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The Whole Dog Journal



A monthly guide to natural dog care and training

June 2006 $5.95

FEATURES Maintaining that look

. . . page 10
3 Stress Signals
Learn to recognize signs of (and then
reduce) your dog’s stress to improve his
health and behavior.

6 Building Credibility
An interview with Susan Wynn, a scientific
holistic veterinarian.

9 Don’t Leave Home Without It

Arnica is fantastic for treating your dog’s
activity-related strains and bruises.

10 A New Look
How to teach your dog to look to you
(literally!) for direction when things get
a little hairy.

13 Willard Water
Some dog owners swear by this simple
substance as a treatment for just about

16 Paean to the Pancreas

This organ plays a vital role
in digestion and diabetes
prevention. Why this dog may
be in trouble
. . . page 16


Making water 2 Editor’s Note
even wetter . . .
page 13 22 Updates and Letters From Readers
24 Product and Expert Resources

Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL | 1

The Whole Dog

Seek and You May Find Journal

PUBLISHER – Timothy H. Cole

It’s obvious, once you know what to look for. EDITORIAL OFFICE
PHONE: (510) 749-1080
FAX: (510) 749-4905
E-MAIL: WholeDogJ@aol.com
MAIL: 1175 Regent Street

hat, now even our dogs are all octane yellow Lab, when his family goes on Alameda, CA 94501

stressed out? Is this something we vacation. At seven years old, Paws still acts like BACK ISSUES,WEB SITE INQUIRIES
really need to worry about? Or just an uncouth puppy. He’s so frantic and whines PHONE: (800) 424-7887

yuppy puppy pseudo-angst? so loudly that it’s quite unpleasant to take him E-MAIL: customer_service@belvoir.com

That probably would have anywhere. I recently brought him to a do-it- INTERNET: whole-dog-journal.com
U.S. MAIL: PO Box 5656
been my reaction if, a decade or so ago, I had yourself dog bathing facility, where he whined Norwalk, CT 06856-5656
read an article about signs of stress in dogs. so constantly and at such a high volume
Today, though, I get it. Trained to recognize throughout his bath that I half expected a round
For price quote, contact Mona Kornfeld at
the telltale body language and behavior of on- of applause from the other customers when we (203) 857-3143
Minimum order 1,000
edge dogs by WDJ’s professional trainer left. Also, while he can take treats from my hand
contributors, I now see stressed-out dogs just with the greatest of delicacy and care at home,
about everywhere I go. when we work on his training out in the world,
When I first read Pat Miller’s article on this he snaps and grabs at them, often biting my DOES NOT ACCEPT
topic (“Stress Signals,” facing page), I could fingers by mistake. But now I get it. His hyper- COMMERCIAL ADVERTISING
plainly picture a number of dogs in my own activity and whining are not just misbehavior;
life who regularly exhibited certain stress sig- they are signs that he is incredibly stressed and
nals. There was my parents’ mixed-breed, overwhelmed when he does get taken out. THE WHOLE DOG
Andy, who would stop in his tracks and seem- Pat gives a number of good reasons for us JOURNAL (ISSN #1097-
5322) is published mon-
ingly idly scratch his ears with a hind foot if to pay attention to our dogs’ stress signals (bite thly by Belvoir Media
any of our voices sounded angry or loud. My prevention is one very compelling rationale). Group, LLC, 800 Con-
darling Border Collie, Rupert, used to flick his Less dramatic but just as tragic is the fact necticut Avenue, Nor-
tongue out and lick his nose constantly around that dogs, like all other mammals (humans in- walk, CT 06854-1631. Robert En-
glander, Chairman and CEO; Timothy
strangers and especially small children. cluded), have a difficult time learning and H. Cole, Executive Vice President,
Carly belongs to a family I know well. It’s retaining what they have learned when they are Editorial Director; Philip L. Penny,
become a tradition for me to take a photo- stressed. Numerous studies with a wide vari- Chief Operating Officer; Greg King,
graphic portrait of their sons every Christmas, ety of species have shown that increased levels Executive Vice President, Marketing
and Carly is required to be in the pictures, too. of cortisol (a potent hormone released during Director; Marvin Cweibel, Senior Vice
President, Marketing Operations; Ron
We’ve always thought it was funny that Carly stress) impair the brain’s ability to process and Goldberg, Chief Financial Officer; Tom
always yawns repeatedly and deeply every time store information. Canfield, Vice President, Circulation;
we make her sit for these portraits. In fact, we Understanding this Michael N. Pollet, Senior Vice
save and collect these comical yawning shots will certainly give me President, General Counsel. Period-
icals postage paid at Norwalk, CT and
from year to year. Is it the sitting still, being more patience with at additional mailing offices. Copyright
called (to make eye contact with the camera) Paws. It will also change ©
2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC. All
without being allowed to move, the noise of the way I’ll work with rights reserved. Reproduction in
the camera? Whatever it is, I now realize some- him in the future, so he whole or in part is strictly prohibited.
thing about the experience is stressful for her, can relax and retain his Printed in U.S.A. Revenue Canada GST
Account #128044658. Canada Pub-
and her yawning helps relieve that anxiety. lessons after all lishing Agreement Number #40016479.
A few times a year, I dog-sit Paws, a high- these years.
every effort to provide information on
dog health, care, and treatment that
MISSION STATEMENT: WDJ’s mission is to provide dog guardians with in-depth information on is authoritative, reliable, and practical.
effective holistic healthcare methods and successful nonviolent training. The methods we discuss It is not intended, however, to replace
will endeavor to do no harm to dogs; we do not advocate perpetrating even minor transgressions in diagnosis or treatment from a vet-
the name of “greater good.” We intend our articles to enable readers to immediately apply training erinarian or other qualified dog
and healthcare techniques to their own dogs with visible and enjoyable success. All topics should professional. THE WHOLE DOG
JOURNAL does not assume any legal
contribute to improving the dog’s health and vitality, and deepening the canine/human bond. Above
responsibility. Readers should always
all, we wish to contribute information that will enable consumers to make kind, healthy, and in- consult qualified healthcare providers
formed decisions about caring for their own dogs. for specific diagnosis and treatment.

2|JUNE 2006 Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC


Stress Signals
Learn to recognize signs of (and then reduce) your dog’s stress.

ecently, there was a video clip of a
two-legged dog making the e-mail
rounds. Faith, a gold-colored Lab
mix, is missing her front legs due to
a congenital deformity. Several
people sent me the clip with their comments
about how wonderful it was that the dog
could walk and hop around on her two hind
legs and lead a relatively normal life.
I watched the clip a number of times, and
found the footage more disturbing than up-
lifting. I was concerned that every person
who sent me the clip thought Faith looked
“happy.” I wondered if we were watching
entirely different videos! What I saw was a
dog who was noticeably stressed in almost
every bit of the footage, with the exception
of a few seconds showing Faith lying under
the covers in bed with her owner.
I suspect that the people who sent me It’s difficult to see in black and white, but what looks a bit like an icicle drooping out of
the video saw the heartwarming miracle of a this little dog’s mouth is, in fact, a long rope of drool. He had planted himself by the
dog who survived against all odds. I saw a gate of a dog park and was clearly ready to leave, although his owner hadn’t noticed.

dog who was stress-panting, ears pinned become hypervigilant, watching closely for
against her head, eyes large, anxious when- tiny signs that presage more obvious stress-
The Whole Dog Journal

ever her owner walked away from her, and related behaviors, in order to forestall those
avoiding contact when admiring members unpleasant reactions.
of the public reached out to touch her. Why If more owners were aware of the subtle
was there such a huge difference between signs of stress, fewer dogs would bite. That
■ Observe your dog closely and our interpretations of the dog’s behavior? would be a very good thing.
make a list of the behaviors he Please note: I’m not saying Faith ap-
manifests when stressed. Watch pears to be on the verge of biting someone, Why de-stressing helps
for those subtle ones!
or has any tendency at all toward aggres- There are many reasons why it’s important
sion. But she certainly does appear stressed to pay attention to stress indicators, includ-
– at least when she’s been filmed. ing the following:
■ Study the list to determine
Many of the folks who sent Faith’s clip
which stressors you can remove
to me are above-average dog people. They ■ Stress is a universal underlying cause of
from your dog’s environment.
read WDJ, frequent good training e-mail aggression.
Create a plan to change his lists, and read the right books. If they missed
association from negative to ■ Stress can have a negative impact on the
a package of behaviors that signaled to me
positive with as many of the dog’s health.
that Faith was not calm and relaxed, it’s not
stressors as possible. surprising that so many average (and worse) ■ The dog’s ability to learn is impaired
dog owners are fairly poor at recognizing when she is stressed.
■ Watch other dogs you come signs of stress.
across and make note of their ■ Dogs respond poorly to cues when
The smart, aware owner is always on the
signs of stress to improve your
alert for signs that her dog is stressed, so
stress observation skills. she can alleviate tension when it occurs. ■ Negative classical conditioning can oc-
Those whose dogs are easily stressed often cur as a result of stress.

Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL | 3
Cody: Trembling, vomiting. Carly: Yawning at photo shoots. Dog at park: Foaming at the mouth.

For all of these reasons, and more, it’s to a higher-ranking member in a social group • Chattering teeth.
worthwhile to monitor your dog for signs to promote the tranquility of the group and
• Nose licking (dog’s tongue flicks out
of stress, and take appropriate steps to make the safety of the lower-ranking member.
once or multiple times).
his life a little easier. When offered in conjunction with other be-
haviors, they can be an indicator of stress • Scratching.
Signs of stress as well. Appeasement and deference signals
• Shaking off (as if wet, but dog is dry).
Listed below are some stress behaviors that include:
are often overlooked. With each behavior, • Yawning.
• Slow movement: Lower-ranking dog
the appropriate immediate course of action
appears to be moving in slow motion.
for you is to identify the stressor(s) and fig- ■ Drooling or foaming: This may be an
ure out how to decrease the intensity of that • Lip licking: Lower-ranking dog licks at indication of stress – or a response to the
stressful stimulus. In many cases this can the mouth of the higher-ranking mem- presence of food, or an indication of a mouth
be accomplished by increasing the distance ber of the social group. injury.
between your dog and the stressor, be it a
• Sitting/lying down/exposing under-
child, another dog, a noisy street sweeper, ■ Excessive grooming: Dog may lick or
side: Lower-ranking dog offers
a person in uniform, men with beards . . . chew paws, legs, flank, tail, and genital ar-
submission by lowering body posture,
If possible, remove the stressor from eas, even to the point of self-mutilation.
exposing vulnerable parts.
your dog’s environment entirely. For ex-
ample, if he’s stressed by harsh verbal • Turning head away, averting eyes: ■ Hyperactivity: Frantic behavior or just
corrections, shock collars, and NASCAR Lower-ranking dog avoids eye contact, restless pacing, sometimes misinterpreted
races on TV, you can probably simply stop exposes neck. as ignoring or “blowing off” owner.
exposing him to them. For stressors that
can’t be eliminated, a long-term program ■ Avoidance: Dog turns away, shuts ■ Immune system disorders: Long-term
of counter-conditioning and desensitization down, evades handler’s touch and treats. stress weakens the immune system. Immune
can change the dog’s association with a related problems can improve if dog’s over-
stressor from negative to positive, remov- ■ Brow ridges: Furrows or muscle ridges all levels of stress are reduced.
ing one more trigger for stress signals and appear in dog’s forehead and around eyes.
possible aggression. (See “Touch Me, ■ Lack of attention/focus: The brain has
Touch Me Not,” August 2004, to learn how ■ Digestive disturbances: Vomiting and difficulty processing information when
to carry out a counter-conditioning and de- diarrhea can be a sign of illness, or of stress; stressed.
sensitization program.) the digestive system reacts strongly to stress.
Carsickness is often a stress reaction. ■ Leaning/clinging: The stressed dog
■ Anorexia: Stress causes the appetite to seeks contact with human as reassurance.
shut down. A dog who won’t eat moderate ■ Displacement behaviors: These are be-
to high-value treats may just be distracted haviors performed in an effort to resolve an ■ Lowered body posture: “Slinking” or
or simply not hungry, but this is more often internal stress conflict for the dog, and are acting “guilty” or “sneaky” (all misinterpre-
an indicator of stress. not related to hierarchy. They may be ob- tations of dog body language) can be
served in a dog who is stressed and in indicators of stress.
■ Appeasement/deference signals: isolation (for example, a dog left alone in
These don’t always indicate stress. Appease- an exam room in a veterinary hospital), dif- ■ Mouthing: Willingness to use mouth on
ment and deference are important everyday ferentiating them from behaviors related to human skin – can be puppy exploration or
communication tools for keeping peace in relationship or hierarchy. adult poor manners, but can also be an ex-
social hierarchies, and are often presented Displacement behaviors include: pression of stress, ranging from gentle
in calm, stress-free interactions. nibbling (flea biting), to hard taking of
Appeasement and/or deference signals • Blinking (eyes blink at a rate that is treats, to painfully hard mouthing, snapping,
are generally offered by a lower-ranking dog faster than normal). or biting.

