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Elastic Settlement Analysis of Single Piles - Randolph

ELASTIC SETTLEMENT ANALYSIS OF SINGLE PILES


Input Quantities
1. Pile Conditions
Pile Type: (f,e)
Modulus, Ep
Length, L
Pile shape: (r,s)
Shaft Outer Diameter or Size, dso
Shaft Inner Diameter or Size, dsi

Value

Units

e
28000
12
r

f=floating, e=end-bearing
MPa
m
r=round, s=square

0.51

Base Diameter or Width, db

0.51

2. Loading Conditions
Applied Load, Pa

1000

kN

3. Soil Conditions
Young's Modulus at Top, Est

MPa

Young's Modulus at Bottom, Esb

29.76

MPa

Poisson's Ratio, s
Young's Modulus of Bearing Stratum, Eb

0.24
89.28

MPa

Calculated Quantities
1. Equivalent Parameters
Pile Radius, ro

0.26

28000

MPa

1
0.33
0.5
2333.33
3.12
0.78

51.96

Pile Modulus, E
2. Dimensionless Parameters
Underreamed Piles,
End-bearing Piles,
Variation of Soil Modulus,
Pile-soil Stiffness Ratio,
Pile Compression,
Load Settlement Ratio, l
Load Settlement Ratio, Pt/wtroGl
*
p

3. Settlement
Settlement at Pa, sa

6.29

Comment

Enter data in yellow cells only

mm <== Result

Reference: "Modern methods in the design of pile foundations"


Spreadsheet by: K. Xu and J.P. Carter, Centre for Geotechnical Research, University of Sydney, AUSTRALIA
Last Modified: 14 April, 1997

Load-Settlement Curve To Failure - Poulos


LOAD-SETTLEMENT CURVE TO FAILURE
Input Quantities
1. Pile Conditions
Pile type: (f,e)
Modulus, Ep
Length, L
Pile Shape: (r,s)
Shaft Outer Diameter or Size, dso

Value
f
20670
12
r

Shaft Inner Diameter or Size, dsi

Units
-

f=floating, e=end-bearing

MPa
m
-

r=round, s=square

0.61

Base Diameter or Width, db

1.2

2. Loading Conditions
Applied Load, Pa

800

kN

Shaft Yield Load, Psu

920

kN

Base Yield Load, Pbu

1750

kN

3. Soil Conditions
Young's Modulus, Es

72.4

MPa

0.5
1000

Young's Poisson's Ratio, s


Depth to Rigid Base, h
Calculated Quantities
1. Equivalent Parameters
Pile Radius, ro

0.31 m

Area of Pile Section, Ap*

0.29 m2

Pile Modulus, E
2. Dimensionless Parameters
Diameter Ratio, db/d
*
p

Enter data in yellow cells only

20670 MPa
1.97 19.67 83.33 285.5 -

Length and Diameter Ratio, L/d


Length Ratio of Pile & Rigid Base, h/L
Pile Stiffness Factor, K
Influence Factor for Rigid Pile, Il

0.08 -

Compressibility Correction Factor, Rk

1.2 -

Poisson's Ratio Correction Factor, Rv


Depth Correction Factor, Rh
Proportion of Base Load, 1

110.21 -

Compressibility Correction Factor, Ck

0.57 -

Modulus Correction Factor, Cb


Settlement Influence Factor, I
Proportion of Load Carried by Pile Tip,

1.7 0.1 0.12 -

3. Load-Settlement Curve to Failure


Applied Load Pa

800 kN

Settlement at Pa, a

<== Results

1.79 mm

Full Shaft Yield Load, Py1

1042.72 kN

Settlement at Psu, y1

2.33 mm

Ultimate Bearing Capacity, Pu

2670 kN

Settlement at Pu, u
Range check:

Comment

36.52 mm
ok

Reference: H.G. Poulos & E.H. Davis, "Pile foundation analysis and design", 1980, John Wiley and Sons.
Spreadsheet by: K. Xu and J.P. Carter, Centre for Geotechnical Research, University of Sydney, AUSTRALIA
Last Modified: 14 April, 1997

62274937.xls:Poulos Non-linear

07/05/2011:16:06:04

Load-Settlement Curve To Failure - Poulos


Settlement Pile
(mm)Load (kN)
0
0
1.79
800.00 Applied Load
2.33
1042.72 Full slip of shaft
36.52
2670 Ultimate Capcity

