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Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации

Государственное образовательное учреждение


высшего профессионального образования
"Хабаровская государственная академия экономики и права"

Кафедра иностранных языков

ГРАММАТИКА АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА

Сборник тестов и контрольных работ


для студентов 1-2 курсов дневного отделения
неязыковых специальностей

Хабаровск 2004
ББК Составители: Е.А. Петренко
Ш 143.21 О.Н. Свирид
Х 21 М.Ю. Бакулина,
Н.В. Фоменко,
И.Д. Кочетова,
В.В. Блажевич,
Н.В. Назаренко,
О.В. Мартышко,
А.Б. Остапенко,
О.В. Зимовина,
Н.В. Аблецова
Е.П. Ускова

Рецензенты: к.ф.н., доцент кафедры


иностранных языков ХГТУ
Н.В. Калинина
Завкафедрой
иностранных языков ХГТУ
Н.Г. Гриневич

Утверждено издательско-библиотечным
советом академии в качестве учебного
пособия для студентов

Грамматика английского языка


сборник тестов и контрольных работ

Учебное пособие

Редактор Г. С. Одинцова

Подписано к печати ____________ Формат 60*84/16. Бумага писчая.


Печать офсетная. Усл. п. л. 8,37. Уч.-изд. л. 6, 0 Тираж 425 экз.
Заказ № _____________.
680042, г. Хабаровск, ул. Тихоокеанская, 134, ХГАЭП, РИЦ.

© Хабаровская государственная академия экономики и права, 2004


3

Предисловие

Уважаемые преподаватели и студенты!

Вы держите в руках новое печатное издание, подготовленное коллективом кафедры


иностранных языков. Данный сборник включает в себя тесты по грамматике
английского языка для контроля знаний студентов 1 – 2 курсов неязыковых
специальностей. Он дополняет изданное ранее пособие "Практическая грамматика
английского языка".

Для удобства работы и с учетом содержания программы курса "Иностранный язык"


(I-III семестры) сборник разделен на две части. Тесты первой части соответствуют
следующим темам: имя существительное (артикль, множественное число), местоимение
(личное, притяжательное, возвратное, неопределенное), имя прилагательное и наречие
(степени сравнения), предлоги, глаголы "be", "have", времена глаголов активного залога,
модальные глаголы, времена глаголов в пассивном залоге, косвенная речь, инфинитив,
причастие I , причастие II, герундий и конструкции с ними, условные предложения,
сослагательное наклонение.
Во второй части предлагаются дополнительные тесты, соответствующие программе
таких специальностей, как "Коммерция", "Маркетинг", "Реклама" и др. Все тесты и
контрольные работы выполняются в аудитории под контролем преподавателя.
Допускается выполнение тестов в качестве индивидуальных заданий с учетом
особенностей преподавания в группах.

Выполнение студентами тестов первой части сборника является обязательным.


Результаты тестов учитываются как во время промежуточной аттестации студентов, так
и во время зачета.

Желаем всем хороших результатов!


4

PART I
Check-in test 1
Variant I

Choose the correct answer

1. He is ... dentist.
a) ---
b) the
c) а

2. ... Urals is the biggest mountain chain in Russia.


a) ---
b) the
c) а

3. ... are our suitcases.


a) that
b) these
c) this

4. ... no furniture in the room.


a) there was
b) it was
c) it had been

5. I can't say ... about it.


a) something
b) nothing
c) anything

6. ... language do you speak?


a) whose
b) how
c) what

7. Whose book is it? It's ....


a) my
b) mine
c) her

8. This town is famous for ... beautiful architecture.


a) it's
b) its
c) his

9. Let ... go out together.


a) 's
b) ---
c) we
5

10. Yesterday I didn't eat ... fruit.


a) much
b) a few
c) many

11. His advice ... always very useful.


a) are
b) is
c) have been

12. Among them I can see there 3 ... and 2 ... .


a) ... woman and ... children
b) ... women and ... child
c) ... women and ... children

13. This picture is ... of all those in the room.


a) most
b) more
c) the most

14. The weather today is ... than it was yesterday.


a) worse
b) bad
c) the worst

15. This book is ... as that one.


a) more difficult
b) as difficult
c) difficult

16. He ... very upset lately.


a) is
b) was
c) has been

17. ... you usually have dinner with your family?


a) are
b) do
с) ---

18. I ... be there in half an hour, or it will be late.


a) can
b) must
c) may

19. Shall I describe the picture? - No, you ... .


a) needn't
b) mustn't
c) may not
6

20. It's getting darker and darker. It ... rain.


a) mustn't
b) need
c) may

21. I would like ... to swim.


a) could
b) can
c) to be able

22. I recommend you to apologize. You … apologize.


a) need
b) should
c) can

23. She ...TV now.


a) watches
b) watch
c) is watching

24. Last year I ... to France for a holiday.


a) went
b) have gone
c) was going

25. We ... for him since early morning.


a) are looking
b) have been looking
c) look

26. She ... her flat every Sunday.


a) is cleaning
b) cleans
c) clean

27. When I came to his place he ... already.


a) left
b) has left
c) had left

28. I ... her for five years. Now we are friends.


a) have known
b) know
c) had known

29. When he came home, his wife ... dinner.


a) cooked
b) cooks
c) was cooking
7

30. John ... buy a new car next year.


a) won't
b) doesn't
c) didn't

31. I will ... downstairs at 6 p.m.


a) wait
b) be waiting
c) to wait

32. We'll have tea when he … .


a) comes
b) will come
c) come

33. The cathedral ... in the 15th century.


a) was building
b) built
c) was built

34. The children ... Italian.


a) was teaching
b) were taught
c) has been taught

35. She ... the Head of the Information Systems Department.


a) has been appointed
b) were appointed
c) appoints

36. We ... to send the documents by Friday.


a) were asked
b) asked
c) are asking

37. At present our company ....


a) is reorganized
b) reorganized_
c) is being reorganized

38. He said he ... come on Sunday.


a) will
b) would
c) can

39. She wasn't going to star in his film, ... she?


a) wasn't
b) did
c) was
8

40. Who ... next door to you?


a) live
b) does live
c) lives

41. The train leaves ... 4 o'clock.


a) on
b) at
c) in

42. Nick arrives in our city ... train.


a) by
b) on
c) in

43. Can you play tennis ... next Sunday?


a) on
b) ---
с) at

44. What street do you live ... ?


a) at
b) in
c) near

45. Where's Ann?-She's ....


a) on
b) about
c) out

46. ... money is the soul of business.


a) a
b) ---
c) the

47. I'm not right, ... I?


a) are
b) am
c) aren't

48. We don't have any..


a) furnitures
b) furniture
c) many furnitures

49. Carla has made … progress in learning English.


a) some
b) any
c) ---
9

50. Give me ... scissors, please.


a) that
b) a pair of
c) no

Translate the following into Russian

51. How do you do!


52. Help yourself!
53. cinema – goer
54. traffic lights
55. hairdresser's
56. a single room
57. It's my fault

Read the text. Complete it with the right form of the verb (Passive or Active)

Being part of China, British colony until July 1, 1997, XIANG GANG (Hong Kong) (to
cover)58 1068 sq km. The territory is on the southern coast of China. It includes Hong Kong (an
island), many other islands, Kowloon Peninsula and the New Territories on the mainland,
including a number of small islands. Hong Kong is a major center for shipping, banking,
commerce and industry situated as it is at the crossroad of world trade. In Hong Kong light
industries, particularly textiles and clothing, are important. The administrative centre also has a
booming electronics industry.
Agriculture and fishing (to practice) 59 intensively, but much food. (must,to import)60
mostly from China. A large part of the water supply must also be brought in from China.
Population density is very high, as more than 80% of the people live in the urban area.
According to the agreement signed by Britain and China the present sociopolitical system,
laws and way of life of the population will continue without change for 50 years after the
territory is returned to China. Hong Kong (to return)61 to China in 1997.

62. Which of the following is not mentioned in the text?


a) industry
b) geography
c) culture

63. Hong Kong is situated ....


a) on the mainland and many other islands
b) on the peninsula
c) on the mainland

64. The word "booming" is closest to


a) "growing rapidly"
b) "developing"
c) "jumping"

65. Nowadays Hong Kong is ... .


a) Great Britain's colony
b) a part of China
c) a separate country
10

Variant II

Choose the correct answer

1. There is a sheet of paper on … desk.


a) the
b) a
c) ---

2. Khabarovskyi krai is not far from … Pacific Ocean.


a) ---
b) the
c) a

3. … flowers are for you.


a) that
b) this
c) these

4. I like that camera. I'll buy … .


a) her
b) it
c) its

5. There's a train at 8 in the morning. … a fast train to Moscow.


a) it's
b) there's
c) it

6. I'm bored. I've got … to do.


a) something
b) anything
c) nothing

7. … is bigger – Canada or Australia?


a) who
b) where
c) which

8. John went on holiday by … .


a) him
b) himself
c) his

9. Let … go out.
a) 's him
b) him
c) he
11

10. Do you watch TV …?


a) many
b) a few
c) a lot

11. Look! Some very nice furniture … there in the room.


a) is
b) are
c) has

12. This fairy-tale is about 2 … and 2 … .


a) mice and fish
b) mouse and fish
c) mouses and fishes

13. Sue wants to buy a … car.


a) biggest
b) most bigger
c) bigger

14. The situation was … than we expected.


a) bad
b) worse
c) the worst

15. It's the … meal I've ever had.


a) biggest
b) big
c) bigger

16. Why … you so tired?


a) is
b) are
c) am

17. … you have a good time last summer?


a) were
b) did
c) do

18. Jim had hurt his leg. So he … walk very well.


a) could
b) must
c) couldn't

19. There's no light in Lena's room. She … be sleeping.


a) can
b) must
c) may
12

20. Today I … to wear a suit to work.


a) don't have
b) mustn't
c) needn't

21. I think you … work so hard.


a) may
b) need
c) shouldn't

22. Tom … drive, but he doesn't have a car.


a) can
b) could
c) must

23. Have you heard the news? Jack … a new house.


a) builds
b) is building
c) build

24. Why didn't you … me on Tuesday?


a) called
b) calling
c) call

25. My brother … postcards ever since he left school.


a) is collecting
b) collects
c) has been collecting

26. After they … dinner, Elza looked at her watch.


a) finish
b) had finished
c) were finishing

27. I hope you … a nice time at your aunt's.


a) will have
b) have
c) would have

28. Close the door gently when you … .


a) will come back
b) come back
c) comes back

29. He came into the study where his father … .


a) is working
b) was working
c) work
13

30. Do you know the girl who … just the shop?


a) left
b) is leaving
c) has left

31. She … packing by three o'clock.


a) had finished
b) finished
c) finishes

32. Jack … this evening.


a) is arriving
b) arrive
c) was arriving

33. Newspapers and magazines … every day.


a) are delivered
b) deliver
c) are being delivered

34. At lunch nothing … but the latest news.


a) discussed
b) was discussed
c) was discussing

35. Our timetable … in a week.


a) change
b) will change
c) will be changed

36. The cup … by my little brother.


a) has been broken
b) broke
c) is being broken

37. The meal … by my friends now.


a) prepares
b) is being prepared
c) is prepared

38. Ann said she … tennis for 5 years.


a) plays
b) has been playing
c) had been playing

39. You don't know where Ann is, … you?


a) don't
b) do
c) will
14

40. Who … to have a short rest?


a) does want
b) wants
c) want

41. My friend will be back … 30th of September.


a) in
b) at
c) on

42. The train will leave … four minutes.


a) in
b) on
c) at

43. Sue was angry. She didn't speak to me … a week.


a) in
b) at
c) for

44. I was … Tom's house last night.


a) on
b) at
c) in

45. We spent the evening listening … the records .


a) to
b) ---
c) of

46. … information rules the world.


a) ---
b) the
c) an

47. I'm right, … I?


a) am
b) are
c) aren't

48. Can I help you with your …?


a) luggage
b) luggages
c) many luggages

49. Ann hasn't got … experience.


a) some
b) any
c) ---
15

50. Look! This is my … glasses.


a) ---
b) some
c) pair of

Translate the following

51. My watch is 3 minutes slow.


52. long-distance call
53. weather forecast
54. return ticket
55. father-in-law
56. art gallery
57. I can't afford it.

Read the text. Complete it with the right form of the verb (Active or Passive)

Republic of Singapore [ ] is an Independent state, a member of the


Commonwealth headed by Great Britain. It's an island republic at the southern tip of the Malay
Peninsular in South – East Asia.
Singapore is a very important port. It serves the whole of Malaysia. It (to export)58 rubber,
tin, copra.
The part of Singapore rates first in the world for the number of ships that call there. It is
also an international port.
The appearance of Singapore (to change)59 beyond recognition. It is now one of the four
"new industrial countries" or "tigers" as they are often referred to by the Western press –
Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong. Modern residential districts (to appear)60 in
Singapore. Nobody lives on boats any longer. Highrises have sprung up. They house banks,
companies and luxurious hotels. The city has a metro and its motor traffic is almost pollution –
free. The air is fresh the waterways and streets are clean. Special attention (to pay) 61 to tidiness
and order.
Everything that is new, rational and profitable has perhaps become a characteristic trait of
the residents of Singapore.

62. What is the main topic of the passage?


a) history of Singapore
b) modern life in Singapore
c) geography of Singapore

63. The Western press refers Singapore to … .


a) "leopards"
b) "bears"
c) "tigers"

64. The words "beyond recognition" mean … .


a) "little"
b) "greatly"
c) "very little"
16

65. Singapore… .
a) belongs to Great Britain
b) is an independent state
c) belongs to China

Check-in test 2
Variant I

Choose the correct answer

1. Many countries ... with Russia.


a) trades
b) trade
c) is trading

2. The students ... exercise 2 in their exercise-books.


a) writing
b) are writing
c) has written

3. If it ... men and women will wear raincoats.


a) rain
b) will rain
c) rains

4. It's the most boring film I ....


a) have ever seen
b) have never seen
c) had ever seen

5. The letter ... yesterday morning.


a) was found
b) were found
c) have been found

6. Nobody told us that we ... the poem by heart.


a) shall learn
b) should learn
c) learned

7. I can speak English, but I ... speak French.


a) am able
b) couldn't
c) can't

8. Jack ... his work when his Father returned home from town.
a) had finished
b) were finished
c) will be able to finish
17

9. You ... always wash your hands before meals.


a) has to
b) must
c) had to

10. There ... some football fans in our group.


a) ---
b) is
c) are

11. Andrew hasn't got ... French books.


a) any
b) some
c) no

12. "Whose picture is it?" - "It's ... ."


a) him
b) mine
c) your

13. The ... night is on the 22nd of December.


a) long
b) longest
c) longer

14. His voice is so ... , that I can't understand anything.


a) loud
b) loudly
c) louder

15. They got married ... 13 June.


a) in
b) on
c) at

16. It's strange that Bill left without ... good-bye.


a) say
b) to say
c) saying

17. There were heavy clouds ... the sky.


a) above
b) on
c) in

18. You're not going to work today, ... you?


a) will
b) do
c) are
18

Choose the correct questions

19. The production of black and white TV sets is decreasing this year.
a) What is doing this year?
b) What do the production decrease?
c) What production is decreasing this year?

20. Susan and Tom bought a big house in the country.


a) Did Susan and Tom bought a big house in the country?
b) Did Susan and Tom buy a big house in the country?
c) Bought Susan and Tom a big house in the country?

Choose the correct answer

21. "To" is the opposite of "...".


a) there
b) from
c) under

22. Read the ... text silently and then give a short summary.
a) following
b) repeating
c) hearing

23. There were three different ... on the menu.


a) soups
b) soaps
c) cups

24. It seems to me that you like to live ... the country.


a) at
b) on
c) in

25. Can you ... German?


a) say
b) speak
c) talk

26. As they live near us, we see them quite ....


a) often
b) rarely
c) usually

27. Julia failed the exam. What a ... !


a) pity
b) joy
c) pleasure
19

28. Victor is ... with the results of the test. They are good.
a) unlucky
b) unsatisfied
c) satisfied

29. John feels ... among his new girl-friends.


a) unpleasant
b) disagreed
c) uncomfortable

30. Kate was ... at home by her parents.


a) learnt
b) studied
c) taught

Read the text

Everyone has heard of Sherlock Holmes. The author of all the Sherlock Holmes stories was
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Once Sir Arthur was in Paris. He was going from the railroad station
to the hotel where he decided to spend the night. He arrived at the hotel. He got out of the taxi
and paid the taxi-driver.
"Thank you very much, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle," said the taxi-driver smiling.
"Oh, do you know who I am?" said Sir Arthur. He was very surprised.
"Well, sir, I read in the newspaper yesterday that you were coming to Paris from the south
of France. The train on which you arrived came from the south of France. I also noticed that
your hair was last cut by a barber in the south of France. Your clothes, and especially your hat,
told me that you were English. I put all this together and I realized at once that you were Sir
Arthur Conan Doyle."
"That is wonderful," said Sir Arthur. "With so few facts you were really able to know me!"
"Of course," said the taxi-driver, "your name is on both your travelling bags. That also
helped."

What is the text about?

31. a) Sherlock Holmes in Paris


b) the famous detective Sherlock Holmes
c) the author of the Sherlock Holmes stories

What statement is correct according to the text

32. a) Sherlock Holmes spent the night at the hotel.


b) Conan Doyle decided to spend the night in Paris.
c) The taxi-driver did not recognize Conan Doyle.

What statement is incorrect?

33. a) Conan Doyle was angry with the taxi-driver.


b) Conan Doyle came to the hotel in a taxi.
c) The newspapers wrote about Conan Doyle's visit to Paris.
20

Why was Conan Doyle surprised?

34. a) The taxi-driver was rude to him.


b) The taxi-driver could not speak English.
c) The taxi-driver knew his name.

The word "wonderful"(from the text) means

35. a) красиво
b) ужасно
c) замечательно

Complete the following sentences

36. The taxi-driver was a ... person.


a) quick-witted
b) strange
c) stupid

37. The taxi-driver read in the newspaper that Conan Doyle ...
a) was coming to Paris from the south of France
b) was coming to the south of France from Paris
c) arrived at the hotel in a taxi

Which of these titles fits the text

38. a) Conan Doyle and Sherlock Holmes


b) Sherlock Holmes in Paris
c) The Clever Taxi-Driver

Choose the correct answer

39. Wellington is the capital city of ... .


a) Canada
b) Northern Ireland
c) New Zealand

40. The flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is known as … .
a) "The Union Jack"
b) "The Banner"
c) St. George's Flag

41. The Niagara Falls are the largest waterfalls in ... .


a) Africa
b) Australia
c) North America

42. James Cook was ....


a) a naval captain
b) an engineer
c) a scientist
21

43.Buckingham Palace is the Queen's residence in... .


a) Edinburgh
b) London
c) Liverpool

44. Trafalgar Square is the central square of…


a) London
b) Washington, D.C.
c) New York

45. ... is a play by W. Shakespeare about an old king who divided his kingdom among his
three daughters.
a) "Mac Beth"
b) "King Lear"
c) "Richard III"

What would you say to a friend of yours if you didn't like the film

46. a) I find it rather good.


b) Well, it was nothing special.
c) I am glad you saw it.

You don't know when the work will be finished. What would you say?

47. a) That's great.


b) It's a pity.
c) I'm not sure.

Variant II

Choose the correct answer

1. Mary ... in a village.


a) live
b) is living
c) lives

2. The students ... a lecture at the moment.


a) attend
b) are attending
c) have been attending

3. I ... read any books by this writer yet.


a) haven't .
b) didn't
c) don't

4.What shall I do? I... my passport.


a) lost
b) have lost
c) had lost
22

5. St. Paul's Cathedral... destroyed in the Great Fire of London.


a) is
b) had been
c) was

6. We ... that we should get there by bus.


a) say
b) said
c) had said

7. I'm hungry. I ... concentrate on the quiz.


a) needn't
b) can't
c) shouldn't

8. When I got home, I found that someone … my bedroom window.


a) has broken
b) had broken
c) have broken

9. I hear that your exams are next week. You ... be studying very hard at the moment.
a) must
b) should
c) can

10. ... many shops near your house?


a) are
b) is there
c) are there

11. Please give me ... interesting to read.


a) anything
b) everything
c) something

12. Excuse me, is it your book?-No. it's ... .


a) him
b) his
c) her

13. Everest is ... mountain in the world.


a) the highest
b) a high
c) the most high

14. She speaks ... English.


a) perfectly
b) perfect
c) most perfect
23

15. Can you play ... the guitar?


a) on
b) at
c) ---

16. Helen likes ... in the sun for hours.


a) coming
b) during
c) sitting

17. He could not do his homework ... help.


a) with
b) without
c) instead of

18. The English people often talk about the weather, ... they?
a) don't
b) aren't
c) do

Choose the correct question

19. They learn German.


a) What language they learn?
b) What language did they learn?
c) What language do they learn?