4|JUNE 2006 Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC

■ Obsessive-compulsive disorders:
These include imaginary fly-snapping, light-
and shadow-chasing, tail-chasing, pica (eat-
ing nonfood objects), flank-sucking,
self-mutilation, and more. While OCDs
probably have a genetic component, the
behavior itself is usually triggered by stress.

■ Panting: Rapid shallow or heavy

breathing – normal if the dog is warm or
has just been exercising but can be a sign
of stress in the dog who is not physically
exerting himself or is over-warm.

■ Stiff movement: Tension can cause a

noticeable stiffness in leg, body, and tail

■ Stretching: To release stress-related A portrait of three stress cases, from left to right. Paws is whining. Cooper is
tension in muscles, many dogs perform stress-panting, even though it’s not hot. Rupert keeps licking his nose.
elaborate, deep stretches (may also occur
after sleeping). ■ Whining: This high-pitched vocaliza- As I reread this list, I find myself making
tion, irritating to most humans, is an note of my own dogs’ signs of stress, past
■ Sweaty paws: Damp footprints can be indication of stress. While some may inter- and present. I recall the time my dearly
seen on floors, exam tables, or rubber mats. pret it as excitement, a dog who is excited missed Pomeranian, Dusty, was earning the
to the point of whining is also stressed. third leg of his Companion Dog degree. As
■ Trembling: May be due to stress (or I released him from the three-minute Long
cold!). ■ Yawning. Down, I noticed tiny, sweaty pawprints on
the rubber show-ring mats where his little
paws had rested. Only in that moment did I
“Without Provocation” realize how stressful that exercise must have
been for him.
Almost every “Dog Mauls Toddler” headline is followed by an article that includes, Our sound-sensitive Corgi, Lucy,
among other things, these two phrases: trembles violently with the approach of a
thunderstorm, long before I can hear the
1. “The dog was always good with children,” and, distant booming, while Tucker, our Cattle
Dog-mix, just comes and leans against me
2. “The bite was unprovoked.” – also well before I can hear the storm. With
dogs like those two, who needs weather
Both statements make me cringe. Most people who forecasters? Dubhy, our dog-reactive Scotty,
think their dogs are “good with children” don’t realize normally takes treats with exceptional
that their dogs only tolerate children – the dogs are actu- gentleness – except when he’s stressed in
ally stressed in the presence of children, at least to some the presence of another dog. Then it’s fin-
degree. These dogs usually show low level signs of stress gers beware!
that would warn an observant owner that they really don’t Even we humans succumb to the natu-
think little humans are all that great after all. Dogs who are truly “good with chil- ral biological need to use body language to
dren” adore them; they don’t just tolerate them. They are delighted to see children, express and relieve stress. I used to show
and, with wriggling body, wagging tail, and squinty eyes, can’t wait to go see them. hunters and jumpers (horses). Every time I
Anything less than this joyful response is mere tolerance. sat on my horse outside the over-fences
With the very rare exception of idiopathic aggression – aggression for which classes waiting for my turn to compete, I
there is no discernible cause – every bite is provoked from the dog’s perspective. would be afflicted with the uncontrollable
We, as humans, may feel the bite wasn’t justified or appropriate, but rest assured the need to yawn – and yawn – and yawn. Only
dog felt justified in biting. In many case, the provocation is pretty apparent from the recently did I realize why. Stress! It affects
article: the dog was kept on a chain; the dog had a litter of puppies; the toddler was us all.
left outside in the backyard with a dog who had just been fed. In each case, the dog
was stressed beyond his or her ability to control his bite. Pat Miller, CPDT, is WDJ’s Training Editor.
Raise your stress awareness. Examine news reports about dog attacks to see if Miller lives in Hagerstown, Maryland, site
you can identify the possible stressors and provocation in each incident. Then be of her Peaceable Paws training center. For
sure to protect your own dog from those potential bite-causing circumstances. book purchasing or contact information,
see “Resources,” page 24.

Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL | 5

Building Credibility
A conversation with Dr. Susan Wynn, a science-based holistic vet.

requently, we refer to “holistic” veterinarians in the pages of Steve Marsden, DVM, and published in 2003 by Mosby. Dr. Wynn
WDJ, as in, “Discuss this with your holistic veterinarian.” and Barbara Fougère, BVSc, are currently completing a book for
What we generally mean by this is a vet who offers her pa- Elsevier (due to be published in late 2006) on herbal veterinary
tients complementary and/or alternative methods of medicine.
healthcare, in addition to her conventional Western medical While obviously a student and fan of some forms of holistic
treatments. The goal of holistic practitioners is to look at the entire medicine, Dr. Wynn does not have equal regard for all comple-
animal patient – body, mind, and spirit – and to do more than treat mentary and alternative medicine (often referred to as CAM). She
his illness in times of crisis; they must also promote his total devotes much of her time to critically reviewing research support-
wellness, with an eye toward disease prevention. ing the use of veterinary CAM, and a portion of her lectures to
Nutrition plays a huge role in holistic medicine, both in pre- conventional and holistically inclined veterinarians always include
venting and treating disease. Advanced training in nutrition is often references to “evidence-based medicine.”
a cornerstone of any holistic veterinarian’s “toolbox,” enabling the In addition to a busy lecturing schedule, writing books and pa-
practitioner to make smart, targeted suggestions for her patients’ pers, volunteering for AHVMA and the Veterinary Botanical
diets and supplementation. Medicine Association (VBMA), Dr. Wynn sees patients three or
The rest of the holistic vet’s tools may differ widely. Some pur- four days a week at the Bells Ferry Veterinary Hospital in Acworth,
sue advanced training in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), and Georgia.
use Chinese herbal medicine and/or acupuncture in their practices. I’ve heard Dr. Wynn speak several times at AHVMA’s annual
Some become certified animal chiropractors. Some use Western conferences, and always left with a notebook completely filled with
herbal medicine or homeopathy. Some use esoteric tools, such as undecipherable scrawls (she speaks quickly and covers a lot of
kinesiology, Reiki, medical intuition, or crystals. useful material!). Recently, I had the pleasure of hearing her make
As varied as the professional offerings are, however, it seems a presentation – and the opportunity to interview her – at a venue
to us that there are simply not enough holistic practitioners. In the close to home. Dr. Wynn was an invited speaker at the 2006 sym-
parts of the country where interest in alternative medicine is high, posium of the Holistic Veterinary Medicine Club at the University
the most competent doctors often seem to have crazily busy prac- of California, Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine, sponsored by
tices, which can make it hard for them to recruit, train, and retain Natura Pet Products. Fortunately,
additional vets, which, in turn, can lead to the practice owners’ this time I was permitted to bring
early burnout. In other parts of the country, nonconventional prac- a tape recorder!
titioners sometimes go out of business before they can find enough

clients to support themselves. id you have an interest
So when we say, “Ask your holistic veterinarian,” some of our in holistic medicine
lucky readers (especially on the coasts) can make a mental note to back in vet school?
do just that, while many others grit their teeth in frustration. “But I No, I wasn’t ex-
don’t have a holistic vet!” they howl. (We know this because they posed to it until after I
often call us to howl!) got out of vet school. I did an
All we can do is to suggest that they contact the American Ho- internship in Washington, DC,
listic Veterinary Medical Association (AHVMA) in order to look and there was a holistic vet in
for a practitioner near them; we put the contact information on that practice. She used a lot of
page 24 of every issue. homeopathy, but what really
But Susan Wynn, DVM, is doing more than that. Dr. Wynn, got my attention is that she
AHVMA’s current president-elect, has made it a mission to help would change the diets of al-
bring an appreciation for holistic medicine to veterinarians, and most every dog she saw, and
vice versa. She is author or coauthor of three books aimed at vets I witnessed some amazing
interested in holistic medicine: Complementary and Alternative changes. That’s how I got interested in nutrition.
Veterinary Medicine: Principals and Practice, written with Allen
Schoen, DVM, and published in 1998 by Mosby; Emerging Thera- What about herbal medicine, which has become an area of spe-
pies: Using Herbs and Nutraceutical Supplements for Small cialty for you? Are herbs the closest thing to your heart?
Animals, published in 1999 by the AAHA Press; and Manual of Yes, nutrition and herbs. I was a gardener when I was a little
Natural Veterinary Medicine: Science and Tradition, written with kid, and I still really enjoy gardening. But herbs and nutrition are

6|JUNE 2006 Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC

related. To me, they are simply molecules a good, supposedly balanced homemade So you’re not a diet purist?
that our bodies understand. I really enjoy diet improve when they were put back Actually, I have a reputation
working with them. on kibble. I’m not smart enough to as being anti-raw.
know why some improve. I think
I understand you have a strong bias toward it’s a pretty artificial system to say But you are not actually anti-
the use of whole herbs. we know this is better than that; raw . . .
Every herbalist does. That’s what herbal to me, the dog is the only one No! I’m not anti-raw! But
medicine is. It’s the scientists who want to qualified to tell us what is best – because I have told some
take a single molecule out and study it to the dog tells us. And we just have people they should put their
death, and that’s fine, if it turns out to be to keep trying things until we find dogs on a commercial diet,
safe and effective. But to me it’s inefficient. something that works for him. some of the diehard
We understand how the whole herbs work. I do have some biases, of raw advocates can’t
We have an empirical database that’s 2,000 course! My big thing is variety. stand me. I’ve been
years old, in many cases. So why aren’t we A lot of people, I think, when they read kicked off some of the raw feeding lists
studying whole herbs? your kibble issue (dry dog food reviews), because I won’t make some kind of state-
go “Okay, this is the one.” You are very care- ment that I’m exclusively for raw feeding.
Where do you start with a new patient, when ful to not say “This one is the best,” but Here’s the thing: If your dog is not do-
the dog is a mess ? somehow they make those determinations. ing well on a home-prepared, raw diet, you
I change the diet. And my whole thing is, “No, there isn’t just need to do something different! I see many
one ‘best’ food. You’ve got to try a lot of people ignoring evidence that is in front of
To what? things.” their very eyes, because they believe so
To something different! Obviously, it’s Variety is especially important in pup- strongly that what they are doing with the
an individual thing, but if they have been pies. It’s clear that we’re seeing more allergy diet is the “best” – even if their dog looks
on lamb and rice, I suggest switching to fish and immune-mediated disease in dogs. It’s and feels awful. If it works for your dog, if
and potato. We look at what the dog has now documented in people, too, where it he looks great, raw feeding is fabulous. But
been fed, and feed him something else. wasn’t so much, say, 10 years ago. In my if you come in to my clinic and you are us-
Sometimes I suggest changing the form of opinion, one of the biggest contributors to ing a raw feeding plan and your dog doesn’t
the diet. If it’s commercial, try homemade. this is the fact that many people put their look good, I might tell you to change. That
If it’s homemade – people don’t want to hear dogs on one diet for the dog’s entire life. doesn’t mean I am anti-raw.
this! – try a commercial diet. Often, eventually, the dog develops an al- Frequently, the dog is having a hard time
There are data out there suggesting that lergy to the ingredients in that food. because he’s allergic to something in the
the overwhelming majority of published The immune system learns by being ex- diet, but because the client is so convinced
recipes that claim to provide a complete and posed to a lot of variety, so I think with they are doing the right thing by feeding a
balanced diet are not – they are actually de- puppies in particular we have to start people home-prepared, raw diet, they sometimes
ficient. And these are recipes in some of our out right and say “Use variety; don’t pick don’t consider that the dog might be aller-
favorite authors’ books! Often, I put my just one food.” gic to something in the food. I’ve had
patients on a more reliable source of a com- I’m also now recommending that people patients whose raw-fed dogs had horrible
plete and balanced diet and see what give probiotics for the first six months. The skin conditions, and they spent years trying
happens. People don’t want to hear that, but data in people are really interesting. homeopathy and all sorts of other stuff,
it helps sometimes. Probiotics are kind of my new thing. when the problem was in the diet all along.
There are a couple of really interesting That’s upsetting to me.
So, you might suggest that someone who is studies where they gave probiotics to infants
using a homemade diet try a commercial who came from families with a predisposi- They couldn’t see the forest for the trees.
frozen raw diet instead? tion to developing atopic dermatitis – Right.
Sometimes, I suggest a kibble. I like the eczema. In this study, they gave one group Here’s another problem that seems to
complete and balanced raw frozen diets, so formula and another [group received] for- arise more frequently among the raw feed-
that could work as well, but if the dog has mula plus probiotic. There was a 50 percent ers: When we do decide to put a dog with
already been on something like that, and still reduction in the incidence of atopy in the signs of allergy on an elimination diet, we
looks a mess, sometimes you have to change infants fed the probiotics. To me, those are often find there isn’t anything the dog hasn’t
the form completely. stunning numbers coming from a large clini- eaten that we can use for the elimination
cal trial. They followed the babies out for trial. Because so many raw feeders are such
In WDJ, I try to tell dog owners to improve four years and they still didn’t develop al- advocates of feeding variety – and because
their dogs’ diets, no matter what they are lergy as much. That’s such a discovery. so many pet food companies now offer
feeding. Of course, some people are already I think we need to teach people from the novel proteins like duck, rabbit, and veni-
feeding their dogs the ultimate raw, grass- beginning about the hygiene hypothesis: son – we often find ourselves with nothing
fed, home-prepared diet . .. don’t be too clean, don’t be too fast to put to use for an elimination diet.
But you are making judgments about your puppy on antibiotics for just a couple I’ve had to send clients off to get kanga-
what constitutes an improvement, and I of little papules, give them a variety of di- roo or alligator from Oma’s Pride (a frozen,
don’t think we know enough about nutri- ets. That’s what holistic medicine is, of raw food maker) to use in an elimination
tion to do that. I’ve seen too many dogs on course: prevention. diet, because the client had at some time or

Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL | 7
another fed everything else. You have no medicine; you have to build a team that can In the patients’ homes?
idea how expensive it is to feed alligator to work together and communicate well. It’s Sure, client-owned pets? It can be done;
a German Shepherd! It’s really too bad. So hard, but not impossible. it has been done!
many people are feeding novel proteins, for Here’s another article idea for you:
no good reason. Or mixing the novel meats Teaching dog owners how to critically Some players in the pet food industry are
with common meats. evaluate the results of a therapy, whether moving in that direction, testing their prod-
it’s a diet change or homeopathy or what- ucts in consumers’ homes, or shelters . . .
So your advice to owners is to stay away ever. In my practice, I have written up these Yes, I recently read a study about a food
from novel proteins unless you absolutely visual analogue scales, and defined our out- trial with client-owned dogs done by people
have to go there? comes to help owners give us better at the University of Georgia, where they
Yes, steer clear of the novel proteins information about how the dog is doing, compared two diets. The dogs were mostly
unless you are doing an elimination diet. I such as, “Goes upstairs: Zero means they vet students’ dogs, or faculty dogs – but still
mean, there is plenty of variety in fish, don’t even try, 100 means they bound up client-owned dogs. It’s been done, it’s easy
chicken, beef, venison, turkey, lamb, and the stairs.” You’ve got to be able to really to do, you just gotta have proper design.
pork. Go ahead and use those, and keep critically evaluate the outcomes to help us
back the kangaroo and duck and rabbit for decide what works. Are the vet schools starting to take more
an emergency. interest in CAM?
The other part of this is, people also have Ah! Evidence-based medicine! Absolutely. And the different schools are
to learn how to properly construct an elimi- In my opinion, evidence-based medicine coming up with different focus areas, which
nation diet trial. People come in (to the is the gold standard to which all medicine, is appropriate. They have a survey [of ho-
clinic) and say, “Well, I’ve tried rabbit, I’ve alternative or conventional, should aspire. listic veterinary medicine] class at the
tried duck.” But they tried it while they were I mean, case histories and anecdotal evi- University of Minnesota, and their program
still giving the dog pig’s ears and Milk dence are great – for the people involved in is probably going to be TCM, because of
Bones. the dog’s happy recovery. But they are not the interests of some of the faculty there.
as useful as randomized, blind, controlled I’m adjunct faculty at University of Geor-
That’s a good idea for a WDJ article! I’ll trials. gia, where we offer an introduction to herbal
get on that! What are your other pet peeves, medicine – mostly Western herbs. We don’t
things you wish the average dog owner How do you feel about animal testing? have a survey course – the students don’t
would learn? I like what the VBMA (Veterinary Bo- get exposed to acupuncture and stuff like
That’s the big one. I see a lot of dogs tanical Medical Association) has come up that. I understand that Tuskegee’s is mostly
with allergies. with. When we get to the point where we acupuncture. Florida has a survey class . . .
can fund trials (which will be a long time As the schools work out what they are in-
How do you feel about the really far-flung from now), we decided we were not inter- terested in, I’m sure we’ll get centers of
unconventional therapies? ested in experimental studies using lab excellence for various modalities.
I’ve heard people say, “Well, it can’t animals; they have to be clinical studies on
hurt.” I have a problem, though, when the animals that are already sick. Good quality I’ve heard that on some campuses, some of
treatment delays proper therapy. It’s obvi- clinical trials can be done. There is no rea- the faculty are very resistant to classes in
ously not an issue if the animal is not son to do it any differently, in my opinion. CAM being offered.
uncomfortable, but for me, holistic medi- In herbal medicine it’s a little different. I’ve only heard this secondhand, from
cine means the animal has to be comfortable When you’re talking about a drug, an iso- vet students who say they have expe-
throughout. Medicine is supposed to miti- lated constituent, a nutraceutical – rienced resistance [about bringing
gate pain and discomfort, so that’s the bar I those have not CAM classes to the curriculum]. It’s
use. been given for my guess that the faculty just does
not have time to talk about what is
I worry that when people try the really far- good evidence and what is not good
out stuff, they tend to run out of hope and evidence.
money. I’ve seen people give up, saying That’s the gap I try to bridge. I
they’ve tried everything, but all they’ve re- hope my books give the conventional vets
ally tried is the weird stuff. enough evidence-based information about
That reminds me of another pet peeve: alternative medicine that they will consider
When owners get sucked into using just one it when appropriate.
practitioner, even if that person doesn’t I really didn’t want to become yet an-
seem to be helping the animal. 2,000 years. With herbs, we’ve got a pretty other expert for dog owners. I don’t usually
Owners need to use second opinions good idea of what they do; it’s not like start- talk to the dog magazines – you’re the ex-
more. You’ve got to remember that whole ing out with something potentially toxic, ception! I decided long ago that the most
hammer and nail thing [“If all you have is a where you have to start in the test tube and efficient way to promote evidence-based ho-
hammer, everything looks like a nail”]. It then the lab animal. listic medicine is to teach as many vets as
really is all about teamwork now. You can’t In my opinion, clinical trials with ani- possible about it. I think the bigger change
just use a homeopath or herbalist or a mals who are already sick are the be-all, is going to come from teaching the vets. And
general practitioner who uses conventional end-all. that’s what I’m really trying to do.

8|JUNE 2006 Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC


Don’t Leave Home Without It

Arnica is fantastic for treating activity-related strains and bruises.

e’s fearless. Reckless. Senseless? remedy. In an almost like comparing apples with the
Or perhaps my Australian Cattle hour or so I’ll smell of apple blossoms.
Dog, Cedar, is just accident-prone. give another Homeopathic arnica is made
Yesterday he slammed head first pill, and check with such dilute concentra-
into a door jam during rough play his leg for swelling, but for now it seems tions that scientific analysis
with my Shepherd-mix, Willow. Today he that my reckless little dog got off easy again. of the finished product can-
did a nose dive off a five-foot embankment Indeed, arnica is an amazing first aid not detect any physical presence of the herb
in pursuit of his favorite all-natural dog toy: remedy. I use it for myself as well as my itself; only the “energies” of the plant re-
a pine cone. As always, he retrieved the dogs, and I would never venture anywhere main. Instead of working directly upon
cone, chewed it into a slobbery clump of without it. physical structures of the body through di-
fibrous goo, and dropped it at my feet. On rect chemical interactions (as concentrated
his trot back I noticed he was limping, hold- Awesome herb herbal preparations do), homeopathic arnica
ing his front leg off the ground. Preparations made from the bright yellow, works by stimulating the healing process at
I palpate his shoulder and leg, ignoring daisy-like flowers of arnica have been used sub-physical, bioenergetic levels. The
the anticipated snarls and growls that he for centuries as an effective herbal medi- theory is that only a few molecules of the
invariably produces with any unsolicited cine. Often used by professional athletes in plant are needed to trigger a positive re-
physical manipulation. Mobility seems fine, the form of gels, liniments, or oil infusions, sponse by the recipient body.
no tenderness upon touch, I cannot find any arnica is massaged into the site of sprains, Sound far-fetched? Just wait till you use
evidence of a fracture. It appears that he has bruises, or other closed-tissue injuries. it and see the results!
suffered a minor sprain. Its contributions to the healing process I use “Arnica Montana 30C” – a prepa-
As always I immediately reach for my can be dramatic and almost immediate; the ration that is 3,000 times more dilute than
trusty little vial of homeopathic arnica 30C. herb acts to quickly dilate peripheral capil- the herbal tincture from which it is made.
The diminutive, white sugar pill is easy to laries and lymph ducts. This results in Homeopathic arnica is readily available
feed – just a quick drop from the vial cap increased circulation and drainage of tissues through health food retailers and comes in
into his mouth and first aid is done. that are engorged with fluids as a result of a variety of potencies.
In about 30 minutes Cedar’s limp is injury. The healing process is accelerated Homeopathic arnica is very safe and can
barely noticeable. Could the arnica really by the improved flow of lymph, blood, and be used as a first line of treatment for virtu-
work that quickly? Or is it just that his in- platelets in and out of the affected area. ally any type of closed injury. I keep a bottle
jury is less serious than I thought? I honestly Topical preparations of arnica are espe- of the tiny sugar pills with me wherever I
don’t know – nor do I care – because my cially valuable for treatment of horses and go – for my dogs and myself. When a twist,
little boy is feeling better. Plus, there is no other large animals that are subjected to rig- sprain, or overextension of a leg results in a
harm in exercising precaution with a harm- orous exercise. Arnica gels or oils can be limp, I just slip one tiny little pill (smaller
less, yet potentially effective homeopathic used on dogs, but measures must be taken than a peppercorn) into my dog’s mouth and
to prohibit dogs from licking it off, as prepa- wait 30 minutes for a result. If no results
rations of this plant can be toxic if taken occur, I repeat the dose one more time. In
TM internally. This is especially true if any in- many cases, that’s all that’s needed.
The Whole Dog Journal ternal bleeding or inflammation is present. Like any medicine, homeopathic arnica
And, because arnica stimulates blood flow may not work for everybody. And if you
WHAT YOU CAN DO . . . in tissues where it is directly applied, it suspect a bone fracture or other serious in-
should never be used to treat open wounds. jury, get your pup to a vet.
■ Look for arnica products in your Nor should herbal preparations of arnica be
local health food store. applied prior to a surgical procedure. Greg Tilford is a well-known expert on
herbal medicine for animals. An interna-
■ Keep homeopathic arnica on Homeopathic arnica tional lecturer and teacher of veterinarians
hand wherever you go with your The rules of safe and effective use of ho- and pet owners alike, Greg has authored
dog. Administer for any bruise or meopathic arnica are quite different. or co-authored four books on herbs, includ-
strain. Comparing an herbal preparation of ar- ing All You Ever Wanted to Know About
nica with its homeopathic counterpart is Herbs for Pets (Bowie Press, 1999).

Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL | 9

A New Look
How to teach your dog to look to you (literally!) for direction.

hen I first saw Laney, she was
across the parking lot from the
agility class I was teaching.
Laney was a spinning, barking
mass of black and white dog.
Whenever the dogs in my class moved,
Laney would leap in the air and start spin-
ning and barking again. Her person, Bonnie
Vogt, looked confused and distressed.
“I had no idea what I was getting myself
Before: As soon as Lilo spots the geese After: Lilo has learned that looking away
into,” Vogt told me at a later date. She’d grazing on a lawn about 200 feet away, from the geese and at Sandi’s face is highly
met Laney just a few days earlier at a dog she becomes fixated and starts pulling rewarding. She offers the “Look” faster
camp. Laney was attending the camp with hard toward them. than Sandi can deliver the treats!
her foster person and Vogt took a fancy to
the young dog. The attraction was obvious; manage your dog’s response in these situa- the street and a skateboarder comes around
Laney was athletic, smart, driven, and ea- tions. It is an especially useful behavior for the corner. As soon as your dog notices the
ger to please. It wasn’t until Vogt brought dogs whose excitement is triggered, at least skateboarder, instead of barking and lung-
Laney home and took her to observe the in part, by movement, a prey drive, or the ing, he looks at you and keeps looking until
agility class that Vogt discovered Laney’s desire to fetch or herd. the skateboarder is past and you give the
somewhat crazier side. “Look” can be part of an overall pro- release signal. You lavish your dog with fan-
Laney is certainly not alone in her high gram to help your dog learn to behave better tastic treats, praise, or attention until the
arousal behavior. Many dogs have some- in the presence of those things that make skateboarder is past.
thing that gets them really worked-up – her crazy. Teaching and reinforcing the Look can
skateboards, cats, and bicycles are common. “It really works,” says Vogt. Today, certainly help a dog behave better in the
For Laney, it can be anything that moves, Laney can walk politely down busy streets presence of his triggers. But there is an
including cars, balls, or dogs running an (with cars rushing by), past moving dogs, added benefit for dogs whose reactive be-
agility course. and even ignore skateboards. Vogt acknowl- havior is also motivated by uncertainty or
“Look” is a behavior that can help you edges that Laney’s success at overcoming fear. Generously rewarding the Look may
her crazies began with the Look. also result in counter-conditioning the scary
thing, so that it becomes less scary.
The Whole Dog Journal
There is a lot to it
Look is a combination behavior. It is more Steps to training the Look
than the “Leave it” or “Off.” It is more than The key to being able to effectively use
WHAT YOU CAN DO . . . the ever-popular “watch me.” It involves the Look to help manage a dog who gets
dog breaking eye contact with the arousing worked-up around dogs, skateboards, cars,
■ If your dog becomes aggressive
object, person, or animal (whatever triggers cats, or anything else, is to train the behav-
or is fearful around other dogs,
the dog’s manic behavior); turning his head ior thoroughly before you ever use it around
use counter-conditioning and
away from that trigger; making eye contact the things that make the dog “lose it.” Here
desensitization to improve his
with you; and holding that eye contact until are the steps for building a strong and reli-
emotional response to them. you give a release signal. This is a behavior able Look.
that a dog can do while sitting still or mov-
■ However, if he becomes hard to ing, on leash or off. The Look is most ■ Step one: Similar to “Leave it”
restrain out of excitement – he effective when the dog learns to do all of The first step is to teach your dog to leave
really wants to go play or run this as soon as he notices the thing that something alone that he or she wants.
with the other dogs – teach him makes him crazy – without you asking! To begin, arm yourself with a handful
the “Look” behavior described With a dog who gets overexcited when of super delicious treats (such as fresh
here. he sees skateboarders, for example, the cooked chicken) and some rather boring
Look works like this: You are walking down treats (such as ordinary kibble). Put a bor-

