Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 327

..

2008

621.394
658.5.011.56

, , ..
..
. .:
, 2008. 326.: ., .
ISBN 978-5-93592-037-1
, ,
. OSS
. , , , () , , .
.
NGN.
- ,
, - , .

621.394; 658.5.011.56

ISBN 978-5-93592-037-1

, 2008
.., 2008

................................................................................................................ 5
1.
............................................................. 8
1.1 .................... 8
1.2 14
1.3 OSS ............................... 30
1.4 ...................................... 39
1.5 ............ 49
1.6 ,
........................................................................................... 55
1.7 .. 68
2.
........................ 79
2.1 ................................................... 79
2.2 TMN ........................................... 88
2.2.1 TMN .......................................... 88
2.2.2 TMN.......................................................... 92
2.2.3 TMN...... 98
2.3 TELEMANAGEMENT FORUM ............................109
2.4 MIB ...............125
2.5 CMDB
.................................................................137
3.
............................................................................................................150
3.1 ........150
3.2
. .........................................................................................................166
3.2.1 ..........................166
3.2.2
............................................................................................................170
3.3 ...................................179
3.3 .............................190
3

3.4
, ...................................205
3.4.1 ..............................................................205
3.4.2
.................................................................................................207
3.4.3 ,
.....................................................................................................213
3.5
...................................................................................................216
4.
NGN .........................................................................................220
4.1 NGN......................................................................................................220
4.2 NGN ..........................................................227
4.3 NGN ..............................................238
.......................................257
........................................................................................................263
......................................................................................................271
.
,
.................................................................................................285
.
, ...........319
.
........................................................321

- !?
- !
. , . , .

, ,
,
, .

.
.
,
. ,
1970- [26,99]. .
10
, .
- TeleManagement Forum (eTOM),
.3050 [152154].


(Inventory Management) ;
,
[7]
.

, , ,

.
, , , , . -
, .
, 5

. , , , ? , - .
. , , ()
. , , , - , , , ,
.


( ). , ,
.
- .
, . ,
( , ) .
( ) -
, . ,

.
,
.. .
, ,
6

. ,
, [8,20,117],
, ,
. ,
, ,
, , , , , , .

,
. ,
. ,

,
.

1.

1.1

,

.
, , . ,
, , .
. -
256 /
. . SDH/PDH,
DWDM, Ethernet, MMDS. ISDN DSL (ADSL, HDSL, VDSL),
WiMAX, WiFi.
c
Frame Relay, , MPLS. , de-facto IP,
IP- IP- (IPTV).
3-
UMTS (WCDMA) CDMA2000.
, , ..
. ,
.
8

,
, . , , , / , ,
, ,
. () . , -
( ), , .
:
;
;
,
;

.

, ()
. ,
.
. , , , . , , , ,
.
9

. ,
.
, ,
, ,

.
(- ) , .

,
, , ,
[41]. - .

:
, , , ,
.
- , , ,
.
( )
, ,
,
.

, , .
-
,
. -
10


.
()
, .


.
,
, .

, .
( ) , , , .

, .1.1 [19].

1.1

11


, ,
, , ( IEEE 1471).
.1.1 , , ,
( ).

.
, .
,
.
,
, ,

().

, ,
() .

, ,
. , (fixed-mobile convergention, FMC) .
, , ,
, , , .
( Ge)
,
[9].

SOA, . ,
, , , , - ,
, -
12

, .
,
.
,

. , .

. . -
X.700 [149], , (functional areas) :
(fault
management);
(configuration management);
(accounting management);
( )
(performance
management);
/ (security management).
FCAPS ( ). , , .. , .
,
, (Systems
Management Function, SMF),
. SMF
TMN [150,151].
:
;
;
.. ;
( );
.
13

- , , 7
2003 . 126- , 23.12.2003 186-, 09.02.2007 14-, 2, . 12 . 2 , , ,
: , ;, . 3
12

, .
, ,
,
. ,

. ,

.
(Inventory) .
1.2


. ,
-
. , ,
.
- .3100, , ,
. , ( )
, 14

.. -, , .
- .3100, . , , ;
, .
, .. , ,
.
,
ISO, - .
.
() , ,
, , , , .
, , , , .

. ,
, .
, (, )
(
part of). , (isa) . ,
.
, .
, ,
.

,
. . ,
().
15

, ,
. . , , . ,
, / .
. .. . ,
21
, ,
.

,
19.10.1998 187, , c .

.
, , . , .. 13.1,
13.3 187 ( ):
:
();
, , , ;
, ;
;
;
( ), , ;
,
16

,
;
, ;
, (), (), ()
;
;
,
;
( , ).
:
;
;
;
;
;
;
.
. ( ).
, - (. 11 2005 . 68) , , - , -
, -
( ),
2. 2 68 () .
, . 2
2005 90 , 5 :
- ;
17

() - ;
- ( , ,
,
, (
);
- ( ,
,
() - );
- (
- ) ( ) . ...
- , , , . () - .
-
, -
- ..

- , - (
), , , , ,
.
, , / . ,
- , / , , .. .
, , .

18

, , ,
,
.

() .
( ) ,
. ,
[32].


, .2 27.07.2006 149- , . 34.32196
, .
149,
.


, , ,
. , , ,
. ,
100% ,
. ,

.
.
, , . 19

,
,
. . ,
,
,
.

, . . .
/ . , ,
, , .
,
, IP-,

. ,
,
(, ).
, , , () .

. .
; ,
.
, , .
. ,
20

, . , ,
( ).
,
.
(equipment mounting)
(container)
.
, .
.3100
(equipment holder).
, , , , , ..
.
.
- , ,
, .
, (FRU) () ,
.
/ , ( ) .

. ,
. ( ) . , .
,
(FPU) , , ,
-
. ,
, , ,
21

,

().
, .
()
,
.
() (plug-in) ( ), , .
.3100
,
,
. , , .
, .
/ , ,
.
(plug-on) ,
, .. ().

, . , . ,
DIMM.
,
.
.
M
N :

1.2

22

/
. M N
( ) . M N , ,
. , = 0 N=0 . 1.2 :

1.3
, .. . . 1.3
M N .
M2,N=1; M=1,N2. M=1, N=1
. 1.4 :

1.4 ,
, , .
, M=0, =0
,
, . .
, . -, ,
.. ,
. , ,
, / , .
23


, () .. () [48].
() .
34.00390
, () ,
,
. ,
, .. ,
(), ,
.
:
,

. ,

; .
,

( , ,
, ). , / . , ,
.

.
;
. 24


.
.
,
, . , , ,

( ),
, , () / ( ).
,
. ,
,
(
).
, .
13.02.2008 . 19 [96]. , .. . 1 1. , , . . 6 19: , :
) ,
,
100 ;
) ,
,
400 ;
) ,
600 ;
25

) , ,

5000 .
19 . ,
1) :
= /11 + /2 + ,

( 64 /);
;
, , 64 /;
,
, 64 /.

64 /;..
, ,
. ,

.
,
(SNMP, CMIP, Telnet, - ) / . ,
, CIR.

(Performance Management).
. , , ,
( , )
, , , , , .
. ,
26

,
, // , .. ,
..

:
, ;

;

;
,
.

:
;
/ .
. .

[34,35].
:
x+ () ,
X + , x+ X +;
x () ,
X , x X ;
, , , , , ;
y , , ( ),
Y, y Y;
t ( ) ,
T, t T.
S ( )
x+, t.
27

. , y = S (x+ , , t) S,
.
V ( )
x+, ,
t , x= V (x+ , , t, y ).
V ( )
x+, , t . V
S V , : x
= V (x+ , , t ).
,
, ..
, .

.
:

: {x

, x _ , a , t , y , S ,V ,V ,

x + X + , x _ X , a A, t T , y Y .
.
( ):
() ,
; , .
( ) :
() ,
() , .
, ,
.. .
y , .
t
. 28

,
.
S
, .
V .

[30].
(M/G/ ). ,
( )
. , x+.
, ,
qm
m . P
,
:

P = exp{ [1 ( B ( t ))]t},
0

( z ) = qm z m ;
m >0

B(t )
,
, / .
P ,
. , V
V.
( )
OSS (Operation
Support System) , [17].

29

1.3

OSS


, ,

.


OSS.
ETSI TR 180 000 [136] ETSI TR 188
004 [138] OSS
, ,
, . ,
OSS 34 ( ), , , , .
OSS . , OSS
, , ,
, .
,
, Inventory Management - eTOM
[15,17,145]. OSS. Gartner Group
( 2007 ), OSS
:
;
;
, , ,
( );
, ;
(),
-.
30

OSS
TeleManagement Forum. , ,
OSS (Inventory OSS solution)
(Inventory Management
Product). , , - ,
.
, , ,
()
. OSS
DOM (Domain Object Model) [160]. :

/ ;
,
( )
;

;
,
OSS ;
, .
-
, . .
( ) , , , , 31

, .
, ,
.

(. . 1.5) :
?
?
?
..


OSS , . 1.5.

1.5
32


OSS. , 2 3.
, NGOSS (next generation operations
systems & software), [97,166]. NGOSS
TeleManagement Forum - ,
-.
OSS c :


;

, NGN;


NGN.
Telecom Applicaitions Map (TAM), ,
Resource Inventory
Management ( ) :
.
.
.
() .
.
.
/ .
() .
TMN TeleManagement Forum OSS,

.


.
33

, ETSI TS 32.101 [140],


, ( ) .
34.00390. ,
, , , ,
. ( ) .
OSS
(Network Resource Model, NRM) [143,144].
, , .
- ,
. , . ,
, .
, , .

1.6.
. .
( ) ( ). , . 1.6 . - .
(, ) . ATM ,
ATM,
. 34


(
)

1.2

(fabric)

2.2

( - , /)

, )

2( ,

()

( , ,
/)
2
( ,

,
)

2.1

(fabric)

1 (
, , )

()

( ,
,
)

1.1

(fabris)

( , , )

( . , ., , )

35

1.6

. ,
. , VC SDH ,
.
( ) , 34 /, 155 /, 2,5 / ..
.
( )
. ,
-
. , ( -) , . , , /, . , , ,
.
, , , ,
/ .
1.6 , .
. ,
,
52155-2003 , , . , ( ), ( ), - .
36

, , OSS :
1. ,
.
. ( )
. ,
, 45% , -
20..2000 ( ADSL 1 1500 ,
ADSL2+ 1(1100) 2200 ,
DELT SELT[3,4,44.])

,
xDSL- ..
xDSL .
()
, , . , , , .
:
( ) ;
, ;

( , );
, ,
;
.
37

2. , .

.
,
. ,

. :
;
,
( , ,
);
: , , , ;
, -
;
, ,
.
3. .

,
. , ,
( )
. .
.
:
;

( , );
38

(
, );
,

;
;
/
p.
,
. ,

.
.

1.4

[33] , , - . [33] 4 , 6
,
.

. .

( ),
. , .
xDSL Ethernet (Optical Ethernet). 39

(,
, , ..).
,
NGN, ,

.

( 2B1Q, NRZ, HDB3, CDP).

, ( ). ,
, , 1.7.

, -


()


()


()


(WiFI, WiMAX, 2G/3G)

c

ATM,MPLS,Ethernet


(, , )


(SDH,PDH,)

1.7

40

.
:

, SDH, PDH, , ,
;

/ ,
, , , ( ) ;
/
( ), , ISDN, Frame Relay, IP, ATM, MPLS, Ethernet, xDSL;
, c ( ) Radio Ethernet, WiFi, WiMAX, MMDS,
LMDS. , - , , , .
,
(, ).
,
- ( ,
).
,
,
.
(, ) ,
.
() .
41

; , - ;
.
, , ,
.
, -
.
, ,
45.06499. , , .

.

, 1.11.1999 . 1212 - [50]. , ,
,
. (. .)

, ( 004-93), .


.
,
. , 42

.


. , , , .

, :



;

, ;
OSS/BSS;

NRM;
;
;
/ , ;
,
/
;
;
;
;
43

;
.


.
,
. , .
,
, , . , ,

.
C
() .
.
.
, :
;
;
.
, ,
. . , N-
() .
(. 1.8).
44


( )

, c
,

1.8

,
, , ,
, , .
.
.
1.9.
-
. . .
()

()

1.9
45



(. 1.1).
1.1

()
2 :

3 :
,

4 :

1 :

()
2 :

3 :

4 :

()
5 :

6: -

1:


2:

3:

1:

()
2:

3:
4:
5:
6:

7:

8:
9:
10: C
11:
12:
13:
(, )
14:
().

1 :

1. ()
. .

. 12 . 1
.
. 1.2.
. 46

, , .

, .
, ,
/ .
, (.
22.03.2005 32 . 13.06.2006 73),
, :
, , , ;
, ;
,
;
, ,
;
, ;
, ,
,
,
,
;
,
;
, ,
,
;
, ,
47

, ,
;
, .
, , , ( 99).
[23] 87 18 2005
,
,
125, , - , .


(. ).
()
[38,39,40,5295,106,108,119] 1.1.
,
,
.
/ .
, .
, .
.

