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3Bool?s

on B^ppt

m\t>

CbalDaea

Vol. XX.

OF THE SERIES

THE

EGYPTIAN HEAVEN AND HELL

Vol.

I.

THE BOOK AM-TUAT

BOOKS ON EGYPT AND CHALDAEA.


EGYPTIAN KELIGION. EGYPTIAN MAGIC. Vol. III.- EGYPTIAN LANGUAGE. Vol. IV.- BABYLONIAN RELIGION. Vol. V.- ASSYRIAN LANGUAGE. Vol. VI.- BOOK OF THE DEAD, vol.
Vol. I.-

Vol. II.-

i.

VII.Vol. VIII.Vol.

,,

Vol.

IX. HISTORY

OF EGYPT,

Vol.

X.-

vol. ii. vol. iii. vol. i. vol. ii.

Vol.
Vol.
Vol. Vol. Vol.

XI.XII.

XIII.

XIV.-

Vol.

XV.

,,
,,

THE DECREES OF MEMPHIS AND CANOPUS-THE ROSETTA STONE, vol. Vol. XVIII. THE DECREES OF MEMPHIS AND CANOPUS-THE ROSETTA STONE, vol. Vol. XIX.- THE DECREES OF MEMPHIS AND
Vol.

XVI.

vol. vol. vol. vol. vol. vol.

iii.

iv.

V.
vi.

vii.
viii.

XVII.-

i.

ii.

CANOPUS-THE STELE OF CANOPUS,


iii.

vol.

XX.Vol. XXI.Vol. Vol. XXII.Vol. XXIII.-

EGYPTIAN HEAVEN AND HELL,


,,

>,

.,

vol. vol. vol.

i.

ii. iii.

BABYLONIAN MAGIC.
Full
Pro?]:iectuf^

\_I,>

preparation.-]

on appt'cofion.

KEG AN PAUL, TEENCH, TEUBNEE

&

CO. Ltd.

Dryden House, Gerrard Street, London, W.

Boolf^g

on igQ^pt

arib (Tbalbaea

THE

EGYPTIAN HEAVEN AND HELL

BY

E. A.

WALLIS BUDGE, M.A., Litt.D., D.Litt., D.Lit.


KEEPER OF THE EGYPTIAN AND ASSYRIAN ANTIQUITIES
IN

THE BRITISH MUSEUM

VOL.

I.

THE BOOK AM-TUAT


WITH
i8o

ILLUSTRATIONS

LONDON

KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER &


Dryden House,
43,

CO. Ltd.

Gerrard Street, W.

1905
[^// rights
reserved']

LOXDOIT PRINTED BT GILBERT AND KHINGTON LIMITED


ST.

John's hoitse, clerkenwell,

e.c.

PJ

V.

NOTE
This volume
treat of the
is

the

first of

a series of three volumes which


It

Egyptian Heaven and Hell,


text
of

contains the

complete

hieroglyphic

the
of

Book Am-Tuat, with


the illustrations.

translations,
series of

and reproductions

all

Chapters dealing with the origin and contents of

Books
full

of the

Other World, with prefatory remarks, and a


thii'd

index to the whole work, will be found in the

volume.

483P56
LIBRARY

CONTENTS.

CHAP.

PAGE
:

I.

The Book Am-Tuat The Title of the Work The First Division, or Western Vestibule, or

....
With
8
.

THE Tuat, called Net-Ea.


trations
II.

........
Illus-

The

Second

Division

of

the Tuat,

called
.

III.

.21 Urnes. Witb 11 Illustrations. The Third Division of the Tuat, called Netneb-ua-kheper-aut.

With 13

Illustrations

44

IV.

V.

VI.

The Fourth Division of the Tuat, called Ankhet-kheperu. With 7 Illustrations The Fifth Division of the Tuat, called Ament. With 8 Illustrations The Sixth Division of the Tuat, called Metchet-mu-nebt-Tuat. With 19 Illustra. .

62

85

tions

116

VII.

VIII.

IX.

The Seventh Division of the Tuat, called Thephet-sheta. With 18 Illustrations 139 The Eighth Division of the Tuat, called Tebat-neteru-s. With 17 Illustrations 161 The Ninth Division of the Tuat, called Bestaru-ankhet-kheperu. With 18 Illustrations. 186
.
. . .

VIll
CHAP.

CONTENTS
PAGE

X.
XI.

The Tenth Division of the That, called MetetQA-UTCHEBU. With 22 Illustrations 207 The Eleventh Division of the Tuat, called Ee-en-qerert-apt-khatu. With 26 Illustra.

tions

232
Division, or Eastern Vestibule,

XII.

The Twelfth
mestu.

of the Tuat, called Kheper-kekiu-khau-

With 13

Illustrations

....

256

EEEATA
P. 32,
1.

1,

for "phallus" read

"Ass"

p. 60,

1.

13, for

"Hon"
p. 70,

read
1.

"Hou";
for
kt

i&id,

1.

19, for

"confieh" read "coufieh";


p.

7,

7^
^^^:
p. 256,

read

f^
H
1.

81,

1.

6,

for

^""^ "^^ read


lL
/\A/VW\

%s.

^X^

p. 139,
3,

3,

for

"Thephet-Asar" read "Thephet-

shetat";

1.

for

"Then-neteru" read " Kheper-kekiu-

khau-mestu."

THE BOOK AM-TUAT


THE TITLE OF THE WOKK
"The wkitings and the drawings of the hidden "PALACE which APPEETAIN TO THE SOULS, AND THE "GODS, AND THE SHADOWS, AND THE SPIRITS, WHICH "COMPOSE THE BEGINNING OF THE HORN OF AmENT,
"
" "

OF THE HORIZON OF AmENT, [WHICH

IS]

THE UTMOST

BOUNDARY OF THE THICK DARKNESS OF THE HORIZON OF AmENTET, CONTAINING THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE SOULS "of the tuat, and the knowledge of the secret

knowledge of the doors and "the ways through and on which the great god "JOURNEYETH, and THE KNOWLEDGE OF " AND THE KNOWLEDGE OF JHE HOURS AND OF THEIR
"Souls, and the
,

"GODS, AND THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE JOURNEYINGS OF


"

THE HOURS AND OF THEIR GODS, AND THE KNOWLEDGE

"OF THE FORMULAE [WHICH THEY SAY] TO El, AND " THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE SPEECHES WHICH HE MAKETH
B

BOOK OF AM-TUAT

TITLE
EFFECT DESTRUCTION."

"TO THEM, AND THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE GODS "WHO


"

PKAISE HIM AND OF THOSE

WHO

<=>

<2>I

cr^

k k

rzszi

^H
I I
I I

^O
AWW\
Mil
I
I I

III

)\

.jL.

111^

^w-^-^q^v
A/V^AA^
1
p^

.llllllllll.

The duplicate

text reads

:-

t^^^-n.LL^i^^t-^fi;
w
C2SZ]
I

^^-^

II

MO

(^^

f]W^li-J

CHAPTER

I.

THE FIRST DIVISION OF THE TUAT, WHICH IS CALLED NET-RA.


In the scene that
the Tuat, which
ilhistrates
is

the First

Division of

passed through by the

Sun-god

during the First Hour, of the nigh t,


centre of the middle section
is

we

see that the

divided lengthwise into

B.

=*

WKSl =:=

JIm

III

The Boat

of Af, the

dead Sun-j?od.

Maati goddesses. Neken-f

two parts hy a river which Hows along


upper part
is

it.

In the
[1

the boat of the dead Sun-god Af,

who

is

in the

form

of a

ram-headed

man he
;

wears a

disk upon his head, and stands within a shrine in the

Sektet

boat,

i.e.,

the boat in which the god travels


BOOK OF AM-TUAT
to sunset.

from noon

In front of the shrine in the

boat stand the three deities, Ap-uat,

\^ ^"^

Sa,

and the

"

Lady

of

the

Boat,"

^^^

who wears on her head

a disk and horns.

Behind the
a

shrine stand five gods, each having the head of

man

the names of the

first

four are

Heru-Hekenu,

^
the

'^,
r-j-i

Ka-shu,
M,
i.e.,

UP

i.e.,

the " double of Shu,"

Nehes,

the " Look-out," and Hu,

fi

v^, and
q
'KinJ>_
.

fifth

is

the

Steersman

Khekp, <=:>

On
by
is

the high prow of the Sektet boat hangs an object


is

which

said to be a carpet

by some, and a reed mat

others,

and on the

side,

near the curve of the prow,

an utchat.
1.

In front

of the boat

march

The two goddesses Maat, the one representing


AAAAAA
^-^
,

the South of Egypt, and the other the North.


2.

The god Nekent-f, ^:3^


AAAAAA ^^~

who

holds a spear,

or knife, in his left hand.


3.

The

god

Khenti

AiiEKTET,

bearded,

and

in

mummy
Menat.
4.

form, and wearing the "White

Crown and the

The god Sekhet,

or as it

is

written here Sekhmet,

n
5.
6.

lioness-headed.

The god Sehetch-ue,


Four Terms, the

[i

^^^
is

^^j

ram-headed.

first of

which

calledUx-METU-EA,


FIRST DIVISION

NET-RA
11

the second Ut-metu-Tem, {

"y^
Jejuni'
,

the third Ut-metu-Khepeea,


fourth Ut-metu-Asar, {
7.

J!

"vj^

^
is

and the

"v^

The leader
A

of the

company, who
;

is

called

TcHA-

UNNUT,
called

^^
(?),

'^^

^^

by

his
tail.

side

serpent,

Sa

that stands on his

The

sorts

Khenti-Amentet, Sekhet,

Sehet-cli-iir,

the Four Terms, anfi

Tcha-Uiiniit.

This scene

is

explained by the horizontal line of


it,

inscription written above

and the hieroglyphic

text,

based on the editions of Lef^bure and ChampoUion,


reads
AAA/WA
AA/\AAA
:

^.

o 7^
/^/^AA/V\

ywwNA
AAAAAA

y^

^^ c ^

/VWvAA AA/WV\

BOOK OF AM-TUAT

III

<^^ i^^

III

AAA/W^

"The name
"

of

this

Field

is

'Maatl'
which

This god

"arriveth in the

Sektet Boat, he maketh a way


of this city,
is

through the Court

two hundred

"

and twenty measures in length, which he travelleth


through to Urnes.

"
"
"

He

passeth through the water,

which

is

three hundred measures in extent, and he


fields

bestoweth the

upon the gods who follow him.


this Field,
[of

"

Xet-Ea is the name of " name of the guardian


"

Arxebaui

is

the

this

Field].

This god

beginneth to declare in this region the words which


of

"perform the destinies (0


"

those

who

are

in

the

Tuat."

In the lower part

of the

middle section
the

of the scene
is

we have another
beetle;

boat, in
of the

centre of which
is

on one side

beetle

a god with his

knees in the direction of the prow of the boat, but

having his head turned behind him and his hands


raised
is

in adoration of tlie beetle,

and on the other


in adoration

a god

who

also has his

hands raised

of the
"

same

object.

The legend reads


Osiris "
;

ie-,

the coming into being of


For <;2>

as the boat has

D
llieper en.

FIRST DIVISION no
reecl

NET-RA
from
to

mat

or

carpet
that
it

hanging
is
i.e.,

the

prow,

we may assume

intended

represent

the Atet or Matet Boat,

the boat in which the

Sun-god travelled over the sky from sunrise to noon.

The Boat

of tlie Birth of Osiris, with serjDents

and

gotls.

In front

of

the boat glide three serpents, which are

called Sek-re, R
/VWAAA

^~^
^
of these
,

Sefa,

and Nepen,

D
A/WVV\

and in front

march four man-headed

r,4i^SH^
11
(1

LMnl,

ii

*i liilvi

Gods

in the procession or the

Boat of the Birth of

Osiris.

gods and two hawk-headed gods, each with a serpent


in his left hand, a

god called Nabti,

/wwv\

"^^

who

holds a crook

in each hand,
j

Net, or Neith, goddess


BOOK OF AM-TUAT
of the South,

Net, or Neith, goddess

of

the North, and

the goat goddess Artet,

<=> ^rf

The two hawk|


<=i

headed
Meti,
I

gods
on
,

are

called

Tchatui,

\\

and

and the four following gods Abenti,

Sekhet (?),

*filHl ni.

ninl

fi

The explanation
which reads

of

this

scene

is

given

by the
it,

horizontal line of hieroglyphic text written above


:

ii<^=>
<=:>
III

11 /ww^^

^y\

&

II

^ ^ D D

<

AA/Vv/>A

M
^^
1

"^
I

L_ J

ij
1

\
I
I

D '^
I

AWW\
<-

"^
'^
I

^
I

-<2>-

M
I

/VVVWk
I

fl

A
1

f|

'

'*^

/WWAA

"

[The god cometh

to] this Court,

he passeth through

it

" in the

form

of a

ram, and he maketh his transformations

"therein.
" "

After he hath passed through this Court,

the dead

who

are in his following do not [go with

him], but they remain in this Court, and he speaketh


THE NINE APES AND TWELVE GODDESSES
"words unto the gods who are
" these
"

therein.

If copies of

the

made according to the ordinances of hidden house, and after the manner of that which
things be

"is
"

ordered in the hidden house, they shall act as

magical protectors to the

man who maketh


:

them."

In the upper register are the following


I.

Nine

apes,

who

are described as " the gods

open the gates to the Great Soul,"


lllllllll

1
are

'

^ ^^\
1.

who

i;__D

/www (<^^
-nnmn-

'^

o-=>
,

Their

names
.

Un-ta,

^^
^^^
A^A/w\

___^

^ Ba-ta,

"i^ | ===
1

3.

Maa-en-Ea,

0.

4.

Abta, q
1

^
7.

<==>.
Bentii,

5.

Ababen,
J
]i

^ ^^^v^. vA
8.

G.

Aken-ab,
^^.=^
(1 .

[I

AAAAAA

Afa,

(j

9.

Tciiehtcheh, *^

'^

'

I
as the

II,

Twelve divine beings, who are described

" goddesses

who unfold

the portals in the earth,"

^
|

VA

Their names are

1.

Qat-a,

^'k'^l'T"- 2Sekhit, 3. ^ (1(1^.


The variants are: 1.

Nebt-meket,
4.

Y^
3,

Ament-uet,

fl^^^^,
o o

^^.

2.

1^'!^^===.

lO
5.

BOOK OF AM-TUAT
Sheftu,

^^ "v\
A

6.

Een-thethen,
;

7.

Hekent-em-sa-s,

^^^

-^.
.

8.

Qat-

EM-KHU-S,

I
-.
I I

9.

Sekhet-em-

KHEFTIU -4'
I

10.HniT,|^(|(]-^.

/^M
I

yo

ri
Y

,f.

+^

^31
lPJ

i^'

^i
The
nijie

O O

Ape-warders.

The twelve goddesses

of the gates.

Each goddess stands with her arms hanging by her


sides.i

'

The variants are

1.

\
'.

5.

^^.
10.

f-.

11.

-j..

FIRST DIVISION
III.

NET-RA
his
"

II

Nine seated guds, each with

hands raised in
gods
three

adoration of

Ka
flf]

they are called the


'

who
are
a
,

praise

Ra,"

'

%
fi

The

first

nian-

'headed, and are called Hetch-a,


,

^^

Maa-a,

and Hes-a,

^li^

second three are jackal-

headed, and are called Neb-ta-tesher,

V y

c^"^

113a
"^5
I

r^^^^
,

Ap-uat,

\/ ^-^
I

and Ap-sekhemti,

\^ Y
-^

^^^^

the third

three are crocodile-headed, and

are called
'^^^'-^

TciiAT-TuAT,

"^ o J^,

Seki,

hU yA?

Sekhem-hea, HEA,

y Y

^
1

1
;
1

IV. Twelve divine beings, in the form of women,

who
great
are:

are described as " the goddesses


god,"
j

who gnide
Their

the

^ "^^

^^

^
I

names
2.

,.,

1.

Tentenit,

^^^^
(1(1
.=>

^.

Sbai,

PJ *^^1
4.

^-

Mat-nefeeu-neb-set,-^

J^l^^.
Khuai,

Kiiesefet-smatet, ^yj

^
.

^
'

rjj

^^-

^X^*
7.

^-

MaKET-AKI-S,
O
h-

Urt-amt-Tuat,

^^^

"^

.8. Her-ab-uaa-

The variants are:!.

0-

D.

2.

,====^.

3.

0.

4.^

12
SET, <^
10.

BOOK OF AM-TUAT

FIRST
"^^

DIVISION

^^.

9.

Mesperit, I

ushem - hat - kheftiu - s,


Sheset-kee^-maket-neb-s,

11.
12.

^^"W^
\

Teset-tesheeu,

^^ ^^^ '^^

The nine

praisers of.Rf..

The^twelve ?ofldesses>ho guitle Ra.


:

In the lower register are the following


I.

Nine seated

apes,

who

are described as the " c^ods

'

The vnriauts are

1.
L_/W\A/\A /VJ\AA/^,

q^-.pjqq;.

3.

i^- "-^
^=^
-i-

^ o

^
12.

10.

'%

=^

'

"-3^

1^^


NINE APES AND TWELVE FIERY SERPENTS

I3
I

who
fi

sing to
"
(1 (1

Ka

as

he entereth into the Tuat,"

^
(1

AAAAAA

j\ ic

Q
2.

Their names are


KlIENTI-SHE-F,
4.
rjTV.

1.

Am-KAR,
3

h]-

"^ t^^
HEN,

\\

^.
ra
.

ill ^If.
fl
.

HEKENHeTHTI,

EM-BEN-F,
8.

^^

'''''^

5,

7.

Pa-theth,

III!

:^^

<i

="
n

"^

M.JT

"^^^

=^

fill
51

,^'

c^

u
fl

A
Ami
The nine singing apes.
II.

^
IL'

IS

The

t^velve hght-giving uraei.

Twelve' serpents,

who throw

fire

forth from their

mouths, and are described as

" those

who make

light

The

variants

are

: 1.
iii.)

^hLJ-

"*

A'

^'^

Diimichen's edition

(pi.

three of the apes are called Besi,

jn

(1(1,

TUAI,

[j(],

aud Abti,


14

BOOK OF AM-TUAT

FIRST

DIVISION
:

the darkness in the Tuat."

Their names are

1.

Besit,

4.

KhUT-MU, ^ciAAAAAA.
I

5.

HeSEQ - KHEFTI
1

SET,

2^^=^

6.

Nefekt-kha,

<=> Q

7.

Mert-

NESEK,
9.

Ap-she,
Ap-ast,

^l||\/ nwn.
j]

^-l^EHENT,
10.

Jl
(1(|

Q^
[i

Nesekt,

"^"^ "^^"^

11.

V
, . .

1^-

Shenit,

^.1

III.

Nine man-headed gods, with

their
as

hands raised

in

adoration,

who

are

described

the "gods

who

praise [Ra],
'y-''^
I
I I

the lord of the


1

company

of the gods,"
:

9
I

I I
I

^ iiiMe ^ Wii^
(1
-

III

fjf SiJ

Their names are

1.

Ka-Tuat,
Aka,
(]

^
(]

^.
4.

2.

Hetem-ab, ?
(1

o
5.

f^^

tft.

3.

<=>
6.

\.

Aau,

"^ %^
il^.
.

Hemhem,

rO
8.

ra.

Ka-.\eteeu,
5

U
J

7.

TuATI,^^\.

Hekennu - Ea,
AAAAAA
*^^

^^

9.

Aa

^^
-

atei;,

I]
1

--^

/-AyyVs^

The variants are : 1.

(1 [1
I

Ci

4.

^O

/^

^^AAA^ AAAAA^

5.

ft

A.

THE PRAISERS OF RA

15

IV. Twelve goddesses, with their arms hanging by


their sides,
to
Ila as

who

are described as " those

who

he passeth over Uknes,"


(=

H
.

^
..

^
:

give praises
D

rn

P AAAAAA

ji
)

D
1.

<=r> _f__ D

^^ "~*!~
in.
.

'

Their names are

NETER
3.

- s,

^^J?

2.

Art - neter
A^^AAA

- s,

(j

Maa'^
1 1

Hekent,
;;;

AAAAAA

4.

Net,

5.

Apert-re,

b^
:rO
Ml
--^

'^

;ir

irii

'9 "3

J. J.

frff

ktl

The nine praisers

of Ra.

The twelve goddesses who sing

to Ra.

D
8.

).

Ab,

tt;

7.

Nebt-iiet,

TT

<=^ .

Hra-seni(?),
Nutet,

"^n'
11. Ame^s'T,

9.

Tefnut,
.

10.

"

12. AsT,

c..

The variants are

1.

V- -'^

10.
I

^.

11.

i6

BOOK OF AM-TUAT

FIRST
}

DIVISION
to the gods in

The address which the Sun-god makes


the First Division of the Tuat reads

li^W1in-|]-

I 1

lllllllll

,^^,w\

lUlMI

AAAAAA
I I

J\

^^'
/V\AAAA
I

[l^i]

/WWv\

e Q.^^

JAAA/W\
fl

JQ

Nsr\f'iw
I

lllllllll

CZHZl

^ w
'

See Lefebiire, op.

cii.,

part

iv.,

pi.

28,

aud

Bescrijition

de

VMgypte,

torn, v., pi. 41, uo. 5.

ADDRESS OF RA TO THE GODS


AAA/vNA

17

~,

AA^AAA
/W^/Vv

/\AA/^V\

-<g>/wvvv\

i^^j^^

AA/WV\
I
I I

/WWVA
I I

^^
-Msr

ri

/WWSA
I
I I

rU
n

_^

^^\

^^^

AAAAAA

LcM^J
lllllllll

111 I

III

<=^

^ <=> o
3D

AV\AA^

AA/V^A

A/^A^v^A

v_^
-nnnir

[aaaaaa

lllllllll

<P> r? of

A.WSAA,

z]

AAA/WA ^
v^przit

[|]J

cnn
r

Mfflhu^
lllllllll lllllllll

f^^^ra^ys?^
c--]
z]
'

(2

o
i

iiiiiini

^=1

r^^^^

iiMi i i i r

<)

ii

iii

^' ;r

^ w JM

\\

m
A AWW\
<;;2I> Ci i^
1

is^"-^

i8

BOOK OF AM-TUAT

FIRST
U /^^WA

DIVISION

i:i ooD

A/^A^^^ aaaaaa

mi
o

AA/vvN

1 A^/^AA^
I

"

^
V
I
I

'llllllll

AAAAAA

A
I

(2

III

iBHlP
111I

^ r*'^
I

^
I
I

oq
A
I

iJirT] ^

ill!

<0.
I

/wvw\

I!

^ Jr

A
III III

0^:>^^

l^^^ ^ ^

The Majesty
taken up

of this

god standeth up after he hath

his position in this Court,

and he addresseth
into your Courts

words
" "

to the gods

who

are therein, saying, " Open_ye to


let

me

your doors, and

me come

Give

ye light unto me,

and make ye yourselves guides

" to

me,

ye who came into being from


to you.

my

members,
of

"

my

word hath gone forth


I

Ye

are

made

" bodies, I " soul.

have made you, having fashioned you of have created you,


I

my my

have made you by means

ADDRESS OF THE GODS TO RA


" of
"

IQ

my

enchantments, [and] I have come to avenge


of

myself the blood

my members
it.

which have risen up


perfect with the

" against "


"

me, and I will bring to destruction that which


I will

hath been made for


of

make

my

forms Osiris Khenti Amenti.

Open

" to " to
"

me me

the doors with your hands,

ye Apes, unfold

the portals of the Courts,


(or,

ye Apes, [and

welcome] the gods


being from

goddesses)

who have come

" into

my

divine Souls,

"come ye
" "

into being for(?)

come ye into being, Khepera, ye who have


Stand ye up, in

your being at the head

of the Tuat.

Urnes, and stablish ye yourselves on the secret banks

" thereof,
"

and work ye

for the gods of

Tuat

in the

Court which ye guard, possess ye your plans in your

" seats, in

your domains and in your


of this

fields."

The gods
" secret

Court say unto Ea,


,

"

great god,
of the

" [the doors] are

opened to thee and the portals

Ament are thrown


the

open before thee, the doors

"of
"

Nut

the great are thrown wide open, illumine

thou

darkness of

night
is

(or,

thick

darkness),

"
"

provide for that which

in the place of destruction,


of

and approach thou in thy name


Osiris

Ea
is

the place where

" is

Khenti Amenti.

There

a shout of joy
(?).

" to
"

Ea

at the entrance to the doors of the earth

Praise be to thee and

make thou

perfect the light,

and

"
"

enter thou [in through the habitations] of the Great

Country.

The Apes (amhenti) open the doors

to thee,

"
"

the Apes (amhetetu) unfold to thee the portals, the serpents sing and exalt thee, and the divine serpents

20

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

FIRST

DIVISION

"ligliteu thy darkness for thee

Ea, the

"goddess of the hour cometh to thee, the two SoUL"

Goddesses tow thee along in thy form, and thou


up thy position on the ground
wilt
of the Field of

" takest

" [this] land.

Thou hast taken possession


bring in
the
day,

of the night,

"and thou
"

and [thou] dost

make long the hours, and thy boat cometh Thou seizest the grain of the god Henbet "in thy secret place (?) ISTet. Thou openest Net-Ea,
likewise
" to rest.

"

thou uncoverest the god Tcheba, the uraeus goddesses

" (neterit) of

Urnes acclaim

thee, the uraeus goddesses


is

"(nehenuit) ascribe praise to thee, thy word


"against thine enemies, thou
"

madt
to

givest

tribulations

those

who

are condemned."
of this

The Majesty
come
fortifications

god uttereth words after he hath


Court, he

forth into this


thereof,
"

doeth battle at the


this

the doors of

[Court]

are

strong,
"

saying,
to

Shut

[your

doors]

by your

bolts.

Come ye

me, advance ye to me,

make ye your way


;

" [to
"

me], and ye shall abide in your place


of

take ye up

your stand on the banks

the

stream [U rnes]."
(i.e.,

This great god passeth them by, and they


gods) wail

the

Uenes.
nu-Ea."

when he hath gone by them in the Field of [The goddess of] the hour who guideth [this
is "

great god] through this Court

Ushe.m-hat-kheftiu-

21

CHAPTER

11.

THE SECOND DIVISION OF THE TUAT, WHICH IS CALLED UENES.


In the scene that
the Tuat, which
ilhistvates the
is

Second Division

of

passed

through by the Sun-god

^A4^

The Boat

of At" in tho

Second Hour.

during the Second


Rani-lieaded god

Hour of the niuh t, the Boat of Af is seen making its way along

the
the

22

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

stream which Hows, as before, through the division


lengthwise; the crew consists of the same gods, and

they occupy the same positions in the boat as they did


in the First [Division.
It
is,

however, important to

notice that immediately in front of Ap-uat


serpents,
tively,
J]

we

see

two

which are called


rj,

Isis

and IsTephthy s respec-

occupying the front of the boat.

No

carpet or

mat hangs over

the bows of the boat, and the


its side
;

utchat

is

not represented on

the boat moves

over the waters by means of some power exerted either

by

itself or

by some

of the

gods

who
is

stand in

it.

In

front of the boat of


of four

Af

the

way

led

by a procession

boats,

which are moved, presumably, by the


of Ka.

same power which moves the boat

human

The FIRST BOAT has ends which terminate in bearded heads, and its celestial and solar character is
i^^^^,

attested by the sign for "heaven,"

and the utchat

'^^, with which


which
rests

its sides

are ornamented.

The

object

of this boat is to support the disk of the full

moon

within a crescent upon a support divided

into thirteen sections, each typifymg a

day

thus the

moon as it appears on the month is here represented. By


full

fourteenth day of the


the disk kneels a god
/-.--S.

who

is

"

supporting Maat," r^*^


is

which

is

symbolized by a feather, and

described by the
it

word

Maat,
of the

^^

written between

and the support

moon's disk.

In the mutilated text above the

THE SECOND
boat
it is saitl

DIVISION

tJRNES

23

that " this great god approacheth this


is

" region,

and he
through

conveyed along in the boats


of this

of the

"earth, by
"

means

their

and he paddleth
\ittereth

along

Field

and

words,"

Pp^^i
Jl

D
/AAAAA

V?'^
O
5S

\S\ _/J
III

ftAAAAA
I I
I

^ V

1^-

The Boat

of tlio Fall

Moon.

The name

of the fore part of the boat

appears to be
is

UiiEi;, <=!:=>

^^^, and in front of the boat

written
>^;

Chief of the gods of the Tuat,"

Var.

|_j

i^

24

THE BOOK OK AM-TUAT


moon
read
[1

the hieroglyphics above the full

V:^

nH
,-T-.^ AAAAAA

^^

^^^^^

those above the stern of the boat

read, "Field of

him

that beareth up Uknes,"


\>

The ends

of the

second boat likewise terminate in


B

|l

^r^iri

The Boat

of the goddess Hathor.

bearded

human

heads, but each

is

surmounted by a
the

pair of plumes.

In the centre of the boat, between


is

two goddesses, stands a huge sistrum, which


symbol
boat
is

of the

goddess Hathor and indicates that the


,

that of Hathor, or of Hathor-Isis.

