come / discover / fall ill
b) came / discovered / had fallen ill
c) had come / discovered / had fallen ill

3. Обычно он принимает решения немедленно


a) taking;
b) take;
c) takes

4. Какое самое прекрасное место, которое Вы когда-либо посещали?


a) had ever visited
b) are ever visited
c) have ever visited

5. Вы верите в Бога?
a) are you believing
b) do you believe
c) have you believed

6. Ситуация была смешной, но никто не смеялся


a) laughed;
b) was laughing;
с) has laughed

7. Сколько времени Вы изучаете английский?


a) do you learn
b) are you learn
c) have you been learning

8. Дайте мне знать, когда Вы получите ответ.


a) to know, will receive
b) know, receive
c) knew, have received

9. Моя мать сказала: "Пожалуйста, напиши мне, как только приедешь".


a) arrive;
b)are arriving;
с) will arrive

10. Вы знаете, в какое время отправляется поезд?


a) is going to leave
b) leaves
c) will leave

9. Выберите правильную форму глагола.

1. I don't understand this sentence. What means this word / does this word mean /
does mean this word?
2. What do you write / are you writing? Don't you finish / Haven’t you finished
your homework yet?
3. Jack had arrived / arrived at the office at 4.30 p.m. but Mr. Jones already left /
had already left.
4. Yes, Janet stayed / had stayed here for two weeks, but she go / went back to
Scotland last month.
5. Sorry I don’t answer / didn't answer the phone when you had called / called, but
was working/ worked in the garden.
6. 1 have just remembered / remembered the title of that book I heard / had heard
about on the radio.
7. This is easily the best hook that she was written / has written so far.
8. I think I lose / lost my wallet while I shopped / was shopping yesterday,
9. Julie hasn't had/hadn't had a holiday since 1995, when she went / goes to Spain.
10. Who exactly are you talking / were you talking to in the street, when I see / saw
you?

Вариант №4

1. Прочитайте, текст и сделайте письменный перевод.

Higher Education in the United States of America

Higher education in the USA is the most extensive and versatile system of
postschool education in the world. There are two main types of higher education:
state (or public) and private. The main difference between the two is a financial
one. It is possible to classify institutions of higher education in the United States of
America into four main categories:
1. Technical institutions and "semi-professional" schools offering two-year or
three-year courses, leading to an "associate" qualification and preparing students
for employment in semi-professional occupations such as medical, dental and
engineering technician or skilled employees for commerce, etc.
2. Junior colleges or community colleges which provide two-year courses which
may lead to studies in the two categories below.
3. Liberal arts colleges, states colleges and independent professional institutions
awarding the first degree (bachelor's degree) and sometimes the master's degree
and the doctorate. Independent professional institutions include teacher-training
colleges, institutes of technology (providing short courses in category I), schools of
theology, art, etc.
4. Universities, which may award the highest degree (doctor's degree).
In most of large universities students can study all subjects, Horn humanities
to applied sciences. Within a university, colleges provide undergraduate courses
leading to the first university degree and graduate schools provide courses leading
to higher (postgraduate) degrees. It should be noted, however, that the various
programmes offered by different types of institutions often overlap considerably. A
university, for instance, usually comprises institutions of professional education as
well as offers courses similar to those of a technical institutions.

2. Ответьте на вопросы.

1. Higher education in the USA is the most extensive system in the world, isn't it?
2. What are the stages of schooling in the USA?
3. What are the two main types of higher education?
4. Say what you have learned about technical institutions and "semi-professional"
schools.
5. What kind of colleges are there?
6. What do independent professional institutions include?
7. What subjects do students study at universities?
8. What types of high schools are there in the USA?

3. Напишите утвердительные или отрицательные предложения,


соответствующие действительности используя am / am not / is / isn't /
are / aren’t.

1 /I / interested in politics/.I 'm. interested /or I 'm not interested.) in politics./


2 /I / hungry/ I...................................................................................................
3 /It / warm today/ It.........................................................................................
4 /I / afraid of dogs/ ……………………………………………………………
5 /my hands / cold/ …………………………………………………………….
6 /Canada / a very big country/ ………………………………………………..
7 /diamonds / cheap/ ……………………………………………………………
8 /I / interested in football/……………………………………………………..
9 /Rome / in Spain/ ………………………………………………………………

4. Переведите следующие предложения и определите, к каким частям


речи относятся выделенные слова в предложении.

1. There are several scales for measuring temperature.


2. You normally measure the length of lines in centimetres.
3. His lecture is about measurements.
4. Geometry treats of the properties, constructions and measurements of lines,
surfaces and solids.
5. The metric or decimal system is the international system оf measures and
weights which is based on the metre and the kilogramme.

5. Заполните пропуски в предложениях данными глаголами в


правильной форме.

Damage eat enjoy go go away listen open pronounce rain


understand use

1 I'm going to take an umbrella with me. It's raining.


2 Why are you so tired? Did you ..go.....to bed late last night?
3 Where are the chocolates? Have you.................them all?
4 How is your new job? Are you..................it?
5 My car was badly...................in the accident but I was OK.
6 Chris has got a car but she doesn't. .............it very often.
7 Mary isn't at home. She has..........................for a few days.
8 I don't..................the problem. Can you explain it again?
9 Martin is in his room. He's..................to music.
10 I don't know how to say this word. How is it…………….?
11 How do you…………this window? Can you show me?

