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Distribution authorized to U.S. Gov't. agencies and their contractors; Administrative/Operational Use; Feb 1970. Other requests shall be referred to HQ U.S. Army Materiel Command, Attn:

AMCRD-TV, Washington, DC 20315.

AUTHORITY

USAMC ltr, 14 Jan 1972

THIS PAGE IS UNCLASSIFIED

AMC PAMPHLET

AMICP 706-260

01

ENGINEERING DESIGN HANDBOOK

GUNS

SERIES

AUTOMATIC

WEAPONS

Reproduced by Ihe

C LEAR

INGHOUSE

for Federal Scientific & Technical

Information Springfield Va. 22151

'

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{

HEADQUARTERS, U.S. ANYi MATERIEL COMMAND

7r7

il~~~

 
 

.....

.

.

.

FEBRUARY 1910'

AC PAMPHLET

No.

7C6-260

HEADQUARTERS

UNITED STATES ARMY MATERIEL WASHINGTON, D. C. 20315

COMMAND

ENGINEERlNG

DSti

HANDBOOK

AUTOMATIC WEAPONS

5 February 1970

Paragraph

 

LIST OF

ILLUSTRATIONS .........................

LIST OF

LIST OF

TABLES .......

.......................

SY4BOLS ..............................

PREFACE ......

...........................

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION

1-1

SCOPE AND PURPOSE ..........................

...........................

1-2

1-3

GENERAL ......

DEFINITIONS ...............................

.

I-4

DESIGN PRINCIPLES FOR AUTOMATIC WEAPONS .-

CHAPTER 2.

BLOWBACK WEAPONS

2-1

2-2

GENERAL ...... ........................... SIMPLE BLOWBACK ......

2-2.1

.................... SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS ..................

....

.............

....................

.....................

...

2-2.2

2-2.2.1

TIME OF CYCLE ........................

Recoil Time ..........

2--2.2.2

Counterrecoll Time ......

2-2.2.3

2-2.3

Totul Cycle Time ......

EXAMPLE OF SIMPLE BLOWBACK GUN ..........

2-2.3.1

Specifications .........................

..........

2-2.3.2

Computed Design Data .....................

2-2.3.3

Case Travel During Propellant Gas Period

.

2-2.3.4

2-2.3.5

Sample Problem of Case Travel ................ Driving Spring Design ............

2-3

ADVANCED

............. PRIMER IGNITION BLOWBACK ........

2-3.1

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS .....................

2-3.2

SAMPLE CALCULATIONS OF ADVANCED

.........................

2-3.2.1

2-3.2.2

PRIMER IGNITION ..... ...................... Firing Rate ......

Driving Spring Design ......................

2-4

DELAYED BLOWBACK ......................

 
 

.

2-4.1

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS .....................

2-4.2

DYNAMICS OF DELAYED BLOWBACK .............

2-4.3

SAMPLE PROBLEM FOR DELAYED

2-4.3.1

BLOWBACK ACTION ......................... Specifications

...........................

2-4.3.2

Design Data

..... .........................

2-4.4

COMPUTER ROUTINE FOR COUNTERRECOILING

BARREL DYNAMICS

.............

2-4.5

SPRINGS

..............................

2-4.5,1

Driving Spring

.........................

2-4.5.2

2-4.5.3

2-5

Barrel Spring

Buffer Spring

RETARDED

...... ........................ BLOWBACK .........................

2-5.1

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS ..................

Page

v

viii

x

xviii

I-I

-I

I-I

1

2-1

2-3

2-3

2-4

2-5

2-6

2-7

2-8

2-8

2-8

2-10

2-10

2-1I

2-12

2-12

2-13

2-13

2-15

2-17

2-17

2-18

2-24

2-24

2-24

2-33

2-37

2-37

2-39

2-39

2-40

2-40

AMCP 706-260

TABLE OF COMTENTS (Con'!.)

 

Page

2-5.2

DYNAMICS OF RETARDED BLOWBACK ..........

2-40

2-5.2.1

Kinematics

of the Linkage .....

..................

2-40

2-5.2.2

Equations of Dynamic IEqudii

m .................

.