In the
described

fore part of the boat is a beetle,


as " This great

which

is

god Neper,"

-tJ
j

THE SECOND DIVISION


Above the goddess
written the words,
to

tJRNES
of

25

the

left

the

sistnun are

" their
"^^^-^^i

boats send forth their words,"

M
is

Jr .^f III'
V\
[1

over

the

plumed head ^
,

in

front

written

and over
it,"

that at the other end of the boat, " Osiris^crieth to

The Boat

of the Lizard-god.

ra

JA
-1-*

<zr>
M

On

the side of the boat are the

and F=q The prow of the third boat is surmounted by a crown of tlie South, and the stern by a crown of the
signs "^^^^

North, and

between
gods

the

two

sceptres,
i.e.,

()(),

which

syml:)olize the

Anpu and Ap-uat,

the jackal-

26
headed gods

THE BOOK OF AM-tUAT


of the of

South and North,

is

a huge lizard,
of Osiris

from the back


a

which spring the head

and

White Crown. '^^ and f=^.

On

the side of the boat are the signs


of

Above the crown

the

North

is

the legend U-ue, V^

-^ ^=:f

\vhich, howe\'er,

probably

refers to the sceptre near it

above the lizard we have

"^
re

~\

The Boat

of the (.Train-god Neper.

abo^'c the foremost sceptre,

A^AA^^

and immediately in front


of the lioat is of the of
|

is

/ww^
^

and under the front

111^

^
\\

The prow and stern


heads of uraei,
eaeli

fourth boat terminate in


is

which

turned towards the


URNES

THE SECOND
deity

DIVISION

27
In the

who

is

kneeling

iii

the middle of the hoat.

centre kneels a

behind her

woman without arms, and Ijefore and stands a man, who is likewise without arms.
of the Ijoat

At each end

grows a plant

or,

perhaps, a
is

large ear of wheat, which indicates that the boat

that of the form of Osiris a s the god of vegetation,

who

is

known by

the

name Neper.

The legend by
"

the ear of corn in the front of the boat reads,

the boat

which conveyeth Neper,"

(1

IjrS,

N^

'^

'^

A^^^AA

j| ^
of

and that by the ear


herbs

in
[

the

stern,
'^

" collector (?)

and

plants,"

"^^

\\ V\

x^'^

^'

The deity
called

in the boat, or the boat itself perhaps, is


k

Hept-mena-f-tua-uaa-f,
This boat
is

i
boat
of

(1

^^
uwl

C^^fl^^^.
Neper, the god
god
of vegetation

the

the

of grain,
;

and a form

of Osiris as the
its

it

may

be noted that

side has

no

utchat

'^^ upon

it.
:

In the upper register are


1.

bearded god, with a phallus in the form of a

knife, called
i.e.,

AsT

Netcii-t, [U^

^^

or,

^ 'y ^

" Isis,

the avengeress."
of similar
1
fill

2.

god

form and attribute called Seb](

Qenbeti,
corners."
3.

"^^
_/j"

A/yWW

rfCj

\\

3
LI

i.e.,

"

Seb

of

the two

A ram-headed god,

with a similar attribute, called

28

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Qenbeti,
Pj c=^

Khnemu
corners."
4.

i.e.,

"

Khnemu

of

the two

An
"

ibis-headed

god,

with a similar
/2
<Ql
,

attribute,
n

called
i.e.,

Tehuti-her-khent-f,
his steps."

>^

^^
<rr>

^^-^^^

/^\ '^"=^?

Thoth on

5.

An
"

ape-headed

god,

with a similar
[1

attribute,

called
i.e.,

Afu-iiek-khext-f,
his steps."

%.

aaa^a^

^^^=^
,

Afu on

^^^MiMMMISMlMSSSM^

Second Hour.
6.

Upper

Register.

Gods Nos. 17.

Lioness-headed deity, with a similar attribute,

called Ketuit-tent-ba,
i.e.,

^'?>^
^5^

'h

"

Cutter of the soul."


the

All

above

gods are in

mummied

form,

and

occupy chairs
7.

of state.

god standing upright, and holding a


he
is

hlierp

sceptre or weapou, 8, in his left hand;

called

THE SECOND DIVISION


Sekhem-a-kiieftiu

URNES
i.e.,
Ill

29
"

?
of the

Over-

comer
8.

of the

power

enemy."

hawk -headed

god, with a iiraeus on his head,

called
9.

Heru-Tuat,
god,

v\

^,

i.e.,

"Horns

of the Tnat."

who

holds a knife in his left hand, and


;

has his right raised to strike

he

is

called Seben-hesq-

KHAIBITU

'PJ'^i

^T
\m
2

Secnnil Hour.

Upper

Register.

Gocls N<is.

8 15.
respectively

10, 11.

Two
,

ape-headed

gods,
M /wwva of a
.

called

and Aana,

12.

god with the head


i.e..

hawk and
is

the head of

an animal,
"

Set and Heru-ur, who


"^

here called

He

of the

two

faces,"

^w

13, 14.

The crook

of Osiris,

'^^^^


30

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


of a serpent called

aud the upper half


i.e.,

Met-en-Asak,
with the head

" staff of Osiris."

15.

The term

of Osiris facing a deity


is

of
i.e.,

a lioness,

who

called

Sesent-khu,

7^
has a sceptre
;

" Terrifier of spirits."

IG

18.

Three goddesses, each

of

whom

in her left hand,

and a uraeus on her head

their

names

"

Secoad Hour.

Upper

Register.

Gods Nos. 1621.

are

]\Iest-s-tcheses,

ITI

'*

/5T\

"^

"

Amama

KHEFTIU,

and Hert-Tuati,

1921. The goddesses SEKHET,of Thebes,

'Y'

'I

^,

Am

tcheeu,
1

M\'

AmEXT - NEFERT

<=::>,

and Xet-TEPT-ANT

y-v^

THE SECOND

DIVISION

URNES
:

3I

In the lower register are the following


1.

A god,
4.

standing, called Nebaui,


of

[j

^
J

\\

[|,f|,-

Three gods, each


;

whom

has two ears of corn

stuck in his hair

these are called Besua,

-^5
(1

Neper,
5

^^ ^

and Tepu (?),

^^

(or,

Pan, Q
of

/vw^^

7.

Three gods, each holding an ear

wheat in

Second Hour.

Lower

Reonster.

Gods Nos. 18.

his left

hand
,

their

names are Hetch-a,

O])

Ab,

Jf
8.

and Nepen,

d
AA/WV\

god, holding a knife in his left hand, called


k

Ar-ast-neter,
9

i |

11.

Three gods, seated, in

mummy
i.e.,

forms.
is

The
called

first

has the head of a horned animal, and

Amu-aa,

"

the Eater of the

(=u)

32
phallus "
called
lias
;

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


the second has the head of a man, and
is

^g^ ^-=>
head

(1 (1

Akhabit
and
is

and the third


!N"ebt-ta-

the

of

a jackal,
C^:C^.

called

TCHESEE,
12.

The

-od

OsiPJS

Un-xefee,

^T"^^^,
holds in each
star.

in

mummy
13.

form, wearing the crown of the South.

The god Khui, ''^,

? M.

who

hand a long lotus-topped sceptre surmounted by a

i.f.

ilirr

'Mil f Met-

Second Hour.

Lower

Register.

Gods Xos.
?)

15.

14.

The two-headed god (Horus-Set

called Hra-f-

A-r,

^ ^.
The god Heru-hen,
V

15.

^.

16. 17.

Two

gods, each holding in his left

hand the

sign of life inverted; their

names are HuN,


Vi>

fi

"^^j

and Hetchetchtu,

ft

o^^ ^

' , ;

THE SECOND
18
their

DIVISION

URNES
"^ <=>
j
j

33

20.

Three gods, each holding a palm branch


%
[1

names are Neha,

(or, IsTareh,

Makhi,
21.

X Q?)

(1

and Eenpiti,

^/^wva \\

A god,

who

holds a knife in his left hand, and

is

called
22.
,

Afau,^^^^.
A god, holding in his
hand the symbol
of "year,"

i who is called Fa-ar-tru, ^l^^"^^

QO

V
..'.^^-t;

"

/frrtES-^c^ul flares.

-f

^R <^^^

Second Hour.

Lower

Register.

Gods Nos.

16

22.

The text
reads
:

referring to the gods in the upper register

A .^
A'VWW <.-*

J\

_Zi

-ZT^^

-11

^N\N\r^

AV^WS ^^ _Zi

^n-

34

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

/WW\A/\ AA/NAAA

f^
I I I

V
I
I I

^^i^i^rr^^
<::^ b
-^^

5>=

ra

"^=1

(]^_.ra-^
I I I

V
Ji

1 :^k^11^Jlii
I
I I
I

D a

7i

1^
who

cr^i
I

a,

ra

^i^T^^l.^
"

',

^ ^ w
I

(\yx)

[Those

are in this picture] praise this great


to

" god_ after " is their


"

he hath come forth

them, and behold,

it

words which lead him

to

them

they lament

when he hath passed onwards, having spoken words them. Behold, these gods are they who make the " words of those who are upon earth to reach [the god], " and it is they N\ho make soids to approach their forms.
" to "

Their work consisteth in causing to come into being


offerings of

" the

the night, and in performing the

THE SECOND DIVISION


"

URNES
It
is

35 they

overthrow

[of

enemies] at

tlieir

hour.

who
this

"
"

guard the day, and who

l)ring

on the night until

great god cometh forth from out of the thick dark-

" ness to

repose in this Court of the eastern horizon of

"heaven.

They cry ou t

in lamentation to this great

"god, and they utter wailings for


"

him

after he hath

passed by them.

Those who know them shall come


he
shall

"forth
"

by day, and

be

able

to

journey
double

during

the niglit to the divisions of the great

"city."

The

texts

which

descrilje the duties of the grxls in


:

the lower register read


I

D
1

^
1 I
t

-U-

Jr'

[^

^ /)

y
\.,

VS\

^"^

AA/SA/\A

IJ

v\

A/WW\
I

'l

A'A/V\/\\

I^

A/WW\
I
I

^WSAA

k^

III

Tjz:::

j^

36

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


I

lf{

t
A^-vyvN
I

/Vs/WV\

it^a^.
-T^

0=3

D D
I

D ^

"

[Those

who

are in this picture give imto this great

god the seasons] and the years which are in their


hands.

When

this great

god hath made speech with


life

them, they answer him, and they have

through

the voice of this great god, and their throats draw in


breath, for

when

lie

crieth to

them he ordereth them


to

what they are

to do,

and he appointeth
field.

them green
they supply

herbs in abundance in their

And

with the green herbs

the following
to the spirits

'

Urnes the gods who are in of Ra, and they make offerings of water by the command of this great god, and
of
fire
is

'

they kindle flames of

in order to burn

up the

'

enemies

of Ra,

and there

wailing to them, and they

'lament after this great god hath passed them by.


'

Am-nebaui
knoweth

is

the guardian of this Field

whosoever
equipped

'

[this] is in the condition of a spu'it

'

with [words of power], and [the gods] protect [him]."

DIVISION

THE SECOND
The
five lines of text

URNES
:

37

which contain the address of


of the god, read

the gods to

Ea, and the answer


11!

n^

fi

tk 1^7^

-^

*<-=^

^^

Blilllllll

V^

'""^^ AA^NA

'^^

N\r\l\N\

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Q.

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((III

raq^i:^ -

ra

e
(3

Jv

Sf^^D^ll^
^^%^'
^-r

i"""""] f\y^>/^

/VWW\

^
D

{^
^W O
=^1^
1

The sarcophagus

of

Nectauebus

gives

^ A/W\AA

^^
Ibid.

mm \\%
1

T^-

38
AAA/V\A
ft.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


n

"i^
(^
III
I

J\

\>

A^'^

^^,^

h^1\1
I I I

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IIIIIHII
lllllllll

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771

c:^

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c^

^,

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iff

^'^^^
IJ

^
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<:i)

P'"'"^^

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LI

/V'JW^

AAAAA^

f1

AA

;1
11 II
II

rtln

^ ml^;r:::^^iii ^^ Tniirarlll ^ JT

s
AAAAAA A^^AAA A/VVW\
I
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A^AAA^
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AA^^A^ A^A^vV^

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.e-

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Pi

ra

111!
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li^
o
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Ibid,.

AiVVWV
1

^
1

"^^^

O
^
III
I

Q^ Jrs=3

111

^s^^Ti
^im
n-

^AA^A^
I I

^*^l

THE SECOND

DIVISION

URNES
^
.

39

T
^
I

JWWNA
1 I
I

H
AA/\AA^

9-1111
^5^
AA/VW\
I

lii& JT^

f:A/V\AAA
1

^fl

II

n AA'vv\^

-fs

Hi
llltllllll.

AAA/NAA
'^-^

AAAAAA

Jl

iill

/ill A/WWS

II <=-

<=>ii

III

-^^

k
jJJX.
I
I I

III

m
I I

.Q

III

AAAAAA /
AAA/VVA

^^0.

^
III

^^^1 111']

.m Jr

^^=
^
I I

liit

>^

-M ^^

PP

III

AW^A^

/WWW

A/V\AAA

^ Q
I

~7T~

Ji

40

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

A.WWV A'WWV

2^

^
I

fl

fl

'V\

rJT

(S

J^^
H

WVWV

C^

Ja*^

The gods
he
"
is

of the

Tuat speak

to this great

god as he

entereth iu with understanding to the boundary, and

borne over Net-Ea into Urnes, saying, "Hail,


risest as a

thou who

Mighty Soul (Kha-ba-aa) who


,

" hast received [the things


"

which belong

to] the

Tuat,

Af, thou guardian of heaven

thou

livest,

"Ar, in Ta-teseet.
"

Come

thou,

and

cast thou thine

eye in thy

name

of Living One,

Khepera, at the head


thou

" of "

the Tuat.

Traverse thou this Field,

who
is

hast might, bind thou with fetters the

Hau

serpent,

"and smite thou the serpent Neha-hra.


" rejoicing in "
"

There

heaven, and there are shouts of gladness


of

upon the earth at the entrance


body.

thy

(literally, his)

He who

shineth sendeth forth light, and the

"

Uru

gods give light [at

dawn

destroy thou]

the

THE SECOND
" "
"

DIVISION

URNES
name
of

4I

darkness which

is

in

Ament

in thy

SekheeAf.

SHETAU-UK-A, illumine thou the thick darkness,

His jawbones are to him, and

Ka

taketh up his

" position in

Ament.

Thy

boat

is

to thee,

and

it is

thy

"right, thou art guided along,


"

and those who convey

thee over the water and

who
is

dwell in the earth

make

"calamities to
"behalf.

come upon Apep straightway on thy


protector

Thy

the Star-God (Sba), thou

"art praised and adored, thy soul passeth on, thou


" goest
"

onward and thy body


(?)

is

equipped with power,

and the regions

are opened [to thee].

The doors
and thy
goest to

"of the hidden land are opened [before thee], Osmis

"cometh unto

thee,

Osiris avengeth

thee,

"word
"

is

madt against thy enemies.


form
of

Thou

"rest, thou goest to rest in

Ament, and thou comest


in the East."

into being in the

Khepera

This great god sendeth forth words to the gods


dwell in the Tuat and to those
saying, "
"
"

who

who

inhabit Urnes,

Open ye your hidden


look [upon you] and

doors so that the god

Af may

darkness, and that ye

may throw aside your may draw your water from


,

" " " "

Urnes, and your bread from

and that wind


and

may come
that ye

to

your

nostrils,

and that ye may not be

destroyed and overcome by your

own

foul odour,

may not be choked by your own dung, and " that ye may untie and cast away your swathings, and " that ye may lift up your legs and walk upon them, " and that ye may stretch out your arms, and that your "souls may nut be made to remove themselves from

42
"you.
"

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


ye who live in your forms, and
of

who

utter

your words

magical power,

who

are provided with

"your swords [whereby] ye may hack in pieces the


"

enemies of

Osiris,

whose seasons are permanent, whose

"years are well established,


"

who

pass your state of


youi' estates,

being

[in]

your hours, who dwell in


in

who

"have your barley


"loaves of bread
"

your bread cakes, who have


of

made
[my]

the grain which

is

yours,

whose word

is

mafd, depart from


images,
[that

my
I]

boats,

and

"retreat
"
"

before

may

vivify

anew

this

your Field, the Field


is

living ones.

[My] soul
on

among
behalf,
life

you who have done

" battle

my

who have

protected
soid,

me

against

" "

Apep, who have


through

through

my

who have being


exist

my

bodies,

who

stablish your seats of holiness


to

"which have been decreed


" therein,
"

you that ye may

[who are with your

souls]

by day, w^ho are in


I

my

following in the Tuat,

when

make my way

"

through the night and when


grant

I destroy the darkness,

"
" " "

me

your help so that I

following of

my

eye,

and that

may travel on in the may journey forwards


Utter

with those who go to


ye cries
of joy,

my

place in the East.

gods of the Tuat, for I avenge you,

" [utter

ye

cries of joy,] for I order

yom- destinies."

When

they have addressed this god whilst rowing

along his boat Am-ta, they cry out, and they


to rest in the Field of the

brmg him
in

Nepektiu gods w^ho are

the following of Osiris.

If these scenes

be done [in

writing] according to the similitudes which are in the

THE SECOND

DIVISION
if

URNES
a

43

hidden place of the palace, and


ledge of [these] words
protectors of a

man hath know-

.... they shall act as magical man upon earth, regularly, unfailingly,
The name
of this

and

eternally.

hour

is

Sesilet-

MAKET-NEB-S.

44

CHAPTEE

III.

THE THIRD DIVISION OF THE TUAT, WHICH IS CALLED NET-NEB-UA-KHEPER-AUT.


In the scene which
the Tuat, which
is

ilhistrates the

Third Division

of

passed through by the Sun-god

The Boat

of Af, the

dead Sun-god, iu the Third Hour.

during the Third


of the

Houe
its

o f the night,

we

see the boat

god making

way over

the waters of the river

THIRD DIVISION
in

NET-NEB-UA-KHEPER-AUT
change in the composition
of four mariners,

45

the underworld.

The dead Sun-god Af stands


of the

within a shrine in the form of a ram-headed man, as


before, but there is a

crew, which now consists only

two

of

whom

stand before the shrine and two behind, and the

goddess of the hour and a hawk-headed deity, one of

The Boat which capsizeth.

the forms of Horns,

who

is

occupied in tying loops of

rope to the elongated hawk-headed rowlocks in which


the paddles
in

may
of

be worked.
three

The boat

of

Af

follows

the

train
:

lioats,

which may be

thus

described

The foremost boat is

called

Uaa-Penat, >ca^

^^^^^

46
i.e.,

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


"

The boat which capsizeth "


figures, wh(j

it

contains three
is

hawk-

headecl forms of the god Horns,

and

steered

by two

male

stand one in the bows and the other


of

at the stern.

In the middle
J
[|
,

the boat stand the

hawk-god Bak,
j

^n:^ and the

hawk -goddess Baket,


is

[1

and behind them, standing on a snake,

the

The Boat

of Rest.

third form of Horns.

Between the front steersman


l

and Baket
"Fiery
face,"

is

the

serpent Teka-hra,
aft

<

[1 "^^

i-^-,

and the

steersman bears a name of


A

similar meaning, Nab-hra,

11

T*

The second boat

is

called

Uaa-herer, ItnJ

<=>

THIRD DIVISION
i.e.,

NET-NEB-UA-KHEPER-AUT
of a

47

"The boat

of

Best,"

and has in the middle an

Osiris

god in the form

mummy

each end of the


it is

boat terminates in the liead of a cynocephalus, and


steered by two beings, one of

whom is called Tesem-hra-f,


face
is

He whose

like a knife,"

The Boat

of the Branch.

i.e.,

"

The ferryman who

resteth not."

The

Osiris

god

stands between two gods, one of

whom is called Au-matu,


its

f^ ^^

and the serpent which stands on


first

tail
is

between the steersman in the bows and the


called Set-em-iira-f,

god

48

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


The
third

boat

is

called

Pa-khet, ax^

i.e.,

"

The Branch," and each end terminates


In the middle
of it stands the

in the head of

a lion.

form

of Osiris,

who

is

called Shefshef,
of ram's

^
;

and he wears on

his

head a pair

horns

his

arms and the upper

The Four Forms

of Osiris.

portion of his body are swathed.


the

Behind him stands


,

muimnied form
the

called Am-ta, l\-\\-

and before

hhn

god Keb-uast,
only the

^37 -^01.
of
:

Of the two

steersmen,

name
given

Khenxu,

the

second,

Khex,

or

is

the

name

of the serpent

THIRD DIVISION
which stands on

NET-NEB-UA-KHEPER-AUT
tail
is

49

its

Set-em-maat-f,

The procession
Osiris,

of

boats

is

met by four forms

of

who stand with

the upper portion of their bodies

swathed.
2.

Their names are:

1.

Neb-net,

Meni,

nn.

3.

Ai;i-tcheeu,

^ ^"^^^11.
.
1

/wwva

^vsa^/vn

'vAA^AA

4.

Maa-tcheru,

^"^

'^
:-

The text written above the boats reads

^^
y\
'^'^'VvAA

/vvwv\

^A^

i^^\
<2>I

^
I

/v^^AA^ aa(Vw\

31

rji
WVV
I I I

.<2>-

"^

AAA/V\A

\i

/I

Q.

A/WW\

A V AAAA/W ^C2>- /^

_Z1

_/l

JL

AA/Vv/V\

C3a

^^1
I

\>

/WW\A

_CJ

AAA/^V\

A/^W\A A/WAAA


50
"

, ;

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


This great god journeyeth over Net-neb-ua-kheper(i.e.,

"

AUT

the "Water of the Lord One, the Creator of


is

" food).
"

[He who

iu] this picture transporteth the

boats which are in the earth, and he paddleth Osiris

" to this City. " this

This great god resteth for a period in


his voice to Osiris,

City,
to

and he sendeth forth

"and

those

who

are

his

following,

and [then]
This

" these

hidden boats guide him into this Field.

"great god paddleth through this Field towards the

"Hour Tent-baiu, and


" "

these boats journey roimd to


this

the

district

of

Thettu, after traversing

City.

Whosoever knoweth these things shall have both " habitation and his bread with Ra."
In the upper register are the following
1.
:

his

A
is

dog-headed ape seated on an oval mass


called
is

of

sand
^^

he
"

Her-sha-f,

r\n
o c o

ur

<:ir>
I

III,

He who
2.

on his sand."
'

dog-headed ape called Tcheb-netek, ^^

>

or Tebi-keter, c:^:^

J H^

'

^sated in a cofier(?)

with a vaulted
3, 4.

roof.

Two

jackal -headed gods called A^'PU,


^^^^

(J

and Nehem-kheeu,
KHERU,
5, 6.
|-j-|

i-r-.

v>

Si^

or

Xeha-

A man

and a woman, who hold


of

in each

hand a
called

pupil of the

Eye

Horus, or

Ea

the

man

is

THIRD DIVISION
Anth,
I\

NET-NEB-UA-KHEPER-AUT
He who
brings,"

51

a
,

i.e.,

"

and the woman

Antet,!

i.e.,

"

She who brings."

7.

The ram Sma-kheftiu-f,

,0

111.

8.

A m mummied

form, with projecting hands, called

Pet-ahat,

i^i^
^B'
.,-7

iSK:
;

4?r.

UZZ^^T^}

n
-; QZZ^

Third Hour.

Upper Register.

Gods Nos. 16.

9.

Anubis

of

Thebes,

tj

i'l

the form of a

jackal, coiichant 10.

on a pylon.

kneeling man,

who

holds in his left hand a


is

pupil of the

Eye

of

Ka, and

called

Ak-maat-Ea,

SEHETEP - NETEKU;
"

^^^ 7
of

i.e.,

"

The
the

bringer of the

Eye

Ra,

who maketh content

" gods."

Or,

Or,

52

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

lS^^^Liii^AIiffiiil^i^

Third Hour.

Upper Re^ster.

Gods

>'os.

711.

11.
"

The papyrus sceptre Uk-hekau,


of

^^

T[7?

i--.

Great one
9^.

words

of power,"

surmoimted by a piece

of flesh,

12

15.

Four

gods,

whose

names

are

Sah-ab,

Third Hour.

Upper

Register.

Gods Xo8. 1219.

THIRD DIVISION
fi

NET-NEB-UA-KHEPER-AUT
^,
HUN-SAHU,
"^

53

S
,

-O",

ThEMA,

fi

-|=>

Q\

"^
of

' and Thet-em-kerh, ^^ I 9 19. Four mummied forms. The IG

^
first

| fy^.
has a pair
(?),

horns on his head, the second two curved plumes

the third a winged uraeus, and the head of the fourth


is

without ornament

their

names appear

to

be Peba-f,

Third Hour.

Upper Register.

Gods Nos. 2026.

Ka-aru,
"(^^
'

U
'.
1
1

.,

AuAi,

and Teba, e^ii


20

23.

Four goddesses, whose

names

are

PIait,

and

Kemit,

^ ^^^

these,

as

their

names

testify,

were professional mourners.

24,

The god Heru-kheti,

followed by

54
the

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Hennu,
9.

v\, standard,

i.e.,

the

hawk

of

Seker upon
25, 26.

a standard,

The gods Meh-Maat,

and

Neter-neferu,

nil.
it
"<
III
I

The

text which refers to the above reads


AAAAy\A
II

^
I

If

/W^AA
I

AV\AAA
I

X
I

AAA^Vv
I I I

::!
A^yv^A
I I I

n-^-^

Jl

III

^ X
I

A^^^A/^^
I I
I

iSX

_B^

Jl

^
ti

1 ^ D
AAA/^

f]^irr;i^
S
I 1

^^^

p)

(~]

A/v\A/v\

,----> A^^^v^^

Ji

Ji

^k^^tSi,Pjqii
n

000

AA/VW\
I
I

y\
A/WAAA

I^ITStrr^y^l^^^
y^
L^

=,1110 D'2'llll
II

^ww.

*'^'

ra
**
I

Vi^

-'-'

AA'VW^

IflfTQ
Tuat have
souls speak

QiP
"Those who are
"

in this pictnre in the

the flesh of their

own

bodies,

and

tlieir

THIRD DIVISION
"

NET-NEB-UA-KHEPER-AUT
god
liatli

55

over them, and their sliadows are united inito them,


after this great

"and
"

addressed them, they

speak to him, and they say words of praise to him,

"and they weep after he hath passed them by. The work which is theirs in Amentet is to take vengeance " upon the Seba fiend of Ea, to make Nu to come into
"
" being, to

make Hap

(i.e.,

the Nile) to flow, and

when

^^-^
a t=Sj5

Third Hour.

Lower

Register.

Gods Nos.

C.

"

he hath come forth


their voice,

in the earth

from them, they send

" forth " fiend.


"

and take vengeance upon the Seba


shall,

AVhosoever knoweth [these things]

when

he passeth by these beings, not be driven away by their

" roarings,

and he shall never fall down into their caverns."

In the lower register are


1.

:
with

The god Khnemu, ram-headed.

2.

bearded male figure called Nerta,

hands raised in adoration.

56
3

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

6.

Four forms

of Osiris,

mummified, bearded, and


of

wearing the White Crown, and seated on chairs


state

their

names

are Asar-xeb-Amextet,
ft,

IJ

ASAR - KHEXT - AmEXTET,


,

J]

ifl},

AsAR

ASTI,

]]

and A.SAR-TIIET-HEH, that

is,

" Osiris,

lord of

Third Hour.

Lower

Register.

Gods Nos.

13.
" Osiris of

Amentet,"

"

Osiris at the

head

of

Amentet,"

the two seats," and " Osiris, conqueror of millions of


years."

11.

Five
his

goose-headed
right

beings,

each holding
their

knife
-

in

hand

four

of

names are

NeIIA HRA,

^
ra

,1

Akebsex,

^sJ
111
i i

Ate:mti,

^ W
(]

O 2

IT, and TUATUI,

Or,

ra

^T-

Or,

THIRD DIVISION NET-NEB-UA-KHEPER-AUT


1214.
or
liands,

57

A
II

male figure called SepaashaT,

-^

/^

^
1

who

holds a knife with

loth

and stands lietween two women, whose names

are Meskh-set,
or

^ -|-, and

Tept-bes-s,

^^^
miiin

J ^ f| P.
,

15.

The male bearded

figure

Amenti,
[|

AA/WV\

c^

Third Hour.

Lower

Register.

Gods Nos.

1-i 19.

IG

19.

Four forms
tlie

of Osiris,

mummified, bearded,
seated on chairs of

and wearing
state;
their

Ked Crown, and


are

names

Asar-ka-Amentet,

J_^

U
I

p'

ASAE-HEE-KHENTU-F,
i
20, 21.

fl

c^

^^ AsAE-BaTTI ( ?\
,

and Asar-kherp-ketepu,

JJ

The two goddesses Seh, |J^, and AiiaU,


58

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

V
22.

'

^^^^^

stand grasping the sceptre

with both

hands, and have their heads turned behind them.

