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SPE/lADC
SPE/!ADC 18623

Operational Efficiency Comparison Between a Deepwater Jackup


and a %misubmersible in the Gulf of Mexico
by M.A, Childers, ODECO Inc.
S% tint!
IADCMember

.—.
>opyright
f989,
SPE/lADC Drilling Conference

rhis paper was orepared for presentation at the 1989 SPE/lADC Drilling Conference held in New Orleans, Louisiana, February 28-March 3, 1989.

r!t’s paper was selected for presentation by a SPE/lADC Program Committee following review of information contained in an abstract submitted by the author(s). Contents of the pap
M presenwd, have not bean reviewed by the International Association of Drilling Contractor or the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject to correction by the author(
Re material, as oreaented, does not necessarily reflect any position of SPE or the IADC, ita officers, or membere. Papers presented at SPE/lADC meetings are subject to publicati
‘eview by Editorial Committees of SPE and the fADC. Permission to copy ia restricted to an abstract of not more than 300 words. Illuatretions may not be copied. The abstract sho
mrtain conspicuous ecknwvfedgmenl of where and by whom the paper is presented. Write Publications Manager, SPE, P.O. Box S33S3S,Richardson, TX 75US3-3S?38. Telex, 730989 SPED

rate, are simpler units to operate, ar


ABSTRACT similar to land operations, require les
knowledge of marine environment an
A commonly held i“ndustry viewpoint is that equipment, and in general “less can g
deep water (WD) jackup (250-350 ft Plus wrong” compared to a floating unit. I
WD) iS the preferred rig type over a water deptha (WD) of less than 200 fee
shallow water semis ubmersible (6OO-1OOO “ft the overall economics a nd operating
WD) from almost any viewpoint including efficiency of shallow water jack-up
operational efficiency, cost, risk, a nd generally favora then over a shallow wate
potential rig downtime. A time study was semi-submersible (SEMI). However the s
conducted with various operational called deep water jack-up (DtfJr.r),whic
scenarios thst show from the time a can operate in water depths of 200-30
jackup/semisubmersible starts to move on feet and particularly those from 300-37
location to dtill out of surface casing plus feet, have become considerably large
the semisubmeraible (SEMI) should on than earlier designs and have become muc
average perform the operation in 1.8 to more costly thsn the standard shallow
over 4.7 days faster than a deep water water SE141 available in the Gulf of Mexic
jackup. Also for the permanent well (GOM). Due to experience, the lessening
abandonment to moving off location, the of the “mystique” and viewed complexity o
SEMI on average will be able to accomplish floating drilling, and in conjunction wit
the same in 0.6 to 1.5 plus daye faster inherent operational characteristics o
than a deep water jackup. Summing the both units, it can now be said that i
start and finish operation for the well, many cases a shallow water SEMI ca
the SEMI on averare assuming a good , operate more efficiently, with les
steady, reasonably trouble free operation downtime r=, and thus less cost then
for both type units should be quicker by deep water jack-up. It is the purpose o
2.4 to ti.2 daya. With current contract this paper EC. present a number of point
day ratea, and coet of wellheads, casing, via inherent operating characteristic,
rental of BOP, etc., a shallow water SEMI risk, economics, etc., for both type unit
total well cost will generally be less that demonstrate the above qualitative
than a deep water jackup. statement.

INTRODUCTION
—— TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION AND CAPABILITIES O
RIG TYPE
Since the conception of jack-up (JU) and
floating type drilling rigs in the mid to
late 1950-e, the prevailing opinion has Of the four rig types avail~ble to th
been that a jack-up rig will always be industry, namely, jack-up, aemi
preferred over a floating rig assuming submersible, submerai*ie and shi
both are capable of drilling the well. shape/barge, this papec will on. y dea
Historically jack-ups have hada lower day with the two former rig types because
moored ship/barge shapes have becom
Illustrations at end of paper — unattractive due to their motion
2 OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY COMPARISONS BETWEEN A DEEP SPE 18623
WATCR JACKUP AND A SEMISUBMERSIBLE IN THE GULF OF MEXICO

characteristics >;,
nd submersibles are a water a nd only two of the Mod V-s nave
shallow water (generally less than 80 been built.
f@eC) type Ltflit. The chief attraction of
a jack-up drilling unit is that once it is Presently, in the GOM there are
jacked up and the hull is out of the approximately 50 jack-ups rated nominally
water, it exhibits little motion, its” for up to 25o WD, 32 for WD between 250-
BOP/wel?head system is visible a nd and 3G0°, 6 betveen 300- and 350”, and 2
generally accessible, contract. day fates rated over 350- but under 400*. It is
are generally cheaper, it is relatively difficult to obtain an exact count because
less sophisticated, and it requires less some rigs have Leen retired, cold stacked
equipment of lesser complexity to move the for many ;ears and thus not available, leg
unit. The word general should ,be length cutoff in yeas past, leg length
underlined for the latter points, because never added as originally pianned, reduced
deep water jack-ups have some motion, some water depth rating because of damage,
designs more than others as is exhibited and/or certification Society mandate, etc.
by the requirement to have traveling block The actual inventory is probsbly less than
track/guide systems; the surface BOP that stated.
system may not be accessible if the
wellhead is l~~o 20 feet above the water One of the most perplexing and sometimes
line due .to high wind and waves; for the unknown risk factors for a deep water
bigger, deep water jack-ups, recent jacl.-up is just how deep of water can it
contract day rates have been generally successfully operate. Numerous times
more than shallow water SEMIS; a nd the operatora and contractors h,ave pushed the
~ng operation for a jack-up has much capability of a jack-up to “&nd_past their
more inherent economic risk due to the limits. The chief variables sre-l-b< rig-s
required larger weather window and jack- leg length, required air gap (di”B+ance
up/jack-down minimum Sea requirements between mean water level to the unders~~
(generally 5 ft or less). of the barge-s hull) during hurricane and
non-hurricane season, “leg length taken up
SEMIS generally have more deck space and by the Jack house/hull length with some
variable deck load capability; are less small safety iactor (5 ft.), and, most
dependent on weather concerning moving important for an fadependent leg jack-up,
off, during transit, a nd moving on new aea bed leg penet!acion. All of the above
locations; have the capability to set factors are easily determined except che
larger well templates; can move off of latter, in which even soil bortnga may not
location in the event of a shallow gas or always give exact or even approximate
deep well blowout; have the capability to information. Leg penetrations of 50 to 80
drill more wells through a given template; feet are routine in the GOM and it is not
and generally have faster mobilization uncommon to go beyond 90 feet. Since leg
speed, and in many cases, require less length is used for leg penetration in
towing requirements if outfitted with a order to obtain the proper preload, the
propulsion assist syste%. As with the barge WD capability is “reduced. For
jack-ups, there are exceptions to almost independent leg jack-ups, the designers
all of the above advantages with the requfre that the barge be preloaded with
exception of the ability move off location sea water initially as such to “seat” the
in the event of a blowout. legs to the maximum depth such that the
barge will be able to withstand maximum
JACK-UP DESCRIPTION drilling and storm loading conditions
simultaneously. If large penetrations
There are numerous deep water jack-up (over 60 ft.) occur, then preloading of
designs (nominal rating of 250 ft. WD or the barge may take 1 to over 2 days with
more); however, the preponderance fall each preload, taking from 4 to 6 hours.
under the Marathon Le Tourneau designs, Correspondingly, if it takes a long time
namely, the 53, 300, 82SD, 116-C, Super to preload the barge, then it usually
300, and the Gorilla classes. Table 1 takes just as long to pull the legs when
gives the general description of the coming off location. Another
latter rigs with the smallest being the consideration is “punch through” of
82SD and the largest being the Gorilla. individual legs. If this possibility
Only a few Super 300-a have been built and exists, then an independent leg jack-up
just 4 Gorillas have been delivered, The usually is not satisfactory since a punch
majority are 116-c or related types through will over-stress the legs. This
(approximately 70) with a smattering of haa occurred periodically throughout the
53”s and 300-S, which are very similar but world and the GOM, and usually results in
an earlier version of the 116 design. severe leg damage or total loss of the
Bethlehem designed the rig. Another problem to consider is an
telescoping leg mat type deep water rig, unstable sea bottom, i.e., mudslide area
of which only one has been built, the in which jack-upa cannot be used.
Marine Drilling Storm VII, rated for 377
ft. WD. Another big player in the deep Air gap requirements are often ambiguous
water market is the Friede Goldman design and non-standard from contractor to
L-780 Mod II and Mod V. The Mod ll-s are contractor even though it may be the same
at the lower end of the spectrum for deep rig design and type. Generally speaking,

