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The natural beauty

Mausolea on the bank of the Betwa River. The natural beauty of Madhya Pradesh is equally varied. Consisting largely of a plateau streaked with the hill ranges of the Vindhyas and the Satpuras, the to the main river system - Narmada and the Tapti, running from east to west, and theChambal, Sone, Betwa, Mahanadi west to east. Spectacular mountain ranges, meandering rivers dotted with hills and lakes and miles and miles of dense forests offering a unique and exciting panorama of wildlife in sylvan surroundings. State has everything. The hills give rise

One third of the state is forested and offers a unique and exciting panorama of wildlife. In the one National has the Parks rare of Kanha, Bandhavgarh, Shivpuri and many others opportunity to see the tiger, the bison and a wide variety of deer and antelope in sylvan surroundings.

World heritage sites


Although the modern state of Madhya Pradsh came into being in 1956, its cultural heritage is ancient and chequered. Innumerable monuments, exquisitely carved temples, stupas, forts and palaces on hilltops, raise in the visitors mind visions of empires and kingdoms, of the great warriors and builders, poets and musicians, saints and philosophers; of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam. The famous Sanskrit poet-dramatist Kalidasa and the great musician of the Mughal court, Tansen, were from Madhya Pradesh. Several cities in Madhya Pradesh are extraordinary for their architecture and Four sites in Sites by UNESCO: or Madhya Pradesh have scenic been declared World beauty. Heritage

The Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986)


The Khajuraho Group of Monuments in Khajuraho (Hindi: ), a town in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, located in Chhatarpur District, about 620 kilometres (385 mi) southeast of New Delhi, are one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples, famous for theirerotic sculpture. The

Khajuraho group of monuments has been listed as a UNESCOWorld Heritage Site, and is considered to be one of the "seven wonders" of India. The name Khajuraho, ancient "Kharjuravhaka", is derived from

the Sanskrit wordskharjura = date palm and vhaka = "one who carries".

The Devi Jagadambi temple (1986)


Devi Jagadambika of temple or Jagadambika temple of a group about 25 temples at Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh, India. Heritage site. The temples of Khajuraho were built by the rulers of the Chandella dynasty between the 10th and the 12th centuries. Khajuraho is aWorld

Apsara,

Devi

Jagadambi

Temple,

Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh, India. Devi Jagadambika temple, in a group to the north, is one of the most finely decorated temples at Khajuraho, with numerous erotic carvings. Three bands of carvings encircle the body of the temple. In the sanctum is an enormous image of the goddess Devi.

Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989)


Sanchi is a small village in Raisen District of the state of Madhya Pradesh, India, it is located 46 km north east of Bhopal, and 10 km from Besnagar and Vidisha in the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the location of several Buddhistmonuments dating from the 3rd century BCE to the 12th century CE and is one of the important places of Buddhist pilgrimage. It is a nagar panchayat in Raisen and courage. The 'Great Stupa' at Sanchi was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka the Great in the 3rd century BCE. Its nucleus was a simple hemispherical brick districtin the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Toranas surround the Stupa and they each represent love, peace, trust,

structure built over the relics of the Buddha. It was crowned by the chatra, a parasol-like structure symbolising high rank, which was intended to honour and shelter the relics

The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003)


The Bhimbetka rock shelters an archaeologicalWorld Heritage site located in Raisen District in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The Bhimbetka shelters exhibit the earliest traces of human life in India; a number of analyses suggest that at least some of these shelters were inhabited by man for in excess of 100,000 years.[1][2] Some of the Stone Age rock paintings found among the Bhimbetka rock shelters are approximately 30,000 years old. The name Bhimbetka is associated with Bhima, a hero-deity renowned for his immense strength, from the epic Mahabharata.[4] The word Bhimbetka is said to derive fromBhimbaithka, meaning "sitting place of Bhima

Significant sites
Other architecturally significant or scenic sites include:

Amarkantak
Amarkantak : The one with the voice of God) is a pilgrim town and a nagar panchayat in Anuppur District in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Also called "Teerthraj" (the king of pilgrimages), Amarkantak region is a unique natural heritage area and is the meeting point of the Vindhyas and the Satpuras, with the Maikal Hills being the fulcrum. This is where the Narmada River, the Sone River and Johila River emerge.

Asirgarh
Asirgarh Qila (Hindi: ;; ) is an Indian fortress (qila) situated in the Satpura Range, about 20 km north of the town of Burhanpur, in Burhanpur District of Madhya Pradesh state. The fortress commands a pass through the Satpuras connecting the valleys of the Narmada and Tapti rivers, one of the most important routes from northern India to the Deccan in the southwest. It is known as the "key to the Deccan". This fort was built by Asa Ahir an Ahir King, its original name being Asa Ahir Garh. By subsequent usage three middle letters were