10|JUNE 2006 Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC

You are ready to put the behavior on cue
once your dog has the idea of looking away
from the treat and into your eyes. Immedi-
ately before you present the fist with the
boring treat, say “Look!” After he associ-
ates the word with the action, you can
present the fist first, then say, “Look!”
A fun and added benefit of using the
word “look” instead of something more
common like “leave it” or “off” is that it is
At first, Lilo licked Sandi’s closed fist, When Sandi waited a moment before she an easy word to slip into normal sentences.
trying to get the treat inside. When she rewarded Lilo for backing away from the Think how impressed your neighbors will
stopped trying, Sandi immediately clicked treat, Lilo looked at her (“Hey! Where’s
a clicker and rewarded the dog. my treat?”). Click! and treat for the look.
be when you can walk down the sidewalk
and say to your dog, “Now don’t even LOOK
ing treat in your left hand. Have the super warding behavior. For these dogs, looking at that kitty,” and he whips his head around
good treats in a pouch, behind your back, at your face can be a little more difficult. If and pays attention to you instead of the cat!
on a table, or in some other way close at you have not already taught your dog that
hand but not available to your dog. making eye contact with you is a valuable ■ Step four: Make it more difficult
Present the boring treat to your dog in a and rewarding behavior, practice it sepa- Once your dog can easily look away from a
closed fist (so he or she can smell it, but rately from this exercise. Try taking a treat temptation and hold eye contact with you
can’t get to it). Allow your dog to lick, sniff, and bringing it up to your eye. When your for about 10 seconds, raise your criteria in
and try to get to the treat. The moment your dog follows the treat and looks at your face, two ways: increase the length of time your
dog backs or looks away from your closed click! or say “Yes!” and reward with a treat. dog holds eye contact, and increase the level
hand a tiny bit, mark the behavior (with the of temptation offered by the thing he is sup-
word “Yes!” or the click! of a clicker, for ■ Step three: Put it on cue posed to be resisting.
example), and give your dog one of the top- At this point, your dog will probably start Start this latter process by having your
quality treats from your other hand. Be very “offering” you the look without you asking; dog resist the temptation of very attractive
patient; some dogs will lick and mouth your this is great! In the long run, you will want treats, by having him look away from treats
hand for several minutes before they back to continue reinforcing the offered or auto- in an open palm, or by having him look away
off the first time. matic look. (See step six, below, for more from a treat on the floor. You can work with
Repeat several times until your dog im- on the automatic look.) But teaching your different items, too. Practice with boring ob-
mediately backs away from the treat. dog to respond to the Look cue when you jects (such as a hat or towel) and gradually
Move the boring treat to your right hand ask can also be helpful. build up to more exciting objects (like his
and repeat the exercise.

■ Step two: Make eye contact When to Use Look, and When Not to
The second step to the “Look” behavior is
teaching your dog to make eye contact with For some dogs, the “thing that makes them crazy” is other dogs. Using an operant
you when he backs off of the treat. conditioning technique – like training the Look – is effective if your is triggered
Practice the step one exercise until you because he is overexcited or frustrated (for example, when he sees dogs running or
are confident your dog will immediately chasing balls and he cannot join the game).
back away from a closed hand holding a Using the Look or another operant behavior is also an option for dogs who are
treat. Now, when he backs away, instead of fearful or upset around other dogs. Rewarding the Look with liberal amounts of
clicking or saying “Yes!” immediately, wait extra-special treats (such as fresh roast beef) in the presence of other dogs can have
for him to glance up at your face. Then click! the “side effect” of helping your dog feel better about those other dogs.
or say “Yes!” and give your dog one of the For dogs who are fearful or “upset” around other dogs, however, using desensi-
super-delicious treats. Once again, be pa- tization and classical counter-conditioning is another good (and sometimes the best)
tient. At first, your dog will not know that choice. In brief, counter-conditioning is when you start a flow of treats or other good
you have raised the criteria for a reward. things as soon as your dog notices another dog, and stop the treats as soon as the
She may go back to the hand and sniff and other dog disappears. Desensitization is exposing your dog to another at a subthreshold
lick some more. Wait. The moment she level – far enough away so that your dog notices the other dog, but is not upset.
looks at you to figure out what you want, When your dog is comfortable with the presence of the other dog at that distance,
click! and give her a terrific treat. you gradually decrease the distance between them, attaining a comfort level at each
Practice this several times with the bor- new distance before proceeding further.
ing treat in each hand. Don’t worry if your These techniques work together to change the dog’s emotional response, so he
dog is not staring into your eyes; just look- will be less likely to be reactive. In addition, when using counter-conditioning
ing up at your face is enough. techniques, a skilled trainer in a carefully controlled environment can often “jump
Please note: Some dogs are not comfort- start” the automatic Look in a few repetitions. (For more information, see “Classical
able making or holding eye contact with Conditioning,” June 2001 and “Nuclear Reactors,” November 2003.)
people and have not learned that it is a re-

Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL | 11
favorite toy or a ball). Practice with things of a bowl) so that your dog cannot get the trol the distance between your dog and his
your dog would normally want to investi- treats or toys you are practicing with. trigger. At first, practice with the thing that
gate, such as trees he’d like to sniff when Try setting up a Look “course” where makes your dog crazy far enough away that
you are on walks. For your dog to get really you have multiple items such as treats, toys, your dog doesn’t actually get worked-up.
good, you may need to practice with as and odd objects set around your yard or the Practice repeatedly so that your dog auto-
many as 30 or more different items. park. Include people and other dogs, too. matically looks at you every time he sees
Increase the length of time your dog Walk your dog past and around each ob- his former trigger.
needs to hold eye contact, too. At first, mark ject, person, or animal. Use the absolute best rewards possible.
the desired behavior with a click! or “Yes!” This is the time to bring out the roast beef,
and give him a treat for just glancing at your ■ Step six: The automatic look smelly sardines, or canned chicken.
face, then for holding it for a half a second, The automatic response is part of what Gradually (over several practice ses-
then a whole second, then two seconds, etc. makes Look a powerful behavior. At vari- sions or possibly over several weeks of
Work up to a minute or longer. ous points while training this, your dog will practice) move your dog closer and closer
Practice each of these increasingly de- most likely “offer” the look without your until he can do the behavior with the thing
manding criteria separately. If you work on “asking.” This is GREAT and should be re- that makes him crazy within a few feet.
the length of time, use a boring treat in a warded generously, with the best treats Continue watching for those “offered”
closed fist. If you work on a more difficult possible, and with jackpots (rapidly feed- Looks. Reward generously and give jack-
object (like a better treat in an open palm), ing 10 or more treats). You want your dog pots. This helps your dog learn that he can
click at first for simply looking away, then to volunteer the Look any time he is unsure disengage on his own and that you will no-
for making eye contact, and then for hold- of himself. tice and appreciate it!
ing the eye contact. Then put them together Practice this behavior around a variety
and practice with more difficult objects for of items, some easier and some more diffi- “Look” is a great foundation
longer periods of time. cult to resist. With enough practice, the I’ve seen the Look work wonders with many
At this point, start varying the rewards, Look will become one of the things your dogs, including Laney and one of my own
giving less interesting treats for easier re- dog does when he doesn’t know what else dogs. I’ve watched dogs with high prey
sponses, and better treats for more difficult to do! You’ll soon find that your dog will drive learn to ignore cats and squirrels and
responses. Note: Do not yet practice with automatically look at you when he spots a look at their handlers instead. I’ve known
the thing that makes your dog crazy! former trigger; notice and reward this! dogs who would like to chase joggers, skate-
boarders, and bicyclists learn to Look
■ Step five: Vary locations, positions Trying it in the real world instead of lunge. I’ve watched dogs who are
Practice in different locations and with your Be sure your dog is ready to begin practic- reactive with other dogs learn to walk
dog in different positions, by setting up ing in the presence of the thing that makes through groups of strange dogs while look-
practice sessions in new places. Also prac- your dog crazy by testing him with differ- ing at their person.
tice with various levels of distraction. Again, ent objects in different locations first. Make Look is a powerful foundation tool for
start with the easier distractions and then sure he can offer the Look in the presence managing high-arousal problems. When a
make it more difficult. of many different triggers, in many loca- dog can Look reliably when asked and of-
Practice with your dog in different po- tions, and while in different positions. You fers the behavior in the face of potentially
sitions, too: in front of you, next to you, on want him to really understand this behav- arousing stimuli, he is well on his way to
either side, standing, sitting, or walking. ior, and have it well generalized, before learning calm behavior in any situation.
Practice both on leash and off leash. At practicing with the thing that makes your
first, do off-leash practice with items that dog crazy. Mardi Richmond, MA, CPDT, is a writer and
are easier to resist or with some type of To set up your dog for success, arrange trainer living in Santa Cruz, California,
“safety” in place (like a screen over the top your practice sessions so that you can con- with her partner and two wonderful dogs.

Avoid These Common Mistakes When Training the “Look”

When your dog is learning the “Look,” avoid these mistakes: tually learn that the “Look” is a precursor to the arrival of the
thing that makes him crazy. (If you say “Look!” and instead of
1. Do not expect your dog to be able to perform the “Look” as looking, your dog scans the horizon for the arousing object or
well with the thing that makes him crazy as he can with less animal, you may be asking for the look before your dog notices
distracting items, people, or animals – until he’s had a lot of the trigger!) Instead, ask for the “Look” only after your dog
practice! It is much more difficult for a dog to do this behavior notices the arousing animal or object. Prevent the worked-up
once his emotions are engaged. behavior by creating distance or working at a lower intensity.

2. While you do want to avoid having your dog become reac- 3. Once you’ve started practicing with the things that get your
tive or barking and lunging, do not try to “pre-empt” your dog’s dog worked-up, continue practicing with less-stimulating ob-
acting out by asking him to “Look” before your dog notices the jects so that your dog will not associate the behavior only with
arousing animal or object. This can backfire; your dog may ac- difficult or scary situations.

