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MULTINATIONAL CIVIL-MILITARY INTEROPERABILITY (MN CMI)

NC3A Concept
Mr. Roberto Porta, DOP, MN CMI Project Manager 1st MN CMI Workshop, Brussels 14 June 2011

Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 1 NATO/EU UNCLASSIFIED

Outline

Requirements and Constraints Approach and Technical Framework Solution Development Work-Rhythm (example) Common and Nationally Funded Activities Conclusions and Recommendations

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Requirements and Constraints

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Context (assumptions)

Type of Crisis or Emergency


Caused by predictable/un-predictable man-made or natural disasters that (may) affect the population
Of significant magnitude involvement by the Military and the International Community

With demanding information needs (quality, quantity and real-timeliness) need for automated Information Systems support

Examples
1. Man-made/acts of terror, e.g. with NATO lead, Nations (mil & civil) 2. Major natural disasters e.g. with UN lead, NATO, EU, IO/NGO, Nations 3. Regional Emergencies e.g. with National lead (mil & civ), Regional (civ)

Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 4 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

General Problem
National Emergency Management UN , EU NATO Stabiliza -tion Stabiliza -tion Stabiliza -tion Vulnerab ility Analysis

Most players different at each crisis

Mitigation & Prevention

Not interoperable systems and procedures (esp. bw civil & miliary)

Recovery Recovery

Recovery

Collaboration & Coordination Collaboration Prepared Environment & Systems, InfoCoordination ness Prepared Environment Comm & Planning ness Collaboration Prepared Planning Environment ness
Response Planning Prediction & Warning

Response Response

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Different missions, RoE ,capabilities & work approaches

AS-IS CIS Situation (notional)


Fixed Deployable

Operational Level
Supporting EMA OpCenter
PWS

Mobile

Pub. Telecom

Tactical Level
population
OpCenter

OSOCC UN

Affected EMA
INTERNET
PWS PWS

first responders

GDACS/ VOSOCC
NGO

NATO
OpCmd
NGCS

EU

CFC CimicWeb
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Nation

ERC
CECIS

DeplCmd

Proposed Approach
and Technical Framework

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Bottom-Up Solution Approach


National Emergency Management UN , EU NATO Stabiliza -tion Stabiliza -tion Stabiliza -tion Vulnerab ility Analysis

Expected Result: Technical-operational solutions, simple to agree & implement

Mitigation & Prevention

Building-blocks, re-usable by each org. in different scenarios

Recovery Recovery Recovery

Collaboration & Coordination Collaboration Prepared Environment & Systems, InfoCoordination ness Prepared Environment Comm & Planning ness Collaboration Prepared Planning Environment ness
Response Planning Prediction & Warning

Response

Focus on Specific Interfaces & Procedures as enablers. Not on a comprehensive solution


Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 8 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Response

Application of available and relatively mature technologies. No R&D; not a new System

TO-BE CIS Situation (notional)


Civil Military Interface Services (NEC)
Pub. Telecom

Operational Level
Supporting EMA OpCenter
PWS

Tactical Level
population
OpCenter

OSOCC UN

Affected EMA
INTERNET
PWS PWS

first responders

GDACS/ VOSOCC
NGO

NATO
OpCmd
NGCS

EU

CFC CimicWeb
Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 9 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Nation

ERC
CECIS

DeplCmd

Coordinated Activities & Enablers


Examples by Phase
Phase
Preparedness & Planning Prediction & Warning

Activities
Long/Mid term Planning. Plan & Develop Capabilities Training & Exercises (T&E) Warning & Alerting (W&A) Threat & Risk Assessment Response Planning Support request & supply OpCenter/Field coordination Response deconflict. & coord Situation Awareness Damage Assessment Consequence Management Logistic & Trasportation Support reconstruction