72

SPE 18623 MARK A. CHILDERS 3

minimum air gap requirements are (largest). Other designs are available
determined by the designer, written into all with different motion characteristics
the Operatin& Manual by the designer, and but in th~ GOM all are more or less
then approve< by the classification satisfactory. Their size ranges from
society (ABS, DNV, etc.) and governmental under 10,000 long ton displacement to
certification agency (USCG, DOE, etc). almost 50,000 long con displacement with
The primary requiremer.t for adequate air Table 2 giving some general
gap is that waves do not hit the main characteristics f( r dimensions, deck
barge/hull in the jacked up position. The apace, deck lofi.d, etc. of the mentioned
question is what storm frequency, thus ODECO rigs. Generally SEMIS have a
risk, to uae {n determining the required minimum WD limitation of approximately 110
air gap. The larger the selected wave to 125 feet depending upon drilling draft
height , storm surge, and astronomical resulting from BOP stack height to hull
tide, then the larger the required air clearance. Almost all SEMIS have at least
gap. The shallower the water, the greater a 600 feet WD capability with moat of the
the potential storm surge height. In !~D GOM fleet being rated at 1,000 feet plus.
from approximately 160 to 400 feet, the At present there are 40 SEMIS in the GOM
surge for a very large hurricane may only that are active or could be active of
be 5-6 feet; however, in 40 ft WD it naybe which 11 are rated at or under 1000” WD.
20 ft. or more. Wave crest height over All SEMIS may work in shallow water (under
mean water level (MWL) varies with water 350”) but the deep water units (over
depth. In shallow water the percentage of 1500-) and especially the ~nits rated over
wave height over NW L maybe over 70% 2oo(?- demand premium contract rates that
whereaa in deep water (over 400 ft.) it makes them non-competitive with jack-ups.
may only be 55%. Unfortunately there Is
~ accepted standard insofar as wave
height, storm surge, tide, hurricane GENERAL OPERATING COMPARISON
return frequency, etc. as to calculate an
industry standard air gap as a function of Table 3 outlines the necessary operations
WD . for a SEMI to move on location and drill
to surface casing setting depth in 300 ft
Table 2 outlines data based on a general of WD. Assumiag a steady operation i
congiumerate of industry available would take an average 8.2 days. The best
statistics that results in one set of time on average would be approximately 6.2
minimum suggested air gaps as a function days and the worst would be 9.8 dcya
of return periods for hurricane and non- aasuming no major down time and/or ;,>l
hurricane seasons. Table 2 drives the problems. It should be noted that the
point home that air gap is heavily “best” time has been bettered numerous
controlled by the time of year (hurricane times; however, we are comparing a
and non-hurricane) and return period (10 “steady” non record breaking operation.
yr vs. 100 yr.). In turn air gap, as Table 4 shows the time to bring a large
discussed, subtracts useable leg length deep water jack-up on the same location
and thus WD capability of the rig. For and drill to the same depth. The average
example if a rig such as the Marathon Le ia 11.3 days, the best is 8.7 days, and
Tourneau 116c with 410 foot of total leg the worst is 14.5 daya. The footnotea for
length has leg penetration estimated to be Table 4 shows some of the areas that may
80 feet, air gap requirement of 46 feet extend the time estimate if a deep water
per Table 2, and hull plus jack house jack-up Is used. If the 30 inch drive
length of 50-1/2 feet, then the rig is pipe is welded together rather than
only capable of drilling in 233 feet of WD screwed together via connector$ then 42
even though it is nominally rated for 300 hours must be added to put the 16 joints
feet. Nominal WD ratings usually assume (608 ft.) together assuming a penetration
small, leg penetrations, i.e., under 25 of 200 ft. If seas are excessive during
ft. and “small non-hurricane air gaps. this operation then it is difficult t
weld 30 inch with wave induced movement of
SEMI-SUBMERSIBLES the pipe. Larger drive pipe diameter with
thicker wall thickness would naturally
The fir~t SEMI was a converted submersible take longer. Also wfth thick walled pipe
named the Blue Water I (1961). The first x-ray inspection of welds is often
SEMI specifically built to be a SEMI was utilized and more time ia expended.
the Ocean Driller in 1963. The chief
characteristic of SEMI iS ita Generally, the deeper the WD, the bigger
“transparent hull” i: which waves are the drive pipe OD and wall thickness i
allowed :0 pass throug,h the vertical required to maintain structural stability.
columns thus reducing the excitement force On a SEMI aasuming 200 ft. of penetration
a nd thus the motion of the floating only five welds would be required if the
structure. Numerous SEMI designs have drive pipe is welded together. Of course
been presented to the industry over the a SEMI does not drive 30 inch with a drive
years. At present ODECO has three (3) hammer but jets the 30 inch in an average
basic designs in the GOM ; namely, the of 1-2 hours. A SEMI takes drilling
Ocean Scout (smallest), Ocean Traveler returns out of the 30 inch at the sea bed
clasa, and the Ocean Voyager class whereas a jack-up must nippla up a 20” or
4 OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY COMPARISONS BETWEEN A DEEP SPE 18623
WATER JACKUP AND A SEMISUBMERSIBLE IN THE GULF OF MEXICO