6.Составьте предложений. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, вo


времена группы Simple (Present, Past, Future). Предложении переведите.

Always, never, occasionally

1. He/ to have / meetings in the morning.


2. I / to see / the senior Vice-President.
3. We / to write / reports.
4. It / to take / me an hour to get to work.. How long / it / to take / you.
5. An interpreter / to translate / from one language into another.
7.Употребите глаголы в скобках во времена группы Simple или
Continuous.

Mr. Brown usually / to finish / his work at 6 o'clock. He / to like / to be at home in


the evening together with his family. They usually / to watch / TV or / to read /
newspapers and journals. Now you / to sec / Mr. Brown and his family in their
comfortable sitting-room. He / to sit / in an armchair and / to read / a newspaper.
He / to be interested in the latest events of the day. His wife / to sit. / on the sofa.
She / not to read /. She seldom / to watch TV / in the day-time. She / to have got /
much work to do at home.

8.Выберите ту форму глагола, которую необходимо употребить при


переводе следующих предложений,

1. Он учится в университете.
a) has been studying; b) studies; с) is studying

2. He выходите на улицу. Идет дождь.


a) rain; li) is raining; с) has been raining

3. Oн спит 10 часов. Пора его будить.


a) sleeps; b) has been sleeping; с) is sleeping

4. Я. уже читала эту книгу. Дайте мне другую.


a) read; b) have read; e) will read

5. Когда .мы добрались до станции, поезд уже ушел,


a} left; h) had left; с) was leaving

6. В прошлом году я часто ходил и театр,


a) gone; b) went; с) go

7. Я обедала, когда он мне позвонил.


a) had had dinner; b) was having dinner; c) had dinner ,

8.Когда я пришел, они уже обсуждали этот вопрос больше часа.


a) discussed; b) were discussing; с) had been discussing

9. Мы уверены, что закончим эксперимент к концу месяца.


a) shall complete; b) shall have completed; e) complete

10. Я думаю, что он примет участие в этой работе,


a) takes part; b) will take part; с) took part
9. Выберите правильную форму глагола.

1. What are you usually cooking / do you cook for lunch on Saturday?
2. Come with me to John's house on Friday. He has / is having a party.
3. When do you leave / are you leaving? I can give you a lift, if you like.
4. Diana often goes / went to Paris before her marriage,
5. I'm a computer operator, actually. What are you doing / do you do?
6. Why Sue sometimes arrive / Why does Sue sometimes arrive so late for work?
7. I can't come now, I'm waiting / wait for an important phone call.
8. At the time of the robbery, I have / was having dinner at home, officer.
9. Excuse me, but where have you bought / did you buy that lovely coat?
10. Why are you so late? I am waiting / have been waiting here for hours.

Вариант №5

1. Прочитайте текст и сделайте письменный перевод.


Schools
In Britain it is compulsory for everyone between the ages of 5 and 16 years
to receive some officially recognized form of schooling, though most secondary
schools continue to provide education until the age of 18. The vast majority of
pupils attend state schools, which are absolutely free (including all text books and
exercise books), but there are also about 500 private schools providing secondary
education. The most famous of these schools, confusingly known as public
schools, are Eton and Harrow.
There is no statutory age at which students change from primary to secondary
school, nor are school "specialized" - pupils choose from the numerous subjects
taught in their particular school. The recently introduced National Curriculum has
made it compulsory, however, for three core subjects -English, mathematics and
science - and seven other foundation subjects -technology (including design),

history, geography, music, art, physical education and a modern foreign language
- to be included in the curricula of all pupils. Passage from one academic year to
the next is automatic. After a two-year course, usually from 14 to 16 years of age,
most pupils take their General Certificate of Secondary Education {GCSE),
assessed on the basis of a mixture of course work and a written examination, in
individual subjects. Pupils obtaining at least five passes at GCSE can then
specialize for two years (usually from 16 to 18 years of age) in two or three
subjects, in which they take the General Certificate of Education Advanced level
(A-level) examination. This is used as an entrance qualification for university
(minimum two passes) and other types of higher education, as well as for many
forms of professional training.
2. Ответьте на вопросы.

1. Is schooling compulsory for children of 5 to 15 years of age?


2. What types of school do you know in Britain'?
3. What exams do children have to take at 16 years old?
4. When do children take their General Certificate of Secondary Education?
5. At what age can children leave school?
6. What type of education is there after school?

3.Напишите вопросы к этим ответам.

1. /name?/ …………….. What's your name? Paul.


2. /married or single?/ ............................... I'm married.
3. /American?/ ......................................... No, I'm Australian.
4. /how old?/ ............................................. I'm 30.
5. /a teacher?/ ............................................ No, I'm a lawyer.
6 /wife a lawyer?/...................................... No, she's a designer.
7. /from?/ ................................................... She's Italian.
8. /her name?/ ............................................ Anna.
9. /how old?/ .............................................. She's 27.

4. Переведите следующие предложении u определите, к каким частям


речи относятся выделенные слова в предложении.