Enablers
Planning Info Sharing Collaboration Environment T&E standard & tools Common W&A Protocol Threat Info sharing Geo/Surveillance info-sharing Capability supply-request info InteroperableTactical Comm Real-Time info-sharing Common Operational Picture Common Operational Picture Consq.Man. Cap Info Sharing Equip./Supplies info sharing Reconstruction Info Sharing

Response

Recovery

Stabilization

Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 10 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Scope Decomposition and Grouping


Interoperability Focus Areas (IFA)
IFA1 IFA2 IFA3 Community of Interest Communication (CIC) Collaboration & Info Sharing Environment (CISE) Warning & Alerting (W&A)

Interoperability Enablers
Grouped into

IFA4
IFA5 IFA6

Info Sharing Services (ISS)


Sit. Awareness & Common Oper. Picture (SAS) Tactical Communication (TACOM)

Management Phase

Applicable to

Preparedness & Planning


Prediction & Warning
W&A

ISS

Response
Recovery

CISE

CIC

SAS

Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 11 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

TACOM

Interoperability Focus Areas (IFA)


Purpose
To decompose the scope into manageable, largely independent objectives that can be achieved in limited time and produce tangible results (SMART* goals). which become the basis for Agreement, Plan and Program of Work. and can be supported by simple interfaces (NEC services)

Preliminary list:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
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Community of Interest Info Communication Collaboration and Info Sharing Environment Warning and Alerting Information Sharing Services Situation Awareness & Common Operational Picture Tactical Communication Services
Relevant and Time-based
NATO/EU UNCLASSIFIED

Presentation lithouwen (*) Small, Measurable, Achievable, 29-10-2010

IFA01
Community of Interest Info Communication
Problem
Protecting the info exchange within a COI (unclassified sensitive). Independent system authentications not scalable.
An equivalent of a COI-VPN (Virtual Private Network) communication (to complement public/open info sharing) increases shared trust and enhances info sharing

Desired Situation and Benefits

Solution Options
(a) An actual COI VPN (b) A federation of User Directories

Available Technology

ADFS (for LDAP directories), XML-labelling/guarding. Semi-operational ADFS prototype by NC3A. NC3A R&D POW (soon ISAF POW)
NATO/EU UNCLASSIFIED

Relevant Projects
Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 13

IFA02
Collaboration and Information Sharing Environment
Problem
Info spread over multiple Info Portals causes collection overhead. Common protected collaboration space absent (or to be established at hoc) Automated feeds (mashup, portal federation) optimized human effort. Single protected collaboration space enhances collaboration (a) A single std CISE tool/app (b) a federation of CISE

Desired Situation and Benefits

Solution Options Available Technology

Web-2 std (RSS-ext, XMPP ..) to be customized and agreed on use NC3A Tactical Chat & Collaboration Service Prototypes NC3A R&D POW, NOTS (ISAF)
NATO/EU UNCLASSIFIED

Relevant Projects
Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 14

IFA03
Warning and Alerting
Problem
No single automated W&A solution across nations/regions and different security domains and for any type of hazard.
A standard W&A protocol that can be used by any player and in any situation improves efficiency and effectiveness of response (a) Acquiring a common package (b) implementing W&A standards

Desired Situation and Benefits

Solution Options

Available Technology

Public domain standards (CAP, EDXL, EDXL-ext) Existing CAP/EDXL implementation (NC3A and outside) NC3A R&D and ISAF POW, US-DM-OPEN Project, NCOIC

Relevant Projects
Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 15 NATO/EU UNCLASSIFIED

IFA04
Information Sharing Services
Problem
Information Sources possibly sharable in crisis situation within a COI are not accessible
Sharing of Info Sources within a COI enhances situation awareness improves efficiency and effectiveness of civ-mil support operations (a) Acquiring a common package (b) adopting & implementing specific standards & services to enable selective Info Sharing in a COI

Desired Situation and Benefits

Solution Options

Available Technology Relevant Projects


NC3A R&D POW
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Several Web-2 std (ex:WS-I); specific Web-3 std (ex: RDF)

