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GOVERNMENT OF KARNATAKA DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION COURSE : DIPLOMA IN CIVIL ENGINEERING/ CIVIL DSHIP CLASS : III SEMESTER SUBJECT

: STRENGTH OF MATERIALS SUBJECT CODE: No Of Hrs/Week: 04Hrs Total no of Hrs: 64

TOPIC ANALYSIS
SL NO 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 CONTENTS PART-A INTRODUCTION TO ENGINEERING MECHANICS GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF SECTIONS SIMPLE STRESSES AND STRAINS PART-B BENDING MOMENTS AND SHEAR FORCE THEORY OF SIMPLE BENDING PART-C SLOPE AND DEFLECTION OF BEAMS COLUMNS AND STRUTS TORSION SEMINAR/VISIT RELATED TO SUBJECT TESTS & REVISION TOTAL GENERAL EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES On completion of the course the students should be able to 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Understand the concept of mechanism of forcing system. Understand the concept of centre of gravity & moment of inertia. Understand the concept of simple stresses & strains. Understand the concept of bending moment & shear force diagrams. Understand the concept of bending. Understand the concept of slope and deflection of beams. Understand the concept of long and short columns. Understand the concept of torsion. HOURS ALOTED 3 8 12 12 06 04 05 04 04 04 64 WEIGHTAGE OF MARKS 7 16 26 32 16 16 16 16 145

COURSE CONTENTS PART A 1.0 INTRODUCTION TO ENGINEERING MECHANICS 1.1 Introduction to Engineering Mechanics. 1.2 Composition & Resolution of forces Characteristics of a force, system of forces, resultant of force, equilibrium of forces, conditions for equilibrium. 1.3 Moments & their applications Moments of a force, types of moments, law of moments. 1.4 Parallel force & couples Classification of parallel forces, analytical method for the finding magnitude and position of resultant parallel forces and simple problems. 2.0 GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF SECTIONS 2.1 Definition of centre of gravity, Moment of inertia, Polar moment of inertia, polar modulus and radius of gyration. 2.2 Theorem of perpendicular axis and parallel axis. 2.3 Moment of inertia. of regular geometrical plane sections (rectangular, triangular and circular sections) ( No derivation). 2.4 Calculation of C.G and M.I about centroidal axis for symmetric, asymmetric , built up sections and cutout sections 3.0 SIMPLE STRESSES AND STRAINS 3.1 Properties of materials Elasticity, Plasticity, Hardness, Toughness, Brittleness, Ductility, Creep, Fatigue. 3.2 Stress, strain, Elongation, Types of stresses & strains, Elastic limit, Hooke's law - Stress strain diagram working stress, Yield stress, Ultimate stress & breaking stress, Factor of safety. 3.3 Linear strain, lateral strain, volumetric strain & Poissons ratio, Elastic constants-Youngs modulus, Rigidity modulus & Bulk modulus and their relations ( no derivation). 3.4 Bars of varying cross section (Excluding tapering section). 3.5 Composite sections. 3.6 Temperature stresses and strain (simple sections). 3.7 Strain energy, resilience, proof resilience and modulus of resilience, Types of loading. Equation for strain energy stored in a body. 3.8 Simple problems on above topics. PART-B 4.0 BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE

4.1 Define Beam, Types of beams, Bending Moment and shear force,. 4.2 Types of loads: Concentrated, uniformly distributed loads and uniformly varying loads. 4.3 Calculation of B.M and S.F for cantilevers, simply supported and overhanging beams subjected to concentrated and uniformly distributed loads only. 5.0 THEORY OF SIMPLE BENDING 5.1 Bending stress, neutral axis, Theory of simple bending -Equation for simple bending ( no derivation)-Assumption. 5.2 Definition of Flexural rigidity, Moment of resistance, Section modulus and Modulus of rupture. 5.3 Simple problems. PART-C 6.0 SLOPE AND DEFLECTION OF BEAMS ( by Moment area method only ) 6.1 Introduction -deflection, slope and curvature. 6.2 State and explain Mohrs theorem. 6.3 Slope and Deflection of cantilever with point load at free end and udl. 6.4 Slope and Deflection of simply supported beam with central point load and u d l. 6.5 Simple problems. 7.0 COLUMNS AND STRUTS 7.1 Introduction- columns, struts, effective length of column for different end condition, slender ness ratio, long & short columns and Crippling load 7.2 Euler's equation ( no derivation ) & assumptions. 7.3 Simple problems. 8.0 TORSION 8.1 Introduction- Twisting moment-Assumptions. 8.2Torsion equation (no derivation ), Torsional rigidity, Torsional equation for solid and hollow circular shafts. 8.3 Power transmitted by solid and hollow shafts. 8.4 Simple problems.

SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES: 1.0 Understand the concept of engineering mechanics 1.1 Understand the concept of mechanism of forces. 1.2 Concept of characteristics, resultant, equilibrium of forces and conditions of equilibrium. 1.3 Definition of moment and their applications, types of moments and laws of moments. 1.4 Classification of parallel forces, finding magnitude and position of the resultant forces. 2.0 Finding out the centroid and moment of inertia of a geometrical section, compound section by the analytical method. 2.1 Define centre of gravity ,centroid moment of Inertia and radius of gyration. 2.2 State theories of parallel and perpendicular axis 2.3 Determine the centre of gravity of the following sections( no derivation). a) Rectangular section b) Hollow rectangular sections c) Circular and hollow circular section d) Triangles e) Compound sections like I- section, T-section, Angular section & channel sections. 2.4 Know the Moment of inertia of the basic figures like a) Rectangular section b) Hollow rectangular sections c) Circular and hollow circular section d) Triangles 2.5 Determine M.I of Compound sections like I- section, T-section, Angular section & channel sections only. 3.0 Understand the concepts of properties of materials, stress, strain, modules of elasticity, and significance of the above concepts in Civil Engineering. 3.1Define the mechanical properties of metals like elasticity, plasticity, malleability , brittleness, hardness, ductility, tenacity, fatigue of metals and resilience. 3.2 Define Stress, strain, working stress, ultimate stress, factor of safety, stress- strain diagram. 3.3 Define linear, lateral & volumetric strains and elastic constants. Solve problems involving the relationship between elastic constants. 3.4 Determine stress in bars of varying cross- section subjected to axial loads only at the end. 3.5 Calculate stress and strain in composite sections. 3.6 Calculate stress in simple sections subjected to temperature. 3.7 Define stain energy, Resilience, Modulus of resilience, types of loads. 3.8 Solving simple problems. 4.0 Analyse the variation of bending moment and shear force due to loads 4.1 Differentiate cantilevers, simply supported beams and overhanging beams. 4.2 Understand the different types of loads-Point load and Uniformly distributed load. 4.3 Compute the bending moment and shear force for cantilever , simply supported beam and overhanging beam under: a) Concentrated loads (b) Uniformly distributed load throughout or on part of span. (c) Both uniformly distributed and concentrated loads. Draw the bending

moment and shear force diagrams for loaded beams. Indicate location of maximum bending moment and point of contraflexture. 5.0 Apply the theory of simple bending & bending stresses in beams 5.1Define bending stress , neutral axis , Explain the bending equation, stating assumptions of simple bending theory. 5.2 Define Flexural rigidity, Moment of resistance, Section modulus and Modulus of rupture. 5.3 Design a section to carry a specified load given the allowance bending stress. Calculate bending stress or load or span of the beam. 6.0 Calculate the maximum slope & deflection of cantilever and simply supported beams under loading by moment area method. 6.1 Define slope, deflection and curvature. 6.2 Define the concept of Mohrs theorem. 6.3 Calculate the maximum slope and deflections for cantilever beam subjected to a concentrated load at the free end and udl throughout the span. 6.4 Calculate the maximum slope and deflections for simply supported beam subjected to a uniformly distributed load and a central point load. 6.5 Simple problems on cantilever & Simply supported beams carries point loads and udl only. 7.0 Understand the behavior of columns and struts under vertical loads. 7.1 Define column, struts, Effective length for different end conditions, slenderness ratio, Crippling load, Long and short columns.. 7.2 State Euler's formula and assumptions made in the Euler's column theory. 7.3 Determine the load carrying capacity of a column. 8.0 Apply the theory of pure torision & shear stresses in circular solid & hollow shafts 8.1 Define Couple, Twisting moment and assumptions made on pure torsion. 8.2 Explain with usual notations of Torsional equation .Definition of Torsional rigidity. 8.3 Write the equation for calculation of power transmitted by the solid and hollow shaft. 8.4 Solving simple problems to find the diameter, power transmitted, Shear stress, in solid and hollow shaft.. BOOKS FOR REFERENCES 1.Strength of materials by Bhavikatti & A.V. Hegede 2.Strength of materials by S.Ramamrutham 3.Mechanics of Structures Vol.I by S.B.Junnarkor 4.Strength of materials by R.S.Khurmi 5. Strength of materials by B.S Basavarajaiah & P. Mahadevappa 6. Strength of materials by R.K.Bansal. 7.Engineering mechanics by R.K. Bansal 8.Introduction to Strength of materials by Prakash Rao.