3000

2500 54.78

2670

Pile Load (kN)

2000

1500

1000

500

0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Settlement (mm)

62274937.xls:Poulos Non-linear

07/05/2011:16:06:07

HGP Elastic

Page 4

HGP Elastic

Table 2 Compressibility Correction Factor, Rk


Table 1 Pile Settlement Influence Factor, Il

Rk
L/d=1

L/d
db/d=1
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
Scan the Il:
db/d=
L/d=
(L/d)1=
(L/d)2=
(db/d)1=
(db/d)2=
(db/d)1
(db/d)2
(Il)1=
(Il)2=
Il=

1
0.2
0.15
0.09
0.09
0.07
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.04

Il
db/d=2
1
0.19
0.13
0.1
0.08
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.04
0.04

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
10000

db/d=3
1
0.14
0.12
0.11
0.07
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.04
0.04

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
(L/d)1
(L/d)2
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

L/d=2
1.1
1.06
1.04
1.03
1.02
1.01
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1.2
1.12
1.08
1.06
1.05
1.04
1.03
1.02
1.01
1.01
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Scan the Rk
L/d=
#REF!
K=
#REF!
K1=
#REF!
K2=
#REF!
(L/d)1=
#REF!
(L/d)2=
#REF!
(K)1
(K)2
(L/d)1
#REF!
#REF!
(L/d)2
#REF!
#REF!
(Rk)1=
#REF!
(Rk)2=
#REF!
Rk=
#REF!

Page 5

HGP Elastic

bility Correction Factor, Rk

L/d=5

Rk
L/d=10
L/d=25
L/d=50
L/d=100
1.55
2.29
3.34
4.63
9.35
1.34
1.87
2.92
4.08
8.6
1.26
1.26
2.67
3.76
8.16
1.21
1.56
2.49
3.53
7.84
1.08
1.47
2.36
3.35
7.6
1.16
1.41
2.25
3.21
7.4
1.14
1.35
2.11
3.08
7.24
1.13
1.32
2.06
3
7.09
1.12
1.3
1.98
2.9
6.9
1.1
1.27
1.9
2.4
6.85
1.06
1.45
1.53
2.24
3.56
1.03
1.1
1.32
1.96
3.13
1.02
1.08
1.28
1.79
2.82
1.01
1.06
1.23
1.66
2.6
1
1.05
1.2
1.58
2.44
1
1.04
1.17
1.5
2.31
1
1.03
1.15
1.45
2.22
1
1.03
1.14
1.42
2.12
1
1.02
1.13
1.37
2.03
1
1
1.06
1.18
1.56
1
1
1.04
1.11
1.39
1
1
1.02
1.06
1.29
1
1
1.02
1.05
1.23
1
1
1.01
1.04
1.19
1
1
1
1.02
1.16
1
1
1
1.01
1.15
1
1
1
1.01
1.14
1
1
1
1.01
1.13

Page 6

Table 3.1 Depth Correction Factor for Settlement,


h/l
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2

Rh
L/d=1
0
0.03
0.06
0.11
0.17
0.23
0.28
0.33
0.37
0.4
0.43

2
0
0.08
0.17
0.25
0.32
0.4
0.46
0.51
0.55
0.58
0.6

Scan the value of Rh:


h/L=
#REF!
L/d=
#REF!
(L/d)1
#REF!
(L/d)2=
#REF!
(h/L)1=
#REF!
(h/L)2=
#REF!
Offset1=
#REF!
Offset2=
#REF!
Table 3.2 Rh (h/L>2)
L/d
1
2
5
10
25
50

Rh
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

HGP Elastic

Table 4 Base4 Modulus Correction Factor, Rb


Correction Factor for Settlement, Rh (h/L<=2)
L/d
Rh
5
0
0.23
0.37
0.46
0.54
0.59
0.63
0.67
0.69
0.72
0.73

10
0
0.36
0.52
0.6
0.65
0.69
0.72
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.79

If h/L<=2:
(L/d)1
(L/d)2

25
0
0.51
0.63
0.69
0.73
0.76
0.79
0.8
0.82
0.83
0.84

(h/L)1
(h/L)2
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Rh1=
Rh2=
Rh12=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

(L/d)1
(L/d)2

h/L
#REF!
#REF!

Rh12=

#REF!

Rh=

#REF!