20. The car belongs to Michael.


a) Does the car belongs to Michael?
b) Do the car belongs to Michael?
c) Does the car belong to Michael?

Choose the correct answer

21. Do you often ... TV?


a) look
b) watch
c) observe

22. I ... autumn. I hate rains.


a) unlike
b) like
c) dislike

23.Take ... of the children, please!


a) place
b) notice
c) care

24. It was difficult to believe that autumn had ... begun.


a) almost
24

b) already
c) also

25. "Low" is the opposite оf "...".


a) height
b) big
c) high

26. ... louder. We can't hear you.


a) tell
b) speak
c) say

27. The ... was thick. Nothing was seen.


a) snow
b) rain
c) fog

28. Spell and translate the... words.


a) coming
b) going
c) following

29. He... a very interesting report at the last conference.


a) did
b) accomplished
c) performed

30. Russia is our....


a) earth
b) land
d) ground

Read the text

The great painter Sir James Thornhill was employed for decorating the interior of the
dome of St. Paul's in London. One day he stepped back on the scaffolding to see how his work
looked at a distance. His servant, who was standing near, was terrified to see him within some
inches of the edge of the scaffolding. At the last movement backwards he would be thrown and
dashed to pieces on the pavement. How could he be warned of this danger? If the servant cried
out. he would probably in his alarm take a fatal step.
So the man threw a pot of paint over the piece of work the painter was just admiring. Sir
James, in a rage, rushed forward to punish him. Thus his life was saved. On finding out why
the servant had spoilt his painting. Sir James was glad to reward him instead of punishing him.
scaffolding – леса (строит.)

What is the text about?

31. The text is about... .


a) St.Paul's Cathedral and how it was built
25

b) the way Sir Christopher Wren decorated the cathedral


c) the servant who spoilt his master's painting

What statement is correct according to the text?

32. Sir James Thornhill was ... .


a) an architect
b) a builder
c) a painter

33. What statement is incorrect?

a) Sir James Thornhill decorated the interior of St. Paul's Cathedral.


b) The painter fell off the scaffolding.
c) Sir James Thornhill punished his servant.

34. Why did the servant throw the pot of paint over the painting?

a) He did not like the painting.


b) He was afraid of his master.
c) He wanted to prevent his master falling down.

35. What statement is incorrect?

a) The painter wanted to punish the servant.


b) Sir James Thornhill was surprised.
c) The master rewarded his servant.

36. The words "had spoilt the painting" are closest to…

a) had admired the painting


b) had ruined the painting
c) had made it better

Complete the sentence

37. The servant proved that he was ... .


a) selfish
b) quick-witted
c) brave

38. Which of these titles fits the text?

a) Sir James Thornhill's Masterpiece.


b) A Fatal Step.
c) The Servant Saves His Master.

Choose the correct answer

39. The capital of Britain is … .


a) Glasgow
26

b) London
c) Ottawa

40. Britain is a ....


a) monarchy
b) federal republic
c) parliamentary monarchy

41. ... is the highest legislative body/organ in the USA.


a) The Government
b) The Congress
c) The Parliament

42. … is the seat of the Government of the United States of America.


a) The Parliament Building
b) The Capitol
c) The White House

43. Great Britain is separated from the European continent by:


a) the Irish Sea
b) the North Sea
c) the English Channel

44. ... wrote many short stories and novels about strong and clever dogs.
a) Th.Dreiser
b) O.Henry
c) Jack London

45. Oxford and Cambridge are the oldest universities in


a) the USA
b) Canada
c) Great Britain

46. What would you say if you push a man by accident?

a) I am happy to hear that.


b) I wish you much luck.
c) I beg your pardon.

47. What would you say to someone's request to change the money

a) With great pleasure.


b) I don't know.
c) I am afraid, I can't.
27

Test 3
(A noun; article; some, any, much, many, (a) little, (a) few)
Variant I

Choose the correct answer

1. … Christmas is on … 24th of December.


a) the
b) a
c) ---

2. Tom didn't go to … work yesterday.


a) the
b) a
c) ---

3. Bern is … capital of … Switzerland.


a) the, ---
b) a, ---
c) ---, the

4. This is … man, I told you about.


a) the
b) a
c) ---

5. What … miserable weather!


a) the
b) a
c) ---

6. Last Saturday we went fishing, but we didn't catch many … .


a) fish
b) fishs
c) fishes

7. I don't want … or help.


a) advices
b) an advice
c) advice

8. Would you like some more roasted …?


a) potato
b) potatos
c) potatoes

9. There are many … on the street.


a) people
b) peoples
28

10. Autumn is coming. The … are becoming yellow and fading.


a) leafs
b) leaves

11. The job was … worse than she had expected.


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) very

12. I put … salt in my soup, perhaps, too … .


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) a little

13. Don't put … milk into his coffee.


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) a little

14. There is … noise in Moscow.


a) so much
b) so many
c) a few
d) a lot

15. There were so … people in the room that we couldn't move.


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) a little

16. James has got … work today. He is exhausted.


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) a little

17. He says he couldn't bring … carrots.


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) a little

18. How … eggs did you buy?


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) a little
29

19. She is lonely. She has … friends.


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) a little

20. She is a quiet person. She doesn't say … .


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) few

Variant II

Choose the correct answer

1. I've got … idea. Let's go to … new Greek restaurant in Main Street.


a) an
b) the
c) ---

2. The climate in … San Francisco area is strongly influenced by … ocean.


a) a, ---
b) the, ---
c) --- , ---

3. He is … clerk at the bank.


a) a
b) the
c) ---

4. … advice you gave me helped a lot.


a) an
b) the
c) ---

5. What … wonderful news!


a) a
b) the
c) ---

6. In summer we eat a lot of … .


a) a fruit
b) fruits

7. The sunlit … look wonderful.


a) roves
b) roofs

8. In England … wear a uniform.


a) postmen
30

b) postman
c) postmens

9. There are no … in the radio.


a) batteries
b) batterys

10. Your … needs cutting.


a) hairs
b) hair

11. We got so … homework that we couldn't finish it.


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) a little

12. Have your parents been to … countries?


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) a little

13. I can't give you too … help.


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) a little

14. … people don't like football.


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) a little

15. I enjoyed the play very … .


a) much
b) many
c) a lot
d) ---

16. We've got … cucumbers. We can't make a salad.


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) few

17. Do you speak Spanish? - Just … .


a) much
b) many
31

c) a few
d) a little

18. Can I give you … advice?


a) an
b) a few
c) some
d) ---

19. There … bad news on television nowadays.


a) is too much
b) are too many
c) are too a lot of
d) is a very little

20. I haven't got … time, but I'll try to help you.


a) much
b) many
c) a few
d) a little

Test 4
(A pronoun)
Variant I

Choose the right form of the pronouns

1. Her flat is on the ground floor, (моя) is on the second floor.


a) my
b) me
c) mine

2. Whose map is this? It's (его).


a) him
b) his
c) he

3. Their Institute is in N. street, (наш) is in the centre of the city.


a) our
b) us
c) ours

4. There is not (много) ink in my pen.


a) much
b) many
c) some

5. Tom has no father. (Его) father is dead.


a) them
b) him
c) his
32

6. Tom is busy with his lessons. Don't speak to (с ним) now.


a) him
b) his
c) her

7. We are fond of listening to these tapes. Let's listen to (их) now.


a) them
b) their
c) they

8. Look at (нее), she is ill.


a) her
b) it
c) him

9. The workers are telling us about (их) work.


a) they
b) them
c) their

10. The building is very high, but (его) windows are so small.
a) his
b) their
c) its

11. Ask (его) about his new flat.


a) him
b) his
c) he

12. (Его) daughter is seven years old.


a) he
b) his
c) him

13. (Ее) parents are pensioners.


a) hers
b) her
c) she

14. Tom is telling (нам) about his work.


a) we
b) our
c) us

15. Show (им) the plan of our work.


a) they
b) their
c) them
33

16. The room is large but (ее) windows are not large.
a) their
b) its
c) her

17. She is helping (своему) brother with his lessons.


а) mine
b) her
c) hers

18. (Их) children are at home.


a) them
b) their
c) they

Insert the necessary pronoun

19. Are there . . students in the reading-room?


a) any
b) no
c) some

20. There are not ... conveniences in the house.


a) some
b) no
c) any

21. Is there . . . bread on the plate?


a) few
b) any
c) many

22. There is not ... ink in my pen.


a) any
b) some
c) few

23. Is there … clean water in the bottle?


a) few
b) any
c) many

24. There is ... new under the sun.


a) no
b) nothing
c) anything

25. ... the greatest gain is to be a loser.


a) sometimes
b) some time
c) any time
34

26. I'll post the letter ... .


a) by me
b) oneself
c) myself

27. If we hadn't taken the same plane, we might have never met ...
a) each other
b) one another
c) themselves

28. There are ... places of interest you can visit and enjoy in London.
a) the other
b) another
c) other

29. It was reported that... were present at the meeting.


a) both
b) all
c) everybody

30.If the blind leads the blind ... will fall into the ditch.
a) every
b) both
c) of them

31. American institutions of higher education include technical training schools ... offer
programmes from hairstyling to computers.
a) what
b) that
c) which

32. And now I would like to give the floor to Dr. Green, … is going to talk about
"Environmental Protection".
a) that
b) who
c) which

Variant II

Choose the right form of the pronouns

1. His children are so nice. I am fond of (их).


a) them
b) their
c) they

2. Tom has no mother. (Его) mother is dead.


a) him
b) his
c) her
35

3. Peter is fond of reading. Give these books to (ему) .


a) his
b) him
c) he

4.The students are in the classroom. Let's go there and tell (им) about our plans.
a) they
b) their
c) them

5. The park is so beautiful and (его) trees are so high.


a) his
b) him
c) its

6. We are answering (их) questions.


a) him
b) them
c) their

7. These books are good. Let's give (их) to the children.


a) theirs
b) their
c) them

8. Show (ему) your drawing.


a) him
b) his
c) he

9. Tell (им) about your new flat.


a) they
b) their
c) them

10. (Их) children are in the garden.


a) their
b) they
c) them

11. What colour is (его) bag?


a) his
b) her
c) him

12. This town is very green because there are a lot of trees in (его) streets.
a) his
b) its
c) it
36

13. These flowers are so nice. I am fond of (их).


a) they
b) them
c) their

14. Let's ask (ее) about her foreign friends.


a) her
b) she
c) it

15. (Ее) sister is married


a) them
b) she
c) her

16. Tell (нам) about this town.


a) our
b) we
c) us

17. (Наша) flat is on the fifth floor.


a) us
b) our
c) her

18. Nick is helping (своему) friend with his English.


a) he
b) his
c) him

Insert the necessary pronoun

19. Are there … modern conveniences in the house?


a) some
b) any
c) much

20. Give me … magazine you like.


a) some
b) a few
c) any

21. There are (мало) foreign students in our Institute.


a) few
b) a few
c) much

22. Is there ... work for you to do every day?


a) many
b) little
c) few
37

23. Does this car use ... petrol?


a) much
b) many
c) a few

24. There are ... parties that have nice music and pretty decorations.
a) a few
b) few
c) little

25. ... people are early risers.


a) any
b) some
c) no

26. Have you got ... objections?


a) no
b) some
c) any

27. You can buy stamps at ... post office.


a) any
b) some
c) no

28. I don't know about it; ask ... else.


a) nobody
b) anybody
c) somebody

29. I got the book without... difficulty.


a) some
b) any
c) no

30. Everybody should be able to defend ... .


a) him
b) himself
c) his own

31. Selfish people think mainly of... .


a) one another
b) themselves
c) each other

32. There is ... uniform school organization or curriculum in the USA.


a) not
b) no
c) none
38

33. ... are so fond of secrets as those who do not mean to keep them.
a) none
b) not anybody
c) no one

34. ... man has his faults.


a) both
b) both of
c) every

35. I don't like films ... have unhappy endings.


a) which
b) that
c) what

Test 5
(An adjective, an adverb)
Variant I

Choose the right form of the adjectives or the adverbs:

1. Don't worry. He is ... on the danger list.


a) no more
b) not longer
c) no longer

2. … the traffic goes by the main road.


a) the most
b) most
c) most of

3. Of two evils choose the....


a) less
b) little
c) least

4. What's the ... news of today?


a) later
b) latest
c) last

5. If you require ... information or assistance, ask at your local station.


a) further
b) farther
c) furthest

6. Actions speak ... than words.


a) more louder
b) the loudest
c) louder
39

7. Не has … free time than I have.


a) more
b) most
c) better

8. … late than never.


a) better
b) best
c) worse

9. This is the … chair.


a) more comfortable
b) most comfortable
c) comfortable

10. We have … flowers than they have.


a) less
b) least
c) fewer

11. This book is … as that magazine.


a) more difficult than
b) as difficult
c) so difficult

12. My daughter is … than you are.


a) so younger
b) much younger
c) youngest

13. A man is ... old ... he feels.


a) so ... as
b) as ... as
c) as ... that

14. The fellow that agrees with everything you say is ... a fool … he is getting to skin you.
a) both... and
b) not only... but
c) either... or

15. I am sorry I'm a bit late. I got here … I could.


a) as fast as
b) faster
c) fasters

16. It's too noisy here. Can we go somewhere … ?


a) more quieter
b) quieter
c) quietest
40

17. Your work isn't very good. I'm sure you can do … .
a) more better
b) the bettest
c) better

18. Don't worry. The situation isn't so bad. It could be … .


a) worsest
b) worst
c) worse

19. Our holiday was too short. The time passed very … .
a) quickly
b) quick
c) quicklier

20. Dick drives … as Nick.


a) so quickly
b) quickly
c) as quickly

Variant II

Choose the right form of the adjectives or the adverbs:

1. Hotels are becoming ... nowadays.


a) more expensive
b) the most expensive
c) expensiver

2. The damage of the car could be ... than we expected.


a) bad
b) worse
c) the worst

3. That was ... case in his practice.


a) the least difficult
b) the less difficult
c) the less difficulter

4. The sea is ... unknown part of our world.


a) the most large
b) the largest
c) the most largest

5. ... people sell their souls and live with a good conscience on the proceeds.
a) the most
b) most
c) much
41

6. Honesty is ... policy.


a) the best
b) better
c) more better

7. … men declare war. But it is the youth that fight and die.
a) oldest
b) older
c) elder

8. He plays tennis … than you do.


a) bad
b) worse
c) worst

9. They have … white paper than we have.


a) less
b) least
c) fewer

10. Winter is the … season in a year.


a) cold
b) colder
c) coldest

11. Take some other book because these stories are … easy for you.
a) much
b) too
c) more

12. It is not … in autumn as in summer.


a) warmer than
b) as warm as
c) so warm

13. Nothing ... needs reforming ... other people's habits.


a) so ... as
b) as ... that
c) as ... as

14. ... your daughter ... your niece have made great progress.
a) As ... as
b) So ... as
c) Both ... and

15. Her eyes were ... large ... small.


a) either ... or
b) neither ... nor
c) nor ... or
42

16. Which of you can play chess …?


a) good
b) best
c) well

17. Speak … please. I can't catch what you are saying.


a) loud
b) more louder
c) louder

18. When do you get up … than usual?


a) late
b) latest
c) later

19. Tony earns more money than Jim because he works … than Jim.
a) harder
b) hard
c) hardest

20. Linda types … than Margaret.


a) quickly
b) most quickly
c) more quickly

Test 6
(Prepositions)
Variant I

Choose the right variant

1. My sister plans to take a trip … car.


a) for
b) by
c) on

2. The train has just arrived … the station.


a) at
b) on
c) in

3. How often do you go … the academy?


a) to
b) in
c) for

4. She met me on the way … home.


a) to
b) at
c) ---
43

5. My birthday is … 1 November.
a) at
b) on
c) for

6. He decided to buy it … the end.


a) on
b) in
c) at

7. There's a great demand … such goods.


a) on
b) in
c) for

8. I'm searching … the data for my report.


a) ---
b) for
c) of

9. There are a lot of stars … the sky.


a) in
b) on
c) at

10. I was busy and couldn’t listen … the radio.


a) on
b) to
c) ---

11. They were … business in Khabarovsk.


a) by
b) for
c) on

12. He spent his holidays abroad … last year.


a) in
b) ---
c) on

13. I didn't see you .. the party.


a) on
b) in
c) at

14. There was a knock at the door … the morning.


a) in
b) ---
c) at
44

15. Are you always late … the lectures?


a) for
b) on
c) upon

16. What do you complain …?


a) on
b) of
c) at

17. It greatly influences … the nature.


a) on
b) ---
c) at

18. The boy cut his finger …a knife.


a) with
b) by
c) at

19. Go … the doors and then turn left.


a) across
b) in
c) through

20. I have studied … the university for 2 years.


a) in
b) at
c) ---

Variant II

Choose the right variant

1. He likes to go … air.
a) by
b) for
c) in

2. They have just arrived … the country.


a) at
b) on
c) in

3. I go … work 5 days a week.


a) on
b) to
c) at
45

4. My brother usually comes … home late.


a) to
b) at
c) ---

5. I have to meet him … Friday.


a) in
b) on
c) ---

6. She found the house … the end of the street.


a) on
b) at
c) in

7. There's a great rise … prices at the moment.


a) in
b) on
c) for

8. What can you see … the picture?


a) on
b) at
c) in

9. He is waiting … the companies to merge.


a) for
b) ---
c) to

10. I heard it … the radio.


a) by
b) on
c) ---

11. They went … a business trip yesterday.


a) on
b) for
c) at

12. He is planning to spend his holidays abroad … next year.


a) ---
b) in
c) on

13. The manager took an active part … the conference.


a) on
b) in
c) at
46

14. The doorbell rang … midnight.


a) in
b) at
c) on

15. Harry isn't interested … sport.


a) ---
b) at
c) in

16. They were accused … stealing that money.


a) of
b) in
c) at

17. When did you enter … the academy?


a) in
b) ---
c) at

18. He wrote the letter … a pencil.


a) by
b) with
c) of

19. The chair is .. the door.


a) on
b) besides
c) beside

20. I'm still … the university. But I'm going to leave in 5 minutes.
a) in
b) at
c) on

Test 7
(to be, to have, Present Simple, Present Continuous)
Variant I

Choose the correct answer

1. What ... an accountant do?


a) is
b) does
c) ---

2. Do you know where Ernie Elliot . . . from?


a) ---
b) is
c) are
47

3. Some people ... listening to folk music.


a) enjoys
b) enjoy
c) are enjoying

4. It ... Linda 45 minutes to get to her job.


a) takes
b) take
c) is taking

5. Look! He ... a T-shirt and dungarees. I like the style!


a) wears
b) wear
c) is wearing

6. My friend ... at the same faculty of the Academy of Economics and Law.
a) studying
b) studies
c) study

7. In the picture I can see two people . . . near the cafe.


a) are standing
b) standing
c) stand

8. Someone who always . . . jokes which make people laugh is funny.


a) tell
b) is telling
c) tells

9. Where . . . John Morris live?


a) does
b) is
c) do

10. Usually he ... to the college by bus.


a) is going
b) goes
c) going

11. Do you have any friends who . . . parachute jumps?


a) is doing
b) does
c) do

12. Linda ... good at her job.


a) is
b) to be
c) do
48

13. ... you interested in music?


a) do
b) is
c) are

14. What is the weather like today? – It ... .


a) raining
b) is raining
c) rains

15. ... you ... in English at the moment?


a) do ... interested
b) is … interested
c) are ... interested

16. Usually he … any guests.


a) doesn't have
b) don't have
c) has no

17. Pete … some beer in the fridge.


a) has got
b) have
c) is having

18. Where's Pat? - … she … a bath?


a) is … having
b) does … have
c) has …

19. – I'm in Miami now. – … you … a good time?


a) do … have
b) are … having
c) have …

20. Have you got an umbrella? – Yes, I … .


a) do
b) am
c) have

Variant II

Choose the correct answer

1. What ... a newspaper deliverer do?


a) is
b) does
c) do

2. Jerry ... from Norwich.


a) ---
49

b) is
c) does

3. Usually I ... with my friends.


a) am traveling
b) travel
c) travels

4. I ... lucky to enter the Academy of Economics and Law.


a) is
b) am
c) do

5. I don't think she is busy now. She ... TV in her room.


a) is watching
b) watch
c) watches

6. What... you usually … at home?


a) do ... wear
b) does ... wear
c) are ... wearing

7. Who are those people ... coffee?


a) drinking
b) are drinking
c) drink

8. Someone who never ... any work is lazy.


a) does
b) do
c) is doing

9. They ... to a football match. It starts at 7 p.m.


a) go
b) goes
c) are going

10. It ... Jerry half an hour to find a wine bar.


a) take
b) is taking
c) takes

11. What... you good at?


a) am
b) is
c) are

12. How often ... you have your hair cut?


a) does
50

b) are
c) do

13. "I ... on the phone. Make the sound of the TV set lower".
a) speak
b) speaking
c) am speaking

14. Paul and his friends ... music in the dining-room at the moment.
a) is arranging
b) arrange
c) are arranging

15. You never ... to people. You should be more attentive.


a) listen
b) are listening
c) listens

16. What time … you usually … dinner?


a) have …
b) do … have
c) are … having

17. Mr. Bergman is a businessman. He … a company car.


a) has got
b) have
c) is having

18. Look! Pete … a snack again!


a) has
b) have
c) is having

19. … you impressed by the film?


a) is
b) are
c) do

20. Do you have any free time? – Yes, I … .


a) am
b) do
c) have

Test 8
(Present Simple/Present Continuous)
Variant I

I. Complete the sentences. Use the verb in brackets in the Present Simple or the Present
Continuous

1. The President of the USA … in the White House. (live)


51

2. "Here are Ken and Kate!" "They … outside". (wait)


3. Jet engines … a lot of noise. (make)
4. The sea … two thirds of the world. (cover)
5. Prices … all the time. (rise) Everything … more and more expensive.(get)
6. It … quite often in Britain during the winter. (snow)
7. Please, sit down. I … to watch this TV programme. (try)

II. Put the verb in the correct form, Present Simple or Present Continuous
1. "What time … you (get up) every morning?" "I normally … (get up) at 7 o'clock".
2. "How often … you (go) swimming?" "I … (go) about once a week".
3. We … (not/come) from Canada. We … (come) from the USA.
4. You … (not/watch) the TV at the moment. Why don't you switch it off?
5. What … you (eat) usually for lunch?
6. Becky and Colin … (not/do) their homework. They are watching television.
7. Kate … (not/like) tea. In fact, she hates it.