IFA05
Situation Awareness & COP*
Problem
No interoperability for a civ-mil operational/tactical COP limits shared situation awareness. Manual data entry / shivel chairs not possible in real-time situation. (Semi) automated COP feeding for each player/system as enabler for improved effectiveness and collaboration. (a) Adopting & implementing data and protocol standards for the COP exchange

Desired Situation and Benefits

Solution Options

Available Technology Relevant Projects


Presentation lithouwen (*) 29-10-2010 17

Several NATO and Intl. standards (TSO, NFFI, NVG, Asterix) NC3A R&D POW, EU FP6 Oasis
Common Operational Picture
NATO/EU UNCLASSIFIED

IFA06
Tactical Communication Services
Problem
Lack of interoperable, secure and resilient (voice & data) communication among first responder is major cause of inefficiency
Multiple technologies & profiles adoptable in different scenarios can greatly improve the effectiveness of first and follow-up responders. (a) An emergency comm. capability for each situation (b) standards and technologies used in multiple systems

Desired Situation and Benefits

Solution Options

Available Technology Relevant Projects


Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 18 NATO/EU UNCLASSIFIED

Several intl std and technologies (TETRA,SDR, RoIP) NC3A R&D POW, EU FP7 Secricom

Solution Development

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Expected Deliverables
(For each addressed Interoperability Focus Area):

Interface Specifications
The interoperability standard that each shall implement. Based on de-iure / de-facto standard (with tailoring/profiling) E.g.: transport protocols & profiles, data formats.

Standard Operating Procedures


The guidelines, procedures, tactics & techniques that each participant shall adapt and apply (in accordance to own policies and practices). E.g.: to establish Communities Of Interest (COI*), release & share info, disseminate warnings, change alert status, publish information ...

(Prototype) Interface Capabilities


The physical Info Systems Software (and HW) components implementing

the interfaces (e.g. NEC Services). For validation purposes, for training/exercises or operational employment. Independently or jointly developed or acquired (COTS, OpenSW)

Presentation lithouwen (*) A 29-10-2010 COI includes all the players involved in a specific Crisis Management Operation/Phase 20 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Solution Development
Baseline Technology
Specification, development and validation

Mature at least for demonstration and system development (TRL* > 5) E.g. from NATO/NC3A R&D, EU FPs, National R&D or existing product/applications

Skills and Expertise


Interface specification Standard Procedures I/F Capab. (prototype)

NC3A can pick and offer support from a base of 40+ scientist & 7+yrs POW in CMI-related areas Methodology extensively applied by NC3A for C4ISR interoperability can be largely re-used
Local (at NC3A-NLD) test & development or distributed (through lab networking / web-apps) Real and virtual conferencing

Facilities

Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 21 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

(*) Technology Readiness Level (on a scale 1 to 9)

Test, Verification and Validation (TV&V)

Essential for developing or enhancing capabilities:


Increases the degree of shared trust Compresses capability engineering and fielding cycles

Allows closer collaboration with the Industry and increase its awareness of CMI requirements & operational context.
Can reuse existing infrastructure & relevant TV&V Programs.
E.g. Distributed Networked Battle Labs (DNBL) and Testing Env. (DTE); Coalition Warrior Interoperability Exercise (CWIX)

Most existing (military) TV&V initiatives are focused on C4ISR; limited participation and some difficulty in access by Civil Organizations

TV&V

is an essential part of the MN CMI scope

Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 22 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Training and Exercises (T&E)

Essential for full implementation of capabilities, for maintaining the required readiness levels and to build shared trust. ManyT&E Programs/Events relevant for CMI exist e.g.
NATO/EAPC (CEP POW) - Civil Emergency Exercises Other NATO/PfP civ-mil live & simulated T&E (SeeSim,Viking, SteadFast ) Regional and National Emergency T&E Programs

T&E

is not included in MN CMI scope: MN CMI resuts are used to enable and support existing T&E events

Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 23 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Overall Capability Implementation


PLANNING SPECIFICATION & VALIDATION

Revised Spec & Implementation

MN CMI
Specific., develop & valid. Interface specification Standard Procedures I/F Capab. (prototypes)

Requirements & Lessons Learned

CIS/C4ISR Exercises, Test & Training CWIX, ...