30 “ annular/diverter system per Mineral


Management Service (MMS ) requirements. Moving on and off Location
Once the twenty inch conductor pipe is
run, tht SEMI runs its high pressure, As previously discussed, deep water jack-
10,000 WP, 18 3/4” BOP stack whereas the UPS when pushed to their maximum allowable
jack-up must usually nipple down the 20/30 WD on occasion have moved on to location
inch diverter system and then nipple back and found after jacking up and preloading
up onto the 20 inch conductor well!~ead. that insufficient lag length was
An additional problem for a jack-up is available. At this point the total
that if lost returns are a problem while operation must be aborted and another type
drilling below the drive pipe then a jack- of vessel must be used with significant
up compounds” the problem via additional loss of revecue to all concerned. Large
fluid head ae returnm are taken 80-100 jack-upa generally require three tugs with
teet above mean water level. Another time a minimum of 4200 HP each or fn excess of
consumer is that on a SEMI casing is not 12,000 HP to tow safely. The three tugs
run from the mud line up to the cellar are generally required in the event one
deck area whereas on a jack-up it is. Of breaks down during a storm and thus
course this means that on a SEMI, caaing sufficient HP ia avaiiable to hold the rig
is run on drill pipe and hung off in the into weather. For a SEMI, depending upon
subsea wellhead all of which saves its hull and towing requirement, usually
additional time and expense. the tow package ia smaller. For the Ocean
Scout class the towing requirements are 2-
Once surface casing is set the operation 5600 HP tugs andlor anchor handling tugs.
of a SEMI and jack-up is more or less the For the Ocean Voyager class, which iS
same except for setting casing hangers and propulsion assist, the rig requires 1-5600
riippling down and up different size BOP HP tug. On some occasiona when it is
atacka and w.ellheads. On a jack-up with a poaaible for two anchor handling boats to
large casing program a number of BOP tow and moor the rig, one boat holds the
stacks and wellheads m: be required rig on location while the other anchor
whereaa on a SEMI all caaing hangers are handling boat runs the initial four
aet in the 18 3/4” houa~ng and the same anchors. Once they have been set, the
BOP stack is used throughout the entire second anchor handling boat can then
drilling of the well. It is possible to release the tow bridle and help run the
use five different wellhead and BOP sizes remaining four anchora. All this saves
on a jack-up, i.e. 30”, 500 WP; 20”, 2000 time’ and money. For the Ocean Traveler
WP; 16 3/4”, 5000 Wp; 13 3/81’, 10,000” Wp; class, the rig requires four tugs
and 11” 15,000 WP. A large tension system (approximately 16,000 HP total) of which
is alao required to hold up the weight of two are generally anchor handling tug
the BOP and wellheads in addition to boats.
supply an over pull for structural
stability. The time to moor up a SEMI, particularly
in shallow water depth, can run aa little
Once the well has been finished a nd aa 6 to 8 hours but will average 12 to 16
abandonment operation have commenced, hrs. A deep water jack-up historically
Table 5 shows the time estimate for a SEMI requires 3 to 4 preloads on the average at
to permanently abandon and pull anchors in 4 to 6 hours per preload cycle. In
300 ft of water depth with an average of addition the jack-up must wait fOr final
3.8 days. .Table 6 correspondently shows survey shota before preloading ia started
the same operation for a deep water jack- whereaa a SEMI can take approximate shots
up with an average of 4.6 daya. A SEMI as it runs anchors and then move over
has the time saving option to explosively location at the end of the mooring up
cut casing whereas a jack-up must use operation. Once again this means time and
caaing cutters and lay down all pipe from money.
the seabed up to the cellar deck/wellhead
area. Of course the SEMI has no casing Of major consideration is allowable sea
from the sea bed up. conditions for jacking up and down for a
jack-up. For. Marathon LeTouneau and
Table 7 is a summary of Tables 3 thru 6 Fried@ & Goldman class rigs, the
a nd shows that on average for the certification society approved Oper..:ing
operations discussed the SEN1 will finish Manual suggeata no more than five foot
the well at a minimum of 3.2 to 6.2 days seas to jack-up or down to prevent
less than the jack-up. structural and/or jacking system damage.
For SE:41S the only controlling faCtOr ia
SPECIFIC POINTS OF COMPARISON the ability Of the anchor handling boat
and crew to work safely. The experience
Tablea 3 through 7 give operational in the GOM iS that any capable anchor
comparison between a deep water jack-up handling boat and crew can work in S-10
and a SEMI with discussion on pertinent foot seas-. and larger if the maximum
points. Following is a more detailed combined seas (MCS) are predominantly
discussion about specific operations of swells. Though no t advisable, anchors
the two types of unita that are pertinent have been run on numerous occasions in
to the discussion at hand. seas above 12 feet. The~e are two jack-

74
.
SPE 18623 MARK A. CHILDERS 5

ups available outside the GOM that have The one single advantage that a jack-up
“slow roll” tanks that allow jacking-up has over a SEMI ia repair and change of
and down in higher seas; however, the rams on the BOP stack compared to pulling
addition of tanks and other a SEMI BOP stack to the surface.
pneumatic/hydraulfc equipment adda Generally BOP stacks for SEMI-S are not
significant weigh:. and thus reduced deck pulled for rama change with the new advent
load capability. of variable bore rams (VBR) that ,vary from
3 1/2” to 5“. Most subsea BOP stacks have
When jack-ups aove they generally need a at least one (VBR) thus meeting
weather w“indow that consists of the entire governmental regulations for tapered drill
move; i.e., the window must be long enough or test strings.
to jack-down, pull legs, tow to new
location, survey in, jack-up, preload and A good preventive maintenance (PM) system
then jack completely out of the water. is mandatory for subsea equipment sy~.cem
The primary reason for the complete move to prevent rig downtime. ODECO
comparison is the cost to call out and implemented a stringent SEMI as well as
release tugs which presently cost 2 to 3 jack-up PM system In 1984/85 that has
times the rig rate. A SEMI, particularly significantly reduced. downtime, Figure 1
in the GOM, is more or less independent of shows contractor downtime for both jack-
weather. It has been Odeco-s experience ups (bottom founded) and SEMIS (floating)
over the last number of J ~ ears that the that involves up to 8 SEMIS an. 14 jack-
SEMI”S have had just about zero (0.09%) ups with over 300,000 operating hours. AS
waiting on weather time. It iS no t seen the SEMIS averaged 1.1 to 1.3%
uncommon, particularly in the winter downtime with jack-ups between 0.6 to
montila or for an approaching hurricane, 0.4%. The majority (approximately 0,5%)
th.~t a jack-up wait days, sometimes even of the difference in downtime for the
over a week to make a move, particularly SEMIS was caused by the change out to new
if it is a long one. On some occasions, 18 3/4’~ BOP stacks and thus start up
jack-upa will tow in water depths that are problems associated with the new subsea
jackable in the event weather is a factor. system on 4 of the SEMIS. One rig, the
During these non direct tows, time Ocean Endeavor which did not change ita
allowances must be made for preloading the subsea system, has averaged 0.4% subsea
rig in the event of severe weather which downtime and 0.77% over all for the last 3
would require the rig to jack up. yrs.