1. This building houses a new technical library.


2. Einstein gave all his life to the increase of human knowledge.
3. The discoveries in physics increase our possibilities in other sciences.
4. Our professor always answers all our questions.
5. At the age of 70 Einstein still looked for the answers to new secrets of time and
space.

5. Вставьте глаголы в правильной форме.

1 I..washed... my hands because they were dirty. /wash/


2 Somebody has ..broken.. this window. /break
3 I feel good. I........very well last night. /sleep/
4 We...............a very good film yesterday. /see/
5 It..................a lot while we were on holiday. (rain)
6 I've...................my bag. (lose) Have you...............it ? /see/
7 Rosa's bicycle was..................last week. /steal/
8 I...............to bed early because 1 was tired. /go/
9 Have you.....................your work yet? /finish/
10 The shopping centre was.................about 20 years ago. /build/
11 Ann................to drive when she was 18. /learn/
12 I've never.................a horse. /ride/
13 Julia is a good friend of mine. I've..............her for a long time. /know/
14 Yesterday I.........and ...............my leg. /fall / hurt/

6.Составьте предложения. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, во


времена группы Simple. Используйте данные наречия

Usually, always, never, often

1. Normally I / to finish / work at 5.00, but this week I / to work / until 6.00 to earn
a bit more money.
2. 1 / to read / the paper's in the evening.
3. He / to wear / a hat.
4. She / to go / to the hairdresser's to have her hair done?
5. A beautiful person / to be / not a fortunate person.

7. Употребите глагол в скобках во временах группы Simple или Present


Continuous.

1. "/You to eat/ Indian food? /I cook/ a curry at the moment'.


'Thanks but /I not like/ spicy food. And /just 1 go/ out'.
2. /(You like/ dancing? /1 go/ every Saturday.
/Always 1 have/ a good time'. 'Well /it depend/ on the kind of dancing'.
3. '/You leave/? Nobody /leave/ as early as this'.
'Sorry but my friend /wait/ for me outside'.
4. '/We think/ of going skating. /It not cost/ a lot. Come with us'.
'Sorry, but /I study/ for a test tomorrow',
5. '/Always we go/ for an ice-cream after a film. Coming?'
'That's kind of you but you /live/ far away and /it take/ me ages to get home'.

8. Употребите соответствующий вспомогательный глагол в каждом


предложении.
Предложения переписать.

am; am not; is; are; have; do; do not; does; does not; did
1. I __not see Andrew yesterday.
2. How __ you get to the station when you are late?
3. I __interested in baseball. 1 think it's boring.
4. When __your birthday?
5. A: Where _my shoes?
B: In your bedroom.
6.How old _ you?
7.The banks __ usually close at lunchtime.
8. Where _ he live?
9. Most people __ work on Sundays.
10. It __ often snow in California.

9. Выберите правильную форму глагола.

1. Не lives / has been living in England since 1990.


2. Where is Mr. Green? He has gone out / went out ten minutes ago.
3. I hope he gets / is getting better now, I hear / heared he has / had had a bad cold
all the week.
4. Did you see I Have you seen a good film lately?
5. No, he is not here. He went out / has just gone out.
6. He is busy now, he writes / is writing a letter.
7. The rain started two hours ago. It's still raining now. It is raining / it has been
raining for two hours.
8. I was in a hurry, so I have not had / had no time to phone you.
9. The Chinese have invented / invented printing.
10. Where have you been born / were you born?

Контрольное задание № 2

Вариант №1

Переведите текст письменно на русский язык.


Tomorrow’s transport
What will cities of the future look like? Town planners are thinking of new
methods of construction and transportation.
The moving pavement is one possibility. It consists of several strips moving
along at different speeds. These escalators are moving in both directions along all
streets. On reaching his destination the passengers step over the slower strip and
there to firma. (неподвижная земля)
For convenience these moving pavements may be supplied with chairs,
benches, vending machines selling soft drinks, ice-cream, candy and so on.
The first lines of such moving pavements should appear in the streets, which
have the heaviest traffic and are the most dangerous for pedestrians. In the
beginning they will replace the older forms of city traffic only in certain streets, but
then they will appear in a single system serving the centre of the city. Buses,
trolley-buses and motor-cars will be forced out as the trams are forced out of the
centre of many cities now.
What will the car of the future be like? It probably won’t be red. Our response
to colours isn’t always the same. If you want people to stop when they see a car in
front of them, yellow is probably the best. When you go for a drive in the car of
tomorrow you will certainly know more about the road in front of you. Your car
radio will tell you about the next corner before you can see it. It will pick this up
from a wire under the road. When you stop quickly, the light that tells the man
behind you to be careful will spread across the car. At the same time a bag in front
of you will fill up with air to stop you hitting your head on the window. What will
the car of the future run on? Not petrol, which is dirty and noisy. In future we’ll
probably have electric cars. As a rule the electric car can only make a short journey
before going back to the garage. Or steam cars. That too would be quiet and clean.
But in England there is a farmer who has invented a car that runs on manure
(навоз) and he drives to London in it every week.
Trains of the future. What about long-distance travel? Consider the “tube-train”
suspended and propelled by compressed air. It many carry passengers on trips at
350 miles an hour. This idea is materialised in a 12-foot long model of a strange
new aluminium torpedo train. The full-size train will run through an 18 foot-
diameter metal tube, while big propellers pump the air from the front to the rear. A
tube system has many advantages: a tube train makes little noise; the tube can be
suspended, buried (зд. подземный) or even run through buildings; maintenance
cost of this train will be low and passengers will be protected from bad weather.

