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Structural Scheme Design Guide

Version 3.0 August 1998

Ove Arup & Partners Arup Research & Development

Structural Scheme Design Guide Version 3.0

August 1998

Ove Arup & Partners Arup Research & Development 13 Fitzroy Street London W1P 6BQ Telephone +44 (0)171 636 1531 Facsimile +44 (0)171 465

Index (1/2)

THE ARUP STRUCTURAL SCHEME DESIGN GUIDE


CONTENTS
VER 3.0 / Aug 1998 4.5.5 4.5.6 4.5.7 4.5.8 Bending strength (during construction) Stiffness Safe load tables References

1. Building Geometry & Anatomy


1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Typical grid dimensions Typical sections Typical service zone requirements Car parks References

4.6 Timber
4.6.1 4.6.2 4.6.3 4.6.4 4.6.5 4.6.6 4.6.7 4.6.8 4.6.9 Rules of thumb Materials supply Grade stresses Sizing of elements in domestic construction Outline of design rules for timber members Selected timber modification factors Modification factor combinations Deflection Fasteners

2. Guide toCosts
2.1 2.2 Comparative European costs for material supply Relative costs of steel subgrades

3. Loads
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Density of materials Dead loading Typical imposed loading Imposed loads on barriers References

4.7 Masonry
4.7.1 4.7.2 4.7.3 4.7.4 4.7.5 4.7.6 4.7.7 4.7.8 4.7.9 4.7.10 4.7.11 4.7.12 Rules of thumb Load factors Material factors Modular dimensions Typical unit strengths Masonry compressive strength Sizing external wall panels Flexural strength of masonry Internal non-loadbearing masonry walls Freestanding masonry walls Joints Other issues

4.1 Properties of Structural Materials 4.2 Reinforced Concrete


4.2.1 4.2.2 4.2.3 4.2.4 4.2.5 4.2.6 4.2.7 4.2.8 4.2.9 Rules of thumb Load factors Beams Slabs Stiffness Columns Creep and Shrinkage Bar and mesh areas and weights References

4.8 Aluminium
4.8.1 4.8.2 4.8.3 4.8.4 Main structural alloys Durability Typical physical properties Design

4.3 Prestressed Concrete


4.3.1 4.3.2 4.3.3 4.3.4 4.3.5 4.3.6 4.3.7 4.3.8 Rules of thumb Common strands Common tendons Equivalent loads Allowable stresses at service loads Ultimate bending strength Shear References

4.9 Stainless Steel


4.9.1 4.9.2 4.9.3 4.9.4 4.9.6 4.9.7 Material grades Mechanical properties Physical properties Design strength Availability References

4.4 Steel (Non-Composite)


4.1.1 4.4.2 4.4.3 4.4.4 4.4.5 4.4.6 4.4.7 4.4.8 4.4.9 4.4.10 4.4.11 Rules of thumb Load factors Design strength Beam design Columns (and beam columns) Portal Frame sizing Element stiffness Connections Corrosion protection Section properties References

5. Foundations
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 General Principles Appropriate foundation solutions Presumed allowable bearing values under vertical, non-eccentric static loading Shallow foundations Piled foundations

6. Water Resistant Basements


6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 Rules of thumb Establish client's requirements/expectations Construction options Waterproofing options Critical points Construction joints Movement joints

4.5 Composite Steel and Concrete


4.5.1 4.5.2 4.5.3 4.5.4 Rules of thumb Load factors Bending resistance Shear connectors

THIS DOCUMENT IS COPYRIGHT AND IS PUBLISHED FOR DISTRIBUTION ONLY WITHIN THE OVE ARUP PARTNERSHIP. IT IS NOT INTENDED FOR AND SHOULD NOT BE RELIED UPON BY ANY THIRD PARTY.

Ver 3.0 / Aug 98

Index (2/2)
6.8 References

7. Fire
7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 Minimum periods of fire resistance Fire protection to steel elements Fire protection for r einforced concrete Fire protection for masonry Fire requirements for timber

APPENDIX A Mathematical Formulae


A.1 A.2 A.3 A.4 A.5 A.6 Trigonometric functions Hyperbolic functions Standard indefinite integrals Standard substitutions for integration Geometrical properties of plane sections Conversion factors

APPENDIX B Analysis Formulae


B.1 B.2 B.3 B.4 B.5 B.6 B.7 B.8 Elastic bending formulae Elastic torsion formulae Taut wires, cables or chains Vibration Design formulae for beams cantilever Design formulae for beams - fixed both ends Design formulae for beams - simply supported Design formulae for beams - propped cantilever

APPENDIX C Useful Design Data


C.1 C.2 C.3 C.4 C.5 C.6 C.7 C.8 C.9 C.10 C.11 C.12 C.13 C.14 C.15 Road transportation limitations Craneage data - double girder Craneage data - double hoist Standard rail sections Typical bend radii - rolled sections Safe loads for 25 tonne capacity mobile crane Standard durbar plate sections RHS sections - standard lengths CHS Sections - standard lengths Carbon steel plate sections - standard sizes Carbon and carbon manganese wide flats - standard sizes Fasteners - mechanical properties and dimensions of typical bolts Fasteners - clearance for tightening Fasteners - high strength friction grip bolts Staircase dimensions

APPENDIX D Proprietary Components


D.1 D.2 D.3 D.4 D.5 Macalloy bars Composite decking [Richard Lees Ltd] [Ward Multideck 60] Purlin systems [Metsec] Precast hollow composite concrete floors [Bison] Heavy duty anchors [ Hilti-Feb 1994]

THIS DOCUMENT IS COPYRIGHT AND IS PUBLISHED FOR DISTRIBUTION ONLY WITHIN THE OVE ARUP PARTNERSHIP. IT IS NOT INTENDED FOR AND SHOULD NOT BE RELIED UPON BY ANY THIRD PARTY.

Ver 3.0 / Aug 98