, / .
, .
48

.
, ,
. , .
, ,
1.2 .
, ,
, ().
.
, , . ,
. ( ) .
[125,126,129].
,
.
1.5

, (Equipment Identity,
EI) ..
, . , / /. .
49

, ,
[33].
. :
;
;
;
;

;
;
;
.


. . , , , .
[33]
:

1.10
. 1.9. :
N , <N .> ( .).
[33] N
, . , , . .
,
(N.)
.
,

50

, .
(N.) .
.
, , .
( )
N..
, EI , ( ) . EI
, ,
, (- ). EI
, , ,
.
, . ,
.

.
.
EI [134]:
( ),
;
;
, ;
.
(manufacturer part number) , 51

( ) . , (); ; (, , -) ; , , , , .
, (manufacturer
equipment version) , . , , . ,
, ,
. , .
(manufacturer serial number) , ,
, , ,
.
.
, ,
; ,
, .
, ,
[135]. , ,
,
:
1. (/), , .
2.
(, , , ) .
3.
, ,
52

, , , ,
, , .
4. .
5.
,
, , ,
.
6.
.
7. ,
,
.
8.
(firmware) () ( .. ) .
9. () .
10.
()
9 (, , ).
11.
()
( , , - , ).
12. (, , , ..).
13.
(, ).
14.
,
53

, , , .
15.
, . SDH , DSLAM .. (. ).
16. , , ,
. SDH STM-16 ..
17. ,
.
18. .
19. . -
. , .
20. , .
21. , .
22. /
,
().
, , /
,
:
, - ,


.
54

, .
(, )
.
, ,
.
.

.
.
,
.
.

().

.
,

.

.
1.6

, , . ,
, .
, , , . ,
.
(configuration management) [156,157]
, 55


( , , ),
.

- ,
. ,
, :
;
, .
, , , .

,
, .

, . 1.11.
.
,
,
. , , ,
,
.
. , .
, ,
.
, , ,
. ,
.
56

1.10

,
, ,
, , [22]. , , ,
, 100% .. , -
- ,
. , () , . ,
57

.
, ,

. ( ) . , . ,
, , .
, , , ( ..
, ..)
.
, - .
,
, . , 3. . , , .
( ), .
,
, , . ,
..
, ,
, ;
58

.
4 ,
. (
) . , ,
, 3.


, .
. :
.
, . , .
.
, . :
( , , );
( -
/ OSS
, , ,
);
( ,
).
.

,
OSS
59

() . , ,
,

.
.
,
, . , , ,
.
, /
,
.
(), .
:

;
,
, .
, :
, , ,
;
,
;
;
;
, ,
, ;

60

/
///
;
.
,
() .

, ,
, .
, , .
, , .
() , , , , , , , ..
. , , ,
, .
- ,
, , .

. 1.12. , . ,
()
.

, , .
.
61

1.12
. .
, -,
, / .
, , ,
, , :
;
;
;
;
;
;
.

:
;
62

;
,
;
;
, .

() .
,
( ) .
:
,
;
, ,
;

;
, ,
( )
;
( ) ;
, ,
, .
:

( );
(
) ( );
( ) ;
63

,
( ).

( ):
(, , ) ;
,
;

.
, :
( )
( )
.
:
( ) .
:
;
- , .. ;
;
.
:
;

.
. . ,

.

. 1.12.
64

, ;

;

.
, , - (,
), , , .
, , ,

, .
, .

, . , / .
, - (, ), , , , , , .
, ( ) , . /
(- ), , .
, ..
.

.


, , .. ( 65

) . ,
, , , . ,
.
, ,
, , () / /
- . ,
, . , , , - .
OSS
() / () ,
NMS (Network Management System),
CRM, ,
() .
.

1.13.

.
(,
)
.
.
,
NMS OSS .

66


OSS

ERP-

()


CRM-

NMS
C



()

1.13

C
, .
, ( ) .
,
, .
.
API . , ,
.

67

1.7



.
(
/, )
.
,
,
.
. , ,
, , CRM. ,
CRM ,
, ,
/ . ,
. SID (shared
information and data model). NGOSS
. SID , , ..
UML . , SID
.
- () . ,
,
, - ,
.
.
68

, API, [140,142]:
, , ;

( )

.
, , , , :
(High-level generic interfaces)

.
, (High-level technology-independent to the extent possible interfaces)

, .
-, - ,
,
-. , ( ) .

(Detailed product-specific interfaces)
()
.
.
, . , , / ,
69

, .

(),
(. 2),

.


,
.
, ; . , , , () . , ( )
.
, SQL.
, , .
WEB .

: ()
-
(. . 1.14).
WEB- c XML,
/
.
Web- Java. , J2EE (Java 2 Enterprise Edition),

- ( ),
.
70


()

()

JSP(HTML)

WEB

WEB

()
-

EJB

JDBC

()

1.14 WEB-
EJB . 1.14
, , ,
( ). JDBC
SQL. JSP
HTML-,
XML- .
J2EE- ERP,
CRM, . Secure Sockets Layer
(SSL). , Web Web-. , (), .
.
. () , , . ,
71

(), .
, ,
,
() , .
-,
. . 1.15 :

1.15 -
-
,
( ).
:
;
: , ,
;
( );
, , .
72

,
(Enterprise
Application Integration, EAI). : CORBA, TIBCO ( Hewlett-Packard), Kabira,
Corus.
, ,
, (adaptation unit).
,
API.

, , . , (tag), ASN.1.
, , .
,
, .
, , , .
, ,
XML.
, . -
(common business object model), , .

.
, (workflow engine) , , NGOSS.
- SOA
Web-
. Collaxa Sonic, 73

(Enterprise service bus, ESB); ESB Gartner


Group. 2003 . ESB SOA
IBM. , ESB , , (Message Oriented Middleware, MOM). Gartner Group, ESB
, ..
SOA. ESB , - .
, , .
ESB .
SOA IBM, Microsoft Oracle. , 2010 ESB , ,
ESB-, .
SOA-.
SOA . -
SOA , / . SOA CORBA
(service). SOA ,
- , , . , SOA , .
IBM, , SOA , . Apxypa SO . , SOA,
- [10,161,162]. SOA
,
. , ().
74

-, ,
.
HTTP, FTP, SMTP, TCP, XML.
SOA , .
, ( ) , . () , .

1.16 -


IBM [107,162] . 1.16.
, SOA , ; , [31]. . , , . Oracle (BEA
System) [11].
.
75

, . , SOA NGOSS. SOA


.
, ,
SOA, , SOA. SOA () :

, , .
, .
, .
.

.
SOA
- , (on demand).
SOA ( ) , , . SOA
, .
, , , SOA
. , - -. SOA , - .
/ SOA
, , 76


.
II 2005 . AMR Research
, SOA ,
, - , . ,
SOA, .
:
;
,
;
;
,
;
, ;

, .
SOA
(
www.cnews.ru):
,
, ;
, .
IBM, SOA
,
.
, .. SOA
, .
, SOA
, , 77

, . , Web-
2009 2010 ..
[10] , SOA SOMA (Service-Oriented
Management Architecture). SOMA . , , . , . XML , ,
(Management Service Bus, MSB).
, ,
. .
SOMA , , .
MSB c , SOMA.
, SOMA, , .

.

78

2.

2.1



. , , , . .
OSI Management Framework
ISO/IEC 7498-4: Basic Reference Model, Part 4, Management
Framework. ( . 4. ).
, , .. .
ISO 7498 (. 2.1):
2.1 ISO 7498
ISO

-
ISO/-
1
2
3
ISO 7498

1984
. X.200
(Basic Reference Model)
1994
ISO 7498 Add.1

1987
. X.200
(Addendum 1: Connectionless-mode
1994
transition)
ISO 7498-2
2: 1989
. X.800

1991
(Part 2: Security Architecture)
ISO 7498-3
3: 1989
X.650

1994
(Part 3: Naming and Addressing)
ISO 7498-4
4: 1989
. X.700
(Management Framework)
1992
(Part 4: Management framework)

79

ISO/IEC 7498-4, ,
:
;
;
;
.
ISO/IEC 7498-4,

(. 2.2):
2.2 ISO -


ISO/ITU
1
2
ISO 9595 / X.710

(Common Management Information Services, CMIS).
ISO 9596-1 / X.711

(Common Management Information Protocols, CMIP).
ISO 10040

(Systems Management Overview, SMO).
ISO 10164

(Systems Management)
ISO 10165

(Structure of Management Information)
ISO 10165-1

(Management Information Model)
ISO 10165-2

(Definition of Management Information).
ISO 10165-4

(Guidelines for the Definition of Managed Objects)

, .
X.290 ( ISO/IEC 9646), . : , , , , , .

, .
80

- X.700 ( ISO/IEC 7498-4), ,


(functional areas):
(fault management).
(configuration management).
(accounting management).
/ (performance management).
(security management).
, , .. ,

. FCAPS
. , .
( )
(configuration management). ,
,
(systems management function, SMF). ,
SMF . SMF
, .
,
.
.
(configuration management) , () .
- . .
:

81

() ,
;
,
;
, , ;
,
( time management);
.
SMF, . - X.734; (logging) . - X.735;
. - X.731;
. - X.732; . - X.746; (time management) . - X.743;
(software distribution) . - X.744;
(shared management
knowledge) . - X.750.
(event management function)
. - X.734, , , , , .. , ,
.
. - X.734
. (Event-Forwarding
Discriminators, EFD). , ()
, , .
.
( ), .. log- (
).
82

, (log control
function) . - X.735
.
, , ,
. , . .
log-, ,
, , ,
. log-,
.

, . - X.731 (state management function), , ,
.
:
(operability),
,
. , : (enabled) (disabled) .
, (usage), , , .
: (idle), / (active), (busy).
, .
: (locked), (unlocked), (shutting down).
,
. ,
83


.

, , 1, . , ,
.
.
/ ,
() . , / . 1
,
( ) , .
(relationship management
function) . - X.732
. , , ,
.
, - , ,

. . - X.721,

(. 2.3):
2.3 ISO



/
1
2
3
1

, (attributeVal ueChangeRecord)
, .
. - X.730 -

84

/
1

(discriminator)


(eventForwardingDiscriminator)



(eventLogRecord)

(log)



(objectCreationRecord)



(objectDeletionRecord)

(system)


3
ISO/IEC 10164-1.
.
,
. . - X.734
ISO/IEC 10164-5.
,

. , . .
. -
X.734 ISO/IEC 10164-5.
.

.
. . - X.735 ISO/IEC 10164-6.
.
. -
X.735 ISO/IEC 10164-6.
.
/
.
. - X.730 ISO/IEC
10164-1.

. /
. .
- X.730 ISO/IEC 10164-1.

85

/
1


3
,
(),
/ . . - X.720
ISO/IEC 10165-1. , , .


, , , , . , , System
. 2.4:
2.4 System

/
1
2
3
1.
-
: (
)
( ).
2.
a
(
)
.
3.
, /
(/, /)
4.

.
5.

6.

:
().
( ).
7.

z
( )

86

/
1
8.
9.

10.
11.

12.
13.

14.

15.
16.

2
()

.
.
, .

.
, - - .



,
.
, - .

.
() , .

.
,
.

/.
, - .
.

,
, , . , , System. , System .
87

, ,
,
- TMN
(Telecommunication Management Forum,
TeleManagement Forum).
2.2 TMN
2.2.1 TMN

Telecommunication Management Network, TMN -


1992 . , . TMN . - M.3010 [151]. .
M.3010, TMN ,
. TMN , , . TMN . 2.1.

TM N

...

TM N

TM N

S
D
H

S
D
H

2.1 TMN
88

TMN , ,
, DCN. ():
;
();
OS;
;
.
TMN ,
,
.
TMN ,
, 1.
(, , )

. , TMN .
TMN (management service).
, TMN
. TMN
, ,
,
(management function). TMN () ,
. , , ,
.
TMN ,
, .
. , ,
, (logical
89

layered architecture, LLA) TMN.


TMN.
1992 . - M.3010.
1996 2000 . .
(network element layer, NEL).
, - , .
(element manager layer,
EML). NEL.
EML
. . C
TMN.
,
:

;
;
;
, ,
/; ,
/ ..;
, ;
.
(network management
layer, NML).
, /
.
, , , -

90

/, ..
NML.
, :
(
);
|
QoS ;
;
;
;
.
NML , . .
- ,
EML.
(service management layer,
SML). ()
, .
, , . , ;
. , ,
.
,
:
( , , ..);
;
();
, ;
IP , .

91


TMN
.
(business management layer, BML).
.
,
.
, .
( , , /), . TMN

(management system, MS), .
TMN,

.
. TMN
(configuration management).
2.2.2 TMN

TMN
M.3200. M.32xx

. TMN , .
TMN,
,
M.3400.

. , ,
.
.
92


.
TMN .
M.3200. M.3200 .. .
(.
2.5 . - .3200, 1997 .).
2.5 TMN

(Network Provisioning)

(Work Force
Management)
,






()


( )

TMN

1. + , .

93

TMN (network
provisioning).
. ,
,
, , .. ,
, .

.

:
(Network Planning and Engineering).
(Installation).

(Service Planning and Negotiation).
(Provisioning).
(Status and Control).
.
,
.
( ) :

().
.
() / .
.
.
() .
.
.
94

.
.
.