3

2-5.2.3

Digital Computer Program for the Dynamic Anal) si

.......................

2-44

2-6

RATING OF BLOWBACK WEAPONS .............

2-47

CHAPTER 3. RECOIL-OPERATED WEAPONS

3-. 1

GENERAL ..............................

..

3-1

3--2

LONG RECOIL DYNAMICS .......................

3-1

3-3

SAMPLE PROBLEM - LONG RECOIL MACHINE GUN

3

-1

3-3.1

SPECIFICATIONS ........................

.....................

3-I

3-3.2

DESIGN DATA ........

3-1

3-4

SHORT RECOIL DYNAMICS ..................

3-9

3-5

SAMPLE PROBLEM - SHORT RECOIL MACHINE GUN

3-9

3-5.1

SPECIFICATIONS

........................

3-9

3-5.2

DESIGN DATA

...............

..............

3-9

3-6

ACCELERATORS

............................

ACCELERATOR ............

3--15

3-7

SAMPLE PROBLEM -

3-17

3-7.1

SPECIFICATIONS

........................

3-17

3--7.2

DESIGN DATA

..........................

3-17

3--8

RAT*NG OF RECOIL-OPERATED

GUNS

...........

3-21

CHAPTER 4. GAS-OPERATED WEAPONS

4--i

GENERAL RJEQUIREMENTS

..................

4-1

4-2

TYPES OF GAS SYSTEMS ....................

4--i

4.-3

CUTOFF EXPANSION SYSTEM .................

4-1

4-3.1

MECHANICS OF THE SYSTEM ................

4-1

4-3.1.1

Gas Filling Period ..........

...............

.....................

.........................

4-6

4--?.1.2

Bolt Locking Cam ......

4-9

4-3.1,3

4-3.2

Cam Curve ......

SAMPLE PROBLEM FOR CUTOFF EXPANSION

4-15

SYSTEM ..............................

4-47

4-3.2.1

Specifications ...........................

4-17

4-3.2.2

Design Data, Computed ........................

4-17

4-3.2.3

Counterrecoll Computed Data ...................

4-19

4-3.2.4

Counterrecoil Time ..... .....................

4-20

4-3.2.5

Recoil Time ..........................

4-23

4-3.2.5.1

Recoil Time,

Decelerating

4-23

4-3.2.5.2

4-3.3

............. DIGITAL COMPUTER ROUTINE FOR CUTOFF

Recoil Time,

Accelerating

4-24

EXPANSION ................................

4-28

4-3.3.1

Gas Dynamics

Gas Dynamics

Before Cutoff .....................

................

....

4-28

4-3.3.2

4-3.3.2.1

After Cutoff .....

Bolt Unlocking During Helix Traverse ............

4-29

4-29

4-3.3.2.2

Bolt

Unlocking

During

Parabola Traverse ..........

4-29

4-3.3.2.3

Bolt Unlocked, Bolt Traveling With

Operating Rod ............

..........

4-31

AMCP 7M0

 

TABLE OF

CONTENTS

(Con't.)

Paragraph

Page

4-3.3.3

Dynamics Aftr Gas Cylinder Operations ..........

 

4-32

4-3.3.3.;

u

SIIA

,uYa

..

....

......................

 

-2

4-3.3.3.2

Counterrecoll Dynamics ......................

4-35

4-3.33.3

Bolt Locking Dynamics ......

..................

 

4-36

4-3.3.3.4

Firing Kte

......

 

........................

4-3?

4-3.4

SPRINGS .................................

4-37

4-3.4.1

Driving Spring ......

 

4-37

4-3.4.2

Buffer Spring .....

 

.........................

 

4-37

4-4

THE TAPPET SYSTEM .........................

4-38

4-4.1

SAMPLE PROBLEM ..........................

4-38

4-4.1.1

Specifications ................................

4-38

4-4.1.2

Preliminary Design Data .....

 

4-38

4-4.1.3

Design Data, Computed ........................

 

4-38

4-4.1.4

Spring Design Data .....

.....................

4-45

 

CHAPTER 5. REVOLVER.TYPE MACHINE GUNS

 

5-1

SINGLE BARREL TYPE ......

..................