III. Are these sentences right or wrong? Correct the sentences that are wrong

1. "Are you enjoying yourself?" "Yes, I am having a great time".


2. Sarah has got an exam soon, so she is working very hard at the moment.
3. Britain is having an election at least once every four years.
4. The traffic moves very slowly on the motorway today. Workmen repair the road.
5. Hurry! The bus comes. I don't want to miss it.
6. You can borrow my umbrella. I don't need it right now.
7. Robert never goes abroad for his holiday. It's too expensive.

IV. Ask questions to the underlined worlds


1. It is getting dark. Shall I turn on the light?
2. Jenny is a student at university. She is studying foreign languages.
3. Usually I enjoy parties but I am not enjoying this one very much.
4. The train is never late. It always leaves on time.
5. Jim is very untidy. He always leaves his thing all over the place.
6. Catherine phoned me last night. She is on holiday in France. She is having a great time and
doesn't want to come back.
7. The population of the world is rising very fast.

V. Translate from Russian into English

1. Как правило, я встаю в 8 часов утра.


2. Где же дети? – Они играют в саду.
3. Поторопись. Я тебя жду.
4. Ты умеешь водить машину? Нет, я только учусь.
5. Какая прекрасная погода. Я предлагаю пойти погулять.
6. Летом Джон играет в теннис раз или два в неделю.
7. Ты не знаешь, где сейчас Лиза? – По-моему, она отдыхает в Греции.
52

Variant II

I. Complete the sentences. Use the verb in brackets in Present Simple or Present Continuous
1. Loud music … me a headache. (give)
2. Ben and Patty are in London on holiday. They … at a small hotel near Hyde Park. (stay)
3. I … to bed now. Good night. (go)
4. Normally I … to bed at around 11.30 every night. (go)
5. "Where is Simon?" "He … the dinner'. (cook)
6. The River Thames … through London. (flow)
7. There is something wrong with Lynne's car at the moment. So she … to work by bus this
week. (go)

II. Put the verb in the correct form, Present Simple or Present Continuous

1. "… you (listen) to the radio every morning?" "I (listen) to it most mornings".
2. "… he (live) in Manchester?" "No, he (live) in Newcastle".
3. I … (not/go) to the theater very often.
4. I … (not/live) in Brighton. I … (live) in London.
5. "What … Maria (do) these days?" "She … (study) English at school in London.
6. "… Sally (have) a shower?" "No, she … (wash) her hair".
7. "… they (watch) TV every evening?" "They … (watch) it most evenings".

III. Are these sentences right or wrong? Correct the sentences that are wrong

1. I negotiate a new pay deal with my boss at the moment.


2. It rains every time I leave my umbrella at home.
3. Please sit down. I try to watch this TV programme.
4. American Football becomes very popular in England.
5. Many of the world's natural resources are disappearing.
6. Rain is falling very heavily in Bombay during June and July.
7. My parents are in America on holiday. They stay near San Francisco.

IV. Ask questions to the underlined worlds

1. Angela has just started evening classes. She is learning German.


2. They haven't got anywhere to live at the moment. They are staying with friends until they
find somewhere to live.
3. Liza plays tennis once a week.
4. My parents live in Bristol. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else.
5. Bad driving makes a lot of accident.
6. Where are they? They are having dinner at the restaurant.
7. My sister teaches English at school. She is a good teacher.

V. Translate from Russian into English

1. Иногда он ходит на работу пешком.


2. Куда ты идешь? – Я иду на станцию.
3. Я всегда забываю зонт дома, когда идет дождь.
4. Джейн не ходит в театр. Она предпочитает в свободное время почитать.
5. Я устал и иду спать. Спокойной ночи.
53

6. Я хочу похудеть, поэтому на этой неделе я не ужинаю.


7. Почему ты так смотришь на меня? Что случилось?

Test 9
(Future Tenses)
Variant I

I. Which is correct? Use the right form of the verb

1. "I meet/I'll meet you outside the hotel in half an hour, OK?"
" Yes, that's fine."
2. I'm having/ I'll have a party next Saturday.
I hope you can come.
3. What time does you train leave/will your train leave tomorrow?
4. "Are you doing/will you do anything tomorrow evening?"
" No, I'm free. Why?"

II. Use the Present Continuous, Future Simple, be going to, Present Simple or shall

1. A: Shall we meet on Friday morning?


B: I can't on Friday. ……………… to the dentist. (I/go).
2. A: I want to go out tomorrow evening but I haven't got a baby-sister.
B: That's no problem ……………… them (I/look after).
3. A: What are you doing?
B: It's getting dark. ……………… the light. (I/turn on)
4. A: It's getting dark, isn't it? It's difficult to read.
B: ……………… the light. (I/turn on)
5. I'm not ready yet ……………… (I/tell) you when ……………… (I/be) ready. I promise
……………… (I/not/be) very long.
6. ……………… (I/give) you my address?
If ……………… (I/give) you my address, ……………… (you/write) to me?
7. A: Did you post the letter for me?
B: Oh, I'm sorry. I completely forgot. ……………… it now. (I/do).

III. Complete the sentences using Future Simple or be going to

1. A: Don't worry about the letter. I'm sure ……………… it. (you/find)
B: I hope so.
2. A: Have you decided what to do about the job that was advertised?
B: Yes, ……………… for it. (I/not/apply)
3. A: Don't make so much noise, ……………… everybody up. (you/wake)

IV. Translate into English

A: Я знаю, что ты пишешь новую книгу. Мне ее прочесть?


B: Ты ее прочтешь, как только я закончу писать последнюю страницу. Я собираюсь
рассказать о своей новой книге в телепередаче в следующую пятницу.
A: Когда начнется эта передача?
B: Вечером в 6.30.
54

Variant II

I. Which is correct? Use the right form of the verb

1. – I need some money.


– OK, I'm lending / I'll lend you some. How much do you need?
2. – Remember to buy a newspaper when you go out.
– OK. I don't forget. / I won't forget.
3. I don't want to go out alone. Do you / Will you come with me?
4. I can't meet you tomorrow afternoon. I'm playing / I'll play tennis.

II. Use Present Continuous, Future Simple, be going to, Present Simple or shall

1. A: Have you decided where to go for your holiday yet?


B: Yes, … to Jamaica. (I / go)
2. A: How do you plan to travel round Britain? By train?
B: No, … a car. (We / hire)
3. A: Are you free at lunchtime tomorrow?
B: No, … with Kate. (I / have lunch)
4. You and your friend are in a restaurant.
You: What …? (You / have).
Friend: I don't know. I can't make up my mind.
5. I'd like to play tennis tomorrow if the weather … (be) nice.
6. What time … (I / phone) you this evening? About 7.30?
7. A: I don't know how to use this camera.
B: It's quite easy. … you. (I / show)

III. Complete the sentences using Future Simple or be going to

1. A: Hello. Can I speak to Jim, please?


B: Just a moment. … him. (I/get)

2. A: I need somebody to take me to the airport tomorrow morning.


B: That's no problem. … you. (I/take) What time is your flight?
A: 10.50
B: OK. … at about 9 o'clock then. (We/leave)
Later that day C offers to take A to the airport.
C: A, do you want me to take you to the airport?
A: No, thanks, … me. (B/take)

IV. Translate into English

1. А: Когда твой самолет вылетает из Москвы?


В: Он вылетает в пятницу утром.
2. А: Чем бы нам заняться сегодня вечером? Не сходить ли нам в кино?
В: Извини, я не могу. Я иду в театр с Анной.
3. А: В какое время я могу позвонить тебе, чтобы расспросить тебя о спектакле?
В: Позвони мне, как только я вернусь домой. Около 10 часов вечера.
55

Test 10
(Past Simple/Past Continuous)
Variant I

I. Put the verb into the correct form: past simple or past continuous

1. Dinosaurs (die out) millions of years ago.


2. Dan (cook) dinner when he (hear) something exploded in the yard of his house.
3. I kept silence. I (not, know) the answer.
4. The robbers (steal) the car and (drive away).
5. When Steve (arrive) we (have) dinner.
6. When we (play) in the yard it suddenly (start) raining.

II. Write the second sentence with a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use negative
form of the verb from the box

walk stop buy


forget miss close

1. David caught the train.


2. Christina remembered the book.
3. John opened the door.
4. The lesson continued.
5. Tom was driving all the morning.
6. They sold computers.

III. Write questions to the underlined words

1. Nick found money. (2)


2. My friends bought a house. (2)
3. I was having a shower when the door bell rang. (2)

IV. Give true answers to the following questions

1. Where did you meet your first friend?


2. What were you doing at your first school lesson?
3. Did you visit your grandparents last weekend?
4. What were your hobbies when you were 12 years old?

V. Translate the sentences into English

1. Я не видела свою подругу, когда была в Санкт-Петербурге.


2. Когда я вошел, они сидели в гостиной. Старший брат делал уроки, мама вязала (knit),
другие читали.
3. Я попрощался с Джорджем и перешел через дорогу.
4. Юноша подбежал к воротам, где стояла Анна.
5. Пока я учился в университете, я занимался спортом.
56

Variant II

I. Put the verb into the correct form: past simple or past continuous

1. It was late in the 16th century when the Pilgrims (land) and (found) a colony.
2. While Vasilyi Ivanovich (work) in the garden he (hurt) his back.
3. I (not, sleep) when someone in black (enter) the room.
4. One day as the rich lady (look out) of the window she (see) a very poor man.
5. An old friend (come) to see me yesterday.
6. I (not, understand) what you (do) the whole day yesterday.

II. Write the second sentence with a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use negative
form of the verb from the box
win get up break
talk like send
1. Terry stayed in bed.
2. Karen hated Chinese food.
3. Chris's team lost the match.
4. I kept silence all the way home.
5. I was making toys.
6. They were receiving a lot of information.

III. Write questions to the underlined words

1. Last summer Lucy went to England. (2)


2. We had a great party. (2)
3. When they saw the accident they were standing at the bus-stop. (2)

IV. Give true answers to the following questions

1. What did you dream about in your childhood?


2 What were you doing at 4pm last Sunday?
3. How much money did you borrow from your parents last?
4. What were you doing during your last year at school?(what were you busy with)

V. Translate the sentences into English

1. Она подошла к окну и посмотрела на улицу. Шёл дождь.


2. Мы говорили о нем, когда он вошел.
3. Я навещал друзей за городом год тому назад.
4. Что с вами случилось вчера?
5. Он вдруг понял, что ехал не в ту сторону.

Test 11
(Present Perfect/Past Simple)
Variant I

Choose the correct answer

1. I can’t give you this book. I … it yet.


a) read
57

b) haven’t read
c) didn’t read

2. I … in Moscow two years ago.


a) have been

b) were
c) was

3. Tom … his friend for ten years.


a) knew
b) have known
c) has known

4. I … my granny last summer.


a) visit
b) visited
c) has visited

5. He … from school and now he is doing his homework.


a) came
b) has come
c) comes

6. He … from school ten minutes ago.


a) came
b) has come
c) comes

7. Kate doesn't want to go to the cinema: she … this film already.


a) saw
b) has seen
c) see

8. The grandmother is cooking the fish we just … .


a) have caught
b) has caught
c) caught

9. My brother … from the university last year and now he is looking for a job.
a) have graduated
b) has graduated
c) graduated

10. I never … the eruption of a volcano.


a) see
b) have seen
c) saw

11. I … the eruption of a volcano ten years ago.


a) have seen
58

b) has seen
c) saw

12. At last I … my report: now I shall go for a walk.


a) has written
b) wrote
c) have written

13. He … a moment ago.


a) came
b) has come
c) comes

14. Where … you … the newspaper? I want to read it but I can't find it anywhere.
a) have put
b) has put
c) put

15. The sun … yet, but the sky in the east is getting lighter every minute.
a) hasn't risen
b) rose
c) haven't risen

16. Last year I … the KSAEL and now I am a second-year student.


a) have entered
b) entered
c) has entered

17. When … it all … ?


a) did happen
b) has happened
c) have happened

18. The morning was cold and rainy, but since 10 o'clock the weather … and now the sun is
shining brightly.
a) has changed
b) changed
c) have changed

19. My watch was going in the morning but now it … .


a) stopped
b) has stopped
c) have stopped

20. I … to St. Petersburg two times since my childhood.


a) have been
b) were
c) was
59

Variant II

Choose the correct answer

1. I … this book when I was a child.


a) read
b) have read
c) has read

2. I … this book; it is rather interesting.


a) read
b) have read
c) has read

3. I … him that summer.


a) haven't seen
b) didn't see
c) hasn't seen

4. The building of the new theatre … already.


a) began
b) has begun
c) have begun

5. I … the letter yesterday.


a) posted
b) have posted
c) has posted

6. I … him since the summer.


a) didn't see
b) haven't seen
c) hasn't seen

7. The building of the new theatre … last spring.


a) has begun
b) have begun
c) began

8. At last she … everything; now she can go to bed.


a) did
b) have done
c) has done

9. He never … in the center of the city.


a) lived
b) has lived
c) have lived

10. Yesterday the weather … .


a) changed
60

b) has changed
c) have changed

11. He … the Hermitage two days ago.


a) visited
b) have visited
c) has visited

12. He just … .
a) has left
b) left
c) have left

13. Ring them up, they … .


a) have returned
b) has returned
c) returned

14. Put on your coat, the weather … .


a) changed
b) has changed
c) have changed

15. The doctor … ten of his patients on Monday.


a) visited
b) has visited
c) have visited

16. It … heavily the day before yesterday.


a) rained
b) has rained
c) have rained

17. The professor. … him two days ago.


a) examined
b) has examined
c) have examined

18. She … in town for a month.


a) haven't been
b) wasn't
c) hasn't been

19. My husband and I … at the theatre last week.


a) were
b) have been
c) has been

20. Her friend … from the Institute this year.


a) graduated
b) has graduated
c) have graduated
61

Test 12
(Present Perfect/Past Simple)
Variant I

I. Now you are to use Present Perfect or Past Simple of the verbs given

1. I already (to do)my homework. Now I can go for a walk.


2. He (to come) a minute ago.
3. You ever (to be) to New York?
4. When you (to see) Mary?
5. I (not to write) my composition yet.
6. Nick (to play) football yesterday.

II. Finish up the sentences choosing appropriate adverbial modifiers from the brackets

1. My cousin did not ring me up … . (at 10 o'clock, since 10 o'clock)


2. I have not seen him at home … .(at dinner time, since dinner time)
3. He did not say a word about it … .(at the beginning of supper, since the beginning of
supper)
4. I have been here … .(yesterday, since yesterday)
5. It snowed heavily … . (on Sunday, since Sunday)

III. Put the question to underlined words

1. I have known Alice for 14 years.


2. I saw him at the library the other day.
3. I graduated from school last year.
4. My brother has entered the University this year.
5. My friend came to my place 2 hours ago.
6. She hasn't done her homework yet.

IV. Make up a negative sentence

1. I worked hard yesterday and today I have finished my report.


2. She has taken eight lessons of English this month.
3. The tourists have arrived here this week.
4. Mother took the children to the Zoo that week.
5. They returned from England last month.
6. Her husband graduated from the Institute this year.

V. Translate into English

1. Когда приехал твой брат?


2. Как долго ты не видел своего брата?
3. Дождь уже начался.
4. Я переехал в эту квартиру в прошлом году.
5. Я живу в этой квартире с прошлого года.
6. Ты уже накрыла на стол?
62

Variant II

I. Now you are to use Present Perfect or Past Simple form of the verbs given

1. They (to return) from England two years ago.


2. They already (to return) from England and now are working in Moscow.
3. When (to return) from England?
4. Come to my place, I (to finish) my homework already.
5. She (to attend) these classes last week.
6. How many times she (to attend) these classes?

II. Finish up the sentences choosing appropriate adverbial modifiers from the brackets

1. They have traveled at the Caucasus … . (in September, since September)


2. My children have studied English … . (since last year, last year)
3. They did not know anything about each other … . (when they met, since they met)
4. He has been out … . (since early morning, in the morning)
5. I've been to London twice … . (since last year, last year)

III. Put the question to underlined words

1. I have seen this film three times already.


2. I went to the cinema last week.
3. My sister has graduated from the University this month.
4. Tom has moved to the new flat this week.
5. Kate visited her parents a month ago.
6. I have known my friend for ages?

IV. Make up a negative sentence

1. My cousin rang me up at 10 o'clock.


2. I have seen him at home today.
3. He said some words about his parents.
4. He has known me for 5 years.
5. I knew this boy when he was a little one.
6. He has read this book and found it to be very interesting.

V. Translate into English

1. Учитель просмотрел мой доклад и считает его подходящим для конференции.


2. На прошлой неделе этот студент делал доклад на конференции.
3. Мы не были в кино с прошлого месяца. Не пора ли сходить?
4. Я прочитал эту книгу. Она интересная.
5. Я отправил это письмо 2 дня назад. Вы его получили?

Test 13
(Present Perfect/Past Simple/Past Continuous)
Variant I

I. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form:

1. I (to feed) my cat with fish yesterday.


63

2. When they (to sail) down the river they (to see) a little island.
3. When we (to play) in the yard yesterday, it suddenly (to start) raining heavily.
4. I (not to see) you for a long time.
5. The wind (to blow) off the man's hat, and he cannot catch it.
6. Last night I (to feel) tired and (to go) to bed very early.
7. He (to repair) his bicycle the whole day yesterday.
8. You (to pass) your driving test yet? – Yes, I (to pass) it in May, but I (not to buy) a car yet.
9. He (to shave) when he (to hear) her scream.
10. You (to take) any photographs while traveling in the South?
11. He (to be) ill last week, but now he (to recover).

II. Make up all possible types of questions:

1. We saw this movie last night.


2. Maria was eating dinner when her friend called.
3. John has worked in Washington for three years.

III. Translate into English

1. Ты когда-нибудь был в Африке?


2. Когда я вошла, она с кем-то разговаривала по телефону.
3. Она еще не читала этой книги.
4. Когда папа пришел домой, мама готовила ужин.
5. Я не встречал своих одноклассников с тех пор, как окончил школу.
6. Что ты делал вчера в 8 часов вечера? Я звонил, но никто не ответил.