,

, , , ..

. ()
, .
:
- .
.
/.
.
.
.
(
) .
.
.
.
.
- , ,
.

, , .
/
,
. , , , .. 95


.
(-) ,
/ .

,
. , , , , .
(
)

. .

.

.
, .


, ,
.

,
. .
96

, .
, , (). , , - ,
.

TMN
( ) [Request equipment design guidelines]. / , , () ..

(Directory address determination function set)
.
[Network resource selection and assignment function set]

.
.
[Network
connection management function set]
.
[NE(s)
configuration function set] ,
. :
[Request configuration]
.
[Configuration report]
, (), , /
97

. :
[Grow] /
.
[Prune]
.
[Delete] ,
.
( )
:
[Restore]
.
/ [Assign]
.
[Delete] ,

.
; , .
2.2.3 TMN

TMN [131]
- ,
(Entity Relations Diagrams) UML.
. -
M.3100 2005 . .
.
98

, , , . , ,
, .
,
,
,
( .
.3100, 2005 .).

.
, TMN,
:
;

;
;
.

TMN, .
, . ,
TMN.

.
.3100 , 2.2.
,
TMN , UML . 2.2 2.3 2.6.

99


<< >>

,
,

managedElement*

0..*

<< >>

equipmentHolder*
0..*
0..*
<< >>

circuitPack*
0..*
M.3100_F03

2.2 ( ) TMN
,
2.3.
<< >>

,
,

managedElement*

*
0..*

0..*

<< >> << >>

Equipment*

Software*

0..*

0..*

0..*
<< >>

Software*
0..*
M.3100_F04

2.3. ( ) TMN
, .
.3100 / , .
100

,
. , , , 1000
STM-1. ,
, , , 4 STM-1
STM-4 /. , ,
.
(. 2.6).
, 2.6
- ( ). , [Equipment Holder].
- .
.
.
, 2.6,
. ,
, .
2.6 . M.3100.


1
2
3
4
1.
(Network)
C -
- [NetworkId]
, - .
. , ,

101

/
1

2.

attributeRanges

3.

(
)
[Managed
Element]

3
, , /
.

() .

,
,
.

attributeRanges
()
, .

ManagedElement, ,
AttributeRanges
,
.. .
Q-


.

102

:
attributeRangesId ;
kind ;
ranges , ,
,
:
attributeRanges
managedElement.

:
managedElementId

;
systemTitle ;
administrativeState () .
usageState .
,
, :

/
1

3

,

.

4.

[equipment]

[Equipment]


,

.

.
,


( ).
,
, . ,

(containment). ( , ,
, , -

103

4
userLabelPackage ;
vendorNamePackage
;
versionPackage
;
locationNamePackage .


:
equipmentId ;
replaceable .
. - X.721
[value
change notification package], ,
.


:
userLabelPackage ;
vendorNamePackage ;
versionPackage ;
locationNamePackage
:
equipment-managedElement;
equipment-equipment.

/
1

5.

[equipmentR1]

6.

[Equipment
Holder]

3
4
) .
X.721

.
-
, - :
serialNumber [equipment]
;
supportedByObjectList ,
.

.

() ,
.
:
equipment-managedElementR1;
equipment-equipment-R1.
[The
Equipment Holder object
class]
,


. -

104


:
equipmentHolderType
;
equipmentHolderAddress
;
holderStatus -

/
1

7.

[Circuit Pack]

, , .

/
,

acceptableCircuitPackTyp
eList;

,

acceptableCircuitPackTyp
eList,
;

;
2. subordinateCircuitPackSoftwar
eLoad

circuitPack,
.
:
acceptableCircuitPackTypeList

,

Equipment Holder.
:
3. equipmentHolderequipmentHolder.
-
:
[Circuit Pack] availabilityStatus (. -

X.721 ) ,
{equipmentR1]
.
. .3100

notInstalled [ ],

105

/
1

8.

[Software]

3
4

,
. .

.
(, ) - circuitPackType
(, .
) , - , - :
,
reateDeleteNotificationsPacka
, ..
ge

.
;
administrativeOperationalStates
Package
.

:
circuitPack-equipmentHolderautoCreated;
circuitPack-equipmentHolderexplicitlyCreated;
circuitPack-equipmentHolderautoCreated-R1;
circuitPack-equipmentHolderexplicitlyCreated-R1.
[Software] ( )

,

.

106


:
softwareId
;
administrativeState () .
:
userLabelPackage ;
vendorNamePackage ;

/
1

9.

[physicalPort]

[physicalPort] .

.

TTP
() CTP.

ircuitPackR1,

circuitPackConfigurationPa
ckage.


.
physicalPort ,

107

4
versionSoftware .
:
software-equipment;
software-managedElement;
software-equipment.

:
physicalPortId () ;
administrativeState ;
connectorType
/
, , ,
.
Reach
/
( )
supportedTTPLis ,


portAssociations


( );
portSignalRateAndMappingList

( )
-

/
1

3
4

.
0

stm1 genericTransportTTP, SDH au3

au4 ( ).
- - :
. PhysicalPort-equipment;
- PhysicalPort-managedElement.
,
(mapping)

physicalPortSignalRateAnd
MappingList,

genericTransportTTP.



supportedTTPList.
,
physicalPort
ttpPortID

genericTransportTTPR1

()

.

, TMN
,
108

, , . TeleManagement Forum, .

2.3

TeleManagement Forum

, .
.3100 [155], ,
, . , -,
. ,
- -
.
, . , -
, / , . , ,
,

TMN. ,
, ,
,
,
.
, , ,
, , .
:
;
// ;
109

/
;
,
.


.
1995 , (TeleManagement Forum, TMF)
, ,
-, .
TMF
, eTOM (enhanced Telecom Operations
Map) .3050 [152
154]. eTOM Telecom Operations Map ( ). eTOM TOM , (ebusiness). eTOM .
eTOM , ( ), , (customer), (service), (resource), /
(supplier/partner) . Telecom Network Operation Map 2000 .
, eTOM.
, TeleManagementForum :
, , .
, / .
110

, .
, (
, ).

. , .
, . , , ,
.
/ , /
.
(),
.
,
(product)
, . (service)
.
, TMF .
eTOM
(eTOM Business Process Framework), :
;
;
, , .
,
.

TMF .
.3050 2.3.
0- (eTOM Business Process
Framework Level 0 Process). .
111

,
,


(SIP)

,
()
(, , )
/
/

( , ,)

2.3 0
() :
, , ();
,
.
2.3,
,
. . ,
( )
- , .
. 2.3, ,
, , .
. 2.3 , : 112

, , , , . .. (
, , ), , ,
.
eTOM . .3050
/ (Readness), .. (Fulfillment),

(Assurance), (Billing). .
eTOM . .3050
, ,
, , , ,
, .
, ,
.
.
TMF eTOM
2 3. 2.4.
0 1. , 2.4 ( 2,3), .
2.4 ,
. (endtoend) ,
.
(customer operations processes), FAB (Fulfillment, Assurance, Billing). (Operations Support &
Readiness, OSR) FAB.
113

(Fulfilment)

(Assurance)


(Billing)

(
, , )


,

, , - , .
,
,

2.4 1
, , FAB, FAB
. FAB .
(Strategy & Commit), () (Infrastructure Lifecycle Management)
(Product Lifecycle Management)
, , (Service, infrastructure
and product, SIP). , ,
. , , .
SIP ,
(customer perations processes)
114

, , ,
.
, 7

( ). SIP
, .
C 2, 1 (. 2.5) .
M.3050.2. . 2.5


. , . ;
,
-.
2.5 .

2.5 2
[Resource Management & Operations, RMO]
[Resource Management and Operation Support and Readness]
() , 115

, FAB.

( ) ,
. . , ()
eTOM.
, , .
[Resource provisioning]
() , , , , , ,
, . .
, ,
.
[Resource trouble
management] , ,
,
.
, ,
. , , , .
()
[Resource performance management] , , .
()
, .
116

[Resource data collection


and distribution] , .
,
, , , , .

. 3 2.6.
,
, .
FAB. 2.6
:

2.6 3

[Resource Management & Operations, RMO]
()
[Enable resource provisioning] 117

, , ,
. , , ; , , , . ,
, ,

.
()
[Manage Resource Inventory]
,
,
(Resource Inventory Database). , . , . , , RM&O
. () , .

:
,
,
;
, ;
;
,
, , ,
()
;
118

();
()
, ;
,
.
, ,
.
.
. , / ,
,
/ . , / .
- .
[Enable resource performance management] ,
. ,
.
, , .

[Support
resource trouble management] , ,
, , . -
.
119


[Enable resource data collection and distribution]
, , .
() [Manage workforce] , ,
.
,
.
[Manage logistics]
, , .
. 2.6
3 RMO.
.
, TMF
,
.
TMN, TMF [25]
, - .
, ,
2.7.
TMF
TMN -.
, , .
TMN ,
.

120

2.7
TeleManagement Forum


/
1
2
3
1.
[Agent]
TMF.

.
2.

()
-. [Circuit]
:
;
.
;

().

(link). :

;

;


.
[Facility]
(
), ,
, , .
3.

,
, .
[Computer
system]
, .
4.

, [Facility]
.
. ,
,
.
5.

,
, . [event Record]
:
,
;
;
;
;
;
;
.

121

/
1
6.


2
[Contact]

7.

[Customer]

8.

[Function]

9.


[Event log]

10.


,
[clNetwork
Protocol Entity]

11.

,
[coTransport
Protocol Entity]

3
,
( ).
,
(
) / ( ).
,
( ). ,
, , , , .
,
, , .
(), ,
, IP. () :
IP;
, , PDU.
,
.
(), , , - TCP .
() :
;
;
( ),
PDU
,

.
-, -

122

/
1

3
, .

. ()
:
,
,
, .

.
:
;
;
- ;
, ;
;
,
.

,
.
() :

;
,
, e-mail;
-.
,
.
() :
;
;
, ;
.
,
.

12.

[Location]

13.

[Equipment]

14.

[Manufacturer]

15.

[Network]

16.

[provider]

123

/
1

3
() :
;
;
.
, / ,
.
() :
;
;
;
;
.
() .
:
;
PDU ();
PDU;
.
,
.
() :
,
.

17.

[service]

18.

[transport
Connection]

19.

[vendor]

TMF
,
, , / . , TMN , TMF .
,
. - ,
,

124

() . ,
( ) .
.
,
, , SNMP.
.
2.4

MIB

SNMP [159] . , /
, . ,
SNMP TMN, - TMN.
SNMP
, CMIP.
SNMP , CMIP,
1993 .,
TCP/IP,
.
SNMP IETF
( ) TCP/IP , ,
SDH. SNMP
,
,
. SNMP , , .
SNMP ( ) SNMP-. SNMP- ,
. 125

(network management systems, NMS)


, . 2.7.
CMIP SNMP. CMIP ;
SNMP , .
NMS

SNMP

SNMPv2
MIB



UDP/IP


SNMPv2
MIB

SNMPv2
MIB

SNMPv2

MIB

SNMPv2

MIB

SNMPv2

MIB

2.7 SNMP 2
, , -, ,
, , , ..
,
- ; , (, ) .
( ) :
.
.
126

() .
/ ( ).
.

, , TCP/IP,
RFC 1157 Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) (
).
SNMP: SNMP
Version 1 (SNMPv1), SNMP Version 2 (SNMPv2), SNMP Version 3 (SNMPv3).
, SNMPv2 , , SNMPv3
.
SNMP Version 2.
IP ISO (Internet management information
base, IMIB) [18,163,164]. IMIB
, , . SNMP IMIB
, , CMIP. IMIB SNMP /, ,
IP,TCP,UDP, IP-, TCP-, .
SNMP IMIB.
IMIB, SNMP,
MIB I MIB II. ,
MIB
RMON (Remote Monitoring). RMON
.
MIB I (. RFC 1156)
. 8
, 114 . , System ,
127

, / ; IP IP ( IP-,
IP-).
()
.
( ) ,
IMIB. .. ,
( iso), (ccitt itu), ,
( jointtoccitt).
, ,
. MIB II
. , . , tcpConnTable, 1.3.6.1.2.1.6.13.1, TCP ( TCP mib26), Cisco Systems, (. . 2.8).
TcpConnState

tcpConnLocalAddress

TcpConnLocalPort

( 1)

( 3)

( 5)

( 2)

( 4)

( 6)

( I)

( J)

( K)

:
TcpConnState TCP, - , INTEGER.
TcpConnLocalAddress IP , IP (IpAddress).
TcpConnLocalPort , ,
(INTEGER).

2.8 SNMP,
TCP
MIB 5 MIB,
, . :

128

entityPhysical group ,
. entPhysicalTable.
entityLogical group ,
. entLogicalTable.
entityMapping group ()
, , , , .
.
MIB

, . .

. IMIB c ,
-
IMIB. entPhysicalTable;
/ . ( , , , ),
, ( ) , IMIB. , ,
.
. IMIB .
() IMIB . IMIB ,
, .
entPhysicalTable (row) ,
,
entPhysicalClass :
hassis ( ) ; hassis Container;
Chassis Stack.
129

ackplane () .
Container ,
, , (, FPU)
powerSupply .
fan .
Module , ; .
Port ,
/ .
Stack ,
, , Container,
(Chassis).
Other .
Unknown , .

