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HOMEWORK VLSM TASKS – 2010

TASK 1
Given IP address 10.48.101.0 /16
R1 – 613 hosts
R2 – 822 hosts
R3 – 85 hosts
WAN1 – 2 hosts
WAN2 – 2 hosts
WAN3 – 2 hosts
Solution
1. Initial Network address 10.48.0.0 /16
Subnet mask: 255.255.0.0
2. R2 – 822 hosts
Initial Network address 10.48.0.0 /22
Number of host bits 10
Number of hosts 1022
Number of subnet bits 6
Number of subnets 64
Subnet mask: 255.255.252.0
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111100.00000000
Subnetwork addresses
R2 0 subnet 10.48.0.0 /22
for additional subnetting 1 subnet 10.48.4.0 /22
2 subnet 10.48.8.0 /22
3 subnet 10.48.12.0 /22
Host Range: 10.48.0.1 – 10.48.3.254
Broadcast address: 10.48.3.255
3. R1 – 613 hosts
Initial Network address 10.48.4.0 /22
Number of host bits 10
Number of hosts 1022
Number of subnet bits не се налага заемане на нови битове за
Number of subnets subnetting
Subnet mask: 255.255.252.0
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111100.00000000
Subnetwork addresses
R1 1 subnet 10.48.4.0 /22
for additional subnetting 2 subnet 10.48.8.0 /22
3 subnet 10.48.12.0 /22
Host Range: 10.48.4.1 – 10.48.7.254
Broadcast address: 10.48.7.255
4. R3 – 85 hosts
Initial Network address 10.48.8.0 /25
Number of host bits 7
Number of hosts 126
Number of subnet bits 3
Number of subnets 8
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.128
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111111.10000000
Subnetwork addresses
R3 0 subnet 10.48.8.0 /25
for additional subnetting 1 subnet 10.48.8.128 /25
2 subnet 10.48.9.0 /25
3 subnet 10.48.9.128 /25
Host Range: 10.48.8.1 – 10.48.8.126
Broadcast address: 10.48.8.127
5. WAN1, WAN2, WAN3 – 2 hosts for each connection
Initial Network address 10.48.8.128 /30
Number of host bits 2
Number of hosts 2
Number of subnet bits 5
Number of subnets 32
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.252
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111111.11111100
Subnetwork addresses
0 subnet 10.48.8.128 /30
1 subnet 10.48.8.132 /30
2 subnet 10.48.8.136 /30
3 subnet 10.48.8.140 /30
WAN1
0 subnet 10.48.8.128 /30
Host Range: 10.48.8.129 – 10.48.8.130
Broadcast address: 10.48.8.131
WAN2
1 subnet 10.48.8.132 /30
Host Range: 10.48.8.133 – 10.48.8.134
Broadcast address: 10.48.8.135
WAN3
2 subnet 10.48.8.136 /30
Host Range: 10.48.8.137 – 10.48.8.138
Broadcast address: 10.48.8.139
TASK 2
Given IP address 157.113.65.0 /19
R1 – 765 hosts
R2 – 378 hosts
R3 – 92 hosts
WAN1 – 2 hosts
WAN2 – 2 hosts
WAN3 – 2 hosts
Solution
1. Initial Network address 157.113.64.0 /19
Subnet mask: 255.255.224.0
2. R1 – 765 hosts
Initial Network address 157.113.64.0 /22
Number of host bits 10
Number of hosts 1022
Number of subnet bits 3
Number of subnets 8
Subnet mask: 255.255.252.0
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111100.00000000
Subnetwork addresses
R2 0 subnet 157.113.64.0 /22
for additional subnetting 1 subnet 157.113.68.0 /22
2 subnet 157.113.72.0 /22
3 subnet 157.113.76.0 /22
Host Range: 157.113.64.1 – 157.113.67.254
Broadcast address: 157.133.67.255
3. R2 – 378 hosts
Initial Network address 157.113.68.0 /23
Number of host bits 9
Number of hosts 510
Number of subnet bits 1
Number of subnets 2
Subnet mask: 255.255.254.0
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111110.00000000
Subnetwork addresses
R1 1 subnet 157.113.68.0 /23
for additional subnetting 2 subnet 157.113.70.0 /23
3 subnet -
Host Range: 157.113.68.1 – 157.113.69.254
Broadcast address: 157.113.69.255
4. R3 – 92 hosts
Initial Network address 157.113.70.0 /25
Number of host bits 7
Number of hosts 126
Number of subnet bits 2
Number of subnets 4
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.128
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111111.10000000
Subnetwork addresses
R3 0 subnet 157.113.70.0 /25
for additional subnetting 1 subnet 157.113.70.128 /25
2 subnet 157.113.71.0 /25
3 subnet 157.113.71.128 /25
Host Range: 157.113.70.1 – 157.113.70.126
Broadcast address: 157.113.70.127
5. WAN1, WAN2, WAN3 – 2 hosts for each connection
Initial Network address 157.113.70.128 /30
Number of host bits 2
Number of hosts 2
Number of subnet bits 5
Number of subnets 30
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.252
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111111.11111100
Subnetwork addresses
0 subnet 157.113.70.128 /30
1 subnet 157.113.70.132 /30
2 subnet 157.113.70.136 /30
3 subnet 157.113.70.140 /30
WAN1
0 subnet 157.113.70.128 /30
Host Range: 157.113.70.129 – 157.113.70.130
Broadcast address: 157.113.70.131
WAN2
1 subnet 157.113.70.132 /30
Host Range: 157.113.70.133 – 157.133.70.134
Broadcast address: 157.113.70.135
WAN3
2 subnet 157.133.70.136 /30