In summary aa far as risk during moving Another very attractive emergency feature
operations is concerned, the SEMI has a of a SEMI is in the event of diverting the
much lower risk probability and thus cost well. If it becomes necessary to move the
to the operator ‘than a jack-up. rig off locstion the SEMI of course can
accomplish this readily whereas the jack-
up cannot. In the unfortunate or unlikely
Well Control and Well Heada . event of a blowout, the SEMI can also move
off location where a jack-up. cannot.
The chief well control advantage of a SEMI Though this particular advantage haa been
over a deep water jack-up ia that the SEMI rarely required it still exists in the
will use only one size blowout preventer highly unlikely event that it is required.
(usually 18 3/4”i 10,000 or 15,000 WP)
through the entire well whereaa the jack- Hurricane Abandonment
up will have to swap BOP-S generally three
or more times; namely, the thirty inch Since the GOM is susceptible to hurricane
annular diverter system, twenty inch BOP and the standard industry procedure is to
and the 13 5/8” high pressure BOP.. On abandon drilling rigs, the SEMI has a
some occasions, as previously discussed, unique advantage. Most jack-up rigs,
the stack swap may even extend to five BOP especially those that are cantilevered,
stacka that must be moved in and out of require that the sub-structure and drill
the cellar desk area at considerable time floor be akidd’ed back to the tow position
a nd expense no t to mention the necessity for concentric leg loading. Sometimes in
to stack the well head up, cut off casing, shallow water depth with a certain loading
set slips, energize pack offs and teat for this may not be require.’; however, in deep
each casing string. The rental of water deptha and heavy rig loading it
additional BOP stacks can be expensive in usually is required. If akid back of the
addition to all the time necessary to substructure is required in deep water,
handle them. Subsea wellhead houafngs can there is a question aa to how the
be purchased for three or four casing well/drive pipe can be held in tension and
strings in addition to a tubing hanger if thus not allowed to buckle under large
so desired. Thirty inch drive pipe wave and wind loads. Though not all jack-
consisting mostly of 1“ wall or thinner is ups are requfired to skid the sub
standard with SEMI-S whereaa deep water structure/drill floor back, the required
jack-upa generally require heavy wall 30 tension on the well in deep water must be
or 36 inch for structural strength and maintained if the well ia to be saved.
stability from the mud line to the Generally BOP stacks must be removed due
wellhead area. to their weight which would contribute to
6 OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY COMPARISONS BETWEEN A DEEP SPE 1862’3
WATER JACKUP AND A SEMISUBMERSIBLE IN THE GULF OF MEXICO

buckling of the well drive pipelcaaing Economic Comparison


from the sea floor up. This may take
additional time. The time neceaaary CO Not discounting all the advantages and
prepare a SEMI or jack-up for abandonment disadvantages when comparing the two type
in the water depths mentioned are of units againat each other, one of the
approximately the same if not more most important consideration is
favorable for a SEMI. economics. Due to their nature the two
type units use drastically different
Downtime and Trouble Time Risk equipment from the mudline to the bell
nipple. Tab’e 9 outlines a somewhat
Upon review of Tables 3-7, risk of time typical 12,006 foot, high pressure, multi
deviation must be discussed. Upon moving casing GOM well in 260 foot of WD. The
on, off* a nd betw,een location jack-ups hardware costs are outlined as shown with
have a much higher risk of downtime than a no salvage value aasigned. Since most if
SEMI due to their greater sensitivity to not all GOM jack-up rigs are not outfitted
weather. Aa discussed, often jack-upa with a 30 inch annular they must be
must have extended weather windows to move rented. Conversely only a very few jack-
with anything over 5-6 MCS being Ups are outfitted with 21 1/41’ 5,000 WP
troublesome. SEMIS on the other hand are BOP systems such that that BOP stack must
somewhat independent of weather in the GOV also be rented as with 16 3/4”, 5,000 WP;
with the exception being hurricanes. On 13 5/8”, 15,000 WP, 11”, 15,000 Wp, etc.
the other hand, a SEMI has a higher risk As noted for a 260 foot WD well, the
of extended downtime due to subsea BOP caaing required to extend from the mud
problems than jack-up since the SEMI must line to the wellhead is very expensive,
pull the BOP stack to work on the problem. i.e., 110,000,00.
In addition, if the problem requires
setting of plugs in the well for well At the time of writing this paper jack-up
control the tima is even ektended further. drilling rigs capable of operating in 260
However? subsea BOP downtime that requires foot of water depth were contracting for
pulling the BOP stack in Odeco”s $11,500 per day or more whereas Shallow
exptirience is minimal particularly in water SEMI were contracting for $12,500-
shallow water in which the BOP stack can 14,500 per day. For the sake of this
be run and/or pulled in short periods of paper, the SEMI was asaumed to contract at
time; i.e., pull or run in 5 to 8 hours. $13,500 per day and the jack-up at $11,500
per day. per item 9 of Table 9 the SEMI
The risks of inducing lost returns on a has less coat to get to surface casing
jack-up are significantly higher when setting depth due to its approximate 4
drilling out of drive pipe and conductor daya faster operating time. However from
casing than a SEMI. The risk of extended surface casing setting depth to ‘total
preload time versus mooring up a SEMI can depth the two rigs are approximately
be significant. It has been Odeco”s equal in time with the day rate advantage
experience in deep water near the mouth of shown heavily in favor of the jack-up in
the Mississippi River that 1-2 days of the order of $70,000. In the event of a
preloading ia no t uncommon whereas a shorter well this differential would
shallow water SEMI can routinely moor Up decrease and thus more favorably show the
in 8 to 16 houra. As stated, upon pulling SEMI. In round numbers for the well
the legs if penetrations have been deep example shown, the SEMI should be able to
(over 60 ft), 18 to 36 hours ia routine. drill the well for approximately $70,000
Upon P&A the SEMI can routinely pull 2 or less than a jack-up. Coats ate not shown
3 strings cemented together whereas a for moving on and moving off location;
jack-up will preferably pul: each string however, for the Ocean Scout or the Ocean
individually. If the strings are cemented Voyager the move on coats (Fall, 1988)
together cucting all of the casinga would be less since tug costs of
simultaneously can take 1 to 2 days. approximately $1,100 - $1,500 per hour for
the jack-up equates to the cost of two
Another area that may be a concern ia anchor handling boats, one tug , anchor
motions on a SEMI; however, the GOM doea handling crews, anchor handling tool
not exhibit storm conditions which require equipment of appro~imately $1,000-$1,100
a SEMI to shut down. It has been Odeco-a per hour. The jack-up haa the advantage
experience over the ‘last 3 years that less of releasing its tug package once the rig
than 37 hours of downtime has been has been surveyed in and one preload has
experienced with the operation of from 3 commenced; however, the tow rate of large
to 8 SEMIS. Basically weather and motion jack-ups is approximately half that of the
with .a SEMI in the GOM is not a factor. SEMI, i.e., 2 1/2 to 4 knots veraus 5 to 8
On the other hand, to the surprise of knots; therefore, the towing costs could
many, jack-upa in general have more more than offset this savings depending
weather down time than SEMIS due to the upon the distance of the tow. The 825D
necessity to nipple up a nd down BOP”S, and Mod 11 jack-ups are the exception for
wellheads, test equipment, etc.~ in the these clasaes tow at 5 to 7 knots.
cells? deck a nd some times below the
bottom of the hull on a moving and The day rates for riga discussed are for
gyrating drive pipe. “standard” jack-ups and do not apply for