. entPhysicalEntry
. MIB, , (read-only). . 2.8:
IMIB
:
() .
( ).
( ) .
2.8 MIB-II SNMPv2

1
2
entPhysicalName

, NMS.

130

entPhysicalHardwareRev ,
, () .
, , .
entPhysicalFirmwareRev ,
,
()
(firmeware) . .
entPhysicalSoftwareRev

,
,
()
. .

entPhysicalSerialNum

,
.
, ,
. ,
.


. , entPhysicalIsFRU = false(2) (, 8 ), .
.

entPhysicalMfgName

entPhysicalModelName

, -. ( ), .

entPhysicalIsFRU

,
FPU
() c .
true(1),
. ,
, ,

131


2
false(2).

entPhysicalAlias

,
(
) .

entPhysicalClass.
RFC 2737
.

entPhysicalAssetID

C
. ,
, , ,
()
.. .

entLogicalIndex

entLogicalDescr

.
.

entLogicalType

, OBJECT IDENTIFIER .
MIB,
() .
,
mib-2, 802.3 802.3 repeater
snmpDot3RptrMgmt.

entLogicalTAddress

,
, ,
entLogicalTDomain.

entAliasMappingTable

132


2
MIB.
,
.

,
. , MIB ENTITY-MIB
entPhysicalTable RFC 2737 c , RFC 2037.

2.9

2.10.

http://psg.com/~mrw/EntMIB-MIB-Walks/Nortel-MIB-Walk2.txt).
, , Cisco 7600
MIB
SNMP

http://tools.cisco.com/Support/SNMP/do/BrowseOID.do?local=en/
Cisco Systems, MIB
entPhysicalTable , :
entPhysicalContainedIn
entPhysicalIndex , . , /
(slot) (), ,
(line card). .
entPhysicalParentRelPos ,
. ,
entPhysicalParentRelPos, , .

133

2.9 Nortel Business Policy


Switch 2000 MIB-II

entPhysica
lDescr

entPhysical
VendorType

entPhysical entPhysical
ContainedIn
Class

Business Policy
Switch 2000
Stack

s5ChasTypeBPS
2000

stack(11)

stack

Business Policy
Switch 2000

s5ChasComBrdB
PS2000_24T

chassis(3)

switch-1

10-Base 10/100
Ethernet Port

0.0

port(10)

port-1

10

10-Base 10/100
Ethernet Port

0.0

port(10)

port-8

33

CASCADE Slot

0.0

container(5)

cascade-slot

34

8 port
CASCADE
Module

33

module(9)

cascade

84

Business Policy
Switch 2000

s5ChasComBrdB
PS2000_24T

chassis(3)

switch-3

85

10-Base 10/100
Ethernet Port

0.0

84

port(10)

port-1

115

CASCADE Slot

0.0

84

container(5)

cascade-slot

116

8 port
CASCADE
Module

0.0

115

module(9)

cascade

134

entPhysical
Name

2.10 CISCO 7600 MIB


entPhysicalD
escr

entPhysicalVend
or Type

entPhysical
ContainedIn

entPhysical
Class

entPhysical Name

Cisco Systems
Cisco 7600 3slot Chassis System

OID: enterprises.

chassis(3)

CISCO7603

Cisco Systems
Cisco 7600 3slot Physical Slot

OID:
.ccitt.zeroDotZero

container(5)

Cisco Systems
Cisco 7600 3slot Physical Slot

OID:
.ccitt.zeroDotZero

container(5)

Cisco Systems
Cisco 7600 3slot backplane

OID:
.ccitt.zeroDotZero

backplane(4)

Backplane

1000

WS-X6K-SUP22GE 2 ports
Catalyst 6000
supervisor 2
Rev. 3.10

OID:
enterprises.9.12.3.1
.9.29.20

module(9)

1001

CPU of
Switching
Processor

OID:
.ccitt.zeroDotZero

1000

other(1)

CPU

1002

Supervisor module 1 poweroutput-fail Sensor

OID:
.ccitt.zeroDotZero

1000

sensor(8)

module 1 poweroutput-fail Sensor

1003

Supervisor module 1 outlet temperature Sensor

OID:
.ccitt.zeroDotZero

1000

sensor(8)

module 1 outlet
temperature Sensor

1005

MSFC Container

OID:
.ccitt.zeroDotZero

1000

container(5)

2000

WS-X6148RJ45V 48-port
10/100 mb RJ45
Rev. 1.0

OID:
.ccitt.zeroDotZero

module(9)

2001

module 2 poweroutput-fail Sensor

OID:
.ccitt.zeroDotZero

2000

sensor(8)

module 2 poweroutput-fail Sensor

2053

10/100BaseTX

OID:
.ccitt.zeroDotZero

2000

port(10)

Fa2/48

9.12.3.1.3.267

135

entPhysicalContainsTable /
. . , entPhysicalTable Cisco Systems
:
entPhysicalIndex
//.

MIB;
entPhysicalContainedIn entPhysicalIndex ,
;
entPhysicalParentRelPos ,
,
entPhysicalContainedIn
( , // ).
.. ..
,

// . ,
.
,
. 2.9 2.10 :
entPhysicalDescr ;
entPhysicalClass , .
.

other(1). ,
unknown(2).
SNMP , NRM.

136

2.9 2.10 , MIB-II , , , . , SNMPv2.



. , -.
, SNMP , . , SNMP ,
, , SNMP ,

. , , ,
SNMP .
2.1 2.4
, NRM,
, . ,
-, , SNMP.
, ,
.
2.5

CMDB


- () ,
ISO 200001, ISO 200002 ITIL
(Information Technology Infrastructure Library) [127], (CMDB)
- . , CMDB,
(IT Service Management, ITSM). CMDB
137

(Configuration Management
System, CMS),
(configuration record)
[1,2]. Gartner Group
CMDB, ,
/ , , .
ITIL , , , . ITIL , .
,
(configuration items) , .
[2] Charles Thomas Betz, ( ), : ( , , ), , , , , , ( ).
, (Configuration Item, CI)
;
, .
, -,
, ,
CI, ,
[29]. , ,
,
( ) , .
, CI, , SNMP 2 3
. , ITIL,
:
CI;
138

CI;
-
, : ( ), , , , , , , , Service Desk.
(Configuration Management
Database, CMDB)

, . CMDB ,
, , , , , , . CMDB
ITIL . 2.9.

CMDB

CI,

. 2.9 CMDB [1]


, CMDB . , 3 ITIL,
2007 ., .
(Service Support)
139

(Service Delivery) , [13].


.
ITIL v.3
(Service Knowledge Management System, SKMS). SKMS , , , ,
, ,
CMDB. SKSM ,

, , ,
/ ,
. , CMDB,
( ),
CMDB . .
CMDB , . . , .. , .. .
, OSS
OSS (. . 2.10) [6].
, OSS, OSS,
.. OSS.
/ (check in/check out)
, ( , ).
,
.
, , ,
.
140

, ( ).
, , , ( -
).
, CMDB
.
, .

SLA
QoS
CRM,

,
Customer Care
,
mediation

. 2.10 OSS

, ,
,
( ) ( -).
, ,
. , CMDB .
141

, ,
,
. . , ,
, .
, , . ,
,
.

,
. ( ) , ,
,
.
, . ( ,
, ), . , .
ITIL CMDB CI,
( ) . () CI,
XML. CMDB
[133,147,165]:
;
,

-;
, ,
;
142


;
:
,
;
,
-;

;
;
;
;
(SQL, ODBC, JDBC) CMDB
.
, CMDB
CI,
, ,
.
CMDB
, CI, , ,
.
,
, .
CMDB , , . IDC, 2007 ,
25
:
40% (211 );
35% (185 );
25% (132 ).

143

. 2.11
- , . 2.11 ( [132]).
, , -
:
, -

144

, ;

;
( ) , ;
,
;
, ;

, , , ;
,
, , ,
..
;
, .

, -
:
() ;
(, ) ;
;
;

;
.
, , , . 2.11 .
. ,
, 145

() , .
. :
, - .
.

, . ,
.
, , .
,
, ( ).
,
,
.
, , , .
, . . ,
, , .
, ,
, ,

146

.
:
;
;
;
.

:
() ;

;
;
.

,
27 2002 . 184 [122], 1
2007 65 [123]. 65 . 9 . 1 1 2010 , , .

.
, ,
.

.
, .
,
,

( , plan B).
,
147

, ,
. / . ,
, .
. 2.11
, CMDB
. .. CMDB ,
.
CMDB , . [2] ,
,
, CMDB . ,
CIM DTMF. CIM, DTMF,
() . UML-.
, (Managed Object
Format, MOF). CIM - .
CIM , MIB, IETF.
CMDB , OSS, . CMDB
,
CMDB
- . CMDB
, 1.
, CMDB , CI, CI. Network
Computing, 178 , , 2007 40% CMDB,
27% CMDB 148

. 39%
CMDB, 24% .
, , CMDB
. C 2006 CMDB Federation Working
Group . :
, ;
, ( ,
,
);
,
.
CMDB
, , ,
.
CMDB
.
, - , ,

, , . , , , ,

. .

149

3.

3.1

( ), .
. , , .
, ,
. /
. 3.1.

QoS/SLA


,

,

QoS



,

. ,


,
,

,

3.1

150


.

.

, . 350 13.07.2004.

.
. NGN
IP- .
, , :

SLA ( SLA
, ,
CRM);
(
);
(
, ),

.
OSS, / .
, , ,
,
. , . , , 151



( , ) , .
,
. . , -
///
. -
.
SLA QoS
, 1.2. ,
, .
() /
.. /
.
-
. ,
.
, .
,
.
( / ) (
).
. ,
NGN GigabitEthernet, .. , ,
SDH|PDH? , , GigabitEthernet
, transmission network,
152

transmission media ,
, , , (. 2005 . . . 2
. 211). GigabitEthernet
. Softswitch 45.3332002 [115]
1 , 3 , STM-N . .. . ,
NGN, . .
, () ISO, -, TMF ,
:
c ;
;
.
.
. , , NMS
- .

3.2. , ,
, , .
, , , .
, , 1.1

:
, -
( , ). , 153


() ( ) .

.

3.2
, - .
, ,
. , , .
.
. 3.3 /
, / .
(. . 3.3.).
,
,
..
.
154

3.3
, ,
.
. ,
.
().
(. . 3.4).
.
11 2005 . 68
- [49], : ( )
.2. - , , ,
.

155

3.4
3. - , , :

1) , ,
(), :
;
;
();
2) , ,
.
5. - ,
, , :
;
;
;
(, ,
..). ( )
, .
, ..
, , , ,
, , , 156

, .

.. .
.
, ,
- , . , , , .
, . 3.5
.
:
;
.

, . ,
, .
, ,
, 3.5.
, 3.5,

(. 3.1).
1 , ,
, , ,
, , .

157

3.5

158

3.1


( )

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

,
,
( ).

() .

() () ,
/ .
, ,
1.1
.
, ,
.
, , .
, , /

, ,
/

159

/
1

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.


( )

,
( )
/ .


, / /


,
/

/


, /
/

,
/ , ///

, (
SNMP).

/
.
.
.


, - , ,
/

160

/
1


( )

, - , , (
).
.

()
//,
(, , ).


,

.


-
.


(
, , )
-, ,
, , .


( , )
.


16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

. ,
. ,

21.

,
/

/

161

/
1

22


( )

- ,


, , , ,
, ,
.
, ,

, . , ,
.

, 3.1
. 3.6.
. ,
. , ,
3.2.
3.2

/

1
2
3
1.


( .. ,

)


2.


.
3.


4.

.
( )
()
(,

162

/
1

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.



( )

11.

-

7


, ATM
,
- SSP

SCP
SN
SDP

12.

13.


3
, )






.


-
PDH
SDH

7
7
-
,

()

163

/
1

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.


3

SMP
SCEP

GSM 900/1800

IMT
MC(cdma2000)
3G




SDH

PDH ( 45.118-99)



,



, SMTP, RADIUS, DNS, FTP.



IP, ,







()

164


/

1
2
3
21.




22.




23.
-
-

3.2,
. , (. 34.32096):
;
, ;
;
;
-;
, ;
n- ;
;
-;
;
;
;
- .
.

:
--;
n- ;
.
-- TMF.
.
165

, , / ,
.
. .
. . .
,
. ,
:
1) .
2) .. , .
3)
4) .
. .
, , . [126].
, , . .

3.2

3.2.1

, .
,
, , 166

.

.
- .. - . - () , .. , - - , (). , , ,
-. - . ( . , : , 22.12.2006, www.cnews.com)

, -
,
.

