Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 21
Renewable Energy Policies and Regulation in Asia Asia-Pacific Dialogue on Clean Energy Governance and Regulation
Renewable Energy
Policies and Regulation
in Asia
Asia-Pacific Dialogue on Clean Energy
Governance and Regulation
Workshop on Feed-in-Tariff Policy
Manila, June 20 th , 2010
Lutz Weischer
World Resources Institute

LW1

A climate of crises

“Oil price rise fuels India’s inflation woe”

Financial Times, May 17, 2011

“China Rations Power Use Amid Drought”

Wall Street Journal, May 18, 2011

“Climate change bringing infection, hunger, illness”

Reuters, May 13, 2011

“India calls for equitable access to energy”

Economic Times, May 19, 2011

hunger, illness” Reuters , May 13, 2011 “India calls for equitable access to energy” Economic Times

Slide 2

LW1

We need better quotes here, particularly on climate/pollution and energy access

Lutz Weischer, 5/22/2011

Multiple crises… …that renewables could help solve

Multiple crises… …that renewables could help solve
Multiple crises… …that renewables could help solve
Multiple crises… …that renewables could help solve
Multiple crises… …that renewables could help solve
LW2 Renewables are growing Source: Renewables 2010 Global Status Report Note: These statistics cover the
LW2
Renewables are growing
Source: Renewables 2010 Global Status Report
Note: These statistics cover the electricity sector only,
“renewables” include large hydropower

Slide 4

LW2

Can we redo these in Excel (or in ppt directly), so there is no black background. I would also like to start with what is now Figure 17 and add the GW numbers (140 GW Renewables, 160 GW Fossil).

Lutz Weischer, 5/22/2011

LW3

Developing countries are at the forefront

Current RE Capacity

Projected New Capacity 2008-2035 (GW)

Developing Others Countries 47% 53%
Developing
Others
Countries
47%
53%
22% 38% 36% 4%
22%
38%
36%
4%

Developing Countries REDeveloping Others Countries 47% 53% 22% 38% 36% 4% Developing Countries Nuclear Developing Countries Fossil

Developing Countries Nuclear47% 53% 22% 38% 36% 4% Developing Countries RE Developing Countries Fossil Other Countries 78% of

Developing Countries Fossil36% 4% Developing Countries RE Developing Countries Nuclear Other Countries 78% of new capacity in developing

Other CountriesRE Developing Countries Nuclear Developing Countries Fossil 78% of new capacity in developing countries RE largest

78% of new capacity in developing countries RE largest share

Sources: Current installed renewable electric generation capacity from IPPC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources; Projected New Electric Generation Capacity from International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook 2010, New Policy Scenario

New Electric Generation Capacity from International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook 2010, New Policy Scenario

Slide 5

LW3

Only show New Policy Scenario here (and all three further down when we talk about emissions). Add investment numbers adn the statsitc about emerging economies outspending the OECD countries on public energy innovation spending.

Lutz Weischer, 5/20/2011

Yet, we are still not solving these crises…

Yet, we are still not solving these crises… … and only will with ambitious and smart
Yet, we are still not solving these crises… … and only will with ambitious and smart

… and only will with ambitious and smart policy

Yet, we are still not solving these crises… … and only will with ambitious and smart

Policy drives deployment

United States Net Annual Installed Wind Power Capacity 1998-2007, MW 6000 5249 5000 4000 3000
United States
Net Annual Installed Wind Power Capacity 1998-2007, MW
6000
5249
5000
4000
3000
2454
2420
2000
1694
1672
1000
659
412
372
142
67
0
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
Source: US Department of Energy
Germany Net Annual Installed Wind Power Capacity 1998-2007, MW 3500 3247 3000 2659 2645 2500
Germany
Net Annual Installed Wind Power Capacity 1998-2007, MW
3500
3247
3000
2659
2645
2500
2233.13
2037
2000
1808
1665
1667
1568
1500
1000
793
500
0
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
Source: www.wind-energie.de
= Years with production tax credit (US) or feed-in
tariff (DK,DE, ES) for new wind turbines
Denmark Net Annual Installed Wind Power Capacity 1998-200, MW 680 636 580 480 393 380
Denmark
Net Annual Installed Wind Power Capacity 1998-200, MW
680
636
580
480
393
380
316
316
280
225
180
106
80
8
4
8
-20
-12
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
Source: Danish Ministry of Energy
Spain Net Annual Installed Wind Power Capacity 1998-2007, MW 4000 3508 3500 3000 2500 2299
Spain
Net Annual Installed Wind Power Capacity 1998-2007, MW
4000
3508
3500
3000
2500
2299
2000
1595
1523
1490
1500
1327
1191
1000
746
613
419
500
0
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
Source: AEE
= Years with no production tax credit (US) or
feed-in tariff (DK,DE, ES) for new wind turbines