Variant II

I. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form:

1. What you (to do) at four o'clock yesterday? – I (to feed) my cat.
2. I (to see) Mike when he (to cross) the street.
3. We (to play) badminton from nine till eleven yesterday.
4. The weather (to change), and we can go for a walk.
5. The children already (to decide) what to do with the books.
6. While traveling in the Crimea I (to meet) your friend.
7. When I (to open) the door, my friends (to sit) around the table.
8. I never (to visit) that place.
9. His health (to improve) greatly since I (to see) him last.
10. When somebody (to knock) at the door, she (to argue) with her husband.
11. When I (to come) home from school yesterday, my little brother (to sit) on the floor with
all his toys around him.

II. Make up all possible types of questions:

1. John went to France last year.


2. When Mary came home, her husband was cooking dinner.
3. They have lived in the same house for twenty years.
64

III. Translate into English:

1. Что ты писал, когда я вошел в комнату?


2. Вчера всю ночь шел сильный дождь.
3. Джон Кеннеди стал президентом США, когда ему было 43 года.
4. Вы уже пообедали? Я ничего не ел с утра.
5. Я не видела Эни с тех пор, как она уехала 3 года назад.
6. Дети смотрели телевизор, когда кто-то постучал в дверь.

Test 14
(Perfect Simple/Perfect Continuous)
Variant I

I. Choose the correct form

1. What are you doing? Have you been losing/have you lost anything?
2. I've always been working/I've always worked in this hospital.
3. Someone has been eating/has eaten my chocolates. There aren't any left.
4. I hadn't eaten/hadn't been eating all day yesterday, so I was very hungry when I got home.
5. Mr. Woods had been working/had worked for 50 years when he finally retired in 2002.
6. I've been working/I'd been working hard all day, so I'm very tired now.
7. They will have finished/will have been finishing writing a composition by 3 p.m.
8. We will have sued/will have been suing 3 sweaters by next month.

II. Complete the sentences. Open the brackets

1. Maria's sister … (study) at university for eight years before she finally passed her exams.
2. By 2100, the world's population … (increase) to around 30,000 million.
3. "Is Sally here?" "No, she … just … (go) out."
4. Robert moved from Manchester to London in 1998. How long … (he/live) in Manchester?
5. Ben and Patty Crawford are on holiday in Europe. They … (visit) seven countries by the
time they get home to Canada at the end of the month.
6. Her French is good. She … (study) the language for ten years.
7. Mario felt very nervous when he first drove in Britain because he … (not/drive) on the left
before.

III. Make questions out of the words. Use the necessary form of the verbs

1. Sarah/know/for very/long/you?
2. education/how/change/by next year?
3. "We arrived at the cinema at 8.00 and were late." "at 7.30/the film/start?"
4. When I met you yesterday, you looked very tired. what/you/do/all day?
5. The paint is in your hair. you/paint?

IV. Join each idea in A with an idea from B. Make sentences

A
1. She will have worked here
2. I'd been walking for about half an hour
3. Lynne has been the manager of Timeways Travel
65

4. They have been reading this story all this week


5. When Peter arrived at the furniture shop

B
1. they had already sold the table he wanted
2. in London for three years
3. for a year next October
4. but they haven't finished it yet
5. when it suddenly started to rain

V. Give the proper translation of the sentences below

1. Ты переводишь это простое предложение уже 5 минут.


2. Мы будем лететь завтра уже три часа к тому времени, когда стюардесса принесет
обед.
3. Алиса накрыла стол к тому времени, когда Джордж пришел домой.
4. Я еще ни разу не надевала это пальто. Как ты думаешь, эта модель останется модной
к следующему году?
5. Они находились в пути уже больше часа, когда поняли, что сбились с дороги.

Variant II
I. Choose the correct form

1. They've been building/They've built the bridge for 3 month, but they haven't finished it yet.
2. I'm very sorry, but I've been breaking/I've broken your new vase.
3. John has been saving/has saved nearly two thousand pounds so far this year.
4. When Sue arrived, we had had/had been having dinner.
5. I had walked/had been walking for about half an hour when it suddenly started to rain.
6. I've been working/I'd been working hard all day, so I was very tired last night.
7. We'll have finished/will have been finished the test by 2 p.m.
8. He will have played/will have been playing in 300 movies by next year.

II. Complete the sentences. Open the brackets

1. "I'm really sorry I was so late last night." "That's OK. We … (not/wait) long."
2. The earth's supplies of oil, coal and gas … (run out) by 2250.
3. I … (walk) six kilometers so far this morning.
4. By the end of the century, computers … (take over) many of the jobs that people do today.
5. The strange thing was that we … (just/talk) about ghosts when we heard the noise upstairs.
6. I must go see the doctor. I … (not/feel) well lately.
7. When I found my wallet I discovered that somebody … (take) the credit cards out of it.

III. Make questions out of the words. Use the necessary form of the verbs

1. be/how/ill/long/you. Since yesterday.


2. other/sources of energy/scientists/find/by/the end of the year?
3. Simon, is a good driver. how long/drive/he?
4. "We arrived at the football stadium at 5 p.m. and were shocked." "the game/start/already?"
5. drive/Dave/for/hours/when his car broke down?
66

IV. Join each idea in A with an idea from B. Make sentences

A
1. I will have finished
2. I'd been standing there for nearly an hour
3. Mr. Black hasn't been feeling well
4. When I spoke to the woman I realized
5. Her name is Kate and
B
1. when I realized I was at the wrong bus-stop
2. I had met her somewhere before
3. she's been living there for just a few weeks
4. my homework by 8 p.m.
5. for over a month

V. Give the proper translation of the sentences below

1. Мы пишем этот тест уже 30 минут.


2. Он доберется до дома только завтра к 5 часам.
3. Когда Натали пришла в офис, все ее друзья уже приготовились поздравить ее с днем
рожденья.
4. Еще так рано, а Бен уже отправился спать.
5. Вчера я играл в теннис больше 3 часов, поэтому чувствовал себя усталым.

Test 15
(Grammar Revision: Active Voice)
Variant I

I. Make up sentences from the following words:

1. comfortable, my bed, very


2. the shops, today, open, not
3. today, the park, open?

II. Fill in the gaps with "there is / are, this, the"

1. … a lot of trees in our street … trees are old and big.


2. … is my brother. He is an engineer.
3. Sorry, … nobody in the office now.
4. … is Upping Street. … a lot of offices in it.

III. Fill in the gaps with the verbs in Present Simple or Present Continuous:

1. It … a lot in Khabarovsk in autumn. (to rain)


2. I … very hard at the moment because I've got my exams in two weeks. (to work).
3. Where's Sally? – She … tennis. (to play)
4. The bank … at 9.30 every day. (to open)
5. Why are you taking your umbrella? – It … (not to rain).
67

IV. Answer the questions using the prompts

1. When did you go to France? (last year)


2. When did you speak to the manager? (on Friday)
3. When did you buy this house? (two months ago)
4. When did you write the letter? (yesterday afternoon)
5. When did you pay the bill? (an hour ago)

V. Use the comparative or superlative forms of the adjectives in brackets

1. My job is a bit boring. I'd like to do something … . (interesting)


2. The hotel was surprisingly expensive. I expected it to be … . (cheap)
3. You look much … today. (happy)
4. What is … sport in your country? (popular)
5. Things are becoming … all the time. (expensive)
6. The … a car is, the … it is to park. (small, easy)

VI. Put the verbs into the correct form, Past Continuous or Past Simple

1. What (you / do) this time yesterday? I was asleep.


2. How fast (you / drive) when the accident (happen)?
3. We were in a very difficult position. We (not / know) what to do.
4. We (go) down in the lift when suddenly it (stop).
5. (I / have) breakfast when (my sister / phone).

VII. Complete the sentences with "have" or "have got"

1. I don't eat much during the day. I never … lunch.


2. Excuse me, … you a pen I could borrow?
3. I can't make a phone call. I … any change.
4. I couldn't read the notice. I … my glasses.
5. How did you get into the house? – I … a key.

Variant II

I. Make up sentences from the following words:

1. your cigarettes, your bag, in


2. at, home, your parents?
3. I, today, happy

II. Fill in the gaps with "there is / are, this, the"

1. … an airport in our town. … airport is not far from the center.


2. … no cigarettes in the box.
3. … is my new flat. … three rooms in it.
4. … hospital is two blocks from here.

III. Fill in the gaps with the verbs in Present Simple or Present Continuous:

1. Where … you sister? (to be) – She … her homework in the living room. (to do)
68

2. Would you like a cigarette? – No, thanks. I … . (not to smoke)


3. I … to the cinema most weekends. (to go)
4. I know that Sam … a lot of sugar in tea. (to take)
5. You can turn off the TV-set. I … . (not to watch)

IV. Answer the questions, using the prompts

1. When did you wear this T-shirt? (a week ago)


2. When did you see the Smiths? (last week)
3. When did you drive to the country? (on Sunday)
4. When did you lose your bag? (the day before yesterday)
5. When did you sell your car? (a week ago)

V. Use the comparative or superlative forms of the adjectives in brackets

1. It was an awful day. It was … day of my life. (bad)


2. I like warm weather. The … (warm) the weather, the … (good) I feel.
3. The prices are … (high) in this shop than in others.
4. We stayed at … hotel in the town. (expensive)
5. The weather is getting … and … (cold).
6. Do you know what … river in the world is? (long)

VI. Put the verbs into the correct form, past continuous or past simple

1. (you / go) out last night? No, I was too tired.


2. When (I / come) in (they / have dinner).
3. When I was young, (I /want) to be a doctor.
4. (I / take) an umbrella because (it / rain).
5. What (you / read) when (I / come)?

VII. Complete the sentences with "have" or "have got"

1. Where's Jim? – He … a rest in his room. He's very tired.


2. Why are you holding your face like that? … a toothache?
3. She can't pay her bills. She … any money.
4. We couldn't visit the museum. We … enough time.
5. How did you climb on the roof? – I … a ladder.

Test 16
(Active Voice)
Variant I

I. Use the proper forms of the verbs in brackets

1. Be quiet, the photographer (watch) that bird. He (want) to take a picture.


2. The professor (speak) five foreign languages. Right now he (speak) Dutch.
3. I (stay) with mother if you (go) and (telephone) the doctor.
4. Please stop before you (get) into trouble.
5. When it (happen)? - It (happen) when you (talk) to your secretary.
6. I (get) a fax from Boston an hour ago, but I (not answer) it yet.
7. He (play) the piano since 6 o'clock in the morning.
69

8. I (lose) my keys and can't remember where I (see) them last.


9. Tom wasn't at home when I (arrive). He just (go) home.
10. The water (boil). Can you turn it off?

II. Make up all possible types of questions

1. He is driving a new Ford today.


2. She has been learning English all her life.
3. Columbus discovered America in 1492.

III. Translate from Russian into English

1. Мери сейчас в Лондоне. Она учит английский язык.


2. Когда я пришел домой, моя мама готовила обед.
3. Я не голоден. Я только что пообедал.
4. Я пойду в библиотеку, как только прочитаю эту книгу. Я читаю ее уже три дня, но
еще не закончил.
5. Где твой брат? - Он только что вернулся домой. Он принимает душ сейчас.
6. Что он делал, когда ты ему позвонил вчера? - Когда я позвонил ему, он уже ушел.
7. Обычно она заканчивает работу в 5 часов.

Variant II

I. Use the proper forms of the verbs in brackets

1. My friend always (tell) me the truth, but I see that she (tell) a lie now.
2. She, as a rule, (wear) smart hats. But today she (wear) a funny-looking one.
3. He (become) a doctor when he (grow up)
4. I (go) and see Venice as soon as I (reach) Italy.
5. He (come) in and (see) Nelly who (draw) a strange picture.
6. He (forget) his French since he (leave) Paris.
7. They (play) tennis since 2 o'clock.
8. Look! Somebody (break) that window.
9. The house was very quiet when I (get) home.
10.Hurry up! Everybody (wait) for you.

II. Make up all possible types of questions

1. The children are swimming in the river.


2. It often rains in autumn in this country.
3. The Normans invaded Britain in 1066.

III. Translate from Russian into English

1. Мои родители живут в Лондоне. А где живут твои родители?


2. Когда Аня пришла домой, ее брат читал книгу.
3. Я знаю ее с детства.
4. Если ты не сделаешь домашнюю работу, завтра ты получишь плохую отметку.
5. Посмотри! Я купила новую машину.
6. Что ты делаешь? Уже поздно! - Я перевожу сложную статью. Я перевожу ее уже 2
часа.
7. Вчера мы ходили в кино. Когда мы пришли в кинотеатр, фильм уже начался.
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CONSOLIDATION

Complete the texts below, use the correct form of the verbs in brackets

A
1. Maria Fernandez is Spanish. She (live)1 in Madrid, where she (work)2 for an export
company. She (be)3 with this company for two years now. At the moment she (study)4 English
on a one-month intensive course in London. She (be)5 in London for one week now. She
(arrive)6 there last Saturday. This is not Maria's first time in Britain. She (be)7 there twice
before.
2. I woke up when I (hear)1 a noise downstairs. I (get)2 out of bed quietly because my wife
(still/sleep)3 and (go)4 to the top of the stairs. It was dark, but I could see two men downstairs
in the living room. They (try)5 to open the safe. When I (switch on)6 the light, they (run)7 into
the kitchen and (escape)8 out of the back door. Then, before I (have)9 a chance to do anything, I
(hear)10 a police car pull up outside the house. A neighbour of mine (see) 11 the men breaking
into my house and (phone)12 for the police.
3. A dog, who (run)1 away with a large piece of meat which he (steal)2, (come)3 to a stream
over which (to be)4 a little bridge. As he (cross)5 the bridge, he (look)6 down and (see)7 another
dog with another piece of meat in his mouth. Not knowing what he (see)8 was only the
reflection of himself in the clear water, he greedily (drop)9 his own meat and (make)10 a snatch
at the other. But, instead of getting anything, he only (lose)11 the meat he (steal)12 recently.
4. The London police were looking for a criminal who (rob)1 a bank. One day they (catch)2
him and (take)3 him to prison. But while they (take)4 photographs of him from the front, from
the left, from the right, with a hat, without a hat - he suddenly (attack)5 one of the policemen
and (run away)6.
Then a week later the telephone (ring)7 in the police station and somebody (say)8 "You (look
for)9 Ben Jackson, aren't you?" - "Yes." - "Well, he (be)10 at Victoria Station an hour ago. He
(leave, probably)11 London by now."
The city police immediately (send)12 4 different photos of the robber to the railway police.
All the trains (search)13.
Less than two hours later they (get)14 a telephone call from a small town not far from
London. "We (catch)15 three of the men," they (say)16 happily, "and we (hope)17 to catch the
fourth very soon."

B.
"A CLEVER TRICK"

5. It (be)1 a cold and stormy night. A traveller (ride)2 a horse. It (rain)3 cats and dogs and he
(be)4 wet to the skin. He (ride)5 for a few hours before he could find an inn. When he (enter)6
the inn he (see)7 a lot of people there. They (sit)8 in front of the fire and there (be, not)9 a seat
left for him. A good idea (strike)10 him. He (call)11 the waiter and (say)12 to him in a loud
voice: "Boy, take a plate of oysters to my horse." Everybody (be surprised)13. The waiter
(put)14 some oysters on the plate and (go out)15. Naturally, the other people (go out)16 to see if
the horse (eat) )17 the oysters. A few minutes later the waiter (return)18 with the news that the
horse (refuse)19 to eat the oysters. When the other people (return)20 they (saw)21 that the
traveller (sit)22 comfortably in a chair. He (warm)23 his feet beside the fire. And suddenly
everybody (realize)24 why the traveller (order)25 the waiter to take the oysters to the horse.
71

Test 17
(Modal verbs: advanced level)
Variant I

I. Insert necessary modal verbs:

a) can, be able to
1. I'm afraid I (not come) to your party next week.
2. Jack and Alf played tennis yesterday. Alf played well but Jack (beat) him.
3. My father was a great sportsman. The (play) football well.
4. I was feeling sick yesterday. I (not eat) anything.
5. What shall we do this evening? – We (go) to the cinema.
6. I'm really hungry. I (eat) a horse!
7. Why did you stay at home last night? You (go) to the cinema with us.
b) must, have to
1. You've been traveling all day. You (be) tired.
2. I'm to meet the train. I (get up) early people tomorrow.
3. Don't make so much noise. You (wake) the baby.
4. There's a lift in the building, so we (not climb) the stairs.
5. We couldn't repair the car ourselves and we (take) it to a garage.
6. I rang the doorbell three times but nobody answered. They (go) out.
7. I went to the bank this morning. There was no queue, so I (not wait).
c) may, should
1. Where's Bob? – He (be) in his office.
2. I wonder where George is. He (be playing) tennis.
3. I can't find my umbrella. I'm not sure but I (leave) it in the restaurant last night.
4. Ann didn't come to the party. She (not receive) the invitation card.
5. Margaret (pass) the exam. She's been studying very hard.
6. I'm sorry I didn't take your advice. I (do) what you said.
7. I'm feeling sick. I ate too much. I (not eat) so much.

Variant II

I. Insert necessary modal verbs:

a) can, able to
1. Can you speak up a bit? I (not hear) you very well.
2. They didn't want to come with us at first but we (persuade) them.
3. My grandmother loved music. She (play) piano very well.
4. I looked everywhere for the book but (not find) it.
5. Where shall we go for our holidays? – We (go) to Scotland.
6. I'm so angry with him. I (kill) him!
7. We (go) to the concert yesterday but we decided not to.
b) must, have to
1. That restaurant (be) very good. It's always full of people.
2. Paul doesn't like new job. He (work) at weekends.
3. Whatever you do, you (not touch) that switch. It's very dangerous.
4. She (not wear) a suit to work but she usually does.
5. Jack left before the end of the concert. He (go) home early.
72

6. I couldn't find my notebook. I (leave) it at home.


7. A man was slightly injured in the accident but he (not go) to hospital.
c) may, should
1. Ask Ann. She (know).
2. Where's Jack? – I'm not sure. He (be having) lunch.
3. Tom didn't answer the doorbell. I'm sure he was in the house. He (be) in the bath.
4. I wonder why she didn't say hello. I think she (not seen) me.
5. I'm in a difficult situation. What do you think I (do)?
6. You missed a great party. You (come).
7. The speed limit is 30 miles an hour. Catherine was doing 50. She (not drive) so fast.

Test 18
(Modal verbs)
Variant I
I. Insert necessary modal verbs:

a) can, be able to
1. I … speak English.
2. When I was a child I … not swim.
3. I wanted to buy some tomatoes. I … get some in the supermarket.
4. My grandfather … speak five foreign languages.
b) must, have to, should, be to
1. I don't want anybody to know. You … tell anyone.
2. My train leaves at 7 a.m. I … get up early.
3. You look tired. You … go to bed.
4. The train … arrive at 12 p.m.
5. My mother … work on Tuesdays, she has a day off.
6. Last night Don became ill suddenly, so we … call a doctor.

II. Make sentences interrogative:


1. I had to get up early yesterday.
2. They must do a lot of work.
3. You are to meet the delegation.
4. You should be more active at the lessons.

III. Translate into English:


1. Можно взять твою ручку?
2. Я не умел говорить по-английски, но мне пришлось научиться.
3. Тебе лучше поторопиться. Поезд отправляется через несколько минут.
4. Кто-то звонит. Должно быть, это Том.
5. Мы могли бы пойти в кино вечером.
Variant II

I. Insert necessary modal verbs:


a) can, be able to
1. … you help me?
73

2. Jack was a good player. He … beat anybody.


3. Ann hurt her leg and … walk.
4. Although the fire spread quickly, everybody … .

b) must, have to, should, be to


1. I'm not working tomorrow. I … get up early.
2. I … work hard if I want to pass my exams successfully.
3. The book, which I have recently read, is very interesting. You … read it.
4. The plane … land a few minutes ago. It's late.
5. I'm on a diet, so I … eat too much.
6. I'm sorry I couldn't come yesterday, I … work late.

II. Make sentences interrogative:

1. He has to do a lot of work.


2. He can translate this text.
3. You were to come 2 hours ago.
4. You should invite Sue to the party.

III. Translate into English:

1. Можно войти?
2. Вчера весь день шел дождь, и нам пришлось остаться дома.
3. Тебе не следует пропускать занятия.
4. Я не могу найти свой ключ. Должно быть, я оставил его дома.
5. Ты мог бы прийти раньше.

Test 19
(Passive Voice/Simple)
Variant I

I. Complete the sentences using one of these verbs in the correct form:
damage hold invite cause

1. Many accidents … by dangerous driving.


2. The roof of the building … in a storm a few days ago.
3. You … to the wedding. Why didn't you go?
4. In the United States, elections for President … every four years.