The goddess Ba-khati,


hand one

.j."^^:

(Jl]

who

holds

in each
23.

of the eyes of
(1 ,

Horns

or Ea.
-V-.

The god Khetra,

holding | and

Third Hour.

Lower

Register.

Gods Xos. 20 26.

24

26.

Three gods, with bowed backs, who touch


relating; to the

the earth with their hands.

The text

above reads
!

^-^

Mil
/^A^/w\

AWW\

THIRD DIVISION
AAAAAA
I

NET-NEB-UA-KHEPER-AUT
D
I I I

59

A^AA/\^
^'^'^'^^

II

AAAAW
I I I

6^

~^
I I

nil

^
II
I

D
I

^W
^
I

^'^^^

n
AAAAAA

<?

<:!=> 1

(J

^^^
AA^AAA

l<=r>

W
I

III

^^Jw
I

@x

^ 2^.=^ _^
f|

11

^ Jf ^1

k^j^
I I

n
I

_B^

J}i

Jl

"
'

Those who are in this picture [and those who are


the house of

in]

Tet

praise this great god,

and when

'

this great

god

liath sent forth

words to them, they


called to

'

come

to life, for

when he hath

them and

'

hath sent forth his words to them [they have] their


water, and they receive their due (literally, heads) in

addition to the utterance of his moutli.

Tlie

work
to

which they have


hack souls in

to do in Anient

is

to

hew and

pieces,

and

set restraint

upon shadows,
as

and

to

destroy such
tlieir

doomed beings

have their

being in

place of destruction which blazeth with

60
" fire.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


They send
forth flaraes and they cause fires to

"spring up, and the enemies are as those


" their

who have
They wail

knives over

(or,

on) their heads.


this great

"and they lament when


" "

god hath passed


of this Field is

them by. The name of the warder Khetra. Wliosoever knoweth this
condition of a spirit

shall be in the

"

who hath dominion

over his legs."

M. Maspero,
*

in his description of the

Third Hour, ^

The portions rendered by M. Maspero read thus


vous dont
j'ai

Ce

grand

dieu dit aux Biou shetiou (ames mysterieuses) qui suivent Osiris
"
j'ai rendu mysterieuses, dont j'ai occulte les ames, mis a la suite d'Osiris pour le defendre, pour escorter ses " images, pour aneantir ceux qui I'attaquent, si bien que le dieu Hon

"que

" est a toi, 6 Osiris, derriere toi, " images,

pour aneantir ceux qui I'attaquent,


que Sa est a vous dont
toi,

" toi, 6 Osiris, " sont

stables,

les

pour te defendre, pour escorter tes si bien que Hon est a 6 Khontamentit, vous dont les formes rites assurent I'existence, vous qui

" respirez I'air [de vos narines, qui voyez] de vos faces, qui ecoutez " de vos oreilles, qui etes coiffes de vos coufieh, qui etes vetus de vos " bandelettes, qui avez des revenus d'offrandes ^ vous sur terre par " 1 'office des pretres du dieu, qui avez des champs k vous de votre " propre domaine, vous dont les ames ne sont point renversees, dont

" les corps ne sont point culbutes, ouvrez vos cercles et tenez-vous k
" vos places, car je suis

venu pour voir mes corps, inspecter mes " images qui sont dans I'autre monde, et vous m'avez convoye pour
"

me

permettre de leur apporter

mon

aide,

si

bien que je conduis \

ame a la terre, 6 Khonta"ougrit, avec tes dieux derriere toi, tes manes devant toi, ton etre " et tes formes [sur toi '], et alors ton mane est enchante, 6 Osiris, " vos manes sont enchantes, 6 vous qui suivez Osiris. Je monte en " terre et le joiu* est derriere moi je traverse la nuit, et mon ame
" la

rame ton ame au

ciel,

6 Osiris, ton

"se reunit ^ vos formes pendant


"rites qui vous sont necessaires,
"

le jour, j'accomplis

de nuit les
afin
elles

j'ai

cree vos

ames pour moi,


fait

" qu'elles soient derriere moi, et ce

que

j'ai

pour

vous

empeche de tomber au

lieu d'aneantissement."

THIRD DIVISION

NET-NEB-UA-KHEPER-AUT

6l

includes an extract from the speech which the Sun-god

Ea makes
AUT
;

to the inhabitants of

Net-neb-ua-khepeiiof the speech

as

he points out, though three copies


1" partie, pU.
it is

are extant, all are mutilated (see Lefebure,

Le Tomheau
and

de Seti

I"-.,

xv.-xvii., pU. xviii.-xx.,

pi. xxii.),

and

impossible at present to reconstruct

the

text,

although the general


is

meaning

of

several

sentences

clear enough.

62

CHAPTER

IV.

THE FOURTH DIVISION OF THE TUAT, WHICH IS CALLED ANKHET-KHEPERU.


In the scene that illustrates the Fouiith Division of
the Tuat, which
is

passed through by the Sun-god


of the night, a region

during the Fourth


is

Hour

wMch
is

entirely different from anything seen previously

entered.

We

see that the general arrangement

which
been
is

makes each Division


different.

to contain three sections has

followed, but the actual path of the Boat of the

Sun

Instead of passing along the middle section

as before, the

god

is

obliged to pass over the region of

the kingdom of Seker.

The course which was usually


and
it

passed over by the dead runs from one side of the


section to the otlier diagonally,

may

be thus

described

Starting

from the upper side

of the top-

most
<rr>

-^

division, the corridor,

which

is

caUed Re-stau,
;

"?"
it

slants across to the lower side

at the point
first

where
second

touches the line which divides the


is

and

section
is

door,

which

is

thrown

open.
^'=:>>-

The door

called

Mates - sma - ta, ^\ V\


or ^^>^

c-=^

iSi

The

corridor runs

The Kingdom

of Seker.

^
THE FOURTH
parallel

DIVISION

ANKHET-KHEPERU
divides

65

with the line which

the
is
;

first

and

second section for some distance, and


the
"
"

described as

road of the secret things of Re-stau

the god doth

not pass through the leaves of the door, but they hear
voice,"

" his

^^

p=,

.-^-^

^
"^
i
I

\\

AA/VW\

AAAAAA
I

i^Jr^K^'^ir^^Jr^i
A/WNAA A'VV^A^
I

i'

-^<=.-iii

-^

[q]

^
and

'"'''^'^

v/0

"^

sharp bend takes

Re-stau

in a slanting direction across the

middle section

of the scene,

at the

bottom

of it is another door,

which

is

called

Metes-mau-at,

^
is

the corridor runs parallel with the line which divides

the second and third section for some distance,

when

it

crosses the section, again in a slanting direction,

and at

the end of

it is

a third door, which

called

Metes-

EN-NEHEH,

Ja^

''^''^

Tov
is

^'^y^ AAAAAA

_^ A

fi

OA

ft .

In the second

slant of the corridor


it

an inscription which describes


of

as the " road

by which entereth the body


is

Seker,
is

" "

who

is

on his sand, the image which

hidden, and
-'-^
111

neither seen nor perceived," ^


'

^^^

^
*

'^

^ ^ ^
/\J\/V\rV\

j|

III

/VWVVA

_gv

^
-^-^

^^\>

III

A/^AA/^A

Variant, avvws

]]

III

<=i

ciQ

'=^3^

<^:>

\\

J|
\H

rwi

\>

i||

-5:--^

-C2>-.
7

r^-^ G

66

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


the further course of the corridor will be described

As

under the Fifth Hour we

may

pass on to consider the

Boat

of

the Sun, and the means by which the god

makes

his

Ea and

way onward. the gods who formed

his

crew have

left

the

boat in which

they travelled until now, and have


of

betaken themselves to one, each end


nates in the head of a serpent.

which termiis

This serpent-boat

^ ^
{\

drawn along by four

gods,

who

are called Tun-en-maa,

^ Her-uarfu,

<=>

^S
(1(1
.

Ar-nefertu,

<=>

<=> /
"

and Shetai, ^^^^

Above the boat

is

written,

[Whilst] this gi'eat god journeyeth over

"

those wlio are in this scene the flames whicli the


of

"mouth
"pools;
"

his boat

emit guide him through these

he seeth not their forms, but he crieth to


to their places,

them and

and they hear

his voice,"

H^l'l
D
/VWS/V\ AA/VNAA

"=1L
I

Jl^

Til

m
R

w
[^^

TT
ra

^liml^^^ ^ ^
"'^ \,
.

Variant,

^
avww

Variant,

Variant,

The Kingdom

of Seker.

ANKHET-KHEPERU
the boat of

THE FOURTH
In front
1.

DIVISION

6g

of those

who tow

Ka

are

hN\l-'J\K

form
"

of Osiris called

Em-ankhti, ^v

-V-

W'

or

(see p. 71).
of Osiris,

2.

The crook

ll

or

i i -

<^
"^^^

(see p. 75).
3, 4.

Thoth, ibis-headed, and Horns, hawk-headed,


the Utchat,

standing facing each other, with

above their outstretched hands and arms; the

title of
^^'

Thoth
"

is

Uthesu,

^^^^^P^"^' ^^T.^'
is

the Eaiser," and that of Horus

Au-aU,

j^ v

"TI ,

or

J^ %^
5.

"

the wide of hands."

The Utchat

is

called Sekki, ^^=^

The god Sethen-hat, g==5


of the South.

=^,

or

s=5

^=5,

wearing the crown


6.

The god Her-tebat-f, <=> c=^>


is

^^^

i.e.,

"He who
identifies
7.

over his place of burial," having in the

place of a head two curved objects, which

M. Maspero
"

with

mummy

bandages (sec
-^
,

p. 79).

The god Uatch-hra, T

i.e.,

"

Green Face

(see p. 79).
8.

The god Hetep,

who

carries the crook of


p. 79).

Osiris

mentioned above (No. 2) (see


11.

Three gods, each

of

whom

carries in his


70
left

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


hand, whose names are Sem-ankh,
,

^'^^t ",

An-her,

R 55 and Ut-met,
12.

(see pp. 79, 83).

The goddess Nebt-ankh,

(see

p. 83).
:

The text which


!

refers to these beinfis reads

AAAAAA

D
I
I
I

'

'

'

r\

.IlllllliJI.

/AAAAA
I

AA^/sAA

ssa
= 1 A
1

iiiiiitttt

^^^

Mil
J^
I

Zl
I

(I
1

/wwv^

^WAA [3TI1
AAA/\AA

^
I

'^''^
<li
1 I I

I^J^^
AAA^^V^

/N A/VS^^A
I
I

-<2-

AftAAAA

"

Those who are in

this pictnre, in their

forms of

" their bodies, are " of


"

the hidden [travellers] upon the

way

the holy country whose secret things are hidden.


of the

They are the guardians


those

way

of the holy [land]

" for "

who

enter into

the hidden

place of
liis

the

Tuat, and they keep ward over

Anpu

in

forms as

"
"

he tows them along, when he entereth in by them in


the holy land."

In the upper register are


1.

goddess,

wearing the crown of


p. 63).

the

North,

apparently a form of Xeith (see


The words over which a by the scribe.
1

line is iiriuted are

repeated inadvertently

The Kingdom

of Seker.

THE FOURTH
2.

DIVISION

ANKHET-KHEPERU

"J^

A
5.

serpent, with a
feet

human

head, and two pairs of

human
3

and

legs (see p. 63).

Three serpents, which move side by side along


their
bellies,"

the

ground "upon
.

^
this

Of them

it

is

said, "

Those who are in

" picture

make

their passage to every place each day,"

o
I I I

(see

p. 67).
6.

The scorpion Ankhet,


it
is

and a large uraeus.


this picture
[to

Of these

said,

"

Those who are in


of the

"stand in Ke-stau at the head


it],"

way

guard

J\
Behind these stands a god, who appears
an offering
of

-^^55'
to be

making
Of

two libation vases

to the serpent.
is

him
of

it is

said, "

He who
;

is

in this picture
"'

the guide

the holy way,"

'

"

]1
'

(see p. 71).
7.

three-headed serpent, with a pair of hawk's

wings, and two pairs of


said, "
" "

human
of

legs,

and

of

him
is

it

is

He who
of this

is

in this picture in the

Tuat

the

warder

holy

way

Ee-stau

he liveth upon

the abundance [which cometh] from his wings, his body,


[and]
his

heads,"

74

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


^^^^^ /wwv\
e==,

'

jl

^
,

(see pp. 71, 75).


h(jlds a sceptre,

8.

The god Ap-Tuat,


his right hand,
'wvaaa

\/

who

in

and stands before the serpent


LJ^ which has two heads on one
of a tail, at the

JSTeheb-kau,

end

of its l)ody,

and one head, instead

other.
" this "

Of the god Ap-Tuat


picture
is

it is said, "

He who

is

in

in tlie

form which Horus made, and he

openeth [the way] for the two gods on this way,"

^
55
"
.

D
I

AAAAAA

W\\-

_tl

^^11?
it is said, "

Of the serpent Xeheb-kau


is

He

who

is

in this picture

at his place

Net-mu, by the

"holy way
"
"

of passage of

Ee-stau, and he journeyeth

about

to

every place each day, and he liveth upon the


of

abundance

that which issueth from his mouth,"


I

AAA/v^^ Aj\/v\

52
1
I

AA/\A.\A

'^' /V^A^/V\

/WWW

AAA/W\

AAAA/VV

ci

no

fZkf^^
Xeheb-kau
staff'

(see pp. 75, 79).


9.

god,

who

grasps the third head of

with his right hand, and a


the left
;

with a curled end in

facing

him

is

a headless god called Ab- Tuat


79,83).

ojT^^(eepp.

The Kingdom

of Seker.

THE FOURTH DIVISION


10.

ANKHET-KHEPERU
group of figures

"J"]

A goddess of

the South (Nekhebet) and a goddess


last
it is said,

of the North.
"

Of the

Those who are in this picture are in the form wherein


are

"Horus hath made them; they


" "

the warders

of

the serpent ISTehepu,

who guide him


secret way,"

to the hidden
A/VSA/V\

thing which

is

on

this

AA/WV\

^
a

/WVW\ ra D
p. 83).

t^

(see

In the lower register are


1.

A large
of a

boat, each
;

end

of

which terminates

in the

head
is

woman

lying along the bottom of the boat

the serpent Hetch-nau,

^ y^
^
;

v\

(see
is

pp. 63, 67).


" this picture "
"

Concerning him

it is said, "

He who

in

....

in his boat great, is the [serpent]

which guardeth the Aheth chamber


the

he standeth up at

mouth of the hidden passages

of the

Ahet chamber,
heads of the

"

and he liveth upon the two voices


y
I
I

of the

"ljoat,''S^ A/VNAAA

vm\.

I I

AAAAA^

yy,

W
j\

-g-

T\^^T.M\\\tl
'

The

text

is in

the plural.

, ,

78
A^AAAA

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


.

^^
2.

Under the neck

of this serpent is the

emblem

"life,"-?-.

A woman A woman

called

Muthenith,

'^SSSS^

AA

s=3,

standing (see
3.

p. 67).

called

Shatheth,

r-vr-i

"^^^

^_J^

standing (see
4.

p. 67).

The di^^ne
p. 71).

mummy

form

Benni,

^^^

(1 (]

seated (see
5.

A
A

lion-headed

goddess

called

Hen-kherth (?),

Q /vwwv
6.

^^

(see p. 71).

goddess, with a pair of horns on her head, in a

sitting position, hut with

no throne to
\ef (see
p.

sit

upon

her

name
beings
"

is

Thest-apt,

71).

Of these

it is said, "

Those who are in

this picture are in

the forms wherein Horus

made them, and they stand


"

"

on the ground

of

Re-stau in the hidden place

/WWV^

III
/vvvw\
g

.<2>

-/J

(0
7.

The male serpent Amen,

[1

(see pp. 75, 77).


ft

8.

The female serpent Hekent,

aaa^

^^

which
little

has a

human head growing

out of
;

its

body, a

distance from the tip of

its tail

the

human head

faces

the serpent Amen.

Of the male serpent

it is said, "

He

The Kingdom

of Seker,

THE FOURTH
"
"

DIVISION
is

ANKHET-KHEPERU
Ahetii

8l

who

is

in this picture

the guardian of the secret the

passages

which lead

to

chamber

he

"journeyeth round to every place each day, and he


" liveth

on the words

of the

gods

who guard

this road,"

^vjK

2^^

n 31

meaning

of

the legend which


is

refers

to

the

female

serpent Hekent

not clear

it

reads

^^ ^ ^

AAAAAA

9.

The three-headed serpent


A^^wvA

(see p. 79)
"

Menmenut,

which

is

described as the

hidden image

"of the

" daily at " forth

Aheth chamber [of Seker], which is illumined the birth of Khepera by that which cometh
the faces
of

from

[the

serpent]

Menment,"

the back

of this serpent are


is

six stars

and fourteen
disk.

human

heads, each of which

surmounted by a

These fourteen heads represent, as M. Maspero has well shown, the gods of the first fourteen days of the month,

who

are being carried by the three-headed serpent to

82

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


it

the Utchat, which Thoth and Horus are carrying to

they appear again in the next Division of the Tuat,

where they are seen drawing along the boat


10.

of the sim.

The winged disk

of

the god Khepera,


of heaven,"

U.

Beneath stands the "envoy


his right

^^ ^^^^,

with

hand
is

raised,

and

his left stretched out,

and

behind him

the goddess

Maat, n

^^ (see

p. 83).

The Kingdom of Seker

85

CHAPTEE

V.

THE FIFTH DIVISION OF THE TUAT, WHICH IS CALLED AMENT.


In the scene that
the Tuat, which
is

ilhistrates

the Fifth Division of

passed through
of the night,

by the Sun-god

during the Fifth


of the

Hour

we

see the boat

sun being drawn along by seven gods and seven

goddesses (see pp. 91, 95, 99, 103, 107).


the seven gods
is

The legend over


in

partly broken away, but what remains

of it proves that it

must have been similar

meaning

to that

which

is

over the heads of the goddesses, which

reads, " These are the goddesses


"

which tow Ea along in the


this great

Tuat over

this Circle,

and they make

god

" to

advance so that he

may
I

rest in

Nu

in the Tuat,"

liiio

111

^-M^
1

CTz:

^=>cnii^s:-/wwNA
_Hl[%

J\

/WWNA r-^-^ J^^=_

F=^

[ZTD

In front of the seven goddesses march four gods,

who

appear to be under the guidance of


n

" Isis of

Amentet,"
sovereign

ow

and who are described as the

" great

chiefs

who provide

food

in

this

Circle,"

-^^
/V\/VVV\

'''^'''^
1
I I

86

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


i 1

o'-^
c> ^^
I 1

j>^

^^WA'A

iL tSiltij!

=i

C^
.

The

first

god
iii

is

called

Hee-khu,
the second
1

'AAA

and holds a a

staff

his

hand

is

An-hetep,
;

=^,
is

and holds the sceptre

in his

hand

the third

Heru-hequi,
j

%2
|

,
|

is

hawk-

headed, and holds the crook


is

in his

hand

the fourth

Ut-metu,

ft

and holds a

tree in his left hand.

the seven gods


it

The text containing the address of the Sun-god to is broken away, and all that remains of " This great god maketh his journey by means reads,
those

" of

who tow
\

liim over this Circle in [his] boat

ji

/wwvA ci==.
.

~^ Jr

-ci^crzj
answer
of

AAAWA

v\

[1

"JK^ ^ji5,

04^
" Is

A portion
also

of the

the seven gods to

him

is

broken away, but what


to thee the earth to

remains
"
"

of it reads,

opened

such an extent that thou hast passed over the Beautiful

Land, and the roads concerning which


Osiris.

Ea hath spoken
Ka, to the Land

" to thee, " of

Thou

criest out,
life

Seker, and

Horus hath

upon

his sands.

Come
ye

"to Khepera,
"

Ea

with the cord,


that
it

ye

Come who make Khepera


to

Khepera!
help) to

Work
Ea

to advance,

" so "

may

give the

hand

(i.e.,

whilst

he passeth over the hidden ways of Ea, in the horizon.


in peace, in peace,

"[Come]

Ea

of

the Beautiful

M.
2SSK^

^^.
I I

o.

II'

a o

.V
r

/.i'a^^of

r
ir

ir

THE FIFTH
iiiiiiin

DIVISION

AMENT
AAft/>AA
I

89
i::^

" Anient."

XS

AA^ft/v\

^^,s^

vLj

2^
I
I I

U O G

n^i
I I I

o
I

^
I

f
O

yj
-A

AAAA/V\
I

6^

(o\

2^^

^ ^

t^

iO
L) AAA/VV^

In the middle
rises (see p.

of the scene

we

see that the

ground

103) and forms a kind of hollow mound,

the
of

highest point of
a

which terminates in the head


faces to

woman, which
is

the right
is

immediately
act
of

above her head

a scarab which

in the

descending, but only one half of

its

body

is

visible.

Concerning the beetle


"

it

is

said,

"Behold Khepera
is

who, immediately the [boat of Ea]


top of
this
Circle, unites

towed

to the

"

himself

to

the roads of
of

"the Tuat;
"

when

this

god standeth on the head

the goddess he speaketh words to Seker every day,"

weH
A
" "
I I

^ o
^
T
III
I I

=^
v^

s=^

^
(

-^^

II

..

^^=r" \\

AA/vVA

A/W^AA A

The short

lines of
of

text just above the


this

mound

read,

The majesty

great god journeyeth on

by

being towed along, and these goddesses receive him,"

go

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

III

y^

i .wvw.

The
words which are addressed to the god by the goddesses
are, "
"

Come,

Ea, in the peace of the Tuat


is

Let

Ea

advance on the road in the boat which

in the earth,

"in his
" [Tlie
"

own

body, and let his enemies be destroyed.

goddess]

Ament

crieth (?) to thee,

Ea, so that

thou mayest join her, and mayest go forwards in


the sky as the

"
"

Great One who


towed
along

is

in the horizon,

and

mayest

lie

by those who

tow

" thee,

and, verily, mayest destroy all thine enemies,"

^
AWVV\

^\^n^^
I

Sfl?lk
o

s -^ 2l)

J]

"^l
ji
I 1

fl^t

a
I

To

this address Ea, replies, saying, "


"

ye who have received ye who stand by your

your weapons,

ye who have grasped your sceptres,

"
" " " "

ye who shake your spears,


tchefau food,

who

sit

down

to

your

offerings,

who

are

the warders of food and bread and are the lords of the provisions in Ament, Isis giveth herself unto you,

and Anient joineth herself unto you, so that

may

/vwwA

jr^
B
'
' '

Q
I'.

To

A'

Ms!;

^^ ^^

AwS/^

<^-

'

r,'

ft"

rr} tjJ

The Kingdom

of Seker.

THE FIFTH
"

DIVISION

AMENT
when
I pass 'by
I

93

stand up by you for your protection

you
I

"in peace,"

>f
I I

(]

1'
'^'^^'^^^

^^ ^
v.
i
o
fl
I

^
I I I

'^'^'^'^'^
I I I

^ U

/ I

Kv\

n
*"

A/WV\A
I

ly
aa/naaa

AAAAAA
I I

rr\^ /wv>AA
I

aaaaaa

S=J
A/^^A/^^
I I I

fl

9
A

H.^
o

AAAAAA

III-? II S=J N^ S==> ^^ aaaa/va ^^^/^^aa ^SlV^ AAAAAA jS^


I

AAAAAA o
'

AAAAAA g s AAAAAA AAAAAA


t
I I I

II

'^i

III <:^
AAAAAA
[f
I'

^111
^li

0'
AAAAAA
AAAAAA
'y^

'^

r^^^^^ J]

-^Jr

Ji

ill

'^'VVvV\
I
I

'S\

-B^

^ "^

Jr
of

V\

\\

AAAAAA
I I I

/\ Q ^ ^^

//f
t

AAAAAA
1
I

-M^ ^ D
is

^\

The "Land

"""^^

Sekri,"

^=^ W

jj

which

men-

tioned by the seven gods

who

are towing the boat of

Ea,

lies

immediately below the mound of earth, and


it

forms, as

were, an oval island in the river of the


is,

Tuat
"

its
(

shape
),

as
it
is

M. Maspero has
is

said,

an elongated
sand.

ellipse,

and

formed wholly
oval as "

of

The
is

Land
the

of Sekri "

described in the legend which

written at each end of the


"

The horizon (?)

of

hidden country

of

Sekri,

which guardeth the


?
(j

hidden

body

(or,

flesh),"

^^
^

<^

j^,

?5^
This mysterious
oval
is

mm __
and

Q.(i^c^^i
the
tail to tail

supposed to rest upon

bodies of two man-headed lion sphinxes set


of

these, however, only the heads

fore quarters

94

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Each sphinx
is

appear, one at each end of the oval.


called Af, n
"
"
,

and he

is

said " to have his existence

from the voice

of the great god,"

and

" his

work
I

is to

keep ward over his image," <^^^

^^^^

^ D Within the oval already described


at almost
full

is

stretched out

length on the ground a monster serpent

(see pp. 99, 103),

which has two snakes' heads at one

end

of

his body,
p.

and a bearded himian head at the


;

other (see

99)

the text above his snakes' heads

is

mutilated, and all that can be


are the words neter aa, " great
of his

made out satisfactorily god." From the middle


and between them,

body springs a pair


the'

of wings,

immediately under

female head at the top of

the mound, stands the god Sekri, in the form of a

hawk -headed man.


" protect his

Of him

it is said, "

His work
^^^r^^^

is

to
;

own

form,"

<=>

6v.

and

of the serpent, "

he liveth upon the magical pro-

"tection which issue th from his

mouth every

day,"

f
The text which
refers to the oval reads
:
I I I

The Kingdom

of Sekor.

THE FIFTH

DIVISION

AMENT
1

97

O
I I

J
^

^ rvn

w
III

^
1

1=21

D D
JL
LI
I

AA/VW\

ra

ra

II

"

The Image which

is

in

this

picture

is

in thick
to

" darkness.
" this "

The dawn

in the horizon

which belongs

god [cometh] from the eyes

of the

heads of the

great god, whose flesh sendeth forth light, and whose


are bent round, the great god

" legs

"

over the flesh of Sekki,

who

is

who keepeth ward on his sand, his own


heard in this

"image.
"

The voice
of

of

this horizon is

hour after this great god hath passed them bj, like
the
roarings which
are in the

"unto the sound


" storm."

"heights of heaven

when they

are

disturbed by a

On

the left of the horizon (see

p.

95) of Sekri
liveth

is

the

serpent Tepazst,
(J

Hill

"

who

by the voice
forth

" of the
"

primeval gods of the earth.


in,

He cometh
oflerings

and he goeth

and he presenteth the

made

" to this great

god every day unseeing [and unseen],"

J\

<:i>

_Z1

wv^

On
I

A/^\Aw

CE^

g8
the right (see

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


p.

107) of the horizon


n

is

the serpent

AxKHAA-PAU, "
"

N^ A^

Q.

"

who

liveth

upon the
is

flames which issue from his mouth.

His work

to

" protect

the horizon, and he never entereth into any

"house

of the Tuat,"

^^ ^^
n
I

fl

f "^^

"^^^

f
J2i
^

ci
n
(

c
)

,_fu- ^'^^'^
"^ vi
*~

:*:

--*

/vw\AA

L_ _J

Immediately iu front
gods (see
p. Ill), of
;

of this serpent are four seated

whom

the heads of two are turned


"

behind them
"

they are described as the

gods

who

hold the secret forms of Sekki,

who

is

on his sand,"

m
1

^^- ^J^''\
White Crown,
,

The

first

holds on his knees the


the

/I, the second

Eed Crown, >/


some other god
"

the third the head of the

ram

of

Heru-shefshefit, and the fourth the plumes of Shu,


or
of light

and

dr}Tiess.

The legend

above them reads,


"

Their forms are in the place


bodies.

among

them

iu their

own

They follow
^^r-^,
"

after this

" great

god unseeing and unseen,"


AV\^v\
\\
I

.^i^SU
^^^CC::^

^r
a
I

/v^^^\^^
I I I

MVW.I
.pv

jfiT^'^

r-.

<=>
I

^_n_^ .,:;2^
==*^ -C2>-

_jL^

/.^/wsA

<2>-

.Jl

Behind the serpent Tepax

(see pp. 87, 91) are four


fire

human bearded

heads, each with a mass of

upon

The Kingdom

of Seker.

AMENT

THE FIFTH DIVISION


the top of
called
it,

lOI

which project from the long, narrow lake

Netu,

^^

AAAAAA AAAAA/\
'vwvva

these are called the " Blazing

heads,"

^
two methods

Alono;

the

lake

are

written, in

of writing, "

The gods who are


Tnat

"in the

Ammahet weep when


to

the hoat hath passed

"them by on its way "and the waters which


" to

the
are

are here

like

unto

fire

those

who

are

in

them,"
A/VVV\^
A^A/^A^

/I

J\

Sii
I I

A'WVW

ill

AW^^^

A^'VA^

In the upper register are


1.

The goddess Amentit, standing with her arms

stretched out in front of her at right angles to her

body, and wearing the feather of


(see p. 87).
2.

Maat on her head

A group of

nine large axes (four are broken away),

the foremost surmounted by the

Crown
of the

of the

North,

and the hindmost by the Crown


87, 91).