 

5-1

5-1.1

PRELIMINARY DYNAMICS OF FIRING CYCLE

 

5-2

5-1 .1.1

Sample Problem

of Preliminary Firing Rate Estimate

.

.

5-7

5-1.1.2

Analysis of Cam Action ........................

 

5-8

5-1.1.2.1

Sample Calculation of Cam Action .....

............

5-14

5-1.1.2.2

Driving Spring

 

.

-18

5-1.2

FINAL ESTIMATE OF THE COMPLETE FIRING CYCLE

 

5--48

5-1.2.1

Control of Recoil Travel During Propellant Gas Period

 

.

.

5-20

5-1.2.2

Operating Cylinder Design .

..................

.5-23

5-1.2.3

Dynamics of Simultaneous Adapter-operating

 

Cylinder Action ..........

..........

5-31

5-1.2.4

Sample Calculation for Complete Firing Cycle

 

5-32

5-1.2.4.1

Counterrecoil Time of Recoiling Parts ....

.........

5-33

5-1.2.4.2

Digital Computer Analyses of Barrel-drum Dynamics

.

.

.

5-37

5-1.2.4.3

Firing

Rate Computation .....

..................

5-39

5-2

DOUBLE

BARREL TYPE

 

5-46

5-2.1

FIRING

CYCLE

5-46

5-2.1.1

Cam Function ......

 

.......................

 

5-46

5-2.1.2

Loading and Ejecting

.............

5-48

5-2.1.3

Ammunition Feed System .....

.................

5-48

5-2.2

DYNAMICS OF FIRING CYCLE ................

 

5-49

5--2.2.1

Cam Analysis

 

.........................

 

5-50

5-2.2.2

Energy Concept ......

......................

5-52

5-2.2.3

Digital Computer Program for Firing Cycle .........

 

5-52

 

CHAPTER 6.

MULTIBARREL MACHINE GUN

6--1

GENERAL ......

 

...........................

 

6-1

6-2

BOLT OPERATING CAM DEVELOPMENT ..........

 

6-1

6--2.1

CAM

ACTION ......

........................

 

6-1

6-2.1.1

Cam Kinematics ......

......................

6-3

6-2.1.2

Definition of Symbols .........................

6-4

6-2.1.3

Cam Forces ......

 

.........................

6-5

6-2.1.4

Locking Angle

 

6-6

Iii

ANPP 7060

TASLE OF CONTENTS

0-1-6Pame

(Can't.)

6-2.2

ROTOR KINEMATICS

......................

 

6-23

ILLUSTRATIVE PRO5LEM

..................

6-2.3.1

Cam

Analysis

During

Feed, Rotor at constant veiocity

.

6-2.3.2

Cam Analysis Durfing Ejection, Rotor at Constant

Velocity ...............

.......

6-2.3.3

Cam Analysis During Rotor Acceleration ..........

6-2.3.4

Digital Computer Program for Gun Operating Power

...

6-3

RATING OF G ASOPERATED AND

EXTERNALLY

POWERED GUNS

......................

 

CHAPTER 7. COMPONENT DESIGN

7-1

GENERAL

..........

7-2

FEED MECHANISM DESIGN .....................

 

7-2.1

MAGAZINES

...............................

7-2.1.1

Box Magazi

es ...........................

7-2.1.2

Box

Feed System ......

.....................

7-2.1.2.1

Flat Tape Spring

......

..................

 

7-2.1.2.2

Rectangular Coil Spring ....................

7-7.1.3

Examuple Problems ......

.....................

7-2.1.3.1

Flat Tape Spring

......

.....................

7-2.1.3.2

Rectangular Coil Spring ...................

.....

7-2.2

BOLT-OPERATED FEED SYSTEM

.......

7-2.3

ROTATING FEED MECHANISM

...........

1-2.3.1

Rcoiloperatcd Feed Mechaniam ..........

........

7-2.3.2

Electrically DxIven Feed Mechanium

.................

7-2.4

LINKLESS FEED SYSTEM ...................

7-2.4.1

Power R~lulred

......................

7-2.4.2

Exampla Problem for Power Required ............

7-3

EXTRACTORS, EJECTORS, AND BOLT LOCKS

7-3.1

EXTRACTORS .............................

