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 Client is an independent business unit within an R/3 system.

 R/3 data is divided into two types


 Client dependent  Customizing data, Application data & user data.
This contains client specific data.
 Client independent  ABAP programs and R/3 Repository objects. This
data is available throughout the entire system. Enterprise IMG is a
client independent.

 SAP data structure

User App Cust Client Dependent


Data data Data

Cross Client
customization
Client
Independent
Repository

 Client is represented by a three digit number and the client is recognized


by a key field ‘MANDT’ in the table ‘T000’.
 SAP provides three standard clients for Non IDES version: 000, 001, 066
and for IDES  000, 001, 066, 800. Don’t use these standard clients.
 000  reference client with complete society model and with sample
data. Used for administrative purpose. No changes should be made in
this client. Used as template for additional clients.
 001  Copy of 000. Used for customizing and for test purpose.
 066  SAP remote services. Special client used by SAP personnel for
preventive maintenance. EARLYWATCH/support is the user and default
password.
 800  contains IDES data.
000 & 001 comes with standard users SAP*/06071992 and
DDIC/19920706.
Change those standard passwords for security reasons by checking
RSUSR003 report in SA38 as a post client copy process.

 Client Copy Tools


 Client maintenanceSCC4
 Client copy SCCL Local Client Copy
SCC9 Remote Client Copy

 Special Functions SCC5 Deleting a client


SCC1 Copying a client in base to transport

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request SCU0 Comparing tables between
clients
In order to delete a client you should login as that client & execute
SCC5 and also you have a choice to delete the entry from T000 table.
 Client Transport SCC8 Client Export
SCC7 Post-process import
 Copy Logs SCC3

 Logical systems are required during client creation


 Identifying the client physically as a system.
 It is used for RFC communications between clients.

 Requirements for creating clients and client copy process:


 Enough space  Test run the client copy process & determine client
size.
 Simulation  data is read
 Resource check  data is only counted without reading directly
 Lock users on source and target (SAP* and DDIC are available).
 If the client copy process is scheduled in background & you should
ensure that there is no background job should not be executed.
 Enlarge rollback segments before client copy.
 Copying client independent only be performed when target system has
not been customized yet.
 Remote client copy can only be copied if both the R/3 systems are of
same releases.

 Client copy
 Local client copy is within the system
 Remote client copy  copies the client from other system using RFC’s.
More than 80GB of data will not transfer using RFC’s.
 CCCFLOW table is used during client copy. If any termination to the
client copy process you can restart the client copy. During restart it
checks the CCCFLOW table and resumes from the previous process.
 Client copy produce large amounts of archive logs so we should
monitor the free space of archive directory
 Client copy first deletes the tables in target system then reads the new
data, block by block from source system and finally fills the data in the
new client.
 During copy process in order to reduce load a commit is executed after
each and every table to reduce the size of rollback segments in the
database or when an appropriate threshold is reached for commit.

 Authorizations
 Client copy  S_TABU_CLI Table maintenance in all clients
S_TABU_DIS CCCFLOW maintenance

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 Copying user master data and profiles
S_USER_PRO User profile
S_USER_GRP User master record
 S_CLIENT_IMP  permits data import
 S_DATASET_ALL  allows log files to be written in file system
 S_TRNSPRT  functions to perform within transport system
 S_CTS_ADMI  authorization for performing administrative functions
on transport system.

 Client Settings
 Changes and transports for client dependent objects
 Changes without automatic reading
 Automatic recording of changes
 No changes allowed
 No transports allowed
 Client Independent Object changes
 Changes to repository and cross client customization allowed
 No Changes to repository and no cross client customization allowed
 No Changes to repository and but cross client customization
allowed
 Changes to repository and but no cross client customization allowed
 Protection  client copier and comparison tools
 Protection Level 0  No restrictions
 Protection Level 1  No overwriting
 Protection Level 2  No overwriting and no external availability
 Restrictions
 Check to run  eCATT tool
 Check to run  Protection against SAP upgrade

These settings are changed during client open in order to change the
factory calendar and to change the Tax rules etc...

 Client Transport process


 SCC8 Client Export
 Exports the client specific and cross client objects in files cofiles
and data of /usr/sap/trans directory. Those files are of transport
request types: KO client independent objects
KX client dependent long texts
KT client dependent tables
Similarly RO, RX, RT in data of trans directory
 Import those transport request types using ‘tp addtobuffer’ and ‘tp
import’
 SCC7 Post-process import  text files are automatically imported or in
order to adjust the import process for text objects.

 Copying table entries between two different systems

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 Source system client
 Create export control file as exp.ctl includes
export
client =<clntno.>
select * from <table_name> where MANDT=’<clntno.>’
 Run ctl file using R3trans –w exp.log –u18 exp.ctl
 Check exp.log where R3trans executed.
 Target system client
 Create import control file as imp.ctl includes
Import
Client = <clntno.>
 Run the import control file using R3trans –w imp.log –u248 imp.ctl
 Check the log where R3trans executed.

 Client deletion using R3trans


 Login as <sid>adm and go to trans directory
 Create delete control file as del.ctl which includes
Clientremove
Client=<clntno>
Select *
 Run the control file using R3trans –w del.log –u1 del.ctl and check logs.

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