Упражнение 1. Поставьте глагол в правильную форму в


страдательном залоге.

1. When/ Australia/ discover?


2. Don’t go in there now a new programme/record.
3. When you go through customs, your luggage may/check/by a customs
officer
4. This book/write/before the author became famous.
5. This article/ be/ often /refer to.
6. There’s somebody behind us. I think/we/follow.
7. In the United States, elections for President/hold/every four years.
8. We were driving along quite fast but we/overtake/by lost of other cars.
9. This house is quite old. It /build/in 1930.
10.There’s no need to leave a tip. Service /include/in the bill.

Упражнение 2.Выберите сказуемое в предложении, определите его


время и залог.

1. The researchers are conducting the tests of new devices in the laboratory
now.
2. The tests of new devices are being conducted by the researches now.
3. The students have made experiments successfully.
4. We have been learning English for 2 years already.
5. The tools are made of steel.

Упражнение 3.Найдите и назовите в первом ряду глаголы,


относящиеся к группе Continuous, во втором – к группе Perfect, в
третьем – к группе Perfect Continuous, и в четвертом ряду – к группе
Simple.
I III
was resulted in have been carried out,
will result in will have carried out,
are being resulted in are carrying out,
has been resulted in carries out,
resulted in has carried out,
am resulting in will have been carrying out,
had resulted in were carrying out,
were resulting in had been carrying out

II IV
shall do was making
had done have made
shall have been done makes
was being done was being made
will have done is made
do had been made
has been doing has been making
is doing shall be made

Упражнение 4.Подобрать предложения из раздела A,


корреспондируемые с предложениями из раздела B. В пояснениях по
каждой паре указать использованное время и залог.
А.
1. The international exchange programmes will be developed still further in future.
2. These calculations are very complex.
3. Programming languages offer various ways for a programmer to state precisely
the order of instructions.
4. This quantity is derived from the above equation.
5. I hope we shall soon solve this task
6. He looked through the morning newspapers at breakfast.
7. The lectures on mathematics were attended by all the students.
8. If I fm not mistaken, this book is often reffered to.
9. The development of digital technology for communication purposes is being
studied with great interest.
10. Scientists have developed new generations of computers.

B.
a. Sunlight is converted into electrical power by special solar panels.
b. Are you being waited for at present?
c. They bought the new computer last week.
d. The structure of this device is very complex.
e. He was listened to with great attention.
f. The young workers are trained to use the new equipment.
g We shall soon begin the new experiments.
h. Electronics has made a rapid progress.
i. All the work will be done by automatic machinery.
k. The laboratory assistant always fixes the devices himself.

Упражнение 5. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на


сказуемые с модальным глаголом или с эквивалентом модального
глагола.

1) The smaller the computers, the faster it can work.


2) He had to work much before he was able to complete research.
3) No traffic was allowed along the street because of the accident.
4) The new words should be repeated as often as possible.
5) In the foreseeable future we may have long-term orbital stations and
laboratories with researchers.

Упражнение 6. Выберите правильный вариант и переведите


предложения на русский язык.

1) Cross the street carefully______ want to be run over.


A unless you don’t
B if you don’t
C if you didn’t
2) I could ______ the exam if I had worked harder during the year.
A have been passed
B pass
C have passed
3) Can you explain why you ______ this mistake again?
A do
B have
C have made
4) Give him a good mark to ______ his self-respect.
A raise
B rise
C get down
5) ______ There any news in your parents letter?
A are
B were
C is

Вариант №2

Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.

London’s Underground.
Bands were playing and the gentlemen in hats were preparing to make speeches
about their great achievement. They made the first underground railway in the
world – a distance of almost four miles.
It was the year 1863 and on that first historic day 30.000 Londoners used this
new and strange way of travel. Now more than a hundred years later the London
Underground carries more than a million passengers every day. The total number
of passengers carried by the London Underground each year is enormous, and it is
constantly growing.
In the early days the train were driven by steam locomotives which burnt coal.
It is said that the train staff and porters asked permission to grow beards and
moustaches – as an early form of smog mask.
Now the atmosphere “underground” is considered even better than that outside
as germs cannot grow in the dry air – and the trains, of course, are electric.
The deep tunneling came leter, in 1890. Tunneling a tube through miles of clay
and sometimes sand and gravel is not an easy task, and it was James Henry
Greathead who developed the method which was to make most of London’s tube
tunnels possible.
London transport’s experience with tunnels brought them another record. One
of the longest continuous railway tunnels in the world is the 17 ½ miles tunnel on
the Northern line.
There are numerous escalators which help to keep the traffic moving. The first
was installed in 1911. One of them at Leicester Square is over 80 feet in length. On
long escalators the speed is changeable. The “up” escalator runs at full speed when
carrying passengers, but when empty it runs at half speed. Many of the new
escalators have automatic control making more frequent service throughout the
day possible. Safety was always one of the main concerns of London transport. In
spite of the fact that trains often follow each other within seconds, it is said that the
London Underground is the safest form of transport in the world.