12|JUNE 2006 Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC


Willard Water
Some dog owners swear this substance helps treat anything effectively.

illard Water is one of life’s mys- ined by a Congressional subcommittee on
teries. Most people have never health and long-term care in 1980, investi- TM

heard of it. Those who have, gated by the “60 Minutes” TV program that The Whole Dog Journal
tend to use it religiously, even same year, and tested by the U.S. Food and
though they aren’t sure what it Drug Administration. To date, all evidence WHAT YOU CAN DO . . .
is or how it works. They say it improves has found Willard Water to be safe and non-
digestion, reduces migraine headaches, re- toxic. ■ Get a free sample and try this
lieves arthritis, improves skin health, heals While some veterinarians might scoff at versatile product.
burns and wounds without scarring, helps the claims made by Willard Water propo-
balance blood sugar, treats gum disease, nents, other holistic practitioners credit the ■ Add it to your dog’s drinking
supports detoxification, lowers high blood product with amazing abilities to heal and water and food; this is said to
pressure, alleviates pain, and is helpful in balance. For example, Roger DeHaan, result in improved digestion,
the treatment of dozens of other conditions, DVM, a holistic veterinarian in Kings Moun- behavior, and performance.
including cancer. tain, North Carolina, has recommended
Its manufacturer makes no medical Willard Water for his canine patients since ■ Spray it on cuts, abrasions,
claims beyond reporting that Willard Wa- 1983. He mixes the liquid concentrate with sprains, bruises, and other
ter may have anti-inflammatory and drinking water for improved hydration and injuries.
analgesic properties, and that free-radical applies it to cuts, wounds, and other inju-
scavenger tests show it to be a powerful ries. He even adds a small amount (10 cc)
■ Mix it with your dog’s shampoo
antioxidant. of full-strength concentrate to each liter of
for an improved coat. Spray and
What helps set Lactated Ringers Solution before adminis-
brush for between-bath
Willard Water apart tering subcutaneous fluids.
from other “won-
der” products is History of the catalyst
that it was exam- What exactly is this stuff? Its ingredients When Dr. Willard accidentally burned
(water, fossilized organics, sodium meta himself, the only water at hand was a dilute
silicate, sulfated castor oil, calcium chlo- solution of the sludge-removal formula. To
ride, and magnesium sulfate) don’t sound his surprise, the treated water immediately
like much – but their combined action re- eliminated his pain and the burn quickly
defines the behavior of water. healed without scarring. He began to ex-
The addition of Willard Water concen- periment on himself and his family, then
trate to water is said to change water’s asked friends and relatives to try his Cata-
molecular structure from a very stable tet- lyst Altered Water. Through the 1960s and
rahedron to a chain of water molecules ’70s, word spread.
attracted by strong electrostatic bonds to Soon people in South Dakota were us-
very small electrically charged colloidal ing dilute solutions of Willard Water to treat
particles. The result, which its inventor burns, sprains, bruises, and other injuries.
called Catalyst Altered Water because it lit- They added it to their drinking water, laun-
erally alters or changes water, penetrates dry detergent, shampoo, and bath water.
where normal water can’t. Farmers, gardeners, and greenhouse
Willard Water was developed in the operators discovered that plants treated with
1960s by John Willard, Ph.D., a professor Willard Water needed less fertilizer and had
of chemistry at the South Dakota School of better root structure, stronger stems, higher
Mines. While consulting for an oil company, yields, and more foliage, even during
he searched for a way to remove the sludge drought conditions.
When diluted to the
label instructions, Willard Water is that plagued oil wells. He found it in a for- Dr. Willard found that farmers consis-
odorless and tasteless, yet some owners mula he had previously developed to tently reported improvements in cattle
say their dogs prefer it to plain water. remove soot from Pullman railcars. within three weeks of switching to Willard

Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL | 13
Water. Livestock raised on Willard Water Willard Water to improve digestibility. To “We ourselves have felt so much better
showed greater resistance to shipping fever, increase the grain’s nutritional content, drain since using Willard Water,” they say, “that
a condition caused by the stress of crowded the jar and leave it open and on its side for we decided to give it a try for our little
transportation, as well as reduced stress a day or two. Grind or puree the sprouting friend. His condition disappeared as fast as
during weaning, branding, dehorning, and grain before adding to food. Leftover pureed it began, and Kramer is now his old happy
castration. Those on Willard Water recov- grain keeps well in the refrigerator for self again. He knows when we are drinking
ered faster than control animals. several days. our Willard Water and sits at our feet beg-
In her book, Holistic Guide for a ging for a little sip, which we give him out
Pet use Healthy Dog, Wendy Volhard, another long- of our hand. Of course, he drinks whatever
For all animals, Willard Water seems to act time user of Willard Water, recommends he wants from his water dish.”
as a whole-body tonic. That is, it’s safe to adding diluted Willard Water to your dog’s Two years ago, Janice Walters of Belen,
use in small amounts for long pe- New Mexico, noticed that after us-
riods of time, during which it ing Willard Water for a few
apparently helps to bring into bal- months, she had more energy and
ance all of the body’s systems. her prescription medications
The following doses have seemed to be working better.
worked well for dogs, but so have She started giving Willard
other concentrations. If you’re Water to her dogs and cat. “The
experimental, try a little less or first thing I noticed was they were
more and observe your dog’s re- drinking more water than usual,”
sponse. she says. “The cat has her own
For best results, use good- bowl, and the dogs share two half-
quality filtered, bottled, or gallon self-watering bowls.
uncontaminated water from a re- Previously I had to fill those con-
liable source. Reverse-osmosis PHOTO COURTESY OF tainers every two days. Now it’s
filtered water is highly recom- CLASSIC PHOTOGRAPHY, FARGO, ND every day. The dogs got more en-
mended. Hard water, which Exceptionally clear-eyed Gus is a 6½-year-old Vizsla, owned ergetic, and Vixen’s coat started
contains high concentrations of by Charles and Kolleen Sunde, of Fargo, North Dakota. He’s looking shiny.”
minerals, is supposed to interfere received Willard Water his whole life. Vixen, a Golden Retriever/
with or slow the action of Willard Shepherd-mix, is now 12, and
Water. drinking water when traveling to keep stress Darby, a Lhasa-mix, is 11. “Our new dog,
Willard Water comes in two forms, dark levels under control. Chance, is a two-year-old Boxer-mix,” she
and clear. “I use the dark concentrate,” says “Taking your own supply of drinking says. “He keeps the girls busy, and they keep
Dr. DeHaan, “because it contains lignite and water is preferable,” she says, “but if that is up with him.”
dozens of important trace minerals. I’m con- not possible, use what is available on your Walters, an animal rehabilitation special-
vinced that those minerals make a trip and add 2 tablespoons of diluted Willard ist, is vice-president of a local rescue group.
difference.” Water to each bowl, so that your dog is not “I recommend Willard Water for everyone,
One fluid ounce (2 tablespoons) concen- affected by the change.” but especially the dogs,” she says. “I’m con-
trate per gallon of water is the strength Dr. DeHaan’s only caution is to start vinced it’s one of the best things you can
recommended for daily human consumption slowly. He introduces Willard Water gradu- give an animal.”
as well as for topical application on pets ally and in small doses, giving small dogs 1
and people. This same strength is a good to 2 tablespoons of the dilute solution daily, Cancer
daily drinking water for animals with acute adding it to drinking water or food. Me- Willard Water’s testimonials include many
or chronic health problems or for any ani- dium-sized dogs receive 4 tablespoons per reports about cancer patients, including
mals during hot weather or times of stress. day, and large or giant breeds start with ½ dogs who outlive their prognoses, or, in
(Note that these recommendations are for to ¾ cup (4 to 6 ounces). some cases, completely recover.
Clear Willard Water and Dark XLR-8 Plus “Too much too fast can accelerate the “Willard Water doesn’t cure cancer,”
Willard Water. The greatly diluted Dark detoxification response,” he explains. “If says Dr. DeHaan, “but it definitely supports
XXX product requires 2¼ times the your dog gets diarrhea, ease off a little until the cancer patient. It does this in part by
amounts listed here.) his system catches up.” This temporary improving digestion and the assimilation of
The recommended maintenance water symptom is the only adverse side effect Dr. nutrients, which strengthens immunity.”
for healthy dogs, cats, cattle, and other ani- DeHaan has seen while treating thousands For canine patients with cancer or other
mals not under stress is far more dilute, such of dogs with Willard Water. serious illnesses, the recommended concen-
as ¼ ounce (½ tablespoon, or just over 1 In Priest River, Idaho, Ralph and Rita tration is the same as the maintenance
teaspoon) concentrate per gallon of water. Huddleston were distressed when their amount for humans, 1 fluid ounce (2 table-
Use this solution to fill your dog’s water eight-year-old West Highland Terrier, spoons) concentrate per gallon of water.
bowl, which should be available at all times. Kramer, stopped acting playful and was Spraying or applying the same dilution
Add it to dry, canned, or raw food. If you unable to jump on their laps or into his fa- to skin cancers is another support strategy.
include grain in your dog’s home-prepared vorite chair. He seemed to suffer from pain Diluted Willard Water can be sprayed or
diet, consider soaking it overnight in diluted and a lack of energy. applied to any canine tumor or skin growth

14|JUNE 2006 Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC

several times per day. Simply apply thor- Water concentrate to each pint (2 cups) of salty. Tears are saline, and adding a small
oughly and let dry. tea. You can add ¼ teaspoon Willard Water amount of salt makes the solution more
Any conventional, complementary, or concentrate to 1 cup (8 ounces) of any comfortable.
alternative cancer therapy may work more aromatherapy hydrosol (See “Essential In- Whenever you brush your dog’s teeth
efficiently in combination with Willard formation,” January 2005) to make the or give her a tooth-cleaning rope toy to chew
Water, which seems to improve the effec- hydrosol more effective. Spray the treated on, spray the toothbrush or toy with diluted
tiveness of many prescription drugs, hydrosol full-strength or add a teaspoon or Willard Water.
medicinal herbs, and supplements. a tablespoon to your dog’s drinking water. Diluted Willard Water can be used as
To improve your dog’s coat, spray it with an ear cleaner, too. Or you can add a few
Topical application diluted Willard Water or treated hydrosol drops of full-strength concentrate to any liq-
To use Willard Water topically, dilute 1 tea- before brushing or grooming. Willard Wa- uid ear cleaner. Willard Water helps the
spoon concentrate in 1 quart water or use 2 ter helps prevent dander, freshens the coat, solution reach farther and loosen wax and
tablespoons per gallon. Use this solution as and helps most dogs smell better. debris.
a wash or rinse to clean and treat cuts, burns, Increase the effectiveness of your dog’s
wounds, or abrasions. Pour it directly on shampoo by mixing ¼ cup shampoo with 1 Cleaning green
the affected area or use a spray bottle. Re- cup diluted Willard Water. According to In addition to adding Willard Water to sham-
peat the application several times per day. users who reported their results to Dr. poos and conditioners, you can add it to any
Diluted Willard Water is said to be as Willard, this actually helps calm excitable soap or cleanser, making housecleaning a
effective in reducing pain in animals as it is or nervous show animals. safe, pet-friendly activity.
in humans. Spray or apply it to sprains, Use this mixture to scrub, rinse, reap- In 1991, shortly before Dr. Willard’s
bruises, trauma injuries, arthritic joints, and ply, and rinse again. If you use a conditioner, death at age 84, I corresponded with him
any area that is swollen or tender. which may no longer be necessary, mix it at about Willard Water’s effect on chlorine. He
Wendy Volhard swears by Willard Wa- the same proportions. Finish with a final confirmed that extensive laboratory testing
ter as a hot spot treatment. “It dries up the rinse of dilute Willard Water solution, an proved that small amounts of Willard Wa-
inflamed areas overnight,” she says. “I also herbal tea made with diluted Willard Wa- ter neutralize or destroy chlorine. In fact,
spray it on cuts to stop the bleeding and on ter, or a solution of 1 tablespoon hydrosol he warned against adding Willard Water to
insect bites to reduce the swelling and irri- in 1 quart diluted Willard Water. A caution any load of laundry using chlorine bleach.
tation.” for humans: Willard Water added to sham- “The bleach won’t work,” he said.
An easy way to treat injured paw pads poo, conditioner, or rinse water has stripped In reply to my questions about whether
is to briefly soak the affected foot in a bowl color from some dyed hair. Willard Water concentrate would help pre-
or pan of diluted Willard Water, then let it To treat any eye condition, spray diluted serve raw milk, he recommended adding 1
air-dry. Willard Water directly into the dog’s eye. ounce per gallon. “We discovered this with
To create a compress, soak a washcloth Willard Water helps clear up conjunctivitis an old Swiss cheese maker. Milk tastes
in the dilute solution and hold it in place and other infections, and it’s an effective richer and keeps fresh longer. You can do
for several minutes, or secure it with a first-aid rinse for the removal of debris. the same with raw juices.”
wrapped towel or bandage. Repeat the treat- Clear Willard Water concentrate is usually
ment two or three times per day. recommended for use in the eyes, but many A long-time contributor to WDJ and author
You can increase the effectiveness of any users report excellent results from rinsing of The Encyclopedia of Natural Pet Care,
herbal compress or wash by brewing the or spraying eyes with dark Willard Water Natural Remedies for Dogs & Cats, and
herbal tea in a dilute solution of Willard solutions. If desired, add a pinch of unre- other books, CJ Puotinen lives in New York
Water, or simply add ½ teaspoon Willard fined sea salt to make the solution slightly with her husband, a Lab, and a tabby cat.

About the product

Willard Water has gone by many names over the years: Catalyst Dr. Willard received over 20 patents on Willard Water, then
Altered Water, CAW Water, Carbonaceous Activated Water, Lig- spent his remaining years fighting patent infringers, including
nite Activated Water, LA Water, Dr. Willard’s Water, and Real those who diluted and repackaged the extract. The original full-
Willard Water. strength Willard Water is available from Nutrition Coalition in
Three versions of Willard Water are sold today: Clear, Dark Fargo, North Dakota, which has a generous “give it a try” offer
XLR-8 Plus, and Dark XXX. The Dark XLR-8 Plus contains for new users. To receive a free 4-ounce bottle of Dark XLR-8
higher concentrations of trace minerals and nutrients than the Plus Willard Water, which makes 4 gallons of diluted Willard
Clear concentrate because of its added lignite. Dark XXX Willard Water at the normal strength or 8 gallons at the recommended
Water is less expensive (but costs more to ship) because it is pet maintenance strength, pay $5.85 shipping and handling. Clear
greatly diluted, requiring 2¼ times the amounts listed here to Willard Water is available at slightly lower prices.
match the desired concentrations. To order any of these special offers, call Nutrition Coalition
Willard Water is sold in plastic bottles. Dr. Willard recom- at (800) 447-4793 or (218) 236-9783, specify clear or dark,
mended that the concentrate not be stored in glass because its and mention that you read about Willard Water in WDJ.
long-term storage actually weakens glass and causes it to break. See “Resources,” page 24, for more information.

Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL | 15

Paean to the Pancreas

This organ plays a vital role in digestion – and in diabetes prevention.

he pancreas is an elongated gland,
light tan or pinkish in color, nestled
alongside the small intestine and
adjacent to the stomach. The organ
is composed of two functionally
separate types of glandular tissue, each
which performs a vital and disparate role in
the dog’s body.

Digestive functions
“Exocrine” refers to the process of releas-
ing outwardly through a duct, so the
majority of pancreatic tissue is known as
the exocrine pancreas, because its secretions
are delivered through the pancreatic duct
directly into the duodenum (small intestine),
where they assist digestion.
The exocrine portion of the pancreas
contains grape-like clusters of cells (called
acinar cells), each of which can produce
more than 10 different digestive enzymes.
Pancreatic enzymes digest proteins, carbo- There are a lot of clues that this dog may have pancreatic problems, which
hydrates, and fats. Enzymes that digest may predispose him to diabetes: he is very overweight and routinely gets
proteins could potentially be harmful to the into the garbage and onto counters looking for extra food. Another bad
sign: See all the towels around the water bowl? He drinks a lot.

The Whole Dog Journal

pancreatic cells themselves, so these en- ingested. Fatty foods, for example, stimu-
zymes are synthesized and stored until late a different enzymatic response than do
needed within the cells as protectively proteinaceous foods. All enzymatic re-
coated zymogen granules. sponse is finally regulated by a feedback
■ Don’t allow your dog to become Enzymatic secretions from the acinar mechanism that produces enzymes when
overweight. Obese dogs have a cell clusters pass through ducts lined with food is present and halts the production
higher risk of pancreatitis and
cells (centroacinar cells) that produce a when the dog’s belly is empty and there is
watery secretion rich in sodium bicarbon- no food nearby.
ate; pancreatic secretions thus have a basic
pH to neutralize the highly acidic secretions Endocrine functions
■ If your dog has had pancreatitis,
of the stomach. And since both the pancre- “Endocrine” glands do not have ducts, but
control his food intake, level of
atic secretions and the bile from the liver release their secretions directly into the
dietary fat, and potential access empty into the upper portion of the small bloodstream and affect the function of spe-
to garbage or forbidden foods to intestine, most of digestion occurs there. cific target organs. The endocrine portion
prevent another attack. The flow of pancreatic juices is stimu- of the pancreas represents a much smaller
lated by several mechanisms: the sight and percentage of the pancreatic tissue, but it
■ If your diabetic dog’s blood smell of food, distention of the stomach, and plays an important role as the origin of sev-
sugar levels are not too extreme, release of partially digested foods from the eral hormones, insulin most notable among
consider trying to control his stomach into the duodenum. them.
diabetes with diet and comple- Each of these mechanisms stimulates the The endocrine portion of the pancreas
mentary therapies. release of an appropriate enzyme, depend- is arranged into discrete islands, called the
ing on the quantity and type of food islets of Langerhans. Four different cell

16|JUNE 2006 Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC

types make up these islands of endocrine blood glucose initiates the synthesis and re- Signs are often nonspecific and vary
tissue, and each produces a different hor- lease of insulin by the Beta-cells of the depending on the severity of the disease. A
mone: pancreatic islets. To a lesser extent, the pres- dog with mild pancreatitis may simply ap-
ence of amino acids and fatty acids in the pear to have a “belly ache,” and mope
• Beta-cells are the most numerous and intestinal tract also stimulates the release of around and lose her appetite for a day or
produce insulin; insulin. In all, at least a dozen factors influ- two. More severe cases may include a sud-
ence insulin secretion, ranging from the type den onset of vomiting, loss of appetite,
• Alpha-cells produce glucagons; of diet to several hormones, and these all depression, fever, abdominal discomfort,
interact by stimulating or inhibiting produc- and dehydration. Symptoms may be severe
• D-cells (sometimes referred to as Delta- tion to create a whole-body energy balance. enough to lead to shock and collapse.
cells) produce somatostatin; and Glucagon (produced by the Alpha-cells Diagnosis is not always easy due to the
of the pancreatic islets) works in harmony nonspecific symptoms, but blood tests may
• F or PP cells produce pancreatic with insulin in the control of glucose me- be helpful. Serum amylase and lipase or the
polypeptide. tabolism. Its main effects are the opposite newer pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity
of insulin. An increased activity of gluca- (PLI) or pancreatic trypsin-like immunore-
While these hormones have different gon results in an increase of glucose in the activity (TLI) tests may be most useful.
functions, they are all involved in the con- blood. Radiographs, ultrasound, and CT scans may
trol of metabolism, especially glucose Somatostatin is produced by the D-cells also be helpful.
metabolism. I’ll discuss each hormone and of the pancreatic islets and by areas of the Pancreatitis frequently recurs in those
its function in turn. gastrointestinal tract and parts of the brain. critters I refer to as “garbage hounds” – dogs
Insulin (produced by the Beta-cells) is Somatostatin is an inhibitory hormone, and who love to get into the household garbage
amazingly similar between species. For ex- its main functions in the pancreas are to in- pails and wolf down forbidden foods with
ample, cattle, sheep, horses, dogs, and hibit the secretion of insulin, glucagon, and glee. The tendency is for each bout of pan-
whales differ only in the amino acids lo- pancreatic polypeptide. (In the gastrointes- creatitis to be more severe than the one
cated at three sites (among a total of 21 tinal tract it decreases nutritive absorption before; the theory is that these recurrences
amino acid sites) along one of the two pro- and digestion and diminishes normal gut of acute pancreatitis – due to the repeated
tein chains that make up insulin. Canine motility and secretory activity. In the brain inflammation, immune response, and tissue
insulin is similar to human insulin and iden- it inhibits the secretion of growth hormone.) necrosis and scarring they create – eventu-
tical to porcine insulin in its amino acid A protein meal stimulates the produc- ally lead to an increased risk for developing
structure. (Feline insulin is most similar to tion of pancreatic polypeptide, which is diabetes mellitus.
bovine insulin.) produced by the F cells of the pancreas. Treatment is generally nonspecific, vary-
The function of insulin in animals is to Pancreatic polypeptide inhibits the secre- ing with the severity of symptoms. A severe
facilitate the use of glucose, the primary tion of other pancreatic enzymes and case of pancreatitis – intense vomiting, pain,
source of energy from food. Its net effect is increases the motility of the gut and the etc. – is a medical emergency: See your vet
to lower blood concentrations of glucose, speed of gastric emptying. as soon as possible. Pain control may be
fatty acids, and amino acids, and to promote In a healthy pancreas, the pancreatic hor- necessary, and intravenous fluids may be in-
intracellular conversion of these compounds mones work together to maintain a harmonic dicated in cases where shock is a possibility.
to their storage forms (i.e., glycogen from and functional balance. After a course of the disease, the pan-
glucose, triglycerides from fatty acids, and creas should be rested by restricting food
protein from amino acids). The presence of Pancreatic problems and water for 4 to 5 days. Particularly fatty
insulin is critical to the movement of glu- The disease that results from pancreatic foods should be severely reduced in the diet,
cose through the cell’s outer membrane into problems depends on what part of the pan- and measures should be instituted to avoid
the cell. creas is not working properly. First, let’s the onset of diabetes: prevent obesity, plenty
Insulin has many target organs and it look at dysfunction arising from the exo- of exercise, and maintain a nonstressful,
affects nearly all cell types throughout the crine pancreas. dog-friendly environment. The dog’s long-
body, with the liver being an especially im- term prognosis may not be good, depending
portant target organ. Glycogen is a storage ■ PANCREATITIS on the severity of the lesions suffered by
product of glucose metabolism, and insulin Acute pancreatitis (inflammation of the pan- the pancreas.
promotes its production in the liver, in fatty creas) more commonly affects middle-aged
tissues, and in skeletal muscle. to older dogs, obese dogs, and female dogs. ■ EXOCRINE PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY
Via several mechanisms, insulin pro- The cause of pancreatitis is not often known, Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) is
motes protein synthesis and inhibits protein but localized trauma or the ingestion of a caused by a deficiency of pancreatic diges-
degradation, thus promoting a positive ni- fatty meal are often implicated. The disease tive enzymes that eventually results in
trogen balance throughout the body. may be mild to severe. Complications may malnourishment. In dogs it appears most
Additionally, insulin promotes the synthe- arise when the stored digestive enzymes (zy- commonly in German Shepherds. Affected
sis of adipose tissue (mature fat) from the mogens) are released into the pancreatic and animals typically lose weight even though
fatty acids circulating in the blood. surrounding tissues where they can cause they have a ravenous appetite (these ani-
The primary controlling factor for insu- an inflammatory reaction, and in severe mals will often eat anything they can get
lin secretion is the concentration of blood cases they may begin to digest the dog’s own their mouths around). They typically pass
glucose; an increased concentration of tissues. large volumes of semi-formed, greasy fe-

Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL | 17
ces (since dietary fats are not being di- glucose (the energy-creating end-product of sticks – or the good old taste test. If we were
gested). carbohydrate digestion), but insulin is also living in past centuries, we would simply
Fecal examination will often confirm the involved in the metabolic pathways of fats dip our finger in the urine and taste it; to-
problem; your vet can check for undigested and proteins. day we have urine dipsticks that measure
food particles and the presence of enzymes Glucose does not readily penetrate into glucose content. Ancient practitioners also
in the feces. Most dogs respond favorably cells (except for a few tissues such as the noted that bees were attracted to the urine
when commercially available pancreatic brain, liver, and blood cells); as stated ear- from animals with diabetes mellitus.
enzyme supplements are added to the diet. lier, insulin is critical for the movement of Diabetes mellitus is a chronic and in-
However, since pancreatic tissue doesn’t re- glucose through cell membranes into the sidious disease. Although dogs are hungry
generate, treatment will generally be cells. The net effects of insulin are to lower and eat a lot, they lose weight and gradu-
lifelong. blood concentrations of glucose, fatty ac- ally become weaker. Muscle mass will
ids, and amino acids, and to promote gradually deteriorate, and the animal will
■ PANCREATIC TUMORS intracellular conversion of these compounds not want to exercise.
The most frequent pancreatic tumor is an to their storage forms (i.e., glycogen from The abnormal utilization of fat for en-
islet cell carcinoma (insulinoma) derived glucose, triglycerides from fatty acids, and ergy may lead to an overproduction of
from the insulin secreting Beta-cells. These protein from amino acids). ketones. Affected animals will often have
tumors generally are found in dogs 5 to 12 The most important factor in the con- the typical diabetic “fruity-sweet” smell of
years old; they are frequently hormonally trol of insulin secretion is the concentration ketones. Note that only some people have
active and secrete excessive amounts of in- of blood glucose; it is a positive feedback the scent receptors that give them the abil-
sulin, causing hypoglycemia. system in which increased concentrations ity to smell ketones; for others (I am one of
The resulting symptoms are those asso- of glucose (after a meal, for example) lead the others) ketones are a “non-aroma.” Ke-
ciated with low blood sugar, including to increased secretion of insulin. toacidosis is a severe overproduction of
muscular twitching and weakness, exercise Diabetes mellitus is a insulin-deficient ketones and may cause disorientation, leth-
fatigue, mental confusion, changes of tem- condition where there is either not enough argy, and ultimately collapse. Test strips are
perament, and occasionally seizures. The insulin produced for the amount of glucose available to detect the presence of ketones
symptoms often come and go, but they typi- in the blood, or where the insulin that is in the urine.
cally become worse and more frequent as produced is not functionally normal and thus Many diabetic dogs develop cataracts,
the disease progresses. is not able to produce the required cellular and the whitening of the eyes may be the
Symptoms are easily confused with reactions. first overt sign the caretaker notices.
other primary neurological diseases such as Some breeds – notably Keeshonds, Pu- Affected animals also become more sus-
epilepsy or brain tumors. Dogs with lis, Miniature Pinschers, and Cairn Terriers ceptible to recurrent infections; cystitis,
insulinomas typically have abnormally low – seem to have a genetic predisposition to bronchitis, and skin problems are common,
(< 60 mg/dL) fasting blood glucose. Some diabetes, and some, including Poodles, perhaps due to decreased neutrophil func-
veterinarians recommend that any older dog Dachshunds, Miniature Schnauzers, and tion associated with the excess of sugar in
with neurological signs should have his Beagles, have an increased potential for the blood. The liver, due to increased mo-
blood glucose monitored. developing the disease. bilization of body fats, may enlarge, and its
Cancers of the exocrine pancreas are function will be impaired by the fatty accu-
rare, but when they do occur, they can be ■ Symptoms: As mentioned earlier, dogs mulations.
aggressive and invasive. with diabetes are forever thirsty, and as a Human diabetic patients commonly in-
consequence they urinate frequently. cur retinitis and/or blood vascular
Diabetes: The problem of the The urine from dogs with diabetes mel- conditions that may ultimately lead to limb
endocrine pancreas litus animals will contain glucose. When the amputations, but fortunately these two con-
Diabetes is a general term referring to dis- blood glucose levels exceed about 180 mg/ ditions are not common in diabetic dogs.
orders characterized by extreme thirst dL, glucose begins to spill over into the
(polydipsia) and excessive urine excretion urine, where it can be detected by urine dip ■ Diagnosis: Diagnosing diabetes melli-
(polyuria). tus is based on persistent fasting
The “diabetes” that most of us are hyperglycemia (blood glucose levels
familiar with is diabetes mellitus, DIABETES INSIPIDUS higher than normal) and glycosuria
which comes in several forms (in- Diabetes insipidus has nothing to do with blood (the presence of glucose in the urine).
cluding Type I, Type II, and Type III), sugar, insulin, or the pancreas. The only charac- The normal fasting value for blood
all of which involve a relative or ab- teristic it shares with diabetes mellitus is that its glucose in dogs (and cats) is 75-120
solute insulin insufficiency. Since it victims experience extreme thirst and urination. In mg/dL. Some animals may have a
is a condition of the pancreas, diabe- diabetes insipidus, this is due to the lack of antidi- transiently high blood glucose level
tes mellitus will be discussed here. uretic hormone (ADH), which normally limits the as a result of stress (especially cats),
Much of the endocrine function amount of urine made, or by a failure of the kid- and some drugs (glucocorticoids and
of the pancreas is devoted to the neys to respond to ADH. Diabetes insipidus is others) may elevate blood glucose
production of insulin; 60 to 70 treated with drugs that reduce the amount of urine levels.
percent of the islet cell population are made and/or help the kidneys respond to the ADH There are two additional tests that
insulin-secreting Beta-cells. Insulin is that is present. may be helpful in diagnosis: serum
the key factor in the metabolism of glycosylated hemoglobin and