76
.
SPE 18623 MARK A. CHILDER!S 7

the Marathon LeTourneau Super 300”s and


Gorilla class or”-the Friede and Goldman
Mod V class. The last Gorilla class rig
had a reported construction cost of over
$80,000,000 with a corresponding day rate
of $35,000 to $45, 000 per day.
Contrastingly, the Ocean Valiant, which is
a very large deep water (3,000 to 4,500
ft) SEMI, was .juat constructed in Korea at
cost of $65,000,000. If Gorilla class
;ay rates were applied to this study,
almost 3 wells to 1 could be drilled by a
shallow water SEMI.

In sumcary the deeper the water, the more


leg penetration, and the shallower the
well to be drilled the more favorable the
SEMI shall be from an economic standpoint
discounting all other advantages and
disadvantage of both units.

Conclusions
——
1) Assuming equal conditions, comparable
downtime/troubletime , a SEMI will
drill a well quicker than a jack-up
regardless of water depth.

2) In conjunction with item 1, the deeper


the water depth, the more casing
strings, the more sizes and requtred
changea in jack-up BOP-S, and the more
required preloads for the jack-up, all
favor the SEMI .

3) With present ‘contract rig day ratee,


the majority of shallow water jack-ups
(less than 200 ft) will be more
economical than a SEMI .

4) With present contract day ratea, a


shallow water SEMI will be more
economical a majority of the time than
a deep water jack-up (over 200 ft)
particularly the very large jack-ups.

5) In Odeco-s experience the risk of


negative deviation from the above
conclusions impact the jack-up more
because of weather a nd lost returns
when compared to a SEMI.

,
TABLE 1
-----
BASIC STATISTICS FOR DEEP WATER JACXUPS
AND GULF OF MEXICO SEt41-SUB!4ERS IBLES

Mara. Hara. Mara. Mara. Mara. Fred. Fred. 00ECO 00ECO ODECO
Let. Let. 53 Let. Let. Let. Gold. Gold. o. scout O. Traveler o. Vcyagsr
ITEH 82-5 D-c
.— (0.Titan) 1 16-c Super 300 Gorilla 780-11 780-v
——
NominalWaterDepth
Racing:

Minimum 15 22 lBf25 20 20 12 17 120 25(e) 120


Maximum 250 350 300 300(b) 328(c) 300 350 1,000 1.000 2, 000
Leg Length (ft) 361 466 410 448 504 417 491 N fA N1A N IA
Jack House Length (ft) 45 1/2 51 SO 1/2 60 1/2 71 1/2 43 1/2 56
Basic Dimension (ft):

Length 207 230 2.43 270 297 180 228 202 366 323
Uidth 176 200 200 268 292 175 222 170 218 266
Hull Depth 20 26 26 28 30 25 30 28 .22.5 28
Variable Deck Load:

Drilling I,272(a) 1,747 1,719 3, 795 6,(327 1,875 3, 705 1, 556 1,975 2,200
Storm 1,094(8) 1,676 1,719 3, 304 3.214 1,161 2,496 1,317 1,183 1.855
Capacities:

Drill Water (BBLS) 6,600 5,b25 13,052 18,000 17,580 4,80 O 8,980 8,200 9, 100 14,072
Fuel Oil (BBLs) 2,050 3, 150 2,800 6,000 4,800 1,900 2, 950 4,400 4,460 6,972
Tubular S$orage
Area (fc ) 3,2S2 3,840 3,840 5,520 8,250 2,200(f) 7 000 7,600 7,000 6.825
Liqufd Mud (B BLS) 1,320 1,637 1,980 2,000 2, 500 1,735 2 360 1,406 1,200 1,806
Environmental
Criteria
(wind/Wave/
Air Cap):

87!43150 100/49 50 100/68/50 100/87/60 10015414b 100 95/70 100/68/41 105/93/50 100/110/50
ZSO - Hater Depth 100/38/25
N/A N/A NtA 80/76/61 82193171 100 I68I41 105/93/50 100/110/50
250- Water Depth

N/A N IA NIA 80174157 82192168 - 100/68/411 lo5f93150 100/110/70


300- Water Depth
NJA N/A NIA 80174157 82192!68 - 100/68/41 105/93/50 100/110/70
300- Water Depth

N1A N 1A 78135J50 (b) (d) NfA 100/89/65 100 I68I4I 105!93/50 100/110/70
350- Water Depth
NtA Nlh N)A (d) NIA loo/681f41 105/93/50 100/110/70
350” Water Depth NIA

NOTES: a) CONTROLLED MORE BY LEG REACTION VIA ECCENTRIC BARGE LOADINC THAN V} RIABLE DECK LOADING
b) WITH ADOITION OF LEG LENGTH TO 515-s VALUES ARE loo/61 /.5o.
c) WITH ADDITION OF LEG LENCTH ‘TO 604-, V‘ALlfCC .“-. ARC 113(1 ,-
...”--- /6rif50.
.....
d) VALUES ONLY FOR 328- WD ARE 10o/ 81/55ANll
-- ....3 82/92/68 AND A NOMINAL WATER DEPTN OF 450-.
e) lT IIN
OCEAN TRAVELER CLASS MAY S1. -.. RIIT
.-- iTOH FROM 25 TO 90 FT WO AND FLOAT IN 120 TO 1.000 FT. co
f) PIPE RACK AREA ON CANTILEVER ONLY. ADDITIONAL AREA AVAILABLE ON MAIN DECK. w
m
TABLE 2
GENERALIZED GULF OF MEXICO SIGNIFICANT
ENVIRONMENTAL EVENT CONCERNING JACKUP AIR GAP

