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323-1061-200

SDH TRANSMISSION

Nortel TN-1X
Installation Procedures
Release 6 Standard December 1996

SDH TRANSMISSION

Nortel TN-1X
Installation Procedures

Document Number: 323-1061-200 Document Status: Standard Product Release Number: Release 6 Date: December 1996

Copyright Coypright statement Country of printing NT confidential NTE disclaimer Trademarks

Copyright 1995, 1996 Northern Telecom


The copyright of this document is the property of Northern Telecom. Without the written consent of Northern Telecom, given by contract or otherwise, this document must not be copied, reprinted or reproduced in any material form, either wholly or in part, and the contents of this document, or any methods or techniques available therefrom, must not be disclosed to any other person whatsoever.

Printed in England NORTHERN TELECOM CONFIDENTIAL:


The information contained in this document is the property of Northern Telecom. Except as specifically authorized in writing by Northern Telecom, the holder of this document shall keep the information contained herein confidential and shall protect same in whole or in part from disclosure and dissemination to third parties and use same for evaluation, operation, and maintenance purposes only. So far as Northern Telecom is aware the contents of this document are correct. However, such contents have been obtained from a variety of sources and Northern Telecom can give no warranty or undertaking and make no representation as to their accuracy. In particular, Northern Telecom hereby expressly excludes liability for any form of consequential, indirect or special loss, and for loss of data, loss of profits or loss of business opportunity, howsoever arising and whether sustained by the user of the information herein or any third party arising out of the contents of this document.

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

iii

Publication history
December 1996 Release 6 Standard. December 1995 Release 5.1 Standard.

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

Contents
About this document Technical support and information Warnings and cautions Chapter 1: Receiving and unpacking
Off-loading 1-1 Package handling 1-1 Storage 1-1 Unpacking 1-2 Tools required 1-2 Packaging removal 1-2 Packaging disposal 1-2 Checking contents 1-2

ix x xiii 1-1

Chapter 2: Installation information


Installation tools 2-2 Equipment supplies 2-3 Installation items 2-5 Installation procedure 2-7 Overview 2-7 Installation of traffic cables to rack 2-9 Cable and fibre labelling 2-11 Installation of subrack into the rack 2-13 Insertion and removal of plug-in units and interface modules 2-16 Connections - Station Service Module 2-20 Connections - 75 Star Card Module 2-24 Connections - Flexible Access Module 2-26 Connections - 75 Traffic Access Module 2-28 Connections - 120 Traffic Access Module 2-30 Connections - High Speed Traffic Access Module 2-32 Connections - High Speed Aggregate Module 2-34 Connections - High Speed Tributary Module 2-36 Connections - optical aggregate/tributary units 2-38 Single fibre working mode 2-40 Local Craft Access Panel 2-42 EOW telephone 2-43 Fitting infills, covers and designation labels 2-44

2-1

Appendix A: Installation kits parts list

3-1

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TN-1X Installation Procedures

vi

Appendix B: Plug-in unit to software version compatibility Index Figures


Figure 1-1 Figure 1-2 Figure 2-1 Figure 2-2 Figure 2-3 Figure 2-4 Figure 2-5 Figure 2-6 Figure 2-7 Figure 2-8 Figure 2-9 Figure 2-10 Figure 2-11 Figure 2-12 Figure 2-13 Figure 2-14 Figure 2-15 Figure 2-16 Figure 2-17 Figure 2-18 Figure 2-19 Figure 2-20 Figure 2-21 Figure 2-22 Figure 2-23 Figure 2-24 Figure 2-25 Figure 2-26 Figure 2-27

4-1 5-1

Unpacking the subrack 1-3 Typical TN-1X subrack layout 1-4 Overview flowchart (part 1) 2-7 Overview flowchart (part 2) 2-8 T-bar cable support 2-10 Tributary cable dressing 2-11 Cable marker and positioning 2-12 Captive nut and shoulder washer positions 2-14 Subrack brackets and fibre turning devices (ETSI rack only) 2-15 Plug-in unit insertion/removal 2-18 Interface module insertion/removal 2-19 Station Service Module layout 2-21 Rack alarm bus connection termination 2-22 Power connector termination 2-23 75 Star Card Module layout 2-25 Flexible Access Module - front and side views 2-27 75 Traffic Access Module layout and port allocations 2-29 120 Trafc Access Module layout and port allocation 2-31 High Speed Traffic Access Module layout and port allocations 2-33 High Speed Aggregate Module layout 2-35 High Speed Tributary Module layout 2-37 Typical layout of optical units 2-38 Optical fibre routing 2-40 Single fibre working couplers 2-41 LCAP layout 2-42 EOW handset stowage 2-43 Station Interface Area cover assembly 2-45 Fibre tray cover, subrack label and infill panels 2-46 Fitting dummy covers 2-46

Tables
Table 2-1 Table 2-2 Table 2-3 Table 2-4 Table 2-5 Table 2-6 Table 2-7 Table 2-8 Table 2-9 Table 2-10 Table 2-11 Table 2-12 Table 3-1 Table 3-2 Table 3-3 Table 3-4 Table 3-5 TN-1X Installation Procedures General tools 2-2 Special tools 2-2 Core items 2-3 Plug-in units 2-3 Service Interface Modules (SIM) 2-4 Traffic Interface Modules (TIM) 2-4 Items required for installing the subrack 2-5 75 traffic cord options 2-6 Cable routing for 2 Mbit/s tributary units 2-9 Cable routing for 34 Mbit/s tributary units 2-10 Power connector pin-out details 2-24 Pin-out for 120 traffic cords 2-30 Installation kit for NT ETSI rack (25S KM00 019 AAE) 3-1 Installation kit for 23" rack (for example, OPAC cabinet) 3-1 Installation kit for 19" rack (25S KM00 750 HNZ) 3-2 Installation kit for Rack 91 (25S KM00 750 HPB) 3-2 Installation kit for Rack 90 (25S KM00 750 HPC) 3-2 323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

vii Table 3-6 Table 3-7 Table 3-8 Table 3-9 Table 4-1 Subrack cover kit (25S KM00 750 HFL) 3-3 NT ETSI rack dummy cover kits 3-3 TN-1X installation kit (25S KM00 807 ABL) 3-4 EOW handset kit (25S KM00 750 HZM) 3-4 Plug-in unit to software version compatibility 4-1

Procedures
Procedure 2-1 Procedure 2-2 Procedure 2-3 Procedure 2-4 Procedure 2-5 Procedure 2-6 Procedure 2-7 Procedure 2-8 Procedure 2-9 Procedure 2-10 Procedure 2-11 Procedure 2-12 Procedure 2-13 Procedure 2-14 Procedure 2-15 Procedure 2-16 Procedure 2-17 Installing traffic cables to rack 2-9 Cable and fibre labelling 2-11 Installing the subrack in the rack 2-13 Insertion and removal of plug-in units and interface modules 2-17 LAN connections 2-20 Rack alarm bus connections 2-22 Power connections 2-23 Connecting the SIM Type 20 2-24 External alarm connections 2-26 Connections to 75 Traffic Access Module 2-28 Connections to 120 Traffic Access Module 2-30 Connections to High Speed Traffic Access Module 2-32 Connections to High Speed Aggregate Module 2-34 Connections to High Speed Tributary Module 2-36 Connections to optical units 2-39 EOW telephone mounting 2-43 Fitting the infills, covers and designation label 2-44

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

viii General view of a typically equipped TN-1X subrack

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

ix

About this document


This document, 323-1061-200, provides details of the mechanical installation procedures for the Nortel TN-1X Release 6 subrack into the following rack types: NT ETSI. 19" rack/cabinet. 23" rack/cabinet (OPAC). BT Rack Types 90/91. TN-16X rack.

It is assumed that the rack is securely in place and that all cabling and services to the rack have been completed in readiness for installation of the subrack. Note: For installation into a TN-16X rack, refer to the TN-16X Equipped Rack Installation Procedures NTP, 323-1211-201. Associated documents Nortel TN-1X Documentation Overview and Safety, 323-1061-090. Nortel TN-1X System Commissioning Procedures, 323-1061-220.

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

Technical support and information


Nortel provides a comprehensive technical support service for its customers. The Nortel Service Desk may be contacted between the hours of 8:30 am and 5 pm, Monday to Friday (UK local time), using the following FAX or telephone numbers: United Kingdom Freephone: 0800 626 881 Telephone 0181 361 4693 FAX: 0181 945 3456 International Telephone: +44 181 361 4693 FAX: +44 181 945 3456 Access to assistance from the Customer Service Desk 24-hour help line can be provided and is subject to a suitable Support Agreement being in place. To discuss Technical Support services, please contact the Technical Support Hotline on 0181 945 3525.