Bawangaja
Bawangaja is a famous Jain pilgrim center in the Barwani district of Madhya Pradesh in India. Its main attraction is the world's tallest statue,(carved out of mountain) of the first Jain Tirthankara (saint) Adinatha. The statue is 84 feet (26 m) high, and was created early in the 12th century. The statue is supported

from the back unlike one at Shravanabelagola inKarnataka, India. The center is located in the Satpura ranges and is 8 km from a Barwanitown. In the heart of India , stands Madhya Pradesh and in the heart of Madhya Pradesh is Malwa, known for its glorious cultural and historical backgrounds. The region of Malwa has charming natural locations between the Satpura and the Vindhyachals. This land is made holy by the water of the Narmada , the Kshipra and the Chambal. The mountains of Satpura had been the favorite place of great ascetics and preceptors for practicing penance. The land of Bawangaja had been the land of penance for several great religious dignities. In the middle of the Satpura, at the height of 4,000.6 ft (1,219.4 m). is the idol of the founder of Jainism the first Tirthankar Rishabh Dev, carved on single stone, with height of 25.6 metres. (84 ft). This place is known as Bawangaja. The idol here is the highest in the world and rich in art. For hundreds of years this captivating idol, standing in the posture of meditation, exhibits the heights of detachment, quietness, art and expressions.

Bhopal
Bhopal (Hindi: ) is the capital of the Indian state ofMadhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Bhopal District and Bhopal Division. The city was the capital of the former Bhopal state. Bhopal is also known as the Lake City[2] (or City of Lakes[3]) for its various natural as well as artificial lakes and is one of the greenest cities in India. The city attracted international attention after the Bhopal disaster, when a Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide manufacturing plant leaked a mixture of deadly gases includingmethyl isocyanate on the night of 2/3 December 1984, leading to one of the worst industrial disasters in history and a loss of thousands of lives. Many more were rendered sick and have been facing chronic health problems such as psychological and neurological disabilities, blindness, skin, vision and breathing disorders[5] and the children, whose parents or even grandparents (i.e. second generation) were exposed to the gas, still suffer from

serious birth defects.[6][7] The soil and ground water near the factory site, has been contaminated by the toxic wastes and other chemicals still leaking from the factory. The Indian government, however, maintains that no such pollution has taken place or that any such toxins are even present at the site.[10] Since then, Bhopal has been a center of protests and campaigns which have been joined by millions from across the globe.

Gwalior
Gwalior is a city in Madhya Pradesh,India, lying 122 kilometres (76 mi) south of Agra, and 423 kilometres (263 mi) north of Bhopal, the state capital.Gwalior occupies a strategic location in the Gird region of India, and the city and its fortress have served as the center of several of historic northern Indian kingdoms. Gwalior is the administrative headquarters of Gwalior district and Gwalior division. The Gwalior Fort has changed hands many times, from the Tomaras in the 8th century the British. The city has several important educational institutions including the Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Indian Institute of Travel and Tourism Management,Scindia School, Madhav Institute of Technology and Science and Laxmibai National Institute of Physical Education. . Madhya Pradesh being very large geographically, and the history being spread over several millennia, a developing a comprehensive picture of heritage and architecture is a monumental task. it passed on to the Mughals, then the Marathas under the Scindias (1754), followed briefly byLakshmi Bai of Jhansi, Tatiya Tope and

National Parks

Madhya Pradesh is home to several National Parks, including:

Bandhavgarh National Park


Bandhavgarh National Park is one of the popular national parks in India located in the Umaria district ofMadhya Pradesh. Bandhavgarh was declared a national park in 1968 with an area of 105 km. The buffer is spread over the forest divisions of Umaria and Katni and totals 437 km. The park derives its name from the most prominent hillock of the area, which is said to be given byHindu Lord Rama to his brother Lakshmana to keep a watch on Lanka (Ceylon). Hence the name Bandhavgarh (Sanskrit: Brother's Fort). This park has a large biodiversity. The density of the tiger population at Bandhavgarh is one of the highest known in India. The park has a large breeding population of Leopards, and various species of deer. Maharaja Martand Singh of Rewa captured the first white tiger in this region in 1951. This white tiger, Mohan, is now stuffed and on display in the palace of the Maharajas of Rewa.

Kanha National Park


Kanha ricts Pradesh, India. divided sanctuaries, into Hallon National Park is a national park and a Tiger Reserve in st the Mandla andBalaghat di of Madhya In the two and

1930s, Kanha area was

Banjar, of 250 and 300 km each. Kanha National Park was created on 1 June, 1955. Today it stretches over an area of 940 km in the two districts Mandla and Balaghat. Together with a surrounding buffer zone of 1,067 km and the neighboring 110 km Phen Sanctuary it forms the Kanha Tiger Reserve[1]. This makes it the largest National Park in Central India[2] The park has a significant population of Royal Bengal Tiger, leopards, the sloth bear,Barasingha and Indian wild dog. The lush sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows and ravines of Kanha provided inspiration to Rudyard Kipling for his famous novel

Satpura National Park


Satpura National Park is located in district Hoshangabad of Madhya Pradesh inIndia. It gets the name from Satpura hill ranges (Mahadeo hills). It covers an area of 524 km. Satpura National Park, and along with the adjoining Boriand Panchmarhi Sanctuaries, provides 1427 km of unique Central Indian Highlandecosystem. It was set up in 1981.