Упражнение 1.
Поставьте глагол в правильную форму в страдательном залоге.

1. What / silver / use for?


2. By four o’clock Nick / to be tired / of fishing.
3. The passes through the mountains / often block / with snow during the
winter.
4. It was impossible to tell what was in the can, for the label / tear off.
5. My brother / send/ on a business trip. Now he is preparing for the departure.
6 . A tree was lying across the road. It / blow down/ in the storm.
7. – Are you going to the party?
- No, I / not invite.
8. It’s a big factory. Five hundred people / employ/ there.
9. The letter / post/ a week ago and it arrived yesterday.
10. While I was on holiday, my camera / steal/ from my hotel room.

Упражнение 2.

Выберите глагол в предложении, определите его время и залог.


26
1. We shall refer to these data in the next article.
2. These data will be referred to in the next article.
3. They had finished the experiment by 5 o'clock.
4. The experiment had been finished by 5 o'clock.
5. The new production line is being built at our plant.

Упражнение 3.
Найдите и назовите в первом ряду глаголы, относящиеся к группе
Continuous, во втором - к группе Perfect, третьем - к группе Perfect
Continuous и в четвертом ряду - к группе Simple.

I 2. had heated
1. was analysed 3. shall have been heated
2. will analyse 4. was being heated
3. are being analysed 5. will have heated
4. has been analysed 6. heat
7. has been heating
8. is heating

111
1. have been transformed
5. analysed 2. are transforming
6. am analysing 3. transforms
7. had analysed 4. will have transformed
8. were analysing 5. has transformed
6. will have been transforming
II 7. were transforming
1. shall heat 8. had been transforming
IV
1. was testing
2. have tested
3. tests
4. was being testing
5. had been tested
6. is tested
7. has been testing
8. shall be tested

Упражнение 4.
Подобрать предложения из раздела A, корреспондируемые с
предложениями из раздела B. Некоторые предложения в отрицательных
и вопросительных формах.
В пояснениях по каждой паре указать использованное время и залог.

A.
1. The researchers had discovered several new types of materials.
2. What department do you study at the University?
3. My office is being decorated at the moment.

4. I have already written the programme.


5. They won't test this device.
6. Experiments have been made by the students successfully.
7. The alloys were experimented upon in the laboratory.
8. The part is measured with great accuracy.
9. The construction of this television centre will have been completed by the end of
the next year.
10. Einstein presented his theory of relativity in 1905.

B.
a. What is being done about inflation?
b. They had finished testing before the boss came in.
c. How are these machines made?
d. A cure for cancer hasn't been found yet.
e. The plan was changed by the engineer.
f. Einstein got his first job when he was 21.
g. 0ur workshop will have been equipped with new machine tools by the time
when the reconstruction of the plant is over.
h. He will make a report next week.
i. Have you ever been to London?
j. The Earth turns round the Sun.

Упражнение 5.
Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на сказуемое с модальным
глаголом или с эквивалентом модального глагола.

1. They must have referred to the figures above.


2. These machines should be handled with great care.
3. Old machinery is to be replaced next month.
4. The students were unable to do the work without their teacher's help. He had to
help them.
5. We could have driven to the city in two hours if we hadn't stopped for lunch.

Упражнение 6.
Выберите правильный вариант и переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Should he come here, I ______ to him.


A will speak
B spoke
C would have spoken
2. If you ______ the doctor’s advice, you wouldn’t have fallen ill.
A had taken
B took
C will take

3. I ______ do the work today, I have plenty of time.


A have not
B need not
C cannot
4. What ______ he do for a living?
A does
B is
C are
5. They ______ started selling the product in Hungary next year.
A going to
B are going
C are going to

Вариант№3

Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.

WHAT COUNTS IS THE GENUINE


Today when we consider design we no longer think just about attractive
things but about their attractive use, their meaning. And meaning is alive: it moves
and changes with the times.
In the eighties design developed into the mere aesthetics of appearance.
Objects were like computer graphics. They consisted solely of infinitesimally thin
surfaces. These objects boasted with their owners.
Now a new quality of substance has come on the scene: virtuality. Things
used to be simpler. Substance was material. To take an example, a brief history of
the modern era can be gleaned from looking at the design of knobs on equipment.
In the sixties pressing a knob on a radio set meant exerting physical force against
mechanical resistance. For the first time something like a feeling of tenderness for
machines appeared in the form of smooth, scalable knobs. In the eighties control
knobs became sentimental replicas of real knobs. They were flat, tiny and soft.
Now, in the nineties, we mainly operate virtual knobs, like the buttons beneath the
glass skin of computer screens.
We are closer to things, especially machines, than ever before and at the same
time more distant than ever. Remoteness is the sentiment of the times. We
experience nearness as reality, of course; but it is cast in a peculiar paleness. It is
not the senses that liberate us but dreams. We have a new aesthetics of appearance
(virtuality). This new aesthetics transforms the worthlessness of superficiality into
a central value. On the computer screen superficiality is all there is. It is the
essence.
Today status is no longer conferred by the mere possession of things but by
the way things are used. In an information society status and self-assurance are not
derived from clothing or the power of computers but from the efficiency with