This product/product family complies with the essential protection requirements of the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC as amended by 92/31/EEC and 93/68/EEC, when it is properly installed and maintained and when it is used for the purposes for which it is intended.

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Code: Issue:

25PJC00750AAE 1

Declaration of Conformity Suppliers Name & Address:


Nortel Limited, of Doagh Road, Newtownabbey, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, BT36 6XA

We hereby declare that the products identied in Section 1 comply with the standards listed in Section 2 and full our obligations under the EU Directives listed in Section 3.

Section 1 - Products Covered


Product Name TN-1X Product Type TN1X 75ohm system. TN1X 120 ohm system TN1X/S street cabinet versions.

Section 2 - Standards Applied


The Product(s) described above is in conformity with the following standards: Stds Ref 1 1 Standard Number EN55022 EN50082-1 Edition 1995 1992 Subject of Standard Emissions from IT Equipment Generic Immunity, Residential, commercial and light industry

Section 3 - European Union Directives


Directive Number 89/336/EEC 92/31/EEC 93/68/EEC Edition Abbreviated Directive Title Stds Ref 1 n/a n/a CE Marking Information (if applicable) n/a n/a n/a

1989 1992 1993

EMC Directive Amendment to EMC Directive CE Marking Amending Directive

Section 4 - Authority of Issuer


Declaration Issued By: Position of Issuer: Signed: Date: John Thompson/Peter Schuddeboom Senior Manager/Director TN1X John Freebairn Customer Satisfaction & Quality Manager

The instructions for installation, use and maintenance form part of the product compliance and must be observed.

This declaration has been made in accordance with ISO/IEC Guide 22, General criteria for suppliers' declaration of conformity

xiii

Warnings and cautions


Safety considerations Ensure that you are familiar with the general safety procedures relating to the TN-1X product detailed in Documentation Overview and Safety NTP, 323-1061-090. Follow all warning notices provided with this product, as well as the safety procedures established by your company. Follow all caution notices provided with this product, as well as the general equipment safety procedures established by your company. Mechanical handling considerations WARNING
Risk of personal injury

Due to the weight of the subrack, the mounting of the subrack in the rack requires two installers for safe working. Take care when working near the top of the Station Interface Area that your hands do not scrape on the honeycomb screen.

CAUTION
Risk of damage to EMC mesh

The EMC mesh on the subrack must not be placed onto an uneven surface or be placed on any protruding objects.

CAUTION
Risk of damage to equipment

When inserting a plug-in unit, ensure that the plug-in unit is inserted in the black card-guides and not the grey front panel locator guide to the right of the required position.

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TN-1X Installation Procedures

xiv Warnings and cautions

Electrical handling considerations CAUTION


Static sensitive devices

The plug-in units contain static sensitive devices. These devices are sensitive to static electricity and must be protected by special handling and packaging. Refer to the static sensitive handling procedures in Documentation Overview and Safety NTP, 323-1061-090. Before removing the TN-1X subrack from the inner carton of the packaging, personnel must wear conductive bonded wrist straps conforming to BS CECC 00015 Part 1. The straps must be connected to an available earth point in the absence of an ESD bonding point on the equipment. Electrical safety considerations WARNING
Power to the subrack

The subrack should not be powered-up until the installation procedures are completed and the subrack is ready for commissioning. If the parent rack is already powered, the relevant rack fuses must be removed before the power connector is connected to the subrack. Optical safety WARNING
Optical safety

Observe the warnings and cautions detailed in Documentation Overview and Safety NTP, 323-1061-090.

Note: The subrack should not be powered until after the installation is completed.

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Warnings and cautions xv

Optical connector/bre handling CAUTION


Optical connectors

Clean all optical connectors by an approved method before making any optical connection. When making an optical connection, do not rotate the optical connector unnecessarily. When not connected, t all optical plugs and couplings with captive caps.

CAUTION
Damage to optical bres

When dressing bres, take care not to exceed the minimum bend radius (typically 35 mm) and do not overtighten tyraps used for dressing as damage may result. When connecting connectors, ensure that the optical bres are not trapped by the protective cover on the unit before sliding the unit in position.

WARNING
Danger from glass chips

If there is any suspicion of a glass chip in the eye, seek medical attention at once.

The following precautions must be taken when working with single-bre optical cables: Safety glasses must be worn when installing optical bres. Small bits of glass bre are almost invisible. After handling single bre cables, hands should always be wiped clean or washed before making any contact with the eyes.

Handle optical bres carefully and always position them in a safe and secure location during installation. Do not handle pieces of cut bre with bare ngers. Use tweezers, or the sticky side of a piece of vinyl tape, to pick up and discard any loose bre ends. All bre cuttings should be placed in a plastic bottle provided for that purpose.

End of chapter file

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TN-1X Installation Procedures

1
1-1

Chapter 1: Receiving and unpacking


This chapter describes the procedures to be used when a Nortel TN-1X subrack is delivered to the customer as part of a supply-only contract.

Off-loading
The consignment is the responsibility of the delivery vehicle driver until it has been off-loaded to the installation or storage area. Off-loading must therefore be supervised by the driver. Only authorised lifting equipment and slings must be used unless a reciprocal agreement for use of the customers equipment is in force and is valid.

Package handling
Identify the top face of the container, identiable by packing labels, and keep the top face uppermost at all times. The package contents are to be considered fragile at all times. If packages are to be handled in wet weather conditions, adequate waterproof covering must be used to protect the package.

Storage
If the TN-1X equipment is to be stored before installation, the following storage conditions must be applied: Do not remove the equipment from its protective packaging. Store the equipment in an environment which is dry and controlled to prevent the formation of condensation. Whenever possible, store packages at a height which eases handling, i.e. between waist and shoulder height. Do not store the packages near sources of heat. Do not place heavy objects, e.g. wooden transit cases, on top of the package.

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

1-2 Receiving and unpacking

Unpacking
Tools required The following tools are required to remove a TN-1X subrack from its primary and secondary packaging: Sharp pointed blade knife Conductive bonded wrist strap conforming to BS CECC 00015 Part 1

Packaging removal The removal procedure is detailed in Figure 1-1. Packaging disposal The packaging may be disposed of as waste material. The customer may, however, nd it advantageous to retain the packaging which may then be used to return the equipment to Nortel Limited should the need arise.

Checking contents
Check the package contents against the Customer's Advice Note and ensure that the range of plug-in units tted to the supplied matches the TN-1X variant specied on the order. Figure 1-2 shows the layout of the plug-in units and interface modules of a typical equipped subrack.

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Receiving and unpacking 1-3 Figure 1-1 Unpacking the subrack

1
1-1

STEP 1 Cut through gummed paper. DO NOT insert knife more than 5mm Open the outer carton to expose the inner carton

Top Corner Blocks (4 off) Inner Carton

STEP 2 Remove the four top corner blocks

STEP 3 Cut through gummed paper of inner carton in a similar manner to Step 1

5 Panel wrapper

Subrack

STEP 4 Open inner carton and lift out the 5 panel wrapper containing the subrack

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TN-1X Installation Procedures

End of chapter file

Plug-in unit slot position

Associated card guide position Associated card guide position Service Interface Area (SIA) Plug-in Unit (PIU) Area

System interface module slot position

1" EOW Unit 6 Tributary Unit Dummy Panel Tributary Unit Payload Manager Optical or Electrical Aggregate Unit

1.8"

T1 Flexible Access Module 1" Traffic Access Module 1" 1" Traffic Access Module or High Speed Trib Module 1" Dummy Panel Traffic Access Module 1.6" Traffic Access Module 1.6" High Speed Aggregate Module Dummy Panel 75 Star Card 1" High Speed Aggregate Module Dummy Panel 1" 1" Traffic Access Module Traffic Access Module or High Speed Trib Module Dummy Panel Traffic Access Module Traffic Access Module Dummy Panel Optical or Electrical Aggregate Unit Payload Manager Tributary Unit Dummy Panel Tributary Unit 1" 1.8" Power Unit

TN-1X Installation Procedures


1" T2 1" T3 1" T4 1" T5 1" T6 1" T7 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1.8" Power Unit 1" 1" T8 T9 T10 T11 T12 T13 T14 T15 T16 Station Service Module 1" Subrack Controller S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 11 16 21 26 34 42 47 52 57 62 71 80 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S12 S13 S14
1-2

1-4 Receiving and unpacking

Figure 1-2 Typical TN-1X subrack layout

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

2-1

Chapter 2: Installation information


Table 2-1 and Table 2-2 list the general and special tools required to carry out the installation of the TN-1X subrack. Table 2-3 to Table 2-6 list the range of the plug-in units and interface units available for Release 6 of the TN-1X. The units supplied will depend upon the customer specic order. Table 2-7 lists the installation kits and materials required. Table 2-8 lists the different 75 trafc cord options. Note: For installation into a TN-16X rack, refer to the TN-16X Equipped Rack Installation Procedures NTP, 323-1211-201.

