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Contents
Preparing Disks Managing Disk Properties Managing Mounted Drives Converting Disks Creating Volumes Importing a Disk

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Disk Management
A snap-in located in Computer Management Use to view disk information and perform disk management tasks on local and remote computers Enables you to perform most dis-related tasks without shutting down the system or interrupting users

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Disk Part Tool


You can use the Disk Part command line tool to manage: -- Disks -- Partitions -- Volumes Before using Disk Part command, first select the object to give it focus When an object has focus, and Disk Part command that will act on that object Use Disk Part to run scripts to do repetitive tasks.
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Disk Part Tool


Syntax:

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Partition
A physical disk is divided into separate sections called partition Partitioning can create up to 24 drive letters Disk must first be initialized and formatted before partitioning

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Partition
Basic disks can have up to -- Four primary partition -- Or three primary partitions and one extended partition Extended partitions can be sub divided into logical drives Primary partitions cannot be subdivided

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Partitioning a Disk by Disk Management

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Partitioning a Disk by DiskPart


Procudure: At the prompt, type diskpart At the prompt, type list disk and then mae a note of the number of the disk on which you want to create a primary or extended partition. At the DISKPART prompt type select disk n(where n is the disk number) At the DISKPART prompt, type -- . Create partition primary size=number -- . Create partition extended size=number -- . Create partition logical size=number
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Partitioning a Disk by DiskPart


At the prompt, type diskpart

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Partitioning a Disk by DiskPart


At the prompt, type list disk and then make a note of the number of the disk on which you want to create a primary or extended partition

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Partitioning a Disk by DiskPart


At the DISKPART prompt type select disk n(where n is the disk number)

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Partitioning a Disk by DiskPart


At the DISKPART prompt, type
-- . Create partition primary size=number -- . Create partition extended size=number -- . Create partition logical size=number

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Using DiskPart
Procedure: Open Command prompt, and then type diskpart At the Diskpart prompt, type list volume. At the Diskpart prompt,type select volume n (where n is the number of the volume whose drive letter is to be changed) At the Diskpart prompt, type one of the following:
-- assign letter=L (where L is the drive letter) -- remove letter=L

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Convert File Systems


Procedure: In a command prompt, type convert d:/fs:ntfs (where d: is the letter of the disk drive) Press Enter

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Convert File Systems


Press Enter

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Managing Disk Properties


Disk Management -- General (Provides the model number and the location of the disk.) -- Volume (Provides the disk number, type, status, partition style, capacity, unallocated space, and reserved space of the disk. DiskPart -- In addition to Disk Management information, Diskpart provides disk ID and disk type

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View Disk Properties


View disk properties by using Disk Management View disk properties by using Diskpart

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Purpose of a Mounted Drive


Adds volume to systems without adding separate drive letters for each new volume
-- Disk Management assigns a drive path to the drive rather than a drive letter -- Drive paths retain their association to the drive -- Add or rearrange storage devices without the drive path failing

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Creating a Mounted Drive


Procedure In Computer Management, open Disk Management Right-clcik the volume that you want to mount, and then click Change Drive Letter and Paths. Click Add, browse to Mount in the following empty NTFS folder

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Basic Disks Vs Dynamic Disk


Basic Disks It provides segregated space to organize the data It can be divided into four primarypartitons or up to three primary partition and one extended partition. Dynamic Disks A dynamic disk can be used to create volumes that span multiple disks There is no limit on the number of volumes per disk that canbe configured on a dynamic disk Used to create fault-tolerant disks that ensure data intergrity when hardware failures occur
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Conevert Basic to Dynamic Disks


Create and delete simple, spanned, striped, mirrored and RAID-5 volumes Extend a simple or spanned volume Repair mirrored or RAID-5 volumes Reactivate volumes that span more the one disk

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Dynamic Disk Conversion


Can convert a disk from basic to dynamic storage at any time without losing data Dynamic disks are associated with Disk Groups
-- Disk Group help to organize dynamic disks -- Each disk in a Disk Group stores replicas of the same configuration data -- Windows initializes the disk with a Disk Group identity and a copy of the current Disk Group configurtion

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Dynamic Disk Conversion


Existing partitions on the basic disk become volumes Dynamic disks can be reverted back to basic disks
-- Disk structure and data is not maintained -- Back up data before reverting

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Converting Basic Disk to Dynamic


Procedure In Computer Management, open Disk Management Right-click the basic disk that you want to convert, click Convert to Dynamic Disk, and then follow he instructons

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Reverting a Dynamic to Basic Disk