The mutilated speech of them reads, " Give me thy hand (i.e., help me) Amentet " Good is this water which leadeth to the tomb [where] " rest the gods. nine gods who have Hail, exist ye,

South (see pp. god written above the

"come

into being from

my

flesh,

and have not come

102
" into "

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


being from your

own

forms, and

who

are firm in

respect of your food, I avenge you, do ye avenge me."

ill

"" AAAAA^
.

^i=f^

^
is

AA/W\A

^"=^ ^^

111

^ MV |l^lll

A/^W^^

^ ][l

O^ II.
3.

The god who


^
,

tlie "
r\

guardian of those
AVNAAA

who

are

qA/WVV^ A ^_^;:r:^(^(^

-fV

^^(seepp.
i

91, 95).

4.

The god Satiu(0, The god Ankh-ab,

"^ ^p
-V- tQj
,

(see p. 95).
p. 95).

5.

liawk-headed (see

6.

The god Bath-resth (?)


(see p. 95).

crocodile-headed,

^^, ^=>

^ s=
7.

The god Axp-heni,


Of these
N"et,

(1''''^
1

1^
AAA/V\A

U
gods

(1 (1 ,
I

jackal-headed

(see p. 99).
" "

five

it is said, "

They

act as

guardians of

and

of

those who are submerged in

the Tuat, and they [protect] and

"
I

make
pi
r,

to pass
fv
l

on the
<:3

<C::> /wwv^

aaaaaa

.<s>-

'

^>i:f^

J^ <=>
-

^ 11
|

Ji

cr^ ^
^
fl

'^''^^44
I

li^

>^=^^

44 ii

To these the 8un-god makes an

address,

which reads

T^

^^

I]

The Kingtlom

of Seker,'

, ;

THE FIFTH DIVISION AMENT


AA/WVA
I I

IO5

o
1
I i

"
I

AA/>/\AA

AAAAAA

J3^

rr^

\>

III

AAftA/V\

"^

AA^WAA

^
\>

ill

^'^^ rWWW
/NAAAAA
III
I I I

[33) AAA^
AAWV\
A^^VAAA

/wwv^
I I
I

tv,

jT
p
I

<=>;^ T JJ U
1
I I

^-

A/'yWVV

/WW^^
I

2^.==^

_e^

La

^ A
saith,

'-^

/-r-^

[iil

wv,wv

.
"

A^wvAA

_Q

"This great god

ye

who stand by

your waters, who keep ward over your lands, who go

"

round about in the pool

of those

who

are submerged

" in N"u, pilot "

ye these to the lands of the sea of the

Tuat, unto your waters which never dry up, and rise
in your lands

"ye up
"peace.
"

and

let

me

travel over
ye, lift

you in

This great god saith,


to

ye up your

weapons

your

image, and protect ye the

"foreheads of your madt, and perform ye your work,


" in

order that I
1)

may
"^"^^

be able to pass by you in peace,"

=w,
1

n U

"=11
I

^=*
II
I

AAJ/V^

/WWVA

^^^

Q AAA/VV\

^ ^==*
U

AA/W^

"Dk VX

A/^v^^A
1 I
I

ji

II

Jl

AA/VVV\

AAAAAA U V?j

III'
w
I

Q
AAAAAA

<_i

^^^

^ _^_^
J-.

Jr Tz:^

III

--^

--.^f--^ -*^ii_-^ "

!w0wl

rri

ID
like

^^-"^

"^
I
I
I

i^D
is

8.

Immediately in front

of the

god Anp-iieni

an

object

which looks
it

a chamber with a rounded roof

but whatever

may

be, it is filled
"

with sand, and from


"

the fact that the sign of

night " or

darkness," ''"j^
it

appears at the top,

we may conclude

that

represents

io6

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


of the

some form

dark underworld of Seker.


clings

To each

side of it a

hawk
it

by

his claws,

and from the

lower part of

emerges the scarab, which has already


p. 103).

been mentioned (see


9.

huge serpent, the two heads facing the object


8.

described under No.


"

Of him

it is said, "

He

liveth
of

by Ea every day, he travelleth over every place


the Tuat, and
it is

" macit in

he who setteth himself in

f^
w
me
thy
a

C7\

G)

"

< ^

cLI

V y

^^

'^

in
A^(V^AA

To

this serpent

AA/V/V\

Ea
" "

saith,

"Hail, thou serpent Ter,


to

whom
folds,

I myself

have fashioned, open thou

open thou

thy folds wherewith thou hast doubly sealed the


earth to protect me, and march thou against those

" "
"

who

are in

my

following, in order that I

may

pass by

thee in peace,"

Tl

(]
|

[1

88
5

^
O
ram-

^ ^ D
10.

The god Baferkheftiu,


p. 111).

headed (see
11.

The god lu-HER-APTESU,

(j

e, who holds

a lasso in each hand (see

p. 111).

Tlie

Kingdom

of Seker.

THE FIFTH
12.

DIVISION
I\[|'=^j

AMENT

lOQ

The god An- at,


(see p. 111).

wearing a feather of

Maat
13.

The god Abui, \,\j


;

(](],

with his head tvirued

behind him
14.
15.

he

is

provided with a shade,

T (see p. 111).

The god Amu, bull-headed The god Set, bull-headed

(see p. 107).

(see p. 107).
AAAAAA a
I

16.

The god Sent-nef-Amentiu, ^3"

ft

(see

p. 107).

17.

The god Hetep-neteru, .-a^


it is said, "

(see p. 107).

Of these eight gods


" annihilation of the
" is to

They stand by

at the

dead in the Tuat, and their work


fire

burn up with

the bodies of the dead by the


of

" llanies

from their mouths in the course

every day,"

j\

inc. ^ Ml
i

^a^iiiirara'4'i
18.

iii <=:^

in

goddess,

standing upright, with her hands

stretched out to the top of the head of a


is

man who

kneeling before her, and


;

is

cutting open his head


called
j E
-c^

with a hatchet

the goddess

is

/w\aaa
^

-J|

and "lives upon the blood

of

the
1

dead,
tk

and upon

__

AAAAAA

~)

/VSAAAA AAAA^^

no
The text

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


of the
:

speech which the god makes to the

eight gods reads

AAAAAA

AA.W\A

^^^

/n

-(0Jl

<^
\

S'c=:
\

WW

^
""'^^
I

AA.'VAAA

II

AAAAAA

_/A

U
A^AA^A ci

Livl^
Q

ll

>=ii
V^

Q
I I

"^^

AWAAA

"''^^^^

C3

>

A/WW\

^mT^^^l^liT^yX
AAAA(^^
ili

^^^

'S^

AAAAA\

rm
I

AAAAAA
I

AAAAAA

fl

-d^U

^-A ^
<^

^ D

fl^STkf]
"

The Majesty

of

this great

god saith unto them,


ye whose

" Hail, "

ye who stand at the blocks of torture, and who


of the dead,

keep ward at the destruction have

" voices

come

into

being for you,

who have

" received
"

your words

of power,

who

are

endowed with

w ho sing hymns to the accompaniment of " your sistra, who take vengeance on the enemies, w^ho " annihilate the dead, who hack in pieces shades [of
your
souls,
"

men and women],

wlio destroy

and cut

in pieces the

The KiBgdom ofjSeker,

The Kingdom

of Seker.

THE FIFTH DIVISION


" dead, "

AMENT

II5

who avenge

Osiris

and hearken unto words near

Unnef er, provide ye yourselves with your slaughtering " knives, fetter and bind with your hands [this] figure
"

which

is

with you, so that

may journey

past you in

"peace.
"

Whosoever knoweth

this shall pass

by the

goddess in peace."

The entrance into the Sixth Division of the Tuat is made through a door in the lower register, which is guarded by a serpent " who openeth it himself,"
T
'^^r

here,

too,

appears the large five-rayed


is

star

which

is

the symbol of the planet Venus, and

described as the "living god which journeyeth, and


"

journeyeth, and travelleth,"

T" u r-jp

ryp

ii6

CHAPTEE

YI.

THE SIXTH DIVISION OF THE TUAT, WHICH IS CALLED METCHET-MU-NEBT-TUAT.


In the scene which
the Tiiat, which
is

illustrates the

Sixth Division

of

passed through
of

by the Sun -god

during the Sixth

Houk

the night,

we

see, in

the

middle

register, the

dead Sun-god Afu-Ea, 9,^9, )

The Boat

of Af, the

dead Sun-g-od, in the Sixth Hour.

once again standmg in his boat, under the canopy,

accompanied by his usual company


the domain of Sekri, and he
along.
1.

of gods.

He

is

no

longer in the serpent boat wherein he passed through


is
:

no longer being towed

In front of the boat are


in the

The god Thoth,

form

of a

man

with the

liead of a

cynocephalus ape, seated on a throne, and

SIXTH DIVISION METCHET-MU-NEBT-TUAT


bearing
the
i<

II7

name Tehuti-khenti-neb-Tuat, ^^^

^
fi
2.

\\

female

figure,

with her hands turned behind


f\
I

her, holding in each

the pupil of an eye of Horus or


II
1

11 til

Ea; she

is

called Ament-semu-set,

[1

~vwvs

^
':=^>
|

The

text

above

the

boat

reads

/wwvs

[V]
tw^.^

AAAA/>A

AA/W^^

The

ffoddess Ament-semu-set.

Thoth

of the Tuat,

ra
"
" "

"

This great god travelleth


[his] boat,

through this
the water
;

city,

being provided with

on

he worketh the paddle in

this

country

towards the place of the body of Osiris."

..." The
gods

"

Majesty

of this great

god [speaketh

to] the

who
of

" are in this "

country when he arriveth at these houses

which are hidden, and which contain the image

" Osiris.

This god crieth [to the hidden forms which

Il8

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


to the voice of this

"are in them, and they hearken


"god, and

then he passeth them hj,"

Tl)

(j

m^\ri^m-

The Four

Kincrs of the South.

In the abode of Osiris are sixteen gods in


forms.

mummied
title

The

first four are liearded,


is

and wear the mendt

and the Wliite Crown, and each


suten,

described by the

i.e.,

"

King of the South."

The second four

are bearded, and are described as Heteptiu,

"^

the third four are bearded, and wear the mendt and
the

Eed Crown, and each


;

is

described by the title hdt,

\^

and the fourth four are bearded, and are called

SIXTH DIVISION

METCHET-MU-NEBT-TUAT

IIQ

The Four Kings

of the North.

The Four "

SpiriLs."


120

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


i.e.,

Khu, '^^'^^'^^,
of these

"Spirits."

Immediately in front
five heads,
"

gods

is

an enormous serpent with


i

which
faced."
oval,

is

""^^ "^ called Asii-iieau,


this serpent is

i.e.,

the

Many-

The body of

bent round to form an

and within

it lies

on his Ijack the god Afu,

QQQ

who is holding upon his head a beetle, which is the symbol


of the

god Khepera.

The text written above

reads:

The Serpent Ash-hrau.

<

111
^^
AAAAAA

AA/\^AA
I

^AAAAA^
I

AAAA/^
I I
I

>

I
I

AA/WVv
I
I

AAAAAA
I

/^^AAA^

f\f.A/V^\

AAAA^N
^-^

II

Li

M^i.

j;^

AAAAAA A^JV^A
S

A^Wv^A
I I I

III

II

AAAAAA ]

AAA^*A
I

AA/\^A^ n

'*

Jl^

A^^WNA

O D

r^

SIXTH DIVISION

METCHET-MU-NEBT-TUAT
AAAA/V^
AAAA/\A

121

^=i=^ lilt w/^ 111^ IMI^Dlll


2=3
r-^rn
I

A/V^AA^

III

^
,.
I

^J

AAAAA^

] AAA^AA-"

d
,
I

^|
111

AAAAAA A/SAA^^

^
I

II^^DD^^
I I

/V^AAA^
I I
I

o D

s
I

D
AA/W\A
j(\

J AWA^ -

g
<;;

H
AftAA/V\
I I

A/V\AAA

P-

<=> d

1^

11

^^

ms:

^^
D ^

<-

->

-iJ

AAAA/V\

_Cr>^ ^^^VW\

" "
" "

Saith the Majesty of this great god to the kings of

the South, to the Heteptiu, to the kings of the North,

and

to tiie Spirits

who

are in this City

May your
receive

royal state and condition be with you,

may ye

122
"

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

your White Crowns, and ye Heteptiu [may ye receive]


offerings,

"your

and ye kings
rites

of

the North
Spirits

"receive your
" receive

Red Crowns, and ye


;

may may

ye ye

your appointed

may your

offerings be

"

unto you, and

may

ye be in peace.

May

ye have

"power over your


" " in

souls,

may

ye be adored (?),
city,

may ye
attain

have sovereignty over your


your
fields,

may

ye have peace
(i.e.,

may

ye join yourselves to

"to) your secret things with your crowns


"

(?),

may your

appointed rites be paid to you,

may your
and give
ye kings

sacrifices of

"propitiation be
" their
" in

made

to you,

to the gods

mouth.

Avenge ye me

in [this] land,

and hack

pieces the serpent Apep,


of the

of the South,

"ye Heteptiu, ye kings


"

North, and ye Spirits,

who
"

dwell in [this] land."

Those who are in this picture stand up in their

" places, " "

and they hear the voice


is

of the great god, the

lord of the dead body, tliat

to say,

Khepeea
said, "

in his

own
who

flesh

in the act of guarding."


of

Of the Serpent
" " " " "
is

Many

Faces

it is

Of him

in this picture, with his tail in his mouth, his

work

is to rise

up with and

this image, to

journey to the

West
Tuat.

in his form,

to travel to every place of the of

Through the voice

Ra

it is

that the figures

who

are in

him advance."
in the liorder aljove the

The text which runs


retjister

upper

reads

A'W^/V^ a

^-2^

^^

Y^

AAAAAA

<.-=z3=>

AAAAAA

-/I

AA/WW
A/SAAAA

"^
I

SIXTH DIVISION

METCHET-MU-NEBT-TUAT
^
"

I23

.^
I

AAAAAA
I

^-'S^^>

/V

'^x-

II

^ O
I

li^

rm

AjWV\A
,

r\

A/W^A^,

^
1

III!

null

5^1
AA(WV\
'^
I
'

'=^

>lc

i:i^i^xi^-^^?j
" [This is] the

hidden path

of

Amentet, on the water

of

which

is

transported this great god in his boat to


(or,

arrange the lots


Tuat.
If their
if

plans) of those
uttered,
if

who

are in the

names be

their bodies be
of their

known,

their true forms

and the knowledge

liours be of

known, and the

qualities of this secret figure

the Tuat (which are unknowable), hj any


:

man
of

whatsoever
])e

or

if

an exact representation in drawing


is

made

of

what
is

in the

Hidden Place (Anient)

the Tuat, which

to the south of the

At

of

Amentet
is

whosoever knoweth

this thing sliall be

one who

fully provided with food in the Tuat,

and he

shall

partake in the offerings which are made to the gods

who
(i.e.,

are in the following of Osiris, and he shall have


receive) the offerings

which

all his

kinsfolk arc

in

duty bound to make to him upon earth."

'

124

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


:

In the upper register are

company

of nine

gods and goddesses,

all of

whom
:

are represented as seated, but their seats of state or

thrones are invisible


1.

they

may be

thus enumerated

JTL
fllh

The god Hetep-kiiexti-Tuat,

\\

in the form of a

mummy

his hands project

from his

bandages, and on his head he has symbols of meat and


drink.

fe.ii%>i!=;sLg:a:ii^mA.i.

\_^^^/\--:ir\']sU}

Asar-am -ab-neteru

A8th-meliit.

Iletep-khenti-Tuat.

2.

The

goddess

Asth-mehit,

or

Ast-amhit,

n
C)

the North on her head.


the Xorth."
3.
i.e.,

The name means

" Isis

in

The god Asar-am-ab-neteru,


the heart of the gods."

^ " ~
I

'

" Osiris in

SIXTH DIVISION
4.

METCHET-MU-NEBT-TUAT
^^
/Tk
field,"

I25
'^^

The god Heru-khenti-ahet-f,


,

^^^=^

i.e.,

"

Horus

at

the

head of his

hawk-

headed, with his hands projecting from his bandages.


5.

The god Benti-ar-ahet-f,


]i

[1

<czr> u

^
,

1^

ape-headed, with his hands pro-

jecting from his bandages.


6.

The god Maa-ab-khenti-ahet-f, ^J?

f[[}|

%^\^^:t: n^^"^a>.v^"

Henbethem.

Maa-ab-khenti-ahet-f.

Benti-ar-ahet-f.

Heru-khenti-ahet-f.

[1

wearing the White Crown and mendt, and

with his hands projecting from his bandages.


7

9.

Three goddesses, the

first

two

of

whom"

are

called

Henbethem (?),
Tiie

J
text
whicli
:

and

TiiEiiBiTir,

refers

to

this

company

of the

gods reads

Tf

^
V /WWNA

11^^ im^

126

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

AAAA/W

AAf^^A^

/wvw

^lii^^
A^AAAA
I

Dl
I

A/VW\A
1

AA/Vv^^

AAAAAA
I I
i

*-

,^A/V^A^

.^
I 1

iJ

e
A/SA/\AA

D
I
I I

(S

^
/v\
I

-^

D
1 ,

z^

III

"

1
" to

Saith the Majesty of this great god


:

the gods

who

are over this Field

ye gods who

" "
" " "
"

dwell in the Tuat, ye Heteptin

ybur masters, ye unto

whom

offerings are

who keep ward over made from

the offerings of your fields of offerings, whereon ye

take your rest each day, unite ye yourselves to the


provisions

which are mine.


forms,

Ye

are

the lords

of

[your] hands, ye have right [to direct] [your] feet, ye

"are
"

exalted in your

ye are great in your

transformations, ye have power over

what ye produce,

"ye have power over what ye have possession of, ye " have possession of that over which ye have power, ye

SIXTH DIVISION

METCHET-MU-NEBT-TUAT

I27

have power over that over which ye have possession, ye


have possession of that over which ye have dominion,
protect ye
Osiris

from those who would act with

violence and

wrong against him.


is

The work

of these

gods in the Tuat


the Tuat,

to give offerings to the gods of

who

are masters of their offerings

and

of of

the food which proceedeth forth from the


this great god."
10.

mouth

Three sceptres

of the

form

f,

each surmounted

,ag<.i

^'^>

'<?'

'

a'^

JM fr^'^ >^T

"^-==0

\l
a knife.
11.

Three Sceptres

V
ot the
;

S^

11=.

"

"

\l
TLelibith.
;

White Crown.

by the White Ckown


Three sceptres
;

from the base

of

each projects

of similar form,

each surmounted

by the Eed Ceown


knife.
12.

from the base

of each projects a

Three sceptres,

of similar form,

each surmounted

by a uraeus

from

the base of each projects a knife.

The text which

refers to these reads


f\/VW^

AA/V\<V\

/WVWA

/v^AA'^A

'A

li I

AA^A/V>

Zjm^

LI

il

^=**^


128

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


AAA/WA
I

AAA/^A

iv(^ iiiiV
/V\/VJ\/\
I

A^AAAA
III
I I I

'

'^
I
I

/VWVAA

fAAAA/V\
111

^ p^

I"]

r-AAr\/v<

'^
nil
3S

111

/4

A/V\A^

Q AAAAAA^

JJ^^^^
Q

11
I

^ii

i^

111

J5^

LTZD

II

11

11

III

i\

Saith

the Majesty of this great god to the Majesties of the

Three Sceptres of the

iiraei.

Three^Sceptres of the Red Crown.

who d^Yell in the Tuat Eeap ye, ye who wear the White Crowns, and ye who wear the Eed Crowns like Souls [who are in] their lands. Ye who belong to the Tuat produce your own oiierings tlierein. Make ye to he Maat
kings of the South and North
:

your sceptres (?),

let

your souls

live,

and

let

your
into

throats have food to swallow, and ye shall

come

being upon the land

Their souls shall rise


(
i),

up in the Tuat on their sceptres

they are provided


SIXTH DIVISION

METCHET-MU-NEBT-TUAT
"

I29

with knives, and no violence shall be clone to them


goddess
13.

ThelionKA-iiEMHEMET, LJ

^ ^
of

o^couchant,

and facing the two companies


above.

the gods described

Above
is

his

back are the two Utchats, between

which
14.

the sign

JV^the goddess Isis,


g
>

form

of

^
'^^

in a sitting position, but without a throne.

Thathueteru.

Hetchefu.

Isis-Thaath.

Ka-hemhemet.

15.
IG.

The god Hetchefu, |


The
god ^

'^f V*
s=3
Ibv

Thath-neteru,

_^

g=5

III'

in

mummied
17.

form, holding a sceptre in one hand and a

knife in the other.

chamber, with an opening under the


its tail
is

roof,

through which a snake, which stands on


it,

outside

belches
,

fire

under a vaulted covering

an

"

image,"

''^^
.

of Ea, in the

form

of the hind-quarters of a lion,

^.

The chamber is

called

Het-tuau-Ea,

O
K

130
18.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

similar chamber, with an

"image"
;

of

Ea
of

in

the form of a hawk's wing,

^^

the
[J

name
/I\

the

chamber
19.

is

Het-stau-kher-Aha,

Q^
of

similar chamber, with an

"image"
of the

Ea

in

the form of a
is

human head

the

name

chamber

Het-temtet-Ea
ra
1
I

Q
ra

The

texts read

L-J

II

ra

Het-temtet-Ra.

Het-stau-kheralm.

Hettiiau-Ra.

JD_^^<^
^ O
I

M-m^\
(2
\

i
\

Jd.{(^

oi)

^^ WW

'^'''^ ""^^^^^
\

"""^
fi
\

e
'^^'^h4S

\\\

iX^^^^^lii

J]

Ji

21

SIXTH DIVISION
'

METCHET-MU-NEBT-TUAT

I3I

r-1

y\

AAAAAA
I

111

the lower retiister are :

1.

The god Henti(?),

crocodile-headed, and in

a seated position, l)ut without a tlirone.

^Hem.

[Km-nu-ur.]

2.

The god Em-nu-uij,

DDO

crocodile-headed, or

ape-headed.
3.

Thegod

Ani,

(]|(]||.
r[]

4.

The god Hem,

^^^.

5.

The god Netcii-atef,

'^

G.

The god

AxKii-nitA, - <^.

132
7.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


The god Met-hra, The god Netchti,
I

<^.

8.

'^

T^

Netchii.

Met-hra.

Ankh-hra.

Netch-atef.

12.

Four goddesses, each


;

in a seated position, but


Q
^

^Yithout a throne

the

first is

called Antiieth,

Sehith.

Hetnt.

Henhenith,

Antheth.

the second Henhenith,

'^'^
[]

[]

^=^, the
Sehith,
n

third

Hemt,

^ ^<

A'

^^^'^

^^^^

fourth

SIXTH DIVISION

METCHET-MU-NEBT-TUAT
:

I33
'

The text which

refers to these reads

T^

c/

Ma

AAw^^ /wwv\

d
I

f\.

Rill
4
D

\>

=3
_S^

III

il Jr

fl

^AjflllMM
%
e^ Cu

<cz^|||^^ HH 7^

^
"^

^^ AAAA/W
AA/V^A^

Ol

^cz:^

Jr

vvv
^
I

/wJ^

i^aJii

II

ID j\(

j\

"".tlim^
AAA/W\
I

m^^
O O
A
-k

11^ D

^ ^=
\A/V>,AA

^111 ?
AA/^^A^

[~1

.<H>/I\

^
c=tt:

_/A

-/jk

It
" " tlie Txuit,
"

AAAAAA
J

"

The Majesty
:

of

this

great
in

god saith unto these gods

ye gods

who dwell

and who are

in the following of the lord of

the Ijeings

who

are in the Tiiat,


in

who

stand up and

sit

"

down

in

Nu, who dwell

your Field,

ye gods who

T34

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


"

send forth
to

light,

and who

"make
" bodies, "
"

stand up your
ye goddesses
in the
f ol-

and

who

sit

down

lowing of the Scarab in


the place where are his
bodies in the Tuat,

"
" "

ye
,

who

live

on your
live

"

whose hearts

on then-

" food,

who send

forth light

" in "
"

the darkness which sur-

roundeth you, who have


the mastery over your

Eed

" "
"

Crowns, who partake in


content of the offerings

made

to

you,

let

them

" travel in
" "

my following, let

my
me

soul be with me, let


rest (or, imite myself)

" to

my

Ijodies,

and
in

let

me

"pass
"

by you

peace.

These gods hear the voice

" of
'

Ea

every day, and they


life

have their

through his

" voice.
"

The work which


to

they ha\'e to do in the

"

Tuat

is

convey along
to

" souls, "

and

accompany
the dead,

the shades of

The Serpent Am-khu aad the heads the Four Children of Horus.

of

METCHET-MU-NEBT-TUAT
^

SIXTH DIVISION

I35

"and
"

to

make

provisions for spirits, [and to find for

them] water."
13.

The monster serpent Am-khu,

"v^

)^

with his head raised from the ground, and the symbol
of " life "

mider his head.

Out

of the crest of

each of

the four undulations of his

body springs a bearded

head, and the four heads are those of the children of

Horus
>lc

Mestha,
"^
,

li(],

Hapi,

^
{0
11

(Im,

Tuamutef,
.

'\\

and Qebh-sennu-f,

The

text

which

refers to the serpent reads

.r^

-==*^ V\ V^ ^^ .<2>- _M^_M^

Q
O
"
III

1^ r:s^^
<

^> ^

'^
,

"

This serpent

is

himself invisible
(i,e.,

" to

this great god, but these

forms

the heads of

the four children of Horus) have their being in his

" folds,

and they hear the voice

of this great

god every
is

"day.
"

The work which he doeth


of

in the

Tuat

to

devour the shades of the dead, and to eat up the


the enemies
[of

"spirits
"

Ea],

and

to

overthrow

[those
14.

who

are hostile to him] in the Tuat."

The god Kai,

1^6
15.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


The god Meni,
'

'

(1(1

|.

16.

The god Ann-ket,

AAftAAA

^^5 17. The god Ukt, <==>.

Each

of these four

gods

is

Urt.

Ann-ret.

Meni.

Kai.

in a sitting position, but has


sit.

no throne whereon

to

18.

company
fire

of

nine

serpents,
is

each of which
a-

belches

from

its

mouth and

armed with

\m"e

The serpents

of a companj^ of gods,

knife

only the heads and upper parts of the bodies of

these serpents are visible.


,

Their names are Ta-tiiexex,


,

Tem,

Khepera,

Shu, p,

Seb,

SIXTH DIVISION METCHET-MU-NEBT-TUAT I37

J,
Hetepiu,

AsAE,
.

jg,
The

Heru,

^,

Apu,

\/^>

^^^^^

text which refers to the four gods


:

and the nine serpents reads

AAA/\/\A

^V^AA^

A/V\AAA

A/VWV\ AAA/W\

Ji

III

^
=^
A^AAAA

7^
Ji

D
^

111^^

111

<=>!

^^
I I I

wwvv
A/v<?w.

O
I

S=3
I I I

9- ^ S=*
I
I

e:^^
/V\AAA/\

A
AAAAAA

(? (?

S==* -=37

<?

" ^''^

cLI

AA/VAA
1

AAAA^A o

II
I

^ D
D

A/vwvv

s= \/ <c:=>^ W
Q. Q. Q.

"Vj^^

I^^
III

AA/WW ""
I I I

V\ ^=0 JT
|

q
I

^i=r^ -cs::-

-^-

n A

^:^
\\

^-=>

X37
I

^111 .^^ i]^ ^


A/W^AA AAA/V\A
-tr
I I

[)

AAAAAA

11

11

AAA^AA

J J ^^111

^"^

'^
^^.^

^;^~^ A/WW\
1 I

'^

AAAAAA

II

m.

'"i^i

M
Q^

2<

^-^

iii<=>i
^^^^^^^

^
J.

/f

AA/WV\

AAAAAA
I I I

^'^^^

A^/AAA g::^^:^ <;;;;>

J-^;.^-^

QJ3Q

T^
III

AAAAAA

1!
S rs

^
n
[J
I

Millie
AAAAAA
,
.

^"^
fs
r\

AA^W^
-Fy
|

F=^
/
I

nrz}

AA/V^V\ g

C*i

(3

A/v/WW

~
U

'^

^ AA/W\A g A^AA/Vv /WVVNA

\^
"^^^

[J
--*
1

M
1

VX
il

Q
^^

A^VWV\

II

W_W

A/AAAA
, I 1

^^D

(^

LlZD^^r

^^^^

"

Saith the Majesty of this great god to these gods

"

ye who make

yourselves to be standing up although


138
"

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

ye are seated, ye who are in motion although ye are ye whose souls come into being, ye
lift

" at rest, "

who

are

united to your shades, wdio

up your

feet

and who

"

moxe onwards by your


flesh,

thighs, unite

ye yourselves to

"your
"
"

and

let

not your members be fettered.