which one can navigate and make oneself be understood in a sea of


information: communication, in a nutshell. In the nineties work as such has also
become a status symbol.
Aesthetics now follows the development of shapes that allow people to live
leisurely in a fast-moving world.
Our Western culture suffers from a lack of mystery. The creation of virtual
reality has brought some of that mystery back. The unknown has returned. And it
is not imaginary. This unknown consists of the absolute opposite of mystery,
namely information.
Упражнение 1.
Поставьте глагол в правильную форму в страдательном залоге.

1. When / television / invent?


2. Many different languages / speak / in India.
3. I / introduce / to the new director yesterday.
4. The theory / receive / in the past.
5. Hundreds of new houses / build / by the end of this year.
6. My car has disappeared (it / steal!).
7. Tom gets a higher salary now. He / promote/.
8. The police have found the people they were looking for. Two people / arrest /
last night.
9. Originally the book/write/in Spanish and a few years ago it / translate / into
English.

Упражнение 2.

Выберите сказуемое в предложении, определите его время и залог.

1. Two ventilators were purifying the air in the laboratory when we entered there.
2. The air in the laboratory was being purified by two ventilators when we entered
there.
3. The researchers will be conducting the tests of new devices in the laboratory at
12 on Monday.
4. We expect that the rate of inflation will rise.
5. The rate of inflation is expected to rise.

Упражнение 3.
Найдите и назовите в первом ряду глаголы, относящиеся к группе
Continuous, во втором - к группе Perfect, в третьем - к группе Perfect
Continuous и четвертом ряду - к группе Simple.

I.
1. was planned II.
2. will plan 1. shall improve
3. are being planned 2. had improved
4. has been planned 3. shall have improved
5. planned 4. was being improved
6. am planning 5. will have improved
7. had planned 6. improve
8. were planning 7. has been improving
8. is improving

III.
1. have been sent
2. are sending
3. sends
4. will have sent
5. has sent
6. will have been sending
7. were sending
8. had been sending
IV.

1. was consuming
2. have consumed
3. consumes
4. was being consumed
5. is consumed
6. had been consumed
7. has been consuming
8. shall be consumed
Упражнение 4.
Подобрать предложения из раздела A, коррсспондируемые с
предложениями из раздела B.
В пояснениях по каждой паре указать использованное время и залог.
А.
1. These programmes have been broadcast since 1980.
2. New substances are being created now which never existed before.
3. A new type of computing equipment had been produced at our plant by the end
of the year.
4. The new model of the device will be worked at in the plant laboratory.
5. Our institute trains specialists for the most important branches of modern
engineering.
6. Lasers are now used for many scientific, medical and industrial purposes.
7. Lights and signals on the control panel show the electrical state of the computer.
8. These terms were agreed upon.
9. Due to the Sun people have immense supplies of energy.
10. There is a tube somewhere on the shelf.
B.
a. This material is unaffected by solar radiation.
b. The international space programmes will be developed further in future.
c. Heating makes the molecules move faster.
d. Special attention has been paid to the problem of direct conversation of energy
into electricity.
e. This road was built last year.
f. Japan holds the first place in computer-operated production technology.
g. A solid, or body, has three dimensions: length, breadth and thickness.
h. As there any water in the tube?
i. The automatic equipment is being installed in our shop.
j. Theoretical researches had been done before we began the experiments.

Упражнение 5.
Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на сказуемое с модальным
глаголом или с эквивалентом модального глагола.

1. These phenomena must be distinguished carefully.


2. You needn't take all these measurements. We already know the volume of gas in
this tube.
3. Every technical student is to study mathematics for some years.
4. The engineers will have to improve the accuracy of this machine-tool.
5. These machine-tools can produce parts with very high accuracy.

Упражнение 6.
Выберите правильный вариант и переведите предложения на русский
язык.
1. In case I ______ in time ask him to wait a little
A don’t come
B didn’t come
C won’t come
2. If I lost his telephone I ______ how to get here.
A didn’t know
B wouldn’t know
C hadn’t
3. Last year inflation was tremendous, and the price _____
A raised
B rise
C rose
4. Would you let me have a copy of your report as soon as you _____ it, please?
A finish
B will finish
C will have finished
5) Over a thousand working days were _____ last year because of the earthquake.
A loose
B lose
C lost

Вариант№4.

Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.