The terrain of the national park is extremely rugged and consists of sandstone peaks, narrow gorges, ravines and dense forests. The altitude ranges from 300 m to 1352 m. It has Dhoopgarh peak as high as 4500 feet (1400 m) and the almost level plains of Churna. The nearest town to the national park is Pachmarhi and the nearest railhead is Piparia at a distance of 55 km. The state capital Bhopal is situated at a distance of 210 km. Satpura National Park, being part of a unique ecosystem, is very rich in biodiversity. The fauna comprises tiger, leopard, sambar, chital, Bhedki, nilgai, four-horned antelope,chinkara, bison (gour), wild boar, wild dog, bear, black buck, fox, porcupine, flying squirrel, mouse deer, Indian Giant squirrel etc. There are a variety of birds. Hornbillsand peafowl are the common birds. The flora of the national park and consists a of variety

mainly sal, teak, tendu, aonla, mahua, bel,bamboo, of grasses and medicinal plants.

Madhav National Park


Madhav National Park is situated in Shivpuri District of Gwalior region in northwestMadhya Pradesh, India. It is the ancestral home of the line of Ali Khan, a region based in Punjab, and most famous for the laws of commonly credited with defining modern day jurisprudence. Shivpuri town is located at 2540' North, 7744' East on Agra toBombay National Highway-3. Shivpuri is steeped in the royal legacy of its past, when it was the summer capital of the Scindia rulers of Gwalior. Earlier its dense forests were the hunting grounds of the Mughal emperors. Emperor Akbar captured herds of elephants for his stables while returning from Mandu in year 1564. This National Park has a varied terrain of forested hills and flat grasslands around the lake. It is very rich inBiodiversity.

Nature reserves

There are also a number of nature preserves, including:

Narwar
Narwar is a town and a nagar panchayat in Shivpuri district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. NARWAR is a historic town and fort just east of the Kali Sindh River and is situated at a distance of 42 km from Shivpuri. Narwar was known as Narwar District during the times of Gwalior State. It is mentioned in many as medieval Nalpura (Nala's town) Sanskrit inscriptions. The Narwar Fort is famous for its architecture and is very ancient. The fort is surrounding by the river Kali Sindh. There are 3 dams namely as Harsi Dam ,Mohini Sagar and Atal

Sagar. The narwar is a very good tourist place due to its surroundings by river Kali Sindh and archaeological importance of Narwar Fort. Presently the Fort is being renovated by the Archaeological Survey of India. How to Reach : The nearest Airport Gwalior is 120 km and the Railway Stations are Gwalior, Dabra, Shivpuri and Jhansi. The Road Transport is about 120 KM from Gwalior, 70 km from Dabra, 42 km from Shivpuri.

Chambal
The Chambal River is a tributary of the Yamuna River in central India, and forms part of the greater Gangetic drainage system. The river flows northnortheast through Madhya Pradesh, running for a time through Rajasthan, then forming the boundary between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh before turning southeast to join the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh state.[1] It is a legendary river and finds mention in ancient scriptures. The perennial Chambal originates at Manpura, south of Mhow town, near Indore, on the south slope of theVindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh. The Chambal and its tributaries drain the Malwaregion of northwestern Madhya Pradesh, while its tributary, the Banas, which rises in the Aravalli Range, drains southeastern Rajasthan. It ends a confluence of five rivers, including Bhareh in the Uttar Chambal, Kwari, Yamuna, Sind, Pahuj, at Pachnada near

Pradesh state, at the border of Bhind and Etawah districts. The Chambal River is considered pollution free,[2] and hosts an amazing riverine faunal assemblage including 2 species of crocodilians the mugger and gharial, 8 species of freshwater turtles, smooth-coated otters, gangetic river dolphins, skimmers, black-bellied terns, sarus cranes and black-necked storks, amongst others.

Pachmarhi

Pachmarhi (Hindi: )

is

a hill

station in Madhya

Pradesh state of

central India, also known for the Pachmarhi Cantonment. It is widely known as "Satpura ki Rani" (Queen ofSatpura), situated at a height of 1000 m in a valley of the Satpura Range in Hoshangabaddistrict. The highest point in the central India region and the Vindhya and Satpura range;Dhupgarh at 1100 m is located here.

Bhedaghat
Bhedaghat is a town and a nagar panchayat in Jabalpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is situated by the side of river Narmada and is approximately 20 km fromJabalpur city. Its most famous sights are the Duandhar Falls, Marble Rocks, and the Chausath Yogini temple The temple is one of the four major extant temples containing carvings of sixty four yogini, female yoga mystics. It was built in the 10th century under the Kalachuri empire. It commands a view of the whole area around and of the river flowing through the marble rocks.

Fairs and festivals

Dance Festivals in Madhya Pradesh Customs and beliefs in each area in Madhya Pradesh have added colour to the fairs and festivals.Shivratri in Khajuraho, Bhojpur, Pachmarhi and Ujjain; Ramanavami in Chitrakoot and Orchha,Bhagoriya dance in Jhabua and the annual festival of dances at Khajuraho are events for the tourists to remember. The Malwa festival in Indore, Mandu and Ujjain, and the Pachmarhi festival bring alive the rich folk and tribal culture of the state in colourful celebrations.

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