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an organolithium reagent; used as a polymerization initiator in

Common reagents n-Butyllithium the production of elastomers such as polybutadiene or styrene-


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia butadiene-styrene (SBS)
a non-polar solvent; used frequently as a building block in
This is a list of common inorganic and organic reagents often used in chemistry. Carbon disulfide
organic chemistry
toxic, and its dissolving power is low; consequently, it has been
Carbon tetrachloride
largely superseded by deuterated solvents
Contents often used for the coupling of amino acids for peptide synthesis
Carbonyldiimidazole
and as a reagent in organic synthesis
1 Synopsis
2 Reagent Compounds an inorganic compound; used as an oxidising agent in organic
Ceric ammonium nitrate
3 See also synthesis and as a standard oxidant in quantitative analysis
4 References Chloroform organic compound; a precursor to teflon
a strong and corrosive oxidising agent; an intermediate in
Chromic acid
chromium plating
Synopsis the acidic anhydride of chromic acid; mainly used in chrome-
Chromium trioxide
plating
Reagents are "substances or compounds that are added to a system in order to bring about a chemical reaction
Collins reagent used to selectively oxidize primary alcohols to an aldehyde
or are added to see if a reaction occurs." [1] Some reagents are just a single element. However, most processes
require reagents made of chemical compounds. Some of the most common ones are listed below. useful in a variety of applications ranging from organic
Copper(I) iodide
synthesis to cloud seeding
chemical reagent used to oxidize primary alcohols to aldehydes
Reagent Compounds Dess–Martin periodinane
and secondary alcohols to ketones
Diborane the central organic synthesis reagent for hydroboration
Name General Discription
an organic compound; primary use is to couple amino acids
Acetic acid an organic acid; is one of the simplest carboxylic acids Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide
during artificial peptide synthesis
Acetone an organic compound; simplest example of the ketones
a valuable reagent but also quite dangerous and explodes upon
a hydrocarbon and the simplest alkyne; widely used as a fuel Diethyl azodicarboxylate
Acetylene heating
and chemical building block
Diethyl ether organic compound; a common laboratory solvent
inorganic; the precursor to most nitrogen-containing
Ammonia a heterocyclic compound; used as a protecting group for
compounds; used to make fertilizer Dihydropyran
alcohols in organic synthesiss.[2][3]
aqueous ammonia; used in traditional qualitative inorganic
Ammonium hydroxide an organoaluminium compound ; a reducing agent; converts
analysis Diisobutylaluminium hydride
esters and nitriles to aldehydes
organic compound; often used as a foamer in plastics and rubber
Azobisisobutyronitrile the diisopropyl ester of azodicarboxylic acid; a reagent in the
and as a radical initiator Diisopropyl azodicarboxylate
production of many organic compounds
is an alkaline solution of potassium permanganate; used in
Baeyer's reagent organic chemistry as a qualitative test for the presence of the simplest ether; a useful precursor to other organic
Dimethyl ether
unsaturation, such as double bonds; compounds and an aerosol propellant
used in radical substitution and electrophilic addition reactions Dimethylformamide organic compound; a common solvent for chemical reactions
n-Bromosuccinimide
in organic chemistry organosulfur compound; used in petroleum refining and in
organic compound; similar solvent properties to acetone but has Dimethylsulfide petrochemical production processes; a reducing agent in
Butanone (methyl ethyl ketone) ozonolysis reactions
a significantly slower evaporation rate
a fat-soluble organic compound that is primarily used as an an organosulfur compound; an important polar aprotic solvent
Butylated hydroxytoluene Dimethyl sulfoxide
antioxidant food additive that dissolves both polar and nonpolar compounds
Dioxane a heterocyclic organic compound; classified as an ether
a powerful psychoactive drug; useed in alcoholic beverages, in aqua regia
Ethanol
thermometers, as a solvent, and as a fuel in organic synthesis, is widely used to oxidise alkenes to the
Osmium tetroxide
used to differentiate between water-soluble aldehyde and ketone vicinal diols
Fehling's reagent
functional groups used in organic synthesis for the preparation of acid chlorides
Oxalyl chloride
a solution of hydrogen peroxide and an iron catalyst that is used from the corresponding carboxylic acids
Fenton's reagent