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TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-2 Installation information

Installation tools
Table 2-1 General tools Item 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Table 2-2 Special tools Item 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Code 25T XT00 800 POO 25S KM00 800 EFO 25S KM00 800 FMO 25T PL00 800 BOO 25T PL00 800 COO 25T PL00 800 DOO 25T PL00 800 EOO 25T XT00 800 AOO 25T CS00 800 XOO 25T CS00 800 ADO 25T PL00 800 HOO Description 43T connector insertion/extraction tool (long) Microscope kit Optical bre cleaning kit ERMA crimp tool Die set (for 3002 cable) Die set (for 2002 cable) Die set (for 2003 cable and d.c. power pins type 2A) Pin extractor tool (for d.c. power pins type 2A) Coax cable stripping tool 8A (2002/2003) Coax cable stripping tool 9A (3002) Parallel jaw pliers Qty 1 1 1 1 As required As required 1 1 As required As required 1 Description Cable pulling frame Stepladders Hand lamp Mains extension lead Small screwdriver slotted (3 mm blade) Medium screwdriver slotted (10 mm blade) Medium screwdriver posidrive Side cutters Tyrap gun ESD conductive wrist strap

2-1

2-2

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-3

Equipment supplies
Table 2-3 Core items Item 1 2 Code 25G MU00 750 GWV 25U EP00 750 GXB Description Unequipped subrack TN-1X Local Craft Access Panel 75

2-3

Table 2-4 Plug-in units Item Code Description

2-4

ATTENTION Some plug-in units are not compatible with all TN-1X software versions. Refer to Appendix B for details of Plug-in unit to software version compatibility

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

25U PW00 750 HAY/HSY 25U MN00 750 GXD 25U PJ00 750 GXF 25U TM00 750 HWF 25U TM00 750 GWA 25U TM00 750 GWB 25U JU00 750 GXG 25U JU00 750 GXR 25U TM00 750 HVB 25U TM00 750 GSA 25U TM00 750 GSC 25U TM00 750 HWE 25U JU00 750 GVB 25U SV00 750 GVX

Power Supply Unit (PSU) Subrack Controller Payload Manager STM-1 Optical Aggregate Unit STM-1 Optical Aggregate Unit STM-1 Electrical Aggregate Unit 2 Mbit/s Tributary Unit 75 2 Mbit/s Tributary Unit 120 STM-4 Optical Aggregate Unit 1550 nm STM-4 Optical Aggregate Unit (Long Haul), 1310 nm STM-4 Optical Aggregate Unit (Intra-Station), 1310 nm STM-1 Optical Tributary Unit 1" STM-1 Electrical Tributary Unit 2" EOW Unit
continued

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TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-4 Installation information Table 2-4 Plug-in units (continued) Item 15 Code 25U MU00 750 HVJ Description Asynchronous Telemetry Unit Note: Installation of the ATU is described in NTP 323-1063-200. EOW Installation Kit (see Appendix A, Table 3-9 for details) Payload Manager TSI-2 2 Mbit/s Tributary Unit 75 V4 2 Mbit/s Tributary Unit 120 V4 34 Mbit/s Tributary Unit STM-1 Electrical Tributary Unit 2" TSI-2 STM-1 Optical Tributary Unit 1" TSI-2
end

2-4

16 17 18 19 20 21 22

25S KM00 750 HZM 25U PJ00 750 HZQ 25U JU00 750 HVT 25U JU00 750 HVQ 25U JU00 750 HJZ 25U TM00 750 JBK 25U TM00 750 HWG

Table 2-5 Service Interface Modules (SIM) Item 1 2 3 4 Code 25U JJ00 750 GXC 25U JJ00 750 GWZ 25U JJ00 750 GWX 25U JJ00 750 HPD Description Station Service Module 75 Star Card (Clock Sync) Flexible Access Module Flexible Access Module

2-5

Table 2-6 Trafc Interface Modules (TIM) Item 1 2 3 4 5 Code 25U JJ00 750 GVZ 25U JJ00 750 HLV 25U JJ00 750 GYZ 25U JJ00 750 GWY 25U JJ00 750 HTD Description 75 Trafc Access Module 120 Trafc Access Module High Speed Aggregate Module High Speed Tributary Module High Speed Trafc Access Module

2-6

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-5

Installation items
Table 2-7 Items required for installing the subrack Item 1a Code 25S KM00 019 AAE Description TN-1X Installation Kit (NT ETSI rack) TN-1X Installation kit (23 rack/cabinet) TN-1X mounting kit (19" rack/cabinet) TN-1X mounting kit (Rack 91) TN-1X mounting kit (Rack 90) TN-1X installation kit (TN-16X) TN-1X Installation Kit Subrack cover kit TX/RX cable assembly labelled Optical bre tail 1 1 1 1 Qty Notes See Appendix A Table 3-1 for contents See Appendix A Table 3-2 for contents (see Note 1) See Appendix A Table 3-3 for contents See Appendix A Table 3-4 for contents See Appendix A Table 3-5 for contents See Note 2 See Appendix A Table 3-8 for contents See Appendix A Table 3-6 for contents Connection to LAN transceiver for network management system Connection to FC/PC connectors on optical aggregate and tributary units Connection to OUTPUT connector of 120 Trafc Access Module Connection to INPUT connector of 120 Trafc Access Module For External Alarms connector Only required for single bre working (see page 2-40)
2-7

1b

### #### ### ###

1c

25S KM00 750 HNZ

1d

25S KM00 750 HPB

1e

25S KM00 750 HPC

1f 2 3 4

### #### ### ### 25S KM00 807 ABL 25S KM00 750 HFL 32Y CN00 100 AWY

25Y CN00 801 ***

2 per module 1 per module 1 per module

32Y CN00 754 ***

25-way D-type male/4 quad screened cable assembly 25-way D-type female/4 quad screened cable assembly Connector female 25-way D-type 2-1 Optical Converter Box (coupler)

32Y CN00 755 ***

8 9

32C CN16 100 AJH NTKD0100

1 A/R

Note 1: Contact Nortel for advice on space required above and below rack and if fans are required due to ambient temperature. Note 2: All details for installing TN-1X into a TN-16X rack are available in NTP 323-1211-201.

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2-6 Installation information Table 2-8 75 trafc cord options Item 1 2 3 4 Code/Description Preferred option, using 8-core 3002 cable type R0116885 32Y CN00 725 *** BT43/5F, 8 x 3002 cable Alternative option, using single 3002 coax 32Y CN00 750 *** BT43/5F, 3002 cable Alternative option, using single 2003 coax 32Y CN00 752 *** BT43/3F, 2003 cable Alternative option, using single 2002 cable 32Y CN00 756 *** BT43/5F, 2002 cable

2-8

Note: The last three characters of the cable/cord assemblies signify the length and, in the case of optical cords, the connector types used. All cords are connectorised at one end only. Ensure that all the necessary items are available and that the parent rack is securely mounted in position. Ancillary items (i.e. Rack Alarm Unit, DC distribution, LAN tray) must be in place prior to the installation of the subrack. Installation may now proceed in accordance with the following section.

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-7

Installation procedure
A general view of a typically equipped TN-1X subrack is given on page viii. Overview The owchart in Figure 2-1 and Figure 2-2 describes the actions to be carried out and the sequence to be followed in completing the installation of the TN-1X subrack. The owchart directs the installer to the relevant procedure for each action. WARNING
Risk of personal injury

Due to the weight of the subrack, the mounting of the subrack in the rack requires two installers for safe working.
Power to the subrack

The subrack should not be powered-up until the installation procedures are completed and the subrack is ready for commissioning. If the parent rack is already powered, the relevant rack fuses must be removed before the power connector is connected to the subrack.
Figure 2-1 Overview owchart (part 1)
Start Install trafc cables Procedure 2-1

2-1

Cable and bre labelling Procedure 2-2

Install subrack into rack Procedure 2-3 Insertion/removal of PIUs and interfaces modules Procedure 2-4

Are plug-in units & interface modules tted to the subrack ? YES

NO

Continued on Figure 2-2

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TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-8 Installation information Figure 2-2 Overview owchart (part 2)

2-2

Continued from Figure 2-1

Interface Module Connections Module type Station Service Module Procedure Procedure 2-5 Procedure 2-6 Procedure 2-7 Procedure 2-8 Procedure 2-9 Procedure 2-10 Procedure 2-11 Procedure 2-12 Procedure 2-13

75 Star Card Module Flexible Access Module 75 Trafc Access Module 120 Trafc Access Module High Speed Trafc Access Module High Speed Aggregate Module

Optical connections Procedure 2-15

YES

Are optical units tted?

