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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.0 INTRODUCTION

As a result of changes in overall scenario in the country, the Government has


resolved to encourage private participation in development of projects, which
could bridge the gap between demand and supply of power. Himachal Pradesh
State Electricity Board (HPSEB) authorized M/s P C P International Limited,
Chandigarh for investigation and implementation of the Tangnu Romai
Hydroelectric Project.

The Tangnu Romai Hydroelectric Project (HEP) with its planned installed capacity
of 50 MW is being conceived as a run-of-the-river scheme on river Pabbar, a
tributary of Yamuna, near Rohru,in Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh.

Master plan of Pabbar river basin has been prepared by HPSEB in collaboration of
SWED Power, Sweden which is conceived to be developed in three stages for
generating a total of 240 MW of power. They are Dhamwari Sunda Hydel Project,
Khiloch (Dogri Dudu) Project and Tangnu Romai Project.

The M/s P C P International Limited, Chandigarh, approached The International


Testing Centre, Panchkula for carrying out Environmental Impact Assessment
(EIA) study for the proposed project. Accordingly, International Testing Centre
initiated the studies in accordance with latest Environment Impact Assessment
(EIA) notification of the Ministry of Environment and Forest (MOEF) –
Government of India.
2.0 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

2.1 LOCATION

The area is located in great Himalayan ranges on Pabbar and lies between longitude
77o-22 30M N to 77o-58-45 N and latitude 31o to 14-30M E to 31 M5’-30” E covered in
the Survey of India Toposheet No. 53E/15, 53E/16 and 53 I/3.The project is about
170 km from Shimla and 32 km from Rohru.

2.2 DESCRIPTION
The Salient features of the Project are as follows:

2.2.1 6 MW Power Plant On Diverted Waters from Supin to Pabbar

The proposal entails diversion of Supin waters into Pabbar Khad and as
such it has been proposed to install small power project on the diverted waters of
Supin khad and the proposal entails: -

i) Trench type diversion structure with small control structure and shingle
flushing arrangement.
ii) Small intake and regulating structure to feed the water
iii) Approach tunnel 2.0 m. D–shaped from intake to De-silting
iv) Underground free flow 6m deep Desilting tank
v) 2 meter D –shaped Head Race Tunnel from De-silting Tank to Fore
Bay of about 900 m length.
vi) Channel type 65 m long Fore Bay 4 x 4.3 m. having control structures
and spilling arrangement into spill pipe

Spill Pipe
1 m d MS Spill pipe is proposed
Penstock
1.2 m d BQ plate penstock is provided from Forebay to Power House having
trifurcation near power house about 225 m long.

Power House
40 m x 10 m is proposed to house 3 units of 2 MW each.
Tail Race
Tail water will be collected in open tank; there from will be released in to Pabbar
by 2 m wide channel.

2.2.2 44 MW Power Plant

It is proposed to utilize combined waters of Supin and Pabbar by providing small


storage behind barrage. The components of this proposal are as under: -

Barrage
Barrage is proposed on Pabbar khad about 400 m upstream of confluence of
Pabbar and Supin Khad.

Intake
The left abutment of barrage is being utilized as intake to draw about 17.5 cumecs
of waters through vertical trash rack
Approach Tunnel
2.6 m dia and 3.2 horse shoe excavated from intake to de-silting tank with invert
level of 2556.5 m 640 m long from intake to de-silting tank is proposed.
Desilting Tank
6 m horse shoe hopper type two nos. 90 m long chambers for desilting tank is
proposed to eliminate silt 0.2 mm having flushing tunnel 2 m D –shaped about 55
m long at end of chambers.

Head Race Tunnel


2.6 m d, 3.2-horse shoe excavated headrace tunnel pressurized is proposed
Crossing over Kattal Nalla (Aqueduct)
Waters are proposed to be carried through 2.6 m d steel pipe laid over truss type
bridge of span of about 30 m.

Surge Shaft
5.0 m dia 50 m deep underground open to sky surge shaft is proposed between
penstock and head race tunnel to counter balance surges.
Penstock
2 m dia steel lined penstock about 609.3 m long having bifurcation near power
house is proposed on anchor/saddle blocks and first 55 m housed in tunnel.

Power House
Power House bench is proposed at EL + 2593.7 m on left bank of Pabbar. Power
house is of size 45.5 x 15 mts, having service bay and erection bay level 2197.7 m,
with minimum tail water EL + 2190 m.
Transmission
Power from 6 MW power plant is proposed to be evacuated through 22 KV line up
to Romai and stepped up at Romai Power House substation to 132 KV from where
all the power generated from 6 MW and 44 MW power stations will be evacuated
by 10 km double circuit 132 KV transmission line from Romai to Sunda.

Cost
The completion cost of the project including escalation & interest during
construction is Rs. 23973.50 lakhs , comprising of Rs. 19079.30 lakhs as total
project cost, 12665.49 lakhs on civil works and Rs. 93.94 lakhs as transmission
works,etc.

Benefits
The Tangnu- Romai HEP with installation of 50 MW will provide much needed
peaking capacity in to HPSEB substations at Sunda.