II. Write questions using the Passive Voice. Some are present and some are past

1. Ask about the telephone. (when / invent?) ……………………………


2. Ask about Australia. (when / discover?) ………………………………
3. Ask about the compass. (what / use for?) ………………………………..

III. Put the verb into the correct form, present simple or past simple, active or passive

1. It's a big factory. Five hundred people … (employ) there.


2. Most of the Earth's surface … (cover) by water.
3. The letter … (post) a week ago and it … (arrive) yesterday.
74

4. Ron's parents … (die) when he was very young. He and his sister … (bring) up by their
grandparents.
5. While I was on holiday, my camera … (steal) from my hotel room.
6. Why … (Sue / resign) from her job? Didn't she enjoy it?
7. The company is not independent. It … (own) by a much larger company.

IV. Rewrite these sentences. Instead of using 'somebody / they / people' etc. write a passive
sentence

1. Somebody cleans the room every day. ………………………………….


2. People don't use this road very often. ………………………………….
3. How do people learn languages? How …………………………………

V. Make the sentences passive using modal verbs:

1. I wouldn't leave your car unlocked. It (might / steal).


2. I can't find my hat. It (must / take) by mistake.
3. The situation is serious. Something (must / do) before it's too late.

VI. Translate into English:

1. Туристам показали Собор св. Павла – одно из красивейших зданий Лондона.


2. Где состоятся переговоры? – В Женеве.
3. Делегацию встретили на вокзале.
4. Подойдите к администратору. Вам дадут ключ от вашей комнаты.
5. Мне были даны все инструкции.
6. Когда была получена виза?

Variant II

I. Complete the sentences using one of these verbs in the correct form:
include make show translate write

1. Cheese … from milk.


2. There's no need to leave a tip. Service … in the bill.
3. A cinema is a place where films … .
4. Originally the book … in Spanish and a few years ago it … into English.

II. Write questions using the Passive Voice. Some are present and some are past

1. Ask about glass. (how / make?) How ………………………………………


2. Ask about silver. (what / use for?) …………………………………………
3. Ask about television. (when/invent?) ………………………………………

III. Put the verb into the correct form, present simple or past simple, active or passive

1. Water … (cover) most of the Earth's surface.


2. The park gates… (lock) at 6/30 p/m/ every morning.
3. The boat … (sink) quickly but fortunately everybody … (rescue).
4. I was born in London but I … (grow) up in the north of England.
5. While I was on holiday, my camera … (disappear) from my hotel room.
75

6. Why … (Bill / sack) from his job? What did he do wrong?


7. I saw an accident last night. Somebody … (call) an ambulance but nobody … (injure) so the
ambulance … (not / need).

IV. Rewrite these sentences. Instead of using 'somebody / they / people' etc. write a passive
sentence

1. They cancelled all flights because of fog. All …………………………..


2. Somebody accused me of stealing money. I ……………………………
3. People advised us not to go out alone. ………………………………….

V. Make the sentences Passive using modal verbs:

1. My bag has disappeared. It (must / steal).


2. It's a serious problem. I don't know how it (can / solve).
3. Do you think less money (should / spend) on armaments?

VI. Translate into English:

1. Нас привезли в аэропорт на автобусе.


2. Этот роман был переведен на русский язык два года назад.
3. Вчера ему предложили работу в научно-исследовательском институте.
4. Вчера мне предложили билет на этот концерт, но я отказался.
5. Когда будет доставлена телеграмма? – Через 2 часа.
6. На каком языке говорят в Австралии?

Test 20
(Passive Voice Simple/Continuous/Perfect)
Variant I

I. Open the brackets. Use Present Indefinite Passive or Present Continuous Passive:

1. Papers (deliver) usually at 8 in the morning, they (look through) at the moment and you'll
get yours soon.
2. – What strange sounds! – Oh, our piano (tune).
3. Tea (lay) usually in the balcony in fine weather.
4. I've got two questions to you. First: "What language (speak) all over the world?"
Second: What language (speak) in this room?"
5. The old motorway (use) by many people, it's not very convenient, that's why a new ring-
road (build) in the city.
6. We (give) a lot of advice by our parents.
7. You'll have your copy soon, the contract (type).

II. Open the brackets. Use Past Indefinite Passive or Past Continuous Passive

1. The helicopter (construct) in Russia.


2. The pop singers arrived at the airport and (welcome) by thousands of fans.
3. Flowers (throw) at them all the way to the exit.
4. He couldn't go out as his suit and shirt (clean).
5. The policemen noticed that the suitcase (carry) by the porter in a most strange way.
6. When I came to the skating-rink he (teach) to skate by his elder brother.
76

7. I drove up to the shop just as it (close), but the owner was kind enough to let me in.
8. They (award) the highest prize.

III. Open the brackets. Use Past Indefinite Passive or Present Perfect Passive

1. The decorations (complete) an hour ago.


2. The paper (not read) by anyone yet.
3. He (not see) for a week already.
4. This fact (not mention) in his last speech.
5. She (teach) music in her childhood.
6. I just (advice) to keep to a diet.
7. The motorist (disqualify) some five months ago.

Variant II

I. Open the brackets. Use Present Indefinite Passive or Present Continuous Passive:

1. Dresses (make) preferably of cotton in hot countries. This wonderful costume (make)
specially for this performance now.
2. – Where is your car? – It (fill) in the garage at the moment.
3. We are finishing the last preparations for the party: the lights (switch on), the floors (clean),
the tables (lay). Do you think we'll be ready on time?
4. The witness (question) by the police-inspector now.
5. Our luggage (examine) at the Customs now. Any luggage going abroad (check) usually
here.
6. All the contracts (sign) by the President.
7. You can't use the fax now, it (fix).

II. Open the brackets. Use Past Indefinite Passive or Past Continuous Passive

1. He (throw) out of class for cheating.


2. The exposition (open) when we drove up to the picture gallery.
3. The petrol tank (fill) last week.
4. The naughty boy (teach) a very good lesson by his friends.
5. His cousins (fine) for exceeding speed limit yesterday.
6. She watched television while dinner (prepare).
7. When I came into the kitchen I smelt something delicious. My favorite
cookies (bake) in the oven.

III. Open the brackets. Use Past Indefinite Passive or Present Perfect Passive

1. The preparations for the party just (finish) and the guests are already arriving.
2. The baby (feed) an hour ago.
3. The suit (not wear) for a long time.
4. I'm happy as I just (allow) to stay here for an extra day.
5. You ever (teach) how to play chess?
6. The sportsmen (give) instructions before the match.
7. I can't believe my eyes! My book (publish) already.
77

Test 21
(Passive Voice Continuous/Perfect)
Variant I

I. Rewrite these sentences. Instead of using 'somebody' or 'they', write a passive sentence

1. Somebody has cleaned the room. ………………………………………..


2. Somebody is using the computer at the moment. ………………………..
3. When we got to the stadium we found that they had cancelled the game. ..
4. They were repairing the traffic lights yesterday evening. ………………...

II. Make sentences from the words in brackets. Sometimes the verb is active, sometimes
passive

1. There's somebody behind us. (I think / we / follow) ………………………………………..


2. My car has disappeared. (it / steal!) It ……………………………………………………….
3. Tom gets a higher salary now. (he / promote) ………………………………………………
4. The photocopier broke down yesterday, but now it's OK. (it / work / again; it/repair) ……...
5. A tree was lying across the road. (it / blow down / in the storm) ……………………………
6. I was mugged on my way home a few nights ago. (you / ever / mug?) ……………………..

III. Rewrite the sentences in the active, beginning with the words given

The phone is being repaired now.


They are repairing the phone now.

1. A new motorway has been built. They ______.


2. A man was arrested late last night. The police _____.
3. The hotel has to be sold. We _____.
4. When I returned to the town, my old school had been pulled down. When I returned to the
town, they ____.

IV. Translate into English

1. Не беспокойтесь. За вашими детьми присмотрят, если вы вернетесь поздно.


2. Когда я пришел, гостям показывали лаборатории института.
3. Нас ожидали в среду, а мы приехали в понедельник.
4. Какой вопрос обсуждался, когда ты пришел?
5. Как только документы будут подписаны, мы отошлем их в Москву.
6. Я буду рад, если моя статья будет напечатана в вашем журнале.
7. Когда и где состоится конференция?
8. Мне предложили билет на концерт, но я отказался.

Variant II

I. Rewrite these sentences. Instead of using 'somebody' or 'they', write a passive sentence

1. They have postponed the concert. ………………………………………..


2. I didn't realize that somebody was recording our conversation. ………….
3. They are building a new ring road round the city. ……………………………..
4. They had built a new hospital near the airport. …………………………..
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II. Make sentences from the words in brackets. Sometimes the verb is active, sometimes
passive

1. This room looks different. (you / paint?) ……………………………………………………


2. My umbrella has disappeared. (somebody / take) Somebody ………………………………
3. Ann can't use her office at the moment. (it / redecorate) ……………………………………
4. The police have found the people they were looking for. (two people/arrest/last night)…….
5. The man next door disappeared six months ago. (nobody / see / since then)……….……….
6. Is the house at the end of the street still for sale? (no / it / sell / recently)……………………

III. Re-write the sentences in the active, beginning with the words given
The phone is being repaired now.
They are repairing the phone now.

1. The information is kept on our computer. We _____.


2. The medicine should be taken after meals. You _____.
3. Mike doesn't like being criticized. Mike doesn't like people _____.
4. As I was walking home, I thought I was being followed. As I was walking home I thought
someone ______.

IV. Translate into English

1. Журналы уже принесли? – Да, их принесли два часа назад.


2. К концу недели все книги были распроданы.
3. В этом зале проводятся собрания.
4. Около вокзала строится новый мост.
5. Пол в этой комнате никогда не красили.
6. Он был доволен, так как ему пообещали помощь.
7. Я был уверен, что он не придет, пока его не пригласят.
8. Студентам медицинских институтов преподают латинский язык.

Test 22
(Passive Voice Simple/Continuous/Perfect)
Variant I

I. Make the sentences passive

1. Someone has stolen a picture from a museum.


2. The doctor told him to lie in bed for three days.
3. What film are they demonstrating in the lecture room?
4. They will clear up the situation when they receive all the documents.
5. We keep all important documents in the safe.
6. They had already packed the suitcases when the bellboy arrived.

II. Put the verbs in the brackets into the correct tense and voice forms

1. The new theatre (to open) last month.


2. When I (to enter) the classroom, my friend (to examine).
3. New York (to know) as a "melting pot", because people of different races and nationalities
(to make up) its population of more than 7 million.
79

4. The house (to repair) next year.


5. Wait a little, your paper (to look through).
6. The work (to complete) by Monday.

III. Translate into English

1. Национальная галерея в Лондоне была построена в 1838 г.


2. – Вещи уже упакованы, не так ли? – Чемоданы уже собраны, а сумку сейчас
упаковывают.
3. Эту телевизионную программу смотрят в основном подростки.
4. Письмо будет послано завтра.
5. Когда я пришла домой, обед был уже готов.

Variant II

I. Make the sentences passive

1. The room looked dirty because we hadn't cleaned it for a week.


2. He had a feeling that someone was following him.
3. The professor is examining our group.
4. Father taught me to ride a bicycle.
5. I'll give you a cup of coffee if you want.
6. They close the shop at 5.

II. Put the verbs in the brackets into the correct tense and voice forms

1. The textbook (to look) so shabby because it (to use) for many years.
2. The glass mirror (to invent) by the Romans.
3. The article (to translate) into Russian now.
4. New Year's Day (to celebrate) on January 1.
5. Her things (to pack) already.
6. She (to watch) television while dinner (to prepare).

III. Translate into English

1. Интересно, какому языку его учили в школе.


2. Их автомобиль был украден, но полиция нашла его на следующий день.
3. За доктором только что послали.
4. Много новых дорог строят сейчас в городе.
5. Перевод будет закончен вовремя.

Variant III

I. Make the sentences passive

1. They offered me a cup of coffee.


2. The waiter will serve you breakfast in five minutes.
3. People speak English in many countries.
4. They are building a new school in our district.
5. They have offered me a job at a local bank.
80

6. They had sold the house before I learnt about it.

II. Put the verbs in the brackets into the correct tense and voice forms

1. Ann (to attack) last night when she (to walk) home.
2. A cure for cancer (not to find) yet.
3. Under safety regulations women (not to allow) to work underground.
4. The crops (to damage) by the heavy rain falls and the peasants expected a hard year.
5. Laws (to discuss) usually before they (to adopt).
6. The policeman (to notice) that the suitcase (to carry) by the porter in a most strange way.
III. Translate into English

1. Ее вещи упаковали час назад.


2. – Ребенка уже покормили? – Да, он поел в 2 часа.
3. Когда я прихожу домой, обед уже всегда приготовлен.
4. Возле моего дома строят новую больницу.
5. Когда будет написана ваша книга?

Test 23
(Active/Passive Voice)
Variant I

Choose the correct form of the verb:

1. He didn't refuse when he … this job.


a) offered
b) was offered

2. Why don't you answer when you …?


a) ask
b) are asked

3. We … rooms when we arrived at the hotel.


a) offered
b) were offered

4. We … by his words.
a) impressed
b) were impressed

5. Though the report lasted for a long time, the speaker … to with great interest.
a) was listened
b) listened

6. When the delegation arrives, it … by the members of our student's Scientific Society.
a) will be met
b) will met

7. In the evening the delegation … round the city.


a) will be shown
b) will show
81

8. The plant … with up-to-date machinery.


a) is equipped
b) equips

9. English … in the USA and Canada


a) speaks
b) is spoken

10. Mother: What is Mary doing?


Jane: Well, if the ice is as thick as I think, she … ?
a) is skated
b) is skating

11. Plastics … widely in various branches of industry.


a) used
b) are used

12. The London Tube … in 1863.


a) build
b) was built

13. Our government … great attention to the raising of the living standard of population.
a) is paid
b) pays

14. All historical places of London … in the West End.


a) are situated
b) situate

15. The meeting … at 5 o'clock.


a) was begun
b) began

16. We thought that you … their invitation.


a) had accepted
b) had been accepted

17. We were sure that you … in these sports events.


a) would take part
b) would be taken part

18. The city of Montreal … 70 square miles.


a) covers
b) is covered

19. The size of your payment … on the nature of your business.


a) will be based
b) will base

20. Now the concept … to potential buyers.


a) presents
b) is presented
82

21. This question … upon after a prolonged discussion.


a) was agreed
b) agrees

22. His marketing decisions … on that strategy.


a) will found
b) will be founded

23. The terms of the delivery … on.


a) were insisted
b) insisted

24. Potential buyers … an advertisement.


a) give
b) are given

25. Financial auditing … by the end of the working day.


a) has been finished
b) has finished

Variant II

1. At 5 o'clock yesterday I … to the station to catch the 5.15 train.


a) was going
b) was

2. I … this article yet.


a) was not translated
b) have not translated

3. She says that lectures on art … by many students.


a) are attended
b) are attending

4. He said that he … at the institute.


a) was studied
b) studied

5. When we finish our experiments, the results … .


a) will be discussed
b) will discuss

6. … the letter … yet?


a) has been typed
b) has typed

7. We shall go home when our work … .


a) will be finished
b) is finished
83

8. … the plan … last month?


a) did … fulfill
b) was fulfilled

9. When Jim came out of the army he … what to do.


a) was wondering
b) was wondered

10. He said that a lot of interesting subjects … by the students.


a) were studying
b) were studied

11. We were sure that you … the problem.


a) had solved
b) had been

12. He … often in the library.


a) sees
b) is seen

13. This competition much … about.


a) is spoken
b) speaks

14. Papers … usually at 8 in the morning.


a) are delivering
b) are delivered

15. The witness … by the police inspector now.


a) is being questioned
b) is questioning

16. The road should … in three months.


a) repair
b) be repaired

17. Highly-skilled specialists … from our Academy.


a) graduate
b) are graduated

18. The helicopter … in Russia.


a) constructed
b) was constructed

19. The success of the firm … by many factors.


a) is influenced
b) is influencing

20. Product choice … by the price and quality.


a) affected
b) is affected
84

21. The owner … with his work.


a) helped
b) was helped

22. He … a new plant yesterday.


a) shows
b) was shown

23. The results of his investigations … on.


a) were relied
b) were relying

24. The possibility of opening a new shop … by the board.


a) is considering
b) is being considered

25. The department … by May 5.


a) will have been reorganized
b) will reorganize

Test 24
(Sequence of Tenses. Reported speech)
Variant I

I. Reproduce the following in the Reported Speech:

Mr. Bruce: I'm tired, I need a holiday.


Mrs. Bruce: We're going to Egypt next month.
Mr. Bruce: We went to Egypt last year.
Mrs. Bruce: Yes, we did, and enjoyed it, didn't you?
Mr. Bruce: I don't like to see the same places more than once. Besides there are so many places
we haven't visited.
Mrs. Bruce: Where exactly would you like to go?
Mr. Bruce: Australia, or New Zealand, for example.
Mrs. Bruce: Oh, no, I'm afraid we can't afford it.
Mr. Bruce: Why can't we? We've been saving the whole year to have a good time in summer.
Mrs. Bruce: All right, all right, we are going to Australia.

II. Frank was driving home last night when a police car stopped him. Read what Frank says
happened. What do you think were the actual words that the policeman and Frank said?

First of all, the policeman told me 1 to switch off my engine. Then he asked me 2 where I was
going. When I told him 3 I was going home, he asked me 4 where I lived. So I gave him my
address. Then he asked me 5 where I had just come from. I said 6 I had been at a friend's house
all evening. Then he asked 7 to see my driving licence. When I gave him my licence, he told
me 8 to get out of the car. Then he wanted to know 9 if it was my car. I told him 10 I had
bought it last year. After that he went back to his car and spoke on the radio for a short time.
Then he told me 11 I could go home.
85

III. Complete the sentences with either said or told

1. Harvey … he would take us on a picnic today.


2. Who … that he was going to New York?
3. My sister … us that it had snowed in her town last week.
4. We've finally … Don's parents that we're getting married.
5. They … to us that they were going to be little late.
6. My mother … me about the time she worked in a chocolate factory.

IV. Express the following in the Reported Speech:

1. I said to the policeman, "I saw the thief in the garden".


2. Jack's father said to him, "You haven't cleaned your shoes".
3. Mary said, "I don't want to wear my old dress".
4. I said to Jack, "Please give me your dictionary".
5. The doctor said to the sick man, "Don't go back to work for a fortnight".
6. Ann asked Mary, "What do you usually have for breakfast?"
7. Jack's father asked him, "Who are you writing a letter to?"
8. The teacher asked us, "Do you understand the question or not?"
9. She said, "I'm sure, she will help you if you ask".

V. Translate into English:

1. Секретарь сказала, что, как только босс придет, она мне сообщит.
2. Мы были уверены, что он победит на выборах.
3. Я знал, что мои родители были в театре неделю назад.
4. Нам хотелось знать, что случилось с Энн.
5. Мама сказала мальчику, чтобы он не забыл свои сэндвичи.
6. Студент хотел знать, что означает это слово.
7. Я слышал, что Том нашел новую работу.
8. Меня спросили, была ли я когда-нибудь в США.
9. Молодого человека спросили, какие иностранные языки он знает и знает ли он
японский.
10. Он сказал, что никто не встретил их на станции.

Variant II

I. Reproduce the following in the Reported Speech:

James Hall has a new job with Lemon Computers in Philadelphia. As part of his training, he
has to spend six weeks out company headquarters near Los Angeles. He's packing his suitcase.
Mrs. Hall: Jimmy, haven't you finished packing yet?
James: No, Mom, but it's all right. There isn't much to do.
Mrs. Hall: Well, I'll give you a hand.
James: I have three more shirts to pack. And there is another pair of shoes to
get in …
Mrs. Hall: Put them here, one on each side. OK. Have you forgotten anything?
James: I hope not.
Mrs. Hall: Is there someone to meet you in Los Angeles?
James: No, Mom. I'll rent a car and go to a hotel near the office. They suggested the
Hollywood Inn.
86

Mrs. Hall: Do you have a reservation?


James: I asked them to make the hotel reservation. I reserved the car myself.
Mrs. Hall: Well, take care of yourself and be good. Call us tonight.
James: Thanks, Mom. Don't worry. I'll be all right. I'll see you next month.

II. Lynn Willis is a new reporter for the Los Angeles Daily Echo. Last week Ivan Nystat,
European movie director, arrived at Los Angeles International airport and Lynn was sent to
interview him. He didn't tell her very much. What do you think were the actual words that
Lynn and Ivan Nystat said?