MODEL QUESTION PAPER TIME :3 HOURS SUBJECT: STRENGTH OF MATERIALS MAX. MARKS: 100

Instruction: 1.Question No.1 is compulsory. 2.Answer any two full question from each remaining parts. 1.a) Fill in the blanks: i. ii. iii. iv. v. The force of resistance per unit area is known as _________. The maximum B.M. for a cantilever beam occurs at __________. The moment of inertia of a circular section Ixx = Iyy is given by the formula_________. A set of forces whose resultant is zero are called _____________. The ratio of effective length to least radius of gyration is called_____________. b) Draw stress strain curve & explain salient points in the curve. PART-A 2.a) Define the following with an example : (i)Resultant force (ii)Couple (iii) Elasticity 3x2=6 5 5x1=5

b) A circular solid rod of steel is 25 mm in diameter and 5m in length. It is subjected to an axial pull of 50 kN. If E for steel is 200 k N/mm 2, find stress, linear strain, change in length and change-in volume. 3.a) Find the horizontal and vertical component of the following forces. i) 15kN acts at 300 to X-axis. ii) 55kN acts at 600 to Y-axis. 5 b)A copper rod 20 mm in diameter is encased in a steel tube 25 mm internal diameter and 30 mm external diameter. Their ends are rigidly connected. The composite bar is 0.5m long and is subjected to an axial pull of 25 kN. If Es = 210 kN/mm2 and Ec = 110 kN/mm2, calculate the stress induced in the rod and the tube. 10 4.a)Locate the centroid of a unequal angle section 100x80x10mm. 6 b)Find the moment of inertia of an I section 120x100x10mm about horizontal & vertical axis passing through the centre of section. 9 PART-B 5.a) What are the various types of statically determinant beams ? Sketch them. 6 9

b) Construct BMD and SFD for a cantilever beam of span 3.0m carries 5kN and 10kN at 3.0m and 2m from fixed end. In addition 3kN/m udl run between the point loads. 9 6.a) A simply supported beam of span 5m, carries 10kN/m udl run for a length of 4m from left end support. Construct SFD & BMD and also calculate maximum bending moment.6 b) A beam 6.5m long supports at 5m apart and it overhangs 1.5m on right end support. It carries 10kN at right free end and 15kN/m udl run between the supports. Construct SFD & BMD and also calculate maximum BM and point of contraflexture. 9 7.a) Write expression for calculating Section modulus for the following plane figures: i) Hollow circular section ii) Square section iii) Hollow rectangular section. 6 b) A rectangular beam, simply supported over a span of 4 m is carrying a uniformly distributed load of 50 kN/m. Find the dimensions of the beam, if the depth of the beam section is 2.5 times its width. Take maximum bending stress in the beam section as 60 MPa.

PART-C 8.a)State Mohrs theorem for finding slope and deflection in beams. 4 b) A cantilever beam of span l carries a point load W at its free end. Find the maximum slope and deflection. 5 b)A simply supported beam of 400mm x 600mm , 6 m span, carries a UDL of 10,000 N/m run throughout its span. Calculate the maximum slope and deflection, if E = 2 x 105MPa. 6 9.a)Write the effective length of column for different end conditions. 4 b) Define i)Radius of gyration b)Slenderness ration. 4 c)A hollow section of external diameter 60 mm and internal diameter 50mm and 3m long is used as a column. One end is fixed, while the other is hinged. Find the safe compressive load using Euler's formula. Take E = 2 x105 MPa .Factor of safety. 4 10.a) Explain the terms i) Torsional rigidity ii) Polar modulus. 4 b) What are the assumptions made in the theory of pure torsion ? 4 c)A solid shaft of 100 mm diameter is required to transmit 150 kW at 120rpm. If the angle of twist is not to exceed 1, find the length of the shaft. Take modulus of rigidity for the shaft material a 90 GPa. 7
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