They have

their life through the voice of this great


is

god every day, and the work which they do

to

"

watch the two comings


"

of the

god Khuti."
it is

Concerning the nine serpents

said

The Majesty

of this great

god speaketh words


:

to

"

these male gods

who

are at the head of this city


spirits,

" Hail,

nine forms of the divine


flames,

whose

faces

"are

of

who

are provided with your knives,

" Ijurn " their

ye up the enemies of Khepera, hack in pieces


shades, for ye are the warders of the

Hidden

" Flesh,
"

which

is

made

of

Nu, your

haljitation, for it is
it is

ye wlio dwell in the Water of Ta-tiienex, and

" for " into "

you that the magical powers


Ijcing.

of

Khepera come
of li\'ing

They have

their

means

from

the word of

Ea

every day.

The work which they do


to cause

" in "

the Tuat

is to

hack asunder the dead, and

the spirits to be destroyed."

139

CHAPTEE

VII.

THE SEVENTH DIVISION OF THE TUAT, WHICH IS CALLED THEPHET-ASAE.


The
scene that illustrates the Sp:ventii Division of
is

the Tuat, which

passed through

hj the Sun-god
introduced

during the Seventh

Hour
D D

of the night, is
:

hy three

lines of text,
I

which read

AAA^AA

/VWV^^

D a

j\

RU<2
I

iii

AA/\AAA /VW\r'/\

^^1
[ZHZ]
AA/V\AA

^^i< O
AAA/VNA

"The Majesty
"in the Hall
of

of tliis great

god taketh up his abode


of this

Osiris,

and the Majesty

god


140

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


who dwell
his

addresseth words to the Hall of the gods


therein.

This god performeth

all

the rites proper

[for entering] this Hall,

and he advanceth on
of the of

way

againt

Apep by means
of the

words

of

power

of Isis,

and by means
God.

words

power

of the Sovereign

The name
is

of the gate of this City


is

wherethrough
of

passeth this god

Euti-Asar.

The name
of the

this

City

Thephet-Sheta.

The name

hour

of the

night which guideth this great god into

it is

Kheftes-

nAU-HESQET-[NEHA]-HEA."

The Boat

of

Af the dead Sun-god,


,

in the

Seventh Hour.

In the middle register are


1.

The boat of Ea, who stands under a canopy formed


of the serpent

by the body

Mehen;

the god

is

ram-

headed and wears a disk on his head, and his name Afu,
9^9,R.>
is

written

twice near him.

In front

of

him

stand Heka-sek, 8 LJ

^^^^ *^^;

^^^

I^i^> ^^^^^ 1^^^


is

both arms stretched out before her, and

reciting the

words

of

power which

shall

make

the boat to advance.

THE SEVENTH

DIVISION

THEPHET-ASAR

I4I

Behind the god stand Heru-heken, Iva-Shu, Nehes,

Hu, and the


is

" jDrotector of

the boat."

Above the boat

written

M#1

C)

52
a D

^ 8|
t

fmL^\rm'^:iu^
AV\/V\A

^
D

AA/VW\

L^aiO
D
" "
^^^V^A

^
This OTeat

-4
I

god journeyeth in

this City in the

path of the Circle of

Sar

(Osiris)

by means and
of

of the utterances of the

words

" of
"

power

of Isis

the words of power of See, so

that he

may
Apep

journey on his

way

against Neiia-hra.
of

" If

these words of power of


shall
])e

Isis,

and those

Ser be

" uttered,
"

turned back and shall be shut


of

up in Anient, in the hidden place


they be uttered on the earth
it

the Tuat

if

" "

shall be so likewise.

Whosoever

shall utter

them

shall

become one

of those

"

who
not
2.

are in the boat of Ka, both in heaven and


;

upon

" earth
"

but whosoever knoweth not these


to repulse

figures shall

know how

Neha-hra."

The serpent Neha-hra, which is transfixed to the ground by means of six knives. The goddess Serqet,
<^^=*
1

stands with a band round his neck in the act of

142
strancrliiiff

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


him, and the god Her-tesu-f,
tail,

"^

stands hj his

round which he

The text which


a

refers to

him

reads

^
is

tying a fetter.

^<^
^l\

^ ^
^ ^

Ji

7i

Tlie serpent

Xeha-hra being fettered by Serqet and Hertesu-f.

AA/WV\

L^J
I I I

^^

"s D D ^ 8 D en
Q

A ^

7=i

^''^^^

^^^^iJU

^ w

S^^ 8U
I
111
I

iiS Jr
"

SP3^gflVfm
"is in this picture
"
is

AAAAAA
AA/W\A
,

He who
name

Apep, and he surroimdeth his

country, which
district,

is

in the
is

Tuat

Tchau

is

the

of

" this

which

four hundred and forty cubits

THE SEVENTH
in

DIVISION

THEPHET-ASAR

I43
in

length,

and four hundred and forty cubits

breadth, and his voice guideth the gods to him.

He

who

is

with(?)

him

after this great


this

god hath made


with Afu,

his passage

through

City, ]ialteth(?)

opposite to the country whereover he would

make

way

behold, Seeqet

is

at the

head

[of

Apep], and

Her-tesu-f placeth

his deadly fetter about his feet

after Isis hath taken possession of the


of
'

words

of

power
this

Ser

of of

two-fold strength, [and Ea] giveth their

words

power.

Whosoever knoweth

it

(i.e.,

'

picture and the text) upon earth shall not be one of

those of whose water iSTEiiA-HRA drinketh."

t ^.-o

.1

TomtiUi.

Tenith.

Nakith.

Uetemtit.

3.

The

goddess

Hetemtit,

"^

(1

(1

^^,
^

armed

with a knife.
4.

The goddess Nakitii,


The goddess Tenit, ""^

n|i

=> armed c=^ \ \

with

a knife.
5.
(] (1

(^ar.

armed with a knife.


G.

Tlie

goddess
,

Temtitii,

/c=

(var.

armed with a knife.

Tliese four goddesses

144

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


coffers, at
;

guard four rectangular

the end of each of


is

which

is

human head
which

inside each coffer

mound

of sand, beneath
of Osiris,

is

buried one of the four forms


contains the form of Tem,"
"

The
"J
i

first coffer "

''^

^1

the second
n
I

contains the form of

^^p=K^

Khepera,"

m ^ ^^

fT^

'

r\

^^^^

^^^^^'*^^

"

contains the

The

coffer of

Tem,

The

coffer of

Khepera,

^^n.B.,^^e) T

Asmy

0^

^
The
coffer of Ra,

The

coffer of Osiris,

form
tains

of Ea,"

^ '^
of
I

^
I

and the fourth


I

" con-

the

form

Osiris,"

/n '^

^'^=::~-^
I

J1

The

goddesses are described as

H \/

ci

OOO ^^.
D D
CTZ]
I I

III

l\/\N\t^

THE SEVENTH DIVISION


I

THEPHET-ASAR
*^
I
I

I45

s
a
I

^^

D D
" at " " "

_P^ nrnQ
ill

,,^

^c:7, "
'

The goddesses who hack

Apep

the Tiiat,

who

repulse (or, bring to nought)

the affairs

(or,

matters) of the enemies of Ka.

Those

who
7

are in this picture,

and who hold

knives, hack

asunder Apep in the Tuat each day."

10.

The four

coffers of Osiris,

concerning which

it is

said

^A/WVW L^ _J

ra 000
AAA/7V\ A/^WAA

^
Lil

..^ D
I I

L_ _J

AAA/VNA

"
/
I

[These
the

J\

J\

" "

are

the]

hidden magical figures

of

the

Tuat,

funeral shrines of the hidden heads.

[When] those
the liidden

"
"

who reached

this

region

[come

there,

when they ha\'e heard the \'oice of " Ra] they eat their own forms, after this great god hath "passed them by." The line of liieroglyphics above
heads] appear, [and
the upper register reads
"""^^
:

'=^^ aw^^

\)AW
-^
I

D
I

^=^
rsN\f\N\
M\t\r^r\r\

III

^
III

l\Ns/\N\

/wwv\

<

-^

fl

D D

146

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


A

^ O

ra

m^i
J]

^
O^
" xiie

w
" great

hidden road
it

of

Ameut.

The

god maketh his way over


this road

in his holy boat,

"
"

and he passeth over


and none
to tow.

which has no water,


his

He maketh

way by means

of

Nel>Uast.

Seth-ab(!').

the words of power of Isis, and by


of

means

of the

words

power

of

Semsu (?),
[act as]

and the utterances

of this great

'

god himself

magical protectors, and perform


in the Tiiat, in this Circle in

'

the slaughters of

Apep

'his windings in the sky.


'

Whosoever

shall

make
of

[a

copy

of] these

[pictures] according to the similitudes

'

which are in writmg at the northern side


hidden palace in
the Tuat they
shall act for

the
that

'

him

'

'earth.
'

maketh them as magical protectors Whosoever knoweth them


Spikits with Ea."

in

heaven and in
be as
the

shall


THEPHET-ASAR
1, standing,

THE SEVENTH
11.

DIVISION

I47

The god Neb-Uast, ^i^

and holding

a sceptre in his right hand.


12.

The goddess Seth-ab(?), '^^ ^T^.


:

In the upper register are


1.

The god Shepes,

in

mummied

form, seated.

:e=;3i

,0

Shepes

Ankhuithit.

and holding in

his right hand some curved which resembles a boomerang.


2.

object,

The goddess

Atii,

^ s=s

with the head


her

of

lioness,

holding the symbol of


in her left.

" life " in

riglit liand,

and a sceptre
3.

The uraeus Ankiiuithit,


of a

--?-

?=>

-V-,

with the

head

woman.

148
4.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

A god in

human

form, seated on a throne, wearing


his head, with " life " in his
;

plumes and an uraeus on

right hand, and the sceptre | in his left


called

this

god

is

Afu-Asae,
is

fl

^^^^

^^^

j)

and he
of a

is

seated

under a canopy which

formed by the body

monster
"^s^
III

serpent called Ankh-aeu-tchefau-axkh-aku,


"1

-VI

^1
1

1^

'

^^^ ^^"^^

which
'

refers to the first three

gods reads:

^ H
A/vwv\

I^

^=5 -^^

^
ra

'^"^'N

Q.

t^^

.e\

III

"

AW\AA

[jal

"

The Majesty of

this great

and holy god

saith,

"

Grant thou

me
is

to

come forth on the path by thy


let let

" spittle (?) "

and by [thy] throat and

word which

madt
is

to

Ankhit, and

me me

utter the

open thy

" fold, for I

have come

to illumine the darkness,

and

to

"

embrace him that

in

Mehen."
U

The

text which refers

to

Afu-Asar

reads

^^
/wwvn
|

H J)

(1

-f]-

.^.? ^111

ffi

0||

THE SEVENTH DIVISION


I

THEPHET-ASAR
^ o
I
I I

I49

^
I
I I

^^=>^
AAA/v^^
I I I I I I

AAAAAA

o
" saith

'This god
J\

D'
in the serpent

unto

Osiris,

who dwelleth

Mehen,
life, life,

" Hail, Osiris,


" "

Governor

of the Tuat,

thou lord of
live, live

thou ruler of Amentet, thou shalt

thou

thou hast magical power, and shalt prevail by magical

(1

li

r- =* of i^P" b --

"^

^T D ^^ ^^ii.
(1

Afu-Asar under the serpent Mehen.

The beheading

of the enemies of Osiris.

"

power

in [this] land.

Thou

dost exalt those

who

are

" in "

thy following on

their arrival before thee.


feet,

Thine

enemies are beneath thy

thou hast gained the


thee.

"mastery over those who have worked against

"The flames [of fire] are against them, he burneth " them up with his blazing knife which is over them, " he hacketh them in pieces and choppeth tliem up
"

with his slaughtering knife, and he reckoneth up his

"

members each

day.

let

me

pass over thee in peace."

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


5.

Three headless
kneeling,
tied
;

figures,

with
behind

their

arms
the

theu' backs

these repreof
'^

sent

"enemies

Osiris,"

^'^

^
o o
I.
I

\lllj|^'

or

^
headed

Befierce

hind these stands a


cat
-

(or,

lynx

headed) god, who holds


a huge

pomted stake

in

one hand, and flourishes


a large knife
G.

m the other.
foes,

Three

%i.

^,

of

Osiris lying
;

on their

backs

round the right


each a rope
is

arm
tied,

of

and the other ends


are

of

the three ropes

in

the hands of a god

called

Anku,

[1

v^
refers

The passage which


to

these

reads

l\

>/

'1'

% i

Anku

fettering the foes of Osiris.

e
^
m

CD?
(LI.

<+=io

B'^

THE SEVENTH DIVISION


AA/W\A

THEPHET-ASAR
1^

153

-<s>-

/I

III

^
I I

lllll

^ W LT^
_/.T^

X^
I I

AftAAAA

^_-j .^_D| ^-o\ e

"

,wwv

S^
^-^
^^.

AAA^AA

r\

A/WSAA /

p
^ '

q
I

^^
-^J-^
I
I

AAAAAA

n <>^

Avw^^ 1
"

^^

/wvvvx

^Z^

^-^

/WWV\
\ \
\

^JU^

Jl

XI

The Majesty of

this

god saith

ye spirits

" "

who

are hostile to Osiris,

who have

rebelled against

the Governor of the Tuat, yonr hands and arms are

" fettered, " " "


"

and

[ye] are tied

tightly with bonds,

and

your souls are kept under ward, and your shades are

hacked in

pieces,

Anku

hath drawn the cords about

you

so tightly that ye shall never be able to escape


restraint."

from his
7.

Three l)earded, human-faced hawks, wearing on

their heads the double

crown

of the

South and North


the
is

the

first

is

called

Sa-Tathexex,
is

"^ "^^^ -^
and the third

name
called
8.

of

the

second

wanting,
at,

Mam(?),

^, or Ma ^.
its

huge serpent, which bears on


posture
;

back a god

in

sitting
V^^"^,

the god

is

called

Afu-Tem,
refers

and the remains

of the text

which

"i

lll^r='
that he shoots forth his flame at those

to

him say

who

rebel against Osiris,

and

tliat

he eats the souls of the

enemies

of the god.

154

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


:

In the lower register are


1.

The

god

Heru-her-khent-f, -^^

C::^
/>.

seated

on a throne, as his name

implies.

He
and

is

hawk-headed, and wears the solar disk encircled by a


serpent
;

in his right

hand

is

the symbol of

life,

in

his left a sceptre.

Tlie other forms of his


.

name
.

are

and

V^ c=q
a

^r^ ^<^=^

Of

this

god

it

is

said

AAAAAA
J
I

AA/W\A

AAAAAA

-rf

Ji

"
" " this

X Jr
of

"^"^^^'^/'The o o o Li^'
III
I

work

this
is

figiu"e

who

is

in

picture
for

in the Tuat,
to

and

"it
"
Heru-he.--khciit-f.

is

him

send the stars

on their May, and to make the


hours to go on their

"

way

in the

"

Tuat." The stars are personified

by gods, twelve in number, who stand each with a star


on his head.
1.

Their names are

Ur-kert,

^^ S
/I\

2.

Kekhert(?),
Neb-kiiert-ta,

3.

IX

4.

TUATI,

^ w

THE SEVENTH

DIVISION

THEPHET-ASAR

I55

6.

H1-KIIU-.

II-

7.

Emta-a,

^4

'

Ur-'kert.

Kekhert.

Neb-khert-ta.

Tuati.

Hiat.

Hi-khu-.

Emta-a.

Teser-a.

Emma-a.

Sem-nes-f.

Tesem-em-maat-f.

Seqer-teiiu.

8.

Teser-a,

9.

Emma-a,

10. Sem-nes-f,

^^

1~1

p^=ja)'

156
11.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Tesem-em-maat-f, c^ n
I

12.

Seqee-Tepu, n
relating
to

^
these

^^ ^_ ^^
I I

The text

gods reads

(j

V/

A"^^l^4'^'^:s'lri>il
c,^^

1%'irn
I

j^

s= ^=

Jr

ji

/www
'

?i

111

F=^ t Jl
of

C2] Cl-i

>

The Majesty
gods
:

of

Horns
ye who

the Tnat saith luito the

" starry "


"

are

madt

in yonr flesh,

whose

magical powers have come into being for you,


are united unto your stars and

who

who
let

yourselves rise up

" for " " his

Ea

in the horizon

which

is

in the

Tuat each day,

be ye in his following, and

your stars guide

two hands

so that he

may

journey through the

"
"

Beautiful Anient in peace.

And,

ye gods

who

stand up,

who dwell

in our land, light


[I]

up ye your

" stars in "

the sky so that

may

unite [myself] with

the master of the horizon."


2.

The Twelve Goddesses

of the

Hours, who face to


THE SEVENTH
DIVISION

THEPHET-ASAR

I57
Their

the right, having each a star on her head.

names are

1.

HeKENNUTHETH,
NEBT-EN-.
.
.

/W.AAA
^

2.

.,

AWVVA

3.

Nebt-nebt,

Goddesses of the Hours.

^rr^#Si:?l1

Goddesses of the Hours,

i.

TUATHETII,

^
/TSi

5.

Amentet-ekmex,

6.

[Name

erased.]

7.

Anitii,J^
AUNITII, U

s=
(][]

8.

^^


158
9.

the book of am-tuat


Tait,

"

T*
Yi.

10. Aeit-kiiu,

"^^^

"^s
JI
\>
^
I

m.

11.

Arit-aku,

^^
.<s>-

12.

Uaat-testes,

^^

c^

The

text relating to the goddesses of the hours reads


I

I/O

5i^\^* D ^ O
AA/WNA

Goddesses of the Hours.

in
^,

AAA^VNA

^ o

AAAAAA

^ O

xi\
I

cO],

,%:m

^
I

<rr>
.111.1111111.

^1--^ ?^^^^
AAA/VV\
I I 1 1 I I

\
m.^''

AAA/-/V\
I I

i;^^ """"
I

MM
n
/wwvN
n
1

AA/VW\

'

(^
I

n
U

Oi

^'

ol'' A/vwv^

<::=>

THE SEVENTH
" saith
"

DIVISION

unto the Hours who

THEPHET-ASAR are in City


this
:

159
ye

Hours who have the power

of

coming into being,


stars,

"ye Hours who are endowed with


" "

ye Hours
that
is

who avenge Ea,

fight

ye on behalf of

Him

on

the horizon, and take ye your forms (or, attributes),

" "
"

and carry ye your symbols, and


and guide
this [god] Ea,

lift

ye up your heads

who

is

on the horizon, into

the beautiful

Amentet

in peace."

The text goes on

-->-^flvwi:iv^^^iis^i

j\

The

crocodile Ab-sha-am-Tuat,

D 0-=
n

1
" "

AV\AAA

t{
way

^^^^^
this

Behold
great god

the gods

and goddesses who guide


of this City."
is

along the hidden


o.

In front

of the

Hours
.-

an enormous crocodile

called Ab-siia-am-Tuat,

"\
of Ea,"

- -

^^
]]

which
"^^^

is

dcscril3cd as " Osiris, the

Eye

(1

"v^

^ ^^

The

crocodile

stands upon a long funeral

i6o
iiiouncl,

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


out of the end of which, immediately under the
the animal, appears a bearded
Osiris,"

head
i.e.,

of

human

head,

"

the head of

or

^
111

Of the

crocodile the text says

AAAAAA

o o o
I I I

^
A

IB
"^
1
I I

^
"

flP-k^^\
is

He who
warden

in this picture is

Ab-shau, and he

is

the

"
"

of the

symbols

of this city.

When

he heareth

the voice [of the boat of] Ra which is addressed to the Eye which is in his cheek (?), the head which is in his " dominion maketh its appearance, and then it eateth " its own form after this great god hath passed it by. " Whosoever knoweth this [picture] Ab-shau shall not
" "

devour his souk"


i6i

CHAPTEE VIIL
THE EIGHTH DIVISION OF THE TUAT, WHICH IS CALLED TEBAT-NETERU-S.
The
tlie

scene that

illustrates
is

the Eighth Division of

Tnat, which

passed through by the Sun-god


of the night, is introduced
:

during the Eighth

Hour
D

by

four lines of text which read

IVi^l
rzsz:

UTJi

^
I

III

A/VWVN

'

iv

w /vv> /VWV\A
i^

WvAAAA

i<

AAA/V\A

WvAAAA

J\

n
II

/wwv\

s lip
D

n
"

^>lc
this great

IIits

The Majesty of

god taketh up

place in

"

the Circles of the hidden gods

who

are on their sand,


l62

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

"and he addresseth to them words in his boat whilst " the gods tow him along through this City by means of " the magical powers of the serpent Mehex. The name " of the gate of this City is Aha-an-urt-nef. The name
"of this City
is

Tebat-neteru-s.

The name

of the
is

"Hour
"

of the night which guideth this great god

Nebt-usha."

The

Circles of this Division are thus described

r^-^^^

M
I
I I

-^^
Jl
III

Mil

AAAAA^

^i^l^^E^^ ^ ^^2P
Jl

II

11
J)

i<

M
"The hidden
Circles of

Ament which
Tuat
let

are

passed

through by the great god, his boat being towed along

by the gods who dwell

in the

them be made
Whosoever

according to the figures [which are depicted] on the

north of the hidden palace in the Tuat.


'

knoweth them by
of

their

names

shall be the possessor

swathings upon earth, and he shall not be repulsed

at the hidden gates,

and he

shall

have offerings in very

great abundance regularly and perpetually."

In the middle register are


1,

The boat

of

the sun, in which the god stands

THE EIGHTH

DIVISION
Ijy

TEBAT-NETERU-S

163

imder a canopy formed

the body of the serpent

Melien, being towed along by nine gods.


is

His passage
v^. -^^
III

thus described

c=^5i

^
ra

^^ r^i-^
jDr
I

-^ Jl
C3
I

aaaaaa

1
I

ill

niSID

<^ /^
ci

f]

f^
Jl
ill

nfl

2^L=_ ^/^vWN W/VTA l(^ 1

C^

A ^

^^37

q 1

mro\ir^K-r^m^\'^
'tc;,.
1
1

AW^A^ AAAAAA
1
I I

'''^^
il.
Q.

i^^=^L

_^

III

II
I

<=:> 1110

III

O
D

I^PJ]
111^
-(2- <^=>
AWVNA
I I I

II

IMIIIIil

ll
I

J\

j^
I

^"^

III

^
1

^'^^^
Q

?
11

Ill ^ii^=^ Mi^iM^


<

j^

111

cin:
I

f^^^

^ D
r~vrn
.
Ill

l'':^4i'
o
maketh
])y
I

1^
y^
this

(^
111

<=>
(S
111

"

This

u'od

his

way
of

into

City, being

towed along

the gods

the

Tuat, in his hidden form of

Meiien.

This god sendeth forth a cry to the regions

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


"of every Circle
" of this City,

and

" also to

the gods

"who
" in,

are thereit is

and

the

"voice
"

of

them
god

which

this

"heareth after he
"

hath sent forth


to them.

"a cry
"

The figures of "their bodies


"
"
'

remain

always

with their dead


l)odies

whicli

" "
"'

are under their

sand,

and

their
to

gates

open

"the voice of
" this

god each

day,
' "
"

and then

they hide themselves after he

hath passed by

"them. " work


" "

Their
in
to

the

Tuat

is

tow

Ea

along over

"

the ways of this

The Boat of If, the dead Sun -god, in the Eighth Hour.

THE EIGHTH
" City, " rise
" "

DIVISION

TEBAT-NETERU-S

165

and they

np

after

they have towed

him along
Hall,

into

" this " " "

and
thou

they say nnto

him
god,

come thou
our
to all

" to "

thine hidden

image,

" god, "

and

the

sepulchres

"of
"

Khentiunite
strongit,

Amenti,

" thyself

"ly
" "

to

and
thou

mayest
be

entreated
lighten

" to

the

" those
"

"darkness who

of
are

on their sands.

"We
"
"

beseech
to to

thee

come
unite

and

"thyself,
" to
"

Ra,

those

who

tow thee along."

The eight gods


l66

THE BOOK OF AM-fUAT


Ka
are thus

wlio t(jw aluug the Ijoat of

described

www
n
11
1

r-yn
c=i:f=,

'''''^-

g-r>
/W-/W.

'--^-^ ca

=^?^

^ ^HF^
is

These

hll<r:>|

"are the gods of the Tuat who tow along

Ea

iu the

"place where the gods have their sepulchres (Tebat"


"

xeteru-set), and he
in
this

[acclaimed] by those
secret of

who

are
of

City.

The images
of]

Tathenex,
the

"

Horns
2.

(?),

[and

the gods are with them."


in

Nine large objects somewhat

form

of

tlie

hieroglyphic Q shems, which has the meaning of

"follower" or "servant"; unlike this sign, however,


each of the nine objects
is

provided with a huge knife,

and from the curved end


head.

of each is

suspended a

human
of the

M. Maspero
:

is

undoubtedly correct in describing

these as the servants of the god.

The names

nine servants are


1.

Hetep-ta,
c.

2.

Amex,(]S(()^
Sesheta-baiu(?),
Sekhex-kiiaibit, /www

3.

^a -T (^
)
IJ

4.

T
'^
I I

5.

XEB-ER-TCHEI!,

"^

THE EIGHTH
6.

DIVISION

TEBAT-NETERU-S

167

Mennu,
Mathenu,
Metkui,
Peremu(?),
it
is

O^'C^-

7.

8.

9.

^.
r

Of these gods

said

^ ^ E ^ ^i ^'b I rri
I
I I

<

Servants of the god R3.

t^
I
I

AAAAAA ^AAAAA

Icrd:

ci

^;!Msi

:^

ra

^/v

^-li

AAA/VNA
1 1

^ D^ 1
_a
I

/w^AA^

X -^

AAAA/

rr^j

"Those

who

are

in

this

i68
'

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


who
are on the path along which this

picture are those


is

'god

towed, and they have their swathings before

them in the form in which the god himself [had them]. This our great god crieth out unto those who have
their life in them, in [their] heads in their forms,
this

and

god crieth out

to

them by their names. Their work

is [to seize]

the enemies of
to

this City,

and then

their swords after


3.
B =^

Ea everywhere throughout make their heads to pass under this god hath passed them by."

A
'

ram, having the solar disk between his horns,


<l

'

^
Joi

AJ

i^^'^

O^-^l

;^- =3;< r~^ ,J^r O

^_2

^^^Uj ^
B

0^11 P^^-rnrr' P
."^-Ig
\

^\

>ffB

-====

=^
i

Servants of the god Ea.

First

form of Tathenen.

and the svml >ol


IS

of linen

bandages in front

of

him

he
is

an imag-e
" first

of

Tathexen,
<^

i^
\ I

of

whom

he

the
4.

form,"

'^'^

'^

or

A
;

D W' ram, having the crown of the South between


and the symbol
an image
of of linen

his horns,

bandages in front of
of

him
"

he

is

Tathenen,
or

whom

he

is

the

second form,'
5.

ram,

ha^'inCT

the crown of the Xorth between

THE EIGHTH
his horns,

DIVISION

TEBAT-NETERU-S
of

l6g
of

and the synihol


an image
of

of linen

bandages in front

him
"

he

is

Tathenen,

whom

he

is

the

third form,"
6.

M ^, O M O
or
;

ram, having the solar disk and a pair of plumes

above his horns, and the symbol of linen Ijandages in


front of

him

he

is

an image

of

Tathexex,
or

of

whom

he

is

the "fourth form,"

*^illl,

m'OO^.
I

The text which

refers to these reads

Second form of Tatheuen.

Third form of Tathenen.

Fourth form

of

Tathenen.

cmi
I

III

C^:^

111
c^^

^>>t
I

"^ *~

-*

AAA^A^

\rrA

czso

A a

^^

AA/V/Wv

Q^

170

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


^,

"

(a\/wwv^0^3
" in

Those who are

this picture in the Tuat,

with their swathings of

" linen in front of "

them, in the form in which the god

himself [had them], are they to

whom
tliis

he crieth out

" after

he hath come

to

the place where they are.

"And

they on their part cry out to


wliich

god with their

" voices

are joyful

hut hidden, and this god


After
[tliis

"singeth a song of joy at their voices.

i^^f-n WrT,m

^,L
a
*******
i*^,

K^
^3

o ^

The

Circle Sesheta.

" great

god] hath passed by them, and

when

the dark-

"ness of night hath covered them over, they receive


"

the diadems of Ea, and the soul of


the earth."

Tathenex uniteth
the Tuat,

" itself to

In the upper register are

five Circles of
:

and a
1.

door,

which may be thus described


is

This Circle, which

called Sesheta,

is

entered
. . .

through a door with the name of Tes-xeb-terer

.,

'^^ and
,

in

it

are seated

THE EIGHTH
1.

DIVISION
of

TEBAT-NETERU-S
i^
1

I7I

The image

Tem,

wearing the

White Crown.
2.

The image

of

Kiiepeka,

^^
1

(]

3.