18|JUNE 2006 Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC

Types of Diabetes and the Need for Insulin in Diabetic Dogs
In humans there are fairly distinct types of diabetes. The most Human patients with Type I diabetes will almost always re-
common are Type I diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes melli- quire insulin injections, whereas many Type II diabetics can be
tus or IDDM), and Type II diabetes (non-insulin-dependent treated with dietary and lifestyle changes, possibly with the ad-
diabetes mellitus or NIDDM). A third type, latent autoimmune dition of minimal use of injectable insulin.
diabetes of adults (LADA), occurs as a slowly progressive dis- Most veterinary endocrinologists think that a majority of dia-
ease that shows up in middle-aged or older people. About 90 betic dogs have Type I diabetes, since most show serum
percent of all human cases are Type II; the cases in most dogs antibodies to insulin – the keynote of Type I in humans.
more closely resemble the human Type I or the LADA type. All well and good . . . except that, by definition, Type I dia-
“Gestational diabetes” (frequently called Type III diabetes) betes is a due to a lack of insulin production, and this often
affects pregnant women (about 4 percent) and other pregnant leads the practitioner to the conclusion that all diabetic dogs
animals. Its cause is unknown, but it is likely related to the will require insulin therapy. My experience would indicate that
mother’s hormone changes and the interactions between the some diabetic dogs respond quite nicely to alternative medi-
hormones of the mother and the baby that occur during preg- cines, coupled with nutritional therapies and lifestyle changes.
nancy. This type of diabetes generally Since this is true, I
responds to dietary therapy, and it usu- see absolutely no rea-
ally goes away after pregnancy. son to avoid alterna-
Type I diabetes is the result of a lack tive therapies at the
of insulin production due to the destruc- outset of the disease.
tion of pancreatic Beta-cells; in humans You can always go to
it typically occurs in younger patients; the injectable insulin if
and it is not usually associated with obe- it is needed after a few
sity. It is not clear what causes Type I months or so.
diabetes, but it is likely an autoimmune I agree with the en-
disease. docrinologists who
Type II diabetes is typically associ- think most dogs have
ated with obesity. Here, a lack of something more like
sufficient insulin is not the problem. the LADA form, given
However, problems arise because the in- Different types of insulin vary in their period of onset, peak that most are middle-
sulin that is produced does not interact of activity, and duration. Your vet will take these factors aged dogs with a slow
with its target cells properly. into account when prescribing a type for your dog. onset of the disease.

fructosamine. These tests rely on the fact the removal of an excess of ingested glu- occurs in dogs or that obesity is a risk fac-
that glucose binds to many proteins in the cose over a short period of time. tor for canine diabetes, an open-minded
body, and the “average” amount of glucose observation of the actual animals that have
present in the blood over a period of time ■ Predisposing factors: Surveys indicate the disease leads me to believe that at least
can be determined by evaluating its concen- that extensive pancreatic damage, likely some dogs resemble the human Type II dia-
tration on these proteins. from chronic pancreatitis, causes about 28 betes and that obesity is at least one of the
Glycosylated hemoglobin measures the percent of canine diabetes cases. Environ- causative factors involved in the develop-
average amount of glucose that the hemo- mental factors such as feeding of high-fat ment of the disease in dogs. (See “About
globin in red blood cells ( RBC s) was diets and allowing the animal to become Types of Diabetes in Dogs,” above.)
exposed to over their lifespan, and since obese are associated with pancreatitis and
canine RBCs live for about 120 days, the therefore are likely to play a role in the de- ■ Treatment: Successful therapy, no mat-
measurement gives us a picture of average velopment of diabetes in dogs. ter the course chosen, will require that the
blood glucose levels over those past 120 Diabetes diagnosed in a female during dog’s caretakers be willing to undertake
days. Fructosamine measures glucose pregnancy or diestrus is comparable to hu- long-term and vigilant monitoring of blood
amounts bound to serum albumins; values man gestational diabetes. Interestingly, at glucose levels. They should also should en-
indicate the average glucose concentration least one (human) study has shown that sec- deavor to thoroughly understand how both
over the previous 1 to 2 weeks. ondhand smoke is related to an increased the disease and its treatments work, so they
For diagnostic confirmation, to judge the incidence of diabetes, and other studies have will know, by the symptoms of the dog,
severity of the disease, or (more commonly) demonstrated that correct dietary levels of when to change the rate or dosage of the
to monitor the progress of the therapy be- calcium and vitamin D (or exposure to ad- medicines. They must be willing to give
ing used to control the disease, your vet may equate sunlight) may help prevent diabetes. daily insulin injections (if necessary), and
want to do a glucose-tolerance curve, which While there is not yet any actual pub- be prepared to deal with a hypoglycemic
is a way to test the animal’s efficiency in lished data that show overt Type II diabetes crisis if it occurs from an insulin overdose.

Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL | 19
Conventional treatment begins with a and improve glucose regulation (in mice).
combination of weight reduction and diet Poor control of diabetes has been asso-
(high in fiber and complex carbohydrates). ciated with low serum magnesium, and as
Intact females should be spayed, as their already mentioned, low levels of calcium
blood sugar may prove more difficult to con- and vitamin D are associated with increased
trol during estrus. chances for developing diabetes. Zinc and
If diet and weight reduction do not con- selenium, too, have a proven role in pre-
trol the disease, injectable insulin will be venting diabetes. Chromium, in just micro
necessary. There are more than 20 forms of doses, appears to be very helpful for some
injectable insulin available, with several cases of diabetes. Chromium picolonate is
made especially for dogs. Each form of in- the biologically active form, and its action
sulin has a unique time of onset and duration is to increase the number of cell receptors
of activity. Your vet will likely recommend for insulin; it would thus be most helpful
the one with which she is most familiar and for Type II diabetes.
successful. Insulin injections may be re- Note: In all cases of nutrient supplemen-
quired once or twice daily. tation, be certain that you are providing a
balanced level of the nutrients. Check with
■ Nonconventional therapies for dia- your holistic veterinarian to be sure.
betes run the usual gamut of medicines, Worldwide there have been more than
including acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal, 1,200 herbs that have been used to treat dia-
and nutritional therapies. Life style changes betes. Out of these, several have shown
will almost certainly be needed; more exer- promise on animals, including: fenugreek,
cise to reduce weight and attention given to dandelion, garlic, cinnamon, and Madagas-
reducing stress are commonly prescribed. car periwinkle.Ask a qualified herbalist who
Therapies such as calming herbs, massage, has worked with animals for correct dos-
flower essences, and aromatherapy may be ages and ways to use the herbs.
indicated to reduce the dog’s stress. I have had success when using classical
For the obese animal, specific nutritional homeopathy and acupuncture with diabetic
supplementation should include a high fi- patients. Admittedly my cure rates were not
ber, weight-reducing diet. There are some as high as with other diseases, but they were
commercial products available that purport high enough to justify the recommendation
to be supportive of diabetic animals. Check to try an alternative approach initially.
with your holistic veterinarian.
Niacin (vitamin B-3) plays an important ■ One final caveat: Diabetes may be the
role in carbohydrate metabolism, and re- most-discussed disease on this planet –
search shows that one of its precursors, meaning the Internet is chock full of infor-
niacinamide (the substance found in most mation (correct and incorrect), good and
“enriched” grains), can protect pancreatic bad advice, cure-all proclamations, and
cells from diabetes-inducing factors. Biotin downright hooey. You can learn a lot about
and vitamin B-6 are also important nutri- diabetes on the Internet, but . . . buyer and
ents in carbohydrate metabolism and for user beware!
helping prevent diabetic complications.
Vitamin E has been shown to reduce Dr. Randy Kidd earned his DVM degree
blood sugar levels in diabetics, and thiamine from Ohio State University and his PhD in
plays a huge role in the proper regulation Pathology/Clinical Pathology from Kansas
of glucose metabolism and pancreatic Beta- State University. A past president of the
cell function. Vitamin C is important for American Holistic Veterinary Medical
blood sugar regulation in humans and ani- Association, he’s author of Dr. Kidd’s Guide
mals; supplementation with vitamin C has to Herbal Dog Care and Dr. Kidd’s Guide
been shown to decrease insulin resistance to Herbal Cat Care (see page 24).

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articles from back issues:
training, health
product reviews
❒ 5/06 Safe Pain Relief • What to Do If Your Dog Is a Bully • Giardia • Teaching Self-Control •
The Canine Immune System
❒ 4/06 Commercial Raw, Frozen Diets • Signs of Active and Passive Submission •
Treatment for Heartworm • Helping Shy Dogs • How to Provide Canine Hospice Care
❒ 3/06 Preventing Canine Cancer • A Dependable Stay • Heartworm Prevention •
“Shape” Training • Central Nervous System
❒ 2/06 Best Dry Foods • Target Training • Nonconventional Care for Canine Cancer •
Electronic Training Collars
❒ 1/06 Best Wet Foods • (Body) Language Barrier • Home Care for Canine Cancer Patients •
Adoption Advice • Old Dogs BACK ISSUES OF
❒ 12/05 Fending Off the Flu • Teach Your Dog a Perfect Recall • Conventional Cancer Care •
Scary-Looking (But Safe) Play Behavior • Best Books on Positive Training • To Crop and Dock? Whole Dog Journal
❒ 11/05 Preventing Great Escapes • Canine Cancer Crisis • Learn Canine Body Language • ARE AVAILABLE!
Case History: Defeating Distemper • Skin
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The “Gift” of Growling • Crazy About Coconut Oil • The Power of Intuition • Joints
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❒ 4/05 On Trial: PETA and the Pet Food Industry • Teaching Polite Greetings • Hydrosols •
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Easing Winter Aches • The FDA, Drugs, and Your Dog
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• What Promotes Bloat? • How to Custom-Mix Essential Oils P.O. Box 5656
• Respiratory System • Limber Tail Syndrome • Skip This Peanut Butter
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❒ 11/04 Anesthesia-Free Teeth Cleaning • Musical Freestyle • The Canine Nose • Socializing
Your New Dog or Puppy • Case History: Rehabilitating a Paralyzed Dog

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Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL | 21

Wait a Doggone Minute

Many readers appreciated hearing about an herbal arthritis pain reliever;
others were peeved with the nature of our report on DGP.
Dear readers: The response to our article Thanks, Donna, for your thoughtful and have affected the dogs’ behavior, resulting
on Dog Gone Pain, featured in “Safe Pain caring letter. I was unaware of the veteri- in the findings reported). It would have been
Relief” (May 2006), has been heavy and nary community’s anxiety or wariness about so easy to make this a double-blind study.
swift. Quite a few of the letters we received undisclosed ingredients until my recent cor- In this way, the placebo effect, which has
resembled the following: respondence with Dr. Susan Wynn (our been proven over and over again to be very
interview appears on page 6). Dr. Wynn powerful, would be removed as a variable.