ABOVE
WIND (mph ) WAVE HEIGHT (ft) STORM MWL + MIN.
EVENT Creast to Above SURGE CREST AIR GAP REMARKS
1 min
—— 30 min .Gust Trough w m. QQQ
10yr Hurricane 116 97 140 41-44 26 2-3 29 34 Reps. 6/1-11/30
25yr Hurricane 118 113 154 46-47 28 4-5 32 37 Reps. 6/1-11/30
50yr Hurricane 151 125 181 51-54 32 5 37 42 Reps. 6/1-11/30
100yr Hurricane 166 138 200 55-60 35 5-6 41 46 Reps. 6/1-11/30

25yr Non Hurr. 80 66 96 37-40 23 4 27 32 Reps. 11/30-5/31


100yr Non Hurr. 85 71 103 42-45 26 4 30 35 Reps. 11/30-5/31

a) WAVES ARE BASED ON 30 MIN. W~:ND SPEED IN OPEN WATER WITH SUFFICIENT FETCH. WATER DEPTH RANGES
FRO!! APPROXIMATELY 160FT TO 400FT.

*’
CD
b) BASED ON GENERALIZED ASSUMPTION THAT CREST OF WAVE WILL BE APPROXIMATELY 60% OF TOTAL CREST TO
TRouGH HEIGHT ABOVE MEAN WATER LEVEL (MwL). NO STORM SURGE INCLUDED.

c) 5 FT. SAFETY FACTOR ADDED.

NOTE : ABUVE DATA BASED ON VARIOUS SIGHT STUDIES, WIDELY AVAILABLE PUBLISHED DATA, AND REPRESENTS A
GENERALIZED BROAD AVERAGE OF WIND, WAVE AND SURGE VALUES.

. m
Q
m
TABLE 3

SEMI WBHERSIBLETO MOVEON


LOC,4TION& ORILL OUT SURFACECASING
IN 300- WATEROEPTH

OPERATION HOURS COMMENTS

BEST
— AVE.
— WORSE

Rig Move
Run anchors 8 15 20 Location, bow and anchor pattern buoyed.
Ballast down, take final survey & 5 7 9
tension up

Offload Oper, boat, land G6A on cellar deck 0 12 15 Assume only start-up equip. , i.e. GhA 30” .5
6 bolt-up same lad 3.3” in C&A 8pud ❑ud. This tfme may be eliminated if
load out at last location 6 rig up during
anchor run as shown in “best” case.

Jec in 30” 1 1.5 3

Let C&Aset/stabilize & P. O.O. H. 0.5 1.5 3 May not be necessary if last jc jets very
s low.

P/U 12-1/4’( bit, BHA, drill pilot hole to 9 11 13 Avg. 75 to 100 FPH. If known non gas area,
1300” 6 survey drill 26” hole at same ROP.

Circ. hole clean, displfice hole with 2.5 3 3. s No log of conductor hole.
gel. mud 6 POOH

L/O 12-1/4” bit P/U 26” hole opener and 6 8 10 If drill 26” hole, all this time eliminated.
stabilizers & O/H to 1300-

Circ. hole clean, displace hole w/gel 1.5 2.5 3.5


❑ud & P. O.O. H

R/U, run 20” csg. & land same, R/O, R/U, 8 10 12 Land casing on OP.
cement h RID
P/U 17 1/2” bit, BRA, TIH, drill out 10” 6 7 8 Assutie shoe does not have to be squeezed.
formation, clrc. hole clean 6 perform
leak-off test

PoOH, P/U drill .Issemble 6 TIH 3.5 4.0 4,5

Orill to 4500’ (surveys h circ. included) 36 39 42 Time ba3ed on offset wells.

Short trip, circ. 6 canal., slug pipe 6 6 1 8


?. O.O. H.

Log surface hole 9 11 13 max. of 2-3 IOg rune

Circo & cord. trip 6.5 7.5 8.5

R/U, run 13 318” ceg., RIO, R/U, cmc h RIO 9 11 13


h POOHwlrunning cool

P/U wash tool , wash stack h L/O wash tOOl 5 6 7 Depending on cmt job and Gumbo, may not need
6 test stack to wash with wash tool.

P/U 12 1/4” bit, BHA, TIH, drill out b 10” 6 s 10


formation 6 perform leak-off test —

TOTAL (Hrs) 148.5 196.0 236.0


(Oays) 6.2 B.2 9.8

Above item are based on a good, steady Operation, i.e. no records set but alsO nO major dOwntime andlor
hole problems.

T+nl.}: .
LARCE JEEP WAT!R JACK-3P E$Tlff.4TE TO .foYE
ON LOCATIOU 6 DRILL OUT SURF+CE C4S1VG
1!4 300- WATSR DEPW.

OPERATION OXLME!JTS

BEST AVE. HORSE


— —

Rig 3..,
Hove on .3 survey 3 5 9 Rig can-c jack-up .J prf.Joad wl.wore than 5-6-
Seas.
Preload (XOt necessary for aac type) 6 20 48 4-6 hcs per prelead.
Jack UP 1.5 2 3

Skid Substructu relderrfck b R/U drill floor 1 1,s 2

Off Joad 30’! csg. h eq”lPfaenc 4 6 B !bt possible to lodd on previous locat ion due
to skid back of substructure.
PI(J, drive 39” and R/D drive equipment ?0 40 50 Assume welded joints of 60.9 ft or 16 jts, If
mc welded, remove 18 hrs. Length c.. sI. t of
NUL to above rotary (108.), Penecratio” (200+
and water depth (300-).

Cut 32” h weld 39” wellhead 3 4 5 Rig up dcive pipe tension system.

N/u 30” BOP<s/dfverter & ccst 10 12 la If using 2FDJ system, eliminate 8 hrs.

PIU 12-1/4” bit, 88A, drill pilot hole 9 1: 13 Avg 75 to 100 FPH.
to 1300. & survey

C$rc. h cond. ~U.F.S1”Z & P.o. O.H. 3 4 5 Assume no lost retucns due to large head
compared to f loacer.

