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# Lighting Calculations

How Many Fittings are Required for a Room The utilisation factor table and a few simple formulas allow us to calculate the number of fittings required for any room. Step 1: Understand the utilisation factor table that is available on most fittings. UTILISATION FACTOR TABLE (for 2x36 bare batten) LOR: 88.1% Reflectance Ceiling 0.50 Wall 0.30 Floor 0.20 0.75 0.30 1.00 0.37 1.25 0.42 SHR NOM 1.75: 1.0 Disregard SHR MAX.

Room Index (K) 1.5 0.46 2.0 0.52 2.50 0.56 3.00 0.59 4.00 0.63 5.00 0.66

Across the Top of the Table Name LOR Description Light output ratio for this fitting. Not required in a simple calculation. Nominal Spacing to Height ratio. For a given mounting height w e can see the nominal spacing between fittings. Eg. 1.75 to 1 means that for every 1 metre of mounting height (above work plane) we should have a maximum 1.75 metres betw een fittings. Used by lighting design softw are and not needed for manual calculations. Select a horizontal line for the reflectance values that best describe the room.

SHR NOM

## SHR MAX Reflectance

Typical Reflectance Values are: Ceiling Air Conditioned Office Industrial Utilisation Factor (body of the table) This is a value between 0 and 1 that represents the percentage of total lamp lumens in the room that fall on the w ork plane. It takes into account the room reflectances, room shape, polar distribution and light output ratio of the fitting. Step 2: Calculate Room Index (K) Room Index: The room index is a number that describes the ratios of the rooms length, width and height. Formula: K=L xW Hm (L+W) Where: L = Room Length W = Room Width Hm = Mounting Height of Fitting (from working plane) Work Plane = Desk or Bench Height The result of this calculation will be a number usually between 0.75 and 5. Note: This formula for K is only valid when room length is less than 4 times the w idth or w hen the K value is greater than 0.75. Step 3: Using the room index and reflectance values in the utilisation factor table For the horizontal row select the reflectance that best describes the room. For the vertical column select the room index value K as calculated above. The utilisation factor for this fitting in this room is w here the row and column intersect. 0.7 0.5 Walls 0.5 0.3 Floor 0.2 0.2

Step 4: To calculate the number of fittings required use the following formula: Formula: N= ExA F x uF x LLF Where: N = Number of Fittings E = Lux Level Required on Working Plane A = Area of Room (L x W) F = Total Flux (Lumens) from all the Lamps in one Fitting UF = Utilisation Factor from the Table for the Fitting to be Used LLF = Light Loss Factor. This takes account of the depreciation over time of lamp output and dirt accumulation on the fitting and w alls of the building. Typical LLF Values Air Conditioned Office Clean Industrial Dirty Industrial 0.8 0.7 0.6 Standard Lumen outputs of fluorescent lamps 18 Watt / 1150 Lumens 36 Watt / 3000 Lumens Lumen output of PL lamps 18 Watt / 1200 Lumens 36 Watt / 2900 Lumens Step 5: Space the number of fittings uniformly around the room drawing and check the SHR nominal for the fitting has not been exceeded. If it has been exceeded re space the fittings to get back to SHR nom. Step 6: Work out the number of fittings required in each axis of the room: Number in Length = Number in Width = Triphos 1300 Lumens 3350 Lumens

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