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Innovative Solutions Today

For a Greener Tomorrow...
Go Green with SODAMCO
Around the world, smart builders are increasingly recognizing the demand for "Green" building practices.
As a result, the building materials industry is fast tracking the introduction of new eco-friendly products to the market, designed to help developers
stay at the forefront of design and construction. While the industry welcomes new and innovative products, it is important not to discount the value
of some products that have been in use for decades. These products have withstood the test of time and have proven reliability.
In business since 1985, SODAMCO Construction Chemicals, manufactures and markets a wide range of products designed to enhance concrete
performance, waterproof, repair and protect concrete structures. Using third generation technology, SODAMCO's products blend the best of both
worlds – they have been tried, tested and proven effective and they meet and exceed the green challenge.

More project managers, developers, architects and engineers are turning to third generation admixture solutions to meet the green challenge.
EPSILONE is the region's leading and original concrete admixture.
EPSILONE eliminates the need for conventional saving
nal concrete practices,, sa
ving time aand waste.
ng tim
EPSILONE is the innovative solution today
ay for tomorrow.
f a greener tomo orr

"Treat the Earth well.

It was not given to you by your parents.
It was loaned to you

by your children"
Kenyan Proverb
Go Green with SODAMCO
• The main sustainability benefit of EPSILONE admixture use comes from optimization of the mix constituents in order to reduce both the embodied
carbon dioxide and the water content of the concrete without any loss in other properties.

• At SODAMCO, we aim to guide our clients to use TGS (Third Generation Superplasticizers) technology, in order to contribute in the reduction of embodied
carbon dioxide emission, knowing that TGS's are very efficient at low dosage and their production emits less CO2 than 2nd generation superplasticizers.

nd use
• We recommend the use of typical 1st generation plasticizers for lower water reduction requirements and se off ASTM Type A, B & D for additional
workability retention.

g all
• Targeting to reduce our production emission by diverting a our internal transportation
n vveh
es related
vehicles rela dire
ct to the production (Forklift, bobcat,…)
from diesel power to electrical power.

• To replace 5% petroleum diesel by biodiesel

diesel in order to decrease CO2
e CO
2 emission
e 2010.
in 2 010
01 0.

• Continuous researching on wayss of using renewabl

e eenergy
renewable nergy
ergy where
wh it is possible.

en cultur
• Committed to spread the green uree and to introduce
culture ntroduce tthe
he environmental profile in the ssupplier evaluation procedures.

ncy and reducin
• Increasing our plant efficiency cing the
reducing he production wastage which will in tur
turn contribute the reduction CO2 emission of the production

• SO
SODAMCO offers a wide ra ange off innova
range innovative solutions and services to assist new cco
constructions with more energy efficient and environmentally friendly
solu ommmitted
solutions. We are fully committedtted to limiting
l the environmental impact of our ur manufacturing process, protecting our employee's health and safety
and managing our business esss in a socially
soc responsible manner.

Go Green... Go for LEED Certification

Concrete is a key element in Green Buildings and the right use of concrete
can play a considerable role in obtaining a “Green Building” certification.
Why Does It Matter?

Environment protection, global warming and climate change are becoming an increasing priority for everybody – nations, companies and individuals.
Reducing carbon footprints is the topmost concern.

Carbon footprint is a measure of the impact of human activities leave on the environment in terms of the amount of green house gases produced, mea-
sured in units of carbon dioxide’. It is meant to be useful for individuals and organizations to conceptualize their personal or organizational impact in
contributing to global warming.
Reduce your carbon footprint. Whether in coal, oil or gas, carbon is the essential ingredient of all fossil fuels. When these fuels are burned to provide
energy, carbon dioxide (CO2), a “greenhouse gas”, is released to the Earth’s atmosphere.
As we’ve become more dependent on carbon-based fuels, we’ve seen a rapid increase in the atmospheric concentration of CO2; from around 280
parts per million (ppm) before the industrial revolution, to 370 ppm today. If current trends of fossil fuel use continue the concentration of CO2 is
likely to exceed 700 ppm by the end of this century... leading to faster global warming and more ecological disturbances around the world.

Concrete and CO2

Every 1 ton of cement produced leads to about 0.9 tons of CO2 emissions
and a typical cubic meter of concrete contains about 15% by weight of
Numerous articles have been written about reduction of CO2 emissions
from concrete primarily through the use of lower amounts of cement and
higher amounts of supplementary cementitious material (SCM) such as fly
ash and slag and use of high range water reducing admixtures for reduc-
tion of water usage.
Since a cubic meter of concrete weighs about 2.4 tons, CO2 emissions from
1 ton of concrete varies between 0.10 to 0.16 tons.
Approximately 95% of all CO2 emissions from a cubic meter of concrete
are from cement manufacturing; therefore, it is no wonder that much
attention is paid to using greater amounts of SCM and high performance
What Is Concrete?
Concrete is one of the most versatile and widely used building materials in the world. It plays a vital role in many aspects of everyday life – from the
buildings we work and live in, to the roads, bridges and railways that transport us. It is a key element in the social and economic well being of us all.
Throughout its lifecycle, concrete can deliver real sustainability benefits, but it also has some negative impacts. Sustainability is a key issue for the
concrete industry in our region.