If h/L>2:

50
0
0.6
0.7
0.75
0.78
0.8
0.82
0.83
0.85
0.86
0.87

L/d=5

L/d=10

L/d=25

L/d=50

L/d=75

Scan the Rb:


L/d=
K=
Eb/Es=
(L/d)1=
(L/d)2=
K1=
K2=
(Eb/Es)1=
(Eb/Es)2=
Offset1=
Offset2=

Page 7

Rb
100
500
1000
5000
20000
100
500
1000
10000
100
500
1000
2000
100
500
1000
5000
20000
100
500
1000
5000
20000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Eb/Es=1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

3
0.75
0.71
0.69
0.68
0.67
0.77
0.73
0.67
0.67
0.98
0.91
0.91
0.81
0.99
0.97
0.94
0.92
0.91
0.99
0.98
0.97
0.95
0.93

(L/d)1:
K1
K2
Rb1=
Rb2=
Rb12=

HGP Elastic

e4 Modulus Correction Factor, Rb


Rb
10
0.48
0.38
0.35
0.33
0.32
0.6
0.47
0.41
0.37
0.92
0.75
0.64
0.51
0.97
0.89
0.83
0.71
0.65
0.98
0.96
0.92
0.79
0.74

30
0.34
0.19
0.16
0.12
0.12
0.51
0.3
0.23
0.18
0.88
0.6
0.44
0.24
0.95
0.83
0.71
0.48
0.38
0.97
0.91
0.85
0.61
0.49

100
0.28
0.1
0.08
0.04
0.03
0.46
0.2
0.12
0.06
0.85
0.52
0.36
0.1
0.95
0.78
0.64
0.3
0.18
0.97
0.89
0.81
0.47
0.26

(Eb/Es)1 (Eb/Es)2 (L/d)2


#REF!
#REF! K1
#REF!
#REF! K2
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
Rb=

Rb3=
Rb4=
Rb34=

300
0.26
0.8
0.04
0.01
0
0.44
0.17
0.09
0.02
0.83
0.48
0.33
0.04
0.95
0.77
0.61
0.24
0.6
0.96
0.89
0.78
0.4
0.17

1000
0.26
0.08
0.03
0.01
0
0.44
0.16
0.08
0
0.83
0.47
0.32
0.02
0.95
0.77
0.6
0.21
0.05
0.96
0.89
0.78
0.37
0.14

(Eb/Es)1 (Eb/Es)2
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

Page 8

Table 5 Poison's Ratio Correction Factor, R


s=
K=
K
100
500
1000
2000
Scan the R
K1=
K2=
K1
K2
R=

HGP Elastic

Poison's Ratio Correction Factor, R


#REF!
#REF!
Rv
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
Scan the R:
#REF!
#REF!
s
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Page 9

HGP Non-linear

Page 10

HGP Non-linear

Table 1 Pile Settlement Influence Factor, Il


L/d
db/d=1
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
Scan the Il:
db/d=
L/d=
(L/d)1=
(L/d)2=
(db/d)1=
(db/d)2=
(db/d)1
(db/d)2
(Il)1=
(Il)2=
Il=

1
0.2
0.13
0.1
0.09
0.07
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.04

Il
db/d=2

Table 2 Compress
db/d=3

1
0.19
0.13
0.1
0.08
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.04
0.04

1.97
19.67
15
20
1
2
(L/d)1
(L/d)2
0.1
0.09
0.1
0.08
0.1
0.08
0.08

1
0.17
0.11
0.09
0.07
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.04
0.04

K
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
10000
Scan the Rk
L/d=
K=
K1=
K2=
(L/d)1=
(L/d)2=
(L/d)1
(L/d)2
(Rk)1=
(Rk)2=

