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INTRODUCTION
Depression is a disorder of major public health
importance in terms of prevalence, suffering, dysfunction,
morbidity and economic burden.
This disorder is more common in women than in men.
Reports from the Global burden of diseases estimates point
prevalence of depression to be 1.9% for men and 3.2% for
women. It is said that if the same demographic trend
continues , the burden of depression will increase to 5.7% of
total burden of diseases.
Alcohol dependence is another major public health
problem . Family of alcoholic is receiving much attention
from researchers ,clinicians and also lay public as it is
generally accepted that anyone living close to an
alcoholdependent will be psychologically stressed .
There are considerable number of anecdotal reports and
research findings that suggests individuals who are married to
alcohol dependents have poor overall physical and mental
health,(HomishG.G,etal2006, Mous,etal1998, Wiseman1991)
During course of time psychological distress mainly
depression and others like mood and anxiety disorders
continued to increase in female spouse of alcoholdependents.
( Buu A, Tempier R, Houss GB, Kessler,etal).
OBJECTIVES
A.? To
find out the prevalence of depression in spouses of
alcohol dependents.
B.? To
compare the prevalence of depression in spouses of
alcohol dependents with spouses of non alcohol
dependents.

METHODOLOGY
A.? Hundred spouses of malepatients who are admitted for
deaddiction in velankani deaddiction ward of father
muller medical college will be choosen as subjects.
B.? Hundred female healthy volunteers will be selected as
controls for study using purposive sampling technique.
Clinical assessment will be done by a trained psychiatrist.

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBJECTS.


A. Spouses of alcohol dependents admitted to velankani
deaddiction ward of father muller medical college .
B. Age between 20-60 yrs

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBJECTS.


A.? Subjects with prior history of psychiatric illness and
substance abuse disorders.
B.? Subjects with chronic medical illness.

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR CONTROLS.


A.? Female spouses of people who are not alcoholdependents.
B.? B. Age between 20-60 yrs

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR CONTROLS.


A.? Subjects with prior history of psychiatric illness and
substance abuse disorders.
B.? Subjects with chronic medical illness.

IMPLICATIONS
Results of the study will imply need for assessment of
depression among spouses of alcohol dependents and reduce
the morbidity and mortality among these individuals.

REFERENCES
1.? Alexopoulus,G.S. comprehensive textbook of
psychiatry ,6th edition , Kaplan ,etal,1994 volume
II,2566-2567.
2.? MacDonald D: mental disorders in wives of
alcoholics.Q.J.stud alcohol 1956,282-287.

3.? Jacob T, favoriniA,meisels,etal:The alcoholicȊs spouse


children , and family interaction. J.stud alcohol
1978,1231-1251.

4.? Changes in spouses of alcoholics antisocial and


depressive symptomatology over 12 yrs .A multilevel
network of individual familial and neighbourhood
influences . Buu A ,wang WO,etal2011 feb, 325-337.

5.? The im[pact of parteners alcohol problem on womenȊs


physical and mental health .Dawson DA,grant BF, Chous
P stinson FS. J.stud alcohol drugs 2007 jan , 66-75.

6.? Effect of alcohol consumption in spousal relationship on


health related quality of life and life
satisfaction .Livingston M.J.stud alcohol drug2009 may,
383-390.

From,

Raghavendra C.P.
III M.B.B.S 07 06 2011

FMMC. Mangalore.

To,

Chairperson,

Institutional ethical committee,

FMMC.

Sub:

submission for ethical clearance of project proposal.

Respected sir,

Submitting here with project proposal for Institutional ethical


committee clearance.

Details :

PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSION AMONG SPOUSES OF PERSONS WITH


ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE SYNDROME.

Investigators

Raghavendra .C.P.

MBBS 2008.

Guide :

Dr. Safeekh.A.T.

Associate professor,

Dept of psychiatry
FMMC.

Thanking you in anticipation .

Yours obediently,

RAGHAVENDRA C.P. Dr SAFEEKH A.T.

Sign:__________ Sign:___________