, 2.
, , ISO, :
[Log],
[attributeValueChangeRecord],
[eventLogRecord],
[objectCreationRecord],
[objectDeletionRecord].
TMF : [Event log], [event Record]).
, , :
1. ,
.
2. .
3. ( ) .
4. ( .. ).
167

5. .
6. - .
7. .
8. ,
(, , ..).
9. SNMP-
SNMP.
10. ( - ).
11. ( ).
12. (
).
13. (
).
14.
.
15.
( ).
16. , ( ) .
17.
.
18. (
, ;
,
.
19. , .
20. / .
21.
.
22.
.
168

23. .
24. .
25. /
/,
),
;
.
26. (, )
.
27. (, ) , , ,
.
28. / , , - ,
.
29. .
30. (, ) .
31. /
.
32.
, , , ( ), (, , )
33. / .
34.
, , , ,
, (, , )

.
35. /

/ , (, , ).
169

( ). () .
, , . . .
.
3.2.2

,
.
. . . - , .. ,
,
. , - ,
1. , . ,
.
,
.
, OSS, .

.
170

, .. ,
.

.
, .
. .
:
1.1.
.
,
, .
()
:
, :
( ,
, );
;
/ (
, );
;
;
();

, ( ), - , ;
,
;
;
DECT/CDMA;
( ) ;
( ,
, , );
171

( )
;
( )
;
.
, ,
:
, , , , , ;
, ,
, ;
(
);
/ .
:
, :
, , , , ;
( );
,
;
,
/ ;
;

;
;
/ ;
;
.
, :

();
;
;

;
172


, ,
, (, , );

;

;

(,
);

.
:
, :
,
;
;

.
( ) :
( ), ;
() , .
:
;
;
, ,
;
(
/ , - / , / , / , );
;
173

, ;
.

7 ,
:
(, , , );
7.
:
(/)
;
/ ;
/ ;
/ ;
/ ;
( , )
,
.
( , ,
).

:
;
;

;
;
;
;
, .
:
;
174

( );
- ;
- ;
(
);
;
( );
.

(, ) () :
;
;
;
- (, - );
,
;
;
;
, ;
;
;
;
;
.
:
;
(,
);
.

, :
, .. ;
(
) .. ,
175

, , ;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
(
);
.
:
;
.
:
;
;
;
.
:
;
;
.
,
, ,
.
,
.
:
;
(,
.);
;
176

;
;
.
, .

:
;
.
, ,

- . ,
(, )
,
3.3:
3.3

1
1

,
2


( ).

.


,
( ).

177

1
2

,
2
(PDH,SDH,)
( 1 )
( 1 )

7
,
( 1 )



,
( 1 )




,
( 1,2 ).

(Inventory) [8].
, , . ,
,
. 3.3.
3.3
, , , , .

178

3.3
() -
, . , . , ,
. , , ,
.
(actor),
. - M.3320 TMN
.
(service provider) ,

.
. , , , ,
.
,
,
,
.
, -
.

. ,
( 16.06.1998 .).
, , OSS .
, OSS ,
:

179

:
;
;
;
( );
(, ).
:
/ / ;
/ ;
;
.
:
;
,
.
:
, ;
;
/ /.
():
;

;
;
;
.
,
,
:
(, );
;
;
, , , , , 180

, , / ;
() ;
( );
;
;
;
() , ;
.
OSS , :
, ,
, , , ;
- , , ;
;
(-, );
- ,
;
;
;

,;
;
;
;
- ;
();
();
, ();
();
();
;

181

, ;

;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
,
.
, , ,
, :
, ;
,
() OSS/NGOSS,
. , ();

, , , ,
OSS;
() OSS;
(, ) ,

;


182

- .
-
OSS . 3.6.

3.6 OSS

, , . SID (Shared
Information/Data, SID) () .
SID -
, ,
. SID 183

- , OSS/BSS ,
.
SID ,
() . SID ,
eTOM, , ,
.
, SID - (, )
,
IETF, TMF. SID eTOM.
SID TMF GB922 SID Business
View: Concepts & Principles. Release 6.0 version 6.1. November 2005.
- SID,
SID, .
TMF GB922
-, ,
(
).
TMF GB922 SID Business
View: Concepts & Principles SID
( ), (Inventory Management). SID , , - UML-;
() ,
, , .. ,
SID
. 3.7. . 3.7, ,
SID. , Customer ().

184

3.7
SID

185

:

, .

, ,
. , - .
- (Business Entity Name) Customer.
, -:
Create customer ;
Delete customer ;
Search for customer by attributes ( );
Read customer attributes ;
Change customer attributes .
SID , . ,

:
;
() ;
/ .
,
, /
OSS.
OSS , .
,
, , , .
, SID . (single discovery application),
.
IP. NMS SNMP , ip- , , .
SID,
.3.7 , .
186

()
() .
SID , ,
. , , SNMP, NRM
ip- ( ).
, , NMS, / ,
.
() SID.
, ,
, , , VPN. VPN SID. , , .
,

( ) .
, .
.
, . . 3.8. . 3.8.
, ( ). , - . 3.8.

187

TU_ID DATE_START


()

BRON_REASON_ID



(,
)

SPRAVKA_ID







(,
, , )

PAPER_ID

IZMAC_ID





-
-




IZMDC_ID


PRIBOR_ID
()



NUM_LIST
(,
)
()
,

,










, .. .


PROTOCOL_ID

3.8.

188

( PAPER_ID), ( ),
( IZMA_ID, IZMDC_ID,
PROTOCOL_ID), (
NUM_LIST).
, .
, , ,

,
.
.
, ,
( ) .
, ,
. ,
ISO,
TMF . ,
( )
, . ,
, .
,
().
() , ( )
/ , ( ) 189

/.
.
3.3
,
[45,100]. . ,
, .
NGN , .
NGN, .

, , . () () . , , ,
()
.

.
DECT, CDMA.
, , . . , , 15% , . - , , 50%, . (
) ( ),
, . ( , )
190

. 3.9.

AK

3.9 -
: ,
( ), (),
() ().
. , . , , , .
, , , ().
,
. , .
. .
. 3.10 . :
, , (), , () .
, , .
. .

191

AK

3.10
. , ,
. -,
, . , ,
. -
. , ()
.
,
, ,
xDSL . DSL- ,
. .
( xDSL)
, .
[46] , .
1 ,
, . ..
ADSL[3]. 2 ADSL
192

DSL.
DSL . ,
[46] TCPAM . 3.11.

3.11 ADSL TCPAM


DMT
(. . 3.12):

3.12 ADSL DMT




NGN,
.
. () .

.
193

. ,
Multigain .
, ,
. FTTC . 3.13 ( / () , [109,128].
. . FTTB ( ).

, , ( ) HDTV ( MPEG) 10 /.

()

3.13 FTTC [24]



.
NGN
(. . 3.14 3.17) :
( FTTB/FTT).

xDSL.

194

3.14 -

195

196

( )


(uplink)
( )

OO

( )

( )

( )

()


()

()
.

(. )

( )

()


( )




/

/
.
.


Ethernet ()

Ethernet


/

/

Ethernet

3.15 -
Ethernet c

3.16 - Ethernet c
197

. 3.17 - xDSL

198


.
, :
LMDS ( ).
()
.
(),
,
- .
,
(Optical Wireless Network);
,
.
. 3.14 3.17 -
.
, . ,
. , . 3.14 3.17
. -

.

, ,
:
;
.

xDSL.
.

:
,
-
;

199

, ( )
;
,

;

( )
;
/ ( ).

:
- , ,
,
.

, :
;
: , , , , ;
;
;
()
;
.

( ), :
;
( )
( .
,
200

SNMP- SNMP );
: / , / /, /
, ,
/ ;

.

, :
;
/ ;

;
;
/ ;

( );
( ).
,
.
(-3/2, 3/2, -3/2, -3/2).


NGN, . ( ), .
, , / .
201

/ . ,
.

.

, .

.

.
.
:

.
.
, , .

:

;
;.
(
,
);
;
;
;
;
.
202

(
).
:
,
, ;

, ;
( ).
.
:
- , .

:
,
;
, xDSL
;
xDSL
;

,
;
/ ;
;
.

( ).
203

/
.

,
MGC DSLAM () AGW; / .

, xDSL
DSLAM () AGW. .
.
()
NGN.

.
(,
).

, ,
.

:
, .

: , , .
.


(NGN).

204

, . .

3.4
,
3.4.1

,
- ( , ) . ,
, ,
.


() .
, , , , .
,
, ,
, ,
( ).

. :

, , ,
,
.
, ,

205

. ( ).

/
, .

( )
,
.
, - . .
, .
-
, ,
, ()
.
,
. , ,
, , ,
, .
, .
( ) , - , ,
/
.
, , .
.
.
, (Field
Replaceable Unit, FRU) ()
, , 206

/ ()
. /
() .
,

.

,
, ,
() /
( ) /
.

.
.
(), ,


.
, , .
3.4.2


/ ,

.
,
, :
;
207

;
, ;
.
, ,
.
, , .
, ,
.
:
c.
.
.
.
.
, ,
, , IP-,
, , .

, ,
, , , ()
,
.

208


, ,
, () ,
, .

, ,
, , ,
, , .
,
.

,
, ()
,
/
() , -
, . /, ,
().


, :
- ,
, ,
.
() ,
.
()
.
() .
209

,
(
, ).
, ()
.

- ,
, , ,
.

:
/
.
() ,
.
() /
(
).
()
, .
(,
),
() .
(,
), , , .
210

() .
()

.

:
() .
() ( , )
.
() .

.
.
.
.

:
.
.

211


.


:

.
, .
( , , ) .
, , , .
.
; .
()
() .


,
.

() :
.
.
.
.
()
.
()
.

212


.

, , .


.
3.4.3 ,


.
,
.
()
:
;
, ;
() ;
,
, ;
;
;
,
;
, ;

( );

;
213

() ,
;
.

.

:
;
;
;
;
;
, , ;

;
;
(,
);
( );
;
;
;
;
;
;
, , ;
, -
;
- ;

214

, ,
a ;
,
,

;


(, , , , ) , , ,
.


.


. .

, , - , .
.
, ,

.
,
,
- , .
.
215

, , .

.

, , .

3.5


() [37] , , .
,
.

, , .
TC 211
(ISO).
, ,
:

;
, ;

() ;
,
;
.
, :

216

, ..
.
, , .
- .
, , ,
. ,
.
, ,
.
( ,
..).
,
.
, ,
, , , , , (1:2000, 1:10 000, 1:25 000, 1:50 000, 1:100 000, 1:200
000). , ,
,

, .
:
, ..
- ;
, .. ;
- ;
, , 217

.
- ( ,
).

.
, , :
.
.
.
.
, ,

API.
, .

,
, :
, ;
;
, , ,
- ;
, , ;
, ,
;
, , ;
.

:
;
218

;
,
;
;

.
()
. , ,

.

, , .
.
- , , / .
,
, 51275. , , , Oracle Server.
, ,

.
, SHP (ESRI
ArcInfo/ArcView).

219

4.
NGN
4.1 NGN
-
,
.

. ,
, 3,
NGN.
NGN [103],
[ / . .. ..: , 2008. 424 ], . ,
. , .
() .
NGN [101]:
, ,
;
,
;
, , (
), ;
-;
220

,
;
, , . . ,
.
NGN, ETSI,

, ( ). , , [14].
-
NGN ( NGN),
, - .
(CRM-), , , . ,
NGN, NGN
. NGN
, , ,
.

, NRM.
,
. ,

.
, () , 221

, 1.
NGN. NGN
( ), SDH PDH, , : DWDM, SDH, ATM,
GigabitEthernet.

NGN , , / ( ).

,
QoS.
. 4.1.
NGN, ATM.
3
NGN
(softswitch) ,
.
ATM.
.
. 4.1. ,
.
.
. 4.1 ,
.
. 4.1 (NGN).

222

4.1
NGN
223

NGN , ,
NGN. , . (QoS) NGN. , NGN
, , .
NGN.
NGN NGN
[98]. NGN (
),
NGN.
,
NGN. ,
NGN
NGN.
, IMS [12,130] ,
,
.
IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem)
IP- (NGN), , , IP-, . IMS
, , , ,
-. - IMS
224

( SIP),
(QoS) .
IMS

( ) . NGN IMS
.
.
. NGN
. NGN .

IMS SID [146]
, NRM . 4.2.

4.2 NGN
225

,

.
, ,
IPTV
SIP- IPTV. (
)
.
, .. GetSubscriberLocation, GetSubscriberHomeLocation,
CheckLocationAtHome [21].

IPTV. NRM

(Resource and Admission Control Subsystem) TISPAN
IMS.
NGN
, , . NGN
,
, , . NGN .
NGN,

: , ,
.
, .
,


[124]. NGN NGN, SNMP, CMIP,
Telnet; - 226

/ NGN.
NGN.
4.2 NGN
NGN , ,
NGN, - ,
, , ,
SLA.
NGN .
. .
, NGN , .
. NGN, TMF eTOM,
-.
:
(Engineering);
(Provisioning);
(Assurance).
NGN
OSS (. 4.3):
NGN;
NGN;
NGN.
.

227

4.3 NGN
NGN
NEL TMN
.
NGN , ,
NGN. ,
(network element, NE) . 228

2 3, ATM, IP DSL. , ,
, .
.