The image

of SlIU,

i^

r-rrn

P^'
for weaving,
J
I

Each
j[

of these is seated

upon au instrument

The text reads

^
:
1
I

(?5>

n
AV\A^\

<^
I

Ji^
D {^^

<
I

,LA

5^
c.

flll<=>

1
2^^_
I I

'

111

^
"
,

4
[^^

^ O
Zl

o
C3XZ]

^ ^

[
"

AAA/vW /WVAAA

Those who are in

this

picture are [seated] on their instruments for weaving

" [after

the manner] of Horus, the heir, the youthful

" one.
" "

This god crieth out to their souls after he hath

entered into this City of the gods


sand,

who

are on their

and there are heard the voices

of [those

who

are]

"
" "

shut in this Circle which are like [the hum] of


1

many
The

)ees of

honey wdien their souls cry out


8e8HETA."
is

to lia.

name
2.

of this Circle is

This Circle, which


tlie

called
of

Tuat,

is

entered

through a door with


,
,

name
^,
,

Tes-aha-Tathenen,
:-

and

in it are seated

1/2
1.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


The
imacre of Tefxet,
of Seb,

Jj'

2.

The image The image

^
j^

"^ J

3.

of

Xut,

Each

of these is seated

upon an mstrument

for weaving.

The text reads:


^AA/y^ AAAAAA
I
I

^
I I

Pfi

J" |

[^111

i
I

n AAAAAA

n^^

III!

2^1

^\AA^ AAAAA^

The

Circle Tuat.

^
tliis

AA^vwv <=:=> A/VW\A *~^-*

"

Those who are in

picture are

A^AAAA

" [seated] " "

upon

tlieir

instruments for weaving, which

are set firndy on their sand, according to the mystery

which Horus made.

This god crieth out to their

"souls in whatsoever regions they are, and there are


THE EIGHTH
"

DIVISION

TEBAT-NETERU-S

73

heard the voices of [those wlio are]

sliut in this Circle

"

which are
TUAT."
3.

like the

sound

of the

swathed ones [when]


of this Circle is

" their souls


"

cry out to Ea.

The name

This Circle, which


,

is

called As-xeteru,

uny CT^l

is

entered

through a door with the name of

III'

Tes-akhem-baiu,
seated
:

h
^'^^^^
/

(^^

and

in

it

are

Jr^ r

d-k
,fe>
I

/
p;"^,

o
rf-T

5^

V'

""^

IR^ ^ '^^

a Nil :^^

The

Circle As-neteni,

1.

Tlie imao'e of Osiris,

^^
I

rv_

2.

The

imao-e of Isis,

[I

3.

The image
of

of

HoRUS,

^
I
I I

^^,

hawk-headed.

Each
-^^'
I

these

is

seated as

l)efore.

The text reads


J'
1

WyV\AA ,wv/^

AAA/VNA
fl

II

^^^
TG

\>

III

II

7;^^ /wv^^

q
I

Q (^^

rvn -<2::^2^

^i_

11


174
(3
"^
--*

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


/)

^ ^
O
AAAAAA

Jj
Zl

/v^^yv^
I

A/VSAAA
1
I I

^ ^
,

Those who are in

this picture are [seated]

" "

upon

their instruments for weaving,

which are

set

firmly on their sand, according to the mystery which

"Horns made.
"

This god crieth out to their souls in


are,

whatsoever regions thev

and there

is

heard the

The

Circle Aakebi.

"sound
" Circle,

of the voices of [those

who

are] shut in this

which

is

like

imto the sound of


to Ea.

men who
of

"

lament when their soids cry out


As-xeteru."

The name

" this Circle is


4.

This

Circle,
is

which

is

called

Aakebi,

(1

"^^

J1
name
,
I

Jjj

entered through a door with the


::3

of

Tes-sheta-thehex-xeteuu,
in it are seated
:

rm y w

"^>^

and

'

THE EIGHTH
1.

DIVISION

TEBAT-NETERU-S
ft,

I75

The image
The image

of

Ka-Amentet,

2.

of

"^ LJ bull-lieaded. Ba-neteeu, "^ i.'<^ TIT, ramEem-neteru,

headed.
0.

The image
headed.

of

^^ ^^
i

ram-

Each

of

these

is
I

seated as before.

The text reads:


i*""^
<>
I

n
/WV^AA

~^*~
i^
I
'
I I

rrv
\>
III

A ^

,=^-^

-<2>-=]

D C^^

%2
AAAAAA
I 1

^^^^^^

^^_ ^]^
J[r

^
zl
I

/NAAAA^
I

FD

M -IT
AAA/VSN

m\l\f
-^^

-Zr

^=zn
I

<:z:=>

^ ^ O awwv

^r-^^
J ^

,C=jJj ,C==J)
I

LJ
00
11
I

II II

^
I

_^^
II
I

[X^
r-^-^ .J...
"

^
(T
this

I^
I

^www <===>
AAAv'^^A
<^^

-^

Those who are in


instruments

AA/NAAA

" picture "

are

[seated]

upon

their

for

weaving, which are set firmly on their sand, according


the mystery which Horus made.

" to "

This god crieth

out to their souls in whatsoever regions


is

they

are,

"and there
"

heard the sound

of tlie voices of those


is

who

are shut in this Circle, which


of

like unto the

"sounds
" is

bulls

and

of

other male animals

when

" their souls

cry out to Ra.

The name
called

of this Circle

Aakebi."
This
I '

5.

Circle,

which
1

is

IS'ebt-semu-nifu,

^^>^

^^

XZH ,^ T O

is

entered through a door liaving ^


176
the
^^

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


name
of

Tens - sma - kekiu,


:

/vwwv

'

'Y^

^ "T^j
1.

^^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ seated of

The image
headed.

Khatpj,

^^
"^
h

(1

(J

ichneumon

2.

The image
headed.

of Affi,

<S=ct,

animal-

3.

The image

of

Arj-AXB-Fi,

ejnocephahis-headed.

J^

f^

JsP^^f lifers? m
1

_,

,_-_..__^

The

Circle Xebt-semu-nifu.

Each

of these

gods

is

seated as

Ijefore.

The text reads


-"-^
I
I

AAAAAA

A A
1

\>

III

A/VWVN
1

II

ra

"C3>

Cl)

/V\A/V\A

fl

/wwvs -^:==>

_ O

'
,

Those who are in

this picture are

THE EIGHTH DIVISION


" [seated]
"

TEBAT-NETERU-S

177

upon

their instrunients for weaving,

which

are set firmly on their sand, according to the mystery

"

which Horns made.


in

This god crieth out to


are,

their
is

" souls

whatsoever regions they

and there

"

heard the sound

of the voices of those


is

who

are shut
of those

" in this Circle,

which

like unto the

sound

"

who make

supplication
to
lia.

through terror when their

" souls "

cry out

The name
called

of

this

Circle

is

Nebt-semu-nifu."
6.

An

open

door,

Tes-

IT^^yJ^^i^^^^^^^-^^:

KHAI15ITU-TUATIU,

TT
is

'^^ ic
TTT

i
In

beyond which
lower

a goddess.
are
also

ff

the

register

five Circles,

and an open
:

door,

which
;

may
1.

Ije

thus described
Circle,
- s,

is

This

which
c._a

called
Tlio door Tes-khaibitutuatiu.

HeTEPET - NEB

IS

entered through a door having the


/-I

name
are
:-

of Tet-se.m-

EiniEN-TA,

Si

in

it

1.

goddess

standing

upright,

called

AMEiM(?),

o<:=><

2.

The serpent Mehex-ta,


Three arrows lying on the top
the "arrows of
lifi."

3.

of

j[

j[

these are

178
4.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


luui-headed god, seated on
Neb-PvEKIIIT, <cr>
[
[
',

liis

uame

is

<^^
I
I

The

text

reads

^^^

^ 11

AAAA/V\
I

M OH

ff

t:

^^^Krli
^ 1Mil o
nil

=^L=_
AA/WAA

/vvv\AA
I I I

g||2.

y^^^^lgiS

The

Circle Hetepet-neb-:

Jl V
cz=>
'

(=U)

G MM W. ^ C^
I

^T*^

"^

"
,

Those who are in

this picture are [seated]

Upon

their instruments for weaving, [which are set

'

hrmly on

their sand], according to the

mystery which
This great

'Horns, the heir, the young [god] made.

god crieth out to their souls after he hath entered

into

this City of the gods this


is

who

are
to

upon

their sand,

and when

god crieth out


heard
tlie

them
of

in tlie

two
are

'Atekti there

somid

those

who


THE EIGHTH
"

DIVISION

TEBAT-NETERU-S

lyg

shut in this Circle, which

is

like unto the voices of

"

male cats when they cry out and their souls cry out

" to Ka.
2.

The name
Circle,

of this Circle is
is

Hetepet-neb-s."

This

which
,

called

Hetemet-khemiu,

is

entered through a door having

the
_

name Tes-Ea-kheftiu-f,
are
:

^^ O

a
I

^ w

k^=:_

in

it

1.

Nut,

bearded and man-headed.

I'

The

Circle

Hetemet-khemiu.

2.

Ta,

^ 3S

bearded and man-headed.


crocodile-headed.
e==.

3.

Sebeq-hka,(ij
1'

The text reads:


H

:^ PTl 1
H
I

Til
/wwvN ^^:;:i

A/VWV\
1
I I

T-^^

:>

o O
I

III

^= -?^ %=2
I

^
J)
r-Si^^

ii

(3

ni
I

/= i ^
ra

\\

11

'

II

Z]

^ O

'

AAAAA/ AAA^^

:]i

f^
-r

II
I

11
[^1

i8o

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


A/VW\A

^^

A
upon
their

Those who are in

this picture are [seated]

instruments for weaving, which are set firmly on their


sand, according to the mystery which

Horus made.
heard

This god crieth out to their souls, in whatsoever


'

regions they are in the two Aterti, and there

is

the sound of the voices of those


Circle

who

are shut in this


of the

which

is

like unto the

soimd

confused
to Ea.

murmur of the living when their souls cry out The name of this Circle is Hetemet-khemiu."
1

THE EIGHTH
3.

DIVISION

TEBAT-NETERU-S
8

l8l

Tebat, ,=^^

"i^

"^
.

4
The
text

Temtet,

i^ ^^.
D

reads

ii
D

III

r-^^

izi
III

z:

/VVSA/V\
I

(S

II

ra
zi

rn
:]
'^'^'vwv

o
II
I I I

ll^ra
^

ci \^
^

MID
i;3

/VvWV\

">
I I I

Zl
I I

^ o

"

Those who are in

this

picture

/V^WV\

" " "


"

have their instruments for weaving before them, and


they are set firmly on their sand, according to the

mystery which Horus made.


Ateeti, and there
those

This god crieth out to

their souls, in whatsoever regions they are in the


is

two

"
"

heard the sound

of the voices of
is

who

are shut in this Circle, which

like unto
to the

"

the sound of the voices of those


of

who go down

" l)attle-field
"

Nu when
which
I
I I

their souls cry out to Ea.

The name
4.

of this Circle is Circle,

Hap-semu-s."
is

This

called
is

Sehert - baiu
throuo-h

- s.

^
door

^2
the

entered

cr=i
of

havhig

name
I I

Tes - sept - nesut,


are four

P^AO^a

in

it

mummied

tiods,


l82

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


of

each with an instrument for weaving in front

him,

and

their

names are
1.

Keku,
1

Ffq,

2.

Menhl
TCHEE-KHU,
KlIEBS-TA,

3.

4.

The

Circle Seliert-baiu-s.

The text reads


'^'VVAA'V

:;^m
I I I

'

11

11
I

^^-^

/vw^W

C3a

zl

"^

tkS^^T
_^s
>
'

1
^
<:i

<^

^4.V
i
'

^
N^N\N\

_/X"^

AA^WW

<^

>

"

Those who are in

this picture

have their instruments

THE EIGHTH
of weaving
their sand,

DIVISION

TEBAT-NETERU-S

183

before thein, and they are set firmly on

according to the mystery which Horns

made.

This god crieth ont to their sonls in what-

soever regions tliey are in the two Aterti, and there


is

heard the sonnd

of voices of those

who

are shut in

this Circle,

which

is

like unto the

sound

of the cry of

'

the Divine
to Ea.
5.

Hawk

of

Horns when

their sonls cry out

'

The name

of this Circle is 8eiieet-baiu-s."


is

This Circle, which

called

Aat-setekau, -

i4C

The

Circle Aat-setekfiu.

"^ '^ II
are

'

'

'

'

^^

entered

througli

door

havino; the
in
it

name of

Tes-kiiu,
of

four uraei, each

which

rests

upon

its

instrument for weaving, and their names are


1.

Aaket-akkii,
PtErvIT-ANKII,

(1

<==>

Y.

2.

^s ^4^1'

184
3.

the book of am-tuat


Neseut-ankhet, ^-\
Septat-ankh,
-V1

--

4.

O
I

The text reads


AArWVV
I I
I

HC
r-^^
I

III

\\y^\
^ o
I

-n- ^

J\

o
1

[^^ 11
I

11

^
ci

cm] ^ ^ ;^;;;^^ <=:=> O


tliis

wwv^'

Those who are in


[seated]
weaA'ing,

picture are
of

on their instruments

and they are

set firmly

on their sand.
The door Tes-amom-mitem-sheta-f.

This god erieth


in

out

to

them

whatsoever

regions they are, and they shed


of of

"light
"

Ly means

their

radiance

[which cometh]
but they do not
is

from the depth

their mouths,

" "

come forth from


the sound of
Circle
of

their

Circle

and there

heard

the voices of those


is

who

are shut in

" this
" " "

which

like unto the twittering of the


of

whole

the birds

a
Tlio

nest of

water-fowl
of
this

when
is

they cry out to Ea.

name

Circle

Aat-setekau."

THE EIGHTH
6.

DIVISION

TEBAT-NETERU-S
\./

185

door

called

Tes-amem-mit-em-sheta-f,

o
figure of the

r~^;n

Beyond

it is

god Nu,

000,

who appears
.

to he over

the "chamber of destruction," -^^^

i86

CHAPTER

IX.

THE NINTH DIVISION OF THE TUAT, WHICH IS CALLED BEST-ARIJ-ANKHET-KHEPERIT.


Haying passed through
Tuat, the
boat of
is

the Eighth Division of

tlie

the

sun

arrives

at

the

Ninth

Division, which

passed through hy the sun during


of

the

Ninth Hour
:

the night.

The opening text

reads

^
D

D
<

<y>

^ <=>'n
I

^
H[-

^
I

^
<WW\A

z4

fv
_Z1

q
I

S\
\

'^

/W\NV^

'7(.

rP\^ /WVW\ '^

/www

/wwv\
[J

Aw/v^ ^^i:^

k\

/VWW\ KKTC^^ AAAAAA

>k
A'WvA/\
i.

Tliis

great god taketh up his place in this Circle,

NINTH DIVISION
"

BEST-ARU-ANKHET-KHEPERU
his boat to those
sailors join the boat of

187

and he addresseth words from


it.

who
this

"are in
" great
"

The divine

god in this City.

The name
is

of the gate of this

City through which this god entereth and taketh up

" his place "

on the stream which


the
;

in this City

is

Saa-

EM-KEB

"
"

KHEPERU
The

the

name of this City is Best-aru-ankhetname of the Hour of the night which


is

guideth this great god


line of text

Tuatet-maketet-en-neb-s."
register

which runs above the upper

reads

^
I'

=> O ^

[^^^

II

(Q,

.6.

c. c>

A 1

r"^

r-^-^ u,

^ w

Jill
/^^.^^^^/^
I I

f^^^ CTZ]

^ ^ ^
AAftAAA
I
I

A/W\AA^^W

II

Ilii

S r-^-^ ^
I

H
I

^^^=:^[r3i

y^

^=

II

"The hidden
"

Circle of Amentet, through whicli this

"great god travelleth and taketh up his place in the


Tuat.
If

these things be

made with
which
is

their

names
a

" after

the

manner

of this figure

depicted at

" the east of the

hidden house

of the Tuat,
is

and

if

"man knoweth
"

their

names whilst he
in

upon

earth,

and knoweth their places

Amenti, [he sluiU attain

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

" to] his

own

place in the Tuat, and he shall stand up

" in all places


" (or,

which belong

to the gods

whose voices

w^ords) are madt, even as the divine sovereign

" chiefs (tchatcha) of

Ra, and the mighty ones of the

"palace (Pharaohs?), and [this knowledge] shall be of


" benefit to

him upon

earth."

In the middle register are:


1.

The boat

of tlie sun,

with the god

Afu

standing

under a canopy formed by the serpent Mehen.

The Boat

of Afu, the deail Sun-god, in the

Xinth Hour.

2.

The Twelve

Sailors of Efi, each of

whom
;

stands

upright, and liolds a paddle in his hands

their

names

are

1.

Khennu,\^|.
Akiiem-sek-f,

i.e.,

"the sailor "parrareZ/t'Hrc.

2.

3.

Akhem-urt-f,

^^1

NINTH DIVISION

BEST-ARU-ANKHET-KHEPERU

189

Khennu.

Akliem-sek-f.

Akliem-urt-f.

Akhem-hemi-f.

Akhem-hcp-f.

Alihem-kheuies-f.

Kheu-unnut-f.

Hepti-ta-f.

Hetep-uaa,

Neter-ncteru.

Tcha-Tuat.

Tepi.

igO
4.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Akhem-hemi-f,
Akhem-hep-f,
(1

1\

\;^

1^1^

-^

5.

(|

D
-75-

6.

Akhem-kiiemes-f,
Khen-u^'xut-f,
Hepti-ta-f, g

7.

^^ ^ /www
^

8.

9.

Hetep-uaa,

10. ISTetepv-xeteku,
I

11.

tcha-tuat,

12. Tepi,

'^
refers to tlicse reads

The text which

a
I

L) A/vvv^^

'=^

AWVAA 1111

^ D
D

^^-(^(111

AAVV\\

cO]

-^

.A.

i::^

tJ

^ ci ^ F=q

^^UJ
-=>
III

D _M^

[irz]

t)

01^1 ^
J]

NINTH DIVISION

BEST-ARU-ANKHET-KHEPERU
<--~> AAA/\AA
fJV./\Ar\

IQI

o
J\
AAw'VAyVy

AAAAAA
A^AA'^A

A^WAA

/VNAAyVv

AAAAAA
A/vAAAA

O
)
I

J]

3O
joiuetli

"This
I

"great
" "

god

those

who
his

will

transport
join
his

hiiii

through

this
is

City,

and

sailors

boat

Mehen. This "great god addresseth words to the gods who dwell " in this City, that is to say, to the gods who are the "sailors of the boat of Ea and to those who will
wherein he
in his hidden

form

of

" "

transport [him] through the horizon so that he

may

take up his position in the eastern Hall of heaven.


is

"Their work in the Tuat


" this City

to transport

Ka through
by
tlie

every day, and


this City

they take their stand


[saileth]

"stream in
"it
is

whereon

the boat, and

they

who

give water with their paddles to the

" spirits

who

are in this City, and they sing hyunis to

"the Lord

of the Disk,

and they make


of

to arise [his]

"Soul in
"

his forms

by means

their hidden

words

every day."
3.

A
is

bearded,
his

and horns on

man-headed hawk, wearing plumes head, seated on a basket or bowl his


;

name
4.

MuTi-KiiEXTi-'ruAT,

^^

rflk

^^

The ram-god

ISTESTl-KiiENTi-'ruAT, couchant

on a

basket or bowl.

"
Ji
III

192
5.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


The cow-goddess Nebt-au-khenti-Tuat,

(tiller^6.

A
I

Leaided god, in mmuniied form, called Hetepet-

NETEK,

(^3)^
I
I I

3, ^'
t.

or

HeTEPET-NETERU,
r^

,, 11

,!,,,
I I

III

11,"

III AwvsAM AVAWA HAwvsAM


AVVVSV/1 l/VVSV/t

A
&
(jnj nai

li

V 111 III
,

II. !
I

-, ^

+
ife

Muti-khenti-Tuat.

The

text

which

refers

to

these

reads

^J-J^^

^111
1
1 I

/^e
10

^=0=

111


NINTH DIVISION

BEST-ARU-ANKHET-KHEPERU I93

/I "^fc^

F!^

Ill

Nesti-khenti-Tuat.

MA-r-tl'^'


194

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

mi
^
" City are
" " " "

Those who are in this picture in

this

they

who

give offerings of food to the gods


;

who

are in the

Tuat

Ra

decreeth for

them

loaves of

bread and vessels of beer, and the gods journey on in


the following of this great god to the Eastern horizon the sky, with

" of "

Hetep-neteru-Tuat

[also] following

him."

In the upper register are


1.

Twelve gods, each

of
;

whom
their

is

seated upon the


:

symbol

of linen swathings
1.

names are

Neha-ta,

ra

2.

Teba,ci^
Maati
(or,

J^|.
Ariti)

3.

YI

4.

Menkhet,
Hebs,
Nebti,

r^^^
I

5.

IJ ^^ ^.
"^
jj
^'^

6.

7.

Asti-xeter,

"1

8.

ASTI-PAUT

w
K
[1

9.

Hetemet-khu,

Neha-ta.

Teba.

Maati.

Menkhet,

Hebs.

Nebti,

Asti-neter.

Asti-paut.

AAAM/VWi

AVUWrt

Hetemet-khu.

Neb-Pat.

Temtu.

Men-5.

196
10.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Neb-Pat,
<

d
^"

11.

Temtu, r-=^
Men-a,

C^

12.

^^
:

The text which

refers to these reads

^^^

'^"'^^^^

"^

A/vvv^^

11

^
Nv\rv\r.

55
/w\r^\

III

MM

^^

Jy

11

AAA/V\^

AAA^W.

^
1

q
I

AAAAAA

'

^^^

^
I
I

llililUj'

^0 ^

>

.<S>/^^AA^^

-<2>JI
I

A/V\AAA

iSi-^ll
D
I

D
AAAA^^

O
I i

"^
I

il O
^
"

..<S>-

^^111
d
til
'

A^/vv^A

_cr^

^^

"

Those who are in this picture in

the Tnat are seated firmly on their instruments for

"
"

weaving, and they are in the form of the figures

which Horus made.

Ea

saith to

them

ye who

NINTH DIVISION

BEST-ARU-ANKHET-KHEPERU
who

I97

are swathed in your holy swathings,


ill

are arrayed

your garments,

whom Horus

covered up

when he

hid his father in the Tuat, which concealeth the gods,

uncover ye your heads,


faces,

ye gods, unveil ye your

and perform ye the things which must be done


!

for Osiris

Ascribe ye praise to the lord of Amentet,


his enemies
(i.e.,

and make ye your word madt against


every day.

These beings are the tchatcha

divine

sovereign chiefs) of this god, and they avenge by their

words Osiris each day


in the
2.

and the work which they do

Tuat

is

to overthrow the enemies of Osiris."


:

Twelve goddesses, whose names are


1.

Perit
r-vn

2.

Shemat-khu,
^""^

3.

Nebt-shat,
id

4.

Nebt-shefsheft,

5.

Aat-aatet,

6.

Nebt-setau,
Hent-nut-s,
9

7.

8.

Nebt-mat,
esert-ant,

9.

(J

r^/^^

"igS
10.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Aat-khu,

I^ ^ '^ ^ ^ In*
Y ^1
y^
1

11.

Sekhet-metu,

12.

Netert-en-khentet-Ea,

<r:>

The text which

refers to these reads

7^;^

'"'^'"'^

:i
I

^
I I

^
a
i<
A/^W\A
I

52
A

m^\\.
^^
AA/y^^

J\

r-^^~i

J^
sf 1 -^
"
" "

MM
I

Ji

^^
1
1 1

o
w

LizD

ra
of the

Those who are in this picture with their bodies

Tuat are they who are


made.

in

the forms which Horus

This great god crieth out to them after he


are,

" "
" "

hath arrived at the place where they

and they

come

to life

and they hear


is

[his] voice.

Their work

in the

Tuat

to raise the praises of Osiris,


St)ul

and

to

embrace the hidden


to bring life
of the

by means

of their words,

"and "god
"

and strength

to the risings of the


are],

Tuat

[in

whatsoever regions they

and

they utter words on [his behalf] in the chamber each

"day."

MM
OAeA
B

ca

/www\rt

k^^/)

Perit.

Shemat-khu.

Nebt-shat.

Nebt-shefsheft.

Ml
:

&
G

O i^

Aat-aatet.

Nebt-setau.

Hent-nut-s.

Nebt-mat.

Teserl-ant.

Aat-khu.

Sekhet-motu.

Nelcrt-cn-kheutot-Ra.


20O

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


:

In the lower register are


1.

Twelve

uraei,

which are mounted each on


fire

its

instrument for weaving, and each pours forth


its

from

mouth
1

their

names are

2.

Tekait,

4.

Khut-Tuat, ,^.
Tertneshek,
Ap-shet,

^ ^^.
A^W\AA

5.

<=>
'^

rm
M\N\N\
1
I I I

6.

C30

\/ ^^.
I I

8.

Shex-ten-amm,

10. Aat-ai;u,

_i]

"^

%
f] f]
I

11.

Nebt-uauau,
Nebt-rekeh,
uraei
is

^ ^ ^
P

fi

12.

Above the

a mutilated line of text, which,


a^vva

according to IMaspero's restoration, reads:

]s.iP[T]:[uaiT]iS^rf

NINTH DIVISION

BEST-ARU-ANKHET-KHEPERU

201

Tekait.

Khut-Tuat.

m-

-*r

c?

A '"T'l

Tertneshen.

Ap-shet.

Xnkhet.

Shen-ten-amm.

i-.^-ffiW.^i

Aat-aru.

Kcbt-uauau.

Ncbt-Eekcl.i.

202

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

k.

W
D D
=1

Mn
f"^ ^,^^1

rpj^g

names
is

'

of the uraei

who kindle

fires for

the god
fire

who

the
is

'

governor of the Tuat hy means of the


their Tnouths.

which

in

'

They swallow

their flames after this


refers to

'

god hath passed by them."


AAAAAA

The text which

them reads

k^l
I

mM mw.
i<

^ ^ nri

H '^
I

i imJl %%%

^
'if 1%^

*-
I I

mf:n

AAAAA',
I

AAA/VA/v

.^
I I

^^2P
f\M

^
J
I I

^^unr

M.
fire],

"
"
"

Those who are in

this picture [are] in the Tiiat [and

they have bodies of

and

it

is

they

who

lighten

the darkness in the Tuat for [Osiris]

... by means

" of

the flames of
it is

fire

which come forth from their

"

mouths, [and

they

who

bring about the destruc-

NINTH DIVISION
" tioii of] those "

BEST-ARU-ANKHET-KHEPERU
are overthrown in the Tuat.

203
It is

who

they

who

drive back the serpents of every kind which

" are
"

on the ground, and whicli are unknown in their

forms to the god of the Tuat.

They make themselves

" to live
" to

by means

of the blood of those

whom

they hack

pieces each day [when] those advance

who endow

"

with magical power the dead by the mystery of their

" formulae. " formulae,


2.

Those who know

this shall see their magical

and

shall not pass through their flames."


;

Nine bearded gods, who stand upright


of " life " in his of

each holds
staff,

the symbol

right hand,
in the

and a
of a

the

upper portion

which

is

form

wrigglmg

snake, in the left hand.


direction of a god
description,
is

These gods are imder the


form, whose name, or

in

mummied

Heeu-her-she-tuati, NA^
"

ciszi

-Jc

"vX

_^ III'
,

i.e.,

Horus who
of the nine

is

over the lakes in the


:

Tuat."

The names

gods are

l.SEKX,ll||V^(.||||||).

3.

Nehebeti, -^^

4.

TCAMrx,,

2^

^
(1

5.

Neb-aatti, ^^z^

^
1 1

G.

Heq-neteuu-f,
I

^
I

Jj

204

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

NINTH DIVISION BEST-ARU-ANKHET-KHEPERU 205

206
7.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


D
Pan-afj,
/vAAAAA

8.

Teser-ari,

^^
.

[j

9.

AllA-SEKHET,

207

CHAPTER

X.

THE TENTH DIVISION OF THE TUAT, WHICH IS CALLED METET-QA-UTCHEBU.


Having passed through
which
is

the

Ninth Division

of

the

Tuat, the boat of the sun arrives at the Tenth Division,


passed through by the sun during the Tenth

Hour
i

of the night.

The opening
'"^

text reads

AAAA/NA

AV\AAA

'

'

AAAAAA

47*

A/VVWS

D
AAAAAA

_ll

III

"nmmr

^^^ A^^ .M^

'=>

AAA/V

"This great god taketh up his place in


"

this Circle,

and he uttereth words

to the eods

who dwell

therein.


208
" "

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


of the door of this City
is

The name

through which this

great god entereth

Aa-kherpu-mes-aeu.

The name
of the

" of this "

City

is

Metet-qa-utchebu.
City

The name
this great

hour of the night which guideth


of this
is

god to

"the hidden paths


"

Tentenit-uheset-

KHAK-ABU."
In the middle register are
1.
:

The boat

of

the sun, in which the god stands

under a canopy formed by the serpent

Mehen

he

The Boat

of Af, the

dead Suu-god, in the Tenth Hour.

holds

the symbol of

life

in his

right

hand, and a

serpent,
2.

which serves as a
large
I

sceptre, in his left.

two-headed serpent called Thes-heau,


is

which

depicted in the form of a pair of

horns deeply curved

towards the ends where they

meet. The head which faces to the right has on it a White Crown, and is directly opposite to the face of a goddess, who also wears a White Crown, and is called

THE TENTH
Hert-eement,
left

DIVISION

METET-QA-UTCHEBU

209

and the head which


a

faces the

has on

it

the face of a o;oddess,

Eed Crown, and is directly opposite to who also wears a Eed Crown
|

and

is

called Shemerti,
is

i.e.,

"

She

of the

two bows.
;

The serpent
pair
is

provided with two pairs of legs

one
left

turned to the right and the other U) the

Shemerti.