Technically oriented

Civ-Military Exercises & Training

Civ.Em Ex,...
Operationally oriented

DEPLOY. IMPLEM.

NATO

National, Local (Civ & Mil)

UN,EU, IGO, NGO

Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Operations

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Work-Rhythm (example)

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Year Work-plan- example


Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep
Assess Plan D&Dev Validate

Plenary Conference: Yr+1 Agreem.


-Virtual Conf : POW finalization

Agreement

POW

-Main Planning Conference -Virtual Conf : Design Review Virtual Conf : Test Review -Execution Conference -Virtual Conf : Assess & reporting Plenary Conference: POW Assesst
Results & Assessment Validation Preparation Detailed Plan

Oct

Notes
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3 Physical Conferences; 3+ Virtual conferences All distributed testing. NC3A as test hub and support

NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Multi-year Work-plan- example


New Cooperation Initiatives

Operational Requirements
New Emergencies

Technology

POW (Yr-1 & 2) IFA01 (incr.1) IFA02

POW (Yr-3 & 4) IFA01 (incr.2) IFA03 IFA04 (incr 1)

...

POW (Yr-5) IFA05 IFA06 IFA04 (incr 2)

POW

Year-1
TV&V

Year-2

Year-3

Year-4

Year-5

T&E
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Operations

Common and Nationally* Funded Activities

Presentation lithouwen (*) Nation to be intended also as National or International Organization 29-10-2010 28 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Common and Nationally Funded Activities


Proposed Approach

The Program of Work (POW) is decomposed into discrete Objective Capabilities (e.g. IFAs) Each IFA is supported by two or more Nations and can be addressed in one or more years.

National efforts for the POW of interest are funded by each Nation.
Program Management, Technical Consultancy, Support, Infrastructure is provided by NC3A under Program Common Funding. NC3A can also support the analysis, development and testing of specific IFA (as under POW agreements)

Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 29 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Common and National Funding


Example
Legend Common Funded NATO Funded ORG-1 Funded ORG-2 Funded ORG-3 Funded Not Funded

MN CMI ECECI

IFA06

Program Management & Support, Technical Consultancy & Support, Organiz. (NC3A) Conference, Meeting & Testing Facilities Local IT, Networks (NC3A)
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IFA01

IFA02

IFA03

IFA04

IFA05

Common and Nationally Funded Activities


Financial feasibility

NC3A is a Customer-funded Organization.


A minimum Common Funding level is required to financially sustain this initiative from the NC3A perspective. A minimum of 4 funding stakeholders (e.g. on a POW including 2-3 IFAs) for Year-1 is expected to be sufficient to kick-off the initiative.

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Conclusions and Recommendations

Presentation lithouwen 29-10-2010 32 NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Conclusions & Recommendations


Conclusions
Preliminary concept only: to be revised by Stakeholders The overall problem is complex. Technical interoperability is not sufficient but is an important enabler. MN CMI addresses technical-operational interoperability with a pragmatic, incremental bottom-up approach. NC3A has the right skills and expertise to make this happen. Eventual use of deliverables in the hands of each participant.

Recommendations

Agreement and direction (asap), commitment and funding (afterward) by the Stakeholders is needed to continue

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Questions to the participants


1.

Is there a general interest by your Organization in participating and sponsoring this Initiative ? What is your potential scope of interest (e.g. which IFA) ? Which are specific suggestions or recommended for a revision or detailing of the scope? Is - in principle - a commitment by your Organization achievable in 2011 ?

2. 3.

4.

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Questions ?
Thank you !
Presentation lithouwen +31-70-3743576 29-10-2010

Roberto.Porta@nc3a.nato.int (Netherlands)
NATO UNCLASSIFIED

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