NGN.
API,
.
.
NGN NGN .
, , .
.
.
, (ATM DSL, IP- , VPN). , , .
API, .
, ,
NGN.
, , xDSL,
ATM/FR, SDH, PDH, Ethernet, IP, .
NGN ,
(SLA). API .
, J2EE, XML .NET,
OSS-. OSS,
- , 229

.
,
NGN.

, TMN,
, .
NGN . , , NGN, , HP Open View Telecom, Digital TeMIP,
Vertel TMN Manager Platform & Agent Platform, Siemens S&MNS, Tivoli
NetView, Harris Network Management.
NGN ,
NGN. , , . ,
, , ,
, , . , NGN. , , ,
.
, NGN

,
eTOM.

, , ,
, , .

(, , )
. -

230

, , , QoS.
, NGN

, :
;
SLA QoS;

TMN;
;
;
.
,
.
, ,
:
NGN , ,

(, Gigabit Ethernet,
ATM);
, .
, .
, , MCI, Sprint, Deutsche Telekom.
, ,
. . ,

, . .
. 231

. , TMN TMF.

. . , . , ,
NGN.
,
. , , . , ,
NGN.
/ NGN, , , ,

, ,
. , ,
,
.
, NGN
.
, ,
NGN
.
( , 800 , ).
QoS NGN ,
:
;
232

, , , .
,
NGN
, () .
, .
, NGN, NGN .

, ,
QoS/SLA NGN.

NGN, NGN
.
, OSS [5,16] NGN (,
SELT) NGN.

OSS .

NGN
, RFC 2544
64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 1280
1518 ( 4096 9000 ).
:
(Throughput, Th) ,
.
(Frame Loss, FL) ,
.
100%- ,
,
.
233

(Frame Error, FE)


. 100%-
, . .
(Latency Lat) (Latency
Distribution LD)
.
(Latency over
Time LOT); (Back-to-Back,
) ,
IPG 100%- , NGN .

, ,

NGN:
(
, , ,
, : TCPAM, DMT);
(,
500 , 150 30 , - 40 , 100 . 50 . : (16dB, 7x60) 400 5,7 6,0 );
( -
, 0,2 ,
0.18 ,
0,17 . .).
:

234

(
, , ) ;
NGN
(, 30 dB =
54 /, = 48 / 1 5 . ( : preWiMAX, -2--0014,
05-08-05-02,

http://www.nporapira.ru).

,
3.
QoS ,
,
, xDSL.


NGN xDSL. ,
ADSL
Domolink
. .
.
Domolink.ru. ADSL-, , 15
. ADSL-, - .
.
235

,
, , .

NGN
- .. -
, .
(Integrated Enterprise Inventory Management Solution, EIMS)
OSS, NGN .
, -.

NGN :
/ NGN . NGN ,

(, , ) NGN.
NGN (, , , , 3G, / )
// / .
NGN,
NGN NGN ( , ).

NGN
, :

;

236


NGN, / ;

.

QoS/SLA QoS
QoS.

/ / .
/
NGN, :
;
;
;

/
NGN.
NGN
SLA :
;
.
NGN
- .
, , , , , , . , NGN ,
(, , ) NGN.
237

4.3 NGN
-
,
( )
TCP/IP, NGN OSS-BSS [20].
, , NGN.

NGN [137,139]
3GPP, [140
144] .. NGN , () .. FMC (FixedMobile Convergence),
NGN
3GPP, . 4.4. . 4.4 NGN.

4.4
3GPP
OSS-BSS. NGN .
238

- NGN eTOM . - .3050,


2. NGN
NGN . NGN
, , :
;
;
;
;
;
.
NGN

NGN, NGN,
.
NGN ,
. NGN
.
C ,
NGN ,
NGN.

NGN .
,
:
-
, 239


;
( ) , , , , , -, NGN.
NGN
, .. , ,
()
.
NGN , .

NGN ()
, 3.
, , c
NGN ,
, .
NGN. ,
.
. 4.5
,
NGN.
NGN
NGN
, ,
SLA QoS
(, ). NGN ( ) /.
240


NGN


NGN

QoS

NGN

(

,
,
NGN)

NGN


NGN

NGN

NGN

3G


NGN

A
G
W

M
G
/
S
G

M
G
C

G
G
S
N

MRS,AS,
SBC

HLR, AC, EIR

3G

NGN

SGSN

D
S
L
A
M


NGN

GGSN,
SGSN,

,
3G

:
HLR ;
MG- ;
MGC ;
MRS- ;
SBC- ;
SGSN - GPRS;
GGSN GPRS.

-
-

-
-
(-)
-

- ,

- ,


()

- /
-
NGN, 3G,

3G

NGN

- NGN
3G

4.5
NGN
241

NGN
( ) NGN .
. ,
, , ,
. , NGN,
,
, .
,
. , , ,
, .
NGN -
/ , .

NGN (. . 4.6).
. 4.6.
() / . () , () ,
NGN. NGN
NGN :
() , , -, , ,
.
() , , ,
.

242


NGN


(
)


NGN

, ,
NGN

,
NGN (

NGN,
, /
)

:
,

4.6
NGN
, /
(
),
,
ISDN, Frame Relay, ATM, MPLS, Ethernet..
,
(TMN).
. 4.7 ,
NGN.
NGN NGN
( NGN) c . NGN.

.

243

"
"

,
NGN ( )
*,
.. DSLAM

*,
.. IAD/AGW

(MGC,SBC)

,,

* -

,
..MG
(
)

, ..
MG
(
)

"
"

C ..
SG;

( )

"

NGN"

-
NGN
,

:
()

4.7 NGN
NGN
.
NGN
.

NGN :
( )
NGN;
( , )
NGN
NGN .
,
NGN.
( , ), 244

,
NGN
,

(

)

, ,
, ,
,

"
NGN"

"
NGN"

NGN. 2
System,
3.2.1.
. 4.8
.

() ,

,
, ,
,

4.8

( ), ,
TMN(SNMP).
. 4.7
, . , NGN :
(-, , , ).

245

( ,
, ,
, ).
. 4.6 4.7 . ,
.
.
4.9.

4.9 C
NGN
,
NGN, () . , NGN,
(
NGN) 246

"
"

(
).
.
, NGN
--.
. 4.10 .
NGN ,
, , , NGN , , - .
,


(,
,

(, ,
,

..)

, , , ,
, ..

* -




, ,

4.10

. 4.10 - :
.
- .

247

,
(, ,
, ).

( - ,
).
, ,
(, ),
.
, ()
,
DSLAM
. (. Internet //. Network Wold.2008.78. . 20).
,
. ,
,
, ,
, .
NGN
,
. 4.5. , , ,
NGN. . 3.
NGN

, 3.
NGN,
NGN NGN.
NGN:
- ,
NGN.
248

NGN , ,
NGN
.
.
NGN
, .
NGN ()
NGN,
, ..
NGN - NGN ,
, , .
NGN,
:
.

.
(, ,
) NGN,
,
,
, - .
(
) NGN ( )
.

NGN,
/ NGN.
(,
) NGN.

249

-
NGN - .
:

- .
,
NGN .

NGN
( ).
CRM
,
.
:


.

NGN NGN.
NGN:
/ .

( )
() NGN.
.
-
,
.
NGN,
.
:
.
, .

250

( , , ).
NGN NGN - Y.2011 General principles and general reference model for
Next Generation Networks (2004.), 4
:
,
(, ).
, .
-
.
,
/ ,
( ).
[115, / . .. ..: -, 2008. 424 ], NGN
4 :
, , .
, ,
.
, ,
(softswitch), (SBC),
.

, , NGN .
NGN -
(,
), .
,
, NGN :

251

4.1 NGN
C





1
2
3
4
19:
80: 160:
6475


.
NGN

161:
7689
.

162:
130, 5760,
6475, 7689 .
81:
163:
133137,

6475, 76

164:
89

- .

165:

166:

82:

167:

168:
(softswitch)
169:

170:

133137,
6475, 76
89
.

83:

171:

172:
-
173:

NGN

133137,
77
79
.

NGN, , 252

. NGN.
, ,
,
1. , NGN
( )
- , , , . , eTOM
. .3050,
-. , ,
. .
, () .
.
(, ) , . ,
. .

.
, , ,
, , .

. ,
253

.
( NGN)
, (
NGN ).

.

.


.
, -
-



.
- , -
,
. ,


.
, -
.
:
, .
, ;


254


;
, , ,
;

/ , ,
.
NGN

- , ,
:
( ),
NGN
NGN.
, API, , NGN.

NGN.
NGN , NGN
NGN .
.
NGN NGN
, ,
- NGN, NGN.
API .
CORBA, SOA. 255

NGN


. .
, ,
NGN
. OSS .

256












( )


-


( )

-




, IEC
-




( )

257








DECT



,
, .




( )
() , NGN






DECT
()
( )



()
( )
-




()

258

AAL
ADSL
AGW
API
AS
ATM
AuC
BML
BRAS
BSS
CDMA
CI
CIM
CORBA
CRM
CSMA/CD
CTP
DIMM
DSL
DSLAM
DWDM
EI
EIR
EML
EMS
ERP
eTOM




-
ATM Adaptation Layer,

Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line,



Access Gateway,
Application Programming Interface,
Application Server,
Asynchronous Transfer Mode,
Authentication Center,
Business Management Layer, TMN
BroadBand Remote Access Server, ()
Business Support System,

Code division multiplexing access,


Configuration Item,
Common Information Model,
Common Object Request Broker Architecture,
( )
Customer Relationship Management, ()
Carrier sense multiple access with collision detection,
Circuit Termination Point,
Dual In-line Memory Module,
Digital Subscriber Loop,
Digital subscriber line access multiplexer,

Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing,

Equipment Identity, ()
Equipment Identity Register,
Element Management Layer,
Element Management System,
Enterprise Resource Planning System,
enhanced Telecom Operations Map, ()

259

ETSI
FMC
FDDI
FTTB
FTT
FDQAM
FXO
FXS
GDMO
GGSN
GPRS
GSM
HDB-3
HLR
HTML
JDBC

J2EE
IAD
IEEE
IETF
IMS
IN
IP
IP
IPLR
IPTV

European Telecommunication Standard Institute, ()


Fixed Mobile Convergence, ()
Fiber Distributed Data Interface,
Fiber To The Building,
Fiber To The urb,

Frequency Division Quadrature Amplitude Modulation,


Foreign Exchange Office, /
Foreign Exchange Station, /
Guidelines for Definition of Managed Objects,

Gateway GPRS Support Node, GPRS
General Packet Rate Switching,
.
Global System for Mobile Telecommunications,

High-Density Bipolar of Order, 3-
Home Location Register,
HyperText Markup Language, ( )
Java DataBase Connectivity,
Java (- Java-
)
Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition, Java 2, ( )
Integrated Access Device,
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers,
Internet Engineering Task Force,

IP multimedia subsystem, IP
Intelligent Network,
Internet Protocol,
Intelligent Periphery,
IP Packet Loss Ratio, IP
Internet Protocol Television, IP

260

ISDN
ISDN BRI
ISDN PRI
ISO
IT
ITU
ITU-T
LMDS

MG
MGC
MMDS
MPLS
MRS
NGN
NMS
ODBC
OMG
OSI
OS
OSS
QoS
QAM
SBC
SCP
SDP
SDH
SGSN
SID
SLA

Integrated Service Digital Network,


,
ISDN Basic Rate Interface,
.
ISDN Primary Rate Interface,
International Standard Organization,

Information Technology,
International Telecommunication Unit,
International Telecommunication Unit Standardization Sector,
Local Multipoint Distribution System, ( , )
Media Gateway,
Media Gateway Controller,
Multichannel Multipoint Distribution System, ()
Multi-Protocol Label Switch,

Media Resource Server,
Next Generation Network,
Network Management System,
Open DataBase Connectivity, () ( API
, X/Open.)
Object Management Group, ( )
Open System Interconnections,
Operation System,
Operation Support System,
Quality of service,
Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (- ).
Session Boarder Controller,
Service Control Point,
Service Data Point,
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy,
Service Serving GPRS Support Node, GPRS
Shared Information/Data, /
Service Level Agreement,

261

SMP
SN
SNMP
SOA
SQL
SSP

Telnet
TISPAN

TMN
TMF
TP-PMD
TTP
PDU
UML
UMTS
V
VoIP
VPN
XML
X.25
WiMAX
WDM
2B1Q
3 GPP

Service Management Point,

Servise Node,
Simple Network Management Protocol,

Service-oriented architecture, ,
( )
Structured Query Language, ( , )
Service Switching Point,
Transaction Capability,
.
Telecommunications Network Protocol,
Telecommunications and Internet Converged Services and Protocols
for Advanced Networking, ETSI
Telecommunication Management Network,
TeleManagement Forum,
Twisted-Pair Physical Medium-Dependent,
,
Trail Termination Point, ().
Protocol Data Unit,

Unified Modelling Language,


Universal Mobile Telecommunications System, ( )
Virtual Container,
Voice over IP, IP
Virtual Privet Network, ()
eXtensible Markup Language,
,

Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access,

Wavelength-Division Multiplexing,
2 Binary 1 Quandary,
Third Generation Partnership Project, 3

262

7 2003 .
126- [120], [121,124],
-, [27, 102,105,118]:
-
, () .
,
( ) (, ). , () .
,
.
, .
, (),
. , ,
(, , ) ( ). .
.