LID t2-ilk”’ bit, P/U 26” bit .5 6 8 10 Avg 75 to !00 FPff.


stabilizers h O/H co 1300-

Cfrc. & cond. PUW eluf. h P. O.O, H, 2 3 4

MU run 20” csg. RID, R/U, CMt 6 RID 14 15 16 Yusc ,1s0 circulate sugar water via back-off
mud line toO1.
~ 6 B
!4/0 20” Hydril

Weld 20” x 30” wellhead 2.5 3.s 4.5

N/u .W” BOP’sldlvertcr and test 10 12 14 Assume ZU” BOP 1s 21-1/4” 2000 HP. If htgh
pressure may need co rent 5000 UP BOP 8Y8 6
add 10-12 hrs co chanse BOP’S to set 16”
lntecmedlace string.

PI(3 17-1/2” bit, BNA, TM, drill OUL 6 7 8 Assume shoe does not have to be squeezed.
10- formation h perform leak off test Generally most operators do not shoe test 20”
if requtred

POOH, PiU drill assemble & TIH 3 3,5 4.0

Ocill to 450D - (surveys 6 ctrc i.cl.ddd) 36 39 42 Time based on offset wells.

short trip, C&C, slug pipe h P. O.O. H. b 7 8

Log s.cface hole 9 11 13 %x of 2-3 log runs.

Cim. h cod. trip 6 7 8

R/U, run 13-3/8” csg, RID, R/U, cat 6 RIO 12 Ifl 16 Spot sugar water.

N/D 20” SOP-S, P/u stack, cough cut, pack 8 10 12 Time will be ‘.ongec if rig does not have a
wellhead, N/U 13-318° wellhead good BDP handling sys L8n.

NIU 13-SIB” BOP-S & test 8 11 13

P/U 12-1/4” bit, BH,4, TIH, drill out h 10” 6 8 10


formation & perform leak off Cesc —.
TOTAL (Ifre) 209 270.5 341.5
(Days) B.? 11.3 14.5

!40[,: I) Compare co floating rig, must add cosc of 30, 20 & 13-3/8” pipe irom mud line to cellar deck are.. AISO
compuce mud line suspension system COSC. Add estra welders and driving hammer cost for 33”.

2) 1 f hurricane should come, securing 30”, etc. wellhead system may be a problem in deep uacar to prevent
buckling and d.mage.

3) Additional ttme of 11 to 13 hrs added on co?pared co iloater If Intermediate casing strin8 fs required, i.e.
lb” d“e co lilU ard !J/O of BDP stack and lns Lallat ion of wellhead.

4) If 30” is welded rather than screwed together, add minlm”!d of 42 hrs (3 hr9 j t) not allowln8 for weather or
rain problems.

5) C“abo a“d!or weak casing shoe can cause lost returns uhlle drlliing P1lOt and OPeOiW hOle for 20” Caeing
due to h18her elevaclon of bell nipple compared to oeml submersible takins retUrns at sea flQQr.

b) Above item are baaed on a good, steady, operation, 1. e. no records sec but al sO nO majOr downtime and/Or
hole problems.
sPE 18623 “

TABLE5

S!Q!QI-SUSHERSISLE ESTINATETO P&A&


PULLANCHORS USING SXPLOSIVES
IN 300. IAATEROEPTH

OPERATION HOUR8

BEST
—— AVE. UORS E

GIH iclcmt retainer to 4400” & set, cmt, 11 13 15


pull 10 scda, test, POOH& L/D DP

P/U RTTS 6 CIH CO 500--550” 34 5 Run RTTS to squeeze.

CIH wlschl. h perf. & check for pressure 3 4 5


between 13-318° h 20”

POOHw/RTTS & P/U EZSV & set 500”-550-, 3 6 5


squeeze cmt, pull up h spot cmt plug

Pull up & test EzStf, displace BOP stack 1 1.5 2.0


w/sea water & POOH

Pull BOP stack h eet back 9 10 11

M/U explosive charge asay GIH 2 3 4 Assume approx. 47 lb TNT equiv.

Slack off anchor chains, pull rig iwd 4 5 6


206’ & pump rig up

Slow wellhead 6 pull rig back on location 7 8 10

Pull W/L OOH, P/U 23” spear, GIH & 3 4 5 MaY be eble to use 18-314” running tool.
scab into wellhead

Pull wellhead 6 30” out of sea bed 1 2 3 Start pumping up and off loading operator
equipment.

Pul 1 h bolster anchors 18 24 28 Separate wellhead hsg. out of 33” 6 G6A while
—— pulling anch0r8. Also run side scan on
bottcm. Finish offload Operator-s equip
TOTAL(Nrs ) 65 82.5 98 before pumping up.
(Days) 2.7 3.4 4.1

TABLB6

S8MI-SUSHERSISLESSTINATETO P&A&
PULL ANCHORS CUTTING CASING
IN 300- WATEROEPTH

OPERATION

BEST
—— AVE. WORSE

GIH wlcmc retainer to 4400” & net, cmt, 11 13 15


pull 10 scds, teat, POOH& L/O OP

Reduce m“d wt., OIH & set balance cmt 3 4 5 Sec 15,000 lbe: weight on plug.
plug at 650--450-, POOH

P/O cutting assy. , GIH 6 cut 13-3/8” 3 4 5

PGOH,L/D cutting a.qsy 6 P/U 13-3/811 3 4 5 Could run 13-318° running tool.
spear

GIIC, spear into 13-3/8”, POOH& L/D 6 7 8


spear h 13-3/8” ceg.

Clfl open ended, epot cmt plug, WOC, 9 10 11 Spot 150- plug above and below 10-3/4” stub.
weight test, displace w/sea water, POOH

Pull BOP stack & set back 9 10 11

P/U 16” cutting assy, CIH cut 16” 6 POOH 3 4 5

P/U 30” cutting assy, GIH cut 30” & POOH 5 7 10 Could possibly take 2 sets of knifes (2
trips).

CIH w/spear & pull wellhead hsg, 16” 6 33” 2 3 4 Start off load operators equipment. Start
pumping up as aeon as 30” clears eea bed.

Pump up 6 pull anchors 18 24 28 Separate wellhead has. out of 33” h GbA while
—— pulling anchors. A1.eo run side scan on
bottom. Pinish offload Operator-s equip.
TOTAL(Hrs ) 72 90 107
(Days) 3.0 3.8 4.5

82
.u4

, ,,
,

TABLE 7

DEEP WATER JACK-UP ESTIMATETO P&A,


JACK DOWN, AND MOVE OFF LOCATION
IN 300- WATER DEPTH

OPERATION

BEST AVE. WORSE

GIH wicmt retainer to 4400” & set, cmt, 11 13 i>


pull 10 stds, test, POOH & I./QDP

Reduce mud wt. GIH & set balance cmt 9.5 10 10.5 Must WOC dae to mud line hanger system.
plug at 650~-450”,WOC, wt test & POOH

Check/testbetween 20”x 13-3/8” 0.5 1.0 2.0 Assume did not have to squeeze.