NO

LCAP connections (no installation required, see page 2-42, Local Craft Access Panel)

EOW Telephone Procedure 2-16

Fitting inlls, covers and designation labels Procedure 2-17

This completes the subrack installation procedures

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-9

Installation of trafc cables to rack


Procedure 2-1 details the procedure for installing trafc cables into an NT ETSI rack, a 19" rack, or a BT Type 90 or 91 rack. The choice of cables will depend on customer requirements.
Procedure 2-1 Installing trafc cables to rack Step Action Reference

2-1

NT ETSI rack only. Before running cables in the rack duct, T-bars should be tted Figure 2-3 as required. The rack installation kit contains 10 supports and associated xings. Determine the routing of the trafc cables depending on the number of 2 Mbit/s and 34 Mbit/s tributary cables required and the cable entry (top or bottom) to the rack. For top cable entry, run the cables into the rack and leave at least 850 mm below the designated top xing position of the subrack. This allows sufcient cable for dressing and termination. For bottom cable entry, run the cable up the rack and leave at least 250 mm above the designated top xing position of the subrack. To assist in laying the cable in, Figure 2-4 illustrates the dressing layout after the cords have been terminated. Secure all cables using tyraps. Figure 2-4 Table 2-9 Table 2-10

Table 2-9 Cable routing for 2 Mbit/s tributary units Number/position of 2 Mbit/s Tributary Units One, position 06 Two, positions 06 and 57 Routing for 75 cables 32 cords to be run in the left hand duct. 32 cords to be run in the left hand duct, 30 cords to be run in the right hand duct. 64 cords to be run in the left hand duct, 30 cords to be run in the right hand duct. 64 cords to be run in the left hand duct, 62 cords to be run in the right hand duct. Routing for 120 cables (25-way D-type cords) 4 cords to be run in the left hand duct. 4 cords to be run in the left hand duct, 4 cords to be run in the right hand duct. 8 cords to be run in the left hand duct, 4 cords to be run in the right hand duct. 8 cords to be run in the left hand duct, cords to be run in the right hand duct.

2-9

Three, positions 06, 16, and 57 Four, positions 06, 16, 47, and 57

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TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-10 Installation information Table 2-10 Cable routing for 34 Mbit/s tributary units Number/position of 34 Mbit/s Tributary Units One, position 06 Two, positions 06 and 57 Three, positions 06, 16, and 57 Four, positions 06, 16, 47, and 57 Routing for cables 2 cords to be run in the left hand duct. 2 cords to be run in the left hand duct, 2 cords to be run in the right hand duct. 4 cords to be run in the left hand duct, 2 cords to be run in the right hand duct. 4 cords to be run in the left hand duct, 4 cords to be run in the right hand duct.

2-10

Figure 2-3 T-bar cable support

2-3

Fitting of 'T' Bar and securing of Cables 'T' Bar Support Cables entry/exit Tyrap

Nut Screw

TN-1X Installation Procedures

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Installation information 2-11 Figure 2-4 Tributary cable dressing 75 Tributary coax cords 120 Tributary cords, 25-way D-type

2-4

2
25UPW00750** * 25UPW00750** * 25UTM00750** * 25UTM00750** * 25UMN00750** * 25UPJ00750** * 25UJU00750** * 25UJU00750** * 25UPJ00750** * 25UJU00750** * 25UJU00750** *

25UPW00750** *

SHELF POSITIO N

2 1

25UPW00750** *

25UTM00750** *

25UTM00750** *

RECEIVE ATT ALAR M ALM ACK

SHELF POSITIO N
ES D
RECEIVE ATT ALARM ALM ACK

2 1

ESD

Vertical airflow requirement


Vertical airflow requirement

Cable and bre labelling


All cables and bres are to be labelled at the rack with designations agreed with the customer. The labelling kit is supplied as part of the TN-1X installation kit (Appendix A, Table 3-8 Item 1).
Procedure 2-2 Cable and bre labelling Step 1 Action Prepare all markers by neatly writing the designation on the white area using a ball-point pen or permanent marker. Peel off the marker from the backing card. Fix each marker in turn to the relevant cable by placing the white area (with the designation side showing) on the cable and wrapping the transparent part round it. Ensure that each marker is positioned so that the legend can be read without the need to move or twist any cables. Ensure that, where possible, markers are neatly and uniformly positioned on the cables. Make a nal check to ensure that all designations are consistent with project documentation (cable schedules, site drawings). Figure 2-5 Reference Figure 2-5

25UMN00750** *

25UPJ00750** *

25UJU00750** *

25UJU00750** *

25UPJ00750** *

25UJU00750** *

25UJU00750** *

2-2

2 3

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-12 Installation information Figure 2-5 Cable marker and positioning

2-5

White vinyl designation area

Transparent Mylar area

XXX X -XX

Customers designation (as required)

XX-

X-X
Wrap
XXX X

Clear Area

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-13

Installation of subrack into the rack


Procedure 2-3 details the mounting of the TN-1X subrack into an NT ETSI rack, a 19" rack, or a BT 90/91 rack. The installation involves tting the subrack mounting brackets to the subrack and tting captive nuts to the parent rack. In the case of the ETSI rack, bre turning devices are also tted to the subrack and slide mounts may be used as a subrack mounting aid. For the BT racks, bre turning devices are tted, but slide mounts are not used. The item numbers in Procedure 2-3 refer to Table 3-1 to Table 3-5 in Appendix A. WARNING
Risk of personal injury

Due to the weight of the subrack, the mounting of the subrack in the rack requires two installers for safe working.

Procedure 2-3 Installing the subrack in the rack Step 1 Action Locate the top and bottom xing holes on each side of the rack and t captive nuts (Table 3-1 Item 1, Table 3-3 Item 3). For ETSI and BT racks, t the bre turning devices (Table 3-1 Item 6) to each side of the bre tray using one M4 screw (Table 3-1 Item 2) in the centre of each device. Adopting a two-man lift, locate the subrack in its required position and secure it using four M6 mounting screws (in the case of the 19" rack, these screws are not part of the mounting brackets, Table 3-3 Item 8). Fibre guides may now be tted to the upper edge of the bre tray and slid into the correct position, one below each optical unit (use of these is covered in Procedure 2-15). Reference Figure 2-6

2-3

Figure 2-7

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-14 Installation information Figure 2-6 Captive nut and shoulder washer positions

2-6

ETSI

19"

BT90/91

Subrack

Subrack

Subrack

3U 8SU 6VU

Mounting screw - Fit captive nut

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-15 Figure 2-7 Subrack brackets and bre turning devices (ETSI rack only)

2-7

2
Left hand side of subrack shown

Subrack

Fibre Turning Device

ETSI Mounting Bracket

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-16 Installation information

Insertion and removal of plug-in units and interface modules


Under normal circumstances the subracks will be delivered with all units tted. The only units requiring removal and insertion by the installer are the optical plug-in units which need to be partially withdrawn to connect the optical cords (see Procedure 2-15). WARNING
Risk of personal injury

When working near the top of the Station Interface Area (SIA), care should be taken to avoid scraping your hands on the honeycomb screen above.

CAUTION
Risk of damaging equipment

If any plug-in units or interface modules require insertion/removal, it is imperative that the following procedure is adopted to avoid damaging the connectors or spring ngers. When inserting a plug-in unit, ensure it locates into the BLACK card guide and not the short grey front plate locator to the right of the required position.
Static sensitive devices

The plug-in units contain static sensitive devices. These devices are sensitive to static electricity and must be protected by special handling and packaging. Refer to the static sensitive handling procedures in Documentation Overview and Safety NTP, 323-1061-090.