The serpent Thes-hnVu.

Hert-erment.

Within the curve

is

a large hawk, which Ijears the


rjTk.

name
3.

of

Heru-khenti, 1;=^
hoat,
-f-

wherein
'

lies

at full length the serpent

Ankii-ta,

lis

Or,
Gi'ecks,

Khent-Heru,
i.e., x<"''''p;

wl)icli

became oue

of the Dekaiis a,nioiig the

sec Maspero, op.

cit., p.

127.


210

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

Sc.rt

-i

t^-

The serpcui Aukh-ta.

4.

Four male

figures,
;

each of which has a disk, 0,

in place of a

head

each grasps in his right hand an

arrow, with a spear-shaped head, which rests on his


shoulder, are
:

and

is

pointed

downwards

their

names

1.

TEl'THld,

^ '^.
^^^^

3.

Te.mau,

%^.

2.

Sheseha,

^.
hand

4.

Utu,

^ e^ ^
each
of

5.

Four

hearded,

liunian-headed

figures,

which

lias in his

right

a short spear, whicli rests

lT^

Tepthra.

Shesera.

Temau.

Utu.


THE TENTH
DIVISION
is

METET-QA-UTCHEBU 211

on his shoulder, and


are:
1.

pointed upwards; their names

Setu,

3.

Khesefu,
Sekennu,

t
^:iz^

v\

2.

Ektau,

4.

Setu.

Khesefu.

Sekennu.

Pettki.

Shemerthi.

Kha-a.

6.

Four bearded, human-headed

figures,

each grasping

with both hands a bow, which he holds above his knees


their

names are
1.

rETTHi,

D
?K

^*^
TiiEsu,

2.

SlIEMERTIII,

4.

Kha-a,

^;1^

212

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


texts

The

which

refer to the above read:

1.

i^

J\

A/VAftAA

ni^l

AA/WV\
I I I

^n
j

AAA/VW

\
I

AA/^AA\
1
I

^
who

I,

"This great god maketh his joimiey through

" this City, in this picture, in his boat, "


"

and

his sailors,

are the gods, convey

him along

this [great]

god

taketh up his place in this City in the water, where-

"
" "

upon those who

live in the

water make use of their


life

weapons, and they spring into

at the sound of the


[in the

working of the sailors, who are gods,


A/VWW.

boat of Ea]."

,<-r-~^ C=<x>=3 (Q)

\^''i
so
" picture are
" "

AA/\AAA

\\

X
1^

Jl

1
Those wlio

cr^ A
C<2]

J^

are

in

this

they wdio are on the two sides of Thes-hrau,

who
is,

is

the son of Sekpj, the governor of the Tuat.


(i.e.,

This figure

the serpent) even in the form in which

" it

travelleth after this great god into its horizon,

THE TENTH
"

DIVISION

METET-QA-UTCHEBU
I.
I

213

and

it

entereth in with

him

in the earth every day."

D
A/UWV\

J\

u
AA/WV\

(fHi

"

He who

is

in

this

picture in his

hoat

" "

standeth up in the thick darkness in the Hall of the

Eastern Horizon, and he taketh up his position in


place every day
;

" his

he formeth the serpent watcher

"of the Tuat in the holy place

/i\

^
\

of

Khenti-Amenti."

tk ^-^

;:;r;

JJ-^
' '

7|\

AAftAAA

(J

A/V\AAA

[-]
I 1

AAAAAA

C^i

\^

AAAA/A
I I I I I
I

^^
Mfi

AAAAAA
I I I

V^

LTU

C^

^^.^

V8>

|\ ^

^)\^

11

[^^

Q-Q.^

214

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

^^
I I 1
!

d?

Jl

J\

/WWVA

r-^^

i^

<=:^

"To those who are in this picture with their arrows, "and to those with javelins, and to those with their " bows, who are in the presence of this great god, and " who make their appearance with him in the Eastern
"

Horizon

of the sky, this great

god saith

Speed

ye

"
"

your arrows, make ready your javelins, bend your


bows, and destroy ye for

me my

enemies who are in

"

darkness

be ye at the portal of your horizon, and

" follow
"

" "
"

ye in my train when I unite myself to those who make adoration to my flesh in the Mantit Boat. It is they who drive l)ack the Sebi serpent of Neha-hra in the thick darkness, and when this

great god passeth on into the Eastern Hall of the


horizon, they also travel on in the train of this god."
register runs a line of text,

"

Over the upper

which reads

'

A^AAA^

^ w


THE TENTH
DIVISION
V\\

METET-QA-UTCHEBU
Ji

215

aaA/v\a

_t_

-"^

"^^1^3^,

"[Tliis

i]

the hidden

" Circle of

ximentet, where Kiieper imiteth himself to


tlie

" "

the form of Ea, and where

gods,

and the

spirits,

and the dead hasten (?)

in the hidden forms of AKEirr.

" If

a copy of these things be

made according
of the
if

to the

" figures

which are depicted on the east


of

hidden
it,

"chamber

the Tuat, and

[a

man] knoweth

"together with the names [of the gods], he shall " journey round about and shall pass through the Tuat,

and he
'

shall not be turned Imck


of Ra."
:

from making himself

a companion

In the upper register are


1.

The god Paxkhi, D


and
t

~^

flfl,

who

holds - in his

right hand,
2.

in his left.

beetle, called

Kheper-ankii,
of sand,

-, apparently

pushing along a zone


the horizon.

<=>,

or perhaps entering

The

text whicli refers to these scenes reads


1

D
AAAAAA

^
'
I I

,,, III

III

^-^ rO] 4 n ^ C^ S\G =^ cziD ^ g^ <=^ ^ j^ _M^ j\ ^ n -Jl ^ P5 ^ ^' ^- <=> ^

A/vvvv\

D ^^ "Those who

are in this picture in

tlie

Tuat

are in the forms of

(i.e.,

they represent) the births of


carrying his horizon to this

the god Kheper, wlio

is

2l6
"

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT may come


forth into the Eastern

City, SO that he

"

Horizon
3.

of the sky."

Two

serpents, standing on their tails, wliich cross


tips.

each other near their

Their heads and necks are

bent at right angles to their bodies, and in the space

between them

rests

a disk

the serpents are called

P-riiikhi.

Kheper-aiikli.

Menbnui, ^>

11

V^

\\.

To

tlip

right

is

a youthful
left is

goddess wearing a White Crown, and to the


similar goddess wearing a

Eed Crown
is

each holds the

index finger of one hand to her mouth, after the

manner
sitting,

of children,

and each

depicted in the act of

but lacks a seat or throne.

o
i

^7

/AAAA(WV\

1'he

Menenui serpents and the goddesses

of the

South and North.

'"
I
I

'

'

'

Tt^i
J

*^ ^=^ JIM

- I

^11

The axe

of

god and the solar disk

2l8
4.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


All axe, symbol of " god," standing on the handle

end, with a disk resting on the side edge of the head.

On
who

the

left left

is

a goddess

who

is

steadying the axe


is

with her
is

hand, and on

the right

a goddess
;

steadying the disk w ith

her right hand


,

the

names
(1

of the goddesses are ISTetheth,

f=^ and Kexat,


is

j J

respectively.

Each goddess

depicted in

the act of sitting, but lacks a seat or throne.

The text

which

refers to these scenes reads

pi

D * J

AA/\AAA

J\

1^o"
I

M1M
Of those who are in
'

ji

on]

the

left

this picture [the two goddesses come forth from the double serpent

Manenui, and
earth,

[the two] on the right

come

forth from

the axe Setfit.

and they make pure

They gather together the souls on tlie mighty spirits in the


figures

Tuat by the hidden

which are therein, and

[afterwards] they swallow their


after this great god hath passed
5.

own spirits them by."

(or, souls)

Eight goddesses, who stand upright, and hold


THE TENTH
ill

DIVISION

METET-QA-UTCHEBU
in their left
;

219
tlie

their right hands,

and j

they face

ape god, whose

tail is stiftened

out under him in such a

manner

as to

form a seat

for hiin,

and who holds the

utchat, or eye of the sun,

on his two hands.

The

first

four of the goddesses have each the head of a lioness

and are called

1.

Sekhet

?lllmnit

2.

Menkert,

^l \:^

'"

Sekhet.

Menkert.

Huntheth.

Usrit.

3.

Huntheth, |
Usrit,
I

-^

4.

(](]<=..

The remaining four have the heads


the names of
:

of

women, and have

1.

Abet-neteru-s, \^'^
I

'

2.

Arit-Tatiieth,

220
o.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


a
a

Ahat,

4.

Themath-eemen (?),
the

The name

of

ape-god

is

Af(?)-ermen-maat-f,

O
D

Concernina; the goddesses the text says:

^x

AAA/VW

P5

AAAA/V\

-<2>-

^ o
Jff^
1

111

Abet-neteni-s.

Arit-Tatheth

O
/S/WAAA AA/VNAA

s^^lv^
:^

rm
I I

Dl

^f]'
J]

llllllllll

o
*^-i=:*

AAAAAA /VWWN

O
I I

-*-,=i=f=Dl

"^

o^'9
I I

i^nnn^^D
<=:^ ^fl 11
III

^5^

1(^13=1

%^
To
tliese

Pi
goddesses

who make

the


THE TENTH

DIVISION

METET-QA-UTCHEBU
Ea saith
for
of his

221
:

reckoning of his Eye for Horus in the Tuat,


'

'

Make ye

strong your spirits by means of [your]

strength,

and make the reckoning

Eye

Horus,
to

stablish ye his

Eye
to

for Horus,

and make ye Horus


(or,

unite himself

his

emanation

to that

which

floweth from his eyes), praise ye Horus by reason of his

Eye, and stablish ye his

tirst

Eye which

is

in

the

hands

of the

god Af-eemen-maat-f, and utter ye your


of

'

words on behalf

Horus,

ye who cause to come

Af-ei-men-maat-f.

Ermenui.

Neb-aqet.

" into

being the becomings of created things.'


is to

The work

"

which they do in the Tuat

utter words on behalf

" of his
" to
6.

Eye

for Horus,
it

and

to cause radiant splendour

proceed from

each day."
of the first

Eight gods, each

seven of

whom

holds

^
are

in his right hand,


:

and j

in his left; their

names

<f
1.

Ermenui,

who has

the double object

in the place of a head.

222
2.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Neb-aqet,
^^zi:7
,

jackal -headed.

3.

Amen-khu, jj ^^s ^, hawk-headed.


Her-sheta-taui,
r\r-\
'"
,

4.

man-headed.

5.

Sem-Heku, "^?^
Amen(?)-Heru,
Khent-ast-f,

^^

inau-headed.

6.

^ ^^,
^

mau-headed.
man-headed.
a ffod in
"=

7.

-S3S. jj '^^=^,

8.

Kiient-me]st-f,=s3=.

''^=>-,
'

form, like Osiris,

III who wears

mummied

a WTiite Crown,

and grasps a

sceptre, j,

with both hands,

which project from

his bandages.

The

text which refers to these gods reads:

-^^ fT^

J]

A/^^^AA

^
Jl'
I

^=. ^^:
fri
-*
I I I

f]

1k 1
Jl
I

'

^=S^
"
I

AAA,
"

r^^

^ >~^

AAAA^^

^
1

"

=:>

^=
I I

AA^WV\ AAAAAA

^-^

A/WW\ <ZZ:
I

II
pi
I

r=f=.l

Zi

AAAA^A

1\
AAAAAA
1 I I

Aw^AAAA/VN
\

.m
<njP"

_n^
11

\0
A

Jl

^ ^

C^
I I

AAAA/V\
\

<=>^u:i ^

IK^

''^'^

_m

ISM^n^l^^fl
''

Tliose wlio are in this picture in the forms

which

"

Horus made

when

this great

god crieth out

to

them

THE TENTH

DIVISION

METET-QA-UTCHEBU

223

Amen-khu,

Her-sheta-taui,

Sem-Herii.

<

Amen

Heru.

Khent-ast

f.

Khont-meut

f.


224
"

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


their names, they unite themselves

by

and come into


of the great

" life

in the shades which are in the

mouth

" god, "

and

their souls journey

onwards in his train to


the dead of
of the

the horizon.

They
Kfi],

strip the bodies of

" their

swathings and break in pieces the bodies


[of

"enemies

and they give the order

for their

" destruction in

the Tuat."
:

In the lower register are


1.

The god Horus, hawk-headed and


staff.

wearing a disk, leaning on a


2.

Five^ lakes of water, in each of


is

which
figures

submerged a male form


are
called

these

the

"

submerged,"

o.

Three
is

lakes of water, in each of

which

male

form
:

swimming,
these are
(](]

turned over on his breast


called the
4.

"swimmers,"

(1

Four lakes
floating

of water, in

each of which
;

is

a male

form

on
(1

his

back

these
'

are
*

called

the

"floaters,"

--^

s=j'^ Ml "^

^^^^ ^^^^

^'^^'^^'

oc^x

<^

ll^q^^lT./Jt^JT
'

These should be four iu uumbei". These should be four iu number.

THE TENTH
ill

DIVISION

METET-QA-UTCHEBU
N\i\t\N^

225

nnn
I'

A/^^A^
hN\r^sfK

..^ iiii

^
I

JT

A^^SAAA
I
I

"J

SN\I\N^

AAAAAA
i I I

4%'

rn t ^
^

nn s
II
AAA/vAA

ie/1

in

if]^ol.
AAAAAA
I I I

^^^
/WWW

1^ ^i^

IV
AAAAAA r
1
I I

AAAAAA
I I I

AAAAAA

V
^
I

Zl

V
I

AAAAAA AA^WAA

000

_2I

AAAAAA A/WVVN

EIT^WV
AAAAAA

S
Ji Ji

A/vv-,v>.
I
I

The

above

text

is

full

of

lacunae,
lines,

and whole passages, consisting


Domicile

of

several

are wanting; edition (Le

the following version from Lancles

zone's

Esprits, pi.

ii.)

will

be found useful in obtaining an idea


of the legends

of the contents

which accompanied the lakes


AAAAAA
\\

of

water

^
Q.

%5
w

AAAAAA
A/^VAAA

AVWAA
AAvVAA^

()s(l(j

AAAA^\

\^i:r.y^*\^>A^l'^,
yXTTT^ AA/W^A A/WAAA
AAAA/V\

<9.
^S^

a,

SSd

<

I'

'

\B.

n
I
I I

I L\>i

rr5_
r%

il

=^11(7-^1"=^

J=^^

j> j>

j>

^" "

\_

III
Ci

\ -^11

S 9 8
1

/J

s=>

228

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


*<

AAA^A^

l]n(j(|
\

^T
rT AAA^J^^

^
\\

Jt-^
I I I

AAAAAA

/I

N^
\i

A^AAA^

^
I

AWV\A

C>

7^

ir^t^i
I

s
I

^
000
I

f
-^-^
,

^
J\

AAAA/SA
I

III
A/^/^^AA
f^/\/\f\/V\

A
.V^A/\A [Tl

A^^^VV^

AAAAAA

^
I

^ O

-^ ^^

AAAA/^A
I I I

\zrz2'. <C;II> AAA/'AA AAAAAA

Ji

A/^VAAA

AA/W\A

AAAA^W
AA/^vAA

^=,
J

=
AAAAAA
1
I
I

AA^WAA

JI

AAAAAA

,JU.
r^wW. A
lJ

o
AAA/W. o AAAA^\
I

lQ_

A^VvAA
I

nil
i

II

P?k
I I I I

AA/W\A AAAAAA AAAAAA AA^/W.

f^ 000
V\

^'^'^'^

AAAAAA

TS
j

AA/V^AA

A/WV\A AAAAAA

AAA^^VA
I

'

Horus

saith

II the

"

unto those

who have plunged themselves beneath

" waters, "


"

and unto those who swim, and unto those

who

float in

Nu

of the

Tuat,

yourselves beneath the waters,

"ye whose hands cover "your faces turned towards the water
"
"

ye who have plunged who shine in Xu, your faces, who swim with
'

in the Tuat,

whose cheeks are


in the waters of

filled

with water,

ye who paddle

Nu, whose

faces are turned

up into

THE TENTH
" " " " "

DIVISION

METET-QA-UTCHEBU
heavenly
air,

229

the air in the following of your souls, whose souls

have been deprived

of their

and who
it,

heat the air with your hands in order to obtain

make ye your way


and your thighs

in

Nu

by means
in

of

your

legs,

shall not

lie

any way impeded.


furrows.

"

Come ye
fill

forth in this stream, descend ye on these

" waves,

ye Hap-UE, and arrive ye at

its

Iletemit.

Tchetmit.

Senthes.

"for your members shall not perish, and your flesh


" shall

not decay, and ye shall have dominion over your

" water,

and ye

shall

have abundance according to


it

my
Nu,
and

"command,
" " "

ye whose duty
those

is

to dwell in

together with

who have plunged themselves


[his]

beneath the waters, and are in

following,

whose souls have


5.

life."

lake of water.


230
6.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Four female
figures,
;

each bearing a serpent on her


is

head and shoulders


above the head
her back
;

the head of each reptile

raised

of its bearer,

and

its tail

hangs down

their
1.

names

are

Hetemit, '^^5

2.

Bekhkhit,

Hut

Set-nehes.

3.

TCHETMIT,
Senthes,

^^ y
1^

4.

'^'wwv

The
n

text

reads
n
I

;& P V 1^
'

^1
/VvWV\

r\

aww\ ^

/^^/wv

pa

/c

/WWNA

111':^

THE TENTH

DIVISION

METET-QA-UTCHEBU

23I

"

Those who are in

this picture are they

whose forms

" (or, figures) live " light

by

their heads.
of

It

is

they who shed

upon the road

Ea

in the thick darkness,

and

"

when he cometh

forth into the Hall of the East, Set

"

waketh up and travelleth on with him."


7.

A
is

sceptre,

f,

surmounted by the head


r-p
I,

of Set

its

name

Set-nehes,

i.e.,

"Set who wakens."

232

CHAPTER

XI.

THE ELEVENTH DIVISION OF THE THAT, WHICH IS CALLED RE-EN-QEEERT-APT-KHATU.


The Eleventh Division
the night,
is

of the

Tuat, which

is

passed
of

through by the Sun-god during the Eleventh

Houe

introduced by three lines of text, which

read

A/WW\

^
I

v\
lllllllll

D
AAAA/V\

^
Zl

AiVNA/W

A/vwv\

^-^

/wwv^

^L:n^5^i
jr'J^^
Lww^.
-A-

^ ^ <=>K
^ Q

^^
"

PJI^
o
" ji
I

J11l>
o
,

The Majesty
in
this

of this great

god taketh

:?'c

up

his

position

Circle,

and he addresseth


ELEVENTH DIVISION

RE-EN-QERERT-APT-KHATU 233

"words unto the gods " who are in it. The

"name
" this "

of the gate of

City

through

which

this great

god
is

"hath entered
" "

Seken - TUATiu

the

name of this City is " Re - EN - QEEERT - APT"KHATU; the name of


" "
" "

the hour of the night

which guideth
great god
is

this

Sebit-

NEBT - UAA - KHESFET SEBA-EM-PEET-F."

"

In
1.

the
:

middle
of

register are

The boat

the

sun, in

which stands

the god under a canopy

formed by the body


the
serpent

of

Mehen

on his head are horns

and a
a

disk.

On

tlio

high prow
is

of the boat

disk,

encircled
is
.

by

a uraeus, which

called Pestu,

j^

The

text

reads:

The Boat

of the Sun in the Eleventh Division of the Tuat.


234

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


I

AWVAA

"
"

god journeyeth on his way in the City in this picture,

and
on

his sailors,

who

are the gods, guide

him

into the

" eastern horizon of the sky.


" is " "
its

The

star

Pestet which

boat guideth this great god into the ways of

the darkness which gradually lightens, and illumineth

those
2.

who

are on the earth."


of the
;

Twelve gods, who march before the boat

god bearing the serpent Meiiex on their heads

their

names are

1.

Mehni,

^^ -^ ^^

AA/V\AA

2.

Semsem,

3.

Sekhennu,
Shetu,

Q.

4.

v\.

5.

Ama,

j\

^ ^^
\

7.

Eeta,

^^^1^

Amu,

Shepu.

Neteru.

Atlipi.

Kriiicnu.

I'itp).

236

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


8.

Shepu,

^
'^

9.

Neteku, ^=^^ v\
Athpi,

10.

11.

Ermenu, <

m
I

I*

12. FaC?),

^.
D
f
1

The text

reads

^^
I

_5)q Q
I

/vvwvv
1 I

rSr rwvv

AAAAAA

<CZ:>
Ji
1

S ^

III

^
^/^wv\

A/^WV\

Ji

.ft.

<0

^=
I
I I

/wwv\ ^^/ww
I I I

AAA/VNA

11

Mlrrio-^sil^ijjm^'
1

II.

/VW^VA /V^VW\
I
I I

D]l

/WV^AA

'^
I

c::f:=

A/V\/\AA
I I
I

S^fl

A/V\AAA
I

'^~'
I I 1

ji

T
I

:^^=4

<rZ> <:rr>

^
[3:=!

AAAAAA

DIM _B^(^3)i
^:
4 ^ ^
rOn
ci

^^

_J

^ ^
r\/^/i

<=>

Hi

om

[-77-1 f=^.J^
I I
I

c>

^
J\

j\

1
I

IWV^/V\

ELEVENTH DIVISION
^K
I'-r^

RE-EN-QERERT-APT-KHATU 237
D
[O]

"

Those who are

in

" this picture are in front of this great god, " the serpent
" "

and they carry


and

Mehen-ta on

their heads into this City,

they travel onwards in the following of

Ea

into the

Eastern Horizon

of the sky.

This god crieth unto them


for

"
"

by

their names,
to do.

and he decreeth
saith unto

them what they


:

ha^e

And Ka

them

'

ye

who

"keep ward over your serpent-figures with your two

O^'

i fX;

1^

21

^ ^~

^
^55^

Sem-Nebt-het.

Sem-shet.

hands,

lift

ye up your heads, whose hands are strong,


firm,

whose
'

feet are

which ye are bound

to

who perform the journe}'ings make, who make long your


Their work
is

steps as ye go, unite ye yourseh'es to your offerings in

the Hall of the Eastern Horizon.'

to

make
' '

the serpent

Mehen

to travel to the Eastern Hall to their habi-

of the Horizon,

and they unite themselves

tations after

tliis

great god hath passed through the


liorizon."

'

darkness and hath taken up his place in the

238
3,

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


The serpent Sem-shet,
"'^^i
.

On

his back

rests the Eecl

Crown, and in an angle

of it is a

human

head.
4.

The serpent Sem-nebthet, ^^>i Tj


the
a

On

his back

rests

projects

White Crown, from each side of which bearded human head. The text reads

c^ "^
x-p^
"
"

cz:zi

s\

~"*~

i=s=i

MM

"

[These are] the hidden images of


at the second

Horus which are

door of the

tliick

darkness, [on] the holy road to Sait (Sais).

When
two
they

" this

great god crieth out to

them

(i.e.,

to the

" serpents) these


"

hidden heads make their appearance,


(i.e.,

and then they swallow their own forms

" disappear)."
5.

Neith

of

the

phallus,
^

("=0)'

wearing the Eed ^

Crown.
AAAAAA a

6.

Neith

of

the

Eed Crown,

V,

wearing the

Eed Crown.
7.

Neith

of the

White Crown,

,
)

wearing the

White Crown.

ELEVENTH DIVISION
8.

RE-EN-QERERT-APT-KHATU 239
AAAAAA
,

Neith the Young,


The text reads

wearing the White

Crown.

/VVAAAA

D
I

D
I

AAftAAA
I
I

AAAAA^

AAAAAA

1
II

.,

WVAAA

isM\fV\^

/WWV\

1jIII^'=^0

III
"

X Q

-^

Those who are in

Neith the

Youn

Neith of the

Neith of the

White Crown.

Hed Crown.

" this picture of


"

[this]

door [are] in the form which


this

Horus made
by
their
his
voice,

when
and
it

god crieth out

to

them
sound

"

names they spring


is

into life at the

" of

they

who guard
which
is

the holy

"gate of the city of Sait

(Sais),

unknown,

at." "and cannot be seen, and cannot be Above the upper register is a line of text, which reads w -^ c^ c^ Q ^ ^ D <^ <rr>

looked

vv

1=]

LTZD D D

-/^

A/^wvN

<=:=>


240

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


(*=u)

AAAAAA AAAAAA

Sf

^
D
A/VVWA
f

^
III

-<22^(

L
^
I

"^
-P
-===^

-^^

D
"
,

^
" of

[This

is]

the hidden Circle

the Tuat through which

this

god maketh his


images

"journey so that he
"

may come
;

forth into the Eastern


its

Horizon of the sky

it

swalloweth eternally

"(or, forms) in the presence of the


"

god Eekh(?), who


it

dwelleth in this City, and then


those

giveth

them

to

" " "

who

are Ijorn
shall

and come

into being in the earth.

Whosoever

make an

exact copy of these forms

according to the representations of the same at the

"eastern [portion] of the hidden Palace of the Tuat,

"and
" "

shall

know

it,

shall be a spirit well

equipped

both in heaven and earth, unfailingly, and regularly

and

eternally."
:

In the upper register are


1.

The god Aper-hi!a-neb-tchetta,


is

above whose body, at the neck,


proceed two

a disk from which

human

heads, the one wearing the "White

Crown and the other

the

Red Crown;
1,

in his right

hand he holds the sceptre

and

in

the

left

the

ELEVENTH DIVISION RE-EN-QERERT-APT-KHATU


emblem
I

24I

of

"life,"

-.
1

The text reads:


/

D
AftAAAA

A
is

j^

A
up
for Ra,

ll^, "He who


"

in this picture standeth

and he never departeth from


2.

his place in the Tuat."


of

A huge

serpent, with

two pairs

human

feet

and

legs,
its

and a pair
his head,
is

of large wings.

By
;

side stands a

god with a disk


of

v V :V>: v^ :'v!

'

'

-v'/

upon
his

and on each side

head

an utchat, '^^; his

hands are stretched out at right


angles to his body, and each hand

touches

the

end

of

one of

the

serpent's wings.

The text reads

^
^i^vf=T:n'"
When
@lll
" this picture,

The god Aper-hni-nebtchetta.

this

U'od

crieth

out to

him that

is

in

the form
his

(or,
;

image) of the god


it

Tem

pro-

" ceedeth
" itself

from

back

but afterwards

swalloweth

(i.e.,

disappeareth)."

The words

-4-

&c.,
3.

may form

the

name

of the

winged serpent.
seated on his
li

serpent, witli a

mummied god

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Ijack
;

above
is

the

god

written
i.e.,

" TcHET-s,"

"its

body," and by the


tail
is

of the serpent

Shetu,
text

"^.

The

reads

-X

Ifi^^k
I
I

:^
I

1'" TCIIET-S
I

"

herself

is

above
the

" "

the stars

(i.e.,

eight stars which

"are about the


"heads
of the

two

"serpents); her " work is to cast


"

the living ones to

"
"

Eu every day
then

she

swalloweth

ELEVENTH
"
"

DIVISION

RE-EN-QERERT-APT-KHATU 243

her forms in this City of the Eleventh Hour, [and


she
4.
is]

one of those who follow the god."


i.e.,

The god Tepui, ,


to the right

the "Two-headed"; one


to the left.
^=^5

head faces
5.

and the other


^"^^^
<^

The god Khnem-renit,


I in his right hand,

flfl

ram-headed,

holding
G.

and

-V-

in his

left.

The god
both

Nerta,

<=>
^

AAAAAA

with

hands

raised

in

^^^''^-^i::^-"i'-^-''-v'

adoration.
7.

The

ffod

Aaui-f-em-khaA^AAA^J

nef.

who has

two snakes' heads in the place


of a

human head

his

hands

and arms are concealed.


8.

The god Apt-taui,


;

\/
The god Tepui.

his

hands and arms are

concealed.
9.

The god Mer-en-aaui-f,

H
(]

in

form similar

to the preceding.
10.

The god Au-en-aaui-f,

%
o
'

in similar

form.
11.

The god Keset-afu The god Tua-Heru,

(?),

in similar form.
5

12.

in similar form.

244
13.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


The god Maa,

14.

The god Mesekhti,


The god Hepa,

15.

The text which

refers to tliese reads

^^
^-^-^

^
H
V.

*'

1)

til

&

III

A
I I I

<^
I

III

Ml CEZl Jl U M

Jl

Jl^

A^AAA^

ELEVENTH

DIVISION

RE-EN-QERERT-APT-KHATU
'

245

'

.'.

..>l.

.'j.

'

'" '
.