THE LONDON ТО BRIGHTON CAR RALLY


An annual British tradition, which captures the imagination of the whole
nation, is the London to Brighton Car Rally.
When the veteran cars set out on the London - Brighton run each November,
they are celebrating one of the great landmarks in the history of motoring in Britain
- the abolition of the rule that every "horseless carriage" had to be preceded along
the road by a pedestrian. This extremely irksome restriction, imposed by the
Locomotives on Highways Act, was withdrawn in 1896, and on November 14th of
that year there was a rally of motor-cars on the London - Brighton highway to
celebrate the first day of freedom -Emancipation Day, as it has been known by
motorists ever since.
Emancipation is still celebrated on the Brighton road each November, usually
on the first Sunday of the month, but nowadays there is an important condition of
entry - every car taking part must be at least 60 years old. Hence the annual
celebration has become known as the Veteran Car Run, and it provides the gayest
motoring spectacle of the year and a wonderful opportunity to see these fine old
cars taking the road in all the glory of immaculate paint and polish. Since 1930 the
event has been organized by the Royal Automobile Club.
At down, on the first Sunday of November, some 250 beautifully preserved
and rare specimens assemble by the Serpentine Lake in Hyde Park, London, in
preparation for the start of the 53-mile journey.
At 8 o'clock comes the "Off and the nostalgic exhaust notes of late Victorian
and Edwardian days sound among the trees in the park. One by one they move off
down Constitution Hill, past Buckingham Palace, along the misty Mall and over
Westminster Bridge. Through the southern suburbs they go out into the open
countryside of Surrey and Sussex. The procession of old cars takes nearly an hour
to pass a given point of Brighton's Madeira Drive.
The Run is not a race. Entrants are limited to a maximum average speed of 20
miles per hour. The great thing is not speed but quality of performance, and the
dedicated enthusiasts have a conversation all their own.

Упражнение 1.
Поставьте глагол в правильную форму в страдательном залоге.

1. These computers / make / in Korea.


2. Passengers / ask / not to speak to the driver.
3. Sorry about the noise - the road / mend /.
4. The village church / burn down / last year.
5. A Roman pavement / just find / under Oxford street.
6. How / make / glass?
7. This story / forget / by everybody a long time ago.
8. I / just offer / a very interesting job.
9. This play / much speak about / now.
10. Ann can't use her office at the moment. It / redecorate/.

Упражнение 2.
Выберите сказуемое в предложении, определите его время и залог.

1. Our experiments will have been completed by the end of the week.
2. Many factors influenced the rate of reaction.
3. The rate of reaction was influenced by many factors.
4. We shall have completed our experiments by the end of the week.
5. Scientists have developed new generations of computers.

Упражнение 3.
Найдите и назовите в первом ряду глаголы, относящиеся к группе
Continuous, во втором - к группе Perfect, в третьем - к группе Perfect
Continuous и в четвертом ряду - к группе Simple.
1
1. was measured
2. will measure
3. are being measured
4. has been measured
5. measured
6. am measuring
7. had measured
8. were measuring
11
1.shall develop
2. had developed
3. shall have been developed
4. was being developed
5. will have developed
6. develop
7. has been developing
8. is developing
111
1. have been worked
2. are working
3. works
4. will have worked
5. has worked
6. will have been working
7. were working
8. had been working
1V
1. was conducting
2. have conducted
3. conducts
4. was being conducted
5. is conducted
6. had been conducted
7. has been conducting
8. shall be conducted

Упражнение 4.
Подобрать предложения из раздела A, корреспондируемые
предложениями из разделаB. В пояснениях по каждой паре указать
использованное время залог.
A.
1. Four fifths of our customers are satisfied with our products.
2. The picture was attentively looked at.
3. They've just signed an important contract.
4. 1 was very tired when I arrived home. I'd been working hard all day.
5. We saw an accident while we were waiting for the bus.
6. Who does this umbrella belong to? I've no idea.
7. It is very interesting to watch this device in action.
8. He understood the text after he had read it again.
9. Mathematics is of great importance for engineers.
10. Let them analyse the results of the test.
B
a. Have you ever used this type of machine?
b. The newspapers are usually brought in the morning.
c. They had been conducting this experiment for two hours before you came.
d. It is very difficult for me to work and study at the same time.
e. At first I thought I'd done the right thing, but soon I realized that I'd made a
serious mistake.
f. Let me explain the phenomenon in detail.
g. The Sun is the most important body in the Universe for mankind.
h. The children at Sparta were given a military education.
i. Are you hungry? Do you want something to eat?
j.The television was on but nobody was watching it.

Упражнение 5.
Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на сказуемое с модальным
глаголом или с эквивалентом модального глагола.

1. The student ought to have been careful while working with this instrument. Now
the instrument is broken.
2. I can translate this text without a dictionary.
3. - Did they find your house? - Yes, it took them a long time but they were able to
find it.
4. This evidence must provide some new facts.
5. You will have to show the equation to your teacher.

Упражнение 6.
Выберите правильный вариант и переведите предложения на русский
язык.
1. I shall go there provided you ______ to accompany me.
A will consent
B consent
C have consented
2. If it rains the race _____
A will be postponed
B are postponed
C will postpone
3. Don’t worry! All your expenses______
A will pay
B had been paid
C are paying
4. There _____ no news today.
A are
B is
C have been
5. He is fond of _____ speeches in public.
A makes
B making
C doing

Вариант №5.

Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.