N/D 13-5/8” BOP-S & all wellheads 12 14 16 Assume good BOP handling system.

GIH w/casing cutter & cut 13-3/8” & POOH 3 4 5 Could try to cut 13-3/8, 20 & 30” together.

GIH w/spear & POOH & lay down 13-3/8° 6 7 8 Assume cut collars in half. If back out add
8-12 hrs for R/U & R/D of equip.

GIH w/casing cutter & cut 20” & POOH 3.5 4.5 5.5 Could also try to cut 20 & 30” together.

GIH w/*pear & POOH & lay down 20” 6 1 8 If back out casing add IO-14 hrs.

GIH w/csg. cutter 6 cut/pull & LjD ~“ csg 18 20 22 Must weld support arms on 3)”. Lay down 9 to
10 jtso

R/D drill floor, offload oper equip/pipe, 6 8 10 Check bottom per MMS.
L/D pipe out of derrick & akid in

Check jacking system & jack down to water 2 3 4 Must finish offloading before star: to pull
legs.

Pull legs 8 20 30 Max. 5“ aea to pull.

TOTAL (Hrs) K X5 Xo
(Days) 3.6 4.6 5.6 C
m
m
TABLE 8

SUMMARY OF SEMI VERSUS DEEPWATERJACKUP OPERATION I


(MOVE ON LOCATIONTO SURFACE CASING AND P&A AND MOVE OFF LOCATION)
IN 300 FOOT WATER DEPTH

JACK UP SEMI DIFFERENCE


CASE OPERATION SEQUENCE & COMMENTS

I Spud to leak off out of surface 8.0 10.5 13.7 ..


6’ 8.2 9.8 1.8 2.3 3.9 Use connectorson 30”, no
wow
11 Spud to leak off out of surface 8.7 11.3 14.5 6.2 8.2 9.8 2.5 3.1 4.7 Weld 30” together,”no WOW

111 P & A and move off location 3.6 4.6 5.6 2.7 3.4 4.1 0.9 1*2 1.5 Use explosiveson Semi to
cut
30’’/20”and casing
cutters on
jackup

Iv P h A and move off location 3.6 4.6 5.6 3.0 3.8 4.5 0.6 0.8 1.1 Use casing cutters both
type
rigs, no WOW

KXY POINTS: 1) There is much more of a risk to WOW for moving a jackup than a semi since jackups generally can not go
in or out-ater i=as over 5“ to 6- maximum. However, a semi is only controlledby anchor
handling boats and crews which can generallywork in up to I*I2 ft. seas.

2) Loat returns maybe a significantproblem for a jackup compared L- a semf when drflling out of 30” since
returna are taken at the flow line elevation(WD, plus air gap, plus hull to flow line) where the semi
takes returns at the sea floor thus eliminatingthe additional fluid head.

3) Welding 30” in deep water can be troublesomeand time consumingdepending on sea and weather
conditions. 03
1
4) Assuming the day rate for the Deepwater Jackup is less than a semi, which recently is not always true,
m
the deeper che water depth and the shorter the well the more attractive the semi will appear. B
Note: 1) This is a conservativeP&A for comparisonpurposes.
2
N
w
SPE 1862?

TABLE 9
COST COMPARISON BETWEEN JACK-UP ANO
SE141-SUBMERSIBLE IN 260- WATER OEPTH FOR 12,000 FT. WELL

SEHI JACK-UP
ITEM COST($) COST($)

1. Sub Sea Wellheads 220,000 NIA

2. Mud Line Suspension N/A 70,000

3. Surface Wellhead8 NIA 90,000

4. 30” Diverter System (based on a 10 day ❑ inimum rental period, HfA 14,000
include8, cran8portation)

5. 21 l/4-5M BOPS, Annular, DSAS, Nuts, BOlts and Rin8s (based On a NfA 17,000
a 10 daymln imum rental period, includes transportation)

6, Repair/Replenish some expendable on 30” diverter system and !+f A 7,500


21 l/4-5H BOP system.

7. Casing cost from mud line to surface BOPS:


30,!
: ($163 .00/f t.) (320 ft. ) N“/A 52,160
24,, N!A 23,680
: (C 7~.00/ft. ) (320 ft. )
16” : ($ 46.00 /ft.) (320 ft. ) NIA 14.720
11 7/8”: (S 34.00 /ft.) (320 ft. ) N;A 10;8s0
9 5/8”: (liner) !41A NIA
7,0 NfA 8,640
: ($ 27.00 /fc, ) (320 ft. )

8. Drive pipe welding crew and equipment extra cost to go from N 1A 20,000
mud line to 30” Hydril

9. Time/Cost for rlg operating day rzte from ❑ oving on Iocatlon 12 S,250 154,100
through drilling out 16” csg. and performing leak off test.

Semi: C.5 days @ $13,500/day.


Jack -!. p: 13.4 days @ $11,500/day.
10. Operator estimates a total of 55 dayn to drill the well to 54$, 100 478,400
to total depth and set 7“ tag. (Aasurne this time is based on
Jack-Up operations)

55 day8 - 13.4 days - 41.6 days left 11 71S” & 7“ tag. run
below che 16” csg. requires: P/U BOP stack, rough cut, pack
wellhead & N/U BOPS for the Jack-Up only (12 hrs. for each
str ins). Not required for a Semi. Hence the Semi time 1s
reduced by 24 hrs. (2 csg strings) (12 hrs/string)

Semi: (40.6 days) ($13,500/day)


Jack-Up: (41.6 days) ($11,500/day)

11. P&A (cut and pull ceg. ) and move off locacion 54,000 57,500

Semi: (4 days) ($13,500/day)


Jack-up: (5 day8) ($11,500/day)

TOTAL COST $950,350 $1.01 s,5s0

TOTAL S.AVINCS $ 6g.230 NIA

)ioce: 1) No salvage value” assumed on all items. However, uell heads after overhaul are worth
1/3 to 1/2 of new Val Ue and Casing 18 generally worth scrap value. If cement 18 in
annulus or on ptpe, tnen scrap yards charge to dispose of Junk pipe.
CONTRACTOR DOWNTIME
SUBSEA CATEGORY ONLY .
? .4

1 .3-

1.2-

1.1

1.0

0.9 1

0.8

w,
0.7
a!
CL
1
0.6-
c3 m
0.5-

0.4-

0.3 I I I I
DEC 86 JUN 87 DEC 87 JUN 88
~A0NTIi5 (BEGINNING I 2/86
n Bom-OM FOUNDED RIGS + 2 LOATING RIGS
m
-u
m
Fig. l—Contractor downtitne (subsea category only) for jackups and semisubmemibles.
1-
GQ
m
w
*I