7-3.2

EJECTORS ................................

7-3.2.1

Ejector Dynamics

......................

7-3.2.2

Sample Problem of Ejector Dynamics ................

7-3.3

BOLT LOCKS .

...............

..........

7-4

FIRING MECHANISM ..........................

 

7-4.1

COMPONENTS, TYPES, AND ACTION ................

7-4.1.1

Trigger Pull .....

..........................

7-4 1.2

Firing Pin

Design ............................

7-5

LINKS .....

................................

7-5.1

TYPES OF

LINK .....

.......................

7-5.2

DESIGN REQUIREMENTS .......................

 

7-6

MOUNTS ...................................

7-6.1

GEOMETRY AND RESOLUTION OF FORCES

.......

7-6.2

SAMPLE PROBLEM

..........................

 

CHAPTER 8.

LUBRICATION

OF MACHINE GUNS

8-1

GENERAL CONCEPT ...........................

 

8-2

EXAMPLES OF LUBRICANTS

....................

8--3

CASE LUBRICANT ...........................

Iv

 

6-7

6-9

.

6-

6-II

6-12

6-13

6-14

7-1

7-1

7--2

 

..

-

2

 

7-4

7-5

7 -6

7-6

7-7

.7-8

7-

.

1-10

7-10

7-12

7-14

7-19

7-21

7-24

7-24

7--27

7-27

7-27

7-30

7-32

7-32

7-37

7-39

7-39

7-40

7-40

7-44

7-44

7-48

8-1

8-1

8-2

AMCP 7%20

No.

A-I

A-2

A--3

A-4

A-5

A-6

A-7

A-8

A-9

A-10

A-i

I

  • A- 12

A-13

A-14

A-15

A-16

B

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(Con't.)

APPENDIXES

 

Title

P-e

Flow Chart for Delayed Blowback

..............

A-1

Listing for Delayed Blowbak Propam

.............

A-4

Plow Chart for Retarded Blowback

...............

A-6

Listing for Retarded lowback Program

A-9

Flow Chart for Cutoff Expan~lon ..................

A-12

Listing for Cutoff Expansion Program .................

A-15

Flow Chart for Operating Cyln4er .................

A-20

Listing for Operating Cylinder Program .................

A-22

Flow ChalA for Cam and Drum Dynamics During Recoil

A-26

Listing for Cam and Drum Dynamics During Recoil

A-30

Flow Chart for Cam and Drum Dynamics During

Counterrecoil ...............................

 

A-35

Listing for Cam and Drum Dynamnics During

 

Cotnterrecoll ................................

 

A-38

Flow Chart for Double Barrel Machine Gun ............

A-43

Program Listing for Double Barrel Mac-ne Gun .......

A-46

Flow Chart for hiultibarrel Power ..................

 

A-52

Program Listing for Multibarrel Power

...............

A-59

Automatic Control of Rounds in a Burst for

 

Weapon Effictiveness ......

.....................

B-1

GLOSSARY

......

.....

...................

G-1

REFERENCES ..............................

 

R-1

v

AMUP 70-2C0

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Fig. N•o.

TI.

Pap

2-I

Typical Pressure-time Curve

....................

2-1

2-2

Schematic

of Simple Blowback Mechanism ..............

 

2-3

2 -3

Allowable Case Travel ..........................

2-4

2-4

Pressure-time Curve of Cal .45(11.42 mm) Round .......

2-8

2-5

Schematic of Advanced Primer Ignition System

........

2-13

2-6

Locking System for Delayed Blowback ...............

2-18

2-7

Pressure-time Curve of 20 mm Round

..............

....

2-25

2-8

Schematic of Retarded Blowback Linkage

...........

.....

2--40

2-9

Kinematics of Retarded Blowback Linkage

...........

....

2-41

2-10

Dynamics of Bolt and Linkage .....................

2-42

3-1

Schematic of Long Recoil

System ....................

3-2

3-2

Schematic of Short Recoil

System ....................

3-2

3-3

Accelerator Geometry .....

.......................

3-16

4-1

Impingement System ........................

 

4-'

4-2

Cutoff Expansion System ..........................