Lynn's Report.
"Academy Award winner Ivan Nystat arrived in Los Angeles yesterday. Ivan was in a hurry.
He said 1 he liked newspaper reporters but he didn't have time to say much. First I asked him 2
where he was working. He answered 3 he was working at Global Studios in Hollywood. Then I
asked him 4 if he liked to work in Hollywood. Ivan said 5 he hadn't worked in Hollywood
before and he had heard bad things about Hollywood movies in the past. He said 6 he could
work with the people at Global. He said 7 it was the best studio in the world, and 8 his new
movie would cost eighty million dollars."

III. Complete the sentences with either said or told

1. Our teacher … that we would not have any homework during the vacation.
2. Shaun … that he had already seen the movie.
3. When David came back, he … us all about his holiday.
4. Ann … me that you're moving to Canada.
5. The doctor … my friend to stay in bed for a few days.
6. On the news, they … that there had been a big earthquake in Indonesia.

IV. Express the following in the Reported Speech:

1. He said, "I have eaten nothing for two days".


2. My mother said to me, "I feel very tired, and I have a headache".
3. I said to my friend, "Meet me outside the cinema at six o'clock".
4. The old man said to the little girl, "Don't run across the street".
5. A man asked his friend, "When did you buy your car?"
6. I asked him, "Who are you looking at?"
7. The hotel manager asked the visitors, "Did you sleep well?"
8. They said, "We'll let you know as soon as we make a decision".
9. The old woman said, "I've lived in this house all my life and I have never seen any ghosts
here".

V. Translate into English:

1. Мы знали, что не поедем за город, если будет дождь.


2. Я думал, что они не знают друг друга.
3. Она сказала, что работает в банке уже 5 лет.
4. Подруга спросила, почему я не пришла на вечеринку в субботу.
5. В письме она написала, что у них идет дождь уже 3 недели.
6. Мама сказала Мери, чтобы она не выходила на улицу без пальто.
7. Отец спросил мальчика, хочет ли он быть врачом.
8. Его сестра сказала, что он уехал в Италию 2 дня назад и собирается провести там
каникулы.
87

9. Я полагал, что он любит китайскую еду.


10. Студент надеялся, что сдаст экзамен успешно.

Test 25
(The Infinitive)
Variant I

I. Use "to" if necessary

1. I want … sing the new song, but I cannot … do it, because I have no ear for music.
2. Can't you … make your boy … prepare his lessons well?
3. She wanted me … go there immediately.
4. You may … do it when you like.
5. We asked him … tell us the story in detail.
6. I cannot make you … play this game.

II. Use the most appropriate form of the Infinitive

1. There was nothing to (fear; be feared)


2. I dislike to (discuss: be discussed) as though I weren't here.
3. I think he might not (call; be called) romantic.
4. That is always a very dangerous thing to (do; be done).
5. The last item on the program was a grand display of fireworks to (let off; be let off) exactly
at midnight.

III. What part of sentence is the Infinitive (subject, object, attribute, predicative)?

1. Tо swim in the river is pleasant.


2. We are to graduate from the Academy in five years.
3. There is a comfortable house to live in.
4. He is always the first to speak.
5. I want to be invited to the party.

IV. Use the Infinitive

1. I knew that you would come in time.


2. We suppose that he studies well.
3. He thinks that great sums of money will be spent on learning English.
4. I did not believe that she would catch an early train.
5. We know that Khabarovsk is attractive in appearance.

V. Translate into English

1. Вскоре вошел слуга, чтобы отвести нас в столовую.


2. Теперь Ваша очередь рассказать мне о себе.
3. Мы встали с наших мест, чтобы все хорошо увидеть.
4. Все, что тебе надо сделать - это попросить у нее прощения.
5. Мне не нравится, когда меня обманывают.
6. Я знаю, что он ничего не сделает, чтобы помочь мне.
7. Я хочу сказать Вам о многом.
8. У доктора не было времени, чтобы поговорить с пациентом.
88

9. Он первым поздравил меня.


10. С ним не очень легко разговаривать.
11. Она поехала в Англию, чтобы учить английский.

Variant II

I. Use "to" if necessary

1. He watched the old man … walk slowly uphill.


2. Let her … play as long as she wants.
3. She would rather … stay in town than … go to the seaside with him.
4. I felt somebody … touch my hand.
5. We were … meet at 7 p.m. in his favourite bar.
6. They never let her … go there.

II. Use the most appropriate form of the Infinitive

1. She loved to (hear; be heard) of my fathers adventures when he returned.


2. When she came into the room he pretended not to (see; be seen) her.
3. I have done all I could to (help; be helped) him.
4. The box was too heavy to (lift; be lifted).
5. I'm too busy to (go; be gone) there.

III. What part of sentence is the Infinitive (subject, object, attribute, predicative)?

1. I know him to be a good student.


2. He seems to have published the article.
3. I hope to come in time.
4. To meet you I arrive to the Academy.
5. The text to be copied has been typed.

IV. Use the Infinitive

1. It is said that he knows this problem well.


2. It is believed that they will pass their exams well.
3. It was said that the performance had been a success.
4. It is supposed that the coming conference is of great importance for our work.
5. It seems to me he was tired.

V. Translate into English

1. Они поехали туда рано, чтобы достать хорошие билеты.


2. Чтобы получить хорошую оценку, вы должны упорно работать.
3. Короче говоря, они поженились.
4. Им нечего было есть.
5. Чтобы не опоздать на поезд, вы должны поторопиться.
6. Вчера Катя пришла в школу последней.
7. С моим соседом трудно иметь дело.
8. Ваша работа оставляет желать лучшего.
9. Чтобы перевести эту статью, вы должны воспользоваться словарём.
89

10. Ему было не с кем обсудить эту проблему.


11. Видеть значит верить.

Test 26
(The Gerund, Verbal Noun, Participle I, Participle II)
Variant I

I. Match the items on the left with those on the right. Then write sentences beginning by + -
ing, on + -ing, as in the example:

1 + d By telephoning every hour, she eventually managed to speak to the doctor.

1. She telephoned every hour. a. She immediately went to see her in hospital.
2. She heard of Ann's accident. b. She was surprised to find a new watch.
3. She studied two hours every evening. c. She passed her university course.
4. She left work early. d. She eventually managed to speak to the doctor.
5. She opened the box. e. She was able to avoid the heavy traffic.

II. Define the part of speech of the words with –ing ending (gerund, participle I, verbal
noun). Translate the sentences:

1. I'm very tired from the questioning.


2. Many new buildings have been constructed there recently.
3. I have no idea of your learning English.
4. Listening to the tapes helps you to master English.
5. His comings to our party are always great pleasure for us.

III. Complete these sentences using the Gerund:

1. She laughed on … .
2. He could have discovered the defects in the goods by … .
3. They agreed to grant a discount after … .
4. They promised to look into the matter before … .
5. We have no chance of … .

IV. Translate these sentences into English using the Gerund

1. Я не знаю, почему они решили отложить этот вопрос до следующей недели вместо
того, чтоб обсудить его тотчас. 2. Я ничего не могу сказать о преимуществах этой
модели, не посмотрев ее в действии. 3. Я не вижу причины увеличивать гарантийный
срок. 4. У нас нет возможности завершить эту работу на этой неделе. 5. Я знаю причину,
по которой вы покинули город.

V. Translate these sentences with verbal noun:

1. Many new buildings have been constructed recently.


2. New purchasings were made yesterday.
3. The reading of the text was not easy for me.
4. She did a lot of readings and writings.
5. He did not take part in the sittings of this case.
90

VI. Underline ing- forms (gerund, participle I, verbal noun, participle II). Translate the
sentences into Russian

1. It looks like all this is a rehearsal of a play entitled "The Presidential Election" – with a
happy ending, to the sure.
2. Being an inseparable part of Harbin, the Pier (пристань) always had its individual
distinctive features.
3. All the magnificent buildings of the business firm designed in the architectural style of
German baroque were located in downtown areas.
4. Harvesting as much commercial timber as possible should not be forest management's
primary goal.
5. When you plan to start manufacturing products of any kind, you will naturally need
information on your domestic and foreign counterparts.

VII. Complete the sentences, using gerund, participle I, verbal noun,


participle II

1. We found a few defects in the machine-tool, while … . 2. They have booked two seats for
the plane, … . 3. My brother is fond of classic music, he enjoys… . 4. When the weather is
fine, I like … . 5. You will enjoy this opera, it's worth …

Variant II

I. Match the items on the left with those on the right. Then write sentences beginning by + -
ing, on + -ing, as in the example:

1. + b. By taking the back off the computer, she damaged some of the circuits.

1. She took the back off the computer a. She wasn't very happy.
2. She moved into a smaller house. b. She damaged some of the circuits.
3. He heard of Pete's arrival. c. He saw his old friend.
4. They went to the theatre. d. He went to his office.
5. He opened the door. e. They met their partner.

II. Define the part of speech of the words with –ing ending (gerund, participle I, verbal
noun). Translate the sentences:

1. He thanks her for coming.


2. On coming to Khabarovsk I will meet you.
3. While translating one must use a dictionary.
4. Having seen him I told him the news.
5. The writing of tests takes a lot of time.

III. Complete these sentences using the Gerund:

1. You should have rung them instead of … .


2. I cannot borrow another book from the library without … .
3. I see no reason for your … .
4. There are a lot of ways of … .
5. You can profit much by … .
91

IV. Translate these sentences into English using the Gerund

1. Есть только один способ разрешить этот вопрос. 2. Он стал принимать это лекарство
после того, как посоветовался с врачом. 3. Я не имел возможности побывать на юге
Франции. 4. Получив приглашение принять участие в конференции, он начал готовиться
к ней. 5. Узнав, что компания продала его изобретение, не поговорив с ним,
изобретатель возмутился (рассердился).

V. Translate these sentences with verbal noun:

1. Listenings to the reports have started recently.


2. His comings and goings back annoyed us.
3. The writing of this letter was too hard for me.
4. Chekhov's readings started last week.
5. She is happy of the questioning.

VI. Underline ing-forms (gerund, participle I, verbal noun, participle II). Translate the
sentences into Russian

1. Judging by the audience, the new party is really close to the people.
2. In generalized form, the positive ideas for building up the party are: make
contact with local newspapers and TV broad casters: rely on small and medium-seized
business.
3. The goal of changing the current administrative division and equalizing of the status of all
federation members is also proclaimed if cautiously.
4. Sometimes I get the feeling that no one is capable of putting a dent in the bureaucratic wall
that is standing in the way of reform.
5. The partners realized that it made no sense to place their hopes on goods being shipped from
Europe by sailing vessels via Cape of Good Hope. (Мыс Доброй Надежды)

VII. Complete the sentences, using gerund, participle I, verbal noun,


participle II

1. We shall be obliged of … . 2. In view of the above we cannot stop … .


3. Please get in touch with the firm and find out … . 4. As stated above we cannot agree to
your … . 5. They received the catalogues … .

Test 27
(Conditionals)
Variant I

1. If she … the window, she wouldn't have had to pay for a new one.
a) hadn't broken
b) haven't broken
c) didn't broken

2. If she … so absent minded, she would be a much better student.


a) wouldn't be
b) were not
c) wouldn't have been
92

3. If you win that competition, you … rich.


a) would be
b) will be
c) would have been

4. I … Pete your message if I should see him today.


a) will give
b) would give
c) give

5. If you had not wasted so much time, you … the train.


a) would have missed
b) would not have missed
c) didn't miss

6. I wish I … the answer.


a) knew
b) would know
c) know

7. She'll wash my shirts tomorrow if she … time.


a) will have
b) has
c) would have

8. If a dog … in her leg, she would go straight to hospital.


a) bit
b) will bite
c) would bite

9. I wish we … again next summer.


a) would meet
b) meet
c) had met

10. If he … so much, he would not be so clever.


a) doesn't read
b) didn't read
c) wouldn't read

11. The student wishes he … the material better.


a) study
b) had studied
c) doesn't study

12. If you … earlier, you could have left on the afternoon flight.
a) decided
b) have decided
c) had decided
93

13. If it … ,we'll have to stay at home.


a) rain
b) will rain
c) rains

14. The weather was awful. I wish it … warmer.


a) was
b) has been
c) had been

15. I … to him again if he doesn't apologize.


a) speak
b) doesn't speak
c) will not speak

16. You would have understood the rule if you … the teacher's explanation.
a) didn't miss
b) haven't missed
c) had not missed

17. I wish I … my driving test last Monday.


a) passed
b) had passed
c) have passed

18. If you gave me your dictionary for a couple of days, I … this text.
a) will translate
b) translated
c) would translate

19. He wishes he … something about cars.


a) knew
b) knows
c) will know

20. If someone … in here with a gun, I'd be very frightened.


a) walked
b) will walk
c) would walk

Variant II

1. I … home if I'd known the football match was on TV.


a) ran
b) would run
c) would have run

2. If she studied more, she … a better student.


a) would be
b) will be
c) would have been
94

3. He'll be furious if he ever … about this.


a) finds out
b) find out
c) will find

4. The animals at the Zoo … unless they're fed.


a) will die
b) die
c) will be died

5. If he … his ticket, they wouldn't have let him in.


a) have forgotten
b) forgot
c) had forgotten

6. "Why aren't you writing the test?"


"I can't remember what the teacher said . I wish I … more attention".
a) had paid
b) would paid
c) pay

7. He will not pass the exanimation next summer if he … much harder.


a) will work
b) will not work
c) does not work

8. If I had more time, I … more books.


a) would have read
b) will read
c) would read

9. The music next door is very loud. I wish they … it down.


a) will turn
b) would turn
c) turn

10. If my mother … a million pounds, she would spend it as fast as possible.


a) win
b) will win
c) won

11. It's a pity you are ill. I wish you … ill.


a) were not
b) would not be
c) are not

12. I … the composition long ago if you had not disturbed me.
a) wrote
b) would have written
c) had written
95

13. If my friend … at home, he will tell us what to do.


a) will be
b) is
c) was

14. I wish I … the teacher when I first felt that mathematics was too difficult.
a) had consulted
b) consulted
c) have consulted

15. If he … his examination, he will not get a scholarship.


a) will not pass
b) doesn't pass
c) didn't pass

16. If she … me yesterday, I should certainly have told her all it.
a) asked
b) had asked
c) would have asked

17. I wish I never … this idea.


a) had suggested
b) suggested
c) didn't suggest

18. If my friend … in my office, we should meet every day.


a) worked
b) work
c) would work

19. I wish I … give up smoking.


a) can
b) couldn't
c) could

20. If these shoes were not too big for me, I … them.
a) bought
b) would buy
c) will buy

Test 28
(Grammar Revision)
Variant I

I. Put the verb in the correct form

Present Continuous or Present Simple


1. Let's go out. It (not/rain).
2. Julia is very good at languages. She (speak) four languages very well.
3. The train is never late. It (always/arrive) on time.
96

Past Continuous or Past Simple


4. Jane (wait) for me when I (come).
5. We were in a very difficult position. We (not/know) what to do.
6. John (take) a picture of me while 1 (not/look).

Past Simple or Present Perfect


7. Where's your key? – I don't know. I (lose) it.
8. They're still building the new road. They (not/finish) it.
9. I (be) very tired, so I (lie) down on the bed and (go) to bed.

Past Simple or Past Perfect


10. I invited Rachel to the party but she couldn't come. She (arrange) to do something else.
11. You arrived at the cinema late. The film (already/begin).
12. We (arrive) at work and found that somebody (break) into the office.
13. Was Tom at the party when you (arrive)? - No, he (go) home.

Passive Voice
14. Cheese (make) from milk.
15. The book (translate) into English a few years ago.
16. The computer (use) at the moment.
17. When we got to the stadium we found that the game (cancel).

Reported Speech
18. He said: "Tin is living in London now".
19. He said: "I can swim".
20. He said: "I don't know what Fred is doing".
21. He said: "I'll tell Ann I saw you".
22. He asked "What country do you come from"?
23. He asked: "Do you speak English".
24. He asked: "Are you leaving tomorrow"?
25. He asked: "Will you join us"?
26. He asked: "When did you finish school"?

II. Write questions:

1. The flight was cancelled because of fog.


2. I saw an accident last night.
3. Tomorrow he is leaving for London.
4. He looks through the mail in the mornings.
5. We placed an order with the foreign company.
6. Goods will be delivered in four lots.

Variant II

I. Put the verb in the correct form

Present Continuous or Present Simple


1. Hurry up! Everybody (wait) for you.
2. Sonia (look) for a place to live.
3. The river Nile (flow) into the Mediterranean.
97

Past Continuous or Past Simple


4. I haven't seen Alan for ages. When I last (see) him, he (try) to find a job.
5. When I was young, I (want) to be a doctor.
6. When we (come), he (meet) a client.
Past Simple or Present Perfect
7. Where's Ken? – He (go) out.
8. The police (arrest) three people but later they let them go.
9. Ann (give) me her address but I'm afraid I (lose) it.
Past Simple or Past Perfect
10. The house was very quiet when I come home. Everybody (go) to bed.
11. I tried to phone Ann this morning but there was no answer. She (go) out.
12. I was pleased to see Tom again after such a long time. I (not/see) him for five years.
13. Ann wasn't at home when I phoned. She (be) in London.
Passive Voice
14. Many accidents (cause) by dangerous driving.
15. America (discover) in 15th century.
16. A new road ( build) now near my house.
17. Ticket office is closed. All tickets (sell).
Reported Speech
18. He said: "I haven't seen Dave recently".
19. He said: "My car was stolen a few days ago".
20. He said: "I'm not enjoying my job very well".
21. He said: "I have breakfast at 8".
22. He asked: "What's the price for this book"?
23. He asked: "Did you see Hellen at the party?"'
24. He asked: "What team has won the game?"
25. He asked: "Is she sleeping?"
26. He asked: "Why didn't she come?"

II. Write questions:

1. I can speak a little French.


2. The concert had been postponed.
3. We'll have finished the work on course paper by May.
4. He usually gets to the office by bus.
5. They were waiting for us in the cafe.
6. The rain started two hours ago.

CONSOLIDATION

Use the right form of the verbs in brackets

A.

Lucky Mrs. Grace Hume


Mrs. Grace Hume is one of the few living survivors of the S.S. Tyrone disaster. The ship
sailed from Liverpool for New York on the 7th of April 1926. 500 passengers (be)1 aboard.
98

Only 85 of them (survive)2. Mrs. Hume described the voyage recently for the BBC radio
programme…
The morning we (leave)3 Liverpool the weather was very pleasant and we were all sure we
(be going)4 to have a very pleasant voyage. The captain told us it (be)5 warm and calm all the
way to New York. I still remember some of the passengers. There (be)6 an old lady who was
going to visit her son in Boston. Then there was a man who (be going)7 to start a new life in
Canada. They both (go down)8 with the ship. The first and the second day were very nice. I
thought I (have)9 soon a fine suntan. Then, on the second evening the captain (tell)10 us that the
weather the next day was going to be a bit worse than (expect)11 but that it (not, last)12 long. It
turned very nasty on the third day. I remembered someone (say)13, "Oh, well, it (be)14 soon
over". None of us had any idea how bad it was going to get. By the time it was evening a storm
(develop)15.
Everybody (stay)16 in their cabins on the fourth day. The storm was impossible to describe
by then. Suddenly I (feel)17 a jolt (толчок). Then someone started screaming something about a
huge leak (течь) in the engine room. We all (run up)18 on to the deck. I was sure I (not, be
able)19 to get in one of the lifeboats! There were too many people (fight) 20 over them. I also
(know)21 that I would go down with the ship if I stayed any longer because it was going to sink
any minute. When I (jump)22 into the water I sink so deep that I was sure I wouldn't come up
again. Somehow I did and there was a lifeboat in the water near me only half full. Someone
(pull)23 me into the boat. During the night I often thought we were going to sink again or at
least die of the cold, but the next morning the storm (die down)24. Then the ship came into the
sight and we and some people in another lifeboat (rescue)25.

B.
A Strange Incident
The Bedes lived in an ancient house on Mountbatten Road. They had bought it as it (be) 1 a
fine specimen of early nineteenth century architecture and (admire)2 their purchase very much.
At least they (do)3 until strange things began (happen)4 in the house. The first incident (occur)5
the day they (move)6 in. They (have)7 dinner and they (have to)8 (chat)9 by candlelight as the
electricity (not turn)10 on yet. Gwen (light)11 the candle. "If they (not turn)12 it on tomorrow
morning, I (go)13 to the village center in the afternoon and (make)14 them (do)15 it", said Mr.
Bede. Ten minutes later the candles suddenly went out, first one, and then the other. The Bedes
(watch)16 the light (get)17 fainter and fainter, when at last it (disappear)18. "John, who (do)19
that?" – asked Gwen. "I (live)20 thirty years and I (not see)21 anything like that". John shook his
head in disbelief. He (say)22 he (try)23 (find)24 some explanation to it, and then (continue)25: "I
think the wind (blow)26 out the candles". But Gwen (be)27 sure it (not be)28 the wind. First,
there (be)29 no wind and then she (lock)30 the door and (shut)31 all the windows before supper
herself.
They (finish)32 supper quickly but Gwen (not can)33 (forget)34 what (happen)35.