to oxidize contaminants or waste waters a catalyst for many organic reactions by combining with many
Palladium(II) acetate
the simplest aldehyde; an important precursor to many other common classes of organic compounds to form reactive adduct
Formaldehyde chemical compounds, such as polymers and polyfunctional a powerful oxidizing agent; readily forms explosive mixtures;
alcohols Perchloric acid
mainly used in the production of rocket fuel
the simplest carboxylic acid; often used as a source of the a mineral acid with many industrial uses; commonly used in the
Formic acid Phosphoric acid
hydride ion laboratory preparation of hydrogen halides
the most common application is for alkylation of aldehydes and one of the most important phosphorus chlorides; a chlorinating
Grignard reagents Phosphorus pentachloride
ketones: [4] reagent
a phosphoramide; useful polar aprotic solvent and additive in Phosphorus tribromide used for the conversion of alcohols to alkyl bromides
Hexamethylphosphoramide
organic synthesis most important of the three phosphorus chlorides; used to
used as a foaming agent in preparing polymer foams; also a manufacture organophosphorus compounds; used to convert
Hydrazine Phosphorus trichloride
precursor to polymerization catalysts and pharmaceuticals primary and secondary alcohols into alkyl chlorides, or
used primarily for preservation of stock solutions, and as a carboxylic acids into acyl chlorides
Hydrazoic acid
reagent Phosphoryl chloride used to make phosphate esters such as tricresyl phosphate
Hydrochloric acid a highly corrosive, strong mineral acid with many industrial uses a common inorganic chemical reagent, most commonly used as
valued source of fluorine, precursor to numerous Potassium dichromate an oxidizing agent in various laboratory and industrial
Hydrofluoric acid applications
pharmaceuticals; higjly corrosive
Hydrogen peroxide an oxidizer commonly used as a bleach a strong base; precursor to most soft and liquid soaps as well as
Potassium hydroxide
numerous potassium-containing chemicals
an organic compound; this aromatic heterocyclic is a diazole
Imidazole a strong oxidizing agent; can be used to quantitatively determine
and is classified as an alkaloid
Potassium permanganate the total oxidisable organic material in an aqueous sample; a
simplest example of a secondary alcohol; dissolves a wide reagent for the synthesis of organic compounds
Isopropyl alcohol
range of non-polar compounds
used to oxidize primary alcohols to aldehydes and secondary
a reducing agent in organic synthesis; used to prepare main Pyridinium chlorochromate
alcohols to ketones
Lithium aluminium hydride group and transition metal hydrides from the corresponding
metal halides Pyridinium dichromate (Cornforth
converts primary and secondary alcohols to ketones
reagent)
strong base used in organic chemistry for the deprotonation of
Lithium diisopropylamide an alternative catalyst for the hydrogenation of vegetable oils; in
weakly acidic compounds Raney nickel
organic synthesis, used for desulfurization
used as a pigment and as a precursor to other manganese
Manganese dioxide compounds; used as a reagent in organic synthesis for the Samarium(II) iodide (Kagan Reagent) a powerful reducing agent
oxidation of allylic alcohols used to prepare other silver compounds; in organic chemistry,
Silver oxide
Meta-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid used as an oxidant in organic synthesis used as a mild oxidizing agent
a gasoline additive; also used in organic chemistry as a precursor to many other silver compounds; commonly used in
Methyl tert-butyl ether Silver nitrate
relatively inexpensive solvent inorganic chemistry to abstract halides
an analytical reagent used to detect the presence of soluble used in the industrial production of indigo, hydrazine, and
Millon's reagent Sodium amide sodium cyanide[5] ; used for the drying of ammonia; used as a
proteins
strong base in organic chemistry
highly corrosive and toxic strong acid; used for the production
Nitric acid of fertilizers, production of explosives, and as a component of gas-forming component in airbag systems; used in organic
Sodium azide synthesis to introduce the azide functional group by
displacement of halides
References
a strong base; deprotonates ketones and esters to generate
Sodium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide
enolate derivative 1. ^ IUPAC, Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book") (1997). Online corrected version:
a versatile reducing agent; converts ketones and aldehydes to (1996) "Reactant (http://goldbook.iupac.org/R05163.html) ".
