Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 26

The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the

views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

"New Thinking on Water Governance Conference

Public Private Partneship City of Jakarta Example

Barce Simarmata Luc Martin

Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy Singapore July 2009

1 2 3

Public Private Partnership (PPP) Principles PALYJA and its concession contract Challenges for the Future

1 2 3

Public Private Partnership (PPP) Principles PALYJA and its concession contract Challenges for the Future

Degree of Private Partner Involvement

PPP Contract Structures

BOT / ROT AFFERMAGE (Lease Contract) Design Build Operate Operations & Maintenance Joint Venture Public/Private Fully Privately Owned

Management Contract Technical Assistance

Private Company
5 10 20 30

Contract Duration in Years

Partnership Approach
Integration of SUEZ ENVIRONMENT global water skills into the local context. Partnership with local industrial and commercial organisations. Formalised partnership relationship with community leadership on long term basis. Mutual respect & understanding. Combining strengths.

Creation of specialised LOCAL WATER COMPANY to SERVE the COMMUNITY

Key Elements of PPP

Contract provides:
Clear objectives Clear standards Strong control Regulated price (decided by the Public Authority)

Assets ownership remains with public authority Operational responsibilities delegated to private sector Long term planning and control firmly in hands of public authority

Balance of Stakeholder Interests Consumers

Market Sphere

Service Quality & Performance

Public Authority
Political Sphere

Commercial Sphere

Review of Key Questions

Who Owns the Infrastructure ? Who Takes the Decisions ? Who Sets the Water Tariff ? Who Operates ? Who Regulates?

Public Authority Defined in the Contract Public Authority Private Operator Public Authority

1 2 3

Public Private Partnership (PPP) Principles PALYJA and its concession contract Challenges for the Future

Concession Area
PALYJA Western Part of DKI Jakarta

UPP Barat

UPP Pusat

Westward of Ciliwung river

UPP Selatan

3 UPP : Unit Pelayanan Pelanggan + 1 UPP for Key Account

PALYJA Ownership
(since July 2006)

Suez Environnement - Lead Operator 51 %

PT. Astratel Nusantara

(ASTRA Group)


Citigroup Financial Products Inc. 19%


Institutional Stakeholders Mapping

DPRD City Council

DKI Jakarta Administration

Cooperation Agreement

Regulatory Body


Contractual Performance Objectives Technical Targets

Volume of water billed. Water production. Non Revenue water. Number of connections. Service coverage ratio.

Service Standards
Quality of water supplied to the customers. Pressure at customers connection level. Customer care. Interruptions in distribution network. New connections.

Raw Water & Bulk Treated Water Supplies

Cikokol 90 L/sec

62% 5%


2 majors Water Treatment Plants (62 % of the total supply)

WTP Pejompongan 1 (Degremont 1953)

WTP Pejompongan 2 (Degremont 1965)

Extension & Improvement of Water Supply 1998-2008

Continuous supply

Unstable supply No water Approximate limit of salinity in shallow wells

Number of Customers
400 000 398 557

Number of customers increased by almost 100%

350 000

N u m b e r o f C u s to m e r s

300 000

250 000 201 662

200 000

150 000

100 000

50 000

0 Feb 1998 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

Coverage Ratio

Customer base evolution

+ 31 %

+ 92 %
+ 46 %

+ 614 % + 76 %

6-Month Average Sales and NRW since Take Over

61 %

51 %

45 %

1 2 3

Public Private Partnership (PPP) Principles PALYJA and its concession contract Challenges for the Future

New business model : Output Based Aid

New business model : Output Based Aid

DKI Jakarta Regulator PAM Jaya Concession Contract PALYJA

Escrow Account Bank


World Bank

Water Services

Connect Communities + Provide Service

Outputs First Output: connections laid 75% re-imbursement Second Output: 3 consecutive bills with water consumption > 10 m3/month 25% re-imbursement


Communities not yet connected (at least legally)

With the GPOBA grant of US$ 2.5 million, PALYJA will provide access to the water system to about 7,000 low-income households by 2009

Main challenges faced by Jakarta

The city of Jakarta is still looking for an increase of the piped water coverage Groundwater usage, on which rely currently 25% of the population, is likely to be gradually reduced:
The city of Jakarta is sinking because of the groundwater over-exploitation and risk of flooding increase Groundwater is getting more and more polluted (salt intrusion, chemical and microbiological pollutants) Groundwater tariffs will be increased and aligned with piped water tariffs

Therefore, new water resources and additional treatment facilities will be needed within the next 5 years to face growing demand and service coverage expansion

Thank you Terima Kasih Merci Muchas Gracias Matur Nuwun Hatur Nuhun Mauliate Teekkrler Xie-xie Obrigado