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-17 Procedure 2-4 Insertion and removal of plug-in units and interface modules Step Action Reference

2-4

Plug-in Units Removal 1 Simultaneously fully retract the top and bottom levers. This will safely disengage the unit from the backplane connector. Slide the unit from the subrack. Insertion 3 4 Identify the correct slot position. Ensure that both levers are in the fully open position and Figure 2-8 slide the unit into the card guide until the levers locate in the extrusion groove. Engage the unit in the backplane connector by simultaneously pressing on both levers. DO NOT push on the front cover of the unit. Figure 2-8 Figure 2-8

Interface Modules Removal 6 7 Fully unscrew the central xing. Simultaneously operate the top and bottom levers to disengage the module from the backplane. Slide the module from the subrack Insertion 9 10 Identify the correct position in the subrack. Slide the module into the subrack until initial contact is made with the backplane connector. Without using the levers, turn the thumbscrew clockwise, by hand, until it bottoms out. This occurs when the module is fully inserted. Figure 2-9 Figure 2-9 Figure 2-9

11

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-18 Installation information Figure 2-8 Plug-in unit insertion/removal

2-8

Plug-in unit

Lever

Close

Open

Groove location in extrusion

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-19 Figure 2-9 Interface module insertion/removal

2-9

Open

2
Lever

Central xing thumbscrew

Lever

Open

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-20 Installation information

Connections - Station Service Module


The Station Service Module provides connection to: LAN (Q3 port) (Procedure 2-5) Rack Alarm Bus (Procedure 2-6) d.c. power (Procedure 2-7)

The module is located in position T16 (card guide position 80) of the SIA.
Procedure 2-5 LAN connections Step 1 2 Action Identify the Tx/Rx cable assembly (Table 2-7 Item 4). Connect the 15-way male connector to the LAN socket on the Station Service Module. Ensure the retention slide operates to hold the connector in place. The female connector at the other end of the assembly connects to the AUI port of the LAN transceiver. This is usually located in a LAN transceiver tray mounted in the same rack as the TN-1X subrack. Figure 2-10 Reference

2-5

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-21 Figure 2-10 Station Service Module layout RACK ALARM CONNECTOR PIN-OUT
PIN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 FUNCTION -12 V Prompt alarm Deferred alarm In Station alarm Not used 0V 0V 0V Not used Receive attention Not used Fault clear Not used 0V 0V

2-10

25UJJ00750GXC

RACK ALARM

LAN CONNECTOR PIN-OUT


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

PIN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

FUNCTION Control In Circuit Shield (0V) Control In Circuit A (CI-A) Data Out Circuit A (DO-A) Data In Circuit Shield (0V) Data In Circuit A (DI-A) Voltage Common (VC) Control Out Circuit A (CO-A) Control Out Circuit Shield (0V) Control In Circuit B (CI-A) Data Out Circuit B (DO-B) Data Out Circuit Shield (0V) Data In Circuit B (DI-B) Voltage Plus (VP) Voltage Shield (VS) Control Out Circuit B (CO-B)

LAN

STN SERVICE MODULE

1 2 3 4 POWER INPUT

POWER CONNECTOR PIN-OUT


PIN 1 2 3 4 FUNCTION -48 V (fuse 1) 0 V (fuse 1) 0 V (fuse 2) -48 V (fuse 2)

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-22 Installation information Procedure 2-6 Rack alarm bus connections Step 1 Action Select a loop from the rack alarm bus cable which runs down the right hand side of the rack. Loosely assemble the 15-way D-type IDC connector (Appendix A, Table 3-8 Item 7 and Item 8). Carefully position the ribbon cable over the IDC pins of the connector such that the red conductor will engage with pin 1. Clamp the ribbon down onto the connector using parallel-jaw pliers. Fit the strain relief clamp and shell, and secure the connector assembly to the Station Service Module using the integral screws provided on the shell. Reference Figure 2-11

2-6

Figure 2-11

Figure 2-11

Figure 2-11

Figure 2-11 Rack alarm bus connection termination

2-11

Rack alarm bus ribbon loop (existing in rack)

Strain relief clamp 15-way D type IDC connector D type shell with integral jack screws

IDC connection clamp Red marker to line up with pin 1 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Connector (rear view)

Ribbon cable

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-23

WARNING
Rack fuses

If the parent rack is already powered, the relevant fuses must be removed before Procedure 2-7 is started. The fuses should not be replaced until installation procedures have been completed and the subrack is ready for commissioning.
Procedure 2-7 Power connections Step 1 Action Identify the two blue/black twisted pair power leads for the subrack position. These provide d.c. power for two separate Power Units. The leads are previously installed in the right hand side of the rack. KEEP THE TWO SUPPLIES SEPARATE AT ALL TIMES. Locate the 4-way connector housing and the four Type 2A crimp pins (Appendix A, Table 3-8 Item 5 and Item 6). Figure 2-12 Reference

2-7

Strip back 7 mm of insulation from each conductor and crimp Figure 2-12 a pin to each one using a crimp tool and die set (Table 2-2 Item 4 and Item 7). Push each pin home into its correct position in the housing. Do NOT plug this connector into the SIM, this will be done at the commissioning stage. Table 2-11

4 5

Figure 2-12 Power connector termination


Blue or Black core of power cable Connector housing x4 Crimp pin No 2A Strip 7mm 4 3 2 Note: Pin 1 at bevelled end

2-12

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-24 Installation information

The pin-out details for the power connector are listed below.
Table 2-11 Power connector pin-out details Pin No. Function 1 2 3 4 -48 V d.c. (fuse 1) 0 V (fuse 1) 0 V (fuse 2) -48 V d.c. (fuse 2) Colour blue black black blue
2-11

Connections - 75 Star Card Module

The 75 Star Card Module provides two Type 43 coaxial connectors for the input and output of a 2048 kHz timing signal. The module is located in SIM position T8 (card guide position 40) of the SIA.
Procedure 2-8 Connecting the SIM Type 20 Step 1 Action Identify the two coaxial cords assemblies (Table 2-8 Item 2 or Item 4) for timing signals. The type used will depend on the customer requirements. Connect the Rx Clock cord to the upper connector on the front panel and the Tx Clock cord to the lower connector. Dress the cables correctly to maximise vertical airow and secure using tyraps. Figure 2-13 Reference

2-8

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-25 Figure 2-13 75 Star Card Module layout

2-13

25UJJ00750GWZ
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

RX CLK

TX CLK

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

75 STAR CARD

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-26 Installation information

Connections - Flexible Access Module


The Flexible Access Module provides the connections for the Local Craft Access Panel (LCAP). No installation actions are required for the variant 25U JJ00 750 GWX as this is installed in the subrack with no external connections required. Variant 25U JJ00 750 HPD additionally provides interfaces for ve earth free external alarm inputs which require connection as detailed in Procedure 2-9. The Flexible Access Module is located in SIM position T1. CAUTION
Electrical protection

All external equipment connected to the External Alarms input must provide protection from mains voltages in accordance with the requirements of EN 41003 for the connection to Telecommunication Network Voltage (TNV) circuits.
Procedure 2-9 External alarm connections Step 1 Action Install the external alarms cable into the left hand side of the rack. The cable route used should follow the trafc cords installed in Procedure 2-1. The type of cable used is dependent on customer requirements. The mating connector for the EXTERNAL ALARM front panel connector is a female 25-way D-type (Table 2-7 Item 8). Terminate the alarms cable with this connector in accordance with the pin out details given in Figure 2-14. Figure 2-14 Reference

2-9

Connect the terminated cable to the lower connector on the Figure 2-14 front panel of the SIM and use tyraps to groom the cable into position.

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-27 Figure 2-14 Flexible Access Module - front and side views

2-14

2
25UJJ00750HPD

EXTERNAL ALARM CONNECTOR PIN-OUT


PIN LCAP FUNCTION

1 External Alarm Input 1 2 3 External Alarm Input 2 4 5 External Alarm Input 3 6 7 External Alarm Input 4 8 9 External Alarm Input 5 10 11 & 12 Not Used Mechanical Earth 13 14 to 25 Not Used

FLEXIBLE ACCESS MODULE

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

EXTERNAL ALARM

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-28 Installation information

Connections - 75 Trafc Access Module

The 75 Trafc Access Module provides sixteen receive and transmit ports for eight 2048 kbit/s tributary circuits. Connection is by sixteen Type 43 coaxial connectors on the module front panel. The 75 Trafc Access Module can be located in the SIA positions T2, T3, T5, T6, T10, T11, T13, and T14. Two of these modules (tted in adjacent slots) provide the necessary connections for a single 2 Mbit/s Tributary Unit in positions S2, S4, S9, and S11 respectively.
Procedure 2-10 Connections to 75 Trafc Access Module Step 1 2 Actions Identify the 75 trafc cords installed in Procedure 2-1. Connect each cord in turn to its respective connector on the Trafc Access Module. Figure 2-15 Reference

2-10

Ensure that the cords are dressed as described in Figure 2-4 Procedure 2-1 to achieve the optimum vertical airow through the subrack.