Page 11

HGP Non-linear

Table 3.1 Depth Correction F


Table 2 Compressibility Correction Factor, Rk
Rk
L/d=1
L/d=2
L/d=5
L/d=10
L/d=25
L/d=50
L/d=100
1.1
1.2
1.55
2.29
3.34
4.63
9.35
1.06
1.12
1.34
1.87
2.92
4.08
8.6
1.04
1.08
1.26
1.66
2.67
3.76
8.16
1.03
1.06
1.21
1.56
2.49
3.53
7.84
1.02
1.05
1.18
1.47
2.36
3.35
7.6
1.01
1.04
1.16
1.25
2.25
3.21
7.4
1
1.03
1.14
1.35
2.11
3.08
7.24
1
1.02
1.13
1.32
2.06
3
7.09
1
1.01
1.12
1.3
1.98
2.9
6.9
1
1.01
1.1
1.27
1.9
2.4
4.5
1
1
1.06
1.25
1.53
2.24
3.56
1
1
1.03
1.1
1.32
1.96
3.13
1
1
1.02
1.08
1.28
1.79
2.82
1
1
1.01
1.06
1.23
1.66
2.6
1
1
1
1.05
1.2
1.58
2.44
1
1
1
1.04
1.17
1.5
2.31
1
1
1
1.03
1.15
1.45
2.22
1
1
1
1.03
1.14
1.42
2.12
1
1
1
1.02
1.13
1.37
2.03
1
1
1
1
1.06
1.18
1.56
1
1
1
1
1.04
1.11
1.39
1
1
1
1
1.02
1.06
1.29
1
1
1
1
1.02
1.05
1.23
1
1
1
1
1.01
1.04
1.19
1
1
1
1
1
1.02
1.16
1
1
1
1
1
1.01
1.15
1
1
1
1
1
1.01
1.14
1
1
1
1
1
1.01
1.13
Scan the Rk
19.67
285.5
200
300
10
25
(K)1

(K)2
1.25
1.53
1.12
1.35

1.1
1.32
Rk=

1.2

Page 12

h/l
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
Scan the value of Rh:
h/L=
L/d=
(L/d)1
(L/d)2=
(h/L)1=
(h/L)2=
Offset1=
Offset2=
Table 3.2 Rh (h/L>2)
L/d
1
2
5
10
25
50

HGP Non-linear

Table 3.1 Depth Correction Factor for Settlement, Rh (h/L<=2)

L/d=1
0
0.03
0.06
0.11
0.17
0.23
0.28
0.33
0.36
0.4
0.43

2
0
0.08
0.17
0.25
0.32
0.4
0.46
0.51
0.55
0.58
0.6

Scan the value of Rh:


83.33
19.67
10
25
N/A
N/A
5
6

Rh
5
0
0.23
0.37
0.46
0.54
0.59
0.63
0.67
0.69
0.72
0.73

10
0
0.36
0.52
0.6
0.65
0.69
0.72
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.79

If h/L<=2:

25
0
0.48
0.63
0.69
0.73
0.76
0.79
0.8
0.82
0.83
0.84

(L/d)1
(L/d)2

(h/L)1
N/A
N/A

Rh1=
Rh2=
Rh12=

N/A
N/A
N/A

50
0
0.6
0.7
0.75
0.78
0.8
0.82
0.83
0.85
0.86
0.87

(h/L)2
N/A
N/A

Table 4 Base4 Modulus C


L/d

L/d=5

L/d=10

L/d=25

L/d=50

Table 3.2 Rh (h/L>2)


L/d=75
Rh
0.99
0.99
0.99
0.99
1
1

If h/L>2:
(L/d)1
(L/d)2

h/L
0.99
1

Rh12=

Rh=

Page 13

Scan the Rb:


L/d=
K=
Eb/Es=
(L/d)1=
(L/d)2=
K1=
K2=
(Eb/Es)1=
(Eb/Es)2=
Offset1=
Offset2=

100
500
1000
5000
20000
100
500
1000
10000
100
500
1000
2000
100
500
1000
5000
20000
100
500
1000
5000
20000

19.67
285.5
1
10
25
100
500
1
3
2
3

HGP Non-linear

Table 4 Base4 Modulus Correction Factor, Rb

Eb/Es=1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

3
0.75
0.71
0.69
0.68
0.67
0.77
0.73
0.67
0.67
0.98
0.91
0.91
0.81
0.99
0.97
0.94
0.92
0.91
0.99
0.98
0.97
0.95
0.93

(L/d)1:
K1
K2
Rb1=
Rb2=
Rb12=

Rb
10
0.48
0.38
0.35
0.33
0.32
0.6
0.47
0.41
0.37
0.92
0.75
0.64
0.51
0.97
0.89
0.83
0.71
0.65
0.98
0.96
0.92
0.79
0.74

(Eb/Es)1
1
1

30
0.34
0.19
0.16
0.12
0.12
0.51
0.3
0.23
0.18
0.88
0.6
0.44
0.24
0.95
0.83
0.71
0.48
0.38
0.97
0.91
0.85
0.61
0.49