4-2

4-3

Rotating Bolt Lack and Activating Cam

............

.....

4-11

4-4

Force System of Bolt Cam .......................

4-12

4-5

Pressure-time Curve of

7.62 mm Round ................

4-18

4-6

Operating Distances of Moving Parts .................

 

4-19

4-7

Tappet System

.........................

4-38

4-8

Pressure-time Curve of 7.62 mm Carbine Round ........

 

4-40

5-1

Schematic of Single Barrel Revolver-type Machinc Gun ....

 

5-1

5-2

Two Stage Ramming ...........................

 

5-2

5-3

Force Diagram of Recoiling Parts and Slide

.............

5-3

5-4

Schematic of Cam Geometry ......................

5-5

S-5

Cam-side Force Diagrams ........................

5-9

5-6

Single

Barrel Drum

Loading Diagram

..............

....

5-10

5-7

Single

Barrel Drum

Dynamics ...................

.....

5-11

5-8

Intorior Ballistics of 20 nun Revolver-type Gun

........

 

5-

19

5-9

Extractor Assembly With Antidouble Feed Mechanism

....

5-35

5-10

Extractor Cam Asoembly ........................

5-36

5-11

Location of Basic Operations .......................

5-47

5-12

Schematic

of Double Barrel Drum-cam Arrangements .....

 

5-47

5-13

Schematic

of Ammunition Feed System ................

 

5-48

5-14

Schematic of Ammunition Magazine ..................

5-49

5-15

Double Barrel Cam Force Diagrams ...................

5-50

5-16

Double

Barrel

Drum

Loading Diagram ..................

5-51

5-17

Double

Barrel

Drum

Dynamics ......................

5-51

5-18

Force-time Curve of 20 mm Revolver-type Gun .........

 

5-53

5-19

Geometry of Cam Actuating Lever ...................

5-55

6-1

Cam Conbur of Multibarrel Gun ....................

6-2

6-2

Loading Diagram of Bolt and Cam During Acceleration

.

.

.

6-2

6-3

Feed Portion of Cam ......

.....................

6-3

6-4

Loading Diagram of Bolt and

Cam During Deceleration

.

.

.

6-7

6-5

Bolt Position Diagram for Computer Analysis .........

 

6-13

AMCP 70.2W

LIST OF

ILLUSTRATIONS (Con't.)

 

Fig. No.

Title

Page

7-1

Initial Contact of Bolt and Cartridm! C'g ..

*.

A

7-!

7-2

Chamber-projectile Contact

....................

 

7-2

7-3

Box Magazine

............................

7-2

7-4

lip Guides

..............................

 

7-3

7-5

Lip.cartridge Case Orientation

.....

..................

 

7-4

*

7-6

Geometry of Double Row Stacking

 

.....

7-4

7-7

Box Magazine Follower .....

......................

 

7-4

7-8

Flat Tape Spring and Loading Analogy

.............

 

.....

7-5

7-9

Rectangular Coil Spring and Loading Characteristics

7-7

7-10

Schematic of Feed System, End View ..............

 

....

7-10

7-11

Feed System Illustrating Mechanics of Operation

.......

7-I1

7-12

Recoil-operated Rotating Feed Mechanism ...........

 

....

7-13

7-13

Feed Wheel and Operating Lever Units .................

 

7-14

7-14

Electrically Operated Rotating Feed Mechanism

........

....

7-15

7-15

Outer Drum

.............................

 

7-16

7-16

Inner Drum Helix ................................

7-16

7-17

Conveyor Elements ..............................

7-17

7-18

Schematic of Unkless Feed System

...............

 

.....

7-18

7-19

Path of Rounds in Single End System ..............

....

7-19

7-20

Extractors .....

..............................

 

7-25

7-21

Extractor

ading Diagrams ....................

 

.....

7-26

7-22

Ejectors ......................................

7-28

7-23

Ejector Loading Diagram

.....................

 

7-29

7-24

Sliding Breech Lock .....

........................

7-31

7-25

Tipping Bolt Lock .....

.........................

7-32

7-26

Firing

Mechanism for

Recoil Machine Gun

...........

7-3

7-27

Firing tMechanism

for Gas-operated Machine Gun

.......