Procedure Back up all volumes on the disk that yo want to convert from dynamic to basic In Computer Management, open Disk Management Right-click each volume on the dynamic disk that you want to revert to a basic disk, and then click Delete Volume for each volume on the disk. When all volumes on the disk have been deleted, right-click the disk, and then click Convert to Basic Disk Recreate your partitions, and then restore your data to basic disk.
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Creating Volume
Dynamic disks provide featurs that basic disk do not provide All volumes on dynamic disks are known as dynamic volumes Features are: -- Simple Volume -- Spanned Volume -- Striped Volume

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Simple Volume
Contains space on a single disk Can be reated only on dynamic disks Has fewer restrictions tan a basic disk partition Can use the NTFS, FAT, or FAT32 file system Can be extended if formatted with NTFS

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Create a Simple Volume


There are two methods: Create an a Simple Volume by using Disk Management Create a Simple Volume by using Disk Part

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Creating Simple Volume using DiskPart


Procedure Open Command Prompt, and then type diskpart At the diskpart prompt, type list disk At the diskpart prompt, type create volume simple size=n disk=n (where size=n is the size of the disk in megabytes, and disk=n is the number of the disk).

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Creating Simple Volume using DiskPart


Open Command Prompt, and then type diskpart

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Creating Simple Volume using DiskPart


At the diskpart prompt, type list disk

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Creating Simple Volume using DiskPart


At the diskpart prompt, type create volume simple size=n disk=n (where size=n is the size of the disk in megabytes, and disk=n is the number of the disk

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Extended Volume
Created by extending onto unallocated space on the same disk or a different disk Must be unformatted or formatted with a version of NTFS To make additional space without reconfiguring hard disk, you can add space to an existing volume on hard disk

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Spanned Volume
It is a simple volume that allows to create a single logical volume based on unallocated space in other dynamic disks The storage space can be used more efficiently It can be created only using the NTFS file system It doest offers fault tolerance If one of the disk that contains a spanned volume fails, the entire volume fails and all the data is lost

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Creating a Spanned Volume


Creating an Extended or Spanned Volume using Disk Management In Computer Management, open Disk Management Right-click the simple or spanned volume you want to extend, click Extend Volume, and then follow the instructions

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Creating a Spanned Volume


Creating an Extended or Spanned Volume using DiskPart Open Command Prompt, and then type diskpart At the diskpart prompt, type list volume At the diskpart prompt, type select volume n )where n is the basic volume that you want to extend into contiguous, empty space on the same disk) At the diskpart prompt, type extend size=o (where o is the size of he extended partition in megabytes).

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Creating an Extended or Spanned Volume using DiskPart


Open Command Prompt, and then type diskpart

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Creating an Extended or Spanned Volume using DiskPart


At the diskpart prompt, type list volume

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Creating an Extended or Spanned Volume using DiskPart


At the diskpart prompt, type select volume n )where n is the basic volume that you want to extend into contiguous, empty space on the same disk)

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Creating an Extended or Spanned Volume using DiskPart


At the diskpart prompt, type extend size=o (where o is the size of he extended partition in megabytes).

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Striped Volume
It stores data on two or more physical disks by comnbining area of free space into one logical volume on a dynamic disk. Striped Volumes also known as RAID 0 Striped Volumes is used when: -- Read from or write to large databases. -- Load program images, dynamic-link libraries (DLLs), or run-time linraries. -- Want to provide the best performance for high usage files
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Creating Striped Volumes


Procedure for creating a striped volume using DiskPart Open Command Prompt, and then type diskpart At the diskpart prompt, type list disk At the diskpart prompt, type create volume stripe size=n disk=n (where size=n is the size of the disk in megabytes, and disk=n are the numbers of the disks you are striping).

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Procedure for creating a striped volume using DiskPart


Open Command Prompt, and then type diskpart

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Procedure for creating a striped volume using DiskPart


At the diskpart prompt, type list disk

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Procedure for creating a striped volume using DiskPart


At the diskpart prompt, type create volume stripe size=n disk=n (where size=n is the size of the disk in megabytes, and disk=n are the numbers of the disks you are striping).

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Importing a Disk
Move a disk from another system or within the same system by importing it. After it is imported, Disk Management refers to it as Foreign Disk

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Foreign Disk
A dynamic disk when moved to a local computer from another computer running: -- Windows 2000 -- Windows XP Professional -- Windows XP 64-Bit Edition -- Windows 2003 Family A disk moved within the same system, in some cases. A disk moved from a disk group to another computer that contains its own disk group can be displayed as a foreign disk
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Offline Disk
Offline disk is a status found in Disk Management A dynamic disk can be offline if corrupted or intermittently unavailable A forgein disk that fails is always offline Reactivivate a dynamic or forgein disk to bring it back online.

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Thank u.

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