.
, ,
- .
, , .
, ,
.
263


,
.
, , (
1597190).
, .
( ) :
;
;
,
;

.
( ).
(), , , . , () .
, . , ,
.
:
();
;
.
[116], ISO/IEC TR 14252: ANSI/IEEE
Std. 1003.01995. Information technology Guide to the POSIX Open System
Environment (OSE).1996.
, - ()
() ( 27.00289).
, 264

, ,
.
, .

.

, .
, , , , .
, -
.

() , ,
.
,
.
, , , () .

.
, - ()
() ( 27.00289).
, , , , () ()
.
,

. ,
265


, [36].
, , , ,
:
() , ,
;
()
;
,
( ).
, .
, ,
, . .
, ,
, 27 ,
.
.
, (200 /, 64 /, 1
/) [96].
( ),
.
,
, .
, .
NGN
,
NGN. NGN ,

266

NGN. NGN
[101,115].

, .
,
.
,
. , ,
, , .
, .
,
- (, , , , , ,
, , , ..), : , , , , (
2.10168).
, , () ,
-
, : , , ; (,
, .
,
.
/

( 45.005 2000).
, , ,
. .
, .
267


, ,
.
NGN ,

, NGN.
,
, , , .
() ,
, .
() , (Next
Generation Network, NGN) ,
QoS, , .
/
. ,

.
,
, ,
(, ).
NGN , ,
; , / ( ),
; .
,
, ,
.
,
, , , , , ,
, .

268

, , .
,
,
, .
,

.
(group link) ,
, , ,
.
(network link)

.
,

, .
, , , .
, .
(network node) , , , , .

.
TMN,
( , , ..),
.
( )
, . , . , [155].
269

. ( ) .
/ (, , ) [155].
,
.
(physical circuit) ,
.
, , , , , ,
, ,
.
( ) ( , )
, /.
, (Field
Replaceable Unit, FRU) ()
, , / () . / () [134,135].

270

1. . CMDB// .2007.
6. 4551.
2. . CMDB: // .12.2006.. 2935.
3. .. ADSL/ADSL2+: . .: , 2007. 384 .: .
4. .. SELT: //Connect!7.2005. .124129.
5. .. IP-//Connect!9.2005.
.216221.
6. .., .. OSS
: , , //. . 2003. 2(20) . 2931.
7. .., .. // .2008. 1.. 9196.
8. .., .. Inventory// .2008.3..6266.
9. .., .. : . .: . - , 1984. 208 .
10. , // Computerworld . 27 2007 . . 35.
11. . . // .Connect!
2008.6 c. 9899.
12. . IMS //
. 2005. 5.
13. = //
/LAN.2008.6.. 2426.
14. ., . NGN: IPCC vs.
TISPAN//Connect! .2006.4.
15. ., .
//Connect! .2008.1.. 44
47.
16. ., . OSS
//Connect! .2008.7.. 215.

271

17. .. . .: , 2003. 288 .:.


18. ..
TMN: , . .: , 2004 . 255
.
19. .. OSS //, .6, 2, 2008. . 82
87.
20. .. (NRI) /Connect! 2006. 3 ( 1). . 160 167; 2,
[http://www.connect.ru/article.asp?id=6644]; 3,
[http://www.connect.ru/article.asp?id=6712].
21. , , . IMS Java EE
SIP// .2008.3.. 6064.
22. ., . // 2008. 5. . 6771.
23. .. // . [http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2003/063.pdf]
24.
.

//.2008.6. . 5154.
25. ., ., ..
: , , .
, . , 2003.
384 .
26. , 1977 .
27. . . . . . 34.00390.
28. () . .
45.6896. .: , 1997. 24 .
29. , . CMDB ?//
.2007. 7. . 4859.
30. .., .., .. ,

. .: . . . . 1994. . 278.
272

31. .
SOA// . Connect! 2008.6. . 9093.
32. .. : , .:
; . ,2008.
200 .:.
33. ..
/. . . . .
... , 2008.36. .
[http://vak.ed.gov.ru/common/img/uploaded/files/vak/announcements/tec
hn/01-09-2008/MarderNS.doc]
34. ., ., . . .: , 1973. 344.
35. ., . :
. .: , 1978. . 312.
36. . . .
27.00289.
37.
, , . . 52155 2003.
38. . 45.1342000.
39. (pointtomultipoint) c (TDMA), 311 . 45.1652000.
40. 800 (CDMA) IS95. .
45.1772001.
41. / .. ,
.. , .. .; . .. ..
. .: , 1998.
42. . . 45.06499.
43.
. . 45.247
2002.
44. .., .. . .: , 2001.
273

45. .., .. .
. .: -, 2005. 288 .
46. . / Last mile.
: , , . 2008. 23. . 3843
47.
. . 45.12399.
48. . .
45.1742001.
49.
- , . 11 2005 ., 68.
50.
1 1999.,
1212.
51. ,

18 2005 87.
52. , .
19.10.1998 187.
53. . I. ,
7 ( 7), . 16 2006 . 59.
54. ,

, . 29 2005 . 102.
55.
. I.

IMT-MC-450, . 274

56.

57.

58.

59.

60.

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

28
2005 . 134.
. I. , .
10 2006 . 1.
, .
10 2006 . 40.
,
.
19 2006 . 46.
, , .
19 2006 . 47.
, . 24 2006 , 52.
, .
16 2006 . 60.
,
136-174 ,
403-470 , 890-960 , 1710-1990 , . 18 2006 . 62.

, .

30 2006 . 69.
,
, . 24
2006 , 113.
, .
23 2006 ,
151.

275

66. , .

23 2006 , 153.
67. , .
6.12.2007, 144.
68. , .
7.12.2006, 161.
69. ( ),

, . 7.12.2006, 159.
70.
, . 24 2006 . , 112.
71. , 7 ( 7)
, .
3 2006 ., 128.
72.

, 30.12.1997,
19.
73. . I.
, . 16 2006 . 132.
74. ,
, .
7 2006 .
158.
75. , . 7 2006 . 160.
76. ,
- 276

77.

78.

79.

80.

81.

82.

83.

84.

, , . 11 2006 . 166.

, .
10 2007 . 1.
. I.
30 66 , . 13 2007 . 19.
. II. , .
27 2007 . 24.
. I.

, .
27 2007 .
25.
. II.

, .
27 2007 .
26.
. III. , .
27 2007 . 27.

, .
22 2007 .
39.

. I.
IMT-MC-450, . 19 2007 .
48.
277

85.
. II.
GSM 900/1800. . 31 2007 . 58.
86. . III. , .
6 2007 . 60.
87.
. I.
DECT, . 10 2007 . 88.
88. . IV. - ,
.
15 2007 . 98.
89. , . I. ,
7 ( 7), .
11 2007 . 106.
90. . IV.

, . 12 2007 . 147.
91. - . I. - ,
7 ( 7), .
12 2007 .
148.
92. . II.
, . 278

93.

94.

95.

96.

97.

98.

99.
100.
101.

102.

24 2008
. 7.
. II. ,
, . 15 2008
. 15.
, . III. ,
. . 21 2008 . 44.
, . VI. , , . 21
2008 . 47.
, 13.02.2008 ., 19.
., . NGOSS:
. .
.: , 2007. 192 .
.
NGN IMS/HP

Open
Call.
.

2006.
[www.hp.ru/opencall/articles/ngn_ims/]

, 1980 .
. .: 2.0.
Y.2001
.
. , 2004. . 18.

2005 . 1,2,3,8,10 .: , 1996 .
279

103. . , 2005
. 2.0. ().
104. ., //
. 1996. 5-6. . 154-162.
105. . . . 159711992.
106. .
.
. 45.0052000.
107. : IBM//Connect!
.2008.3.. 104105.
108. . .
45.1282000.
109. .. NGN// .
2008.1. . 1820.
110. . .
45.1292000.
111. - . . 45.286.2002.
112. ,
(
IP). . 45.03899.
1, .
, . 15.04.2002.
113. ,
. . 45.176.2001.
114. ,
IP. . 45.04699..: .1999. 52 .
115. , (Softswitch) 45.3332002.
116. / .. .
.: -, 2004., 288 .

280

117. . .
Inventory.OSS//Connect!.2006.4.

[http://www.connect.ru/article.asp?id=6645]
118. , /.. , .. , .. ; . .
.. . .: , 2003. 548 .
119. ,
, 22 2005 . 32
. 13 2006 73.
120. 7 2003 126 .,
23.12.2003 186-,
09.02.2007 14-.
121. ,
27 2006, 149-.
122. 27
2002 . 184.
123.
1 2007 65.
124.
23 1992
35231 ( . 24.12.2002 N 177-,
02.11.2004 N 127-, 02.02.2006 N 19-)
125. .. ..: .
2004. 176 .
126. ., .., .. . ..: ,
2004.256 .
127. . ITSM, // .2007.6 .
2533.
128. .. // .2008.78..1617.
129. .., .., .. ./ . .. . ..:
, 2005. 368 .:.
130. IMS: . // .2007.3. 4447.
131. Divakara K. Udupa TMN: Telecommunications Management Network.
McGraw-Hill. 1999.

281

132. Don Jones The Defenitive Guide to Enterprise Network Configuration


and
Change
Management/Voyence.

[www.realtimepublishers.com]
133. Enterprise Management Associates, Planning for CMDB Design and
Adoption: An Industry Colloquium. 2005,
[www.nlayers.com/pdf]
134. ETSI TS 102 209 Telecommunications and Internet converged Services
and Protocols for Advancing Networks (TISPAN); Telecommunication
Equipment Identification/ETSI. February, 2004. V1.2.1.
135. ETSI TR 102 214 Services and Protocols for Advanced Networks
(SPAN); Result of the PNOs and Equipment Manufacturers questionnaires for identification of Equipment Unit/ETSI. May, 2003.
V1.1.1.
136. ETSI TR 180 000 Telecommunications and Internet converged Services
and Protocols for Advanced Networking (TISPAN);NGN Terminology/ETSI.February, 2006.V.1.1.1.
137. ETSI TS 188 001 Telecommunications and Internet Converged Services
and Protocols for Advanced Networking (TISPAN); NGN management;
OSS Architecture Release 1/ETSI. July, 2005.V 0.2.9.
138. ETSI TR 188 004 Telecommunications and Internet converged Services
and Protocols for Advanced Networking (TISPAN); NGN Management;
OSS vision/ETSI. May, 2005.V 1.1.1.
139. ETSI TS 102 359 Telecommunications and Internet converged Services
and Protocols for Advanced Networking (TISPAN); Equipment Information in the Management Information Base (MIB)/ETSI.October, 2004.
V1.1.1.
140. ETSI TS 32.101 Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
(UMTS);Telecommunication management; Principles and high level requirements (version 6.1.0 Release 6)/ETSI. December, 2004. V6.1.0.
141. ETSI TS 132 102 Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
(UMTS); Telecommunication management; Architecture (3GPP TS
32.102 version 6.3.0 Release 6)/ ETSI.June, 2004. V6.3.0.
142. ETSI TS 132 690 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase
2+); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); Telecommunication management; Inventory Management (IM): Requirements
(3GPP TS 32.690 version 6.1.0 Release 6)/ ETSI.September, 2005.
V6.1.0
143. ETSI TS 132 692 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+);
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); Telecommunication management; Inventory Management (IM) network resources Integration Reference Point (IRP): Network Resource Model (NRM)
282

144.

145.

146.

147.
148.
149.
150.
151.
152.
153.
154.
155.
156.
157.
158.
159.

(3GPP TS 32.692 version 6.2.0 Release 6)/ETSI.December, 2005.


V6.2.0.
ETSI TS 132 652 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+);
Telecommunication management; Configuration Management (CM);
GERAN network resources Integration Reference Point (IRP): Network
Resource Model (NRM) (3GPP TS 32.652 version 6.2.1 Release
6)/ETSI.January, 2006. V6.2.1.
GB921. enhanced Telecom Operations Map (eTOM) The Business Process Framework. Addendum D. Process Decompositions and Descriptons/TeleManagmentForum April 2005. Release 5.0.
GB922.
SID
Business
View:
Concepts
&
Principles/TeleManagmentForum November, 2005. Release 6.0 version
6.1.
HP key strategies for successful customer CMDB implementations.
White paper. 2007.
ISO/IEC TR 14252: 1996, ANSI/IEEE Std. 1003.01995. Information
technology Guide to the POSIX Open System Environment (OSE).
ITUT Recommendation X.700. Management framework for open system interconnection (OSI) for CCITT applications. 1992.
ITUT Recommendation X.701. Information technology. Open systems
interconnection. Systems Management overview. 1992.
ITUT Recommendation M.3010. Principles for a telecommunications
management network. 2000.
ITUT Recommendation M.3050.1 enhanced Telecom Operations Map
(eTOM) The business process framework. 2007.
ITUT Recommendation M.3050.2 enhanced Telecom Operations Map
(eTOM) Process decompositions and descriptions. 2007.
ITUT Recommendation M.3050.3 enhanced Telecom Operations Map
(eTOM) Representative process flows. 2007.
ITUT Recommendation M.3100. Generic network information model.
2005.
ITUT Recommendation M.3200. TMN management services and telecommunications managed areas: overview. 1997.
ITUT Recommendation M.3400. TMN management functions. 2000.
IETS 300 293. Telecommunications Management Network (TMN). Generic managed objects/ETSI. 1996.
Mauro Douglas D., Schmidt Kevin J. Essential SNMP.OReilly and Associates.USA.2001. 313.