7-34

7-28

Three-position Firing Mechanism

.................

.....

7-36

7-29

Triggering Mechanism Loading .......................

 

7-38

7-30

Ammunition link, Cal .50 Round ................

 

.....

7--41

7-31

Nose Fanning Flexibility, 7.62

nun Link

............

.....

7-42

7-32

Base Fanning Flexibility, 7.62

mm Link

............

.....

7-43

7-33

Geometry of Base Fanning .........................

 

7-44

7-34

Helical Flexibility, 7.62 nu

Link .....................

 

7-45

7-35

Total Folding 7.62 mm Ammunition Belt ...........

 

.....

7-46

7-36

Partial Folding 7.62 nun Ammunition Belt

...........

....

7-46

7-37

Loading

Link With RADHAZ Shield ...............

 

....

7-47

7-38

Loading

Diagram of Mount

...........................

 

7-47

B-I

Hit Probability vs Number of Rounds in a Burst .......

 

B-2

vii

AMCP 706260

 

LIST OF

TABLES

 

Tebe No.

Titls

Pae

2-1

Case Travel of Cal .45(11.42 mm) Gun .................

 

2-I1

2--2

Recoil Travel of 20 mm Gun ......................

 

2-26

2-3

Symbol-code Correlation for

Delayed Blowback

Program

 

.

.

2-36

2-4

Input for Delayed Blowback Program ..................

 

2-37

2-5

Counterrecoil Dynamics of Delayed Blowback Gun ......

 

2-38

2-6

Symbol-code Correlation

for Retarded Blowback

.......

 

2-46

2-7

Input Data for Retarded Blowback ..................

 

2-47

2-8

Retarded Blowback

Dynamics .....................

 

2--48

3-I

Recoil Travel of 20 nun Gun ......................

3-3

3-2

Spring

Design Data of Recoil-operated Guns

............

 

3-8

3-3

Recoil Travel of 20 nun Gun Equipped With Accelerator

 

.

3-17

4-1

Computed Dynamics of Gas Cutoff System

 

..........

 

.....

 

4-25

4-2

Gas Expansion Time Calculations

.....................

 

4-29

4-3

Symbol-code Correlation for Cutoff Expansion

........

 

4-30

4-4

Input for Cutoff Expansion Program .................

 

4-31

4-5

Computed

Dynamics Before Gas Cutoff ...

.........

 

4-32

4-6

Computed Dynamics After Gas Cutoff Bolt Unlocking

 

During Helix Traverse

........

..............

   

4-33

4-7

Computed Dynamics After Gas Cutoff Bolt Unlocking

 

During Parabola Traverse ........................

 

4-33

4-8

Computed Dynamics After Gas Cutoff Bolt

 

..........

 

4-34

4-9

and Rod Unit Recoiling After Cam Action Computed Dynamic, Counterrecoil Bolt Locking

 

During Parabola Traverse ........................

 

4-35

4-10

Buffer Spring Design Data ........................

4-39

4- 11

Dynamics of Tappet ...........................

4-43

4-12

Critic,'al Presure Time Requirements .................

4-46

5-1

Free Recoil

Data of 20 nun Revolver-type Machine Gun .

 

.

5-21

5-2

Preiminary Recoil Adapter Data .....................

 

5-22

5-3

Revised Preliminary Rcoil Adapter Data ..............

 

5-24

5-4

Operating Cylinder

Data for 0.12 in. 2

 

Orifice (Criticl Pressure) .....................

 

5-26

5-5

Operating

Operating

Operating

Cylinder Data for

Cylinder

Cylinder

Data

for

Data

for

0.12 in. 2 Orifice

0.09

0.06

in. 2 Orifice

.........

 

5-27

5-6

.........

5-28

5-7

in. 2 Orifice

.........

5-29

5-8

Symbol-code

Correlation

for

Operating Cylinder ........

 

5--37

5-9

Symbol-code

Correlation

for

Cam Dynamics ............

 

5-38

5-10

Input Data

for Drum Dynamics

During Recoil ...........

 

5-38

5-1!

Input Data for Drum Dynamics During Counterrecoil

 

....