The use of concrete can offer significant sustainability benefits in the life cycle of buildings and structures. Its thermal mass is highly efficient in reducing
the energy needed to heat and cool buildings, and it also allows a high level of air tightness. Concrete is highly durable and so needs minimal maintenance
and can thus reduce whole life costs. Furthermore, the long life of the material means that concrete structures are appropriate for change of use.

Concrete’s mass and damping qualities allow good acoustic performance and minimize movement, reducing floor vibration. This is particularly
advantageous for high density accommodation. Concrete is non-combustible and has a slow rate of heat transfer which makes it a highly effective
barrier to the spread of fire. The nature of the material also ensures that it is resilient to flood damage.

We are tackling the industry’s own performance heads on, enhancing positive attributes and managing and reducing other impacts through technical
innovation and concrete design. The industry is committed to behaving in a responsible way to improve sustainability performance and to deliver
sustainable construction solutions.
Can We Make Concrete GREENER?
Enviromental Management

Concrete mixture design

The type and amount of cement has a major influence on the environmental
properties of a concrete. The energy consumption of cement production
makes up more than 90 % of the total energy consumption of all constituent
materials and approximately 1/3 of the total life cycle energy consumption.

By selecting a cement type with reduced environmental impacts and by

minimizing the amount of cement, the concrete’s environmental properties
are drastically changed. This must, however, be done whilst still taking
account of the technical requirements of the concrete for the type and
amount of cement.
One method of minimizing the cement content in a concrete mix is by using
packing calculations to determine the optimum composition of the aggregate.

A high level of aggregate packing reduces the cavities between the aggregates,
and thereby the need for cement paste. This results in better concrete properties
and a better environmental profile, due to a smaller amount of cement. When
having experimentally determined the packing, the density, and the grain size
distribution of each aggregate material, it is possible to calculate the packing of any combination of aggregates using computer program.

Another way of minimizing the cement content in a concrete is to substitute parts of the cement with other Pozzolanic materials. In our region, it is
common to produce concrete with fly ash, GGBFS and/or micro silica fume. These materials are residual products (by - products from production of
electricity, iron and steel making and production of silicon respectively) and both have a Pozzolanic effect. Thus, a material with large environmental
impact, i.e. the cement, is substituted with materials with reduced environmental impacts.

In order to reduce the consumption of raw materials and to minimize the waste generated from demolished concrete structures, surplus, and production errors,
crushed concrete can be reused as aggregate. It is expected that the use of recycled aggregate in concrete, for passive environmental class will be allowed.
Also recycled water, initially used for washing out the aggregates from surplus concrete and cleaning the production equipment, is allowed in the new
concrete standard.
Concrete & Sustainability
Cement and concrete production
Locally sourced aggregates
It is also possible to reduce a concrete’s environmental impact by reducing Trucks run on gas engines
reduce the emissions due
to transport
the environmental impacts in cement and concrete production. The cement
manufacturer has many activities concerned with the reduction of
environmental impacts. With regards to concrete production, experience Waste water, storm water
and aggregates are recycled
and reused Supplementary Cementitious
with reductions of primarily water consumption, energy consumption Materials (SCM) are used
instead of Portland cement
and waste production is available. Even though the contribution of concrete
production to a concrete’s environmental profile is not so big, it does
give a contribution, and should be taken seriously - environmentally and
economically - by every concrete producer.

Steps for a “GREENER CONCRETE“ The aggregates cooling

The result is a high quality
concrete with a low water/
system eliminates dust cement ratio and low
and reduces the amount or zero carbon emissions
of required water
• Increase the use of conventional residual products, i.e. fly ash, GGBFS,
silica and other Pozzolanic materials
• Use residual products from the concrete industry, i.e. stone dust (from
crushing of aggregate) and concrete slurry (from washing of mixers and «Green Concrete» trained
staff overlooks
Truck mixers run
on gas engines
other equipment). the whole process

• Use residual products from other industries not traditionally used in

concrete, i.e. fly ash from bio fuels and sewage sludge incineration ash
(from sewage treatment plants).
• Use new types of cement with reduced environmental impact. One of the examples of a green concrete is pervious concrete. Known
• Use recycled aggregate for its ability in storm water management, it’s one of the major break-
• Use renewable energy, including biomass, solar, wind, geothermal and throughs in green concrete design.
hydroelectric power to reduce plant CO2 emissions Pervious concrete is a mix of coarse aggregate, cement, water, and little
• Use recycled water initially used for washing out the aggregates from to no sand.
surplus concrete and cleaning the production equipment Also known as “no-fines” or pervious concrete, this mixture creates an
• Use high range water reducing admixture open-cell structure, allowing rainwater to filter through to underlying
soil. By modeling natural ground cover, pervious concrete is an excellent
choice for storm water management.
EPSILONE... For A Greener Concrete
SODAMCO has expanded its ACP range to include EPSILONE a new
generation of high range water reducing dispersants admixture based
on synthetic polymer technology producing extended workability
retention at controlled dosages with no strength loss, to serve the
following industries:

• Ready mixed high performance sustainable concrete

• Precast manufacturer (Hollow core, precast panels, in-situ.etc…)
• Concrete manufactured products (blocks, kerbs, pavers, GRC, etc..)
• Shotcrete industry

SODAMCO's products, particularly EPSILONE, answer the demand for green in a variety of ways:

• Optimized Portland cement use - Rather than only using portland cement, which properties for lower placing energy (vibration) and provide higher workability that
requires an especially energy-intensive manufacturing process, Epsilone is highly assist in reduction in construction times leading to reduced labor requirements.
effective with the use of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) as portland
cement replacements. • Enhanced durability & Quality – EPSILONE contributes to the overall durability and life
expectancy of a building by reducing corrosion, service life repair and other detrimental
• Reduction of water use - Water is becoming an increasingly precious resource and effects.
reductions in water use have become a key environmental indicator. EPSILONE high
range water reducing types allow significant reductions to be made in the water • Carbon Footprint - The main sustainability benefit of admixture use comes from
demand of concrete without affecting consistence (workability). At the same time, optimization of the mix constituents in order to reduce both the embodied carbon
environmental performance and/or durability and strength will generally be improved. dioxide and the water content of the concrete without any loss in other properties.

• Reduced energy - EPSILONE contributes to the reduction of energy use by providing • Natural Resources - Epsilone enhances concrete performance even with use of recycled
more fluidity in the fresh concrete resulting in reduced batching energy, pumping materials and reduces the use of virgin materials, which in turn reduces environmental
energy & transportation energy. Epsilone HP series can also provide self consolidated burdens.
For Ultra/High performance, self consolidating and flowing ready HW - Exceptional high workability retention
mixed concrete. WR - Third generation water reducers
VMA - Concrete viscosity Stabilizers
The HP series provides the following benefits for the concrete industry: For high performance & durable ready mixed concrete.

• High strength concrete The HW, WR & VMA series provides the following benefits for the concrete
• Improved early strength for slipformed industry:
• Concrete Improved early strength in hot/cold weather
• Cohesive mix with improved workability
• Early strength for early form removal
• Mix stability
• Ultra/high strength ready mixed concrete
• Superior retention & flow ability
• Improving placing properties
• Reduced pumping pressure
• Optimized rheology
• Improved cohesion
• SCC performance
• Optimize uses of SCM
• Superior retention & flow ability
• Mass concrete
• Reduced pumping pressure
• Improving placing properties
• Improved cohesion
• Hot weather concreting
• Optimize uses of SCM
• Highly durable concretete
• Mass concrete
• High strength/high performance concrete
• And many other applications
igh resist
• Concrete with high tance against aggressive media
oncreting/ Anti wash-out
• Under water concreting/
For High performance, durable precast concrete.

The PC's series provides the following benefits for the concrete precast

• Early stripping strengths

• Productivity
• Design flexibility
• Pumpability and placing ability
• Enhanced durability
• Reduced overall production costs
• Reduced wear and tear on equipment
• Reduced concrete discharge and placement time
• Reduced noise levels
• Reduced time consuming cosmetic repairs faster and consistent placing
• Optimized cost of mix design with efficient use of fines/cements
• Enables use of poorer aggregates and grading (i.e. recycled aggregates)
• Eliminates segregation and bleeding
• Increased quality and durability
• Less blowholes / pinholess
• Less labor requirementss
• Improved concrete surfaces
For high performance concrete masonry units & concrete manufactured

The CMU & CMP's series provides the following benefits for the concrete
manufactured products industry:
• Cost effective mix design (cement reduction)
• Optimized cost of mix design with efficient use of fines/cements
• Enables use of poorer aggregates and grading (i.e. recycled aggregates)
• Increases fire rating
• Increase water repellency
• Reduce curing time
• Consistent surface appearance
• Faster production with increased output
• Reduced wear and tear of equipment
• Reduced tendency of efflorescence
• Brilliant colours
• Reduce pigment requirement due to multi dispersion properties
• Improved durability
• Superior performance with h use of SCM's
SODAMCO Holding S.A.L. Tayar Center Bloc B 1st Floor charles de Gaulle Sreet Sin el Fil P.O. Box 55-654 Beirut Lebanon
T +961 1 510 863/4 M +961 3 380 748 F +961 1 510 862

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