C.
The New Teacher
The school in Pine Clearing was new and fine. The people (be)1 proud of it, as well as of
the schoolmistress, a young widow, who was clever and had a good education.
One day when she (leave)2 the school the chairman of the school board (come)3 up to her:
"Mrs. Martin, we (like)4 you (have)5 an assistant as the school (get)6 too large for one little
woman. I (go)7 (meet)8 him now". At that moment a coach (stop)9 at the gate and they (see)10 a
young man (jump)11 out of it. He (look)12 strong and active. His eyes (be)13 blue, his hair (be)14
short; but his face (have)15 no expression, it was like a mask. He (introduce)16 to everybody as
Charles Twing, the new assistant. The Chairmen (think)17 that he never (see)18 such an
99

expressionless face before; he was sure that as soon as Mrs. Martin (look)19 at him she (send)20
him away. Mrs. Martin asked Mr. Twing if he (be)21 at college, and if he ever (teach)22 at a
school. It turned out that he never (do)23 such things. The schoolmistress (not say)24 anything to
this. She said she (expect)25 him (come)26 to the school early the next day.
The next morning when Mrs. Martin came to the school the new assistant (not come)27 yet.
But soon he appeared with a crowd of children. They (laugh)28 and (look)29 very happy. Mrs.
Martin (get)30 angry, but Mr. Twing promised that he (listen)31 and (learn)32 very quickly.
A month passed. All (go)33 well in the school. Mrs. Martin (begin)34 (like)35 her new
assistant and they (become)36 good friends. She never (ask)37 him what he (do)38 before he
(become)39 a teacher.
One day a piano (bring)40 to the school as the children (be going)41 (give)42 a concert. Mrs.
Martin wanted Mr. Twing (do)43 something too and he (decide)44 (recite)45 a poem. While he
(do)46 it at the concert a voice from the audience shouted: "Bravo, Johnny Walker!" Mr.
Twing's face (become)47 white and he (go)48 away quickly. After the concert Mrs. Martin
found Mr. Twing in a little room. He (tell)49 her that he (be)50 a clown before he came to the
school.

D.
Passive/Active voice
Christian Tracy, the famous writer of detective stories, (find)1 dead yesterday in his country
house, where he had gone to spend the weekend. According to the police, he died after he
(shoot)2 in the head with a gun. Neighbours say that two strange men (see)3 near the house that
night, while the members of his family are almost too shocked to speak. "He was working on a
new book and his dinner (serve)4 in his study," his daughter told us. "About half an hour later a
shot (hear)5 and we rushed in to see what had happened. He was dead. He (kill)6 while he was
having dinner." The people who were in the house at the time of the murder (still question)7 by
the police and the house (search)8 for evidence. Christian Tracy (know)9 as the "Master of
Detective Stories" and millions of copies of his books (sell)10 all over the world.

E.
Passive/Active voice; Conditionals

Dear Amanda,
Well, here I am finally back home. It’s hard for me to get used to my everyday routine after
the three marvellous weeks I (spend)1 at your place. Unfortunately the flight back (be, not)2 as
good as I (expect)3 since we (delay)4 for four hours due to the air traffic controllers' strike in
Rome. To make matter worse, the pilot (have to)5 make an emergency landing in Delhi after
one of the passengers (have)6 a heart attack on the plane, poor man.
Anyway, I would like to thank you again for (invite)7 me to stay with you during the
holidays. It (be)8 very kind of you and I (have)9 a wonderful time. I am so excited I (have)10 the
chance to visit England and see so many places of interest there. I know that if it (be)11 for you
I (be able)12 to stay for so long and make friends there. By the way, Sally, the girl I (meet) 13 at
your Uncle Bob's place, (invite)14 me to come again during the Christmas holidays.
I hope I (cause, not)15 you too much trouble! Of course, I (be)16 back at the office starting on
Monday, which is not a nice thought. But I guess that's life. Holidays (be)17 so wonderful if
they (last)18 for ever, would they?
By the way, where (you, plan)19 to go for the summer? I'd very much like you to come over
and visit me. Would you like to come? I know it (may)20 be a little early to start thinking about
the summer, especially now that you (be)21 busy with school exams, but I'm sure that you'd
love it here. If you (make)22 any plans, why not think about it?
100

Best wishes from all of us here. Give my regards to your family and Sally when you (see) 23
her.
Lots of love, Cathy.
F.
John Bowl, a football coach, talks about his life and job. (Article, pronoun, preposition,:
passive/active voice, conditionals, gerund)

Football 1) ... (always, play) a major role in 2) life. When I was a kid, I 3) (use) to play for
the school team and never 4) ... (miss) a single match at the local football club. I was crazy 5)
... football, like all my friends, and my father, who was also a great fan, 6) ... (want) 7) ... (I) to
become 8) ... professional player. Unfortunately things 9) ... (not, work) out as we expected.
Oh, I turned professional all right. It's just that I 10) ... (not, play) professionally 11) ... more
than eighteen months when my family and I 12) ... (involve) in a car accident. Nobody 13) ...
(hurt) seriously but the doctors told me I wouldn't be able to play football again. My injured
left foot was going to be OK but it 14) ... (be) too weak for this kind 15) ... sport. When I 16) ...
(recover) I decided that football 17) ... (be) too important 18) ... me to give it 19)... altogether
so I decided to become 20) ... coach. I 21) ... (attend) 22) ... ten-month course and soon
afterwards I was asked to train the local team. I 23) ... (enjoy) those years very much because I
felt I was part of a team again, which I had missed so much. Later I moved on as a coach in
league football teams and, well, as you know, I 24) ... (train) the national team 25) ... two years
now, which is the most a coach can hope 26) ... . I love my job because I love football and it
also 27) ... (give) me the excitement of 28) ... (make) decisions and 29) ... (plan) the whole
match. I'm definitely not looking forward 30) ... my retirement.

G.
(Passive/Active voice, sequence of tenses, conditionals
The Canterville Ghost
When Mr. Hiram B. Otis, the American Minister (decide)1 to buy Canterville Chase,
everyone (tell)2 him that it (be)3 a foolish thing to do. There (be)4 no doubt that a ghost (live)5
in the house. Indeed, Lord Canterville himself (mention)6 the fact to Mr. Otis when they
(discuss)7 the sale.
"We (live, not)8 in the place ourselves," (say)9 Lord Canterville "since the day when my
grand-aunt (frighten)10 by the ghost. It (happen)11 many years ago. My grand-aunt (dress)12 for
dinner when she suddenly (feel)13 two skeleton hands being placed on her shoulders. The fright
(make)14 her very ill, and she never really recovered."
"I (believe, not)15in ghosts, " (say)16 Mr. Otis.
"I (must, tell)17 you, Mr. Otis, that the ghost (see)18 by several living members of out
family, as well as by the local priest. "
"My Lord," (say)19 Mr. Otis, " I (want buy)20this house. I (come)21 from a modern country
where everything (have)22 its value in money. If there (be)23 such a thing as a ghost in Europe,
an American (buy)24 it."
Lord Canterville (smile)25: "There really (be)26 a ghost. It (live)27 in the house for three
centuries, since 1584 in fact. It always (appear)28 before the death of any member of our
family."
"Well, so does the family doctor, no doubt, Lord Canterville."
A few weeks later Mr. Otis and his family moved to Canterville Chase.
101

H.
Passive/Active voice
A Night Accident
One night I (wake up)1 in the middle of the night as I (hear)2 a slight noise. I (feel)3 sure
that someone (stand)4 outside my bedroom door. I was awfully sorry now that I (not lock)5 it
before going to bed. As I (hurry)6 to lock it, I called "Who's there?" There was a strange sound,
then I heard that someone (run)7 upstairs. My curiosity made me (open)8 the door, and I (find)9
the corridor full of smoke which (come)10 from Mr. Rochester's room. I understood that
someone (set)11 fire to the house. I (forget)12 all my fears and (run)13 into the master's room. He
(sleep)14. Everything around him was in flames and smoke. I (throw)15 some water to wake him
up and to put out the flames. I explained what I (see)16. He (think)17 for a few seconds. "Jane, I
(watch)18 you all this time, and I can't help admiring you!" he (say)19. "If we (not hurry)20 now,
it (be)21 too late. I (call)22 the servants, sir?" I asked. "No, (not do)23 it", he answered. "If Adele
(hear)24 something and (wake)25 up, she (frighten)26. I am glad that you are the only person who
(know)27 about it. And thank you! You (save)28 my life a second time."
102

PART II
Test I
(Present Simple/Present Continuous)
Variant I

I. Translate into English, using your active vocabulary:

1) Наша фирма ведет торговлю с зарубежными компаниями.


2) Обычно я просматриваю почту в утренние часы. Я получаю много деловой
корреспонденции.
3) - Что ты делаешь днем? - Обычно в полдень у меня ланч. Но сегодня у меня много
работы. Крупная компания заинтересована предложением нашей фирмы. Я собираюсь
встретиться с представителем компании и обсудить условия контракта.
4) Я хочу назначить встречу с г. Петровым на четверг.
5) Менеджер компании пишет коммерческое письмо. Он хочет сделать предложение на
новую модель.
6) На переговорах мы обсуждаем деловые вопросы: цены на товары, условия оплаты,
отгрузки и доставки.
7) - Где запрос от компании «Мир электроники»?
8) Коммерческий директор подписывает контракт.

Variant II

1. Господин Воронин работает в Министерстве внешнеэкономических связей. Его


рабочий день начинается в 9 часов утра.
2. - Что делает г. Воронин? - Он просматривает почту.
3. «Блек и Ко» - очень известная компания в своей стране и за рубежом. Они продают
свои товары в разные страны. Сейчас коммерческий директор обсуждает деловые
вопросы с заказчиками. Его секретарь разговаривает по телефону. Она назначает новую
встречу.
4. Днем мы планируем заключить контракт с этой фирмой.
5. Это предложение на оборудование от английской фирмы?
6. Наша фирма заинтересована в химическом оборудовании «Блэк и Ко".
7. Директор компании сейчас ведет переговоры с представителями индийской фирмы.
Они обсуждают условия оплаты и отгрузки.
8. - Какая цена на этот товар?

Test 2
("English for businessmen", part I)

I. Supply the correct tenses (Present Simple, Past Simple, Present Continuous, Past
Continuous, Present Perfect )

1. Margie and her sister (have) wonderful voices.


2. We (no/have) a car, but we are going to buy it.
3. Every day I (help) my Mom, but last week I (be) very busy and (not/help)
her much.
4. - Where are our children?
- They (lie) on the carpet and (draw).
5. When you rang me yesterday, I (have) a bath.
6. Don't worry about your letter. I (send) it the day before yesterday.
103

7. My parents (be) to London twice .


8. John (still/work) in the garden.
9. When I was a child. 1 (always\be) late for school.
10. -Where's Jane?
-She (gо) to the shops. She'll be back soon.

II. Write down special questions on the basis of the sentences

1. The policeman is interviewing the robber.


2. Bob and Alice got married in 1996.
3. Mr. Williams usually walks his dog early in the morning.
4. He has just come from London.
5. It was raining the whole day yesterday.

III. Insert prepositions where necessary

1. Our company is interested ... chemical equipment of Blake & Co.


2. I drink little coffee ... the morning.
3. Every day we receive catalogues ... different goods.
4. I made an appointment ... the phone ... Mr. Blake.
5. I'd like to invite you ... Brighton ... the weekend.
6. Our machines are ... high quality.
7. We've just received an order … chemical equipment.
8. These goods meet ... the requirements ... our customers.
9. Last week a new feature film was ... the Odeon.
10. The programme began ... 2 o'clock.

IV. Translate into English

1. В прошлом году я провел отпуск на берегу Чёрного моря. Погода была хорошая.
Мы купались в море и загорали.
2. На этой неделе мы заключили контракт на химическое оборудование с фирмой
"Whitе & Co".
3. На прошлой неделе я был в кино. Шёл новый детектив. Я не очень люблю
детективные фильмы, но этот фильм мне понравился. Он очень интересный, в нем
играют многие популярные актеры.
4. Наша компания продаёт машины во многие страны. Они высокого качества и
отвечают требованиям заказчиков. Недавно наши заводы начали выпускать новую
модель, и в этом месяце мы получили несколько заказов.
5. Белов - инженер. Он работает в торговой компании. Он встречается с
представителями английских и французских фирм. Они обсуждают цены, условия
платежа и поставки. У Белова всегда много работы: он просматривает почту, читает
телексы и письма, говорит по телефону с заказчиками.

Test 3
(Verb Tenses)
Present Simple

I. Complete the sentences


The President of the USA … (live) in the White House – The President of the USA lives in the
Write House.
104

I … go (not / go) to the theatre very often - I don't go to the theatre very often

1. Jet engines … (make) a lot of noise.


2. I … (not / live) in London. I … (live) in Brighton.
3. The sea … (cover) two thirds of the world.
4. Loud music … (give) me a headache.
5. We … (not / come) from Canada. We … (come) from the USA.
6. She … (work) from Mondays to Friday. She … (not / work) at weekends.
7. Andrew and Les …(not / go) to school by bus every day. Most mornings Andrew … (go)
by bicycle and Les … (walk).
8. You … (not / write) to your pen friend very often, but he … (write) to you every week.

II. Complete the questions

"What time do you get up every morning?" "I normally get up at 7 o'clock."

1. "… to the radio every morning?" "I listen to it most mornings."


2. "… in Manchester?" "No, he lives in Newcastle."
3. "What time … work every day?" "She usually finishes at 5.30."
4. "How often … swimming?" "I go about once a week."
5. "… TV every evening?" "They watch it most evenings."
6. "… the guitar?" "Yes, she plays the guitar and the piano."
7. "How much money … a month?" "We earn about $8000."
8. "… much in your country?" "Yes, it snows a lot during the winter."

Future Simple

III. Where will you be at these times? Write true sentences about yourself. Use one of these:

I'll be… or I expect I'll be… or I'll probably be… .

1. (next Monday evening at 7.45) I'll probably be at home.


2. (at 5 o'clock tomorrow morning) …………………………………………..
3. (at 10.30 tomorrow morning) ……………………………………………...
4. (next Saturday afternoon at 4.15) ………………………………………….
5. (this time next year) ……………………………………………………….

IV. Write questions using do you think … will …? + one of these verbs:
be back cost finish get married happen like rain

1. I've bought Mary a present. Do you think she'll like it?


2. The weather doesn't look very good. Do you ……………………………..
3. The meeting is still going on. When do you ……………………………...
4. My car needs to be repaired. How much ………………………………….
5. Sally and David are in love. Do …………………………………………..
6. "I'm going out now." "OK. What time ……………………………….….."
7. The future situation is uncertain. What …………………………………..
105

V. Complete the sentences with will ('ll) + one of these verbs:


be be come get like look meet pass

1. Don't worry about your exam. I'm sure you'll pass.


2. Why don't you try on this jacket? It ………………………….nice on you.
3. You must meet George sometime. I think you ………………..……..him.
4. It's raining. Don't go out. You …………………….………………….wet.
5. They've invited me to their house. They …………..offended if I don't go.
6. Goodbye. I expect we ………………………………….again before long.
7. I've invited Sue to the party but I don't think she ……………………….. .
8. I wonder where I ………………. 20 years from now.

VI. Put in will ('ll) or won't

1. Can you wait for me? I won't be very long.


2. There's no need to take an umbrella with you. It ……...……………..rain.
3. If you don't eat anything now, you ……………...………..be hungry later.
4. I'm sorry about what happened yesterday. It …...…………..happen again.
5. I've got some incredible news! You …………………never believe what's happened.
6. Don't ask Margaret for advice. She ………………..….. know what to do.

Past Simple

VII. Read what Sharon says about a typical working day:

I usually get up at 7 o'clock and have a big breakfast. I walk to work, which takes me about
half an hour. I start work at 8.45. I never have lunch. I finish work at 5 o'clock. I'm always tired
when I get home. I usually cook a meal in the evening. I don't usually go out. I go to bed at
about 11 o'clock. I always sleep well.
Yesterday was a typical working day for Sharon. Write what she did or didn't do
yesterday.

1. She got up at 7 o'clock.


2. She ……………….……….…………….….. a big breakfast.
3. She ……………….…………….………………….………. .
4. It …………………………….…………….… to get to work.
5. ………………………………..………….…….……. at 8.45.
6. ………………………………..………….…………… lunch.
7. ……………………………………………..…….at 5 o'clock.
8. ………….………....… tired when …………..……..….home.
9. …………………………..……….. a meal yesterday evening.
10. ………………………….….……….. out yesterday evening.
11. ……………………….…….…………….…… at 11 o'clock.
12. …………….…………….…………….…….. well last night.

VIII. Put one of these verbs in each sentence:


buy catch cost drink fall hurt sell spend teach throw win

1. Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music.


2. "How did you learn to drive?" "My father ……………….. me."
106

3. We couldn't afford to keep our car, so we ………………. it.


4. I was very thirsty. I ……………. the water very quickly.
5. Paul and I played tennis yesterday. He's much better than me, so he ………easily.
6. Don ……………… down the stairs this morning and …….…… his leg.
7. Jim ……………… the ball to Sue, who ……………….. it.
8. Ann ……... a lot of money yesterday. She ……... a dress which ….….. ₤100.

IX. My friend has just come back from a holiday. You ask him about it. Write your questions

1. (where / go?) Where did you go?


2. (go alone?) …………………………………………………..
3. (food / good?) ……………………………………………….
4. (how long / stay there?) ……………………………..………
5. (stay / at a hotel?) …………………………….……..………
6. (how / travel?) ………………………………………………
7. (the weather / fine?) ……………………………..…………
8. (what / do in the evenings?) ………………………….……
9. (meet anybody interesting?) ………………………….……

X. Complete the sentences. Put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative

1. It was warm, so I took off my coat. (take)


2. The film wasn't very good. I didn't enjoy it very much. (enjoy)
3. I knew Sarah was very busy, so I ……………….. her. (disturb)
4. I was very tired, so I …………………… to bed early. (go)
5. The bed was very uncomfortable. I ……………….. very well. (sleep)
6. Sue wasn't hungry, so she ……………………… anything. (eat)
7. We went to Kate's house but she ………………….. at home. (be)
8. It was a funny situation but nobody …………………. . (laugh)
9. The window was open and a bird ……………..….. into the room. (fly)
10. The hotel wasn't very expensive. It …………..……. very much. (cost)
11. I was in a hurry, so I ………………… time to phone you. (have)
12. It was hard work carrying the bags. They ……………… very heavy. (be)

Test 4
(Present Continuous/Present Indefinite/Present Perfect/Past Indefinite)
Variant I

I. Complete the sentences. Use the verbs in brackets in the Present Continuous or the
Present Indefinite

1. The President of the USA (to live) in the White House.


2. I (not/live) in London, I (to live) in Brighton.
3. "Where is Kate?". "She (to have) a shower".
4. You (not/watch) TV at the moment. Why don't you switch it off?
5. "He (to speak) French?". "Yes, he (to speak) French quite fluently".
6. "What you (to do) here?". "I (to wait) for a friend".
107

II. Complete the sentences. Use the verbs in brackets in the Present Perfect or the Past
Indefinite

1. I just (to tell) you the answer.


2. I (to tell) you the answer yesterday.
3. What time (you/go) to bed last night?
4. John and David just (to go) away.
5. She already (to answer) the letter.
6. When I was a child, I (not/like) sport.

III. Choose the correct form

1. It's snowing/it snows quite often in Britain during the winter.


2. I'm going/1 go to bed now. Goodnight.
3. He has arrived/arrived an hour ago.
4. John works in a bookshop. He has worked/worked there for three years.
5. We have not had/didn't have a holiday last year.
6. The River Thames is flowing/flows through London.
7. Have you read/did you read that book yet? No, I just have begun/began it.
8. Where is Simon? - He's cooking/hе cooks the dinner.

IV. Translate into English:

1. "Что вы пишите?" - "Я пишу письмо своей сестре".


2. Какие книги вы любите читать?
3. Моя бабушка редко смотрит телевизор.
4. Вы уже закончили работу?
5. Лена дала мне интересную книгу на прошлой неделе, но я еще не читал ее.
6. Я приехал сюда в понедельник.
7. Я знаю Аню уже шесть лет.
8. Мой брат сейчас завтракает.