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-29 Figure 2-15 75 Trafc Access Module layout and port allocations

2-15

S2 T2 T3

S4 T5

S9 T6 T10

S11

T11 T13 T14

Corresponding Plug-in unit position 75 Trafc Access Module position

8 25UJJ00750GVZ 7 6 5 RX 4 3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9

24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17

32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25

40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33

48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41

56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49

63 62 61 60 59 58 57 INPUTS

2 1

8 7 6

16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9

24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17

32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25

40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33

48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41

56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49

63 62 61 60 59 58 57 OUTPUTS

75 TRAFFIC ACCESS MODULE

5 TX 4 3 2 1

Allocated Port Numbers

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-30 Installation information

Connections - 120 Trafc Access Module

The 120 Trafc Access Module provides receive and transmit ports for eight 2048 kbit/s tributary circuits. Connection is by two 25-way D-type connectors on the module front panel, one for transmit ports and one for receive ports. The 120 Trafc Access Module can be located in the SIA positions T2, T3, T5, T6, T10, T11, T13, and T14. Two of these modules (tted in adjacent slots) provide the necessary connections for a single 2 Mbit/s Tributary Unit in positions S2, S4, S9, and S11 respectively.
Procedure 2-11 Connections to 120 Trafc Access Module Step 1 2 Actions Locate the 120 trafc cords installed in Procedure 2-1. Connect each cord in turn to its respective connector on the Trafc Access Module. Ensure that the cords are dressed as described in Procedure 2-1 to achieve the optimum vertical airow through the subrack. Table 2-12 Figure 2-16 Figure 2-4 Reference

2-11

Table 2-12 Pin-out for 120 trafc cords


Port 1 Pin 9 22 2 12 25 3 11 23 4 8 20 5 6 19 6 5 17 7 2 14 8 3 16 Colour white blue * turquoise violet white orange * turquoise violet white green * turquoise violet white brown * turquoise violet 4 3 2 1 Quad. No.

2-12

Note: * Denotes the quad identication colour.

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-31 Figure 2-16 120 Trafc Access Module layout and port allocation

2-16

2
S2 Male 1 14 25UJJ00750HLV 7 8 6 5 4 1 3 INPUT
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

S4 T5 T6

S9

S11 T14

Corresponding Plug-in unit position TIM 22 position

T2

T3

T10 T11 T13

15 16 14 13 12 9 11 10

23 24 22 21 20 17 19 18

31 32 30 29 28 25 27 26

39 40 38 37 36 33 35 34

47 48 46 45 44 41 43 42

55 56 54 53 52 49 51 50

62 63 61 60 57 59 58 INPUTS

25 13

Female 13 25 2 3 10 11 9 12 13 14 16 15 18 19 17 20 21 22 24 23 26 27 25 28 29 30 32 31 34 35 33 36 37 38 40 39 42 43 41 44 45 46 48 47 50 51 49 52 53 54 56 55 58 59 57 60 61 63 62 OUTPUTS

120 TRAFFIC ACCESS MODULE

1 4 5 6 8 OUTPUT 14 1 7

_ Allocated Port Numbers

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-32 Installation information

Connections - High Speed Trafc Access Module


The High Speed Trafc Access Module provides receive and transmit ports for a 34 Mbit/s Tributary Unit. Connection is by two Type 43 coaxial connectors on the module front panel (RX and TX). The High Speed Trafc Access Module ts into SIA positions T3, T6, T11, and T14 (backplane slot positions 15, 30, 55, and 70). The allocation of modules to 34 Mbit/s Tributary Units is as follows: Position T3 Position T6 Position T11 Position T14 34 Mbit/s Tributary Unit tted to plug-in unit position S2 (backplane slot position 15) 34 Mbit/s Tributary Unit tted to plug-in unit position S4 (backplane slot position 30) 34 Mbit/s Tributary Unit tted to plug-in unit position S9 (backplane slot position 55) 34 Mbit/s Tributary Unit tted to plug-in unit position S11 (backplane slot position 70)

Procedure 2-12 Connections to High Speed Trafc Access Module Step 1 Actions Identify the 34 Mbit/s 75 trafc cords installed in Procedure 2-1. Connect each cord in turn to its respective connector on the High Speed Trafc Access Module. Figure 2-17 Reference

2-12

Figure 2-4 Ensure that the cords are dressed as described in Procedure 2-1 to achieve the optimum vertical airow through the subrack.

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-33 Figure 2-17 High Speed Trafc Access Module layout and port allocations

2-17

25UJJ00750HTD
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

MON

TX

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

HIGH SPEED TRAFFIC ACCESS MODULE

RX

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-34 Installation information

Connections - High Speed Aggregate Module


The High Speed Aggregate Module provides two Type 43 coaxial connectors for a single 155 Mbit/s (STM-1) electrical aggregate port. The upper connector provides the transmit (output) connection and the lower provides the receive (input) connection. The High Speed Aggregate Modules may be located in SIA positions T7 and T9. They provide connections for the associated STM-1 Electrical Aggregate Units in positions S6 and S7 respectively.
Procedure 2-13 Connections to High Speed Aggregate Module Step 1 Actions Identify the High Speed Aggregate Module(s) and the 75 coaxial cords (Table 2-8 Item 3). Connect the transmit cord to the upper connector and receive cord to the lower connector. Secure the cords using tyraps as required, ensuring that the cords are dressed to achieve the optimum vertical airow through the subrack (see Procedure 2-1). Reference Figure 2-18

2-13

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-35 Figure 2-18 High Speed Aggregate Module layout

2-18

25UJJ00750GYZ
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

TX

RX

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

HIGH SPEED AGG MODULE

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-36 Installation information

Connections - High Speed Tributary Module


The High Speed Tributary Module provides two Type 43 coaxial connectors for a single 155 Mbit/s (STM-1) electrical tributary port. The upper connector provides the transmit (output) connection and the lower connector provides the receive (input) connection. The High Speed Tributary Modules may be located in SIA positions T3 and T11. They provide connections for the associated STM-1 Electrical Tributary Units in positions S2 and S9 respectively.
Procedure 2-14 Connections to High Speed Tributary Module Step 1 Actions Identify the High Speed Tributary Module(s) and the 75 coaxial cords (Table 2-8 Item 3). Connect the transmit cord to the upper connector and receive cord to the lower connector. Secure the cords using tyraps as required, ensuring that the Figure 2-4 cords are dressed to achieve the optimum vertical airow through the subrack (see Procedure 2-1). Reference Figure 2-19

2-14

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-37 Figure 2-19 High Speed Tributary Module layout

2-19

25UJJ00750GWY
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

TX

RX

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

HIGH SPEED TRIB MODULE

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-38 Installation information

Connections - optical aggregate/tributary units


Procedure 2-15 is applicable to all optical aggregate and optical tributary units. Connections to the units are achieved PC-FC connectors tted to ruggedised bre cords. Attenuators are not required. CAUTION
Optical bres and connectors

When dressing bres, take care not to exceed the minimum bend radius (typically 35 mm) and not to overtighten tyraps used for dressing as damage may result. Refer to the warnings and cautions detailed in the About this document section of this NTP for optical connector/bre handling and optical safety before starting this procedure.
Figure 2-20 Typical layout of optical units
Unit Lock/Ejector

2-20

STM-1 OPT AGG

FAIL LASER ON TEST

Protective Cover Closed Open

Optical Connectors

TN-1X Installation Procedures

25UTM00750GWA

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

SKL

SKM

SKU

Installation information 2-39 Procedure 2-15 Connections to optical units Step 1 Action Reference

2-15

Run the optical cords into the subrack as follows: ETSI RACK a. Undo the subrack mounting screws and slide the subrack out until it reaches the slide-mount stops. b. Run the cords down the designated bre voids past the subrack. c. Open the bre tray cover and feed the cords into the Figure 2-21 tray via the bre turning device. Allow sufcient length for terminating on the optical units. d. Fit one bre guide per cord to the tray and slide into the Figure 2-21 correct position. e. Fit the cords into their bre guide and go to Step 2. OTHER RACK TYPES a. Run the cords down the designated bre voids past the subrack. b. Open the bre tray cover and feed the cords into the tray. As there are no bre turning devices, extreme care should be taken not to exceed the minimum bending radius when routing the cords into the subrack. c. The desired position should be maintained by lightly cleating with tyraps as required. d. Fit one bre guide per cord to the tray and slide into the correct position. e. Fit the cords into their bre guide and go to Step 2. Remove the dust caps and clean the optical connectors using the cleaning kit (Table 2-2 Item 3). Inspect the optical connectors using the microscope (Table 2-2 Item 2) and repeat Step 2 if necessary. Using the top and bottom ejector levers, disengage each Figure 2-20 optical unit from the backplane and pull it forward sufciently to enable the connector cover to be opened. Connect the optical cords to their corresponding connectors on the optical units, ensuring that the key-way has engaged before tightening (upper connector Rx, lower connector Tx). Close the optical connectors covers. Figure 2-20

6 7

Figure 2-20

Reinsert the optical units by fully opening the ejector levers, Figure 2-20 pushing the unit until the levers locate in the extrusion groove and close both levers simultaneously. Do not push on the front panel.
continued

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-40 Installation information Procedure 2-15 Connections to optical units Step 8 Action Taking care not to trap any optical cords, slide the subrack back into the rack and secure it. Close the bre tray cover.
end

2-15

Reference

Figure 2-21 Optical bre routing


Subrack Sideplate

2-21

Fibre Guides clip to top rail of fibre tray and slide to correct position below optical PIU

View from Below

Single bre working mode When operating in the single bre optical mode, 2-1 optical converter boxes (couplers) are used to perform the conversion between two bre and single bre working. The 2-1 optical converter box (NTKD0100, Table 2-7 Item 9) can be tted in the bre tray as shown in Figure 2-22. Up to 4 converter boxes can be tted in a TN-1X subrack.