5-39

5-12

Computed Recoil and Operating Cylinder Data for

 
 

Orifice

Area of 0.042

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

5-40

5-13

Cam

and Drum Dynamics

During Recoil ................

 

5-41

5-14

Cam

and Drum

Dynamics During Counterrecoil .........

 

5-42

5-15

Symbol-code Correlation for Double Barrel Machine Gun

 

..

5-56

5-16

.............

 

5-56

5-17

Input Data for Double Barrel Machine Gun Double Barrel Machine Gun Dynamics ................

 

5-59

viii

LIST OF TABLES (C*oivt;)

Table No.

Tide

6-1

Symnbokw1da Correlation of Varibles for

 

6-2

Muitibarrel

... Symbol-code Correlatk.LI and Input for Gun Operating

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

 

.....

Pow er ...............................

6-3

6-4

Cam Dynamicsa

. Gun Operating Power ...........................

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

7-1

Power Required for Linkless Belt Feed System .............

 

7-2

Firing Pirn Dynamics 7-40 .................

pagt

6-14

6--is

6-16

6-1I7

'7-24

Ix

AMCP 76260

 

A

-coefficient

in equation defining

tht tube

recoi

ravvi

 

A*

bor area

 

Ac

= peripheral

surface

contact area

between

cae

and

chamber;

operating

cylinder

piston area

 

A 1

,

differential area urder pressue-time curve

Ao

-

orifice area

 

Ap t

- area under pressure-time curve

 

A,,A 2 , An= ..

coefficients of x In

a series

 

a

- general

expression for linear acceleration;

 

major

axis

of elliptical

cam;

length of

short sigment of rectangular coil spring

 

a 5

-

average linear acceleration

 

a-

acceleration of chutes

ac,

- counterrecoil acceleration

acre

major

ais of counterrecoil

portion

of

elliptical Cam

 

ad

= tangential

acceleration

of cam roller

on

 

cam path

 
 

= entrance

unit

acceleration;

exit

unit

 

acceleration

 

an

=nori .J acceleration of cam roller on cam

 

path

a,

- recoil

acceleration;

,taner

acceleration

aree

Wmajor

axis of rezoil portion

of elliptical

cam;

slide travel during

slide

deceleration

as

a slide acceleration

 

at

- acceleration of transfer unit

 

I

B

a coefficient

in

equation

defining

recoil

 

travel;

W114iwv

iclll

in

atLIuu

UCL

Lun

during polytropic expansion of gas

 

b

- minor

axis

of an

elliptical cam; length of

 

long segment of rectangular coil spring;

spring width

 

b

minor

axis

of cotnterrecoil

section of

elliptical cam

 

br

= minor

axis of recoil section

of elliptical

 

Cam

C

a orifice coefficient

 

C,

-and clearance of round

 

D

= mean coil diameter

 

Db

•bore diamcter

D,

a horizontal distance between trunnion and

 

rear support

 

De

a

diameter of cartridge case base

 

Dd

a drum diameter

 

d

a wire diameter

d

-ags cyinde.' diameter

 

d

agas

port

diameter;

piston

diameter

of

 

operating cylinder

 

dt

= differentia!

time

dx

v differential distance

 

E

a modulus of elasticity; energy

 

E,

-

energy of ammunition belt

 

E b

-

bolt energy; combined energy

of buffer

 

and driving springs

 

Ebc

S

counterrecoil energy of buffer spring

 

AMCP 7M20

 

LIST

OF SYMBOLS

(Con't.)

F c

-

modulus

or elasucity ot

case; energy at

Eto

a barrel energy when bolt is unlocked

 

gas cutoff

Ecr

-

counterrecoil energy

 

E

energy loss attributed to srina system

 

E

= total energy loss caused by friction

Ecs

energy needed

to

bring slide up to speed

E

Ecrb

-

counterrecoil energy

of barrel

at

end of

Ej d

a enegy los

in drum

 
 

buffer action

E

= energy loss in

slide

Eri

=

counterecoil energy at beginning of incre,

e

= base of natural loarthms

 

ment

   

F

general expression for force;

driving spring

Ecr

* maximum counterrecoll

energy of barrel

 

force;

spring force at