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Advantages Of Sustainable Agriculture Farming

By Green Published: January 10, 2011Posted in: GreenTags: Advantages Of Sustainable Agriculture Farming, Agriculture, Environment, Farmer, Local food, Population, Sustainability, Sustainable agriculture, World population

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The worlds population is expected to reach nine billion people by 2050. In 2010 the worlds population is around 6.5 billion people, so over the next 40 years it is expected that the global population will grow by almost another third, having far reaching consequences. One of the main impacts will be on food security, with the population explosion expected to have unprecedented pressure on our ability to produce food. In Australia we have been blessed with adequate and quality food supplies historically, so food security has never been at the forefront of peoples minds. However, there are several things that are currently occurring that will become even more pronounced with a larger Australian population that will force us to start looking more carefully at the issues around food security. Climate Variability Australian farmers today have many advantages over their forefathers, with better equipment, technology, communications and research to improve their farming practices. However, today climate variability makes managing crops and grazing animals much more difficult. Where seasons were once reasonably well defined from year to year, today farmers can experience all four seasons in short periods of time, making planning extremely difficult. To respond to climate variability it is essential that farmers undertake sustainable agriculture practices. sustainable agriculture courses practices maintain and improve the natural resources on farm which is good for day to day farming, but also helps to mitigate against climate variability. For example by revegetating along riparian zones farmers are able to improve the biodiversity on their properties and create shelter belts for animals. This is a business as usual benefit, but they are also able to prevent loss of topsoil and nutrients in the event of floods one of the consequences of climate variability. Peri-Urban sprawl Sustainable farming depends on having agricultural land available. In Australia much of our prime agricultural land is under our capital cities, however there is still good fertile ground in the outer suburbs which have traditionally been where much of the fresh produce has come from. As capital city populations continue to grow and the outer suburbs stretch further and further out, much of our fertile land is lost to development. Agriculture jobs are also lost as are industries reliant on agriculture, such as agriculture schools and agriculture courses, agriculture technology businesses and recruitment businesses.

Mining Many farms are being acquired by mining companies, taking land out of the nations food production system. In some areas mining and farming coexist harmoniously, however in many areas the introduction of mining on farming land is creating tension in rural communities. Sustainable Agriculture Agricultural industries are working with scientists and the government to find more sustainable agricultural practices. These include implementing new agriculture technology on farm and altering on farm practices to ensure that the industry can produce food without negatively impacting the natural environment. With so many external factors influencing the ability of farming in Australia to produce food, its even more important than ever that sustainable agriculture practices are implemented to ensure that as our population grows that we are still able to enjoy fresh, nutritious and healthy food. Emerging scarcities of essential primary resources water, land and phosphorous will continue to challenge farmers to develop more sustainable farming practices into the future.