Policy drives the development of an industry

Leading wind turbine manufacturers are all from the large markets that have policies in place

development of an industry Leading wind turbine manufacturers are all from the large markets that have
development of an industry Leading wind turbine manufacturers are all from the large markets that have

What is Smart Renewable Energy Policy?

Generation- Based Incentives
Generation-
Based
Incentives
What is Smart Renewable Energy Policy? Generation- Based Incentives

Planning and Strategy

Targets

Link to Development Objective

Integrated Resource Planning

Modelling

• Targets • Link to Development Objective • Integrated Resource Planning • Modelling
• Targets • Link to Development Objective • Integrated Resource Planning • Modelling

Renewable Energy Targets in Asia and the Pacific

Country

Target

China

15% (final energy) by 2030

India

15% RE by 2030; 41 GW by 2017, 72 GW by 2022

Indonesia

5% geothermal, 5% biofuels, 5% other RE by 2025

Philippines

Additional 6,972 MW by 2013

Sri Lanka

10% (power) non-conventional RE by 2015

Fiji

100% (final energy) by 2013

Jordan

10% (primary energy) by 2020

Tonga

100% (final energy) by 2013

Kuwait

5 % of (final energy) by 2020

Lebanon

12% (final energy) by 2020

Pakistan

10% (primary energy) by 2012

Syria

4.3% (primary energy) by 2011

Thailand

20% (primary energy) and 14% (power)by 2022

Vietnam

5% (primary energy) by 2020

Bangladesh

10% (power) by 2020

Mongolia

20-25% (power) by 2020

Generation-Based Incentive

Individual Power Purchase Agreements

Generation-Based Tax Credits

Feed-in-Tariff

Renewable Portfolio Standard

Generation- Based Incentives
Generation-
Based
Incentives

Generation-Based Incentives in Asia and the Pacific

Feed-in-Tariffs

Renewable Portfolio Standards

Year

Additional Countries/States

Cumulative

Number

1997

Sri Lanka

1

2002

Indonesia

2

2003

South Korea, Maharashtra

4

2004

Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh

6

2005

Karnataka, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh , China

10

2006

Kerala, Pakistan, Thailand

13

2007

Mongolia

14

2008

Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal , the Phillipines

23

2009

Taiwan

24

Year

Additional Countries/States

Cumulative

Number

2003

Maharashtra

1

2004

Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa

5

2005

-

5

2006

-

5

2007

China

6

2008

the Philippines

7

2009

-

7

Competitive Bidding 4 countries: China, India, Mongolia, the Phillipines

2008 the Philippines 7 2009 - 7 Competitive Bidding 4 countries: China, India, Mongolia, the Phillipines

Generation-Based Incentives in Asia and the Pacific

25

20

15

10

5

0

1997 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
1997 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
2008
2009

FITin Asia and the Pacific 25 20 15 10 5 0 1997 2002 2003 2004 2005

RPSin Asia and the Pacific 25 20 15 10 5 0 1997 2002 2003 2004 2005

Biddingin Asia and the Pacific 25 20 15 10 5 0 1997 2002 2003 2004 2005

in Asia and the Pacific 25 20 15 10 5 0 1997 2002 2003 2004 2005

Policy and Regulatory Framework

Electricity sector regulation

Interconnection

Fossil Fuel Subsidies

Generation- Based Incentives
Generation-
Based
Incentives

Technical Environment

Grid Infrastructure

Grid Management

Technical Capacity to Manufacture, Develop, Build, Operate, Maintain

Generation- Based Incentives
Generation-
Based
Incentives

Attractive Financing Options

Concessional Loans

Risk Mitigation

Subsidies and Fiscal Advantages

Generation- Based Incentives
Generation-
Based
Incentives

Questions?

Lutz Weischer Research Analyst – 2 Degrees of Innovation Platform Climate and Energy Program, World Resources Institute

+1-202-729-7880

lweischer@wri.org

2 Degrees of Innovation Platform Climate and Energy Program, World Resources Institute +1-202-729-7880 lweischer@wri.org