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-41 Figure 2-22 Single bre working couplers

2-22

On Optical Unit

Rx Tx

Fibre Tray

2-1 Optical Converter Box

Single Fibre to Connecting Mux

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-42 Installation information

Local Craft Access Panel


The Local Craft Access Panel (LCAP) provides a 25-way D-type connector for the CAT local terminal and a BT style telephone socket for the EOW handset. These connectors are located behind a hinged cover on the left of the panel. Neither of the above connectors are required to be connected during installation of the subrack. A second 25-way D-type connector, on the rear of the LCAP, provides connection to the Flexible Access Module. No installation actions are required.
Figure 2-23 LCAP layout

2-23

PIU Area Fibre Tray LCAP SIA

Hinged Front Panel

CATT Connector

EOW Handset Socket

REC ATT led

ALARM led

ESD (Wrist Strap Socket)

Traffic Monitor Sockets

ALM ACK led

Detail Behind Hinged Panel

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-43

EOW telephone
The Engineering Order Wire (EOW) handset provides engineers access to the EOW speech system. The handset and its mounting bracket are supplied as a separate kit (see Appendix A, Table 3-9).
Procedure 2-16 EOW telephone mounting Step 1 2 3 Action Use a suitable solvent to clean the underside of the LCAP. Remove the paper from the adhesive pad on the bracket. Position the bracket in the centre of the LCAP and align the tongue of the bracket on the rear of the LCAP. Apply rm pressure for at least 5 seconds to ensure good adhesion. Place the handset face down in the bracket and store the telephone plug in the retainer. Figure 2-24 Figure 2-24 Reference

2
2-16

Figure 2-24 EOW handset stowage

2-24

Fibre Tray LCAP

EOW Handset

Service Interface Area

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-44 Installation information

Fitting inlls, covers and designation labels


A subrack cover kit (25S KM00 750 HFL) is supplied with each subrack variant (see Appendix A Table 3-6). If the equipment is mounted in an NT ETSI rack, subrack inll panels and dummy covers are required (see Appendix A Table 3-7).
Procedure 2-17 Fitting the inlls, covers and designation label Step 1 Action Identify the Station Interface Area cover assembly (this item is not used with 19" racks). Ensure the locking screws are in the open position. Pull back the left and right latches simultaneously and locate the cover over the Station Interface Area of the subrack. Release the latches and check that the cover is correctly located. Turn the left and right locking screws counter-clockwise and clockwise respectively. Identify the inll panels. These are used on ETSI racks only to conceal mounting anges. Locate each inll onto the mounting studs on the mounting anges and rmly push it home until ush with the surrounding surfaces. Identify the sheet of designation labels, listed in the installation kit parts lists (Appendix A Table 3-1 to Table 3-5). Select the appropriate label corresponding to the position in Figure 2-26 which the subrack is mounted and t it to the right hand side of the bre tray cover as shown. For ETSI racks only, when all the equipment is installed, any empty spaces are to be tted with dummy panels (Appendix A Table 3-7). Fit M6 cage nuts to the rack and secure brackets to these positions using M6 screws. Figure 2-27 Figure 2-25 Reference Figure 2-25

2-17

2 3

Figure 2-25

Figure 2-26

Figure 2-26

10

11

12

Push-t the dummy covers onto the bracket studs (covers of Figure 2-27 10 SU and above are also equipped with spring handles).

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation information 2-45 Figure 2-25 Station Interface Area cover assembly
Latch (closed position)

2-25

S/DMSTransportNode

2
northern telecom

Locking screw To open To open

Lock position

Lock position

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

2-46 Installation information Figure 2-26 Fibre tray cover, subrack label and inll panels
1
BLANK MODUL E

2-26

2
2M TRIB (75 )

3
BLANK MODUL E

4
2M TRIB (75 )

5
P/LOA D MNGR

6
STM1 OPT AGG

7
STM1 OPT AGG

8
P/LOA D MNGR

9
2M TRIB (75 )

1 0
BLANK MODUL E

11
2M TRIB (75 )

1 2
POWE R UNIT

1 3
POWE R UNIT

14
SBRK CONT

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

Inll Panel

Fibre Tray Subrack Designation Label

25UTM00750GWA

25UTM00750GWA

25UPW00750HAY

25UJU00750GXG

25UPJ00750GXF

25UPW00750HAY

25UJU00750GXG

25UJU00750GXG

25UJU00750GXG

25RBN00021AAB

25RBN00021AAB

25RBN00021AAB

25UPJ00750GXF

SHELF 2 POSITIO 1 N

RECEIVE ATT ALARM ALM ACK

ESD

25UMN00750G XD

21
SHELF POSITION

Note: Shown with SIA cover removed

Figure 2-27 Fitting dummy covers

2-27

Bracket (2 Posns) with cover mounting studs)

Dummy Cover

End of chapter file

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

3-1

Appendix A: Installation kits parts list


Table 3-1 Installation kit for NT ETSI rack (25S KM00 019 AAE) Item 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Code 25P NT90 021 AAA 99P SW90 056 HAJ 99P WX90 019 HAA 25P LB00 021 AEJ 25P GD00 021 AAA 25P SE00 021 AAA 25R BT00 021 ABQ Description M6 captive nut (ETSI) Screw, M4 x 8 mm, recessed pan head S/ST Washer, lock, crinkle, M4 S/ST Subrack designation label, bre tray Fibre guide Fibre tray corner ETSI Mounting Bracket Assembly Qty 4 10 8 1 4 2 2

3-1

Table 3-2 Installation kit for 23" rack (for example, OPAC cabinet) Item 1 2 3 Code 25R BT00 021 ABR 25P GD00 021 AAA 25P SE00 021 AAA Description 23" mounting bracket assembly (left or right side) Fibre guide Fibre tray corner Qty 2 4 2

3-2

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

3-2 Installation kits parts list Table 3-3 Installation kit for 19" rack (25S KM00 750 HNZ) Item 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Code 25R BT00 021 AAW 25R BT00 021 AAX 25P NT90 021 AAA 99P WX90 019 HAA 99P SW90 056 HAJ 25P GD00 021 AAA 25P LB00 021 AEJ 99P SW90 053 LAN Description 19" mounting bracket assy, right-hand side 19" mounting bracket assy, left-hand side M6 captive nut, ETSI Washer, lock, crinkle, M4 S/ST Screw, M4 x 8 mm, recessed pan head S/ST Fibre guide Subrack designation label, bre tray Screw M6x12, slotted pan head, S/ST Qty 1 1 4 8 8 4 1 4

3-3

Table 3-4 Installation kit for Rack 91 (25S KM00 750 HPB) Item 1 2 3 4 5 6 Code 25R BT00 021 AAJ 99P WX90 019 HAA 99P SW90 056 HAJ 25P GD00 021 AAA 25P SE00 021 AAA 25P LB00 021 AEJ Description Mounting bracket assy, Rack 91 Washer, lock, crinkle M4 S/ST Screw, M4 x 8 mm, recessed pan head S/ST Fibre guide Fibre tray corner Subrack designation label, bre tray Qty 2 8 10 4 2 1

3-4

Table 3-5 Installation kit for Rack 90 (25S KM00 750 HPC) Item 1 2 3 4 5 6 Code 25R BT00 021 AAM 99P WX90 019 HAA 99P SW90 056 HAJ 25P GD00 021 AAA 25P SE00 021 AAA 25 P LB00 021 AEJ Description Mounting bracket assy (Rack 90) Washer lock crinkle M4 S/ST Screw M4 x 8 recessed pan head S/ST Fibre guide Fibre tray corner Subrack designation label bre tray Qty 2 8 10 4 2 1

3-5

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Installation kits parts list 3-3 Table 3-6 Subrack cover kit (25S KM00 750 HFL) Item 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Code 25P LB00 021 ACT 25P LB00 021 ACV 25P GD00 021 AAC 25P BK00 021 AAC A0609505 25R CV00 021 AAA 25R CV00 021 ABA 25P CV00 021 AAE Description Label PEC Strip Upper Label PEC Strip Lower SIM Card Guide Location Block Rivscrew ADVEL 1712-3010 Station interface cover assembly Fibre tray front cover assembly L & R Subrack inlls Qty 1 1 2 4 4 1 1 2

3-6

Table 3-7 NT ETSI rack dummy cover kits Code 25S KM00 750 HPD 25S KM00 750 HPE 25S KM00 750 HPF 25S KM00 750 HPG 25S KM00 750 HPH 25S KM00 750 HPJ 25S KM00 750 HPK Description ETSI rack dummy cover kit, 3 SU ETSI rack dummy cover kit, 4 SU ETSI rack dummy cover kit, 7 SU ETSI rack dummy cover kit, 10 SU ETSI rack dummy cover kit, 11 SU ETSI rack dummy cover kit, 13 SU ETSI rack dummy cover kit, 21 SU