Host Range: 157.113.70.137 – 157.113.70.138
Broadcast address: 157.113.70.139
TASK 3
Given IP address 129.85.114.0 /18
R1 – 193 hosts
R2 – 1014 hosts
R3 – 286 hosts
WAN1 – 2 hosts
WAN2 – 2 hosts
WAN3 – 2 hosts
Solution
1. Initial Network address 129.85.64.0 /18
Subnet mask: 255.255.192.0
2. R2 – 1014 hosts
Initial Network address 129.85.64.0 /22
Number of host bits 10
Number of hosts 1022
Number of subnet bits 4
Number of subnets 16
Subnet mask: 255.255.252.0
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111100.00000000
Subnetwork addresses
R2 0 subnet 129.85.64.0 /18
for additional subnetting 1 subnet 129.85.68.0 /18
2 subnet 129.85.72.0 /18
3 subnet 129.85.76.0 /18
Host Range: 129.85.64.1 – 129.85.67.254
Broadcast address: 129.85.67.255
3. R3 – 286 hosts
Initial Network address 129.85.70.0 /24
Number of host bits 8
Number of hosts 254
Number of subnet bits 1
Number of subnets 2
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111111.0000000
Subnetwork addresses
R3 0 subnet 129.85.70.0 /24
for additional subnetting 1 subnet 129.85.71.0 /24
2 subnet -
3 subnet -
Host Range: 129.85.70.1 – 129.85.70.254
Broadcast address: 129.85.70.255
4. R1 – 193 hosts
Initial Network address 129.85.68.0 /23
Number of host bits 9
Number of hosts 510
Number of subnet bits 1
Number of subnets 2
Subnet mask: 255.255.254.0
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111110.00000000
Subnetwork addresses
R1 1 subnet 129.85.68.0 /23
for additional subnetting 2 subnet 129.85.70.0 /23
3 subnet -
Host Range: 129.85.68.1 – 129.85.69.254
Broadcast address: 129.85.69.255
5. WAN1, WAN2, WAN3 – 2 hosts for each connection
Initial Network address 129.85.71.0 /30
Number of host bits 2
Number of hosts 2
Number of subnet bits 6
Number of subnets 64
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.252
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111111.11111100
Subnetwork addresses
0 subnet 129.85.71.0 /30
1 subnet 129.85.71.4 /30
2 subnet 129.85.71.8 /30
3 subnet 129.85.71.12 /30
WAN1
0 subnet 129.85.71.0 /30
Host Range: 129.85.71.1 – 129.85.71.2
Broadcast address: 129.85.71.3
WAN2
1 subnet 129.85.71.4 /30
Host Range: 129.85.71.5 – 129.85.71.6
Broadcast address: 129.85.71.7
WAN3
2 subnet 129.85.71.8 /30
Host Range: 129.85.71.9 – 129.85.71.10
Broadcast address: 129.85.71.11
TASK 4
Given IP address 202.16.175.0 /24
R1 – 84 hosts
R2 – 52 hosts
R3 – 25 hosts
WAN1 – 2 hosts
WAN2 – 2 hosts
WAN3 – 2 hosts
Solution
1. Initial Network address 202.16.175.0 /24
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
2. R1 – 84 hosts
Initial Network address 202.16.175.0 /25
Number of host bits 7
Number of hosts 126
Number of subnet bits 1
Number of subnets 2
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.128
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111111.10000000
Subnetwork addresses
R2 0 subnet 202.16.175.0 /25
for additional subnetting 1 subnet 202.16.175.128 /25
2 subnet -
3 subnet -
Host Range: 202.16.175.1 – 202.16.175.126
Broadcast address: 202.16.175.127
3. R2 – 52 hosts
Initial Network address 202.16.175.128 /26
Number of host bits 6
Number of hosts 62
Number of subnet bits 1
Number of subnets 2
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.192
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111111.11000000
Subnetwork addresses
R1 1 subnet 202.16.175.128 /26
for additional subnetting 2 subnet 202.16.175.192 /26
3 subnet -
Host Range: 202.16.175.129 – 202.16.175.190
Broadcast address: 202.16.175.191
4. R3 – 25 hosts
Initial Network address 202.16.175.192 /27
Number of host bits 5
Number of hosts 30
Number of subnet bits 1
Number of subnets 2
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.224
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111111.11100000
Subnetwork addresses
R3 0 subnet 202.16.175.192 /27
for additional subnetting 1 subnet 202.16.175.224 /27
2 subnet -
3 subnet -
Host Range: 202.16.175.193 – 202.16.175.222
Broadcast address: 202.16.175.223
5. WAN1, WAN2, WAN3 – 2 hosts for each connection
Initial Network address 202.16.175.224 /30
Number of host bits 2
Number of hosts 2
Number of subnet bits 3
Number of subnets 8
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.252
Subnet mask: 11111111.11111111.11111111.11111100
Subnetwork addresses
0 subnet 202.16.175.224 /30
1 subnet 202.16.175.228 /30
2 subnet 202.16.175.232 /30
3 subnet 202.16.175.236 /30
WAN1
0 subnet 202.16.175.224 /30
Host Range: 202.16.175.225 – 202.16.175.226
Broadcast address: 202.16.175.227
WAN2
1 subnet 202.16.175.228 /30
Host Range: 202.16.175.229 – 202.16.175.230
Broadcast address: 202.16.175.231
WAN3
2 subnet 202.16.175.232 /30
Host Range: 202.16.175.233 – 202.16.175.234
Broadcast address: 202.16.175.235