WARNING ТО DRIVERS: DON'T USE THE MOBILE WHEN MOBILE


The use of mobile phones while driving is severely criticised in the latest
edition of the Highway Code. Evolution has failed to imbue human beings with the
skill to perform both tasks simultaneously without risking an accident. We cannot
be trusted even with hands-free telephone equipment since the brain work involved
in nattering can leave too little concentration for driving.
It warns: "Never use a hand-held mobile phone or microphone when driving.
Find a safe place to stop first".
ROAD RAGE
Along with Big Ben, red double-decker buses, and the pigeons that lived in
Trafalgar Square until Ken Livingstone, the mayor of London, decided to banish
them, the black cab is one of the most recognizable symbols of the capital. But
London's cabbies are worried that a perverse regulation may drive them off the
streets. The wrangle involves allegations of monopoly dealing, pits the claims of
safety against environmentalism, and highlights the perils of devolution. The
regulation is not the brainchild of some crazed European bureaucrat, but an ancient
domestic one.
London's first recorded cab journey took place in 1588. The requirement for
cabbies to know the capital like the back of their hands - or, to give the rite its
proper title, to "do the knowledge" - derives from the Great Exhibition of 1851,
when there were widespread complaints about ignorant drivers. The first cab with
an internal combustion engine hit London's streets in 1903.
The regulations issued by the Public Carriage Office (established in 1850, but
now under the auspices of the mayor's Transport for London) state that cabs must
be able to perform a u-turn in a space not more than 8,535m wide. Transport for
London says that the rule ensures the necessary manoeuvrability, and guarantees
that passengers can hail a cab from the wrong side of the road.
But critics say that other towns have modernised their regulations, and that the
rule should go the same way as the requirement for Hackney carriages to carry a
bale of hay.
London's cabbies must hope that the mayor has more affection for the black
cab than he was shown to pigeons.

Упражнение 1.
Поставьте глагол в правильную форму в страдательном залоге.
1. Chinese / speak / in Singapore.
2. The Taj Mahal / build / around 1640.
3. The new hospital / open / next year.
4. She / interview / now.
5. I realised I / follow.
6. / You invite / to Andy Cindy's party?
7. He found that all his money / steal.
8. When / invent / the telephone?
9. You / suppose / to report it to the police as soon as possible.
10. All the pictures you see here / paint / by one artist.

Упражнение 2.
Выберите сказуемое в предложении, определите его время и залог.

1. We use polymers for different purposes.


2. Polymers are used for different purposes.
3. These shops (цеха) were built last year.
4. The machine-tool measures its production itself.
5. The part is measured with great accuracy.

Упражнение 3.
Найдите и назовите в первом ряду глаголы, относящиеся к группе
Continuous, во втором - к группе Perfect, в третьем - к группе Perfect
Continuous и в четвертом ряду - к группе Simple.
I.
1. was taken
2. will take
3. are being taken
4. has been taken
5. took
6. am taking
7. had taken
8. were taking
II.
1. shall enjoy
2. had enjoyed
3. shall have been enjoyed
4. was being enjoyed
5. will have enjoyed
6. enjoy
7. has been enjoying
8. is enjoying
III.
1. have been gone
2. are going
3. goes
4. will have gone
5. has gone
6. will have been going
7. were going
8. had been going
IV.
1. was helping
2. have helped
3. helps
4. was been helped
5. is helped
6. had been helped
7. has been helping
8. shall be helped

Упражнение 4.
Подобрать предложения из раздела A, корреспондируемые
предложениями из раздела B. В пояснениях по каждой паре указать
использованное время залог.
А.
1. She's been away on business since last week.
2. Metal expand when heated.
3. The loop returns to the boiler for reheating.
4. A heat exchanger is for exchanging heat.
5. Water is heated by gas burners.
6. A grass box is used to store the clippings.
7. Respirators should be worn in dusty conditions.
8. The discovery of the electron was followed by investigation of its properties.
9. This building will be completed very soon.
10. Plastics can lie softened and moulded into useful articles.
B.
a. I haven't seen him for several years.
b. The Central Hunk raised / lowered interest rates by a quarter of one percent
(0,25%).
c. The impeller is rotated to achieve airflow.
d. Safety helmets should be used where there is a danger of falling objects.
e. The rate of the reactions was influenced by many factors.
f. The experiments will be completed by the end of the week
g. Gold water from the radiators returns to the boiler.
h. Plastics can be moulded into plates, car components, and medical aids.
i. A hover mower is for cutting grass.
j. The hot water is pumped through a diverter value.
Упражнение 5.
Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на сказуемые с модальным
глаголом или с эквивалентом модального глагола.

1. This effect must have caused some change in the atomic structure.
2. He can continue his studies at the evening faculty.
3. You should try to find out all the essential facts connected with his experiments.
4. I couldn’t find the explanations of this fact anywhere.
5. Nobody was able to understand this mysterious phenomenon.

Упражнение 6.
Выберите правильный вариант и переведите предложения на русский
язык.

1. If we _____ a taxi we can save a lot of time.


A will take
B take
C took
2. If you _____ the letter a couple of days earlier he would have got it by his
birthday
A posted
B have posted
C had posted
3. The meeting is going to_____ next Tuesday.
A take on
B take place
C take part
4. ______ something strange in this situation.
A there is
B it is
C this is
5. I would like you to let me _____ the project myself.
A to finish
B finishing
C finish
Английский язык

Составители : Поммерс Маргарита Яновна, Ковальчук Наталья


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