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UN –

 Establishment:
o Place – San Francisco
o In – 26 June, 1945
 Member:
o 191
 UN day:
o 24 October
 Organs:
o General assembly
o Security council
o Economic & social council
o The trusteeship council
o International court of justice
o Aussie department
 Specialized agencies:
o WHO
o ILO
o FAO
o IMF
o ITU
o UNIDO (UN industrial development organization)
o UNESCO (UN educational scientific & cultural organization)
 Other agencies:
o UNDP (UN development program)
o UNICEF (UN children fund)

WHO –
 Identity:
Specialized non-political health agency of UN
 Headquarter:
Geneva
 Constitution:
a. In 22 July 1946, international health conference of 51 members
b. 7 April 1948 – world health day selection
c. Every world health day – particular theme – attraction in particular aspect of health
d. In 2006 – Health for all
 Members:
a. In 1948 – 56
b. In 1996 – 190 & 2 associates
 Objective:
To maintain the highest level of health in all people in the world – Health for all
 Work method:
a. Close collaboration with health ministry of each member country
b. Mainly – technical service
c. Expert committee – selected from 54 member advisory board of experts – suggestion to DG
d. Education of health personnel, seminar, technical conference, training
e. Award of the fellowship due to study on national health in own country
 Activities:
1. Prevention & control of communicable diseases
a. Parasite
b. Bacteria
c. Virus
d. Vector biology & control
e. EPI (expanded program on immunization)
f. CDD (control of diarrheal disease)
g. Special program on AIDS & ARI (acute respiratory infection)
2. Prevention & control of non-communicable diseases
a. Cancer
b. CVD
c. Human genetic disorders
d. Mental disorders
e. Diabetics
f. Drug dependence
g. Dental diseases
3. Activities related to communicable & non-communicable diseases
a. Immunization
b. Quality of drug
4. Biomedical research
a. Stimulation & coordination of research
b. 6 main targets
 Malaria
 Schistosomiasis
 Trypanosomiasis
 Filariasis
 Leishmaniasis
 Leprosy
c. Special program & training
5. Promotion of family health
a. Maternal & child health
b. Reproduction
c. Nutrition
d. Health education
6. Promotion of environmental health
a. Safe & adequate water
b. Sanitation
c. Environment pollution
d. Occupational helath
e. Ionizing radiation
f. Accident
7. Development of comprehensive health service
a. Strengthening of health infrastructure based on primary health care
b. Improvement of manangerial capability
c. Health service research
d. Health manpower development
8. Information & literature service
a. Health statistics
b. Health legislative
c. Biomedical literature
d. WHO publications
e. Public information