3-7

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

3-4 Installation kits parts list Table 3-8 TN-1X installation kit (25S KM00 807 ABL) Item 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Code 25S KM00 802 AAV 25P CL00 801 QOO 25P CL00 008 ABC 25C PR13 001 GBG 25P SK00 001 AAF 25P CN00 002 AAG (see Note) A0602517 25P SV00 005 ABL Description Plain label kit (152 off) Tyrap large Tyrap small Fuse, size 0, 7 A Skt moulding, BT 237, 4-way (d.c. power) Pin, crimp, No 2A (d.c. power) Connector, female, 15-way D-type, IDC Shell, 15-way D-type Qty 1 20 15 4 1 6 1 1

3-8

Note: Pins for 1.5 mm2 cables are supplied with the rack.
Table 3-9 EOW handset kit (25S KM00 750 HZM) Item 1 2 3
End of chapter file

3-9

Code 25R BT00 021 ABH 25Y TN00 750 AAA 25P JC00 750 AAD

Description Bracket assembly EOW handset mounting EOW DTMF telephone handset assembly EOW installation instruction sheet

Qty 1 1 1

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

4-1

Appendix B: Plug-in unit to software version compatibility


Table 4-1 Plug-in unit to software version compatibility
Item Subrack Controller Payload Manager Payload Manager (TSI-2) STM-1 Optical Aggregate Unit STM-1 Optical Aggregate Unit STM-1 Electrical Aggregate Unit STM-4 Optical Aggregate Unit (Long Haul), 1310 nm STM-4 Optical Aggregate Unit (Intra-Station), 1310 nm STM-4 Optical Aggregate Unit 1550 nm STM-1 Optical Tributary Unit 2" STM-1 Optical Tributary Unit 1" STM-1 Optical Tributary Unit 1" (TSI-2) STM-1 Electrical Tributary Unit 2" STM-1 Electrical Tributary Unit 2" (TSI-2) 2Mbit/s Tributary Unit 75 2Mbit/s Tributary Unit 75 V4 2Mbit/s Tributary Unit 120 2Mbit/s Tributary Unit 120 V4 34 Mbit/s Tributary Unit EOW Unit Asynchronous Telemetry Unit
End of chapter file

4-1

Code 25U MN00 750 GXD 25U PJ00 750 GXF 25U PJ00 750 HZQ 25U TM00 750 GWA 25U TM00 750 HWF 25U TM00 750 GWB 25U TM00 750 GSA 25U TM00 750 GSC 25U TM00 750 HVB 25U JU00 750 GVA 25U TM00 750 HWE 25U TM00 750 HWG 25U JU00 750 GVB 25U TM00 750 JBK 25U JU00 750 GXG 25U JU00 750 HVT 25U JU00 750 GXR 25U JU00 750 HVQ 25U JU00 750 HJZ 25U SV00 750 GVX 25U MU00750 HVJ

2.5 Y Y N Y N Y N N N N N N N N Y N Y N N N N

TN-1X software release 3 4 4.1 5 Y Y N Y N Y Y N N N N N N N Y N Y N N N N Y Y N Y N Y Y Y N Y N N Y N Y N Y N N N N Y Y N Y N Y Y Y N Y N N Y N Y N Y N N N N Y Y N Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y N Y N Y N Y N N Y Y

6 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

5-1

Index
Numerics
120 Traffic Access Module connections 2-30 layout 2-31 port allocations 2-31 19" rack installation kit 3-2 installing subrack 2-13 traffic cables 2-9 23" rack installation kit 3-1 75 Star Card Module connections 2-24 layout 2-25 75 Traffic Access Module connections 2-28 layout 2-29 port allocations 2-29 Station Service Module 2-20 contents of package 1-2

D
delivery of package 1-1 designation labels 2-44 disposal of packaging 1-2 dressing cables 2-11 dummy covers 2-44

E
EOW telephone 2-43 equipment core items 2-3 plug-in units 2-3 Service Interface Modules 2-4 Traffic Interface Modules 2-4

C
cable dressing 2-11 labelling 2-11 routing 2-9, 2-10 T-bar support 2-10 cautions xiii connections 120 Traffic Access Module 2-30 75 Star Card Module 2-24 75 Traffic Access Module 2-28 Flexible Access Module 2-26 High Speed Aggregate Module 2-34 High Speed Traffic Access Module 2-32 High Speed Tributary Module 2-36 LAN 2-20 optical aggregate units 2-38 optical tributary units 2-38 power 2-23 rack alarm bus 2-22
323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

F
fibre labelling 2-11 routing 2-40 see also cable fibre turning devices 2-13, 2-15 Flexible Access Module connections 2-26 layout 2-27

H
handling of package 1-1 High Speed Aggregate Module connections 2-34 layout 2-35 High Speed Traffic Access Module connections 2-32 layout 2-33 High Speed Tributary Module connections 2-36
TN-1X Installation Procedures

5-2 Index

layout 2-37

I
infill panels 2-44 installation items 2-5 installation kit 19" rack 3-2 23" rack 3-1 NT ETSI rack 3-1 Rack 90 3-2 Rack 91 3-2 installation procedure 2-7 installation tools 2-2 installing interface modules 2-16 plug-in units 2-16 subrack 2-13 traffic cables 2-9 interface modules insertion/removal 2-16

delivery 1-1 disposal 1-2 handling 1-1 storage 1-1 unpacking 1-2 plug-in units 2-3 insertion/removal 2-16 software version compatibility 4-1 port allocations 120 Traffic Access Module 2-31 75 Traffic Access Module 2-29 power connections 2-23

R
Rack 90 installation kit 3-2 installing subrack 2-13 traffic cables 2-9 Rack 91 installation kit 3-2 installing subrack 2-13 traffic cables 2-9 rack alarm bus connections 2-22 routing cables 2-9, 2-10 fibre 2-40

L
labelling cables 2-11 fibres 2-11 LAN connections 2-20 LCAP, see Local Craft Access Panel Local Craft Access Panel 2-42

S
safety considerations xiii Service Interface Modules 2-4 SIA, see Station Interface Area SIM, see Service Interface Modules software version compatibility 4-1 Station Interface Area 2-16, 2-44 Station Service Module connections 2-20 layout 2-21 storage of package 1-1 subrack brackets 2-15 cover kit 3-3 fibre turning devices 2-13, 2-15 installation items 2-5 installation procedure 2-13 layout 1-4 support hotline x

N
Nortel service desk x NT ETSI rack dummy cover kits 3-3 installation kit 3-1 installing subrack 2-13 traffic cables 2-9

O
off-loading of package 1-1 OPAC cabinet 3-1 optical aggregate units connections 2-38 optical tributary units connections 2-38

P
package contents 1-2

TN-1X Installation Procedures

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

Index 5-3

T
T-bar cable support 2-10 technical support x TIM, see Traffic Interface Modules tools installation 2-2 traffic cables installation 2-9 Traffic Interface Modules 2-4

U
unpacking of package 1-2

W
warnings xiii

323-1061-200 Release 6 Standard

TN-1X Installation Procedures

Contacts Legal statements Trademarks

International Broadband Networks (Dept. 18600) Nortel Limited Oakleigh Road South London, N11 1HB So far as Northern Telecom is aware the contents of this document are correct. However, such contents have been obtained from a variety of sources and Northern Telecom can give no warranty or undertaking and make no representation as to their accuracy. In particular, Northern Telecom hereby expressly excludes liability for any form of consequential, indirect or special loss, and for loss of data, loss of profits or loss of business opportunity, howsoever arising and whether sustained by the user of the information herein or any third party arising out of the contents of this document.

Family Product Manual Copyright Copyright statement NT confidetial DocNum DocIssue DocStatus Date Publishing statement

SDH TRANSMISSION

Nortel TN-1X
Installation Procedures
Copyright 1995, 1996 Northern Telecom The copyright of this document is the property of Northern Telecom. Without the written consent of Northern Telecom, given by contract or otherwise, this document must not be copied, reprinted or reproduced in any material form, either wholly or in part, and the contents of this document, or any methods or techniques available therefrom, must not be disclosed to any other person whatsoever.

NORTHERN TELECOM CONFIDENTIAL: The information contained in this document is the property of Northern Telecom. Except as specifically authorized in writing by Northern Telecom, the holder of this document shall keep the information contained herein confidential and shall protect same in whole or in part from disclosure and dissemination to third parties and use same for evaluation, operation, and maintenance purposes only.
Document Number: 323-1061-200 Product Release Number: Release 6 Document Status: Standard Date: December 1996 Printed in England