ordered DGP for my seven-year-old La- expressed her concern with DGP this way: Beth Fishman, PhD
brador, who has had a shoulder problem “As long as they keep secret their in- El Prado, NM
for two years, and noticed improvement gredients, no veterinarian will ever be able

quickly. She sees a chiropractor and re- to ethically recommend the product. And proudly own two wonderful Tibetan
ceives acupuncture, but this really while I think the stuff works, who is to say Terriers and am an interventional car-
seems to help her pain. that it’s not working because they added a diologist. I have always tried to practice
Diana Pintel, Mistypoint Labradors nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, the “evidence-based medicine.” I support
Lake Almanor, CA way some unscrupulous Chinese herb pro- the NIH initiative to scientifically evalu-
ducers do?” ate nontraditional medicine and have a com-
But then, we also received letters like this: I’ll be contacting the makers and dis- pletely open mind to the conclusions.
tributors of DGP and asking them for a That said, your article on DGP was naive

s the owner of a senior Golden Re- response to these very valid criticisms. I and ill-advised. DGP may be a wonderful
triever suffering from bilateral hip absolutely agree that any legitimate supple- remedy, but the “study” you reported was
dysplasia and spinal arthritis, it was ment maker should be happy to disclose all amateurish and would be laughed at by any
with great interest that I read your of its ingredients, especially to interested respected scientific journal.
article on DGP. Our guy, Teddy, is veterinarians. Alan S. Brenner, MD, FACC, FSCAI
clearly suffering, so we decided to ask our I must say that I have only rarely heard Elkins, NH
veterinarian about it. Our vet practices con- vets express concern over the undisclosed
ventional, holistic, and Eastern medicine, ingredients in things like spot-on pesticides For what it’s worth, the article’s author
and is very open-minded. and so-called inert ingredients in the con- didn’t misrepresent her methodology; it was
His answer was surprising. He said the ventional drugs and topical medicines they admittedly homegrown. And she did state
American Veterinary Medical Association sell and prescribe. On the other hand, that her goal was simply to test the product
(AVMA) strongly advises against recom- though, at least those things have been on enough dogs to see for herself whether
mending any product with undisclosed tested and approved by the FDA. I could her own dog’s experience was a fluke. If it
ingredients. He further stated that because debate both sides of the issue all day; let’s performed well, she wanted to publicize this
of the undisclosed ingredients, he can’t move on to more critiques! in hopes of inspiring more appropriate and
guarantee there will not be negative inter- experienced researchers to initiate a large-

actions with the two medications Teddy was very taken aback by “Safe Pain scale, conventionally structured study.
must take, soloxine for thyroid and Enalapril Relief.” I am a clinical psychologist Ah, well, if you didn’t like the DGP ar-
for his kidneys. (and dog fanatic, of course) and have ticle, you’re going to hate the one in this
As Teddy’s options are limited, we will extensive training in experimental de- issue on Willard Water. I’m skeptical about
try anything to make him comfortable. Con- sign. The fact that the “experiment” Willard Water myself, but I can’t count the
ventional medications are no longer designed by Jan Skadberg did not include a number of readers who have been begging
effective, so we will cautiously try DGP, but control group of any sort, nor utilized a us to publish an article about it after they
we expected a more positive response. Per- double-blind design, renders the results use- tried it with wondrous results.
haps it could be suggested to the less, in my opinion. As penance, Dr. Susan “Evidence-Based
manufacturer that they be more forthcom- The entire body of results could easily Medicine” Wynn has assigned me the task
ing with the ingredients so American be explained by the placebo effect (in other of writing an article for WDJ about the rela-
veterinarians can be comfortable talking words, the owners knew they were giving tive strengths and weaknesses of the various
about and recommending this product. something potentially helpful to their dogs, types of scientific evidence: case studies,
Donna Zeiser which may have altered the owner’s behav- meta analysis, in vitro testing, clinical tri-
Levittown, NY ior toward their dogs, which in turn may als, and more. I’ll be in my room.

22|JUNE 2006 Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC

PET FOOD FACTORY More “Completely Convenient” Frozen Raw Diets
We missed the opportunity to include at least two (and surely more) manufacturers
of frozen, raw diets in our April 2006 article about these products.

hank you for accepting our invita-
tion to tour Natura Pet Products’ Oma’s Pride Oma’s Pride is a division of a meat-packing company that has produced
California baking facility and our Avon, CT meat and poultry for restaurants for more than 50 years. The company
state-of-the-art dry food manufac- (800) 678-6627 states that the Oma’s Pride products are made out of the same USDA-
omaspride.com inspected and -approved ingredients as its parent company uses. Products
turing plant in Fremont, Nebraska.
include a chicken- and a turkey-based mix (each consisting of 70
I’m pleased that you had the interest to learn percent meat/ground bones, 10 percent organ meats, and 20
about the different programs and certifica- percent vegetables); a beef mix (also 70 percent meat/ground
tions it takes to provide the best and most bones, 10 percent organ meats, and 20 percent vegetables); and
healthful foods for companion animals. a lamb mix (80 percent meat/ground bones and 20 percent vegetables).
As you accurately pointed out in your The company also sells raw, recreational chew bones, tripe, organ mixes,
and other meat products. Available via direct shipping, in some retail
dry foods review (“The Right Stuff,” Feb-
outlets, and from the manufacturing plant itself.
ruary 2006), using high quality ingredients
isn’t enough. A total – almost fanatical – Pepperdogz Pepperdogz presents its frozen raw diets in 8-ounce “chubs,” kind of like
commitment and focus to quality manufac- Petforia, LLC a little frozen log. This form and size, the company claims, best resists
turing processes and quality assurance Bellevue, WA freezer burn and “snow,” yet is easy to thaw. Three varieties are offered:
programs is the only way to give pet own- (866) 866-DOGZ “Perky Turkey,” described as a low-fat alternative to chicken, contains
ers the confidence they deserve when pepperdogz.com turkey, ground turkey bones, and turkey liver and heart (all from cage-
free, antibiotic-free poultry); “Kick’n Chicken” is similar, only with chicken;
choosing a product to feed their pet. This
and “Go Go Buffalo,” which utilizes range-fed buffalo as a beef alternative.
has become magnified in light of the unfor- All three contain vegetables, fruit, natural oils (flax seed, oil, evening
tunate recent event in our industry. [Editor’s primrose, and safflower), and a variety of supplements. Available from
note: Atkins is referring to the death of a select locations in Colorado, New Mexico, Oregon, and Washington, and
number of dogs in December 2005 due to online from Only Natural Pet Store (onlynaturalpet.com).
poisoning from aflatoxin in some foods
made by Diamond Pet Foods.]
Natura is committed to the highest
standards for safety, reliability, and
consistency by achieving and maintaining “Completely Convenient,” in the April 2006 issue, contained some errors.
all of the third-party certifications that you
The home office of BARFWorld, Inc., is now located in Danville, CA. Also, we
listed: the American Institute of Baking
stated that Dr. Ian Billinghurst is no longer connected to BARFWorld, Inc. In fact,
( AIB ) Superior Rating Certification,
Dr. Billinghurst is still a shareholder in the company. However, since April 2003, he
Organic Production Certification, USDA
is not on the Board of Directors of the company and has not been involved in its
APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection
day-to-day operations.
Service) Registration and the ISO
9001:2000 Compliance Certification. We incorrectly reported that the vitamin/mineral component of the raw, frozen diets
By pointing out the importance of these made and sold by Nature’s Menu, of Lake Geneva, WI, is sold separately. This is
processes and certifications, WDJ helps pet incorrect. Nature’s Menu’s diets do contain a vitamin/mineral supplement and are
caretakers make an informed choice when formulated to be “complete and balanced.” We regret the errors.
choosing foods to feed their companions.
Peter Atkins
Vice President, Natura Pet Products GIARDIA ADDENDUM
San Jose, CA
We have some additional information about “A Water-Lover’s Worry” (May 2006).
First, regarding when to recheck a dog’s stool after treating her for a Giardia infec-
tion: We reported that parasitologists advocate retesting the dog three to four weeks
after treatment ends, and the practicing veterinarians we consulted observed that
guideline. But we’ve since learned that researchers are now urging veterinarians to
follow treatment with another Giardia test no more than 7 days later. Dr. Andrew
Peregrine, Associate Professor of Clinical Parasitology at the Ontario Veterinary
College, University of Guelph, explains that, if results are positive, waiting longer
than this makes it difficult to know whether the drug failed or the dog got reinfected.
Also, we’ve learned of another method of testing that deserves mention. The
SNAP Giardia® Test is similar to an ELISA test, but has the advantage of being done
in your veterinarian’s clinic. It appears to be more reliable than a float test or fecal
From left to right: Natura’s Peter Atkins,
WDJ’s Nancy Kerns, Natura’s Don Scott smear; however, the jury’s still out on whether it’s as effective as an in-lab ELISA.
(VP of Manufacturing), and Natura’s Brian It’s been available in the U.S. since 2004, and just became available in Canada.
Streit, Director of Operations.

Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC THE WHOLE DOG JOURNAL | 23
Herbal Detox
Greg Tilford explains
the mechanisms of
detoxification, and
what herbs are safe
to give your dog for
this purpose.

Roll On Past
This Technique
Why no one should
The Whole Dog Journal

ever attempt the

infamous “Alpha Roll”
maneuver with his or
her dog.
RESOURCES Nutrition Coalition, Fargo, ND. (800) 447-4793 or
BOOKS (218) 236-9783; willardswater.com Anatomy of a
WDJ Training Editor Pat Miller is author of two Holistic Guide for a Healthy Dog by Wendy Fat Dog
books: The Power of Positive Dog Training and the Volhard and Kerry Brown, DVM. Howell Book If this doesn’t scare
brand-new Positive Perspectives: Love Your Dog, House, 2nd Edition, 2000 you into putting
Train Your Dog. Both books are available from your dog on a diet,
DogWise, (800) 776-2665 or dogwise.com Roger DeHaan, DVM, Kings Mountain, NC.
aholisticvet.com nothing will!
Dr. Kidd’s Guide to Herbal Dog Care and Dr. Kidd’s
Guide to Herbal Cat Care are published by Storey TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION A Real Treat
Books, (800) 441-5700 or storeybooks.com Pat Miller, CPDT, Peaceable Paws Dog and Puppy How to identify and
Training, Hagerstown, MD. Train with modern,
dog-friendly positive methods. Group and private
select healthy and
Ruffing It: A Complete Guide to Camping With Dogs
by Mardi Richmond (Alpine Pubs, 1998), is also training, Rally, behavior modification, workshops, irresistible treats.
available from DogWise, (800) 776-2665 or intern and apprentice programs. Call her at (301)
dogwise.com 582-9420 or see peaceablepaws.com When Mom and
Dad Don’t Agree
The Encyclopedia of Natural Pet Care and Natural The Association of Pet Dog Trainers (APDT) has
references to member trainers in your area. Call
About the Dog
Remedies for Dogs and Cats, by WDJ contributor
CJ Puotinen, are available from DogWise, (800) (800) 738-3647 or see apdt.com. Doesn’t this title say
776-2665 or dogwise.com. Puotinen is also author Please note: APDT is dedicated to building bet- it all? Pat Miller talks
of several books about human health including Natu- ter trainers through education, promoting about the differences
ral Relief from Aches and Pains, available from your dog-friendly methods, and encouraging their use. between the way
favorite bookseller APDT’s membership is composed of trainers from men and women
across the spectrum of training philosophies. Mem- typically train the
HOLISTIC VETERINARIANS bership does not necessarily ensure all members
family dog – and
American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association employ similar training methods, nor does APDT
(AHVMA), 2214 Old Emmorton Road, Bel Air, MD set standards of skill or competence. APDT encour- how they can all
21015. (410) 569-0795. Send a self-addressed, ages (but does not require) its members to use get along anyway.
stamped envelope for a list of holistic veterinarians training methods that use reinforcement and re-
in your area, or search ahvma.org wards, not punishment, to achieve desired behavior. Thanks to
An interview with
PLEASE NOTE: Juliette de Baracli
Unauthorized copying or distribution of WDJ is not permitted Levy, author of “The
This publication is supported by sales of subscriptions and back issues. The fact Complete Herbal
that we are NOT supported by advertising sales gives us the editorial independence Handbook for Dogs
necessary to present a subjective and critical view. and Cats,” and the
Making multiple copies of WDJ articles for distribution, in print or on a Web site, earliest proponent of
without the permission of the publisher, is unethical and illegal. If you would like a natural diet for
to share material from WDJ with a group, please contact our Reprint Manager, dogs.
Mona Kornfeld, at (203) 857-3143.

24|JUNE 2006 Copyright © 2006, Belvoir Media Group, LLC