Test 5
(Passive/Active Voice, modal verbs, prepositions, articles)
Variant I

I. Use Present Indefinite/Present Continuous

1. The sun (rise) in the Еast.


2. Hurry up! The train (leave) in a few minutes.
3. (Not/forget) to buy some bread.
4. Mr. Smith is busy. He (meet) with the clients.
5. I'm hungry. I (want) to eat something.

II. Use Past Indefinite / Past Continuous

1. I (finish) school 2 years ago.


2. When I (come) they (talk) about the party.
3. We (wait) for him 20 minutes but he (not/come).
4. I (meet) Ann when I (walk) home.
108

III. Ask questions to underlined words

1. It often rains in autumn.


2. Russian poet Pushkin is known throughout the world.
3. We are going to the library after classes.
4. There are three rooms in my flat.
5. It was raining and I took my umbrella. (Why)

IV. Use Past Indefinite/Present Perfect

1. I'm looking for my notebook. I (lose) my notebook


2. The train just (arrive) at the station.
3. I don' t hear anything. We (lose) contact.
4. I (not/see) Jack since I (finish) school.
5. Last week the company (make) the contract.

V. Use Past Indefinite / Past Perfect

1. I remembered that I (see) the film before.


2. We found that somebody (be) there before we came.
3. He (not/be) very good at mathematics.
4. I (try) to phone her but there was no answer.

VI. Use Present Perfect Сontinuous / Present Сontinuous/ Past Continuous/ Past Perfect
Сontinuous

1. I (learn) English for two years.


2. Your hands are dirty I think you (work) in the garden.
3. Let's stay at home. It (rain).
4. The ground was wet. It (rain) for all day.
5. When I came, Ann (wait) for me.

VII. Ask questions to underlined words

1. I had been working for 2 hours.


2. The postman has just come.
3. I'll have finished my dinner by 8.
4. You'll meet him at he airport.

VIII. Use Future Indefinite/Continuous/Perfect

1. I (go) to the dentist when I have a day off.


2. Don't phone me between 9 & 10. I (have) the talks with the clients.
3. It's cold, I think I (put) on my sweater.
4. If the weather (be) fine, we (go) for a walk.

IX. Use the Passive Voice (Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect)

1. America (discover) in 15 century.


2. The carpet (clean) every day.
3. Jack was sad because the game (lose).
109

4. The bridge (break down) during the storm the day before we came to the town.
5. The room (clean) later.

X. Complete the sentences using Reported Speech

1. He said he (finish) school 2 years ago.


2. He said the manager already (look through) the mail.
3. My mother asked if I (write) the letter to my grandparents.
4. Jane said that she (can drive).

XI. Translate into English using modal verbs

1. Мы должны остаться дома. Идет дождь.


2. Поезд должен прибыть через 5 минут.
3. Я не мог говорить по-английски, но мне пришлось научиться.
4. Я бегаю быстрее тебя.
5. Мне придется научиться пользоваться компьютером.
6. Тебе не надо брать зонт. Дождь уже закончился.

XII. Insert articles if necessary

1. Would you like … cup of tea?


2. Could I speak to ... manager?
3. I study at ... Academy of Economics & Law.

XIII. Insert prepositions

1. The poet was born … October, 21.


2. There wasn't a cloud ... the sky.
3. Did you go to London ... business?
4. Did you know the answer … my question?

Variant II

I. Use Present Indefinite/Present Continuous

1. Vegetarians (not/eat) meat.


2. Listen! Somebody (play) the piano.
3. He (not/speak) German, he (speak) English.
4. We (go) to visit out grandparents on weekend.
5. He (speak) too fast. I can hardly understand him.

II. Past Indefinite / Past Continuous

1. The film (not/be) very good, I (not/enjoy) it very much.


2. We (see) an accident, while we (drive) home.
3. The boys (break) the window when they (play) football.
4. The phone (ring), while I (have) a shower.
110

III. Ask questions to underlined words

1. I've got a lot of work to do tomorrow.


2. Mike is swimming in the lake.
3. It's cold today.
4. I was tired so I went to bed early. (Why)
5. She was cooking when the doorbell rang.

IV. Past Indefinite/Present Perfect

1. I never (be) to London.


2. I'm hungry. I (have) lunch 3 hours ago.
3. Did you see Mike? He already (come) back.
4. I (read) this book.
5. I (write) twice to my parents this month.

V. Past Indefinite / Past Perfect

1. When we (come) into the office the director already (leave).


2. Sam (1оse) the game. He never (play) tennis before.
3. He was very nervous. It (be) his first experience of driving.
4. I (write) to my parents regularly while I was studying at University.

VI. Present Perfect Сontinuous/Present Сontinuous/Past Continuous/Past Perfect


Continuous

1. She still (watch) television.


2. I'm out of breath. I (run).
3. I can't find my key I (look) for them the whole evening yesterday.
4. Jack was very tried. He (work) very hard.
5. I didn't hear the bell because I (have) a shower.

VII. Ask questions to underlined words

1. You have never been to Moscow.


2. I've already finished my work at the course paper.
3. I'll be playing tennis at 5.
4. She will be in her office.

VIII. Future Tenses (Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect)

1. Do you think she (like) my present?


2. At 8 o'clock we (swim) in the swimming pool.
3. I (finish) my work at the project by Tuesday.
4. He (clean) the room while she (cook) the dinner.

IX. Passive Voice (Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect)

1. The letter (post) yesterday.


2. A new stadium (build) near my house now.
3. We (meet) at the airport tomorrow.
111

4. The doctor is busy now. A new patient (examine) by him.


5. We didn't know that the mail already (post).

X. Complete the sentences using Reported Speech

1. Nick told me that he (be back) on Monday.


2. He said he (be) a second-year student.
3. He wanted to know when I (send) the parcel.
4. He asked who (come) to the party the next day.

XI. Translate into English using modal verbs

1. Я ждал его вчера весь вечер. Он должен был прийти, но не пришел.


2. Можно взять твою ручку? Я забыл свою.
3. Я могу позвонить тебе завтра в 7, если это удобно тебе.
4. Мы могли бы пойти в кино.
5. Должно быть он голоден.
6. Тебе следует быть более внимательным.

XII. Insert articles if necessary

1. I didn't like . . . sandwich I had for lunch.


2. I live in ... big flat near the city centre.
3. Usually ... school begins at 8 a.m.

XIII. Insert prepositions

1. What did you get ... Christmas?


2. I've been ... Sochi four times.
3. I met my brother on my way . . . home.
4. Listen … me. It's every important.

Test 6
("Generation 2", lessons 1-21)
Variant I

I. Fill in the gaps with "be" or "have"

1. How old … Kevin?


2. How many brothers and sisters … Tom got?
3. How many photos … there in the flat?
4. He … got two brothers, he … got any sisters.
5. He … 21.
6. They …been there for twenty years.

II. a. Open the brackets. Use Present Indefinite or Present Continuous:

1. Tom usually (play) football but today he (play) tennis.


2. The professor (speak) five foreign languages. Right now he (speak) Dutch.
3. I usually drive to my work. You (drive) too fast.
4. She (not understand) what the teacher (explain).
112

5. Every Sunday he (watch) birds in pine forest. Be quiet, the photographer (watch) that bird.
He (want) to take a picture.

b. Complete the questions. Use Present Indefinite or Present Continuous. Give true answers

1. You (study) English at the moment?


2. Your teacher ever (wear) glasses ?
3. What you usually (wear) to school ?

III. a. Ask someone about last Saturday

1. What time (you/ get up) on Saturday ?


2.What (the weather / be) like ?
3. (you / go out) in the morning ?
4. What (you / do) in the evening?

b. Now answer the questions above. Give true answers

IV. Complete the sentences. Use Present Perfect with "for" and "since"

1. Antonella (live) in Rome … two years .


2. We (be) on holiday … Sunday.
3. My parents (be) married … thirty years.
4. My video (be) broken … over a week.
5. Paul (know) Stephanie … he was a child.

V. Open the brackets. Use Present Perfect or Past Simple

1. He (forget) his French since he (leave) Paris.


2. I (get) a fax from Boston an hour ago, but I (not answer) it yet.
3. What you (do) since I (see) you?

VI. Open the brackets. Use Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous

1. He (play) the piano since six o'clock in the morning. He only just (stop).
2. How long you (own) this house?
3. The police (not find) the burglar yet. They (look) for him since Saturday.

VII. Join sentences. Use -ing clauses

1. There's Tina. She is sitting in the corner.


2. Dо you know those people? They're waving at us.
3. Can you see that woman near the bank? She is parking her car.

VIII. Use "one" or "ones" in place of a word (words) in each sentence

1. I like this jacket more than other jacket.


2. Is that your car, the car outside?
3. Whose are those socks, the red socks?
113

IX. a. Complete the questions. Use Present Simple Passive

1. What / a compass / use / for?


2. What / vacuum cleaners / use / for?
3. How often / the Olympic games / hold?

b. Now, answer those questions you can answer

X. Fill in the gaps with "There" is or "It is":

1. … always much snow in this country in winter.


2. … too much sugar in tea. … too sweet, much too sweet. I can't drink it.
3. Let's go out! ... getting dark.
4. … nothing you can do about it.
5. … sunny but … a strong wind.

XI. Fill in the gaps with "some" or "any" :

1. Are there … students from Japan ?


2. Is there … news? – Yes, there are … letters on the desk.
3. Would you like … ice - cream ? - No, thank you, I have … .

XII. Fill in the gaps with "much" or "many" :

1. How ………. eggs are there in the fridge, Paul ?


2. We haven't got ………. potatoes.
3. Do you really need so ………. sugar ?
4. You should take all your clothes with you. I know you don't have ……….clothes.

Variant II

I. Fill in the gaps with "be" or "have"

1. … you hungry ?
2. What … . Tina like?
3. I …n't got much money.
4. No, we …n't hungry, but we … thirsty.
5. I … very tired.
6. She … kind and friendly.

II. a. Open the brackets. Use Present Indefinite or Present Continuous:

1.What language they (speak) in Holland? What language he (speak) now?


2. My friend always (tell) me the truth, but I see, that she (tell) a lie now.
3. I (do) a lot of work every day. Don't worry! I (know) what I (do).
4. You usually (drink) coffee? What is that you (drink) now?
5. Nick (not remember) where you (live).

b. Complete the questions. Use Present Indefinite or Present Continuous. Give true answers

1. You ( study) English every day ?


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2. Your teacher (wear ) glasses at the moment ?


3. What are you (wear ) now ?

III. a. Ask someone about last Saturday

1. What (you/have) for breakfast ?


2. (it/be) cold or warm in the morning?
3. (you/be ) at home in the afternoon ?
4. What time (you/go) to bed?

b. Now answer the questions above. Give true answers

IV. Complete the sentences. Use Present Perfect with "for" and "since"

1. George (have) job in sports shop ………. January.


2. Sarah ( not be ) in Greece ……….1991.
3. You (be) here ………. 2 o'clock.
4. I (not work ) in this office ………. very long.
5. You ( speak ) to your friend ………. last Saturday.

V. Open the brackets. Use Present Perfect or Past Simple

1. Years ago he (be) very poor and he (not know) how to live. He (become) very rich now.
2. What you (do) last night?
3. I can reach my work easily as I (buy) a new car.

VI. Open the brackets. Use Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous

1. George (collect) matchboxes since he left school. Now he (collect) so many that he doesn't
know where to put them.
2. Your eyes are red. You (cry)?
3. Why you (not bring) me letters ? You (type) them yet?

VII. Join sentences. Use -ing clauses

1. Who's that boy? He is taking off his coat.


2. Look at that man. He is standing on his head.
3. There are two men outside the shop. They're looking at the window.

VIII. Use "one" or "ones" in place of a word (words) in each sentence

1. Look at those people, people at the bus stop.


2. I need a pen, but I haven't got a pen.
3. I'm making a cup of tea, would you like a cup of tea?

IX. a. Complete the questions. Use Present Simple Passive

1. What /a thermometer /make/ of?


2. What /windows /make/ of?
3. How often /the soccer World Cup/ play?
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b. Now, answer those questions

X. Fill in the gaps with "There " is " or It is ":

1. … snowing hard.
2. Don't buy this jacket. … very dark.
3. … a dark street, in that dark street … a dark gloomy house.
4. … already late and … nobody in the office to solve your problem.
5. … very kind of you.

XI. Fill in the gaps with " some " or " any " :

1. There are … students from Japan, but there are not … from India.
2. They have … really good friends. Have you got ... ?
3. They haven't got … conveniences in their house, but they are going to get ... .

XII. Fill in the gaps with " much " or " many " :

1. We don't need … orange juice.


2. He says he couldn't bring … carrots.
3. Have you got … money?

Test 7
(Advanced: Verb Tenses, Sequence of Tenses)
Variant I

I. Use the right form of the verb

1. When I (ring up) my friend he (prepare) for his trip.


2. He (say) that he (pack) everything but (not, buy) a ticket yet.
3. I (promise) him that I (help) him.
4. I (be free) and I (can) go to the booking-office.
5. He (thank) me and (add) that he (be grateful) to me.
6. At 3 o'clock I (bring) his ticket and my friend (start) for the railway station.
7. Mrs. Hudson (be) about 40 when she (begin) to feel pains in the heart.
8. She (go) to the doctor and (tell) him that she (not, feel) well for the last two months.
9. The doctor (ask) her if she (have) a lot of work about the house.
10. She (say) she (have) a large family - 2 sons and 3 daughters to look after.
11. Her husband (die) two years before.
12. Her younger son, Mike, (fall) ill the previous week and she (be afraid) he (not, get well)
soon.

II. Translate into English

Чертополох – это национальная эмблема Шотландии. Ее история связана с


нормандскими завоеваниями. Однажды Norsemen высадились на восточном побережье
Шотландии. Вооруженные шотландцы укрепились за рекой Тау – самой большой рекой
Шотландии. Они прибыли к реке к вечеру, разбили лагерь и очень устали. Врага они
ожидали не ранее чем на следующий день. Но враги были близко. Norsemen пересекли
реку, намереваясь захватить шотландцев врасплох и уничтожить их во время сна. Чтобы
не производить ни малейшего шума, они даже сняли обувь. Но один Norsemen случайно
116

наступил на коварное растение - чертополох и громко закричал от боли. Его истошный


вопль послужил сигналом тревоги, который и разбудил спавших шотландцев.

Variant II

I. Use the right form of the verb

1. One day an old lady (happen) to be passing by a lunatic asylum.


2. Seeing one of the lunatics she (stop) to talk to him.
3. After they (talk) for some time the old lady (observe) that she (not, think) he (be) mad at all.
4. The man (assure) that he certainly (not, be).
5. He (say) that his relatives (send) him there just to get rid of him.
6. The old lady (promise) that she (look) into the matter and (go) down the road.
7. Suddenly a big piece of wood (hit) her in the back of her neck.
8. She (turn) round and (see) the lunatic waving at her, so she (ask) what (be wrong).
9. Nothing, he said, he merely (want) to remind her.
10. John Robinson just (returned) home from the Continent and (have ) a rest at his home in
the suburbs of London after a long trip by air.
11. A friend of his whose name was James Dobson, (ring) him up saying that he (be) glad his
friend (arrive) home safely and that he would like to see John at his place on the following day.
12. John said he (feel) a bit tired after a long journey across Europe and (be, not) sure he (be
able) to come.

II. Translate into English

С Ирландией и нормандскими завоеваниями связано немало легенд. Два вождя


нормандских завоевателей отправились в Ирландию. Они плыли на лодках и решили,
что тот, кто первым коснется ирландского берега, тот и будет правителем этой страны.
Лодки не отставали друг от друга и приближались к намеченной цели одновременно.
Кто же будет править Ирландией? Самый быстрый. В самый ответственный момент
один из предводителей взял топорик, отрубил себе руку и бросил ее на ирландскую
землю. Ну и что, что без руки, зато - правитель. На старых полотнах можно иногда
встретить изображение отрубленной руки на фоне красного плаща, символизирующие
Ирландию.

Test 8
(Verb Tenses, pronouns, degrees of comparison of adjectives, modal verbs)

I. Choose the correct answer

1. How many … do you want to have in this wardrobe?


a) shelf's
b) shelfes
c) shelves

2. My birthday is … February 22.


a) at
b) on
c) in
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3. My parents have been married … twenty years.


a) for
b) since
c) from

4. This is … .
a) Peter room
b) Peter's room
c) room Peter's

5. … sugar on the table?


a) Is there any
b) Are there any
c) Is there a few

6. Look at these two bicycles. This one is … and the other one is … .
a) my / her
b) mine / her
c) mine / hers

7. Hello, Peter. Have you got … news for me?


a) any
b) a few
c) few

8. I think these boys are too young to wash … .


a) ourselves
b) himselves
c) themselves

9. I looked everywhere but I could not find … .


a) him
b) himself
c) his

10. Do you really think they are … to buy this expensive car?
a) enough rich
b) rich enough
c) richer

11. Tom says his house is … than Greg's.


a) biger
b) bigger
c) more bigger

12. I must go to the shop and buy … sugar and … tomatoes.


a) a little/a little
b) a little/a few
c) a few/a little
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13. … doctor Smith! Jimmy is sick!


a) Call
b) You call
c) Call to

14. What's the time? It's … .


a) a quarter and three
b) three past quarter
c) a quarter past three

15. Who … Jim is a bad boy?


a) says
b) does say
c) say

16. At the moment John … a newspaper.


a) reads
b) is reading
c) read

17. Before she … she … her father.


a) came home / had visited
b) came home / has visited
c) had come / visited

18. When the weather … good we will go for a walk.


a) will be
b) is
c) would be

19. Yesterday I … an interesting film.


a) watch
b) watched
c) watching

20. She says she … dinner at home.


a) never eats
b) never eat
c) don't ever eat

21. They … so far.


a) didn't meet
b) haven't met
c) don't meet

22. You … go to the shop. I have already bought everything.


a) must
b) needn't
c) have to
119

23. This beautiful building … three hundred years ago.


a) was build
b) has been built
c) was built

24. George said that he … see us in three weeks.


a) shall
b) would
c) will

25. John said that he … this place before.


a) has never seen
b) never saw
c) had never seen

26. Do you know when …?


a) will they come
b) shall they come
c) they will come

27. I must tell you that … too much beer is dangerous.


a) drink
b) drinking
c) to drinking

28. They hope they can … it easily.


a) to do
b) doing
c) do

29. … is the school? – Two miles away.


a) How far
b) How long
c) How big

30. I am going to England … English.


a) to learn
b) for learning
c) for learn
120

CONTENTS

PART I
Check-in test 1 4
Check-in test 2 16
Test 3 (A noun; article; some, any, much, many, (a) little, (a) few) 27
Test 4 (A pronoun) 31
Test 5 (An adjective, an adverb) 38
Test 6 (Prepositions) 42
Test 7 (to be, to have, Present Simple, Present Continuous) 46
Test 8 (Present Simple, Present Continuous) 50
Test 9 (Future Tenses) 52
Test 10 (Past Simple/Past Continuous) 54
Test 11 (Present Perfect, Past Simple) 56
Test 12 (Present Perfect/Past Simple) 60
Test 13 (Present Perfect/Past Simple/Past Continuous) 62
Test 14 (Perfect Simple/Perfect Continuous) 64
Test 15 (Grammar Revision: Active Voice) 66
Test 16 (Active Voice) 68
Consolidation 69
Test 17 (Modal verbs: advanced level) 70
Test 18 (Modal verbs) 72
Test 19 (Passive Voice, Simple) 73
Test 20 (Passive Voice Simple/Continuous/Perfect) 75
Test 21 (Passive Voice Continuous/ Perfect) 76
Test 22 (Passive Voice Simple/Continuous/Perfect) 78
Test 23 (Active/Passive Voice) 80
Test 24 (Sequence of Tenses. Reported speech) 84
Test 25 (The Infinitive) 87
Test 26 (The Gerund, Verbal Noun, Participle I, Participle II) 89
Test 27 (Conditionals) 92
Test 28 (Grammar Revision) 95
Consolidation 98

PART II
Test I (Present Simple/Present Continuous) 102
Test 2 ("English for businessmen", part I) 102
Test 3 (Verb Tenses) 103
Test 4 (Present Continuous/Present Indefinite/Present Perfect/Past Indefinite) 106
Test 5 (Passive/Active Voice, modal verbs, prepositions, articles) 107
Test 6 ("Generation 2", lessons 1-21) 111
Test 7 (Advanced: Verb Tenses, Sequence of Tenses) 115
Test 8 (Verb Tenses, pronouns, degrees of comparison of adjectives, modal verbs) 116

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