Construction Schedule
The project is programme to be completed in a period of 4.5 years from the day of
the commencement of work.

3.0 BASE LINE STATUS OF PROJECT SITE

Base line studies were undertaken to generate baseline data within a 10 km radius
around the proposed dam during the period of 8th April to 7th May, 2006 for the
preparation of the Environmental Impact Assessment Report. Environmental
attributes namely air, noise, water, land, biological and socio-economic
environment have been identified and the study conducted generally conforms to
the requirements of the EIA Notification, 1994 (as amended on 4.5.94). Baseline
status is comprehensively covered in Chapter 3.

4.0 IDENTIFICATION, PREDICTION OF IMPACTS

The section summarizes the pollution potential of the proposed construction of


Tangnu-Romai HEP, its possible impact on the surrounding environment during
construction and operational phases.

4.1 AIR ENVIRIONMENT


Dust levels may slightly increase during construction, However, the impact on
ambient air quality will not be significant, since the dust generated is confined to
the proposed project area and as it will be taken care of by adopting suitable
control measures as described in EMP.

4.2 NOISE ENVIRONMENT


Tunnel drilling machines, blasting and vehicular traffic are the primary sources of
sound generation on the site that would be in operation on a continuous or shift
basis. Diesel generator sets and diesel driven pumps may be operated as and when
required during emergency. The noise impact is temporary in nature & will be
controlled as detailed out in Chapter-6

4.3 WATER ENVIRONMENT


During the construction of tunnel and power house installation, surface water
(river/khad water) may get polluted due to the generation of large quantities of
suspended particulate matter at the time or transportation of muck and wastewater
(sewage) coming from temporary arrangements like office, labour camp sheds,
etc., These impacts are temporary in nature and have no permanent effect on
surface water. However mitigation measures are detailed out under Chapter -6 in
order to contain these impacts within permissible limits.

4.4 SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT


The following positive impacts are anticipated on the socio-economic
environment during the project construction and operation phases.

• Expatriate constructors who would probably come from other parts of the
country would undertake construction activities.

• A number of marginal activities and jobs would be available to the locals in


the project, which will improve the job opportunities during construction
phase.

• Education will receive a shot in the arm. The advantage of education to


secure jobs will quickly percolate through all sections of the population and
will induce people to get their children educated.

• The availability of electricity to the rural areas will reduce the dependence
of the locals on alternative energy sources namely forest.

• With increased availability of electricity, small-scale and cottage industries


are likely to come up in the area.

• In many parts of the country, water resources projects have provided an


impetus to the tourism in the area. The proposed project site is well
connected by road. Efforts shall be made to develop eco-tourism, which
could earn additional revenue.

4.5 SOLID WASTE (Muck)


The quantity of muck generated during the construction of various components of
the project will be disposed off at selected dumping sites by project implementing
authorities.

4.6 COST TOWARDS ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY


Apart from the different development activities, M/s P C P International Limited has
planned to take up activities pertaining to different environmental attributes. The
estimated cost is worked out in the following table:

Sr. no. Particulars Qty Unit Rate Amount


(Rs. in lakhs
in lakhs)
1. Compensatory Afforestation on double 93.382 Hect 0.3 28.01
the Forest Land
2. CAT Plan @50% of the rate 150 Sq km 2 150.00

3. Retaining crates for Dumpijng Area 10 Hect 7.5 75.00

4. Restoration of Quarry and Dumping Sites 15 Hect 0.3 4.5

5. Rehabilitation @ I family/ Hect 93.382 Hect 0.5 46.69

Total 304.21

6. EIA & EMP i/c Rehabilitation 3 % 9.13


Management plan
Total 313.33
5.0 ENVIRIONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN

Based on the detailed evaluation of the likely impacts on various environmental


parameters, an environmental management plan is prepared. The mitigative
measures for minimization of adverse impacts along with stage wise land
reclamation strategy, afforestation (green belt development/plantation) programme
and their implementation have been incorporated in the chapter on environmental
management plan.

Post-project Monitoring and analysis shall be carried out as per the procedures
given in Chapter 6. The frequency, methodology of sampling and testing for
various pollutants specified by CPCB/HPSEP&PCB will be followed.

In addition following additional measures shall be adopted:

i.) Ambient air quality, water quality and noise levels are being monitored
for summer and winter seasons as part of detailed EIA study.
ii.) Complete videography of water sources if any, falling under the
alignment of tunnels underground powerhouse etc. shall be made to
assess base line data of quantity of surface/ underground water sources
in presence of members of local panchayats, officers of I & PH
Department, State Revenue & Forest Department. The CD’s of the
observations shall thereafter be placed in the office of the local
Administration, Revenue authorities, PH office & I and in the nearest
regional office of the HP Environment Protection and Pollution Control
Board. Similarly video-graphy for buildings, houses if any shall also be
conducted.
Blasting shall be done after observing all safety measures as per notified safety

code but even then provision for compensation for damage & sinking of land due

to blasting exists under sub-head R& R.

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