'

?:.;'.''..

k
Ml

lA ^i r=^

Tesetafu.

Au-en-aaui-f.

Mer-en-aaui-f.

Apt-taui.

/VAW^k^

T f

il

!^
I

/VV^VVNA A<<VAV
I I

>\AAAv%AA

^^^

/WVVWV\

Hepa.

Metekbti.

Mail.

Tua-Hcru.

246
AAAAAA
I I
I

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

p/y^l Y(?)
/\^y\/W\
I
I
I*

AAAAAA
'J

7V
i

^.

A/WW\
A/V\AAA

A/W^

^^

AA/W\A
1
I I

^
^

C
I

Ji

Jr [z^<cz^ V^

u1
I

D 0-=- ^^-^
doth
:

<^
,

1
"picture
"

"Those who are


by
their

in

this

[saying]

My
'

this

great god call

names,
secret

hidden appearances and


life,

my

" "
"

radiance cause your

ye who advance to your

shadows,

who

are free to

respect of the arms by the


of

move or are shrouded in Form in his holy places,

"whose breaths are


"

the utterances of

my

mouth,

which giveth

life

and ye speak therewith, whose


boat whereon your souls
li^e,

" offerings are

on

my

ye

"who have water


"
"

at the source (?) of

Nu

wherein the

dwellers in the
that which
it

Tuat wash with shouts


your right to
do,

of joy,
let

perform

is

and

your souls
Their

"

be in the following of [my] created things.'

"

work

in the

Tuat

is

to

make

to

advance the hidden


hidden House each

" things " "

of this great

god

to the

day when they appear with


upper heaven."
16.

this great

god in the

goddess, seated un the backs of two serpents,

ELEVENTH DIVISION

RE-EN-QERERT-APT-KHATU 247

=,

H^LI^
a
AVMwtAA

%
'

![

<^^,
^rrS^
SJJJSvvvW

<3

J-

^J
(

(?<?

r""" 1
jjwwi
I

Q^ ^,

'

-^
I

_tr'3_

^vwvUvi

^:=t

/ywwwv :g'=fi

_^i_

III

I,

Nebt-khu.

Nebt-ilnkhiu.

Ij^

Ci

yWWVAAAA
A'^^V'-'^'iAV^
I

Mer-cut-neteru.

Ncrt-iilnii.


248

, :

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


lie

which
feet
;

side
left
is

by

side,

and appear

to issue of

from her

her

hand grasps the body

one serpent, and

her right

held up before her face.

Her name

is

Nebt-ankhiu,
other goddesses,
are

In front of her are three


;

who

are similarly seated

their

names

Nebt-kiiu,

^^

,
1

ISTert-abui,

<=>

\\
reads

and

Mer-ent-neteku,

a^/vaw
'=^

The text
->

III

AA/WV\
/>^A^AA

AAAAAA
I I I I I

'^li')11L!=^^^2:T!,Ti^i
ra

111^^

Jl

II

^'M^-mnrr^^mim^
T
" "
i

ra

^\mr\m\
this picture

Those who are in

have their arms on the

earth and their feet and legs in the darkness.


great god crieth to
;

When
bodies,

" this "

them

in their

own
from

they utter cries

they do not depart

their

" places, " "


"

but their souls live in the word of the forms


feet every day.

which come forth from their

When
Tuat

the shades appear, the winds which are in the


cease from the faces of these goddesses."

In the lower register are


1.

Horus, hawk-headed and wearing a disk, leaning

ELEVENTH DIVISION
With his right
shoulder

RE-EN-QERERT-APT-KHATU 249
% ^
1

upon

J-g 9^ ^~
"

long

staff,

and holdone
is

"~^

ing in his left hand


a

boomerang,
of

end

which

in

the form of a serpent's head.


2.

huge
called

ser-

pent,
"

the
Horus and the serpent
Set-liel.i.

Everlasting Set,"
standiny;

upon
3.

his

tail.
fire,

large pit, with a vaulted roof, filled with


"

wherein

the enemies," -^^^

of
,

Ea

are being

consumed;

the

name
Q

of

the

pit

is

Hatet-ketits,

a.

The

pit of fire, I.Iatet-ketits.

250

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

i;:^

and
head

is

presided over

by a goddess with the


of a lioness,

who

holds in her hands a


large knife,
fire

and pours
from her

into

it

mouth.
4.

A
a

smaller

pit,

The

pit of fire, Hatet-hanta-s.

with

vaulted

roof,

filled

with
;

fire,

wherein

"

the enemies

" are

being consumed

the

name
l(?),

F=q "W
and
head,
it

(^]

is

presided over by a goddess with a


holds
it

human
and

who
fire

in

her hands a large

knife,

pours
5.

into

from her mouth.

pit similar

to

the

above,

\
4

'

'

'

rt

wherein "the souls,"

6<^
being
the
pit is

j,

are

consumed
of

name

the

Hat-nekenit,

and

it

is

presided

over by a goddess
as in No. 4.
The
pit of fire, Hat-nekenit.

ELEVENTH DIVISION
6.

RE-EN-QERERT-APT-KHATU 25I
"

A similar

pit,

wherein
;

the shades (or, shadows)


of

"

are

being consumed

the

name

the pit
it is

is

Hat-

NEMMAT-SET,
.over
7.

"^

F^^^

[^

1^, and

presided

by a goddess

as in No. 4.

similar

pit,

wherein

" the

heads,"

^^

are

being consumed; the

name

of the pit is

Hat-sefu-s,

The

pit of fire, Hat-nemmat-set.

Tlie pit of fire, Hat-sefu-s,

=^z;]

A^^

and

it is

presided over by a goddess

as in No. 4.
8.

A
in

very large

pit,

with a vaulted

roof, filled

with

which are immersed, head downwards, four fire, male figures; the name of this pit is Ant-sekhetu,
ci

Y\

i.e.,

"the valley

of

those

who

are

turned upside down."


252
9.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Four
goddesses,
"

each

one with
;

the

sign
:

for

"

eastern desert

on her head
Pesi,

their

names

are

1.

2.

Eekhit,
Her-shau-s.

m
I I

3.

4.

Sait,

"^(jlj^.

10.

The god Her-utu-f, f=^

^111
\7

holding a

sceptre, 1, in his left hand,

and the sign

of "life," ,

in his right.

The

text

reads:

] Ifl

r-vr-i ^=?:>..

'

-<2>-

^111

i\rr.^iM^\^^%?A\i
1

j\

J\

J%.s,
I
I I I

^n^
1.11
I

AAAA/V\ AAA^^VA
III
I I I

^^>^

raJl!Timm1^P
I

III

III

<!:> /www ii
/\
A^/v^^^
i I

vwvv\
I

If'SJT^^

The

pit of fire, Anc-sekhetu.

Her-shau-s.

i=i^'\^^.

^ V ^ "
[VAT]

r'

The god

Her-utu-f,

Salt.

254

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

J Jr
^^:>^

^
I I
I

^oiS
a

-'=^'3

"^'v^^ AAAA/V\
I
I

X
1 I I

^^^^.
III
I

D
'"
I

s ZZZ

AAAAAA

^ w

\r
II
I

A/\/\AAA

^
Zl

1X7

III

?:^^
O
III

^ w

'^

^
,f

/Wv,A/\A

^111
this

H AA/NAAA

PJ|\flTT:^^^Tf
"

(^^ II
I
I

11'

The Majesty
:
'

" ing]

Hack

of

god uttereth the decree, [say-

in pieces

and cnt asunder the bodies

" of

the enemies and the

members

of

the dead

who
]\ly

"have been turned upside down,


"

my

father Osiris
it.

and

let

me come

forth from

ELEVENTH DIVISION RE-EN-QERERT-APT-KHATU 255


" father
"

having [once] been helpless hath smitten you,

he hath cut up your bodies, he hath hacked in pieces


your
spirits

"

and your

souls,

and hath scattered


exist,

in

"pieces your shadows, and hath cut in pieces your

"heads; ye shall never more


"

ye shall be overinto the

thrown, and ye shall be cast


of fire
;

down headlong

" pits

and ye

shall not escape therefrom,


flee

and

"

ye shall not be able to


the serpent Set-heh.
'

from the flames which are


against
you,

" in

"
"

The

fire

of

Hert-kettut-s

is

the

flames of Hekt-hatu-s are against you, the blazing


is

"heat of Hert-nemmat-s
" is

against you, Hert-sefu-s

against you, and she stabs at you, and hacks you

" in pieces,
"

and cuts you up

in such wise that ye shall

never again see those


"

who

are living

upon the

earth.'
it

As

for those

who

are in this picture in the Tuat,

" is

the Majesty of Heru-Tuati


slaughter each day.

who

giveth the order

" for their

"Those who are


"with the enemies
" "
"

in this picture,
of

who

are depicted

Osiris

of

the Tuat, and with

Her-utu-f, who

is

the guardian of this Circle, live by

means

of the voice of the enemies,

and by the

cries of

entreaty of the souls and shadows which have been

"

placed in their pits of

fire."

256

CHAPTER

XII.

THE TWELFTH DIVISION OF THE TUAT, WHICH IS CALLED THEN-NETEEU.


The Twelfth Division i
the night,
is

of the Tuat,

which

is

passed
of

through by the Sun-god during the Twelfth

Hour

introduced by three lines of text, which

read

AAAAAA

Ol

LJ A^/VWv

AAAAA^

AWvAA

xJ _ilC^
1

U _iir*^ ^^II^

Cl)

#VvWA^

-/-TV^

I ^^^ ~ 1
-

yvwvw


THE TWELFTH
"The Majesty
"taketh
" Circle,

DIVISION

THEN-NETERU
god
this

257

of

this great

J^
t

^^ L^-^
^Z~L

up

his

position
is

in

which

the

uttermost

"limit of thick darkness, and this limit

^_
^-^
^^

"great god

is

born in his form of

"Khepera
"

in this Circle,

and Nut

T^

and

Nu
of

are in this Circle for the


this great

" birth "

god when he

^-jr' "j^q
I

'^
'^
'

Cometh forth from the Tuat and

^^ ^^ J
;

" taketh

up

his

position

in

the

^^ ^2P

*'

"Matet Boat, and when he


" "

riseth

J^
===?

"7%

up from the thighs

of Nut.

The

"o^ "^
.

^^
l"^ *=^
-

name
City

of the

Gate

of this City is of this

"
"

Then-neteru.
is

The name

9x^7

"
"

MESTU.

Kheper - kekiu - khau The name of the hour of


is

^ ^>
Fppy 'jlli

Q^

o
i

the night wherein this god cometh

^V^
^J^

" into

being

Maa-nefert-Ea."
is

v^|

g"*""

'Vj,

Above the whole scene


of
it

a line

hieroglyphics,
as
:

which

describes

^^ yi^ ^=*nr r-i o^^


r-=
C\-.

iil@

IJfi^
1'
I

^
iTl ill fit fl[^

AAAAAA

"^%^^n^^^c J^ <=> ^
fl
I

^^^^
^i -^tp f"^ JD

Ji

I
I

AAAAAA

^ w

A/V^AAA

^ l_^ ^


258

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


D
.

Mm\
"

The hidden
is

Circle in the

Tuat wherein
in

this great
of

"

god

born

he cometh forth into the pool


his place

Xu,
Xut.

"and he taketh up
"
"

the

body

of

AVhosoever shall

make

a copy thereof according to

the copies which exist in writing upon the east [wall

~i A

/\.

/5-

Tlie Boat of the

Sun

in the last

Lour of the Night.

" of]

the palace, and shall

" act as
"

a magical protector for


earth."
:

know it upon him both

earth, it shall

in heaven

and

upon

In the middle register are


1.

The boat

of

the sun, in which stands the god


of

under a canopy formed by the body


IMehen
:

the serpent

on his head are horns and a


is

disk.

In the

fore part of the boat

the beetle of Khep[k]a,

[]

THE TWELFTH DIVISION


i.e.,

THEN-NETERU

259

Khepera, which takes the place of the solar disk that rested on the prow of the hoat in the Eleventh Hour.

The text reads

im
nsu
^^>

.tr-" 1

j:^ aaaaaa

D
1

^
D
great

cO]
.A.

^ ^ '^^"^^

'=^

D
this

a
along

" "

This

god in

picture

journeyeth

through this City by means of the faithful servants


of

" (icmkliiu) "

this

hidden image Ankh-neteru.

His

gods draw him along by a cord, and he enteretli into

" his tail


" to

and cometh forth from

his

mouth, and cometh

the birth under the form of Khepera, and the gods


are in his boat [do] likewise.

"

who

He

taketh up his

" place
"

on the face

of the

hidden image

of the

horn

(or,

forehead) of the sky at the end of the thick darkness,

"
"

and

his

hands

seal

up the Tuat.
in

Then

this great

god

taketh up his position

the Eastern Horizon of

" heaven,
''

and Shu receiveth him, and he cometli into

beiny; in the East."

260
2.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Twelve gods, who are occupied in towing along
at the boat
their

the boat of the Sun, each with his head turned behind

him and looking


1.

names are

Heku,

vSs^

2.

Shemsu,

3.

Thena,
Beq,

^"^^
f\ .

4.

/i,

5.

Au-ANKHIU-F,
Sebehu-f,

(Ic-')

V\

""

6.

PJ
y

'^-^

7.

Aha-eer,

8.

Amkhui,

^ ^.
A^AAAA
AftAAAA

9.

Neb-amakh, ^^37 -^.

10. Seki(?),

11.

Heq-nek-mu,
I

12.

Au,(]^.
:

The

text which refers to these reads

^^
AAftAAA N>

'^'^^'^

^/V^A^

AA/\AAA

'^
I 1

_Cr\^

iJ

"
1
I
I


THE TWELFTH

DIVISION

THEN-NETERU
nil
I

26

lll^l

iJ^I S^37_S3^

J\

^
"neteru.
" "

_2I

III

A^A/VW

LI

<

'

^ _Cr^

^/\A/V\A

"Those who are


"through the

in this picture

draw

this great

god

tail (or,

bowels) of the serpent Ankh-

The

loyal servants of

Ea who

are in his

following are the product of his hands, and they are

born on the earth each day after the birth


hidden

of this

"great god in the eastern portion of the sky.


" "

They

enter

into

this

image

of

Ankh-neteru in

the form of loyal servants, and they


of
it

come
to

forth in

"the renewed forms


"

Ea
is

every day.

"When they

tarry

upon the earth

an abomination

them

to

" utter the


3.

name

of the god."

The

monster

serpent

Ka-em-ankh-neteru,

Mf'liTwelve goddesses, who are occupied in towing the boat of the sun through the body of the serpent Ka-em-ankii-neteru each has her head turned behind
4.
;

her,

and

is

looking at the boat.


1.

Their names are

Stat,

~^.
'^^00

2.

Kheru-utciiat,

262
3.

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Khet,

Q
""^^
"1

4.

Spekt-neter-s,

5.

Nebtamt,

h -jl-.

6.

ISTeb-tciietta, ^^37

7.

Heiii,|o(](J;;.

8.

Ankhet-ermex,

--

^T~~^
9.

Kherlt-tep

(0'

m ^"-^

10.

Hetep-em-khut-s,
Uet-neter-s,
lU^
I.

V\

^-^

11.

12.

Teser-abt,

7|<

The text

relating to the serpeut reads ^ ^

-^^
AAAAA^

"^^^^
1
I I

JjT^

\\

^f=

T o

<=>

crz]

s= Lmi ^

<=>

11

II

^0

A^^\AAA pa

'''^r^

g-"=^
li

III

JM

f^n

f^

'

?5^

^MM(L

mm
-:i<ir
'
III:

'

-^

CO<iTH?<:

)\

<{!:(

|2?:lMr:i4<J

co<i'^o9D(iillil;

264

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

" "

who

are here are they

who have
the

their

bodies,

and
the

they come forth in the following of this great god


heaven.

" into

This

is

hidden image
is

of

"serpent Ankh-neteru, which


"
"

by

his

den in the
This

Tuat, and he resteth in


great

[his] place

every day.

god speaketh to him in

[his]

name

of

Na,
is
;

"
"

[and the space covered by] his forepaws and legs

one thousand three hundred cubits long

"

he

liveth

upon

the

sound

of

the

rumblings

" of

the earth.

" service

The servants who are loyal to his come forth from [his] mouth every day."
relating
to

The

text

the

twelve goddesses reads


A/^VVV\
M

<-->

/vwvv\

/WAAA

^111
AV^A^A
1

^^^

<;

/vwvv\ /~/^yw

Cl)

-/i

Jn^ M:\y.

II
I I

"^111

_/i

A^'v^^^

" "
1

-tr^

]/

(')

^^J^
I I
I

F=^
_nf^

^111
-

r^k^^ik
T
I

A jn :i4^^iki-Ei^ii
D\

_B*\^

A/vwvv A

_zr

=i^l

"
,

Those who are in this picture take the

" towing rope of the lioat of

Ea when

it

cometh forth


THE TWELFTH DIVISION
"

265
this

THEN-NETERU

from the serpent Ankh-neteru, and they tow


the upper sky.

"

great god into the sky, and lead liim along the ways

" of "

the sky gentle

" "

they

who

order

who make to arise in winds and humid breezes, and it is those who live [upon earth] to place
It
is

they

themselves in the great boat in the sky."

In the upper register are

1. Twelve goddesses, each of whom stands upright, and bears on her shoulders a serpent which belches

forth

fire

from

its

mouth

their

names are

^ c=i

:== <='f ,-=='

jKf=^

^^ /^-

TTT

(flP

5=J Si

OS

Six goddesses with

flerj'

serpents.

Nefert-Khau,

T ci

Qm
1
ci

2.

Khet(?)-uat-en-Ea,
Nebt-seshesh-ta,
ISTefert-her-tept, T

^ 53 q
I

3.

<=??^.

4.

<^ >^

5.

Seuatchet-atebui-pet, H

266
6.

the book of am-tuat


Hat-em-taui-s
Qat-em-sepu-s,

7.

T ^s,^
v
a

8.

Sekhet-em-khu-s,
Haat-em-sepu-s,

9.

10.

Khet-ankh (?)-f,

(?;

"i%MM%MAW
Six goddesses with fiery serpents.

11.

Pekt-em-ap

[=rz]

o
J]
^'

12.

Nebt-ak-em-uaa-abt,

The text reads

^^ '^^
AAftAAA
I I I
I

:i
_
I

rrJ
I

^
I

f\

AAAAA^
I I I

g.
"^

j^

VJ

/vV^A\

'^

AWA^

/W^^^

_r^

_/j

/WVW\

THE TWELFTH

DIVISION
cO]

THEN-NETERU
Ji

267

^
a ^3 AAAAAA
I
I

AAAAAA

"^
(.

J\

111^

/\

AAAAA^ V^AAA^

1
1
I I

_M^ ^ n

/VSAAAA /(AAAAA

f\fW\^\
I I

^ ^n

f^PI^^^&Sls^if
AAAAAA
11
1

2:i^

S W
_S^ 'i .wv^ (a\

^111
D D
"
" "

U
"

o
Those who are in
this

picture

with their

own

bodies,

and from

whom

their uraei

emerge, are in the following of this great

god when
after this

he setteth out for this City.

They follow

"god, and the Hames which issue from their mouths


"

drive

away Apep on

behalf of Kii into the Hall of

"

the East of the Horizon.

They journey round about


this

" the

upper heavens in his following [remaining] in

" their places,

and they restore these gods after

" great
" sky,

god hath passed by the hidden chamber

of the

and then they take up

their positions [again] in

" their " of "

They give pleasure to the hearts the gods of Amentet through Ra-Heru-khut, and their work upon the earth is to drive away those who
abodes.

own


268
" are in the
" "

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


darkness by the flames of their uraei which

are behind them, and they guide

Ra

along,

and they

smite
2.

Apep

for

him

in the sky."
of

Twelve gods, each

whom

stands upright, and


;

has both hands raised in adoration before him

their

names are

1.

jSTeb-ankh, ^z:7

-V-.

2.

Hi,

raflfl^

liy--^

t rs
?..

ra r
who
praise

Six gods

Ra

at

dawn.

Xeb-A.\

4.

Xeb-Tuat,

^;^z7

^
"0"

5.

Netchem-ab,

fi

G.

Ham, |
Ua-ab,

_.
vQ

|n,

7.

8.

HUNNU,

THE TWELFTH
9.

DIVISION
aaaaaa

THEN-NETERU
^ ^
I
,

269

Sensabt,

m Jo.
.
I I I

10.

Ma-tepu-neteru,

11.

Thes-tepu-neteru, t=

^ 1I

III

12.

Hekenu,

fi

o
I

The

text reads

D
A^^VAAA

-k

^^
/^

*^

ii,2W^'*tt^ "^ '^?= ^ 4- nirul ^..." ?^ V ^-^ ^r fe -^ - le ^^ g ^ g <^ ^^


2a
.*^*
i

/a

0, tt:

era

7v

;5r

-^'
-^^

<5^

F F 4-, jg;

:5^

Six gods

who

jjraise

Ra

at

dawn

c]
I

D
J]

AAAAAA

ra

D
II

^ D
ill

fj
^
D

/WWVv ^^
1

^
(?),

&T=
.(?)


270

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


-k
I
I
I

A/y^/v^A

>k

D
I I

III

\
Q
" Tliose "

^
who

ra
I I I

^
j\

ci

^<^[l
are in this picture sing praises unto this

great god from dawn,

when

lie

taketh up his position

" in the
"

Hall of the east of the sky.

They say unto


of

Ra,

'

thou who art the producer

[thine

own]

" hirth,

" [lord
"

who dost bring into being of] homage of every soul


to

[thine
,

own] being,

Heaven

be-

longeth to thy soul, which taketh up

its

place therein,

" " "

and the earth belongeth


homage.

thy body, tliou lord of


Horizon, thou takest

Thou

sailest over the

up thy place
thee
;

in thy shrine, the gods in their bodies

" praise
" "

descend thou into the sky and take thou

thy two souls through thy magical protectors.'

The

work

of these

gods in the Tuat

is to

praise this great

" god,

and they stand in

this City

and they count up

"(or, verify) the gods of the country of


" Sinai).

Mafket

(i.e.,

They descend (?)


liis

to eartli

[before]

Ea

after

"he hath taken up


" rise

position in the sky and doth


in their circles."

upon the eyes

of

mankind
:

In the lower register are


1.

The god Nu,

000,

holding

and ?-

in his left

and right hand

respectively.

THE TWELFTH
2.

DIVISION

THEN-NETERU
I

271

The goddess Nut,


The god Hehu,

000
lioldin g

and ^.

3.

|| %,

holding | and
,

^.
1

4.

The goddess Heijut,

|| %^ ^
J

holding

and

-?-.

5.

The god Tebai,


an

c=s:^

"i^,

(1

(]

man-headed, and

liolding

oar, or paddle.

The "ods who receive Ra.

A god
[ZSZl l=HZ]

of

a paddle.
6.

The god Qashefsiief,


liolding a paddle.

man-headed

and
7.

The god

Neiiui,

jn

(](],

crocodile-headed,

and holding a paddle.


8.

The god

Ni, aw^aa

(1 (1 ^

with the heads

of

two

birds,

and holding a paddle.


9.

The

deity

Nesmekhef,

^"^ ^\

in

the


272

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


of

form

a serpent, which

pours forth

fire

from

its

mouth.
10.

The god Neba-khu, \\\\

^s

man-headed,

and holding a paddle.


11.

The god Khenti-tiietii-f, JU

q w g=>

man-

headed, and holding a paddle.


12.

The god Aha-ab, i t^, man-headed, and holding

a paddle.
13.

The god Tuati,

[^TZD,

man-headed,

and

holding a paddle.

14

23.
;

Ten
their

gods, each with his hands raised

in

adoration

names are

Tes-kiiu, ^=^5^

TlIEMA-EE,

"

'

J^
(j

Aakhebu,
Sekhennu,

~J^

J^
.

VX

Ekmexu,

,1--^ Vi>

KhEXNU-ERMEX,

a^^s^aa

^t-^ .

Khu-ee,

^m
/!>

^a

cssr

*niMIlif?t
AJ
p^

^ ", tiyvr /^ a"*^ ^E ^


^Y
n/ft

^iu.

tiO

^.0

[I

=?? t

Gods of paddles.

'A'

:a-^ iP

i^^

o^

-^/l ^e^

-2."

j -#

Gods

of paddles.

Gods wto

praise

Ra

at sunrise.

lu^-sgn

5-2 r'^ 8

ig i^T^^tnF-^frf

Gods who praise RS at sunrise.

274

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


Athep,
h

^^.
-|h
I

Am-netek,

The

texts relating to these gods read

1.

-^^^^^ rwvAAA-i
A/^^A^^ LI
1

l-^^^

^
D ^

1'

'
I

^ D

c:

q
.1

JLZ
Gods who praise Ra
at sunrise.
I I

I.

Jo
-
I
I

A/WWS /wwv\
AAAAAA
"^^
I

in
^-^ a
j

Ill ^ ^ "who are


"

n "^
in
tliis

yj

"
I
I I

Those

A^VW\A

picture

in

their

own

bodies join

themselves

unto

Ea

in

the

sky to receive this

"great god at his coming forth among them in the


" east of " to their

the sky each day.

They themselves belong

Halls of the Horizon, but the forms which

THE TWELFTH
they
O
'--^">'

DIVISION

THEN-NETERU
this

275

have
AAAAAA

the Tuat

[belong to]
ffi

Ckcle."

D
J

|(j|N^;^
Ji

AAA/W\

AAAAAA

D D
AA/VAftA

?a

I I

fl

fJ
D
<^

M ^
A^yW\A
AAAAAA

AAAV\A

g)

o
AAAA^A
I

O
"
C'-)
I

III

J\

AAAAAA ^i^^!^

II

^ 1
I

"^

\ ^

AA/yvVV

III

11

^ ^ o

" "

Those who are in

this picture

with their paddles drive

Apep

to the

back

of the sky, after the birth of the god.

"
"

Their work

is

to hold

up the Great Disk in the Eastern


Behold the serpent
at
of

Horizon

of the

sky every day.

"

" the
"

Senmekhef which burnetii up the enemies of Ea dawn These gods go round about the heights
!

heaven in the following


receive their

of this great

god every day,


this

"and they
A^^AA^ AAAAAA AAAAAA
. , 1 I I

protection

for

Circle."

D
I

AAA/V\A

^ O^
'^

AA/w^^
I
I I

A^/^A^^

'^

W W

Jl

^^^^\

JH

AA/WW .H^V^
\-

-A

-A
r\

A/W^A^

'^
I

^^=s,

AAAAAA

AAAAAA

-i

J^.

AAA/V\A

<>-=;=> ^

^37

276

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT

f
^
ifll
D

^ ^^^
I I I

f:
w;

A/VV\AA

^.
behind

Z]

AAAAAA
I

Those who are in


of Osiris,

this picture are

" the
"

image

who

is

over the thick darkness.

These are the words which this god saith unto them
great god hath journeyed by
it
:

" after this

Life
'
!

[to

" thee],

thou who art over the darkness


I

Life [to

" thee] in all thy majesty


" of

Life [to thee],


art

governor
beings
of

Amentet,
!

Osiris,

who
!

over

the
'

"

Amentet

Life to thee

Life to thee

thou wlio

" art over the

Tuat, the winds of

Ea
is

are to thy nostrils,

"and

the nourishment of

Kheper

with thee.

Thou
Osu-is,

"livest,
" living,

and ye
that
is

live.

Hail to

Osiiis, the lord of the

to say, of the gods wdio are

with
first

"

and who came into being with him the


this

time.'

"Those who are behind


" Circle

hidden Image in this

wherein he
of

liveth
this

have their nomishment god in their own Tuat."

"from the words

at

The

exit of

Ra from the Tuat,

i.e.,

Sunrise.

278

THE BOOK OF AM-TUAT


^^>^

4.
li
I

F^I
/n

D
^'^^
J

A/W\/\A

fl
'-'

^^^
"

"He who
Horns

is

in this picture in

the invisible form of

in the thick darkness,

" is the
"

hidden image which Shu lifteth up beneath

the sky, and Keb-ur cometh forth in the earth in

" this image." 24.

The end

of the

Tuat, which

is

represented by

a semi-circular wall or border formed of earth and


stones, or perhaps granite.
this

At
the

the middle point of

border

is

the

disk of

sun which
it is

is

about

to rise
of the "

on this world, and joined to

the head

image

of Shu," ^'?>^

[)

with his arms stretched

out along the rounded border of the Tuat.

Above
,

his

head

is

the beetle, symbol of Khep[er],


of the
(^
,

who has
is

emerged from the boat


the
"

Sun-god, and below


is

image of Af

,"

'^^

that

to say, the

body

of

the night Sun-god, which has been cast away.

END OF

VOL.

I.

GILBEBI AND BITUTGIOIT LTD.,

ST. JOHIT'e

HOUSE, CLEUKBM WELL, B.C.

lMIillilII_ i!^i
-Tj

lO:

University of California

SOUTHERN REGIONAL LIBRARY FACILITY


305 De Neve Drive
-

Parking Lot 17

Box 951388
it

LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA 90095-1388


A^

Return this material to the library from which

was borrowed.

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