100
0.28
0.1
0.08
0.04
0.03
0.46
0.2
0.12
0.06
0.85
0.52
0.36
0.1
0.95
0.78
0.64
0.3
0.18
0.97
0.89
0.81
0.47
0.26

(Eb/Es)2 (L/d)2
0.77 K1
0.73 K2

1
1
1
Rb=

300
0.26
0.08
0.04
0.01
0
0.44
0.17
0.09
0.02
0.83
0.48
0.33
0.04
0.95
0.77
0.61
0.24
0.06
0.96
0.89
0.78
0.4
0.17

(Eb/Es)1
1
1

Rb3=
Rb4=
Rb34=

1
1
1
1

Page 14

1000
0.26
0.08
0.03
0.01
0
0.44
0.16
0.08
0
0.83
0.47
0.32
0.02
0.95
0.77
0.6
0.21
0.05
0.96
0.89
0.78
0.37
0.14

(Eb/Es)2
0.98
0.73

HGP Non-linear

Table 6 Proportion of Base Load


Table 5 Poison's Ratio Correction Factor, R
L/d
s=
K=

0.5
285.5
K

Rv

100
500
1000
2000
Scan the R:
K1=
K2=

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50

1
1
1
1

100
500

K1
K2

1
1

R=

Scan the 1:
db/d=
L/d=
(db/d)1=
(db/d)2=
(L/d)1=
(L/d)2=
Offset1
Offset2=

Page 15

HGP Non-linear

Table 6 Proportion of Base Load, 1

db/d=1
1
0.18
0.11
0.08
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.04
0.04
0.04

1
db/d=2

Table 7 Compressibility Correction Factor, Ck


K

db/d=3

3.5
0.62
0.37
0.25
0.21
0.17
0.14
0.13
0.12
0.1
0.08

4.5
0.8
0.57
0.44
0.37
0.32
0.27
0.23
0.22
0.19
0.18

10
30
100
300
1000
3000
10000
30000
100000

Scan the 1:
1.97
19.67
1
2
15
20
2
3

(L/d)1

(L/d)2

(db/d)1
(db/d)2

0.08
0.25

(1)1=
(1)2=
1=

0.07
0.22
0.21

0.07
0.21

Page 16

Scan the Ck:


L/d=
K=
(L/d)1=
(L/d)2=
K1=
K2=
Offset1=
Offset2=

Ck
L/d<=2
0.6
0.79
0.94
0.99
1
1
1
1
1

19.67
285.5
10
25
100
300
4
5

L/d=5
0.45
0.66
0.85
0.96
0.99
1
1
1
1

HGP Non-linear

ressibility Correction Factor, Ck


Ck
L/d=10
0.23
0.44
0.77
0.91
0.97
0.99
1
1
1

Table 8 Base Modulus Correction Factor, Cb


L/d

L/d=25
0.07
0.17
0.44
0.71
0.9
0.97
1
1
1

K1

L/d=50
0.03
0.07
0.17
0.43
0.74
0.91
0.98
1
1

K2

(L/d)1
(L/d)2

0.77
0.44

(Ck)1=
(Ck)2=
Ck=

0.78
0.45
0.57

0.91
0.71

Cb
Eb/Es=1

L/d=10

L/d=25

Scan the Cb:


L/d=
K=
Eb/Es=
(L/d)1=
(L/d)2=
K1=
K2=
(Eb/Es)1=
(Eb/Es)2=
Offset1=
Offset2=

Page 17

100
500
1000
20000
100
500
1000
20000

19.67
285.5
1
10
25
100
500
1
2
2
3

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

2
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3

L/d=10
(Eb/Es)1
(Eb/Es)2
(Cb)1=
(Cb)2=
(Cb)12=

4
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3
6
6
6
6

K1
1
1
1
2.4
1.6

HGP Non-linear

orrection Factor, Cb
Cb
10
5.8
6.21
6.21
6.21
7.55
9
9.2
9.35

40
7
7.8
8
8.15
8.5
11.7
12.5
13.3

K2

100
7.22
8.26
8.4
8.6
8.85
12.6
13.5
15.5

L/d=25
(Eb/Es)1
(Eb/Es)2

2.4
2.4

(Cb)3=
(Cb)4=
(Cb)34=
Cb=

300
7.45
8.55
8.7
9
9
13.1
14.5
15.7

K1

1000
7.46
8.56
8.71
9
9.01
13.2
14.5
16

K2
1
1

3.3
3.3

1
3.3
1.9

1.7

Page 18