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CONDITION MONITORING

A new standard for Condition Monitoring


Simon Mills Training Services Director at AV Technology Ltd, Chairman of the BSI Sub Committee on the condition monitoring of machines, and Convenor of the ISO Working Group on condition monitoring guidelines, gives an overview of ISO 17359:2011

SO Standard 17359, Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines General Guidelines, has been extensively revised and was issued in April 2011 as a second edition. The standard is the umbrella document for a series of International Standards relating to condition monitoring and diagnostics. The first edition of ISO 17359 was issued in 2003 and has been embraced by the condition monitoring industry, improving the quality and capability of condition monitoring implementations, systems and personnel, and strengthening the mutual confidence throughout the industry. This second edition builds on that framework and now includes nine different machine types with typical examples of fault and failure modes with their associated symptoms and measurement parameters. Condition-Based Maintenance (CBM) is recognised as a cost-effective strategy to improve the effectiveness of maintenance programmes, allowing maintenance to be proactive rather than reactive. To avoid poor application of CBM, factors such as fault and failure modes, criticality and cost-effectiveness must be considered, and using the wrong maintenance technique can waste time, money and resources - often with no effect on improving or maintaining availability. Key steps to implementing effective CBM in line with best practice ensure optimum selection, application and management of Condition Monitoring (CM) techniques. Examples of fault and symptom diagrams are now included in the new standard for the following machine types: Electric motors Steam turbines Aero gas turbines Industrial gas turbines Pumps Compressors Electric generators Rotary internal combustion engines Fans For these machine types, the new standard gives a matrix of 27 applicable CM and performance parameters including:

Acoustic emission Current Efciency (derived) Oil (tribology) Output power Pressure Resistance Speed Temperature Thermography Ultrasonics Vibration Recommendations are included on useful information to record in addition to the measured parameter values, such as: ID, type, speed, power, mounting, coupling and instrumentation details etc. The new edition also includes an Annex (see table 2) giving an overview of the whole range of condition monitoring International Standards grouped by their application areas including: Overview Techniques Diagnostics & Prognostics Data management Training Applications Also included is an extensive bibliography of machine acceptance testing International Standards.

OVERVIEW SCHEMATIC
An overview schematic of the implementation procedure from ISO 17359:2011 is shown in Figure 1. Each of the steps is explained and expanded in the new edition.

Figure 1

An extract of one of the fault and symptom tables for machine type: pumps, is shown in Table 1. Continued on page 14

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CONDITION MONITORING
Continued from page 13

Machine type: Pumps

Symptom or parameter change Coast Down Time

Length measurement

Fluid leakage

Temperature

Damaged impeller Damaged seals Eccentric impeller Bearing damage Bearing wear Mounting fault Unbalance Misalignment

Oil Debris

Vibration

Examples of faults

Indicates symptom may occur or parameter may change if fault occurs.


Table 1 Example of Machine Type: Pumps ISO 17359 was developed by technical committee ISO/TC 108, Mechanical vibration, shock and condition monitoring, subcommittee SC 5, Condition monitoring. ISO 17359:2011, Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines General Guidelines, is available from ISO or from ISO national member institutes. ISO 17359:2011 supersedes ISO 17359:2003. ISO 17359:2011 also incorporates and supersedes ISO 13380:2002 ISO 13380:2002 has now been withdrawn ISO 17359, General Guidelines, is available from ISO or from ISO national member institutes.
Title Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Vocabulary Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Vibration condition monitoring Part 1: General procedures Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Vibration condition monitoring Part 2: Processing, analysis and presentation of vibration data Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Vibration condition monitoring Part 3: Diagnostic techniques Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Data processing, communication and presentation Part 1: General guidelines Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Data processing, communication and presentation Part 2: Data processing Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Data processing, communication and presentation Part 3: Communication Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Data interpretation and diagnostic techniques Part 1: General guidelines Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines General guidelines on using performance parameters Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Prognostics Part 1: General guidelines Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Tribology based monitoring and diagnostics General guidelines Mechanical vibration and shock Performance parameters for condition monitoring of structures Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines General guidelines Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Thermography Part 1: General procedures Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Requirements for qualication and assessment of personnel Part 1: Requirements for certifying bodies and the certication process Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Requirements for qualication and assessment of personnel Part 2: Vibration condition monitoring and diagnostics Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Requirements for qualication and assessment of personnel Part 3: Requirements for training bodies and the training process Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Requirements for qualication and assessment of personnel Part 4: Field lubricant analysis Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Requirements for qualication and assessment of personnel Part 5: Lubricant laboratory technician/analyst Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Requirements for qualication and assessment of personnel Part 6: Acoustic emission Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Requirements for qualication and assessment of personnel Part 7: Thermography Gas turbines Data acquisition and trend monitoring system requirements for gas turbine installations Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Acoustic emission Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines Ultrasound Part 1: General guidelines

International Standard
ISO 13372 ISO 133731 ISO 133732 WD 133733 ISO 133741 ISO 133742 ISO/DIS 133743 ISO 133791 ISO 13380 ISO 133811 ISO/PWI 148301 ISO 16587 ISO 17359 ISO 184341 ISO 184361 ISO 184362 ISO 184363 ISO 184364 ISO/DIS 184365 ISO 184366 ISO 184367 ISO 19860 ISO 22096 ISO 298211

Table 2 A list of current condition monitoring International Standards

Visit www.iso.org for more information

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Oil Leakage

Pressure or vacuum

Speed

Power