Sodium borohydride 2. ^ R. A. Earl L. B. Townsend (1990), "Methyl 4-Hydroxy-2-butynoate"
alcohols
(http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/orgsyn/prepContent.asp?prep=cv7p0334) , Org. Synth.,
in organic synthesis, used for the oxidation of aldehydes to http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/orgsyn/prepContent.asp?prep=cv7p0334; Coll. Vol. 7: 334
Sodium chlorite
carboxylic acids 3. ^ Arthur F. Kluge (1990), "Diethyl [(2-Tetrahydropyranyloxy)methyl]phosphonate"
Sodium hydride a strong base used in organic synthesis (http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/orgsyn/prepContent.asp?prep=cv7p0160) , Org. Synth.,
http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/orgsyn/prepContent.asp?prep=cv7p0160; Coll. Vol. 7: 160
strong base with many industrial uses; in the laboratory, used 4. ^ Haugan, Jarle André; Songe, Pål; Rømming, Christian; Rise, Frode; Hartshorn, Michael P.; Merchán, Manuela;
Sodium hydroxide with acids to produce the corresponding salt, also used as an Robinson, Ward T.; Roos, Björn O. et al. (1997), "Total Synthesis of C31-Methyl Ketone Apocarotenoids 2: The First
electrolyte Total Synthesis of (3R)-Triophaxanthin." (http://actachemscand.dk/pdf/acta_vol_51_p1096-1103.pdf) , Acta Chimica
Sodium hypochlorite frequently used as a disinfectant or a bleaching agent Scandinavica 51: 1096–1103, doi:10.3891/acta.chem.scand.51-1096 (http://dx.doi.org/10.3891%2Facta.chem.scand.51-
1096) , http://actachemscand.dk/pdf/acta_vol_51_p1096-1103.pdf, retrieved 2009-11-26
Sodium nitrite used to convert amines into diazo compounds 5. ^ Budavari, Susan, ed. (1996), The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals (12th ed.),
strong mineral acid; major industrial use is the production of Merck, ISBN 0911910123
Sulfuric acid 6. ^ Allen, C. F. H.; Byers, Jr., J. R.; Humphlett, W. J. (1963), "Oleoyl chloride"
phosphoric acid
(http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/orgsyn/prepContent.asp?prep=cv4p0739) , Org. Synth.,
used in a variety of oxidation processes; industrially, is used as http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/orgsyn/prepContent.asp?prep=cv4p0739; Coll. Vol. 4: 739; Rutenberg, M. W.; Horning,
tert-Butyl hydroperoxide
a starter of radical polymerization E. C. (1963), "1-Methyl-3-ethyloxindole" (http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/orgsyn/prepContent.asp?prep=cv4p0620) ,
one of the most polar ethers; a useful solvent; its main use is as Org. Synth., http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/orgsyn/prepContent.asp?prep=cv4p0620; Coll. Vol. 4: 620
Tetrahydrofuran
a precursor to polymers Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_reagents"
Tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) a catalyst for palladium-catalyzed coupling reactions Categories: Chemistry lists | Reagents for organic chemistry
a quaternary ammonium salt; used as an anisotropic etchant of This page was last modified on 16 May 2011 at 13:30.
Tetramethylammonium hydroxide silicon; used as a basic solvent in the development of acidic Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may
photoresist in the photolithography process apply. See Terms of Use for details.
the simplest tetraorganosilane; a building block in Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.
Tetramethylsilane
organometallic chemistry
an inorganic compound; used in chlorination reactions; converts
Thionyl chloride
carboxylic acids to acyl chlorides[6]
Thiophenol an organosulfur compound; the simplest aromatic thiol
an intermediate in the production of titanium metal and titanium
Titanium tetrachloride
dioxide
a chemical test most commonly used to determine whether a
Tollens' reagent known carbonyl-containing compound is an aldehyde or a
ketone
Triphenylphosphine used in the synthesis of organic and organometallic compounds

See also
Reagent
Limiting reagent
Category:Reagents for organic chemistry