283

160. Mistra Kundan OSS for telecom networks : an introduction to network


management.Springer-Verlag London Limited. London.2004. 302p.
161. Patterns: Implementing an SOA Using an Enterprise Service Bus.IBM.
International Technical Support Organization.2004, July.386p.
[www.ibm.com/redbooks]
162. Patterns: SOA with an Enterprise Service Bus in WebShere Application
Server v6.IBM. International Technical Support Organization.2005,
May.410p. [www.ibm.com/redbooks]
163. RFC 2233. The Interfaces Group MIB using SMIv2. IETF. November
1997.
164. RFC 2737. The Interfaces Group MIB using SMIv2. IETF. Desember
1999.
165. The Federated CMDB Vision. A Joint White Paper from BMC, CA, Fujitsu, HP, IBM, and Microsoft. 25 Jan 2007. Version 1.0.
166. Wilkinson N. Next Generation Network Services. Technologies and
Strategies. John Wiley& Sons, Ltd., 2002.

284

,

C

1
1 :

PDH
[52,73,79,86,
90]


2
1:


3
1:

(
PDH)

2:

3:

4:

2:

(,
)

285


4
1: 2048 / ( )
2: C 8448 / ( )
3: C 34 368 / ( )
4: C 8448 / (
)
5: 34 368 / (
)
6: 139 264 / ( )
7:
2048
8:
155 520 /
9:
622 080 /
10 :
2 488 320 /
11: 155 520 /
12: 34 368 /
13: 139 264
/
14:
15: E&M I

C

1


3
3:

(
PDH)

2:

SDH [65]

5:

4:


(),

6:

7:

8 :

5:

6:

,

;
7:

3 :

[42,58,59]

9:


4
16:
622 080 /
17:
2 488 320 /
18:
9 953 280 /
19:
155 520 /
20:
2 488 320 /
21:
22:
1-
23:
4-
24:
16-
25:
64-
26:


27:
28:

29:

30:

31: 8:
-
- 32:

33:

34:

286

C

1

9:

10:

11:


12:

[111]



,
10:


/,

/
11:

287


4
35:

36: ( )
37:
(

)
38:
39:
( )
40: .

,

41:
//

, L, S
42:
/


,

C

1


3
12:

(/ )

4
43:
(S) 1460 1529

44:
(-)
1529 1560
45:
(L) 1560 1625

46: 622
/
47: 2500
/
48: 10
000 /
13:


14: 11



15: 13

288

C

1

13:

()

14:


3
16:
-

/
17:

18:

( )
19:

( )
20:
(
)
21:
[57]

289


4

,

1416

49:
1
, 50 ,

50:
2
,

C

1

22:

23:

290


4
51:
3
,
, , ; ,


52:
4
,
,
,


5
53:
5
,
, , .
54:
6
;
()
-
.
55:

56:

C

1

4 :

[28,
53,64,89,91,9
3,94,95]


3
24:
.
25:

26:

(, , ..)
27:

15:

7
,
16:
28:

7


(, )

291


4
,

57: 2048
/ ( )
58: 2048 / ( Y)
59: STM-1
( )
60: STM-1 ( )

5,5

C

1


3
29:



()
30:



()
31:
(-)
,

32:



( )
33:



( )

292

C

1


2
17:


3
34:
, , DECT,




35:
, , DECT,





(ISDN BRI)
36:
, , DECT,





(ISDN
PRI)

293

C

1



3
4
37:
, , DECT,



.
18:
38:

,
- 16

-

39:
,

, -

40:

, ,

294

C

1
5 :

[39, 40, 43,


54,70,78,87]


2
19:


3
BB41:


(FXO)
BB42:

(FXS)
BB43:


BB44:

(S/T )
BB45:

(U)
46:

295


4

,

C

1


3
BB47:


V ..
)
BB48:
V5

BB49:
xDSL
50:

(Ethernet)
51:

PDH
52:


SDH
53:


(WDM)

296

C

1


3
54:

,


(ATM)
55:

,

(FR)
56:
,
IP
57:
,

(MPLS)
58:


-
FDDI



CDDI
BB59:

297

C

1

20:


3
60:
, WDM.
61: ,
Frame Relay
62: ,
IP
BB63:
64:


GSM900/1800
65:



IMTMC
(CDMA450)

298

C

1


3
66:



UMTS
(WCDMA)
67:


(CDMA800)
68:

DECT
(, )
69:
,

2,4
1 2
/ (
IEEE 802.11 )
70:
,

5
54
/ (
IEEE 802.11)

299

C

1


3
71:
,

2,4

22 /
( IEEE
802.11b)
72:
,

2,4
108
/ (
IEEE 802.11g)
73:

(
IEEE 802.15)
74:
802.16 (
802.16-2004
2
1
802.16-2005
802.16-2004/cor12005

)

300

C

1
6 :


[71]


2
21:
SP

22:

SSP
23:

SN

24:

SDP
25:

SMP

26:

SCEP


3
BB75: SCP
SSP, SCPIP, SCP
SCP, SCPSDP,
SDPSDP INAP
7.
76: SCP
MSC, SCP IP,
SCP SN, SCP
HLR, SCP SCP,
SN MSC, SN
IP, SN HLR, SN
SN, HLR IP

(MAP)
TCAP
7.
77: SCP HLR,
SCP MSC MAP
7.
78: SCP
SSP, SCP IP
CAMEL
(CAP)
TC 7.

301


4
61: 2048 / ( A),
62 : STM-1

63: STM-1 .

C

1
7 :

[38,67,112,
113]


2
27:
,


3


,

28:

79:


4

,

64: , (FR)
65:
10 000 / (10 Gigabit
Ethernet)

80:

66:
1 000 / (Gigabit

Ethernet)
67:
100 / (Fast Ethernet)
81:

68:
10 / (10BASE-FL,
10BASE-FP)
69: 1000 / (Gigabit
Ethernet)

82:

70: 100 / (Fast


Ethernet)
71: 10 / (Ethernet)
72:
Token Ring

302

C

1


3
83:

84:
X.25
85:
X.25

29: ,

ATM ( )
[47]

30:

[74]

86:

ATM
87:

ATM
88:
ATM
89:
,

90:

,

91:

()
92:
,

303


4
73: FDDI
74: CDDI
75:

,

76: Ethernet
(10 GBASE-S, 10 GBASE-L,
10 GBASE-E, 10 GBASE-LX4,
10 GBASE-CX4, 1000 BASEX, GBE, 100 BASE-X, 100
BASE-T, 10 BASE-F, 10
BASE-5, 10 BASE-2, 10
BASE-T).
77: PNT
78: PLT
79: Token Bus
80: Token Ring
81: FDDI
82: TP-PMD
83: 100VGAnyLan
84:
RS-232/V.24/V.28

C

1

8:

[55,84,85]

31:

GSM
900/1800


3
93:
,
,
.

85:

RS-422/RS-485/X.21/V.11
86:

V.35/V.28,
87:

RS-423/V.36/V.10
88:

RS-530
89 :

RS-449
94:
90:
2048
/ ( ).

91:

STM-1
155 520
95:
/.

92: ,
IP.

96:
- 93:
ATM
97:
( 1, 2
3)
98:
( P1)
99:

100:

304

C

1


3
101:

102:

103:


32:
104 :


IMT-MC

(cdma2000)

105:


106:

107:

108:

109:

110:

305

94:
2048
/ ( )
95:
STM-1
155520
/.

C

1

9 :

10:


2
33:
3G
(WCDMA,
CDMA-2000)

34:

.
35:

36:

37:

38:

SDH


3


,

104110


,


4

,

111:
pp

306


,

.

C

1
[80,81,82,88]


2
39:

PDH


3
112:

113:

40:

41:



,


,

307


4

,

.

96:
97:

98: 2,048
99: 34,368 /c
100: 51,84 /c
101: 155,52 /c
102: 155,52 /c
103: 622,08 /c

,


,

.

C


1
2
11:
42:
- [60]


( )


3
114:
, , .
115:
, , .
116:
, ,
.
117:
, ,
.
118:
,




.

308


4

,

C

1


2
43:

( ) [42]


3
119:


,
44: - 120:
- [66]

121:

122:

,
123:

.
124:

309


4

,


,

.

C

1


3
125:



.
126:


(MMDS ),
(LMDS )

(MVDS).
127:



.
128:

( )
.
129:


310

C

1

45:
,
, , ,
,
46:


12:
47:

,


SMTP.
48:
[69,76,77,
110,114]
,

RADIUS


3
130:

.
131:


(HDFS)
132:


(mmwFS2).


,

133:

134:

311

C

1


2
49:
,

DNS.
50:
,

FTP.
51:

52:

53:


IP (,
proxy

SIP),

,

IP


3
()
135:



2048 /

(
30B+D) ISDN PRI;
136:




ISDN BRI
(
2B+D).
137:

312

C

1

13:

[56,83,92]


2
54:


IP,

IP,

,

55: (
,

.323,

SIP)
56:

(Ethernet)

138:

139:
-

313

C

1

57:
[62,63]

58:

58 :

140:

141:
I
V
.
142:

65,9 74
87,5 107,9

143:





,

.
144:
104:

2048 /, 8448

/, 34368 /
105:
() 115 /,
30 /
145:
106:

314

C

1

14:

[61]

60:

15:

[75]

61:

62:
()
63

148:

149:



,
150:


151: -

4
108 106 /
107:

270 /
146:
108:

655
147: - /
() 109:



100BASE-TX, 100BASE-FX,
100BASE-T4

315

C

1

64:

152:

153:
,


65: 154:

155:

156:


157:

.
158:

.
159:

316

C

1
16:

[68]

17 :


2
66: ()
67: ()
68: ()
69: ()
70:

()
71:

()
72:

( ).
73:
74 :
75:
76:
()



3
4
,

317

C

1
18:


2
77:



3
4
,

78:

79:

1.
6062 14 , ,

.
9.01.2008, 1.

318

.
,
31
2004 . 896.
I. ,
1. , - :
1) ;
2) ;
3) ;
4) ;
5) ;
6) ;
7) .
2. :
1) ;
2) - .
3. , .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. :
1) ;
2) .
9. .
10. .
II. ,
11. .
12. ,
.
13. :
1) ;
2) ;
3) ;
4) .
14. - - .
15. .
16. .
17. .

319

III. ,
18.
.
19. .
IV. ,

20. .
21. .
V.
22. ,
.
23. :
1) - ;
2) ;
3) ;
4) .
24. .
25. .
26. .
27. .
28. , , ,
.
VI. , ,
29. , , - .
30. , , - .
31. , , - .
VII. , .

320

.

:
,
00493. III ( . 1/94, 2/95, 3/96
) ( . 4/2001 , . 01.02.2002, ., 06.11.2001 454-).

3132000 ,

3132101
3132102
3132103 -
3132104
3132105
3132106
3132111
3132112
3132113
3132114 ,
3132115
3132116
3132117
3132118
3132119
3133000 ,
3133101
3133102
3133107
3133108
3133109
3134000 ,

3220000 -
;

;
3221000 , ;

321

3221100
3221101 -
3221102 -
3221103 -
3221104 -
3221105 -
3221106
3221107 -
3221110
3221111 24
3221112 24 300
3221113 300
3221120
3221121 ,
, - ,
3221122
3221123
3221124
3221125
3221126
3221127
3221128 -

3221130
3221131 -
3221132
3221133
3221134
3221135
3221136
3221137
3221138 - ()
3221140 ,
3221141
3221142 -
3221143 ,
3221220

322

3222000

3222100
3222101
3222102
3222103

3222104
3222105
3222106

3222110 ,
3222111 ,
3222112
3222113 , ,

3222120 ( )
3222130
3222131
3222132
3222133

3222134
3222135
3222140
3222141
3222142
3222143 ,
3222144
3222145
3222146
3222147
3222150 , ,
3222151

323

3222152 ,
,
3222153
3222154
3222155 , ,

3222156
()
3222157
3222160 ()
3222161
3222162
3222163
3222170 -

3222171 ,
3222172
3222173 , ,
3222174 , ,
3222175 , , ,
3222180 ,
3222181
3222182
3222183
3222190
3222191

3222192

3222193
3222194

3222195

3222196 ,
3222200

324

3222201

3222202

3222203

3222204
3222210

3222211
3222212 - -
3222213
3222214
3222215
3222216
3222217 ,
3222220
3222221

3222222

3222230
3222231

3222232
3222240
3222250 :
3222251
3222252
3222253 , , , , ,
3222254 -
3222255

325

3222256 , ,

3222257 -
3222260 :

3222261
3222262
3222263
3222264
3222265
3222270
3222271
3222272
3222273
3222274
3222275
3222540
3222550
3222560

326

-
( )
101000 . , ., . 14, . 1